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Network Working Group                               Frank Dawson, Lotus
Internet Draft                                        Paul Hoffman, IMC
<draft-dawson-vcard-xml-dtd-01.txt>
Expires six months after                               October 15, 1998


                         The vCard v3.0 XML DTD

Status of this Memo

   This document is an Internet-Draft. Internet-Drafts are working
   documents of the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF), its areas,
   and its working groups. Note that other groups may also distribute
   working documents as Internet-Drafts.

   Internet-Drafts are draft documents valid for a maximum of six
   months. Internet-Drafts may be updated, replaced, or made obsolete by
   other documents at any time. It is not appropriate to use Internet-
   Drafts as reference material or to cite them other than as a "working
   draft" or "work in progress".

   To view the entire list of current Internet-Drafts, please check the
   "1id-abstracts.txt" listing contained in the Internet-Drafts Shadow
   Directories on ftp.is.co.za (Africa), ftp.nordu.net (Northern
   Europe), ftp.nis.garr.it (Southern Europe), munnari.oz.au (Pacific
   Rim), ftp.ietf.org (US East Coast), or ftp.isi.edu (US West Coast).

   Distribution of this document is unlimited.

   Copyright (C) The Internet Society 1998. All Rights Reserved.

Abstract

   This memo defines a [XML] Document Type Definition (DTD) that
   corresponds to the vCard, electronic business card format defined by
   [VCARD]. This DTD provides equivalent functionality to the standard
   format defined by [VCARD]. Documents structured in accordance with
   this DTD may also be know as 'XML vCard' documents.

   The mailing list for discussion of this memo is 'ietf-vcard-
   xml@imc.org'. Send an email to 'ietf-vcard-xml-request@imc.org' with
   the message 'SUBSCRIBE' to add your email address to this mailing
   list. Send an email to 'ietf-vcard-xml-request@imc.org' with the
   message 'UNSUBSCRIBE' to remove your email address from this mailing
   list.

   The key words 'MUST', 'MUST NOT', 'REQUIRED', 'SHALL', 'SHALL NOT',
   'SHOULD', 'SHOULD NOT', 'RECOMMENDED', 'MAY' and 'OPTIONAL' in this
   document are to be interpreted as described in [RFC 2119].

1. Introduction

   The Extended Markup Language (XML) as defined in [XML] is gaining
   widespread attention as a "web friendly" syntax for encoding and
   exchanging documents and data on the Internet. This interest includes
   requests for and discussion of possible document type definitions



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   (DTD) for IETF standards such at the vCard, electronic business card
   format defined by [VCARD].

   This XML DTD is in no way intended to create a separate definition
   for the vCard schema. The sole purpose for this memo is to define an
   alternative XML encoding for the format defined by [VCARD].

   The vCard DTD does not introduce any capability not expressible in
   the format defined by [VCARD]. However, an attempt has been made to
   leverage the capabilities of the XML syntax to better articulate the
   original intent of the vCard authors.

   The vCard DTD promotes a number of vCard properties into attributes
   on the "vCard" element. This has been done to express these
   properties as "global attributes" for the vCard object, as a whole.
   For example, the VERSION, REV, PRODID, UID, CLASS properties have
   been "mapped" into attributes on the vCard object.

   Binary content in the PHOTO, LOGO, SOUND and KEY properties may
   either be specified through an external entity reference to the non-
   XML image or sound content or may be included in the content after
   first encoding the binary information using the BASE64 encoding of
   [RFC 2146].

   The [VCARD] specification defines a strongly typed object format.
   This level of data typing is difficult to express in the XML content
   model since it only supports the parsable character data (i.e.,
   PCDATA") content information. The DTD attempts to convey the vCard's
   strong data typing with a "value" attribute on each property element.
   It is the responsibility of the XML application supporting this DTD
   to make sure that the content information is consistent with the
   value type declared in the "value" attribute.

   It is expected that the DTD described in this memo will not normally
   be included with vCards that are distributed. Instead, this DTD will
   be externally referenced. This means that such Cards will be well-
   formed but not valid, as defined in [XML].

2. vCard XML Document Type Definition

   The following DTD conforms to XML version 1.0, as specified by [XML].

   <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
   <!DOCTYPE vCard [

   <!-- -------------------------------------------- -->
   <!-- Entity definitions and references -->
   <!-- -------------------------------------------- -->

   <!ENTITY % attr.lang "
        lang CDATA #IMPLIED
   ">
   <!-- lang value is a valid RFC 1766 language string -->



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   <!ENTITY % attr.del "
        del.type NMTOKENS "INTL POSTAL PARCEL WORK"
   ">
   <!-- Valid name tokens are "INTL", "DOM", "POSTAL", "PARCEL"
        "WORK", "HOME" -->

   <!ENTITY % attr.tel "
        tel.type NMTOKENS "VOICE"
   ">
   <!-- Valid name tokens are "HOME", "WORK", "MSG", "PREF"
        "VOICE", "FAX", "CELL", "VIDEO", "PAGER", "BBS", "MODEM"
        "CAR", "ISDN", "PCS" -->

   <!ENTITY % attr.email "
        email.type NMTOKENS "INTERNET"
   ">
   <!-- Valid name tokens are "INTERNET", "X.400", "PREF" -->

   <!ENTITY % attr.img "
        img.type CDATA #REQUIRED
   ">
   <!-- img.type value is an IANA registered image type -->

   <!ENTITY % attr.aud "
        aud.type CDATA #REQUIRED
   ">
   <!-- aud.type value is an IANA registered audio type -->

   <!-- The mandatory properties in any vCard -->
   <!ENTITY % prop.man "
        (fn, n)
   ">

   <!-- The optional properties in a vCard -->
   <!ENTITY % prop.opt "
        %prop.id; | %prop.del; | %prop.tel; | %prop.geo; |
        %prop.org; | %prop.exp; | %prop.sec;
   ">

   <!-- Identification properties -->
   <!ENTITY % prop.id "
        (nickname | photo | bday)
   ">

   <!-- Delivery addressing properties -->
   <!ENTITY % prop.del "
        (adr | label)
   ">

   <!-- Telecommunications addressing properties -->
   <!ENTITY % prop.tel "
        (tel | email | mailer)
   ">



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   <!-- Geographical properties -->
   <!ENTITY % prop.geo "
        (tz | geo)
   ">

   <!-- Organizational properties -->
   <!ENTITY % prop.org "
        (title | role | logo | agent | org)
   ">

   <!-- Explanatory propeties -->
   <!ENTITY % prop.exp "
        (categories | note | sort | sound | url)
   ">

   <!-- Security properties -->
   <!ENTITY % prop.sec "
        (key)
   ">

   <!-- -------------------------------------------- -->
   <!-- vCard element and attribute definitions -->
   <!-- -------------------------------------------- -->

   <!ELEMENT vCardSet (vCard*)>

   <!ELEMENT vCard      (%prop.man;, (%prop.opt;)*)>

   <!ATTLIST vCard
        %attr.lang;
        version CDATA #REQUIRED
        rev CDATA #IMPLIED
        uid CDATA #IMPLIED
        prodid CDATA #IMPLIED
        class (PUBLIC | PRIVATE | CONFIDENTIAL) "PUBLIC">
   <!-- version - Must be "3.0" if document conforms to this spec -->
   <!-- rev - ISO 8601 formatted date or date/time string -->
   <!-- uid - UID associated with the object described by the vCard -->
   <!-- prodid - ISO 9070 FPI for product that generated vCard -->
   <!-- class - Security classification for vCard information -->

   <!-- Identification properties -->
   <!-- Element and attribute definitions -->
   <!ELEMENT fn (#PCDATA)>
   <!ATTLIST fn
        %attr.lang;
        value CDATA #FIXED "TEXT">

   <!ELEMENT n (family*, given*, other*, prefix*, suffix*)>
   <!ATTLIST n
        %attr.lang;
        value CDATA #FIXED "TEXT">

   <!ELEMENT family (#PCDATA)>


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   <!ATTLIST family
        %attr.lang;>

   <!ELEMENT given (#PCDATA)>
   <!ATTLIST given
        %attr.lang;>

   <!ELEMENT other (#PCDATA)>
   <!ATTLIST other
        %attr.lang;>

   <!ELEMENT prefix (#PCDATA)>
   <!ATTLIST prefix
        %attr.lang;>

   <!ELEMENT suffix (#PCDATA)>
   <!ATTLIST suffix
        %attr.lang;>

   <!ELEMENT nickname (#PCDATA)>
   <!ATTLIST nickname
        %attr.lang;>

   <!ELEMENT photo (extref | b64bin)>
   <!ATTLIST photo
        %attr.img;

   <!-- extref holds a reference to an external entity that -->
   <!-- has the photo. b64bin holds the inline BASE64 encoded -->
   <!-- binary data for the photo as defined in RFC 2045. -->

   <!ELEMENT extref EMPTY>
   <!ATTLIST extref
        uri ENTITY #REQUIRED
        value #FIXED "URI">

   <!ELEMENT b64bin (#PCDATA)>
   <!ATTLIST b64bin value #FIXED "BINARY">

   <!ELEMENT bday (#PCDATA)>
   <!ATTLIST bday value (DATE | DATETIME)>

   <!-- bday holds a ISO 8601 formatted date or date/time string -->
   <!-- value MUST be "DATE" for a date string and "DATETIME" for -->
   <!--   date/time string. -->

   <!-- Delivery addressing properties -->
   <!-- Element and attribute definitions -->

   <!ELEMENT adr (pobox*, extadd*, street*, locality*, region*,
                pcode*, country*)>
   <!ATTLIST adr
        %attr.del;
        %attr.lang;


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        value #FIXED "TEXT">

   <!ELEMENT pobox (#PCDATA)>
   <!ELEMENT extadd (#PCDATA)>
   <!ELEMENT street (#PCDATA)>
   <!ELEMENT locality (#PCDATA)>
   <!ELEMENT region (#PCDATA)>
   <!ELEMENT pcode (#PCDATA)>
   <!ELEMENT country (#PCDATA)>

   <!ELEMENT label (#PCDATA | br)*>
   <!ATTLIST label
        %attr.del;
        %attr.lang;
        value #FIXED "TEXT">

   <!ELEMENT br EMPTY>
   <!-- Signifies a new line in the content information -->

   <!-- Telecommunications addressing properties -->
   <!-- Element and attribute definitions -->

   <!ELEMENT tel (#PCDATA)>
   <!-- A valid ITU standard telephone numbers string. -->
   <!ATTLIST tel
        %attr.tel;
        value #FIXED "PHONE-NUMBER">

   <!ELEMENT email (#PCDATA)>
   <!ATTLIST email
        %attr.email;
        value #FIXED "TEXT">

   <!ELEMENT mailer (#PCDATA)>
   <!ATTLIST mailer value #FIXED "TEXT">

   <!-- Geographical properties -->
   <!-- Element and attribute definitions -->

   <!ELEMENT tz (#PCDATA)>
   <!ATTLIST tz value #FIXED "UTC-OFFSET">
   <!-- tz holds an ISO 8601 formatted time zone offset.

   <!ELEMENT geo (lat, lon)>
   <!ATTLIST geo value #FIXED "FLOAT">

   <!ELEMENT lat (#PCDATA)>
   <!-- A decimal degree float number to 6 decimal places -->

   <!ELEMENT lon (#PCDATA)>
   <!-- A decimal degree float number to 6 decimal places -->

   <!-- Organizational properties -->
   <!-- Element and attribute definitions -->


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   <!ELEMENT title (#PCDATA)>
   <!ATTLIST title
        %attr.lang;
        value #FIXED "TEXT">

   <!ELEMENT role (#PCDATA)>
   <!ATTLIST role
        %attr.lang;
        value #FIXED "TEXT">

   <!ELEMENT logo (extref | b64bin)>
   <!ATTLIST logo
        %attr.img;>

   <!-- extref holds a reference to an external entity that -->
   <!-- has the logo. b64bin holds the inline BASE64 encoded -->
   <!-- binary data for the logo as defined in RFC 2045. -->

   <!ELEMENT agent (vCard | extref)
   <!ATTLIST agent value (VCARD | URI)>

   <!-- value MUST be "VCARD" for a "vCard" content model and -->
   <!--   "URI" for a "extref" content model. -->

   <!ELEMENT org (orgnam, orgunit*)>
   <!ATTLIST org
        %attr.lang;
        value #FIXED "TEXT">

   <!ELEMENT orgnam (#PCDATA)>

   <!ELEMENT orgunit (#PCDATA)>

   <!-- Explanatory properties -->
   <!-- Element and attribute definitions -->

   <!ELEMENT categories (item)*>
   <!ATTLIST categories
        %attr.lang;
        value #FIXED "TEXT">

   <!ELEMENT item (#PCDATA)>
   <!ATTLIST item
        %attr.lang;>

   <!ELEMENT note (#PCDATA | br)+>
   <!ATTLIST note
        %attr.lang;
        value #FIXED "TEXT">

   <!ELEMENT sort (#PCDATA)>
   <!ATTLIST sort
        %attr.lang;


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        value #FIXED "TEXT">

   <!ELEMENT sound (extref | b64bin)>
   <!ATTLIST sound
        %attr.aud;>

   <!-- extref holds a reference to an external entity that -->
   <!-- has the sound. b64bin holds the inline BASE64 encoded -->
   <!-- binary data for the sound as defined in RFC 2045. -->

   <!ELEMENT url (#PCDATA)>
   <!ATTLIST url value "URL">

   <!-- url holds a RFC 1738 formatted Uniform Resource Locator -->

   <!-- Security properties -->
   <!-- Element and attribute definitions -->

   <!ELEMENT key (extref | b64bin)>

   <!-- extref holds a reference to an external entity that -->
   <!--   has the key or cert. base64-data has the actual data for -->
   <!--   the key or cert, encoded with Base64 as defined in the -->
   <!--   MIME spec. -->

   ]>

3. vCard v3.0 Notation

   The formal public identifier (FPI) for the DTD described in this
   specification is "-//IETF//DTD vCard v3.0//EN".

   A XML document can reference an external non-XML entity containing a
   vCard v3.0 object, as specified by [VCARD]. The vCard v3.0 object,
   while encoded in the standard, non-XML format can be referenced in an
   external entity reference that identifies the [VCARD] format in a
   notation declaration. The [VCARD] format is identified by the formal
   public identifier "-//IETF//NONSGML vCard version 3.0//EN", as
   defined in [FPI].

4. Example Usage

4.1 Simple vCard

   The following is a simple example of a XML document using this DTD.

   <?XML VERSION="1.0" ENCODING="UTF-8"?>
   <!DOCTYPE vCard PUBLIC "-//IETF//DTD vCard v3.0//EN">

   <vCard
        VERSION="3.0">
   <fn>Frank Dawson</fn>
   <n><family>Dawson</family> <given>Frank</given></n>
   <tel tel.type="WORK MSG PREF">+1-617-693-8728</tel>


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   <tel tel.type="WORK MSG">+1-919-676-9515</tel>
   <adr del.type="POSTAL PARCEL WORK">
        <street>6544 Battleford Drive</street>
        <locality>Raleigh</locality> <region>NC</region>
        <pcode>27613-3502</pcode> <country>US</country></adr>
   <label del.type="POSTAL PARCEL WORK">6544 Battleford
   Drive<br/>Raleigh,NC 27613-3502<br/>US</label>
   <email email.type="INTERNET">Frank_Dawson@Lotus.com</email>
   </vCard>


4.2 vCard with non-standard extension

   The following is an example of vCard that also includes a non-
   standard extension.

   <?XML VERSION="1.0" ENCODING="UTF-8"?>
   <!DOCTYPE vCard PUBLIC "-//IETF//DTD vCard v3.0//EN"
   [
   <!ELEMENT vCard      (%prop.man;, (%prop.opt; |
   x-lotus-blood-type)+)>

   <!ELEMENT x-lotus-blood-type (#PCDATA)>
   ]>

   <vCard
        VERSION="3.0"
        PRODID="-//HandGen//NONSGML vGen v1.0//EN">
   <fn>Frank Dawson</fn>
   <n>  <family>Dawson</family>
        <given>Frank</given></n>
   <tel tel.type="WORK MSG">+1-617-693-8728</tel>
   <x-lotus-blood-type>O+</x-lotus-blood-type>
   </vCard>

4.3 vCard with photo element

   The following is an example of a vCard that also includes an external
   reference to a photo. Similar structure would be used to represent a
   vCard with an external reference to a logo, sound or public
   key/certificate.

   <?XML VERSION="1.0" ENCODING="UTF-8"?>
   <!DOCTYPE vCard PUBLIC "-//IETF//DTD vCard v3.0//EN"
   [
   <!ENTITY photo1 SYSTEM "http://host.com/pub/photos/frd-photo.jpeg"
   NDATA jpeg>
   <!NOTATION jpeg SYSTEM "imgviewer.exe">
   ]>

   <vCard
        version="3.0"
        prodid="-//HandGen//NONSGML vGen v1.0//EN">
   <fn>Frank Dawson</fn>


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   <n>  <family>Dawson</family>
        <given>Frank</given></n>
   <tel tel.type="WORK MSG">+1-617-693-8728</tel>
   <photo img.type=jpeg><extref uri="photo1" /></photo>
   <email email.type="INTERNET">Frank_Dawson@Lotus.com</email>
   </vCard>

   The following is an example of a vCard that includes a photo element
   as inline binary content.

   <?XML VERSION="1.0" ENCODING="UTF-8"?>
   <!DOCTYPE vCard PUBLIC "-//IETF//DTD vCard v3.0//EN">

   <vCard version="3.0">
   <fn>Frank Dawson</fn>
   <n><family>Dawson</family><given>Frank</given></n>
   <photo img.type="jpeg"><b64bin>MIICajCCAdOgAwIBAgICBEUwDQ
   EEBQAwdzELMAkGA1UEBhMCVVMxLDAqBgNVBAoTI05ldHNjYXBlIENvbW11bmlj
   YXRpb25z...and so on...IENvcnBvc==</b64bin></photo>
   </vCard>

4.4 vCard with an agent element

   The following is an example of a vCard that includes an agent
   element. The content of the agent element is another vCard.

   <?XML VERSION="1.0" ENCODING="UTF-8"?>
   <!DOCTYPE vCard PUBLIC "-//IETF//DTD vCard v3.0//EN">

   <vCard
        version="3.0"
        prodid="-//HandGen//NONSGML vGen v1.0//EN">
   <fn>Frank Dawson</fn>
   <n>  <family>Dawson</family>
        <given>Frank</given></n>
   <tel tel.type="WORK MSG">+1.617-693.8728</tel>
   <agent><vCard
        version="3.0"
        prodid="-//HandGen//NONSGML vGen v1.0//EN">
        <fn>Kathie Collins</fn>
        <n> <family>Collins</family>
            <given>Kathie</given></n>
        <tel tel.type="WORK MSG">+1.617.693-5660</tel>
        <email email.type="INTERNET">Kathie_Collins@Lotus.com</email>
        </vCard></agent>
   <email email.type="INTERNET">Frank_Dawson@Lotus.com</email>
   </vCard>

4.5 XML document reference to a non-XML vCard

   The following is an example of a XML document with a proper reference
   to a non-XML entity containing a vCard object in the format defined
   by [VCARD]. This example shows how existing vCard objects can be



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   integrated into XML documents using the XML structure defined in this
   document.

   <?XML VERSION="1.0" ENCODING="UTF-8"?>
   <!DOCTYPE loanappl SYSTEM "http://host.finance.com/loanappl.dtd"
   [
   <!ENTITY fdawson SYSTEM "http://fdawson.com/myvcard.vcf"
   NDATA vCard>

   <!NOTATION vCard PUBLIC "-//IETF//NONSGML vCard version 3.0//EN">

   ]>

   <loan>
        <pd vcard=fdawson></pd>
        <acct name=CFCU id="http://www.cfu.org">01234-56789</acct>
        <amt need="immediate">$1,000,000</amt>
   </loan>

5. Acknowledgments

   The following have participated in the drafting and discussion of
   this memo:

   Paul Hoffman

6. Security Considerations

   Security issues are not currently discussed in this memo.

7. Bibliography

   [FPI] F. Dawson and P. Hoffman, "vCard v3.0 Formal Public
   Identifier", Internet Draft, http://www.internic.net/internet-
   drafts/draft-dawson-vcard-fpi-00.txt, July 1998.

   [ISO9070] "Information Technology_SGML Support Facilities_
   Registration Procedures for Public Text Owner Identifiers", ISO/IEC
   9070, Second Edition, International Organization for Standardization,
   April, 1991.

   [RFC 2045] N. Freed, N. Borenstein, "Multipurpose Internet Mail
   Extensions (MIME) - Part One: Format of Internet Message Bodies", RFC
   2045, November 1996.

   [RFC 2119] S. Bradner, "Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate
   Requirement Levels", RFC 2119, ftp://ftp.isi.edu/in-notes/
   rfc2119.txt, March 1997.

   [VCARD] F. Dawson and T. Howes, "vCard MIME Directory Profile", RFC
   2426, ftp://ftp.isi.edu/in-notes/rfc2426.txt, September 1998.

   [XML] "Extensible Markup Language (XML)", Worldwid Web Consortium,
   http://www.w3.org/TR/PR-xml-971208, December 1997.


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8. Author's Address

   The following address information is provided in a vCard v3.0
   electronic business card, format.


   BEGIN:VCARD
   VERSION:3.0
   FN:Frank Dawson
   N:Dawson;Frank
   ORG:Lotus Development Corporation
   ADR;WORK;POSTAL;PARCEL:;;6544 Battleford Drive;Raleigh;
    NC;27613-3502;US
   TEL;PREF;WORK;MSG:+1-617-693-8728
   TEL;WORK;MSG:+1-919-676-9515
   EMAIL;PREF;INTERNET:Frank_Dawson@Lotus.com
   EMAIL;INTERNET:fdawson@earthlink.net
   END:VCARD

   BEGIN:VCARD
   VERSION:3.0
   FN:Paul Hoffman
   N:Hoffman;Paul
   ORG:Internet Mail Consortium
   ADR;WORK;POSTAL;PARCEL:;;127 Segre Place;Santa Cruz;
    CA;95060;US
   TEL;PREF;WORK;MSG:+1-408-426-9827
   EMAIL;INTERNET:phoffman@imc.org
   END:VCARD



























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9. Full Copyright Statement

   "Copyright (C) The Internet Society (1998).All Rights Reserved.

   This document and translations of it may be copied and furnished to
   others, and derivative works that comment on or otherwise explain it
   or assist in its implmentation may be prepared, copied, published and
   distributed, in whole or in part, without restriction of any kind,
   provided that the above copyright notice and this paragraph are
   included on all such copies and derivative works.However, this
   document itself may not be modified in any way, such as by removing
   the copyright notice or references to the Internet Society or other
   Internet organizations, except as needed for the purpose of
   developing Internet standards in which case the procedures for
   copyrights defined in the Internet Standards process MUST be
   followed, or as required to translate it into languages other than
   English.

   The limited permissions granted above are perpetual and will not be
   revoked by the Internet Society or its successors or assigns.

   This document and the information contained herein is provided on an
   "AS IS" basis and THE INTERNET SOCIETY AND THE INTERNET ENGINEERING
   TASK FORCE DISCLAIMS ALL WARRANTIES, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING
   BUT NOT LIMITED TO ANY WARRANTY THAT THE USE OF THE INFORMATION
   HEREIN WILL NOT INFRINGE ANY RIGHTS OR ANY IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF
   MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.




























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