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Versions: (draft-wenger-avt-rtp-svc) 00 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 RFC 6190

Network Working Group                                         S. Wenger
Internet-Draft                                               Y.-K. Wang
Intended status: Standards Track                                  Nokia
Expires: June 17, 2008                                       T. Schierl
                                                         Fraunhofer HHI
                                                      December 18, 2007


                  RTP Payload Format for SVC Video
                   draft-ietf-avt-rtp-svc-04.txt


Status of this Memo

   By submitting this Internet-Draft, each author represents that any
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   This Internet-Draft will expire on June 17, 2008.

Copyright Notice

   Copyright (C) The IETF Trust (2007).

Abstract

This memo describes an RTP payload format for scalable video coding
(SVC) defined in Annex G of the ITU-T Recommendation H.264 video codec
which is technically identical to Amendment 3 of ISO/IEC International
Standard 14496-10.  The RTP payload format allows for packetization of
one or more Network Abstraction Layer (NAL) units, produced by the
video encoder, in each RTP packet payload.  The payload format has wide
applicability, such as low bit-rate conversational, Internet video
streaming, or high bit-rate entertainment quality video.


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Table of Contents

RTP Payload Format for SVC Video...................................... 1
1.      Introduction ................................................. 4
2.      Conventions .................................................. 4
3.      The SVC Codec ................................................ 4
3.1.    Overview ..................................................... 4
3.2.    Parameter Set Concept ........................................ 6
3.3.    Network Abstraction Layer Unit Header ........................ 6
4.      Scope ........................................................ 9
5.      Definitions and Abbreviations ................................ 9
5.1.    Definitions .................................................. 9
5.1.1.  Definitions per SVC specification ............................ 9
5.1.2.  Definitions local to this memo .............................. 11
5.2.    Abbreviations ............................................... 12
6.      RTP Payload Format .......................................... 12
6.1.    Design Principles ........................................... 12
6.2.    RTP Header Usage ............................................ 13
6.3.    Common Structure of the RTP Payload Format .................. 13
6.4.    NAL Unit Header Usage ....................................... 13
6.5.    Packetization Modes ......................................... 14
6.6.    Decoding Order Number (DON) ................................. 14
6.7.    Aggregation Packets ......................................... 15
6.8.    Fragmentation Units (FUs) ................................... 15
6.9.    Payload Content Scalability Information (PACSI) NAL Unit .... 15
7.      Packetization Rules ......................................... 20
8.      De-Packetization Process (Informative) ...................... 21
8.1.    De-Packetization Process for NAL Units Conveyed using Session
Multiplexing......................................................... 22
8.1.1.  De-Packetization Process for Session Multiplexing using non-
interleaved mode or Single NAL unit mode without the use of CL-DON... 22
8.1.2.  De-Packetization Process for Session Multiplexing using CL-DON
        25
9.      Payload Format Parameters ................................... 26
9.1.    Media Type Registration ..................................... 27
9.2.    SDP Parameters .............................................. 43
9.2.1.  Mapping of Payload Type Parameters to SDP ................... 44
9.2.2.  Usage with the SDP Offer/Answer Model ....................... 44
9.2.3.  Usage with Session Multiplexing ............................. 48
9.2.4.  Usage in Declarative Session Descriptions ................... 49
9.3.    Examples .................................................... 49
9.3.1.  Example for offering a single SVC session ................... 49
9.3.2.  Example for offering session multiplexing ................... 50
9.4.    Parameter Set Considerations ................................ 50
10.     Security Considerations ..................................... 50
11.     Congestion Control .......................................... 51
12.     IANA Consideration .......................................... 51
13.     Informative Appendix: Application Examples .................. 52
13.1.   Introduction ................................................ 52
13.2.   Layered Multicast ........................................... 52

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13.3.   Streaming of an SVC scalable stream ......................... 53
13.4.   Multicast to MANE, SVC scalable stream to endpoint .......... 53
13.5.   Scenarios currently not considered for being unaligned with IP
philosophy........................................................... 55
13.6.   SSRC Multiplexing ........................................... 56
14.     References .................................................. 56
14.1.   Normative References ........................................ 56
14.2.   Informative References ...................................... 57
15.     Author's Addresses .......................................... 57
16.     Copyright Statement ......................................... 58
17.     Disclaimer of Validity ...................................... 58
18.     Intellectual Property Statement ............................. 58
19.     Acknowledgement ............................................. 59
20.     RFC Editor Considerations ................................... 59
21.     Open Issues ................................................. 59
22.     Changes Log ................................................. 59





































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1. Introduction

This memo specifies an RTP [RFC3550] payload format for the Scalable
Video Coding (SVC) extension of the H.264/AVC video coding standard.
Formally, SVC takes the form of Amendment 3 to ISO/IEC 14496 Part 10
[MPEG4-10], and Annex G of ITU-T Rec. H.264 [H.264]. The specification
of SVC is available in [SVC].

SVC covers the whole application ranges of H.264/AVC, starting with low
bit-rate Internet streaming applications to HDTV broadcast and Digital
Cinema with nearly lossless coding and requiring dozens or hundreds of
MBit/s.

This memo tries to follow a backward compatible enhancement philosophy
similar to what the video coding standardization committees implement,
by keeping as close an alignment to the H.264/AVC payload format
[RFC3984] as possible.  It documents the enhancements relevant from an
RTP transport viewpoint, and defines signaling support for SVC,
including a new media subtype name.

This memo includes two processes for recovery of NAL unit decoding
order of NAL units transported using multiple RTP sessions, when using
of the interleaved mode is not required. The first uses the cross-layer
decoding order number, as specified in 8.1.2. The second uses timestamp
etc., as specified in 8.1.1. The first process has been agreed by the
editors, but having the second process in addition has not been agreed
by the editors. The editors therefore request the AVT to make a
decision whether to have the second process in addition.

2. Conventions

The key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", "SHALL", "SHALL NOT",
"SHOULD", "SHOULD NOT", "RECOMMENDED", "MAY", and "OPTIONAL" in this
document are to be interpreted as described in BCP 14, RFC 2119
[RFC2119].

This specification uses the notion of setting and clearing a bit when
bit fields are handled.  Setting a bit is the same as assigning that
bit the value of 1 (On).  Clearing a bit is the same as assigning that
bit the value of 0 (Off).

3. The SVC Codec

3.1. Overview

SVC provides scalable video bitstreams.  In SVC, a scalable video
bitstream contains a base layer conforming to at least one of the
profiles of H.264/AVC as defined in Annex A of [H.264], and one or more
enhancement layers, collectively denoted as Layers.  A Layer may be the
base Layer or enhance the temporal resolution (i.e. the frame rate),
the spatial resolution, or the quality of the video content, relative

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to the quality represented without the Layer.  Note, that the
definition of Layer in this memo encompasses temporal, spatial and
fidelity enhancements.

Each RTP session can carry NAL units belonging to one or more Layers.
The NAL unit headers include information associating a given NAL unit
to a Layer.  Therefore, extracting individual Layers from an RTP
session containing more than one Layer is a lightweight operation,
involving only fixed length bit fields in the header, as documented in
this memo and in [SVC].

Multiple RTP sessions, regardless of whether each carries a single
Layer or multiple Layers as discussed above, can be used to transport
the whole scalable bitstream, or Operation Points thereof.  An
Operation Point consists of only those Layers necessary to reconstruct
a given quality (in temporal, spatial and fidelity dimensions).

The concept of video coding layer (VCL) and network abstraction layer
(NAL) is inherited from H.264/AVC.  The VCL contains the signal
processing functionality of the codec; mechanisms such as transform,
quantization, motion-compensated prediction, loop filtering and inter-
layer prediction.  A coded picture in H.264/AVC consists of one or more
slices.  Within one access unit, a coded picture of an Operation Point
consists of all the coded slices required for decoding up to a
particular Layer at the time instance corresponding to the access unit.
The Network Abstraction Layer (NAL) encapsulates each slice generated
by the VCL into one or more Network Abstraction Layer Units (NAL
units).  Please consult RFC 3984 for a more in-depth discussion of the
NAL unit concept.  SVC specifies the decoding order of NAL units.

"Layer" in the terms "Video Coding Layer" and "Network Abstraction
Layer" refers to a conceptual distinction, and is closely related to
syntax layers (block, macroblock, slice, ... layers).  "Layer" here
describes a syntax level of the bitstream in contrast to a part of the
layered bitstream, which may be discarded.  It should not be confused
with base and enhancement Layers.

The concept of temporal scalability is not newly introduced by SVC, as
profiles defined in Annex A of [H.264] already support it.  In [H.264],
sub-sequences have been introduced in order to allow optional use of
temporal layers.  SVC extends this approach by advertising the temporal
scalability information within the NAL unit header, or prefix NAL
units, as discussed in section 3.3 of this memo and in [SVC].

The concept of scaling the visual content quality in the granularity of
complete enhancement Layers, i.e. through omitting the transport and
decoding of entire Layers, is denoted as spatial scalability or Signal-
to-Noise Ratio (SNR) scalability, the latter is also know as Coarse-
Grained Scalability (CGS).  This is what is commonly understood as
scalability in the IETF community.  In addition, SVC also offers the
concept of another type of SNR scalability, the Medium-Grained
Scalability (MGS).  MGS involves selectively omitting the decoding of

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NAL units belonging to MGS layers.  The selection of the NAL units to
omit can be based on fixed length fields in the NAL unit header.

3.2. Parameter Set Concept

The parameter set concept is inherited from [H.264].  Please refer to
section 1.2 of RFC 3984 for more details.

SVC introduced a new type of sequence parameter set, referred to as
subset sequence parameter set.  Subset sequence parameter sets have NAL
unit type equal to 15, which is different from the NAL unit type value
(7) of sequence parameter set. VCL NAL units of NAL unit type 1 to 5
must only (indirectly) refer to sequence parameter sets, while VCL NAL
units of NAL unit type 20 must only (indirectly) refer to subset
sequence parameter sets.  Subset sequence parameter sets use a separate
identifier value space than sequence parameter sets.

In SVC, pictures from different Layers, defined as layer
representations in [SVC] (Note: A layer representation in [SVC] is
identified by a single combination of dependency_id and quality_id
values), may use the same sequence or picture parameter set, but may
also use different sequence or picture parameter sets.  If different
sequence parameter sets are used, then, at any time instant during the
decoding process, there may be one active sequence parameter set (for
the layer representation with the highest value of (dependency_id * 16
+ quality_id)) and one or more active layer sequence parameter set(s)
(for layer representations with lower values of (dependency_id * 16 +
quality_id)).  Any specific active sequence parameter set or active
layer sequence parameter set remains unchanged throughout a coded video
sequence in the Layer in which the active sequence parameter set or
active layer sequence parameter set is referred to.  This means that
the referred sequence parameter set or subset sequence parameter set
can only change at IDR access units for any Layer. [Ed. May need to
have a "layer" definition to be used here, such as "dependency layer"
identified by dependency_id, or "quality layer", identified by
quality_id. One issue with the current Layer definition is that, a
Layer of temporal_id greater than 0 would not contain an IDR access
unit. And the SPS application scope includes all temporal Layers.]  The
active picture parameter set remains unchanged within a layer
representation.

3.3. Network Abstraction Layer Unit Header

An SVC NAL unit consists of a header of four octets and the payload
byte string.  SVC NAL units of type 20 encapsulate VCL data as defined
in Annex G of [SVC].  A special type of an SVC NAL unit is the prefix
NAL unit (type 14) that includes descriptive information of the
associated H.264/AVC VCL NAL unit (type 1 or 5) that immediately
follows the prefix NAL unit.

SVC extends the one-byte H.264/AVC NAL unit header by three additional
octets.  The header indicates the type of the NAL unit, the (potential)

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presence of bit errors or syntax violations in the NAL unit payload,
information regarding the relative importance of the NAL unit for the
decoding process, the layer identification information, and other
fields as discussed below.

This RTP payload specification is designed to be unaware of the octet
string in the NAL unit payload.  The NAL unit header co-serves as the
payload header of this RTP payload format.  The payload of a NAL unit
follows immediately.

The syntax and semantics of the NAL unit header are formally specified
in [SVC], but the essential properties of the NAL unit header are
summarized below.

The first byte of the NAL unit header has the following format (the bit
fields are the same as defined for the one-byte H.264/AVC NAL unit
header, while the semantics of some fields have changed slightly, in a
backward compatible way):

      +---------------+
      |0|1|2|3|4|5|6|7|
      +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
      |F|NRI|  Type   |
      +---------------+

F: 1 bit
forbidden_zero_bit.  H.264/AVC declares a value of 1 as a syntax
violation.

NRI: 2 bits
nal_ref_idc.  A value of '00' (in binary form) indicates that the
content of the NAL unit is not used to reconstruct reference pictures
for future prediction.  Such NAL units can be discarded without risking
the integrity of the reference pictures in the same Layer.  A value
greater than '00' indicates that the decoding of the NAL unit is
required to maintain the integrity of reference pictures in the same
Layer, or that the NAL unit contains parameter sets.

Type: 5 bits
nal_unit_type.  This component specifies the NAL unit type as defined
in table 7-1 of [SVC], and later within this memo.  For a reference of
all currently defined NAL unit types and their semantics, please refer
to section 7.4.1 in [SVC].

In H.264/AVC, NAL unit types 14, 15 and 20 are reserved for future
extensions.  SVC uses these three NAL unit types.  NAL unit type 14 is
used for prefix NAL unit, NAL unit type 15 is used for subset sequence
parameter set and NAL unit type 20 is used for coded slice in scalable
extension (see section 7.4.1 in [SVC]).  NAL unit types 14 and 20
indicate the presence of three additional octets in the NAL unit
header, as shown below.


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         +---------------+---------------+---------------+
         |0|1|2|3|4|5|6|7|0|1|2|3|4|5|6|7|0|1|2|3|4|5|6|7|
         +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
         |R|I|   PRID    |N| DID |  QID  | TID |U|D|O| RR|
         +---------------+---------------+---------------+

R: 1 bit
reserved_one_bit.  Reserved bit for future extension.  R MUST be equal
to 1.  Receivers SHOULD discard NAL units with R equal to 0.

I: 1 bit
idr_flag.  This component specifies whether the layer representation is
an instantaneous decoding refresh (IDR) layer representation (when
equal to 1) or not (when equal to 0).

PRID: 6 bits
priority_id.  This flag specifies a priority identifier for the NAL
unit.  A lower value of PRID indicates a higher priority.

N: 1 bit
no_inter_layer_pred_flag.  This flag specifies, when present in a coded
slice NAL unit, whether inter-layer prediction may be used for decoding
the coded slice (when equal to 1) or not (when equal to 0).

DID: 3 bits
dependency_id.  This component denotes the inter-layer coding
dependency hierarchy.  At any access unit, a layer representation with
a less dependency_id may be used for inter-layer prediction for coding
of a layer representation with a greater dependency_id, while a layer
representation with a greater dependency_id shall not be used for
inter-layer prediction for coding of a layer representation with a less
dependency_id.

QID: 4 bits
quality_id.  This component designates the quality level hierarchy of a
MGS layer representation.  At any access unit and with identical
dependency_id value, a layer representation with quality_id equal to ql
uses a layer representation with quality_id equal to ql-1 for inter-
layer prediction.

TID: 3 bits
temporal_id.  This component indicates the temporal layer (or frame
rate) hierarchy.  Informally put, a layer consisting of layer
representations with a less temporal_id corresponds to a lower frame
rate.  A given temporal layer typically depends on the lower temporal
layers (i.e. the temporal layers with less temporal_id) but never
depends on any higher temporal layer.

U: 1 bit
use_ref_base_pic_flag.  A value of 1 indicates that only reference base
pictures are used during the inter prediction process.  A value of 0


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indicates that the reference base pictures are not used during the
inter prediction process.

D: 1 bit
discardable_flag.  A value of 1 indicates that the current NAL unit is
not used for decoding NAL units with greater dependency_id than the
current NAL unit in the current and all subsequent access units.  Such
NAL units can be discarded without risking the integrity of higher
layers with greater dependency_id.  discardable_flag equal to 0
indicates that the decoding of the NAL unit is required to maintain the
integrity of higher layers with greater dependency_id.

O: 1 bit
output_flag: Affects the decoded picture output process as defined in
Annex C of [SVC].

RR: 2 bits
reserved_three_2bits.  Reserved bits for future extension.  RR MUST be
equal to '11' (in binary form).  Receivers SHOULD discard NAL units
with RR not equal to '11'.

This memo reuses the same additional NAL unit types introduced in RFC
3984, which are presented in section 6.3.  In addition, this memo
introduces one OPTIONAL NAL unit type, 30, as specified in section 6.9.
These NAL unit types are marked as unspecified in [SVC] and
intentionally reserved for use in systems specifications like this
memo.  Moreover, this specification extends the semantics of F, NRI, I,
PRID, DID, QID, TID, U, and D as described in section 6.4.

4. Scope

This payload specification can only be used to carry the "naked" NAL
unit stream over RTP, and not the byte stream format according to Annex
B of [SVC].  Likely, the applications of this specification will be in
the IP based multimedia communications fields including conversational
multimedia, video telephony or video conferencing, Internet streaming
and TV over IP.

This specification allows, in a given RTP session, to encapsulate NAL
units belonging to
  o the base Layer only, detailed specification in [RFC3984], or
  o one or more enhancement Layers, or
  o the base Layer and one or more enhancement Layers


5. Definitions and Abbreviations

5.1. Definitions

5.1.1.    Definitions per SVC specification



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This document uses the definitions of [SVC].  The following terms,
defined in [SVC], are summed up for convenience:

access unit:  A set of NAL units pertaining to a certain temporal
location.  An access unit includes the coded slices of all the scalable
layers at that temporal location and possibly other associated data,
e.g. supplemental enhancement information (SEI) messages and parameter
sets.

coded video sequence:  A sequence of access units that consists, in
decoding order, of an instantaneous decoding refresh (IDR) access unit
followed by zero or more non-IDR access units including all subsequent
access units up to but not including any subsequent IDR access unit.
The coded video sequence is a Layer specific concept.  See below the
definition of IDR access unit.

IDR access unit:  An access unit in which the coded picture is an IDR
picture.  For a certain SVC bitstream, an access unit may be an IDR
access unit for a Layer A but not an IDR access unit for Layer B,
subject to the maximum present value of dependency_id within the access
unit, which depends on which Layer is decoded.

IDR picture:  A coded picture in which all slices with the maximum
present value of dependency_id within the access unit are I or EI
slices that causes the decoding process to mark all reference pictures
as "unused for reference" immediately after decoding the IDR picture.
After the decoding of an IDR picture all following coded pictures in
decoding order can be decoded without inter prediction from any picture
decoded prior to the IDR picture.  The first picture of each coded
video sequence is an IDR picture.

layer representation:  A subset of VCL NAL units within an access unit
that are associated with identical values of dependency_id and
quality_id, which are provided as part of the VCL NAL unit header or by
an associated prefix NAL unit.

prefix NAL unit:  A NAL unit with nal_unit_type equal to 14 that
immediately precedes a NAL unit with nal_unit_type equal to 1, 5,
or 12.  The NAL unit that succeeds the prefix NAL unit is also referred
to as the associated NAL unit.  The prefix NAL unit contains data
associated with the associated NAL unit, which are considered to be
part of the associated NAL unit.

reference base picture: A decoded representation of an access unit that
is only used for inter prediction reference but not for output.  A
reference base picture is constructed only when the store_base_rep_flag
as specified in the SVC specification is equal to 1.

scalable bitstream:  A bitstream with the property that one or more
bitstream subsets that are not identical to the scalable bitstream form
another bitstream that conforms to the SVC specification.


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5.1.2.    Definitions local to this memo

anchor layer representation:  An anchor layer representation is such a
layer representation that, if decoding of the Layer starts from the
layer representation, all the following layer representations of the
Layer, in output order, can be correctly decoded.  An anchor layer
representation is a random access point to the Layer the anchor layer
representation belongs to.  However, some layer representations,
succeeding an anchor layer representation in decoding order but
preceding the anchor layer representation in output order, may refer to
earlier layer representations for inter prediction, hence may not be
correctly decoded if random access is performed at the anchor layer
representation.

base Layer:  The base Layer is typically representing the minimal
spatial resolution, the minimal fidelity, and the minimal frame rate of
an SVC bitstream.  In other words, the base Layer consists of all the
VCL NAL units with dependency_id, quality_id and temporal_id equal to 0
and the associated non-VCL NAL units.  The base Layer is independently
decodable without the requirement of using any other Layer of the SVC
bitstream.  Note that this definition is different from the definition
of "base layer" in Annex G of [SVC].

cross-layer decoding order number (CL-DON): An OPTIONAL field in the
payload structure, or a derived variable indicating NAL unit decoding
order over all the NAL units transported in all the RTP sessions for
transporting the SVC bitstream.

enhancement Layer:  An SVC enhancement Layer is a Layer with any of
temporal_id, dependency_id, and quality_id greater than 0.

full base Layer:  The bitstream containing the base Layer and the
temporal enhancement Layers with dependency_id and quality_id both
equal to 0. The full base Layer must conform to one of the profiles
defined in Annex A of [H.264].  In SVC context each slice NAL unit in
the full base Layer is associated with a prefix NAL unit, which has a
four bytes NAL unit header containing all the syntax elements described
in section 3.3.  The full base layer is equivalent to the definition of
"base layer" in Annex G of [SVC].

intra layer representation:  A layer representation that contains only
intra coded slices hence does not refer to any earlier layer
representation in decoding order in the same layer for inter
prediction. However, an intra layer representation may use inter-layer
prediction for its decoding.

Layer:  A Layer may be the base Layer or an enhancement Layer that
enhances the temporal resolution (i.e. the frame rate), the spatial
resolution, or the quality of the video content, relative to the
quality represented without the Layer.



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Operation Point:  An Operation Point of an SVC bitstream represents a
certain level of temporal, spatial and quality scalability.  An
Operation Point contains only those NAL units required for a valid
bitstream (conforming to at least one of the profiles defined in Annex
A or Annex G of [SVC]) to represent a certain quality.  The Operation
Point is described by the maximum present value of dependency_id, and,
within that maximum present value of dependency_id, by the maximum
quality_id and temporal_id, within the bitstream subset representing
the Operation Point.

RTP packet stream: A sequence of RTP packets with increasing sequence
numbers (except for wrap-around), identical PT and identical SSRC
(Synchronization Source), carried in one RTP session.  Within the scope
of this memo, one RTP packet stream is utilized to transport an integer
number of SVC Layers.

Session multiplexing:  The scalable SVC bitstream is distributed onto
different RTP sessions, whereby each RTP session carries a single RTP
packet stream.  Each RTP session requires a separate signaling and has
a separate Timestamp, Sequence Number, and SSRC space.  Dependency
between sessions MUST be signaled according to [I-D.ietf-mmusic-
decoding-dependency] and this memo.

SVC NAL unit:  A NAL unit of NAL unit type 14 or 20 as specified in
Annex G of [SVC]. An SVC NAL unit has a four-byte NAL unit header.

5.2. Abbreviations

In addition to the abbreviations defined in [RFC3984], the following
ones are defined.

CGS:       Coarse-Grain Scalability
CL-DON:    Cross-Layer Decoding Order Number
MGS:       Medium-Grain Scalability
PACSI:     Payload Content Scalability Information
SVC:       Scalable Video Coding

6. RTP Payload Format

6.1. Design Principles

The following design principles have been observed:

o Backward compatibility with [RFC3984] wherever possible.

o As the SVC full base Layer is H.264/AVC compatible, the full base
  Layer or any subset, when transmitted in its own session, MUST be
  encapsulated using [RFC3984].  Requiring this has the desirable
  side effect that it can be used by [RFC3984] legacy devices.

o MANEs are signaling aware and rely on signaling information.
  MANEs have state.

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o MANEs can aggregate multiple RTP streams, possibly from multiple RTP
sessions.

o MANEs can perform media-aware stream thinning.  By using the payload
  header information identifying Layers within an RTP session,
  MANEs are able to remove packets from the incoming RTP packet stream.
This implies rewriting
  the RTP headers of the outgoing packet stream and rewriting of
  RTCP Receiver Reports.

6.2. RTP Header Usage

Please see section 5.1 of [RFC3984].

6.3. Common Structure of the RTP Payload Format

Please see section 5.2 of [RFC3984].

6.4. NAL Unit Header Usage

The structure and semantics of the NAL unit header were introduced in
section 3.3.  This section specifies the semantics of F, NRI, I, PRID,
DID, QID, TID, U, and D according to this specification.

The semantics of F specified in section 5.3 of [RFC3984] also applies
herein.

For NRI, for the bitstream conforming to one of the profiles defined in
Annex A of [H.264] and transported using [RFC3984], the semantics
specified in section 5.3 of [RFC3984] are applicable, i.e., NRI also
indicates the relative importance of NAL units.  In SVC context, in
addition to the semantics specified in Annex G of [SVC] are applicable,
NRI also indicate the relative importance of NAL units within a Layer.

For I, in addition to the semantics specified in Annex G of [SVC],
according to this memo, MANEs MAY use this information to protect NAL
units with I equal to 1 better than NAL units with I equal to 0.  MANEs
MAY also utilize information of NAL units with I equal to 1 to decide
when to forward more packets for an RTP packet stream. For example,
when it is sensed that spatial Layer switching has happened such that
the Operation Point has changed to a higher value of DID, MANEs MAY
start to forward NAL units with the higher value of DID only after
forwarding a NAL unit with I equal to 1 with the higher value of DID.

Note that, in the context of this section, "protecting a NAL unit"
means any RTP or network transport mechanism that could improve the
probability of success delivery of the packet conveying the NAL unit,
including applying a QoS-enabled network, FEC, retransmissions, and
advanced scheduling behavior, whenever possible.



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For PRID, the semantics specified in Annex G of [SVC] applies.  Note,
that MANEs implementing unequal error protection MAY use this
information to protect NAL units with smaller PRID values better than
those with larger PRID values, for example by including only the more
important NAL units in a forward error correction (FEC) protection
mechanism.  The importance for the decoding process decreases as the
PRID value increases.

For DID, QID, TID, in addition to the semantics specified in Annex G of
[SVC], according to this memo, values of DID, QID, or TID indicate the
relative importance in their respective dimension.  A lower value of
DID, QID, or TID indicates a higher importance if the other two
components are identical.  MANEs MAY use this information to protect
more important NAL units better than less important NAL units.

For U, in addition to the semantics specified in Annex G of [SVC],
according to this memo, MANEs MAY use this information to protect NAL
units with U equal to 1 better than NAL units with U equal to 0.

For D, in addition to the semantics specified in Annex G of [SVC],
according to this memo, MANEs MAY use this information to determine
whether a given NAL unit is required for successfully decoding a
certain Operation Point of the SVC bitstream, hence to decide whether
to forward the NAL unit.

6.5. Packetization Modes

Please see section 5.4 of [RFC3984].

6.6. Decoding Order Number (DON)

Please see section 5.5 of [RFC3984].  The following applies in
addition.

If different Layers of a SVC bitstream are transported in more than one
RTP session, the DON values of all the NAL units in the RTP sessions
using interleaved mode MUST indicate CL-DON values.

When Session multiplexing is used and at least one STAP-A packet is
present in any of the RTP sessions, the following applies.
      A PACSI NAL unit MUST be present in each STAP-A packet.
      A CL-DON field MUST be present in the PACSI NAL unit included in
each STAP-A.
      The DON values for the NAL units in each STAP-A packet MUST be
derived as follows and indicate CL-DON values.
      The CL-DON field in the PACSI NAL unit specifies the value of DON
for the first NAL unit in the STAP-A in transmission order.  For each
successive NAL unit in appearance order in the STAP-A, the value of DON
is equal to (the value of DON of the previous NAL unit in the STAP-A +
1) % 65536, wherein '%' stands for modulo operation.



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6.7. Aggregation Packets

Please see section 5.7 of [RFC3984].

6.8. Fragmentation Units (FUs)

Please see section 5.8 of [RFC3984].

6.9. Payload Content Scalability Information (PACSI) NAL Unit

A new NAL unit type is specified in this memo, and referred to as
payload content scalability information (PACSI) NAL unit.  The OPTIONAL
PACSI NAL unit, if present, MUST be the first NAL unit in an
aggregation packet, and it MUST NOT be present in other types of
packets.  The PACSI NAL unit indicates scalability information and
other characteristics that are common for all the remaining NAL units
in the payload of the aggregation packet. Furthermore, a PACSI NAL unit
MAY contain zero or more SEI NAL units.  PACSI NAL unit makes it easier
for MANEs to decide whether to forward/process/discard the aggregation
packet containing the PACSI NAL unit.  Other reasons to use PACSI NAL
units are explained later when specifying the semantics of the fields.
Senders MAY create PACSI NAL units and receivers MAY ignore them, or
use them as hints to enable efficient aggregation packet processing.
Note that the NAL unit type for the PACSI NAL unit is selected among
those values that are unspecified in [SVC] and [RFC3984].

When the first aggregation unit of an aggregation packet contains a
PACSI NAL unit, there MUST be at least one additional aggregation unit
present in the same packet.  The RTP header and payload header fields
of the aggregation packet are set according to the remaining NAL units
in the aggregation packet.

When a PACSI NAL unit is included in a multi-time aggregation packet
(MTAP), the decoding order number (DON) for the PACSI NAL unit MUST be
set to indicate that the PACSI NAL unit has an identical DON to the
first NAL unit in decoding order among the remaining NAL units in the
aggregation packet.

The structure of a PACSI NAL unit is as follows.  The first four octets
are exactly the same as the four-byte SVC NAL unit header as discussed
in section 3.3.  They are followed by one always present octet, five
optional octets, and zero or more SEI NAL units, each SEI NAL unit
preceded by a 16-bit unsigned size field (in network byte order) that
indicates the size of the following NAL unit in bytes (excluding these
two octets, but including the NAL unit type octet of the SEI NAL unit).
Figure 1 illustrates the PACSI NAL unit structure and an example of a
PACSI NAL unit containing two SEI NAL units.

The bits A, P, C, S, and E are specified only if the bit X is equal to
1.  The fields TL0PICIDX and IDRPICID are present only if the bit Y is
equal to 1.  The fields TL0PICIDX and IDRPICID MUST NOT be present if
the bit Y is equal to 0.  The field CL-DON is present only if the bit T

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is equal to 1.  The field T MUST be equal to 0 if the aggregation
packet containing the PACSI NAL unit is not an STAP-A packet.

       0                   1                   2                   3
       0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
      +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
      |F|NRI|  Type   |R|I|   PRID    |N| DID |  QID  | TID |U|D|O| RR|
      +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
      |X|Y|T|A|P|C|S|E| TL0PICIDX (o.)|        IDRPICID (o.)          |
      +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
      |        CL-DON (o.)            |        NAL unit size 1        |
      +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
      |                                                               |
      |                 SEI NAL unit 1                                |
      |                                                               |
      |                         +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
      |                         |        NAL unit size 2        |     |
      +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+     |
      |                                                               |
      |            SEI NAL unit 2                                     |
      |                                           +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
      |                                           |
      +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+

      Figure 1.  PACSI NAL unit structure.  Fields suffixed by
                 "(o.)" are OPTIONAL.

The values of the fields in PACSI NAL unit MUST be set as follows.

The F bit MUST be set to 1 if the F bit in at least one of the remaining
NAL units in the payload is equal to 1.  Otherwise, the F bit MUST be
set to 0.

The NRI field MUST be set to the highest value of NRI field among all
the remaining NAL units in the payload.

The Type field MUST be set to 30.

o The R bit MUST be set to 1.

o The I bit MUST be set to 1 if the I bit of at least one of the
  remaining NAL units in the payload is equal to 1.  Otherwise, the I
bit MUST be set to 0.

The PRID field MUST be set to the lowest value of the PRID values of all
the remaining NAL units in the payload.

o The N bit MUST be set to 1 if the N bit of all the remaining NAL
  units in the payload is equal to 1.  Otherwise, the N bit MUST be
  set to 0.



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o The DID field MUST be set to the lowest value of the DID values
  of all the remaining NAL units in the payload.

o The QID field MUST be set to the lowest value of the QID values
  of all the remaining NAL units with the lowest value of DID in the
  payload.

o The TID field MUST be set to the lowest value of the TID values
  of all the remaining NAL units with the lowest value of DID in the
  payload.

o The U bit MUST be set to 1 if the U bit of at least one of the
  remaining NAL units in the payload is equal to 1.  Otherwise, the
  U bit MUST be set to 0.

The D bit MUST be set to 1 if the D value of all the remaining NAL unit
in the payload is equal to 1.  Otherwise, the D bit MUST be set to 0.

o The O bit MUST be set to 1 if the O bit of at least one of the
  remaining NAL units in the payload is equal to 1.  Otherwise, the
  O bit MUST be set to 0.

o The RR field MUST be set to '11' (in binary form).

o If the X bit is equal to 1, the bits A, P, C, S, and E are specified
as in below. Otherwise, the bits A, P, C, S, and E are unspecified, and
receivers MUST ignore these bits.  The X bit SHOULD be identical for
all the PACSI NAL units involved in all the RTP sessions conveying an
SVC bitstream.

o If the Y bit is equal to 1, the OPTIONAL fields TL0PICIDX and
IDRPICID MUST be present and specified as in below. Otherwise, the
fields TL0PICIDX and IDRPICID MUST NOT be present.  The Y bit SHOULD be
identical for all the PACSI NAL units involved in all the RTP sessions
conveying an SVC bitstream.

o If the T bit is equal to 1, the OPTIONAL field CL-DON MUST be present
and specified as in below. Otherwise, the field CL-DON MUST NOT be
present.

o The A bit MUST be set to 1 if all the target NAL units belong to
anchor layer representations.  Otherwise, the A bit MUST be set to 0.
The target NAL units are such NAL units contained in the aggregation
packet, but not included in the PACSI NAL unit, that are within the
access unit to which the first NAL unit following the PACSI NAL unit in
the aggregation packet belongs.  The A bit SHOULD be identical for all
the PACSI NAL units for which the target NAL units belong to the same
access unit.

Informative note: The A bit indicates whether CGS or spatial layer
switching at a non-IDR layer representation (a layer representation
with nal_unit_type not equal to 5 and idr_flag not equal to 1) can be

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performed.  When the coded pattern like IBBP is in use, non-IDR intra
layer representation can be used for random access.  Compared to using
only IDR layer representations, higher coding efficiency can be
achieved.  The H.264/AVC or SVC solution to indicate the random
accessibility of a non-IDR intra layer representation is using recovery
point SEI message.  However, with this A bit it is much easier to parse
than to parse the recovery point SEI message, which may even be buried
deeply in an SEI NAL unit.  Furthermore, the SEI message may not be
present in the bitstream.

o The T bit MUST be set to 1 if all the target NAL units (as defined
above) belong to temporal scalable layer switching points.  Otherwise,
the T bit MUST be set to 0.  The T bit SHOULD be identical for all the
PACSI NAL units for which the target NAL units belong to the same
access unit.

Informative note: The T bit indicates whether switching to the next
higher temporal layer (i.e. upgrading of frame rate) can be performed
at the layer representation.  SVC specifies temporal layer switching
point SEI message for signaling of temporal layer switching points when
needed.  However, with this T bit it is much easier to parse than to
parse the recovery point SEI message, which may even be buried deeply
in an SEI NAL unit.  Furthermore, the SEI message may not be present in
the bitstream.

o The P bit MUST be set to 1 if all the target NAL units (as defined
above) are with redundant_pic_cnt greater than 0, i.e. the slices are
redundant slices.  Otherwise, the P bit MUST be set to 0.  The P bit
SHOULD be identical for all the PACSI NAL units for which the target
NAL units belong to the same access unit.

Informative note: The P bit indicates whether the packet can be
discarded because it contains redundant slice NAL units.  Without this
bit, the corresponding information can be concluded from the syntax
element redundant_pic_cnt, which is buried in the slice header, which
is not in the fixed-length coded NAL unit header.

o The C bit MUST be set to 1 if the target NAL units (as defined above)
belong to an access unit for which the layer representation having the
greatest value of dependency_id among all the layer representations
containing the target NAL units is an intra layer representation.
Otherwise, the C bit MUST be set to 0.  The C bit SHOULD be identical
for all the PACSI NAL units for which the target NAL units belong to
the same access unit.

Informative note: The C bit indicates whether the packet contains intra
slices which may be the only packets to be forwarded for a fast forward
playback, e.g. when the network condition is extremely bad.

o The S bit MUST be set to 1, if the first VCL NAL unit, in decoding
order, of the layer representation containing the first NAL unit


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following the PACSI NAL unit in the aggregation packet is present in
the payload.  Otherwise, the S bit MUST be set to 0.

o The E bit MUST be set to 1, if the last VCL NAL unit, in decoding
order, of the layer representation containing the first NAL unit
following the PACSI NAL unit in the aggregation packet is present in
the payload.  Otherwise, the E field MUST be set to 0.

Informative note: The S or E bit indicates whether the first or last
slice, in decoding order, of a layer representation is in the packet,
to enable a MANE to detect slice loss and take proper action such as
requesting a retransmission as soon as possible, as well as to allow an
efficient playout buffer handling similarly as the M bit in the RTP
header.  The M bit in the RTP header still indicates the end of an
access unit, not the end of a layer representation.

o When present, the TL0PICIDX field MUST be set to equal to
tl0_dep_rep_idx as specified in Annex G of [SVC] for the layer
representation containing the first NAL unit following the PACSI NAL
unit in the aggregation packet.

o When present, the IDRPICID field MUST be set to equal to
effective_idr_pic_id as specified in Annex G of [SVC] for the layer
representation containing the first NAL unit following the PACSI NAL
unit in the aggregation packet.

Informative note: The TL0PICIDX and IDRPICID fields enable the
detection of the loss of layer representations in the most important
temporal layer, by receivers as well as MANEs.  SVC includes a solution
by using SEI messages, which are harder to parse and may not be present
in the bitstream at all.

o When present, the field CL-DON indicates the cross-layer decoding
order number for the first NAL unit in the STAP-A in transmission
order.

SEI NAL units included in the PACSI NAL unit, if any, MUST contain a
subset of the SEI messages associated with the access unit of the first
NAL unit following the PACSI NAL unit within the aggregation packet.

Informative note: Senders may repeat such SEI NAL units in the PACSI
NAL unit the presence of which in more than one packet is essential for
packet loss robustness.  Receivers may use the repeated SEI messages in
place of missing SEI messages.  In H.264/AVC and SVC, within each
access unit, SEI NAL units must appear before any VCL NAL unit in
decoding order.  Therefore, without using PACSI NAL units, SEI messages
are typically only conveyed in the first packet of those packets
conveying an access unit.

An SEI message SHOULD NOT be included in a PACSI NAL unit and included
in one of the remaining NAL units contained in the same aggregation
packet at the same time.

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7. Packetization Rules

Please see section 6 of [RFC3984].  The following rules apply in
addition.

All receivers MUST support the single NAL unit packetization mode to
provide backward compatibility to endpoints supporting only the single
NAL unit mode of RFC 3984. However, the single NAL unit packetization
mode SHOULD NOT be used whenever possible, because encapsulating NAL
units of small sizes, e.g. small NAL units containing parameter sets or
SEI messages, in their own packets is typically less efficient because
of the relatively big overhead.

All receivers MUST support the non-interleaved mode of [RFC3984].

Informative note: The non-interleaved mode allows an application to
encapsulate a single NAL unit in a single RTP packet.  Historically,
the single NAL unit mode has been included into [RFC3984] only for
compatibility with ITU-T Rec. H.241 Annex A [H.241].  There is no point
in carrying this historic ballast towards a new application space such
as the one provided with SVC.  More technically speaking, the
implementation complexity increase for providing the additional
mechanisms of the non-interleaved mode (namely STAP-A) is so minor, and
the benefits are so great, that STAP-A implementation is required.

A NAL unit of small size SHOULD be encapsulated in an aggregation
packet together with one or more other NAL units. For example, non-VCL
NAL units such as access unit delimiter, parameter set, or SEI NAL unit
are typically small.

A prefix NAL unit SHOULD be aggregated to the same packet as the
associated NAL unit following the prefix NAL unit in decoding order.

Informative note: When either the prefix NAL unit or the associated NAL
unit containing an H.264/AVC coded slice is lost, the remaining one
would be hardly useful in SVC context, wherein the prefix NAL unit must
be available for decoded picture buffer management operations of the
decoding process.

When the first aggregation unit of an aggregation packet contains a
PACSI NAL unit, there MUST be at least one additional aggregation unit
present in the same packet.

Non-VCL NAL units SHOULD be conveyed in the same session as the
associated VCL NAL units.  To meet this, SEI messages that are
contained in scalable nesting SEI message and are applicable to more
than one session SHOULD be separated and contained into multiple
scalable nesting SEI messages.  The CL-DON values MUST indicate the
cross-layer decoding order number values as if all these SEI messages
were in separate scalable nesting SEI messages and contained in the
beginning of the corresponding access units as specified in [SVC].

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When Session multiplexing is used, the following applies.  The two
options I. and II. are available:

In all RTP Sessions non-interleaved mode or single NAL unit mode MUST
be used and CL-DON MUST NOT be present:

If an access unit of sampling time instance X is present in RTP session
A, this access unit MUST be also present in any RTP session, which
depends on RTP session A.

RTP sessions MUST have a one-dimensional dependency structure, i.e. an
RTP session can be enhanced by exactly one other RTP session only.

M-bit of the RTP header SHALL be set according to [RFC3550], i.e. the
end of an access unit MUST be indicated in each of the RTP sessions.

All RTP sessions MUST use the same RTP Timestamp scale and MUST use the
same RTP timestamp for packets in the different RTP session containing
NAL units of the same sampling time instance.

At least one of the following parameters MUST be present in the RTP
sessions indicating buffering values for each RTP session of the RTP
session multiplex:
- sprop-prebuf-size
- sprop-prebuf-time

Informative note:  Restriction a. allows only for multiplexing of RTP
session with the same frame rate or requires in RTP sessions with
higher frame rate also NAL units of the access units, which are also
present in RTP sessions which the session in question depends on.  An
example algorithm for packet and NAL unit reordering is given in 8.1.1.

CL-DON MUST be used

An RTP session that does not use interleaved mode MUST be constrained
as follows.

Non-interleaved mode MUST be used.
STAP-A MUST be used, and any other type of packets MUST NOT be used.
Each STAP-A MUST contain a PACSI NAL unit and the CL-DON field MUST be
present in the PACSI NAL unit.

Informative note: The motivation for these constraints is to allow the
use of non-interleaved mode for the session conveying the H.264/AVC
compatible (full) base layer, such that RFC 3984 receivers without
interleaved mode implementation can subscribe to the (full) base layer
session.


8. De-Packetization Process (Informative)


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For a single RTP session, the de-packetization process specified in
section 7 of [RFC3984] applies [with some fixes to section 7 of RFC
3984 and some changes/additions to section 7.3 (Additional De-
Packetization Guidelines) of RFC 3984 - TBD].

For receiving more than one of multiple RTP sessions conveying a
scalable bitstream, an example of a suitable implementation of the de-
packetization process is specified in section 8.1.

8.1. De-Packetization Process for NAL Units Conveyed using Session
Multiplexing

As for a single RTP session, the general concept behind these de-
packetization rules is to reorder NAL units from transmission order to
the NAL unit decoding order.

In this section, "the RTP sessions" refer to the RTP sessions for which
the NAL units are de-packetized.

The receiver includes a receiver buffer, which is used to compensate
for different session initiation times, transmission delay jitter and
to reorder NAL units from transmission order to the NAL unit decoding
order.  In this section, the receiver operation is described under the
assumption that all the RTP sessions initiate at the same time, and
there is no transmission delay jitter.  However, receivers SHOULD also
prepare for both different session initiation times and transmission
delay jitter.  Receivers can either reserve separate buffers for
session initiation variation buffering, transmission delay jitter
buffering, and de-session-multiplexing buffering, or use a receiver
buffer for all the aforementioned purposes.  Moreover, receivers SHOULD
take session initiation variation and transmission delay jitter into
account in the buffering operation; e.g., by additional initial
buffering before starting of decoding and playback.


8.1.1.    De-Packetization Process for Session Multiplexing using non-
interleaved mode or Single NAL unit mode without the use of CL-DON

In this section, NAL unit reordering is described for the constraints
of section 7 using the non-interleaved mode or Single NAL unit mode for
all RTP sessions, i.e. no CL-DON is used within any of these sessions.
The reordering process is based on RTP session dependency, RTP sequence
numbers, RTP timestamp and RTP header marker bit.  In the following,
in-session packet reordering refers to the process of reordering RTP
packets according to their sequence number within the receiver buffer
of an RTP session.  Inter-session packet reordering refers to the
process of NAL unit reordering between sessions in case of using
Session multiplexing.

The following example is used to explain the reordering process.  The
example refers to three RTP sessions A, B and C as shown in Figure 2.
In the example, the dependency signaling as described in 9.2.3,

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indicates, that Session A does not depend on any other of the sessions;
B depends on A; C depends on A and B as restricted in section 7.
Session A has the lowest frame rate and Session B and C have the same,
but a higher frame rate.

Informative note: The reordering process described in this subsection
can be applied on RTP session with the same or different frame rates.
The latter case is only valid, if NAL units of the same time instances
of an RTP session are also present in the RTP session which depends on
this RTP session.  For describing the reordering process no packet loss
is assumed.

For each of the RTP sessions a receiver buffer according to one of the
parameters: sprop-prebuf-size or sprop-prebuf-time is used to buffer
RTP packets for each session and in-session packet reordering is
applied according to the RTP sequence numbers before starting inter-
session packet reordering.  sprop-prebuf-size and sprop-prebuf-time
should be selected such that buffering each of the sessions according
to these parameters allows for an inter-session packet reordering with
detection of at least two S0 Synchronization Points, as defined later,
in each session.

Inter-session packet reordering is started from the lowest RTP session
S0.  This is the session with the lowest number of dependencies in the
one-dimensional dependency tree (in the example: RTP session A).  This
session is referred to as the lowest session.  The session with the
next higher number of dependencies is called the next higher session
Sn, where n is in the integer rage of 1 and m-1.  The highest session
Sm-1 is the session with the highest number of dependencies in the one-
dimensional dependency tree, where m is the number of RTP sessions in
the session multiplex.

In the following, a packet loss free transmission is assumed.  Starting
from Session S0, the first RTP timestamp in the receiver buffer after
in-session packet reordering referred to as TS_S0_0_is searched in all
the RTP sessions Sn starting with the first packet in each receiver
buffer.  If TS_S0_0_is found in all sessions, this point is referred to
as the S0 Synchronization Point (see Figure 2)  If such a point is not
found all packets with TS_S0_0 are removed from the receiver buffer of
session S0 only.  The search as described above is repeated with
TS_S0_i until the first S0 Synchronization Point is found, where i
gives the counter of RTP timestamps within a RTP session's receiver
buffer in RTP sequence number order.

Informative note: The RTP timestamp order following the RTP packet
order is not the same as the order of increasing RTP timestamp value.

A Synchronization Point of session Sn is called the Sn Synchronization
Point and defined by matching RTP timestamps in all sessions Sy >= Sn,
i.e. TS_Sy_i must be same over the RTP session Sy >= Sn.  If the an Sn
Synchronization Point is found, that access unit with RTP timestamp
TS_Sn_i is restored by depacketizing RTP packets following the rules of

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[RFC3984] starting from session Sn up to Sm-1.  The restored NAL units
of the sessions are reassembled and place into access unit with RTP
timestamp TS_Sn_i in the order of the RTP sessions Sn to Sm-1.  Note:
Sm-1 does not necessarily have to be the highest available RTP session,
but the highest subscribed session using Layered Multicast.   When
reassembling an access unit for TS_Sn_i Synchronization Point, the
packets with TS_Sn_i are removed in RTP sessions Sy >= Sn.

After finding the very first S0 Synchronization Point, all RTP packets
preceding the TS_S0_i packets in RTP sequence order are removed from
the receiver buffers in all sessions.

After reassembling a Synchronization Point, the process described above
is repeated.

Before proceeding to a Synchronization Point in any RTP session
starting from the lowest session:
If a Synchronization Point is found in any higher session, the access
unit represented by such a Synchronization Point has to be reassembled
first.

Informative note: In case of packet loss, the essential connection
between RTP sessions and packets cannot be kept, for that reason, we
propose the reduce the reordering process only up to the session which
the packet loss contains.  After finding a S0 Synchronization point,
the reordering can be applied without restrictions.

Decoding order and dependency of NAL units per RTP session:

C: -(1)---(2)--(3,4)-(5,6)--(7)---(8)-(9,10)(11,12)-(13)--(14)----
     |     |     :     :     |     |      :    :     |      |
B: -(1,2)-(3,4)-(5)---(6)--(7,8)-(9,10)-(11)-(12)--(13,14)(15,15)-
     |     |                 |     |                 |      |
A: -(1)---(2)---------------(3)---(4)---------------(5)----(6)----
------------------------------------------------------------------->
TS: [4]   [2]   [1]   [3]   [8]   [6]   [5]   [7]   [12]   [10]


Key:
A, B, C                - RTP sessions
Integer values in '()' - NAL unit decoding order per RTP session
'( )'                  - groups the NAL units of an access unit in
                         an RTP session
'|'                    - indicates layer dependency and the S0
                         Synchronization Points
':'                    - indicates layer dependency and the S1
                         Synchronization Points
Integer values in '[]' - RTP Timestamp (TS), sampling time

Figure 2. Synchronization Points in Session multiplexing without CL-DON



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8.1.2.    De-Packetization Process for Session Multiplexing using CL-
DON

As present option in section 7, when more than one RTP session is used
to convey an SVC Bitstream, for each NAL unit a CL-DON value can be
derived.  This enables a NAL unit decoding order recovery process
without individual deinterleaving process for each RTP session,
irrespective of whether any of the sessions uses interleave mode.
Excluding the session initiation variation buffer and the transmission
delay jitter buffer, the receiver buffer is called the de-session-
multiplexing buffer.

The de-packetization process for NAL units conveyed in multiple RTP
sessions is similar to the single RTP session de-packetization process
for interleaved mode as specified in subsection 7.2 of RFC 3984.

It is RECOMMENDED to set the size of the de-session-multiplexing
buffer, in terms of number of bytes, equal to or greater than the value
of the sprop-deint-buf-req media type parameter of the RTP session
conveying the SVC Layer for which the decoding requires the presence of
the SVC Layers conveyed in all the other RTP sessions, referred to the
highest RTP session.

There are two buffering states in the receiver: initial buffering and
buffering while playing.  Initial buffering occurs when the RTP
sessions are initialized.  After initial buffering, decoding and
playback are started, and the buffering-while-playing mode is used.

Regardless of the buffering state, the receiver stores incoming NAL
units, in reception order, in the de-session-multiplexing buffer as
follows.  NAL units of aggregation packets are stored in the de-
session-multiplexing buffer individually.  The value of DON (i.e. CL-
DON) is calculated and stored for each NAL unit.

The receiver operation is described below with the help of the
following functions and constants:

   o  Function AbsDON is specified in section 9.1 of this
specification.

   o  Function don_diff is specified in section 5.5 of RFC 3984.

   o  Constant N is the value of the OPTIONAL sprop-interleaving-depth
media type parameter of the highest RTP session incremented by 1.

Initial buffering lasts until one of the following conditions is
fulfilled:

   o  There are N or more VCL NAL units in the de-session-multiplexing
buffer.



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   o  If sprop-max-don-diff of the highest RTP session is present,
don_diff(m,n) is greater than the value of sprop-max-don-diff of the
highest RTP session, in which n corresponds to the NAL unit having the
greatest value of AbsDON among the received NAL units and m corresponds
to the NAL unit having the smallest value of AbsDON among the received
NAL units.

   o  Initial buffering has lasted for the duration equal to or greater
than the value of the OPTIONAL sprop-init-buf-time media type parameter
of the highest RTP session.

The NAL units to be removed from the de-session-multiplexing buffer are
determined as follows:

   o  If the de-session-multiplexing buffer contains at least N VCL NAL
units, NAL units are removed from the de-session-multiplexing buffer
and passed to the decoder in the order specified below until the buffer
contains N-1 VCL NAL units.

   o  If sprop-max-don-diff of the highest RTP session is present, all
NAL units m for which don_diff(m,n) is greater than sprop-max-don-diff
of the highest RTP session are removed from the de-session-multiplexing
buffer and passed to the decoder in the order specified below.  Herein,
n corresponds to the NAL unit having the greatest value of AbsDON among
the NAL units in the de-session-multiplexing buffer.

The order in which NAL units are passed to the decoder is specified as
follows:

   o  Let PDON be a variable that is initialized to 0 at the beginning
of the RTP sessions.

   o  For each NAL unit associated with a value of DON, a DON distance
is calculated as follows.  If the value of DON of the NAL unit is
larger than the value of PDON, the DON distance is equal to DON - PDON.
Otherwise, the DON distance is equal to 65535 - PDON + DON + 1.

   o  NAL units are delivered to the decoder in ascending order of DON
distance.  If several NAL units share the same value of DON distance,
they can be passed to the decoder in any order.

   o  When a desired number of NAL units have been passed to the
decoder, the value of PDON is set to the value of DON for the last NAL
unit passed to the decoder.

9. Payload Format Parameters

This section specifies the parameters that MAY be used to select
optional features of the payload format and certain features of the
bitstream.  The parameters are specified here as part of the media type
registration for the SVC codec.  A mapping of the parameters into the
Session Description Protocol (SDP) [RFC4566] is also provided for

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applications that use SDP.  Equivalent parameters could be defined
elsewhere for use with control protocols that do not use SDP.

Some parameters provide a receiver with the properties of the stream
that will be sent.  The names of all these parameters start with
"sprop" for stream properties.  Some of these "sprop" parameters are
limited by other payload or codec configuration parameters.  For
example, the sprop-parameter-sets parameter is constrained by the
profile-level-id parameter.  The media sender selects all "sprop"
parameters rather than the receiver.  This uncommon characteristic of
the "sprop" parameters may not be compatible with some signaling
protocol concepts, in which case the use of these parameters SHOULD be
avoided.

9.1. Media Type Registration

The media subtype for the SVC codec is allocated from the IETF tree.

The receiver MUST ignore any unspecified parameter.

Informative note: Requiring ignoring unspecified parameter allows for
backward compatibility of future extensions.  For example, if a future
specification that is backward compatible to this specification
specifies some new parameters, then a receiver according to this
specification is capable of receiving data per the new payload but
ignoring those parameters newly specified in the new payload
specification.  This sentence is also present in RFC 3984.

Media Type name:     video

Media subtype name:  H264-SVC or H264

The media subtype "H264" MUST be used for RTP streams using RFC 3984,
i.e. not using any of the new features introduced by this specification
compared to RFC 3984.  [Ed. The new features are to be listed herein.]
For RTP streams using any of the new features introduced by this
specification compared to RFC 3984, the media subtype "H264-SVC" SHOULD
be used, and the media subtype "H264" MAY be used.  Use of the media
subtype "H264" for RTP streams using the new features allows for RFC
3984 receivers to negotiate and receive H.264/AVC or SVC streams
packetized according to this specification, but to ignore media
parameters and NAL unit types it does not recognize.

Required parameters: none

OPTIONAL parameters:

       profile-level-id:
                     A base16 [RFC3548] (hexadecimal) representation of
                     the following three bytes in the sequence
                     parameter set NAL unit specified in [SVC]: 1)
                     profile_idc, 2) a byte herein referred to as

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                     profile-iop, composed of the values of
                     constraint_set0_flag, constraint_set1_flag,
                     constraint_set2_flag, constraint_set3_flag, and
                     reserved_zero_4bits
                     in bit-significance order, starting from the
                     most significant bit, and 3) level_idc.  Note
                     that reserved_zero_4bits is required to be
                     equal to 0 in [SVC], but other values for it may
                     be specified in the future by ITU-T or ISO/IEC.

                     If the profile-level-id parameter is used to
                     indicate properties of a NAL unit stream, it
                     indicates the profile and level that a decoder
                     has to support in order to comply with [SVC] when
                     it decodes the NAL unit stream.  The profile-iop
                     byte indicates whether the NAL unit stream also
                     obeys all the constraints as specified in
                     subsection 7.4.2.1.1 of [SVC].  Herein the NAL
                     unit stream refers to the one consisting of all
                     NAL units conveyed in the current RTP session,
                     and all NAL units conveyed in other RTP sessions,
                     if present, the current RTP session depends on.
                     The current RTP session MAY depend on other RTP
                     sessions when a scalable bitstream is transported
                     with more than one RTP session and the current
                     session is not an independent RTP session.

                     If the profile-level-id parameter is used for
                     capability exchange or session setup procedure,
                     it indicates the profile that the codec
                     supports and the highest level
                     supported for the signaled profile.  The
                     profile-iop byte indicates whether the codec
                     has additional limitations whereby only the
                     common subset of the algorithmic features and
                     limitations signaled with the
                     profile-iop byte is supported by the codec.  For
                     example, if a codec supports only the common
                     subset of the coding tools of the Baseline
                     profile and the Main profile at level 2.1 and
                     below, the profile-level-id becomes 42E015, in
                     which 42 stands for the Baseline profile, E0
                     indicates that only the common subset for all
                     profiles is supported, and 15 indicates level
                     2.1.

                     Informative note: Capability exchange and
                     session setup procedures should provide
                     means to list the capabilities for each
                     supported codec profile separately.  For
                     example, the one-of-N codec selection
                     procedure of the SDP Offer/Answer model can

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                     be used (section 10.2 of [RFC4566]).

                     If no profile-level-id is present, the Baseline
                     Profile without additional constraints at Level
                     1 MUST be implied.

       max-mbps, max-fs, max-cpb, max-dpb, and max-br:
[Ed. If these parameters may also be used to signal properties of
 a NAL unit stream, as in 8.2.2 of RFC 3984, which is
contradictory with the semantics, then we need to say that the
NAL unit stream is the one containing also those from the RTP
sessions (if present) the current depends on. Furthermore, then
for max-br, it might be useful to have two versions, one for the
 current session only, and one for the current session and the
sessions it depends on.]
                     These parameters MAY be used to signal the
                     capabilities of a receiver or a sender
                     implementation.
                     These parameters MUST NOT be used for any other
                     purpose.  The profile-level-id parameter MUST
                     be present in the same receiver capability
                     description that contains any of these
                     parameters.  The level conveyed in the value of
                     the profile-level-id parameter MUST be such
                     that the receiver is fully capable of
                     supporting.  max-mbps, max-fs, max-cpb, max-
                     dpb, and max-br MAY be used to indicate
                     capabilities of the receiver that extend the
                     required capabilities of the signaled level, as
                     specified below.

                     When more than one parameter from the set (max-
                     mbps, max-fs, max-cpb, max-dpb, max-br) is
                     present, the receiver MUST support all signaled
                     capabilities simultaneously.  For example, if
                     both max-mbps and max-br are present, the
                     signaled level with the extension of both the
                     frame rate and bit rate is supported.  That is,
                     the receiver is able to decode NAL unit
                     streams in which the macroblock processing rate
                     is up to max-mbps (inclusive), the bit rate is
                     up to max-br (inclusive), the coded picture
                     buffer size is derived as specified in the
                     semantics of the max-br parameter below, and
                     other properties comply with the level
                     specified in the value of the profile-level-id
                     parameter.

                     A receiver MUST NOT signal values of max-
                     mbps, max-fs, max-cpb, max-dpb, and max-br that
                     meet the requirements of a higher level,
                     referred to as level A herein, compared to the

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                     level specified in the value of the profile-
                     level-id parameter, if the receiver can support
                     all the properties of level A.

                         Informative note: When the OPTIONAL media
                         type parameters are used to signal the
                         properties of a NAL unit stream, max-mbps,
                         max-fs, max-cpb, max-dpb, and max-br are
                         not present, and the value of profile-
                         level-id must always be such that the NAL
                         unit stream complies fully with the
                         specified profile and level.

       max-mbps:     The value of max-mbps is an integer indicating
                     the maximum macroblock processing rate in units
                     of macroblocks per second.  The max-mbps
                     parameter signals that the receiver is capable
                     of decoding video at a higher rate than is
                     required by the signaled level conveyed in the
                     value of the profile-level-id parameter.  When
                     max-mbps is signaled, the receiver MUST be able
                     to decode NAL unit streams that conform to the
                     signaled level, with the exception that the
                     MaxMBPS value in Table A-1 or Table G-n of [SVC]
                     for the
                     signaled level is replaced with the value of
                     max-mbps.  The value of max-mbps MUST be
                     greater than or equal to the value of MaxMBPS
                     for the level given in Table A-1 or Table G-n of
                     [SVC].
                     Senders MAY use this knowledge to send pictures
                     of a given size at a higher picture rate than
                     is indicated in the signaled level.

       max-fs:       The value of max-fs is an integer indicating
                     the maximum frame size in units of macroblocks.
                     The max-fs parameter signals that the receiver
                     is capable of decoding larger picture sizes
                     than are required by the signaled level conveyed
                     in the value of the profile-level-id parameter.
                     When max-fs is signaled, the receiver MUST be
                     able to decode NAL unit streams that conform to
                     the signaled level, with the exception that the
                     MaxFS value in Table A-1 or Table G-n of [SVC]
                     for the
                     signaled level is replaced with the value of
                     max-fs.  The value of max-fs MUST be greater
                     than or equal to the value of MaxFS for the
                     level given in Table A-1 or Table G-n of [SVC].
                     Senders MAY
                     use this knowledge to send larger pictures at a
                     proportionally lower frame rate than is

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                     indicated in the signaled level.

       max-cpb       The value of max-cpb is an integer indicating
                     the maximum coded picture buffer size in units
                     of 1000 bits for the VCL HRD parameters (see
                     A.3.1 item i or G.n item m of [SVC]) and in units
                     of 1200 bits
                     for the NAL HRD parameters (see A.3.1 item j or
                     G.n item m of
                     [SVC]).  The max-cpb parameter signals that the
                     receiver has more memory than the minimum
                     amount of coded picture buffer memory required
                     by the signaled level conveyed in the value of
                     the profile-level-id parameter.  When max-cpb
                     is signaled, the receiver MUST be able to
                     decode NAL unit streams that conform to the
                     signaled level, with the exception that the
                     MaxCPB value in Table A-1 or Table G-n of [SVC]
                     for the
                     signaled level is replaced with the value of
                     max-cpb.  The value of max-cpb MUST be greater
                     than or equal to the value of MaxCPB for the
                     level given in Table A-1 or Table G-n of [SVC].
                     Senders MAY
                     use this knowledge to construct coded video
                     streams with greater variation of bit rate
                     than can be achieved with the
                     MaxCPB value in Table A-1 or Table G-n of [SVC].

                         Informative note: The coded picture buffer
                         is used in the hypothetical reference
                         decoder (Annex C) of SVC.  The use of the
                         hypothetical reference decoder is
                         recommended in SVC encoders to verify
                         that the produced bitstream conforms to the
                         standard and to control the output bitrate.
                         Thus, the coded picture buffer is
                         conceptually independent of any other
                         potential buffers in the receiver,
                         including de-interleaving and de-jitter
                         buffers.  The coded picture buffer need not
                         be implemented in decoders as specified in
                         Annex C of SVC, but rather standard-
                         compliant decoders can have any buffering
                         arrangements provided that they can decode
                         standard-compliant bitstreams.  Thus, in
                         practice, the input buffer for video
                         decoder can be integrated with de-
                         interleaving and de-jitter buffers of the
                         receiver.

       max-dpb:      The value of max-dpb is an integer indicating

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                     the maximum decoded picture buffer size in
                     units of 1024 bytes.  The max-dpb parameter
                     signals that the receiver has more memory than
                     the minimum amount of decoded picture buffer
                     memory required by the signaled level conveyed
                     in the value of the profile-level-id parameter.
                     When max-dpb is signaled, the receiver MUST be
                     able to decode NAL unit streams that conform to
                     the signaled level, with the exception that the
                     MaxDPB value in Table A-1 or Table G-n of [SVC]
                     for the
                     signaled level is replaced with the value of
                     max-dpb.  Consequently, a receiver that signals
                     max-dpb MUST be capable of storing the
                     following number of decoded frames,
                     complementary field pairs, and non-paired
                     fields in its decoded picture buffer:

                     Min(1024 * max-dpb / ( PicWidthInMbs *
                     FrameHeightInMbs * 256 * ChromaFormatFactor ),
                     16)

                     PicWidthInMbs, FrameHeightInMbs, and
                     ChromaFormatFactor are defined in [SVC].

                     The value of max-dpb MUST be greater than or
                     equal to the value of MaxDPB for the level
                     given in Table A-1 or Table G-n of [SVC].
                     Senders MAY use
                     this knowledge to construct coded video streams
                     with improved compression.

                         Informative note: This parameter was added
                         primarily to complement a similar codepoint
                         in the ITU-T Recommendation H.245, so as to
                         facilitate signaling gateway designs.  The
                         decoded picture buffer stores reconstructed
                         samples.  There is no relationship
                         between the size of the decoded picture
                         buffer and the buffers used in RTP,
                         especially de-interleaving and de-jitter
                         buffers.

       max-br:       The value of max-br is an integer indicating
                     the maximum video bit rate in units of 1000
                     bits per second for the VCL HRD parameters (see
                     A.3.1 item i or G.n item m of [SVC]) and in units
                     of 1200 bits
                     per second for the NAL HRD parameters (see
                     A.3.1 item j or G.n item m of [SVC]).

                     The max-br parameter signals that the video

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                     decoder of the receiver is capable of decoding
                     video at a higher bit rate than is required by
                     the signaled level conveyed in the value of the
                     profile-level-id parameter.

                     When max-br is signaled, the video codec of the
                     receiver MUST be able to decode NAL unit
                     streams that conform to the signaled level,
                     conveyed in the profile-level-id parameter,
                     with the following exceptions in the limits
                     specified by the level:
                     o The value of max-br replaces the MaxBR value
                       of the signaled level (in Table A-1 of or Table
                       G-n of [SVC]).
                     o When the max-cpb parameter is not present,
                       the result of the following formula replaces
                       the value of MaxCPB in Table A-1 or Table G-n
                       of [SVC]:
                       (MaxCPB of the signaled level) * max-br /
                       (MaxBR of the signaled level).

                     For example, if a receiver signals capability
                     for Level 1.2 with max-br equal to 1550, this
                     indicates a maximum video bitrate of 1550
                     kbits/sec for VCL HRD parameters, a maximum
                     video bitrate of 1860 kbits/sec for NAL HRD
                     parameters, and a CPB size of 4036458 bits
                     (1550000 / 384000 * 1000 * 1000).

                     The value of max-br MUST be greater than or
                     equal to the value MaxBR for the signaled level
                     given in Table A-1 or Table G-n of [SVC].

                     Senders MAY use this knowledge to send higher
                     bitrate video as allowed in the level
                     definition of SVC, to achieve
                     improved video quality.

                         Informative note: This parameter was added
                         primarily to complement a similar codepoint
                         in the ITU-T Recommendation H.245, so as to
                         facilitate signaling gateway designs.  No
                         assumption can be made from the value of
                         this parameter that the network is capable
                         of handling such bit rates at any given
                         time.  In particular, no conclusion can be
                         drawn that the signaled bit rate is
                         possible under congestion control
                         constraints.

      redundant-pic-cap:
                     This parameter signals the capabilities of a

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                     receiver implementation.  When equal to 0, the
                     parameter indicates that the receiver makes no
                     attempt to use redundant coded pictures to
                     correct incorrectly decoded primary coded
                     pictures.  When equal to 0, the receiver is not
                     capable of using redundant slices; therefore, a
                     sender SHOULD avoid sending redundant slices to
                     save bandwidth.  When equal to 1, the receiver
                     is capable of decoding any such redundant slice
                     that covers a corrupted area in a primary
                     decoded picture (at least partly), and therefore
                     a sender MAY send redundant slices.  When the
                     parameter is not present, then a value of 0
                     MUST be used for redundant-pic-cap.  When
                     present, the value of redundant-pic-cap MUST be
                     either 0 or 1.

                     When the profile-level-id parameter is present
                     in the same capability signaling as the
                     redundant-pic-cap parameter, and the profile
                     indicated in profile-level-id is such that it
                     disallows the use of redundant coded pictures
                     (e.g., Main Profile), the value of redundant-
                     pic-cap MUST be equal to 0.  When a receiver
                     indicates redundant-pic-cap equal to 0, the
                     received stream SHOULD NOT contain redundant
                     coded pictures.

                         Informative note: Even if redundant-pic-cap
                         is equal to 0, the decoder is able to
                         ignore redundant codec pictures provided
                         that the decoder supports such a profile
                         (Baseline, Extended) in which redundant
                         coded pictures are allowed.

                         Informative note: Even if redundant-pic-cap
                         is equal to 1, the receiver may also choose
                         other error concealment strategies to
                         replace or complement decoding of redundant
                         slices.

       sprop-parameter-sets:
                     This parameter MAY be used to convey
                     any sequence and picture parameter set NAL
                     units (herein referred to as the initial
                     parameter set NAL units) that MUST be placed in
                     the NAL unit stream to precede any
                     other NAL units in decoding order by the receiver.
                     The parameter MUST NOT be used to indicate codec
                     capability in any capability exchange
                     procedure.  The value of the parameter is the
                     base64 [RFC3548] representation of the initial

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                     parameter set NAL units as specified in
                     sections 7.3.2.1, 7.3.2.2 and G.7.3.2.1.3 of
                     [SVC].  The
                     parameter sets are conveyed in decoding order,
                     and no framing of the parameter set NAL units
                     takes place.  A comma is used to separate any
                     pair of parameter sets in the list.  Note that
                     the number of bytes in a parameter set NAL unit
                     is typically less than 10, but a picture
                     parameter set NAL unit can contain several
                     hundreds of bytes.

                        Informative note: When several payload
                        types are offered in the SDP Offer/Answer
                        model, each with its own sprop-parameter-
                        sets parameter, then the receiver cannot
                        assume that those parameter sets do not use
                        conflicting storage locations (i.e.,
                        identical values of parameter set
                        identifiers).  Therefore, a receiver should
                        double-buffer all sprop-parameter-sets and
                        make them available to the decoder instance
                        that decodes a certain payload type.

       parameter-add:
                     This parameter MAY be used to signal whether
                     the receiver of this parameter is allowed to
                     add parameter sets in its signaling response
                     using the sprop-parameter-sets media parameter.
                     The value of this parameter is either 0 or 1.
                     0 is equal to false; i.e., it is not allowed to
                     add parameter sets.  1 is equal to true; i.e.,
                     it is allowed to add parameter sets.  If the
                     parameter is not present, its value MUST be 1.

       packetization-mode:
                     This parameter signals the properties of an
                     RTP payload type or the capabilities of a
                     receiver implementation.  Only a single
                     configuration point can be indicated; thus,
                     when capabilities to support more than one
                     packetization-mode are declared, multiple
                     configuration points (RTP payload types) must
                     be used.

                     When the value of packetization-mode is equal
                     to 0 or packetization-mode is not present, the
                     single NAL mode, as defined in section 6.2 of
                     RFC 3984, MUST be used.  This mode is in use in
                     standards using ITU-T Recommendation H.241
                     [H.241] (see section 12.1 of RFC 3984).  When the
                    value of

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                    packetization-mode is equal to 1, the non-
                    interleaved mode, as defined in section 6.3 of
                    RFC 3984, MUST be used.  When the value of
                    packetization-mode is equal to 2, the
                    interleaved mode, as defined in section 6.4 of
                    RFC 3984, MUST be used.  The value of
                    packetization mode MUST be an integer in the
                    range of 0 to 2, inclusive.

       sprop-interleaving-depth:
                     This parameter MUST NOT be present when the
                     current RTP session does not depend on any other
                     RTP session, and packetization-mode is not present
                     or the value of packetization-mode is equal to 0
                     or 1.  This parameter MUST be present when the
                     the current RTP session depends on any other RTP
                     session or the value of packetization-mode is
                     equal to 2.

                     This parameter signals the properties of a NAL
                     unit stream.  It specifies the maximum number
                     of VCL NAL units that precede any VCL NAL unit
                     in the NAL unit stream in transmission order
                     and follow the VCL NAL unit in decoding order.
                     Consequently, it is guaranteed that receivers
                     can reconstruct NAL unit decoding order when
                     the buffer size for NAL unit decoding order
                     recovery is at least the value of sprop-
                     interleaving-depth + 1 in terms of VCL NAL
                     units.  Herein the NAL
                     unit stream refers to the one consisting of all
                     NAL units conveyed in the current RTP session,
                     and all NAL units conveyed in other RTP sessions,
                     if present, the current RTP session depends on.

                     The value of sprop-interleaving-depth MUST be
                     an integer in the range of 0 to 32767,
                     inclusive.

       sprop-deint-buf-req:
                     This parameter MUST NOT be present when the
                     current RTP session does not depend on any other
                     RTP session, and packetization-mode is not present
                     or the value of packetization-mode is equal to 0
                     or 1.  This parameter MUST be present when the
                     the current RTP session depends on any other RTP
                     session or the value of packetization-mode is
                     equal to 2.

                     sprop-deint-buf-req signals the required size
                     of the deinterleaving buffer for the NAL unit
                     stream.  The value of the parameter MUST be

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                     greater than or equal to the maximum buffer
                     occupancy (in units of bytes) required in such
                     a deinterleaving buffer that is specified in
                     section 8 of this specification.  It is
                     guaranteed that receivers can perform the
                     deinterleaving of
                     interleaved NAL units into NAL unit decoding
                     order, when the deinterleaving buffer size is
                     at least the value of sprop-deint-buf-req in
                     terms of bytes.  Herein the NAL
                     unit stream refers to the one consisting of all
                     NAL units conveyed in the current RTP session,
                     and all NAL units conveyed in other RTP sessions,
                     if present, the current RTP session depends on.

                     The value of sprop-deint-buf-req MUST be an
                     integer in the range of 0 to 4294967295,
                     inclusive.

                         Informative note: sprop-deint-buf-req
                         indicates the required size of the
                         deinterleaving buffer only.  When network
                         jitter can occur, an appropriately sized
                         jitter buffer has to be provisioned for
                         as well.  When a scalable bitstream is
                         conveyed in more than one RTP session, and
                         the sessions initiates at different time, the
                         session initiation variation has also to be
                         compensated by an appropriately sized buffer.

       deint-buf-cap:
                     This parameter signals the capabilities of a
                     receiver implementation and indicates the
                     amount of deinterleaving buffer space in units
                     of bytes that the receiver has available for
                     reconstructing the NAL unit decoding order, and
                     that the receiver is able to handle any stream
                     for which
                     the value of the sprop-deint-buf-req parameter
                     is smaller than or equal to this parameter.

                     If the parameter is not present, then a value
                     of 0 MUST be used for deint-buf-cap.  The value
                     of deint-buf-cap MUST be an integer in the
                     range of 0 to 4294967295, inclusive.

                         Informative note: deint-buf-cap indicates
                         the maximum possible size of the
                         deinterleaving buffer of the receiver only.
                         When network jitter can occur, an
                         appropriately sized jitter buffer has to
                         be provisioned for as well.

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       sprop-init-buf-time:
                     This parameter MAY be used to signal the
                     properties of a NAL unit stream.  Herein
                     the NAL unit stream refers to the one consisting
                     of all NAL units conveyed in the current RTP
                     session, and all NAL units conveyed in other RTP
                     sessions, if present, the current RTP session
                     depends on.

                     The parameter signals the initial buffering
                     time for a receiver before
                     starting to recover the NAL unit
                     decoding order from the transmission order.
                     The parameter is the maximum value of
                     (transmission time of a NAL unit - decoding
                     time of the NAL unit), assuming reliable and
                     instantaneous transmission, the same
                     timeline for transmission and decoding, and
                     that decoding starts when the first packet
                     arrives.

                     An example of specifying the value of sprop-
                     init-buf-time follows.  A NAL unit stream is
                     sent in the following interleaved order, in
                     which the value corresponds to the decoding
                     time and the transmission order is from left to
                     right:

                     0  2  1  3  5  4  6  8  7 ...

                     Assuming a steady transmission rate of NAL
                     units, the transmission times are:

                     0  1  2  3  4  5  6  7  8 ...

                     Subtracting the decoding time from the
                     transmission time column-wise results in the
                     following series:

                     0 -1  1  0 -1  1  0 -1  1 ...

                     Thus, in terms of intervals of NAL unit
                     transmission times, the value of
                     sprop-init-buf-time in this
                     example is 1.

                     The parameter is coded as a non-negative base10
                     integer representation in clock ticks of a 90-
                     kHz clock.  If the parameter is not present,
                     then no initial buffering time value is
                     defined.  Otherwise the value of sprop-init-

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                     buf-time MUST be an integer in the range of 0
                     to 4294967295, inclusive.

                     In addition to the signaled sprop-init-buf-
                     time, receivers SHOULD take into account the
                     transmission delay jitter buffering, including
                     buffering for the delay jitter caused by
                     mixers, translators, gateways, proxies,
                     traffic-shapers, and other network elements.  Yet
                     another aspect receivers SHOULD take into account
                     is the session initiation variation when a
                     scalable bitstream is conveyed in more than one
                     session, including buffering the variation.

       sprop-max-don-diff:
                     This parameter MAY be used to signal the
                     properties of a NAL unit stream.  It MUST NOT
                     be used to signal transmitter or receiver or
                     codec capabilities.  sprop-max-don-diff is an
                     integer in the range of 0 to 32767, inclusive.
                     If sprop-max-don-diff is not present, the value
                     of the parameter is unspecified.  Herein the NAL
                     unit stream refers to the one consisting of all
                     NAL units conveyed in the current RTP session,
                     and all NAL units conveyed in other RTP sessions,
                     if present, the current RTP session depends on.

                     sprop-max-don-diff is calculated as follows:

                     sprop-max-don-diff = max{AbsDON(i) -
                     AbsDON(j)},
                     for any i and any j>i,

                     where i and j indicate the index of the NAL
                     unit in the transmission order and AbsDON
                     denotes a decoding order number of the NAL
                     unit that does not wrap around to 0 after
                     65535.  In other words, AbsDON is calculated as
                     follows: Let m and n be consecutive NAL units
                     in transmission order.  For the very first NAL
                     unit in transmission order (whose index is 0),
                     AbsDON(0) = DON(0).  For other NAL units,
                     AbsDON is calculated as follows:

                     If DON(m) == DON(n), AbsDON(n) = AbsDON(m)

                     If (DON(m) < DON(n) and DON(n) - DON(m) <
                     32768),
                     AbsDON(n) = AbsDON(m) + DON(n) - DON(m)

                     If (DON(m) > DON(n) and DON(m) - DON(n) >=
                     32768),

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                     AbsDON(n) = AbsDON(m) + 65536 - DON(m) + DON(n)

                     If (DON(m) < DON(n) and DON(n) - DON(m) >=
                     32768),

                     AbsDON(n) = AbsDON(m) - (DON(m) + 65536 -
                     DON(n))

                     If (DON(m) > DON(n) and DON(m) - DON(n) <
                     32768),
                     AbsDON(n) = AbsDON(m) - (DON(m) - DON(n))

                     where DON(i) is the decoding order number of
                     the NAL unit having index i in the transmission
                     order.  The decoding order number is specified
                     in section 6.6 of this specification.

                         Informative note: Receivers may use sprop-
                         max-don-diff to trigger which NAL units in
                         the receiver buffer can be passed to the
                         decoder.

     max-rcmd-nalu-size:
                     This parameter MAY be used to signal the
                     capabilities of a receiver.  The parameter MUST
                     NOT be used for any other purposes.  The value
                     of the parameter indicates the largest NALU
                     size in bytes that the receiver can handle
                     efficiently.  The parameter value is a
                     recommendation, not a strict upper boundary.
                     The sender MAY create larger NALUs but must be
                     aware that the handling of these may come at a
                     higher cost than NALUs conforming to the
                     limitation.

                     The value of max-rcmd-nalu-size MUST be an
                     integer in the range of 0 to 4294967295,
                     inclusive.  If this parameter is not specified,
                     no known limitation to the NALU size exists.
                     Senders still have to consider the MTU size
                     available between the sender and the receiver
                     and SHOULD run MTU discovery for this purpose.

                     This parameter is motivated by, for example, an
                     IP to H.223 video telephony gateway, where
                     NALUs smaller than the H.223 transport data
                     unit will be more efficient.  A gateway may
                     terminate IP; thus, MTU discovery will normally
                     not work beyond the gateway.

                         Informative note: Setting this parameter to
                         a lower than necessary value may have a

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                         negative impact.

sprop-prebuf-size:
With this parameter, CL-DON MUST NOT be present in the current RTP
session.
This parameter MUST be present when the the current RTP session depends
on any other RTP session.

sprop-prebuf-size signals the required size of the receiver buffer for
the NAL unit stream.  It is guaranteed that receivers can perform the
inter-session packet reordering as described in section 8.1.1 into NAL
unit decoding order, when the receiver buffer size is at least the
value of sprop-prebuf-size in terms of bytes.  Herein the NAL unit
stream refers to the one consisting of all NAL units conveyed in the
current RTP session,

The value of sprop-prebuf-size MUST be an integer in the range of 0 to
4294967295, inclusive.

Informative note: sprop-prebuf-size indicates the required size of the
prebuffering receiver buffer only.  When network jitter can occur, an
appropriately sized jitter buffer has to be provisioned for as well.
When a scalable bitstream is conveyed in more than one RTP session, and
the sessions initiates at different time, the session initiation
variation has also to be compensated by an appropriately sized buffer.

sprop-prebuf-time:
With this parameter, CL-DON MUST NOT be present in the current RTP
session. This parameter MAY be used to signal the properties of a NAL
unit stream within a session multiplexing.  Herein the NAL unit stream
refers to the one consisting of all NAL units conveyed in the current
RTP session.

The parameter signals the initial buffering time is used for a receiver
before starting to recover the NAL unit decoding order from the
transmission order. The parameter is the maximum value of (transmission
time of a NAL unit - decoding time of the NAL unit), assuming reliable
and instantaneous transmission, the same timeline for transmission and
decoding, and that decoding starts when the first packet arrives.

The parameter is coded as a non-negative base10 integer representation
in clock ticks of a 90-kHz clock.  If the parameter is not present,
then no initial buffering time value is defined.  Otherwise the value
of sprop-prebuf-time MUST be an integer in the range of 0 to
4294967295, inclusive.

In addition to the signaled sprop-prebuf-time, receivers SHOULD take
into account the transmission delay jitter buffering, including
buffering for the delay jitter caused by mixers, translators, gateways,
proxies, traffic-shapers, and other network elements.  Yet another
aspect receivers SHOULD take into account is the session initiation


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variation when a scalable bitstream is conveyed in more than one
session, including buffering the variation.

sprop-scalability-info:
This parameter MAY be used to convey the NAL unit containing the
scalability information SEI message as specified in Annex G of [SVC].
This parameter MAY be used to signal the contained Layers of an SVC
bitstream.  The parameter MUST NOT be used to indicate codec capability
in any capability exchange procedure.  The value of the parameter is
the base64 representation of the NAL unit containing the scalability
information SEI message.  If present, the NAL unit MUST contain only a
scalability information SEI message.

This parameter MAY be used in an offering or declarative SDP message to
indicate what Layers can be provided.  A receiver MAY indicate its
choice of one Layer using the optional media type parameter scalable-
layer-id.

sprop-layer-range:
This parameter MAY be used to signal two sets of the layer
identification values of the lowest and highest operation points
conveyed in the RTP session.  Each set is a base16 representation of a
three-character value, with the first character representing DID, the
second character representing QID, and the third character representing
TID.  The two sets are comma separated.  Let DIDl and DIDh be the least
DID value and the greatest DID value, respectively, among all the NAL
units conveyed in the RTP session. Let QIDl and TIDl be the least QID
value and the least TID value, respectively, among all the NAL units
that are conveyed in the RTP session and that have DID equal to DIDl.
Let QIDh and TIDh be the greatest QID value and the great TID value,
respectively, among all the NAL units that are conveyed in the RTP
session and that have DID equal to DIDh.  The first set indicates the
DID, QID and TID values of the lowest operation point, for which the
DID, QID and TID values are equal to DIDl, QIDl, and TIDl,
respectively.  The second set indicates the DID, QID and TID values of
the highest operation point, for which the DID, QID and TID values are
equal to DIDh, QIDh, and TIDh, respectively.

scalable-layer-id:
This parameter MAY be used to signal a receiver's choice of the offers
or declared Operation Points or Layers using sprop-scalability-info.
The value of scalable-layer-id is a base16 representation of the
layer_id[ i ] syntax element in the scalability information SEI message
as specified in [SVC].

sprop-spatial-resolution: [Ed. I know that framerate and bitrate SDP
parameters are already available, but failed to find a spatial
resolution SDP parameter. It would be good if this is already defined.
Otherwise, it would be better to be defined somewhere else because it
is a generic parameter.]


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This parameter MAY be used to indicate the property of a stream or the
capability of a receiver or sender implementation.  The value is a
base16 of the width and height of the spatial resolution, in pixels,
separated by a comma.


   Encoding considerations:
                        This type is only defined for transfer
                        via RTP (RFC 3550).

   Security considerations:
                        See section 10 of RFC XXXX.

   Public specification:
                        Please refer to RFC XXXX and its section 14.

   Additional information:
                        None

   File extensions:     none
   Macintosh file type code: none
   Object identifier or OID: none
   Person & email address to contact for further information:
   Intended usage:      COMMON
   Author:
   Change controller:
                        IETF Audio/Video Transport working group
                        delegated from the IESG.

9.2. SDP Parameters

[Ed. For agreeing on a Layer or OP in unicast, an SDP can contain
multiple m lines with bitrate, framerate and spatial resolution
parameters available, in addition to sprop-scalability-info. The
receive can select one of the m lines, or, for operation points that
are not included in the m lines, one of the "scalable layers" specified
by sprop-scalabiltiy-info using scalable-layer-id.

For layered multicast, then the grouping signaling in [I-D.ietf-mmusic-
decoding-dependency] is needed.

The above would conveniently support also the normal ROI use cases
(with a few ROIs each indicated as a "scalable layer") but not the
interactive ROI use cases.  The quality layer using priority_id use
cases are not supported either. That would need one more optional media
type parameter, to identify a quality layer.  The lightweight
transcoding use cases should be supported well by using (multiple)
normal AVC SDP offering messages.

]


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9.2.1.    Mapping of Payload Type Parameters to SDP

The media type video/H264-SVC string is mapped to fields in the Session
Description Protocol (SDP) as follows:

   The media name in the "m=" line of SDP MUST be video.

   The encoding name in the "a=rtpmap" line of SDP MUST be H264-SVC
   (the media subtype).

   The clock rate in the "a=rtpmap" line MUST be 90000.

   The OPTIONAL parameters "profile-level-id", "max-mbps", "max-fs",
   "max-cpb", "max-dpb", "max-br", "redundant-pic-cap",
   "sprop-parameter-sets", "parameter-add", "packetization-mode",
   "sprop-interleaving-depth", "deint-buf-cap", "sprop-deint-buf-req",
   "sprop-init-buf-time", "sprop-max-don-diff", "max-rcmd-nalu-size",
   "sprop-prebuf-size", "sprop-prebuf-time", "sprop-layer-range",
   "sprop-scalability-info", "scalable-layer-id", and
   "sprop-spatial-resolution", when present, MUST be included in the
   "a=fmtp" line of SDP.  These parameters are expressed as a media
   type string, in the form of a semicolon separated list of
   parameter=value pairs.

9.2.2.    Usage with the SDP Offer/Answer Model

When H.264 or SVC is offered over RTP using SDP in an Offer/Answer
model [RFC3264] for negotiation for unicast usage, the following
limitations and rules apply:

o  The parameters identifying a media format configuration for H.264 or
SVC are "profile-level-id", "packetization-mode", and, if required by
"packetization-mode", "sprop-deint-buf-req".  These three parameters
MUST be used symmetrically; i.e., the answerer MUST either maintain all
configuration parameters or remove the media format (payload type)
completely, if one or more of the parameter values are not supported.

Informative note: The requirement for symmetric use applies only for
the above three parameters and not for the other stream properties and
capability parameters.


To simplify handling and matching of these configurations, the same RTP
payload type number used in the offer SHOULD also be used in the
answer, as specified in [RFC3264].  An answer MUST NOT contain a
payload type number used in the offer unless the configuration
("profile-level-id", "packetization-mode", and, if present, "sprop-
deint-buf-req") is the same as in the offer.

Informative note: An offerer, when receiving the answer, has to compare
payload types not declared in the offer based on media type (i.e.,

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video/H264-SVC) and the above three parameters with any payload types
it has already declared, in order to determine whether the
configuration in question is new or equivalent to a configuration
already offered.

An answerer MAY select from the layers offered in the "sprop-
scalability-information" parameter by including "scalable-layer-id" or
"scalable-layer-id" in the answer.[Ed. do we need to additionally
define behavior with snd/rcvonly parameter?]

o  The parameters "sprop-parameter-sets", "sprop-deint-buf-req",
"sprop-interleaving-depth", "sprop-max-don-diff", "sprop-init-buf-
time", "sprop-prebuf-size", "sprop-prebuf-time", "sprop-scalability-
information", "sprop-layer-range" describe the properties of the NAL
unit stream that the offerer or answerer is sending for this media
format configuration.  This differs from the normal usage of the
Offer/Answer parameters: normally such parameters declare the
properties of the stream that the offerer or the answerer is able to
receive.  When dealing with H.264 or SVC, the offerer assumes that the
answerer will be able to receive media encoded using the configuration
being offered.

Informative note: The above parameters apply for any stream sent by the
declaring entity with the same configuration; i.e., they are dependent
on their source.  Rather then being bound to the payload type, the
values may have to be applied to another payload type when being sent,
as they apply for the configuration.

o  The capability parameters ("max-mbps", "max-fs", "max-cpb", "max-
dpb", "max-br", ,"redundant-pic-cap", "max-rcmd-nalu-size") MAY be used
to declare further capabilities.  Their interpretation depends on the
direction attribute.  When the direction attribute is sendonly, then
the parameters describe the limits of the RTP packets and the NAL unit
stream that the sender is capable of producing.  When the direction
attribute is sendrecv or recvonly, then the parameters describe the
limitations of what the receiver accepts.

o  As specified above, an offerer has to include the size of the
deinterleaving buffer in the offer for an interleaved H.264 or SVC
stream.  To enable the offerer and answerer to inform each other about
their capabilities for deinterleaving buffering, both parties are
RECOMMENDED to include "deint-buf-cap".  This information MAY be used
when the value for "sprop-deint-buf-req" is selected in a second round
of offer and answer.  For interleaved streams, it is also RECOMMENDED
to consider offering multiple payload types with different buffering
requirements when the capabilities of the receiver are unknown.

o  The "sprop-parameter-sets" parameter is used as described above.  In
addition, an answerer MUST maintain all parameter sets received in the
offer in its answer.  Depending on the value of the "parameter-add"
parameter, different rules apply: If "parameter-add" is false (0), the
answer MUST NOT add any additional parameter sets.  If "parameter-add"

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is true (1), the answerer, in its answer, MAY add additional parameter
sets to the "sprop-parameter-sets" parameter.  The answerer MUST also,
independent of the value of "parameter-add", accept to receive a video
stream using the sprop-parameter-sets it declared in the answer.

Informative note: care must be taken when parameter sets are added not
to cause overwriting of already transmitted parameter sets by using
conflicting parameter set identifiers.

For streams being delivered over multicast, the following rules apply
in addition:

o  The stream properties parameters ("sprop-parameter-sets", "sprop-
deint-buf-req", "sprop-interleaving-depth", "sprop-max-don-diff",
"sprop-init-buf-time", "sprop-prebuf-size", "sprop-prebuf-time",
"sprop-scalability-information", and "sprop-layer-range") MUST NOT be
changed by the answerer.  Thus, a payload type can either be accepted
unaltered or removed.

o  The receiver capability parameters "max-mbps", "max-fs", "max-cpb",
"max-dpb", "max-br", and "max-rcmd-nalu-size" MUST be supported by the
answerer for all streams declared as sendrecv or recvonly; otherwise,
one of the following actions MUST be performed: the media format is
removed, or the session rejected.

o  The receiver capability parameter redundant-pic-cap SHOULD be
supported by the answerer for all streams declared as sendrecv or
recvonly as follows:  The answerer SHOULD NOT include redundant coded
pictures in the transmitted stream if the offerer indicated redundant-
pic-cap equal to 0.  Otherwise (when redundant_pic_cap is equal to 1),
it is beyond the scope of this memo to recommend how the answerer
should use redundant coded pictures.

Below are the complete lists of how the different parameters shall be
interpreted in the different combinations of offer or answer and
direction attribute.

o  In offers and answers for which "a=sendrecv" or no direction
attribute is used, or in offers and answers for which "a=recvonly" is
used, the following interpretation of the parameters MUST be used.

Declaring actual configuration or properties for receiving:

  - profile-level-id
  - packetization-mode

Declaring actual properties of the stream to be sent (applicable only
when "a=sendrecv" or no direction attribute is used):

  - sprop-deint-buf-req
  - sprop-interleaving-depth
  - sprop-parameter-sets

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  - sprop-max-don-diff
  - sprop-init-buf-time
  - sprop-prebuf-size
  - sprop-prebuf-time
  - sprop-scalability-information
  - sprop-layer-range
  - scalable-layer-id

Declaring receiver implementation capabilities:

  - max-mbps
  - max-fs
  - max-cpb
  - max-dpb
  - max-br
  - redundant-pic-cap
  - deint-buf-cap
  - max-rcmd-nalu-size

Declaring how Offer/Answer negotiation shall be performed:

  - parameter-add

o  In an offer or answer for which the direction attribute "a=sendonly"
is included for the media stream, the following interpretation of the
parameters MUST be used:

Declaring actual configuration and properties of stream proposed to be
sent:

  - profile-level-id
  - packetization-mode
  - sprop-deint-buf-req
  - sprop-max-don-diff
  - sprop-init-buf-time
  - sprop-parameter-sets
  - sprop-interleaving-depth
  - sprop-prebuf-size
  - sprop-prebuf-time
  - sprop-scalability-information
  - sprop-layer-range
  - sprop-spatial-resoltuion

Declaring the capabilities of the sender when it receives a stream:

  - max-mbps
  - max-fs
  - max-cpb
  - max-dpb
  - max-br
  - redundant-pic-cap
  - deint-buf-cap

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  - max-rcmd-nalu-size

Declaring how Offer/Answer negotiation shall be performed:

  - parameter-add

Furthermore, the following considerations are necessary:

o  Parameters used for declaring receiver capabilities are in general
downgradable; i.e., they express the upper limit for a sender's
possible behavior.  Thus a sender MAY select to set its encoder using
only lower/lesser or equal values of these parameters. "sprop-
parameter-sets" MUST NOT be used in a sender's declaration of its
capabilities, as the limits of the values that are carried inside the
parameter sets are implicit with the profile and level used.

o  Parameters declaring a configuration point are not downgradable,
with the exception of the level part of the "profile-level-id"
parameter.  This expresses values a receiver expects to be used and
must be used verbatim on the sender side.

o  When a sender's capabilities are declared, and non-downgradable
parameters are used in this declaration, then these parameters express
a configuration that is acceptable.  In order to achieve high
interoperability levels, it is often advisable to offer multiple
alternative configurations; e.g., for the packetization mode.  It is
impossible to offer multiple configurations in a single payload type.
Thus, when multiple configuration offers are made, each offer requires
its own RTP payload type associated with the offer.

o  A receiver SHOULD understand all MIME parameters, even if it only
supports a subset of the payload format's functionality.  This ensures
that a receiver is capable of understanding when an offer to receive
media can be downgraded to what is supported by receiver of the offer.

o  An answerer MAY extend the offer with additional media format
configurations.  However, to enable their usage, in most cases a second
offer is required from the offerer to provide the stream properties
parameters that the media sender will use.  This also has the effect
that the offerer has to be able to receive this media format
configuration, not only to send it.

o  If an offerer wishes to have non-symmetric capabilities between
sending and receiving, the offerer has to offer different RTP sessions;
i.e., different media lines declared as "recvonly" and "sendonly",
respectively.  This may have further implications on the system.

9.2.3.    Usage with Session Multiplexing

If Session multiplexing is used, the rules on signaling media decoding
dependency in SDP as defined in [I-D.ietf-mmusic-decoding-dependency]
apply.

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9.2.4.    Usage in Declarative Session Descriptions

When H.264 or SVC over RTP is offered with SDP in a declarative style,
as in RTSP [RFC2326] or SAP [RFC2974], the following considerations are
necessary.

o  All parameters capable of indicating the properties of both a NAL
unit stream and a receiver are used to indicate the properties of a NAL
unit stream.  For example, in this case, the parameter "profile-level-
id" declares the values used by the stream, instead of the capabilities
of the sender.  This results in that the following interpretation of
the parameters MUST be used:

Declaring actual configuration or properties:

- profile-level-id
- sprop-parameter-sets
- packetization-mode
- sprop-interleaving-depth
- sprop-deint-buf-req
- sprop-max-don-diff
- sprop-init-buf-time
- sprop-prebuf-size
- sprop-prebuf-time
- sprop-layer-range
- sprop-spatial-resolution
- sprop-scalability-info

   Not usable:

- max-mbps
- max-fs
- max-cpb
- max-dpb
- max-br
- redundant-pic-cap
- max-rcmd-nalu-size
- parameter-add
- deint-buf-cap
- scalable-layer-id

o  A receiver of the SDP is required to support all parameters and
values of the parameters provided; otherwise, the receiver MUST reject
(RTSP) or not participate in (SAP) the session.  It falls on the
creator of the session to use values that are expected to be supported
by the receiving application.

9.3. Examples

9.3.1.    Example for offering a single SVC session


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m = video 20000 RTP/AVP 96 97 98
a = rtpmap:96 AVC/90000
a = fmtp:97 profile-level-id=4d400a; packetization-mode=1; \
     sprop-parameter-sets=Z01ACprLFicg,aP4Eag= =;
a = rtpmap:97 SVC/90000
a = fmtp:97 profile-level-id=53000c; packetization-mode=1; \
     sprop-parameter-sets=Z01ACprLFicg,Z1MADEsA1NZYWCWQ,aP4Eag==, \
     aEvgRqA=,aGvgRiA=;
a = rtpmap:98 SVC/90000
a = fmtp:98 profile-level-id=53000c; packetization-mode=2; \
     init-buf-time=156320; sprop-parameter-sets=Z01ACprLFicg, \
     Z1MADEsA1NZYWCWQ,aP4Eag= =,aEvgRqA=,aGvgRiA=;

9.3.2.    Example for offering session multiplexing

m = video 20000 RTP/AVP 96 97
a = rtpmap:96 H264/90000
a = fmtp:96 profile-level-id=4d400a; packetization-mode=2; \
     init-buf-time=156320; sprop-parameter-sets=Z01ACprLFicg,aP4Eag==;
a = rtpmap:97 SVC/90000
a = fmtp:97 profile-level-id=53000c; packetization-mode=2; \
     init-buf-time=156320; sprop-parameter-sets=Z01ACprLFicg, \
     Z1MADEsA1NZYWCWQ,aP4Eag= =,aEvgRqA=,aGvgRiA=;
a = mid:1
m = video 20002 RTP/AVP 98
a = rtpmap:98 SVC/90000
a = fmtp:98 profile-level-id=53000c; packetization-mode=2; \
     init-buf-time=156320; sprop-parameter-sets=Z01ACprLFicg, \
     Z1MADEsA1NZYWCWQ,aP4Eag= =,aEvgRqA=,aGvgRiA=;
a = mid:2
a = depend:98 lay 1:96

9.4. Parameter Set Considerations

Please see section 8.4 of [RFC3984].

10.  Security Considerations

Section 9 of [RFC3984] applies.  Additionally, the following applies.

Decoders MUST exercise caution with respect to the handling of reserved
NAL unit types and reserved SEI messages, particularly if they contain
active elements, and MUST restrict their domain of applicability to the
presentation containing the stream.  The safest way is to simply
discard these NAL units and SEI messages.

When integrity protection is applied, care MUST be taken that the
stream being transported may be scalable; hence a receiver may be able
to access only part of the entire stream.




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Informative note: Other security aspects, including confidentiality,
authentication, and denial-of-service threat, for SVC are similar as
H.264/AVC, as discussed in section 9 of [RFC3984].

11.  Congestion Control

Within any given RTP session carrying payload according to this
specification, the provisions of section 12 of [RFC3984] apply.
Reducing the session bandwidth is possible by one or more of the
following means, listed in an order that, in most cases, will assure
the least negative impact to the user experience:

      within the highest Layer identified by the DID field, utilize the
TID and/or QID fields in the NAL unit header to drop NAL units with
lower importance for the decoding process or human perception.
      drop all NAL units belonging to the highest enhancement Layer as
identified by the highest DID value.
      dropping NAL units according to their importance for the decoding
process, as indicated by the fields in the NAL unit header of the NAL
units or in the prefix NAL units.
      dropping NAL units or entire packets not according to the
aforementioned rules (media-unaware stream thinning).  This results in
the reception of a non-compliant bitstream and, most likely, in very
annoying artifacts

Informative note: The discussion above is centered on NAL units and not
on packets, primarily because that is the level where senders can
meaningfully manipulate the scalable bitstream.  The mapping of NAL
units to RTP packets is fairly flexible when using aggregation packets.
Depending on the nature of the congestion control algorithm, the
"dimension" of congestion measurement (packet count or bitrate) and
reaction to it (reducing packet count or bitrate or both) can be
adjusted accordingly.

All aforementioned means are available to the RTP sender, regardless
whether that sender is located in the sending endpoint or in a mixer
based MANE.

When a translator-based MANE is employed, then the MANE MAY manipulate
the session only on the MANE's outgoing path, so that the sensed end-
to-end congestion falls within the permissible envelope.  As all
translators, in this case the MANE needs to rewrite RTCP RRs to reflect
the manipulations it has performed on the session.

Informative note: Applications MAY also implement, in addition or
separately, other congestion control mechanisms, e.g. as described in
[RFC3450] and [Yan].

12.  IANA Consideration

[Edt. Note: A new media type should be registered from IANA.]


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13.  Informative Appendix: Application Examples

13.1.     Introduction

Scalable video coding is a concept that has been around at least since
MPEG-2 [MPEG2], which goes back as early as 1993.  Nevertheless, it has
never gained wide acceptance; perhaps partly because applications
didn't materialize in the form envisioned during standardization.

MPEG and JVT, respectively, performed a requirement analysis before the
SVC project was launched.  Dozens of scenarios have been studied.
While some of the scenarios appear not to follow the most basic design
principles of the Internet, e.g. as discussed in section 13.5, -- and
are therefore not appropriate for IETF standardization -- others are
clearly in the scope of IETF work.  Of these, this draft chooses the
following subset for immediate consideration.  Note that we do not
reference the MPEG and JVT documents directly; partly, because at least
the MPEG documents have a limited lifespan and are not publicly
available, and partly because the language used in these documents is
inappropriately video centric and imprecise, when it comes to protocol
matters.

With these remarks, we now introduce three main application scenarios
that we consider as relevant, and that are implementable with this
specification.

13.2.     Layered Multicast

This well-understood form of the use of layered coding [McCanne]
implies that all layers are individually conveyed in their own RTP
packet streams, each carried in its own RTP session using the IP
(multicast) address and port number as the single demultiplexing point.
Receivers "tune" into the layers by subscribing to the IP multicast,
normally by using IGMP [IGMP].

Layered Multicast has the great advantage of simplicity and easy
implementation.  However, it has also the great disadvantage of
utilizing many different transport addresses.  While we consider this
not to be a major problem for a professionally maintained content
server, receiving client endpoints need to open many ports to IP
multicast addresses in their firewalls.  This is a practical problem
from a firewall and network address translation (NAT) viewpoint.
Furthermore, even today IP multicast is not as widely deployed as many
wish.

We consider layered multicast an important application scenario for the
following reasons.  First, it is well understood and the implementation
constraints are well known.  Second, there may well be large scale IP
networks outside the immediate Internet context that may wish to employ
layered multicast in the future.  One possible example could be a
combination of content creation and core-network distribution for the


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various mobile TV services, e.g. those being developed by 3GPP (MBMS)
[MBMS] and DVB (DVB-H) [DVB-H].

13.3.     Streaming of an SVC scalable stream

In this scenario, a streaming server has a repository of stored SVC
coded layers for a given content.  At the time of streaming, and
according to the capabilities, connectivity, and congestion situation
of the client(s), the streaming server generates and serves a scalable
stream.  Both unicast and multicast serving is possible.  At the same
time, the streaming server may use the same repository of stored layers
to compose different streams (with a different set of layers) intended
for other audiences.

As every endpoint receives only a single SVC RTP session, the number of
firewall pinholes can be optimized to one.

The main difference between this scenario and straightforward
simulcasting lies in the architecture and the requirements of the
streaming server, and is therefore out of the scope of IETF
standardization.  However, compelling arguments can be made why such a
streaming server design makes sense.  One possible argument is related
to storage space and channel bandwidth.  Another is bandwidth
adaptability without transcoding -- a considerable advantage in a
congestion controlled network.  When the streaming server learns about
congestion, it can reduce sending bitrate by choosing fewer layers,
when composing the layered stream; see section 11.  SVC is designed to
gracefully support both bandwidth rampdown and bandwidth rampup with a
considerable dynamic range.  This payload format is designed to allow
for bandwidth flexibility in the mentioned sense.  While, in theory, a
transcoding step could achieve a similar dynamic range, the
computational demands are impractically high and video quality is
typically lowered -- therefore, few (if any) streaming servers
implement full transcoding.

13.4.     Multicast to MANE, SVC scalable stream to endpoint

This scenario is a bit more complex, and designed to optimize the
network traffic in a core network, while still requiring only a single
pinhole in the endpoint's firewall.  One of its key applications is the
mobile TV market.

Consider a large private IP network, e.g. the core network of 3GPP.
Streaming servers within this core network can be assumed to be
professionally maintained.  We assume that these servers can have many
ports open to the network and that layered multicast is a real option.
Therefore, we assume that the streaming server multicasts SVC scalable
layers, instead of simulcasting different representations of the same
content at different bit rates.

Also consider many endpoints of different classes.  Some of these
endpoints may not have the processing power or the display size to

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meaningfully decode all layers; others may have these capabilities.
Users of some endpoints may not wish to pay for high quality and are
happy with a base service, which may be cheaper or even free.  Other
users are willing to pay for high quality.  Finally, some connected
users may have a bandwidth problem in that they can't receive the
bandwidth they would want to receive -- be it through congestion,
connectivity, change of service quality, or for whatever other reasons.
However, all these users have in common that they don't want to be
exposed too much, and therefore the number of firewall pinholes need to
be small.

This situation can be handled best by introducing middleboxes close to
the edge of the core network, which receive the layered multicast
streams and compose the single SVC scalable bit stream according to the
needs of the endpoint connected.  These middleboxes are called MANEs
throughout this specification.  In practice, we envision the MANE to be
part of (or at least physically and topologically close to) the base
station of a mobile network, where all the signaling and media traffic
necessarily are multiplexed on the same physical link.  This is why we
do not worry too much about decomposition aspects of the MANE as such.

MANEs necessarily need to be fairly complex devices.  They certainly
need to understand the signaling, so, for example, to associate the PT
octet in the RTP header with the SVC payload type.

A MANE may aggregate multiple RTP streams, possibly from multiple RTP
sessions, thus to reduce the number of firewall pinholes required at
the endpoints. This type of MANEs is conceptually easy to implement and
can offer powerful features, primarily because it necessarily can "see"
the payload (including the RTP payload headers), utilize the wealth of
layering information available therein, and manipulate it.

While such an MANE operation in its most trivial form (combining
multiple RTP packet streams into a single one) can be implemented
comparatively simply -- reordering the incoming packets according to
the DON and sending them in the appropriate order -- more complex forms
can also be envisioned.  For example, a MANE can be optimizing the
outgoing RTP stream to the MTU size of the outgoing path by utilizing
the aggregation and fragmentation mechanisms of this memo.

A MANE can also perform stream thinning, so to adhere to congestion
control principles as discussed in section 11.  While the
implementation of the forward (media) channel of such a MANE appears to
be comparatively simple, the need to rewrite RTCP RRs makes even such a
MANE a complex device.

While the implementation complexity of either case of a MANE, as
discussed above, is fairly high, the computational demands are
comparatively low.  In particular, SVC and/or this specification
contain means to easily generate the correct inter-layer decoding order
of NAL units.  No serious bit-oriented processing is required and no


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significant state information (beyond that of the signaling and perhaps
the SVC sequence parameter sets) need to be kept.

     Scenarios currently not considered for being unaligned with IP
philosophy

Remarks have been made that the current draft does not take into
consideration at least one application scenario which some JVT folks
considered important.  In particular, their idea was to make the RTP
payload format (or the media stream itself) self-contained enough that
a stateless, non-signaling-aware device can "thin" an RTP session to
meet the bandwidth demands of the endpoint.  They called this device a
"Router" or "Gateway", and sometimes a MANE.  Obviously, it's not a
Router or Gateway in the IETF sense.  To distinguish it from a MANE as
defined in RFC 3984 and in this specification, let's call it an MDfH
(Magic Device from Heaven).

To simplify discussions, let's assume point-to-point traffic only.  The
endpoint has a signaling relationship with the streaming server, but it
is known that the MDfH is somewhere in the media path (e.g. because the
physical network topology ensures this).  It has been requested, at
least implicitly through MPEG's and JVT's requirements document, that
the MDfH should be capable to intercept the SVC scalable bit stream,
modify it by dropping packets or parts thereof, and forwarding the
resulting packet stream to the receiving endpoint.  It has been
requested that this payload specification contains protocol elements
facilitating such an operation, and the argument has been made that the
NRI field of RFC 3984 serves exactly the same purpose.

The authors of this I-D do not consider the scenario above to be
aligned with the most basic design philosophies the IETF follows, and
therefore have not addressed the comments made (except through this
section).  In particular, we see the following problems with the MDfH
approach):

     As the very minimum, the MDfH would need to know which RTP streams
are carrying SVC.  We don't see how this could be accomplished but by
using a static payload type.  None of the IETF defined RTP profiles
envision static payload types for SVC, and even the de-facto profiles
developed by some application standard organizations (3GPP for example)
do not use this outdated concept.  Therefore, the MDfH necessarily
needs to be at least "listening" to the signaling.
     If the RTP packet payload were encrypted, it would be impossible
to interpret the payload header and/or the first bytes of the media
stream.  We understand that there are crypto schemes under discussion
that encrypt only the last n bytes of an RTP payload, but we are more
than unsure that this is fully in line with the IETF's security vision.

Even if the above two problems would have been overcome through
standardization outside of the IETF, we still foresee serious design
flaws:


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     An MDfH can't simply dump RTP packets it doesn't want to forward.
It either needs to act as a full RTP Translator (implying that it
rewrites RTCP RRs and such), or it needs to patch the RTP sequence
numbers to fulfill the RTP specification.  Not doing either would, for
the receiver, look like the gaps in the sequence numbers occurred due
to unintentional erasures, which has interesting effects on congestion
control (if implemented), will break pretty much every meta-payload
ever developed, and so on.  (Many more points could be made here).

In summary, based on our current knowledge we are not willing to
specify protocol mechanisms that support an operation point that has so
little in common with classic RTP use.

13.6.     SSRC Multiplexing

The authors have played with the idea of introducing SSRC multiplexing,
i.e. allowing sending multiple RTP packet streams containing layers in
the same RTP session, differentiated by SSRC values.  Our intention was
to minimize the number of firewall pinholes in an endpoint to one, by
using MANEs to aggregate multiple outgoing sessions stemming from a
server into a single session (with SSRC multiplexed packet streams).
We were hoping that would be feasible even with encrypted packets in an
SRTP context.

While an implementation along these lines indeed appears to be feasible
for the forward media path, the RTCP RR rewrite cannot be implemented
in the way necessary for this scheme to work.  This relates to the need
to authenticate the RTCP RRs as per SRTP [RFC3711].  While the RTCP RR
itself does not need to be rewritten by the scheme we envisioned, its
transport addresses needs to be manipulated.  This, in turn, is
incompatible with the mandatory authentication of RTCP RRs.  As a
result, there would be a requirement that a MANE needs to be in the
RTCP security context of the sessions, which was not envisioned in our
use case.

As the envisioned use case cannot be implemented, we refrained to add
the considerable document complexity to support SSRC multiplexing
herein.

14.  References

14.1.     Normative References

[H.264]     ITU-T Recommendation H.264, "Advanced video coding for
            generic audiovisual services", Version 4, July 2005.
[I-D.ietf-mmusic-decoding-dependency]
            Schierl, T., and Wenger, S., "Signaling media decoding
            dependency in Session Description Protocol (SDP)",
            draft-ietf-mmusic-decoding-dependency-00 (work in
            progress), November 2007.
[MPEG4-10]  ISO/IEC International Standard 14496-10:2005.
[RFC2119]   Bradner, S., "Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate

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            Requirement Levels", BCP 14, RFC 2119, March 1997.
[RFC3264]   Rosenberg, J. and H. Schulzrinne, "An Offer/Answer Model
            With Session Description Protocol (SDP)", RFC 3264, June
            2002.
[RFC3548]   Josefsson, S., "The Base16, Base32, and Base64 Data
            Encodings", RFC 3548, July 2003.
[RFC3550]   Schulzrinne, H., Casner, S., Frederick, R., and
            Jacobson, V., "RTP: A Transport Protocol for Real-Time
            Applications", STD 64, RFC 3550, July 2003.
[RFC3984]   Wenger, S., Hannuksela, M., Stockhammer, T., Westerlund,M.,
            and Singer, D., "RTP Payload Format for H.264 Video", RFC
            3984, February 2005.
[RFC4566]   Handley, M., Jacobson, V., and Perkins, C., "SDP: Session
            Description Protocol", RFC 4566, July 2006.
[SVC]       Joint Video Team, "Joint Draft 11 of SVC Amendment",
            available from http://ftp3.itu.ch/av-arch/jvt-site
            /2007_06_Geneva/JVT-X201.zip, Geneva, Switzerland, June
            2007.

14.2.     Informative References

[DVB-H]     DVB - Digital Video Broadcasting (DVB); DVB-H
            Implementation Guidelines, ETSI TR 102 377, 2005.
            ITU-T Rec. H.241, "Extended video procedures and control
            signals for H.300-series terminals", May 2006.
[IGMP]      Cain, B., Deering S., Kovenlas, I., Fenner, B., and
            Thyagarajan, A., "Internet Group Management Protocol,
            Version 3", RFC 3376, October 2002.
[McCanne]   McCanne, S., Jacobson, V., and Vetterli, M., "Receiver-
            driven layered multicast", in Proc. of ACM SIGCOMM'96,
            pages 117--130, Stanford, CA, August 1996.
[MBMS]      3GPP - Technical Specification Group Services and System
            Aspects; Multimedia Broadcast/Multicast Service (MBMS);
            Protocols and codecs (Release 6), December 2005.
[MPEG2]     ISO/IEC International Standard 13818-2:1993.
[RFC2326]   Schulzrinne, H., Rao, A., and R. Lanphier, "Real Time
            Streaming Protocol (RTSP)", RFC 2326, April 1998.
[RFC2974]   Handley, M., Perkins, C., and E. Whelan, "Session
            Announcement Protocol", RFC 2974, October 2000.
[RFC3450]   Luby, M., Gemmell, J., Vicisano, L., Rizzo, L., and
            Crowcroft, J., "Asynchronous layered coding (ALC) protocol
            instantiation", RFC 3450, December 2002.
[RFC3711]   Baugher, M., McGrew, D, Naslund, M., Carrara, E., and
            Norrman, K., "The secure real-time transport protocol
            (SRTP)", RFC 3711, March 2004.
[Yan]       Yan, J., Katrinis, K., May, M., and Plattner, R., "Media-
            And TCP-friendly congestion control for scalable video
            streams", in IEEE Trans. Multimedia, pages 196--206, April
            2006.

15.  Author's Addresses


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Stephan Wenger
Nokia
955 Page Mill Road
Palo Alto, CA 94304
USA
Phone: +1-650-862-7368
Email: stewe@stewe.org

Ye-Kui Wang
Nokia Research Center
P.O. Box 100
FIN-33721 Tampere
Finland
Phone: +358-50-486-7004
Email: ye-kui.wang@nokia.com

Thomas Schierl
Fraunhofer HHI
Einsteinufer 37
D-10587 Berlin
Germany
Phone: +49-30-31002-227
Email: schierl@hhi.fhg.de

16.  Copyright Statement

Full Copyright Statement

   Copyright (C) The IETF Trust (2007).

   This document is subject to the rights, licenses and restrictions
   contained in BCP 78, and except as set forth therein, the authors
   retain all their rights.

17.  Disclaimer of Validity

   This document and the information contained herein are provided on an
   "AS IS" basis and THE CONTRIBUTOR, THE ORGANIZATION HE/SHE REPRESENTS
   OR IS SPONSORED BY (IF ANY), THE INTERNET SOCIETY, THE IETF TRUST AND
   THE INTERNET ENGINEERING TASK FORCE DISCLAIM ALL WARRANTIES, EXPRESS
   OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO ANY WARRANTY THAT THE USE OF
   THE INFORMATION HEREIN WILL NOT INFRINGE ANY RIGHTS OR ANY IMPLIED
   WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.

18.  Intellectual Property Statement

Intellectual Property

   The IETF takes no position regarding the validity or scope of any
   Intellectual Property Rights or other rights that might be claimed to
   pertain to the implementation or use of the technology described in
   this document or the extent to which any license under such rights

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   might or might not be available; nor does it represent that it has
   made any independent effort to identify any such rights.  Information
   on the procedures with respect to rights in RFC documents can be
   found in BCP 78 and BCP 79.

   Copies of IPR disclosures made to the IETF Secretariat and any
   assurances of licenses to be made available, or the result of an
   attempt made to obtain a general license or permission for the use of
   such proprietary rights by implementers or users of this
   specification can be obtained from the IETF on-line IPR repository at
   http://www.ietf.org/ipr.

   The IETF invites any interested party to bring to its attention any
   copyrights, patents or patent applications, or other proprietary
   rights that may cover technology that may be required to implement
   this standard.  Please address the information to the IETF at
   ietf-ipr@ietf.org.

19.  Acknowledgement

   Funding for the RFC Editor function is provided by the IETF
   Administrative Support Activity (IASA).

20.  RFC Editor Considerations

none

21.  Open Issues

  1.    Cross layer decoding order dependency - two suggested solutions
     on the table. Need to agree if use one or both. In the case of
     both how to resolve interoperability. Initial step is to update
     text explaining the usage.
  2. Backward compatibility to H264 enabling H264 (RFC 3984 single NAL
     unit) to interoperate with H.264SVC using base layer. Need more
     definition.
  3. Clarify the PACSI packet since there were changes between the
     draft revision
  4. Fix the format of the document and review the SDP parameters.
  5. Changed semantics between RFC 3984 and svc like sprop-deint-buf-
     req - probably will need new parameters.
  6. What to do with bugs in RFC 3984
  7. Clarify the usage of the new parameters like sprop-scalability-
     info, relation to SEI and usage in offer/answer
  8. The text should be clear enough to allow an implementer to use it
     for creating the payload without having to read the H.264 SVC
     document.


22.  Changes Log

Version 00


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- 29.08.2005, YkW: Initial version
- 29.09.2005, Miska: Reviewed and commented throughout the document
- 05.10.2006, StW: Editorial changes through the document, and
formatted the document in RFC payload format style

From -00 to -01

- 04.02.2006, StW: Added details to scope
- 04.02.2006, StW: Added short subsection 6.1 "Design Principles"
- 04.02.2006, StW: Added section 15, "Application Examples"
- 06.02 - 03.03.2006, YkW: Various modifications throughout the
document
- 13.02.2006 - 03.03.2006 , ThS: Added definitions and additional
information to section 3.3, 5.1, 7 and 8, parameters in section 9.1 and
added section 14 for NAL unit re-ordering for layered multicast.
Further modifications throughout the document

From -01 to -02

- 06.03.2006, StW: Editorial improvements
- 26.05.2006, YkW: Updated NAL unit header syntax and semantics
according to the latest draft SVC spec
- 20.06.2006, Miska/YkW: Added section 6.10 "Payload Content
Scalability Information (PACSI) NAL Unit"
- 20.06.2006, YkW: Updated the NAL unit reordering process for layered
multicast (removed the old section 14 "Informative Appendix: NAL Unit
Re-ordering for Layered Multicast" and added the new section 13 "NAL
Unit Reordering for Layered Multicast")

From -02 to -03

- 05.09.2006, YkW: Updated the NAL unit header syntax, definitions,
etc., according to the foreseen July JVT output.  Updated possible MANE
adaptation operations according to SPID, TL, DID and QL.  Clarified the
removal of single NAL unit packetiztaion mode.  Added the support of
SSRC multiplexing in layered multicast.
- 08.09.2006, StW: Editorial changes throughout the document
- 08.09.2006, YkW: Added the packetization rule for suffix NAL unit.
- 19.09.2006, YkW: Moved/updated SSRC multiplexing support to section
6.2 ``RTP header usage''. Moved/updated the cross layer DON constraint
to Section 6.6 ``Decoding order number''. Moved/updated the
packetization rule when a SVC bistream is transported over more than
one RTP session to Section 7 ``Packetization rules''. Removed Section
13 "Support of layered multicast".
- 16.10, TS: Added detailed four-byte NAL unit header description.
Change "AVC" to "H.264" conforming to 3984. Modifications throughout
the document. Extended description of 3rd byte of PACSI NAL unit.
Corrected terms RTP session and RTP packet stream in case of SSRC
multiplexing. Added terms in definition section on RTP multiplexing.
Constraints on optional media type parameters of 3984 for cross-layer
DON (DON section and media type parameters). Copied parts of SI paper

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regarding mixer, translator and SSRC mux with SRTP to section
application examples. Added section on SDP usage with Session and SSRC
multiplexing. Added points in Design principles on translator/mixer and
RTP multiplexing. Added additional founding information in Ack-
section. Corrected reference for SVC and added reference for generic
signaling.
17.10, StW: Fixed many editorials, clarified MANE, mixer, translator
and RTP packet stream throughout doc (hopefully consistently)
18.10., removed comments, clarified B-Bit, changed definition of base-
layer (do not need to be of the lowest temporal resolution),

From -03 to draft-ietf-avt-rtp-svc-00

     23.11.06, StW: Editorials throughout the memo
     23.11.06, StW: removed all occurrences of the security
discussions, as they are incorrect.  When using SRTP, the RTCP is
authenticated, implying that a translator cannot rewrite RTCP RRs,
implying that RRs would be incorrect as soon as the session is modified
(i.e. packets are being removed), implying that SSRC-mux does not work
in multicast.
     23.11.06, StW: rewrote congestion control
     23.11.06, StW: removed application scenario related to SRTP, as
this does not work (see above
     23.11.06, StW: added informative reference to H.241
     27/29.11.06, YkW: editorial changes throughout the document
     27/29.11.06, YkW: alignment with the SVC specification
     19.12.06, TS:
  TS: [SVC] is now the complete Joint Draft of H.264
     TS: Removed SSRC Multiplexing
TS: Changed use cases for MANE as a translator
TS: Editorials throughout the document, alignment with SVC spec.
     20-28.12.06, StW/TS/YkW: editorial changes throughout the document

From draft-ietf-avt-rtp-svc-00 to draft-ietf-avt-rtp-svc-01
     23.02.07, YkW/Miska Hannuksela: Added enhancements to PACSI NAL
unit
     01.03.07, Jonathan Lennox/YkW: Added recommendatory packetization
rules for SEI messages and non-VCL NAL units
     05.03.07, Thomas Wiegand/YkW: Added the fields of picture start,
picture end, and Tl0PicIdx to PACSI NAL unit
     05.03.07, TS: Draft conforms to new I-D style

From draft-ietf-avt-rtp-svc-01 to draft-ietf-avt-rtp-svc-02
     25-June-2007: TS
Clarified definitions Layer, Operation Points,
Removed FGS
Aligned with JVT-W201 spec
Use of DON in de-packetization
Congestion control
     25-June-2007: YkW
Edit throughout the spec, aligned with JVT-X201 SVC spec


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09-July-2007: TS
Further modifications and alignments with JVT-X201.
05-Dec-2007: TS
Formatting corrected, ref to signaling draft corrected
From draft-ietf-avt-rtp-svc-02 to draft-ietf-avt-rtp-svc-03
   - 21-Aug-2007 to 24-Sep-2007: YkW
     1) Resolved most of the comments sent to the AVT reflector and to
     the editors
     2) Updated the intro text for parameter sets
     3) Reordered the definitions according to alphabetical order and
     added some definitions
     4) Added the NAL unit order recovery process for layered multicast
     using CL-DON in the PACSI NAL unit, thus to allow for layered
     multicast without requiring the non-interleaved packetization
     mode. The detailed NAL unit order recovery process added to
     section 8.
     5) Added some packetization rules. Some of these were to resolve
     the "single NAL unit mode deprecation" issue.
     6) Added semantics of the media type parameters inherited from RFC
     3984, and added a couple of new parameters for negotiation of
     operation point.
     7) Other edits throughout the document.
   - 16 to 18 November 2007: TS
     1) Added the NAL unit order recovery process for layered multicast
     without using CL-DON, thus to allow for layered multicast without
     requiring the non-interleaved packetization mode.
     2) Added the usages of the media type parameters, including SDP
     usage with offer/answer model, declarative usage, and examples.
   - 08 to 19 November 2007: YkW
     1) Aligned the spec with the final version of the SVC spec.
     2) Updated the congestion control part according to Colin Perkins'
     comment.
     3) Checked the parameter set considerations and confirmed that the
     text in RFC 3984 is OK.
     4) Updated the security considerations part.
     5) Added justifications for some fields in the PACSI NAL units.
From draft-ietf-avt-rtp-svc-03 to draft-ietf-avt-rtp-svc-04
   - 18 December 2007: TS
     1) Updated formatting in the Media Type Registration section
     2) Updated the semantics of sprop-layer-range
     3) Updated Open issues according to Roni's email
     4) Corrected usage of "depend" in SDP example









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