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Versions: (draft-rgaglian-csi-send-name-type-registry) 00 01 02 03 04 05 06 RFC 6495

Network Working Group                                        R. Gagliano
Internet-Draft                                             Cisco Systems
Updates: 3971 (if approved)                                  S. Krishnan
Intended status: Standards Track                                Ericsson
Expires: December 5, 2010                                       A. Kukec
                                                    University of Zagreb
                                                            June 3, 2010


          Subject Key Identifier (SKI) SEND Name Type fields.
               draft-ietf-csi-send-name-type-registry-06

Abstract

   SEcure Neighbor Discovery (SEND) defines the Name Type field in the
   ICMPv6 Trust Anchor option.  This document specifies new Name Type
   fields based on certificate Subject Key Identifiers (SKI).

Status of this Memo

   This Internet-Draft is submitted in full conformance with the
   provisions of BCP 78 and BCP 79.

   Internet-Drafts are working documents of the Internet Engineering
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   Internet-Drafts are draft documents valid for a maximum of six months
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   time.  It is inappropriate to use Internet-Drafts as reference
   material or to cite them other than as "work in progress."

   This Internet-Draft will expire on December 5, 2010.

Copyright Notice

   Copyright (c) 2010 IETF Trust and the persons identified as the
   document authors.  All rights reserved.

   This document is subject to BCP 78 and the IETF Trust's Legal
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   the Trust Legal Provisions and are provided without warranty as



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   described in the Simplified BSD License.


Table of Contents

   1.  Requirements notation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
   2.  Introduction  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
   3.  Name Type fields in the ICMPv6 TA option defined in this
       document  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
   4.  Processing Rules for Routers  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
   5.  IANA Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
   6.  Security Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
   7.  Normative References  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
   Authors' Addresses  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6





































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1.  Requirements notation

   The key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", "SHALL", "SHALL NOT",
   "SHOULD", "SHOULD NOT", "RECOMMENDED", "MAY", and "OPTIONAL" in this
   document are to be interpreted as described in [RFC2119] .


2.  Introduction

   SEcure Neighbor Discovery [RFC3971] (SEND) utilizes X.509v3
   certificates that include the [RFC3779] extension for IPv6 addresses
   to certify a router's authority over an IPv6 prefix for the NDP
   (Neighbor Discovery Protocol).  The Trust Anchor (TA) Option in
   section 6.4.3 of [RFC3971] allows the identification of the Trust
   Anchor selected by the host.  In that same section, two name types
   were defined: the DER Encoded X.501 Name and a Fully Qualified Domain
   Name (FQDN).

   In any Public Key Infrastructure, the subject name of a certificate
   is only unique within each CA.  Consequently, a new option to
   identify TAs across CAs is needed.

   In [I-D.ietf-csi-send-cert] the certificate profile described in
   [I-D.ietf-sidr-res-certs] is adopted for SEND.  In these documents,
   the Subject field in the certificates is declared to be meaningless
   and the subjectAltName field is not allowed.  On the other hand, the
   Subject Key Identifier (SKI) extension for the X.509 certificates is
   defined as mandatory and non-critical.

   This document specifies new Name Type fields in the SEND TA option
   that allows the use of the SKI X.509 extension to identify TA X.509
   certificates.  This document also defines experimental and reserved
   Name Types values.

   Finally, this document updates the [RFC3971] by changing the Name
   Type field in the ICMPv6 Trust Anchor option registration procedures
   from Standards Action to Standards Action or IESG Approval.


3.  Name Type fields in the ICMPv6 TA option defined in this document

   The following Name Type fields in the ICMPv6 TA option are defined:









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           Name Type      Description
            0              Reserved
            3              SHA-1 Subject Key Identifier (SKI).
            4              SHA-224 Subject Key Identifier (SKI).
            5              SHA-256 Subject Key Identifier (SKI).
            6              SHA-384 Subject Key Identifier (SKI).
            7              SHA-512 Subject Key Identifier (SKI).
            253-254        Experimental
            255            Reserved

   Name Type field values 0 and 255 are marked as reserved.  This means
   that they are not available for allocation.

   When the Name Type field is set to 3, the Name Type field contains a
   160-bit SHA-1 hash of the value of the DER-encoded ASN.1 bit string
   of the subject public key, as described in Section 3.9.2 of
   [I-D.ietf-sidr-res-certs].  Implementations MAY support SHA-1 SKI
   name type.

   When the Name Type field is set to 4,5,6 or 7, the hash function will
   respectively be: SHA-224, SHA-256, SHA-384 or SHA-512.
   Implementations MAY support SHA-224, SHA-256, SHA-284 and SHA-512 SKI
   name types.

   Name Type fields 253 and 254 are marked as experimental, following
   [RFC3692].


4.  Processing Rules for Routers

   As specified in [RFC3971], a TA is identified by the SEND TA option.
   If the TA option is represented as a SKI, then the SKI MUST be equal
   to the X.509 SKI extension in the trust anchor's certificate.  The
   router SHOULD include the TA option(s) in the advertisement for which
   the certification path was found.  Also, following [RFC3971]
   specification, if the router is unable to find a path to the
   requested anchor, it SHOULD send an advertisement without any
   certificate.  In this case, the router SHOULD include the TA options
   that were solicited.


5.  IANA Considerations

   IANA is requested to update the Name Type field in the ICMPv6 Trust
   Anchor option registry by adding the following values:






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     +---------+----------------------------------------------------+
     | Value   | Description                                        |
     +---------+----------------------------------------------------+
     | 0       | Reserved ( Section 3 )                             |
     | 3       | SHA-1 Subject Key Identifier (SKI) ( Section 3 )   |
     | 4       | SHA-224 Subject Key Identifier (SKI) ( Section 3 ) |
     | 5       | SHA-256 Subject Key Identifier (SKI) ( Section 3 ) |
     | 6       | SHA-384 Subject Key Identifier (SKI) ( Section 3 ) |
     | 7       | SHA-512 Subject Key Identifier (SKI) ( Section 3 ) |
     | 253-254 | Experimental use ( Section 3 )                     |
     | 255     | Reserved ( Section 3 )                             |
     +---------+----------------------------------------------------+

        Table 1: New Name Type field values in the ICMPv6 TA option

   IANA is also requested to modify the registration procedures for the
   Name Type field in the ICMPv6 Trust Anchor option registry to
   Standard Action or IESG Approval [RFC5226].


6.  Security Considerations

   The hash functions referenced in this document to calculate the SKI
   have reasonable random properties in order to provide reasonably
   unique identifiers.  Two identical identifiers in the same validation
   path will cause the router to stop fetching certificates once the
   first certificate has been fetched.  In the case that the upward
   certificate was configured as TA by a host, the router will send to
   this host an incomplete list of certificates, causing the SEND
   validation to fail.

   For experimental values of the Name Type field, the guidance given in
   [RFC3692] about the use of experimental values needs to be followed.


7.  Normative References

   [I-D.ietf-csi-send-cert]
              Gagliano, R., Krishnan, S., and A. Kukec, "Certificate
              profile and certificate management for SEND",
              draft-ietf-csi-send-cert-03 (work in progress),
              March 2010.

   [I-D.ietf-sidr-res-certs]
              Huston, G., Michaelson, G., and R. Loomans, "A Profile for
              X.509 PKIX Resource Certificates",
              draft-ietf-sidr-res-certs-18 (work in progress), May 2010.




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   [RFC2119]  Bradner, S., "Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate
              Requirement Levels", BCP 14, RFC 2119, March 1997.

   [RFC3692]  Narten, T., "Assigning Experimental and Testing Numbers
              Considered Useful", BCP 82, RFC 3692, January 2004.

   [RFC3779]  Lynn, C., Kent, S., and K. Seo, "X.509 Extensions for IP
              Addresses and AS Identifiers", RFC 3779, June 2004.

   [RFC3971]  Arkko, J., Kempf, J., Zill, B., and P. Nikander, "SEcure
              Neighbor Discovery (SEND)", RFC 3971, March 2005.

   [RFC5226]  Narten, T. and H. Alvestrand, "Guidelines for Writing an
              IANA Considerations Section in RFCs", BCP 26, RFC 5226,
              May 2008.


Authors' Addresses

   Roque Gagliano
   Cisco Systems
   Avenue des Uttins 5
   Rolle,   1180
   Switzerland

   Email: rogaglia@cisco.com


   Suresh Krishnan
   Ericsson
   8400 Decarie Blvd.
   Town of Mount Royal, QC
   Canada

   Phone: +1 514 345 7900 x42871
   Email: suresh.krishnan@ericsson.com


   Ana Kukec
   University of Zagreb
   Unska 3
   Zagreb
   Croatia

   Email: ana.kukec@fer.hr






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