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Versions: (draft-droms-dhc-dhcpv6-solmaxrt-update) 00 01 02 03 04 05 RFC 7083

Network Working Group                                           R. Droms
Internet-Draft                                             Cisco Systems
Updates: 3315 (if approved)                                June 03, 2013
Intended status: Standards Track
Expires: December 05, 2013


              Modification to Default Value of SOL_MAX_RT
                draft-ietf-dhc-dhcpv6-solmaxrt-update-01

Abstract

   This document updates RFC 3315 by redefining the default values for
   SOL_MAX_RT and INF_MAX_RT, and defining options through which a
   DHCPv6 server can override the client's default value for SOL_MAX_RT
   and INF_MAX_RT with a new value.

Status of This Memo

   This Internet-Draft is submitted in full conformance with the
   provisions of BCP 78 and BCP 79.

   Internet-Drafts are working documents of the Internet Engineering
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   material or to cite them other than as "work in progress."

   This Internet-Draft will expire on December 05, 2013.

Copyright Notice

   Copyright (c) 2013 IETF Trust and the persons identified as the
   document authors.  All rights reserved.

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   described in the Simplified BSD License.



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1.  Introduction

   Section 5.5 of the DHCPv6 specification [RFC3315] defines the default
   values of SOL_MAX_RT and INF_MAX_RT to be 120 seconds.  In some
   circumstances, these defaults will lead to an unacceptably high
   volume of aggregated traffic at a DHCPv6 server.

   The change to SOL_MAX_RT is in response to DHCPv6 message rates
   observed at a DHCPv6 server in a deployment in which many DHCPv6
   clients are sending Solicit messages but the DHCPv6 server has been
   configured not to respond to those Solicit messages.  While no
   explicit observations of traffic due to INF_MAX_RT have been
   conducted, this document updates INF_MAX_RT for consistency with
   SOL_MAX_RT.

2.  Requirements Language

   The key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", "SHALL", "SHALL NOT",
   "SHOULD", "SHOULD NOT", "RECOMMENDED", "MAY", and "OPTIONAL" in this
   document are to be interpreted as described in RFC 2119 [RFC2119].

3.  Updates to SOL_MAX_RT and INF_MAX_RT in RFC 3315

   This document changes section 5.5 of RFC 3315 [RFC3315] as follows:

   OLD:
      SOL_MAX_RT      120 secs  Max Solicit timeout value

   NEW:
      SOL_MAX_RT     3600 secs  Max Solicit timeout value

   OLD:
      INF_MAX_RT      120 secs  Max Information-request timeout value

   NEW:
      SOL_MAX_RT     3600 secs  Max Information-request timeout value


   With this change, a DHCPv6 client that does not receive a
   satisfactory response will send Solicit or Information-request
   messages with the same initial frequency and exponential backoff as
   specified in sections 17.1.2 and 18.1.5 of RFC 3315 [RFC3315].
   However, the long term behavior of these DHCPv6 clients will be to
   send a Solicit or Information-request message every 3600 seconds
   rather than every 120 seconds, significantly reducing the aggregated
   traffic at the DHCPv6 server.





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4.  SOL_MAX_RT option

   A DHCPv6 server sends the SOL_MAX_RT option to a client to override
   the default value of SOL_MAX_RT.  The value of SOL_MAX_RT in the
   option replaces the default value defined in Section 3.  One use for
   the SOL_MAX_RT option is to set a longer value for SOL_MAX_RT, which
   reduces the Solicit traffic from a client that has not received a
   response to its Solicit messages.

   The format of the SOL_MAX_RT option is:


        0                   1                   2                   3
        0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
       +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
       |          option-code          |         option-len            |
       +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
       |                       SOL_MAX_RT value                        |
       +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+

         option-code          OPTION_SOL_MAX_RT (TBD).

         option-len           4.

         SOL_MAX_RT value     Overriding value for SOL_MAX_RT
                              in seconds.



                                 Figure 1

   A DHCPv6 client MUST include the SOL_MAX_RT option code in an Option
   Request option [RFC3315] in any message it sends.

   The DHCPv6 server MAY include the SOL_MAX_RT option in any response
   it sends to a client that has included the SOL_MAX_RT option code in
   an Option Request option.  The SOL_MAX_RT option is sent in the main
   body of the message to client, not as a sub-option in, e.g., an
   IA_NA, IA_TA [RFC3315] or IA_PD [RFC3633] option.

   If a DHCPv6 client receives a message containing a SOL_MAX_RT option,
   the client MUST set its internal SOL_MAX_RT parameter to the value
   contained in the SOL_MAX_RT option.  As a result of receiving this
   option, the DHCPv6 client MUST NOT send any Solicit messages more
   frequently than allowed by the retransmission mechanism defined in
   sections 17.1.2 and 14 of RFC 3315 [RFC3315].





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5.  INF_MAX_RT option

   A DHCPv6 server sends the INF_MAX_RT option to a client to override
   the default value of INF_MAX_RT.  The value of INF_MAX_RT in the
   option replaces the default value defined in Section 3.  One use for
   the INF_MAX_RT option is to set a longer value for INF_MAX_RT, which
   reduces the Solicit traffic from a client that has not received a
   response to its Solicit messages.

   The format of the INF_MAX_RT option is:


        0                   1                   2                   3
        0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
       +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
       |          option-code          |         option-len            |
       +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
       |                       INF_MAX_RT value                        |
       +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+

         option-code          OPTION_INF_MAX_RT (TBD).

         option-len           4.

         INF_MAX_RT value     Overriding value for INF_MAX_RT
                              in seconds.



                    Figure 2: INF_MAX_RT option format

   A DHCPv6 client MUST include the INF_MAX_RT option code in an Option
   Request option [RFC3315] in any message it sends.

   The DHCPv6 server MAY include the INF_MAX_RT option in any response
   it sends to a client that has included the INF_MAX_RT option code in
   an Option Request option.  The INF_MAX_RT option is sent in the main
   body of the message to client, not as a sub-option in, e.g., an
   IA_NA, IA_TA [RFC3315] or IA_PD [RFC3633] option.

   If a DHCPv6 client receives a message containing a INF_MAX_RT option,
   the client MUST set its internal INF_MAX_RT parameter to the value
   contained in the INF_MAX_RT option.  As a result of receiving this
   option, the DHCPv6 client MUST NOT send any Information-request
   messages more frequently than allowed by the retransmission mechanism
   defined in sections 18.1.5 and 14 of RFC 3315 [RFC3315].





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6.  Updates for SOL_MAX_RT and INF_MAX_RT options to RFC 3315

   Update to RFC 3315 [RFC3315], section 17.1.3:




   OLD:

   The client MUST ignore any Advertise message that includes a Status
   Code option containing the value NoAddrsAvail, with the exception
   that the client MAY display the associated status message to the
   user.

   NEW:

   The client MUST ignore any Advertise message that includes a Status
   Code option containing the value NoAddrsAvail, with the exception
   that the client MUST process an included SOL_MAX_RT option and/or an
   included INF_MAX_RT option and MAY display the associated status
   message to the user.




   Update to RFC 3315 [RFC3315], section 17.2.2:



   OLD:

   If the server will not assign any addresses to any IAs in a
   subsequent Request from the client, the server MUST send an
   Advertise message to the client that includes only a Status Code
   option with code NoAddrsAvail and a status message for the user, a
   Server Identifier option with the server's DUID, and a Client
   Identifier option with the client's DUID.

   NEW:

   If the server will not assign any addresses to any IAs in a
   subsequent Request from the client, the server MUST send an
   Advertise message to the client that includes only a Status Code
   option with code NoAddrsAvail and a status message for the user, a
   Server Identifier option with the server's DUID, a Client
   Identifier option with the client's DUID and (optionally)
   SOL_MAX_RT and/or INF_MAX_RT options.




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   Add text to the end of section 14, clarifying client behavior while
   waiting for a response from a server:



   NEW:

   A client is not expected to listen for a response during the entire
   period between transmission of Solicit or Information-Request
   messages.




7.  Security Considerations

   This document introduces one security consideration beyond those
   described in RFC 3315 [RFC3315].  A malicious DHCPv6 server might
   cause a client to set its SOL_MAX_RT and INF_MAX_RT parameters to an
   arbitrarily high value with the SOL_MAX_RT and INF_MAX_RT options.
   Assuming the client also receives a response from a valid DHCPv6
   server, large values for SOL_MAX_RT and INF_MAX_RT will not have any
   effect.

8.  IANA Considerations

   IANA is requested to assign an option code from the "DHCP Option
   Codes" Registry for OPTION_SOL_MAX_RT.

9.  Normative References

   [RFC2119]  Bradner, S., "Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate
              Requirement Levels", BCP 14, RFC 2119, March 1997.

   [RFC3315]  Droms, R., Bound, J., Volz, B., Lemon, T., Perkins, C.,
              and M. Carney, "Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol for
              IPv6 (DHCPv6)", RFC 3315, July 2003.

   [RFC3633]  Troan, O. and R. Droms, "IPv6 Prefix Options for Dynamic
              Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) version 6", RFC 3633,
              December 2003.

Author's Address








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   Ralph Droms
   Cisco Systems
   1414 Massachusetts Avenue
   Boxborough, MA  01719
   USA

   Phone: +1 978 936 1674
   Email: rdroms@cisco.com










































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