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Versions: (draft-zorn-dime-capablities-update) 00 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 RFC 6737

Network Working Group                                            K. Jiao
Internet-Draft                                                    Huawei
Intended status: Standards Track                                 G. Zorn
Expires: April 27, 2011                                      Network Zen
                                                        October 24, 2010


              The Diameter Capabilities Update Application
                 draft-ietf-dime-capablities-update-07

Abstract

   This document defines a new Diameter application and associated
   command codes.  The Capabilities Update application is intended to
   allow the dynamic update of certain Diameter peer capabilities while
   the peer-to-peer connection is in the open state.

Status of this Memo

   This Internet-Draft is submitted in full conformance with the
   provisions of BCP 78 and BCP 79.

   Internet-Drafts are working documents of the Internet Engineering
   Task Force (IETF).  Note that other groups may also distribute
   working documents as Internet-Drafts.  The list of current Internet-
   Drafts is at http://datatracker.ietf.org/drafts/current/.

   Internet-Drafts are draft documents valid for a maximum of six months
   and may be updated, replaced, or obsoleted by other documents at any
   time.  It is inappropriate to use Internet-Drafts as reference
   material or to cite them other than as "work in progress."

   This Internet-Draft will expire on April 27, 2011.

Copyright Notice

   Copyright (c) 2010 IETF Trust and the persons identified as the
   document authors.  All rights reserved.

   This document is subject to BCP 78 and the IETF Trust's Legal
   Provisions Relating to IETF Documents
   (http://trustee.ietf.org/license-info) in effect on the date of
   publication of this document.  Please review these documents
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   include Simplified BSD License text as described in Section 4.e of
   the Trust Legal Provisions and are provided without warranty as
   described in the Simplified BSD License.



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Table of Contents

   1.  Introduction  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
   2.  Specification of Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
   3.  Diameter Protocol Considerations  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
   4.  Capabilities Update . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
     4.1.  Command-Code Values . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
       4.1.1.  Capabilities-Update-Request . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
       4.1.2.  Capabilities-Update-Answer  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
   5.  Security Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
   6.  IANA Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
     6.1.  Application Identifier  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
     6.2.  Command Codes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
   7.  Contributors  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
   8.  Acknowledgements  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
   9.  References  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
     9.1.  Normative References  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
     9.2.  Informative References  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
   Authors' Addresses  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
































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1.  Introduction

   Capabilities exchange is an important component of the Diameter Base
   Protocol [I-D.ietf-dime-rfc3588bis], allowing peers to exchange
   identities and Diameter capabilities (protocol version number,
   supported Diameter applications, security mechanisms, etc.).  As
   defined in RFC 3588, however, the capabilities exchange process takes
   place only once, at the inception of a transport connection between a
   given pair of peers.  Therefore, if a peer's capabilities change (due
   to software update, for example), the existing connection(s) must be
   torn down (along with all of the associated user sessions) and
   restarted before the modified capabilities can be advertised.

   This document defines a new Diameter application intended to allow
   the dynamic update of a subset of Diameter peer capabilities over an
   existing connection.  Because the Capabilities Update application
   specified herein operates over an existing transport connection,
   modification of certain capabilities is prohibited.  Specifically,
   modifying the security mechanism in use is not allowed; if the
   security method used between a pair of peers is changed the affected
   connection MUST be restarted.


2.  Specification of Requirements

   The key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", "SHALL", "SHALL NOT",
   "SHOULD", "SHOULD NOT", "RECOMMENDED", "MAY", and "OPTIONAL" in this
   document are to be interpreted as described in RFC 2119 [RFC2119].


3.  Diameter Protocol Considerations

   This section details the relationship of the Diameter Capabilities
   Update application to the Diameter Base Protocol.

   This document specifies Diameter Application-ID <TBD1>.  Diameter
   nodes conforming to this specification MUST advertise support by
   including the value <TBD1> in the Auth-Application-Id of the
   Capabilities-Exchange-Request (CER) and Capabilities-Exchange-Answer
   (CEA) commands [I-D.ietf-dime-rfc3588bis].


4.  Capabilities Update

   When the capabilities of a Diameter node conforming to this
   specification change, it MUST notify all of the nodes with which it
   has an open transport connection and which have also advertised
   support for the Capabilities Update application using the



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   Capabilities-Update-Request (CUR) message (Section 4.1.1).  This
   message allows the update of a peer's capabilities (supported
   Diameter applications, etc.).

   A Diameter node only issues a given command to those peers that have
   advertised support for the Diameter application that defines the
   command; a Diameter node must cache the supported applications in
   order to ensure that unrecognized commands and/or Attribute-Value
   Pairs (AVPs) are not unnecessarily sent to a peer.

   The receiver of the CUR MUST determine common applications by
   computing the intersection of its own set of supported Application Id
   against all of the application identifier AVPs (Auth-Application-Id,
   Acct-Application-Id and Vendor-Specific- Application-Id) present in
   the CUR.  The value of the Vendor-Id AVP in the Vendor-Specific-
   Application-Id MUST NOT be used during computation.

   If the receiver of a CUR does not have any applications in common
   with the sender then it MUST return a Capabilities-Update-Answer
   (CUA) (Section 4.1.2) with the Result-Code AVP set to
   DIAMETER_NO_COMMON_APPLICATION [I-D.ietf-dime-rfc3588bis], and SHOULD
   disconnect the transport layer connection; however, if active
   sessions are using the connection, peers MAY delay disconnection
   until the sessions can be redirected or gracefully terminated.  Note
   that receiving a CUA from a peer advertising itself as a Relay (see
   [I-D.ietf-dime-rfc3588bis], Section 2.4) MUST be interpreted as
   having common applications with the peer.

   As for CER/CEA messages, the CUR and CUA messages MUST NOT be
   proxied, redirected or relayed.

   Even though the CUR/CUA messages cannot be proxied, it is still
   possible for an upstream agent to receive a message for which there
   are no peers available to handle the application that corresponds to
   the Command-Code.  This could happen if, for example, the peers are
   too busy or down.  In such instances, the 'E' bit MUST be set in the
   answer message with the Result-Code AVP set to
   DIAMETER_UNABLE_TO_DELIVER to inform the downstream peer to take
   action (e.g., re-routing requests to an alternate peer).

4.1.  Command-Code Values

   This section defines Command-Code [I-D.ietf-dime-rfc3588bis] values
   that MUST be supported by all Diameter implementations conforming to
   this specification.  The following Command Codes are defined (using
   modified ABNF [I-D.ietf-dime-rfc3588bis]) in this document:
   Capabilities-Update-Request (CUR, Section 4.1.1) and Capabilities-
   Update-Answer (CUA, Section 4.1.2).



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4.1.1.  Capabilities-Update-Request

   The Capabilities-Update-Request (CUR), indicated by the Command-Code
   set to <CUCC> and the Command Flags' 'R' bit set, is sent to update
   local capabilities.  Upon detection of a transport failure, this
   message MUST NOT be sent to an alternate peer.

   When Diameter is run over the Stream Control Transmission Protocol
   [RFC4960], which allows connections to span multiple interfaces and
   multiple IP addresses, the Capabilities-Update-Request message MUST
   contain one Host-IP-Address AVP for each potential IP address that
   may be locally used when transmitting Diameter messages.

   Message Format

      <CUR> ::= < Diameter Header: <CUCC>, REQ >
                { Origin-Host }
                { Origin-Realm }
             1* { Host-IP-Address }
                { Vendor-Id }
                { Product-Name }
                [ Origin-State-Id ]
              * [ Supported-Vendor-Id ]
              * [ Auth-Application-Id ]
              * [ Acct-Application-Id ]
              * [ Vendor-Specific-Application-Id ]
                [ Firmware-Revision ]
              * [ AVP ]

4.1.2.  Capabilities-Update-Answer

   The Capabilities-Update-Answer, indicated by the Command-Code set to
   <CUCC> and the Command Flags' 'R' bit cleared, is sent in response to
   a CUR message.

                   Message Format

                   <CUA> ::= < Diameter Header: <CUCC> >
                             { Origin-Host }
                             { Origin-Realm }
                             { Result-Code }
                             [ Error-Message ]
                           * [ AVP ]








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5.  Security Considerations

   The security considerations applicable to the Diameter Base Protocol
   [I-D.ietf-dime-rfc3588bis] are also applicable to this document.


6.  IANA Considerations

   This section explains the criteria to be used by the IANA for
   assignment of numbers within namespaces used within this document.

6.1.  Application Identifier

   This specification assigns the value <TBD1> from the Application
   Identifiers namespace [I-D.ietf-dime-rfc3588bis].  See Section 3 for
   the assignment of the namespace in this specification.

6.2.  Command Codes

   This specification assigns the value <CUCC> from the Command Codes
   namespace [I-D.ietf-dime-rfc3588bis].  See Section 4.1 for the
   assignment of the namespace in this specification.


7.  Contributors

   This document is based upon work done by Tina Tsou.


8.  Acknowledgements

   Thanks to Sebastien Decugis, Niklas Neumann, Subash Comerica, Lionel
   Morand, Dan Romascanu, Dan Harkins and Ravi for helpful review and
   discussion.


9.  References

9.1.  Normative References

   [I-D.ietf-dime-rfc3588bis]
              Fajardo, V., Arkko, J., Loughney, J., and G. Zorn,
              "Diameter Base Protocol", draft-ietf-dime-rfc3588bis-25
              (work in progress), September 2010.

   [RFC2119]  Bradner, S., "Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate
              Requirement Levels", BCP 14, RFC 2119, March 1997.




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9.2.  Informative References

   [RFC4960]  Stewart, R., "Stream Control Transmission Protocol",
              RFC 4960, September 2007.


Authors' Addresses

   Jiao Kang
   Huawei Technologies
   Section B1, Huawei Industrial Base
   Bantian, Longgang District
   Shenzhen  518129
   P.R. China

   Phone: +86 755 2878-6690
   Email: kangjiao@huawei.com


   Glen Zorn
   Network Zen
   227/358 Thanon Sanphawut
   Bang Na, Bangkok  10260
   Thailand

   Phone: +66 (0) 87-040-4617
   Email: gwz@net-zen.net
























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