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Versions: 00 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 RFC 6942

Network Working Group                                       J. Bournelle
Internet-Draft                                                 L. Morand
Intended status: Standards Track                             Orange Labs
Expires: March 9, 2012                                        S. Decugis
                                                           Free Diameter
                                                                   Q. Wu
                                                                  Huawei
                                                                 G. Zorn
                                                             Network Zen
                                                       September 6, 2011


       Diameter support for EAP Re-authentication Protocol (ERP)
                       draft-ietf-dime-erp-07.txt

Abstract

   The EAP Re-authentication Protocol (ERP) defines extensions to the
   Extensible Authentication Protocol (EAP) to support efficient re-
   authentication between the peer and an EAP Re-authentication (ER)
   server through a compatible authenticator.  This document specifies
   Diameter support for ERP.  It defines a new Diameter ERP application
   to transport ERP messages between an ER authenticator and the ER
   server, and a set of new AVPs that can be used to transport the
   cryptographic material needed by the re-authentication server.

Status of This Memo

   This Internet-Draft is submitted in full conformance with the
   provisions of BCP 78 and BCP 79.

   Internet-Drafts are working documents of the Internet Engineering
   Task Force (IETF).  Note that other groups may also distribute
   working documents as Internet-Drafts.  The list of current Internet-
   Drafts is at http://datatracker.ietf.org/drafts/current/.

   Internet-Drafts are draft documents valid for a maximum of six months
   and may be updated, replaced, or obsoleted by other documents at any
   time.  It is inappropriate to use Internet-Drafts as reference
   material or to cite them other than as "work in progress."

   This Internet-Draft will expire on March 9, 2012.

Copyright Notice

   Copyright (c) 2011 IETF Trust and the persons identified as the
   document authors.  All rights reserved.




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   This document is subject to BCP 78 and the IETF Trust's Legal
   Provisions Relating to IETF Documents
   (http://trustee.ietf.org/license-info) in effect on the date of
   publication of this document.  Please review these documents
   carefully, as they describe your rights and restrictions with respect
   to this document.  Code Components extracted from this document must
   include Simplified BSD License text as described in Section 4.e of
   the Trust Legal Provisions and are provided without warranty as
   described in the Simplified BSD License.

Table of Contents

   1.  Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  3
   2.  Terminology  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  3
     2.1.  Requirements Language  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  4
   3.  Assumptions  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  4
   4.  Protocol Overview  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  4
   5.  Bootstrapping the ER Server  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  5
     5.1.  Bootstrapping During the Initial EAP authentication  . . .  6
     5.2.  Bootstrapping During the First Re-authentication . . . . .  7
   6.  Re-Authentication  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  9
   7.  Application Id . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
   8.  AVPs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
     8.1.  ERP-RK-Request AVP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
     8.2.  ERP-Realm AVP  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
     8.3.  Key AVP  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
       8.3.1.  Key-Type AVP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
       8.3.2.  Keying-Material AVP  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
       8.3.3.  Key-Name AVP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
       8.3.4.  Key-Lifetime AVP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
   9.  Acknowledgements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
   10. IANA Considerations  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
     10.1. Diameter Application Identifier  . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
     10.2. New AVPs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
   11. Security Considerations  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
   12. Normative References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13















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1.  Introduction

   RFC5296 [RFC5296] defines the EAP Re-authentication Protocol (ERP).
   It consists of the following steps:

   Bootstrapping

      A root key for re-authentication is derived from the Extended
      Master Session Key (EMSK) created during EAP authentication
      [RFC5295].  This root key is transported from the EAP server to
      the ER server.

   Re-authentication

      A one-round-trip exchange between the peer and the ER server,
      resulting in mutual authentication.  To support the EAP
      reauthentication functionality, ERP defines two new EAP codes -
      EAP-Initiate and EAP-Finish.

   This document defines how Diameter transports the ERP messages during
   the re-authentication process.  For this purpose, we define a new
   Application Identifier for ERP, and re-use the Diameter EAP commands
   (DER/DEA).

   This document also discusses the distribution of the root key during
   bootstrapping, in conjunction with either the initial EAP
   authentication (implicit bootstrapping) or the first ERP exchange
   (explicit bootstrapping).  Security considerations for this key
   distribution are detailed in RFC 5295 [RFC5295].

2.  Terminology

   This document uses terminology defined in RFC3748 [RFC3748], RFC5295
   [RFC5295], RFC5296 [RFC5296], and RFC4072 [RFC4072].

   "Root key" (RK) or "bootstrapping material" refer to the rRK or rDSRK
   derived from an EMSK, depending on the location of the ER server in
   home or foreign domain.

   We use the notation "ERP/DER" and "ERP/DEA" in this document to refer
   to Diameter-EAP-Request and Diameter-EAP-Answer commands with the
   Application Id set to "Diameter ERP Application" Section 11.1; the
   same commands are denoted "EAP/DER" and "EAP/DEA" when the
   Application Id in the message is set to "Diameter EAP Application"
   [RFC4072].






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2.1.  Requirements Language

   The key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", "SHALL", "SHALL NOT",
   "SHOULD", "SHOULD NOT", "RECOMMENDED", "MAY", and "OPTIONAL" in this
   document are to be interpreted as described in [RFC2119].

3.  Assumptions

   This document assumes the existence of at most one logical ER server
   entity in a domain.  If several physical servers are deployed for
   robustness, a replication mechanism must be deployed to synchronize
   the ERP states (root keys) between these servers.  This replication
   mechanism is out of the scope of this document.  If multiple ER
   servers are deployed in the domain, we assume that they can be used
   interchangeably.  If multiple ER servers are deployed across the
   domains, we assume only one ER server that is near to the peer is
   getting involved in the ERP.

   Also this document assumes the existence of at most one EAP server
   entity in the home domain.In case of multiple physical home EAP
   servers in the same domain, if the ER server wants to reach the same
   home EAP server, the ER server may cache the Destination-Host AVP
   corresponding to the home EAP server it requests.

4.  Protocol Overview

   The following figure shows the components involved in ERP, and their
   interactions.

                           Diameter                    +--------+
           +-------------+   ERP   +-----------+  (*)  |  Home  |
   Peer <->|Authenticator|<=======>| ER server | <---> |  EAP   |
           +-------------+         +-----------+       | server |
                                                       +--------+
   (*) Diameter EAP application,  explicit bootstrapping scenario only.

                     Figure 1. Diameter ERP Overview.

   The ER server is located either in the home domain (same as EAP
   server) or in the visited domain (same as authenticator, when it
   differs from the home domain).

   When the peer initiates an ERP exchange, the authenticator creates a
   Diameter-EAP-Request message [RFC4072].  The Application Id of the
   message is set to that of the Diameter ERP application (code: TBD) in
   the message.  The generation of the ERP/DER message is detailed in
   Section 6.




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   If there is an ER server in the same domain as the authenticator
   (local domain), Diameter routing must be configured so that this ERP/
   DER message reaches this server, even if the Destination-Realm is not
   the local domain.

   If there is no local ER server, the message is routed according to
   its Destination-Realm AVP content, extracted from the realm component
   of the keyName-NAI attribute.  As specified in RFC5296 [RFC5296],
   this realm is the home domain of the peer in case of bootstrapping
   exchange ('B' flag is set in ERP message) or the domain of the
   bootstrapped ER server otherwise .

   If no ER server is available in the home domain either, the ERP/DER
   message cannot be delivered, and an error DIAMETER_UNABLE_TO_DELIVER
   is generated as specified in [RFC3588] and returned to the
   authenticator.  The authenticator may cache this information (with
   limited duration) to avoid further attempts for ERP with this realm.
   It may also fallback to full EAP authentication to authenticate the
   peer.

   When an ER server receives the ERP/DER message, it searches its local
   database for a root key matching the keyName part of the User-Name
   AVP.  If such key is found, the ER server processes the ERP message
   as described in [RFC5296] then creates the ERP/DEA answer as
   described in Section 6.  The rMSK is included in this answer.

   Finally, the authenticator extracts the rMSK from the ERP/DEA as
   described in RFC5296 [RFC5296], and forwards the content of the EAP-
   Payload AVP, the EAP-Finish/Re-Auth message, to the peer.

   The ER server may or may not possess the root key in its local
   database.  If the EAP-Initiate/Re-Auth message has its 'B' flag set
   (Bootstrapping exchange) and the ER server possess the root key,the
   ER server should respond directly to the peer that initiate ERP
   exchange otherwise, Otherwise, the ER server should act as a proxy,
   and forwards the message to the home EAP server after changing its
   Application Id to Diameter EAP and adding the ERP-RK-Request AVP to
   request the root key.  See Section 5 for more detail on this process.

5.  Bootstrapping the ER Server

   The bootstrapping process involves the home EAP server and the ER
   server, but also impacts the peer and the authenticator.  In ERP, the
   peer must derive the same keying material as the ER server.  To
   achieve this, it must learn the domain name of the ER server.  How
   this information is acquired is outside the scope of this
   specification, but it may involves that the authenticator is
   configured to advertize this domain name, especially in the case of



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   re-authentication after a handover.

   The bootstrapping of an ER server with a given root key happens
   either during the initial EAP authentication of the peer when the
   EMSK -- from which the root key is derived -- is created, during the
   first re-authentication, or sometime between those events.  We only
   consider the first two possibilities in this specification, in the
   following sub-sections.

5.1.  Bootstrapping During the Initial EAP authentication

   Bootstrapping the ER server during the initial EAP authentication
   (also known as implicit bootstrapping) offers the advantage that the
   server is immediately available for re-authentication of the peer,
   thus minimizing the re-authentication delay.  On the other hand, it
   is possible that only a small number of peers will use re-
   authentication in the visited domain.  Deriving and caching key
   material for all the peers (for example, for the peers that do not
   support ERP) is a waste of resources and should be avoided.

   To achieve implicit bootstrapping, the ER server acts as a Diameter
   EAP Proxy , and Diameter routing must be configured so that Diameter
   EAP application messages are routed through this proxy.  The figure
   bellow illustrates this mechanism.

                            ER server &
   Authenticator             EAP Proxy               Home EAP server
   =============            ===========              ===============
        ------------------------->
            Diameter EAP/DER
             (EAP-Response)
                                  ------------------------->
                                     Diameter EAP/DER
                                      (EAP-Response)
                                     (ERP-RK-Request)

        <==================================================>
           Multi-round Diameter EAP exchanges, unmodified

                                  <-------------------------
                                      Diameter EAP/DEA
                                       (EAP-Success)
                                           (MSK)
                                      (Key AVP (rRK))
        <-------------------------
            Diameter EAP/DEA
              (EAP-Success)
                  (MSK)



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               [ERP-Realm]

        Figure 2: ERP Bootstrapping During Full EAP Authentication

   The authenticator creates the first DER of the full EAP
   authentication and send it to the ER server.  The ER server proxies
   the first DER of the full EAP authentication and adds the ERP-RK-
   Request AVP inside, then forwards the request to the home EAP server.

   If the home EAP server does not support the Diameter ERP extensions
   for ERP-RK-Request AVP, it simply ignores the ERP-RK-Request AVP and
   continues as specified in RFC 4072 [RFC4072].  If the server supports
   the ERP extensions, it saves the value of the ERP-Realm AVP found
   inside the ERP-RK-Request AVP, and continues with the EAP
   authentication.  When the authentication completes, if it is
   successful and the EAP method has generated an EMSK, the server MUST
   derive the rRK as specified in RFC 5296 [RFC5296], using the saved
   domain name.  It then includes the rRK inside a Key AVP Section 8.3
   with the Key-Type AVP set to rRK, before sending the DEA as usual.

   When the ER server proxies a Diameter-EAP-Answer message with a
   Session-Id corresponding to a message to which it added an ERP-RK-
   Request AVP, and the Result-Code is DIAMETER_SUCCESS, it MUST examine
   the message and save and remove any Key AVP Section 8.3 with Key-Type
   AVP set to rRK.  If the message does not contain such Key AVP, the ER
   server may cache the information that ERP is not possible for this
   session to avoid possible subsequent attempts.  In any case, the
   information stored in ER server concerning a session should not have
   a lifetime greater than the EMSK for this session.

   If the ER server is successfully bootstrapped, it should also add the
   ERP-Realm AVP after removing the Key AVP with Key-Type of rRK in the
   EAP/DEA message.  This ERP-Realm information can be used by the
   authenticator to notify the peer that ER server is bootstrapped, and
   for which domain.  How this information can be transmitted to the
   peer is outside the scope of this document.  This information needs
   to be sent to the peer if both implicit and explicit bootstrapping
   mechanisms are possible, because the ERP message and the root key
   used for protecting this message are different in bootstrapping
   exchanges and non-bootstrapping exchanges.

5.2.  Bootstrapping During the First Re-authentication

   Bootstrapping the ER server during the first re-authentication (also
   known as explicit bootstrapping) is only needed when there is no
   local ER server in the visited domain and there is the ER server in
   the home domain.  It is less resource-consuming, since EMSK generated
   during initial EAP authentication is reused to derive root keys.  On



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   the other hand, in that case first re-authentication requires a one-
   round-trip exchange with the home EAP server, since the EMSK is
   generated during initial EAP authentication and never leaves the home
   EAP server, which is less efficient than the implicit bootstrapping
   scenario.

   The EAP-Initiate/Re-auth message is sent to the home ER server.  The
   home ER server receives the ERP/DER message containing the EAP-
   Initiate/Re-Auth message with the 'B' flag set.  It creates the new
   EAP/DER message using the received DRP/DER message and performs the
   following processing:

      Set the Application Id in the header of the message as Diameter
      EAP Application (code 5).

      Extract ERP-RK-request from ERP/DER, which contains the name of
      domain where the ER server is located and add it into newly
      created ERP/DER message.

   Then the newly created EAP/DER is sent and routed to the home
   Diameter EAP server.

   If the home EAP server does not support ERP extensions, it replies
   with an error since the encapsulated ERP-RK-request AVP is not
   understood.  Otherwise, it processes the DSRK request as described in
   [RFC5296].  In particular, it includes the Domain- Name TLV attribute
   with the content from the ERP-Realm AVP.  It creates the EAP/DEA
   reply message [RFC4072]including an instance of the Key AVP Section
   8.3 with Key-Type AVP set to rRK.  In particular, it includes the
   Domain- Name TLV attribute with the content from the ERP-Realm AVP.

   The ER server receives this EAP/DEA and proxies it as follows, in
   addition to standard proxy operations:

      Set the Application Id back to Diameter ERP Application Id (code
      TBD)

      Extract and cache the content of the Key AVP with Key-Type set to
      rRK, as described in implicit scenario.

   The ERP/DEA message is then forwarded to the authenticator, that can
   use the rMSK as described in RFC 5296 [RFC5296].

   The figure below captures this proxy behavior:







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   Authenticator            ER server             Home EAP server
   =============            =========             ===============
         ----------------------->
             Diameter ERP/DER
              (EAP-Initiate)
                                 ------------------------>
                                       Diameter EAP/DER
                                        (EAP-Response)
                                       (ERP-RK-Request)

                                 <------------------------
                                       Diameter EAP/DEA
                                         (EAP-Success)
                                        (Key AVP (rRK))
                                        (Key AVP (rMSK))
         <----------------------
             Diameter ERP/DEA
               (EAP-Finish)
             (Key AVP (rMSK))

             Figure 3: ERP Explicit Bootstrapping Message Flow

6.  Re-Authentication

   This section describes in detail a re-authentication exchange with an
   ER server that was previously bootstrapped.  The following figure
   summarizes the re-authentication exchange.

                                                         ER server
    Peer                 Authenticator                (bootstrapped)
    ====                 =============            ======================
    [ <------------------------          ]
    [optional EAP-Initiate/Re-auth-start,]
    [  possibly with ERP domain name     ]

      ----------------------->
        EAP-Initiate/Re-auth
                              ===============================>
                                 Diameter ERP, cmd code DER
                                   User-Name: Keyname-NAI
                              EAP-Payload: EAP-Initiate/Re-auth

                              <===============================
                                 Diameter ERP, cmd code DEA
                               EAP-Payload: EAP-Finish/Re-auth
                                        Key AVP: rMSK
       <----------------------
         EAP-Finish/Re-auth



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             Figure 4: Diameter ERP Re-authentication Exchange

   The peer sends an EAP-Initiate/Re-auth message to the ER server via
   the authenticator.  Alternatively, the authenticator may send an EAP-
   Initiate/Re-auth-Start message to the peer to trigger the mechanism.
   In this case, the peer responds with an EAP-Initiate/Re-auth message.

   If the authenticator does not support ERP (pure Diameter EAP
   [RFC4072] support), it discards the EAP packets with an unknown ERP-
   specific code (EAP-Initiate).  The peer should fallback to full EAP
   authentication in this case.

   When the authenticator receives an EAP-Initiate/Re-auth message from
   the peer, it process as described in [RFC5296] with regards to the
   EAP state machine.  It creates a Diameter ERP/DER message following
   the general process of Diameter EAP [RFC4072], with the following
   differences:

      The Application Id in the header is set to Diameter ERP (code TBD
      ).

      The value in Auth-Application-Id AVP is also set to Diameter ERP
      Application.

      The keyName-NAI attribute from ERP message is used to create the
      content of User-Name AVP and Destination-Realm AVP.



      The Auth-Request-Type AVP content is set to the appropriate value.

      The EAP-Payload AVP contains the EAP-Initiate/Re-Auth.

   Then this ERP/DER message is sent as described in Section 4.

   The ER server receives and processes this request as described in
   Section 4.  It then creates an ERP/DEA message following the general
   processing described in RFC4072 [RFC4072], with the following
   differences:

      The Application Id in the header is set to Diameter ERP (code
      TBD).

      The value of the Auth-Application-Id AVP is also set to Diameter
      ERP Application.

      The EAP-Payload AVP contains the EAP-Finish/Re-auth message.




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      In case of successful authentication, an instance of the Key AVP
      containing the Re-authentication Master Session Key (rMSK) derived
      by ERP is included.

   When the authenticator receives this ERP/DEA answer, it processes it
   as described in Diameter EAP [RFC4072] and RFC5296 [RFC5296]: the
   content of EAP-Payload AVP content is forwarded to the peer, and the
   contents of the Keying-Material AVP [I-D.ietf-dime-local-keytran] is
   used as a shared secret for Secure Association Protocol.

7.  Application Id

   We define a new Diameter application in this document, Diameter ERP
   Application, with an Application Id value of TBD.  Diameter nodes
   conforming to this specification in the role of ER server MUST
   advertise support by including an Auth-Application-Id AVP with a
   value of Diameter ERP Application in the of the Capabilities-
   Exchange-Request and Capabilities-Exchange-Answer commands [RFC3588].

   The primary use of the Diameter ERP Application Id is to ensure
   proper routing of the messages, and that the nodes that advertise the
   support for this application do understand the new AVPs defined in
   Section 8 , although these AVP have the 'M' flag cleared.

8.  AVPs

   This section discusses the AVPs used by the Diameter ERP application.

8.1.  ERP-RK-Request AVP

   The ERP-RK-Request AVP (AVP Code TBD) is of type grouped AVP.  This
   AVP is used by the ER server to indicate its willingness to act as ER
   server for a particular session.

   This AVP has the M and V bits cleared.

         ERP-RK-Request ::= < AVP Header: TBD >
                            { ERP-Realm }
                          * [ AVP ]

                       Figure 5: ERP-RK-Request ABNF

8.2.  ERP-Realm AVP

   The ERP-Realm AVP (AVP Code TBD) is of type DiameterIdentity.  It
   contains the name of the realm in which the ER server is located.

   This AVP has the M and V bits cleared.



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8.3.  Key AVP

   The Key AVP [I-D.ietf-dime-local-keytran] is of type "Grouped" and is
   used to carry the rRK or rMSK and associated attributes.  The usage
   of the Key AVP and its constituent AVPs in this application is
   specified in the following sub-sections.

8.3.1.  Key-Type AVP

   The value of the Key-Type AVP MUST be set to 2 for rRK or 3 for rMSK.

8.3.2.  Keying-Material AVP

   The Keying-Material AVP contains rRK sent by the home EAP server to
   the ER server, in answer to a request containing an ERP-RK-Request
   AVP, or the rMSK sent by ER server to authenticator.  How this
   material is derived and used is specified in RFC 5296 [RFC5296].

8.3.3.  Key-Name AVP

   This AVP contains the EMSKname which identifies the keying material.
   The derivation of this name is specified in RGC 5296 [RFC5296].

8.3.4.  Key-Lifetime AVP

   The Key-Lifetime AVP contains the lifetime of the keying material in
   seconds.  It MUST NOT be greater than the remaining lifetime of the
   EMSK from which the material was derived.

9.  Acknowledgements

   Hannes Tschofenig wrote the initial draft for this document and
   provided useful reviews.

   Vidya Narayanan reviewed a rough draft version of the document and
   found some errors.

   Lakshminath Dondeti contributed to the early versions of the
   document.

   Many thanks to these people!

10.  IANA Considerations

   This document requires IANA registration of the following new
   elements in the Authentication, Authorization, and Accounting (AAA)
   Parameters [1] registries.




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10.1.  Diameter Application Identifier

   This specification requires IANA to allocate a new value "Diameter
   ERP" in the "Application IDs" registry using the policy specified in
   Section 11.3 of RFC 3588 [RFC3588].

10.2.  New AVPs

   This specification requires IANA to allocate new values from the "AVP
   Codes" registry according to the policy specified in Section 11.1 of
   RFC 3588 [RFC3588] for the following AVPs:

      ERP-RK-Request

      ERP-Realm

   These AVPs are defined in Section 8.

11.  Security Considerations

   The security considerations from the following documents apply here:

   o  RFC3588 [RFC3588]

   o  RFC4072 [RFC4072]

   o  RFC5296 [RFC5296]

   o  I-D.ietf-dime-local-keytran[I-D.ietf-dime-local-keytran]

12.  Normative References

   [I-D.ietf-dime-local-keytran]  Wu, Q., Zorn, G., and V. Cakulev,
                                  "Diameter support for local key
                                  transport protocol between local
                                  server and home AAA server",
                                  draft-ietf-dime-local-keytran-09 (work
                                  in progress), April 2011.

   [RFC2119]                      Bradner, S., "Key words for use in
                                  RFCs to Indicate Requirement Levels",
                                  BCP 14, RFC 2119, March 1997.

   [RFC3588]                      Calhoun, P., Loughney, J., Guttman,
                                  E., Zorn, G., and J. Arkko, "Diameter
                                  Base Protocol", RFC 3588,
                                  September 2003.




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Internet-Draft          Diameter ERP Application          September 2011


   [RFC3748]                      Aboba, B., Blunk, L., Vollbrecht, J.,
                                  Carlson, J., and H. Levkowetz,
                                  "Extensible Authentication Protocol
                                  (EAP)", RFC 3748, June 2004.

   [RFC4072]                      Eronen, P., Hiller, T., and G. Zorn,
                                  "Diameter Extensible Authentication
                                  Protocol (EAP) Application", RFC 4072,
                                  August 2005.

   [RFC5295]                      Salowey, J., Dondeti, L., Narayanan,
                                  V., and M. Nakhjiri, "Specification
                                  for the Derivation of Root Keys from
                                  an Extended Master Session Key
                                  (EMSK)", RFC 5295, August 2008.

   [RFC5296]                      Narayanan, V. and L. Dondeti, "EAP
                                  Extensions for EAP Re-authentication
                                  Protocol (ERP)", RFC 5296,
                                  August 2008.

   [1]  <http://www.iana.org/assignments/aaa-parameters/>

Authors' Addresses

   Julien Bournelle
   Orange Labs
   38-40 rue du general Leclerc
   Issy-Les-Moulineaux  92794
   France

   EMail: julien.bournelle@orange-ftgroup.com


   Lionel Morand
   Orange Labs
   38-40 rue du general Leclerc
   Issy-Les-Moulineaux  92794
   France

   EMail: lionel.morand@orange-ftgroup.com










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Internet-Draft          Diameter ERP Application          September 2011


   Sebastien Decugis
   Free Diameter
   4-2-1 Nukui-Kitamachi
   Tokyo, Koganei  184-8795
   Japan

   EMail: sdecugis@freediameter.net


   Qin Wu
   Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd
   Site B, Floor 12F, Huihong Mansion, No.91 Baixia Rd.
   Nanjing  210001
   China

   EMail: sunseawq@huawei.com


   Glen Zorn
   Network Zen
   227/358 Thanon Sanphawut
   Bang Na, Bangkok  10260
   Thailand

   EMail: gwz@net-zen.net


























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