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Versions: (draft-keyur-bgp-enhanced-route-refresh) 00 01 02 03 04 05 06 10 RFC 7313

IDR                                                             K. Patel
Internet-Draft                                                   E. Chen
Updates: 2918 (if approved)                                Cisco Systems
Intended status: Standards Track                    B. Venkatachalapathy
Expires: December 11, 2014
                                                            June 9, 2014


              Enhanced Route Refresh Capability for BGP-4
            draft-ietf-idr-bgp-enhanced-route-refresh-10.txt

Abstract

   In this document we enhance the existing BGP route refresh mechanisms
   to provide for the demarcation of the beginning and the ending of a
   route refresh.  The enhancement can be used to facilitate correction
   of BGP RIB inconsistencies in a non-disruptive manner.  This document
   updates RFC 2918.

Status of This Memo

   This Internet-Draft is submitted in full conformance with the
   provisions of BCP 78 and BCP 79.

   Internet-Drafts are working documents of the Internet Engineering
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   This Internet-Draft will expire on December 11, 2014.

Copyright Notice

   Copyright (c) 2014 IETF Trust and the persons identified as the
   document authors.  All rights reserved.

   This document is subject to BCP 78 and the IETF Trust's Legal
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   include Simplified BSD License text as described in Section 4.e of



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   the Trust Legal Provisions and are provided without warranty as
   described in the Simplified BSD License.

Table of Contents

   1.  Introduction  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   2
   2.  Requirements Language . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   2
   3.  Protocol Extensions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   2
     3.1.  Enhanced Route Refresh Capability . . . . . . . . . . . .   3
     3.2.  Subtypes for ROUTE-REFRESH Message  . . . . . . . . . . .   3
   4.  Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   3
   5.  Error Handling  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   4
   6.  IANA Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   5
   7.  Security Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   6
   8.  Acknowledgements  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   6
   9.  Normative References  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   6
   Authors' Addresses  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   7

1.  Introduction

   It is sometimes necessary to perform routing consistency validations
   such as checking for possible missing route withdrawals between BGP
   speakers [RFC4271].  Currently such validations typically involve
   off-line, manual operations which can be tedious and time consuming.

   In this document we enhance the existing BGP route refresh mechanisms
   [RFC2918] to provide for the demarcation of the beginning and the
   ending of a route refresh (which refers to the complete re-
   advertisement of the Adj-RIB-Out to a peer, subject to routing
   policies).  The enhancement can be used to facilitate on-line, non-
   disruptive consistency validation of BGP routing updates.

   This document updates [RFC2918] by redefining a field in the ROUTE-
   REFRESH message that was previously designated as Reserved.

2.  Requirements Language

   The key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", "SHALL", "SHALL NOT",
   "SHOULD", "SHOULD NOT", "RECOMMENDED", "MAY", and "OPTIONAL" in this
   document are to be interpreted as described in [RFC2119] only when
   they appear in all upper case.  They may also appear in lower or
   mixed case as English words, without any normative meaning.

3.  Protocol Extensions

   The BGP protocol extensions introduced in this document include the
   definition of a new BGP capability, named "Enhanced Route Refresh




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   Capability", and the specification of the message subtypes for the
   ROUTE-REFRESH message.

3.1.  Enhanced Route Refresh Capability

   The "Enhanced Route Refresh Capability" is a new BGP capability
   [RFC5492].  IANA has assigned a Capability Code of 70 for this
   capability . The Capability Length field of this capability is zero.

   By advertising this capability to a peer, a BGP speaker conveys to
   the peer that the speaker supports the message subtypes for the
   ROUTE-REFRESH message and the related procedures described in this
   document.

3.2.  Subtypes for ROUTE-REFRESH Message

   The "Reserved" field of the ROUTE-REFRESH message specified in
   [RFC2918] is re-defined as the "Message Subtype" with the following
   values:

            0 - Normal route refresh request [RFC2918]
                    with/without ORF [RFC5291]
            1 - Demarcation of the beginning of a route refresh
                (BoRR) operation.
            2 - Demarcation of the ending of a route refresh
                (EoRR) operation.

   The remaining values of the message subtypes are reserved for future
   use.  The use of the new message subtypes is described in the
   Operations section.

4.  Operation

   A BGP speaker that supports the message subtypes for the ROUTE-
   REFRESH message and the related procedures SHOULD advertise the
   "Enhanced Route Refresh Capability".

   The following procedures are applicable only if a BGP speaker has
   received the "Enhanced Route Refresh Capability" from a peer.

   Before the speaker starts a route refresh that is either initiated
   locally, or in response to a "normal route refresh request" from the
   peer, the speaker MUST send a BoRR message.  After the speaker
   completes the re-advertisement of the entire Adj-RIB-Out to the peer,
   it MUST send an EoRR message.

   Conceptually the "entire Adj-RIB-Out" for a peer in this section
   refers to all the route entries in the "Adj-RIB-Out" for the peer at



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   the start of the route refresh operation.  These route entries
   comprise both the reachability as well as unreachability information.
   When a route entry in the "Adj-RIB-Out" changes, only the modified
   route entry needs to be advertised.

   In processing a ROUTE-REFRESH message from a peer, the BGP speaker
   MUST examine the "message subtype" field of the message and take the
   appropriate actions.  The message processing rules for ROUTE-REFRESH
   message with subtype of 0 are described in [RFC2918] and [RFC5291].
   A BGP speaker can receive a BoRR message from a peer at any time,
   either as a result of a peer responding to a ROUTE-REFESH message, or
   as a result of a peer unilaterally initiating a route refresh.  When
   a BGP speaker receives a BoRR message from a peer, it MUST mark all
   the routes with the given Address Family Identifer and Subsequent
   Address Family Identifier, <AFI, SAFI> [RFC2918] from that peer as
   stale.  As it receives routes from its peer's subsequent Adj-RIB-Out
   re-advertisement, these replace any corresponding stale routes.  When
   a BGP speaker receives an EoRR message from a peer, it MUST
   immediately remove any routes from the peer that are still marked as
   stale for that <AFI, SAFI>.  Such purged routes MAY be logged for
   future analysis.  A BGP speaker MAY ignore any EoRR message received
   without a prior receipt of an associated BoRR message.  Such messages
   MAY be logged for future analysis.

   An implementation MAY impose a locally configurable upper bound on
   how long it would retain any stale routes.  Once the upper bound is
   reached, the implementation MAY remove any routes from the peer that
   are still marked as stale for that <AFI, SAFI> without waiting for an
   EoRR message.

   The following procedures are specified in order to simplify the
   interaction with the BGP Graceful Restart [RFC4724].  In particular,
   these procedures ensure that End-of-RIB (EoR) defined in Graceful
   Restart and EoRR as defined in this specification are kept separate,
   thereby avoiding any premature cleanup of stale routes.  For a BGP
   speaker that supports the BGP Graceful Restart, it MUST NOT send a
   BoRR for an <AFI, SAFI> to a neighbor before it sends the EoR for the
   <AFI, SAFI> to the neighbor.  A BGP speaker that has received the
   Graceful Restart Capability from its neighbor, MUST ignore any BoRRs
   for an <AFI, SAFI> from the neighbor before the speaker receives the
   EoR for the given <AFI, SAFI> from the neighbor.  The BGP speaker
   SHOULD log an error of the condition for further analysis.

5.  Error Handling

   This document defines a new NOTIFICATION error code:





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          Error Code   Symbolic Name

            TBD        ROUTE-REFRESH Message Error

   The following error subcodes are defined as well:

          Subcode      Symbolic Name

             1         Invalid Message Length

   The error handling specified in this section is applicable only when
   a BGP speaker has received the "Enhanced Route Refresh Capability"
   from a peer.

   If the length, excluding the fixed-size message header, of the
   received ROUTE-REFRESH message with Message Subtype 1 and 2 is not 4,
   then the BGP speaker MUST send a NOTIFICATION message with the Error
   Code of "ROUTE-REFRESH Message Error" and the subcode of "Invalid
   Message Length".  The Data field of the NOTIFICATION message MUST
   contain the complete ROUTE-REFRESH message.

   When the BGP speaker receives a ROUTE-REFRESH message with a "Message
   Subtype" field other than 0, 1 or 2, it MUST ignore the received
   ROUTE-REFRESH message.  It SHOULD log an error for further analysis.

6.  IANA Considerations

   This document defines the Enhanced Route Refresh Capability for BGP.
   The Capability Code 70 has been assigned by the IANA from the "BGP
   Capability Codes" registry.  IANA should update that registry entry
   to reference this document when it is published as an RFC.  This
   document also defines two new subcodes for the Route Refresh message.
   They need to be registered with the IANA.  We request IANA to create
   a new registry for the Route Refresh message subcodes as follows:

        Under "Border Gateway Protocol (BGP) Parameters":
        Registry: "BGP Route Refresh Subcodes"
        Reference: [RFC-to-Be]
        Registration Procedure(s): Values 0-127 Standards Action, values
        128-254 First Come, First Served, Value 255 reserved

        Value   Code                Reference
        0       Route-Refresh       [RFC2918], [RFC5291]
        1       BoRR                [RFC-to-Be]
        2       EoRR                [RFC-to-Be]
        3-127   Unassigned
        128-254 Unassigned
        255     Reserved            [RFC-to-Be]



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   In addition, this document defines a NOTIFICATION error code and an
   error subcode related to the ROUTE-REFRESH message.  We request IANA
   to allocate a new error code from the "BGP Error Codes" registry with
   the symbolic name "ROUTE-REFRESH Message Error", referencing this
   document.  We request IANA to create a new registry for the error
   subcodes as follows:

        Under "BGP Error Subcodes":
        Registry: "BGP ROUTE-REFRESH Message Error subcodes"
        Reference: [RFC-to-Be]
        Registration Procedure(s): Values 0-127 Standards Action, values
        128-255 First Come, First Served

        Value   Code                     Reference
        0       Reserved
        1       Invalid Message Length   [RFC-to-Be]
        2-127   Unassigned
        128-255 Unassigned

7.  Security Considerations

   Security considerations are given in [RFC4272] , but do not cover
   Route-Refresh and many other BGP extensions.  This draft does not
   significantly change the underlying security issues regarding Route-
   Refresh, although improved error handling may aid operational
   security.

8.  Acknowledgements

   The authors would like to thank Pedro Marques, Pradosh Mohapatra,
   Robert Raszuk, Pranav Mehta, Shyam Sethuram, Bruno Decraene, Martin
   Djernaes, Jeff Haas, Ilya Varlashkin, Rob Shakir, Paul Jakma, Jie
   Dong, Qing Zeng, Albert Tian, Jakob Heitz and Chris Hall for their
   review and comments.  The authors would like to thank John Scudder
   for the review and contribution to this document.

9.  Normative References

   [RFC2119]  Bradner, S., "Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate
              Requirement Levels", BCP 14, RFC 2119, March 1997.

   [RFC2918]  Chen, E., "Route Refresh Capability for BGP-4", RFC 2918,
              September 2000.

   [RFC4271]  Rekhter, Y., Li, T., and S. Hares, "A Border Gateway
              Protocol 4 (BGP-4)", RFC 4271, January 2006.





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   [RFC4272]  Murphy, S., "BGP Security Vulnerabilities Analysis", RFC
              4272, January 2006.

   [RFC4724]  Sangli, S., Chen, E., Fernando, R., Scudder, J., and Y.
              Rekhter, "Graceful Restart Mechanism for BGP", RFC 4724,
              January 2007.

   [RFC5291]  Chen, E. and Y. Rekhter, "Outbound Route Filtering
              Capability for BGP-4", RFC 5291, August 2008.

   [RFC5492]  Scudder, J. and R. Chandra, "Capabilities Advertisement
              with BGP-4", RFC 5492, February 2009.

Authors' Addresses

   Keyur Patel
   Cisco Systems
   170 W. Tasman Drive
   San Jose, CA  95134
   USA

   Email: keyupate@cisco.com


   Enke Chen
   Cisco Systems
   170 W. Tasman Drive
   San Jose, CA  95134
   USA

   Email: enkechen@cisco.com


   Balaji Venkatachalapathy

   Email: balaji_pv@hotmail.com















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