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Versions: 00 01 RFC 3146

Internet-Draft                                      K. Fujisawa, A. Onoe
<draft-ietf-ipngwg-1394-01.txt>                         Sony Corporation
Expires: August, 2001                                      February 2001

          Transmission of IPv6 Packets over IEEE 1394 Networks

Status of this memo

     This document is an Internet-Draft and is in full conformance
     with all provisions of Section 10 of RFC2026.

     Internet-Drafts are working documents of the Internet Engineering
     Task Force (IETF), its areas, and its working groups.  Note that
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Abstract

   IEEE Std 1394-1995 is a standard for a High Performance Serial Bus.
   This document describes the frame format for transmission of IPv6
   [IPV6] packets and the method of forming IPv6 link-local addresses
   and statelessly autoconfigured addresses on IEEE1394 networks.
   It also describes the content of the Source/Target Link-layer Address
   option used in Neighbor Discovery [DISC] when the messages are
   transmitted on an IEEE1394 network.














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1. INTRODUCTION

   IEEE Std 1394-1995 (and its amendment) is a standard for a High
   Performance Serial Bus.  IETF IP1394 Working Group has standardized
   the method to carry IPv4 datagrams and ARP packets over IEEE1394
   subnetwork [IP1394].

   This document describes the frame format for transmission of IPv6
   [IPV6] packets and the method of forming IPv6 link-local addresses
   and statelessly autoconfigured addresses on IEEE1394 networks.
   It also describes the content of the Source/Target Link-layer Address
   option used in Neighbor Discovery [DISC] when the messages are
   transmitted on an IEEE1394 network.

2. SPECIFICATION TERMINOLOGY

   The key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", "SHALL", "SHALL NOT",
   "SHOULD", "SHOULD NOT", "RECOMMENDED",  "MAY", and "OPTIONAL" in this
   document are to be interpreted as described in RFC 2119.

3. IPv6-CAPABLE NODES

   An IPv6-capable node MUST fulfill the following minimum requirements:

   - it MUST implement configuration ROM in the general format
     specified by ISO/IEC 13213:1994 and MUST implement the bus
     information block specified by IEEE Std 1394a-2000 [1394a]
     and a unit directory specified by this document;

   - the max_rec field in its bus information block MUST be at least 8;
     this indicates an ability to accept block write requests and
     asynchronous stream packets with data payload of 512 octets. The
     same ability MUST also apply to read requests; that is, the node
     MUST be able to transmit a block response packet with a data
     payload of 512 octets;

   - it MUST be isochronous resource manager capable, as specified by
     IEEE Std 1394a-2000;

   - it MUST support both reception and transmission of asynchronous
     streams as specified by IEEE Std 1394a-2000.

4. LINK ENCAPSULATION AND FRAGMENTATION

   The encapsulation and fragmentation mechanism MUST be the same
   as "4. LINK ENCAPSULATION AND FRAGMENTATION" of [IP1394].

        Note: Since there is an ether_type field to discriminate



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        protocols and MCAP (multicast channel allocation protocol) is
        used for both IPv4 and IPv6, the version field in GASP (global
        asynchronous stream packet) header of IPv6 datagrams is the same
        value (one) as [IP1394].

   The ether_type value for IPv6 is 0x86dd.

   The default MTU size for IPv6 packets on an IEEE1394 network is 1500
   octets.  This size may be reduced by a Router Advertisement [DISC]
   containing an MTU option which specifies a smaller MTU, or by manual
   configuration of each node.  If a Router Advertisement received on
   an IEEE1394 interface has an MTU option specifying an MTU larger than
   1500, or larger than a manually configured value, that MTU option may
   be logged to system management but MUST be otherwise ignored. The
   mechanism to extend MTU size between particular two nodes is for
   further study.

5. CONFIGURATION ROM

   Configuration ROM for IPv6-capable nodes MUST contain a unit
   directory in the format specified by [IP1394] except following rules.

   - The value for Unit_SW_Version is {to be assigned by IANA}.

   - The textual descriptor for the Unit_SW_Version MUST be "IPv6".

        Note: A dual-stack (IPv4 and IPv6) node will have two unit
        directories for IPv4 and IPv6 respectively.

6. STATELESS AUTOCONFIGURATION

   The Interface Identifier [AARCH] for an IEEE1394 interface is formed
   from the interface's built-in EUI-64 by complementing the
   "Universal/Local" (U/L) bit, which is the next-to-lowest order bit of
   the first octet of the EUI-64.  Complementing this bit will generally
   change a 0 value to a 1, since an interface's built-in EUI-64 is
   expected to be from a universally administered address space and
   hence have a globally unique value.  A universally administered EUI-
   64 is signified by a 0 in the U/L bit position, while a globally
   unique IPv6 Interface Identifier is signified by a 1 in the
   corresponding position. For further discussion on this point, see
   [AARCH].

   An IPv6 address prefix used for stateless autoconfiguration [ACONF]
   of an IEEE1394 interface MUST have a length of 64 bits.

7. LINK-LOCAL ADDRESSES




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   The IPv6 link-local address [AARCH] for an IEEE1394 interface is
   formed by appending the Interface Identifier, as defined above, to
   the prefix FE80::/64.

       10 bits            54 bits                  64 bits
     +----------+-----------------------+----------------------------+
     |1111111010|         (zeros)       |    Interface Identifier    |
     +----------+-----------------------+----------------------------+

8. ADDRESS MAPPING FOR UNICAST

   The procedure for mapping IPv6 unicast addresses into IEEE1394 link-
   layer addresses uses the Neighbor Discovery [DISC].  Since 1394 link
   address (node_ID) will not be constant across a 1394 bridge, we have
   chosen not to put it in the Link-layer Address option.  The recipient
   of the Neighbor Discovery SHOULD use the source_ID (obtained from
   either the asynchronous packet header or the GASP header) in
   conjunction with the content of the Source link-layer address.  An
   implementation MAY use some other methods to obtain a node_ID of the
   sender utilizing a mapping table between node_unique_ID (EUI-64) and
   node_ID.  The mechanism to make such mapping table is out of scope of
   this document.
   The recipient of an Neighbor Discovery packet MUST ignore it unless
   the most significant ten bits of the source_ID are equal to either
   0x3FF or the most significant ten bits of the recipient's NODE_IDS
   register.

   The Source/Target Link-layer Address option has the following form
   when the link layer is IEEE1394.

                         1                   2                   3
      0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
     +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
     |     Type      |  Length = 3   |                               |
     +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+                            ---+
     |                    node_unique_ID (EUI-64)                    |
     +---                            +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
     |                               |    max_rec    |      spd      |
     +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
     |                          unicast_FIFO                         |
     +---                            +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
     |                               |            reserved           |
     +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
     |                            reserved                           |
     +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+

   Type            1 for Source Link-layer address.
                   2 for Target Link-layer address.



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   Length          3 (in units of 8 octets).

   node_unique_ID  This field contains the node unique ID of the
                   node and MUST be equal to that specified in the
                   node's configuration ROM.

   max_rec         This field MUST be equal to the value of max_rec
                   in the node's configuration ROM.

   spd             This field MUST be set to the lesser of the node's
                   link speed and PHY speed. The link speed is the
                   maximum speed at which the link may send or
                   receive packets; the PHY speed is the maximum
                   speed at which the PHY may send, receive or repeat
                   packets. The encoding used for spd is specified in
                   the Table 2 of [IP1394].

   unicast_FIFO    This field MUST specify the 48-bit offset of the
                   node's FIFO available for the receipt of IPv6
                   datagrams. The offset of a node's unicast FIFO
                   MUST NOT change, except as the result of a power
                   reset.

   reserved        This field MUST be set to all zeros by the sender
                   and ignored by the receiver.

   Note that node_ID may change when 1394 bus-reset occurs. The mapping
   cache held in the node SHOULD be cleared on 1394 bus-reset.

   According to [1394], the maximum data payload and the transmission
   speed SHOULD be determined based on the sender's capability, the
   recipient's capability, and the PHYs of all intervening nodes.

9. IPv6 MULTICAST

   By default, all best-effort IPv6 multicast MUST use asynchronous
   stream packets whose channel number is equal to the channel field
   from the BROADCAST_CHANNEL register.  In particular, datagrams
   addressed to all-nodes multicast addresses, all-routers multicast
   addresses, and solicited-node multicast addresses [AARCH] MUST use
   the default channel specified by the BROADCAST_CHANNEL register.

   Best-effort IPv6 multicast for other multicast group addresses may
   utilize a different channel number if such a channel number is
   allocated and advertised prior to use, by the multicast channel
   allocation protocol (MCAP), as described in [IP1394].

   When a node wishes to receive multicast data addressed to other than



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   all-nodes multicast addresses, all-routers multicast addresses, and
   solicited-node multicast addresses, it MUST confirm if the channel
   mapping between a multicast group address and a channel number exists
   using MCAP, as described in "9.3 Multicast Receive" in [IP1394].

   The implementation of MCAP is optional for send-only nodes.  A node
   MAY transmit multicast data addressed to any multicast addresses into
   the default broadcast channel regardless of the existing allocation
   of the channel.  If a node wishes to transmit multicast data on other
   than the default channel, it MUST first confirm by MCAP whether or
   not a channel number for the group address has been already
   allocated.  The implementors are encouraged to use this protocol when
   transmitting high-rate multicast streams.

   The MCAP 'type' value for IPv6 group address descriptor is {to be
   assigned by IANA}.

10. IANA CONSIDERATIONS

   The value for Unit_SW_Version, described in section 5, MUST be
   assigned from the name space "CSR Protocol Identifiers" managed by
   IANA.  The detail of the "CSR Protocol Identifiers" is described in
   "10. IANA CONSIDERATIONS" of [IP1394].

   The value for MCAP type value, described in section 9, MUST be
   managed and assigned by IANA.  MCAP (Multicast Channel Allocation
   Protocol) is defined in RFC2734, which is used to manage channels in
   IEEE1394 busses by IP-based protocols.  RFC2734 section 9.1 defines
   MCAP group address descriptor format.  It has 8-bit type field which
   indicates a type of a MCAP descriptor.  The values 'zero' and '255'
   should be reserved and MUST NOT be allocated.  The value 'one' is
   assigned for IPv4 Multicast Group address in RFC2734.

Security Considerations

   The method of derivation of Interface Identifiers from EUI-64 is
   intended to preserve global uniqueness when possible.  However, there
   is no protection from duplication through accident or forgery.

Acknowledgment

   The authors would like to acknowledge the authors of [IP1394] and
   [ETHER] since some part of this document has been derived from them.

References

    [1394]   IEEE Std 1394-1995, Standard for a High Performance Serial
             Bus



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    [1394a]  IEEE Std 1394a-2000, Standard for a High Performance Serial
             Bus - Amendment 1

    [IP1394] P. Johansson, "IPv4 over IEEE 1394", RFC 2734, December
             1999.

    [IPV6]   S. Deering, R. Hinden, "Internet Protocol, Version 6 (IPv6)
             Specification", RFC2460, Dec 1998.

    [AARCH]  R. Hinden, S. Deering "IP Version 6 Addressing
             Architecture", RFC2373.

    [ACONF]  S. Thomson, T. Narten, "IPv6 Stateless Address
             Autoconfiguration", RFC2462, Dec 1998.

    [DISC]   T. Narten, E. Nordmark, W. A. Simpson, "Neighbor Discovery
             for IP Version 6 (IPv6)", RFC2461, Dec 1998.

    [ETHER]  M. Crawford, "Transmission of IPv6 Packets over Ethernet
             Networks", RFC2464, Dec 1998.

Authors' address

   Kenji Fujisawa
   PNC Development Center, Sony Corporation
   6-7-35 Kitashinagawa, Shinagawa-ku, Tokyo 141-0001, JAPAN
   Tel: +81-3-5795-8507
   Fax: +81-3-5795-8977
   Email: fujisawa@sm.sony.co.jp

   Atsushi Onoe
   Internet Systems Laboratory, IN Laboratories, Sony Corporation
   6-7-35 Kitashinagawa, Shinagawa-ku, Tokyo 141-0001, JAPAN
   Tel: +81-3-5448-4620
   Fax: +81-3-5448-4622
   Email: onoe@sm.sony.co.jp















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