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Versions: (draft-karp-morg-sortdisplay) 00 01 02 03 RFC 5957

Message Organization Working Group                               D. Karp
Internet-Draft                                                    Zimbra
Updates: 5256 (if approved)                            February 24, 2010
Intended status: Standards Track
Expires: August 28, 2010


       Display-based Address Sorting for the IMAP4 SORT Extension
                     draft-ietf-morg-sortdisplay-03

Abstract

   This document describes an IMAP protocol extension enabling server-
   side message sorting on the commonly-displayed portion of the From
   and To header fields.

Status of this Memo

   This Internet-Draft is submitted to IETF in full conformance with the
   provisions of BCP 78 and BCP 79.

   Internet-Drafts are working documents of the Internet Engineering
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   This Internet-Draft will expire on August 28, 2010.

Copyright Notice

   Copyright (c) 2010 IETF Trust and the persons identified as the
   document authors.  All rights reserved.

   This document is subject to BCP 78 and the IETF Trust's Legal
   Provisions Relating to IETF Documents
   (http://trustee.ietf.org/license-info) in effect on the date of
   publication of this document.  Please review these documents



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   carefully, as they describe your rights and restrictions with respect
   to this document.  Code Components extracted from this document must
   include Simplified BSD License text as described in Section 4.e of
   the Trust Legal Provisions and are provided without warranty as
   described in the BSD License.


Table of Contents

   1.  Conventions Used in This Document . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
   2.  Introduction  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
   3.  DISPLAY Sort Value for an Address . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
   4.  The DISPLAYFROM and DISPLAYTO Sort Criteria . . . . . . . . . . 4
   5.  Formal Syntax . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
   6.  Security Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
   7.  Internationalization Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
   8.  IANA Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
   9.  Normative References  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
   Author's Address  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
































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1.  Conventions Used in This Document

   The key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", "SHALL", "SHALL NOT",
   "SHOULD", "SHOULD NOT", "RECOMMENDED", "MAY", and "OPTIONAL" in this
   document are to be interpreted as described in [RFC2119].


2.  Introduction

   The [SORT] extension to the [IMAP] protocol provides a means for
   server-based sorting of messages.  It defines a set of sort criteria
   and the mechanism for determining the sort value of a message for
   each such ordering.

   The [SORT] FROM and TO orderings sort messages lexically on the
   [IMAP] addr-mailbox of the first address in the message's From and To
   headers, respectively.  This document provides two alternate
   orderings, DISPLAYFROM and DISPLAYTO, which sort messages based on
   the first From or To address's [IMAP] addr-name (generally the same
   as its [RFC5322] display-name), when present.

   A server that supports the full [SORT] extension as well as both the
   DISPLAYFROM and DISPLAYTO sort criteria indicates this by returning
   "SORT=DISPLAY" in its CAPABILITY response.


3.  DISPLAY Sort Value for an Address

   For the purposes of the sort criteria defined in this document, the
   sort value for an [IMAP] address structure is defined as follows:

   o  If the address structure's [IMAP] addr-name is non-NIL, apply the
      procedure from [RFC5255] section 4.6.  (That is, decode any
      [RFC2047] encoded-words and convert the resulting character string
      into a charset valid for the currently-active [RFC4790] collation,
      with a default of UTF-8.)  If the resulting octet string is not
      the empty string, use it as the sort value for the address.

   o  Otherwise, if the address structure's [IMAP] addr-mailbox and
      [IMAP] addr-host are both non-NIL, the sort value for the address
      is addr-mailbox@addr-host.

   o  Otherwise, if the address structure's [IMAP] addr-mailbox is non-
      NIL, the sort value for the address is its addr-mailbox.

   o  If none of the above conditions are met, the sort value for the
      address is the empty string.




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4.  The DISPLAYFROM and DISPLAYTO Sort Criteria

   This document introduces two new [SORT] sort criteria, DISPLAYFROM
   and DISPLAYTO.  A message's sort value under these orderings MUST be
   derived as follows:

   A "derived-addr" value is created from the [IMAP] envelope structure
   resulting from a FETCH ENVELOPE on the message.  For DISPLAYFROM, the
   derived-addr value is the [IMAP] env-from value.  For DISPLAYTO, the
   derived-addr value is the [IMAP] env-to value.

   o  If the derived-addr value is NIL, the message's sort value is the
      empty string.

   o  Otherwise, the message's sort value is the DISPLAY sort value of
      the first [IMAP] address in the derived-addr value.


5.  Formal Syntax

   The following syntax specification uses the Augmented Backus-Naur
   Form (ABNF) notation as specified in [RFC5234].  [IMAP] defines the
   non-terminal "capability" and [SORT] defines "sort-key".

capability    =/ "SORT=DISPLAY"

sort-key      =/ "DISPLAYFROM" / "DISPLAYTO"


6.  Security Considerations

   This document defines an additional IMAP4 capability.  As such, it
   does not change the underlying security considerations of [IMAP].
   The author believes that no new security issues are introduced with
   this additional IMAP4 capability.


7.  Internationalization Considerations

   DISPLAYFROM and DISPLAYTO are string-based sort criteria.  As stated
   in [SORT], the active [RFC4790] collation as per [RFC5255] MUST be
   used when sorting such strings.

   The DISPLAYFROM and DISPLAYTO orderings sort on the full decoded
   [IMAP] addr-name, when present.  They do not attempt to parse this
   string in a locale- or language-dependent manner in order to
   determine and sort on some semantically meaningful substring such as
   the surname.



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8.  IANA Considerations

   [IMAP] capabilities are registered by publishing a standards track or
   IESG-approved experimental RFC.  This document constitutes
   registration of the SORT=DISPLAY capability in the [IMAP]
   capabilities registry.


9.  Normative References

   [IMAP]     Crispin, M., "INTERNET MESSAGE ACCESS PROTOCOL - VERSION
              4rev1", RFC 3501, March 2003.

   [RFC2047]  Moore, K., "MIME (Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions)
              Part Three: Message Header Extensions for Non-ASCII Text",
              RFC 2047, November 1996.

   [RFC2119]  Bradner, S., "Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate
              Requirement Levels", BCP 14, RFC 2119, March 1997.

   [RFC4790]  Newman, C., Duerst, M., and A. Gulbrandsen, "Internet
              Application Protocol Collation Registry", RFC 4790,
              March 2007.

   [RFC5234]  Crocker, D. and P. Overell, "Augmented BNF for Syntax
              Specifications: ABNF", STD 68, RFC 5234, January 2008.

   [RFC5255]  Newman, C., Gulbrandsen, A., and A. Melnikov, "Internet
              Message Access Protocol Internationalization", RFC 5255,
              June 2008.

   [RFC5322]  Resnick, P., Ed., "Internet Message Format", RFC 5322,
              October 2008.

   [SORT]     Crispin, M. and K. Murchison, "Internet Message Access
              Protocol - SORT and THREAD Extensions", RFC 5256,
              June 2008.














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Author's Address

   Dan Karp
   Zimbra
   3401 Hillview Avenue
   Palo Alto, CA  94304
   USA

   Email: dkarp@zimbra.com
   URI:   http://www.zimbra.com









































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