[Docs] [txt|pdf] [Tracker] [WG] [Email] [Diff1] [Diff2] [Nits]

Versions: (draft-ryoogray-mpls-tp-psc-itu) 00 01 02 03 04 RFC 7271

MPLS Working Group                                          J. Ryoo, Ed.
Internet-Draft                                                      ETRI
Updates: 6378 (if approved)                                 E. Gray, Ed.
Intended status: Standards Track                                Ericsson
Expires: August 12, 2014                                 H. van Helvoort
                                                     Huawei Technologies
                                                         A. D'Alessandro
                                                          Telecom Italia
                                                               T. Cheung
                                                                    ETRI
                                                              E. Osborne
                                                     Cisco Systems, Inc.
                                                        February 8, 2014


    MPLS Transport Profile (MPLS-TP) Linear Protection to Match the
  Operational Expectations of SDH, OTN and Ethernet Transport Network
                               Operators
                   draft-ietf-mpls-tp-psc-itu-02.txt

Abstract

   This document describes alternate mechanisms to perform some of the
   sub-functions of MPLS Transport Profile (MPLS-TP) linear protection
   defined in RFC 6378, and also defines additional mechanisms.  The
   purpose of these alternate and additional mechanisms is to provide
   operator control and experience that more closely models the behavior
   of linear protection seen in other transport networks.

   This document also introduces capabilities and modes for linear
   protection.  A capability is an individual behavior, and a mode is a
   particular combination of capabilities.  Two modes are defined in
   this document: Protection State Coordination (PSC) mode and Automatic
   Protection Switching (APS) mode.

   This document describes the behavior of the PSC protocol including
   priority logic and state machine when all the capabilities associated
   with the APS mode are enabled.

   This document updates RFC 6378 in that the capability advertisement
   method defined here is an addition to that document.

Status of This Memo

   This Internet-Draft is submitted in full conformance with the
   provisions of BCP 78 and BCP 79.





Ryoo, et al.             Expires August 12, 2014                [Page 1]

Internet-Draft            MPLS-TP LP for ITU-T             February 2014


   Internet-Drafts are working documents of the Internet Engineering
   Task Force (IETF).  Note that other groups may also distribute
   working documents as Internet-Drafts.  The list of current Internet-
   Drafts is at http://datatracker.ietf.org/drafts/current/.

   Internet-Drafts are draft documents valid for a maximum of six months
   and may be updated, replaced, or obsoleted by other documents at any
   time.  It is inappropriate to use Internet-Drafts as reference
   material or to cite them other than as "work in progress."

   This Internet-Draft will expire on August 12, 2014.

Copyright Notice

   Copyright (c) 2014 IETF Trust and the persons identified as the
   document authors.  All rights reserved.

   This document is subject to BCP 78 and the IETF Trust's Legal
   Provisions Relating to IETF Documents
   (http://trustee.ietf.org/license-info) in effect on the date of
   publication of this document.  Please review these documents
   carefully, as they describe your rights and restrictions with respect
   to this document.  Code Components extracted from this document must
   include Simplified BSD License text as described in Section 4.e of
   the Trust Legal Provisions and are provided without warranty as
   described in the Simplified BSD License.

Table of Contents

   1.  Introduction  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   3
   2.  Conventions Used in This Document . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   5
   3.  Acronyms  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   5
   4.  Capability 1: Priority Modification . . . . . . . . . . . . .   6
     4.1.  Motivations for swapping priorities of FS and SF-P  . . .   6
     4.2.  Motivation for raising the priority of SFc  . . . . . . .   7
     4.3.  Motivation for introducing Freeze command . . . . . . . .   7
     4.4.  Procedures in support of Capability 1 . . . . . . . . . .   7
   5.  Capability 2: Non-revertive Behavior Modification . . . . . .   8
   6.  Capability 3: Support of MS-W Command . . . . . . . . . . . .   8
     6.1.  Motivation for adding MS-W  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   8
     6.2.  Terminology to support MS-W . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   9
     6.3.  Behavior of MS-P and MS-W . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   9
     6.4.  Equal priority resolution for MS  . . . . . . . . . . . .   9
   7.  Capability 4: Support of Protection against SD  . . . . . . .  10
     7.1.  Motivation for supporting protection against SD . . . . .  10
     7.2.  Terminology to support SD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  10
     7.3.  Behavior of protection against SD . . . . . . . . . . . .  11
     7.4.  Equal priority resolution . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  12



Ryoo, et al.             Expires August 12, 2014                [Page 2]

Internet-Draft            MPLS-TP LP for ITU-T             February 2014


   8.  Capability 5: Support of EXER Command . . . . . . . . . . . .  13
   9.  Capabilities and Modes  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  14
     9.1.  Capabilities  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  14
       9.1.1.  Sending and receiving the Capabilities TLV  . . . . .  15
     9.2.  Modes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  15
       9.2.1.  PSC mode  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  16
       9.2.2.  APS mode  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  16
   10. PSC Protocol in APS Mode  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  16
     10.1.  Request field in PSC protocol message  . . . . . . . . .  16
     10.2.  Priorities of local inputs and remote requests . . . . .  16
     10.3.  Acceptance and retention of local inputs . . . . . . . .  19
   11. State Transition Tables in APS Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . .  19
     11.1.  State transition by local inputs . . . . . . . . . . . .  22
     11.2.  State transition by remote messages  . . . . . . . . . .  24
     11.3.  State transition for 1+1 unidirectional
            protection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  26
   12. Provisioning Mismatch and Protocol Failure in the APS Mode  .  27
   13. Security Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  28
   14. IANA Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  28
     14.1.  MPLS PSC Request Registry  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  28
     14.2.  MPLS PSC TLV Registry  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  28
     14.3.  MPLS PSC Capability Flag Registry  . . . . . . . . . . .  28
   15. Acknowledgements  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  29
   16. References  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  29
     16.1.  Normative References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  29
     16.2.  Informative References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  29
   Appendix A.  An Example of Out-of-service Ccenarios . . . . . . .  30
   Appendix B.  An Example of Sequence Diagram Showing
                the Problem with the Priority Level of SFc . . . . .  31
   Appendix C.  Freeze Command . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  33
   Appendix D.  Operation Examples of the APS Mode . . . . . . . . .  33
   Authors' Addresses  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  37

1.  Introduction

   Linear protection mechanisms for the MPLS Transport Profile (MPLS-TP)
   are described in RFC 6378 [RFC6378] to meet the requirements
   described in RFC 5654 [RFC5654].

   This document describes alternate mechanisms to perform some of the
   sub-functions of linear protection, and also defines additional
   mechanisms.  The purpose of these alternate and additional mechanisms
   is to provide operator control and experience that more closely
   models the behavior of linear protection seen in other transport
   networks, such as Synchronous Digital Hierarchy (SDH), Optical
   Transport Network (OTN) and Ethernet transport networks.  Linear
   protection for SDH, OTN, and Ethernet transport networks are defined




Ryoo, et al.             Expires August 12, 2014                [Page 3]

Internet-Draft            MPLS-TP LP for ITU-T             February 2014


   in ITU-T Recommendations G.841 [G841], G.873.1 [G873.1] and G.8031
   [G8031], respectively.

   The reader of this document is assumed to be familiar with RFC 6378.

   The alternative mechanisms described in this document are for the
   following capabilities:

   1.  Priority modification,

   2.  non-revertive behavior modification,

   and the following capabilities have been added to define additional
   mechanisms:

   3.  support of Manual Switch to Working path (MS-W) command,

   4.  support of protection against Signal Degrade (SD), and

   5.  support of Exercise (EXER) command.

   Priority modification includes priority swapping between Signal Fail
   on Protection path (SF-P) and Forced Switch (FS), and raising the
   priority level of Clear Signal Fail (SFc).

   Non-revertive behavior is modified to align with the behavior defined
   in RFC 4427 [RFC4427] as well as to follow the behavior of linear
   protection seen in other transport networks.

   Support of MS-W command to revert traffic to the working path in non-
   revertive operation is covered in this document.

   Support of protection switching protocol against SD is covered in
   this document.  The specifics for the method of identifying SD is out
   of the scope of this document similarly to Signal Fail (SF) for RFC
   6378.

   Support of EXER command to test if the Protection State Coordination
   (PSC) communication is operating correctly is also covered in this
   document.  More specifically, EXER command tests and validates the
   linear protection mechanism and PSC protocol including the aliveness
   of the priority logic, the PSC state machine and the PSC message
   generation and reception, and the integrity of the protection path,
   without triggering the actual traffic switching.

   This document introduces capabilities and modes.  A capability is an
   individual behavior.  The capabilities of a node are advertised using
   the method given in this document.  A mode is a particular



Ryoo, et al.             Expires August 12, 2014                [Page 4]

Internet-Draft            MPLS-TP LP for ITU-T             February 2014


   combination of capabilities.  Two modes are defined in this document:
   PSC mode and Automatic Protection Switching (APS) mode.

   This document describes the behavior of the PSC protocol including
   the priority logic and the state machine when all the capabilities
   associated with the APS mode are enabled.  The PSC protocol behavior
   for the PSC mode is as defined in RFC 6378.

   This document updates RFC 6378 by adding a capability advertisement
   mechanism.  It is recommended that existing implementations of RFC
   6378 should be updated to support this capability.  The backward
   compatibility with existing implementations is described in
   Section 9.2.1.

2.  Conventions Used in This Document

   The key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", "SHALL", "SHALL NOT",
   "SHOULD", "SHOULD NOT", "RECOMMENDED", "MAY", and "OPTIONAL" in this
   document are to be interpreted as described in RFC 2119 [RFC2119].

3.  Acronyms






























Ryoo, et al.             Expires August 12, 2014                [Page 5]

Internet-Draft            MPLS-TP LP for ITU-T             February 2014


   This document uses the following acronyms:

   APS     Automatic Protection Switching
   DNR     Do-not-Revert
   EXER    Exercise
   FS      Forced Switch
   LER     Label Edge Router
   LO      Lockout of protection
   MS      Manual Switch
   MS-P    Manual Switch to Protection path
   MS-W    Manual Switch to Working path
   MPLS-TP MPLS Transport Profile
   NR      No Request
   OC      Operator Clear
   OTN     Optical Transport Network
   PSC     Protection State Coordination
   RR      Reverse Request
   SD      Signal Degrade
   SDH     Synchronous Digital Hierarchy
   SD-P    Signal Degrade on Protection path
   SD-W    Signal Degrade on Working path
   SF      Signal Fail
   SFc     Clear Signal Fail
   SFDc    Clear Signal Fail or Degrade
   SF-P    Signal Fail on Protection path
   SF-W    Signal Fail on Working path
   WTR     Wait-to-Restore

4.  Capability 1: Priority Modification

   RFC 6378 [RFC6378] defines the priority of FS to be higher than that
   of SF-P.  That document also defines the priority of Clear SF (SFc)
   to be low.  This document defines the priority modification
   capability whereby the priorities of FS and SF-P are swapped and the
   priority of Clear SF (SFc) is raised.  In addition, this capability
   introduces the use of Freeze command as described in Appendix C.  The
   reasons for these changes are explained in the following sub-sections
   from technical and network operational aspects.

4.1.  Motivations for swapping priorities of FS and SF-P

   Defining the priority of FS higher than that of SF-P can result in a
   situation where the protected traffic is taken out-of-service.  When
   the protection path fails PSC communication may stop as a result.  In
   this case, if any input that is supposed to be signaled to the other
   end has a higher priority than SF-P then this can result in
   unpredictable protection switching state.  An example of the out-of-
   service scenarios is shown in Appendix A.



Ryoo, et al.             Expires August 12, 2014                [Page 6]

Internet-Draft            MPLS-TP LP for ITU-T             February 2014


   According to Section 2.4 of RFC 5654 [RFC5654] it MUST be possible to
   operate an MPLS-TP network without using a control plane.  This means
   that the PSC communication channel is very important for the transfer
   of external switch commands (e.g., FS), and these commands should not
   rely on the presence of a control plane.  In consequence, the failure
   of the PSC communication channel has higher priority than FS.

   In other transport networks (such as SDH, OTN, and Ethernet transport
   networks) the priority of SF-P has been higher than that of FS.  It
   is therefore important to offer network operators the option of
   having the same behavior in their MPLS-TP network so that they can
   have the same operational protection switching behavior to which they
   have become accustomed.  Typically, FS command is issued before
   network maintenance jobs, (e.g., replacing optical cables or other
   network components).  When an operator pulls out a cable on the
   protection path by mistake, the traffic should be protected and the
   operator expects this behavior based on his/her experience on the
   traditional transport network operations.

4.2.  Motivation for raising the priority of SFc

   The priority level of SFc defined in RFC 6378 can cause traffic
   disruption when a node that has experienced local signal fails on
   both the working and the protection paths is recovering from these
   failures.

   An example of sequence diagram showing the problem with the priority
   level of SFc as defined in RFC 6378 is shown in Appendix B.

4.3.  Motivation for introducing Freeze command

   With the priority swapping between FS and SF-P, the traffic is always
   moved back to the working path when SF-P occurs in Protecting
   administrative state.  In the case that network operators need an
   option to control their networks so that the traffic can remain on
   the protection path even when the PSC communication channel is
   broken, the Freeze command, which is a local command (i.e., not
   signaled to the other end) can be used.  The use of the Freeze
   command is described in Appendix C.

4.4.  Procedures in support of Capability 1

   When this capability is in use the list of local requests in order of
   priority SHALL be as follows:

      (from higher to lower)

   o  Clear Signal Fail



Ryoo, et al.             Expires August 12, 2014                [Page 7]

Internet-Draft            MPLS-TP LP for ITU-T             February 2014


   o  Signal Fail on Protection path

   o  Forced Switch

   o  Signal Fail on Working path

   This requires different PSC Control logic (including the state
   machine) compared to that described in RFC 6378.  Section 10 and
   Section 11 show the PSC Control logic when all of the capabilities in
   APS mode are enabled.

5.  Capability 2: Non-revertive Behavior Modification

   Non-revertive mode of protection switching is defined in RFC 4427
   [RFC4427].  In this mode, the traffic does not return to the working
   path when switch-over requests are terminated.

   However, the PSC protocol defined in RFC 6378 [RFC6378] supports this
   operation only when recovering from a defect condition: it does not
   support the non-revertive function when an operator's switch-over
   command, such as FS or Manual Switch (MS), is cleared.  To be aligned
   with the behavior in other transport networks and to be consistent
   with RFC 4427, a node should go into the Do-not-Revert (DNR) state
   not only when a failure condition on the working path is cleared, but
   also when an operator command that requested switch-over is cleared.

   This requires different PSC Control logic (including the state
   machine) compared to that described in RFC 6378.  Section 10 and
   Section 11 show the PSC Control logic when all of the capabilities in
   APS mode are enabled.

6.  Capability 3: Support of MS-W Command

6.1.  Motivation for adding MS-W

   Changing the non-revertive operation as described in Section 5
   introduces necessity of a new operator command to revert traffic to
   the working path when in the DNR state.  When the traffic is on the
   protection path in the DNR state, a Manual Switch to Working (MS-W)
   command is issued to switch the normal traffic back to working path.
   According to Section 4.3.3.6 (Do-not-Revert State) in RFC 6378
   [RFC6378], "to revert back to Normal state, the administrator SHALL
   issue a Lockout of protection (LO) command followed by a Clear
   command."  However, using LO command introduces the potential risk of
   an unprotected situation while the LO is in effect.

   Manual Switch-over for recovery LSP/span command is defined in RFC
   4427 [RFC4427].  Requirement 83 in RFC 5654 [RFC5654] states that the



Ryoo, et al.             Expires August 12, 2014                [Page 8]

Internet-Draft            MPLS-TP LP for ITU-T             February 2014


   external commands defined in RFC 4427 must be supported.  No such
   command is supported in PSC as defined in RFC 6378 so there is a need
   to provide support for that feature.  Note that the "Manual Switch-
   over for recovery LSP/span" command is the same as the MS-W command.

6.2.  Terminology to support MS-W

   RFC 6378 uses the term "Manual Switch" and its acronym "MS".  This
   document uses the term "Manual Switch to Protection path" and "MS-P"
   to have the same meaning, but avoid confusion with "Manual Switch to
   Working path" and its acronym "MS-W".

   Similarly, RFC 6378 uses the term "Protecting administrative state",
   and this document uses "Switching administrative state" to cover the
   same concept but also include the case where traffic is switched back
   to the working path by administrative MS-W command.

6.3.  Behavior of MS-P and MS-W

   If one of the MS-P and MS-W commands is received and processed after
   the other, the two commands SHALL have the same priority such that if
   one of the commands is already issued and accepted, the command that
   is issued afterwards SHALL be ignored.  However, if two Label Edge
   Routers (LERs) request opposite operations simultaneously (i.e., one
   LER sends MS-P and the other sends MS-W), the MS-W SHALL be
   considered to have a higher priority than MS-P, and MS-P SHALL NOT be
   accepted and SHALL be cancelled.

   Two commands, MS-P and MS-W are represented by the same Request field
   value, but differentiated by the FPath value.  When traffic is
   switched to the protection path, the FPath field SHALL indicate that
   the working path is being blocked (i.e., FPath set to 1), and the
   Path field SHALL indicate that user data traffic is being transported
   on the protection path (i.e., Path set to 1).  When traffic is
   switched to the working path, the FPath field SHALL indicate that the
   protection path is being blocked (i.e., FPath set to 0), and the Path
   field SHALL indicate that user data traffic is being transported on
   the working path (i.e., Path set to 0).

   When an MS command is in effect at an LER, any subsequent MS or EXER
   command and any other lower priority requests SHALL be ignored.

6.4.  Equal priority resolution for MS

   RFC 6378 defines only one rule for equal priority condition in
   Section 4.3.2 as "The remote message from the remote LER is assigned
   a priority just below the similar local input."  In order to support
   the manual switch behavior described in Section 6.3, additional rules



Ryoo, et al.             Expires August 12, 2014                [Page 9]

Internet-Draft            MPLS-TP LP for ITU-T             February 2014


   for equal priority resolution are required.  Since the support of
   protection against signal degrade also requires a similar equal
   priority resolution, the rules are described in Section 7.4.

   Support of this function requires changes to the PSC Control logic
   (including the state machine) compared to that shown in RFC 6378.
   Section 10 and Section 11 show the PSC Control logic when all of the
   capabilities in APS mode are enabled.

7.  Capability 4: Support of Protection against SD

7.1.  Motivation for supporting protection against SD

   In MPLS-TP survivability framework [RFC6372], fault conditions
   include both SF and SD that can be used to trigger protection
   switching.

   RFC 6378 [RFC6378], which defines the protection switching protocol
   for MPLS-TP does not specify how the SF and SD are detected, and
   specifies the protection switching protocol associated with SF only.

   The PSC protocol associated with SD is covered in this document, but
   the specifics for the method of identifying SD is out of the scope of
   the protection protocol similar to the facts that how SF is detect
   and how MS and FS commands are initiated in a management system and
   signaled to protection switching are out of its scope.

7.2.  Terminology to support SD

   In this document the term Clear Signal Fail or Degrade (SFDc) is used
   to indicate the clearance of either a degraded condition or a failure
   condition.

   The second paragraph of Section 4.3.3.2 Unavailable state in RFC 6378
   shows the intention of including Signal Degrade on Protection path
   (SD-P) in the Unavailable state.  Even though the protection path can
   be partially available under the condition of SD-P, this document
   follows the same state grouping as RFC 6378 for SD-P.

   The bullet item "Protecting failure state" in Section 3.6 in RFC 6378
   includes the degraded condition in Protecting failure state.  This
   document follows the same state grouping as RFC 6378 for Signal
   Degrade on Working path (SD-W).








Ryoo, et al.             Expires August 12, 2014               [Page 10]

Internet-Draft            MPLS-TP LP for ITU-T             February 2014


7.3.  Behavior of protection against SD

   In order to make the behavior of MPLS-TP networks consistent with
   that of other transport networks (such as SDH, OTN and Ethernet
   transport networks), the priorities of SD-P and SD-W are defined to
   be equal.  Once a switch has been completed due to SD on one path, it
   will not be overridden by SD on the other path (first come, first
   served behavior), to avoid protection switching that cannot improve
   signal quality.

   SD indicates that the transmitting end point has identified a
   degradation of the signal, or integrity of the packet transmission on
   either the working path or the protection path.  The FPath field
   SHALL identify the path that is reporting the degrade condition
   (i.e., if the protection path, then FPath is set to 0; if the working
   path, then FPath is set to 1), and the Path field SHALL indicate
   where the data traffic is being transported (i.e., if the working
   path is selected, then Path is set to 0; if the protection path is
   selected, then Path is set to 1).

   The Wait-to-Restore (WTR) timer is used when the protected domain is
   configured for revertive behavior and started at the node that
   recovers from a local degraded condition on the working path.

   Protection switching against SD is always provided by a selector
   bridge duplicating user data traffic and feeding it to both the
   working path and the protection path under SD condition.  When a
   local or remote SD occurs on either the working path or the
   protection path, the LER SHALL duplicate user data traffic and SHALL
   feed to both the working path and the protection path.  The packet
   duplication SHALL continue as long as any SD condition exists in the
   protected domain, and SHALL stop when there is no SD condition.
   Additionally, the packet duplication SHALL continue in the WTR state
   in revertive mode.  In non-revertive mode, the packet duplication
   SHALL stop when there is no SD condition.

   The selector bridge with the packet duplication under SD condition,
   which is a non-permanent bridge, is considered to be a 1:1 protection
   architecture.

   Protection switching against SD does not introduce any modification
   to the operation of the selector at the sink LER described in RFC
   6378.  The selector chooses either the working or protection path
   from which to receive the normal traffic in both 1:1 and 1+1
   architectures.  The position of the selector, i.e., which path to
   receive the traffic, is determined by the PSC protocol in
   bidirectional switching or by the local input in unidirectional
   switching.



Ryoo, et al.             Expires August 12, 2014               [Page 11]

Internet-Draft            MPLS-TP LP for ITU-T             February 2014


7.4.  Equal priority resolution

   In order to support the manual switch behavior described in
   Section 6.3 and the protection against Signal Degrade described in
   Section 7.3, the rules to resolve the equal priority requests are
   required.

   For the equal priority local inputs, such as MS and SD, first-come,
   first-served rule is applied.  Once a local input is determined as
   the highest priority local input, then a subsequent equal priority
   local input requesting a different action, i.e., the action results
   in the same PSC Request field but different FPath value, will not be
   presented to the PSC Control logic as the highest local request.
   Furthermore, in the case of MS command, the subsequent local MS
   command requesting a different action will be cancelled.

   If the LER is in a remote state due to a remote SD (or MS) message, a
   subsequent local input having the same priority but requesting
   different action to the PSC Control logic, will be considered as
   having lower priority than the remote message, and will be ignored.
   If the LER is in remote Switching administrative state due to a
   remote MS-P, then subsequent local MS-W SHALL be ignored and
   automatically cancelled.  If the LER is in remote Unavailable state
   due to a remote SD-P, then subsequent local SD-W input will be
   ignored.  However, the local SD-W SHALL appear in the Local Request
   logic as long as the SD condition exists, but SHALL NOT be the top
   priority global request, which determines the state transition at the
   PSC Control logic.

   There is a case where one LER receives a local input and the other
   LER receives, simultaneously, a local input with the same priority
   but requesting different action.  In this case, each of the two LERs
   receives a subsequent remote message having the same priority but
   requesting different action, while the LER is in a local state due to
   the local input.  When this case happens, a priority must be set for
   the inputs with the same priority regardless of its origin (local
   input or remote message).

   o  When MS-W and MS-P occur simultaneously at both LERs, MS-W SHALL
      be considered as having higher priority than MS-P at both LERs.

   o  When SD-W and SD-P occur simultaneously at both LERs, the SD on
      the standby path (the path from which the selector does not select
      the user data traffic) is considered as having higher priority
      than the SD on the active path (the path from which the selector
      selects the user data traffic) regardless of its origin (local or
      remote message).  Therefore, no unnecessary protection switching




Ryoo, et al.             Expires August 12, 2014               [Page 12]

Internet-Draft            MPLS-TP LP for ITU-T             February 2014


      is performed and the user data traffic continues to be selected
      from the active path.

   In the preceding paragraphs, the "simultaneously" refers to the case
   a sent SD (or MS) request has not been confirmed by the remote end in
   bidirectional protection switching.  When a local node that has
   transmitted a SD message receives a SD (or MS) message that indicates
   a different value of data path (Path) field than the value of the
   Path field in the transmitted SD (or MS) message, both the local and
   the remote SD requests are considered to occur simultaneously.

   The addition of support for protection against SD requires different
   PSC Control logic (including the state machine) compared to that
   shown in RFC 6378.  Section 10 and Section 11 show the PSC Control
   logic when all of the capabilities in APS mode are enabled.

8.  Capability 5: Support of EXER Command

   EXER is a command to test if the PSC communication is operating
   correctly.  More specifically, EXER is to test and validate the
   linear protection mechanism and PSC protocol including the aliveness
   of the Local Request logic, the PSC state machine and the PSC message
   generation and reception, and the integrity of the protection path,
   without triggering the actual traffic switching.  It is used while
   the working path is either carrying the traffic or not.  It has lower
   priority than any "real" switch request.  It is only valid in
   bidirectional switching, since this is the only place where one can
   get a meaningful test by looking for a response.

   This command is documented in R84 of RFC 5654 [RFC5654].

   A received EXER message indicates that the remote end point is
   operating under an operator command to validate the protection
   mechanism and PSC protocol including the aliveness of the Local
   Request logic, the PSC state machine and the PSC message generation
   and reception, and the integrity of the protection path, without
   triggering the actual traffic switching.  The valid response to EXER
   message is an Reverse Request (RR) with the corresponding FPath and
   Path numbers.  The local LER SHALL signal a RR only in response to an
   EXER command from the remote LER.

   If EXER commands are input at both ends, then a race condition may
   arise.  This is resolved as follows:

   o  If an LER has issued EXER and receives EXER before receiving RR,
      it

   o  MUST treat the received EXER as it would an RR, and



Ryoo, et al.             Expires August 12, 2014               [Page 13]

Internet-Draft            MPLS-TP LP for ITU-T             February 2014


   o  SHOULD NOT respond with RR.

   The following PSC Requests are added to the PSC Request field to
   support the Exercise command (see also Section 14.1):

      (3) Exercise - indicates that the transmitting end point is
      exercising the protection channel and mechanism.  FPath and Path
      are set to the same value of the No Request (NR), RR or DNR
      request that EXER replaces.

      (2) Reverse Request - indicates that the transmitting end point is
      responding to an EXER command from the remote LER.  FPath and Path
      are set to the same value of the NR or DNR request that RR
      replaces.

   The relative priorities of EXER and RR are shown in Section 10.2.

9.  Capabilities and Modes

9.1.  Capabilities

   A Capability is an individual behavior whose use is signaled in a
   Capabilities TLV, which is placed in Optional TLVs field inside the
   PSC message shown in Figure 2 of RFC 6378 [RFC6378].  The format of
   the Capabilities TLV is:

   0                   1                   2                   3
   0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
   +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
   |  Type = Capabilities          |    Length                     |
   +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
   |                        Value = Flags                          |
   +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+

                   Figure 1: Format of Capabilities TLV

   The value of the Type field is TBD pending IANA allocation.

   The value of the Length field is the length of the Flags field in
   octets.  The length of the Flags field MUST be a multiple of 4 octets
   and MUST be the minimum required to signal all the required
   capabilities.

   Section 4 to Section 8 discuss five capabilities that are signaled
   using the five most significant bits; if a node wishes to signal
   these five capabilities, it MUST send a Flags field of 4 octets.  A
   node would send a Flags field greater than 4 octets only if it had




Ryoo, et al.             Expires August 12, 2014               [Page 14]

Internet-Draft            MPLS-TP LP for ITU-T             February 2014


   more than 32 Capabilities to indicate.  All unused bits MUST be set
   to zero.

   If the bit assigned for an individual capability is set to 1, it
   indicates the sending node's intent to use that capability in the
   protected domain.  If a bit is set to 0, the sending node does not
   intend to use the indicated capability in the protected domain.  Note
   that it is not possible to distinguish between the intent not to use
   a capability and a node's complete non-support (i.e., lack of
   implementation) of a given capability.

   This document defines five specific capabilities that are described
   from Section 4 to Section 8.  Each capability is assigned bit as
   follows:

      0x80000000: priority modification

      0x40000000: non-revertive behavior modification

      0x20000000: support of MS-W command

      0x10000000: support of protection against SD

      0x08000000: support of EXER command

   If all the five capabilities should be used, an LER SHALL set
   0xF8000000 in the Flags field.

9.1.1.  Sending and receiving the Capabilities TLV

   A node MUST include its Capabilities TLV in every PSC message that it
   sends.  The transmission and acceptance of the PSC message is
   described in Section 4.1 of RFC 6378.

   When a node receives a Capabilities TLV it MUST compare it to its
   most recent transmitted Capabilities TLV.  If the two are equal, the
   protected domain is said to be running in the mode indicated by that
   set of capabilities (see Section 9.2).  If the sent and received
   Capabilities TLVs are not equal, this indicates a capabilities
   mismatch.  When this happens, the node MUST alert the operator and
   MUST NOT perform any protection switching until the operator resolves
   the mismatch in the Capabilities TLV.

9.2.  Modes

   A mode is a given set of Capabilities.  Modes are shorthand;
   referring to a set of capabilities by their individual values or by




Ryoo, et al.             Expires August 12, 2014               [Page 15]

Internet-Draft            MPLS-TP LP for ITU-T             February 2014


   the name of their mode does not change the protocol behavior.  This
   document defines two modes - PSC and APS.

9.2.1.  PSC mode

   PSC mode is defined as the lack of any Capabilities - that is, a
   Capabilities set of 0x0.  It is the behavior specified in RFC 6378.

   There are two ways to declare PSC mode.  A node can send no
   Capabilities TLV at all since there are no TLV units defined in RFC
   6378, or it can send a Capabilities TLV with Flags value set to 0x0.
   In order to allow backward compatibility between two nodes - one
   which can send the Capabilities TLV, and one which cannot, a node
   which has the ability to send and receive the PSC mode Capabilities
   TLV MUST be able to both send the PSC mode Capabilities TLV and send
   no Capabilities TLV at all.  An implementation MUST be configurable
   between these two choices.

9.2.2.  APS mode

   APS mode is defined as the use of all the five specific capabilities,
   which are described from Section 4 to Section 8 in this document.
   APS mode is indicated with the Flags value of 0xF8000000.

10.  PSC Protocol in APS Mode

   This section and Section 11 define the behavior of PSC protocol when
   all of the aforementioned capabilities are enabled, i.e., APS mode.

10.1.  Request field in PSC protocol message

   This document defines two new values for the "Request" field in the
   PSC protocol message that is shown in Figure 2 of RFC 6378 [RFC6378]
   as follows:

      (3) Exercise

      (2) Reverse Request

   See also Section 14.1 of this document.

10.2.  Priorities of local inputs and remote requests

   Based on the description in Section 3 and Section 4.3.2 in RFC 6378,
   the priorities of multiple outstanding local inputs are evaluated in
   the Local Request logic, where the highest priority local input
   (highest local request) is determined.  This highest local request is
   passed to the PSC Control logic, that will determine the higher



Ryoo, et al.             Expires August 12, 2014               [Page 16]

Internet-Draft            MPLS-TP LP for ITU-T             February 2014


   priority input (top priority global request) between the highest
   local request and the last received remote message.  When a remote
   message comes to the PSC Control logic, the top priority global
   request is determined between this remote message and the highest
   local request which is present.  The top priority global request is
   used to determine the state transition, which is described in
   Section 11.  In this document, in order to simplify the description
   on the PSC Control logic, we strictly decouple the priority
   evaluation from the state transition table lookup.

   The priorities for both local and remote requests are defined as
   follows from highest to lowest:

   o  Operator Clear (Local only)

   o  Lockout of protection (Local and Remote)

   o  Clear Signal Fail or Degrade (Local only)

   o  Signal Fail on Protection path (Local and Remote)

   o  Forced Switch (Local and Remote)

   o  Signal Fail on Working path (Local and Remote)

   o  Signal Degrade on either Protection path or Working path (Local
      and Remote)

   o  Manual Switch to either Protection path or Working path (Local and
      Remote)

   o  WTR Timer Expires (Local only)

   o  WTR (Remote only)

   o  Exercise (Local and Remote)

   o  Reverse Request (Remote only)

   o  Do-Not-Revert (Remote only)

   o  No Request (Remote and Local)

   Note that the "Local only" requests are not signaled to the remote
   LER.  Likewise, the "Remote only" requests do not exist in the Local
   Request logic as local inputs.  For example, the priority of WTR only
   applies to the received WTR message, which is generated from the




Ryoo, et al.             Expires August 12, 2014               [Page 17]

Internet-Draft            MPLS-TP LP for ITU-T             February 2014


   remote LER.  The remote LER that is running the WTR timer in the WTR
   state has no local request.

   The remote request from the remote LER is assigned a priority just
   below the same local request.  However, for the equal priority
   requests, such as SD and MS, the following equal priority resolution
   rules are defined:

   o  If two local inputs having the same priority but requesting
      different action come to the Local Request logic, then the input
      coming first SHALL be considered to have a higher priority than
      the other coming later (first-come, first-served).

   o  If the PSC Control logic has both the highest local request and a
      remote message with the same priority and requesting the same
      action, i.e., the same PSC Request field and the same FPath value,
      then the local input SHALL be considered to have a higher priority
      than the remote message.

   o  If the PSC Control logic has both the highest local request and a
      remote message with the same priority but requesting different
      action and the remote message exists when the highest local
      request comes to the PSC Control logic, the highest local request
      is ignored and the remote Request SHALL be the top priority global
      request.

   o  If the PSC Control logic has both the highest local request and a
      remote message with the same priority but requesting different
      action and the highest local request exists when the remote
      message comes to the PSC Control logic, the top priority global
      request SHALL be determined by the following rules for each
      simultaneous condition:

   o  For simultaneous MS requests, the MS-W request SHALL be considered
      to have a higher priority than the MS-P request.  The LER that has
      local MS-W request SHALL maintain the local MS-W request as the
      top priority global request, but the other LER that has local MS-P
      request SHALL clear the MS-P command and internally generate
      "Operator Clear" request.

   o  For simultaneous SD requests, the SD on the standby path (the path
      from which the selector does not select the user data traffic)
      SHALL be considered as having higher priority than the SD on the
      active path (the path from which the selector selects the user
      data traffic) regardless of its origin (local or remote message).
      The LER that has the SD on the standby path SHALL maintain the
      local SD on the standby path request as the top priority global
      request.  The other LER that has local SD on the active path SHALL



Ryoo, et al.             Expires August 12, 2014               [Page 18]

Internet-Draft            MPLS-TP LP for ITU-T             February 2014


      use the remote SD on the standby path as the top priority global
      request to lookup the state transition table.  The differentiation
      of the active and standby paths is based upon which path had been
      used for the user data traffic at the time just before an LER
      selected its local SD as the top priority global request.

   No Request is another exception to the rule of assigning a remote
   request a priority just below the same local request.  Since a
   received NR message needs to be used in the state transition table
   lookup when there is no outstanding local request, the received
   remote NR request SHALL be the top priority global request when there
   is no request in the local LER.

10.3.  Acceptance and retention of local inputs

   A local input indicating a defect, such as SF-P, SF-W, SD-P and SD-W,
   SHALL be accepted and retained persistently in the Local Request
   logic as long as the defect condition exists.  If there is any higher
   priority local input than the local defect input, the higher priority
   local input is passed to the PSC Control logic as the highest local
   request, but the local defect input cannot be removed but remains in
   the Local Request logic.  When the higher priority local input
   disappears, the local defect will become the highest local request if
   the defect condition still exists.

   Operator Clear command, SFDc and WTR Timer Expires are not
   persistent.  Once they appear to the Local Request logic and complete
   the operation, they SHALL be disappeared.

   Operator LO, FS, MS, and EXER commands SHALL be rejected if there is
   any higher priority local input in the Local Request logic.  If a new
   higher-priority local request (including an operator command) is
   accepted, any previous lower-priority local operator command SHALL be
   cancelled.  When any higher-priority remote request is received, a
   lower-priority local operator command SHALL be cancelled.  The
   cancelled operator command is forgotten and will never return, unless
   the operator reissues the command.

11.  State Transition Tables in APS Mode

   When there is a change in the highest local request or in remote PSC
   messages, the top priority global request SHALL be evaluated and the
   state transition tables SHALL be looked up in the PSC Control logic.
   The following rules are applied to the operation related to the state
   transition table lookup.

   o  If the top priority global request, which determines the state
      transition, is the highest local request, the local state



Ryoo, et al.             Expires August 12, 2014               [Page 19]

Internet-Draft            MPLS-TP LP for ITU-T             February 2014


      transition table in Section 11.1 SHALL be used to decide the next
      state of the LER.  Otherwise, remote messages state transition
      table in Section 11.2 SHALL be used.

   o  If in remote state, the highest local defect condition (SF-P,
      SF-W, SD-P or SD-W) SHALL always be reflected in the Request field
      and Fpath.

   o  For the LER currently in the local state, if the top priority
      global request is changed to Operator Clear (OC) or SFDc causing
      the next state to be Normal, WTR or DNR, then all the local and
      remote requests SHALL be re-evaluated as if the LER is in the
      state specified in the footnotes to the state transition tables,
      before deciding the final state.  If there are no active requests,
      the LER enters the state specified in the footnotes to the state
      transition tables.  This re-evaluation is an internal operation
      confined within the local LER, and the PSC messages are generated
      according to the final state.

   o  The WTR timer is started only when the LER which has recovered
      from a local failure/degradation enters the WTR state.  An LER
      which is entering into the WTR state due to a remote WTR message
      does not start the WTR timer.  The WTR timer SHALL be stopped when
      any local or remote request triggers the state change out of the
      WTR state.

   The extended states, as they appear in the table, are as follows:
























Ryoo, et al.             Expires August 12, 2014               [Page 20]

Internet-Draft            MPLS-TP LP for ITU-T             February 2014


   N        Normal state
   UA:LO:L  Unavailable state due to local LO command
   UA:P:L   Unavailable state due to local SF-P
   UA:DP:L  Unavailable state due to local SD-P
   UA:LO:R  Unavailable state due to remote LO message
   UA:P:R   Unavailable state due to remote SF-P message
   UA:DP:R  Unavailable state due to remote SD-P message
   PF:W:L   Protecting failure state due to local SF-W
   PF:DW:L  Protecting failure state due to local SD-W
   PF:W:R   Protecting failure state due to remote SF-W message
   PF:DW:R  Protecting failure state due to remote SD-W message
   SA:F:L   Switching administrative state due to local FS command
   SA:MW:L  Switching administrative state due to local MS-W command
   SA:MP:L  Switching administrative state due to local MS-P command
   SA:F:R   Switching administrative state due to remote FS message
   SA:MW:R  Switching administrative state due to remote MS-W message
   SA:MP:R  Switching administrative state due to remote MS-P message
   E::L     Exercise state due to local EXER command
   E::R     Exercise state due to remote EXER message
   WTR      Wait-to-Restore state
   DNR      Do-not-Revert state

   Each state corresponds to the transmission of a particular set of
   Request, FPath and Path bits.  The table below lists the message that
   is generally sent in each particular state.  If the message to be
   sent in a particular state deviates from the table below, it is noted
   in the footnotes to the state transition tables.
























Ryoo, et al.             Expires August 12, 2014               [Page 21]

Internet-Draft            MPLS-TP LP for ITU-T             February 2014


   State    REQ(FP,P)
   -------  ---------
   N        NR(0,0)
   UA:LO:L  LO(0,0)
   UA:P:L   SF(0,0)
   UA:DP:L  SD(0,0)
   UA:LO:R  highest local request(local FPath,0)
   UA:P:R   highest local request(local FPath,0)
   UA:DP:R  highest local request(local FPath,0)
   PF:W:L   SF(1,1)
   PF:DW:L  SD(1,1)
   PF:W:R   highest local request(local FPath,1)
   PF:DW:R  highest local request(local FPath,1)
   SA:F:L   FS(1,1)
   SA:MW:L  MS(0,0)
   SA:MP:L  MS(1,1)
   SA:F:R   highest local request(local FPath,1)
   SA:MW:R  NR(0,0)
   SA:MP:R  NR(0,1)
   WTR      WTR(0,1)
   DNR      DNR(0,1)
   E::L     EXER(0,x), where x is the existing Path value
                       when Exercise command is issued.
   E::R     RR(0,x), where x is the existing Path value
                     when RR message is generated.

   Some operation examples of APS mode are shown in Appendix D.

   In the state transition tables below, the letter 'i' stands for
   "ignore", and is an indication to remain in the current state and
   continue transmitting the current PSC message

11.1.  State transition by local inputs


















Ryoo, et al.             Expires August 12, 2014               [Page 22]

Internet-Draft            MPLS-TP LP for ITU-T             February 2014


           | OC  | LO      | SFDc | SF-P   | FS     | SF-W   |
   --------+-----+---------+------+--------+--------+--------+
   N       | i   | UA:LO:L | i    | UA:P:L | SA:F:L | PF:W:L |
   UA:LO:L | (1) | i       | i    | i      | i      | i      |
   UA:P:L  | i   | UA:LO:L | (1)  | i      | i      | i      |
   UA:DP:L | i   | UA:LO:L | (1)  | UA:P:L | SA:F:L | PF:W:L |
   UA:LO:R | i   | UA:LO:L | i    | UA:P:L | i      | PF:W:L |
   UA:P:R  | i   | UA:LO:L | i    | UA:P:L | i      | PF:W:L |
   UA:DP:R | i   | UA:LO:L | i    | UA:P:L | SA:F:L | PF:W:L |
   PF:W:L  | i   | UA:LO:L | (2)  | UA:P:L | SA:F:L | i      |
   PF:DW:L | i   | UA:LO:L | (2)  | UA:P:L | SA:F:L | PF:W:L |
   PF:W:R  | i   | UA:LO:L | i    | UA:P:L | SA:F:L | PF:W:L |
   PF:DW:R | i   | UA:LO:L | i    | UA:P:L | SA:F:L | PF:W:L |
   SA:F:L  | (3) | UA:LO:L | i    | UA:P:L | i      | i      |
   SA:MW:L | (1) | UA:LO:L | i    | UA:P:L | SA:F:L | PF:W:L |
   SA:MP:L | (3) | UA:LO:L | i    | UA:P:L | SA:F:L | PF:W:L |
   SA:F:R  | i   | UA:LO:L | i    | UA:P:L | SA:F:L | PF:W:L |
   SA:MW:R | i   | UA:LO:L | i    | UA:P:L | SA:F:L | PF:W:L |
   SA:MP:R | i   | UA:LO:L | i    | UA:P:L | SA:F:L | PF:W:L |
   WTR     | (4) | UA:LO:L | i    | UA:P:L | SA:F:L | PF:W:L |
   DNR     | i   | UA:LO:L | i    | UA:P:L | SA:F:L | PF:W:L |
   E::L    | (5) | UA:LO:L | i    | UA:P:L | SA:F:L | PF:W:L |
   E::R    | i   | UA:LO:L | i    | UA:P:L | SA:F:L | PF:W:L |

           | SD-P    | SD-W    | MS-W    | MS-P    | WTRExp | EXER
   --------+---------+---------+---------+---------+--------+------
   N       | UA:DP:L | PF:DW:L | SA:MW:L | SA:MP:L | i      | E::L
   UA:LO:L | i       | i       | i       | i       | i      | i
   UA:P:L  | i       | i       | i       | i       | i      | i
   UA:DP:L | i       | i       | i       | i       | i      | i
   UA:LO:R | UA:DP:L | PF:DW:L | i       | i       | i      | i
   UA:P:R  | UA:DP:L | PF:DW:L | i       | i       | i      | i
   UA:DP:R | UA:DP:L | PF:DW:L | i       | i       | i      | i
   PF:W:L  | i       | i       | i       | i       | i      | i
   PF:DW:L | i       | i       | i       | i       | i      | i
   PF:W:R  | UA:DP:L | PF:DW:L | i       | i       | i      | i
   PF:DW:R | UA:DP:L | PF:DW:L | i       | i       | i      | i
   SA:F:L  | i       | i       | i       | i       | i      | i
   SA:MW:L | UA:DP:L | PF:DW:L | i       | i       | i      | i
   SA:MP:L | UA:DP:L | PF:DW:L | i       | i       | i      | i
   SA:F:R  | UA:DP:L | PF:DW:L | i       | i       | i      | i
   SA:MW:R | UA:DP:L | PF:DW:L | SA:MW:L | i       | i      | i
   SA:MP:R | UA:DP:L | PF:DW:L | i       | SA:MP:L | i      | i
   WTR     | UA:DP:L | PF:DW:L | SA:MW:L | SA:MP:L | (6)    | i
   DNR     | UA:DP:L | PF:DW:L | SA:MW:L | SA:MP:L | i      | E::L
   E::L    | UA:DP:L | PF:DW:L | SA:MW:L | SA:MP:L | i      | i
   E::R    | UA:DP:L | PF:DW:L | SA:MW:L | SA:MP:L | i      | E::L




Ryoo, et al.             Expires August 12, 2014               [Page 23]

Internet-Draft            MPLS-TP LP for ITU-T             February 2014


   NOTES:

   (1)  Re-evaluate to determine final state as if the LER is in the
        Normal state.  If there are no active requests, the LER enters
        the Normal State.

   (2)  In the case that both local input after SFDc and the last
        received remote message are no requests, the LER enters into the
        WTR state when the domain is configured for revertive behavior,
        or the LER enters into the DNR state when the domain is
        configured for non-revertive behavior.  In all the other cases,
        where one or more active requests exist, re-evaluate to
        determine the final state as if the LER is in the Normal state.

   (3)  Re-evaluate to determine final state as if the LER is in the
        Normal state when the domain is configured for revertive
        behavior, or as if the LER is in the DNR state when the domain
        is configured for non-revertive behavior.  If there are no
        active requests, the LER enters either the Normal state when the
        domain is configured for revertive behavior or the DNR state
        when the domain is configured for non-revertive behavior.

   (4)  Remain in the WTR state and send NR(0,1).  Stop the WTR timer if
        it is running.  In APS mode, OC can cancel the WTR timer and
        hasten the state transition to the Normal state as in other
        transport networks.

   (5)  If Path value is 0, re-evaluate to determine final state as if
        the LER is in the Normal state.  If Path value is 1, re-evaluate
        to determine final state as if the LER is in the DNR state.  If
        there are no active requests, the LER enters the Normal state
        when Path value is 0, or the DNR state when Path value is 1.

   (6)  Remain in the WTR state and send NR(0,1).

11.2.  State transition by remote messages















Ryoo, et al.             Expires August 12, 2014               [Page 24]

Internet-Draft            MPLS-TP LP for ITU-T             February 2014


           | LO      | SF-P   | FS     | SF-W   | SD-P    | SD-W    |
   --------+---------+--------+--------+--------+---------+---------+
   N       | UA:LO:R | UA:P:R | SA:F:R | PF:W:R | UA:DP:R | PF:DW:R |
   UA:LO:L | i       | i      | i      | i      | i       | i       |
   UA:P:L  | UA:LO:R | i      | i      | i      | i       | i       |
   UA:DP:L | UA:LO:R | UA:P:R | SA:F:R | PF:W:R | i       | (7)     |
   UA:LO:R | i       | UA:P:R | SA:F:R | PF:W:R | UA:DP:R | PF:DW:R |
   UA:P:R  | UA:LO:R | i      | SA:F:R | PF:W:R | UA:DP:R | PF:DW:R |
   UA:DP:R | UA:LO:R | UA:P:R | SA:F:R | PF:W:R | i       | PF:DW:R |
   PF:W:L  | UA:LO:R | UA:P:R | SA:F:R | i      | i       | i       |
   PF:DW:L | UA:LO:R | UA:P:R | SA:F:R | PF:W:R | (8)     | i       |
   PF:W:R  | UA:LO:R | UA:P:R | SA:F:R | i      | UA:DP:R | PF:DW:R |
   PF:DW:R | UA:LO:R | UA:P:R | SA:F:R | PF:W:R | UA:DP:R | i       |
   SA:F:L  | UA:LO:R | UA:P:R | i      | i      | i       | i       |
   SA:MW:L | UA:LO:R | UA:P:R | SA:F:R | PF:W:R | UA:DP:R | PF:DW:R |
   SA:MP:L | UA:LO:R | UA:P:R | SA:F:R | PF:W:R | UA:DP:R | PF:DW:R |
   SA:F:R  | UA:LO:R | UA:P:R | i      | PF:W:R | UA:DP:R | PF:DW:R |
   SA:MW:R | UA:LO:R | UA:P:R | SA:F:R | PF:W:R | UA:DP:R | PF:DW:R |
   SA:MP:R | UA:LO:R | UA:P:R | SA:F:R | PF:W:R | UA:DP:R | PF:DW:R |
   WTR     | UA:LO:R | UA:P:R | SA:F:R | PF:W:R | UA:DP:R | PF:DW:R |
   DNR     | UA:LO:R | UA:P:R | SA:F:R | PF:W:R | UA:DP:R | PF:DW:R |
   E::L    | UA:LO:R | UA:P:R | SA:F:R | PF:W:R | UA:DP:R | PF:DW:R |
   E::R    | UA:LO:R | UA:P:R | SA:F:R | PF:W:R | UA:DP:R | PF:DW:R |

           | MS-W    | MS-P    | WTR | EXER | RR | DNR  | NR
   --------+---------+---------+-----+------+----+------+----
   N       | SA:MW:R | SA:MP:R | i   | E::R | i  | i    | i
   UA:LO:L | i       | i       | i   | i    | i  | i    | i
   UA:P:L  | i       | i       | i   | i    | i  | i    | i
   UA:DP:L | i       | i       | i   | i    | i  | i    | i
   UA:LO:R | SA:MW:R | SA:MP:R | i   | E::R | i  | i    | N
   UA:P:R  | SA:MW:R | SA:MP:R | i   | E::R | i  | i    | N
   UA:DP:R | SA:MW:R | SA:MP:R | i   | E::R | i  | i    | N
   PF:W:L  | i       | i       | i   | i    | i  | i    | i
   PF:DW:L | i       | i       | i   | i    | i  | i    | i
   PF:W:R  | SA:MW:R | SA:MP:R | (9) | E::R | i  | (10) | (11)
   PF:DW:R | SA:MW:R | SA:MP:R | (9) | E::R | i  | (10) | (11)
   SA:F:L  | i       | i       | i   | i    | i  | i    | i
   SA:MW:L | i       | i       | i   | i    | i  | i    | i
   SA:MP:L | i       | i       | i   | i    | i  | i    | i
   SA:F:R  | SA:MW:R | SA:MP:R | i   | E::R | i  | DNR  | N
   SA:MW:R | i       | SA:MP:R | i   | E::R | i  | i    | N
   SA:MP:R | SA:MW:R | i       | i   | E::R | i  | DNR  | N
   WTR     | SA:MW:R | SA:MP:R | i   | i    | i  | i    | (12)
   DNR     | SA:MW:R | SA:MP:R | i   | E::R | i  | i    | i
   E::L    | SA:MW:R | SA:MP:R | (13)| i    | i  | i    | i
   E::R    | SA:MW:R | SA:MP:R | i   | i    | i  | DNR  | N




Ryoo, et al.             Expires August 12, 2014               [Page 25]

Internet-Draft            MPLS-TP LP for ITU-T             February 2014


   NOTES:

   (7)  If the received SD-W message has Path=0, ignore the message.  If
        the received SD-W message has Path=1, go to PF:DW:R state and
        transmit SD(0,1)

   (8)  If the received SD-P message has Path=1, ignore the message.  If
        the received SD-P message has Path=0, go to UA:DP:R state and
        transmit SD(1,0).

   (9)  Transition to the WTR state and continue to send the current
        message.

   (10) Transition to the DNR state and continue to send the current
        message.

   (11) If the received NR message has Path=1, transition to the WTR
        state if domain configured for revertive behavior, else
        transition to the DNR state.  If the received NR message has
        Path=0, transition to the Normal state.

   (12) If the receiving LER's WTR timer is running, maintain current
        state and message.  If the WTR timer is not running, transition
        to the Normal state.

   (13) Transit to the WTR state and send NR(0,1) message.  The WTR
        timer is not initiated.

11.3.  State transition for 1+1 unidirectional protection

   The state transition tables given in Section 11.1 and Section 11.2
   are for bidirectional protection switching, where remote PSC protocol
   messages are used to determine the protection switching actions.  The
   1+1 unidirectional protection switching does not require the remote
   information in PSC protocol message and acts upon local inputs only.
   The state transition by local inputs in Section 11.1 SHALL be reused
   for the 1+1 unidirectional protection under the following conditions:

   o  The value of Request field in the received remote message is
      ignored and always assumed to be no request.

   o  Replace footnote (4) with "Stop the WTR timer and transit to the
      Normal state."

   o  Replace footnote (6) with "Transit to the Normal state."

   o  Exercise is not applicable.




Ryoo, et al.             Expires August 12, 2014               [Page 26]

Internet-Draft            MPLS-TP LP for ITU-T             February 2014


12.  Provisioning Mismatch and Protocol Failure in the APS Mode

   The remote PSC message that is received from the remote LER is
   subject to the detection of provisioning mismatch and protocol
   failure conditions.  In the APS mode, provisioning mismatches are
   handled as follows:

   o  If the PSC message is received from the working path due to
      working/protection path configuration mismatch, the node MUST
      alert the operator and MUST NOT perform any protection switching
      until the operator resolves this path configuration mismatch.

   o  In the case that the mismatch happens in two-bit "Protection Type
      (PT)" field, which indicates permanent/selector bridge type and
      uni/bidirectional switching type,

      *  If the value of the PT field of one side is 2 (i.e., selector
         bridge) and the value of PT field of the other side is 1 or 3
         (i.e., permanent bridge), then this event MUST be notified to
         the operator and each node MUST NOT perform any protection
         switching until the operator resolves this bridge type
         mismatch.

      *  If the bridge type matches but the switching type mismatches,
         i.e., one side has PT=1 (unidirectional switching) while the
         other side has PT=2 or 3 (bidirectional switching), then the
         node provisioned for bidirectional switching SHOULD fall back
         to unidirectional switching to allow interworking.  The node
         SHOULD notify the operator of this event.

   o  If the "Revertive (R)" bit mismatches, two sides will interwork
      and traffic is protected according to the state transition
      definition given in Section 11.  The node SHOULD notify the
      operator of this event.

   o  If the Capabilities TLV mismatches, the node MUST alert the
      operator and MUST NOT perform any protection switching until the
      operator resolves the mismatch in the Capabilities TLV.

   The followings are the protocol failure situations and the actions to
   be taken:

   o  No match in sent "Data Path (Path)" and received "Data Path
      (Path)" for more than 50 ms: The node MAY continue to perform
      protection switching and SHOULD notify the operator of this event.

   o  No PSC message is received on the protection path during at least
      3.5 times the long PSC message interval, (e.g. at least 17.5



Ryoo, et al.             Expires August 12, 2014               [Page 27]

Internet-Draft            MPLS-TP LP for ITU-T             February 2014


      seconds with a default message interval of 5 seconds) and there is
      no defect on the protection path: The node MUST alert the operator
      and MUST NOT perform any protection switching until the operator
      resolves this defect.

13.  Security Considerations

   No specific security issue is raised in addition to those ones
   already documented in RFC 6378 [RFC6378]

14.  IANA Considerations

14.1.  MPLS PSC Request Registry

   In the "Multiprotocol Label Switching (MPLS) Operations,
   Administration, and Management (OAM) Parameters" registry, IANA
   maintains the "MPLS PSC Request Registry".

   IANA is requested to assign two new code points from this registry.
   The values shall be allocated as follows:

      Value Description           Reference
      ----- --------------------- ---------------
       2    Reverse Request       (this document)
       3    Exercise              (this document)

14.2.  MPLS PSC TLV Registry

   In the "Multiprotocol Label Switching (MPLS) Operations,
   Administration, and Management (OAM) Parameters" registry, IANA
   maintains the "MPLS PSC TLV Registry".

   This document defines a new value for the Capabilities TLV type in
   the "MPLS PSC TLV Registry".

      Value  Description           Reference
      ------ --------------------- ---------------
      TBD    Capabilities          (this document)

14.3.  MPLS PSC Capability Flag Registry

   IANA is requested to create and maintain a new registry within the
   "Multiprotocol Label Switching (MPLS) Operations, Administration, and
   Management (OAM) Parameters" registry called "MPLS PSC Capability
   Flag Registry".  All flags within this registry SHALL be allocated
   according to the "Standards Action" procedures as specified in RFC
   5226 [RFC5226].




Ryoo, et al.             Expires August 12, 2014               [Page 28]

Internet-Draft            MPLS-TP LP for ITU-T             February 2014


   The length of the flags MUST be a multiple of 4 octets.  This
   document defines 4 octet flags.  Flags greater than 4 octets SHALL be
   used only if more than 32 Capabilities need to be defined.  Flags
   defined in this document are:

   Bit  Hex Value  Capability                          Reference
   ---- ---------- ----------------------------------- ---------------
    0   0x80000000 priority modification               (this document)
    1   0x40000000 non-revertive behavior modification (this document)
    2   0x20000000 support of MS-W command             (this document)
    3   0x10000000 support of protection against SD    (this document)
    4   0x08000000 support of EXER command             (this document)
   5-31            Unassigned                          (this document)

15.  Acknowledgements

   The authors would like to thank Yaacov Weingarten, Yuji Tochio,
   Malcolm Betts, Ross Callon and Qin Wu for their valuable comments and
   suggestions on this document.

   We would also like to acknowledge explicit text provided by Loa
   Andersson and Adrian Farrel.

16.  References

16.1.  Normative References

   [RFC2119]  Bradner, S., "Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate
              Requirement Levels", BCP 14, RFC 2119, March 1997.

   [RFC5226]  Narten, T. and H. Alvestrand, "Guidelines for Writing an
              IANA Considerations Section in RFCs", BCP 26, RFC 5226,
              May 2008.

   [RFC5654]  Niven-Jenkins, B., Brungard, D., Betts, M., Sprecher, N.,
              and S. Ueno, "Requirements of an MPLS Transport Profile",
              RFC 5654, September 2009.

   [RFC6378]  Weingarten, Y., Bryant, S., Osborne, E., Sprecher, N., and
              A. Fulignoli, "MPLS Transport Profile (MPLS-TP) Linear
              Protection", RFC 6378, October 2011.

16.2.  Informative References

   [RFC4427]  Mannie, E. and D. Papadimitriou, "Recovery (Protection and
              Restoration) Terminology for Generalized Multi-Protocol
              Label Switching (GMPLS)", RFC 4427, March 2006.




Ryoo, et al.             Expires August 12, 2014               [Page 29]

Internet-Draft            MPLS-TP LP for ITU-T             February 2014


   [RFC6372]  Sprecher, N. and A. Farrel, "MPLS Transport Profile (MPLS-
              TP) Survivability Framework", RFC 6372, September 2011.

   [G841]     International Telecommunications Union, "Types and
              characteristics of SDH network protection architectures",
              ITU-T Recommendation G.841, October 1998.

   [G873.1]   International Telecommunications Union, "Optical Transport
              Network (OTN): Linear protection", ITU-T Recommendation
              G.873.1, July 2011.

   [G8031]    International Telecommunications Union, "Ethernet Linear
              Protection Switching", ITU-T Recommendation G.8031/Y.1342,
              June 2011.

Appendix A.  An Example of Out-of-service Ccenarios

   The sequence diagram shown is an example of the out-of-service
   scenarios based on the priority level defined in RFC 6378.  The first
   PSC message which differs from the previous PSC message is shown.

                       A                  Z
                       |                  |
                   (1) |-- NR(0,0) ------>| (1)
                       |<----- NR(0,0) ---|
                       |                  |
                       |                  |
                       | (FS issued at Z) | (2)
                   (3) |<------ FS(1,1) --|
                       |-- NR(0,1) ------>|
                       |                  |
                       |                  |
                   (4) | (SF on P(A<-Z))  |
                       |                  |
                       |                  |
                       | (Clear FS at Z)  | (5)
                   (6) |   X <- NR(0,0) --|
                       |                  |
                       |                  |

   (1) Each end is in the Normal state, and transmits NR(0,0) messages.

   (2) When a FS command is issued at node Z, node Z goes into local
   Protecting administrative state (PA:F:L) and begins transmission of
   an FS(1,1) messages.






Ryoo, et al.             Expires August 12, 2014               [Page 30]

Internet-Draft            MPLS-TP LP for ITU-T             February 2014


   (3) A remote FS message causes node A to go into remote Protecting
   administrative state (PA:F:R), and node A begins transmitting NR(0,1)
   messages.

   (4) When node A detects a unidirectional SF-P, node A keeps sending
   NR(0,1) message because SF-P is ignored under the PA:F:R state.

   (5) When a Clear command is issued at node Z, node Z goes into the
   Normal state and begins transmission of NR(0,0) messages.

   (6) But, node A cannot receive PSC message because of local
   unidirectional SF-P.  Because no valid PSC message is received, over
   a period of several successive message intervals, the last valid
   received message remains applicable and the node A continue to
   transmit an NR(0,1) message in the PA:F:R state.

   Now, there exists a mismatch between the bridge/selector positions of
   node A (transmitting an NR(0,1)) and node Z (transmitting an
   NR(0,0)).  It results in out-of-service even when there is neither
   SF-W nor FS.

Appendix B.  An Example of Sequence Diagram Showing the Problem with the
             Priority Level of SFc

   An example of sequence diagram showing the problem with the priority
   level of SFc defined in RFC 6378 is given below.  The following
   sequence diagram is depicted for the case of bidirectional signal
   fails.  However, other cases with unidirectional signal fails can
   result in the same problem.  The first PSC message which differs from
   the previous PSC message is shown.





















Ryoo, et al.             Expires August 12, 2014               [Page 31]

Internet-Draft            MPLS-TP LP for ITU-T             February 2014


                       A                  Z
                       |                  |
                   (1) |-- NR(0,0) ------>| (1)
                       |<----- NR(0,0) ---|
                       |                  |
                       |                  |
                   (2) | (SF on P(A<->Z)) | (2)
                       |-- SF(0,0) ------>|
                       |<------ SF(0,0) --|
                       |                  |
                       |                  |
                   (3) | (SF on W(A<->Z)) | (3)
                       |                  |
                       |                  |
                   (4) |   (Clear SF-P)   | (4)
                       |                  |
                       |                  |
                   (5) |   (Clear SF-W)   | (5)
                       |                  |
                       |                  |

   (1) Each end is in the Normal state, and transmits NR(0,0) messages.

   (2) When SF-P occurs, each node enters into the UA:P:L state and
   transmits SF(0,0) messages.  Traffic remains on the working path.

   (3) When SF-W occurs, each node remains in the UA:P:L state as SF-W
   has a lower priority than SF-P.  Traffic is still on the working
   path.  Traffic cannot be delivered as both the working path and the
   protection path are experiencing signal fails.

   (4) When SF-P is cleared, local "Clear SF-P" request cannot be
   presented to the PSC Control logic, which takes the highest local
   request and runs PSC state machine, since the priority of "Clear
   SF-P" is lower than that of SF-W.  Consequently, there is no change
   in state, and the selector and/or bridge keep pointing at the working
   path, which has signal fail condition.

   Now, traffic cannot be delivered while the protection path is
   recovered and available.  It should be noted that the same problem
   will occur in the case that the sequence of SF-P and SF-W events is
   changed.

   If we further continue with this sequence to see what will happen
   after SF-W is cleared,

   (5) When SF-W is cleared, local "Clear SF-W" request can be passed to
   the PSC Control logic as there is no higher priority local input, but



Ryoo, et al.             Expires August 12, 2014               [Page 32]

Internet-Draft            MPLS-TP LP for ITU-T             February 2014


   this will be ignored in the PSC Control logic according to the state
   transition definition in RFC 6378.  There will be no change in state
   or protocol message transmitted.

   As SF-W is now cleared and the selector and/or bridge are still
   pointing at the working path, traffic delivery is resumed.  However,
   each node is the in UA:P:L state and transmitting SF(0,0) message,
   while there exists no outstanding request for protection switching.
   Moreover, any future legitimate protection switching requests, such
   as SF-W, will be rejected as each node thinks the protection path is
   unavailable.

Appendix C.  Freeze Command

   The "Freeze" command applies only to the local LER of the protection
   group and is not signaled to the remote LER.  This command freezes
   the state of the protection group.  Until the Freeze is cleared,
   additional local commands are rejected and condition changes and
   received PSC information are ignored.

   "Clear Freeze" command clears the local freeze.  When the Freeze
   command is cleared, the state of the protection group is recomputed
   based on the persistent condition of the local triggers.

   Because the freeze is local, if the freeze is issued at one end only,
   a failure of protocol can occur as the other end is open to accept
   any operator command or a fault condition.

Appendix D.  Operation Examples of the APS Mode

   The sequence diagrams shown in this section are only a few examples
   of the APS mode operations.  The first PSC protocol message which
   differs from the previous message is shown.  The operation of hold-
   off timer is omitted.  The Request, FPath and Path fields, whose
   values are changed during PSC message exchange are shown.  For an
   example, SF(1, 0) represents an PSC message with the following field
   values: Request = SF, FPath = 1, and Path = 1.  The values of the
   other fields remain unchanged from the initial configuration.
   W(A->Z) and P(A->Z) indicate the working path and the protection path
   in the direction of A to Z, respectively.

   Example 1. 1:1 bidirectional protection switching (revertive mode) -
   Unidirectional SF case








Ryoo, et al.             Expires August 12, 2014               [Page 33]

Internet-Draft            MPLS-TP LP for ITU-T             February 2014


                       A                  Z
                       |                  |
                   (1) |<---- NR(0,0)---->| (1)
                       |                  |
                       |                  |
                   (2) | (SF on W(Z->A))  |
                       |---- SF(1,1)----->| (3)
                   (4) |<----- NR(0,1)----|
                       |                  |
                       |                  |
                   (5) |  (Clear SF-W)    |
                       |---- WTR(0,1)---->|
                      /|                  |
                     | |                  |
             WTR timer |                  |
                     | |                  |
                      \|                  |
                   (6) |---- NR(0,1)----->| (7)
                   (8) |<----- NR(0,0)----|
                       |---- NR(0,0)----->| (9)
                       |                  |

   (1) The protection domain is operating without any defect, and the
   working path is used for delivering the traffic in the Normal state.

   (2) SF-W occurs in the Z to A direction.  Node A enters into the
   PF:W:L state and generates SF(1, 1) message.  Selector and bridge of
   node A are pointing at the protection path.

   (3) Upon receiving SF(1, 1), node Z sets selector and bridge to the
   protection path.  As there is no local request in node Z, node Z
   generates NR(0, 1) message in the PF:W:R state.

   (4) Node A confirms that the remote LER is also selecting protection
   path.

   (5) Node A detects clearing of SF condition, starts the WTR timer,
   and sends WTR(0, 1) message in the WTR state.

   (6) At expiration of the WTR timer, node A sets selector and bridge
   to the working path and sends NR(0, 1) message.

   (7) Node Z is notified that the remote request has been cleared.
   Node Z transits to the Normal state and sends NR(0,0) message.

   (8) Upon receiving NR(0,0) message, node A transits to the Normal
   state and sends NR(0,0) message.




Ryoo, et al.             Expires August 12, 2014               [Page 34]

Internet-Draft            MPLS-TP LP for ITU-T             February 2014


   (9) It is confirmed that the remote LER is also selecting the working
   path.

   Example 2. 1:1 bidirectional protection switching (revertive mode) -
   Bidirectional SF case - Inconsistent WTR timers

                       A                  Z
                       |                  |
                   (1) |<---- NR(0,0)---->| (1)
                       |                  |
                       |                  |
                   (2) | (SF on W(A<->Z)) | (2)
                       |<---- SF(1,1)---->|
                       |                  |
                       |                  |
                   (3) |   (Clear SF-W)   | (3)
                       |<---- NR(0,1)---->|
                   (4) |<--- WTR(0,1) --->| (4)
                      /|                  |\
                     | |                  | |
             WTR timer |                  | WTR timer
                     | |                  | |
                     | |                  |/
                     | |<------ NR(0,1)---| (5)
                     | |                  |
                      \|                  |
                   (6) |--- NR(0,1)------>|
                       |<------ NR(0,0)---| (7)
                   (8) |--- NR(0,0)------>|
                       |                  |

   (1) Each end is in the Normal state, and transmits NR(0,0) messages.

   (2) When SF-W occurs, each node enters into the PF:W:L state and
   transmits SF(1,1) messages.  Traffic is switched to the protection
   path.  Upon receiving SF(1,1), each node confirms that the remote LER
   is also sending and receiving the traffic from the protection path.

   (3) When SF-W is cleared, each node transits to the PF:W:R state and
   transmits NR(0,1) messages as the last received message is SF-W.

   (4) Upon receiving NR(0,1) messages, each node goes into the WTR
   state, starts the WTR timer, and sends the WTR(0,1) messages.

   (5) At expiration of the WTR timer in node Z, node Z sends NR(0,1) as
   the last received APS message was WTR.  When NR(0,1) arrives at node
   A, node A maintains the WTR state and keeps sending current WTR
   messages as described in the state transition table.



Ryoo, et al.             Expires August 12, 2014               [Page 35]

Internet-Draft            MPLS-TP LP for ITU-T             February 2014


   (6) At expiration of the WTR timer in node A, node A sends NR(0,1).

   (7) When the NR(0,1) message arrives at node Z, node Z moves to the
   Normal state, sets selector and bridge to the working path, and sends
   NR(0, 0) message.

   (8) The received NR(0,0) message causes node A to go to the Normal
   state.  Now, the traffic is switched back to the working path.

   Example 3. 1:1 bidirectional protection switching - R bit mismatch

   This example shows that both sides will interwork and the traffic is
   protected when one side (node A) is configured as revertive mode and
   the other (node Z) is configured as non-revertive mode.  The
   interworking is covered in the state transition tables.

           (revertive) A                  Z (non-revertive)
                       |                  |
                   (1) |<---- NR(0,0)---->| (1)
                       |                  |
                       |                  |
                   (2) | (SF on W(A<->Z)) | (2)
                       |<---- SF(1,1)---->|
                       |                  |
                       |                  |
                   (3) |   (Clear SF-W)   | (3)
                       |<---- NR(0,1)---->|
                   (4) |<----- DNR(0,1)---| (4)
                      /|-- WTR(0,1)------>|
                     | |<----- NR(0,1)----| (5)
                     | |                  |
             WTR timer |                  |
                     | |                  |
                     | |                  |
                      \|                  |
                   (6) |--- NR(0,1)------>|
                       |<------ NR(0,0)---| (7)
                   (8) |--- NR(0,0)------>|
                       |                  |

   (1) Each end is in the Normal state, and transmits NR(0,0) messages.

   (2) When SF-W occurs, each node enters into the PF:W:L state and
   transmits SF(l,l) messages.  Traffic is switched to the protection
   path.  Upon receiving SF(1,1), each node confirms that the remote LER
   is also sending and receiving the traffic on the protection path.





Ryoo, et al.             Expires August 12, 2014               [Page 36]

Internet-Draft            MPLS-TP LP for ITU-T             February 2014


   (3) When SF-W is cleared, each node transits to the PF:W:R state and
   transmits NR(0,1) messages as the last received message is SF-W.

   (4) Upon receiving NR(0,1) messages, node A goes into the WTR state,
   starts the WTR timer, and sends WTR(0,1) messages.  At the same time,
   node B transits to the DNR state and sends DNR(0,1) message.

   (5) When the WTR message arrives at node Z, node Z transits to the
   WTR state and send NR(0,1) message according to the state transition
   table.  At the same time, the DNR message arrived at node Z is
   ignored according to the state transition table.  Therefore, node Z,
   which is configured as non-revertive mode, is operating as if in
   revertive mode.

   (6) At expiration of the WTR timer in node A, node A sends NR(0,1).

   (7) When the NR(0,1) message arrives at node Z, node Z moves to the
   Normal state, sets selector and bridge to the working path, and sends
   NR(0, 0) message.

   (8) The received NR(0,0) message causes node A to transits to the
   Normal state.  Now, the traffic is switched back to the working path.

Authors' Addresses

   Jeong-dong Ryoo (editor)
   ETRI
   218 Gajeongno
   Yuseong-gu, Daejeon  305-700
   South Korea

   Phone: +82-42-860-5384
   Email: ryoo@etri.re.kr


   Eric Gray (editor)
   Ericsson

   Email: eric.gray@ericsson.com












Ryoo, et al.             Expires August 12, 2014               [Page 37]

Internet-Draft            MPLS-TP LP for ITU-T             February 2014


   Huub van Helvoort
   Huawei Technologies
   Karspeldreef 4,
   Amsterdam 1101 CJ
   the Netherlands

   Phone: +31 20 4300936
   Email: huub.van.helvoort@huawei.com


   Alessandro D'Alessandro
   Telecom Italia
   via Reiss Romoli, 274
   Torino  10148
   Italy

   Phone: +39 011 2285887
   Email: alessandro.dalessandro@telecomitalia.it


   Taesik Cheung
   ETRI
   218 Gajeongno
   Yuseong-gu, Daejeon  305-700
   South Korea

   Phone: +82-42-860-5646
   Email: cts@etri.re.kr


   Eric Osborne
   Cisco Systems, Inc.

   Email: eosborne@cisco.com

















Ryoo, et al.             Expires August 12, 2014               [Page 38]


Html markup produced by rfcmarkup 1.109, available from https://tools.ietf.org/tools/rfcmarkup/