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Versions: (draft-zhou-netext-pd-pmip) 00 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 RFC 7148

NETEXT WG                                                        X. Zhou
Internet-Draft                                           ZTE Corporation
Intended status: Standards Track                             J. Korhonen
Expires: June 11, 2014                                          Broadcom
                                                             C. Williams
                                                              Consultant
                                                           S. Gundavelli
                                                                   Cisco
                                                           CJ. Bernardos
                                                                    UC3M
                                                        December 8, 2013


            Prefix Delegation Support for Proxy Mobile IPv6
                      draft-ietf-netext-pd-pmip-13

Abstract

   This specification defines extensions to the Proxy Mobile IPv6
   protocol for allowing a mobile router in a Proxy Mobile IPv6 domain
   to obtain IP prefixes for its attached mobile networks using DHCPv6
   prefix delegation.  Network-based mobility management support is
   provided for those delegated IP prefixes just as it is provided for
   the mobile node's home address.  Even if the mobile router performs a
   handoff and changes its network point of attachment, mobility support
   is ensured for all the delegated IP prefixes and for all the IP nodes
   in the mobile network that use IP address configuration from those
   delegated IP prefixes.

Status of this Memo

   This Internet-Draft is submitted in full conformance with the
   provisions of BCP 78 and BCP 79.

   Internet-Drafts are working documents of the Internet Engineering
   Task Force (IETF).  Note that other groups may also distribute
   working documents as Internet-Drafts.  The list of current Internet-
   Drafts is at http://datatracker.ietf.org/drafts/current/.

   Internet-Drafts are draft documents valid for a maximum of six months
   and may be updated, replaced, or obsoleted by other documents at any
   time.  It is inappropriate to use Internet-Drafts as reference
   material or to cite them other than as "work in progress."

   This Internet-Draft will expire on June 11, 2014.

Copyright Notice




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   Copyright (c) 2013 IETF Trust and the persons identified as the
   document authors.  All rights reserved.

   This document is subject to BCP 78 and the IETF Trust's Legal
   Provisions Relating to IETF Documents
   (http://trustee.ietf.org/license-info) in effect on the date of
   publication of this document.  Please review these documents
   carefully, as they describe your rights and restrictions with respect
   to this document.  Code Components extracted from this document must
   include Simplified BSD License text as described in Section 4.e of
   the Trust Legal Provisions and are provided without warranty as
   described in the Simplified BSD License.


Table of Contents

   1.  Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  4
   2.  Terminology  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  6
   3.  Solution Overview  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  7
     3.1.  Stated Assumptions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  7
     3.2.  Deployment Models  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  8
       3.2.1.  Delegating Router co-located with Mobile Access
               Gateway  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  8
       3.2.2.  Delegating Router co-located with Local Mobility
               Anchor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  9
       3.2.3.  Static Configuration of Delegated Mobile Network
               Prefixes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
   4.  Message formats  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
     4.1.  Delegated Mobile Network Prefix Option . . . . . . . . . . 12
     4.2.  Status Codes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
   5.  Operational Details  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
     5.1.  MAG Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
       5.1.1.  Extension to Binding Update List Entry Data
               Structure  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
       5.1.2.  Signaling Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
       5.1.3.  DHCP - MAG Interactions  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
         5.1.3.1.  Delegating Router co-located with Mobile
                   Access Gateway . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
         5.1.3.2.  Delegating Router co-located with Local
                   Mobility Anchor  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
       5.1.4.  Packet Forwarding  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
     5.2.  LMA Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
       5.2.1.  Extensions to Binding Cache Entry Data Structure . . . 20
       5.2.2.  Signaling Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
       5.2.3.  Packet Forwarding  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
     5.3.  Security Policy Database (SPD) Example Entries . . . . . . 22
   6.  Security Considerations  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
   7.  IANA Considerations  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24



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   8.  Acknowledgments  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
   9.  References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
     9.1.  Normative References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
     9.2.  Informative References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
   Authors' Addresses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26














































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1.  Introduction

   Proxy Mobile IPv6 [RFC5213] enables network-based mobility management
   support for an IP host without requiring its participation in any IP
   mobility signaling.  In Proxy Mobile IPv6 (PMIPv6), the mobile access
   gateway (MAG) performs the mobility management function on behalf of
   the mobile node (MN).  The local mobility anchor (LMA) is the home
   agent for the MN and the topological anchor point.  The mobility
   elements (LMA and MAGs) in the network allow an IP host to obtain an
   IPv4 address and/or a set of IPv6 addresses and be able to obtain IP
   mobility support for those IP address(es) within the Proxy Mobile
   IPv6 domain.  In this context, the mobility management support is
   enabled for an individual IP host, which is the mobile node.  The
   IPv4 home address, or the IPv6 home network prefixes are logically
   bound to the link shared between the mobile access gateway and the
   mobile node and only the mobile node can use those IP address(es) by
   configuring them on the interface attached to that link.  Currently,
   there is no mobility support for the mobile networks attached to a
   mobile router in a Proxy Mobile IPv6 domain.

   This specification defines extensions to the Proxy Mobile IPv6
   protocol (a new mobility option for carrying delegated prefix
   information in proxy binding update and proxy binding acknowledgement
   messages) for allowing mobility support to the mobile networks
   attached to a mobile router.  The mobile router can request the
   mobility entities in the Proxy Mobile IPv6 domain for one or more
   delegated IP prefixes using DHCP Prefix Delegation extensions
   [RFC3633], or through other means such as static configuration, or
   access technology specific mechanisms.  The mobility entities in the
   PMIPv6 network provide network-based mobility management support for
   those delegated prefixes just as it is supported for a home address.
   The delegated prefixes are hosted in the mobile network attached to
   the mobile router.  IP mobility is ensured for all the IP nodes in
   the mobile network, even as the mobile router performs a handoff by
   changing its point of network attachment within the Proxy Mobile IPv6
   domain.  The local mobility anchor in the Proxy Mobile IPv6 domain
   will not track the individual IP sessions for all the IP nodes in the
   mobile network, it only tracks a single mobile router session that is
   hosting the mobile network and associates the delegated IP prefixes
   with that session.  Although the protocol solution defined in this
   specification also allows signaling IPv4 subnets between the mobile
   access gateway and the local mobility anchor, the delegation of IPv4
   subnets to the mobile router is out of scope of this specification.








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                                      _----_
                       +-------+    _(      )_
                       |       |---( Internet )
                       |  LMA  |    (_      _)
                       |       |      '----'
                       +-------+
                           |
                      === === ===
                   ==    Proxy    ==
                ==    Mobile IPv6    ==
                   ==    Domain   ==
                      === === ===
                ___________|___________
               |                       |
           +-------+               +-------+
           |  MAG  |               |  MAG  |
           +-------+               +-------+
               .
               .
        - - - - - - - -
       |   +------+    |
       |   |  MR  |    |
       |   +------+    |
       |       |       |
       |    -------    |
       |    |     |    |
       |   LFN   LFN   |
        - - - - - - - -

            Figure 1: Mobile Router in Proxy Mobile IPv6 Domain

   Within the context of this document, the definition of a mobile
   router extends that of a mobile node definition from [RFC5213], by
   adding routing capability between the mobile network and the point of
   attachment of the mobile router.  The network of nodes part of the
   mobile network are referred to as locally fixed nodes (LFN) and they
   all move with the mobile router as a single cluster.  As the mobile
   router moves, the LFNs are not aware of the mobility of the MR to a
   new point of attachment.  Figure 1 illustrates a mobile router in a
   Proxy Mobile IPv6 domain.

   The rest of the document identifies the protocol extensions and the
   operational details of the local mobility anchor and mobile access
   gateway for supporting this specification.







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2.  Terminology

   The key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", "SHALL", "SHALL NOT",
   "SHOULD", "SHOULD NOT", "RECOMMENDED", "MAY", and "OPTIONAL" in this
   document are to be interpreted as described in [RFC2119].

   All the mobility related terms used in this document are to be
   interpreted as defined in Proxy Mobile IPv6 specifications [RFC5213]
   and [RFC5844].  All the DHCP related terms are to be interpreted as
   defined in DHCPv6-PD for NEMO [RFC6276], DHCPv6-PD [RFC3633] and
   Subnet Allocation Option for DHCPv4 [RFC6656].  This document also
   provides a context-specific explanation to the following terms used
   in this document, and originally defined in the Mobile Network
   terminology document [RFC4885].

   Mobile Router (MR)

      The term mobile router is used to refer to an IP router whose
      mobility is managed by the network while being attached to a Proxy
      Mobile IPv6 domain.  The mobile router is a mobile node as defined
      in [RFC5213], but with additional capabilities for supporting an
      attached mobile network.  The MR's interface used for attachment
      to the mobile access gateway is referred to as the egress
      interface.  Any MR's interface used for attachment to the mobile
      network is referred to as ingress interface.  The mobility
      entities in the Proxy Mobile IPv6 domain provide mobility for the
      IPv4/IPv6 address(es) assigned to the mobile node's egress link
      and also mobility support to the network prefixes hosted in the
      network attached to the mobile router.

   Mobile Network

      It is an IP network attached to a mobile router.  There can be
      many IP nodes in this IP network.  The mobile router is a gateway
      for these IP nodes for reaching other IP networks or the Internet.
      The mobile router and the attached IP networks move as a single
      cluster.

   Delegated Mobile Network Prefix (DMNP)

      The Delegated Mobile Network Prefix is an IPv4/IPv6 prefix
      delegated to a mobile router and is hosted in the mobile network.
      The IP nodes in the mobile network will be able to obtain IP
      address configuration from the delegated mobile network prefix and
      will have IP mobility support for that address configuration.  The
      DMNP is topologically anchored on the local mobility anchor and
      the mobility elements in the Proxy Mobile IPv6 domain provide IP
      mobility support for the prefix, by forwarding the mobile network



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      traffic to the mobile router.

   Locally Fixed Node (LFN)

      A Locally Fixed Node is an IP node in the mobile network.  As the
      mobile router performs a handoff and changes its network point of
      attachment, the locally fixed node moves along with the mobile
      router.


3.  Solution Overview

   This section provides an overview of the operation of this
   specification, as well as lists the stated assumptions.  This
   specification references three different deployment scenarios and
   explains the protocol operation.

3.1.  Stated Assumptions

   o  The mobile router is a mobile node as defined in [RFC5213], but
      with additional capabilities for routing IP packets between its
      egress interface (interface used for attachment to the mobile
      access gateway) and any of its ingress interfaces (interface used
      for attachment to the mobile network).

   o  The specification assumes that a mobile router is an IPv4 and/or
      IPv6 router without any capability for mobility management.

   o  The mobile router can obtain the delegated IP prefix(es) for its
      attached mobile networks using DHCPv6 Prefix Delegation, Static
      configuration, or through mechanisms specific to the access
      technology.  This document assumes DHCPv6 Prefix Delegation
      [RFC3633] and in conjunction with the Prefix Exclude Option
      [RFC6603] as the default mechanism for prefix assignment to the
      mobile node.  It defines an interworking between the mobility
      entities and the DHCPv6 functional elements in a non-normative
      way.  The mechanism how to delegate IPv4 subnets to a mobile
      router is out of scope of this specification.

   o  The mobile router obtains the IP address configuration for its
      egress roaming interface as specified in [RFC5213] and [RFC5844].
      The mobile router along with its mobile networks will be able to
      perform handoff and change its point of attachment in the network
      and will be able to retain IP mobility support.

   o  When using DHCPv6 Prefix Delegation, this document assumes that
      the mobile router uses its egress interface when making DHCPv6
      requests.



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3.2.  Deployment Models

   This section explains the protocol operation for supporting prefix
   delegation support in Proxy Mobile IPv6 for the following three
   deployment models: i) Delegating router co-located with mobile access
   gateway, ii) Delegating router co-located with local mobility anchor,
   and iii) Static configuration of delegated prefixes.  High-level
   message call flows between the mobile router, mobile access gateway
   and the local mobility anchor are presented while explaining the
   protocol operation.

3.2.1.  Delegating Router co-located with Mobile Access Gateway

   In this deployment scenario, the delegating router (DR) function, as
   specified in [RFC3633], is co-located with the mobile access gateway,
   and a requesting router (RR) function is enabled on the mobile
   router.

   Figure 2 shows the high-level message call flow for this case.  The
   mobile router attaches to the mobile access gateway, which triggers
   the Proxy Mobile IPv6 signaling between the mobile access gateway and
   the local mobility anchor, setting up the bi-directional tunnel
   between them (regular Proxy Mobile IPv6 registration).  After that,
   the DHCPv6 requesting router function running on the mobile router
   sends a Solicit message requesting a prefix.  This message is
   received by the the DHCPv6 delegating router function running on the
   mobile access gateway.  The mobile access gateway then sends a proxy
   binding update message including a delegated mobile network prefix
   (DMNP) option carrying the ALL_ZERO value [RFC5213].  This serves as
   a request for the local mobility anchor to allocate a set of
   delegated prefixes, conveyed back in one or more DMNP options in a
   proxy binding acknowledgment message.  The DHCPv6-PD signaling is
   then completed as described in [RFC3633], finalizing with the
   delegating router sending a Reply message conveying the delegated
   prefixes.  If the requesting router includes a Rapid Commit option in
   its Solicit message, it is preferable that the MAG respond directly
   with a Reply rather than with an Advertise message, as described in
   [RFC3315], Section 17.2.3.













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      +-----+            +-----+                      +-----+
      | MR  |            | MAG |                      | LMA |
      |(RR) |            | (DR)|                      |     |
      +-----+            +-----+                      +-----+
   1)    |-- MN Attach -----|                            |
         |                  |--Proxy Binding Update----->|
         |                  |                            |
         |                  |<-------Proxy Binding Ack.--|
         |                  |                            |
         |                  |o==========================o|
   2)    |                  |       PMIPv6 tunnel        |
         |                  |o==========================o|
   3)    |--Solicit for---->|                            |
         | delegated prefix |                            |
   4)    |                  |--Proxy Binding Update----->|
         |                  |                            |
   5)    |                  |<--Proxy Binding Ack.(DMNP)-|
         |                  |                            |
         -                  -<---+                       |
   6)    |<------Advertise--|    |                       |
         |                  |    |                       |
   7)    |--Request-------->| Optional                   |
         |                  |    |                       |
         -                  -<---+                       |
   8)    |<---Reply (DMNP)--|                            |
         |                  |                            |

     Figure 2: Delegating Router co-located with Mobile Access Gateway

   From an operational point of view, this is the simplest deployment
   option, as it keeps a single protocol interface between the mobile
   access gateway and the local mobility anchor.

3.2.2.  Delegating Router co-located with Local Mobility Anchor

   In this deployment scenario, the delegating router (DR) function, as
   specified in [RFC3633], is co-located with the local mobility anchor,
   the requesting router (RR) function is enabled on the mobile router
   and a DHCPv6 Relay Agent (DRA) function, is co-located on the mobile
   access gateway.

   Figure 3 shows the high-level message call flow for this case.  The
   mobile router attaches to the mobile access gateway, which triggers
   the Proxy Mobile IPv6 signaling between the mobile access gateway and
   the local mobility anchor, setting up the bi-directional tunnel
   between them (regular Proxy Mobile IPv6 registration).  After that,
   the DHCPv6 requesting router function running on the mobile router
   requests a prefix by sending a Solicit message.  This message is



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   received by the DHCPv6 relay agent function running on the mobile
   access gateway, which then completes the DHCPv6 signaling, according
   to [RFC3315].  The relay agent function SHOULD include the relay
   agent remote-id option [RFC4649] into Relay-forward messages with
   appropriate identity information to enable correlation of mobile
   router identities used over DHCPv6 and PMIPv6.  Once the mobile
   access gateway gets the set of delegated prefixes from the delegating
   router function running on the local mobility anchor, it conveys it
   in a proxy binding update.  This ensures that the local mobility
   anchor properly routes the traffic addressed to the delegated
   prefixes via the PMIPv6 tunnel established with the mobile access
   gateway, and that mobility is provided to these prefixes while the
   mobile router roams within the PMIPv6 domain.  Note that the relay
   agent function in the mobile access gateway has to queue the Reply
   message for the duration of the PMIPv6 signaling (steps 10 and 11)
   before forwarding the Reply message to the requesting router.  While
   this does not change anything from the DHCPv6-PD protocol point of
   view, implementations will need to account for interactions between
   the timing of PMIPv6 signaling and the DHCPv6 timeout/retry logic.
































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      +-----+            +-----+                    +-----+
      | MR  |            | MAG |                    | LMA |
      |(RR) |            |(DRA)|                    |(DR) |
      +-----+            +-----+                    +-----+
   1)    |-- MN Attach -----|                          |
         |                  |--------- PBU ----------->|
         |                  |                          |
         |                  |<-------- PBA ------------|
         |                  |                          |
         |                  |o========================o|
   2)    |                  |      PMIPv6 tunnel       |
         |                  |o========================o|
   3)    |-- Solicit for -->|                          |
         | delegated prefix |                          |
   4)    |                  |--- Solicit ------------->|
         -                  -                          - <---+
   5)    |                  |<-- Advertise ------------|     |
         |                  |                          |     |
   6)    |<- Advertise -----|                          |     |
         |                  |                          |  Optional
   7)    |-- Request ------>|                          |     |
         |                  |                          |     |
   8)    |                  |--- Request ------------->|     |
         -                  -                          - <---+
   9)    |                  |<-- Reply (DMNP) ---------|
         |                  |                          |
   10)   |                  |----------PBU (DMNP)----->|
         |                  |                          |
   11)   |                  |<---------PBA (DMNP)------|
         |                  |                          |
   12)   |<-- Reply (DMNP) -|                          |
         |                  |                          |

     Figure 3: Delegating Router co-located with Local Mobility Anchor

   The DR function can also be on the located in other entities of the
   home network different from the LMA.  This deployment model requires
   some interworking between the DR and the LMA and is out of scope for
   this specification.  Note that this additional interworking would
   have no impact on the protocol between the LMA and MAG defined in
   this document.

3.2.3.  Static Configuration of Delegated Mobile Network Prefixes

   In this deployment scenario, the delegated mobile network prefixes of
   the mobile router are statically configured in the mobile node's
   policy profile [RFC5213].  The delegated mobile network prefixes are
   statically configured in the mobile network attached to the mobile



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   router.  The mobile router is the default-router for the mobile
   networks.

   Figure 4 shows a high-level message call flow for this example.  The
   mobile access gateway obtains statically configured mobile network
   prefixes from the policy profile and registers them with the local
   mobility anchor using the extensions specified in this document, that
   is, the use of the delegated mobile network prefix (DMNP) option in
   the Proxy Mobile IPv6 signaling.  There is no explicit trigger from
   the mobile router for registering, or de-registering those prefixes.
   As long as there is a mobility session for the mobile router's home
   address, the local mobility anchor enables mobility support for the
   mobile network prefixes.

      +-----+            +-----+                    +-----+
      | MR  |            | MAG |                    | LMA |
      |     |            |     |                    |     |
      +-----+            +-----+                    +-----+
   1)    |-- MN Attach -----|                          |
   2)    |                  - (Policy Profile)         |
         |                  |                          |
   3)    |                  |--------- PBU (DMNP) ---->|
         |                  |                          |
   4)    |                  |<-------- PBA (DMNP) -----|
         |                  |                          |
         |                  |o========================o|
   5)    |                  |      PMIPv6 tunnel       |
         |                  |o========================o|
         |                  |                          |

    Figure 4: Static Configuration of Delegated Mobile Network Prefixes


4.  Message formats

   This section defines extensions to Proxy Mobile IPv6 [RFC5213]
   protocol messages.

4.1.  Delegated Mobile Network Prefix Option

   A new mobility header option, Delegated Mobile Network Prefix option
   is defined for use with Proxy Binding Update and Proxy Binding
   Acknowledgment messages exchanged between a local mobility anchor and
   a mobile access gateway.  This option is used for exchanging the
   mobile router's IPv4/IPv6 delegated mobile network prefix.  There can
   be multiple instances of the Delegated Mobile Network Prefix option
   present in a message.




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   The Delegated Mobile Network Prefix option has an alignment
   requirement of 8n+2.  Its format is as follows:

   0                   1                   2                   3
   0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
   +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
   |      Type     |   Length      |V|  Reserved   | Prefix Length |
   +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
   |                                                               |
   +                                                               +
   |                                                               |
   .                                                               .
   +           IPv4 or IPv6 Delegated Mobile Network Prefix        +
   |                         (DMNP)                                |
   +                                                               +
   |                                                               |
   +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+


   Type

      <IANA-1>: To be assigned by IANA.

   Length

      8-bit unsigned integer indicating the length of the option in
      octets, excluding the type and length fields.

   IPv4 Prefix (V)

      If the IPv4 Prefix (V) flag is set to a value of (1), then it
      indicates that the prefix that is included in the DMNP field is an
      IPv4 prefix.  If the IPv4 Prefix (V) flag is set to a value of
      (0), then it indicates that the prefix that is included in the
      DMNP field is an IPv6 prefix.

   Reserved

      This field is unused for now.  The value MUST be initialized to 0
      by the sender and MUST be ignored by the receiver.

   Prefix Length

      8-bit unsigned integer indicating the prefix length of the prefix
      contained in the option.

   Delegated Mobile Network Prefix




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      Contains a mobile router's 4-byte IPv4 or a 16-byte IPv6 Delegated
      Mobile Network Prefix.

4.2.  Status Codes

   This document defines the following new status code values for use in
   the Proxy Binding Acknowledgement message.  These values have been
   allocated from the same number space as defined in Section 6.1.8 of
   [RFC6275].

   NOT_AUTHORIZED_FOR_DELEGATED_MNP: <IANA-2>

      Not Authorized for delegated mobile network prefix

   REQUESTED_DMNP_IN_USE: <IANA-3>

      Requested delegated mobile network prefix is in use


5.  Operational Details

5.1.  MAG Considerations

5.1.1.  Extension to Binding Update List Entry Data Structure

   In order to support this specification, the conceptual Binding Update
   List Entry (BULE) data structure [RFC5213] needs to be extended to
   include a delegated mobile network prefix (DMNP) list.  Each entry in
   the list is used for storing an IPv4/IPv6 mobile network prefix
   delegated to the mobile router.

5.1.2.  Signaling Considerations

   During the mobile router's initial attachment procedure, the mobile
   access gateway obtains the mobile router's policy profile, as per the
   procedures defined in [RFC5213].  The mobile node's policy profile
   defined in [RFC5213] is extended to include a parameter which
   indicates Delegated Prefix support.  If the policy profile indicates
   that the mobile router is authorized for Delegated Prefix support,
   then the considerations described next apply.

   The mobile access gateway MUST include one or more Delegated Mobile
   Network Prefix (DMNP) options in the Proxy Binding Update message in
   order to request the local mobility anchor to allocate delegated
   mobile network prefix(es) for the mobile router.

   If the mobile access gateway requests the local mobility anchor to
   perform the prefix assignment, then:



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   o  There MUST be exactly one instance of the Delegated Mobile Network
      Prefix option with ALL_ZERO value and with the (V) flag set to a
      value of (0).  This serves as a request to the local mobility
      anchor to allocate a set of delegated IPv6 mobile network
      prefixes.

   o  There MUST be exactly one instance of the Delegated Mobile Network
      Prefix option with ALL_ZERO value and with the (V) flag set to a
      value of (1).  This serves as a request to the local mobility
      anchor to allocate a set of delegated IPv4 mobile network
      prefixes.

   o  If the received Proxy Binding Acknowledgement message has the
      status field value set to NOT_AUTHORIZED_FOR_DELEGATED_MNP (Not
      Authorized for delegated mobile network prefix), the mobile access
      gateway MUST NOT enable mobility support for any of the prefixes
      in the mobile network and prefix delegation support has to be
      disabled.

   o  If the received Proxy Binding Acknowledgement message has the
      status field value set to REQUESTED_DMNP_IN_USE (Requested
      delegated mobile network prefix is in use), the mobile access
      gateway MUST NOT enable mobility support for the requested
      prefixes.  The mobile access gateway MAY choose to send Proxy
      Binding Update message requesting the local mobility anchor to
      perform the prefix assignment.

   If the mobile access gateway provides the local mobility anchor with
   the prefix(es) that wants to get allocated, then:

   o  There MUST be exactly one instance of the Delegated Mobile Network
      Prefix option with NON_ZERO prefix value [RFC5213] for each of the
      mobile network prefixes that the mobile access gateway is
      requesting the local mobility anchor to allocate.  The prefix
      value in the option is the prefix that is either statically
      configured for that mobile router in the mobile node's policy
      profile, or obtained via interactions with the DHCP PD functions.
      This serves as a request to the local mobility anchor to allocate
      the requested IPv4/IPv6 prefix.

   If the received Proxy Binding Acknowledgement message has the status
   field value set to 0 (Proxy Binding Update accepted), the mobile
   access gateway has to apply the following considerations.

   o  The delegated mobile network prefix (DMNP) list in the mobile
      router's Binding Update List entry has to be updated with the
      allocated prefix(es).  However, if the received message was in
      response to a de-registration request with a lifetime value of



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      (0), then the delegated mobile network prefix list has to be
      removed along with the Binding Update List entry.

   o  The mobile access gateway has to set up a policy-based route for
      forwarding the IP packets received from the mobile network (with
      the source IP address from any of the delegated IPv4/IPv6 mobile
      network prefixes) through the bidirectional tunnel set up for that
      mobile router.  However, if the received message was in response
      to a de-registration request with a lifetime value of (0), then
      the created forwarding state has to be removed.

   This specification assumes that all the mobile access gateways of a
   PMIPv6 Domain support the same prefix delegation mechanism.  If there
   is any difference, it will result in delegated mobile network
   prefix(es) getting de-registered and the mobile network loosing the
   prefix(es).  This would result in the attached local fixed nodes
   loosing the assigned IP addresses.  The mobile router MAY explicitly
   deprecate these prefixes.  Alternatively the lifetime of the
   addresses may expire.

5.1.3.  DHCP - MAG Interactions

   This section describes the interactions between the DHCP and PMIPv6
   logical entities running on the mobile access gateway.  This section
   is applicable only for deployments that use DHCPv6-based prefix
   delegation (i.e., it does not apply if static configuration is used).
   As described next, these interactions vary slightly depending on the
   considered deployment model at the mobile access gateway (described
   in Section 3.2).

   The mobile router, acting as a "Requesting Router" as described in
   [RFC3633], sends a Solicit message including one or more IA_PD
   option(s) to the Delegating Router/DHCPv6 Relay Agent collocated on
   the mobile access gateway.  This message provides the needed trigger
   for the mobile access gateway for requesting the local mobility
   anchor to enable delegated mobile network prefix support for that
   mobility session.  We next describe the subsequent interactions
   depending on the deployment model.

5.1.3.1.  Delegating Router co-located with Mobile Access Gateway

   The mobile access gateway applies the considerations in Section 5.1.2
   for requesting the local mobility anchor to enable delegated prefix
   support.  For example, if the mobile router is soliciting an IPv4
   prefix, the mobile access gateway includes in the Proxy Binding
   Update signaling a Delegated Mobile Network Prefix option with
   ALL_ZERO value and with the (V) flag set to a value of (1).




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   The mobile access gateway, upon successfully completing the Proxy
   Binding Update signaling with the local mobility anchor (following
   the considerations described in Section 5.1.2), adds the delegated
   mobile network prefixes to the binding update list.  Then, the mobile
   access gateway provides the obtained prefixes to the DHCPv6
   Delegating Router for prefix assignment.  The way in which these
   prefixes are passed to the DHCPv6 delegating router function is
   beyond the scope of this document.

   o  In case the Proxy Binding Update signaling with the local mobility
      anchor is not completed successfully, for example because the
      local mobility anchor is not authorized for delegated mobile
      network prefix or the requested prefix is in use, the DHCPv6
      Delegating Router will send a Reply message to the Requesting
      Router with no IA_PREFIX suboptions and with a Status Code option
      as described in [RFC3633], section 11.2.

   The standard DHCPv6 considerations will be applied with respect to
   the interactions between the Delegating Router and the Requesting
   Router.  The Requesting Router is provided with the delegated
   prefix(es), which can then be then advertised in the mobile network,
   and therefore used by the locally fixed nodes to auto configure IP
   addresses allowing to gain access to the Internet.

   Any time, the Requesting Router releases the delegated prefixes, the
   Delegating Router removes the assigned prefixes.  To do so, the
   mobile access gateway will send an Updated Proxy Binding Update
   following the considerations described in Section 5.1.2 for de-
   registering those prefixes.  The way in which the DHCPv6 Delegating
   Router triggers the mobile access gateway in order to de-register the
   prefixes is beyond the scope of this document.

   In case the mobile router performs a handover and attaches to a
   different mobile access gateway, the following cases are possible:

   o  The new mobile access gateway does not support the delegation of
      mobile network prefixes described in this specification.  In this
      case, forwarding of the previously delegated mobile network
      prefixes is no longer performed.

   o  The new mobile access gateway supports the delegation of mobile
      network prefixes described in this specification.  There are two
      possible cases upon the reception of the SOLICIT message by the
      Delegating Router.  If the MAG already knows the delegated mobile
      network prefixes, it conveys them in a DMNP option included in the
      Proxy Binding Update sent to the local mobility anchor, which then
      authorizes them based on: a) the content of the associated binding
      cache entry (if exists), b) the user profile (if the allocation is



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      static), or, c) checking that the delegated mobile network
      prefixes are not already allocated.  On the other hand, if the
      mobile access gateway is not aware of the delegated mobile network
      prefixes, it will include 0.0.0.0 / ::0 in a DMNP option included
      in the Proxy Binding Update sent to the LMA, which will provide
      the right prefixes back in the Proxy Binding Acknowledgement based
      on a) the content of the associated binding cache entry (if
      exits), b) the profile (if static allocation is used), or c)
      dynamic assignment.

5.1.3.2.  Delegating Router co-located with Local Mobility Anchor

   A DHCPv6 Relay Agent function running on the mobile access gateway
   will forward the DHCP messages to the local mobility anchor which has
   the co-located Delegating Router function.  The Requesting Router and
   the Delegating Router complete the DHCP messages related to prefix
   delegation.

   During the DHCPv6 exchange, the standard DHCPv6 considerations apply
   with respect to the interactions between the Delegating Router,
   DHCPv6 Relay Agent and the Requesting Router.

   The mobile access gateway learns from the co-located DHCPv6 Relay
   Agent the prefixes allocated by the Delegating Router.  The way in
   which the mobile access gateway learns obtains this information from
   the DHCPv6 Relay Agent function is beyond the scope of this document.

   The mobile access gateway will apply the considerations in
   Section 5.1.2 for requesting the local mobility anchor to enable
   delegated prefix support.  The mobile access gateway will include
   exactly one instance of the Delegated Mobile Network Prefix option
   with NON_ZERO prefix value for each of the mobile network prefixes
   that the mobile access gateway is requesting the local mobility
   anchor to allocate.  The prefix value(s) in the option will be the
   prefix(es) obtained via DHCP prefix delegation.

   The mobile access gateway, upon successfully completing the Proxy
   Binding Update signaling with the local mobility anchor, will provide
   the obtained prefixes to the DHCPv6 Relay Agent for prefix
   assignment.  The Delegating Router is provided with the delegated
   prefix(es) completing the standard DHCPv6 signaling.  These prefixes
   can then be then advertised in the mobile network, and therefore used
   by the locally fixed nodes to auto configure IP addresses allowing to
   gain access to the Internet.

   o  In case the Proxy Binding Update signaling with the local mobility
      anchor is not completed successfully, for example because the
      local mobility anchor is not authorized for delegated mobile



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      network prefix, the requested prefix is in use, or the delegated
      prefix(es) do not match the ones allocated by DHCP prefix
      delegation, the DHCPv6 Relay Agent MAY send a Reply message to the
      Requesting Router with no IA_PREFIX suboptions and with a Status
      Code option as described in [RFC3633], section 11.2.

   In case the mobile router performs a handover and attaches to a
   different mobile access gateway, the following cases are possible:

   o  The new mobile access gateway does not support the delegation of
      mobile network prefixes described in this specification.  In this
      case, forwarding of the previously delegated mobile network
      prefixes is no longer performed.

   o  The new mobile access gateway supports the delegation of mobile
      network prefixes described in this specification.  There are two
      possible cases upon the reception of the SOLICIT message by the
      DHCPv6 Relay Agent.  If the MAG already knows the delegated mobile
      network prefixes, it conveys them in a DMNP option included in the
      Proxy Binding Update sent to the local mobility anchor, which then
      authorizes them based on: a) the content of the associated binding
      cache entry (if exists), b) the user profile (if the allocation is
      static), or, c) checking that the delegated mobile network
      prefixes are not already allocated.  On the other hand, if the
      mobile access gateway is not aware of the delegated mobile network
      prefixes, it will include 0.0.0.0 / ::0 in a DMNP option included
      in the Proxy Binding Update sent to the LMA, which will provide
      the right prefixes back in the Proxy Binding Acknowledgement based
      on a) the content of the associated binding cache entry (if
      exits), b) the profile (if static allocation is used), or c)
      dynamic assignment.

5.1.4.  Packet Forwarding

   On receiving an IP packet from a mobile router, the mobile access
   gateway before tunneling the packet to the local mobility anchor MUST
   ensure that there is an established binding for the mobile router and
   the source IP address of the packet is a prefix delegated to that
   mobile router.  If the source address of the received IP packet is
   not part of the delegated mobile network prefix, then the mobile
   access gateway MUST NOT tunnel the packet to the local mobility
   anchor.

   On receiving an IP packet from the bi-directional tunnel established
   with the local mobility anchor, the mobile access gateway MUST first
   decapsulate the packet (removing the outer header) and then use the
   destination address of the (inner) packet to forward it on the
   interface through which the mobile router is reachable.



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   The above forwarding considerations are not applicable to the IP
   traffic sent/received to/from the mobile router's home address (IPv4
   HOA/HNP).  For the mobile router's home address traffic, forwarding
   considerations from [RFC5213] and [RFC5844] continue to apply.

5.2.  LMA Considerations

5.2.1.  Extensions to Binding Cache Entry Data Structure

   In order to support this specification, the conceptual Binding Cache
   Entry (BCE) data structure [RFC5213] needs to be extended to include
   the delegated mobile network prefix (DMNP) list.  Each entry in the
   list represents a delegated mobile network prefix.

5.2.2.  Signaling Considerations

   If the Proxy Binding Update message does not include any Delegated
   Mobile Network Prefix option(s) (Section 4.1), then the local
   mobility anchor MUST NOT enable Delegated Prefix support for the
   mobility session, and the Proxy Binding Acknowledgment message that
   is sent in response MUST NOT contain any Delegated Mobile Network
   Prefix option(s).

   If the Proxy Binding Update message includes one or more Delegated
   Mobile Network Prefix options, but the local mobility anchor is not
   configured to support Delegated Prefix support, then the local
   mobility anchor will ignore the option(s) and process the rest of the
   option as specified in [RFC5213].  This would have no effect on the
   operation of the rest of the protocol.  The Proxy Binding
   Acknowledgement message that is sent in response will not include any
   Delegated Mobile Network Prefix option(s).

   If the Proxy Binding Update message has the Delegated Mobile Network
   Prefix option(s) and if the local mobility anchor is configured for
   Delegated Prefix support, then the local mobility anchor MUST enable
   Delegated Mobile Network Prefix option for that mobility session.
   The Proxy Binding Acknowledgement message that is sent in response
   MUST include the Delegated Mobile Network Prefix option(s).  The
   following considerations apply.

   o  If there is at least one instance of the Delegated Mobile Network
      Prefix option with a ALL_ZERO [RFC5213] prefix value, then this
      serves as a request for the local mobility anchor to perform the
      assignment of one or more delegated mobile network prefixes.

      *  A Delegated Mobile Network option with ALL_ZERO value and with
         the (V) flag set to a value of (0), is a request for the local
         mobility anchor to allocate one or more IPv6 prefixes.



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      *  A Delegated Mobile Network option with ALL_ZERO value and with
         the (V) flag set to a value of (1), is a request for the local
         mobility anchor to allocate one or more IPv4 prefixes.

      *  Inclusion of multiple instances of Delegated Mobile Network
         options with ALL_ZERO value, one with the (V) flag set to a
         value of (1), and another instance with the (V) flag set to a
         value of (0) is a request to allocate both IPv4 and IPv6
         prefixes.

   o  If there are no instances of the Delegated Mobile Network Prefix
      option present in the request with ALL_ZERO value, but has a
      specific prefix value, then this serves as a request for the local
      mobility anchor to perform the allocation of the requested
      prefix(es).

      *  If any one of the requested prefixes are assigned to some other
         mobility node, or not from an authorized pool that the local
         mobility can allocate for that mobility session, then the Proxy
         Binding Update MUST be rejected by sending a Proxy Binding
         Acknowledgement message with Status field set to
         REQUESTED_DMNP_IN_USE (Requested delegated mobile network
         prefix is in use).

   Upon accepting the Proxy Binding Update, the local mobility anchor
   MUST send a Proxy Binding Acknowledgement message with the Status
   field set to 0 (Proxy Binding Update accepted).

   o  The message MUST include one instance of the Delegated Mobile
      Network Prefix option for each of the allocated IPv4/IPv6
      delegated mobile network prefixes.

   o  The delegated mobile network prefix (DMNP) list in the mobile
      router's Binding Cache entry has to be updated with the allocated
      prefix(es).  However, if the request is a de-registration request
      with a lifetime value of (0), the delegated mobile network prefix
      list has to be removed along with the Binding Cache entry.

   o  A route (or a platform-specific equivalent function that sets up
      the forwarding) for each of the allocated prefixes over the tunnel
      has to be added.  However, if the request is a de-registration
      request, with a lifetime value of (0), all the IPv4/IPv6 delegated
      prefix routes created for that session have to be removed.








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5.2.3.  Packet Forwarding

   The local mobility anchor MUST advertise a connected route into the
   routing infrastructure for the IP prefixes delegated to all of the
   mobile routers that it is serving.  This step essentially enables the
   local mobility anchor to be a routing anchor for those IP prefixes
   and be able to intercept IP packets sent to those mobile networks.

   On receiving a packet from a correspondent node with the destination
   address matching any of the mobile router's delegated mobile network
   prefixes, the local mobility anchor MUST forward the packet through
   the bi-directional tunnel set up with the mobile access gateway where
   the mobile router is attached.

   On receiving an IP packet from the bi-directional tunnel established
   with the mobile access gateway, the local mobility anchor MUST first
   decapsulate the packet (removing the outer header) and then use the
   destination address of the (inner) packet for forwarding decision.
   The local mobility anchor MUST ensure that there is an established
   binding for the mobile router and the source IP address of the packet
   is a prefix delegated to a mobile router reachable over that bi-
   directional tunnel.

   The above forwarding considerations are not applicable to the IP
   traffic sent/received to/from the mobile router's home address (IPv4
   HOA/HNP).  For the mobile router's home address traffic, forwarding
   considerations from [RFC5213] and [RFC5844] continue to apply.

5.3.  Security Policy Database (SPD) Example Entries

   The use of DHCPv6, as described in this document, requires message
   integrity protection and source authentication.  The IPsec security
   mechanism used by Proxy Mobile IPv6 [RFC5213] for securing the
   signaling messages between the mobile access gateway and the local
   mobility anchor can be used for securing the DHCP signaling between
   the mobile access gateway and the local mobility anchor.

   The Security Policy Database (SPD) and Security Association Database
   (SAD) entries necessary to protect the DHCP signaling is specified
   below.  The format of these entries is based on [RFC4877]
   conventions.  The SPD and SAD entries are only example
   configurations.  A particular implementation of mobile access gateway
   and local mobility anchor implementation can configure different SPD
   and SAD entries as long as they provide the required security for
   protecting DHCP signaling messages.

   For the examples described in this document, a mobile access gateway
   with address "mag_address_1", and a local mobility anchor with



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   address "lma_address_1" are assumed.

      mobile access gateway SPD-S:
        - IF local_address = mag_address_1 &
             remote_address = lma_address_1 & proto = UDP &
             local_port = any & remote_port = DHCP
          Then use SA1 (OUT) and SA2 (IN)

      mobile access gateway SAD:
        - SA1(OUT, spi_a, lma_address_1, ESP, TRANSPORT):
              local_address = mag_address_1 &
              remote_address = lma_address_1 &
              proto = UDP & remote_port = DHCP
        - SA2(IN, spi_b, mag_address_1, ESP, TRANSPORT):
              local_address = lma_address_1 &
              remote_address = mag_address_1 &
              proto = UDP & local_port = DHCP

      local mobility anchor SPD-S:
        - IF local_address = lma_address_1 &
             remote_address = mag_address_1 & proto = UDP &
             local_port = DHCP & remote_port = any
          Then use SA2 (OUT) and SA1 (IN)

      local mobility anchor SAD:
        - SA2(OUT, spi_b, mag_address_1, ESP, TRANSPORT):
              local_address = lma_address_1 &
              remote_address = mag_address_1 &
              proto = UDP & local_port = DHCP
        - SA1(IN, spi_a, lma_address_1, ESP, TRANSPORT):
              local_address = mag_address_1 &
              remote_address = lma_address_1 &
              proto = UDP & remote_port = DHCP


6.  Security Considerations

   The Delegated Mobile Network Prefix Option defined in this
   specification is for use in Proxy Binding Update and Proxy Binding
   Acknowledgement messages.  This option is carried like any other
   mobility header option as specified in [RFC5213].  Therefore, it
   inherits from [RFC5213] its security guidelines and does not require
   any additional security considerations.

   The use of DHCPv6 in this specification is as defined in DHCPv6 base
   specification [RFC3315] and DHCPv6 Prefix Delegation specifications
   [RFC3633].  The security considerations specified in those
   specifications apply to this document.



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   If IPsec is used, the IPsec security association that is used for
   protecting the Proxy Binding Update and Proxy Binding
   Acknowledgement, also needs to be used for protecting the DHCPv6
   signaling between the mobile access gateway and the local mobility
   anchor.  Considerations specified in Section 5.3 identify the
   extensions to security policy entries [RFC4301]


7.  IANA Considerations

   This document requires the following IANA actions.

   o  Action-1: This specification defines a new Mobility Header option,
      Delegated Mobile Network Prefix option.  This mobility option is
      described in Section 4.1.  The type value <IANA-1> for this
      message needs to be allocated from the Mobility Options registry
      at http://www.iana.org/assignments/mobility-parameters.  RFC
      Editor: Please replace <IANA-1> in Section 4.1 with the assigned
      value, and update this section accordingly.

   o  Action-2: This document also defines two new status code values
      for use in the Proxy Binding Acknowledgement message, as described
      in Section 4.2.  These status codes are,
      NOT_AUTHORIZED_FOR_DELEGATED_MNP (Not Authorized for delegated
      mobile network prefix) with a status code value of <IANA-2>, and
      REQUESTED_DMNP_IN_USE (Requested delegated mobile network prefix
      is in use) with a status code value of <IANA-3>.  These values
      have to be assigned from the same number space as allocated for
      other status codes [RFC6275] and update this section accordingly.


8.  Acknowledgments

   The authors would like to acknowledge Ryuji Wakikawa, Alexandru
   Petrescu, Behcet Sarikaya, Seil Jeon, Basavaraj Patil, Brian Haberman
   and Michal Hoeft for all the discussions and reviews of this draft.

   The work of Carlos J. Bernardos has also been partially supported by
   the European Community's Seventh Framework Programme (FP7-ICT-2009-5)
   under grant agreement n. 258053 (MEDIEVAL project) and by the
   Ministry of Science and Innovation of Spain under the QUARTET project
   (TIN2009-13992-C02-01).


9.  References






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9.1.  Normative References

   [RFC2119]  Bradner, S., "Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate
              Requirement Levels", BCP 14, RFC 2119, March 1997.

   [RFC3315]  Droms, R., Bound, J., Volz, B., Lemon, T., Perkins, C.,
              and M. Carney, "Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol for
              IPv6 (DHCPv6)", RFC 3315, July 2003.

   [RFC3633]  Troan, O. and R. Droms, "IPv6 Prefix Options for Dynamic
              Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) version 6", RFC 3633,
              December 2003.

   [RFC4301]  Kent, S. and K. Seo, "Security Architecture for the
              Internet Protocol", RFC 4301, December 2005.

   [RFC4649]  Volz, B., "Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol for IPv6
              (DHCPv6) Relay Agent Remote-ID Option", RFC 4649,
              August 2006.

   [RFC4877]  Devarapalli, V. and F. Dupont, "Mobile IPv6 Operation with
              IKEv2 and the Revised IPsec Architecture", RFC 4877,
              April 2007.

   [RFC5213]  Gundavelli, S., Leung, K., Devarapalli, V., Chowdhury, K.,
              and B. Patil, "Proxy Mobile IPv6", RFC 5213, August 2008.

   [RFC5844]  Wakikawa, R. and S. Gundavelli, "IPv4 Support for Proxy
              Mobile IPv6", RFC 5844, May 2010.

   [RFC6275]  Perkins, C., Johnson, D., and J. Arkko, "Mobility Support
              in IPv6", RFC 6275, July 2011.

   [RFC6276]  Droms, R., Thubert, P., Dupont, F., Haddad, W., and C.
              Bernardos, "DHCPv6 Prefix Delegation for Network Mobility
              (NEMO)", RFC 6276, July 2011.

   [RFC6603]  Korhonen, J., Savolainen, T., Krishnan, S., and O. Troan,
              "Prefix Exclude Option for DHCPv6-based Prefix
              Delegation", RFC 6603, May 2012.

9.2.  Informative References

   [RFC4885]  Ernst, T. and H-Y. Lach, "Network Mobility Support
              Terminology", RFC 4885, July 2007.

   [RFC6656]  Johnson, R., Kinnear, K., and M. Stapp, "Description of
              Cisco Systems' Subnet Allocation Option for DHCPv4",



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              RFC 6656, July 2012.


Authors' Addresses

   Xingyue Zhou
   ZTE Corporation
   No.50 Software Avenue, Yuhuatai District
   Nanjing
   China

   Phone: +86-25-8801-4634
   Email: zhou.xingyue@zte.com.cn


   Jouni Korhonen
   Broadcom
   Porkkalankatu 24
   Helsinki  FIN-00180
   Finland

   Email: jouni.nospam@gmail.com


   Carl Williams
   Consultant
   San Jose, CA
   USA

   Email: carlw@mcsr-labs.org


   Sri Gundavelli
   Cisco
   170 West Tasman Drive
   San Jose, CA  95134
   USA

   Email: sgundave@cisco.com












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   Carlos J. Bernardos
   Universidad Carlos III de Madrid
   Av. Universidad, 30
   Leganes, Madrid  28911
   Spain

   Phone: +34 91624 6236
   Email: cjbc@it.uc3m.es
   URI:   http://www.it.uc3m.es/cjbc/










































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