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Versions: (draft-zimmerer-sip-isup-mime) 00 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 RFC 3204

Internet Engineering Task Force                     Eric Zimmerer
Internet Draft                                          LongBoard
draft-ietf-sip-isup-mime-04.txt       Jon Peterson, Aparna Vemuri
Sep 2000                                   Level 3 Communications
Expires: Feb 2001                    L. Ong, M. Watson, M. Zonoun
                                                  Nortel Networks


              MIME media types for ISUP and QSIG Objects

Status of this Memo

This document is an Internet-Draft and is in full conformance
with all provisions of Section 10 of RFC2026.  Internet-Drafts
are working documents of the Internet Engineering Task Force
(IETF), its areas, and its working groups.  Note that other
groups may also distribute working documents as Internet-Drafts.

Internet-Drafts are draft documents valid for a maximum of six
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in progress."

The list of current Internet-Drafts can be accessed at
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Abstract

This document describes MIME types for application/ISUP and
application/QSIG objects for use in SIP applications, according to
the rules defined in RFC 2048 [1].  These types can be used to identify
ISUP and QSIG objects within a SIP message such as INVITE or INFO,
as might be implemented when using SIP between legacy systems.

1. Introduction

ISUP (ISDN User part) defined in the ITU-T recommendations
Q.761-4 is a signaling protocol used between telephony switches.
There exists a need to transport ISUP-encoded signaling
information between SIP entities as part of the payload of SIP
[2] messages, in order to access ISUP-based legacy service
logic.  For example, this may be implemented when using SIP to
control sessions between two systems that support legacy
telephony services or gateway between legacy systems.

QSIG is the analogous signaling protocol used between private
branch exchanges to support calls within private telephony
networks.  There is a similar need to transport QSIG-encoded
signaling information between SIP entities to support legacy
services or gateway between legacy systems.

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Internet Draft     ISUP and QSIG/MIME types           Sep 2000

The following discussion is specific to this usage and would not
apply to the transportation of ISUP or QSIG messages in other
applications. These media types are intended for ISUP or QSIG
application information that is used within the context of a SIP
session, and not as general purpose transport of SCN signaling.

The definition of media types for ISUP and QSIG application
information does not address fully how the entities exchanging
messages determine  or negotiate compatibility.  It is assumed
that this is addressed by alternative means such as
configuration or routing protocols.

This is intended to be an IETF approved MIME type, and to be
defined through an RFC.  NOTE: usage of Q.SIG within SIP is neither
endorsed nor recommended as a result of this MIME registration.

3. Proposed new media types

ISUP and QSIG messages are composed of arbitrary binary data
that is transparent to SIP processing. The best way to encode
these is to use binary encoding. This is in conformance with
the restrictions imposed on the use of binary data
for MIME (RFC 2045 [3]). It should be noted that the rules
mentioned in the RFC 2045 apply to Internet mail messages and
not to SIP  messages. Binary has been preferred over Base64
encoding because the latter would only result in adding bulk to
the encoded messages and possibly be more costly in terms of
processing power.

3.1 ISUP Media Type

This media type is defined by the following information:

Media type name: application
Media subtype name: ISUP
Required parameters: version
Optional parameters: base
Encoding scheme: binary
Security considerations: See section 5.

The ISUP message is encapsulated beginning with the Message Type
Code (i.e., omitting Routing Label and Circuit ID Code).

The use of the 'version' parameter allows network administrators
to identify specific versions of ISUP that will be exchanged
on a bilateral basis. This enables a particular client
such as a SoftSwitch/Media Gateway Controller to
recognize and parse the message correctly,  or (possibly) to
reject the message if the specified ISUP version is not
supported. This specification places no constraints on the
values that may be used in 'version'; these are left to the
discretion of the network administrator.

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Internet Draft     ISUP and QSIG/MIME types             Sep 2000


'Version' could, for example, be used to identify a network-
specific implementation of ISUP, e.g., X-NetxProprietaryISUPv3,
or to identify a well-known standard version of ISUP, e.g.,
itu-t or ansi.

A 'base' parameter can optionally be included in some cases
(e.g., if the SIP message is sent to an endpoint which
has no pre-established agreement on the use of 'version')
to specify that the encapsulated ISUP can be processed using
the identified 'base' specification.  Table 1 provides a list
of 'base' values supported by the 'application/ISUP' media
type, including whether or not the forward compatibility
mechanism defined in ITU-T 1992 ISUP is supported.

              Table 1: ISUP 'base' values

  base             protocol                 compatibility

  itu-t88          ITU-T Q.761-4 (1988)     no
  itu-t92+         ITU-T Q.761-4 (1992)     yes
  ansi88           ANSI T1.113-1988         no
  ansi00           ANSI T1.113-2000         yes
  etsi121          ETS 300 121              no
  etsi356          ES 300 356               yes
  gr317            BELLCORE GR-317          no
  ttc87            JT-Q761-4(1987-1992)     no
  ttc93+           JT-Q761-4(1993-)         yes

The Content-Disposition header may be included to describe
how the encapsulated ISUP is to be processed, and in particular
what the handling should be if the received Content-Type is
not recognized.

The following is how a typical header would look ('base'
may be omitted):

        Content-Type: application/ISUP; version=nxv3;
            base=etsi121
      Content-Disposition: session; handling=optional


3.2 QSIG Media Type

The application/QSIG media type is defined by the following information:

Media type name: application
Media subtype name: QSIG
Required parameters: none
Optional parameters: version
Encoding scheme: binary
Security considerations: See section 5.

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Internet Draft     ISUP and QSIG/MIME types             Sep 2000

The use of the 'version' parameter allows identification of different
QSIG variants. This enables the terminating Connection Server to
recognize and parse the message correctly, or (possibly) to reject the
message if the particular QSIG variant is not supported.

Table 2 is a list of protocol versions supported by the
'application/QSIG' media type.

             Table 2: QSIG versions

        version         protocol
        -------         --------
        iso             ISO/IEC 11572 (Basic Call) and
                          ISO/IEC 11582 (Generic Function)

The following is how a typical header would look (Content-Disposition
not included in this instance):

        Content-Type: application/QSIG; version=iso

4. Illustrative examples

4.1 ISUP

SIP message format requires a Request line followed by Header
lines followed by a CRLF separator followed by the message body. To
illustrate the use of the 'application/ISUP' media type, below
is an INVITE message which has the originating SDP information and
an encapsulated ISUP IAM.

Note that the two payloads are demarcated by the boundary
parameter (specified in RFC 2046 [4]) which in the example has
the value  "unique-boundary-1". This is part of the
specification of MIME  multipart and is not related to the
'application/ISUP' media type.

        INVITE sip:13039263142@Den1.level3.com SIP/2.0
      Via: SIP/2.0/UDP den3.level3.com
        From: sip:13034513355@den3.level3.com
        To: sip:13039263142@Den1.level3.com
        Call-ID: DEN1231999021712095500999@Den1.level3.com
        CSeq: 8348 INVITE
      Contact: <sip:jpeterson@level3.com>
        Content-Length: 436
        Content-Type: multipart/mixed; boundary=unique-boundary-1
      MIME-Version: 1.0

        --unique-boundary-1
        Content-Type: application/SDP; charset=ISO-10646

        v=0
        o=jpeterson 2890844526 2890842807 IN IP4 126.16.64.4

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Internet Draft     ISUP and QSIG/MIME types            Sep 2000

        s=SDP seminar
        c=IN IP4 MG122.level3.com
        t= 2873397496   2873404696
        m=audio 9092 RTP/AVP 0 3 4
        --unique-boundary-1
        Content-Type: application/ISUP; version=nxv3;
        base=etsi121
      Content-Disposition: session; handling=optional

        01 00 49 00 00 03 02 00 07 04 10 00 33 63 21
        43 00 00 03 06 0d 03 80 90 a2 07 03 10 03 63
        53 00 10 0a 07 03 10 27 80 88 03 00 00 89 8b
        0e 95 1e 1e 1e 06 26 05 0d f5 01 06 10 04 00
        --unique-boundary-1--

Note:
Since binary encoding is used for the ISUP payload, each byte is
encoded as a byte, and not as a  two-character hex representation.
Hex digits were used in the draft because a literal encoding of
those bytes would have been confusing and unreadable.

4.2 QSIG

To illustrate the use of the 'application/QSIG' media type, below is an
INVITE message which has the originating SDP information and an
encapsulated QSIG SETUP message.

Note that the two payloads are demarcated by the boundary parameter
(specified in RFC 2046 [4]) which in the example has the value "unique-
boundary-1". This is part of the specification of MIME multipart and is
not related to the 'application/QSIG' media type.

        INVITE sip:14084955072@sc1.nortelnetworks.com SIP/2.0
        Via: SIP/2.0/UDP sc10.nortelnetworks.com
        From: sip:14085655675@sc10.nortelnetworks.com
        To: sip:14084955072@sc1.nortelnetworks.com
        Call-ID: 1231999021712095500999@sc12.nortelnetworks.com
        CSeq: 1234 INVITE
        Contact: <sip:14085655675@sc10.nortelnetworks.com>
        Content-Length: 358
        Content-Type: multipart/mixed; boundary=unique-boundary-1
        MIME-Version: 1.0

        --unique-boundary-1
        Content-Type: application/SDP; charset=ISO-10646

        v=0
        o=audet 2890844526 2890842807 5 IN IP4 134.177.64.4
        s=SDP seminar
        c=IN IP4 MG141.nortelnetworks.com
        t= 2873397496 2873404696
        m=audio 9092 RTP/AVP 0 3 4

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Internet Draft     ISUP and QSIG/MIME types            Sep 2000

        --unique-boundary-1
        Content-type:application/QSIG; version=iso

        08 02 55 55 05 04 02 90 90 18 03 a1 83 01
        70 0a 89 31 34 30 38 34 39 35 35 30 37 32
        --unique-boundary-1--

5. Security considerations

Information contained in ISUP and QSIG bodies may include
sensitive customer information, potentially requiring use of encryption.
Security mechanisms are provided in RFC 2543 (SIP - Session Initiation
Protocol) and should be used as appropriate for both the SIP message
and the encapsulated ISUP or QSIG body.

6. IANA considerations

Registrations for the 'version' symbols used within the ISUP and
QSIG MIME types must specify a definitive specification reference,
identifying a particular issue of the specification, to which the
new symbol shall refer.

Note that where a specification is fully peer-to-peer backwards
compatible with a previous issue (i.e., the compatibility mechanism is
supported by both), then there is no need for separate symbols to be
registered. The symbol for the original specification should be used to
identify backwards-compatible upgrades of that specification as well.

Symbols beginning with the characters 'X-' are reserved for non-standard
usage (e.g., cases in which a token other than a string representing an
issue of an ISUP specification is appropriate for characterizing ISUP
within an administrative domain). Such non-standard version can only be
transmitted between administrative domains in accordance with a
bilateral agreement.



7. Authors

Eric Zimmerer                     L. Ong
LongBoard, Inc.                   M. Zonoun
3103 North First St. #200         Nortel Networks
San Jose, CA 95134, USA           Santa Clara, CA 95054
EZimmerer@lboard.com              long@nortelnetworks.com
                                  mzonoun@nortelnetworks.com

Aparna Vemuri                     M. Watson
Jon Peterson                      Nortel Networks
Level 3 Communications            Maidenhead, UK
Louisville, CO, USA               mwatson@nortelnetworks.com
aparna.vemuri@level3.com
jon.peterson@level3.com

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Internet Draft     ISUP and QSIG/MIME types            Sep 2000

7. References

[1] Freed, Klensin, Postel, "Multipart Internet Mail Extensions
(MIME) Part Four: Registration Procedures" RFC 2048, Internet
Engineering Task Force, November 1996.

[2] Handley, Schulzrinne, Schooler and Rosenberg, "Session
Initiation Protocol (SIP)" RFC 2543, Internet Engineering Task
Force, March 1999.

[3] Freed, Borenstein, "Multipart Internet Mail Extensions
(MIME) Part One: Format of Internet Message Bodies" RFC 2045,
Internet Engineering Task Force, November 1996.

[4] Freed, Borenstein, "Multipart Internet Mail Extensions
(MIME) Part Two: Media Types" RFC 2046, Internet Engineering
Task Force, November 1996.



            This Internet Draft expires Feb 2001























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