[Docs] [txt|pdf] [Tracker] [WG] [Email] [Diff1] [Diff2] [Nits]

Versions: 00 01 02 RFC 5366

SIPPING Working Group                                       G. Camarillo
Internet-Draft                                                  Ericsson
Intended status: Standards Track                             A. Johnston
Expires: May 16, 2008                                              Avaya
                                                       November 13, 2007


 Conference Establishment Using Request-Contained Lists in the Session
                       Initiation Protocol (SIP)
              draft-ietf-sip-uri-list-conferencing-02.txt

Status of this Memo

   By submitting this Internet-Draft, each author represents that any
   applicable patent or other IPR claims of which he or she is aware
   have been or will be disclosed, and any of which he or she becomes
   aware will be disclosed, in accordance with Section 6 of BCP 79.

   Internet-Drafts are working documents of the Internet Engineering
   Task Force (IETF), its areas, and its working groups.  Note that
   other groups may also distribute working documents as Internet-
   Drafts.

   Internet-Drafts are draft documents valid for a maximum of six months
   and may be updated, replaced, or obsoleted by other documents at any
   time.  It is inappropriate to use Internet-Drafts as reference
   material or to cite them other than as "work in progress."

   The list of current Internet-Drafts can be accessed at
   http://www.ietf.org/ietf/1id-abstracts.txt.

   The list of Internet-Draft Shadow Directories can be accessed at
   http://www.ietf.org/shadow.html.

   This Internet-Draft will expire on May 16, 2008.

Copyright Notice

   Copyright (C) The IETF Trust (2007).

Abstract

   This document describes how to create a conference using SIP URI-list
   services.  In particular, it describes a mechanism that allows a user
   agent client to provide a conference server with the initial list of
   participants using an INVITE-contained URI-list.





Camarillo & Johnston      Expires May 16, 2008                  [Page 1]

Internet-Draft           INVITE-Contained Lists            November 2007


Table of Contents

   1.  Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  3
   2.  Terminology  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  3
   3.  User Agent Client Procedures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  3
     3.1.  Response Handling  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  4
     3.2.  Re-INVITE Request Generation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  4
   4.  URI-List Document Format . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  4
   5.  Conference Server Procedures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  6
     5.1.  Re-INVITE Request Handling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  7
   6.  Example  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  7
   7.  Security Considerations  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
   8.  IANA Considerations  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
   9.  Acknowledges . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
   10. References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
     10.1. Normative References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
     10.2. Informative References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
   Authors' Addresses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
   Intellectual Property and Copyright Statements . . . . . . . . . . 14
































Camarillo & Johnston      Expires May 16, 2008                  [Page 2]

Internet-Draft           INVITE-Contained Lists            November 2007


1.  Introduction

   Section 5.4 of [RFC4579] describes how to create a conference using
   ad-hoc SIP [RFC3261] methods.  The client sends an INVITE request to
   a conference factory URI and receives the actual conference URI,
   which contains the "isfocus" feature tag, in the Contact header field
   of a response - typically a 200 (OK) response.

   Once the UAC (User Agent Client) obtains the conference URI, it can
   add participants to the newly created conference in several ways,
   which are described in [RFC4579].

   Some environments have tough requirements regarding conference
   establishment time.  They require the UAC to be able to request the
   creation of an ad-hoc conference and to provide the conference server
   with the initial set of participants in a single operation.  This
   document describes how to meet this requirement using the mechanism
   to transport URI-lists in SIP messages described in
   [I-D.ietf-sipping-uri-services].


2.  Terminology

   The key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", "SHALL", "SHALL NOT",
   "SHOULD", "SHOULD NOT", "RECOMMENDED", "MAY", and "OPTIONAL" in this
   document are to be interpreted as described in [RFC2119].


3.  User Agent Client Procedures

   A UAC that wants to include the set of initial participants in its
   initial INVITE request to create an ad-hoc conference, adds a body
   whose disposition type is 'recipient-list', as defined in
   [I-D.ietf-sipping-uri-services], with a URI-list that contains the
   participants that the UAC wants the conference server to invite.
   Additionally, the UAC MUST include the 'recipient-list-invite'
   option-tag, which is registered with the IANA in Section 8 in a
   Require header field.  The UAC sends this INVITE request to the
   conference factory URI.

   The INVITE transaction is also part of an offer/answer exchange that
   will establish a session between the UAC and the conference server,
   as specified in [RFC4579].  Therefore, the INVITE request may need to
   carry a multipart body: a session description and a URI list.







Camarillo & Johnston      Expires May 16, 2008                  [Page 3]

Internet-Draft           INVITE-Contained Lists            November 2007


3.1.  Response Handling

   The status code in the response to the INVITE request does not
   provide any information about whether or not the conference server
   was able to bring the users in the URI-list into the conference.
   That is, a 200 (OK) response means that the conference was created
   successfully, that the UAC that generated the INVITE request is in
   the conference, and that the server understood the URI-list.  If the
   UAC wishes to obtain information about the status of other users in
   the conference it SHOULD use general conference mechanisms, such as
   the conference package, which is defined in [RFC4575].

3.2.  Re-INVITE Request Generation

   The previous sections have specified how to include a URI-list in an
   initial INVITE request to a conference server.  Once the INVITE-
   initiated dialog between the UAC and the conference server has been
   established, the UAC can send subsequent INVITE requests (typically
   referred to as re-INVITE requests) to the conference server to, for
   example, modify the characteristics of the media exchanged with the
   server.

   At this point, there are no semantics associated with resource-list
   bodies in re-INVITE requests (although future extensions may define
   them).  Therefore, UACs SHOULD NOT include resource-list bodies in
   re-INVITE requests sent to a conference server.

      Note that a difference between an initial INVITE request and a re-
      INVITE request is that while the initial INVITE request is sent to
      the conference factory URI, the re-INVITE request is sent to the
      URI provided by the server in a Contact header field when the
      dialog was established.  Therefore, from the UAC's point of view,
      the resource identified by the former URI supports 'recipient-
      list' bodies while the resource identified by the latter does not
      support them.


4.  URI-List Document Format

   As described in [I-D.ietf-sipping-uri-services], specifications of
   individual URI-list services, like the conferencing service described
   here, need to specify a default format for 'recipient-list' bodies
   used within the particular service.

   The default format for 'recipient-list' bodies for conferencing UAs
   (User Agents) is the XML resource list format (which is specified in
   [RFC4826]) extended with the XML Format Extension for Representing
   Copy Control Attributes in Resource Lists (which is specified in



Camarillo & Johnston      Expires May 16, 2008                  [Page 4]

Internet-Draft           INVITE-Contained Lists            November 2007


   [I-D.ietf-sipping-capacity-attribute]).  Consequently, conferencing
   UACs generating 'recipient-list' bodies MUST support both of these
   formats and MAY support other formats.  Conferencing servers able to
   handle 'recipient-list' bodies MUST support both of these formats and
   MAY support other formats.

   As described in the XML Format Extension for Representing Copy
   Control Attributes in Resource Lists (which is specified in
   [I-D.ietf-sipping-capacity-attribute]), each URI can be tagged with a
   'copyControl' attribute set to either "to", "cc", or "bcc",
   indicating the role in which the recipient will get the INVITE
   request.  Additionally, URIs can be tagged with the 'anonymize'
   attribute to prevent that the conference server discloses the target
   URI in a URI-list.

   In addition, the XML Format Extension for Representing Copy Control
   Attributes in Resource Lists (which is specified in
   [I-D.ietf-sipping-capacity-attribute]) defines a 'recipient-list-
   history' body that contains the list of recipients.  The default
   format for 'recipient-list-history' bodies for conferencing UAs is
   also the XML resource list document format specified in [RFC4826]
   extended with the XML Format Extension for Representing Copy Control
   Attributes in Resource Lists specified in
   [I-D.ietf-sipping-capacity-attribute].  Consequently, conferencing
   UACs able to generate 'recipient-list-history' bodies MUST support
   these formats and MAY support others.  Conferencing UAs able to
   understand 'recipient-list-history' MUST support these formats and
   MAY support others.  Conferencing servers able to handle 'recipient-
   list-history' bodies MUST support these formats and MAY support
   others.

   Nevertheless, the XML resource list document specified in [RFC4826]
   provides features, such as hierarchical lists and the ability to
   include entries by reference relative to the XCAP root URI, that are
   not needed by the conferencing service defined in this document,
   which only needs to transfer a flat list of URIs between a UA (User
   Agent) and the conference server.  Therefore, when using the default
   resource list document, conferencing UAs SHOULD use flat lists (i.e.,
   no hierarchical lists) and SHOULD NOT use <entry-ref> elements.  A
   conference factory application receiving a URI-list with more
   information than what has just been described MAY discard all the
   extra information.

   Figure 1 shows an example of a flat list that follows the XML
   resource list document (specified in [RFC4826]) extended with the XML
   Format Extension for Representing Copy Control Attributes in Resource
   Lists (specified in [I-D.ietf-sipping-capacity-attribute]).




Camarillo & Johnston      Expires May 16, 2008                  [Page 5]

Internet-Draft           INVITE-Contained Lists            November 2007


   <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
   <resource-lists xmlns="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:resource-lists"
             xmlns:cp="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:copycontrol">
     <list>
       <entry uri="sip:bill@example.com" cp:copyControl="to"  />
       <entry uri="sip:joe@example.org" cp:copyControl="cc" />
       <entry uri="sip:ted@example.net" cp:copyControl="bcc" />
     </list>
   </resource-lists>

                            Figure 1: URI-List


5.  Conference Server Procedures

   Conference servers that are able to receive and process INVITE
   requests with a 'recipient-list' body SHOULD include a 'recipient-
   list-invite' option-tag in a Supported header field when responding
   to OPTIONS requests.

   On reception of an INVITE request containing a 'recipient-list' body
   as described in Section 3, a conference server MUST follow the rules
   described in [RFC4579] to create ad-hoc conferences.  Once the ad-hoc
   conference is created, the conference server SHOULD attempt to add
   the participants in the URI-list to the conference as if their
   addition had been requested using any of the methods described in
   [RFC4579].

   The INVITE transaction is also part of an offer/answer exchange that
   will establish a session between the UAC and the conference server,
   as specified in [RFC4579].  Therefore, the INVITE request may carry a
   multipart body: a session description and a URI list.

   Once the conference server has created the ad-hoc conference and has
   attempted to add the initial set of participants, the conference
   server behaves as a regular conference server and MUST follow the
   rules in [RFC4579].

   The incoming INVITE request will contain a URI-list body or reference
   (as specified in [I-D.ietf-sipping-uri-services]) with the actual
   list of recipients.  If this URI-list includes resources tagged with
   the 'copyControl' attribute set to a value of "to" or "cc", the
   conference server SHOULD include a URI-list in each of the outgoing
   INVITE requests.  This list SHOULD be formatted according to the XML
   format for representing resource lists (specified in [RFC4826]) and
   the copyControl extension specified in
   [I-D.ietf-sipping-capacity-attribute].  The URI-list service MUST
   follow the procedures specified in



Camarillo & Johnston      Expires May 16, 2008                  [Page 6]

Internet-Draft           INVITE-Contained Lists            November 2007


   [I-D.ietf-sipping-capacity-attribute] with respect to the handling of
   the 'anonymize', 'count' and 'copyControl' attributes.

   If the conference server includes a URI-list in an outgoing INVITE
   request, it MUST include a Content-Disposition header field (which is
   specified in [RFC2183]) with the value set to 'recipient-list-
   history' and a 'handling' parameter (as specified in [RFC3204]) set
   to "optional".

5.1.  Re-INVITE Request Handling

   At this point, there are no semantics associated with resource-list
   bodies in re-INVITE requests (although future extensions may define
   them).  Therefore, a conference server receiving a re-INVITE request
   with a resource-list body and, consequently, a 'recipient-list-
   invite' option-tag, following standard SIP procedures, rejects it
   with a 420 (Bad Extension), which carries an Unsupported header field
   listing the 'recipient-list-invite' option-tag.

      This is because the resource identified by the conference URI does
      not actually support this extension.  On the other hand, the
      resource identified by the conference factory URI does support
      this extension and, consequently, would include the 'recipient-
      list-invite' option-tag in, for example, responses to OPTIONS
      requests.


6.  Example

   Figure 2 shows an example of operation.  A UAC sends an INVITE
   request (F1) that contains an SDP body and a URI-list to the
   conference server.  The conference server answers with a 200 (OK)
   response and generates an INVITE request to each of the UASs (USer
   Agent Servers) identifies by the URIs included in the URI-list.  The
   conference server includes SDP and a manipulated URI-list in each of
   the outgoing INVITE requests.















Camarillo & Johnston      Expires May 16, 2008                  [Page 7]

Internet-Draft           INVITE-Contained Lists            November 2007


   +--------+        +---------+      +--------+ +--------+ +--------+
   |SIP UAC |        | confer. |      |SIP UAS | |SIP UAS | |SIP UAS |
   |        |        | server  |      |   1    | |   2    | |   n    |
   +--------+        +---------+      +--------+ +--------+ +--------+
       |                  |               |          |          |
       | F1. INVITE       |               |          |          |
       | ---------------->|               |          |          |
       | F2. 200 OK       |               |          |          |
       |<---------------- |  F3. INVITE   |          |          |
       |                  | ------------->|          |          |
       |                  |  F4. INVITE   |          |          |
       |                  | ------------------------>|          |
       |                  |  F5. INVITE   |          |          |
       |                  | ----------------------------------->|
       |                  |  F6. 200 OK   |          |          |
       |                  |<------------- |          |          |
       |                  |  F7. 200 OK   |          |          |
       |                  |<------------------------ |          |
       |                  |  F8. 200 OK   |          |          |
       |                  |<----------------------------------- |
       |                  |               |          |          |
       |                  |               |          |          |
       |                  |               |          |          |

                      Figure 2: Example of operation

   Figure 3 shows an example of the INVITE request F1, which carries a
   multipart/mixed body composed of two other bodies: an application/sdp
   body that describes the session and an application/resource-lists+xml
   body that contains the list of target URIs.

   INVITE sip:conf-fact@example.com SIP/2.0
   Via: SIP/2.0/TCP atlanta.example.com
       ;branch=z9hG4bKhjhs8ass83
   Max-Forwards: 70
   To: "Conf Factory" <sip:conf-fact@example.com>
   From: Alice <sip:alice@example.com>;tag=32331
   Call-ID: d432fa84b4c76e66710
   CSeq: 1 INVITE
   Contact: <sip:alice@atlanta.example.com>
   Allow: INVITE, ACK, CANCEL, BYE, REFER
   Allow-Events: dialog
   Accept: application/sdp, message/sipfrag
   Require: recipient-list-invite
   Content-Type: multipart/mixed;boundary="boundary1"
   Content-Length: 690

   --boundary1



Camarillo & Johnston      Expires May 16, 2008                  [Page 8]

Internet-Draft           INVITE-Contained Lists            November 2007


   Content-Type: application/sdp

   v=0
   o=alice 2890844526 2890842807 IN IP4 atlanta.example.com
   s=-
   c=IN IP4 192.0.2.1
   t=0 0
   m=audio 20000 RTP/AVP 0
   a=rtpmap:0 PCMU/8000
   m=video 20002 RTP/AVP 31
   a=rtpmap:31 H261/90000

   --boundary1
   Content-Type: application/resource-lists+xml
   Content-Disposition: recipient-list

   <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
   <resource-lists xmlns="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:resource-lists"
             xmlns:cp="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:copyControl">
     <list>
       <entry uri="sip:bill@example.com" cp:copyControl="to" />
       <entry uri="sip:randy@example.net" cp:copyControl="to"
                                          cp:anonymize="true"/>
       <entry uri="sip:eddy@example.com" cp:copyControl="to"
                                         cp:anonymize="true"/>
       <entry uri="sip:joe@example.org" cp:copyControl="cc" />
       <entry uri="sip:carol@example.net" cp:copyControl="cc"
                                          cp:anonymize="true"/>
       <entry uri="sip:ted@example.net" cp:copyControl="bcc" />
       <entry uri="sip:andy@example.com" cp:copyControl="bcc" />
     </list>
   </resource-lists>
   --boundary1--

        Figure 3: INVITE request received at the conference server

   The INVITE requests F3, F4, and F5 are similar in nature.  All those
   INVITE requests contain a multipart/mixed body which is composed of
   two other bodies: an application/sdp body describing the session and
   an application/resource-lists+xml containing the list of recipients.
   The application/resource-lists+xml bodies are not equal to the
   application/resource-lists+xml included in the received INVITE
   request F1, because the conference server has anonymized those URIs
   tagged with the 'anonymize' attribute and has removed those URIs
   tagged with a "bcc" 'copyControl' attribute.  Figure 4 shows an
   example of the message F3.





Camarillo & Johnston      Expires May 16, 2008                  [Page 9]

Internet-Draft           INVITE-Contained Lists            November 2007


   INVITE sip:bill@example.com SIP/2.0
   Via: SIP/2.0/TCP conference.example.com
       ;branch=z9hG4bKhjhs8as454
   Max-Forwards: 70
   To: <sip:bill@example.com>
   From: Conference Server <sip:conf34@example.com>;tag=234332
   Call-ID: 389sn189dasdf
   CSeq: 1 INVITE
   Contact: <sip:conf34@conference.example.com>;isfocus
   Allow: INVITE, ACK, CANCEL, BYE, REFER
   Allow-Events: dialog, conference
   Accept: application/sdp, message/sipfrag
   Require: recipient-list-invite
   Content-Type: multipart/mixed;boundary="boundary1"
   Content-Length: 690

   --boundary1
   Content-Type: application/sdp

   v=0
   o=conf 2890844343 2890844343 IN IP4 conference.example.com
   s=-
   c=IN IP4 192.0.2.5
   t=0 0
   m=audio 40000 RTP/AVP 0
   a=rtpmap:0 PCMU/8000
   m=video 40002 RTP/AVP 31
   a=rtpmap:31 H261/90000

   --boundary1
   Content-Type: application/resource-lists+xml
   Content-Disposition: recipient-list-history; handling=optional

   <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
   <resource-lists xmlns="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:resource-lists"
             xmlns:cp="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:copycontrol">
     <list>
       <entry uri="sip:bill@example.com" cp:copyControl="to" />
       <entry uri="sip:anonymous@anonymous.invalid" cp:copyControl="to"
                                                    cp:count="2"/>
       <entry uri="sip:joe@example.org" cp:copyControl="cc" />
       <entry uri="sip:anonymous@anonymous.invalid" cp:copyControl="cc"
                                                    cp:count="1"/>
     </list>
   </resource-lists>
   --boundary1--

          Figure 4: INVITE request sent by the conference server



Camarillo & Johnston      Expires May 16, 2008                 [Page 10]

Internet-Draft           INVITE-Contained Lists            November 2007


7.  Security Considerations

   This document discusses setup of SIP conferences using a request-
   contained URI-list.  Both conferencing and URI-lists services have
   specific security requirements which will be summarized here.
   Conferences generally have authorization rules about who can or
   cannot join a conference, what type of media can or cannot be used,
   etc.  This information is used by the focus to admit or deny
   participation in a conference.  It is RECOMMENDED that these types of
   authorization rules be used to provide security for a SIP conference.

   For this authorization information to be used, the focus needs to be
   able to authenticate potential participants.  Normal SIP mechanisms
   including Digest authentication and certificates can be used.  These
   conference specific security requirements are discussed further in
   the requirements and framework documents.

   For conference creation using a list, there are some additional
   security considerations.  The Framework and Security Considerations
   for SIP URI-List Services (which is documented in
   [I-D.ietf-sipping-uri-services]) discusses issues related to SIP URI-
   list services.  Given that a conference server sending INVITE
   requests to a set of users acts as an URI-list service,
   implementations of conference servers that handle lists MUST follow
   the security-related rules in [I-D.ietf-sipping-uri-services].  These
   rules include mandatory authentication and authorization of clients,
   and opt-in lists.


8.  IANA Considerations

   This document defines the 'recipient-list-invite' SIP option-tag.  It
   should be registered in the Option Tags subregistry under the SIP
   parameter registry.  The following is the description to be used in
   the registration.

   +------------------------+------------------------------+-----------+
   | Name                   | Description                  | Reference |
   +------------------------+------------------------------+-----------+
   | recipient-list-invite  | The body contains a list of  | [RFCXXXX] |
   |                        | URIs that indicates the      |           |
   |                        | recipients of the SIP INVITE |           |
   |                        | request                      |           |
   +------------------------+------------------------------+-----------+

    Table 1: Registration of the 'recipient-list-invite' Option-Tag in
                                    SIP




Camarillo & Johnston      Expires May 16, 2008                 [Page 11]

Internet-Draft           INVITE-Contained Lists            November 2007


   Note to IANA and the RFC editor: replace RFCXXXX above with the RFC
   number of this specification.


9.  Acknowledges

   Cullen Jennings, Hisham Khartabil, Jonathan Rosenberg, and Keith
   Drage provided useful comments on this document.  Miguel Garcia-
   Martin assembled the dependencies to the 'copyControl' attribute
   extension.


10.  References

10.1.  Normative References

   [RFC2119]  Bradner, S., "Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate
              Requirement Levels", BCP 14, RFC 2119, March 1997.

   [RFC2183]  Troost, R., Dorner, S., and K. Moore, "Communicating
              Presentation Information in Internet Messages: The
              Content-Disposition Header Field", RFC 2183, August 1997.

   [RFC3204]  Zimmerer, E., Peterson, J., Vemuri, A., Ong, L., Audet,
              F., Watson, M., and M. Zonoun, "MIME media types for ISUP
              and QSIG Objects", RFC 3204, December 2001.

   [RFC3261]  Rosenberg, J., Schulzrinne, H., Camarillo, G., Johnston,
              A., Peterson, J., Sparks, R., Handley, M., and E.
              Schooler, "SIP: Session Initiation Protocol", RFC 3261,
              June 2002.

   [RFC4579]  Johnston, A. and O. Levin, "Session Initiation Protocol
              (SIP) Call Control - Conferencing for User Agents",
              BCP 119, RFC 4579, August 2006.

   [RFC4826]  Rosenberg, J., "Extensible Markup Language (XML) Formats
              for Representing Resource Lists", RFC 4826, May 2007.

   [I-D.ietf-sipping-uri-services]
              Camarillo, G. and A. Roach, "Framework and Security
              Considerations for Session Initiation Protocol (SIP)
              Uniform Resource Identifier (URI)-List Services",
              draft-ietf-sipping-uri-services-06 (work in progress),
              September 2006.

   [I-D.ietf-sipping-capacity-attribute]
              Garcia-Martin, M. and G. Camarillo, "Extensible Markup



Camarillo & Johnston      Expires May 16, 2008                 [Page 12]

Internet-Draft           INVITE-Contained Lists            November 2007


              Language (XML) Format Extension for Representing Copy
              Control Attributes in Resource Lists",
              draft-ietf-sipping-capacity-attribute-04 (work in
              progress), March 2007.

10.2.  Informative References

   [RFC4575]  Rosenberg, J., Schulzrinne, H., and O. Levin, "A Session
              Initiation Protocol (SIP) Event Package for Conference
              State", RFC 4575, August 2006.


Authors' Addresses

   Gonzalo Camarillo
   Ericsson
   Hirsalantie 11
   Jorvas  02420
   Finland

   Email: Gonzalo.Camarillo@ericsson.com


   Alan Johnston
   Avaya
   St. Louis, MO  63124
   USA

   Email: alan@sipstation.com






















Camarillo & Johnston      Expires May 16, 2008                 [Page 13]

Internet-Draft           INVITE-Contained Lists            November 2007


Full Copyright Statement

   Copyright (C) The IETF Trust (2007).

   This document is subject to the rights, licenses and restrictions
   contained in BCP 78, and except as set forth therein, the authors
   retain all their rights.

   This document and the information contained herein are provided on an
   "AS IS" basis and THE CONTRIBUTOR, THE ORGANIZATION HE/SHE REPRESENTS
   OR IS SPONSORED BY (IF ANY), THE INTERNET SOCIETY, THE IETF TRUST AND
   THE INTERNET ENGINEERING TASK FORCE DISCLAIM ALL WARRANTIES, EXPRESS
   OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO ANY WARRANTY THAT THE USE OF
   THE INFORMATION HEREIN WILL NOT INFRINGE ANY RIGHTS OR ANY IMPLIED
   WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.


Intellectual Property

   The IETF takes no position regarding the validity or scope of any
   Intellectual Property Rights or other rights that might be claimed to
   pertain to the implementation or use of the technology described in
   this document or the extent to which any license under such rights
   might or might not be available; nor does it represent that it has
   made any independent effort to identify any such rights.  Information
   on the procedures with respect to rights in RFC documents can be
   found in BCP 78 and BCP 79.

   Copies of IPR disclosures made to the IETF Secretariat and any
   assurances of licenses to be made available, or the result of an
   attempt made to obtain a general license or permission for the use of
   such proprietary rights by implementers or users of this
   specification can be obtained from the IETF on-line IPR repository at
   http://www.ietf.org/ipr.

   The IETF invites any interested party to bring to its attention any
   copyrights, patents or patent applications, or other proprietary
   rights that may cover technology that may be required to implement
   this standard.  Please address the information to the IETF at
   ietf-ipr@ietf.org.


Acknowledgment

   Funding for the RFC Editor function is provided by the IETF
   Administrative Support Activity (IASA).





Camarillo & Johnston      Expires May 16, 2008                 [Page 14]


Html markup produced by rfcmarkup 1.108, available from http://tools.ietf.org/tools/rfcmarkup/