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TOOLS team                                                   A. Rousskov
Internet-Draft                                   The Measurement Factory
Expires: April 13, 2005                                 October 13, 2004

             Requirements for IETF Draft Submission Toolset

Status of this Memo

   This document is an Internet-Draft and is subject to all provisions
   of section 3 of RFC 3667.  By submitting this Internet-Draft, each
   author represents that any applicable patent or other IPR claims of
   which he or she is aware have been or will be disclosed, and any of
   which he or she become aware will be disclosed, in accordance with
   RFC 3668.

   Internet-Drafts are working documents of the Internet Engineering
   Task Force (IETF), its areas, and its working groups.  Note that
   other groups may also distribute working documents as

   Internet-Drafts are draft documents valid for a maximum of six months
   and may be updated, replaced, or obsoleted by other documents at any
   time.  It is inappropriate to use Internet-Drafts as reference
   material or to cite them other than as "work in progress."

   The list of current Internet-Drafts can be accessed at

   The list of Internet-Draft Shadow Directories can be accessed at

   This Internet-Draft will expire on April 13, 2005.

Copyright Notice

   Copyright (C) The Internet Society (2004).


   This document specifies requirements for an IETF toolset facilitating
   Internet-Draft submission, validation, and posting.

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Table of Contents

   1.  Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  3
   2.  State of this draft  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  3
   3.  Scope  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  3
   4.  Notation and Terminology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  4
   5.  Status quo . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  5
   6.  Overall Toolset operation  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  6
   7.  Upload page  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  8
   8.  Check action . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  9
     8.1   Preprocessing  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  9
     8.2   Processing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
     8.3   Storage  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
     8.4   Extraction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
     8.5   Validation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
       8.5.1   Absolute requirements  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
       8.5.2   Desireable features  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
   9.  Check page . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
     9.1   External meta-data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
   10.   Post Now action  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
     10.1  Receipt page . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
   11.   Adjust action  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
   12.   Adjust page  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
   13.   Post Manually action . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
   14.   Receipt page . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
   15.   Bypassing the Toolset  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
   16.   E-mail interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
   17.   Implementation stages  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
   18.   Security Considerations  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
   19.   IANA Considerations  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
   20.   Compliance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
   A.  Comparison with current procedures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
   B.  Acknowledgments  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
   C.  Change log . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
       Author's Address . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30
       Intellectual Property and Copyright Statements . . . . . . . . 31

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1.  Introduction

   Public Internet-Drafts are primary means of structured communication
   within IETF.  Current Internet-Draft submission and posting
   mechanisms hinder efficient and timely communication while creating
   unnecessary load on the IETF Secretariat.  The IETF TOOLs team
   recommends formalization and automation of the current mechanisms.
   This document contains specific automation requirements.

   The IETF Secretariat and many IETF participants have long been
   proponents of automation.  This document attempts to reflect their
   known needs and wishes, as interpreted by the TOOLs team.

2.  State of this draft

   While nothing has been set in stone yet, this draft approaches its
   stable state.  Text marked with "XXX" usually contains informal
   descriptions of known problems the team still needs to solve.  These
   "XXXs" are uniquely numbered for ease of reference.  Only a few
   serious XXXs remain.

   Please review this draft.  Comments on substance and XXX issues are
   requested.  Editorial comments would be most useful at a later stage,
   when most XXXs are resolved and draft text is polished.  Please post
   comments on tools-discuss@ietf.org mailing list or e-mail them
   directly to the author.

   RFC Editor Note: Please remove this section for the final publication
   of the document.  It has been inspired by
   draft-rousskov-newtrk-id-state and related NEWTRK WG discussions.

3.  Scope

   The Draft Submission Toolset discussed in this document is about
   getting a single new revision of an Internet-Draft from an IETF
   participant to the IETF draft repository.  A single draft revision
   may include several formats, and dealing with those formats is in
   scope for the Toolset.  Definition and sources of draft
   meta-information (to be used in Secretariat databases and elsewhere)
   are in scope.  Submitter authentication and submission authorization
   are in scope.

   Draft posting may result in various notifications sent to interested
   parties.  While this document recommends a subset of notification
   targets, details of notifications are out of scope.

   Creation of new drafts or new draft revisions as well as
   manipulation, visualization, and interaction with the drafts already

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   in the repository are out of scope.  Draft expiration and archiving
   of old draft revisions are out of scope.

4.  Notation and Terminology

   The following terms are to be interpreted according to their
   definitions below.  [[XXX48: delete unused terms, if any.  --Alex]]

   posted draft: A draft accepted into public IETF draft repository and,
      hence, publicly available on IETF web site.  Posting of a draft
      does not imply any IETF or IESG review and endorsement.

   submitter: A human or software initiating submission of an
      Internet-Draft for validation or posting.  In some cases, the
      Secretariat staff does the actual submission, but always on behalf
      of a submitter.  In some cases (including but not limited to
      malicious attacks), the submitter is not the draft author.

   lawful submitter: A submitter that is authorized by IETF rules to
      post a given draft.  This includes a draft author or editor
      (listed in the draft text), a corresponding WG Chair, or an IESG

   authorized submitter: A lawful submitter authenticated by the Toolset
      as such.  Author authentication is initially limited to verifying
      author's access to author's e-mail address listed in the draft.

   draft version: [[XXX68: Define and check whether version or revision
      should be used.  --Alex]]

   draft format: Any draft source or presentation format, including
      original and preprocessed XML, original or generated plain text as
      well as PDF, Postscript, and HTML formats.  [[XXX67: change "draft
      version" to "draft format" where appropriate.  --Alex]]

   primary draft format: The first available draft format from the
      following list: plain text, Postscript, PDF, XML.

   immediately: without human interaction or artificial software delays.

   The Toolset is specified using a set of normative requirements.
   These requirements are English phrases ending with an "(Rnnn)" mark,
   where "nnn" is a unique requirement number.

   This document specifies interface and functionality of the Toolset,
   not details of a Toolset implementation.  However, implementation
   hints or examples are often useful.  To avoid mixup with Toolset
   requirements, such hints and examples are often marked with a "Hint:"

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   prefix.  Implementation hints do not carry any normative force, and a
   different implementation may be the best choice.

5.  Status quo

   This section summarizes the process for draft submission and posting
   as it exists at the time of writing.

   To get an Internet-Draft posted on IETF web site, an IETF participant
   e-mails draft text to the IETF Secretariat, along with an informal
   note asking to post the draft.  Secretariat staff reads the note,
   reviews the draft according to a checklist, and then approves or
   rejects the submission.  Draft approval triggers the corresponding
   announcement to be sent to appropriate IETF mailing lists.  Every 4
   hours, approved drafts are automatically copied to the IETF drafts
   repository and become available on IETF web site.

   Collectively, IETF participants submit thousands of Internet-Drafts
   per year (in the year 2000, about three thousand drafts were
   submitted; 2002: 5K; 2004: 7K).  About 30-50% of posted drafts are
   Working Group drafts (among some 2,100 drafts, there were about 380
   new and 290 updated WG drafts posted in 2003).  While no rejection
   statistics is available, the vast majority of submitted drafts are
   approved by Secretariat for posting.

   It usually takes the Secretariat a few minutes to review a given
   draft.  However, since the Secretariat staff does not work 24/7, does
   not work in all time zones, has other responsibilities, and since
   approved drafts are posted in batches every 4 hours, it may take from
   several hours to several days to get a draft posted.  Due to much
   higher demand and fixed processing capacity, postings during the last
   weeks before IETF face-to-face meetings take much longer, creating a
   long queue of unprocessed drafts that are then announced nearly

   To give IETF face-to-face meeting participants time to review
   relevant documents, Secretariat does not accept Internet-Draft
   submissions close to IETF meetings (regardless of whether a draft is
   relevant to the upcoming meeting).

   Many Working Groups have come up with ad hoc solutions to cope with
   posting delays.  For example, many draft subversions are
   "temporarily" published on personal web sites or sent (completely or
   in part) to the group list.  Alternative means of publication may
   effectively replace official IETF interfaces, with only a few major
   draft revisions ending up posted on IETF web site.

   Informal interfaces for submitting and posting drafts discourage

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   automation.  Lack of submission automation increases Secretariat
   load, complicates automated indexing and cross-referencing of the
   drafts, and, for some authors, leads to stale drafts not being
   updated often enough.

   Beyond a short Secretariat checklist, submitted drafts are not
   checked for compliance with IETF requirements for archival documents,
   and submitters are not notified of any violations.  As a result, IESG
   and RFC Editor may have to spend resources (and delay standard
   approval) resolving violations with draft authors.  Often, these
   violations can be detected automatically and would have been fixed by
   draft authors if authors knew about them before requesting to publish
   the draft as a standard.

   Technically, anybody and anything can submit a draft to the
   Secretariat.  There is no reliable authentication mechanism in place.
   Initial submissions of WG drafts require WG Chair approval, which can
   be faked just like the submission request itself.  No malicious
   impersonations or fake approvals have been reported to date however.

   Lack of authentication is not perceived as a serious problem,
   possibly because serious falsification are likely to be noticed
   before serious damage can be done.  Due to the informal and manual
   nature of the submission mechanism, its massive automated abuse is
   unlikely to cause anything but a short denial of draft posting
   service and, hence, is probably not worth defending against.
   However, future automation may result in a different trade off.

6.  Overall Toolset operation

   This section provides a high-level description for the proposed
   Toolset.  The description is meant to show overall operation and
   order; please refer to other sections for details specific to each

   A typical submitter goes through a sequence of 2-4 web pages and
   associated actions.  The number of pages depends on the draft
   validation and meta-data extraction results.  For example, validating
   the draft without posting it requires interacting with two web pages:
   Upload and Check.  The common case of posting a valid draft without
   manual meta-data adjustments takes three web pages (Upload, Check,

   Here is a brief overview of pages and actions:

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   Upload page: Interface to copy draft from submitters computer into
      the Toolset staging area (Section 7).  Multiple formats are
      accepted.  The draft is sent to the Check action.

   Check action: Stores the draft in the Toolset staging area, extracts
      draft meta-data, validates the submission (Section 8).  Produces
      the Check page.

   Check page: Displays draft interpretation and validation results
      (Section 9).  Draft preview may also be given on this page.  After
      reviewing draft interpretation and validation results, the
      submitter has four basic choices (a) auto-post draft "as is" now;
      (b) make manual corrections and submit the draft to Secretariat
      for manual posting later; (c) cancel submission; or (d) do
      nothing.  The automated posting option may not be available for
      drafts with validation errors.

   Automated posting: If the submitter decides to proceed with automated
      posting from the Check page, the system authenticates the
      submitter and checks whether the submitter is allowed to post the
      draft.  If the submitter is authorized, the draft is immediately
      posted, deleted from the staging area, and the submitter is
      notified of the result via e-mail and Receipt page (Section 10).

   Manual adjustment and posting: If the submitter decides to adjust
      meta-data, the draft remains in the Toolset staging area, and the
      Adjust action (Section 11) presents the submitter with an Adjust
      page (Section 12).  When submitter makes the adjustments and
      proceeds with manual posting, a pointer to the stored draft and
      its adjusted meta-data is sent to the secretariat for manual
      processing (Section 13).  The submitter is notified of the pending
      Secretariat request via e-mail and Receipt page.

   Cancellation: If the submitter decides to explicitly cancel the
      submission, the draft is deleted from the Toolset staging area and
      an appropriate Receipt page is generated with no further actions.

   Receipt page: Contains details of a successful or failed draft
      submission and informs the submitter of the next appropriate
      step(s) related to submission result.

   The following diagram illustrates the basic submission logic:

                       /---> Post Now
   Upload --> Check -+-----> Adjust ---> Send to Secretariat
                       \---> Cancel

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   If the submitter does not select any explicit action for 1 hour, then
   the submission is considered abandoned, and all corresponding state
   may be deleted by garbage collection (R66).  The staging area
   maintenance algorithms must be robust in the presence of DoS attacks
   attempting to overwhelm the area with fake submissions in various
   stages (R67).

   The "web pages" this text is referring to are distinct dialogs, that
   may be visible to the submitter under the same or different URL, and
   supported by a single or several CGI scripts (or even applets).

   The Toolset must handle multiple submitters simultaneously submitting
   the same draft (R72) and a single submitter simultaneously submitting
   two drafts (R73).  The latter might happen, for example, when the
   submitter is using several browser windows to submit several drafts
   or is submitting drafts via e-mail interface.  The term
   "simultaneously" means that submission processing times overlap.

   Hint: Except for the Upload page, pages contain a submission session
   identifier to provide actions with access to stored information.  The
   identifier is specific to the submission rather than draft version or
   the submitter.  While the nature of the web interface allows the
   session identifier to be invisible to the submitter, e-mail
   communication would need to identify the session so that the
   recipient (and Toolset) know the context.

   Hint: A single action may correspond to multiple programs and, vice
   versa, a single CGI program may implement several actions.  Actions
   preserve and exchange state by storing it along with draft.  Grouping
   all submission-specific information in one subdirectory named using
   the session identifier may increase robustness and simplify
   debugging.  Session creation and destruction can then be logged in a
   global index.

   Ways to partially or completely bypass the Toolset are documented in
   Section 15

   [[XXX4: Need to add details on how each action interacts with IETF
   infrastructure.  --Alex]]

7.  Upload page

   To upload the draft, the submitter goes to a well-known page on the
   IETF web site (R1).  There, the draft text can be uploaded using an
   HTML file input form.  This form provides input fields to upload
   plain text format of the draft (R2) and all other formats allowed by
   IETF draft publication rules (R3).  At the time of writing, these
   formats are:  XML (RFC 2629 and draft-mrose-writing-rfcs),

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   Postscript, and PDF [[XXX66: is XML currently allowed? --Alex]].

   Submitted forms are handled by the Check action (R5).

   The Toolset should have a Validation page, identical to the Upload
   page with the exception of its action.  Submitting a draft via the
   Validation page causes the draft to be validated exactly like using
   Upload page would (R74).  Regardless of the validation results, the
   stored draft meta-data is marked so that validation-only drafts can
   be identified and deleted first by garbage collector for the Toolset
   staging area (R75).  Drafts uploaded via the Validation page cannot
   be be posted (R76); they would need to be uploaded via Upload page
   for that, and the validation results page should explain that (R77).
   This page, hosted at a well-known location, would be useful for tools
   using online validation, especially for bulk draft processing.

8.  Check action

   The Check action preprocesses XML draft source (if any), generates
   plain text format (if needed), stores submitted draft (all formats)
   in the staging area, and then extracts meta-data and validates each
   format (R6).  Errors and warnings are indicated to the submitter in
   the response via computer-friendly tag(s) and human-friendly text

   If any error is found, automated posting becomes impossible (R113),
   but the Toolset still gives the submitter an option of sending the
   draft for manual validation and posting (R114).  Since each
   submission is treated in isolation, the submitter also has an option
   of correcting the problem and resubmitting for automated posting.

   It is an error to submit a draft which has neither plain text nor XML
   sources format (R68).  XML source is acceptable without accompanying
   plain text only if the Toolset successfully generates a draft in
   plain text format from the XML source, as a part of the processing
   step (R69).

8.1  Preprocessing

   XML source containing XML processor <rfc? include="..."> instructions
   (PIs) is preprocessed to include references (R8).  This step is
   needed to remove external dependencies from XML sources and to
   simplify tools processing posted XML.

   The XML preprocessor uses public database(s) to resolve PI references
   (R85).  The Toolset documentation specifies what databases are used
   and how PIs are mapped to database entries (R86).  The Toolset must
   not rely on PIs existence (R87) because some XML sources will be

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   preprocessed before the submission or will be written without PIs.
   Hint: Local up-to-date copies of Marshall Rose's reference databases
   at xml.resource.org can be used.

   Both original and preprocessed XML sources may be posted later.  The
   original source with include PIs may be useful to the RFC Editor and
   generation of diffs (against future or past original sources).  The
   preprocessed version without PIs becomes the default public XML
   source of the posted draft (R10).  If any of the include PIs known to
   the Toolset cannot be handled, an error is recorded (R11), and the
   submitter is encouraged to do the preprocessing locally, before
   submitting the draft (R111).

   Draft formats other than XML are not preprocessed.

8.2  Processing

   When no plain text version of the draft is submitted, but XML sources
   are available, the Toolset attempts to generate plain text version
   from submitted XML sources (R70).

   If XML sources are available, the Toolset generates HTML draft format
   (R112).  HTML generation failures should result in warnings, not
   errors (R115).

8.3  Storage

   XML source needs to be preprocessed to resolve XML processor
   instructions to include references.  The action needs to store all
   draft formats so that successfully validated drafts can later be
   auto-posted at submitter request.  The action needs to extract draft
   meta-data to perform validation and posting.  Drafts need to be
   validated to catch broken submissions and to block automated
   submissions of malformed final draft versions for IETF Last Call and
   IESG review.

   The Check action stores all submitted formats of the draft in a
   staging area dedicated to the Toolset (R12).  If, after garbage
   collection, the staging area is full (i.e., the total used size
   reached configured maximum capacity), the submitter and the
   Secretariat are notified of a fatal error (R13).

8.4  Extraction

   XML source needs to be preprocessed to resolve XML processor
   instructions to include references.  The action needs to store all
   draft formats so that successfully validated drafts can later be
   auto-posted at submitter request.  The action needs to extract draft

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   meta-data to perform validation and posting.  Drafts need to be
   validated to catch broken submissions and to block automated
   submissions of malformed final draft versions for IETF Last Call and
   IESG review.

   Each stored draft format is interpreted to extract draft meta-data
   (R14).  If a given format is interpreted and meta-data extraction
   fails, the Toolset records an error (R15).

   Section 17 documents a non-obvious implementation schedule related to
   the above two requirements.  When only partial support for format
   interpretation is available, only interpreted formats are subject to
   extraction and validation requirements.  In other words, if the
   Toolset does not yet support interpretation of a given format, then
   the corresponding information is stored and made available "as is",
   regardless of the actual content.

   The draft interpreter extracts the following meta-data from each
   draft format (R16).

   identifier: Also known as draft "filename".  For example,

   revision: A non-negative integer also known as draft version.  For
      example, 13 in draft-ietf-tools-draft-submission-13.

   name: Common part of all draft identifiers for all revisions of the
      same draft.  For example, draft-ietf-tools-draft-submission in

   WG ID: IETF working group identifier.  WG value is empty for
      individual drafts not meant to be work items of a known WG and for
      non-IETF drafts.  For example, "tools" in
      "draft-ietf-tools-draft-submission-13" and "opes" in
      "draft-rousskov-opes-ocp-00" are both WG IDs.

   WG flag: True for IETF WG drafts and false for all other drafts.  For
      example, "true" for "draft-ietf-tools-draft-submission-13".

   title: A human-friendly draft title.  For example, the title of this
      draft is "Requirements for IETF Draft Submission Toolset"

   authors: A list of all draft authors.  For each author, their first
      name, last name, and e-mail are extracted.

   abstract: Draft abstract text.

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   submission date: Draft submission date.

   expiration date: Draft expiration date.

   size: The number of pages and octets in primary format of the draft.
      The definition of a page depends on the format and may be
      imprecise or arbitrary for some formats.

   Initially, the Toolset uses draft name to extract WG ID (R88) and to
   detect WG drafts (R89).  Currently, WG drafts do not have to contain
   WG name as a third component.  If IETF policy is not changed to
   require uniform naming of WG drafts, the Toolset can eventually
   consult IETF databases to check WG status of individual-looking
   drafts (R90).

   If e-mail of an author cannot be extracted, the Toolset reports a
   warning (R95).  E-mails are essential for notifying co-authors that
   their draft has been posted.  If there are no such notifications, a
   submitter adding a co-author to the draft without co-author consent
   may not be caught for a while.  Such "surprise" co-authorships has
   happened in the past and can be quite annoying.  However, since the
   Toolset does not solicit co-authors consent to post a valid draft
   (and such solicitation would not go beyond e-mail control
   verification anyway), it is not possible to stop a malicious
   submitter from adding co-authors without their consent.  A warning is
   usually sufficient for a good-will submitter, while a malicious
   submitter can easily circumvent a strict enforcement of the "all
   authors must have and control their e-mails" policy by adding a wrong
   e-mail address for an unaware co-author.

8.5  Validation

   XML source needs to be preprocessed to resolve XML processor
   instructions to include references.  The action needs to store all
   draft formats so that successfully validated drafts can later be
   auto-posted at submitter request.  The action needs to extract draft
   meta-data to perform validation and posting.  Drafts need to be
   validated to catch broken submissions and to block automated
   submissions of malformed final draft versions for IETF Last Call and
   IESG review.

   IETF standards have to follow a set of syntax and semantics
   requirements [[XXX12: provide references to the nits document and IP
   policies --Alex]].  Most of those requirements are not enforced for
   Internet-Drafts.  However, following them may improve draft quality,
   reduce IESG load, and increase the chances of the draft being
   approved as an RFC.

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   When validating a given draft, it is important to distinguish between
   absolute requirements and desirable draft properties.  Both
   categories are checked for, but violations have different effects
   depending on the category.  The two categories are detailed in the
   following subsections.

8.5.1  Absolute requirements

   Violating any of these requirements would prevent a draft to be
   automatically posted (R17).  The offending draft would have to be
   fixed or submitted for manual posting, with an explanation why the
   absolute requirements need to be violated (or why Validator
   mis-detected violations).  These explanations may speedup Secretariat
   posting decision and may help help Secretariat to improve Toolset

   1.  All available meta-data entries must match across all submitted
       draft formats (R18).  For example, if the interpreter managed to
       extract draft title from plain text and PDF version, both titles
       must match.  This requirement prevents accidental submission of
       mismatching formats.

   2.  A draft must be submitted by an authorized submitter (R19).
       [[XXX13: move this lower, we do not know the submitter at this
       stage --Alex]][[XXX14: Don't forget the co-author, changed
       editor, and drafts being posted anonymously (secretariat needs to
       know who submitter is, but name doesn't necessarily appear on
       draft) --Harald]]

   3.  A Working Group draft must be approved as a WG draft by the
       corresponding Working Group (R20).  This approval is usually
       relayed before or after the submission of the -00 version of the
       draft, by a Chair or Secretary of the corresponding WG.  [[XXX58:
       Document what the Toolset must do if no approval exists at the
       time of the submission.  --Alex]]

   4.  Correct draft ID (including correct revision number with respect
       to already published revisions, if any) must appear in the draft
       text (R22).

   5.  An IETF IPR Statement and other boilerplate required for drafts
       according to RFC 3667 and 3668 (or successors) must appear in the
       draft text (R23).

   6.  Posting this draft must not result in any Denial of Service
       attack threshold to be crossed (R97).  "Individual" DoS threshold
       for a given draft is 3 revisions per day.  "Global" DoS
       thresholds for all drafts are 500 submissions and 1GByte worth of

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       data in past 24 hours.  Other thresholds may be introduced and
       these initial thresholds may be adjusted as necessary.  The
       thresholds are likely to become more smart/dynamic with

   Hint: Bandwidth available for submissions may need to be throttled to
   make reaching the daily size quota (with malicious intent) difficult.
   Toolset should warn the Secretariat if total submissions are
   approaching any global threshold.

8.5.2  Desireable features

   Violating any of the following requirements does not prevent the
   submitter to auto-post the draft (R24).

   1.  TBD: list testable nits here or refer to the nits document.
       Henrik's idnits tool is a starting point:

   2.  New draft revisions are expected (R21).  For example, revision 00
       of an individual draft is always expected, while posting a
       revision of a draft already under IESG review should generate a

   3.  Last revision was posted at least 24 hours ago (R96).  This
       warning may prevent some human errors, especially when multiple
       authors may post the same draft.

   When a valid draft is being posted and submitter authorization or
   co-author notification is performed, validation results should be
   included in the e-mail (R81) so that the submitter can see meta-data
   extraction and validation warnings.  Note that the results cannot
   include errors since only valid drafts can be posted.

9.  Check page

   The Check page, created by the Check action displays extracted draft
   meta-data and validation results (R25).  The purpose of the page is
   to allow the submitter to verify whether the stored draft and
   automatically extracted meta-data match submitter's intent and to be
   informed of validation problems.

   Extracted meta-data items that were not successfully extracted or
   that failed validation checks must be marked specially (rather than
   silently omitted) (R26).  Validation messages include both errors and
   warnings.  Each validation message should refer to normative
   document(s) containing corresponding validation rules (R27).

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   The submitter can also enter external meta-data (Section 9.1), which
   is required for automated posting of the draft (R28).  If validation
   was successful, an "automatically post the draft now" button is
   provided (R29).  Regardless of validation results, "adjust and post
   manually" and "cancel" buttons are provided (R30).

   The Check page provides a preview of the draft plain text format
   (R31), with a link to see how the entire draft (with all its formats)
   would look like if posted (R82).  Hint: the Check page preview should
   be sufficiently long to let authors detect obvious draft mismatch or
   misinterpretation errors but short enough to avoid dominating the
   page.  Displaying draft image from the first line up to the last line
   of the abstract may be sufficient.

   For draft updates, the Check page reports the the time and the
   submitter of the last update (R83).  This information is especially
   useful when multiple authors are working on the same draft.  The page
   also provides a link to generate a diff against the last posted
   version (R84).

9.1  External meta-data

   The Check page solicits the following meta-data from the submitter.
   This information must be supplied by submitter because it cannot be
   extracted from the draft:

      Submitter e-mail (R32).  When submitter is not a lawful submitter
      (see Section 4), automated posting is not possible and the draft
      has to go through the Secretariat (R98).  Hint: A set of
      checkboxes next to extracted author names along with a "none of
      the above" checkbox with an input field would suffice.

      List of drafts obsoleted by this draft (R33).  This is useful to
      make obsoleted drafts invisible.  This document does not specify
      any actions necessary to make an existing draft obsolete because
      existing draft manipulation is out of scope, and because security
      concerns and other complications of such actions would be better
      addressed by a separate specification.

      Primary e-mail address for discussion of this draft (R71).  Hint:
      The Toolset can suggest WG mailing list address for WG drafts,
      [submitting] author address for individual drafts, or even the
      first e-mail address in draft text.  Offering a few likely
      addresses instead of relying exclusively on user input would also
      reduce the number of typos.

   Except for the submitter e-mail, external meta-data is optional

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10.  Post Now action

   The Post Now action checks that the draft has been successfully
   validated (R34), validates external meta-data (including submitter
   e-mail) (R35), and posts the draft (R36).  Submitter is notified of
   the action progress and final result (R37).

   External meta-data contains submitter e-mail address.  As a part of
   the validation procedure, the Post Now action authorizes the
   submitter.  The initial action implementation checks that the
   submitter has access to e-mail sent to that address (R38).
   Eventually, the Toolset should accept client certificates signed by
   IETF, PGP-signed e-mail, and/or other forms of client-side
   authentication to eliminate the weak and annoying e-mail access check
   (R110).  If submitter authentication fails, the submission eventually
   and silently times out (R39).

   The Toolset provides both e-mail and web interfaces for confirming
   e-mail access (R99).  Hint: To check submitter's access to e-mail the
   tool can e-mail a hard-to-guess cookie or token to the submitter's
   address.  To continue with the submission, the submitter is requested
   to either go to the token-holding URL or respond the the e-mail.

   Immediately after sending an e-mail to the submitter, the The Post
   Now action generates an intermediate Receipt page that explains
   Toolset expectations and provides the submitter with the submission
   ID (R100).  That number allows the Secretariat to troubleshoot stuck
   submissions and can also be used for checking submission status

   Immediately after posting the draft, the Toolset notifies all authors
   (with known e-mail addresses) of the posting (R102).  Notification
   e-mail contains information available on the "successful posting"
   Receipt page described below (R103).

   If draft posting is successful, the submission state is marked as
   available for deletion (R105) so that the garbage collection routine
   eventually deletes it.

10.1  Receipt page

   A successful Post Now action reports the following information on the
   final Receipt page (R104):

   o  draft ID and a link to the draft status page;

   o  draft title, authors, and abstract;

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   o  submission ID and a link to the draft submission status page.

   o  submitter name and e-mail.

   The primary purpose of the Receipt page is to inform all draft
   authors that [supposedly] their draft has been posted.  The secondary
   purpose is to let authors create a permanent record of the event and
   troubleshoot postings.  The same information should be sent to other
   parties interested in the draft (e.g., WG mailing list), but 3rd
   party notification specifics are out of this draft scope.

11.  Adjust action

   The Adjust action generates the Adjust page (R40), populating it with
   available extracted meta-data and external meta-data as well as
   validation results and preview.  Some or all of the information may
   be missing, depending on draft interpretation and preview generation

12.  Adjust page

   The Adjust page includes the same information as the Check page, but
   allows the submitter to adjust all extracted draft meta-data (and,
   naturally, external meta-data) at will (R41).  Such adjustment is
   necessary when automated extraction failed to extract [correct]
   information.  To avoid mismatch between draft and its meta-data,
   adjusted drafts cannot be automatically posted and require manual
   validation by Secretariat (R42).  Secretariat staff can post drafts
   with adjusted meta-data as described in Section 15.

   The Adjust page allows the submitter to enter an informal comment
   explaining why adjustments are necessary and automated posting mode
   cannot be used (R48).

   The "post manually" and "cancel" buttons are provided (R43).  The
   former is backed by the "Post Manually" action (Section 13).

13.  Post Manually action

   The Post Manually action sends adjusted meta-data and draft pointer
   to the Secretariat for manual validation and posting (R44).  A
   receipt page is generated instruction the submitter to wait (R45).
   Secretariat will notify the submitter once the draft is posted or
   rejected.  This notification is sent by the Toolset if the
   Secretariat is using the Toolset to post the draft (R46).

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14.  Receipt page

   The Receipt page is generated by various actions to inform the
   submitter of current submission status and further actions.  The
   contents of the page is likely to be highly dependent on the action
   and state for which receipt is being generated.  This section
   documents general requirements applicable to all actions and states.

   The Receipt page should give the submitter a URI or another
   identifier that can be used by Secretariat for manual troubleshooting
   of the submission (R63).  The identifier should be perpetual (R64)
   even though the associated details are likely to be eventually lost
   (e.g., draft submission data and logs are deleted from the staging
   area as a part of the garbage collection routine).

   The Receipt page should give the submitter a Secretariat
   point-of-contact to report submission problems (R65).

15.  Bypassing the Toolset

   A buggy Toolset implementation or unusual circumstances may force a
   submitter to submit a draft to Secretariat for manual processing.
   This can be done by choosing the "manual posting" route supported by
   the Toolset (R47) or, as a last resort, by e-mailing the draft
   directly to Secretariat.  In either case, an informal "cover letter"
   has to accompany the draft.  The letter should explain why the
   automated interface cannot be used.

   When processing manual submissions, the Secretariat may be able to
   use the Toolset.  A Manual Check page similar to the default Check
   page provides authenticated Secretariat staff with editable meta-data
   fields and a "force posting" action (R50).  The forced posting action
   accepts meta-data fields "as is", does not verify submitter access to
   e-mail or WG draft authorization, and posts the draft as if no
   validation errors were found (R51).  The Manual Check page should
   still contain all the errors and warnings seen by ordinary submitters
   (R106) so that the Secretariat knows what the Toolset is unhappy
   about (if anything).

   Using manual processing may result in significant posting delays.
   Generated submission receipts or notifications ought to give the
   submitter an expected processing time estimate (R53).

   The intent of this mode is to provide a way for submitters to bypass
   bugs or limitations of the automated mechanisms in order to post an
   "unusual" draft or to post a draft under "unusual" circumstances.
   One example would be a draft that does not contain standard IETF
   boilerplate but has a special IESG permission to post the draft with

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   the experimental boilerplate.  Another example is a draft that fails
   automated validation tests due to a validator bug.

   The bypass mode is also likely to be used (effectively) by the
   majority of submitters during the Beta stage of the Toolset
   implementation, when few submitters know about (or are allowed to
   use) the Toolset.

16.  E-mail interface

   The Toolset should have e-mail interface for automated posting of
   valid drafts (R55).  While virtually every documented Toolset
   functionality can, technically, be implemented behind an e-mail
   interface, features other than posting of valid drafts are believed
   to be prohibitively awkward to implement or use via e-mail.

   The e-mail interface accepts a draft as a set of e-mail attachment(s)
   (one per draft format) (R56), uses sender's e-mail address to select
   submitter's identity (R57), checks the submission (R58), and posts
   the draft if the check is successful (R59).  The submitter should be
   notified of the outcome of the draft submission via e-mail (R60).
   Other requirements for web interface (including requirements on draft
   validation, submitter authentication, draft posting, and
   notification) apply to e-mail interface.

   E-mail parts/attachments that are not recognized as draft formats are
   not considered as draft formats.  Such parts are ignored by the
   Toolset (R107), except a warning is generated for each unrecognizable
   part containing more than whitespace (R108).  These two requirements
   are meant to make the interface robust in the presence of e-mail
   signatures and other parts outside of the submitter control.

   Hint: Toolset actions can be implemented to support e-mail and web
   interfaces without code duplication.

   While both web and e-mail interfaces allow for fast posting of valid
   drafts, there are significant differences between the two interfaces.
   Primary advantages of e-mail interface are:

   off-line mode: A submitter can do all the manual work required to
      submit a draft while being disconnected from the network.  The
      e-mail client actually submits the draft when connectivity is

   poor connectivity: E-mail systems are often better suited for
      automated transmission and re-transmission of e-mails when network
      connectivity is poor due to high packet loss ratios, transmission
      delays, and other problems.

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   convenience: Some IETFers consider e-mail interfaces as generally
      "more convenient".

   Primary advantages of web interface are:

   confirmation: A submitter is given a chance to verify that automated
      extraction of meta-data produced reasonable results.  Other useful
      confirmations are possible (e.g., "Are you sure you want to post a
      revision of the draft that was updated 30 seconds ago by your

   validation: A submitter can validate the draft without posting it.

   quality: Non-critical warnings may prompt the submitter to postpone
      posting to improve draft quality.

   manual adjustments: The submitter can adjust extracted meta-data and
      ease Secretariat work on manually posting an unusual draft.

   meta-data: The submitter can specify optional external meta-data
      (that cannot be extracted from the draft itself).  For example, an
      e-mail for draft discussion can be specified.

   context help: Web interface makes it easy to provide links to extra
      information about input fields, errors, posting options,
      deadlines, etc.

   convenience: Some IETFers consider web interfaces as generally "more

17.  Implementation stages

   This section defines an implementation schedule for documented
   Toolset requirements.  The schedule is divided into three consecutive
   phases.  Requirements listed in later stages may be covered in
   earlier stages, but do not have to be.

   Beta Stage: Initial basic implementation to test major concepts and
      relieve the Secretariat from handling the most common submission
      case.  This stage should take a professional about 30 calendar
      days to finish (i.e., to comply with all the listed requirements).

      1.  R14 and R15 for plain text format.  Other formats are accepted
           but may not be interpreted.

      2.  R32, R98 (submitter:author mapping).

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      3.  R38 (submitter authentication via e-mail access check)

      4.  R69, R70, and related requirements can be ignored, in which
           case plain text version is always required.

      5.  R88, R89 (WG info extraction from draft name).

      6.  R97 (DoS prevention).

      7.  R100 (intermediate receipt page for Post Now).

      8.  R105 (deleting submission state).

      9.  R109 (most external meta-data is optional).

      10.  R113 (errors make auto-posting impossible).

   Production Stage: Support for all major features.  Once this stage is
      completed, the Secretariat should only handle unusual draft
      submissions.  This stage should take a professional about 90
      calendar days to finish.

      1.  R8, R10, R11, R85 - R87, R111 (

      2.  R14 and R15 for plain text and XML formats.  Other formats are
           accepted but may not be interpreted.

      3.  R21 (warn if draft revision is not expected).

      4.  R55 - R60, R107 - R108 (basic e-mail interface).

      5.  R69, R70.

      6.  R71

      7.  R74 - R77.

      8.  R83 (report last update author/timestamp).

      9.  R95 (warn of a co-author without an e-mail).

      10.  R96 (warn of small submissions gap).

      11.  R102 - R104 (posting notification).

      12.  R50, R51, and R106 (Manual Check page requirements).

      13.  R114 (whatever the error is, manual posting should be

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   Enhancement Stage: A never-ending stage focusing on sophisticated
      features (e.g., draft interpretation or validation) that improve
      the overall quality of the Toolset.  This stage is documented
      primarily to highlight the overall direction of the Toolset; its
      requirements are often imprecise and many are expected to change.

      1.  R14 and R15 for all formats.

      2.  R33 (making an existing draft obsolete).

      3.  R81 (show warnings to co-authors).

      4.  R82 (complete draft preview).

      5.  R84 (a link to generate a diff).

      6.  R90 (WG info extraction from draft databases).

      7.  R101 (functionality to check submission status).

      8.  R110 (submitter authentication via client-side certificates)

      9.  R112, R115 (HTML generation from XML sources)

   Implementation experience is likely to result in changes of the
   Toolset requirements.  Such changes should be documented as a part of
   stage evaluation activities.

18.  Security Considerations

   Some.  TBD: Talk about why authentication and anti-DoS measures
   become important once things become automated.  When everybody is
   using an informal e-mail interface, an automated attack will last
   only until the interface is changed.  The informal interface can be
   changed very quickly.  Only the attacker would be suffering from the
   change, since others do not automate and, hence, are flexible.  Once
   things are automated and interfaces are documented, substantially
   changing an interface would require rewriting many software agents
   that use current interfaces.

19.  IANA Considerations


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20.  Compliance

   A Toolset implementation is compliant with this specification if it
   satisfies all normative requirements (i.e., the phrases marked with
   "Rnnn" as defined in Section 4).  Compliance should be evaluated for
   each implementation stage as some requirements do not apply to some

   IESG evaluates implementations and interprets requirements as

Appendix A.  Comparison with current procedures

   This section summarizes major differences between draft submission
   approach currently in use by IETF and the proposed Toolset, including
   violations of the current IETF rules.

   o  The Toolset allows posting of XML and PDF draft formats.  XML
      format is not currently accepted by the Secretariat, and legality
      of PDF acceptance by the Secretariat has been questioned.  XML
      sources should be accepted to enable IETF tools and participants
      to have access to raw draft meta-data and content.  They are also
      useful to the RFC Editor and, hence, it is a good idea to validate
      and get them "into the system" early.  The latter argument applies
      to PDF drafts as well, although the first Toolset versions are not
      expected to interpret PDF drafts.  [[XXX64: Check whether there
      are any rules allowing the Secretariat to accept PDF drafts today.

   o  The Toolset allows posting of HTML draft formats (in addition to
      plain text or another currently allowed format).

   o  The Toolset will automatically notify authors of posted drafts.
      Currently, neither the submitter nor any of the co-authors are
      explicitly notified when the draft is posted.  Notification is
      meant, in part, to allow co-authors detect cases where their name
      is put on the authors list without permission.  Eventually, there
      will be a general IETF mechanism to allow 3rd parties such as ADs,
      chairs, or reviewers to register for draft notifications.

Appendix B.  Acknowledgments

   The author gratefully acknowledges the contributions of Harald Tveit
   Alvestrand (Cisco), Brian E.  Carpenter (IBM), Barbara B.  Fuller
   (Foretec), Henrik Levkowetz, Larry Masinter (Adobe), Pekka Savola
   (Netcore), and Stanislav Shalunov (Internet2).

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   Special thanks to Marshall Rose for his xml2rfc tool.

Appendix C.  Change log

   RFC Editor Note: This section is to be removed during the final
   publication of the document.

   Internal WG revision control ID: $Id: id.xml,v 1.23 2004/10/13
   05:51:23 rousskov Exp $

   version 04

      *  In Check action, documented once, early, and explicitly that
         errors make auto-posting impossible but should let the
         submitter to post manually.  Removed references to vague
         "action fails" statements (Henrik Levkowetz).

      *  HTTP error codes should not be used to indicate Check action
         errors because doing so would be a layering violation and, in
         some cases, may complicate both automated and manual
         interpretation of the Toolset responses.  Rewrote R7 to require
         use of computer-friendly tags in response body instead of HTTP
         status codes.

      *  Split "Preprocessing" subsection into "Preprocessing" and
         "Processing".  The former deals with XML include PIs while the
         latter talks about plain text and HTML generation (Henrik

      *  Removed post-if-valid functionality (R78 - R80).  Automation
         tools such as the ones that process e-mail-based submissions
         would benefit from having the knob, but they cannot use the
         Check action "as is", even with the knob, because there are
         other differences in the interface (e.g., submitter
         identification logic).  In other words, more knobs would be
         needed, which would defeat the purpose of reusing the same
         action.  When implementing web and e-mail interfaces, the
         Secretariat should still be able to reuse the base action code,
         of course.

      *  Defined compliance.

      *  Resolved XXX2: inform all authors that their draft was posted.
         Documented what information should go into the posting
         notification message/page.

      *  Resolved XXX16 and XXX57: R23 now says that an IETF IPR
         Statement and other boilerplate required for drafts according

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         to RFC 3667 and 3668 (or successors) must appear in the draft
         text (Henrik Levkowetz).

      *  Resolved XXX23 and XXX62: Manual Check page and actions used by
         secretariat do not verify submitter access to e-mail.  Last
         resort option should be as flexible and forgiving as possible.

      *  Resolved XXX26: it should be possible to respond to
         do-you-have-access-to-your-email message by e-mail, in addition
         to cut-and-pasting a URL.

      *  Resolved XXX30 and XXX31: R98 now requires that when submitter
         is not an author, Secretariat has to be involved.

      *  Resolved XXX37: E-mail submissions must use attachments, even
         if there is only one draft format.  This may help to keep the
         Toolset simple (no smarts needed to isolate true draft text
         from notes in the beginning of the e-mail and signatures).

      *  Resolved XXX38: do not require special Subject: lines for
         e-mail submission to keep the Toolset simple.  Since we verify
         submitter access to e-mail, no automated spam is likely to
         result in a draft submission.

      *  Resolved XXX43, XXX44, and XXX60: making an existing draft
         obsolete is out of this document scope.  This complex feature
         can be documented and integrated later to satisfy R33.

      *  Resolved XXX49 and XXX52: the first two implementation stages
         should take 30 and 90 days, provided a single full-time person

      *  Resolved XXX50: specify approximate effort required to complete
         the first two implementation stages.  Let IESG and the
         Secretariat use our estimates to agree on a specific
         implementation schedule/deadlines.

      *  Resolved XXX53: lack of author e-mail causes a warning, not
         error.  See R95 for rationale.

      *  Resolved XXX11: added page count and size of primary draft
         format to meta-data because this information is useful to some
         humans and tools, and because it is usually much easier and
         cheaper to get this information in static form (e.g., some
         draft meta-data XML file) than compute it dynamically.

      *  Resolved XXX15: always allow posting of a new revision but warn
         if new revision is not expected.  Moved the corresponding R21

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         from absolute to desired requirements.

      *  Resolved XXX33 and XXX59: prevent DoS attacks (absolute
         requirement R97) and warn about too-close submissions (desired
         feature R96).

      *  Defined draft version, format and primary format terms.


      *  Resolved XXX9: The Toolset should eventually offer a
         Validation-only page.

      *  Resolved XXX19: The Toolset should eventually provide the
         submitter with a way to preview the entire draft, with all

      *  Resolved XXX40, XXX41, and XXX56: first use draft name to
         extract WG flag and WG name and hope for an IETF policy change.
         If IETF policy on naming drafts does not change soon, add code
         to query some databases to map individual-looking drafts to WG

      *  Resolved XXX46 and XXX47: store and make public both original
         and preprocessed XML sources.  Most tools are likely to use
         preprocessed XML format.  Humans and some diff tools may prefer
         the original.


      *  Added requirements R72 and R73 to handle multiple submitters
         submitting the same draft and a single submitter submitting two
         drafts at the same time, addressing XXX27.

      *  Resolved XXX7: There seems to be no good reason to support
         cut-and-paste mode.  Submission via file upload interface
         should suffice.

      *  Semi-resolved XXX53: Toolset should accept PDFs because RFC
         Editor does.  Still need to check whether the Secretariat
         accepts PDFs legally today (XXX64).


      *  Clarified and polished the "Scope" section.

      *  Updated "State of this draft" to document approaching-last-call
         state of the draft and to solicit editorial-level feedback.

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      *  Marked formal toolset requirements using a Rnnn notation to (a)
         document implementation schedule, and (b) make compliant
         implementation and compliance evaluation easier.

      *  Marked informal implementation hints with a "Hint:" tag, to
         avoid possible confusion with formal requirements.

      *  Started documenting implementation schedule.  For example, only
         plain text formats are interpreted during the first stage, then
         XML support is added, then other formats.  Meanwhile,
         un-interpreted formats are accepted and posted as is as long as
         plain text version validates.

      *  Added explicit requirements for managing abandoned submissions
         (Brian E.  Carpenter)

      *  Plain text or XML formats are always required (Brian E.

      *  Added XXX55: Accepting PDFs is a change of current documented
         procedures? (Brian E.  Carpenter)

      *  Added an optional "discussion address" to the external
         meta-data to help reviewers know where to send comments
         (inspired by Brian E.  Carpenter suggestion; Brian wanted this
         to be a required extractable meta-data)

      *  Resolved XXX17, XXX28, and XXX29: Today, -00 WG drafts are
         approved by the Chair either before and after submission,
         depending on several factors.  Based on WG chairs feedback we
         still need to support both modes.  Thus, there is no policy
         change to talk about (and more work for the tool implementors
         to support both modes).  Still need to add specific toolset
         requirements in case there is no approval recorded.

      *  Resolved XXX18, XXX32, and XXX45: We are going to move "request
         for publication" functionality to a separate [simple] tool that
         works with an existing/posted draft.

      *  Resolved XXX6: We are going to move the "withdraw this ID"
         functionality desired by Secretariat to a separate [simple]
         tool that works with an existing/posted draft.

      *  Added a "comment" field to the Adjust page so that the
         submitter can tell Secretariat why manual action is necessary.
         This may both save time Secretariat and let them improve the

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         toolset to minimize manual submissions (including fixing
         validation/extraction bugs).

      *  Added the Receipt page to the list of documented pages, for

      *  Emphasized that common sequence of pages to go through is as
         short as possible for a given set of features, and that "page"
         means "distinct dialog", not necessarily a "distinct URL".
         Some reviewers thought "there are too many pages".


      *  Added "E-mail Interface" section to document how key toolset
         functionality can be accessed via e-mail.  Compared e-mail and
         web interfaces.  (Suggested by Pekka Savola)

      *  Split "WG ID" meta-data into "WG ID" and "WG Flag".  The former
         seems to be easy to extract from the draft name.  Noted that
         the latter (i.e., "this is a working group draft" status)
         cannot be inferred from some WG drafts (Pekka Savola).

      *  Added "List of drafts obsoleted by this draft" external
         meta-data item (Pekka Savola), but questioned whether we are
         ready to automate that.

      *  Added more conflicting opinions to XXX15 and proposed a

      *  Added "Preprocessing" subsection to reflect the discussion on
         how/whether handle include PIs in XML draft sources.  Needs
         more discussion/work.

      *  Further clarified how an author can request the draft revision
         to be published (i.e., forwarded to IESG or RFC Editor for
         review and publication as an RFC or BCP).  It's just a checkbox
         on the web interface.  Raised doubts we can pull this off (see

      *  Suggested in XXX2 that we would inform all authors but not seek
         their consent (except for the submitter) when posting their


      *  Polished high-level page/action summary and replaced text-based
         steps diagram with something that looks more like a diagram.

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      *  Added "Comparison with current procedures" section placeholder
         for summarizing what this draft improves/changes/violates.

      *  Frequent draft updates is not always a good thing (Henrik

      *  Added ideas regarding frequent draft updates warnings
         (Stanislav Shalunov)

      *  Added "State of this draft" section to encourage review.


      *  Documented all major toolset pages and corresponding actions.


      *  Deleted all primary modes except for what used to be called
         "Posting Automation".  Focus on the latter and mention other
         modes as exceptions or side-effects.

      *  Changed draft outline and depth to describe specific submission
         steps and corresponding web pages rather than more general

      *  Assume, for now, that Chair authorization of WG draft work must
         exist for WG draft to be published.  This needs to be
         documented and perhaps relaxed to allow post-submission


      *  Use "toolset" instead of a less accurate "interfaces" in the
         draft title and throughout the text (Henrik Levkowetz)

      *  Use "post" instead of "publish"" in the draft title and
         throughout the text (Barbara B.  Fuller and Larry Masinter)

      *  Nits, clarifications, datapoints (Harald Tveit Alvestrand,
         Henrik Levkowetz, Larry Masinter, and Barbara B.  Fuller for
         the Secretariat)


      *  Initial revision.

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Author's Address

   Alex Rousskov
   The Measurement Factory

   EMail: rousskov@measurement-factory.com
   URI:   http://www.measurement-factory.com/

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