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Versions: 00 01 02 03 RFC 6467

Network Working Group                                         T. Kivinen
Internet-Draft                                                 AuthenTec
Intended status: Informational                          October 31, 2011
Expires: May 3, 2012


                  Secure Password Framework for IKEv2
         draft-kivinen-ipsecme-secure-password-framework-03.txt

Abstract

   This document defines a generic way for Internet Key Exchange version
   2 (IKEv2) to use any of the symmetric secure password authentication
   methods.  Multiple methods are already specified in other documents
   and this document does not add any new one.  This document specifies
   a way to agree on which method is to be used in the current
   connection.  This document also provides a common way to transmit
   secure password authentication method specific payloads between
   peers.

Status of this Memo

   This Internet-Draft is submitted to IETF in full conformance with the
   provisions of BCP 78 and BCP 79.

   Internet-Drafts are working documents of the Internet Engineering
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   This Internet-Draft will expire on May 3, 2012.

Copyright Notice

   Copyright (c) 2011 IETF Trust and the persons identified as the
   document authors.  All rights reserved.




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   This document is subject to BCP 78 and the IETF Trust's Legal
   Provisions Relating to IETF Documents
   (http://trustee.ietf.org/license-info) in effect on the date of
   publication of this document.  Please review these documents
   carefully, as they describe your rights and restrictions with respect
   to this document.  Code Components extracted from this document must
   include Simplified BSD License text as described in Section 4.e of
   the Trust Legal Provisions and are provided without warranty as
   described in the BSD License.


Table of Contents

   1.  Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  3
   2.  Method Negotiation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  6
   3.  Generic Secure Password Method Payload . . . . . . . . . . . .  8
   4.  IKE_AUTH Exchange  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  9
   5.  Security Considerations  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
   6.  IANA Considerations  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
   7.  References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
     7.1.  Normative References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
     7.2.  Informative References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
   Author's Address . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14




























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1.  Introduction

   The IPsecME working group was chartered to provide IKEv2 ([RFC5996])
   a symmetric secure password authentication protocol that supports the
   use of low-entropy shared secrets, but is protected against off-line
   dictionary attacks without requiring the use of certificates or
   Extensible Authentication Protocol (EAP).  There are multiple such
   methods and the working group was to pick one.  Unfortunately the
   working group failed to pick one protocol and there are multiple
   candidates going forward as separate documents.  As each of those
   older versions of those documents used a different technique to
   negotiate the use of the method and also used different payload
   formats it is very hard to try to make an implementation where
   multiple of those systems could co-exists.

   Current document versions ([I-D.harkins-ipsecme-spsk-auth],
   [I-D.kuegler-ipsecme-pace-ikev2], and [I-D.shin-augmented-pake]) use
   the method described in this document.

   This document describes IKEv2 payload formats that can be used for
   multiple secure password methods to negotiate and transmit data so
   each different method can easily co-exist in the same implementation.

   This document consists of two major parts:

   o  How to negotiate which secure password method negotiation is used.

   o  How to transmit secure password method specific data between
      peers.

   The secure password methods are not usually meant to be used in the
   normal end user (remote access VPN) cases.  In such cases EAP based
   authentication works fine and the asymmetric nature of EAP does not
   matter.  In such scenarios the authentication is usually backed up
   with the back-end AAA servers and other infrastructure.  I.e., in
   such scenarios neither of the IKEv2 peers really know the secret, as
   in one end it is typed in by the user when it is needed, and on the
   other end it is authenticated by the back-end AAA server.

   The new secure password methods are meant to be used, for example, in
   the authentication between two servers or routers.  These scenarios
   are usually symmetric: both peers know the shared secret, no back-end
   authentication servers are involved, and either end can initiate an
   IKEv2 connection.  Note that such model could also be supported by
   EAP when an EAP method that can run in symmetric fashion is in use,
   and the EAP method is directly implemented on both peers and no AAA
   is in use.




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   In many cases each implementation will use only one of the proposed
   secure password authentication methods, but in many cases the
   implementations can include support for multiple methods even when
   only one of them will be used.  For example, general purpose
   operating system running IPsec and IKEv2 and supporting secure
   password authentication methods to protect services provided by the
   system might need to implement support for several methods.  It is
   then up to the administrator which one is to be used.  As the server
   might need to connect to multiple other servers, each implementing
   different set of methods, it may not be possible to pick one method
   that would serve all cases.

   The secure password methods mostly keep the existing IKEv2
   IKE_SA_INIT exchange and modify the IKE_AUTH authentication step.  As
   those methods do not want to add new round trips, that means the
   negotiation of which of the secure password methods to use needs to
   happen during the IKE_SA_INIT.  As the identity of the other end is
   only provided inside IKE_AUTH, that means that the responder needs to
   select the list of supported methods only based on the IP-address of
   the initiator.  This could lead to problems if only certain methods
   would be acceptable for certain identified peers.  Fortunately, as
   the authentication is done based on the secret shared between both
   peers, the shared-secret should be usable in all of the methods, thus
   a remote peer usually does not need to restrict selection of the
   method based on the initiator's identity but only based on the
   supported methods and the administrative policy.

   Also, as the initiator already knows which peer it is connecting
   with, it can limit which methods it proposes to the other peer.  And
   as secure password methods are meant to be used in symmetric cases,
   both ends should have similar configuration, i.e., they have the same
   shared-secret, and most likely also a list of acceptable
   authentication methods to be used.  This could also be interpreted so
   that there is no need to support method negotiation as both ends can
   already see this from the configuration.  On the other hand, in most
   cases either end does not really care which of the method is used,
   but is willing to use any secure method other end supports.  In such
   cases the automatic negotiation provides a way to make the
   configuration easy, i.e., no need to pick one method to be used
   between the peers.

   The reason for using the common IKEv2 payload to transmit secure
   password method specific data between peers is that the payload type
   field in the IKEv2 is only 8-bit field, and 62.5% of the range is
   already reserved (50% to the private use numbers, and 12.5% to the
   IKEv1 payload numbers).  This leaves 95 usable numbers out of which
   16 are already in use.  Original proposal proposed to consume five
   payload type numbers.  Those five new payload types would already be



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   a 31% increase to the number of currently allocated payload types.


















































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2.  Method Negotiation

   Because all of the methods modify the IKE_AUTH exchange, the
   negotiation of the secure password method to be used needs to happen
   during the IKE_SA_INIT exchange.  The secure password negotiation
   exchange would be:

   Initiator                         Responder
   -------------------------------------------------------------------
   HDR(SPIi=xxx, SPIr=0, IKE_SA_INIT,
       Flags: Initiator, Message ID=0),
       SAi1, KEi, Ni, [N(SECURE_PASSWORD_METHODS)]  -->

                      <--  HDR(SPIi=xxx, SPIr=yyy, IKE_SA_INIT,
                               Flags: Response, Message ID=0),
                               SAr1, KEr, Nr, [CERTREQ],
                               [N(SECURE_PASSWORD_METHODS)]

   If the N(SECURE_PASSWORD_METHODS) Notify Payload is missing, then
   normal IKEv2 authentication methods are used.  If the Notify Payloads
   are included, then the negotiation of the secure password methods
   happens inside those payloads.

   As it might be possible that future secure password methods will
   modify the IKE_AUTH payload in more substantial way, it is better
   that as an end result of the negotiation we have exactly one secure
   password method that will be used.  The initiator will know which
   methods are usable when talking to that responder, so the initiator
   will send a list of acceptable methods in its IKE_SA_INIT request.
   The responder will pick exactly one method and put that to its
   response.

   The secure password methods are identified by the 16-bit IANA
   allocated numbers stored in the Notify Payload notification data
   field.  If a method supports multiple different password
   preprocessing methods, each of those may be allocated a separate
   number from this space, or the method might do its own negotiation of
   the preprocessing method later.  As initiator has already selected
   the shared secret it will be using, it will also know which
   preprocessing might be needed for it so it should propose only those
   preprocessing methods suitable for the selected shared secret.  This
   means that it is recommended to allocate separate IANA numbers for
   different preprocessing methods.

   The actual Notify Payload will look like this:






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                        1                   2                   3
    0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
   +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
   | Next Payload  |C|  RESERVED   |         Payload Length        |
   +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
   |  Protocol ID  |   SPI Size    |      Notify Message Type      |
   +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
   |                                                               |
   ~                Security Parameter Index (SPI)                 ~
   |                                                               |
   +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
   |                                                               |
   ~                       Notification Data                       ~
   |                                                               |
   +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+

   The Protocol ID will be zero, and the SPI Size will also be zero,
   meaning that the SPI field will be empty.  The Notify Message Type
   will be TBD.

   The Notification Data contains the list of the 16-bit secure password
   method numbers:

                        1                   2                   3
    0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
   +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
   | Secure Password Method #1     | Secure Password Method #2     |
   +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
   | Secure Password Method #3     | ...                           |
   +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+

   The response Notify Payload contains exactly one 16-bit secure
   password method number inside the Notification Data field.


















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3.  Generic Secure Password Method Payload

   This payload will contain the secure password payload specific data.
   The IKE_AUTH exchanges might have a number of these inside, depending
   on what is required and specified by the secure password method.  As
   the secure password method is already selected during IKE_SA_INIT,
   there is no need to repeat the information of the selected secure
   password method, thus this payload only contains the method-specific
   data.  As some secure password methods require multiple different
   payloads, they are assumed to include their method specific payload
   type inside the payload, for example inside the first octet of the
   data.  However, This is method-specific, and a method is free to
   format the payload data as it wants.

   The generic secure password method payload will look like this:

                        1                   2                   3
    0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
   +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
   | Next Payload  |C|  RESERVED   |         Payload Length        |
   +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
   |                                                               |
   ~          Secure Password Method Specific Data                 ~
   |                                                               |
   +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+

   The Payload Type for this payload is TBD, and the name used later in
   this document is GSPM Payload.

   If the method uses secure password method specific payload sub-types
   inside the generic secure password method payload, the format will be
   like this:

                        1                   2                   3
    0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
   +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
   | Next Payload  |C|  RESERVED   |         Payload Length        |
   +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
   | SPMS Subtype  |                                               |
   +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+                                               +
   |                                                               |
   ~          Secure Password Method Specific Data                 ~
   |                                                               |
   +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+

   This picture is here only for illustrative purposes, the secure
   password method will be defining the exact format of the payload
   contents.



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4.  IKE_AUTH Exchange

   As the negotiation takes place during IKE_SA_INIT, the secure
   password methods may modify the IKE_AUTH exchange if needed.  To
   enable implementing multiple methods easy, it would be recommended
   that IKE_AUTH exchange is not to be modified unnecessarily.  Adding
   zero, one or multiple Generic Secure Password Method Payloads to each
   exchange is needed, as is the modification how the AUTH payload is
   calculated, but all other changes should be kept minimal.

   The IKE_AUTH exchange should look similar to when EAP is used,
   meaning that the first request includes IDi, SAi2, TSi, TSr, and some
   number of GSPM payloads.  The response should include IDr and again a
   number of GSPM payloads.  There may be multiple exchanges each
   consisting of some number of GSPM payloads, and finally when
   authentication is done there should be one final exchange where the
   request includes the AUTH payload (along with some number of GSPM
   payloads) and the response contains AUTH, SAr2, TSi, TSr and some
   number of GSPM payloads.  The number of GSPM payloads is up to the
   secure password method, but usually will less than 3, but depending
   on the method, it might be more.

   The AUTH payload calculation should include all the data normally
   included in addition to the extra data needed by the secure password
   method.  The secure password method needs to define how the AUTH
   payload is calculated.

   As the AUTH payload calculation is changed, the secure payload method
   should not use any of the existing authentication method numbers in
   the AUTH Payload Auth Method field, but instead use the number
   allocated in this document.  This number is meant to be used by all
   secure password authentication methods.



















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   Initiator                         Responder
   -------------------------------------------------------------------
   HDR(SPIi=xxx, SPIr=yyy, IKE_AUTH,
       Flags: Initiator, Message ID=1),
       SK {IDi, [CERTREQ,]
           GSPM, [GSPM, ...,]
           [IDr,] SAi2,
           TSi, TSr}  -->

                     <--  HDR(SPIi=xxx, SPIr=yyy, IKE_AUTH, Flags:
                                 Response, Message ID=1),
                                 SK {IDr, [CERT,]
                                     GSPM, [GSPM, ...]}

   HDR(SPIi=xxx, SPIr=yyy, IKE_AUTH,
       Flags: Initiator, Message ID=2),
       SK {GSPM, [GSPM, ...,]}  -->

                     <--  HDR(SPIi=xxx, SPIr=yyy, IKE_AUTH, Flags:
                                 Response, Message ID=2),
                                 SK {GSPM, [GSPM, ...]}
   ...

   HDR(SPIi=xxx, SPIr=yyy, IKE_AUTH,
       Flags: Initiator, Message ID=x),
       SK {[GSPM, ...,], AUTH}  -->

                     <--  HDR(SPIi=xxx, SPIr=yyy, IKE_AUTH, Flags:
                                 Response, Message ID=x),
                                 SK {[GSPM, ...,] AUTH, SAr2,
                                     TSi, TSr}

   Note that the number of the GSPM payloads and other payloads in each
   packet will be defined only by the secure password method
   documentation, and pictures in this document are only for
   illustrative purposes.















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5.  Security Considerations

   As this document does not describe an exact protocol, the security
   considerations are not relevant.  The secure password method document
   using payload types described here needs to describe the security
   properties of the protocol it describes.













































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6.  IANA Considerations

   This allocates one new IKEv2 "Notify Messages Types - Status Types":

   TBD   SECURE_PASSWORD_METHODS

   This allocates one new "IKEv2 Authentication Method" number:

   TBD   Generic Secure Password Authentication Method

   This document also adds one new "IKEv2 Payload Types":

   TBD   Generic Secure Password Method      GSPM

   This document creates new IANA registry "IKEv2 Secure Password
   Methods":

   0            RESERVED

   Values 1-1024 are reserved to IANA.  Values 1024-65535 are for
   private use among mutually consenting parties.  Changes and additions
   to this registry is by expert review.





























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7.  References

7.1.  Normative References

   [RFC5996]  Kaufman, C., Hoffman, P., Nir, Y., and P. Eronen,
              "Internet Key Exchange Protocol Version 2 (IKEv2)",
              RFC 5996, September 2010.

7.2.  Informative References

   [I-D.harkins-ipsecme-spsk-auth]
              Harkins, D., "Secure PSK Authentication for IKE",
              draft-harkins-ipsecme-spsk-auth-05 (work in progress),
              July 2011.

   [I-D.kuegler-ipsecme-pace-ikev2]
              Kuegler, D. and Y. Sheffer, "Password Authenticated
              Connection Establishment with IKEv2",
              draft-kuegler-ipsecme-pace-ikev2-08 (work in progress),
              September 2011.

   [I-D.shin-augmented-pake]
              Shin, S. and K. Kobara, "Most Efficient Augmented
              Password-Only Authentication and Key Exchange for IKEv2",
              draft-shin-augmented-pake-08 (work in progress),
              July 2011.

























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Author's Address

   Tero Kivinen
   AuthenTec
   Eerikinkatu 28
   HELSINKI  FI-00180
   Finland

   Email: kivinen@iki.fi










































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