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Versions: 00

Network Working Group                                        P. Masarati
Internet-Draft                                     Politecnico di Milano
Intended status: Standards Track                                  H. Chu
Expires: May 23, 2009                                        Symas Corp.
                                                       November 19, 2008


                        LDAP Dereference Control
                    draft-masarati-ldap-deref-00.txt

Status of this Memo

   By submitting this Internet-Draft, each author represents that any
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Abstract

   This document describes the Dereference Control for LDAP.  This
   control is intended to provide a concise means to collect extra
   information related to cross-links present in entries returned as
   part of search responses.


Table of Contents

   1.  Background and Intended Use  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  3
   2.  The LDAP Dereference Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  4
     2.1.  Control Semantics  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  4
     2.2.  Control Request  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  5
     2.3.  Control Response . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  5
   3.  Examples . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  6
   4.  Implementation Notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  7
   5.  Security Considerations  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  8
   6.  IANA Considerations  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  9
     6.1.  Object Identifier Registration . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  9
   7.  Acknowledgments  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
   8.  Normative References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
   Authors' Addresses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
   Intellectual Property and Copyright Statements . . . . . . . . . . 13



























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1.  Background and Intended Use

   Cross-links between entries are often used to describe relationships
   between entries.  To exploit the uniqueness of entries naming, these
   links are usually represented by the distinguished name (DN) of the
   linked entries.

   In many cases, DUAs need to collect information about linked entries.
   This requires to explicitly dereference each linked entry in order to
   collect the desired attributes, resulting in the need to perform a
   specific sequence of search operations, using the links as search
   base, with a SearchRequest.scope of baseObject [RFC4511].

   This document describes a LDAP Control [RFC4511] that allows a DUA to
   request the DSA to return specific attributes of linked entries along
   with the link, under the assumption that this operation can be
   performed by the DSA in a more efficient manner than the DUA would
   itself by performing the complete sequence of required search
   operations.

   The key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", "SHALL", "SHALL NOT",
   "SHOULD", "SHOULD NOT", "RECOMMENDED", "MAY", and "OPTIONAL" in this
   document are to be interpreted as described in [RFC2119].




























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2.  The LDAP Dereference Control

2.1.  Control Semantics

   This control allows specifying a dereference attribute and a set of
   attributes to be dereferenced, as illustrated in Section 2.2.  The
   dereference attribute's syntax MUST be 1.3.6.1.4.1.1466.115.121.1.12
   (DN) [RFC4517].  Each value of the dereference attribute in a
   SearchResultEntry SHOULD result in dereferencing the corresponding
   entry, collecting the values of the attributes to be dereferenced,
   and returning them as part of the control value in the
   SearchResultEntry response, in the format detailed in Section 2.3.

   The control value may contain dereference attribute values without
   any dereferenced attribute values, as detailed in Section 2.3.  The
   control semantics does not specify whether this is a consequence of a
   dangling link or of the application of access restrictions on the
   values of the attributes to be dereferenced.

   Attribute description hierarchy [RFC4512] SHALL NOT be exploited when
   collecting the values of the attributes to be dereferenced.  On the
   contrary, all of the attribute descriptions in an attribute hierarchy
   SHOULD be treated as distinct and unrelated descriptions.

   This control is only appropriate for the search operation [RFC4511].

   The semantics of the criticality field are specified in [RFC4511].
   In detail, the criticality of the control determines whether the
   control will or will not be used, and if it will not be used, whether
   the operation will continue without returning the control in the
   response, or fail, returning unavailableCriticalExtension.  If the
   control is appropriate for an operation and, for any reason, it
   cannot be applied in its entirety to a single SearchResultEntry
   response, it MUST NOT be applied to that specific SearchResultEntry
   response, without affecting its application to any subsequent
   SearchResultEntry response.

   Servers implementing this technical specification SHOULD publish the
   object identifier deref-oid (IANA assigned; see Section 6) as a value
   of the 'supportedControl' attribute [RFC4512] in their root DSE.

   This control is totally unrelated to alias dereferencing [RFC4511].









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2.2.  Control Request

   The control type is deref-oid (IANA assigned; see Section 6).  The
   specification of the Dereference Control request is:

         controlValue ::= SEQUENCE OF derefSpec DerefSpec

         DerefSpec ::= SEQUENCE {
             derefAttr       attributeDescription,    ; with DN syntax
             attributes      AttributeList }

         AttributeList ::= SEQUENCE OF attr AttributeDescription

   Each derefSpec.derefAttr MUST be unique within controlValue.

2.3.  Control Response

   The control type is deref-oid (IANA assigned; see Section 6).  The
   specification of the Dereference Control response is:

         controlValue ::= SEQUENCE OF derefRes DerefRes

         DerefRes ::= SEQUENCE {
             derefAttr       AttributeDescription,
             derefVal        LDAPDN,
             attrVals        [0] PartialAttributeList OPTIONAL }

         PartialAttributeList ::= SEQUENCE OF
                        partialAttribute PartialAttribute

   PartialAttribute is defined in [RFC4511]; the definition is reported
   here for clarity:

         PartialAttribute ::= SEQUENCE {
             type       AttributeDescription,
             vals       SET OF value AttributeValue }

   If partialAttribute.vals is empty, the corresponding partialAttribute
   is omitted.  If all partialAttribute.vals in attrVals are empty, that
   derefRes.attrVals is omitted.











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3.  Examples

   Given these entries:

       dn: cn=Howard Chu,ou=people,dc=example,dc=org
       objectClass: inetOrgPerson
       cn: Howard Chu
       sn: Chu
       uid: hyc

       dn: cn=Pierangelo Masarati,ou=people,dc=example,dc=org
       objectClass: inetOrgPerson
       cn: Pierangelo Masarati
       sn: Masarati
       uid: ando

       dn: cn=Test Group,ou=groups,dc=example,dc=org
       objectClass: groupOfNames
       cn: Test Group
       member: cn=Howard Chu,ou=people,dc=example,dc=org
       member: cn=Pierangelo Masarati,ou=people,dc=example,dc=org

   A search could be performed with a Dereference request control value
   specified as

       { member, uid }

   and the "cn=Test Group" entry would be returned with the response
   control value

       { { member, cn=Howard Chu,ou=people,dc=example,dc=org,
           { { uid, [hyc] } } },
         { member, cn=Pierangelo Masarati,ou=people,dc=example,dc=org,
           { { uid, [ando] } } } }

















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4.  Implementation Notes

   This LDAP extension is currently implemented in OpenLDAP software
   using the temporary OID 1.3.6.1.4.1.4203.666.5.16 under OpenLDAP's
   experimental OID arc.














































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5.  Security Considerations

   The control result MUST NOT disclose information the client's
   identity could not have accessed by performing the related search
   operations.  The presence of a derefRes.derefVal in the response
   control, with no derefRes.attrVals, does not imply neither the
   existence of nor any access privilege to the corresponding entry.  It
   is merely a consequence of the read access the client's identity has
   on the corresponding value of the derefRes.derefAttr that would be
   returned as part of the attributes of a SearchResultEntry response
   [RFC4511].

   Security considerations described in documents listed in [RFC4510]
   apply.





































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6.  IANA Considerations

6.1.  Object Identifier Registration

   It is requested that IANA register upon Standards Action an LDAP
   Object Identifier for use in this technical specification.

         Subject: Request for LDAP OID Registration
         Person & email address to contact for further information:
             Pierangelo Masarati <ando@OpenLDAP.org>
         Specification: (I-D)
         Author/Change Controller: IESG
         Comments:
             Identifies the LDAP Dereference Control request
             and response




































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7.  Acknowledgments

   TBD
















































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8.  Normative References

   [RFC2119]  Bradner, S., "Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate
              Requirement Levels", BCP 14, RFC 2119, March 1997.

   [RFC4510]  Zeilenga, K., "Lightweight Directory Access Protocol
              (LDAP): Technical Specification Road Map", RFC 4510,
              June 2006.

   [RFC4511]  Sermersheim, J., "Lightweight Directory Access Protocol
              (LDAP): The Protocol", RFC 4511, June 2006.

   [RFC4512]  Zeilenga, K., "Lightweight Directory Access Protocol
              (LDAP): Directory Information Models", RFC 4512,
              June 2006.

   [RFC4517]  Legg, S., "Lightweight Directory Access Protocol (LDAP):
              Syntaxes and Matching Rules", RFC 4517, June 2006.

































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Authors' Addresses

   Pierangelo Masarati
   Politecnico di Milano
   Dipartimento di Ingegneria Aerospaziale
   via La Masa 34
   Milano  20156
   IT

   Phone: +39 02 2399 8309
   Fax:   +39 02 2399 8334
   Email: ando@OpenLDAP.org
   URI:   http://www.aero.polimi.it/masarati/


   Howard Y. Chu
   Symas Corporation
   18740 Oxnard St., Suite 313A
   Tarzana, California  91356
   USA

   Phone: +1 818 757-7087
   Email: hyc@symas.com
   URI:   http://www.symas.com/



























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