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Versions: 00 02 RFC 2319

INTERNET DRAFT                  EXPIRES JUNE 1998       INTERNET DRAFT
Network Working Group                                       D.Kohmanyuk
Internet Draft                                               I.Sviridov
Category: Informational                                       R.Tkachuk
                                                           Yu.Demchenko
                                                               M.Sereda
                                                          December 1997


                 Ukrainian Character Set KOI8-U
                <draft-rfced-info-koi8-u-02.txt>


Status of This Memo

This document is an Internet-Draft.  Internet-Drafts are working
documents of the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF), its
areas, and its working groups.  Note that other groups may also
distribute working documents as Internet-Drafts.

Internet-Drafts are draft documents valid for a maximum of six
months and may be updated, replaced, or obsoleted by other
documents at any time.  It is inappropriate to use Internet-
Drafts as reference material or to cite them other than as
"work in progress."

To learn the current status of any Internet-Draft, please check
the "1id-abstracts.txt" listing contained in the Internet-
Drafts Shadow Directories on ftp.is.co.za (Africa),
ftp.nordu.net (Europe), munnari.oz.au (Pacific Rim),
ds.internic.net (US East Coast), or ftp.isi.edu (US West Coast).

Distribution of this document is unlimited.


Abstract

   This document provides information about widely used in Ukrainian
   Internet community, including Ukraine and worldwide Ukrainian
   speaking community, character encoding koi8-u for mail and news
   exchange as well as for presentation WWW information resources in
   Ukrainian language. KOI8-U (KOI8 Ukrainian) is de-facto standard
   widely accepted by Ukrainian Internet community with resources on it
   published at many sites, including encoding tables, fonts, and
   locale support for many operating systems and environments. KOI8-U
   is compatible with KOI8-R (RFC 1489) in all Cyrillic letters and
   extends it with four Ukrainian letters which locations are compliant
   with ISO-IR-111. KOI8-U charset tables in RFC1345 ISO 9945-2 formats
   are given in Appendixes.


Introduction

   This documents provides information about widely used in Ukrainian
   Internet community character encoding for mail and news exchange as
   well as for presentation WWW information resources in Ukrainian
   language.

   Though the proposed character encoding "KOI8-U" is not currently an
   international standard, there is a large Internet user's community
   (including Ukraine and worldwide Ukrainian speaking community)
   supporting it.

   Originally, specification of proposed standard koi8-u was officially
   adopted by the conference of Postmasters of Ukrainian Internet Service
   Providers in Slavsk in Autumn of 1992 presented by Igor Sviridov from
   Kiev and Stas Vorony from Kharkiv. Later in June 1995 this specification
   was completed with UKRAINIAN GHE WITH UPTURN.



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   "KOI8-U" (KOI8 Ukrainian) is de-facto standard accepted
   by all Ukrainian community in the Internet and unofficially
   published at many sites
   (F.E., ftp://ftp.ua.net/pub/info/encodings/koi8-u/ukr_chars_in_koi8-
   u_and_others.txt; http://www.gu.net/multiling/koi8-u/).

   KOI8-U intends to solve the problem of recently reintroduced
   Ukr. letter GHE (with upturn) now missed in old codepages like
   ISO-IR-111, ISO 8859-5. This character is included into Unicode
   Character Set (UCS) as Cyrillic GHE with upturn (0490 - capital,
   0491 - small). and is a part of Ukrainian language alphabet.


MIME character set name: koi8-u


Relation to other RFCs

   This standard is unpublished but based on several published
   standards: first of all, RFC1489 (it is fully compatible in all
   Russian letters), RFC-1345, ISO 8859-5, ISO-IR-111, ISO 10646.


Compatibility with other character sets

   The lower part (decimal #0-#127) of the Ukrainian Character Set
   KOI8-U is a perfect copy of ASCII, just as it's used in KOI8-R and
   other non-ASCII codepages.

   The upper (decimal #128-#255) part of the KOI8-U Character Set contains
   all Russian letters defined in KOI8-R and four Ukrainian letters
   (#164, #180 - ukr. ie, #166, #182 - ukr. i, #167, #183 - ukr. yi, #173,
   #189 - ukr. ghe  with upturn) which locations are compliant with ISO-IR-111.

   BOX DRAWINGS  in the rest of positions (those not used by Ukrainian
   letters) are the same as in KOI8-R character set. List of all
   differences between KOI8-R and proposed KOI8-U is given in APPENDIX A


Specification of the upper part of KOI8-U codepage

   The description of all characters from the upper half part of KOI8-U
   codepage is taken from ISO 10646 Unicode Character Set. All Russian
   letters are left on their original KOI8-R places. Introduced Ukrainian



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   letters occupy positions where they are used as standard-de-facto in
   Ukrainian language applications and newsgroups exchange as accepted by
   Ukrainian language community.

   KOI8-U charset table in RFC1345 format is given in Appendix B.
   Appendix C contains description of full KOI8-U codepage in ISO 9945-2
   charmap format.


 <decimal>  <hex-code>  <UCS>     <description>

      128       80      U2500      BOX DRAWINGS  LIGHT HORIZONTAL
      129       81      U2502      BOX DRAWINGS  LIGHT VERTICAL
      130       82      U250C      BOX DRAWINGS  LIGHT DOWN AND RIGHT
      131       83      U2510      BOX DRAWINGS  LIGHT DOWN AND LEFT
      132       84      U2514      BOX DRAWINGS  LIGHT UP AND RIGHT
      133       85      U2518      BOX DRAWINGS  LIGHT UP AND LEFT
      134       86      U251C      BOX DRAWINGS  LIGHT VERTICAL AND RIGHT
      135       87      U2524      BOX DRAWINGS  LIGHT VERTICAL AND LEFT
      136       88      U252C      BOX DRAWINGS  LIGHT DOWN AND HORIZONTAL
      137       89      U2534      BOX DRAWINGS  LIGHT UP AND HORIZONTAL
      138       8A      U253C      BOX DRAWINGS  LIGHT VERTICAL AND HORIZONTAL
      139       8B      U2580      UPPER HALF BLOCK
      140       8C      U2584      LOWER HALF BLOCK
      141       8D      U2588      FULL BLOCK
      142       8E      U258C      LEFT HALF BLOCK
      143       8F      U2590      RIGHT HALF BLOCK
      144       90      U2591      LIGHT SHADE
      145       91      U2592      MEDIUM SHADE
      146       92      U2593      DARK SHADE
      147       93      U2320      TOP HALF INTEGRAL
      148       94      U25A0      BLACK SQUARE
      149       95      U2219      BULLET OPERATOR
      150       96      U221A      SQUARE ROOT
      151       97      U2248      ALMOST EQUAL TO
      152       98      U2264      LESS THAN OR EQUAL TO
      153       99      U2265      GREATER THAN OR EQUAL TO
      154       9A      U00A0      NONBREAKING SPACE
      155       9B      U2321      BOTTOM HALF INTEGRAL
      156       9C      U00B0      DEGREE SIGN
      157       9D      U00B2      SUPERSCRIPT DIGIT TWO
      158       9E      U00B7      MIDDLE DOT
      159       9F      U00F7      DIVISION SIGN
      160       A0      U2550      BOX DRAWINGS  DOUBLE HORIZONTAL
      161       A1      U2551      BOX DRAWINGS  DOUBLE VERTICAL
      162       A2      U2552      BOX DRAWINGS  DOWN SINGLE AND RIGHT DOUBLE



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      163       A3      U0451      CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER IO
      164       A4      U0454      CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER UKRAINIAN IE
      165       A5      U2554      BOX DRAWINGS  DOUBLE DOWN AND RIGHT
      166       A6      U0456      CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER BELORUSSIAN-
                                   UKRAINIAN I
      167       A7      U0457      CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER YI (UKRAINIAN)
      168       A8      U2557      BOX DRAWINGS  DOUBLE DOWN AND LEFT
      169       A9      U2558      BOX DRAWINGS  UP SINGLE AND RIGHT DOUBLE
      170       AA      U2559      BOX DRAWINGS  UP DOUBLE AND RIGHT SINGLE
      171       AB      U255A      BOX DRAWINGS  DOUBLE UP AND RIGHT
      172       AC      U255B      BOX DRAWINGS  UP SINGLE AND LEFT DOUBLE
      173       AD      U0491      CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER UKRAINIAN GHE
                                   (WITH UPTURN)
      174       AE      U255A      BOX DRAWINGS  DOUBLE UP AND LEFT
      175       AF      U255E      BOX DRAWINGS  VERTICAL SINGLE AND RIGHT
                                   DOUBLE
      176       B0      U255F      BOX DRAWINGS  VERTICAL DOUBLE AND RIGHT
                                   SINGLE
      177       B1      U2560      BOX DRAWINGS  DOUBLE VERTICAL AND RIGHT
      178       B2      U2561      BOX DRAWINGS  VERTICAL SINGLE AND LEFT DOUBLE
      179       B3      U0401      CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER IO
      180       B4      U0403      CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER UKRAINIAN IE
      181       B5      U2563      FORMS DOUBLE VERTICAL AND LEFT
      182       B6      U0406      CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER BELORUSSIAN-
                                   UKRAINIAN I
      183       B7      U0407      CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER YI (UKRAINIAN)
      184       B8      U2566      BOX DRAWINGS  DOUBLE DOWN AND HORIZONTAL
      185       B9      U2567      BOX DRAWINGS  UP SINGLE AND HORIZONTAL DOUBLE
      186       BA      U2568      BOX DRAWINGS  UP DOUBLE AND HORIZONTAL SINGLE
      187       BB      U2569      BOX DRAWINGS  DOUBLE UP AND HORIZONTAL
      188       BC      U256A      BOX DRAWINGS  VERTICAL SINGLE AND HORIZONTAL
                                   DOUBLE
      189       BD      U0490      CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER UKRAINIAN GHE
                                   (WITH UPTURN)
      190       BE      U256C      BOX DRAWINGS  DOUBLE VERTICAL AND HORIZONTAL
      191       BF      U00A9      COPYRIGHT SIGN
      192       C0      U044E      CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER YU
      193       C1      U0430      CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER A
      194       C2      U0431      CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER BE
      195       C3      U0446      CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER TSE
      196       C4      U0434      CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER DE
      197       C5      U0435      CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER IE
      198       C6      U0444      CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER EF
      199       C7      U0433      CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER GE
      200       C8      U0445      CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER KHA



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      201       C9      U0438      CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER I
      202       CA      U0439      CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER SHORT I
      203       CB      U043A      CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER KA
      204       CC      U043B      CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER EL
      205       CD      U043C      CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER EM
      206       CE      U043D      CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER EN
      207       CF      U043E      CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER O
      208       D0      U043F      CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER PE
      209       D1      U044F      CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER YA
      210       D2      U0440      CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER ER
      211       D3      U0441      CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER ES
      212       D4      U0442      CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER TE
      213       D5      U0443      CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER U
      214       D6      U0436      CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER ZHE
      215       D7      U0432      CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER VE
      216       D8      U044C      CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER SOFT SIGN
      217       D9      U044B      CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER YERI
      218       DA      U0437      CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER ZE
      219       DB      U0448      CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER SHA
      220       DC      U044D      CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER E
      221       DD      U0449      CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER SHCHA
      222       DE      U0447      CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER CHE
      223       DF      U044A      CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER HARD SIGN
      224       E0      U042E      CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER YU
      225       E1      U0410      CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER A
      226       E2      U0411      CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER BE
      227       E3      U0426      CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER TSE
      228       E4      U0414      CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER DE
      229       E5      U0415      CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER IE
      230       E6      U0424      CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER EF
      231       E7      U0413      CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER GE
      232       E8      U0425      CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER KHA
      233       E9      U0418      CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER I
      234       EA      U0419      CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER SHORT I
      235       EB      U041A      CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER KA
      236       EC      U041B      CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER EL
      237       ED      U041C      CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER EM
      238       EE      U041D      CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER EN
      239       EF      U041E      CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER O
      240       F0      U041F      CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER PE
      241       F1      U042F      CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER YA
      242       F2      U0420      CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER ER
      243       F3      U0421      CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER ES
      244       F4      U0422      CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER TE
      245       F5      U0423      CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER U
      246       F6      U0416      CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER ZHE
      247       F7      U0412      CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER VE



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      248       F8      U042C      CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER SOFT SIGN
      249       F9      U042B      CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER YERI
      250       FA      U0417      CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER ZE
      251       FB      U0428      CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER SHA
      252       FC      U042D      CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER E
      253       FD      U0429      CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER SHCHA
      254       FE      U0427      CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER CHE
      255       FF      U042A      CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER HARD SIGN


Security Considerations

   Security issues are not discussed in this memo.


Acknowledgments

   The motivation to write this document was inspired by vital
   needs of official registration of widely used standard-de-facto
   koi8-u to prevent misunderstanding and misspelling in support of
   Ukrainian language by different types of new multilingual products
   from different companies.
   The present edition of the specification is the result of the wide
   consensus reached in many discussions, which took place in Ukrainian
   Usenet conferences ukr.nodes and ukr.netnews. Many people contributed
   to the early work on koi8-u encoding:
       stas@uanet.kharkov.ua (Stanislav V. Voronyi)
       vak@zebub.msk.su (Serge Vakulenko)
       epsav@eps.computerland.kiev.ua (Lena Savchenko)
       Andrew A. Chernov <ache@astral.msk.su>
       Igor Romanenko <igor@carrier.kiev.ua>
       Ruslan Belkin <rus@UA.net>
       Andrey Blohintsev <bag@UA.net>
   Special acknowledgment to Keld Simonsen for the idea of providing
   KOI8-U code tables in RFC 1345 and ISO 9945-2 charmap formats.


References

     [1]  Chernov, A., "Registration of a Cyrillic Character Set", RFC
          1589, Network Working Group, July 1993.

     [2]  UNICODE 2.0 CHARACTER DATABASE. - ftp://unicode.org/pub/2.0-
          Update/UnicodeData-2.0.14.txt




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     [3]  Ukrainian letters in koi8-u and other character sets
          ftp://ftp.ua.net/pub/info/encodings/koi8-u/ukr_chars_in_koi8-
          u_and_others.txt, June 1995.

     [4]  ECMA-CYRILLIC. - ftp://dkuug.dk/i18n/charmaps.all/ECMA-
          CYRILLIC

     [5] K. Simonsen, "Character Mnemonics & Character Sets" RFC 1345,
       June 1992



8. Author's Address


   Dmitry Kohmanyuk
   E-mail: dk@farm.org

   Igor Sviridov
   E-mail: sia@nest.org

   Roman A. Tkachuk
   BitterNet
   Ternopil, Ukraine
   E-mail: roman@bit.ternopil.ua

   Yuri Demchenko

   Kiev Polytechnic Institute
   Kiev, Ukraine
   e-mail: demch@cad.ntu-kpi.kiev.ua

   Mykola Sereda
   Gerelo Intercontinental
   Montreal, Canada
   E-mail: gerelo@cam.org















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APPENDIX A

DIFFERENCE OF KOI8-U from KOI8-R (RFC 1489)

   KOI8-U is compatible with KOI8-R in all Cyrillic Letters and
   completes it with four Ukrainian letters UKRAINIAN IE #164, #180,
   CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER BELORUSSIAN-UKRAINIAN I #166, #182,
   UKRAINIAN YI #167, #183, UKRAINIAN GHE (WITH UPTURN) #173, #189.

  <decimal> <hex-code>  <UCS>    <description>

      164       A4      U0454      CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER UKRAINIAN IE
      166       A6      U0456      CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER BELORUSSIAN-
                                   UKRAINIAN I
      167       A7      U0457      CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER YI (UKRAINIAN)
      173       AD      U0491      CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER UKRAINIAN GHE
                                   (WITH UPTURN)
      180       B4      U0403      CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER UKRAINIAN IE
      182       B6      U0406      CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER BELORUSSIAN-
                                   UKRAINIAN I
      183       B7      U0407      CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER YI
                                   (UKRAINIAN)
      189       BD      U0490      CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER UKRAINIAN GHE
                                   (WITH UPTURN)


APPENDIX B

KOI8-U charset table in RFC1345 format

 &charset KOI8-U
 &rem source: RFC ?????
 &rem source: http://www.gu.net/multiling/koi8-u/
 &alias KOI8-RU
 &bits 8
 &code 0
 NU SH SX EX ET EQ AK BL BS HT LF VT FF CR SO SI
 DL D1 D2 D3 D4 NK SY EB CN EM SB EC FS GS RS US
 SP ! " Nb DO % & ' ( ) * + , - . / 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 : ; < = > ?
 At A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z <( // )> '> _
 '! a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z (! !! !) '? DT
 hh vv dr dl ur ul vr vl dh uh vh TB LB FB lB RB
 .S :S ?S "6 fS sb "9 -M NO TM NS >> Rg << .M Cu
 HH VV dR io ie DR ii yi LD uR Ur UR uL g3 VH vR
 Vr VR vL IO IE VL II YI DH uH Uh UH vH G3 UR Co
 ju a= b= c= d= e= f= g= h= i= j= k= l= m= n= o=
 p= ja r= s= t= u= z% v= %' y= z= s% je sc c% ='
 JU A= B= C= D= E= F= G= H= I= J= K= L= M= N= O=
 P= JA R= S= T= U= Z% V= %" Y= Z= S% JE Sc C% ="


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APPENDIX C

Description of full KOI8-U codepage in ISO 9945-2 charmap format

<code_set_name> KOI8-U
<comment_char> %
<escape_char> /
% version: 1.0
% repertoiremap: mnemonic,ds
%  source: RFC ?????
%  source: http://www.gu.net/multiling/koi8-u/

CHARMAP
<NU>                   /x00   <U0000> NULL (NUL)
<SH>                   /x01   <U0001> START OF HEADING (SOH)
<SX>                   /x02   <U0002> START OF TEXT (STX)
<EX>                   /x03   <U0003> END OF TEXT (ETX)
<ET>                   /x04   <U0004> END OF TRANSMISSION (EOT)
<EQ>                   /x05   <U0005> ENQUIRY (ENQ)
<AK>                   /x06   <U0006> ACKNOWLEDGE (ACK)
<BL>                   /x07   <U0007> BELL (BEL)
<BS>                   /x08   <U0008> BACKSPACE (BS)
<HT>                   /x09   <U0009> CHARACTER TABULATION (HT)
<LF>                   /x0A   <U000A> LINE FEED (LF)
<VT>                   /x0B   <U000B> LINE TABULATION (VT)
<FF>                   /x0C   <U000C> FORM FEED (FF)
<CR>                   /x0D   <U000D> CARRIAGE RETURN (CR)
<SO>                   /x0E   <U000E> SHIFT OUT (SO)
<SI>                   /x0F   <U000F> SHIFT IN (SI)
<DL>                   /x10   <U0010> DATALINK ESCAPE (DLE)
<D1>                   /x11   <U0011> DEVICE CONTROL ONE (DC1)
<D2>                   /x12   <U0012> DEVICE CONTROL TWO (DC2)
<D3>                   /x13   <U0013> DEVICE CONTROL THREE (DC3)
<D4>                   /x14   <U0014> DEVICE CONTROL FOUR (DC4)
<NK>                   /x15   <U0015> NEGATIVE ACKNOWLEDGE (NAK)
<SY>                   /x16   <U0016> SYNCHRONOUS IDLE (SYN)
<EB>                   /x17   <U0017> END OF TRANSMISSION BLOCK (ETB)
<CN>                   /x18   <U0018> CANCEL (CAN)
<EM>                   /x19   <U0019> END OF MEDIUM (EM)
<SB>                   /x1A   <U001A> SUBSTITUTE (SUB)
<EC>                   /x1B   <U001B> ESCAPE (ESC)
<FS>                   /x1C   <U001C> FILE SEPARATOR (IS4)
<GS>                   /x1D   <U001D> GROUP SEPARATOR (IS3)
<RS>                   /x1E   <U001E> RECORD SEPARATOR (IS2)
<US>                   /x1F   <U001F> UNIT SEPARATOR (IS1)
<SP>                   /x20   <U0020> SPACE



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<!>                    /x21   <U0021> EXCLAMATION MARK
<">                    /x22   <U0022> QUOTATION MARK
<Nb>                   /x23   <U0023> NUMBER SIGN
<DO>                   /x24   <U0024> DOLLAR SIGN
<%>                    /x25   <U0025> PERCENT SIGN
<&>                    /x26   <U0026> AMPERSAND
<'>                    /x27   <U0027> APOSTROPHE
<(>                    /x28   <U0028> LEFT PARENTHESIS
<)>                    /x29   <U0029> RIGHT PARENTHESIS
<*>                    /x2A   <U002A> ASTERISK
<+>                    /x2B   <U002B> PLUS SIGN
<,>                    /x2C   <U002C> COMMA
<->                    /x2D   <U002D> HYPHEN-MINUS
<.>                    /x2E   <U002E> FULL STOP
<//>                   /x2F   <U002F> SOLIDUS
<0>                    /x30   <U0030> DIGIT ZERO
<1>                    /x31   <U0031> DIGIT ONE
<2>                    /x32   <U0032> DIGIT TWO
<3>                    /x33   <U0033> DIGIT THREE
<4>                    /x34   <U0034> DIGIT FOUR
<5>                    /x35   <U0035> DIGIT FIVE
<6>                    /x36   <U0036> DIGIT SIX
<7>                    /x37   <U0037> DIGIT SEVEN
<8>                    /x38   <U0038> DIGIT EIGHT
<9>                    /x39   <U0039> DIGIT NINE
<:>                    /x3A   <U003A> COLON
<;>                    /x3B   <U003B> SEMICOLON
<<>                    /x3C   <U003C> LESS-THAN SIGN
<=>                    /x3D   <U003D> EQUALS SIGN
</>>                   /x3E   <U003E> GREATER-THAN SIGN
<?>                    /x3F   <U003F> QUESTION MARK
<At>                   /x40   <U0040> COMMERCIAL AT
<A>                    /x41   <U0041> LATIN CAPITAL LETTER A
<B>                    /x42   <U0042> LATIN CAPITAL LETTER B
<C>                    /x43   <U0043> LATIN CAPITAL LETTER C
<D>                    /x44   <U0044> LATIN CAPITAL LETTER D
<E>                    /x45   <U0045> LATIN CAPITAL LETTER E
<F>                    /x46   <U0046> LATIN CAPITAL LETTER F
<G>                    /x47   <U0047> LATIN CAPITAL LETTER G
<H>                    /x48   <U0048> LATIN CAPITAL LETTER H
<I>                    /x49   <U0049> LATIN CAPITAL LETTER I
<J>                    /x4A   <U004A> LATIN CAPITAL LETTER J
<K>                    /x4B   <U004B> LATIN CAPITAL LETTER K
<L>                    /x4C   <U004C> LATIN CAPITAL LETTER L
<M>                    /x4D   <U004D> LATIN CAPITAL LETTER M
<N>                    /x4E   <U004E> LATIN CAPITAL LETTER N



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<O>                    /x4F   <U004F> LATIN CAPITAL LETTER O
<P>                    /x50   <U0050> LATIN CAPITAL LETTER P
<Q>                    /x51   <U0051> LATIN CAPITAL LETTER Q
<R>                    /x52   <U0052> LATIN CAPITAL LETTER R
<S>                    /x53   <U0053> LATIN CAPITAL LETTER S
<T>                    /x54   <U0054> LATIN CAPITAL LETTER T
<U>                    /x55   <U0055> LATIN CAPITAL LETTER U
<V>                    /x56   <U0056> LATIN CAPITAL LETTER V
<W>                    /x57   <U0057> LATIN CAPITAL LETTER W
<X>                    /x58   <U0058> LATIN CAPITAL LETTER X
<Y>                    /x59   <U0059> LATIN CAPITAL LETTER Y
<Z>                    /x5A   <U005A> LATIN CAPITAL LETTER Z
<<(>                   /x5B   <U005B> LEFT SQUARE BRACKET
<////>                 /x5C   <U005C> REVERSE SOLIDUS
<)/>>                  /x5D   <U005D> RIGHT SQUARE BRACKET
<'/>>                  /x5E   <U005E> CIRCUMFLEX ACCENT
<_>                    /x5F   <U005F> LOW LINE
<'!>                   /x60   <U0060> GRAVE ACCENT
<a>                    /x61   <U0061> LATIN SMALL LETTER A
<b>                    /x62   <U0062> LATIN SMALL LETTER B
<c>                    /x63   <U0063> LATIN SMALL LETTER C
<d>                    /x64   <U0064> LATIN SMALL LETTER D
<e>                    /x65   <U0065> LATIN SMALL LETTER E
<f>                    /x66   <U0066> LATIN SMALL LETTER F
<g>                    /x67   <U0067> LATIN SMALL LETTER G
<h>                    /x68   <U0068> LATIN SMALL LETTER H
<i>                    /x69   <U0069> LATIN SMALL LETTER I
<j>                    /x6A   <U006A> LATIN SMALL LETTER J
<k>                    /x6B   <U006B> LATIN SMALL LETTER K
<l>                    /x6C   <U006C> LATIN SMALL LETTER L
<m>                    /x6D   <U006D> LATIN SMALL LETTER M
<n>                    /x6E   <U006E> LATIN SMALL LETTER N
<o>                    /x6F   <U006F> LATIN SMALL LETTER O
<p>                    /x70   <U0070> LATIN SMALL LETTER P
<q>                    /x71   <U0071> LATIN SMALL LETTER Q
<r>                    /x72   <U0072> LATIN SMALL LETTER R
<s>                    /x73   <U0073> LATIN SMALL LETTER S
<t>                    /x74   <U0074> LATIN SMALL LETTER T
<u>                    /x75   <U0075> LATIN SMALL LETTER U
<v>                    /x76   <U0076> LATIN SMALL LETTER V
<w>                    /x77   <U0077> LATIN SMALL LETTER W
<x>                    /x78   <U0078> LATIN SMALL LETTER X
<y>                    /x79   <U0079> LATIN SMALL LETTER Y
<z>                    /x7A   <U007A> LATIN SMALL LETTER Z
<(!>                   /x7B   <U007B> LEFT CURLY BRACKET



Kohmanyuk, et. al.        Informational                        [Page 11]

DRAFT         Ukrainian Character Set KOI8-U          December 1997



<!!>                   /x7C   <U007C> VERTICAL LINE
<!)>                   /x7D   <U007D> RIGHT CURLY BRACKET
<'?>                   /x7E   <U007E> TILDE
<DT>                   /x7F   <U007F> DELETE (DEL)
<hh>                   /x80   <U2500> BOX DRAWINGS LIGHT HORIZONTAL
<vv>                   /x81   <U2502> BOX DRAWINGS LIGHT VERTICAL
<dr>                   /x82   <U250C> BOX DRAWINGS LIGHT DOWN AND RIGHT
<dl>                   /x83   <U2510> BOX DRAWINGS LIGHT DOWN AND LEFT
<ur>                   /x84   <U2514> BOX DRAWINGS LIGHT UP AND RIGHT
<ul>                   /x85   <U2518> BOX DRAWINGS LIGHT UP AND LEFT
<vr>                   /x86   <U251C> BOX DRAWINGS LIGHT VERTICAL AND RIGHT
<vl>                   /x87   <U2524> BOX DRAWINGS LIGHT VERTICAL AND LEFT
<dh>                   /x88   <U252C> BOX DRAWINGS LIGHT DOWN AND HORIZONTAL
<uh>                   /x89   <U2534> BOX DRAWINGS LIGHT UP AND HORIZONTAL
<vh>                   /x8A   <U253C> BOX DRAWINGS LIGHT VERTICAL AND HORIZONTAL
<TB>                   /x8B   <U2580> UPPER HALF BLOCK
<LB>                   /x8C   <U2584> LOWER HALF BLOCK
<FB>                   /x8D   <U2588> FULL BLOCK
<lB>                   /x8E   <U258C> LEFT HALF BLOCK
<RB>                   /x8F   <U2590> RIGHT HALF BLOCK
<.S>                   /x90   <U2591> LIGHT SHADE
<:S>                   /x91   <U2592> MEDIUM SHADE
<?S>                   /x92   <U2593> DARK SHADE
<"6>                   /x93   <U201C> LEFT DOUBLE QUOTATION MARK
<fS>                   /x94   <U25A0> BLACK SQUARE
<sb>                   /x95   <U2022> BULLET
<"9>                   /x96   <U201D> RIGHT DOUBLE QUOTATION MARK
<-M>                   /x97   <U2014> EM DASH
<NO>                   /x98   <U00AC> NOT SIGN
<TM>                   /x99   <U2122> TRADE MARK SIGN
<NS>                   /x9A   <U00A0> NO-BREAK SPACE
</>/>>                 /x9B   <U00BB> RIGHT-POINTING DOUBLE ANGLE QUOTATION MARK
<Rg>                   /x9C   <U00AE> REGISTERED SIGN
<<<>                   /x9D   <U00AB> LEFT-POINTING DOUBLE ANGLE QUOTATION MARK
<.M>                   /x9E   <U00B7> MIDDLE DOT
<Cu>                   /x9F   <U00A4> CURRENCY SIGN
<HH>                   /xA0   <U2550> BOX DRAWINGS DOUBLE HORIZONTAL
<VV>                   /xA1   <U2551> BOX DRAWINGS DOUBLE VERTICAL
<dR>                   /xA2   <U2552> BOX DRAWINGS DOWN SINGLE AND RIGHT DOUBLE
<io>                   /xA3   <U0451> CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER IO
<ie>                   /xA4   <U0454> CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER UKRAINIAN IE
<DR>                   /xA5   <U2554> BOX DRAWINGS DOUBLE DOWN AND RIGHT
<ii>                   /xA6   <U0456> CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER BYELORUSSIAN-UKRAINIAN I
<yi>                   /xA7   <U0457> CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER YI (Ukrainian)
<LD>                   /xA8   <U2557> BOX DRAWINGS DOUBLE DOWN AND LEFT



Kohmanyuk, et. al.        Informational                        [Page 12]

DRAFT         Ukrainian Character Set KOI8-U          December 1997


<uR>                   /xA9   <U2558> BOX DRAWINGS UP SINGLE AND RIGHT DOUBLE
<Ur>                   /xAA   <U2559> BOX DRAWINGS UP DOUBLE AND RIGHT SINGLE
<UR>                   /xAB   <U255A> BOX DRAWINGS DOUBLE UP AND RIGHT
<uL>                   /xAC   <U255B> BOX DRAWINGS UP SINGLE AND LEFT DOUBLE
<g3>                   /xAD   <U0491> CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER GHE WITH UPTURN
<VH>                   /xAE   <U256C> BOX DRAWINGS DOUBLE VERTICAL AND HORIZONTAL
<vR>                   /xAF   <U255E> BOX DRAWINGS VERTICAL SINGLE AND RIGHT DOUBLE
<Vr>                   /xB0   <U255F> BOX DRAWINGS VERTICAL DOUBLE AND RIGHT SINGLE
<VR>                   /xB1   <U2560> BOX DRAWINGS DOUBLE VERTICAL AND RIGHT
<vL>                   /xB2   <U2561> BOX DRAWINGS VERTICAL SINGLE AND LEFT DOUBLE
<IO>                   /xB3   <U0401> CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER IO
<IE>                   /xB4   <U0404> CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER UKRAINIAN IE
<VL>                   /xB5   <U2563> BOX DRAWINGS DOUBLE VERTICAL AND LEFT
<II>                   /xB6   <U0406> CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER BYELORUSSIAN-UKRAINIAN I
<YI>                   /xB7   <U0407> CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER YI (Ukrainian)
<DH>                   /xB8   <U2566> BOX DRAWINGS DOUBLE DOWN AND HORIZONTAL
<uH>                   /xB9   <U2567> BOX DRAWINGS UP SINGLE AND HORIZONTAL DOUBLE
<Uh>                   /xBA   <U2568> BOX DRAWINGS UP DOUBLE AND HORIZONTAL SINGLE
<UH>                   /xBB   <U2569> BOX DRAWINGS DOUBLE UP AND HORIZONTAL
<vH>                   /xBC   <U256A> BOX DRAWINGS VERTICAL SINGLE AND HORIZONTAL
                                      DOUBLE
<G3>                   /xBD   <U0490> CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER GHE WITH UPTURN
<UR>                   /xBE   <U255A> BOX DRAWINGS DOUBLE UP AND RIGHT
<Co>                   /xBF   <U00A9> COPYRIGHT SIGN
<ju>                   /xC0   <U044E> CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER YU
<a=>                   /xC1   <U0430> CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER A
<b=>                   /xC2   <U0431> CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER BE
<c=>                   /xC3   <U0446> CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER TSE
<d=>                   /xC4   <U0434> CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER DE
<e=>                   /xC5   <U0435> CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER IE
<f=>                   /xC6   <U0444> CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER EF
<g=>                   /xC7   <U0433> CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER GHE
<h=>                   /xC8   <U0445> CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER HA
<i=>                   /xC9   <U0438> CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER I
<j=>                   /xCA   <U0439> CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER SHORT I
<k=>                   /xCB   <U043A> CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER KA
<l=>                   /xCC   <U043B> CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER EL
<m=>                   /xCD   <U043C> CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER EM
<n=>                   /xCE   <U043D> CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER EN
<o=>                   /xCF   <U043E> CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER O
<p=>                   /xD0   <U043F> CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER PE
<ja>                   /xD1   <U044F> CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER YA
<r=>                   /xD2   <U0440> CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER ER
<s=>                   /xD3   <U0441> CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER ES
<t=>                   /xD4   <U0442> CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER TE
<u=>                   /xD5   <U0443> CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER U



Kohmanyuk, et. al.        Informational                        [Page 13]

DRAFT         Ukrainian Character Set KOI8-U          December 1997


<z%>                   /xD6   <U0436> CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER ZHE
<v=>                   /xD7   <U0432> CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER VE
<%'>                   /xD8   <U044C> CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER SOFT SIGN
<y=>                   /xD9   <U044B> CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER YERU
<z=>                   /xDA   <U0437> CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER ZE
<s%>                   /xDB   <U0448> CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER SHA
<je>                   /xDC   <U044D> CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER E
<sc>                   /xDD   <U0449> CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER SHCHA
<c%>                   /xDE   <U0447> CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER CHE
<='>                   /xDF   <U044A> CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER HARD SIGN
<JU>                   /xE0   <U042E> CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER YU
<A=>                   /xE1   <U0410> CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER A
<B=>                   /xE2   <U0411> CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER BE
<C=>                   /xE3   <U0426> CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER TSE
<D=>                   /xE4   <U0414> CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER DE
<E=>                   /xE5   <U0415> CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER IE
<F=>                   /xE6   <U0424> CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER EF
<G=>                   /xE7   <U0413> CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER GHE
<H=>                   /xE8   <U0425> CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER HA
<I=>                   /xE9   <U0418> CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER I
<J=>                   /xEA   <U0419> CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER SHORT I
<K=>                   /xEB   <U041A> CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER KA
<L=>                   /xEC   <U041B> CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER EL
<M=>                   /xED   <U041C> CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER EM
<N=>                   /xEE   <U041D> CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER EN
<O=>                   /xEF   <U041E> CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER O
<P=>                   /xF0   <U041F> CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER PE
<JA>                   /xF1   <U042F> CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER YA
<R=>                   /xF2   <U0420> CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER ER
<S=>                   /xF3   <U0421> CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER ES
<T=>                   /xF4   <U0422> CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER TE
<U=>                   /xF5   <U0423> CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER U
<Z%>                   /xF6   <U0416> CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER ZHE
<V=>                   /xF7   <U0412> CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER VE
<%">                   /xF8   <U042C> CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER SOFT SIGN
<Y=>                   /xF9   <U042B> CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER YERU
<Z=>                   /xFA   <U0417> CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER ZE
<S%>                   /xFB   <U0428> CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER SHA
<JE>                   /xFC   <U042D> CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER E
<Sc>                   /xFD   <U0429> CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER SHCHA
<C%>                   /xFE   <U0427> CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER CHE
<=">                   /xFF   <U042A> CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER HARD SIGN
<NUL>                  /x00   <U0000> NUL
<SOH>                  /x01   <U0001> START OF HEADING (SOH)
<STX>                  /x02   <U0002> START OF TEXT (STX)



Kohmanyuk, et. al.        Informational                        [Page 14]

DRAFT         Ukrainian Character Set KOI8-U          December 1997


<ETX>                  /x03   <U0003> END OF TEXT (ETX)
<EOT>                  /x04   <U0004> END OF TRANSMISSION (EOT)
<ENQ>                  /x05   <U0005> ENQUIRY (ENQ)
<ACK>                  /x06   <U0006> ACKNOWLEDGE (ACK)
<alert>                /x07   <U0007> BELL (BEL)
<BEL>                  /x07   <U0007> BELL (BEL)
<backspace>            /x08   <U0008> BACKSPACE (BS)
<tab>                  /x09   <U0009> CHARACTER TABULATION (HT)
<newline>              /x0A   <U000A> LINE FEED (LF)
<vertical-tab>         /x0B   <U000B> LINE TABULATION (VT)
<form-feed>            /x0C   <U000C> FORM FEED (FF)
<carriage-return>      /x0D   <U000D> CARRIAGE RETURN (CR)
<DLE>                  /x10   <U0010> DATALINK ESCAPE (DLE)
<DC1>                  /x11   <U0011> DEVICE CONTROL ONE (DC1)
<DC2>                  /x12   <U0012> DEVICE CONTROL TWO (DC2)
<DC3>                  /x13   <U0013> DEVICE CONTROL THREE (DC3)
<DC4>                  /x14   <U0014> DEVICE CONTROL FOUR (DC4)
<NAK>                  /x15   <U0015> NEGATIVE ACKNOWLEDGE (NAK)
<SYN>                  /x16   <U0016> SYNCHRONOUS IDLE (SYN)
<ETB>                  /x17   <U0017> END OF TRANSMISSION BLOCK (ETB)
<CAN>                  /x18   <U0018> CANCEL (CAN)
<SUB>                  /x1A   <U001A> SUBSTITUTE (SUB)
<ESC>                  /x1B   <U001B> ESCAPE (ESC)
<IS4>                  /x1C   <U001C> FILE SEPARATOR (IS4)
<IS3>                  /x1D   <U001D> GROUP SEPARATOR (IS3)
<intro>                /x1D   <U001D> GROUP SEPARATOR (IS3)
<IS2>                  /x1E   <U001E> RECORD SEPARATOR (IS2)
<IS1>                  /x1F   <U001F> UNIT SEPARATOR (IS1)
<DEL>                  /x7F   <U007F> DELETE (DEL)
<space>                /x20   <U0020> SPACE
<exclamation-mark>     /x21   <U0021> EXCLAMATION MARK
<quotation-mark>       /x22   <U0022> QUOTATION MARK
<number-sign>          /x23   <U0023> NUMBER SIGN
<dollar-sign>          /x24   <U0024> DOLLAR SIGN
<percent-sign>         /x25   <U0025> PERCENT SIGN
<ampersand>            /x26   <U0026> AMPERSAND
<apostrophe>           /x27   <U0027> APOSTROPHE
<left-parenthesis>     /x28   <U0028> LEFT PARENTHESIS
<right-parenthesis>    /x29   <U0029> RIGHT PARENTHESIS
<asterisk>             /x2A   <U002A> ASTERISK
<plus-sign>            /x2B   <U002B> PLUS SIGN
<comma>                /x2C   <U002C> COMMA
<hyphen>               /x2D   <U002D> HYPHEN-MINUS
<hyphen-minus>         /x2D   <U002D> HYPHEN-MINUS
<period>               /x2E   <U002E> FULL STOP
<full-stop>            /x2E   <U002E> FULL STOP



Kohmanyuk, et. al.        Informational                        [Page 15]
DRAFT         Ukrainian Character Set KOI8-U          December 1997


<slash>                /x2F   <U002F> SOLIDUS
<solidus>              /x2F   <U002F> SOLIDUS
<zero>                 /x30   <U0030> DIGIT ZERO
<one>                  /x31   <U0031> DIGIT ONE
<two>                  /x32   <U0032> DIGIT TWO
<three>                /x33   <U0033> DIGIT THREE
<four>                 /x34   <U0034> DIGIT FOUR
<five>                 /x35   <U0035> DIGIT FIVE
<six>                  /x36   <U0036> DIGIT SIX
<seven>                /x37   <U0037> DIGIT SEVEN
<eight>                /x38   <U0038> DIGIT EIGHT
<nine>                 /x39   <U0039> DIGIT NINE
<colon>                /x3A   <U003A> COLON
<semicolon>            /x3B   <U003B> SEMICOLON
<less-than-sign>       /x3C   <U003C> LESS-THAN SIGN
<equals-sign>          /x3D   <U003D> EQUALS SIGN
<greater-than-sign>    /x3E   <U003E> GREATER-THAN SIGN
<question-mark>        /x3F   <U003F> QUESTION MARK
<commercial-at>        /x40   <U0040> COMMERCIAL AT
<left-square-bracket>  /x5B   <U005B> LEFT SQUARE BRACKET
<backslash>            /x5C   <U005C> REVERSE SOLIDUS
<reverse-solidus>      /x5C   <U005C> REVERSE SOLIDUS
<right-square-bracket> /x5D   <U005D> RIGHT SQUARE BRACKET
<circumflex>           /x5E   <U005E> CIRCUMFLEX ACCENT
<circumflex-accent>    /x5E   <U005E> CIRCUMFLEX ACCENT
<underscore>           /x5F   <U005F> LOW LINE
<low-line>             /x5F   <U005F> LOW LINE
<grave-accent>         /x60   <U0060> GRAVE ACCENT
<left-brace>           /x7B   <U007B> LEFT CURLY BRACKET
<left-curly-bracket>   /x7B   <U007B> LEFT CURLY BRACKET
<vertical-line>        /x7C   <U007C> VERTICAL LINE
<right-brace>          /x7D   <U007D> RIGHT CURLY BRACKET
<right-curly-bracket>  /x7D   <U007D> RIGHT CURLY BRACKET
<tilde>                /x7E   <U007E> TILDE
END CHARMAP

INTERNET DRAFT          EXPIRES JUNE 1998       INTERNET DRAFT


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