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Network Working Group                                           J. Snell
Internet-Draft                                           August 23, 2012
Intended status: Standards Track
Expires: February 24, 2013


                         Prefer Header for HTTP
                       draft-snell-http-prefer-14

Abstract

   This specification defines an HTTP header field that can be used by a
   client to request that certain behaviors be implemented by a server
   while processing a request.

Status of this Memo

   This Internet-Draft is submitted to IETF in full conformance with the
   provisions of BCP 78 and BCP 79.

   Internet-Drafts are working documents of the Internet Engineering
   Task Force (IETF).  Note that other groups may also distribute
   working documents as Internet-Drafts.  The list of current Internet-
   Drafts is at http://datatracker.ietf.org/drafts/current/.

   Internet-Drafts are draft documents valid for a maximum of six months
   and may be updated, replaced, or obsoleted by other documents at any
   time.  It is inappropriate to use Internet-Drafts as reference
   material or to cite them other than as "work in progress."

   This Internet-Draft will expire on February 24, 2013.

Copyright Notice

   Copyright (c) 2012 IETF Trust and the persons identified as the
   document authors.  All rights reserved.

   This document is subject to BCP 78 and the IETF Trust's Legal
   Provisions Relating to IETF Documents
   (http://trustee.ietf.org/license-info) in effect on the date of
   publication of this document.  Please review these documents
   carefully, as they describe your rights and restrictions with respect
   to this document.  Code Components extracted from this document must
   include Simplified BSD License text as described in Section 4.e of
   the Trust Legal Provisions and are provided without warranty as
   described in the Simplified BSD License.





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Table of Contents

   1.  Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  3
     1.1.  Syntax Notation  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  4
   2.  The Prefer Request Header Field  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  4
     2.1.  Content Negotiation and Cache Considerations . . . . . . .  6
     2.2.  Examples . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  6
   3.  Preference Definitions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  7
     3.1.  The "return-asynch" Preference . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  7
     3.2.  The "return-representation" Preference . . . . . . . . . .  8
     3.3.  The "return-minimal" Preference  . . . . . . . . . . . . .  9
     3.4.  The "wait" Preference  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
     3.5.  The "strict" and "lenient" Processing Preferences  . . . . 11
   4.  IANA Considerations  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
     4.1.  The Registry of Preferences  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
     4.2.  Initial Registry Contents  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
   5.  Security Considerations  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
   6.  Normative References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
   Author's Address . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
































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1.  Introduction

   Within the course of processing an HTTP request there are typically a
   range of required and optional behaviors that a server or
   intermediary can employ.  These often manifest is a variety of subtle
   and not-so-subtle ways within the response.

   For example, when using the HTTP PUT method to modify a resource --
   similar to that defined for the Atom Publishing Protocol [RFC 5023]
   -- the server is given the option of returning either a complete
   representation of a modified resource or a minimal response that
   indicates only the successful completion of the operation.  The
   selection of which type of response to return to the client generally
   has no bearing on the successful processing of the request but could,
   for instance, have an impact on what actions the client must take
   after receiving the response.  That is, returning a representation of
   the modified resource within the response can allow the client to
   avoid sending an additional subsequent GET request.

   Similarly, servers that process requests are often faced with
   decisions about how to process requests that may be technically
   invalid or incorrect but are still understandable.  It might be the
   case that the server is able to overlook the technical errors in the
   request but still successfully process the request.  Depending on the
   specific requirements of the application and the nature of the
   request being made, the client might or might not consider such
   lenient processing of its request to be appropriate.

   While the decision of exactly which behaviors to apply in these cases
   lies with the server processing the request, the server might wish to
   defer to the client to specify which optional behavior is preferred.

   Currently, HTTP offers no explicitly defined means of expressing the
   client's preferences regarding the optional aspects of handling of a
   given request.  While HTTP does provide the Expect header -- which
   can be used to identify mandatory expectations for the processing of
   a request -- use of the field to communicate optional preferences is
   problematic:
   1.  The semantics of the Expect header field are such that
       intermediaries and servers are required to reject any request
       that states unrecognized or unsupported expectations.
   2.  While the Expect header field is end-to-end, the HTTP
       specification requires that the header be processed hop-by-hop.
       That is, every interceding intermediary that handles a request
       between the client and the origin server is required to process
       an expectation and determine whether it is capable of
       appropriately handling it.




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   The rigid, must-understand semantics of the Expect header, therefore,
   make it a poor choice for the general expression of optional
   preferences that may be specific to an individual application and are
   therefore unknown to an intermediary or are otherwise irrelevant to
   the intermediaries successful handling of the request and response.

   Another option available to clients is to utilize Request URI query-
   string parameters to express preferences.  Doing so, however, results
   in a variety of issues affecting the cacheability of responses.

   As an alternative, this specification defines a new HTTP request
   header field that can be used by clients to request that optional
   behaviors be applied by a server during the processing the request.
   Additionally, a handful of initial preference tokens for use with the
   new header are defined.

   In this document, the key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED",
   "SHALL", "SHALL NOT", "SHOULD", "SHOULD NOT", "RECOMMENDED", "MAY",
   and "OPTIONAL" are to be interpreted as described in [RFC2119].

1.1.  Syntax Notation

   This specification uses the Augmented Backus-Naur Form (ABNF)
   notation of [RFC5234] and includes, by reference, the "token",
   "word", "OWS", "BWS" rules and the #rule extension as defined within
   Sections 1.2 and 3.2.4 of [I-D.ietf-httpbis-p1-messaging].


2.  The Prefer Request Header Field

   The Prefer request-header field is used to indicate that particular
   server behaviors are preferred by the client, but not required for
   successful completion of the request.  Prefer is similar in nature to
   the Expect header field defined by Section 9.3 of
   [I-D.ietf-httpbis-p2-semantics] with the exception that servers are
   allowed to ignore stated preferences.

     Prefer     = "Prefer" ":" 1#preference
     preference = token [ BWS "=" BWS word ]
                  *( OWS ";" [ OWS parameter ] )
     parameter  = token [ BWS "=" BWS word ]

   This header field is defined with an extensible syntax to allow for
   future values included in the Registry of Preferences (Section 4.1).
   A server that does not recognize or is unable to comply with
   particular preference tokens in the Prefer header field of a request
   MUST ignore those tokens and MUST NOT stop processing or signal an
   error.



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   A preference token can contain a value.  Empty, or zero length values
   on both the preference token and within parameters are equivalent to
   no value being specified at all.  The following, then, are
   equivalent:

     Prefer: foo; bar
     Prefer: foo; bar=""
     Prefer: foo=""; bar

   An optional set of parameters can be specified for any preference
   token.  The meaning and application of such parameters is dependent
   on the definition of each preference token and the server's
   implementation thereof.

   If a particular preference token or parameter is specified multiple
   times, repeated occurrences MUST be ignored without signaling an
   error or otherwise altering the processing of the request.

   Comparison of preference token names is case-insensitive while values
   are case-sensitive regardless of whether token or quoted-string
   values are used.

   The Prefer request header field is end-to-end and MUST be forwarded
   by a proxy if the request is forwarded.

   In various situations, a proxy might determine that it is capable of
   honoring a preference independently of the server to which the
   request has been directed.  For instance, an intervening proxy might
   be capable of providing asynchronous handling of a request using 202
   Accepted responses independently of the origin server.  Such proxies
   can choose to honor the "return-asynch" preference on their own
   despite whether the origin is capable or willing to do so.  In such
   cases, however, the proxy is still required to forward the Prefer
   header on to the origin server.

   Individual preference tokens MAY define their own requirements and
   restrictions as to whether and how intermediaries can apply the
   preference to a request independently of the origin server.

   As per Section 3.2 of [I-D.ietf-httpbis-p1-messaging],
   Implementations MUST support multiple instances of the Prefer header
   field in a single message, as well as multiple preference tokens
   separated by commas in a single Prefer header field.  The following
   examples are equivalent:







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   Multiple Prefer Header Fields:

     POST /foo HTTP/1.1
     Host: example.org
     Prefer: return-asynch
     Prefer: wait=100
     Date: Tue, 20 Dec 2011 12:34:56 GMT

   Single Prefer Header Field:

     POST /foo HTTP/1.1
     Host: example.org
     Prefer: wait=100, return-asynch
     Date: Tue, 20 Dec 2011 12:34:56 GMT

   No significance is given to the order in which preference tokens
   appear within a request.

2.1.  Content Negotiation and Cache Considerations

   Note that while the Prefer header field is not intended to be used as
   content negotiation mechanism, the application of a preference
   potentially could affect the caching characteristics of a response.
   Specifically, if a server supports the optional application of a
   preference that could even just potentially result in a variance to a
   cache's handling of a response entity, a Vary header field MUST be
   included with the response listing the Prefer header field regardless
   of whether the client actually used Prefer in the request.

   Because of the inherent complexities involved with properly
   implementing server-driven content negotiation, effective caching,
   and the application of optional preferences, implementors must
   exercise caution when utilizing preferences in such a way as to
   impact the caching of a response and SHOULD NOT use the Prefer header
   mechanism for content negotiation.

2.2.  Examples

   The following examples illustrate the use of various preferences
   defined by this specification, as well as undefined extensions for
   strictly illustrative purposes:

   1.  Return a "202 Accepted" response for asynchronous processing if
   the response cannot be processed within 10 seconds.  An undefined
   "priority" preference is also specified:

     Prefer: return-asynch, wait=10;
     Prefer: priority=5;



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   2.  Use lenient processing:

     Prefer: Lenient

   3.  Use of an optional, undefined parameter on the return-minimal
   preference requesting a response status code of "204" for a
   successful response:

     Prefer: return-minimal; status=204


3.  Preference Definitions

   The following subsections define an initial set of preferences.
   Additional preferences can be registered for convenience and/or to
   promote reuse by other applications.  This specification establishes
   an IANA registry of such relation types (see Section 4.1).

   Registered preference names MUST conform to the token rule, and MUST
   be compared character-by-character in a case-insensitive fashion.
   They SHOULD be appropriate to the specificity of the preference;
   i.e., if the semantics are highly specific to a particular
   application, the name should reflect that, so that more general names
   remain available for less specific use.

   Registered preferences MUST NOT constrain servers, clients or any
   intermediaries involved in the exchange and processing of a request
   to any behavior required for successful processing.  The use and
   application of a preference within a given request MUST be optional
   on the part of all participants.

3.1.  The "return-asynch" Preference

   The "return-asynch" preference indicates that the client prefers the
   server to respond asynchronously to a response.  For instance, in the
   case when the length of time it takes to generate a response will
   exceed some arbitrary threshold established by the server, the server
   can honor the return-asynch preference by returning either a "202
   Accepted" or "303 See Other" response.

   ABNF:

     return-asynch = "return-asynch"

   The key motivation for the "return-asynch" preference is to
   facilitate the operation of asynchronous request handling by allowing
   the client to indicate to a server its capability and preference for
   handling asynchronous responses.



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   An example request specifying the "return-asynch" preference:

     POST /collection HTTP/1.1
     Host: example.org
     Content-Type: text/plain
     Prefer: return-asynch

     {Data}

   An example asynchronous response using "202 Accepted":

     HTTP/1.1 202 Accepted
     Location: http://example.org/collection/123

   An alternative asynchronous response using "303 See Other":

     HTTP/1.1 303 See Other
     Location: http://example.org/collection/123
     Retry-After: 10

3.2.  The "return-representation" Preference

   The "return-representation" preference indicates that the client
   prefers that the server include an entity representing the current
   state of the resource in the response to a successful request.

   ABNF:

     return-representation = "return-representation"

   When honoring the "return-representation" preference, the server MUST
   include a Content-Location header field specifying the URI of the
   resource representation being returned.  Per section 6.1 of
   [I-D.ietf-httpbis-p2-semantics], the presence of the Content-Location
   header field in the response asserts that the payload is a
   representation of the resource identified by the Content-Location
   URI.

   The "return-representation" preference is intended primarily to
   provide a means of optimizing communication between the client and
   server by eliminating the need for a subsequent GET request to
   retrieve the current representation of the resource following a
   modification.

   Currently, after successfully processing a modification request such
   as a POST or PUT, a server can choose to return either an entity
   describing the status of the operation or a representation of the
   modified resource itself.  While the selection of which type of



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   entity to return, if any at all, is solely at the discretion of the
   server, the "return-representation" preference -- along with the
   "return-minimal" preference defined below -- allow the server to take
   the client's preferences into consideration while constructing the
   response.

   An example request specifying the "return-representation" preference:

     PUT /collection/123 HTTP/1.1
     Host: example.org
     Content-Type: text/plain
     Prefer: return-representation

     {Data}

   An example response containing the resource representation:

     HTTP/1.1 200 OK
     Content-Location: http://example.org/collection/123
     Content-Type: text/plain
     ETag: "d3b07384d113edec49eaa6238ad5ff00"

     {Data}

   The "return-minimal" and "return-representation" preferences are
   mutually exclusive directives that MUST NOT be used in combination
   within a single request.  If a server receives a request containing
   both the "return-minimal" and "return-representation" preferences, it
   MAY choose to ignore either or both of the stated preferences but
   MUST NOT signal an error or fail to process the request solely on the
   basis of those preferences.

3.3.  The "return-minimal" Preference

   The "return-minimal" preference indicates that the client wishes the
   server to return a minimal response to a successful request.
   Typically, such responses would utilize the "204 No Content" status,
   but other codes MAY be used as appropriate, such as a "200" status
   with a zero-length response entity.  The determination of what
   constitutes an appropriate minimal response is solely at the
   discretion of the server.

   ABNF:

     return-minimal = "return-minimal"

   The "return-minimal" preference is intended to provide a means of
   optimizing communication between the client and server by reducing



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   the amount of data the server is required to return to the client
   following a request.  This can be particularly useful, for instance,
   when communicating with limited-bandwidth mobile devices or when the
   client simply does not require any further information about the
   result of a request beyond knowing if it was successfully processed.

   An example request specifying the "return-minimal" preference:

     POST /collection HTTP/1.1
     Host: example.org
     Content-Type: text/plain
     Prefer: return-minimal

     {Data}

   An example minimal response:

     HTTP/1.1 201 Created
     Location: http://example.org/collection/123
     Content-Length: 0

   The "return-minimal" and "return-representation" preferences are
   mutually exclusive directives that MUST NOT be used in combination
   within a single request.  If a server receives a request containing
   both the "return-minimal" and "return-representation" preferences, it
   MAY choose to ignore either or both of the stated preferences but
   MUST NOT signal an error or fail to process the request solely on the
   basis of those preferences.

3.4.  The "wait" Preference

   The "wait" preference can be used to establish an upper bound on the
   length of time, in seconds, the client is willing to wait for a
   response, after which the client might choose to abandon the request.
   In the case generating a response will take longer than the time
   specified, the server, or proxy, MAY choose to utilize an
   asynchronous processing model by returning, for example, "202
   Accepted" or "303 See Other" responses.

   ABNF:

     wait = "wait" BWS "=" BWS delta-seconds

   Clients specifying the "wait" preference SHOULD also use the Date
   header field, as specified in Section 9.2 of
   [I-D.ietf-httpbis-p2-semantics], within the request to establish the
   time at which the client began waiting for the completion of the
   request.  Failing to include a Date header field in the request would



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   require the server to use the instant it received or began processing
   the request as the baseline for determining how long the client has
   been waiting which could yield unintended results.

   The lack of a Date header in the request, or poor clock
   synchronization between the client and server makes it impossible to
   determine the exact length of time the client has already been
   waiting when the request is received by the server.  The only
   reliable information conveyed by the wait preference is that the
   client is not expecting the server to spend more than the specified
   time on request processing and can terminate the transaction at any
   time.

   An example request specifying the "wait" and "return-asynch"
   preferences to indicate that the client wishes the server to respond
   asynchronously if processing of the request will take longer than 10
   seconds:

     POST /collection HTTP/1.1
     Host: example.org
     Content-Type: text/plain
     Prefer: return-asynch, wait=10
     Date: Tue, 20 Dec 2011 12:34:56 GMT

     {Data}

3.5.  The "strict" and "lenient" Processing Preferences

   The "strict" and "lenient" preferences are mutually-exclusive
   directives indicating, at the server's discretion, how the client
   wishes the server to handle potential error conditions that can arise
   in the processing of a request.  For instance, if the payload of a
   request contains various minor syntactical or semantic errors, but
   the server is still capable of comprehending and successfully
   processing the request, a decision must be made to either reject the
   request with an appropriate "4xx" error response or go ahead with
   processing.  The "strict" preference can be used by the client to
   indicate that, in such conditions, it would prefer that the server
   reject the request, while the "lenient" preference indicates that the
   client would prefer the server to attempt to process the request.
   The specific meaning and application of the "strict" and "lenient"
   directives is specific to each type of resource, the request method
   and the operation of the server.

   ABNF:

     handling = "strict" / "lenient"




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   An example request specifying the "strict" preference:

     POST /collection HTTP/1.1
     Host: example.org
     Content-Type: text/plain
     Prefer: strict

   An example request specifying the "lenient" preference:

     POST /collection HTTP/1.1
     Host: example.org
     Content-Type: text/plain
     Prefer: lenient


4.  IANA Considerations

   The 'Prefer' header field should be added to the Permanent Message
   Header Fields registry defined in [RFC3864]
   (http://www.iana.org/assignments/message-headers/perm-headers.html).

      Header field name: Prefer
      Applicable Protocol: HTTP
      Status:
      Author: James M Snell <jasnell@gmail.com>
      Change controller: IETF
      Specification document: this specification

4.1.  The Registry of Preferences

   IANA is asked to create a new registry, "HTTP Preferences", under the
   Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP) Parameters group.  New
   registrations will use the Specification Required policy [RFC5226].

   The requirements for registered preferences are described in
   Section 3.

   Registration requests consist of the completed registration template
   below, typically published in an RFC or Open Standard (in the sense
   described by Section 7 of [RFC2026]).  However, to allow for the
   allocation of values prior to publication, the Designated Expert can
   approve registration once they are satisfied that a specification
   will be published.

   Note that preferences can be registered by third parties, if the
   Designated Expert determines that an unregistered preference is
   widely deployed and not likely to be registered in a timely manner.




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   The registration template is:

   o  Preference: (A value for the Prefer request header field that
      conforms to the syntax rule given in Section 2)
   o  Description:
   o  Reference:
   o  Notes: [optional]

   Registration requests should be sent to the ietf-http-wg@w3.org
   mailing list, marked clearly in the subject line (e.g., "NEW
   PREFERENCE - example" to register an "example" preference).

   Within at most 14 days of the request, the Designated Expert(s) will
   either approve or deny the registration request, communicating this
   decision to the review list and IANA.  Denials should include an
   explanation and, if applicable, suggestions as to how to make the
   request successful.

4.2.  Initial Registry Contents

   The Preferences Registry's initial contents are:

   o  Preference: return-asynch
   o  Description: Indicates that the client prefers the server to
      respond asynchronously to a request.
   o  Reference: [this specification], Section 3.1

   o  Preference: return-minimal
   o  Description: Indicates that the client prefers the server return a
      minimal response to a request.
   o  Reference: [this specification], Section 3.3

   o  Preference: return-representation
   o  Description: Indicates that the client prefers the server to
      include a representation of the current state of the resource in
      response to a request.
   o  Reference: [this specification], Section 3.2

   o  Preference: wait
   o  Description: Indicates an upper bound to the lenght of time the
      client is willing to wait for a response, after which the request
      can be aborted.
   o  Reference: [this specification], Section 3.4

   o  Preference: strict
   o  Description: Indicates that the client wishes the server to apply
      strict validation and error handling to the processing of a
      request.



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   o  Reference: [this specification], Section 3.5

   o  Preference: lenient
   o  Description: Indicates that the client wishes the server to apply
      lenient validation and error handling to the processing of a
      request.
   o  Reference: [this specification], Section 3.5


5.  Security Considerations

   Specific preferences requested by a client can introduce security
   considerations and concerns beyond those discussed in HTTP/1.1 Parts
   1 [I-D.ietf-httpbis-p1-messaging], 2 [I-D.ietf-httpbis-p2-semantics],
   3 [I-D.ietf-httpbis-p3-payload], 4 [I-D.ietf-httpbis-p4-conditional],
   5 [I-D.ietf-httpbis-p5-range], 6 [I-D.ietf-httpbis-p6-cache], and 7
   [I-D.ietf-httpbis-p7-auth].  Implementors must refer to the
   specifications and descriptions of each preference to determine the
   security considerations relevant to each.

   A server could incur greater costs in attempting to comply with a
   particular preference (for instance, the cost of providing a
   representation in a response that would not ordinarily contain one;
   or the commitment of resources necessary to track state for an
   asynchronous response).  Unconditional compliance from a server could
   allow the use of preferences for denial of service.  A server can
   ignore an expressed preference to avoid expending resources that it
   does not wish to commit.


6.  Normative References

   [I-D.ietf-httpbis-p1-messaging]
              Fielding, R., Gettys, J., Mogul, J., Nielsen, H.,
              Masinter, L., Leach, P., Berners-Lee, T., Lafon, Y., and
              J. Reschke, "HTTP/1.1, part 1: URIs, Connections, and
              Message Parsing", draft-ietf-httpbis-p1-messaging-18 (work
              in progress), January 2012.

   [I-D.ietf-httpbis-p2-semantics]
              Fielding, R., Gettys, J., Mogul, J., Nielsen, H.,
              Masinter, L., Leach, P., Berners-Lee, T., Lafon, Y., and
              J. Reschke, "HTTP/1.1, part 2: Message Semantics",
              draft-ietf-httpbis-p2-semantics-18 (work in progress),
              January 2012.

   [I-D.ietf-httpbis-p3-payload]
              Fielding, R., Gettys, J., Mogul, J., Nielsen, H.,



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              Masinter, L., Leach, P., Berners-Lee, T., Lafon, Y., and
              J. Reschke, "HTTP/1.1, part 3: Message Payload and Content
              Negotiation", draft-ietf-httpbis-p3-payload-18 (work in
              progress), January 2012.

   [I-D.ietf-httpbis-p4-conditional]
              Fielding, R., Gettys, J., Mogul, J., Nielsen, H.,
              Masinter, L., Leach, P., Berners-Lee, T., Lafon, Y., and
              J. Reschke, "HTTP/1.1, part 4: Conditional Requests",
              draft-ietf-httpbis-p4-conditional-18 (work in progress),
              January 2012.

   [I-D.ietf-httpbis-p5-range]
              Fielding, R., Gettys, J., Mogul, J., Nielsen, H.,
              Masinter, L., Leach, P., Berners-Lee, T., Lafon, Y., and
              J. Reschke, "HTTP/1.1, part 5: Range Requests and Partial
              Responses", draft-ietf-httpbis-p5-range-18 (work in
              progress), January 2012.

   [I-D.ietf-httpbis-p6-cache]
              Fielding, R., Gettys, J., Mogul, J., Nielsen, H.,
              Masinter, L., Leach, P., Berners-Lee, T., Lafon, Y.,
              Nottingham, M., and J. Reschke, "HTTP/1.1, part 6:
              Caching", draft-ietf-httpbis-p6-cache-18 (work in
              progress), January 2012.

   [I-D.ietf-httpbis-p7-auth]
              Fielding, R., Gettys, J., Mogul, J., Nielsen, H.,
              Masinter, L., Leach, P., Berners-Lee, T., Lafon, Y., and
              J. Reschke, "HTTP/1.1, part 7: Authentication",
              draft-ietf-httpbis-p7-auth-18 (work in progress),
              January 2012.

   [RFC2026]  Bradner, S., "The Internet Standards Process -- Revision
              3", BCP 9, RFC 2026, October 1996.

   [RFC2119]  Bradner, S., "Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate
              Requirement Levels", BCP 14, RFC 2119, March 1997.

   [RFC3864]  Klyne, G., Nottingham, M., and J. Mogul, "Registration
              Procedures for Message Header Fields", BCP 90, RFC 3864,
              September 2004.

   [RFC5226]  Narten, T. and H. Alvestrand, "Guidelines for Writing an
              IANA Considerations Section in RFCs", BCP 26, RFC 5226,
              May 2008.

   [RFC5234]  Crocker, D. and P. Overell, "Augmented BNF for Syntax



Snell                   Expires February 24, 2013              [Page 15]

Internet-Draft                 HTTP Prefer                   August 2012


              Specifications: ABNF", STD 68, RFC 5234, January 2008.


Author's Address

   James M Snell

   Email: jasnell@gmail.com











































Snell                   Expires February 24, 2013              [Page 16]


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