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Versions: 00

TRILL Working Group                                  Tissa Senevirathne
Internet Draft                                              Samer Salam
Intended status: Informational                                    CISCO

                                                        Donald Eastlake
                                                             Sam Aldrin

                                                           Naveen Nimmu

                                                            Tal Mizrahi

                                                         Anoop Ghanwani

                                                          June 25, 2012
Expires: December 2012

                   Use of 802.1ag for TRILL OAM messages

Status of this Memo

   This Internet-Draft is submitted in full conformance with the
   provisions of BCP 78 and BCP 79.

   Internet-Drafts are working documents of the Internet Engineering
   Task Force (IETF), its areas, and its working groups.  Note that
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   The list of current Internet-Drafts can be accessed at

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   This Internet-Draft will expire on December 25, 2012.

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Copyright Notice

   Copyright (c) 2012 IETF Trust and the persons identified as the
   document authors. All rights reserved.

   This document is subject to BCP 78 and the IETF Trust's Legal
   Provisions Relating to IETF Documents
   (http://trustee.ietf.org/license-info) in effect on the date of
   publication of this document. Please review these documents
   carefully, as they describe your rights and restrictions with
   respect to this document. Code Components extracted from this
   document must include Simplified BSD License text as described in
   Section 4.e of the Trust Legal Provisions and are provided without
   warranty as described in the Simplified BSD License.


   In this document we present definitions of TRILL OAM messages.
   Messages defined in this document follow a similar structure to IEEE
   802.1ag messages. In this document, only the high level proposal on
   using IEEE 802.1ag messaging is presented. The goal is to facilitate
   discussion on feasibility of using IEEE 802.1ag messages for TRILL
   OAM. Based on feedback from TRILL WG and IEEE 802.1 group, this
   document may be further updated.

Table of Contents

   1. Introduction...................................................3
      1.1. Objective.................................................4
   2. Conventions used in this document..............................4
   3. TRILL OAM Model................................................4
      3.1   OAM Layering.............................................4
      3.2   TRILL OAM in RBridge Port Model..........................5
      3.3   Maintenance Domains......................................6
      3.4   MEPs and MIPs............................................7
   4. TRILL OAM Message channel......................................9
      4.1. TRILL OAM Message header.................................10
         4.1.1. Use of Magic Number and Checksum....................11
      4.2. TRILL OAM Opcodes........................................11
      4.3. Format of TRILL OAM Message TLV..........................12
      4.4. TRILL OAM TLV............................................13
         4.4.1. Common TLV between 802.1ag and TRILL................13
         4.4.2. TRILL OAM TLV.......................................13
   TRILL OAM Version TLV..........................13
         4.4.3. Out Of Band IP Address TLV..........................15
   Diagnostics VLAN TLV...........................15
   Original Data Payload TLV......................16
   5. Loopback Message..............................................16
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         5.1.1. Loopback OAM Message format.........................17
         5.1.2. Theory of Operation.................................17
   Originator RBridge.............................17
   Intermediate RBridge...........................18
   Destination RBridge............................18
      5.2. Loopback Message Hop-count method........................19
         5.2.1. Prevent leaking out from TRILL network..............19
   6. Path Trace Message............................................19
   7. Notification Messages.........................................19
   8. Status Codes..................................................20
      8.1. Error Codes..............................................20
      8.2. Warning Codes............................................20
      8.3. Informational Codes......................................21
   9. Security Considerations.......................................21
   10. IEEE Considerations................Error! Bookmark not defined.
   11. References...................................................21
      11.1. Normative References....................................21
      11.2. Informative References..................................22
   12. Acknowledgments..............................................22

1. Introduction

   The structure of TRILL OAM messages is presented in [TRLOAMREQ].
   Accordingly, TRILL OAM messages are constitute of four main parts;
   outer header, TRILL header, Flow Entropy and OAM message channel.

   OAM Message channel allows defining various control information and
   carrying additional OAM related data between TRILL switches, also
   known as RBridges or Routing Bridges.

   Outer header, TRILL header and Flow Entropy are technology (standard
   organization) dependent. OAM message channel, if defined properly,
   can be shared between different technologies. A common OAM channel
   allow a uniform user experience to the customers, savings on
   operator training, re-use of software code base and faster time to

   In this document we propose to base the message channel on the
   [802.1ag] messaging format as defined in IEEE Connectivity  Fault
   Management (CFM) [802.1ag] [802.1Q].

   The ITU-T Y.1731 standard utilizes the same messaging format as
   [802.1ag]. However, IEEE defines a separate op-code space for the
   applicable messages specific to Y.1731. We propose a similar
   approach for TRILL and request a separate code space to be assigned
   for TRILL OAM messages.

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1.1. Objective

   The Objective of this document is to solicit feedback and comments
   on the use of 802.1ag messaging format as the OAM message format for
   TRILL. This document does not go into the operational details.
   Operational details are very similar to [TLICMPOAM]. Readers are
   referred to [TLICMPOAM] for details of operational aspects.

   Updated and revised version of this document may be published in the
   future based on the feedback and comments of TRILL WG and IEEE 802.1

2. Conventions used in this document

   The key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", "SHALL", "SHALL NOT",
   document are to be interpreted as described in RFC-2119 [RFC2119].

3. TRILL OAM Model

3.1. OAM Layering

   In the RBridge architecture, the TRILL layer is independent of the
   underlying Link Layer technology. Therefore, it is possible to run
   TRILL over any transport layer capable of carrying Layer 2 frames
   such as Ethernet, PPP, or MPLS (Pseudo Wire). Furthermore, TRILL
   provides a virtual Ethernet connectivity service that is transparent
   to higher layer entities (e.g. Layer 3 and above). This strict
   layering is observed by TRILL OAM.

   Of particular interest is the layering of TRILL OAM with respect to
   Ethernet CFM [802.1ag], especially that TRILL switches are likely to
   be deployed alongside existing 802.1 bridges in a network. Consider
   the example network depicted in Figure 1 below:

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          +---+  +---+  +---+  +---+ o          o +---+
    +--+  |   |  |   |  |   |  |   |  +--+  +--+  |   |  +--+
    |B1|--|RB1|--|RB2|- |RB3| -|RB4|-o|B3|--|B4|o-|RB5|--|B5|
    +--+  |   |  |   |  |   |  |   |  +--+  +--+  |   |  +--+
          +---+  +---+  +---+  +---+ o          o +---+

            <-X-----X-----------X-----------------X-> TRILL OAM

   <-X-----X-----------------------X--X------X-------X--X-> Ethernet

                Figure 1: TRILL OAM & Ethernet CFM Layering

   Where Bn and RBn (n= 1,2,3,4,5) denote IEEE 802.1 bridges and TRILL
   RBridges, respectively.

   The "X" marks in the figure above indicate where each OAM protocol
   is applicable in the context of an example TRILL network. Note that
   this simplified diagram is not meant to capture the CFM Maintenance
   domain hierarchy nor the locality of MEPs/MIPs of various
   technologies. It is worth noting that an RBridge may actively
   participate in CFM only when connected to an 802.1 LAN. Transient
   RBridges, in the core of a TRILL network, with no direct
   connectivity to 802.1 LAN are completely transparent to CFM.

3.2. TRILL OAM in RBridge Port Model

   TRILL OAM processing can be modeled as a client of the Enhanced
   Internal Sublayer Service (EISS) in [802.1Q]. Furthermore, TRILL OAM
   requires services of the RBridge forwarding engine and utilizes
   information from the IS-IS control plane. Figure 2 below depicts
   TRILL OAM processing in the context of the RBridge port model
   defined in [RFC6325]. In this figure, double lines represent flow of
   both frames and information whereas single lines represent flow of
   information only.

   While this figure shows a conceptual model, it is to be understood
   that implementations need not mirror this exact model as long as the
   intended OAM requirements and functionality are preserved.

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                             |                RBridge
                             |     Forwarding Engine, IS-IS, Etc.
                             | Processing of native and TRILL frames
                   +-------------+|            ||      | other ports...
                   |+-------------+   +--------++      |
                   ||                /+--------++      |
          +--------++-------------+ //         ||      |
          |                       |//          ||      |
          |                       +/    +----++------+ |  <- EISS
          |     TRILL OAM         +     |            | |
          |     Processing        |     |   802.1Q   | |
          |                       |     | Port VLAN  | |
          +-----------------------+     | Processing | |
                                        |            | |
         +------------------------------+------------+-++ <-- ISS
         |                                              |
         |    802.1/802.3 Low Level Control Frame       |
         |    Processing, Port/Link Control Logic       |
         |                                              |
                     ||        +------------+
                     ||        | 802.3 PHY  |
                     |+--------+ (Physical  +--------- 802.3
                     +---------+ Interface) +--------- Link
                               |            |

                 Figure 2: TRILL OAM in RBridge Port Model

3.3. Maintenance Domains

   The concept of Maintenance Domains, or OAM Domains, is well known in
   the industry. IEEE 802.1ag, RFC6136, RFC5654, etc... all define the
   notion of a Maintenance Domain as a collection of devices (e.g.
   network elements) that are grouped for administrative and/or
   management purposes. Maintenance domains usually delineate trust

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   relationships, varying addressing schemes, network infrastructure
   capabilities, etc...

   When mapped to TRILL, a Maintenance Domain is defined as a
   collection of RBridges in a network for which faults in connectivity
   or performance are to be managed by a single operator. All RBridges
   in a given Maintenance Domain are, by definition, owned and operated
   by a single entity (e.g. an enterprise or a data center operator,
   etc...). RFC6325 defines the operation of TRILL in a single IS-IS
   area, with the assumption that the network is managed by a single
   operator. In this context, a single (default) Maintenance Domain is
   sufficient for TRILL OAM.

   However, when considering scenarios where different TRILL networks
   need to be interconnected, for e.g. as discussed in [TRILLML], then
   the introduction of multiple Maintenance Domains and Maintenance
   Domain hierarchies becomes useful to map and contain administrative
   boundaries. When considering multi-domain scenarios, the following
   rules must be followed:
   TRILL OAM domains MUST NOT overlap, but MUST either be disjoint or
   nest to form a hierarchy (i.e. a higher Maintenance Domain MAY
   completely include a lower Domain). A Maintenance Domain is
   typically identified by a Domain Name and a Maintenance Level (a
   numeric identifier). The larger the Domain, the higher the Level.

     +-------------------+  +---------------+   +-------------------+
     |                   |  |               |   |                   |
     |       Site 1      |  |      TRILL    |   |     Site 2        |
     |       TRILL       |--|    Inter site |---|     TRILL         |
     |                   |  |  Interconnect |   |                   |
     |                   |  |      Layer    |   |                   |
     +-------------------+  +---------------+   +-------------------+

     <------------------------End-to-End Domain--------------------->

     <----Site Domain---->                      <----Site Domain---->

                      Figure 3: TRILL OAM Maintenance Domains

3.4. MEPs and MIPs

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   OAM capabilities on RBridges can be defined in terms of logical
   groupings of functions that can be categorized into two functional
   objects: TRILL Maintenance End Points (MEPs) and TRILL Maintenance
   Intermediate Points (MIPs).

   MEPs are the active components of TRILL OAM: MEPs source TRILL OAM
   messages proactively or on-demand based on operator invocation.
   Furthermore, MEPs ensure that TRILL OAM messages do not leak outside
   the TRILL network and into end stations. MIPs, on the other hand,
   are internal to a Maintenance Domain. They are the passive
   components of TRILL OAM, primarily responsible for forwarding TRILL
   OAM messages and selectively responding to a subset of these

   The following figure shows the MEP and MIP placement for the
   Maintenance Domains depicted in Figure 3 above.

           TRILL Site 1                              TRILL Site 2
     +-------------------+  +---------------+   +-------------------+
     |                   |  |               |   |                   |
     | +---+       +---+ |  |    TRILL      |   | +---+       +---+ |
     | |RB1|-------|RB2| |--|   Inter site  |---| |RB3|-------|RB4| |
     | +---+       +---+ |  | Interconnet   |   | +---+       +---+ |
     |                   |  |    Layer      |   |                   |
     +-------------------+  +---------------+   +-------------------+


      <E---I-------I---E>                        <E---I-------I---E>


      Legend E: MEP      I: MIP

                           Figure 4: MEPs and MIPs

[802.1ag] specifies two distinct MP (Maintenance Points). Namely, Up MP
and Down MP. [RFC6325] defines identification of TRILL frames received
from the wire only. It does not define methods to identify frames
egress in to the wire. Due to these reasons and to maintain simplicity,
we propose only to define Down MP for TRILL OAM.

MEP/MIP of different technologies may exist on a given interface. Where
applicable and Platforms MUST have capability to identify the
applicable MIP/MEP.

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3.5. TRILL OAM Maintenance Point (MP) Addressing

   For unicast frames, TRILL MP is addressed by its TRILL nickname and
   either OAM Inner.MacSA or OAM Ethtype (Figure 5).

   For multicast frames, TRILL MP is addressed by either Reserved
   Ethtype or Reserved source MAC (Figure 5).

   For frames that include unmodified payloads, TRILL MP is addressed
   by its TRILL nickname, Hop-Count=0 (Figure 5). (NOTE: ingress
   RBridge set Hop-Count such that it count out at the intended
   RBridge).  OAM signature allows OAM packets to be differentiated
   from data packets with Hop-Count=0

   Following table summarizes the identification of different OAM
   frames from data frames.

   |Flow Entropy   |OAM SRC  |OAM Eth  |OAM      |RBridge  |Hop      |
   |               |MAC      |Type     |Signature|nickname |Count=0  |
   |unicast L2     | N/A     |Match    |Optional |Match    |N/A      |
   |               |         |         |         |         |         |
   |Multicast L2   | N/A     |Match    |Optional |N/A      |N/A      |
   |               |         |         |         |         |         |
   |Unicast IP     | Match   |N/A      |Optional |Match    |N/A      |
   |               |         |         |         |         |         |
   |Multicast IP   | Match   |N/A      |Optional |N/A      |N/A      |
   |               |         |         |         |         |         |
   |Notification   | N/A     |Match    |Optional |Match    |N/A      |
   |               |         |         |         |         |         |
   |unmodified     | N/A     |N/A      |Match    |Match    |Match    |
   |Payload        |         |         |         |         |         |

                   Figure 5 Identification of OAM frames

4. TRILL OAM Message Channel

   TRILL OAM Message Channel can be divided in to two parts. TRILL OAM
   Message header and TRILL OAM Message TLVs. Every OAM Message MUST
   contain a single TRILL OAM message header and set of one or more
   specified OAM Message TLVs.

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4.1. TRILL OAM Message header

   As discussed earlier, we propose to use the Message format defined
   in 802.1ag with some modifications. We believe these modifications
   facilitate a common messaging framework between [802.1ag], TRILL and
   other similar standards such as Y 1.731 and RFC6136

   |MD-L | Version | OpCode        |  Flags        |FirstTLVOffset |
   |                         Magic Number                          |
   |                           Checksum                            |
   |                                                               |
   .   Opcode Specific Information                                 .
   |                                                               |
   |                                                               |
   .         TLVs                                                  .
   |                                                               |

                        Figure 6 OAM Message Format

     o  MD-L : Maintenance Domain Level (3 bits). Identifies the
        maintenance domain level. For TRILL this MAY be always set to
        zero. However, in MULTILEVEL TRILL, backbone MAY be of a
        different MD-LEVEL. (Please refer to [802.1ag] for the
        definition of MD-Level)

     o  Version. Indicates the version (5 bits). [8021ag] set version
        to zero.

     o  Flags: Include operational flags (1 byte). The definition of
        flags are opcode specific and is covered in the applicable

     o  FirstTLVOffset: Defines the location of the first TLV, in
        bytes, starting from the end of the FirstTLVOffset field. (1
        byte) (Please refer to [802.1ag] for the definition of the

     o  Magic Number: Increase the Entropy of the OAM checksum.
        Currently set to value (0x54729F74). (4 bytes).

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   Checksum : Calculated over MD-L, Version, OpCode, Flags,
   FirstTLVOffset. Checksum is calculated using FNV32 algorithm
   specified in [FNV]. (4 bytes).

   NOTE: Prior to calculating the checksum, implementations MAY pre
   validate the received frame by comparing the Version and Magic
   Number fields. Checksum is calculated only on frames that pass the
   pre-validation cheks.

   MD-L, Version, Opcode, Flags, FirstTLVOffset, Magicnumber and
   Checksum fields collectively are referred to as the OAM Message

   Opcode specific information section, based on the opcode, contains
   sequence number, time-stamp etc. Details about the Opcode specific
   information section and the associated TLVs are presented in other
   related documents.

4.1.1. Use of Magic Number and Checksum

   The TRILL OAM framework requires the ability to differentiate
   between OAM packets and data packets. It is possible that
   applications may use real packets as the flow entropy. In such
   events, a reliable signature with a high degree of accuracy is
   required to differentiate between OAM and data packets. Version
   number is a 5 bit field and may not be adequate enough for this
   purpose. Implementations are required to first check for the
   matching Version number followed by the magic number. The checksum
   is calculated only if both the version and the checksum fields match
   the expected values. This procedure allows implementations
   (especially hardware) to execute checksum calculation process only
   on packets with higher probability of being an OAM packet. Packets
   with matching Version, Magic Number and Chescksum fields are
   considered to be OAM packets.

   As pointed out earlier and summarized in Figure 5, OAM signature
   validation is performed only on frames that were identified as OAM
   frames by the way of matching specific fields in the frame.

4.2. TRILL OAM Opcodes

   We propose to define the following op-codes for TRILL. Each of the
   opcode defines a separate TRILL OAM message. Details of the messages
   are presented in the related sections. In this document we only
   define a selected few OAM messages. Based on the discussions and
   feedback, remaining OAM messages will be defined in future versions
   of this document.

   TRILL OAM Message codes:
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   64 : Loopback Message Reply
   65 : Loopback Message
   66 : Path Trace Reply
   67 : Path Trace Message
   68 : Notification Message
   69 : Multicast Tree Verification Reply
   70 : Multicast Tree Verification Message
   71 : Loopback with Hop-count Reply
   72 : Loopback with Hop-count Message.
   73 : Performance Measurement one-way Reply
   74 : Performance Measurement one-way Message
   75 : Performance Measurement two-way Reply
   76 : Performance Measurement two-way Message
   77 - 95 : Reserved

4.3. Format of TRILL OAM Message TLV

   We propose to use the same format as defined in section 21.5.1 of
   [802.1ag]. Following figure depicts the general format of TRILL OAM
   Message TLV.

   |    Type       |        Length                 |
   |                                               |
   .            Value(variable)                    .
   |                                               |

                      Figure 7 TRILL OAM Message TLV

   Type (1 octet) : Specifies the Type of the TLV (see sections 4.4.
   4.4.1. 4.4.2. for TLV types).

   Length (2 octets) : Specifies the length of the values field in
   octets. Length of the value field can be either zero or more octets.

   Value (variable): Length and the content of the value field depends
   on the type of the TLV. Please refer to applicable TLV definitions
   for the details.

   Semantics and usage of Type values allocated for the TRILL OAM
   purpose are defined by this document and other future related

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   In this section we define the related TLVs. We propose to re-use
   [802.1ag] defined TLVs where applicable. Types 32-63 are reserved
   for ITUT Y.1731. We propose to reserve Types 64-95 for the purpose

4.4.1. Common TLV between 802.1ag and TRILL

   Following TLVs are defined in [802.1ag], we propose to re-use them
   where applicable. Format and semantics of the TLVs are as defined in
   [802.1g]. NOTE: Presented within brackets is the corresponding Type.

   1. End TLV  (0)
   2. Sender ID TLV (1)
   3. Port Status TLV (2)
   4. Data TLV (3)
   5. Interface Status TLV (4)
   6. Reply Ingress TLV (5)
   7. Reply Egress TLV (6)
   8. LTM Egress Identifier TLV (7)
   9. LTR Egress Identifier TLV (8)
   10.   Reserved (9-30)
   11.   Organization specific TLV (31)


   As indicated above, Types 64-95 will be requested to be reserved for
   TRILL OAM purpose. Listed below, a summary of TRILL OAM TLV and the
   corresponding codes. Format and semantics of TRILL OAM TLVs are
   defined in subsequent sections.

   1. TRILL OAM Version (64)
   2. Out of Band IP Address (65)
   3. Diagnostic VLAN (66)
   4. RBridge scope (67)
   5. Original Payload TLV (68)
   6. Reserved (69-95)

   NOTE: Above is only for illustration purposes. In future revisions
   of this document, additional TLVs defined in [TLICMPOAM] will be
   defined within the above TLV space.  TRILL OAM Version TLV

   TRILL OAM version can be different than the [802.1ag] version
   specified. TRILL OAM TLV specifies the TRILL OAM version. TRILL OAM
   TLV MUST be the first TLV in TRILL OAM messages. Messages that do
   not include TRILL OAM TLV as the first TLV MUST be discarded.
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   |    Type       | Length                        | Version         |
   |Class|      Code               |      Reserved           |F|C|O|I|

                      Figure 8 TRILL OAM Message TLV

   Type (1 octet) = 64 indicate that this is the TRILL OAM Version

   Length (2 octets) = 6

   Version (1 Octet), currently set to zero. Indicates the TRILL OAM
   version. TRILL OAM version can be different that the [802.1ag]

   Class (3 bits): Only applicable to Response and Notification

   0 : Success

   1  : Error
   2  : Warning
   3  : Info
   4  : 7 Reserved

   Code (13 bits): Defined within the context of a class. Please see
   section Codes below for details.

   Reserved: set to zero on transmission and ignored on reception.

   F (1 bit) : Final flag, when set, indicates this is the last

   C (1 bit ): Cross connect error (VLAN mapping error), if set
   indicates VLAN cross connect error detected. This field is ignored
   in request messages and MUST only be interpreted in response

   O (1 bit) : If set, indicates, OAM out-of-band response requested.

   I (1 bit) : If set, indicates, OAM in-band response requested.

   NOTE: When both O and I bits are set to zero, indicates that no
   response is required. (silent mode). User MAY specify both O and I
   or one of them or none.

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4.4.3. Out Of Band IP Address TLV

   Out of Band IP Address TLV specifies the IP address to which out of
   band response MUST be sent. When O bit in the Version TLV is not
   set, Out of Band IP Address TLV is ignored. Length of the TLV
   implies the IP Address version.

   |    Type       | Length                        | Reserved      |
   |                                                               |
   .                IP Address                                     .
   |                                                               |

                    Figure 9 Out of Band IP Address TLV

   Type (1 octet) = 64 indicate that this is the TRILL OAM Version

   Length (2 octets) =  5 or 17. Length Value 5 indicates it is IPv4
   address and Length value of 17 indicates that it is IPv6 address.

   IP Address (4 or 16 octets), valid IP addrss. Diagnostics VLAN TLV

   Diagnostic VLAN specifies the VLAN in which the OAM messages are
   generated on. Receiving RBridge MUST compare the inner.VLAN of the
   Flow entropy to the VLAN specified in the Diagnostic VLAN TLV. Cross
   connect Flag in the response MUST be set when the two VLANs do not

    |    Type       | Length                        | V-Type        |
    | Reserved      |                       Label(VLAN)             |

                      Figure 10   Diagnostic VLAN TLV

   Type (1 octet) = 65 indicates that this is the  TRILL Diagnostic

   Length (2 octets) =  5

   V-Type (1 octet) 0- indicate 802.1Q 12 bit VLAN.

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   1 - indicate TRILL 24 bit fine grain label

   Label (24 bits): Either 12 bit VLAN or 24 bit fine grain label. Original Data Payload TLV

   |    Type       | Length                        |               |
   +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+               +
   |                                                               |
   .                Original Payload                               .
   |                                                               |

                  Figure 11   Out of Band IP Address TLV

   Length (2 octets) =  variable

5. Loopback Message

   Loopback message is utilized for fault verification. It verifies
   connectivity between two RBridges, for a specified flow. Monitoring
   subsystem may use Loopback Message for connectivity monitoring and
   proactive fault detection. Users may specify exact flow, part of it
   or not at all. Additionally, users may also specify, ECMP choice at
   the ingress. ECMP choice can be a specific outgoing interface index,
   set of interface indexes, all of the interface indexes or none. If
   no ECMP index specified, payload is used to determine the ECMP
   choice. Method of deriving the ECMP choice using payload is
   implementation dependent and is outside the scope of this document.
   However, an implementation generating the Loopback message SHOULD
   use the same ECMP selection algorithm as the data plane.
   Additionally some implementation may allow users to specify the
   ingress interface that actual flow may ingress to the RBridge.
   Although ability to inject the data plane diagnostic frames from the
   ingress interface is an optional feature, it is highly desirable, as
   it allows verifying end-to-end connectivity from an ingress port to
   an egress RBridge.

   Egress RBridge can send its response either in-band or out-of-band.
   In-band-response, additionally, allows measurement of the round trip
   delay. In-band responses are tagged with the same VLAN as the
   request frame. TRILL OAM TLVs in the request message allow the user
   to specify whether out-of-band response required. If out-of-band
   response is required, IP address to which the response is to be
   directed  MUST be specified.
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   Additionally, diagnostic VLAN, may be specified. Receiver RBridge
   may compare inner VLAN in the payload and the specified diagnostic
   VLAN. If the two specified VLAN values do not match, C flag in
   Version TLV SHOULD be set to indicate cross connect error.

5.1.1. Loopback OAM Message format

   |MD-L | Version | OpCode        |  Flags        |FirstTLVOffset |
   | Magic Number                  | Checksum                      |
   |                     Session Identification Number             |
   |                                                               |
   .         TLVs                                                  .
   |                                                               |

                  Figure 12   Loopback OAM Message Format

   The above figure depicts the format of the Loopback Request and
   response messages. Opcode for Loopback Request Messages is set to 64
   and Opcode of Response Message is set to 65. Session Identification
   Number is a 32 bit integer that allows the requesting RBridge to
   uniquely identify the corresponding session. Responding RBridges
   MUST echo the received "Session Identification" number without

5.1.2. Theory of Operation Originator RBridge

   Identify the destination RBridge based on user specification or
   based on location of the specified address (see below sections for
   MAC discovery and address locator).

   Construct the diagnostic payload based on user specified parameters.
   Default parameters MUST be utilized for unspecified payload
   parameters. See [TLICMPOAM] for default parameters.

   Construct the TRILL OAM header. Set the opcode to (65), Loopback
   message. Assign applicable identification number and sequence number
   for the request.

   TRILL OAM Version TLV MUST be included and set appropriate flags.
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   Construct following ICMP multipart extensions, where applicable

     o  Out-of-band response request

     o  Out-of-band IP address

     o  Diagnostic VLAN

   Specify the Hop count of the TRILL data frame per user
   specification. Or utilize the applicable Hop count value, if TRILL
   TTL is not being specified.

   Dispatch the diagnostic frame to the TRILL data plane for

   RBridge may continue to retransmit the request at periodic
   intervals, until a response is received or the re-transmission count
   expires. Intermediate RBridge

   Intermediate RBridges forward the frame as a normal data frame and
   no special handling is required. Destination RBridge

   If the Loopback message is addressed to the local RBridge, then the
   RBridge process the message. The implementation performs frame
   validation and identifies OAM frames using methods specified in
   section4.1.1.  . The response is constructed as stated below.

   Construction of the TRILL OAM response:

   If out-of-band response is requested the destination IP address is
   set to the IP address specified in the request message. Source IP
   address is derived based on the outgoing IP interface address. UDP
   destination port is the TRILL OAM UDP port number.

   Implementations encode the received TRILL header and flow entropy in
   the Original payload TLV.

   If in-band response was requested, dispatch the frame to the TRILL
   data plane with request-originator RBRidge nickname as the egress
   RBridge nickname.

   If out-of-band response was requested, dispatch the frame to the
   standard IP forwarding process.

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5.2. Loopback Message Hop-count method

   The Loopback message procedures presented in [TLICMPOAM] Utilize
   customers specified payload to derive the diagnostic payload
   embedded in the OAM message.

   From time to time, operators may desire the inclusion of actual user
   packets as the flow entropy of the OAM frame. The Hop-count method
   presented in this section facilitates inclusion of un-modified
   payload. When unmodified payloads are included as the diagnostic
   payload, there MUST be methods to identify such OAM frames from
   regular data frames and there MUST be methods to prevent such OAM
   frames from leaking out of TRILL network. Methods specified in
   section 4.1.1.  4.1.1. allow RBridges to identify OAM frames.

5.2.1. Prevent leaking out from TRILL network

   First, the ingress RBRidge that is generating the loopback message
   MUST discover the TRILL hop count to the egress RBridge. The
   discovered Hop count MUST be used as the hop count included in the
   TRILL header. Further, if the specified payload is IP, the IP header
   checksum SHOULD BE invalidated. The invalidation of IP checksum,
   prevents end stations further processing the OAM frames, in the
   unlikely event that it reached an end station due to a change in
   topology because of which the hop count is unable to suppress the

   All other operations are similar to Loopback Message processing
   presented in section 5.1.2.

6. Path Trace Message

   Path Trace Message has the same format as Loopback Message. Opcode
   for Path Trace Request Message is 66 and Response 67.

   Please refer to [TLICMPOAM] for Theory of Operation and details of
   Path Trace message.

7. Notification Messages


   TRILL OAM Notification message format is depicted in following

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   |MD-L | Version | OpCode        |  Flags        |FirstTLVOffset |
   | Magic Number                  | Checksum                      |
   |                                                               |
   .         TLVs                                                  .
   |                                                               |

                Figure 13   Notification OAM Message Format

   The opcode of the Notification message is 68. Notification messages
   may be generated for variety of errors, warning and informational
   purposes. Notification messages are almost always asynchronous.
   Hence there is no Session Identification.

   TRILL OAM Version TLV, which is mandatory, MUST be the first TLV.
   TRILL OAM Version TLV, has class field and code fields.

   Class field specifies whether the message is Error, Warning or
   Informational Notification message. Code Field within the class
   specifies the actual notification.

9. Status Codes

   Status codes are defined within a Class. Following Classes are
   currently defined.

   Success, Error, Warning, Informational.

   There are no status codes defined within the success class.

9.1. Error Codes

   Following Error codes are currently defined

   1: Egress RBridge Nickname unknown
   2: Hop Count Expired
   3: VLAN Unknown
   4: Parameter Problem

9.2. Warning Codes


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9.3. Informational Codes


10. Security Considerations


11. Allocation Considerations

   10.1 IEEE Allocation Considerations

   The IEEE 802.1 Working Group is requested to allocate a separate
   opcode and TLV space within 802.1g CFM messages for TRILL purpose.

   10.2 IANA Considerations

   - Set up sub-registry within the TRILL Parameters registry and
   initial entries for block of TRILL OAM OpCodes -

   - Set up sub-registry within the TRILL Parameters registry and
   initial contents for TRILL OAM TLV Types -

12. References

12.1. Normative References

   [RFC2119] Bradner, S., "Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate
             Requirement Levels", BCP 14, RFC 2119, March 1997.

   [8021ag] IEEE, "Virtual Bridged Local Area Networks Amendment 5:
             Connectivity Fault Management", 802.1ag, 2007.

   [8021Q] IEEE, "Media Access Control (MAC) Bridges and Virtual
           Bridged Local Area Networks", IEEE Std 802.1Q-2011,
           August 31st , 2011.

   [TLICMPOAM] Senevirathne, T., et.al., "ICMP based OAM Solution for
             TRILL", draft-tissa-trill-oam-03, Work in Progress,
             January, 2012.

   [FNV]    Fowler, G., et.al., "The FNV Non-Cryptographic Hash
             Algorithm", draft-eastlake-fnv-03, Work in Progress,
             March, 2012.

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12.2. Informative References

   [RFC6325] Perlman, R., et.al., "Routing Bridges (RBridges): Base
             Protocol Specification", RFC 6325, July 2011.

   [TRILLML] Senevirathne, T., et.al., "Default Nickname Based Approach
             for Multi-level TRILL", draft-tissa-trill-multilevel-00,
             Work in Progress, February 2012.

13. Acknowledgments

   Work in this document was largely inspired by the directions
   provided by Stewart Bryant in finding common OAM solution between

   This document was prepared using 2-Word-v2.0.template.dot.

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Authors' Addresses

   Tissa Senevirathne
   CISCO Systems
   375 East Tasman Drive.
   San Jose, CA 95134

   Phone: +1 408-853-2291
   Email: tsenevir@cisco.com

   Samer Salam
   CISCO Systems
   595 Burrard St. Suite 2123
   Vancouver, BC V7X 1J1, Canada

   Email: ssalam@cisco.com

   Donald Eastlake
   Huawei Technologies
   155 Beaver Street
   Milford, MA 01757

   Phone: +1-508-333-2270
   Email: d3e3e3@gmail.com

   Sam Aldrin
   Huawei Technologies
   2330 Central Express Way
   Santa Clara, CA 95951

   Email: aldrin.ietf@gmail.com

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   Naveen Nimmu
   9th Floor, Building no 9, Raheja Mind space
   Hi-Tec City, Madhapur,
   Hyderabad - 500 081, INDIA

   Phone: +1-408-218-8893
   Email: naveen@broadcom.com

   Tal Mizrahi
   6 Hamada St.
   Yokneam, 20692 Israel

   Email: talmi@marvell.com

   Anoop Ghanwani
   300 Holger Way,
   San Jose, CA 95134, USA

   Phone: +1-408-571-3500
   Email: anoop@alumni.duke.edu.

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