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Network Working Group                                        Sean Turner
Internet Draft                                                      IECA
Intended Status: Standards Track                        December 2, 2013
Expires: June 5, 2014


           Algorithms for Cryptographic Message Syntax (CMS)
              Key Package Receipt and Error Content Types
         draft-turner-ct-keypackage-receipt-n-error-algs-04.txt


Abstract

   This document describes the conventions for using several
   cryptographic algorithms with the Cryptographic Message Syntax (CMS)
   key package receipt and error content types.  Specifically, it
   includes conventions necessary to implement SignedData,
   EnvelopedData, EncryptedData, and AuthEnvelopedData.

Status of this Memo

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   provisions of BCP 78 and BCP 79.

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1. Introduction

   This document describes the conventions for using several
   cryptographic algorithms with the Cryptographic Message Syntax (CMS)
   key package receipt and error content types [ID.housley-keypackage-
   receipt-n-error].  Specifically, it includes conventions necessary to
   implement SignedData [RFC5652], EnvelopedData [RFC5652],
   EncryptedData [RFC5652], and AuthEnvelopedData [RFC5083].

   This document does not define any new algorithms; instead, it refers
   to previously defined algorithms.  In fact, the algorithm
   requirements in this document are the same as those in [RFC5959],
   [RFC6033], [RFC6160], [RFC6161], and [RFC6162] with the following
   exceptions: the content-encryption algorithm is AES in CBC mode as
   opposed to AES Key Wrap with Message Length Indicator (MLI) and the
   key-wrap algorithm is AES Key Wrap as opposed to AES Key Wrap with
   MLI. The rationale for the difference is that the receipt and error
   content types are not keys therefore AES Key Wrap with MLI is not
   appropriate for the content-encryption algorithm and if an
   implementation is not using AES Key Wrap with MLI as the content-
   encryption algorithm then there's no need to keep the key-wrap
   algorithm the same as the content encryption algorithm.

   NOTE: [ID.housley-keypackage-receipt-n-error] only requires that the
   key package receipt be signed.

1.1  Terminology

   The key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", "SHALL", "SHALL NOT",
   "SHOULD", "SHOULD NOT", "RECOMMENDED", "NOT RECOMMENDED", "MAY", and
   "OPTIONAL" in this document are to be interpreted as described in
   [RFC2119].

2. SignedData

   If an implementation supports SignedData, then it MUST support the
   signature scheme RSA [RFC3370] and SHOULD support the signature
   schemes RSA Probabilistic Signature Scheme (RSASSA-PSS) [RFC4056] and
   Digital Signature Algorithm (DSA) [RFC3370].  Additionally,
   implementations MUST support the hash function SHA-256 [RFC5754] in
   concert with these signature schemes, and they SHOULD support the
   hash function SHA-1 [RFC3370].  Implementations can also choose the
   to support Elliptic Curve Digital Signature Algorithm (ECDSA)
   [RFC5753] and [RFC6090].







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3. EnvelopedData

   If an implementation supports EnvelopedData, then it MUST implement
   key transport, and it MAY implement key agreement.

   When key transport is used, RSA encryption [RFC3370] MUST be
   supported, and RSA Encryption Scheme - Optimal Asymmetric Encryption
   Padding (RSAES-OAEP) [RFC3560] SHOULD be supported.

   When key agreement is used, Diffie-Hellman (DH) ephemeral-static
   [RFC3370] MUST be supported.  When key agreement is used, Elliptic
   Curve Diffie-Hellman (ECDH) [RFC5753][RFC6090] MAY be supported.

   Regardless of the key management technique choice, implementations
   MUST support AES-128 in CBC mode [AES] as the content-encryption
   algorithm.  Implementations SHOULD support AES-256 in CBC mode [AES]
   as the content-encryption algorithm.

   When key agreement is used, the same length for the underlying block
   algorithm MUST be used.  If the content-encryption algorithm is AES-
   128 in CBC mode, then the key-wrap algorithm MUST be AES-128 Key Wrap
   [RFC3394].  If the content-encryption algorithm is AES-256 in CBC
   mode, then the key-wrap algorithm MUST be AES-256 Key Wrap [RFC3394].

4. EncryptedData

   If an implementation supports EncryptedData, then it MUST implement
   AES-128 in CBC mode [AES] and SHOULD implement AES-256 in CBC mode
   [AES].

   NOTE: EncryptedData requires that keys be managed by other means;
   therefore, the only algorithm specified is the content-encryption
   algorithm.

5.  AuthEnvelopedData

   If an implementation supports AuthEnvelopedData, then it MUST
   implement the EnvelopedData recommendations except for the content-
   encryption algorithm, which, in this case, MUST be AES-GCM [RFC5084];
   the 128-bit version MUST be implemented, and the 256-bit version
   SHOULD be implemented.  Implementations MAY also support AES-CCM
   [RFC5084].

6. Public Key Sizes

   The easiest way to implement SignedData, EnvelopedData, and
   AuthEnvelopedData is with public key certificates [RFC5280].  If an
   implementation supports RSA, RSASSA-PSS, DSA, RSAES-OAEP, or Diffie-



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   Hellman, then it MUST support key lengths from 1024-bit to 2048-bit,
   inclusive.  If an implementation supports ECDSA or ECDH, then it MUST
   support keys on the P-256 curve [RFC6090].

7. IANA Considerations

   None.

8. Security Considerations

   The security considerations from [RFC3370], [RFC3394], [RFC3560],
   [RFC4056], [RFC5084], [RFC5652], [RFC5753], and [RFC5754] apply.

   [SP800-57] provides comparable bits of security for some algorithms
   and key sizes.  [SP800-57] also provides time frames during which
   certain numbers of bits of security are appropriate, and some
   environments may find these time frames useful.

9. Acknowledgements

   I'd like to thank Russ Housley for his early feedback on this
   document.

10. References

10.1. Normative References

   [AES]      National Institute of Standards and Technology, FIPS Pub
              197: Advanced Encryption Standard (AES), 26 November 2001.

   [RFC2119]  Bradner, S., "Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate
              Requirement Levels", BCP 14, RFC 2119, March 1997.

   [RFC3370]  Housley, R., "Cryptographic Message Syntax (CMS)
              Algorithms", RFC 3370, August 2002.

   [RFC3394]  Schaad, J. and R. Housley, "Advanced Encryption Standard
              (AES) Key Wrap Algorithm", RFC 3394, September 2002.

   [RFC3560]  Housley, R., "Use of the RSAES-OAEP Key Transport
              Algorithm in Cryptographic Message Syntax (CMS)",
              RFC 3560, July 2003.

   [RFC4056]  Schaad, J., "Use of the RSASSA-PSS Signature Algorithm in
              Cryptographic Message Syntax (CMS)", RFC 4056, June 2005.

   [RFC5083]  Housley, R., "Cryptographic Message Syntax (CMS)
              Authenticated-Enveloped-Data Content Type", RFC 5083,



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              November 2007.

   [RFC5084]  Housley, R., "Using AES-CCM and AES-GCM Authenticated
              Encryption in the Cryptographic Message Syntax (CMS)",
              RFC 5084, November 2007.

   [RFC5280]  Cooper, D., Santesson, S., Farrell, S., Boeyen, S.,
              Housley, R., and W. Polk, "Internet X.509 Public Key
              Infrastructure Certificate and Certificate Revocation List
              (CRL) Profile", RFC 5280, May 2008.

   [RFC5652]  Housley, R., "Cryptographic Message Syntax (CMS)", STD 70,
              RFC 5652, September 2009.

   [RFC5753]  Turner, S. and D. Brown, "Use of Elliptic Curve
              Cryptography (ECC) Algorithms in Cryptographic Message
              Syntax (CMS)", RFC 5753, January 2010.

   [RFC5754]  Turner, S., "Using SHA2 Algorithms with Cryptographic
              Message Syntax", RFC 5754, January 2010.

   [RFC6090]  McGrew, D., Igoe, K., and M. Salter, "Fundamental Elliptic
              Curve Cryptography Algorithms", RFC 6090, February 2011.

   [ID.housley-keypackage-receipt-n-error] Housley, R., "Cryptographic
              Message Syntax (CMS) Key Package Receipt and Error Content
              Types", draft-housley-ct-keypackage-receipt-n-error, May
              2013.

10.2. Informative References

   [RFC5959]  Turner, S., "Algorithms for Asymmetric Key Package Content
              Type", RFC 5959, August 2010.

   [RFC6033]  Turner, S., "Algorithms for Cryptographic Message Syntax
              (CMS) Encrypted Key Package Content Type", RFC 6033,
              December 2010.

   [RFC6160]  Turner, S., "Algorithms for Cryptographic Message Syntax
              (CMS) Protection of Symmetric Key Package Content Types",
              RFC 6160, April 2011.

   [RFC6161]  Turner, S., "Elliptic Curve Algorithms for Cryptographic
              Message Syntax (CMS) Encrypted Key Package Content Type",
              RFC 6161, April 2011.

   [RFC6162]  Turner, S., "Elliptic Curve Algorithms for Cryptographic
              Message Syntax (CMS) Asymmetric Key Package Content Type",



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              RFC 6162, April 2011.

   [SP800-57] National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST),
              Special Publication 800-57: Recommendation for Key
              Management - Part 1 (Revised), March 2007.

Author's Address

   Sean Turner
   IECA, Inc.
   3057 Nutley Street, Suite 106
   Fairfax, VA 22031
   USA

   Email: turners@ieca.com




































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