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Versions: 00 01 02

Individual Submission                                          P. Wilson
Internet-Draft                                             G. Michaelson
Intended status: Informational                                 G. Huston
Expires: April 3, 2009                                             APNIC
                                                      September 30, 2008


       Redesignation of 240/4 from "Future Use" to "Private Use"
                      draft-wilson-class-e-02.txt

Status of this Memo

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Abstract

   This document directs the IANA to designate the block of IPv4
   addresses from 240.0.0.0 to 255.255.255.255 (240.0.0.0/4) as unicast
   address space for Private Use.


1.  Redesignation of 240.0.0.0/4

   This document directs the IANA to designate the block of IPv4
   addresses from 240.0.0.0 to 255.255.255.255 (240.0.0.0/4) as unicast
   address space for Private Use.




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   The address block spanning 240.0.0.0 to 255.255.255.255
   (240.0.0.0/4), formerly designated as "Class E", and noted as being
   "Reserved" in the IANA IPv4 address registry, is no longer to be held
   in reserve by IANA for the IETF.

   IANA is directed to redesignate the address block 240.0.0.0/4 as
   unicast address space intended for Private Use. While the particular
   form of private use is not specified here, it is envisaged that this
   address prefix would have use in large private Internets that require
   more address space than is available in the private use address space
   designated by [RFC1918] during the dual stack transition to IPv6.

   Potential users of this address space need to ensure that their
   envisaged deployment can satisfy the caveats noted here.


2.  Caveats of Use

   Many implementations of the TCP/IP protocol stack have the
   240.0.0.0/4 address block marked as experimental, and prevent the
   host from forwarding IP packets with addresses drawn from this
   address block.

   For this reason, it is strongly suggested that private network
   addressing requirements which can be fulfilled from the private use
   address space designated by [RFC1918] should continue to use that
   space.  Network administrators with very large scale requirements for
   private use address space who wish to use addresses drawn from
   240.0.0.0/4 are advised to conduct appropriate tests to ensure that
   such addresses can be used in their envisaged private use context.

   [Note: not for publication.  It is suggested that in order to assist
   with verification of equipment compatibility, a separate
   informational RFC or other mechanism be developed to assist with the
   recording of specific test results, upgrade status, etc.]


3.  Considerations

   Note: This section is to assist in the discussion of the
   recommendation proposed in this draft.  It is intended that this
   section would be removed prior to publication.

   The option of using this "top part" of the IPv4 address space as a
   means of mitigating to some extent the issues related to the
   exhaustion of the IPv4 unallocated address pool date back to at least
   1998, if not earlier [Lear].




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   A related internet-draft, [ID.240space], advocates changing the
   designation of this addres prefix to that of a "useable" unicast
   address block, without specifying whether the designation should be
   for private or public use, so the "reserved" status was proposed in
   this draft for the 240.0.0.0/address block.  This proposal differs
   from [ID.240space] in advocating that the address block not be used
   for publically routed address space, but is to be limited to private
   use contexts.  The reason for this decision to propose a designation
   of Private Use is that for public use the entire installed base of
   IPv4 hosts un the public Internet, as well as associated private
   Internet realms that are attached to the public internet via NATs
   need to be able to generate and forward IPv4 packets that are
   addressed to 240.0.0.0/4 addresses.  The set of changes to host
   systems may not be undertaken to a generally useful extent within any
   reasonable timeframe.  The alternative approach is to limit its
   intended useof 240.0.0.0/4 to private network realms where the
   population of end devices and forwarding systems that need to support
   the use of 240.0.0.0/4 address space is limited.  In private use
   contexts the utility of using this space in a private context is a
   local decision that is not impacted by any external factors of
   private use elsewhere.

   It has been noted that many end host operating system protocol stacks
   do not support the use of 240.0.0.0/4 address space.  However,
   [ID.240space] reported in March 2008 that:

      "Apple OSX has been confirmed to support the use of 240.0.0.0/4 as
      unicast address space.  Changes have been incorporated into recent
      versions of Sun Solaris and have been submitted for inclusion in
      the Linux kernel tree.  No plans have been announced for
      modifications to any version of Microsoft Windows, in part because
      of uncertainty over how to perform 6-to-4 tunneling in the absence
      of a definitive statement on whether 240.0.0.0/4 is "public" or
      "private" space.

   This draft advocates the adoption of a definitive statement in the
   IPv4 address registry that 240.0.0.0/4 is Private Use space to allow
   transitonal tunnelling mechanisms to perform correctly in the context
   of use of 6to4 [RFC3056], Teredo [RFC4380], and similar forms of IPv6
   transitional mechanisms that use IPv6 tunnelling as an overlay on an
   IPv4 substrate.

   It has been commented that this draft requires a similar level of
   effort in terms of deployment overheads to that involved in the
   deployment of IPv6 itself.  This observation has been used to argue
   against adopting this proposal and instead reiterate the calls for
   the adoption of IPv6 and avoid any unnecessary distaction of effort
   in articifially prolonging the useful lifespan of IPv4.  In response



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   to such arguments it is noted that the adoption of IPv6 in an orderly
   transition context requires the exctended use of dual stack support
   in networks where both IPv6 and IPv4 is available for use.  The
   problem is that the transition phase is now anticipated to last for
   far longer than the remaining lifetime of the unallocated address
   pool of IPv4 addresses, and in supporting the dual stack IPv6
   transition, there is a need for additional IPv4 addresses in any
   case.  The 240.0.0.0/4 address block allows service provider
   infrastructure to be numbered in a manner that would not conflict
   with either customer private address space use from [RFC1918] space,
   or public address space.

   This private use address pool is intended to assist in the IPv6
   transition of larger networks who are using IPv4 in the context of a
   dual stack deployment.  In such contexts it is reported to be the
   case that the reuse of network 10.0.0/8 is not an option because of
   existing use and potential address clashes [ID.1918bis].  The use of
   240.0.0.0/4 offers a more conventional method to interconnect CPE
   NATs and network border carrier NATs without having to use more
   involved solutions such as [ID.DualStackLite] or [ID.NAT464].


4.  Security Considerations

   Equipment deployed on the public Internet is configured by default to
   treat addresses in the block 240.0.0.0/4 as experimental addresses
   that cannot be forwarded.  This implies that accidental leakage of
   packets destined to such addresses would conventionally be discarded.


5.  IANA Considerations

   The IANA is directed to redesignate the block of IPv4 addresses from
   240.0.0.0 to 255.255.255.255 as unicast address space reserved for
   "Private Use".


6.  Acknowledgements

   The authors would like to acknowledge the thoughtful assistance of
   David Conrad, Andy Davidson and Robert Seastrom in the preparation of
   this document.


7.  References






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7.1.  Normative References

   [RFC1918]  Rekhter, Y., Moskowitz, R., Karrenberg, D., Groot, G., and
              E. Lear, "Address Allocation for Private Internets",
              BCP 5, RFC 1918, February 1996.

7.2.  Informative References

   [ID.1918bis]
              Hain, T., "Expanded Address Allocation for Private
              Internets", Work in progress: Internet
              Drafts draft-hain-1918bis-01.txt, January 2005.

   [ID.240space]
              Fuller, V., Lear, E., and D. Meyer, "Reclassifying 240/4
              as usable unicast address space", Work in progress:
              Internet Drafts draft-fuller-240space-02.txt, March 2008.

   [ID.DualStackLite]
              Durand, A., "Dual-stack lite broadband deployments post
              IPv4 exhaustion", Work in progress: Internet
              Drafts draft-durand-dual-stack-lite-00.txt, July 2008.

   [ID.NAT464]
              Durand, A., "Non dual-stack IPv6 deployments for broadband
              providers", Work in progress: Internet
              Drafts draft-durand-v6ops-v4v6v4nat-00.txt, November 2007.

   [Lear]     Lear, E., ""Re: Running out of Internet addresses?"",
              TCP/IP Mailing List , November 1988, <http://
              www-mice.cs.ucl.ac.uk/multimedia/misc/tcp_ip/8813.mm.www/
              0146.html>.

   [RFC3056]  Carpenter, B. and K. Moore, "Connection of IPv6 Domains
              via IPv4 Clouds", RFC 3056, February 2001.

   [RFC4380]  Huitema, C., "Teredo: Tunneling IPv6 over UDP through
              Network Address Translations (NATs)", RFC 4380,
              February 2006.












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Authors' Addresses

   Paul Wilson
   Asia Pacific Network Information Centre

   Email: pwilson@apnic.net
   URI:   http://www.apnic.net


   George Michaelson
   Asia Pacific Network Information Centre

   Email: ggm@apnic.net
   URI:   http://www.apnic.net


   Geoff Huston
   Asia Pacific Network Information Centre

   Email: gih@apnic.net
   URI:   http://www.apnic.net






























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