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Obsoleted by: 1724 PROPOSED STANDARD

Network Working Group                                         G. Malkin
Request for Comments: 1389                               Xylogics, Inc.
                                                               F. Baker
                                       Advanced Computer Communications
                                                           January 1993


                      RIP Version 2 MIB Extension

Status of this Memo

   This RFC specifies an IAB standards track protocol for the Internet
   community, and requests discussion and suggestions for improvements.
   Please refer to the current edition of the "IAB Official Protocol
   Standards" for the standardization state and status of this protocol.
   Distribution of this memo is unlimited.

Abstract

   This memo defines a portion of the Management Information Base (MIB)
   for use with network management protocols in TCP/IP-based internets.
   In particular, it defines objects for managing RIP Version 2.

Table of Contents

   1. The Network Management Framework ......................    1
   2. Objects ...............................................    2
   2.1 Format of Definitions ................................    2
   3. Overview ..............................................    3
   3.1 Textual Conventions ..................................    3
   3.2 Structure of MIB .....................................    3
   4. Definitions ...........................................    3
   4.1 Global Counters ......................................    4
   4.2 RIP Interface Tables .................................    4
   4.3 Peer Table ...........................................   10
   5. Acknowledgements ......................................   12
   6. References ............................................   12
   7. Security Considerations ...............................   13
   8. Authors' Addresses ....................................   13

1. The Network Management Framework

   The Internet-standard Network Management Framework consists of three
   components.  They are:

      STD 16/RFC 1155 which defines the SMI, the mechanisms used for
      describing and naming objects for the purpose of management.  STD
      16/RFC 1212 defines a more concise description mechanism, which is



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      wholly consistent with the SMI.

      RFC 1156 which defines MIB-I, the core set of managed objects for
      the Internet suite of protocols.  STD 17/RFC 1213 defines MIB-II,
      an evolution of MIB-I based on implementation experience and new
      operational requirements.

      STD 15/RFC 1157 which defines the SNMP, the protocol used for
      network access to managed objects.

   The Framework permits new objects to be defined for the purpose of
   experimentation and evaluation.

2. Objects

   Managed objects are accessed via a virtual information store, termed
   the Management Information Base or MIB.  Objects in the MIB are
   defined using the subset of Abstract Syntax Notation One (ASN.1) [7]
   defined in the SMI.  In particular, each object has a name, a syntax,
   and an encoding.  The name is an object identifier, an
   administratively assigned name, which specifies an object type.  The
   object type together with an object instance serves to uniquely
   identify a specific instantiation of the object.  For human
   convenience, we often use a textual string, termed the OBJECT
   DESCRIPTOR, to also refer to the object type.

   The syntax of an object type defines the abstract data structure
   corresponding to that object type.  The ASN.1 language is used for
   this purpose.  However, the SMI [3] purposely restricts the ASN.1
   constructs which may be used.  These restrictions are explicitly made
   for simplicity.

   The encoding of an object type is simply how that object type is
   represented using the object type's syntax.  Implicitly tied to the
   notion of an object type's syntax and encoding is how the object type
   is represented when being transmitted on the network.

   The SMI specifies the use of the basic encoding rules of ASN.1 [8],
   subject to the additional requirements imposed by the SNMP.

2.1 Format of Definitions

   Section 4 contains contains the specification of all object types
   contained in this MIB module.  The object types are defined using the
   conventions defined in the SMI, as amended by the extensions
   specified in [9].





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3. Overview

3.1 Textual Conventions

   Several new data types are introduced as a textual convention in this
   MIB document.  These textual conventions enhance the readability of
   the specification and can ease comparison with other specifications
   if appropriate.  It should be noted that the introduction of the
   these textual conventions has no effect on either the syntax nor the
   semantics of any managed objects.  The use of these is merely an
   artifact of the explanatory method used.  Objects defined in terms of
   one of these methods are always encoded by means of the rules that
   define the primitive type.  Hence, no changes to the SMI or the SNMP
   are necessary to accommodate these textual conventions which are
   adopted merely for the convenience of readers and writers in pursuit
   of the elusive goal of clear, concise, and unambiguous MIB documents.

   The new data types are: Validation (the standard "set to invalid
   causes deletion" type), and RouteTag.   The RouteTag type represents
   the contents of the Route Tag field in the packet header or route
   entry.

3.2 Structure of MIB

   The RIP-2 MIB contains global counters useful for detecting the
   deleterious effects of RIP incompatibilities, an "interfaces" table
   which contains interface-specific statistics and configuration
   information, and an optional "neighbor" table containing information
   that may be helpful in debugging neighbor relationships.  Like the
   protocol itself, this MIB takes great care to preserve compatibility
   with RIP-1 systems, and controls for monitoring and controlling
   system interactions.

4. Definitions

   RFC1389-MIB DEFINITIONS ::= BEGIN

   IMPORTS
           Counter, TimeTicks, IpAddress
                   FROM RFC1155-SMI
           mib-2
                   FROM RFC1213-MIB
           OBJECT-TYPE
                   FROM RFC-1212;

   --  RIP-2 Management Information Base

     rip2 OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= { mib-2 23 }



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   -- the RouteTag type represents the contents of the
   -- Route Tag field in the packet header or route entry.

   RouteTag ::= OCTET STRING (SIZE (2))

   -- the Validation type is used for the variable that deletes
   -- an entry from a table, and ALWAYS takes at least these values:

   Validation ::= INTEGER { valid (1), invalid (2) }


   --      The RIP-2 Globals Group.
   --      Implementation of this group is mandatory for systems that
   --           implement RIP-2.

   -- These counters are intended to facilitate debugging quickly
   -- changing routes or failing neighbors

   rip2GlobalGroup OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= { rip2 1 }


       rip2GlobalRouteChanges OBJECT-TYPE
           SYNTAX   Counter
           ACCESS   read-only
           STATUS   mandatory
           DESCRIPTION
              "The number of changes made to the IP Route Da-
              tabase by RIP."
          ::= { rip2GlobalGroup 1 }


       rip2GlobalQueries OBJECT-TYPE
           SYNTAX   Counter
           ACCESS   read-only
           STATUS   mandatory
           DESCRIPTION
              "The number of responses sent  to  RIP  queries
              from other systems."
          ::= { rip2GlobalGroup 2 }


   --  RIP Interfaces Groups
   --  Implementation of these Groups is mandatory for systems that
   --       implement RIP-2.

   -- Since RIP versions 1 and 2 do not deal with addressless links,
   -- it is assumed that RIP "interfaces" are subnets within a
   -- routing domain.



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   -- The RIP Interface Status Table.

       rip2IfStatTable OBJECT-TYPE
           SYNTAX   SEQUENCE OF Rip2IfStatEntry
           ACCESS   not-accessible
           STATUS   mandatory
           DESCRIPTION
              "A  list  of  subnets  which  require  separate
              status monitoring in RIP."
          ::= { rip2 2 }

      rip2IfStatEntry OBJECT-TYPE
          SYNTAX   Rip2IfStatEntry
          ACCESS   not-accessible
          STATUS   mandatory
          DESCRIPTION
             "A Single Routing Domain in a single Subnet."
         INDEX { rip2IfStatAddress }
         ::= { rip2IfStatTable 1 }


       Rip2IfStatEntry ::=
           SEQUENCE {
               rip2IfStatAddress
                   IpAddress,
               rip2IfStatRcvBadPackets
                   Counter,
               rip2IfStatRcvBadRoutes
                   Counter,
               rip2IfStatSentUpdates
                   Counter,
               rip2IfStatStatus
                   Validation
       }

       rip2IfStatAddress OBJECT-TYPE
           SYNTAX   IpAddress
           ACCESS   read-only
           STATUS   mandatory
           DESCRIPTION
              "The IP Address of this system on the indicated
              subnet."
          ::= { rip2IfStatEntry 1 }


       rip2IfStatRcvBadPackets OBJECT-TYPE
           SYNTAX   Counter
           ACCESS   read-only



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           STATUS   mandatory
           DESCRIPTION
              "The number of RIP response packets received by
              the  RIP  process  which were subsequently dis-
              carded for any reason (e.g. a version 0 packet,
              or an unknown command type)."
          ::= { rip2IfStatEntry 2 }


       rip2IfStatRcvBadRoutes OBJECT-TYPE
           SYNTAX   Counter
           ACCESS   read-only
           STATUS   mandatory
           DESCRIPTION
              "The number of routes, in  valid  RIP  packets,
              which were ignored for any reason (e.g. unknown
              address family, or invalid metric)."
          ::= { rip2IfStatEntry 3 }


       rip2IfStatSentUpdates OBJECT-TYPE
           SYNTAX   Counter
           ACCESS   read-only
           STATUS   mandatory
           DESCRIPTION
              "The number of triggered RIP  updates  actually
              sent  on  this interface.  This explicitly does
              NOT include full updates  sent  containing  new
              information."
          ::= { rip2IfStatEntry 4 }

       rip2IfStatStatus OBJECT-TYPE
           SYNTAX   Validation
           ACCESS   read-write
           STATUS   mandatory
           DESCRIPTION
              "Writing invalid has  the  effect  of  deleting
              this interface."
          DEFVAL { valid }
          ::= { rip2IfStatEntry 5 }


   -- The RIP Interface Configuration Table.


       rip2IfConfTable OBJECT-TYPE
           SYNTAX   SEQUENCE OF Rip2IfConfEntry
           ACCESS   not-accessible



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           STATUS   mandatory
           DESCRIPTION
              "A list of subnets which require separate  con-
              figuration in RIP."
          ::= { rip2 3 }

      rip2IfConfEntry OBJECT-TYPE
          SYNTAX   Rip2IfConfEntry
          ACCESS   not-accessible
          STATUS   mandatory
          DESCRIPTION
             "A Single Routing Domain in a single Subnet."
         INDEX { rip2IfConfAddress }
         ::= { rip2IfConfTable 1 }


       Rip2IfConfEntry ::=
           SEQUENCE {
               rip2IfConfAddress
                   IpAddress,
               rip2IfConfDomain
                   RouteTag,
               rip2IfConfAuthType
                   INTEGER,
               rip2IfConfAuthKey
                   OCTET STRING (SIZE(0..16)),
               rip2IfConfSend
                   INTEGER,
               rip2IfConfReceive
                   INTEGER,
               rip2IfConfDefaultMetric
                   INTEGER,
               rip2IfConfStatus
                   Validation
       }

       rip2IfConfAddress OBJECT-TYPE
           SYNTAX   IpAddress
           ACCESS   read-only
           STATUS   mandatory
           DESCRIPTION
              "The IP Address of this system on the indicated
              subnet."
          ::= { rip2IfConfEntry 1 }


       rip2IfConfDomain OBJECT-TYPE
           SYNTAX   RouteTag



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           ACCESS   read-write
           STATUS   mandatory
           DESCRIPTION
              "Value inserted into the Routing  Domain  field
              of all RIP packets sent on this interface."
          DEFVAL { '0000'h }
          ::= { rip2IfConfEntry 2 }


       rip2IfConfAuthType OBJECT-TYPE
           SYNTAX   INTEGER {
                       noAuthentication (1),
                       simplePassword (2)
                    }
           ACCESS   read-write
           STATUS   mandatory
           DESCRIPTION
              "The type of Authentication used on this inter-
              face."
          DEFVAL { noAuthentication }
          ::= { rip2IfConfEntry 3 }


       rip2IfConfAuthKey OBJECT-TYPE
           SYNTAX   OCTET STRING (SIZE(0..16))
           ACCESS   read-write
           STATUS   mandatory
           DESCRIPTION
              "The value to be used as the Authentication Key
              whenever    the   corresponding   instance   of
              rip2IfConfAuthType has  the  value  simplePass-
              word.   A modification of the corresponding in-
              stance of rip2IfConfAuthType  does  not  modify
              the rip2IfConfAuthKey value.

              If a string shorter than 16 octets is supplied,
              it  will be left-justified and padded to 16 oc-
              tets, on the right, with nulls (0x00).

              Reading this object always results in an  OCTET
              STRING  of  length zero; authentication may not
              be bypassed by reading the MIB object."
          DEFVAL { ''h }
          ::= { rip2IfConfEntry 4 }


       rip2IfConfSend OBJECT-TYPE
           SYNTAX   INTEGER {



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                       doNotSend (1),
                       ripVersion1 (2),
                       rip1Compatible (3),
                       ripVersion2 (4)
                    }
           ACCESS   read-write
           STATUS   mandatory
           DESCRIPTION
              "What  the  router  sends  on  this  interface.
              ripVersion1 implies sending RIP updates compli-
              ant  with  RFC  1058.   rip1Compatible  implies
              broadcasting RIP-2 updates using RFC 1058 route
              subsumption rules.  ripVersion2 implies  multi-
              casting RIP-2 updates."
          DEFVAL { rip1Compatible }
          ::= { rip2IfConfEntry 5 }


       rip2IfConfReceive OBJECT-TYPE
           SYNTAX   INTEGER {
                       rip1 (1),
                       rip2 (2),
                       rip1OrRip2 (3)
                    }
           ACCESS   read-write
           STATUS   mandatory
           DESCRIPTION
              "This indicates which version  of  RIP  updates
              are   to  be  accepted.   Note  that  rip2  and
              rip1OrRip2 implies reception of multicast pack-
              ets."
          DEFVAL { rip1OrRip2 }
          ::= { rip2IfConfEntry 6 }


       rip2IfConfDefaultMetric OBJECT-TYPE
           SYNTAX   INTEGER ( 0..15 )
           ACCESS   read-write
           STATUS   mandatory
           DESCRIPTION
              "This variable indicates what metric is  to  be
              used  as  a  default  route in RIP updates ori-
              ginated on this interface.  A value of zero in-
              dicates  that  no  default route should be ori-
              ginated; in this  case,  a  default  route  via
              another router may be propagated."
          ::= { rip2IfConfEntry 7 }




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       rip2IfConfStatus OBJECT-TYPE
           SYNTAX   Validation
           ACCESS   read-write
           STATUS   mandatory
           DESCRIPTION
              "Writing invalid has  the  effect  of  deleting
              this interface."
          DEFVAL { valid }
          ::= { rip2IfConfEntry 8 }


   --  Peer Table

   --      The RIP Peer Group
   --      Implementation of this Group is Optional

   --      This group provides information about active peer
   --      relationships intended to assist in debugging.

       rip2PeerTable OBJECT-TYPE
           SYNTAX   SEQUENCE OF Rip2PeerEntry
           ACCESS   not-accessible
           STATUS   mandatory
           DESCRIPTION
              "A list of RIP Peers."
          ::= { rip2 4 }

      rip2PeerEntry OBJECT-TYPE
          SYNTAX   Rip2PeerEntry
          ACCESS   not-accessible
          STATUS   mandatory
          DESCRIPTION
             "Information regarding a single routing peer."
         INDEX { rip2PeerAddress, rip2PeerDomain }
         ::= { rip2PeerTable 1 }


       Rip2PeerEntry ::=
           SEQUENCE {
               rip2PeerAddress
                   IpAddress,
               rip2PeerDomain
                   RouteTag,
               rip2PeerLastUpdate
                   TimeTicks,
               rip2PeerVersion
                   INTEGER,
               rip2PeerRcvBadPackets



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                   Counter,
               rip2PeerRcvBadRoutes
                   Counter
               }


       rip2PeerAddress OBJECT-TYPE
           SYNTAX   IpAddress
           ACCESS   read-only
           STATUS   mandatory
           DESCRIPTION
              "The IP Address of the Peer System."
          ::= { rip2PeerEntry 1 }


       rip2PeerDomain OBJECT-TYPE
           SYNTAX   RouteTag
           ACCESS   read-only
           STATUS   mandatory
           DESCRIPTION
              "The value in the Routing Domain field  in  RIP
              packets received from the peer."
          ::= { rip2PeerEntry 2 }


       rip2PeerLastUpdate OBJECT-TYPE
           SYNTAX   TimeTicks
           ACCESS   read-only
           STATUS   mandatory
           DESCRIPTION
              "The value of sysUpTime when  the  most  recent
              RIP update was received from this system."
          ::= { rip2PeerEntry 3 }


       rip2PeerVersion OBJECT-TYPE
           SYNTAX   INTEGER ( 0..255 )
           ACCESS   read-only
           STATUS   mandatory
           DESCRIPTION
              "The RIP version number in the  header  of  the
              last RIP packet received."
          ::= { rip2PeerEntry 4 }


       rip2PeerRcvBadPackets OBJECT-TYPE
           SYNTAX   Counter
           ACCESS   read-only



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           STATUS   mandatory
           DESCRIPTION
              "The number of RIP response packets  from  this
              peer discarded as invalid."
          ::= { rip2PeerEntry 5 }


       rip2PeerRcvBadRoutes OBJECT-TYPE
           SYNTAX   Counter
           ACCESS   read-only
           STATUS   mandatory
           DESCRIPTION
              "The number of routes from this peer that  were
              ignored because the entry format was invalid."
          ::= { rip2PeerEntry 6 }


   END

5. Acknowledgements

   This document was produced by the RIP-2 Working Group of the Internet
   Engineering Task Force (IETF).

   In addition, the comments of the following individuals are also
   acknowledged:  Keith McCloghrie and Frank Kastenholz.

8. References

   [1] Cerf, V., "IAB Recommendations for the Development of Internet
       Network Management Standards", RFC 1052, IAB, April 1988.

   [2] Cerf, V., "Report of the Second Ad Hoc Network Management Review
       Group", RFC 1109, IAB, August 1989.

   [3] Rose M., and K. McCloghrie, "Structure and Identification of
       Management Information for TCP/IP-based internets", STD 16, RFC
       1155, Performance Systems International, Hughes LAN Systems, May
       1990.

   [4] McCloghrie K., and M. Rose, "Management Information Base for
       Network Management of TCP/IP-based internets", RFC 1156, Hughes
       LAN Systems, Performance Systems International, May 1990.

   [5] Case, J., Fedor, M., Schoffstall, M., and J. Davin, "Simple
       Network Management Protocol", STD 15, RFC 1157, SNMP Research,
       Performance Systems International, Performance Systems
       International, MIT Laboratory for Computer Science, May 1990.



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RFC 1389                  RIP-2 MIB Extension               January 1993


   [6] Rose, M., Editor, "Management Information Base for Network
       Management of TCP/IP-based internets: MIB-II", RFC 1158,
       Performance Systems International, May 1990.

   [7] Information processing systems - Open Systems Interconnection -
       Specification of Abstract Syntax Notation One (ASN.1),
       International Organization for Standardization, International
       Standard 8824, December 1987.

   [8] Information processing systems - Open Systems Interconnection -
       Specification of Basic Encoding Rules for Abstract Notation One
       (ASN.1), International Organization for Standardization,
       International Standard 8825, December 1987.

   [9] Rose, M., and K. McCloghrie, Editors, "Concise MIB Definitions",
       STD 16, RFC 1212, Performance Systems International, Hughes LAN
       Systems, March 1991.

  [10] Malkin, G., "RIP Version 2 - Carrying Additional Information",
       RFC 1388, Xylogics, Inc., January 1993.

  [11] Malkin, G., "RIP Version 2 Protocol Analysis", RFC 1387,
       Xylogics, Inc., January 1993.

7.  Security Considerations

   Security issues are not discussed in this memo.

8.  Authors' Addresses

   Gary Malkin
   Xylogics, Inc.
   53 Third Avenue
   Burlington, MA  01803

   Phone: (617) 272-8140
   EMail: gmalkin@Xylogics.COM


   Fred Baker
   Advanced Computer Communications
   315 Bollay Drive
   Santa Barbara, California  93117-6014

   Phone: (805) 685-4455
   EMail: fbaker@acc.com





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