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INFORMATIONAL
Errata Exist
Network Working Group                                            J. Kapp
Request for Comments: 2286                           Reaper Technologies
Category: Informational                                    February 1998


            Test Cases for HMAC-RIPEMD160 and HMAC-RIPEMD128

Status of this Memo

   This memo provides information for the Internet community.  It does
   not specify an Internet standard of any kind.  Distribution of this
   memo is unlimited.

Copyright Notice

   Copyright (C) The Internet Society (1998).  All Rights Reserved.

Abstract

   This document provides two sets of test cases for HMAC-RIPEMD160 and
   HMAC-RIPEMD128, respectively. HMAC-RIPEMD160 and HMAC-RIPEMD128 are
   two constructs of the HMAC [HMAC] message authentication function
   using the RIPEMD-160 and RIPEMD-128 [RIPE] hash functions. The test
   cases and results provided in this document are meant to be used as a
   conformance test for HMAC-RIPEMD160 and HMAC-RIPEMD128
   implementations.

1. Introduction

   The general method for constructing a HMAC message authentication
   function using a particular hash function is described in section 2
   of [HMAC].

   In sections 2 and 3 test cases for HMAC-RIPEMD160 and HMAC-RIPEMD128,
   respectively are provided. Each case includes the key, the data, and
   the result.  The values of keys and data are either hexadecimal
   numbers (prefixed by "0x") or ASCII character strings in double
   quotes. If a value is an ASCII character string, then the HMAC
   computation for the corresponding test case DOES NOT include the
   trailing null character ('\0') in the string.

   The C source code of the functions used to generate HMAC-RIPEMD160
   and HMAC-RIPEMD128 results is listed in the Appendix. Please Note
   that the functions provided are implemented in such a way as to be
   simple and easy to understand as a result they are not optimized in
   any way. The C source code for computing HMAC-MD5 can be found in
   [MD5].




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RFC 2286       Test Cases: HMAC-RIPEMD160, HMAC-RIPEMD128  February 1998


2. Test Cases for HMAC-RIPEMD160

test_case =         1
key =               0x0b0b0b0b0b0b0b0b0b0b0b0b0b0b0b0b0b0b0b0b
key_len =           20
data =              "Hi There"
data_len =          8
digest =            0x24cb4bd67d20fc1a5d2ed7732dcc39377f0a5668

test_case =         2
key =               "Jefe"
key_len =           4
data =              "what do ya want for nothing?"
data_len =          28
digest =            0xdda6c0213a485a9e24f4742064a7f033b43c4069

test_case =         3
key =               0xaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
key_len =           20
data =              0xdd repeated 50 times
data_len =          50
digest =            0xb0b105360de759960ab4f35298e116e295d8e7c1

test_case =         4
key =               0x0102030405060708090a0b0c0d0e0f10111213141516171819
key_len =           25
data =              0xcd repeated 50 times
data_len =          50
digest =            0xd5ca862f4d21d5e610e18b4cf1beb97a4365ecf4

test_case =         5
key =               0x0c0c0c0c0c0c0c0c0c0c0c0c0c0c0c0c0c0c0c0c
key_len =           20
data =              "Test With Truncation"
data_len =          20
digest =            0x7619693978f91d90539ae786500ff3d8e0518e39
digest-96 =         0x7619693978f91d90539ae786

test_case =         6
key =               0xaa repeated 80 times
key_len =           80
data =              "Test Using Larger Than Block-Size Key - Hash Key
                    First"
data_len =          54
digest =            0x6466ca07ac5eac29e1bd523e5ada7605b791fd8b

test_case =         7
key =               0xaa repeated 80 times



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RFC 2286       Test Cases: HMAC-RIPEMD160, HMAC-RIPEMD128  February 1998


key_len =           80
data =              "Test Using Larger Than Block-Size Key and Larger
                    Than One Block-Size Data"
data_len =          73
digest =            0x69ea60798d71616cce5fd0871e23754cd75d5a0a

3. Test Cases for HMAC-RIPEMD128

test_case =         1
key =               0x0b0b0b0b0b0b0b0b0b0b0b0b0b0b0b0b
key_len =           16
data =              "Hi There"
data_len =          8
digest =            0xfbf61f9492aa4bbf81c172e84e0734db

test_case =         2
key =               "Jefe"
key_len =           4
data =              "what do ya want for nothing?"
data_len =          28
digest =            0x875f828862b6b334b427c55f9f7ff09b

test_case =         3
key =               0xaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
key_len =           16
data =              0xdd repeated 50 times
data_len =          50
digest =            0x09f0b2846d2f543da363cbec8d62a38d

test_case =         4
key =               0x0102030405060708090a0b0c0d0e0f10111213141516171819
key_len =           25
data =              0xcd repeated 50 times
data_len =          50
digest =            0xbdbbd7cf03e44b5aa60af815be4d2294

test_case =         5
key =               0x0c0c0c0c0c0c0c0c0c0c0c0c0c0c0c0c
key_len =           16
data =              "Test With Truncation"
data_len =          20
digest =            0xe79808f24b25fd031c155f0d551d9a3a
digest-96 =         0xe79808f24b25fd031c155f0d

test_case =         6
key =               0xaa repeated 80 times
key_len =           80
data =              "Test Using Larger Than Block-Size Key - Hash Key



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RFC 2286       Test Cases: HMAC-RIPEMD160, HMAC-RIPEMD128  February 1998


                    First"
data_len =          54
digest =            0xdc732928de98104a1f59d373c150acbb

test_case =         7
key =               0xaa repeated 80 times
key_len =           80
data =              "Test Using Larger Than Block-Size Key and Larger
                    Than One Block-Size Data"
data_len =          73
digest =            0x5c6bec96793e16d40690c237635f30c5

4. Security Considerations

   This document raises no security issues.  Discussion on the strength
   of the HMAC construction can be found in [HMAC].

References

   [HMAC]    Krawczyk, H., Bellare, M., and R. Canetti,
             "HMAC: Keyed-Hashing for Message Authentication", RFC 2104,
             February 1997.

   [MD5]     Rivest, R., "The MD5 Message-Digest Algorithm",
             RFC 1321, April 1992.

   [OG]      Oehler, M., and R. Glenn,
             "HMAC-MD5 IP Authentication with Replay Prevention", RFC
             2085, February 1997

   [CG]      Chang, S., and R. Glenn,
             "Test Cases for HMAC-MD5 and HMAC-SHA-1", RFC 2202,
             September 1997.

   [RIPE]    Dobbertin, H., Bosselaers A., and Preneel, B.
             "RIPEMD-160: A Strengthened Version of RIPEMD" April 1996

Author's Address

   Justin S. Kapp
   Reaper Technologies
   The Post Office, Dunsop Bridge
   Clitheroe, Lancashire.
   BB7 3BB.  United Kingdom

   EMail: skapp@reapertech.com





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RFC 2286       Test Cases: HMAC-RIPEMD160, HMAC-RIPEMD128  February 1998


Appendix

   This code which implements HMAC-RIPEMD160 using an existing RIPEMD-
   160 library.  It assumes that the RIPEMD-160 library has similar
   API's as those of the MD5 code described in RFC 1321.  The code for
   HMAC-MD5, is similar, this HMAC-MD5 code is also listed in RFC 2104.
   To adapt this example to produce the HMAC-RIPEMD128 then replace each
   occurance of 'RMD160' with 'RMD128'.

#ifndef RMD160_DIGESTSIZE
#define RMD160_DIGESTSIZE  20
#endif

#ifndef RMD128_DIGESTSIZE
#define RMD128_DIGESTSIZE  16
#endif


/*  HMAC_RMD160 implements HMAC-RIPEMD160 */

void HMAC_RMD160(input, len, key, keylen, digest)
unsigned char *input;                       /* pointer to data stream */
int len;                                     /* length of data stream */
unsigned char *key;                  /* pointer to authentication key */
int keylen;                           /* length of authentication key */
unsigned char *digest;                        /* resulting MAC digest */
{
    RMD160_CTX context;
    unsigned char k_ipad[65];  /* inner padding - key XORd with ipad */
    unsigned char k_opad[65];  /* outer padding - key XORd with opad */
    unsigned char tk[RMD160_DIGESTSIZE];
    int i;

    /* if key is longer than 64 bytes reset it to key=SHA1(key) */
    if (keylen > 64) {
        RMD160_CTX      tctx;

        RMD160Init(&tctx);
        RMD160Update(&tctx, key, keylen);
        RMD160Final(tk, &tctx);

        key = tk;
        keylen = RMD160_DIGESTSIZE;
    }

        /* The HMAC_SHA1 transform looks like:

           RMD160(K XOR opad, RMD160(K XOR ipad, text))



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RFC 2286       Test Cases: HMAC-RIPEMD160, HMAC-RIPEMD128  February 1998



           where K is an n byte key
           ipad is the byte 0x36 repeated 64 times
           opad is the byte 0x5c repeated 64 times
           and text is the data being protected */

        /* start out by storing key in pads */
    memset(k_ipad, 0x36, sizeof(k_ipad));
    memset(k_opad, 0x5c, sizeof(k_opad));

        /* XOR key with ipad and opad values */
    for (i=0; i<keylen; i++) {
        k_ipad[i] ^= key[i];
        k_opad[i] ^= key[i];
    }

        /* perform inner RIPEMD-160 */

    RMD160Init(&context);           /* init context for 1st pass */
    RMD160Update(&context, k_ipad, 64);  /* start with inner pad */
    RMD160Update(&context, input, len); /* then text of datagram */
    RMD160Final(digest, &context);         /* finish up 1st pass */

        /* perform outer RIPEMD-160 */
    RMD160Init(&context);           /* init context for 2nd pass */
    RMD160Update(&context, k_opad, 64);  /* start with outer pad */
    /* then results of 1st hash */
    RMD160Update(&context, digest, RMD160_DIGESTSIZE);
    RMD160Final(digest, &context);         /* finish up 2nd pass */

    memset(k_ipad, 0x00, sizeof(k_ipad));
    memset(k_opad, 0x00, sizeof(k_opad));
}


















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RFC 2286       Test Cases: HMAC-RIPEMD160, HMAC-RIPEMD128  February 1998


Full Copyright Statement

   Copyright (C) The Internet Society (1998).  All Rights Reserved.

   This document and translations of it may be copied and furnished to
   others, and derivative works that comment on or otherwise explain it
   or assist in its implementation may be prepared, copied, published
   and distributed, in whole or in part, without restriction of any
   kind, provided that the above copyright notice and this paragraph are
   included on all such copies and derivative works.  However, this
   document itself may not be modified in any way, such as by removing
   the copyright notice or references to the Internet Society or other
   Internet organizations, except as needed for the purpose of
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   followed, or as required to translate it into languages other than
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   The limited permissions granted above are perpetual and will not be
   revoked by the Internet Society or its successors or assigns.

   This document and the information contained herein is provided on an
   "AS IS" basis and THE INTERNET SOCIETY AND THE INTERNET ENGINEERING
   TASK FORCE DISCLAIMS ALL WARRANTIES, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING
   BUT NOT LIMITED TO ANY WARRANTY THAT THE USE OF THE INFORMATION
   HEREIN WILL NOT INFRINGE ANY RIGHTS OR ANY IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF
   MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.
























Kapp                         Informational                      [Page 7]


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