[Docs] [txt|pdf] [draft-ietf-ion-vp...] [Diff1] [Diff2]

PROPOSED STANDARD

Network Working Group                                             B. Fox
Request for Comments: 2685                           Lucent Technologies
Category: Standards Track                                     B. Gleeson
                                                         Nortel Networks
                                                          September 1999


                  Virtual Private Networks Identifier

Status of this Memo

   This document specifies an Internet standards track protocol for the
   Internet community, and requests discussion and suggestions for
   improvements.  Please refer to the current edition of the "Internet
   Official Protocol Standards" (STD 1) for the standardization state
   and status of this protocol.  Distribution of this memo is unlimited.

Copyright Notice

   Copyright (C) The Internet Society (1999).  All Rights Reserved.

Abstract

   Virtual Private IP networks may span multiple Autonomous Systems or
   Service Providers.  There is a requirement for the use of a globally
   unique VPN identifier in order to be able to refer to a particular
   VPN (see section 6.1.1 of [1]).  This document proposes a format for
   a globally unique VPN identifier.

1. Introduction

   As the Public Internet expands and extends its infrastructure
   globally, the determination to exploit this infrastructure has led to
   widespread interest in IP based Virtual Private Networks.  A VPN
   emulates a private IP network over public or shared infrastructures.
   Virtual Private Networks provide advantages to both the Service
   Provider and its customers.  For its customers, a VPN can extend the
   IP capabilities of a corporate site to remote offices and/or users
   with intranet, extranet, and dialup services.  This connectivity
   should be achieved at a lower cost to the customer with savings in
   capital equipment, operations, and services.   The Service Provider
   is able to make better use of its infrastructure and network
   administration expertise offering IP VPN connectivity and/or services
   to its customers.

   There are many ways in which IP VPN services may be implemented.  The
   IP based VPN framework document [1] identifies four types of VPN to
   be supported:  Virtual Leased Lines, Virtual Private Routed Networks,



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RFC 2685          Virtual Private Networks Identifier     September 1999


   Virtual Private Dial Networks, and Virtual Private LAN Segments.  In
   addition, numerous drafts and white papers outline methods to be used
   by Service Providers and/or Service Provider customers to enable this
   service.  Solutions may be customer based or network based.  Network
   based solutions may provide connectivity and services at layer 2
   and/or layer 3.  The devices involved in enabling the solution may be
   Customer Premises Equipment (CPE), Service Provider Edge equipment,
   Service Provider Core equipment, or some combination of these.

   While the various methods of VPN service implementation are being
   discussed and debated, there are two points on which there is
   agreement:

    Because a VPN is private, it may use a private address space which
    may overlap with the address space of another VPN or the Public
    Internet.

    A VPN may span multiple IP Autonomous Systems (AS) or Service
    Providers.

   The first point indicates that an IP address only has meaning within
   the VPN in which it exists.  For this reason, it is necessary to
   identify the VPN in which a particular IP address has meaning, the
   "scope" of the IP address.

   The second point indicates that several methods of VPN service
   implementation may be used to provide connectivity and services to a
   single VPN.  Different service providers may employ different
   strategies based on their infrastructure and expertise.  It is
   desirable to be able to identify any particular VPN at any layer and
   at any location in which it exists using the same VPN identifier.

2. Global VPN Identifier

   The purpose of a VPN-ID is to identify a VPN.  This identifier may be
   used in various ways depending on the method of VPN service
   implementation.  For example, the VPN-ID may be included:

    - In a MIB to configure attributes to a VPN, or to assign a physical
      or logical access interface to a particular VPN.

    - In a control or data packet, to identify the "scope" of a private
      IP address and the VPN to which the data belongs.

   It is necessary to be able to identify the VPN with which a data
   packet is associated.  The VPN-ID may be used to make this
   association, either explicitly (e.g. through inclusion of the VPN-ID
   in an encapsulation header [2]) or implicitly (e.g. through inclusion



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RFC 2685          Virtual Private Networks Identifier     September 1999


   of the VPN-ID in a ATM signalling exchange [3]).  The appropriateness
   of using the VPN-ID in other contexts needs to be carefully
   evaluated.

   There is another very important function that may be served by the
   VPN identifier.  The VPN identifier may be used to define the "VPN
   authority" who is responsible for coordinating the connectivity and
   services employed by that VPN.  The VPN authority may be the Private
   Network administrator or the primary Service Provider.  The VPN
   authority will administer and serve as the main point of contact for
   the VPN.  The authority may outsource some functions and
   connectivity, set up contractual agreements with the different
   Service Providers involved, and coordinate configuration,
   performance, and fault management.

   These functions require a VPN that is global in scope and usable in
   various solutions.  To be a truly global VPN identifier, the format
   cannot force assumptions about the shared network(s). Conversely, the
   format should not be defined in such a way as to prohibit use of
   features of the shared network.  It is necessary to note that the
   same VPN may be identified at different layers of the same shared
   network, e.g. ATM and IP layers.  The same VPN-ID format and value
   should apply at both layers.

   The methods of VPN-ID usage are beyond the scope of this memo.

3. Global VPN Identifier Format Requirements

   The VPN Identifier format should meet the following requirements:

    - Provide a globally unique VPN Identifier usable across
      multiple Service Providers.
    - Enable support of a non-IP dependent VPN-ID for use in
      layer 2 VPNs.
    - Identify the VPN Authority within the VPN Identifier.


4.  Global VPN Identifier Format

   The global VPN Identifier format is:

     3 octet VPN authority Organizationally Unique Identifier [4]

   followed by

     4 octet VPN index identifying VPN according to OUI





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RFC 2685          Virtual Private Networks Identifier     September 1999


   0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
   +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
   | VPN OUI (MSB) |
   +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
   |   VPN OUI     |
   +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
   | VPN OUI (LSB) |
   +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
   |VPN Index (MSB)|
   +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
   |  VPN Index    |
   +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
   |  VPN Index    |
   +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
   |VPN Index (LSB)|
   +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+

   The VPN OUI (IEEE 802-1990 Organizationally Unique Identifier) [4]
   identifies the VPN authority.  The VPN authority will serve as the
   primary VPN administrator.  The VPN authority may be the
   company/organization to which the VPN belongs or a Service Provider
   that provides the underlying infrastructure using its own and/or
   other providers' shared networks.  The 4 octet VPN Index identifies a
   particular VPN serviced by the VPN authority.

5. Security Considerations

   This document defines the format of the global VPN identifier without
   specifying usage.  However, the association of particular
   characteristics and capabilities with a VPN identifier necessitates
   use of standard security procedures with any specified usage.
   Misconfiguration or deliberate forging of VPN identifier may result
   different breaches in security including the interconnection of
   different VPNs.

6. References

   [1] Gleeson, Heinanen, Lin, Armitage, Malis, "A Framework for IP
       Based Virtual Private Networks", Work in Progress.

   [2] Grossman, D. and J. Heinanen, "Multiprotocol Encapsulation over
       ATM Adaptation Layer 5", RFC 2684, September 1999.

   [3] "MPOA v1.1 Addendum on VPN Support", ATM Forum, af-mpoa-0129.000,
       August, 1999, Bernhard Petri, editor, final ballot document.

   [4] http://standards.ieee.org/regauth/oui/index.html




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RFC 2685          Virtual Private Networks Identifier     September 1999


7. Authors' Addresses

   Barbara A. Fox
   Lucent Technologies
   300 Baker Ave, Suite 100
   Concord, MA  01742-2168

   Phone: +1-978-287-2843
   EMail: barbarafox@lucent.com


   Bryan Gleeson
   Nortel Networks
   4500 Great America Parkway,
   Santa Clara, CA  95054

   Phone: +1-408-855-3711
   EMail: bgleeson@shastanets.com

































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RFC 2685          Virtual Private Networks Identifier     September 1999


8.  Full Copyright Statement

   Copyright (C) The Internet Society (1999).  All Rights Reserved.

   This document and translations of it may be copied and furnished to
   others, and derivative works that comment on or otherwise explain it
   or assist in its implementation may be prepared, copied, published
   and distributed, in whole or in part, without restriction of any
   kind, provided that the above copyright notice and this paragraph are
   included on all such copies and derivative works.  However, this
   document itself may not be modified in any way, such as by removing
   the copyright notice or references to the Internet Society or other
   Internet organizations, except as needed for the purpose of
   developing Internet standards in which case the procedures for
   copyrights defined in the Internet Standards process must be
   followed, or as required to translate it into languages other than
   English.

   The limited permissions granted above are perpetual and will not be
   revoked by the Internet Society or its successors or assigns.

   This document and the information contained herein is provided on an
   "AS IS" basis and THE INTERNET SOCIETY AND THE INTERNET ENGINEERING
   TASK FORCE DISCLAIMS ALL WARRANTIES, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING
   BUT NOT LIMITED TO ANY WARRANTY THAT THE USE OF THE INFORMATION
   HEREIN WILL NOT INFRINGE ANY RIGHTS OR ANY IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF
   MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.

Acknowledgement

   Funding for the RFC Editor function is currently provided by the
   Internet Society.



















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