[Docs] [txt|pdf] [draft-ietf-tn3270...] [Diff1] [Diff2]

Obsoleted by: 4777 INFORMATIONAL

Network Working Group                                     T. Murphy, Jr.
Request for Comments: 2877                                      P. Rieth
Category: Informational                                       J. Stevens
Updates: 1205                                            IBM Corporation
                                                               July 2000


                        5250 Telnet Enhancements

Status of this Memo

   This memo provides information for the Internet community.  It does
   not specify an Internet standard of any kind.  Distribution of this
   memo is unlimited.

Copyright Notice

   Copyright (C) The Internet Society (2000).  All Rights Reserved.

Abstract

   This memo describes the interface to the IBM 5250 Telnet server that
   allows client Telnet to request a Telnet terminal or printer session
   using a specific device name.  If a requested device name is not
   available, a method to retry the request using a new device name is
   described.  Methods to request specific Telnet session settings and
   auto-signon function are also described.

   By allowing a Telnet client to select the device name, the 5250
   Telnet server opens the door for applications to set and/or extract
   useful information about the Telnet client.  Some possibilities are
   1) selecting a customized device name associated with a particular
   user profile name for National Language Support or subsystem routing,
   2) connecting PC and network printers as clients and 3) auto-signon
   using clear-text or DES-encrypted password exchange.

   Applications may need to use system API's on the AS/400 in order to
   extract Telnet session settings from the device name description.
   Refer to the Retrieve Device Description (QDCRDEVD) API described in
   the AS/400 System API book [3] on how to extract information using
   the DEVD0600 and DEVD1100 templates.

   This memo describes how the IBM 5250 Telnet server supports Work
   Station Function (WSF) printers using 5250 Display Station Pass-
   Through.  A response code is returned by the Telnet server to
   indicate success or failure of the WSF printer session.





Murphy, et al.               Informational                      [Page 1]

RFC 2877                5250 Telnet Enhancements               July 2000


Table of Contents

    1.  Enhancing Telnet Negotiations......................   3
    2.  Standard Telnet Option Negotiation.................   3
    3.  Enhanced Telnet Option Negotiation.................   4
    4.  Enhanced Display Emulation Support.................   7
    5.  Enhanced Display Auto-Signon and Password
        Encryption.........................................   8
        5.1   Password Substitutes Processing..............  12
        5.2   Handling passwords of length 9 and 10........  14
        5.3   Example Password Substitute Calculation......  15
    6.  Device Name Collision Processing...................  15
    7.  Enhanced Printer Emulation Support.................  16
    8.  Telnet Printer Terminal Types......................  18
    9.  Telnet Printer Startup Response Record for Printer
        Emulators..........................................  20
        9.1  Example of a Success Response Record.........   20
        9.2  Example of an Error Response Record..........   21
        9.3  Response Codes...............................   22
   10.  Printer Steady-State Pass-Through Interface........  23
        10.1  Example of a Print Record....................  25
        10.2  Example of a Print Complete Record...........  27
        10.3  Example of a Null Print Record...............  27
   11.  End-to-End Print Example...........................  28
   12.  Authors' Note......................................  33
   13.  References.........................................  33
   14.  Security Considerations............................  35
   15.  Authors' Addresses.................................  35
   16.  Relation to Other RFC's............................  35
   17.  Full Copyright Statement...........................  36

LIST OF FIGURES

   Figure 1.  Example of a success status response
              record.......................................  20
   Figure 2.  Example of an error response record..........  21
   Figure 3.  Layout of the printer pass-through
              header.......................................  23
   Figure 4.  Server sending client data with a print
              record.......................................  26
   Figure 5.  Client sending server a print complete
              record.......................................  27
   Figure 6.  Server sending client a null print
              record.......................................  28







Murphy, et al.               Informational                      [Page 2]

RFC 2877                5250 Telnet Enhancements               July 2000


1. Enhancing Telnet Negotiations

   The 5250 Telnet server enables clients to negotiate both terminal and
   printer device names through Telnet Environment Options Negotiations,
   defined in the Standards Track RFC 1572 [13].

   The purpose of RFC 1572 is to exchange environment information using
   a set of standard or custom variables.  By using a combination of
   both standard VAR's and custom USERVAR's, the 5250 Telnet server
   allows client Telnet to request a pre-defined specific device by
   name.

   If no pre-defined device exists then the device will be created, with
   client Telnet having the option to negotiate device attributes, such
   as the code page, character set, keyboard type, etc.

   Since printers can now be negotiated as a device name, new terminal
   types have been defined to request printers.  For example, you can
   now negotiate "IBM-3812-1" and "IBM-5553-B01" as valid TERMINAL-TYPE
   options [11].

   Finally, the 5250 Telnet server will allow exchange of user profile
   and password information, where the password may be in either clear-
   text or encrypted form.  If a valid combination of profile and
   password is received, then the client is allowed to bypass the sign-
   on panel.  The setting of the QRMTSIGN system value must be either
   *VERIFY or *SAMEPRF for the bypass of the sign-on panel to succeed.

2. Standard Telnet Option Negotiation

   Telnet server option negotiation typically begins with the issuance,
   by the server, of an invitation to engage in terminal type
   negotiation with the Telnet client (DO TERMINAL-TYPE) [11].  The
   client and server then enter into a series of sub-negotiations to
   determine the level of terminal support that will be used.  After the
   terminal type is agreed upon, the client and server will normally
   negotiate a required set of additional options (EOR [12], BINARY
   [10], SGA [15]) that are required to support "transparent mode" or
   full screen 5250/3270 block mode support.  As soon as the required
   options have been negotiated, the server will suspend further
   negotiations, and begin with initializing the actual virtual device
   on the AS/400.  A typical exchange might start like the following:









Murphy, et al.               Informational                      [Page 3]

RFC 2877                5250 Telnet Enhancements               July 2000


   AS/400 Telnet server              Enhanced Telnet client
   --------------------------        -------------------------
   IAC DO TERMINAL-TYPE        -->
                               <--   IAC WILL TERMINAL-TYPE
   IAC SB TERMINAL-TYPE SEND
   IAC SE                      -->
                                     IAC SB TERMINAL-TYPE IS
                               <--   IBM-5555-C01 IAC SE
   IAC DO EOR                  -->
                               <--   IAC WILL EOR
                               <--   IAC DO EOR
   IAC WILL EOR                -->
                                .
                                .
   (other negotiations)         .

   Actual bytes transmitted in the above example are shown in hex below.

   AS/400 Telnet server              Enhanced Telnet client
   --------------------------        -------------------------
   FF FD 18                    -->
                               <--   FF FB 18
   FF FA 18 01 FF F0           -->
                                     FF FA 18 00 49 42 4D 2D
                                     35 35 35 35 2D 43 30 31
                               <--   FF F0
   FF FD 19                    -->
                               <--   FF FB 19
                               <--   FF FD 19
   FF FB 19                    -->
                                .
                                .
   (other negotiations)         .

   Some negotiations are symmetrical between client and server and some
   are negotiated in one direction only.  Also, it is permissible and
   common practice to bundle more than one response or request, or
   combine a request with a response, so the actual exchange may look
   different in practice to what is shown above.

3. Enhanced Telnet Option Negotiation

   In order to accommodate the new environment option negotiations, the
   server will bundle an environment option invitation along with the
   standard terminal type invitation request to the client.






Murphy, et al.               Informational                      [Page 4]

RFC 2877                5250 Telnet Enhancements               July 2000


   A client should either send a negative acknowledgment (WONT NEW-
   ENVIRON), or at some point after completing terminal-type
   negotiations, but before completing the full set of negotiations
   required for 5250 transparent mode, engage in environment option
   sub-negotiation with the server.  A maximum of 1024 bytes of
   environment strings may be sent to the server.  A recommended
   sequence might look like the following:

   AS/400 Telnet server              Enhanced Telnet client
   --------------------------        -------------------------
   IAC DO NEW-ENVIRON
   IAC DO TERMINAL-TYPE        -->
   (2 requests bundled)
                               <--   IAC WILL NEW-ENVIRON
   IAC SB NEW-ENVIRON SEND
   VAR IAC SE                  -->
                                     IAC SB NEW-ENVIRON IS
                                     VAR "USER" VALUE "JONES"
                                     USERVAR "DEVNAME"
                                     VALUE "MYDEVICE07"
                               <--   IAC SE
                               <--   IAC WILL TERMINAL-TYPE
                                     (do the terminal type
                                     sequence first)
   IAC SB TERMINAL-TYPE SEND
   IAC SE                      -->
                                     IAC SB TERMINAL-TYPE IS
                               <--   IBM-5555-C01 IAC SE
                                     (terminal type negotiations
                                     completed)
   IAC DO EOR                  -->
   (server will continue
   with normal transparent
   mode negotiations)
                               <--   IAC WILL EOR
                                .
                                .
     (other negotiations)       .

   Actual bytes transmitted in the above example are shown in hex below.

   AS/400 Telnet server              Enhanced Telnet client
   --------------------------        -------------------------
   FF FD 27
   FF FD 18                    -->
   (2 requests bundled)
                               <--   FF FB 27
   FF FA 27 01 00 FF F0        -->



Murphy, et al.               Informational                      [Page 5]

RFC 2877                5250 Telnet Enhancements               July 2000


                                     FF FA 27 00 00 55 53 45
                                     52 01 4A 4F 4E 45 53 03
                                     44 45 56 4E 41 4D 45 01
                                     4D 59 44 45 56 49 43 45
                               <--   30 37 FF F0
                               <--   FF FB 18
                                     (do the terminal type
                                     sequence first)
   FF FA 18 01 FF F0           -->
                                     FF FA 18 00 49 42 4D 2D
                                     35 35 35 35 2D 43 30 31
                               <--   FF F0
   FF FD 19                    -->
   (server will continue
   with normal transparent
   mode negotiations)
                               <--   FF FB 19
                                .
                                .
   (other negotiations)         .

   RFC 1572 defines 6 standard VAR's: USER, JOB, ACCT, PRINTER,
   SYSTEMTYPE, and DISPLAY.  The USER standard VAR will hold the value
   of the AS/400 user profile name to be used in auto-signon requests.
   The Telnet server will make no direct use of the additional 5 VAR's,
   nor are any of them required to be sent.  All standard VAR's and
   their values that are received by the Telnet server will be placed in
   a buffer, along with any USERVAR's received (described below), and
   made available to a registered initialization exit program to be used
   for any purpose desired.

   There are some reasons you may want to send NEW-ENVIRON negotiations
   prior to TERMINAL-TYPE negotiations.  With AS/400 TELNET server,
   several virtual device modes can be negotiated: 1) VTxxx device 2)
   3270 device 3) 5250 device (includes Network Station).  The virtual
   device mode selected depends on the TERMINAL-TYPE negotiated plus any
   other TELNET option negotiations necessary to support those modes.
   The AS/400 TELNET server will create the desired virtual device at
   the first opportunity it thinks it has all the requested attributes
   needed to create the device.  This can be as early as completion of
   the TERMINAL-TYPE negotiations.

   For the case of Transparent mode (5250 device), then the moment
   TERMINAL-TYPE, BINARY, and EOR options are negotiated the TELNET
   server will go create the virtual device.  Receiving any NEW-ENVIRON
   negotiations after these option negotiations are complete will result
   in the NEW-ENVIRON negotiations having no effect on device
   attributes, as the virtual device will have already been created.



Murphy, et al.               Informational                      [Page 6]

RFC 2877                5250 Telnet Enhancements               July 2000


   So, for Transparent mode, NEW-ENVIRON negotiations are effectively
   closed once EOR is negotiated, since EOR is generally the last option
   done.

   For other devices modes (such as VTxxx or 3270), you cannot be sure
   when the AS/400 TELNET server thinks it has all the attributes to
   create the device.  Recall that NEW-ENVIRON negotiations are
   optional, and therefore the AS/400 TELNET server need not wait for
   any NEW-ENVIRON options prior to creating the virtual device.  It is
   in the clients best interest to send NEW-ENVIRON negotiations as soon
   as possible, preferably before TERMINAL-TYPE is negotiated.  That
   way, the client can be sure the requested attributes were received
   before the virtual device is created.

4. Enhanced Display Emulation Support

   RFC 1572 style USERVAR variables have been defined to allow a
   compliant Telnet client more control over the Telnet server virtual
   device on the AS/400.  These USERVAR's allow the client Telnet to
   create or select a previously created virtual device.  If the virtual
   device does not exist and must be created, then the USERVAR variables
   are used to create and initialize the device attributes.  If the
   virtual device already exists, the device attributes are modified.

   The USERVAR's defined to accomplish this are:

   USERVAR    VALUE              EXAMPLE           DESCRIPTION
   --------   ----------------   ----------------  -------------------
   DEVNAME    us-ascii char(x)   MYDEVICE07        Display device name
   KBDTYPE    us-ascii char(3)   USB               Keyboard type
   CODEPAGE   us-ascii char(y)   437               Code page
   CHARSET    us-ascii char(y)   1212              Character set

   x - up to a maximum of 10 characters
   y - up to a maximum of 5 characters

   For a description of the KBDTYPE, CODEPAGE and CHARSET parameters and
   their permissible values, refer to Chapter 8 in the Communications
   Configuration Reference [5] and also to Appendix C in National
   Language Support [16].

   The CODEPAGE and CHARSET USERVAR's must be associated with a KBDTYPE
   USERVAR.  If either CODEPAGE or CHARSET are sent without KBDTYPE,
   they will default to system values.  A default value for KBDTYPE can
   be sent to force CODEPAGE and CHARSET values to be used.






Murphy, et al.               Informational                      [Page 7]

RFC 2877                5250 Telnet Enhancements               July 2000


   AS/400 system objects such as device names, user profiles, clear-text
   passwords, programs, libraries, etc. are required to be specified in
   English Upper Case (EUC).  This includes:

     Any letter (A-Z), any number (0-9), special characters (# $ _ @)

   Therefore, where us-ascii is specified for VAR or USERVAR values, it
   is recommended that upper-cased ASCII values be sent, which will be
   converted to EBCDIC by the Telnet server.

   A special case occurs for encrypted passwords (described in the next
   section), where both the initial password and user profile used to
   build the encrypted password must be EBCDIC English Upper Case, in
   order to be properly authenticated by the Telnet server.

5. Enhanced Display Auto-Signon and Password Encryption

   Several 5250 Telnet server specific USERVAR's will be defined.  One
   will carry a random seed to be used in Data Encryption Standard (DES)
   password encryption, and another will carry the encrypted copy of the
   password.  This would use the same 7-step DES-based password
   substitution scheme as APPC and Client Access.  For a description of
   DES encryption, refer to Federal Information Processing Standards
   Publications (FIPS) 46-2 [17] and 81 [18], which can be found at the
   Federal Information Processing Standards Publications link:

   http://www.itl.nist.gov/div897/pubs/by-num.htm

   For a description of the 7-step password substitution scheme, refer
   to these IBM Customer Support FTP Server links:

   ftp://ftp.networking.ibm.com/pub/standards/ciw/sig/sec/pwsubciw.ps
   ftp://ftp.networking.ibm.com/pub/standards/ciw/sig/sec/pwsubciw.ps.Z
   ftp://ftp.networking.ibm.com/pub/standards/ciw/sig/sec/pwsubciw.zip

   If encrypted password exchange is not required, clear-text password
   exchange is permitted using the same USERVAR's defined for
   encryption.  For this case, the random client seed should be set to
   either an empty value (RFC 1572 preferred method) or to hexadecimal
   zeros to indicate the password is not encrypted, but is clear-text.

   It should be noted that security of clear-text password exchange
   cannot be guaranteed unless the network is physically protected or a
   trusted network (such as an intranet).  If your network is vulnerable
   to IP address spoofing or directly connected to the Internet, you
   should engage in encrypted password exchange to validate a clients
   identity.




Murphy, et al.               Informational                      [Page 8]

RFC 2877                5250 Telnet Enhancements               July 2000


   Additional VAR's and USERVAR's have also been defined to allow an
   auto-signon user greater control over their startup environment,
   similar to what is supported using the Open Virtual Terminal
   (QTVOPNVT) API [3].

   The standard VAR's supported to accomplish this are:

   VAR        VALUE              EXAMPLE           DESCRIPTION
   --------   ----------------   ----------------  -------------------
   USER       us-ascii char(x)   USERXYZ           User profile name

   x - up to a maximum of 10 characters

   The custom USERVAR's defined to accomplish this are:

   USERVAR       VALUE              EXAMPLE           DESCRIPTION
   --------      ----------------   ----------------  -------------------
   IBMRSEED      binary(8)          8-byte hex field  Random client seed
   IBMSUBSPW     binary(10)         10-byte hex field Substitute password
   IBMCURLIB     us-ascii char(x)   QGPL              Current library
   IBMIMENU      us-ascii char(x)   MAIN              Initial menu
   IBMPROGRAM    us-ascii char(x)   QCMD              Program to call

   x - up to a maximum of 10 characters

   In order to communicate the server random seed value to the client,
   the server will request a USERVAR name made up of a fixed part (the 8
   characters "IBMRSEED" immediately followed by an 8-byte hexadecimal
   variable part, which is the server random seed.  The client generates
   its own 8-byte random seed value, and uses both seeds to encrypt the
   password.  Both the encrypted password and the client random seed
   value are then sent to the server for authentication.  RFC 1572 rules
   will need to be adhered to when transmitting the client random seed
   and substituted password values to the server.  Specifically, since a
   typical environment string is a variable length hexadecimal field,
   the hexadecimal fields are required to be escaped and/or byte stuffed
   according to the RFC 854 [8], where any single byte could be mis-
   construed as a Telnet IAC or other Telnet option negotiation control
   character.  The client must escape and/or byte stuff any bytes which
   could be seen as a RFC 1572 [13] option, specifically VAR, VALUE, ESC
   and USERVAR.










Murphy, et al.               Informational                      [Page 9]

RFC 2877                5250 Telnet Enhancements               July 2000


   The following illustrates the encrypted case:

   AS/400 Telnet server             Enhanced Telnet client
   --------------------------       -------------------------------
   IAC DO NEW-ENVIRON          -->
                               <--  IAC WILL NEW-ENVIRON
   IAC SB NEW-ENVIRON SEND
   USERVAR "IBMRSEEDxxxxxxxx"
   USERVAR "IBMSUBSPW"
   VAR USERVAR IAC SE          -->
                                    IAC SB NEW-ENVIRON IS
                                    VAR "USER" VALUE "DUMMYUSR"
                                    USERVAR "IBMRSEED" VALUE "yyyyyyyy"
                                    USERVAR "IBMSUBSPW" VALUE "zzzzzzzz"
                               <--  IAC SE
                                .
                                .
   (other negotiations)         .

   In this example, "xxxxxxxx" is an 8-byte hexadecimal random server
   seed, "yyyyyyyy" is an 8-byte hexadecimal random client seed and
   "zzzzzzzz" is an 8-byte hexadecimal encrypted password.  If the
   password is not valid, then the sign-on panel is displayed.  If the
   password is expired, then the Change Password panel is displayed.

   Actual bytes transmitted in the above example are shown in hex below,
   where the server seed is "7D3E488F18080404", the client seed is
   "4E4142334E414233" and the encrypted password is "DFB0402F22ABA3BA".
   The user profile used to generate the encrypted password is
   "44554D4D59555352" (DUMMYUSR), with a clear-text password of
   "44554D4D595057" (DUMMYPW).

   AS/400 Telnet server             Enhanced Telnet client
   --------------------------       -------------------------
   FF FD 27                    -->
                               <--  FF FB 27
   FF FA 27 01 03 49 42 4D
   52 53 45 45 44 7D 3E 48
   8F 18 08 04 04 03 49 42
   4D 53 55 42 53 50 57 03
   00 FF F0                    -->
                                    FF FA 27 00 00 55 53 45
                                    52 01 44 55 4D 4D 59 55
                                    53 52 03 49 42 4D 52 53
                                    45 45 44 01 4E 41 42 33
                                    4E 41 42 33 03 49 42 4D





Murphy, et al.               Informational                     [Page 10]

RFC 2877                5250 Telnet Enhancements               July 2000


                                    53 55 42 53 50 57 01 DF
                                    B0 40 2F 22 AB A3 BA FF
                               <--  F0

   The following illustrates the clear-text case:

   AS/400 Telnet server             Enhanced Telnet client
   --------------------------       -------------------------
   IAC DO NEW-ENVIRON          -->
                               <--  IAC WILL NEW-ENVIRON
   IAC SB NEW-ENVIRON SEND
   USERVAR "IBMRSEEDxxxxxxxx"
   USERVAR "IBMSUBSPW"
   VAR USERVAR IAC SE          -->
                                    IAC SB NEW-ENVIRON IS
                                    VAR "USER" VALUE "DUMMYUSR"
                                    USERVAR "IBMRSEED" VALUE
                                    USERVAR "IBMSUBSPW" VALUE "yyyyyyyy"
                               <--  IAC SE
                                .
                                .
   (other negotiations)         .

   In this example, "xxxxxxxx" is an 8-byte hexadecimal random server
   seed, "yyyyyyyyyy" is a 10-byte us-ascii client clear-text password.
   If the password has expired, then the sign-on panel is displayed.

   Actual bytes transmitted in the above example are shown in hex below,
   where the server seed is "7D3E488F18080404", the client seed is empty
   and the clear-text password is "44554D4D595057" (DUMMYPW).  The user
   profile used is "44554D4D59555352" (DUMMYUSR).

   AS/400 Telnet server             Enhanced Telnet client
   --------------------------       -------------------------
   FF FD 27                    -->
                               <--  FF FB 27
   FF FA 27 01 03 49 42 4D
   52 53 45 45 44 7D 3E 48
   8F 18 08 04 04 03 49 42
   4D 53 55 42 53 50 57 03
   00 FF F0                    -->
                                    FF FA 27 00 00 55 53 45
                                    52 01 44 55 4D 4D 59 55
                                    53 52 03 49 42 4D 52 53
                                    45 45 44 01 03 49 42 4D
                                    53 55 42 53 50 57 01 44
                               <--  55 4D 4D 59 50 57 FF F0




Murphy, et al.               Informational                     [Page 11]

RFC 2877                5250 Telnet Enhancements               July 2000


5.1 Password Substitutes Processing

   Both APPC and Client Access use well-known DES encryption algorithms
   to create encrypted passwords.  A Network Station or Enhanced Client
   can generate compatible encrypted passwords if they follow these
   steps, details of which can be found in the Federal Information
   Processing Standards 46-2 [17].

   1. Padded_PW = Left justified user password padded to the right with
      '40'X to 8 bytes.

      The users password must be left justified in an 8 byte variable
      and padded to the right with '40'X up to an 8 byte length.  If the
      users password is 8 bytes in length, no padding would occur.  For
      computing password substitutes for passwords of length 9 and 10
      see section "Handling passwords of length 9 and 10" below.
      Passwords less than 1 byte or greater than 10 bytes in length are
      not valid.  Please note, if password is not in EBCDIC, it must be
      converted to EBCDIC uppercase.

   2. XOR_PW = Padded_PW xor '5555555555555555'X

      The padded password is Exclusive OR'ed with 8 bytes of '55'X.

   3. SHIFT_RESULT = XOR_PW << 1

      The entire 8 byte result is shifted 1 bit to the left; the
      leftmost bit value is discarded, and the rightmost bit value is
      cleared to 0.

   4. PW_TOKEN = DES_ECB_mode(SHIFT_RESULT,              /* key  */
                              userID_in_EBCDIC_uppercase /* data */ )

      This shifted result is used as key to the Data Encryption Standard
      (Federal Information Processing Standards 46-2 [17]) to encipher
      the user identifier.  When the user identifier is less than 8
      bytes, it is left justified in an 8 byte variable and padded to
      the right with '40'X.  When the user identifier is 9 or 10 bytes,
      it is first padded to the right with '40'X to a length of 10
      bytes.  Then bytes 9 and 10 are "folded" into bytes 1-8 using the
      following algorithm:

        Bit 0 is the high-order bit (i.e. has value of '80'X).

        Byte 1, bits 0 and 1 are replaced with byte 1, bits 0 and 1
        Exclusive OR'ed with byte 9, bits 0 and 1.
        Byte 2, bits 0 and 1 are replaced with byte 2, bits 0 and 1
        Exclusive OR'ed with byte 9, bits 2 and 3.



Murphy, et al.               Informational                     [Page 12]

RFC 2877                5250 Telnet Enhancements               July 2000


        Byte 3, bits 0 and 1 are replaced with byte 3, bits 0 and 1
        Exclusive OR'ed with byte 9, bits 4 and 5.
        Byte 4, bits 0 and 1 are replaced with byte 4, bits 0 and 1
        Exclusive OR'ed with byte 9, bits 6 and 7.
        Byte 5, bits 0 and 1 are replaced with byte 5, bits 0 and 1
        Exclusive OR'ed with byte 10, bits 0 and 1.
        Byte 6, bits 0 and 1 are replaced with byte 6, bits 0 and 1
        Exclusive OR'ed with byte 10, bits 2 and 3.
        Byte 7, bits 0 and 1 are replaced with byte 7, bits 0 and 1
        Exclusive OR'ed with byte 10, bits 4 and 5.
        Byte 8, bits 0 and 1 are replaced with byte 8, bits 0 and 1
        Exclusive OR'ed with byte 10, bits 6 and 7.

      User identifier greater than 10 bytes or less than 1 byte are not
      the result of this encryption id known as PW_TOKEN in the paper.

   5. Increment PWSEQs and store it.

      Each LU must maintain a pair of sequence numbers for ATTACHs sent
      and received on each session.  Each time an ATTACH is generated,
      (and password substitutes are in use on the session) the sending
      sequence number, PWSEQs, is incremented and saved for the next
      time.  Both values are set to zero at BIND time.  So the first use
      of PWSEQs has the value of 1, and increases by one with each use.
      A new field is added to the ATTACH to carry this sequence number.
      However, in certain error conditions, it is possible for the
      sending side to increment the sequence number and the receiver may
      not increment it.  When the sender sends a subsequent ATTACH, the
      receiver will detect a missing sequence.  This is allowed.
      However the sequence number received must always be larger than
      the previous one, even if some are missing.

      The maximum number of consecutive missing sequence numbers allowed
      is 16.  If this is exceeded, the session is unbound with a
      protocol violation.

      Note: The sequence number must be incremented for every ATTACH
      sent.  However, the sequence number field is only required to be
      included in the FMH5 if a password substitute is sent (byte 4, bit
      3 on).

   6. RDrSEQ = RDr + PWSEQs  /* RDr is server seed. */

      The current value of PWSEQs is added to RDr, the random value
      received from the partner LU on this session, yielding RDrSEQ,
      essentially a predictably modified value of the random value
      received from the partner LU at BIND time.




Murphy, et al.               Informational                     [Page 13]

RFC 2877                5250 Telnet Enhancements               July 2000


   7. PW_SUB = DES_CBC_mode(PW_TOKEN,        /* key      */
                            (RDrSEQ,         /* 8 bytes  */
                             RDs,            /* 8 bytes  */
                             ID xor RDrSEQ,  /* 16 bytes */
                             PWSEQs,         /* 8 bytes  */
                             )               /* data     */
                            )

       The PW_TOKEN is used as a key to the DES function to generate
       a 8 bytes value for the following string of inputs.  The DES
       CBC mode Initialization Vector (IV) used is 8 bytes of '00'X.

         RDrSEQ: the random data value received from the partner LU
                 plus the sequence number.

         RDs:    the random data value sent to the partner LU on BIND
                 for this session.

         A 16 byte value created by:

                 - padding the user identifier with '40'X to a
                   length of 16 bytes.

                 - Exclusive OR the two 8 byte halves of the padded
                   user identifier with the RDrSEQ value.

                 Note: User ID must first be converted to EBCDIC
                 upper case.

         PWSEQs: the sequence number.

      This is similar to the process used on LU-LU verification as
      described in the Enhanced LU-LU Bind Security.  The resulting
      enciphered random data is the 'password substitute'.

5.2 Handling passwords of length 9 and 10

   1. Generate PW_TOKENa by using characters 1 to 8 of the password and
      steps 1-4 from the previous section.

   2. Generate PW_TOKENb by using characters 9 and 10 and steps 1-4 from
      the previous section.  In this case Padded_PW from step 1 will be
      characters 9 and 10 padded to the right with '40'X, for a total
      length of 8.

   3. PW_TOKEN = PW_TOKENa xor PW_TOKENb





Murphy, et al.               Informational                     [Page 14]

RFC 2877                5250 Telnet Enhancements               July 2000


   4. Now compute PW_SUB by performing steps 5-7 from the previous
      section.

5.3 Example Password Substitute Calculation

   ID:           USER123
   Password:     ABCDEFG
   Server seed:  '7D4C2319F28004B2'X
   Client seed:  '08BEF662D851F4B1'X
   PWSEQs:       1     (PWSEQs is a sequence number needed in the
                        7-step encryption, and it is always one)

   Encrypted Password should be : '5A58BD50E4DD9B5F'X

6. Device Name Collision Processing

   Device name collision occurs when a Telnet client sends the Telnet
   server a virtual device name that it wants to use, but that device is
   already in use on the server.  When this occurs, the Telnet server
   sends a request to the client asking it to try another device name.
   The environment option negotiation uses the USERVAR name of DEVNAME
   to communicate the virtual device name.  The following shows how the
   Telnet server will request the Telnet client to send a different
   DEVNAME when device name collision occurs.

   AS/400 Telnet server             Enhanced Telnet client
   --------------------------       -------------------------
   IAC SB NEW-ENVIRON SEND
   VAR USERVAR IAC SE         -->

   Server requests all environment variables be sent.

                                    IAC SB NEW-ENVIRON IS USERVAR
                                    "DEVNAME" VALUE "MYDEVICE1"
                                    USERVAR "xxxxx" VALUE "xxx"
                                    ...
                              <--   IAC SE

   Client sends all environment variables, including DEVNAME.  Server
   tries to select device MYDEVICE1.  If the device is already in use,
   server requests DEVNAME be sent again.

   IAC SB NEW-ENVIRON SEND
   USERVAR "DEVNAME" IAC SE   -->







Murphy, et al.               Informational                     [Page 15]

RFC 2877                5250 Telnet Enhancements               July 2000


   Server sends a request for a single environment variable: DEVNAME

                                    IAC SB NEW-ENVIRON IS USERVAR
                              <--   "DEVNAME" VALUE "MYDEVICE2" IAC SE

   Client sends one environment variable, calculating a new value of
   MYDEVICE2.  If MYDEVICE2 is different from the last request, then
   server tries to select device MYDEVICE2, else server disconnects
   client.  If MYDEVICE2 is also in use, server will send DEVNAME
   request again, and keep doing so until it receives a device that is
   not in use, or the same device name twice in row.

7. Enhanced Printer Emulation Support

   RFC 1572 style USERVAR variables have been defined to allow a
   compliant Telnet client more control over the Telnet server virtual
   device on the AS/400.  These USERVAR's allow the client Telnet to
   select a previously created virtual device or auto-create a new
   virtual device with requested attributes.

   This makes the enhancements available to any Telnet client that
   chonoses to support the new negotiations.

   The USERVAR's defined to accomplish this are:

   USERVAR       VALUE            EXAMPLE           DESCRIPTION
   ------------- ---------------- ----------------  -------------------
   DEVNAME       us-ascii char(x) PRINTER1          Printer device name
   IBMIGCFEAT    us-ascii char(6) 2424J0            IGC feature (DBCS)
   IBMMSGQNAME   us-ascii char(x) QSYSOPR           *MSGQ name
   IBMMSGQLIB    us-ascii char(x) QSYS              *MSGQ library
   IBMFONT       us-ascii char(x) 12                Font
   IBMFORMFEED   us-ascii char(1) C | U | A         Formfeed
   IBMTRANSFORM  us-ascii char(1) 1 | 0             Transform
   IBMMFRTYPMDL  us-ascii char(x) *IBM42023         Mfg. type and model
   IBMPPRSRC1    binary(1)        1-byte hex field  Paper source 1
   IBMPPRSRC2    binary(1)        1-byte hex field  Paper source 2
   IBMENVELOPE   binary(1)        1-byte hex field  Envelope hopper
   IBMASCII899   us-ascii char(1) 1 | 0             ASCII 899 support
   IBMWSCSTNAME  us-ascii char(x) *NONE             WSCST name
   IBMWSCSTLIB   us-ascii char(x) *LIBL             WSCST library

   x - up to a maximum of 10 characters

   The "IBM" prefix on the USERVAR's denotes AS/400 specific attributes.

   The DEVNAME USERVAR is used both for displays and printers.  The
   IBMFONT and IBMASCII899 are used only for SBCS environments.



Murphy, et al.               Informational                     [Page 16]

RFC 2877                5250 Telnet Enhancements               July 2000


   For a description of most of these parameters (drop the "IBM" from
   the USERVAR) and their permissible values, refer to Chapter 8 in the
   Communications Configuration Reference [5].

   The IBMIGCFEAT supports the following variable DBCS language
   identifiers in position 5 (positions 1-4 must be '2424', position 6
   must be '0'):

        'J' = Japanese              'K' = Korean
        'C' = Traditional Chinese   'S' = Simplified Chinese

   The IBMTRANSFORM and IBMASCII899 values correspond to:

        '1' = Yes  '2' = No

   The IBMFORMFEED values correspond to:

        'C' = Continuous  'U' = Cut  'A' = Autocut

   The IBMPPRSRC1, IBMPPRSRC2 and IBMENVELOPE custom USERVAR's do not
   map directly to their descriptions in Chapter 8 in the Communications
   Configuration Reference [5].  To map these, use the index listed
   here:

   IBMPPRSRC1    HEX     IBMPPRSRC2    HEX     IBMENVELOPE    HEX
   ----------   -----    ----------   -----    -----------   -----
   *NONE        'FF'X    *NONE        'FF'X    *NONE         'FF'X
   *MFRTYPMDL   '00'X    *MFRTYPMDL   '00'X    *MFRTYPMDL    '00'X
   *LETTER      '01'X    *LETTER      '01'X    *B5           '06'X
   *LEGAL       '02'X    *LEGAL       '02'X    *MONARCH      '09'X
   *EXECUTIVE   '03'X    *EXECUTIVE   '03'X    *NUMBER9      '0A'X
   *A4          '04'X    *A4          '04'X    *NUMBER10     '0B'X
   *A5          '05'X    *A5          '05'X    *C5           '0C'X
   *B5          '06'X    *B5          '06'X    *DL           '0D'X
   *CONT80      '07'X    *CONT80      '07'X
   *CONT132     '08'X    *CONT132     '08'X
   *A3          '0E'X    *A3          '0E'X
   *B4          '0F'X    *B4          '0F'X
   *LEDGER      '10'X    *LEDGER      '10'X

   Note 1:  For IBMPPRSRC2, *CONT80 and *CONT132 support starts at V3R7.

   Note 2:  For IBMPPRSRC1 and IBMPPRSRC2, *A3, *B4 and *LEDGER support
   starts at V3R7.







Murphy, et al.               Informational                     [Page 17]

RFC 2877                5250 Telnet Enhancements               July 2000


8. Telnet Printer Terminal Types

   New Telnet options are defined for the printer pass-through mode of
   operation.  To enable printer pass-through mode, both the client and
   server must agree to at least support the Transmit-Binary, End-Of-
   Record, and Terminal-Type Telnet options.  The following are new
   terminal types for printers:

   TERMINAL-TYPE  DESCRIPTION
   -------------  -------------------
   IBM-5553-B01   Double-Byte printer
   IBM-3812-1     Single-Byte printer

   Specific characteristics of the IBM-5553-B01 or IBM-3812-1 printers
   are specified through the USERVAR IBMMFRTYPMDL, which specifies the
   manufacturer type and model.

   An example of a typical negotiation process to establish printer
   pass-through mode of operation is shown below.  In this example, the
   server initiates the negotiation by sending the DO TERMINAL-TYPE
   request.

   For DBCS environments, if IBMTRANSFORM is set to 1 (use Host Print
   Transform), then the virtual device created is 3812, not 5553.
   Therefore, IBM-3812-1 should be negotiated for TERMINAL-TYPE, and not
   IBM-5553-B01.

   AS/400 Telnet server            Enhanced Telnet client
   --------------------------      --------------------------
   IAC DO NEW-ENVIRON         -->
                              <--  IAC WILL NEW-ENVIRON
   IAC SB NEW-ENVIRON SEND
   VAR USERVAR IAC SE         -->
                                   IAC SB NEW-ENVIRON IS
                                   USERVAR "DEVNAME" VALUE "PCPRINTER"
                                   USERVAR "IBMMSGQNAME" VALUE "QSYSOPR"
                                   USERVAR "IBMMSGQLIB" VALUE "*LIBL"
                                   USERVAR "IBMTRANSFORM" VALUE "0"
                                   USERVAR "IBMFONT" VALUE "12"
                                   USERVAR "IBMFORMFEED" VALUE "C"
                                   USERVAR "IBMPPRSRC1" VALUE ESC '01'X
                                   USERVAR "IBMPPRSRC2" VALUE '04'X
                                   USERVAR "IBMENVELOPE" VALUE IAC 'FF'X
                              <--  IAC SE
   IAC DO TERMINAL-TYPE       -->
                              <--  IAC WILL TERMINAL-TYPE
   IAC SB TERMINAL-TYPE SEND
   IAC SE                     -->



Murphy, et al.               Informational                     [Page 18]

RFC 2877                5250 Telnet Enhancements               July 2000


                                   IAC SB TERMINAL-TYPE IS IBM-3812-1
                              <--  IAC SE
   IAC DO BINARY              -->
                              <--  IAC WILL BINARY
   IAC DO EOR                 -->
                              <--  IAC WILL EOR

   Some points about the above example.  The IBMPPRSRC1 value requires
   escaping the value using ESC according to RFC 1572 [13].  The
   IBMPPRSRC2 does not require an ESC character since '04'X has no
   conflict with RFC 1572 options.  Finally, to send 'FF'X for the
   IBMENVELOPE value, escape the 'FF'X value by using another 'FF'X
   (called "doubling"), so as not to have the value interpreted as a
   Telnet character per RFC 854 [8].

   Actual bytes transmitted in the above example are shown in hex below.

   AS/400 Telnet server             Enhanced Telnet client
   --------------------------       --------------------------
   FF FD 27                    -->
                               <--  FF FB 27
   FF FA 27 01 00 03 FF F0     -->
                                    FF FA 27 00 03 44 45 56
                                    4E 41 4D 45 01 50 43 50
                                    52 49 4E 54 45 52 03 49
                                    42 4D 4D 53 47 51 4E 41
                                    4D 45 01 51 53 59 53 4F
                                    50 52 03 49 42 4D 4D 53
                                    47 51 4C 49 42 01 2A 4C
                                    49 42 4C 03 49 42 4D 54
                                    52 41 4E 53 46 4F 52 4D
                                    01 30 03 49 42 4D 46 4F
                                    4E 54 01 31 32 03 49 42
                                    4D 46 4F 52 4D 46 45 45
                                    44 01 43 03 49 42 4D 50
                                    50 52 53 52 43 31 01 02
                                    01 03 49 42 4D 50 50 52
                                    53 52 43 32 01 04 03 49
                                    42 4D 45 4E 56 45 4C 4F
                               <--  50 45 01 FF FF FF F0
   FF FD 18                    -->
                               <--  FF FB 18
   FF FA 18 01 FF F0           -->
                                    FF FA 18 00 49 42 4D 2D
                               <--  33 38 31 32 2D 31 FF F0
   FF FD 00                    -->
                               <--  FF FB 00
   FF FD 19                    -->



Murphy, et al.               Informational                     [Page 19]

RFC 2877                5250 Telnet Enhancements               July 2000


                                    FF FB 19

9. Telnet Printer Startup Response Record for Printer Emulators

   Once Telnet negotiation for a 5250 pass-through mode is completed,
   the 5250 Telnet server will initiate a virtual printer power-on
   sequence on behalf of the Telnet client.  The Telnet server will
   supply a Startup Response Record to the Telnet client with the status
   of the printer power-on sequence, indicating success or failure of
   the virtual printer power-on sequence.

   This section shows an example of two Startup Response Records.  The
   source device is a type 3812 model 01 printer with name "PCPRINTER"
   on the target system "TARGET".

   Figure 1 shows an example of a successful response; Figure 2 shows an
   example of an error response.

9.1 Example of a Success Response Record

   The response record in Figure 1 was sent by an AS/400 at Release
   V4R2.  It is an example of the target sending back a successful
   Startup Response Record.

   +------------------------------------------------------------------+
   |       +-----  Pass-Through header                                |
   |       |          +---  Response data                             |
   |       |          |            +----  Start diagnostic information|
   |       |          |            |                                  |
   | +----------++----------++--------------------------------------- |
   | |          ||          ||                                        |
   | 004912A090000560060020C0003D0000C9F9F0F2E3C1D9C7C5E34040D7C3D7D9 |
   |                                 |      | T A R G E T     P C P R |
   |                                 +------+                         |
   |                           Response Code (I902)                   |
   |                                                                  |
   | ---------------------------------------------------------------- |
   |                                                                  |
   | C9D5E3C5D9400000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000 |
   |  I N T E R                                                       |
   |                                                                  |
   |                  +------- End of diagnostic information          |
   |                  |                                               |
   | -----------------+                                               |
   |                  |                                               |
   | 000000000000000000                                               |
   +------------------------------------------------------------------+
    Figure 1. Example of a success response record.



Murphy, et al.               Informational                     [Page 20]

RFC 2877                5250 Telnet Enhancements               July 2000


   - '0049'X = Length pass-through data, including this length field
   - '12A0'X = GDS LU6.2 header
   - '90000560060020C0003D0000'X = Fixed value fields
   - 'C9F9F0F2'X                 = Response Code (I902)
   - 'E3C1D9C7C5E34040'X         = System Name (TARGET)
   - 'D7C3D7D9C9D5E3C5D940'X     = Object Name (PCPRINTER)

9.2 Example of an Error Response Record

   The response record in Figure 2 is one that reports an error.  The
   virtual device named "PCPRINTER", is not available on the target
   system "TARGET", because the device is not available.  You would
   normally see this error if the printer was already assigned to
   another Telnet session.

   +------------------------------------------------------------------+
   |       +-----  Pass-Through header                                |
   |       |          +---  Response data                             |
   |       |          |            +----  Start diagnostic information|
   |       |          |            |                                  |
   | +----------++----------++--------------------------------------- |
   | |          ||          ||                                        |
   | 004912A09000056006008200003D0000F8F9F0F2E3C1D9C7C5E34040D7C3D7D9 |
   |                                 |      | T A R G E T     P C P R |
   |                                 +------+                         |
   |                           Response Code (8902)                   |
   |                                                                  |
   | ---------------------------------------------------------------- |
   |                                                                  |
   | C9D5E3C5D9400000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000 |
   |  I N T E R                                                       |
   |                                                                  |
   |                  +------- End of diagnostic information          |
   |                  |                                               |
   | -----------------+                                               |
   |                  |                                               |
   | 000000000000000000                                               |
   +------------------------------------------------------------------+
    Figure 2. Example of an error response record.

   - '0049'X = Length pass-through data, including this length field
   - '12A0'X = GDS LU6.2 header
   - '90000560060020C0003D0000'X = Fixed value fields
   - 'F8F9F0F2'X                 = Response Code (8902)
   - 'E3C1D9C7C5E34040'X         = System Name (TARGET)
   - 'D7C3D7D9C9D5E3C5D940'X     = Object Name (PCPRINTER)





Murphy, et al.               Informational                     [Page 21]

RFC 2877                5250 Telnet Enhancements               July 2000


9.3 Response Codes

   The Start-Up Response Record success response codes:

   CODE    DESCRIPTION
   ----    ------------------------------------------------------
   I901    Virtual device has less function than source device
   I902    Session successfully started
   I906    Automatic sign-on requested, but not allowed.
           Session still allowed; a sign-on screen will be
           coming.

   The Start-Up Response Record error response codes:

   CODE    DESCRIPTION
   ----    ------------------------------------------------------
   2702    Device description not found.
   2703    Controller description not found.
   2777    Damaged device description.
   8901    Device not varied on.
   8902    Device not available.
   8903    Device not valid for session.
   8906    Session initiation failed.
   8907    Session failure.
   8910    Controller not valid for session.
   8916    No matching device found.
   8917    Not authorized to object.
   8918    Job canceled.
   8920    Object partially damaged.
   8921    Communications error.
   8922    Negative response received.
   8923    Start-up record built incorrectly.
   8925    Creation of device failed.
   8928    Change of device failed.
   8929    Vary on or vary off failed.
   8930    Message queue does not exist.
   8934    Start-up for S/36 WSF received.
   8935    Session rejected.
   8936    Security failure on session attempt.
   8937    Automatic sign-on rejected.
   8940    Automatic configuration failed or not allowed.
   I904    Source system at incompatible release.









Murphy, et al.               Informational                     [Page 22]

RFC 2877                5250 Telnet Enhancements               July 2000


10. Printer Steady-State Pass-Through Interface

   The information in this section applies to the passthrough session
   after the receipt of startup confirmation records is complete.

   Following is the printer header interface used by Telnet.

   +------------------------------------------------------------------+
   |   +-- Length of structure (LLLL)                                 |
   |   |                                                              |
   |   |    +-- GDS identifier                                        |
   |   |    |                                                         |
   |   |    |    +-- Data flow record                                 |
   |   |    |    |                                                    |
   |   |    |    |   +-- Length of pass-through specific header (LL)  |
   |   |    |    |   |                                                |
   |   |    |    |   |   +-- Flags                                    |
   |   |    |    |   |   |                                            |
   |   |    |    |   |   |   +-- Printer operation code               |
   |   |    |    |   |   |   |                                        |
   |   |    |    |   |   |   |      +-- Diagnostic field - zero pad to|
   |   |    |    |   |   |   |      |   LL specified                  |
   |   |    |    |   |   |   |      |                                 |
   |   |    |    |   |   |   |      |            +-- Printer data     |
   |   |    |    |   |   |   |      |            |                    |
   | +--+ +--+ +--+ ++ +--+ ++ +----------+ +----------------+        |
   | |  | |  | |  | || |  | || |          | |                |        |
   | xxxx 12A0 xxxx xx xxxx xx xxxxxxxxxxxx ... print data ...        |
   |                                                                  |
   +------------------------------------------------------------------+
    Figure 3. Layout of the printer pass-through header

   BYTES 0-1:   Length of structure including this field (LLLL)

   BYTES 2-3:   GDS Identifier ('12A0'X)

   BYTE 4-5:    Data flow record

                This field contains flags that describe what type of
                data pass-through should expect to find following this
                header.  Generally, bits 0-2 in the first byte are
                mutually exclusive (that is, if one of them is set to '
                1'B, the rest will be set to '0'B.) The bits, and their
                meanings follow.







Murphy, et al.               Informational                     [Page 23]

RFC 2877                5250 Telnet Enhancements               July 2000


                BIT       DESCRIPTION

                0         Start-Up confirmation
                1         Termination record
                2         Start-Up Record
                3         Diagnostic information included
                4 - 5     Reserved
                6         Reserved
                7         Printer record
                8 - 13    Reserved
                14        Client-originated (inbound) printer record
                15        Server-originated (outbound) printer record

   BYTE 6:      Length printer pass-through header including this
                field (LL)

   BYTES 7-8:   Flags

     BYTE 7 BITS:  xxxx x111 --> Reserved
                   xxxx 1xxx --> Last of chain
                   xxx1 xxxx --> First of chain
                   xx1x xxxx --> Printer now ready
                   x1xx xxxx --> Intervention Required
                   1xxx xxxx --> Error Indicator

     BYTE 8 BITS:  xxxx xxxx --> Reserved

   BYTE 9:      Printer operation code

                '01'X  Print/Print complete
                '02'X  Clear Print Buffers

   BYTE 10-LL:  Diagnostic information (1)

     If BYTE 7 = xx1x xxxx then bytes 10-LL may contain:
        Printer ready                C9 00 00 00 02

     If BYTE 7 = x1xx xxxx then bytes 10-LL may contain: (2)
        Command/parameter not valid  C9 00 03 02 2x
        Print check                  C9 00 03 02 3x
        Forms check                  C9 00 03 02 4x
        Normal periodic condition    C9 00 03 02 5x
        Data stream error            C9 00 03 02 6x
        Machine/print/ribbon check   C9 00 03 02 8x

     If BYTE 7 = 1xxx xxxx then bytes 10-LL may contain: (3)
        Cancel                       08 11 02 00
        Invalid print parameter      08 11 02 29



Murphy, et al.               Informational                     [Page 24]

RFC 2877                5250 Telnet Enhancements               July 2000


        Invalid print command        08 11 02 28

   Diagnostic information notes:

   1.  LL is the length of the structure defined in Byte 6.  If no
       additional data is present, the remainder of the structure must
       be padded with zeroes.

   2.  These are printer SIGNAL commands.  Further information on these
       commands may be obtained from the 5494 Remote Control Unit
       Functions Reference guide [2].  Refer to your AS/400 printer
       documentation for more specific information on these data stream
       exceptions.  Some 3812 and 5553 errors that may be seen:

       Machine check              C9 00 03 02 11
       Graphics check             C9 00 03 02 26
       Print check                C9 00 03 02 31
       Form jam                   C9 00 03 02 41
       Paper jam                  C9 00 03 02 47
       End of forms               C9 00 03 02 50
       Printer not ready          C9 00 03 02 51
       Data stream - class 1      C9 00 03 02 66 loss of text
       Data stream - class 2      C9 00 03 02 67 text appearance
       Data stream - class 3      C9 00 03 02 68 multibyte control error
       Data stream - class 4      C9 00 03 02 69 multibyte control parm
       Cover unexpectedly open    C9 00 03 02 81
       Machine check              C9 00 03 02 86
       Machine check              C9 00 03 02 87
       Ribbon check               C9 00 03 02 88

   3.  These are printer negative responses.  Further information on
       these commands may be obtained from the 5494 Remote Control Unit
       Functions Reference guide [2].

       The print data will start in byte LL+1.

10.1 Example of a Print Record

   Figure 4 shows the server sending the client data with a print
   record.  This is normally seen following receipt of a Success
   Response Record, such as the example in Figure 1.










Murphy, et al.               Informational                     [Page 25]

RFC 2877                5250 Telnet Enhancements               July 2000


  +--------------------------------------------------------------------+
  |   +-- Length of structure (LLLL)                                   |
  |   |    +-- GDS identifier                                          |
  |   |    |    +-- Data flow record                                   |
  |   |    |    |   +-- Length of pass-through specific header (LL)    |
  |   |    |    |   |   +-- Flags                                      |
  |   |    |    |   |   |   +-- Printer operation code                 |
  |   |    |    |   |   |   |      +-- Zero pad to LL specified (0A)   |
  |   |    |    |   |   |   |      |            +-- Printer data       |
  |   |    |    |   |   |   |      |            |                      |
  | +--+ +--+ +--+ ++ +--+ ++ +----------+ +---------------------------|
  | |  | |  | |  | || |  | || |          | |                           |
  | 0085 12A0 0101 0A 1800 01 000000000000 34C4012BD20345FF2BD2044C0002|
  |                                                                    |
  | ------------------------------------------------------------       |
  |                                                                    |
  | 2BD2040D00002BD20A8501010201030204022BD20309022BD2061100014A       |
  |                                                                    |
  | ------------------------------------------------------------       |
  |                                                                    |
  | 402BD20601010000012BD306F60000FFFF2BD20A48000001000000010100       |
  |                                                                    |
  | ------------------------------------------------------------       |
  |                                                                    |
  | 2BD10705000B0090012BD2044900F02BD206404A403DE02BD2041500F034       |
  |                                                                    |
  |    end of printer data                                             |
  | -------------------------+                                         |
  |                          |                                         |
  | C4012BD10381FF002BC8034001                                         |
  +--------------------------------------------------------------------+
   Figure 4. Server sending client data with a print record

   - '0085'X         = Logical record length, including this byte (LLLL)
   - '12A0'X         = GDS LU6.2 header
   - '0101'X         = Data flow record (server to client)
   - '0A'X           = Length of pass-through specific header (LL)
   - '1800'X         = First of chain / Last of chain indicators
   - '01'X           = Print
   - '000000000000'X = Zero pad header to LL specified
   - '34C401'X       = First piece of data for spooled data
   - Remainder is printer data/commands/orders









Murphy, et al.               Informational                     [Page 26]

RFC 2877                5250 Telnet Enhancements               July 2000


10.2 Example of a Print Complete Record

   Figure 5 shows the client sending the server a print complete record.
   This would normally follow receipt of a print record, such as the
   example in Figure 4.  This indicates successful completion of a print
   request.

   +-------------------------------------------------------------------+
   |   +-- Length of structure (LLLL)                                  |
   |   |    +-- GDS identifier                                         |
   |   |    |    +-- Data flow record                                  |
   |   |    |    |   +-- Length of pass-through specific header (LL)   |
   |   |    |    |   |   +-- Flags                                     |
   |   |    |    |   |   |   +-- Printer operation code                |
   |   |    |    |   |   |   |                                         |
   | +--+ +--+ +--+ ++ +--+ ++                                         |
   | |  | |  | |  | || |  | ||                                         |
   | 000A 12A0 0102 04 0000 01                                         |
   +-------------------------------------------------------------------+
    Figure 5. Client sending server a print complete record

   - '000A'X = Logical record length, including this byte (LLLL)
   - '12A0'X = GDS LU6.2 header
   - '0102'X = Data flow response record (client to server)
   - '04'X   = Length of pass-through specific header (LL)
   - '0000'X = Good Response
   - '01'X   = Print Complete

10.3 Example of a Null Print Record

   Figure 6 shows the server sending the client a null print record.
   The null print record is the last print command the server sends to
   the client for a print job, and indicates to the printer there is no
   more data.  The null data byte '00'X is optional, and in some cases
   may be omitted (in particular, this scenario occurs in DBCS print
   streams).

   This example would normally follow any number of print records, such
   as the example in Figure 4.  This indicates successful completion of
   a print job.  The client normally responds to this null print record
   with another print complete record, such as in Figure 5.










Murphy, et al.               Informational                     [Page 27]

RFC 2877                5250 Telnet Enhancements               July 2000


   +------------------------------------------------------------------+
   |   +-- Length of structure (LLLL)                                 |
   |   |    +-- GDS identifier                                        |
   |   |    |    +-- Data flow record                                 |
   |   |    |    |   +-- Length of pass-through specific header (LL)  |
   |   |    |    |   |   +-- Flags                                    |
   |   |    |    |   |   |   +-- Printer operation code               |
   |   |    |    |   |   |   |      +-- Zero pad to LL specified (0A) |
   |   |    |    |   |   |   |      |        +-- Printer data         |
   |   |    |    |   |   |   |      |        |                        |
   | +--+ +--+ +--+ ++ +--+ ++ +----------+ ++                        |
   | |  | |  | |  | || |  | || |          | ||                        |
   | 0011 12A0 0101 0A 0800 01 000000000000 00                        |
   +------------------------------------------------------------------+
    Figure 6. Server sending client a null print record

   - '0011'X         = Logical record length, including this byte
   - '12A0'X         = GDS LU6.2 header
   - '0101'X         = Data flow record
   - '0A'X           = Length of pass-through specific header (LL)
   - '0800'X         = Last of Chain
   - '01'X           = Print
   - '000000000000'X = Zero pad header to LL specified
   - '00'X           = Null data byte

11. End-to-End Print Example

   The next example shows a full print exchange between a Telnet client
   and server for a 526 byte spooled file.  Selective translation of the
   hexadecimal streams into 1) Telnet negotiations and 2) ASCII/EBCDIC
   characters are done to aid readability.  Telnet negotiations are
   delimited by '(' and ')' parenthesis characters; ASCII/EBCDIC
   conversions are bracketed by '|' vertical bar characters.

 AS/400 Telnet server                Enhanced Telnet client
 -------------------------------     ---------------------------------
 FFFD27                          -->

 (IAC DO NEW-ENVIRON)
                                 <-- FFFB27

                                     (IAC WILL NEW-ENVIRON)

 FFFD18FFFA270103 49424D5253454544
 7EA5DFDDFD300404 0003FFF0       -->

 (IAC DO TERMINAL-TYPE
 IAC SB NEW-ENVIRON SEND USERVAR



Murphy, et al.               Informational                     [Page 28]

RFC 2877                5250 Telnet Enhancements               July 2000


 IBMRSEED xxxxxxxx VAR USERVAR
 IAC SE)

                                 <-- FFFB18

                                     (IAC WILL TERMINAL-TYPE)

 FFFA1801FFF0                    -->

 (IAC SB TERMINAL-TYPE SEND IAC
  SE)

                                     FFFA27000349424D 52534545447EA5DF
                                     DDFD300404000344 45564E414D450144
                                     554D4D5950525403 49424D4D5347514E
                                     414D450151535953 4F50520349424D4D
                                     5347514C4942012A 4C49424C0349424D
                                     464F4E5401313103 49424D5452414E53
                                     464F524D01310349 424D4D4652545950
                                     4D444C012A485049 490349424D505052
                                     5352433101020103 49424D5050525352
                                     433201040349424D 454E56454C4F5045
                                     01FFFF0349424D41 5343494938393901
                                 <-- 30FFF0

                                     (IAC SB NEW-ENVIRON IS USERVAR
                                      IBMRSEED xxxxxxxx VAR
                                      USERVAR DEVNAME VALUE DUMMYPRT
                                      USERVAR IBMMSGQNAME VALUE QSYSOPR
                                      USERVAR IBMMSGQLIB VALUE *LIBL
                                      USERVAR IBMFONT VALUE 11
                                      USERVAR IBMTRANSFORM VALUE 1
                                      USERVAR IBMMFRTYPMDL VALUE *HPII
                                      USERVAR IBMPPRSRC1 VALUE ESC '01'X
                                      USERVAR IBMPPRSRC2 VALUE '04'X
                                      USERVAR IBMENVELOPE VALUE IAC
                                      USERVAR IBMASCII899 VALUE 0
                                      IAC SE)

                                 <-- FFFA180049424D2D 333831322D31FFF0

                                     (IAC SB TERMINAL-TYPE IS
                                      IBM-3812-1 IAC SE)
 FFFD19                          -->

 (IAC DO EOR)
                                 <-- FFFB19




Murphy, et al.               Informational                     [Page 29]

RFC 2877                5250 Telnet Enhancements               July 2000


                                     (IAC WILL EOR)

 FFFB19                          -->

 (IAC WILL EOR)
                                 <-- FFFD19

                                     (IAC DO EOR)
 FFFD00                          -->

 (IAC DO BINARY)
                                 <-- FFFB00

                                     (IAC WILL BINARY)
 FFFB00                          -->

 (IAC WILL BINARY)
                                 <-- FFFD00

                                     (IAC DO BINARY)

 004912A090000560 060020C0003D0000     |       -   {    |
 C9F9F0F2C5D3C3D9 E3D7F0F6C4E4D4D4     |I902ELCRTP06DUMM| (EBCDIC)
 E8D7D9E340400000 0000000000000000     |YPRT            |
 0000000000000000 0000000000000000     |                |
 0000000000000000 00FFEF           --> |                |

 (73-byte startup success response
  record ... IAC EOR)
 00DF12A001010A18 0001000000000000     |                |
 03CD1B451B283130 551B287330703130     |   E (10U (s0p10| (ASCII)
 2E30306831327630 733062303033541B     |.00h12v0s0b003T |
 287330421B266440 1B266C304F1B266C     |(s0B &d@ &l0O &l|
 303038431B266C30 3035431B28733070     |008C &l005C (s0p|
 31372E3130683130 7630733062303030     |17.10h10v0s0b000|
 541B283130551B28 73307031372E3130     |T (10U (s0p17.10|
 6831307630733062 303030541B287330     |h10v0s0b000T (s0|
 421B2664401B266C 314F1B266C303035     |B &d@ &l1O &l005|
 431B287330703137 2E31306831307630     |C (s0p17.10h10v0|
 733062303030541B 266C314F1B287330     |s0b000T &l1O (s0|
 7031372E31306831 3076307330623030     |p17.10h10v0s0b00|
 30541B2873307031 372E313068313076     |0T (s0p17.10h10v|
 3073306230303054 1B266C30303543FF     |0s0b000T &l005C |
 EF                                --> |                |

 (... 223-byte print record ...
  ... first of chain ...
  ... last of chain ... IAC EOR)



Murphy, et al.               Informational                     [Page 30]

RFC 2877                5250 Telnet Enhancements               July 2000


                                   <-- 000A12A001020400 0001FFEF

                                       (10-byte print complete header)
 031012A001010A10 0001000000000000     |                |
 03FFFF1B451B2831 30551B2873307031     |    E (10U (s0p1| (ASCII)
 372E313068313076 3073306230303054     |7.10h10v0s0b000T|
 1B287330421B2664 401B266C314F1B26     | (s0B &d@ &l1O &|
 6C303035431B266C 31481B266C314F1B     |l005C &l1H &l1O |
 266C3032411B266C 31431B266C303030     |&l02A &l1C &l000|
 38451B266C303038 431B266C30303439     |8E &l008C &l0049|
 461B266130521B26 6C303035430A0A0A     |F &a0R &l005C   |
 0A0A0A0A1B26612B 3030303130561B26     |     &a+00010V &|
 6C303035431B2661 2B30303231364820     |l005C &a+00216H |
 2020202020202020 2020202020202020     |                |
 2020202020205072 696E74204B657920     |      Print Key |
 4F75747075742020 2020202020202020     |Output          |
 2020202020202020 2020202020202020     |                |
 2020202020205061 6765202020310D0A     |      Page   1  |
 1B26612B30303231 3648202020203537     | &a+00216H    57|
 3639535331205634 52334D3020393830     |69SS1 V4R3M0 980|
 373203FFFF392020 2020202020202020     |72   9          |
 202020202020454C 4352545030362020     |      ELCRTP06  |
 2020202020202020 202030332F33312F     |          03/31/|
 3939202031363A33 303A34350D0A1B26     |99  16:30:45   &|
 612B303032313648 0D0A1B26612B3030     |a+00216H   &a+00|
 3231364820202020 446973706C617920     |216H    Display |
 4465766963652020 2E202E202E202E20     |Device  . . . . |
 2E203A2020515041 444556303033510D     |. :  QPADEV003Q |
 0A1B26612B303032 3136482020202055     |  &a+00216H    U|
 73657220202E202E 202E202E202E202E     |ser  . . . . . .|
 202E202E202E202E 203A202052434153     | . . . . :  RCAS|
 54524F0D0A1B2661 2B3030323136480D     |TRO   &a+00216H |
 0A1B26612B303032 313648204D41494E     |  &a+00216H MAIN|
 2020202020202020 2020202020202020     |                |
 2020202020202020 20202041532F3430     |           AS/40|
 30204D61696E204D 656E750D0A1B2661     |0 Main Menu   &a|
 2B30303203FFFF31 3648202020202020     |+002   16H      |
 2020202020202020 2020202020202020     |                |
 2020202020202020 2020202020202020     |                |
 2020202020202020 2020202020202020     |                |
 2020202020202053 797374656D3A2020     |       System:  |
 20454C4352545030 360D0A1B26612B30     | ELCRTP06   &a+0|
 3032313648205365 6C656374206F6E65     |0216H Select one|
 206F662074686520 666F6C6C6F77696E     | of the followin|
 673A0D0A1B26612B 3030323136480D0A     |g:   &a+00216H  |
 1B26612B30303231 3648202020202020     | &a+00216H      |
 312E205573657220 7461736B730D0A1B     |1. User tasks   |
 26612B3030323136 4820202020202032     |&a+00216H      2|



Murphy, et al.               Informational                     [Page 31]

RFC 2877                5250 Telnet Enhancements               July 2000


 2E204F6666696365 207461736B730D0A     |. Office tasks  |
 1B26612B30303231 36480D0A1B26612B     | &a+00216H   &a+|
 3030323136482020 20202020342E2046     |00216H      4. F|
 696C65732C206C69 627261726965732C     |iles, libraries,|
 20616EFFEF                            | an             |

 (... 784-byte print record ...
  ... first of chain ... IAC EOR)
                                   <-- 000A12A001020400 0001FFEF

                                       (10-byte print complete header)

 020312A001010A00 0001000000000000     |                |
 64206603FFFF6F6C 646572730D0A1B26     |d f   olders   &| (ASCII)
 612B303032313648 0D0A1B26612B3030     |a+00216H   &a+00|
 3231364820202020 2020362E20436F6D     |216H      6. Com|
 6D756E6963617469 6F6E730D0A1B2661     |munications   &a|
 2B3030323136480D 0A1B26612B303032     |+00216H   &a+002|
 3136482020202020 20382E2050726F62     |16H      8. Prob|
 6C656D2068616E64 6C696E670D0A1B26     |lem handling   &|
 612B303032313648 202020202020392E     |a+00216H      9.|
 20446973706C6179 2061206D656E750D     | Display a menu |
 0A1B26612B303032 3136482020202020     |  &a+00216H     |
 31302E20496E666F 726D6174696F6E20     |10. Information |
 417373697374616E 74206F7074696F6E     |Assistant option|
 730D0A1B26612B30 3032313648202020     |s   &a+00216H   |
 202031312E20436C 69656E7420416363     |  11. Client Acc|
 6573732F34303020 7461736B730D0A1B     |ess/400 tasks   |
 26612B3030323136 480D0A1B26612B30     |&a+00216H   &a+0|
 303231364803ED20 2020202039302E20     |0216H       90. |
 5369676E206F6666 0D0A1B26612B3030     |Sign off   &a+00|
 323136480D0A1B26 612B303032313648     |216H   &a+00216H|
 2053656C65637469 6F6E206F7220636F     | Selection or co|
 6D6D616E640D0A1B 26612B3030323136     |mmand   &a+00216|
 48203D3D3D3E0D0A 1B26612B30303231     |H ===>   &a+0021|
 36480D0A1B26612B 3030323136482046     |6H   &a+00216H F|
 333D457869742020 2046343D50726F6D     |3=Exit   F4=Prom|
 707420202046393D 5265747269657665     |pt   F9=Retrieve|
 2020204631323D43 616E63656C202020     |   F12=Cancel   |
 4631333D496E666F 726D6174696F6E20     |F13=Information |
 417373697374616E 740D0A1B26612B30     |Assistant   &a+0|
 3032313648204632 333D53657420696E     |0216H F23=Set in|
 697469616C206D65 6E750D0A1B26612B     |itial menu   &a+|
 3030323136480D0A 1B26612B30303231     |00216H   &a+0021|
 36480D0CFFEF                          |6H              |

 (... 515-byte print record ...
  IAC EOR)



Murphy, et al.               Informational                     [Page 32]

RFC 2877                5250 Telnet Enhancements               July 2000


                                   <-- 000A12A001020400 0001FFEF

                                       (10-byte print complete header)
 001412A001010A00 0001000000000000     |                |
 03021B45FFEF                          |   E            |  (ASCII)

 (... 20-byte print record ...
  IAC EOR)
                                   <-- 000A12A001020400 0001FFEF

                                       (10-byte print complete header)
 001112A001010A08 0001000000000000
 00FFEF                            -->

 (... 17-byte NULL print record ...
  ... last of chain ... IAC EOR)
                                   <-- 000A12A001020400 0001FFEF

                                       (10-byte print complete header)

12. Authors' Note

   Discussion of this memo should occur in one of these mailing lists:

      TN3270E List (Roger Fajman raf@cu.nih.gov).  Send subscription
      requests as e-mail with "subscribe tn3270e your_full_name" to
      listserv@list.nih.gov.

      Midrange-L List (David Gibbs david@midrange.com).  Send
      subscription requests as email with "subscribe midrange-l
      your_internet_address" to majordomo@midrange.com.

      Telnet Working Group Mailing List:  Send subscription requests as
      email with "subscribe telnet-ietf" to telnet-ietf-
      request@bsdi.com.

13. References

   [1]   IBM, "IBM 5250 Information Display System, Functions Reference
         Manual", SA21-9247-6, March 1987.

   [2]   IBM, "5494 Remote Control Unit, Functions Reference", SC30-
         3533-04, August 1995.

   [3]   IBM, "AS/400 System API Reference", SC41-5801-01, February
         1998.





Murphy, et al.               Informational                     [Page 33]

RFC 2877                5250 Telnet Enhancements               July 2000


   [4]   IBM, "AS/400 TCP/IP Configuration and Reference", SC41-5420-02,
         September 1998.

   [5]   IBM, "AS/400 Communications Configuration", SC41-5401-00,
         August 1997.

   [6]   IBM, "SNA Formats", GA27-3136-13, November 1993.

   [7]   IBM, "Using the Pageprinter 3812 with System/36 or System/38",
         S544-3343-01, September 1997.

   [8]   Postel, J. and J. Reynolds, "Telnet Protocol Specification",
         STD 8, RFC 854, May 1983.

   [9]   Postel, J. and J. Reynolds, "Telnet Option Specifications", STD
         8, RFC 855, May 1983.

   [10]  Postel, J. and J. Reynolds, "Telnet Binary Transmission", STD
         27, RFC 856, May 1983.

   [11]  VanBokkeln, J., "Telnet Terminal-Type Option", RFC 1091,
         February 1989.

   [12]  Postel, J. and J. Reynolds, "Telnet End of Record Option", RFC
         885, December 1983.

   [13]  Alexander, S., "Telnet Environment Option", RFC 1572, January
         1994.

   [14]  Chmielewski, P., "5250 Telnet Interface", RFC 1205, February
         1991.

   [15]  Postel, J. and J. Reynolds, "Telnet Supress Go Ahead Option",
         STD 29, RFC 858, May 1983.

   [16]  IBM, "AS/400 National Language Support", SC41-5101-01, February
         1998.

   [17]  Data Encryption Standard (DES), Federal Information Processing
         Standards Publication 46-2, January 22, 1988.

   [18]  DES Modes of Operation, Federal Information Processing
         Standards Publication 81, December 1980.

   [19]  Reynolds, J. and J. Postel, "Assigned Numbers", STD 2, RFC
         1700, October 1994.

   [20]  IBM, "IBM Pageprinter 3812 Programming Reference", S544-3268.



Murphy, et al.               Informational                     [Page 34]

RFC 2877                5250 Telnet Enhancements               July 2000


14. Security Considerations

   Security considerations of passwords are discussed in Section 6.

15. Authors' Addresses

   Thomas E. Murphy, Jr.
   IBM Corporation
   1701 North Street
   Endicott, NY 13760

   Phone:  (607) 752-5482
   Fax:    (607) 752-5421
   EMail:  murphyte@us.ibm.com


   Paul F. Rieth
   IBM Corporation
   1701 North Street
   Endicott, NY 13760

   Phone:  (607) 752-5474
   Fax:    (607) 752-5421
   EMail:  rieth@us.ibm.com


   Jeffrey S. Stevens
   IBM Corporation
   1701 North Street
   Endicott, NY 13760

   Phone:  (607) 752-5488
   Fax:    (607) 752-5421
   EMail:  jssteven@us.ibm.com

16. Relation to Other RFC's

   UPDATES

      This memo is an update to RFC 1205 [14], which describes the 5250
      Telnet Interface.  This update enhances that description to
      include device negotiation as well as printer support.

      This memo makes use of RFC 1572 [13] to enhance communications
      with 5250 Telnet clients.  RFC 1572 is currently on the Standards
      Track as a Proposed Standard, and is listed in Assigned Numbers
      [19].




Murphy, et al.               Informational                     [Page 35]

RFC 2877                5250 Telnet Enhancements               July 2000


17.  Full Copyright Statement

   Copyright (C) The Internet Society (2000).  All Rights Reserved.

   This document and translations of it may be copied and furnished to
   others, and derivative works that comment on or otherwise explain it
   or assist in its implementation may be prepared, copied, published
   and distributed, in whole or in part, without restriction of any
   kind, provided that the above copyright notice and this paragraph are
   included on all such copies and derivative works.  However, this
   document itself may not be modified in any way, such as by removing
   the copyright notice or references to the Internet Society or other
   Internet organizations, except as needed for the purpose of
   developing Internet standards in which case the procedures for
   copyrights defined in the Internet Standards process must be
   followed, or as required to translate it into languages other than
   English.

   The limited permissions granted above are perpetual and will not be
   revoked by the Internet Society or its successors or assigns.

   This document and the information contained herein is provided on an
   "AS IS" basis and THE INTERNET SOCIETY AND THE INTERNET ENGINEERING
   TASK FORCE DISCLAIMS ALL WARRANTIES, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING
   BUT NOT LIMITED TO ANY WARRANTY THAT THE USE OF THE INFORMATION
   HEREIN WILL NOT INFRINGE ANY RIGHTS OR ANY IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF
   MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.

Acknowledgement

   Funding for the RFC Editor function is currently provided by the
   Internet Society.



















Murphy, et al.               Informational                     [Page 36]


Html markup produced by rfcmarkup 1.109, available from https://tools.ietf.org/tools/rfcmarkup/