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INFORMATIONAL

Network Working Group                                           M. Swift
Request for Comments: 3244                      University of Washington
Category: Informational                                       J. Trostle
                                                           Cisco Systems
                                                               J. Brezak
                                                               Microsoft
                                                           February 2002


            Microsoft Windows 2000 Kerberos Change Password
                       and Set Password Protocols

Status of this Memo

   This memo provides information for the Internet community.  It does
   not specify an Internet standard of any kind.  Distribution of this
   memo is unlimited.

Copyright Notice

   Copyright (C) The Internet Society (2002).  All Rights Reserved.

Abstract

   This memo specifies Microsoft's Windows 2000 Kerberos change password
   and set password protocols.  The Windows 2000 Kerberos change
   password protocol interoperates with the original Kerberos change
   password protocol.  Change password is a request reply protocol that
   includes a KRB_PRIV message that contains the new password for the
   user.

1. Introduction

   Microsoft's Windows 2000 Kerberos change password protocol
   interoperates with the original Kerberos change password protocol.
   Change password is a request reply protocol that includes a KRB_PRIV
   message that contains the new password for the user.  The original
   change password protocol does not allow an administrator to set a
   password for a new user.  This functionality is useful in some
   environments, and this proposal extends the change password protocol
   to allow password setting.  The changes are: adding new fields to the
   request message to indicate the principal which is having its
   password set, not requiring the initial flag in the service ticket,
   using a new protocol version number, and adding three new result
   codes.






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RFC 3244      Microsoft Windows 2000 Kerberos Change & Set February 2002


2.  The Protocol

   The service accepts requests on UDP port 464 and TCP port 464 as
   well.  The protocol consists of a single request message followed by
   a single reply message.  For UDP transport, each message must be
   fully contained in a single UDP packet.

   For TCP transport, there is a 4 octet header in network byte order
   that precedes the message and specifies the length of the message.

   Request Message

     0                   1                   2                   3
     0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
    +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
    |         message length        |    protocol version number    |
    +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
    |          AP_REQ length        |         AP_REQ data           /
    +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
    /                        KRB-PRIV message                       /
    +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+

   All 16 bit fields are in big-endian order.

   message length field: contains the number of bytes in the message
   including this field.

   protocol version number: contains the hex constant 0xff80 (big-endian
   integer).

   AP-REQ length: length of AP-REQ data, in bytes.  If the length is
   zero, then the last field contains a KRB-ERROR message instead of a
   KRB-PRIV message.

   AP-REQ data: (see [1]) The AP-REQ message must be for the service
   principal kadmin/changepw@REALM, where REALM is the REALM of the user
   who wishes to change/set his password.  The authenticator in the AP-
   REQ must include a subsession key.  (NOTE: The subsession key must be
   pseudo-randomly generated and must never be reused for multiple
   authenticators.)  To enable setting of passwords, it is not required
   that the initial flag be set in the Kerberos service ticket.

   KRB-PRIV message (see [1]) This user-data field in the KRB-PRIV
   message is encrypted using the subkey from the authenticator in the
   AP-REQ data.  The usec and seq-number fields of the KRB_PRIV message
   are present and have the same value as the seq-number field in the





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   authenticator from the AP_REQ message (the seq-number in the
   authenticator will be present).  The server ignores the optional
   r-address field in the KRB_PRIV message, if it is present.

   The user-data component of the message consists of the following
   ASN.1 structure encoded as an OCTET STRING:

      ChangePasswdData ::=  SEQUENCE {
                          newpasswd[0]   OCTET STRING,
                          targname[1]    PrincipalName OPTIONAL,
                          targrealm[2]   Realm OPTIONAL
                          }

   The server must verify the AP-REQ message, check whether the client
   principal in the ticket is authorized to set/change the password
   (either for that principal, or for the principal in the targname
   field if present), and decrypt the new password.  The server also
   checks whether the initial flag is required for this request,
   replying with status 0x0007 if it is not set and should be.  An
   authorization failure is cause to respond with status 0x0005.  For
   forward compatibility, the server should be prepared to ignore fields
   after targrealm in the structure that it does not understand.

   The newpasswd field contains the cleartext password, and the server
   will apply any local policy checks including password policy checks.
   The server then generates the appropriate keytypes from the password
   and stores them in the KDC database.  If all goes well, status 0x0000
   is returned to the client in the reply message (see below).

   Reply Message

     0                   1                   2                   3
     0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
    +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
    |         message length        |    protocol version number    |
    +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
    |          AP_REP length        |         AP-REP data           /
    +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
    /                         KRB-PRIV message                      /
    +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+

   All 16 bit fields are in big-endian order.

   message length field: contains the number of bytes in the message
   including this field.






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RFC 3244      Microsoft Windows 2000 Kerberos Change & Set February 2002


   protocol version number: contains the hex constant 0x0001 (big-endian
   integer). (The reply message has the same format as the original
   change password protocol.)

   AP-REP length: length of AP-REP data, in bytes.  If the length is
   zero, then the last field contains a KRB-ERROR message instead of a
   KRB-PRIV message.

   AP-REP data: the AP-REP is the response to the AP-REQ in the request
   packet.

   KRB-PRIV message: This KRB-PRIV message must be encrypted with the
   subsession key from the authenticator in the AP-REQ data.

   The server will respond with a KRB-PRIV message unless it cannot
   decode the client AP-REQ or KRB-PRIV message, in which case it will
   respond with a KRB-ERROR message.  NOTE: Unlike change password
   version 1, the KRB-ERROR message will be sent back without any
   encapsulation.

   The user-data component of the KRB-PRIV message, or e-data component
   of the KRB-ERROR message, consists of the following data.

     0                   1                   2                   3
     0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
    +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
    |          result code          |        result string          /
    +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+

   result code (16 bits) (result codes 0-4 are from the original change
   password protocol):

      The result code must have one of the following values
      (big-endian integer):

      KRB5_KPASSWD_SUCCESS             0 request succeeds (This value
                                         is not allowed in a KRB-ERROR
                                         message)

      KRB5_KPASSWD_MALFORMED           1 request fails due to being
                                         malformed

      KRB5_KPASSWD_HARDERROR           2 request fails due to "hard"
                                         error in processing the
                                         request (for example, there
                                         is a resource or other
                                         problem causing the request
                                         to fail)



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      KRB5_KPASSWD_AUTHERROR           3 request fails due to an error
                                         in authentication processing

      KRB5_KPASSWD_SOFTERROR           4 request fails due to a
                                         "soft" error in processing
                                         the request

      KRB5_KPASSWD_ACCESSDENIED        5 requestor not authorized

      KRB5_KPASSWD_BAD_VERSION         6 protocol version unsupported

      KRB5_KPASSWD_INITIAL_FLAG_NEEDED 7 initial flag required

      0xFFFF is returned if the request fails for some other reason.
      Although only a few non-zero result codes are specified here, the
      client should accept any non-zero result code as indicating
      failure.

   result string:

      This field contains information which might be useful to the user,
      such as feedback about policy failures.  The string is encoded in
      UTF-8.  It may be omitted if the server does not wish to include
      it.  If it is present, the client will display the string to the
      user.

3. Security Considerations

   Password policies should be enforced to make sure that users do not
   pick passwords (for change password) that are vulnerable to brute
   force password guessing attacks.  An administrator who is authorized
   to set other principal's passwords is highly trusted and must also
   carefully protect his/her own credentials.

4.  References

   [1]   Kohl, J. and C. Neuman, "The Kerberos Network Authentication
         Service (V5)", RFC 1510, September 1993.













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5. Authors' Addresses

   Mike Swift
   University of Washington
   Seattle, WA

   EMail: mikesw@cs.washington.edu


   Jonathan Trostle
   Cisco Systems
   170 W. Tasman Dr.
   San Jose, CA 95134

   EMail: john3725@world.std.com


   John Brezak
   Microsoft
   1 Microsoft Way
   Redmond, WA 98052

   EMail: jbrezak@microsoft.com




























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6.  Full Copyright Statement

   Copyright (C) The Internet Society (2002).  All Rights Reserved.

   This document and translations of it may be copied and furnished to
   others, and derivative works that comment on or otherwise explain it
   or assist in its implementation may be prepared, copied, published
   and distributed, in whole or in part, without restriction of any
   kind, provided that the above copyright notice and this paragraph are
   included on all such copies and derivative works.  However, this
   document itself may not be modified in any way, such as by removing
   the copyright notice or references to the Internet Society or other
   Internet organizations, except as needed for the purpose of
   developing Internet standards in which case the procedures for
   copyrights defined in the Internet Standards process must be
   followed, or as required to translate it into languages other than
   English.

   The limited permissions granted above are perpetual and will not be
   revoked by the Internet Society or its successors or assigns.

   This document and the information contained herein is provided on an
   "AS IS" basis and THE INTERNET SOCIETY AND THE INTERNET ENGINEERING
   TASK FORCE DISCLAIMS ALL WARRANTIES, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING
   BUT NOT LIMITED TO ANY WARRANTY THAT THE USE OF THE INFORMATION
   HEREIN WILL NOT INFRINGE ANY RIGHTS OR ANY IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF
   MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.

Acknowledgement

   Funding for the RFC Editor function is currently provided by the
   Internet Society.



















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