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PROPOSED STANDARD
Errata Exist
Network Working Group                                           F. Baker
Request for Comments: 3289                                  Cisco System
Category: Standards Track                                        K. Chan
                                                         Nortel Networks
                                                                A. Smith
                                                        Harbour Networks
                                                                May 2002


                  Management Information Base for the
                  Differentiated Services Architecture

Status of this Memo

   This document specifies an Internet standards track protocol for the
   Internet community, and requests discussion and suggestions for
   improvements.  Please refer to the current edition of the "Internet
   Official Protocol Standards" (STD 1) for the standardization state
   and status of this protocol.  Distribution of this memo is unlimited.

Copyright Notice

   Copyright (C) The Internet Society (2002).  All Rights Reserved.

Abstract

   This memo describes an SMIv2 (Structure of Management Information
   version 2) MIB for a device implementing the Differentiated Services
   Architecture.  It may be used both for monitoring and configuration
   of a router or switch capable of Differentiated Services
   functionality.

Table of Contents

   1 The SNMP Management Framework .................................   3
   2 Relationship to other working group documents .................   4
   2.1  Relationship to the Informal Management Model for
        Differentiated Services Router .............................   4
   2.2 Relationship to other MIBs and Policy Management ............   5
   3 MIB Overview ..................................................   6
   3.1 Processing Path .............................................   7
   3.1.1 diffServDataPathTable - The Data Path Table ...............   7
   3.2 Classifier ..................................................   7
   3.2.1 diffServClfrElementTable - The Classifier Element Table ...   8
   3.2.2 diffServMultiFieldClfrTable - The Multi-field Classifier
        Table ......................................................   9
   3.3 Metering Traffic ............................................  10
   3.3.1 diffServMeterTable - The Meter Table ......................  11



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   3.3.2 diffServTBParamTable - The Token Bucket Parameters Table...  11
   3.4 Actions applied to packets ..................................  12
   3.4.1 diffServActionTable - The Action Table ....................  12
   3.4.2 diffServCountActTable - The Count Action Table ............  12
   3.4.3 diffServDscpMarkActTable - The Mark Action Table ..........  13
   3.4.4 diffServAlgDropTable - The Algorithmic Drop Table .........  13
   3.4.5 diffServRandomDropTable - The Random Drop Parameters Table   14
   3.5 Queuing and Scheduling of Packets ...........................  16
   3.5.1 diffServQTable - The Class or Queue Table .................  16
   3.5.2 diffServSchedulerTable - The Scheduler Table ..............  16
   3.5.3 diffServMinRateTable - The Minimum Rate Table .............  16
   3.5.4 diffServMaxRateTable - The Maximum Rate Table .............  17
   3.5.5 Using queues and schedulers together ......................  17
   3.6 Example configuration for AF and EF .........................  20
   3.6.1 AF and EF Ingress Interface Configuration .................  20
   3.6.1.1 Classification In The Example ...........................  22
   3.6.1.2 AF Implementation On an Ingress Edge Interface ..........  22
   3.6.1.2.1 AF Metering On an Ingress Edge Interface ..............  22
   3.6.1.2.2 AF Actions On an Ingress Edge Interface ...............  23
   3.6.1.3 EF Implementation On an Ingress Edge Interface ..........  23
   3.6.1.3.1 EF Metering On an Ingress Edge Interface ..............  23
   3.6.1.3.2 EF Actions On an Ingress Edge Interface ...............  23
   3.7 AF and EF Egress Edge Interface Configuration ...............  24
   3.7.1 Classification On an Egress Edge Interface ................  24
   3.7.2 AF Implementation On an Egress Edge Interface .............  26
   3.7.2.1 AF Metering On an Egress Edge Interface .................  26
   3.7.2.2 AF Actions On an Egress Edge Interface ..................  29
   3.7.2.3 AF Rate-based Queuing On an Egress Edge Interface .......  30
   3.7.3 EF Implementation On an Egress Edge Interface .............  30
   3.7.3.1 EF Metering On an Egress Edge Interface .................  30
   3.7.3.2 EF Actions On an Egress Edge Interface ..................  30
   3.7.3.3 EF Priority Queuing On an Egress Edge Interface .........  32
   4 Conventions used in this MIB ..................................  33
   4.1 The use of RowPointer to indicate data path linkage .........  33
   4.2 The use of RowPointer to indicate parameters ................  34
   4.3 Conceptual row creation and deletion ........................  34
   5 Extending this MIB ............................................  35
   6 MIB Definition ................................................  35
   7 Acknowledgments ............................................... 110
   8 Security Considerations ....................................... 110
   9 Intellectual Property Rights .................................. 111
   10 References ................................................... 112
   11 Authors' Addresses ........................................... 115
   12 Full Copyright Statement ..................................... 116







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1.  The SNMP Management Framework

   The SNMP Management Framework presently consists of five major
   components:

      o  An overall architecture, described in [RFC 2571].

      o  Mechanisms for describing and naming objects and events for the
         purpose of management.  The first version of this Structure of
         Management Information (SMI) is called SMIv1 and is described
         in [RFC 1155], [RFC 1212] and [RFC 1215].  The second version,
         called SMIv2, is described in [RFC 2578], RFC 2579 [RFC 2579]
         and [RFC 2580].

      o  Message protocols for transferring management information.  The
         first version of the SNMP message protocol is called SNMPv1 and
         is described in [RFC 1157].  A second version of the SNMP
         message protocol, which is not an Internet standards track
         protocol, is called SNMPv2c and is described in [RFC 1901] and
         [RFC 1906].  The third version of the message protocol is
         called SNMPv3 and is described in [RFC 1906], [RFC 2572] and
         [RFC 2574].

      o  Protocol operations for accessing management information.  The
         first set of protocol operations and associated PDU formats is
         described in [RFC 1157].  A second set of protocol operations
         and associated PDU formats is described in [RFC 1905].

      o  A set of fundamental applications described in [RFC 2573] and
         the view-based access control mechanism described in [RFC
         2575].

   A more detailed introduction to the current SNMP Management Framework
   can be found in [RFC 2570].

   Managed objects are accessed via a virtual information store, termed
   the Management Information Base or MIB.  Objects in the MIB are
   defined using the mechanisms defined in the SMI.

   This memo specifies a MIB module that is compliant to the SMIv2.  A
   MIB conforming to the SMIv1 can be produced through the appropriate
   translations.  The resulting translated MIB must be semantically
   equivalent, except where objects or events are omitted because there
   is no translation is possible (use of Counter64).  Some machine-
   readable information in SMIv2 will be converted into textual
   descriptions in SMIv1 during the translation process.  However, this
   loss of machine readable information is not considered to change the
   semantics of the MIB.



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   The key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", "SHALL", "SHALL NOT",
   "SHOULD", "SHOULD NOT", "RECOMMENDED", "MAY", and "OPTIONAL" in this
   document are to be interpreted as described in [RFC 2119].

2.  Relationship to other working group documents

   The Differentiated Services Working Group and related working groups
   developed other documents, notably the Informal Management Model and
   the policy configuration paradigm of SNMPCONF.  The relationship
   between the MIB and those documents is clarified here.

2.1.  Relationship to the Informal Management Model for Differentiated
      Services Router

   This MIB is similar in design to [MODEL], although it can be used to
   build functional data paths that the model would not well describe.
   The model conceptually describes ingress and egress interfaces of an
   n-port router, which may find some interfaces at a network edge and
   others facing into the network core.  It describes the configuration
   and management of a Differentiated Services interface in terms of one
   or more Traffic Conditioning Blocks (TCB), each containing, arranged
   in the specified order, by definition, zero or more classifiers,
   meters, actions, algorithmic droppers, queues and schedulers.
   Traffic may be classified, and classified traffic may be metered.
   Each stream of traffic identified by a combination of classifiers and
   meters may have some set of actions performed on it; it may have
   dropping algorithms applied and it may ultimately be stored into a
   queue before being scheduled out to its next destination, either onto
   a link or to another TCB.  At times, the treatment for a given packet
   must have any of those elements repeated.  [MODEL] models this by
   cascading multiple TCBs, while this MIB describes the policy by
   directly linking the functional data path elements.

   The MIB represents this cascade by following the "Next" attributes of
   the various elements.  They indicate what the next step in
   Differentiated Services processing will be, whether it be a
   classifier, meter, action, algorithmic dropper, queue, scheduler or a
   decision to now forward a packet.

   The higher level concept of a TCB is not required in the
   parameterization or in the linking together of the individual
   elements, hence it is not used in the MIB itself and is only
   mentioned in the text for relating the MIB with the [MODEL].  Rather,
   the MIB models the individual elements that make up the TCBs.

   This MIB uses the notion of a Data Path to indicate the
   Differentiated Services processing a packet may experience.  The Data
   Path a packet will initially follow is an attribute of the interface



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   in question.  The Data Path Table provides a starting point for each
   direction (ingress or egress) on each interface.  A Data Path Table
   Entry indicates the first of possible multiple elements that will
   apply Differentiated Services treatment to the packet.

2.2.  Relationship to other MIBs and Policy Management

   This MIB provides for direct reporting and manipulation of detailed
   functional elements.  These elements consist of a structural element
   and one or more parameter-bearing elements.  While this can be
   cumbersome, it allows the reuse of parameters.  For example, a
   service provider may offer three varieties of contracts, and
   configure three parameter elements.  Each such data path on the
   system may then refer to these sets of parameters.  The
   diffServDataPathTable couples each direction on each interface with
   the specified data path linkage.  The concept of "interface" is as
   defined by InterfaceIndex/ifIndex of the IETF Interfaces MIB [IF-
   MIB].

   Other MIBs and data structure definitions for policy management
   mechanisms, other than SNMP/SMIv2 are likely to exist in the future
   for the purpose of abstracting the model in other ways.  An example
   is the Differentiated Services Policy Information Base, [DSPIB].

   In particular, abstractions in the direction of less detailed
   definitions of Differentiated Services functionality are likely e.g.
   some form of "Per-Hop Behavior"-based definition involving a template
   of detailed object values which is applied to specific instances of
   objects in this MIB semi-automatically.

   Another possible direction of abstraction is one using a concept of
   "roles" (often, but not always, applied to interfaces).  In this
   case, it may be possible to re-use the object definitions in this
   MIB, especially the parameterization tables.  The Data Path table
   will help in the reuse of the data path linkage tables by having the
   interface specific information centralized, allowing easier
   mechanical replacement of ifIndex by some sort of "roleIndex".  This
   work is ongoing.

   The reuse of parameter blocks on a variety of functional data paths
   is intended to simplify network management.  In many cases, one could
   also re-use the structural elements as well; this has the unfortunate
   side-effect of re-using the counters, so that monitoring information
   is lost.  For this reason, the re-use of structural elements is not
   generally recommended.






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3.  MIB Overview

   The Differentiated Services Architecture does not specify how an
   implementation should be assembled.  The [MODEL] describes a general
   approach to implementation design, or to user interface design.  Its
   components could, however, be assembled in a different way.  For
   example, traffic conforming to a meter might be run through a second
   meter, or reclassified.

   This MIB models the same functional data path elements, allowing the
   network manager to assemble them in any fashion that meets the
   relevant policy.  These data path elements include Classifiers,
   Meters, Actions of various sorts, Queues, and Schedulers.

   In many of these tables, a distinction is drawn between the structure
   of the policy (do this, then do that) and the parameters applied to
   specific policy elements.  This is to facilitate configuration, if
   the MIB is used for that.  The concept is that a set of parameters,
   such as the values that describe a specific token bucket, might be
   configured once and applied to many interfaces.

   The RowPointer Textual Convention is therefore used in two ways in
   this MIB.  It is defined for the purpose of connecting an object to
   an entry dynamically; the RowPointer object identifies the first
   object in the target Entry, and in so doing points to the entire
   entry.  In this MIB, it is used as a connector between successive
   functional data path elements, and as the link between the policy
   structure and the parameters that are used.  When used as a
   connector, it says what happens "next"; what happens to classified
   traffic, to traffic conforming or not conforming to a meter, and so
   on.  When used to indicate the parameters applied in a policy, it
   says "specifically" what is meant; the structure points to the
   parameters of its policy.

   The use of RowPointers as connectors allows for the simple extension
   of the MIB.  The RowPointers, whether "next" or "specific", may point
   to Entries defined in other MIB modules.  For example, the only type
   of meter defined in this MIB is a token bucket meter; if another type
   of meter is required, another MIB could be defined describing that
   type of meter, and diffServMeterSpecific could point to it.
   Similarly, if a new action is required, the "next" pointer of the
   previous functional datapath element could point to an Entry defined
   in another MIB, public or proprietary.








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3.1.  Processing Path

   An interface has an ingress and an egress direction, and will
   generally have a different policy in each direction.  As traffic
   enters an edge interface, it may be classified, metered, counted, and
   marked.  Traffic leaving the same interface might be remarked
   according to the contract with the next network, queued to manage the
   bandwidth, and so on.  As [MODEL] points out, the functional datapath
   elements used on ingress and egress are of the same type, but may be
   structured in very different ways to implement the relevant policies.

3.1.1.  diffServDataPathTable - The Data Path Table

   Therefore, when traffic arrives at an ingress or egress interface,
   the first step in applying the policy is determining what policy
   applies.  This MIB does that by providing a table of pointers to the
   first functional data path element, indexed by interface and
   direction on that interface.  The content of the
   diffServDataPathEntry is a single RowPointer, which points to that
   functional data path element.

   When diffServDataPathStart in a direction on an interface is
   undefined or is set to zeroDotZero, the implication is that there is
   no specific policy to apply.

3.2.  Classifier

   Classifiers are used to differentiate among types of traffic.  In the
   Differentiated Services architecture, one usually discusses a
   behavior aggregate identified by the application of one or more
   Differentiated Services Code Points (DSCPs).  However, especially at
   network edges (which include hosts and first hop routers serving
   hosts), traffic may arrive unmarked or the marks may not be trusted.
   In these cases, one applies a Multi-Field Classifier, which may
   select an aggregate as coarse as "all traffic", as fine as a specific
   microflow identified by IP Addresses, IP Protocol, and TCP or UDP
   ports, or variety of slices in between.

   Classifiers can be simple or complex.  In a core interface, one would
   expect to find simple behavior aggregate classification to be used.
   However, in an edge interface, one might first ask what application
   is being used, meter the arriving traffic, and then apply various
   policies to the non-conforming traffic depending on the Autonomous
   System number advertising the destination address.  To accomplish
   such a thing, traffic must be classified, metered, and then
   reclassified.  To this end, the MIB defines separate classifiers,
   which may be applied at any point in processing, and may have
   different content as needed.



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   The MIB also allows for ambiguous classification in a structured
   fashion.  In the end, traffic classification must be unambiguous; one
   must know for certain what policy to apply to any given packet.
   However, writing an unambiguous specification is often tedious, while
   writing a specification in steps that permits and excludes various
   kinds of traffic may be simpler and more intuitive.  In such a case,
   the classification "steps" are enumerated; all classification
   elements of one precedence are applied as if in parallel, and then
   all classification elements of the next precedence.

   This MIB defines a single classifier parameter entry, the Multi-field
   Classifier.  A degenerate case of this multi-field classifier is a
   Behavior Aggregate classifier.  Other classifiers may be defined in
   other MIB modules, to select traffic from a given layer two neighbor
   or a given interface, traffic whose addresses belong to a given BGP
   Community or Autonomous System, and so on.

3.2.1.  diffServClfrElementTable - The Classifier Element Table

   A classifier consists of classifier elements.  A classifier element
   identifies a specific set of traffic that forms part of a behavior
   aggregate; other classifier elements within the same classifier may
   identify other traffic that also falls into the behavior aggregate.
   For example, in identifying AF traffic for the aggregate AF1, one
   might implement separate classifier elements for AF11, AF12, and AF13
   within the same classifier and pointing to the same subsequent meter.

   Generally, one would expect the Data Path Entry to point to a
   classifier (which is to say, a set of one or more classifier
   elements), although it may point to something else when appropriate.
   Reclassification in a functional data path is achieved by pointing to
   another Classifier Entry when appropriate.

   A classifier element is a structural element, indexed by classifier
   ID and element ID.  It has a precedence value, allowing for
   structured ambiguity as described above, a "specific" pointer that
   identifies what rule is to be applied, and a "next" pointer directing
   traffic matching the classifier to the next functional data path
   element.  If the "next" pointer is zeroDotZero, the indication is
   that there is no further differentiated services processing for this
   behavior aggregate.  However, if the "specific" pointer is
   zeroDotZero, the device is misconfigured.  In such a case, the
   classifier element should be operationally treated as if it were not
   present.

   When the MIB is used for configuration, diffServClfrNextFree and
   diffServClfrElementNextFree always contain legal values for
   diffServClfrId and diffServClfrElementId that are not currently used



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   in the system's configuration.  The values are validated when
   creating diffServClfrId and diffServClfrElementId, and in the event
   of a failure (which would happen if two managers simultaneously
   attempted to create an entry) must be re-read.

3.2.2.  diffServMultiFieldClfrTable - The Multi-field Classifier Table

   This MIB defines a single parameter type for classification, the
   Multi-field Classifier.  As a parameter, a filter may be specified
   once and applied to many interfaces, using
   diffServClfrElementSpecific.  This filter matches:

      o  IP source address prefix, including host, CIDR Prefix, and "any
         source address"

      o  IP destination address prefix, including host, CIDR Prefix, and
         "any destination address"

      o  IPv6 Flow ID

      o  IP protocol or "any"

      o  TCP/UDP/SCTP source port range, including "any"

      o  TCP/UDP/SCTP destination port range, including "any"

      o  Differentiated Services Code Point

   Since port ranges, IP prefixes, or "any" are defined in each case, it
   is clear that a wide variety of filters can be constructed.  The
   Differentiated Services Behavior Aggregate filter is a special case
   of this filter, in which only the DSCP is specified.

   Other MIB modules may define similar filters in the same way.  For
   example, a filter for Ethernet information might define source and
   destination MAC addresses of "any", Ethernet Packet Type, IEEE 802.2
   SAPs, and IEEE 802.1 priorities.  A filter related to policy routing
   might be structured like the diffServMultiFieldClfrTable, but contain
   the BGP Communities of the source and destination prefix rather than
   the prefix itself, meaning "any prefix in this community".  For such
   a filter, a table similar to diffServMultiFieldClfrTable is
   constructed, and diffServClfrElementSpecific is configured to point
   to it.








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   When the MIB is used for configuration,
   diffServMultiFieldClfrNextFree always contains a legal value for
   diffServMultiFieldClfrId that is not currently used in the system's
   configuration.

3.3.  Metering Traffic

   As discussed in [MODEL], a meter and a shaper are functions that
   operate on opposing ends of a link.  A shaper schedules traffic for
   transmission at specific times in order to approximate a particular
   line speed or combination of line speeds.  In its simplest form, if
   the traffic stream contains constant sized packets, it might transmit
   one packet per unit time to build the equivalent of a CBR circuit.
   However, various factors intervene to make the approximation inexact;
   multiple classes of traffic may occasionally schedule their traffic
   at the same time, the variable length nature of IP traffic may
   introduce variation, and factors in the link or physical layer may
   change traffic timing.  A meter integrates the arrival rate of
   traffic and determines whether the shaper at the far end was
   correctly applied, or whether the behavior of the application in
   question is naturally close enough to such behavior to be acceptable
   under a given policy.

   A common type of meter is a Token Bucket meter, such as [srTCM] or
   [trTCM].  This type of meter assumes the use of a shaper at a
   previous node; applications which send at a constant rate when
   sending may conform if the token bucket is properly specified.  It
   specifies the acceptable arrival rate and quantifies the acceptable
   variability, often by specifying a burst size or an interval; since
   rate = quantity/time, specifying any two of those parameters implies
   the third, and a large interval provides for a forgiving system.
   Multiple rates may be specified, as in AF, such that a subset of the
   traffic (up to one rate) is accepted with one set of guarantees, and
   traffic in excess of that but below another rate has a different set
   of guarantees.  Other types of meters exist as well.

   One use of a meter is when a service provider sells at most, a
   certain bit rate to one of its customers, and wants to drop the
   excess.  In such a case, the fractal nature of normal Internet
   traffic must be reflected in large burst intervals, as TCP frequently
   sends packet pairs or larger bursts, and responds poorly when more
   than one packet in a round trip interval is dropped.  Applications
   like FTP contain the effect by simply staying below the target bit
   rate; this type of configuration very adversely affects transaction
   applications like HTTP, however.  Another use of a meter is in the AF
   specification, in which excess traffic is marked with a related DSCP
   and subjected to slightly more active queue depth management.  The




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   application is not sharply limited to a contracted rate in such a
   case, but can be readily contained should its traffic create a
   burden.

3.3.1.  diffServMeterTable - The Meter Table

   The Meter Table is a structural table, specifying a specific
   functional data path element.  Its entry consists essentially of
   three RowPointers - a "succeed" pointer, for traffic conforming to
   the meter, a "fail" pointer, for traffic not conforming to the meter,
   and a "specific" pointer, to identify the parameters in question.
   This structure is a bow to SNMP's limitations; it would be better to
   have a structure with N rates and N+1 "next" pointers, with a single
   algorithm specified.  In this case, multiple meter entries connected
   by the "fail" link are understood to contain the parameters for a
   specified algorithm, and traffic conforming to a given rate follows
   their "succeed" paths.  Within this MIB, only Token Bucket parameters
   are specified; other varieties of meters may be designed in other MIB
   modules.

   When the MIB is used for configuration, diffServMeterNextFree always
   contains a legal value for diffServMeterId that is not currently used
   in the system's configuration.

3.3.2.  diffServTBParamTable - The Token Bucket Parameters Table

   The Token Bucket Parameters Table is a set of parameters that define
   a Token Bucket Meter.  As a parameter, a token bucket may be
   specified once and applied to many interfaces, using
   diffServMeterSpecific.  Specifically, several modes of [srTCM] and
   [trTCM] are addressed.  Other varieties of meters may be specified in
   other MIB modules.

   In general, if a Token Bucket has N rates, it has N+1 potential
   outcomes - the traffic stream is slower than and therefore conforms
   to all of the rates, it fails the first few but is slower than and
   therefore conforms to the higher rates, or it fails all of them.  As
   such, multi-rate meters should specify those rates in monotonically
   increasing order, passing through the diffServMeterFailNext from more
   committed to more excess rates, and finally falling through
   diffServMeterFailNext to the set of actions that apply to traffic
   which conforms to none of the specified rates.  diffServTBParamType
   in the first entry indicates the algorithm being used.  At each rate,
   diffServTBParamRate is derivable from diffServTBParamBurstSize and
   diffServTBParamInterval; a superior implementation will allow the






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   configuration of any two of diffServTBParamRate,
   diffServTBParamBurstSize, and diffServTBParamInterval, and respond
   with the appropriate error code if all three are specified but are
   not mathematically related.

   When the MIB is used for configuration, diffServTBParamNextFree
   always contains a legal value for diffServTBParamId that is not
   currently used in the system's configuration.

3.4.  Actions applied to packets

   "Actions" are the things a differentiated services interface PHB may
   do to a packet in transit.  At a minimum, such a policy might
   calculate statistics on traffic in various configured classes, mark
   it with a DSCP, drop it, or enqueue it before passing it on for other
   processing.

   Actions are composed of a structural element, the
   diffServActionTable, and various component action entries that may be
   applied.  In the case of the Algorithmic Dropper, an additional
   parameter table may be specified to control Active Queue Management,
   as defined in [RED93] and other AQM specifications.

3.4.1.  diffServActionTable - The Action Table

   The action table identifies sequences of actions to be applied to a
   packet.  Successive actions are chained through diffServActionNext,
   ultimately resulting in zeroDotZero (indicating that the policy is
   complete), a pointer to a queue, or a pointer to some other
   functional data path element.

   When the MIB is used for configuration, diffServActionNextFree always
   contains a legal value for diffServActionId that is not currently
   used in the system's configuration.

3.4.2.  diffServCountActTable - The Count Action Table

   The count action accumulates statistics pertaining to traffic passing
   through a given path through the policy.  It is intended to be useful
   for usage-based billing, for statistical studies, or for analysis of
   the behavior of a policy in a given network.  The objects in the
   Count Action are various counters and a discontinuity time.  The
   counters display the number of packets and bytes encountered on the
   path since the discontinuity time.  They share the same discontinuity
   time, which is the discontinuity time of the interface or agent.






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   The designers of this MIB expect that every path through a policy
   should have a corresponding counter.  In early versions, it was
   impossible to configure an action without implementing a counter,
   although the current design makes them in effect the network
   manager's option, as a result of making actions consistent in
   structure and extensibility.  The assurance of proper debugging and
   accounting is therefore left with the policy designer.

   When the MIB is used for configuration, diffServCountActNextFree
   always contains a legal value for diffServCountActId that is not
   currently used in the system's configuration.

3.4.3.  diffServDscpMarkActTable - The Mark Action Table

   The Mark Action table is an unusual table, both in SNMP and in this
   MIB.  It might be viewed not so much as an array of single-object
   entries as an array of OBJECT-IDENTIFIER conventions, as the OID for
   a diffServDscpMarkActDscp instance conveys all of the necessary
   information: packets are to be marked with the requisite DSCP.

   As such, contrary to common practice, the index for the table is
   read- only, and is both the Entry's index and its only value.

3.4.4.  diffServAlgDropTable - The Algorithmic Drop Table

   The Algorithmic Drop Table identifies a dropping algorithm, drops
   packets, and counts the drops.  Classified as an action, it is in
   effect a method which applies a packet to a queue, and may modify
   either.  When the algorithm is "always drop", this is simple; when
   the algorithm calls for head-drop, tail-drop, or a variety of Active
   Queue Management, the queue is inspected, and in the case of Active
   Queue Management, additional parameters are REQUIRED.

   What may not be clear from the name is that an Algorithmic Drop
   action often does not drop traffic.  Algorithms other than "always
   drop" normally drop a few percent of packets at most.  The action
   inspects the diffServQEntry that diffServAlgDropQMeasure points to in
   order to determine whether the packet should be dropped.

   When the MIB is used for configuration, diffServAlgDropNextFree
   always contains a legal value for diffServAlgDropId that is not
   currently used in the system's configuration.









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3.4.5.  diffServRandomDropTable - The Random Drop Parameters Table

   The Random Drop Table is an extension of the Algorithmic Drop Table
   intended for use on queues whose depth is actively managed.  Active
   Queue Management algorithms are typified by [RED93], but the
   parameters they use vary.  It was deemed for the purposes of this MIB
   that the proper values to represent include:

      o  Target case mean queue depth, expressed in bytes or packets

      o  Worst case mean queue depth, expressed in bytes or packets

      o  Maximum drop rate expressed as drops per thousand

      o  Coefficient of an exponentially weighted moving average,
         expressed as the numerator of a fraction whose denominator is
         65536.

      o  Sampling rate

   An example of the representation chosen in this MIB for this element
   is shown in Figure 1.

   Random droppers often have their drop probability function described
   as a plot of drop probability (P) against averaged queue length (Q).
   (Qmin,Pmin) then defines the start of the characteristic plot.
   Normally Pmin=0, meaning with average queue length below Qmin, there
   will be no drops.  (Qmax,Pmax) defines a "knee" on the plot, after
   which point the drop probability becomes more progressive (greater
   slope).  (Qclip,1) defines the queue length at which all packets will
   be dropped.  Notice this is different from Tail Drop because this
   uses an averaged queue length, although it is possible for Qclip to
   equal Qmax.

   In the MIB module, diffServRandomDropMinThreshBytes and
   diffServRandomDropMinThreshPkts represent Qmin.
   diffServRandomDropMaxThreshBytes and diffServRandomDropMaxThreshPkts
   represent Qmax.  diffServAlgDropQThreshold represents Qclip.
   diffServRandomDropInvProbMax represents Pmax (inverse).  This MIB
   does not represent Pmin (assumed to be zero unless otherwise
   represented).  In addition, since message memory is finite, queues
   generally have some upper bound above which they are incapable of
   storing additional traffic.  Normally this number is equal to Qclip,
   specified by diffServAlgDropQThreshold.







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          AlgDrop                                   Queue
          +-----------------+                       +-------+
      --->| Next   ---------+--+------------------->| Next -+--> ...
          | QMeasure -------+--+                    | ...   |
          | QThreshold      |     RandomDrop        +-------+
          | Type=randomDrop |     +----------------+
          | Specific -------+---->| MinThreshBytes |
          +-----------------+     | MaxThreshBytes |
                                  | ProbMax        |
                                  | Weight         |
                                  | SamplingRate   |
                                  +----------------+

    Figure 1: Example Use of the RandomDropTable for Random Droppers

   Each random dropper specification is associated with a queue.  This
   allows multiple drop processes (of same or different types) to be
   associated with the same queue, as different PHB implementations may
   require.  This also allows for sequences of multiple droppers if
   necessary.

   The calculation of a smoothed queue length may also have an important
   bearing on the behavior of the dropper: parameters may include the
   sampling interval or rate, and the weight of each sample.  The
   performance may be very sensitive to the values of these parameters
   and a wide range of possible values may be required due to a wide
   range of link speeds.  Most algorithms include a sample weight,
   represented here by diffServRandomDropWeight.  The availability of
   diffServRandomDropSamplingRate as readable is important, the
   information provided by Sampling Rate is essential to the
   configuration of diffServRandomDropWeight.  Having Sampling Rate be
   configurable is also helpful, as line speed increases, the ability to
   have queue sampling be less frequent than packet arrival is needed.
   Note, however, that there is ongoing research on this topic, see e.g.
   [ACTQMGMT] and [AQMROUTER].

   Additional parameters may be added in an enterprise MIB module, e.g.
   by using AUGMENTS on this table, to handle aspects of random drop
   algorithms that are not standardized here.

   When the MIB is used for configuration, diffServRandomDropNextFree
   always contains a legal value for diffServRandomDropId that is not
   currently used in the system's configuration.








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3.5.  Queuing and Scheduling of Packets

   These include Queues and Schedulers, which are inter-related in their
   use of queuing techniques.  By doing so, it is possible to build
   multi-level schedulers, such as those which treat a set of queues as
   having priority among them, and at a specific priority find a
   secondary WFQ scheduler with some number of queues.

3.5.1.  diffServQTable - The Class or Queue Table

   The Queue Table models simple FIFO queues.  The Scheduler Table
   allows flexibility in constructing both simple and somewhat more
   complex queuing hierarchies from those queues.

   Queue Table entries are pointed at by the "next" attributes of the
   upstream elements, such as diffServMeterSucceedNext or
   diffServActionNext.  Note that multiple upstream elements may direct
   their traffic to the same Queue Table entry.  For example, the
   Assured Forwarding PHB suggests that all traffic marked AF11, AF12 or
   AF13 be placed in the same queue, after metering, without reordering.
   To accomplish that, the upstream diffServAlgDropNext pointers each
   point to the same diffServQEntry.

   A common requirement of a queue is that its traffic enjoy a certain
   minimum or maximum rate, or that it be given a certain priority.
   Functionally, the selection of such is a function of a scheduler.
   The parameter is associated with the queue, however, using the
   Minimum or Maximum Rate Parameters Table.

   When the MIB is used for configuration, diffServQNextFree always
   contains a legal value for diffServQId that is not currently used in
   the system's configuration.

3.5.2.  diffServSchedulerTable - The Scheduler Table

   The scheduler, and therefore the Scheduler Table, accepts inputs from
   either queues or a preceding scheduler.  The Scheduler Table allows
   flexibility in constructing both simple and somewhat more complex
   queuing hierarchies from those queues.

   When the MIB is used for configuration, diffServSchedulerNextFree
   always contains a legal value for diffServSchedulerId that is not
   currently used in the system's configuration.

3.5.3.  diffServMinRateTable - The Minimum Rate Table

   When the output rate of a queue or scheduler must be given a minimum
   rate or a priority, this is done using the diffServMinRateTable.



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   Rates may be expressed as absolute rates, or as a fraction of
   ifSpeed, and imply the use of a rate-based scheduler such as WFQ or
   WRR.  The use of a priority implies the use of a Priority Scheduler.
   Only one of the Absolute or Relative rates needs to be set; the other
   takes the relevant value as a result.  Excess capacity is distributed
   proportionally among the inputs to a scheduler using the assured
   rate.  More complex functionality may be described by augmenting this
   MIB.

   When a priority scheduler is used, its effect is to give the queue
   the entire capacity of the subject interface less the capacity used
   by higher priorities, if there is traffic present to use it.  This is
   true regardless of the rate specifications applied to that queue or
   other queues on the interface.  Policing excess traffic will mitigate
   this behavior.

   When the MIB is used for configuration, diffServMinRateNextFree
   always contains a legal value for diffServMinRateId that is not
   currently used in the system's configuration.

3.5.4.  diffServMaxRateTable - The Maximum Rate Table

   When the output rate of a queue or scheduler must be limited to at
   most a specified maximum rate, this is done using the
   diffServMaxRateTable.  Rates may be expressed as absolute rates, or
   as a fraction of ifSpeed.  Only one of the Absolute or Relative rate
   needs to be set; the other takes the relevant value as a result.

   The definition of a multirate shaper requires multiple
   diffServMaxRateEntries.  In this case, an algorithm such as [SHAPER]
   is used.  In that algorithm, more than one rate is specified, and at
   any given time traffic is shaped to the lowest specified rate which
   exceeds the arrival rate of traffic.

   When the MIB is used for configuration, diffServMaxRateNextFree
   always contains a legal value for diffServMaxRateId that is not
   currently used in the system's configuration.

3.5.5.  Using queues and schedulers together

   For representing a Strict Priority scheduler, each scheduler input is
   assigned a priority with respect to all the other inputs feeding the
   same scheduler, with default values for the other parameters.
   Higher-priority traffic that is not being delayed for shaping will be
   serviced before a lower-priority input.  An example is found in
   Figure 2.





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   For weighted scheduling methods, such as WFQ or WRR, the "weight" of
   a given scheduler input is represented with a Minimum Service Rate
   leaky-bucket profile which provides a guaranteed minimum bandwidth to
   that input, if required.  This is represented by a rate
   diffServMinRateAbsolute; the classical weight is the ratio between
   that rate and the interface speed, or perhaps the ratio between that
   rate and the sum of the configured rates for classes.  The rate may
   be represented by a relative value, as a fraction of the interface's
   current line rate, diffServMinRateRelative, to assist in cases where
   line rates are variable or where a higher-level policy might be
   expressed in terms of fractions of network resources.  The two rate
   parameters are inter-related and changes in one may be reflected in
   the other.  An example is found in figure 3.

                                  +-----+
            +-------+             | P S |
            | Queue +------------>+ r c |
            +-------+-+--------+  | i h |
                      |Priority|  | o e |
                      +--------+  | r d +----------->
            +-------+             | i u |
            | Queue +------------>+ t l |
            +-------+-+--------+  | y e |
                      |Priority|  |   r |
                      +--------+  +-----+

            Figure 2: Priority Scheduler with two queues

   For weighted scheduling methods, one can say loosely, that WRR
   focuses on meeting bandwidth sharing, without concern for relative
   delay amongst the queues; where WFQ controls both queue the service
   order and the amount of traffic serviced, providing bandwidth sharing
   and relative delay ordering amongst the queues.

   A queue or scheduled set of queues (which is an input to a scheduler)
   may also be capable of acting as a non-work-conserving [MODEL]
   traffic shaper: this is done by defining a Maximum Service Rate
   leaky-bucket profile in order to limit the scheduler bandwidth
   available to that input.  This is represented by a rate, in
   diffServMaxRateAbsolute; the classical weight is the ratio between
   that rate and the interface speed, or perhaps the ratio between that
   rate and the sum of the configured rates for classes.  The rate may
   be represented by a relative value, as a fraction of the interface's
   current line rate, diffServMaxRateRelative.  This MIB presumes that
   shaping is something a scheduler does to its inputs, which it models
   as a queue with a maximum rate or a scheduler whose output has a
   maximum rate.




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                                  +-----+
            +-------+             | W S |
            | Queue +------------>+ R c |
            +-------+-+--------+  | R h |
                      |  Rate  |  |   e |
                      +--------+  | o d +----------->
            +-------+             | r u |
            | Queue +------------>+   l |
            +-------+-+--------+  | W e |
                      |  Rate  |  | F r |
                      +--------+  | Q   |
                                  +-----+

            Figure 3: WRR or WFQ rate-based scheduler with two inputs

   The same may be done on a queue, if a given class is to be shaped to
   a maximum rate without shaping other classes, as in Figure 5.

   Other types of priority and weighted scheduling methods can be
   defined using existing parameters in diffServMinRateEntry.  NOTE:
   diffServSchedulerMethod uses OBJECT IDENTIFIER syntax, with the
   different types of scheduling methods defined as OBJECT-IDENTITY.

                                  +---+
            +-------+             | S |
            | Queue +------------>+ c |
            +-------+-+--------+  | h |
                      |        |  | e +----------->
                      +--------+  | d +-+-------+
                                  | u | |Shaping|
            +-------+             | l | | Rate  |
            | Queue +------------>+ e | +-------+
            +-------+-+--------+  | r |
                      |        |  +---+
                      +--------+

            Figure 4: Shaping scheduled traffic to a known rate














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                                  +---+
            +-------+             | S |
            | Queue +------------>+ c |
            +-------+-+--------+  | h |
                      |Min Rate|  | e +----------->
                      +--------+  | d |
                                  | u |
            +-------+             | l |
            | Queue +------------>+ e |
            +-------+-+--------+  | r |
                      |Min Rate|  |   |
                      +--------+  |   |
                      |Max Rate|  |   |
                      +--------+  +---+

            Figure 5: Shaping one input to a work-conserving scheduler

   Future scheduling methods may be defined in other MIBs.  This
   requires an OBJECT-IDENTITY definition, a description of how the
   existing objects are reused, if they are, and any new objects they
   require.

   To implement an EF and two AF classes, one must use a combination of
   priority and WRR/WFQ scheduling.  This requires us to cascade two
   schedulers.  If one were to additionally shape the output of the
   system to a rate lower than the interface rate, one must place an
   upper bound rate on the output of the priority scheduler.  See figure
   6.

3.6.  Example configuration for AF and EF

   For the sake of argument, let us build an example with one EF class
   and four AF classes using the constructs in this MIB.

3.6.1.  AF and EF Ingress Interface Configuration

   The ingress edge interface identifies traffic into classes, meters
   it, and ensures that any excess is appropriately dealt with according
   to the PHB.  For AF, this means marking excess; for EF, it means
   dropping excess or shaping it to a maximum rate.











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                                                  +-----+
      +-------+                                   | P S |
      | Queue +---------------------------------->+ r c |
      +-------+----------------------+--------+   | i h |
                                     |Priority|   | o e +----------->
                                     +--------+   | r d +-+-------+
                            +------+              | i u | |Shaping|
      +-------+             | W S  +------------->+ t l | | Rate  |
      | Queue +------------>+ R c  +-+--------+   | y e | +-------+
      +-------+-+--------+  | R h  | |Priority|   |   r |
                |Min Rate|  |   e  | +--------+   +-----+
                +--------+  | o d  |
      +-------+             | r u  |
      | Queue +------------>+   l  |
      +-------+-+--------+  | W e  |
                |Min Rate|  | F r  |
                +--------+  | Q    |
                            +------+

      Figure 6: Combined EF and AF services using cascaded schedulers.

        +-----------------------+
        | diffServDataPathStart |
        +-----------+-----------+
                    |
         +----------+
         |
      +--+--+     +-----+     +-----+     +-----+     +-----+
      | AF1 +-----+ AF2 +-----+ AF3 +-----+ AF4 +-----+ EF  |
      +--+--+     +--+--+     +--+--+     +--+--+     +--+--+
         |           |           |           |           |
      +--+--+     +--+--+     +--+--+     +--+--+     +--+--+
      |trTCM|     |trTCM|     |trTCM|     |trTCM|     |srTCM|
      |Meter|     |Meter|     |Meter|     |Meter|     |Meter|
      +-+++-+     +-+++-+     +-+++-+     +-+++-+     +-+-+-+
        |||         |||         |||         |||         | |
      +-+||---+   +-+||---+   +-+||---+   +-+||---+   +-+-|---+
      |+-+|----+  |+-+|----+  |+-+|----+  |+-+|----+  |+--+----+
      ||+-+-----+ ||+-+-----+ ||+-+-----+ ||+-+-----+ ||Actions|
      +||Actions| +||Actions| +||Actions| +||Actions| +|       |
       +|       |  +|       |  +|       |  +|       |  +-+-----+
        +-+-----+   +-+-----+   +-+-----+   +-+-----+    |
        |||         |||         |||         |||          |
        VVV         VVV         VVV         VVV          V

              Accepted traffic is sent to IP forwarding

      Figure 7: combined EF and AF implementation, ingress side



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3.6.1.1.  Classification In The Example

   A packet arriving at an ingress interface picks up its policy from
   the diffServDataPathTable.  This points to a classifier, which will
   select traffic according to some specification for each traffic
   class.

   An example of a classifier for an AFm class would be a set of three
   classifier elements, each pointing to a Multi-field classification
   parameter block identifying one of the AFmn DSCPs.  Alternatively,
   the filters might contain selectors for HTTP traffic or some other
   application.

   An example of a classifier for EF traffic might be a classifier
   element pointing to a filter specifying the EF code point, a
   collection of classifiers with parameter blocks specifying individual
   telephone calls, or a variety of other approaches.

   Typically, of course, a classifier identifies a variety of traffic
   and breaks it up into separate classes.  It might very well contain
   fourteen classifier elements indicating the twelve AFmn DSCP values,
   EF, and "everything else".  These would presumably direct traffic
   down six functional data paths: one for each AF or EF class, and one
   for all other traffic.

3.6.1.2.  AF Implementation On an Ingress Edge Interface

   Each AFm class applies a Two Rate Three Color Meter, dividing traffic
   into three groups.  These groups of traffic conform to both specified
   rates, only the higher one, or none.  The intent, on the ingress
   interface at the edge of the network, is to measure and appropriately
   mark traffic.

3.6.1.2.1.  AF Metering On an Ingress Edge Interface

   Each AFm class applies a Two Rate Three Color Meter, dividing traffic
   into three groups.  If two rates R and S, where R < S, are specified
   and traffic arrives at rate T, traffic comprising up to R bits per
   second is considered to conform to the "confirmed" rate, R.  If
   R < T, traffic comprising up to S-R bits per second is considered to
   conform to the "excess" rate, S.  Any further excess is non-
   conformant.

   Two meter entries are used to configure this, one for the conforming
   rate and one for the excess rate.  The rate parameters are stored in
   associated Token Bucket Parameter Entries.  The "FailNext" pointer of
   the lower rate Meter Entry points to the other Meter Entry; both
   "SucceedNext" pointers and the "FailNext" pointer of the higher Meter



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   Entry point to lists of actions.  In the color-blind mode, all three
   classifier "next" entries point to the lower rate meter entry.  In
   the color-aware mode, the AFm1 classifier points to the lower rate
   entry, the AFm2 classifier points to the higher rate entry (as it is
   only compared against that rate), and the AFm3 classifier points
   directly to the actions taken when both rates fail.

3.6.1.2.2.  AF Actions On an Ingress Edge Interface

   For network planning and perhaps for billing purposes, arriving
   traffic is normally counted.  Therefore, a "count" action, consisting
   of an action table entry pointing to a count table entry, is
   configured.

   Also, traffic is marked with the appropriate DSCP.  The first R bits
   per second are marked AFm1, the next S-R bits per second are marked
   AFm2, and the rest is marked AFm3.  It may be that traffic is
   arriving marked with the same DSCP, but in general, the additional
   complexity of deciding that it is being remarked to the same value is
   not useful.  Therefore, a "mark" action, consisting of an action
   table entry pointing to a mark table entry, is configured.

   At this point, the usual case is that traffic is now forwarded in the
   usual manner.  To indicate this, the "SucceedNext" pointer of the
   Mark Action is set to zeroDotZero.

3.6.1.3.  EF Implementation On an Ingress Edge Interface

   The EF class applies a Single Rate Two Color Meter, dividing traffic
   into "conforming" and "excess" groups.  The intent, on the ingress
   interface at the edge of the network, is to measure and appropriately
   mark conforming traffic and drop the excess.

3.6.1.3.1.  EF Metering On an Ingress Edge Interface

   A single rate two color (srTCM) meter requires one token bucket.  It
   is therefore configured using a single meter entry with a
   corresponding Token Bucket Parameter Entry.  Arriving traffic either
   "succeeds" or "fails".

3.6.1.3.2.  EF Actions On an Ingress Edge Interface

   For network planning and perhaps for billing purposes, arriving
   traffic that conforms to the meter is normally counted.  Therefore, a
   "count" action, consisting of an action table entry pointing to a
   count table entry, is configured.





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   Also, traffic is (re)marked with the EF DSCP.  Therefore, a "mark"
   action, consisting of an action table entry pointing to a mark table
   entry, is configured.

   At this point, the successful traffic is now forwarded in the usual
   manner.  To indicate this, the "SucceedNext" pointer of the Mark
   Action is set to zeroDotZero.

   Traffic that exceeded the arrival policy, however, is to be dropped.
   One can use a count action on this traffic if the several counters
   are interesting.  However, since the drop counter in the Algorithmic
   Drop Entry will count packets dropped, this is not clearly necessary.
   An Algorithmic Drop Entry of the type "alwaysDrop" with no successor
   is sufficient.

3.7.  AF and EF Egress Edge Interface Configuration

3.7.1.  Classification On an Egress Edge Interface

   A packet arriving at an egress interface may have been classified on
   an ingress interface, and the egress interface may have access to
   that information.  If it is relevant, there is no reason not to use
   that information.  If it is not available, however, there may be a
   need to (re)classify on the egress interface.  In any event, it picks
   up its "program" from the diffServDataPathTable.  This points to a
   classifier, which will select traffic according to some specification
   for each traffic class.
























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        +-----------------------+
        | diffServDataPathStart |
        +-----------+-----------+
                    |
         +----------+
         |
      +--+--+     +-----+     +-----+     +-----+     +-----+
      | AF1 +-----+ AF2 +-----+ AF3 +-----+ AF4 +-----+ EF  |
      +-+++-+     +-+++-+     +-+++-+     +-+++-+     +-+-+-+
        |||         |||         |||         |||         | |
      +-+++-+     +-+++-+     +-+++-+     +-+++-+     +-+-+-+
      |trTCM|     |trTCM|     |trTCM|     |trTCM|     |srTCM|
      |Meter|     |Meter|     |Meter|     |Meter|     |Meter|
      +-+++-+     +-+++-+     +-+++-+     +-+++-+     +-+-+-+
        |||         |||         |||         |||         | |
      +-+||---+   +-+||---+   +-+||---+   +-+||---+   +-+-|---+
      |+-+|----+  |+-+|----+  |+-+|----+  |+-+|----+  |+--+----+
      ||+-+-----+ ||+-+-----+ ||+-+-----+ ||+-+-----+ ||Actions|
      +||Actions| +||Actions| +||Actions| +||Actions| +|       |
       +|       |  +|       |  +|       |  +|       |  +-+-----+
        +-+-----+   +-+-----+   +-+-----+   +-+-----+    |
        |||         |||         |||         |||          |
      +-+++--+    +-+++--+    +-+++--+    +-+++--+    +--+---+
      | Queue|    | Queue|    | Queue|    | Queue|    | Queue|
      +--+---+    +--+---+    +--+---+    +--+---+    +--+---+
         |           |           |           |           |
      +--+-----------+-----------+-----------+---+       |
      |     WFQ/WRR Scheduler                    |       |
      +--------------------------------------+---+       |
                                             |           |
                                       +-----+-----------+----+
                                       |  Priority Scheduler  |
                                       +----------+-----------+
                                                  |
                                                  V

          Figure 8: combined EF and AF implementation

   An example of a classifier for an AFm class would be a succession of
   three classifier elements, each pointing to a Multi-field
   classification parameter block identifying one of the AFmn DSCPs.
   Alternatively, the filter might contain selectors for HTTP traffic or
   some other application.








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   An example of a classifier for EF traffic might be either a
   classifier element pointing to a Multi-field parameter specifying the
   EF code point, or a collection of classifiers with parameter blocks
   specifying individual telephone calls, or a variety of other
   approaches.

   Each classifier delivers traffic to appropriate functional data path
   elements.

3.7.2.  AF Implementation On an Egress Edge Interface

   Each AFm class applies a Two Rate Three Color Meter, dividing traffic
   into three groups.  These groups of traffic conform to both specified
   rates, only the higher one, or none.  The intent, on the ingress
   interface at the edge of the network, is to measure and appropriately
   mark traffic.

3.7.2.1.  AF Metering On an Egress Edge Interface

   Each AFm class applies a Two Rate Three Color Meter, dividing traffic
   into three groups.  If two rates R and S, where R < S, are specified
   and traffic arrives at rate T, traffic comprising up to R bits per
   second is considered to conform to the "confirmed" rate, R.  If
   R < T, traffic comprising up to S-R bits per second is considered to
   conform to the "excess" rate, S.  Any further excess is non-
   conformant.

   Two meter entries are used to configure this, one for the conforming
   rate and one for the excess rate.  The rate parameters are stored in
   associated Token Bucket Parameter Entries.  The "FailNext" pointer of
   the lower rate Meter Entry points to the other Meter Entry; both
   "SucceedNext" pointers and the "FailNext" pointer of the higher Meter
   Entry point to lists of actions.  In the color-blind mode, all three
   classifier "next" entries point to the lower rate meter entry.  In
   the color-aware mode, the AFm1 classifier points to the lower rate
   entry, the AFm2 classifier points to the higher rate entry (as it is
   only compared against that rate), and the AFm3 classifier points
   directly to the actions taken when both rates fail.













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      +-----------------------------------------------------+
      |                     Classifier                      |
      +--------+--------------------------------------------+
               |Green| Yellow| Red
               |     |       |
            +--+-----+-------+--+ Fail +--------------------+
            |      Meter        +------+      Meter         |
            +--+----------------+      +---+-------+--------+
               | Succeed (Green)           |       |Fail (Red)
               |                 +---------+       |
               |                 | Succeed (Yellow)|
          +----+----+       +----+----+       +----+----+
          |  Count  |       |  Count  |       |  Count  |
          |  Action |       |  Action |       |  Action |
          +----+----+       +----+----+       +----+----+
               |                 |                 |
          +----+----+       +----+----+       +----+----+
          |Mark AFx1|       |Mark AFx2|       |Mark AFx3|
          |  Action |       |  Action |       |  Action |
          +----+----+       +----+----+       +----+----+
               |                 |                 |
          +----+----+       +----+----+       +----+----+
          |  Random |       |  Random |       |  Random |
          |  Drop   |       |  Drop   |       |  Drop   |
          |  Action |       |  Action |       |  Action |
          +----+----+       +----+----+       +----+----+
               |                 |                 |
      +--------+-----------------+-----------------+--------+
      |                        Queue                        |
      +--------------------------+--------------------------+
                                 |
                            +----+----+
                            |  Rate   |
                            |Scheduler|
                            +----+----+
                                 |

      Figure 9a: Typical AF Edge egress interface configuration,
                 using color-blind meters












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      +-----------------------------------------------------+
      |                     Classifier                      |
      +--------+--------------------------------------------+
               |Green            | Yellow          | Red
               |                 |                 |
          +----+----+       +----+----+            |
          |  Count  |       |  Count  |            |
          |  Action +-------+  Action +------------+
          +----+----+ Fail  +----+----+  Fail      |
               |Succeed          |Succeed          |
          +----+----+       +----+----+       +----+----+
          |  Count  |       |  Count  |       |  Count  |
          |  Action |       |  Action |       |  Action |
          +----+----+       +----+----+       +----+----+
               |                 |                 |
          +----+----+       +----+----+       +----+----+
          |Mark AFx1|       |Mark AFx2|       |Mark AFx3|
          |  Action |       |  Action |       |  Action |
          +----+----+       +----+----+       +----+----+
               |                 |                 |
          +----+----+       +----+----+       +----+----+
          |  Random |       |  Random |       |  Random |
          |  Drop   |       |  Drop   |       |  Drop   |
          |  Action |       |  Action |       |  Action |
          +----+----+       +----+----+       +----+----+
               |                 |                 |
      +--------+-----------------+-----------------+--------+
      |                        Queue                        |
      +--------------------------+--------------------------+
                                 |
                            +----+----+
                            |  Rate   |
                            |Scheduler|
                            +----+----+
                                 |

      Figure 9b: Typical AF Edge egress interface configuration,
                 using color-aware meters













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      +-----------------------------------------------------+
      |                     Classifier                      |
      +--------+-----------------+-----------------+--------+
               | Green           | Yellow          | Red
               |                 |                 |
          +----+----+       +----+----+       +----+----+
          |  Count  |       |  Count  |       |  Count  |
          |  Action |       |  Action |       |  Action |
          +----+----+       +----+----+       +----+----+
               |                 |                 |
          +----+----+       +----+----+       +----+----+
          |  Random |       |  Random |       |  Random |
          |  Drop   |       |  Drop   |       |  Drop   |
          |  Action |       |  Action |       |  Action |
          +----+----+       +----+----+       +----+----+
               |                 |                 |
      +--------+-----------------+-----------------+--------+
      |                        Queue                        |
      +--------------------------+--------------------------+
                                 |
                            +----+----+
                            |  Rate   |
                            |Scheduler|
                            +----+----+
                                 |

      Figure 10: Typical AF Edge core interface configuration

3.7.2.2.  AF Actions On an Egress Edge Interface

   For network planning and perhaps for billing purposes, departing
   traffic is normally counted.  Therefore, a "count" action, consisting
   of an action table entry pointing to a count table entry, is
   configured.

   Also, traffic may be marked with an appropriate DSCP.  The first R
   bits per second are marked AFm1, the next S-R bits per second are
   marked AFm2, and the rest is marked AFm3.  It may be that traffic is
   arriving marked with the same DSCP, but in general, the additional
   complexity of deciding that it is being remarked to the same value is
   not useful.  Therefore, a "mark" action, consisting of an action
   table entry pointing to a mark table entry, is configured.

   At this point, the usual case is that traffic is now queued for
   transmission.  The queue uses Active Queue Management, using an
   algorithm such as RED.  Therefore, an Algorithmic Dropper is





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   configured for each AFmn traffic stream, with a slightly lower min-
   threshold (and possibly lower max-threshold) for the excess traffic
   than for the committed traffic.

3.7.2.3.  AF Rate-based Queuing On an Egress Edge Interface

   The queue expected by AF is normally a work-conserving queue.  It
   usually has a specified minimum rate, and may have a maximum rate
   below the bandwidth of the interface.  In concept, it will use as
   much bandwidth as is available to it, but assure the lower bound.

   Common ways to implement this include various forms of Weighted Fair
   Queuing (WFQ) or Weighted Round Robin (WRR).  Integrated over a
   longer interval, these give each class a predictable throughput rate.
   They differ in that over short intervals they will order traffic
   differently.  In general, traffic classes that keep traffic in queue
   will tend to absorb latency from queues with lower mean occupancy, in
   exchange for which they make use of any available capacity.

3.7.3.  EF Implementation On an Egress Edge Interface

   The EF class applies a Single Rate Two Color Meter, dividing traffic
   into "conforming" and "excess" groups.  The intent, on the egress
   interface at the edge of the network, is to measure and appropriately
   mark conforming traffic and drop the excess.

3.7.3.1.  EF Metering On an Egress Edge Interface

   A single rate two color (srTCM) meter requires one token bucket.  It
   is therefore configured using a single meter entry with a
   corresponding Token Bucket Parameter Entry.  Arriving traffic either
   "succeeds" or "fails".

3.7.3.2.  EF Actions On an Egress Edge Interface

   For network planning and perhaps for billing purposes, departing
   traffic that conforms to the meter is normally counted.  Therefore, a
   "count" action, consisting of an action table entry pointing to a
   count table entry, is configured.

   Also, traffic is (re)marked with the EF DSCP.  Therefore, a "mark"
   action, consisting of an action table entry pointing to a mark table
   entry, is configured.








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      +-----------------------------------------------------+
      |                     Classifier                      |
      +-------------------------+---------------------------+
                                | Voice
                                |
                  +-------------+----------+
                  |           Meter        |
                  +----+-------------+-----+
                       | Succeed     | Fail
                       |             |
                  +----+----+   +----+----+
                  |  Count  |   |  Always |
                  |  Action |   |  Drop   |
                  +----+----+   |  Action |
                       |        +---------+
                  +----+---------+
                  |  Algorithmic |
                  |  Drop Action |
                  +----+---------+
                       |
      +----------------+---------------+
      |              Queue             |
      +----------------+---------------+
                       |
                 +-----+-----+
                 |  Priority |
                 | Scheduler |
                 +-----+-----+

      Figure 11: Typical EF Edge (Policing) Configuration





















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              +--------------------------------+
              |           Classifier           |
              +----------------+---------------+
                               | Voice
                               |
                          +----+----+
                          |  Count  |
                          |  Action |
                          +----+----+
                               |
                        +------+-------+
                        |  Algorithmic |
                        |  Drop Action |
                        +------+-------+
                               |
              +----------------+---------------+
              |              Queue             |
              +----------------+---------------+
                               |
                         +-----+-----+
                         |  Priority |
                         | Scheduler |
                         +-----+-----+

      Figure 12: Typical EF Core interface Configuration

   At this point, the successful traffic is now queued for transmission,
   using a priority queue or perhaps a rate-based queue with significant
   over-provision.  Since the amount of traffic present is known, one
   might not drop from this queue at all.

   Traffic that exceeded the policy, however, is dropped.  A count
   action can be used on this traffic if the several counters are
   interesting.  However, since the drop counter in the Algorithmic Drop
   Entry will count packets dropped, this is not clearly necessary.  An
   Algorithmic Drop Entry of the type "alwaysDrop" with no successor is
   sufficient.

3.7.3.3.  EF Priority Queuing On an Egress Edge Interface

   The normal implementation is a priority queue, to minimize induced
   jitter.  A separate queue is used for each EF class, with a strict
   ordering.








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4.  Conventions used in this MIB

4.1.  The use of RowPointer to indicate data path linkage

   RowPointer is a textual convention used to identify a conceptual row
   in a MIB Table by pointing to one of its objects.  One of the ways
   this MIB uses it is to indicate succession, pointing to data path
   linkage table entries.

   For succession, it answers the question "what happens next?".  Rather
   than presume that the next table must be as specified in the
   conceptual model [MODEL] and providing its index, the RowPointer
   takes you to the MIB row representing that thing.  In the
   diffServMeterTable, for example, the diffServMeterFailNext RowPointer
   might take you to another meter, while the diffServMeterSucceedNext
   RowPointer would take you to an action.

   Since a RowPointer is not tied to any specific object except by the
   value it contains, it is possible and acceptable to use RowPointers
   to merge data paths.  An obvious example of such a use is in the
   classifier: traffic matching the DSCPs AF11, AF12, and AF13 might be
   presented to the same meter in order to perform the processing
   described in the Assured Forwarding PHB.  Another use would be to
   merge data paths from several interfaces; if they represent a single
   service contract, having them share a common set of counters and
   common policy may be a desirable configuration.  Note well, however,
   that such configurations may have related implementation issues - if
   Differentiated Services processing for the interfaces is implemented
   in multiple forwarding engines, the engines will need to communicate
   if they are to implement such a feature.  An implementation that
   fails to provide this capability is not considered to have failed the
   intention of this MIB or of the [MODEL]; an implementation that does
   provide it is not considered superior from a standards perspective.

      NOTE -- the RowPointer construct is used to connect the functional
      data paths.  The [MODEL] describes these as TCBs, as an aid to
      understanding.  This MIB, however, does not model TCBs directly.
      It operates at a lower level of abstraction using only individual
      elements, connected in succession by RowPointers.  Therefore, the
      concept of TCBs enclosing individual Functional Data Path elements
      is not directly applicable to this MIB, although management tools
      that use this MIB may employ such a concept.

   It is possible that a path through a device following a set of
   RowPointers is indeterminate i.e. it ends in a dangling RowPointer.
   Guidance is provided in the MIB module's DESCRIPTION-clause for each
   of the linkage attribute.  In general, for both zeroDotZero and
   dangling RowPointer, it is assumed the data path ends and the traffic



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   should be given to the next logical part of the device, usually a
   forwarding process or a transmission engine, or the proverbial bit-
   bucket.  Any variation from this usage is indicated by the attribute
   affected.

4.2.  The use of RowPointer to indicate parameters

   RowPointer is also used in this MIB to indicate parameterization, for
   pointing to parameterization table entries.

   For indirection (as in the diffServClfrElementTable), the idea is to
   allow other MIBs, including proprietary ones, to define new and
   arcane filters - MAC headers, IPv4 and IPv6 headers, BGP Communities
   and all sorts of other things - while still utilizing the structures
   of this MIB.  This is a form of class inheritance (in "object
   oriented" language): it allows base object definitions ("classes") to
   be extended in proprietary or standard ways, in the future, by other
   documents.

   RowPointer also clearly indicates the identified conceptual row's
   content does not change, hence they can be simultaneously used and
   pointed to, by more than one data path linkage table entries.  The
   identification of RowPointer allows higher level policy mechanisms to
   take advantage of this characteristic.

4.3.  Conceptual row creation and deletion

   A number of conceptual tables defined in this MIB use as an index an
   arbitrary integer value, unique across the scope of the agent.  In
   order to help with multi-manager row-creation problems, a mechanism
   must be provided to allow a manager to obtain unique values for such
   an index and to ensure that, when used, the manager knows whether it
   got what it wanted or not.

   Typically, such a table has an associated NextFree variable e.g.
   diffServClfrNextFree which provides a suitable value for the index of
   the next row to be created e.g. diffServClfrId.  The value zero is
   used to indicate that the agent can configure no more entries.  The
   table also has a columnar Status attribute with RowStatus syntax [RFC
   2579].

   Generally, if a manager attempts to create a row, the agent will
   create the row and return success.  If the agent has insufficient
   resources or such a row already exists, then it returns an error.  A
   manager must be prepared to try again in such circumstances, probably
   by re-reading the NextFree to obtain a new index value in case a
   second manager had got in between the first manager's read of the
   NextFree value and the first manager's row-creation attempt.



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   To simplify management creation and deletion of rows in this MIB, the
   agent is expected to assist in maintaining its consistency.  It may
   accomplish this by maintaining internal usage counters for any row
   that might be pointed to by a RowPointer, or by any equivalent means.
   When a RowPointer is created or written, and the row it points to
   does not exist, the SET returns an inconsistentValue error.  When a
   RowStatus variable is set to 'destroy' but the usage counter is non-
   zero, the SET returns no error but the indicated row is left intact.
   The agent should later remove the row in the event that the usage
   counter becomes zero.

   The use of RowStatus is covered in more detail in [RFC 2579].

5.  Extending this MIB

   With the structures of this MIB divided into data path linkage tables
   and parameterization tables, and with the use of RowPointer, new data
   path linkage and parameterization tables can be defined in other MIB
   modules, and used with tables defined in this MIB.  This MIB does not
   limit the type of entries its RowPointer attributes can point to,
   hence new functional data path elements can be defined in other MIBs
   and integrated with functional data path elements of this MIB.  For
   example, new Action functional data path element can be defined for
   Traffic Engineering and be integrated with Differentiated Services
   functional data path elements, possibly used within the same data
   path sharing the same classifiers and meters.

   It is more likely that new parameterization tables will be created in
   other MIBs as new methods or proprietary methods get deployed for
   existing Differentiated Services Functional Data Path Elements.  For
   example, different kinds of filters can be defined by using new
   filter parameterization tables.  New scheduling methods can be
   deployed by defining new scheduling method OIDs and new scheduling
   parameter tables.

   Notice both new data path linkage tables and parameterization tables
   can be added without needing to change this MIB document or affect
   existing tables and their usage.

6.  MIB Definition

DIFFSERV-DSCP-TC DEFINITIONS ::= BEGIN

    IMPORTS
    Integer32, MODULE-IDENTITY, mib-2
         FROM SNMPv2-SMI
    TEXTUAL-CONVENTION
         FROM SNMPv2-TC;



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diffServDSCPTC MODULE-IDENTITY
    LAST-UPDATED "200205090000Z"
    ORGANIZATION "IETF Differentiated Services WG"
    CONTACT-INFO
       "       Fred Baker
               Cisco Systems
               1121 Via Del Rey
               Santa Barbara, CA 93117, USA
               E-mail: fred@cisco.com

               Kwok Ho Chan
               Nortel Networks
               600 Technology Park Drive
               Billerica, MA 01821, USA
               E-mail: khchan@nortelnetworks.com

               Andrew Smith
               Harbour Networks
               Jiuling Building
               21 North Xisanhuan Ave.
               Beijing, 100089, PRC
               E-mail: ah_smith@acm.org

                 Differentiated Services Working Group:
                 diffserv@ietf.org"
    DESCRIPTION
       "The Textual Conventions defined in this module should be used
       whenever a Differentiated Services Code Point is used in a MIB."
    REVISION "200205090000Z"
    DESCRIPTION
       "Initial version, published as RFC 3289."
    ::= { mib-2 96 }

Dscp ::= TEXTUAL-CONVENTION
    DISPLAY-HINT "d"
    STATUS   current
    DESCRIPTION
       "A Differentiated Services Code-Point that may be used for
       marking a traffic stream."
    REFERENCE
        "RFC 2474, RFC 2780"
    SYNTAX   Integer32 (0..63)

DscpOrAny ::= TEXTUAL-CONVENTION
    DISPLAY-HINT "d"
    STATUS   current
    DESCRIPTION
       "The IP header Differentiated Services Code-Point that may be



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       used for discriminating among traffic streams. The value -1 is
       used to indicate a wild card i.e. any value."
    REFERENCE
        "RFC 2474, RFC 2780"
    SYNTAX   Integer32 (-1 | 0..63)

END

DIFFSERV-MIB DEFINITIONS ::= BEGIN

    IMPORTS
    Unsigned32, Counter64, MODULE-IDENTITY, OBJECT-TYPE,
    OBJECT-IDENTITY, zeroDotZero, mib-2
         FROM SNMPv2-SMI
    TEXTUAL-CONVENTION, RowStatus, RowPointer,
    StorageType, AutonomousType
         FROM SNMPv2-TC
    MODULE-COMPLIANCE, OBJECT-GROUP
         FROM SNMPv2-CONF
    ifIndex, InterfaceIndexOrZero
        FROM IF-MIB
    InetAddressType, InetAddress, InetAddressPrefixLength,
    InetPortNumber
        FROM INET-ADDRESS-MIB
    BurstSize
        FROM INTEGRATED-SERVICES-MIB
    Dscp, DscpOrAny
        FROM DIFFSERV-DSCP-TC;

diffServMib MODULE-IDENTITY
    LAST-UPDATED "200202070000Z"
    ORGANIZATION "IETF Differentiated Services WG"
    CONTACT-INFO
       "       Fred Baker
               Cisco Systems
               1121 Via Del Rey
               Santa Barbara, CA 93117, USA
               E-mail: fred@cisco.com

               Kwok Ho Chan
               Nortel Networks
               600 Technology Park Drive
               Billerica, MA 01821, USA
               E-mail: khchan@nortelnetworks.com

               Andrew Smith
               Harbour Networks
               Jiuling Building



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               21 North Xisanhuan Ave.
               Beijing, 100089, PRC
               E-mail: ah_smith@acm.org

               Differentiated Services Working Group:
               diffserv@ietf.org"
    DESCRIPTION
       "This MIB defines the objects necessary to manage a device that
       uses the Differentiated Services Architecture described in RFC
       2475. The Conceptual Model of a Differentiated Services Router
       provides supporting information on how such a router is modeled."
    REVISION "200202070000Z"
    DESCRIPTION
       "Initial version, published as RFC 3289."
    ::= { mib-2 97 }

diffServMIBObjects     OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= { diffServMib 1 }
diffServMIBConformance OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= { diffServMib 2 }
diffServMIBAdmin       OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= { diffServMib 3 }

IndexInteger ::= TEXTUAL-CONVENTION
    DISPLAY-HINT "d"
    STATUS   current
    DESCRIPTION
       "An integer which may be used as a table index."
    SYNTAX   Unsigned32 (1..4294967295)

IndexIntegerNextFree ::= TEXTUAL-CONVENTION
    DISPLAY-HINT "d"
    STATUS   current
    DESCRIPTION
       "An integer which may be used as a new Index in a table.

       The special value of 0 indicates that no more new entries can be
       created in the relevant table.

       When a MIB is used for configuration, an object with this SYNTAX
       always contains a legal value (if non-zero) for an index that is
       not currently used in the relevant table. The Command Generator
       (Network Management Application) reads this variable and uses the
       (non-zero) value read when creating a new row with an SNMP SET.
       When the SET is performed, the Command Responder (agent) must
       determine whether the value is indeed still unused; Two Network
       Management Applications may attempt to create a row
       (configuration entry) simultaneously and use the same value. If
       it is currently unused, the SET succeeds and the Command
       Responder (agent) changes the value of this object, according to
       an implementation-specific algorithm.  If the value is in use,



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       however, the SET fails.  The Network Management Application must
       then re-read this variable to obtain a new usable value.

       An OBJECT-TYPE definition using this SYNTAX MUST specify the
       relevant table for which the object is providing this
       functionality."
    SYNTAX   Unsigned32 (0..4294967295)

IfDirection ::= TEXTUAL-CONVENTION
    STATUS current
    DESCRIPTION
       "IfDirection specifies a direction of data travel on an
       interface. 'inbound' traffic is operated on during reception from
       the interface, while 'outbound' traffic is operated on prior to
       transmission on the interface."
    SYNTAX  INTEGER {
                inbound(1),     -- ingress interface
                outbound(2)     -- egress interface
}

--
-- Data Path
--

diffServDataPath       OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= { diffServMIBObjects 1 }

--
-- Data Path Table
--
-- The Data Path Table enumerates the Differentiated Services
-- Functional Data Paths within this device.  Each entry in this table
-- is indexed by ifIndex and ifDirection.  Each entry provides the
-- first Differentiated Services Functional Data Path Element to
-- process data flowing along specific data path.  This table should
-- have at most two entries for each interface capable of
-- Differentiated Services processing on this device: ingress and
-- egress.

-- Note that Differentiated Services Functional Data Path Elements
-- linked together using their individual next pointers and anchored by
-- an entry of the diffServDataPathTable constitute a functional data
-- path.
--

diffServDataPathTable OBJECT-TYPE
    SYNTAX       SEQUENCE OF DiffServDataPathEntry
    MAX-ACCESS   not-accessible
    STATUS       current



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    DESCRIPTION
       "The data path table contains RowPointers indicating the start of
       the functional data path for each interface and traffic direction
       in this device. These may merge, or be separated into parallel
       data paths."
    ::= { diffServDataPath 1 }

diffServDataPathEntry OBJECT-TYPE
    SYNTAX       DiffServDataPathEntry
    MAX-ACCESS   not-accessible
    STATUS       current
    DESCRIPTION
       "An entry in the data path table indicates the start of a single
       Differentiated Services Functional Data Path in this device.

       These are associated with individual interfaces, logical or
       physical, and therefore are instantiated by ifIndex. Therefore,
       the interface index must have been assigned, according to the
       procedures applicable to that, before it can be meaningfully
       used. Generally, this means that the interface must exist.

       When diffServDataPathStorage is of type nonVolatile, however,
       this may reflect the configuration for an interface whose ifIndex
       has been assigned but for which the supporting implementation is
       not currently present."
    INDEX { ifIndex, diffServDataPathIfDirection }
    ::= { diffServDataPathTable 1 }

DiffServDataPathEntry ::= SEQUENCE  {
    diffServDataPathIfDirection    IfDirection,
    diffServDataPathStart          RowPointer,
    diffServDataPathStorage        StorageType,
    diffServDataPathStatus         RowStatus
}

diffServDataPathIfDirection OBJECT-TYPE
    SYNTAX       IfDirection
    MAX-ACCESS   not-accessible
    STATUS       current
    DESCRIPTION
       "IfDirection specifies whether the reception or transmission path
       for this interface is in view."
    ::= { diffServDataPathEntry 1 }

diffServDataPathStart OBJECT-TYPE
    SYNTAX       RowPointer
    MAX-ACCESS   read-create
    STATUS       current



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    DESCRIPTION
       "This selects the first Differentiated Services Functional Data
       Path Element to handle traffic for this data path. This
       RowPointer should point to an instance of one of:
         diffServClfrEntry
         diffServMeterEntry
         diffServActionEntry
         diffServAlgDropEntry
         diffServQEntry

       A value of zeroDotZero in this attribute indicates that no
       Differentiated Services treatment is performed on traffic of this
       data path. A pointer with the value zeroDotZero normally
       terminates a functional data path.

       Setting this to point to a target that does not exist results in
       an inconsistentValue error.  If the row pointed to is removed or
       becomes inactive by other means, the treatment is as if this
       attribute contains a value of zeroDotZero."
    ::= { diffServDataPathEntry 2 }

diffServDataPathStorage OBJECT-TYPE
    SYNTAX       StorageType
    MAX-ACCESS   read-create
    STATUS       current
    DESCRIPTION
       "The storage type for this conceptual row.  Conceptual rows
       having the value 'permanent' need not allow write-access to any
       columnar objects in the row."
    DEFVAL { nonVolatile }
    ::= { diffServDataPathEntry 3 }

diffServDataPathStatus OBJECT-TYPE
    SYNTAX       RowStatus
    MAX-ACCESS   read-create
    STATUS       current
    DESCRIPTION
       "The status of this conceptual row. All writable objects in this
       row may be modified at any time."
    ::= { diffServDataPathEntry 4 }

--
-- Classifiers
--

diffServClassifier     OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= { diffServMIBObjects 2 }

--



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-- Classifier Table
--
-- The Classifier Table allows multiple classifier elements, of same or
-- different types, to be used together. A classifier must completely
-- classify all packets presented to it. This means that all traffic
-- presented to a classifier must match at least one classifier element
-- within the classifier, with the classifier element parameters
-- specified by a filter.

-- If there is ambiguity between classifier elements of different
-- classifier, classifier linkage order indicates their precedence; the
-- first classifier in the link is applied to the traffic first.

-- Entries in the classifier element table serves as the anchor for
-- each classification pattern, defined in filter table entries.  Each
-- classifier element table entry also specifies the subsequent
-- downstream Differentiated Services Functional Data Path Element when
-- the classification pattern is satisfied. Each entry in the
-- classifier element table describes one branch of the fan-out
-- characteristic of a classifier indicated in the Informal
-- Differentiated Services Model section 4.1.  A classifier is composed
-- of one or more classifier elements.

diffServClfrNextFree OBJECT-TYPE
    SYNTAX       IndexIntegerNextFree
    MAX-ACCESS   read-only
    STATUS       current
    DESCRIPTION
       "This object contains an unused value for diffServClfrId, or a
       zero to indicate that none exist."
    ::= { diffServClassifier 1 }

diffServClfrTable OBJECT-TYPE
    SYNTAX       SEQUENCE OF DiffServClfrEntry
    MAX-ACCESS   not-accessible
    STATUS       current
    DESCRIPTION
       "This table enumerates all the diffserv classifier functional
       data path elements of this device.  The actual classification
       definitions are defined in diffServClfrElementTable entries
       belonging to each classifier.

       An entry in this table, pointed to by a RowPointer specifying an
       instance of diffServClfrStatus, is frequently used as the name
       for a set of classifier elements, which all use the index
       diffServClfrId. Per the semantics of the classifier element
       table, these entries constitute one or more unordered sets of
       tests which may be simultaneously applied to a message to



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       classify it.

       The primary function of this table is to ensure that the value of
       diffServClfrId is unique before attempting to use it in creating
       a diffServClfrElementEntry. Therefore, the diffServClfrEntry must
       be created on the same SET as the diffServClfrElementEntry, or
       before the diffServClfrElementEntry is created."
    ::= { diffServClassifier 2 }

diffServClfrEntry OBJECT-TYPE
    SYNTAX       DiffServClfrEntry
    MAX-ACCESS   not-accessible
    STATUS       current
    DESCRIPTION
       "An entry in the classifier table describes a single classifier.
       All classifier elements belonging to the same classifier use the
       classifier's diffServClfrId as part of their index."
    INDEX { diffServClfrId }
    ::= { diffServClfrTable 1 }

DiffServClfrEntry ::= SEQUENCE  {
    diffServClfrId              IndexInteger,
    diffServClfrStorage         StorageType,
    diffServClfrStatus          RowStatus
}

diffServClfrId OBJECT-TYPE
    SYNTAX       IndexInteger
    MAX-ACCESS   not-accessible
    STATUS       current
    DESCRIPTION
       "An index that enumerates the classifier entries.  Managers
       should obtain new values for row creation in this table by
       reading diffServClfrNextFree."
    ::= { diffServClfrEntry 1 }

diffServClfrStorage OBJECT-TYPE
    SYNTAX       StorageType
    MAX-ACCESS   read-create
    STATUS       current
    DESCRIPTION
       "The storage type for this conceptual row.  Conceptual rows
       having the value 'permanent' need not allow write-access to any
       columnar objects in the row."
    DEFVAL { nonVolatile }
    ::= { diffServClfrEntry 2 }

diffServClfrStatus OBJECT-TYPE



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    SYNTAX       RowStatus
    MAX-ACCESS   read-create
    STATUS       current
    DESCRIPTION
       "The status of this conceptual row. All writable objects in this
       row may be modified at any time. Setting this variable to
       'destroy' when the MIB contains one or more RowPointers pointing
       to it results in destruction being delayed until the row is no
       longer used."
    ::= { diffServClfrEntry 3 }

--
-- Classifier Element Table
--
diffServClfrElementNextFree OBJECT-TYPE
    SYNTAX       IndexIntegerNextFree
    MAX-ACCESS   read-only
    STATUS       current
    DESCRIPTION
       "This object contains an unused value for diffServClfrElementId,
       or a zero to indicate that none exist."
    ::= { diffServClassifier 3 }

diffServClfrElementTable OBJECT-TYPE
    SYNTAX       SEQUENCE OF DiffServClfrElementEntry
    MAX-ACCESS   not-accessible
    STATUS       current
    DESCRIPTION
       "The classifier element table enumerates the relationship between
       classification patterns and subsequent downstream Differentiated
       Services Functional Data Path elements.
       diffServClfrElementSpecific points to a filter that specifies the
       classification parameters. A classifier may use filter tables of
       different types together.

       One example of a filter table defined in this MIB is
       diffServMultiFieldClfrTable, for IP Multi-Field Classifiers
       (MFCs). Such an entry might identify anything from a single
       micro-flow (an identifiable sub-session packet stream directed
       from one sending transport to the receiving transport or
       transports), or aggregates of those such as the traffic from a
       host, traffic for an application, or traffic between two hosts
       using an application and a given DSCP. The standard Behavior
       Aggregate used in the Differentiated Services Architecture is
       encoded as a degenerate case of such an aggregate - the traffic
       using a particular DSCP value.

       Filter tables for other filter types may be defined elsewhere."



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    ::= { diffServClassifier 4 }

diffServClfrElementEntry OBJECT-TYPE
    SYNTAX       DiffServClfrElementEntry
    MAX-ACCESS   not-accessible
    STATUS       current
    DESCRIPTION
       "An entry in the classifier element table describes a single
       element of the classifier."
    INDEX { diffServClfrId, diffServClfrElementId }
    ::= { diffServClfrElementTable 1 }

DiffServClfrElementEntry ::= SEQUENCE  {
    diffServClfrElementId          IndexInteger,
    diffServClfrElementPrecedence  Unsigned32,
    diffServClfrElementNext        RowPointer,
    diffServClfrElementSpecific    RowPointer,
    diffServClfrElementStorage     StorageType,
    diffServClfrElementStatus      RowStatus
}

diffServClfrElementId OBJECT-TYPE
    SYNTAX       IndexInteger
    MAX-ACCESS   not-accessible
    STATUS       current
    DESCRIPTION
       "An index that enumerates the Classifier Element entries.
       Managers obtain new values for row creation in this table by
       reading diffServClfrElementNextFree."
    ::= { diffServClfrElementEntry 1 }

diffServClfrElementPrecedence OBJECT-TYPE
    SYNTAX       Unsigned32  (1..4294967295)
    MAX-ACCESS   read-create
    STATUS       current
    DESCRIPTION
       "The relative order in which classifier elements are applied:
       higher numbers represent classifier element with higher
       precedence.  Classifier elements with the same order must be
       unambiguous i.e. they must define non-overlapping patterns, and
       are considered to be applied simultaneously to the traffic
       stream. Classifier elements with different order may overlap in
       their filters:  the classifier element with the highest order
       that matches is taken.

       On a given interface, there must be a complete classifier in
       place at all times in the ingress direction.  This means one or
       more filters must match any possible pattern. There is no such



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       requirement in the egress direction."
    ::= { diffServClfrElementEntry 2 }

diffServClfrElementNext OBJECT-TYPE
    SYNTAX       RowPointer
    MAX-ACCESS   read-create
    STATUS       current
    DESCRIPTION
       "This attribute provides one branch of the fan-out functionality
       of a classifier described in the Informal Differentiated Services
       Model section 4.1.

       This selects the next Differentiated Services Functional Data
       Path Element to handle traffic for this data path. This
       RowPointer should point to an instance of one of:
         diffServClfrEntry
         diffServMeterEntry
         diffServActionEntry
         diffServAlgDropEntry
         diffServQEntry

       A value of zeroDotZero in this attribute indicates no further
       Differentiated Services treatment is performed on traffic of this
       data path. The use of zeroDotZero is the normal usage for the
       last functional data path element of the current data path.

       Setting this to point to a target that does not exist results in
       an inconsistentValue error.  If the row pointed to is removed or
       becomes inactive by other means, the treatment is as if this
       attribute contains a value of zeroDotZero."

    ::= { diffServClfrElementEntry 3 }

diffServClfrElementSpecific OBJECT-TYPE
    SYNTAX       RowPointer
    MAX-ACCESS   read-create
    STATUS       current
    DESCRIPTION
       "A pointer to a valid entry in another table, filter table, that
       describes the applicable classification parameters, e.g. an entry
       in diffServMultiFieldClfrTable.

       The value zeroDotZero is interpreted to match anything not
       matched by another classifier element - only one such entry may
       exist for each classifier.

       Setting this to point to a target that does not exist results in
       an inconsistentValue error.  If the row pointed to is removed or



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       becomes inactive by other means, the element is ignored."
    ::= { diffServClfrElementEntry 4 }

diffServClfrElementStorage OBJECT-TYPE
    SYNTAX       StorageType
    MAX-ACCESS   read-create
    STATUS       current
    DESCRIPTION
       "The storage type for this conceptual row.  Conceptual rows
       having the value 'permanent' need not allow write-access to any
       columnar objects in the row."
    DEFVAL { nonVolatile }
    ::= { diffServClfrElementEntry 5 }

diffServClfrElementStatus OBJECT-TYPE
    SYNTAX       RowStatus
    MAX-ACCESS   read-create
    STATUS       current
    DESCRIPTION
       "The status of this conceptual row. All writable objects in this
       row may be modified at any time. Setting this variable to
       'destroy' when the MIB contains one or more RowPointers pointing
       to it results in destruction being delayed until the row is no
       longer used."
    ::= { diffServClfrElementEntry 6 }

--
-- IP Multi-field Classification Table
--
-- Classification based on six different fields in the IP header.
-- Functional Data Paths may share definitions by using the same entry.
--

diffServMultiFieldClfrNextFree OBJECT-TYPE
    SYNTAX       IndexIntegerNextFree
    MAX-ACCESS   read-only
    STATUS       current
    DESCRIPTION
       "This object contains an unused value for
       diffServMultiFieldClfrId, or a zero to indicate that none exist."
    ::= { diffServClassifier 5 }

diffServMultiFieldClfrTable OBJECT-TYPE
    SYNTAX   SEQUENCE OF DiffServMultiFieldClfrEntry
    MAX-ACCESS   not-accessible
    STATUS   current
    DESCRIPTION
       "A table of IP Multi-field Classifier filter entries that a



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       system may use to identify IP traffic."
    ::= { diffServClassifier 6 }

diffServMultiFieldClfrEntry OBJECT-TYPE
    SYNTAX       DiffServMultiFieldClfrEntry
    MAX-ACCESS   not-accessible
    STATUS   current
    DESCRIPTION
       "An IP Multi-field Classifier entry describes a single filter."
    INDEX { diffServMultiFieldClfrId }
    ::= { diffServMultiFieldClfrTable 1 }

DiffServMultiFieldClfrEntry ::= SEQUENCE {
    diffServMultiFieldClfrId           IndexInteger,
    diffServMultiFieldClfrAddrType     InetAddressType,
    diffServMultiFieldClfrDstAddr      InetAddress,
    diffServMultiFieldClfrDstPrefixLength InetAddressPrefixLength,
    diffServMultiFieldClfrSrcAddr      InetAddress,
    diffServMultiFieldClfrSrcPrefixLength InetAddressPrefixLength,
    diffServMultiFieldClfrDscp         DscpOrAny,
    diffServMultiFieldClfrFlowId       Unsigned32,
    diffServMultiFieldClfrProtocol     Unsigned32,
    diffServMultiFieldClfrDstL4PortMin InetPortNumber,
    diffServMultiFieldClfrDstL4PortMax InetPortNumber,
    diffServMultiFieldClfrSrcL4PortMin InetPortNumber,
    diffServMultiFieldClfrSrcL4PortMax InetPortNumber,
    diffServMultiFieldClfrStorage      StorageType,
    diffServMultiFieldClfrStatus       RowStatus
}

diffServMultiFieldClfrId OBJECT-TYPE
    SYNTAX         IndexInteger
    MAX-ACCESS     not-accessible
    STATUS     current
    DESCRIPTION
       "An index that enumerates the MultiField Classifier filter
       entries.  Managers obtain new values for row creation in this
       table by reading diffServMultiFieldClfrNextFree."

    ::= { diffServMultiFieldClfrEntry 1 }

diffServMultiFieldClfrAddrType OBJECT-TYPE
    SYNTAX         InetAddressType
    MAX-ACCESS     read-create
    STATUS         current
    DESCRIPTION
       "The type of IP address used by this classifier entry.  While
       other types of addresses are defined in the InetAddressType



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       textual convention, and DNS names, a classifier can only look at
       packets on the wire. Therefore, this object is limited to IPv4
       and IPv6 addresses."
    ::= { diffServMultiFieldClfrEntry 2 }

diffServMultiFieldClfrDstAddr OBJECT-TYPE
    SYNTAX         InetAddress
    MAX-ACCESS     read-create
    STATUS         current
    DESCRIPTION
       "The IP address to match against the packet's destination IP
       address. This may not be a DNS name, but may be an IPv4 or IPv6
       prefix.  diffServMultiFieldClfrDstPrefixLength indicates the
       number of bits that are relevant."
    ::= { diffServMultiFieldClfrEntry 3 }

diffServMultiFieldClfrDstPrefixLength OBJECT-TYPE
    SYNTAX         InetAddressPrefixLength
    UNITS          "bits"
    MAX-ACCESS     read-create
    STATUS         current
    DESCRIPTION
       "The length of the CIDR Prefix carried in
       diffServMultiFieldClfrDstAddr. In IPv4 addresses, a length of 0
       indicates a match of any address; a length of 32 indicates a
       match of a single host address, and a length between 0 and 32
       indicates the use of a CIDR Prefix. IPv6 is similar, except that
       prefix lengths range from 0..128."
    DEFVAL         { 0 }
    ::= { diffServMultiFieldClfrEntry 4 }

diffServMultiFieldClfrSrcAddr OBJECT-TYPE
    SYNTAX         InetAddress
    MAX-ACCESS     read-create
    STATUS         current
    DESCRIPTION
       "The IP address to match against the packet's source IP address.
       This may not be a DNS name, but may be an IPv4 or IPv6 prefix.
       diffServMultiFieldClfrSrcPrefixLength indicates the number of
       bits that are relevant."
    ::= { diffServMultiFieldClfrEntry 5 }

diffServMultiFieldClfrSrcPrefixLength OBJECT-TYPE
    SYNTAX         InetAddressPrefixLength
    UNITS          "bits"
    MAX-ACCESS     read-create
    STATUS         current
    DESCRIPTION



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       "The length of the CIDR Prefix carried in
       diffServMultiFieldClfrSrcAddr. In IPv4 addresses, a length of 0
       indicates a match of any address; a length of 32 indicates a
       match of a single host address, and a length between 0 and 32
       indicates the use of a CIDR Prefix. IPv6 is similar, except that
       prefix lengths range from 0..128."
    DEFVAL         { 0 }
    ::= { diffServMultiFieldClfrEntry 6 }

diffServMultiFieldClfrDscp OBJECT-TYPE
    SYNTAX         DscpOrAny
    MAX-ACCESS     read-create
    STATUS         current
    DESCRIPTION
       "The value that the DSCP in the packet must have to match this
       entry. A value of -1 indicates that a specific DSCP value has not
       been defined and thus all DSCP values are considered a match."
    DEFVAL         { -1 }
    ::= { diffServMultiFieldClfrEntry 7 }

diffServMultiFieldClfrFlowId OBJECT-TYPE
    SYNTAX         Unsigned32 (0..1048575)
    MAX-ACCESS     read-create
    STATUS         current
    DESCRIPTION
       "The flow identifier in an IPv6 header."
    ::= { diffServMultiFieldClfrEntry 8 }

diffServMultiFieldClfrProtocol OBJECT-TYPE
    SYNTAX         Unsigned32 (0..255)
    MAX-ACCESS     read-create
    STATUS         current
    DESCRIPTION
       "The IP protocol to match against the IPv4 protocol number or the
       IPv6 Next- Header number in the packet. A value of 255 means
       match all.  Note the protocol number of 255 is reserved by IANA,
       and Next-Header number of 0 is used in IPv6."
    DEFVAL         { 255 }
    ::= { diffServMultiFieldClfrEntry 9 }

diffServMultiFieldClfrDstL4PortMin OBJECT-TYPE
    SYNTAX         InetPortNumber
    MAX-ACCESS     read-create
    STATUS         current
    DESCRIPTION
       "The minimum value that the layer-4 destination port number in
       the packet must have in order to match this classifier entry."
    DEFVAL         { 0 }



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    ::= { diffServMultiFieldClfrEntry 10 }

diffServMultiFieldClfrDstL4PortMax OBJECT-TYPE
    SYNTAX         InetPortNumber
    MAX-ACCESS     read-create
    STATUS         current
    DESCRIPTION
       "The maximum value that the layer-4 destination port number in
       the packet must have in order to match this classifier entry.
       This value must be equal to or greater than the value specified
       for this entry in diffServMultiFieldClfrDstL4PortMin."
    DEFVAL         { 65535 }
    ::= { diffServMultiFieldClfrEntry 11 }

diffServMultiFieldClfrSrcL4PortMin OBJECT-TYPE
    SYNTAX         InetPortNumber
    MAX-ACCESS     read-create
    STATUS         current
    DESCRIPTION
       "The minimum value that the layer-4 source port number in the
       packet must have in order to match this classifier entry."
    DEFVAL         { 0 }
    ::= { diffServMultiFieldClfrEntry 12 }

diffServMultiFieldClfrSrcL4PortMax OBJECT-TYPE
    SYNTAX         InetPortNumber
    MAX-ACCESS     read-create
    STATUS         current
    DESCRIPTION
       "The maximum value that the layer-4 source port number in the
       packet must have in order to match this classifier entry. This
       value must be equal to or greater than the value specified for
       this entry in diffServMultiFieldClfrSrcL4PortMin."
    DEFVAL         { 65535 }
    ::= { diffServMultiFieldClfrEntry 13 }

diffServMultiFieldClfrStorage OBJECT-TYPE
    SYNTAX       StorageType
    MAX-ACCESS   read-create
    STATUS       current
    DESCRIPTION
       "The storage type for this conceptual row.  Conceptual rows
       having the value 'permanent' need not allow write-access to any
       columnar objects in the row."
    DEFVAL { nonVolatile }
    ::= { diffServMultiFieldClfrEntry 14 }

diffServMultiFieldClfrStatus OBJECT-TYPE



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    SYNTAX      RowStatus
    MAX-ACCESS  read-create
    STATUS      current
    DESCRIPTION
       "The status of this conceptual row. All writable objects in this
       row may be modified at any time. Setting this variable to
       'destroy' when the MIB contains one or more RowPointers pointing
       to it results in destruction being delayed until the row is no
       longer used."
    ::= { diffServMultiFieldClfrEntry 15 }

--
-- Meters
--

diffServMeter          OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= { diffServMIBObjects 3 }

--
-- This MIB supports a variety of Meters.  It includes a specific
-- definition for Token Bucket Meter, which are but one type of
-- specification. Other metering parameter sets can be defined in other
-- MIBs.

-- Multiple meter elements may be logically cascaded using their
-- diffServMeterSucceedNext and diffServMeterFailNext pointers if
-- required. One example of this might be for an AF PHB implementation
-- that uses multiple level conformance meters.

-- Cascading of individual meter elements in the MIB is intended to be
-- functionally equivalent to multiple level conformance determination
-- of a packet.  The sequential nature of the representation is merely
-- a notational convenience for this MIB.

-- srTCM meters (RFC 2697) can be specified using two sets of
-- diffServMeterEntry and diffServTBParamEntry. The first set specifies
-- the Committed Information Rate and Committed Burst Size
-- token-bucket.  The second set specifies the Excess Burst Size
-- token-bucket.

-- trTCM meters (RFC 2698) can be specified using two sets of
-- diffServMeterEntry and diffServTBParamEntry. The first set specifies
-- the Committed Information Rate and Committed Burst Size
-- token-bucket.  The second set specifies the Peak Information Rate
-- and Peak Burst Size token-bucket.

-- tswTCM meters (RFC 2859) can be specified using two sets of
-- diffServMeterEntry and diffServTBParamEntry. The first set specifies
-- the Committed Target Rate token-bucket.  The second set specifies



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-- the Peak Target Rate token-bucket. diffServTBParamInterval in each
-- token bucket reflects the Average Interval.
--

diffServMeterNextFree OBJECT-TYPE
    SYNTAX       IndexIntegerNextFree
    MAX-ACCESS   read-only
    STATUS       current
    DESCRIPTION
       "This object contains an unused value for diffServMeterId, or a
       zero to indicate that none exist."
    ::= { diffServMeter 1 }

diffServMeterTable OBJECT-TYPE
    SYNTAX       SEQUENCE OF DiffServMeterEntry
    MAX-ACCESS   not-accessible
    STATUS       current
    DESCRIPTION
       "This table enumerates specific meters that a system may use to
       police a stream of traffic. The traffic stream to be metered is
       determined by the Differentiated Services Functional Data Path
       Element(s) upstream of the meter i.e. by the object(s) that point
       to each entry in this table.  This may include all traffic on an
       interface.

       Specific meter details are to be found in table entry referenced
       by diffServMeterSpecific."
    ::= { diffServMeter 2 }

diffServMeterEntry OBJECT-TYPE
    SYNTAX       DiffServMeterEntry
    MAX-ACCESS   not-accessible
    STATUS       current
    DESCRIPTION
       "An entry in the meter table describes a single conformance level
       of a meter."
    INDEX { diffServMeterId }
    ::= { diffServMeterTable 1 }

DiffServMeterEntry ::= SEQUENCE  {
    diffServMeterId                IndexInteger,
    diffServMeterSucceedNext       RowPointer,
    diffServMeterFailNext          RowPointer,
    diffServMeterSpecific          RowPointer,
    diffServMeterStorage           StorageType,
    diffServMeterStatus            RowStatus
}




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diffServMeterId OBJECT-TYPE
    SYNTAX       IndexInteger
    MAX-ACCESS   not-accessible
    STATUS       current
    DESCRIPTION
       "An index that enumerates the Meter entries.  Managers obtain new
       values for row creation in this table by reading
       diffServMeterNextFree."
    ::= { diffServMeterEntry 1 }

diffServMeterSucceedNext OBJECT-TYPE
    SYNTAX       RowPointer
    MAX-ACCESS   read-create
    STATUS       current
    DESCRIPTION
       "If the traffic does conform, this selects the next
       Differentiated Services Functional Data Path element to handle
       traffic for this data path. This RowPointer should point to an
       instance of one of:
         diffServClfrEntry
         diffServMeterEntry
         diffServActionEntry
         diffServAlgDropEntry
         diffServQEntry

       A value of zeroDotZero in this attribute indicates that no
       further Differentiated Services treatment is performed on traffic
       of this data path. The use of zeroDotZero is the normal usage for
       the last functional data path element of the current data path.

       Setting this to point to a target that does not exist results in
       an inconsistentValue error.  If the row pointed to is removed or
       becomes inactive by other means, the treatment is as if this
       attribute contains a value of zeroDotZero."
    DEFVAL      { zeroDotZero }
    ::= { diffServMeterEntry 2 }

diffServMeterFailNext OBJECT-TYPE
    SYNTAX       RowPointer
    MAX-ACCESS   read-create
    STATUS       current
    DESCRIPTION
       "If the traffic does not conform, this selects the next
       Differentiated Services Functional Data Path element to handle
       traffic for this data path. This RowPointer should point to an
       instance of one of:
         diffServClfrEntry
         diffServMeterEntry



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         diffServActionEntry
         diffServAlgDropEntry
         diffServQEntry

       A value of zeroDotZero in this attribute indicates no further
       Differentiated Services treatment is performed on traffic of this
       data path. The use of zeroDotZero is the normal usage for the
       last functional data path element of the current data path.

       Setting this to point to a target that does not exist results in
       an inconsistentValue error.  If the row pointed to is removed or
       becomes inactive by other means, the treatment is as if this
       attribute contains a value of zeroDotZero."
    DEFVAL      { zeroDotZero }
    ::= { diffServMeterEntry 3 }

diffServMeterSpecific OBJECT-TYPE
    SYNTAX       RowPointer
    MAX-ACCESS   read-create
    STATUS       current
    DESCRIPTION
       "This indicates the behavior of the meter by pointing to an entry
       containing detailed parameters. Note that entries in that
       specific table must be managed explicitly.

       For example, diffServMeterSpecific may point to an entry in
       diffServTBParamTable, which contains an instance of a single set
       of Token Bucket parameters.

       Setting this to point to a target that does not exist results in
       an inconsistentValue error.  If the row pointed to is removed or
       becomes inactive by other means, the meter always succeeds."
    ::= { diffServMeterEntry 4 }

diffServMeterStorage OBJECT-TYPE
    SYNTAX       StorageType
    MAX-ACCESS   read-create
    STATUS       current
    DESCRIPTION
       "The storage type for this conceptual row.  Conceptual rows
       having the value 'permanent' need not allow write-access to any
       columnar objects in the row."
    DEFVAL { nonVolatile }
    ::= { diffServMeterEntry 5 }

diffServMeterStatus OBJECT-TYPE
    SYNTAX       RowStatus
    MAX-ACCESS   read-create



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    STATUS       current
    DESCRIPTION
       "The status of this conceptual row. All writable objects in this
       row may be modified at any time. Setting this variable to
       'destroy' when the MIB contains one or more RowPointers pointing
       to it results in destruction being delayed until the row is no
       longer used."
    ::= { diffServMeterEntry 6 }

--
-- Token Bucket Parameter Table
--

diffServTBParam        OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= { diffServMIBObjects 4 }

-- Each entry in the Token Bucket Parameter Table parameterize a single
-- token bucket.  Multiple token buckets can be used together to
-- parameterize multiple levels of conformance.

-- Note that an entry in the Token Bucket Parameter Table can be shared
-- by multiple diffServMeterTable entries.
--

diffServTBParamNextFree OBJECT-TYPE
    SYNTAX       IndexIntegerNextFree
    MAX-ACCESS   read-only
    STATUS       current
    DESCRIPTION
       "This object contains an unused value for diffServTBParamId, or a
       zero to indicate that none exist."
    ::= { diffServTBParam 1 }

diffServTBParamTable OBJECT-TYPE
    SYNTAX       SEQUENCE OF DiffServTBParamEntry
    MAX-ACCESS   not-accessible
    STATUS       current
    DESCRIPTION
       "This table enumerates a single set of token bucket meter
       parameters that a system may use to police a stream of traffic.
       Such meters are modeled here as having a single rate and a single
       burst size. Multiple entries are used when multiple rates/burst
       sizes are needed."
    ::= { diffServTBParam 2 }

diffServTBParamEntry OBJECT-TYPE
    SYNTAX       DiffServTBParamEntry
    MAX-ACCESS   not-accessible
    STATUS       current



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    DESCRIPTION
       "An entry that describes a single set of token bucket
       parameters."
    INDEX { diffServTBParamId }
    ::= { diffServTBParamTable 1 }

DiffServTBParamEntry ::= SEQUENCE  {
    diffServTBParamId              IndexInteger,
    diffServTBParamType            AutonomousType,
    diffServTBParamRate            Unsigned32,
    diffServTBParamBurstSize       BurstSize,
    diffServTBParamInterval        Unsigned32,
    diffServTBParamStorage         StorageType,
    diffServTBParamStatus          RowStatus
}

diffServTBParamId OBJECT-TYPE
    SYNTAX       IndexInteger
    MAX-ACCESS   not-accessible
    STATUS       current
    DESCRIPTION
       "An index that enumerates the Token Bucket Parameter entries.
       Managers obtain new values for row creation in this table by
       reading diffServTBParamNextFree."
    ::= { diffServTBParamEntry 1 }

diffServTBParamType OBJECT-TYPE
    SYNTAX       AutonomousType
    MAX-ACCESS   read-create
    STATUS       current
    DESCRIPTION
       "The Metering algorithm associated with the Token Bucket
       parameters.  zeroDotZero indicates this is unknown.

       Standard values for generic algorithms:
       diffServTBParamSimpleTokenBucket, diffServTBParamAvgRate,
       diffServTBParamSrTCMBlind, diffServTBParamSrTCMAware,
       diffServTBParamTrTCMBlind, diffServTBParamTrTCMAware, and
       diffServTBParamTswTCM are specified in this MIB as OBJECT-
       IDENTITYs; additional values may be further specified in other
       MIBs."
    ::= { diffServTBParamEntry 2 }

diffServTBParamRate OBJECT-TYPE
    SYNTAX       Unsigned32  (1..4294967295)
    UNITS        "kilobits per second"
    MAX-ACCESS   read-create
    STATUS       current



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    DESCRIPTION
       "The token-bucket rate, in kilobits per second (kbps). This
       attribute is used for:
       1. CIR in RFC 2697 for srTCM
       2. CIR and PIR in RFC 2698 for trTCM
       3. CTR and PTR in RFC 2859 for TSWTCM
       4. AverageRate in RFC 3290."
    ::= { diffServTBParamEntry 3 }

diffServTBParamBurstSize OBJECT-TYPE
    SYNTAX       BurstSize
    UNITS        "Bytes"
    MAX-ACCESS   read-create
    STATUS       current
    DESCRIPTION
       "The maximum number of bytes in a single transmission burst. This
       attribute is used for:
       1. CBS and EBS in RFC 2697 for srTCM
       2. CBS and PBS in RFC 2698 for trTCM
       3. Burst Size in RFC 3290."
    ::= { diffServTBParamEntry 4 }

diffServTBParamInterval OBJECT-TYPE
    SYNTAX       Unsigned32 (1..4294967295)
    UNITS        "microseconds"
    MAX-ACCESS   read-create
    STATUS       current
    DESCRIPTION
       "The time interval used with the token bucket.  For:
       1. Average Rate Meter, the Informal Differentiated Services Model
          section 5.2.1, - Delta.
       2. Simple Token Bucket Meter, the Informal Differentiated
          Services Model section 5.1, - time interval t.
       3. RFC 2859 TSWTCM, - AVG_INTERVAL.
       4. RFC 2697 srTCM, RFC 2698 trTCM, - token bucket update time
          interval."
    ::= { diffServTBParamEntry 5 }

diffServTBParamStorage OBJECT-TYPE
    SYNTAX       StorageType
    MAX-ACCESS   read-create
    STATUS       current
    DESCRIPTION
       "The storage type for this conceptual row.  Conceptual rows
       having the value 'permanent' need not allow write-access to any
       columnar objects in the row."
    DEFVAL { nonVolatile }
    ::= { diffServTBParamEntry 6 }



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diffServTBParamStatus OBJECT-TYPE
    SYNTAX       RowStatus
    MAX-ACCESS   read-create
    STATUS       current
    DESCRIPTION
       "The status of this conceptual row. All writable objects in this
       row may be modified at any time. Setting this variable to
       'destroy' when the MIB contains one or more RowPointers pointing
       to it results in destruction being delayed until the row is no
       longer used."
    ::= { diffServTBParamEntry 7 }

--
-- OIDs for diffServTBParamType definitions.
--

diffServTBMeters  OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= { diffServMIBAdmin 1 }

diffServTBParamSimpleTokenBucket OBJECT-IDENTITY
    STATUS       current
    DESCRIPTION
       "Two Parameter Token Bucket Meter as described in the Informal
       Differentiated Services Model section 5.2.3."
    ::= { diffServTBMeters 1 }

diffServTBParamAvgRate OBJECT-IDENTITY
    STATUS       current
    DESCRIPTION
       "Average Rate Meter as described in the Informal Differentiated
       Services Model section 5.2.1."
    ::= { diffServTBMeters 2 }

diffServTBParamSrTCMBlind OBJECT-IDENTITY
    STATUS       current
    DESCRIPTION
       "Single Rate Three Color Marker Metering as defined by RFC 2697,
       in the `Color Blind' mode as described by the RFC."
    REFERENCE
        "RFC 2697"
    ::= { diffServTBMeters 3 }

diffServTBParamSrTCMAware OBJECT-IDENTITY
    STATUS       current
    DESCRIPTION
       "Single Rate Three Color Marker Metering as defined by RFC 2697,
       in the `Color Aware' mode as described by the RFC."
    REFERENCE
        "RFC 2697"



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    ::= { diffServTBMeters 4 }

diffServTBParamTrTCMBlind OBJECT-IDENTITY
    STATUS       current
    DESCRIPTION
       "Two Rate Three Color Marker Metering as defined by RFC 2698, in
       the `Color Blind' mode as described by the RFC."
    REFERENCE
        "RFC 2698"
    ::= { diffServTBMeters 5 }

diffServTBParamTrTCMAware OBJECT-IDENTITY
    STATUS       current
    DESCRIPTION
       "Two Rate Three Color Marker Metering as defined by RFC 2698, in
       the `Color Aware' mode as described by the RFC."
    REFERENCE
        "RFC 2698"
    ::= { diffServTBMeters 6 }

diffServTBParamTswTCM OBJECT-IDENTITY
    STATUS       current
    DESCRIPTION
       "Time Sliding Window Three Color Marker Metering as defined by
       RFC 2859."
    REFERENCE
        "RFC 2859"
    ::= { diffServTBMeters 7 }

--
-- Actions
--

diffServAction         OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= { diffServMIBObjects 5 }

--
-- The Action Table allows enumeration of the different types of
-- actions to be applied to a traffic flow.
--

diffServActionNextFree OBJECT-TYPE
    SYNTAX       IndexIntegerNextFree
    MAX-ACCESS   read-only
    STATUS       current
    DESCRIPTION
       "This object contains an unused value for diffServActionId, or a
       zero to indicate that none exist."
    ::= { diffServAction 1 }



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diffServActionTable OBJECT-TYPE
    SYNTAX       SEQUENCE OF DiffServActionEntry
    MAX-ACCESS   not-accessible
    STATUS       current
    DESCRIPTION
       "The Action Table enumerates actions that can be performed to a
       stream of traffic. Multiple actions can be concatenated. For
       example, traffic exiting from a meter may be counted, marked, and
       potentially dropped before entering a queue.

       Specific actions are indicated by diffServActionSpecific which
       points to an entry of a specific action type parameterizing the
       action in detail."
    ::= { diffServAction 2 }

diffServActionEntry OBJECT-TYPE
    SYNTAX       DiffServActionEntry
    MAX-ACCESS   not-accessible
    STATUS       current
    DESCRIPTION
       "Each entry in the action table allows description of one
       specific action to be applied to traffic."
    INDEX { diffServActionId }
    ::= { diffServActionTable 1 }

DiffServActionEntry ::= SEQUENCE  {
    diffServActionId                IndexInteger,
    diffServActionInterface         InterfaceIndexOrZero,
    diffServActionNext              RowPointer,
    diffServActionSpecific          RowPointer,
    diffServActionStorage           StorageType,
    diffServActionStatus            RowStatus
}

diffServActionId OBJECT-TYPE
    SYNTAX       IndexInteger
    MAX-ACCESS   not-accessible
    STATUS       current
    DESCRIPTION
       "An index that enumerates the Action entries.  Managers obtain
       new values for row creation in this table by reading
       diffServActionNextFree."
    ::= { diffServActionEntry 1 }

diffServActionInterface  OBJECT-TYPE
     SYNTAX        InterfaceIndexOrZero
     MAX-ACCESS    read-create
     STATUS        current



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     DESCRIPTION
       "The interface index (value of ifIndex) that this action occurs
       on. This may be derived from the diffServDataPathStartEntry's
       index by extension through the various RowPointers. However, as
       this may be difficult for a network management station, it is
       placed here as well.  If this is indeterminate, the value is
       zero.

       This is of especial relevance when reporting the counters which
       may apply to traffic crossing an interface:
          diffServCountActOctets,
          diffServCountActPkts,
          diffServAlgDropOctets,
          diffServAlgDropPkts,
          diffServAlgRandomDropOctets, and
          diffServAlgRandomDropPkts.

       It is also especially relevant to the queue and scheduler which
       may be subsequently applied."
     ::= { diffServActionEntry 2 }

diffServActionNext OBJECT-TYPE
    SYNTAX       RowPointer
    MAX-ACCESS   read-create
    STATUS       current
    DESCRIPTION
       "This selects the next Differentiated Services Functional Data
       Path Element to handle traffic for this data path. This
       RowPointer should point to an instance of one of:
         diffServClfrEntry
         diffServMeterEntry
         diffServActionEntry
         diffServAlgDropEntry
         diffServQEntry

       A value of zeroDotZero in this attribute indicates no further
       Differentiated Services treatment is performed on traffic of this
       data path. The use of zeroDotZero is the normal usage for the
       last functional data path element of the current data path.

       Setting this to point to a target that does not exist results in
       an inconsistentValue error.  If the row pointed to is removed or
       becomes inactive by other means, the treatment is as if this
       attribute contains a value of zeroDotZero."
    DEFVAL      { zeroDotZero }
    ::= { diffServActionEntry 3 }

diffServActionSpecific OBJECT-TYPE



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    SYNTAX       RowPointer
    MAX-ACCESS   read-create
    STATUS       current
    DESCRIPTION
       "A pointer to an object instance providing additional information
       for the type of action indicated by this action table entry.

       For the standard actions defined by this MIB module, this should
       point to either a diffServDscpMarkActEntry or a
       diffServCountActEntry. For other actions, it may point to an
       object instance defined in some other MIB.

       Setting this to point to a target that does not exist results in
       an inconsistentValue error.  If the row pointed to is removed or
       becomes inactive by other means, the Meter should be treated as
       if it were not present.  This may lead to incorrect policy
       behavior."
    ::= { diffServActionEntry 4 }

diffServActionStorage OBJECT-TYPE
    SYNTAX       StorageType
    MAX-ACCESS   read-create
    STATUS       current
    DESCRIPTION
       "The storage type for this conceptual row.  Conceptual rows
       having the value 'permanent' need not allow write-access to any
       columnar objects in the row."
    DEFVAL { nonVolatile }
    ::= { diffServActionEntry 5 }

diffServActionStatus OBJECT-TYPE
    SYNTAX       RowStatus
    MAX-ACCESS   read-create
    STATUS       current
    DESCRIPTION
       "The status of this conceptual row. All writable objects in this
       row may be modified at any time. Setting this variable to
       'destroy' when the MIB contains one or more RowPointers pointing
       to it results in destruction being delayed until the row is no
       longer used."
    ::= { diffServActionEntry 6 }

-- DSCP Mark Action Table
--
-- Rows of this table are pointed to by diffServActionSpecific to
-- provide detailed parameters specific to the DSCP Mark action.
--
-- A single entry in this table can be shared by multiple



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-- diffServActionTable entries.
--

diffServDscpMarkActTable OBJECT-TYPE
    SYNTAX       SEQUENCE OF DiffServDscpMarkActEntry
    MAX-ACCESS   not-accessible
    STATUS       current
    DESCRIPTION
       "This table enumerates specific DSCPs used for marking or
       remarking the DSCP field of IP packets. The entries of this table
       may be referenced by a diffServActionSpecific attribute."
    ::= { diffServAction 3 }

diffServDscpMarkActEntry OBJECT-TYPE
    SYNTAX       DiffServDscpMarkActEntry
    MAX-ACCESS   not-accessible
    STATUS       current
    DESCRIPTION
       "An entry in the DSCP mark action table that describes a single
       DSCP used for marking."
    INDEX { diffServDscpMarkActDscp }
    ::= { diffServDscpMarkActTable 1 }

DiffServDscpMarkActEntry ::= SEQUENCE  {
    diffServDscpMarkActDscp          Dscp
}

diffServDscpMarkActDscp OBJECT-TYPE
    SYNTAX       Dscp
    MAX-ACCESS   read-only
    STATUS       current
    DESCRIPTION
       "The DSCP that this Action will store into the DSCP field of the
       subject. It is quite possible that the only packets subject to
       this Action are already marked with this DSCP. Note also that
       Differentiated Services processing may result in packet being
       marked on both ingress to a network and on egress from it, and
       that ingress and egress can occur in the same router."
    ::= { diffServDscpMarkActEntry 1 }

--
-- Count Action Table
--
-- Because the MIB structure allows multiple cascading
-- diffServActionEntry be used to describe multiple actions for a data
-- path, the counter became an optional action type.  In normal
-- implementation, either a data path has counters or it does not, as
-- opposed to being configurable. The management entity may choose to



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-- read the counter or not.  Hence it is recommended for implementation
-- that have counters to always configure the count action as the first
-- of multiple actions.
--

diffServCountActNextFree OBJECT-TYPE
    SYNTAX       IndexIntegerNextFree
    MAX-ACCESS   read-only
    STATUS       current
    DESCRIPTION
       "This object contains an unused value for
       diffServCountActId, or a zero to indicate that none exist."
    ::= { diffServAction 4 }

diffServCountActTable OBJECT-TYPE
    SYNTAX       SEQUENCE OF DiffServCountActEntry
    MAX-ACCESS   not-accessible
    STATUS       current
    DESCRIPTION
       "This table contains counters for all the traffic passing through
       an action element."
    ::= { diffServAction 5 }

diffServCountActEntry OBJECT-TYPE
    SYNTAX       DiffServCountActEntry
    MAX-ACCESS   not-accessible
    STATUS       current
    DESCRIPTION
       "An entry in the count action table describes a single set of
       traffic counters."
    INDEX { diffServCountActId }
    ::= { diffServCountActTable 1 }

DiffServCountActEntry ::= SEQUENCE  {
    diffServCountActId           IndexInteger,
    diffServCountActOctets       Counter64,
    diffServCountActPkts         Counter64,
    diffServCountActStorage      StorageType,
    diffServCountActStatus       RowStatus
}

diffServCountActId OBJECT-TYPE
    SYNTAX       IndexInteger
    MAX-ACCESS   not-accessible
    STATUS       current
    DESCRIPTION
       "An index that enumerates the Count Action entries.  Managers
       obtain new values for row creation in this table by reading



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       diffServCountActNextFree."
    ::= { diffServCountActEntry 1 }

diffServCountActOctets OBJECT-TYPE
    SYNTAX       Counter64
    MAX-ACCESS   read-only
    STATUS       current
    DESCRIPTION
       "The number of octets at the Action data path element.

       Discontinuities in the value of this counter can occur at re-
       initialization of the management system and at other times as
       indicated by the value of ifCounterDiscontinuityTime on the
       relevant interface."
    ::= { diffServCountActEntry 2 }

diffServCountActPkts OBJECT-TYPE
    SYNTAX       Counter64
    MAX-ACCESS   read-only
    STATUS       current
    DESCRIPTION
       "The number of packets at the Action data path element.

       Discontinuities in the value of this counter can occur at re-
       initialization of the management system and at other times as
       indicated by the value of ifCounterDiscontinuityTime on the
       relevant interface."
    ::= { diffServCountActEntry 3 }

diffServCountActStorage OBJECT-TYPE
    SYNTAX       StorageType
    MAX-ACCESS   read-create
    STATUS       current
    DESCRIPTION
       "The storage type for this conceptual row.  Conceptual rows
       having the value 'permanent' need not allow write-access to any
       columnar objects in the row."
    DEFVAL { nonVolatile }
    ::= { diffServCountActEntry 4 }

diffServCountActStatus OBJECT-TYPE
    SYNTAX       RowStatus
    MAX-ACCESS   read-create
    STATUS       current
    DESCRIPTION
       "The status of this conceptual row. All writable objects in this
       row may be modified at any time. Setting this variable to
       'destroy' when the MIB contains one or more RowPointers pointing



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       to it results in destruction being delayed until the row is no
       longer used."
    ::= { diffServCountActEntry 5 }

--
-- Algorithmic Drop Table
--

diffServAlgDrop        OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= { diffServMIBObjects 6 }

diffServAlgDropNextFree OBJECT-TYPE
    SYNTAX       IndexIntegerNextFree
    MAX-ACCESS   read-only
    STATUS       current
    DESCRIPTION
       "This object contains an unused value for diffServAlgDropId, or a
       zero to indicate that none exist."
    ::= { diffServAlgDrop 1 }

diffServAlgDropTable OBJECT-TYPE
    SYNTAX       SEQUENCE OF DiffServAlgDropEntry
    MAX-ACCESS   not-accessible
    STATUS       current
    DESCRIPTION
       "The algorithmic drop table contains entries describing an
       element that drops packets according to some algorithm."
    ::= { diffServAlgDrop 2 }

diffServAlgDropEntry OBJECT-TYPE
    SYNTAX       DiffServAlgDropEntry
    MAX-ACCESS   not-accessible
    STATUS       current
    DESCRIPTION
       "An entry describes a process that drops packets according to
       some algorithm. Further details of the algorithm type are to be
       found in diffServAlgDropType and with more detail parameter entry
       pointed to by diffServAlgDropSpecific when necessary."
    INDEX { diffServAlgDropId }
    ::= { diffServAlgDropTable 1 }

DiffServAlgDropEntry ::= SEQUENCE  {
    diffServAlgDropId               IndexInteger,
    diffServAlgDropType             INTEGER,
    diffServAlgDropNext             RowPointer,
    diffServAlgDropQMeasure         RowPointer,
    diffServAlgDropQThreshold       Unsigned32,
    diffServAlgDropSpecific         RowPointer,
    diffServAlgDropOctets           Counter64,



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    diffServAlgDropPkts             Counter64,
    diffServAlgRandomDropOctets     Counter64,
    diffServAlgRandomDropPkts       Counter64,
    diffServAlgDropStorage          StorageType,
    diffServAlgDropStatus           RowStatus
}

diffServAlgDropId OBJECT-TYPE
    SYNTAX       IndexInteger
    MAX-ACCESS   not-accessible
    STATUS       current
    DESCRIPTION
       "An index that enumerates the Algorithmic Dropper entries.
       Managers obtain new values for row creation in this table by
       reading diffServAlgDropNextFree."
    ::= { diffServAlgDropEntry 1 }

diffServAlgDropType OBJECT-TYPE
    SYNTAX       INTEGER {
                     other(1),
                     tailDrop(2),
                     headDrop(3),
                     randomDrop(4),
                     alwaysDrop(5)
}
    MAX-ACCESS   read-create
    STATUS       current
    DESCRIPTION
       "The type of algorithm used by this dropper. The value other(1)
       requires further specification in some other MIB module.

       In the tailDrop(2) algorithm, diffServAlgDropQThreshold
       represents the maximum depth of the queue, pointed to by
       diffServAlgDropQMeasure, beyond which all newly arriving packets
       will be dropped.

       In the headDrop(3) algorithm, if a packet arrives when the
       current depth of the queue, pointed to by
       diffServAlgDropQMeasure, is at diffServAlgDropQThreshold, packets
       currently at the head of the queue are dropped to make room for
       the new packet to be enqueued at the tail of the queue.

       In the randomDrop(4) algorithm, on packet arrival, an Active
       Queue Management algorithm is executed which may randomly drop a
       packet. This algorithm may be proprietary, and it may drop either
       the arriving packet or another packet in the queue.
       diffServAlgDropSpecific points to a diffServRandomDropEntry that
       describes the algorithm. For this algorithm,



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       diffServAlgDropQThreshold is understood to be the absolute
       maximum size of the queue and additional parameters are described
       in diffServRandomDropTable.

       The alwaysDrop(5) algorithm is as its name specifies; always
       drop. In this case, the other configuration values in this Entry
       are not meaningful; There is no useful 'next' processing step,
       there is no queue, and parameters describing the queue are not
       useful. Therefore, diffServAlgDropNext, diffServAlgDropMeasure,
       and diffServAlgDropSpecific are all zeroDotZero."
    ::= { diffServAlgDropEntry 2 }

diffServAlgDropNext OBJECT-TYPE
    SYNTAX       RowPointer
    MAX-ACCESS   read-create
    STATUS       current
    DESCRIPTION
       "This selects the next Differentiated Services Functional Data
       Path Element to handle traffic for this data path. This
       RowPointer should point to an instance of one of:
         diffServClfrEntry
         diffServMeterEntry
         diffServActionEntry
         diffServQEntry

       A value of zeroDotZero in this attribute indicates no further
       Differentiated Services treatment is performed on traffic of this
       data path. The use of zeroDotZero is the normal usage for the
       last functional data path element of the current data path.

       When diffServAlgDropType is alwaysDrop(5), this object is
       ignored.

       Setting this to point to a target that does not exist results in
       an inconsistentValue error.  If the row pointed to is removed or
       becomes inactive by other means, the treatment is as if this
       attribute contains a value of zeroDotZero."
    ::= { diffServAlgDropEntry 3 }

diffServAlgDropQMeasure OBJECT-TYPE
    SYNTAX       RowPointer
    MAX-ACCESS   read-create
    STATUS       current
    DESCRIPTION
       "Points to an entry in the diffServQTable to indicate the queue
       that a drop algorithm is to monitor when deciding whether to drop
       a packet. If the row pointed to does not exist, the algorithmic
       dropper element is considered inactive.



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       Setting this to point to a target that does not exist results in
       an inconsistentValue error.  If the row pointed to is removed or
       becomes inactive by other means, the treatment is as if this
       attribute contains a value of zeroDotZero."
    ::= { diffServAlgDropEntry 4 }

diffServAlgDropQThreshold OBJECT-TYPE
    SYNTAX       Unsigned32  (1..4294967295)
    UNITS        "Bytes"
    MAX-ACCESS   read-create
    STATUS       current
    DESCRIPTION
       "A threshold on the depth in bytes of the queue being measured at
       which a trigger is generated to the dropping algorithm, unless
       diffServAlgDropType is alwaysDrop(5) where this object is
       ignored.

       For the tailDrop(2) or headDrop(3) algorithms, this represents
       the depth of the queue, pointed to by diffServAlgDropQMeasure, at
       which the drop action will take place. Other algorithms will need
       to define their own semantics for this threshold."
    ::= { diffServAlgDropEntry 5 }

diffServAlgDropSpecific OBJECT-TYPE
    SYNTAX       RowPointer
    MAX-ACCESS   read-create
    STATUS       current
    DESCRIPTION
       "Points to a table entry that provides further detail regarding a
       drop algorithm.

       Entries with diffServAlgDropType equal to other(1) may have this
       point to a table defined in another MIB module.

       Entries with diffServAlgDropType equal to randomDrop(4) must have
       this point to an entry in diffServRandomDropTable.

       For all other algorithms specified in this MIB, this should take
       the value zeroDotZero.

       The diffServAlgDropType is authoritative for the type of the drop
       algorithm and the specific parameters for the drop algorithm
       needs to be evaluated based on the diffServAlgDropType.

       Setting this to point to a target that does not exist results in
       an inconsistentValue error.  If the row pointed to is removed or
       becomes inactive by other means, the treatment is as if this
       attribute contains a value of zeroDotZero."



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    ::= { diffServAlgDropEntry 6 }

diffServAlgDropOctets OBJECT-TYPE
    SYNTAX       Counter64
    MAX-ACCESS   read-only
    STATUS       current
    DESCRIPTION
       "The number of octets that have been deterministically dropped by
       this drop process.

       Discontinuities in the value of this counter can occur at re-
       initialization of the management system and at other times as
       indicated by the value of ifCounterDiscontinuityTime on the
       relevant interface."
    ::= { diffServAlgDropEntry 7 }

diffServAlgDropPkts OBJECT-TYPE
    SYNTAX       Counter64
    MAX-ACCESS   read-only
    STATUS       current
    DESCRIPTION
       "The number of packets that have been deterministically dropped
       by this drop process.

       Discontinuities in the value of this counter can occur at re-
       initialization of the management system and at other times as
       indicated by the value of ifCounterDiscontinuityTime on the
       relevant interface."
    ::= { diffServAlgDropEntry 8 }

diffServAlgRandomDropOctets OBJECT-TYPE
    SYNTAX       Counter64
    MAX-ACCESS   read-only
    STATUS       current
    DESCRIPTION
       "The number of octets that have been randomly dropped by this
       drop process.  This counter applies, therefore, only to random
       droppers.

       Discontinuities in the value of this counter can occur at re-
       initialization of the management system and at other times as
       indicated by the value of ifCounterDiscontinuityTime on the
       relevant interface."
    ::= { diffServAlgDropEntry 9 }

diffServAlgRandomDropPkts OBJECT-TYPE
    SYNTAX       Counter64
    MAX-ACCESS   read-only



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    STATUS       current
    DESCRIPTION
       "The number of packets that have been randomly dropped by this
       drop process. This counter applies, therefore, only to random
       droppers.

       Discontinuities in the value of this counter can occur at re-
       initialization of the management system and at other times as
       indicated by the value of ifCounterDiscontinuityTime on the
       relevant interface."
    ::= { diffServAlgDropEntry 10 }

diffServAlgDropStorage OBJECT-TYPE
    SYNTAX       StorageType
    MAX-ACCESS   read-create
    STATUS       current
    DESCRIPTION
       "The storage type for this conceptual row.  Conceptual rows
       having the value 'permanent' need not allow write-access to any
       columnar objects in the row."
    DEFVAL { nonVolatile }
    ::= { diffServAlgDropEntry 11 }

diffServAlgDropStatus OBJECT-TYPE
    SYNTAX       RowStatus
    MAX-ACCESS   read-create
    STATUS       current
    DESCRIPTION
       "The status of this conceptual row. All writable objects in this
       row may be modified at any time. Setting this variable to
       'destroy' when the MIB contains one or more RowPointers pointing
       to it results in destruction being delayed until the row is no
       longer used."
    ::= { diffServAlgDropEntry 12 }

--
-- Random Drop Table
--

diffServRandomDropNextFree OBJECT-TYPE
    SYNTAX       IndexIntegerNextFree
    MAX-ACCESS   read-only
    STATUS       current
    DESCRIPTION
       "This object contains an unused value for diffServRandomDropId,
       or a zero to indicate that none exist."
    ::= { diffServAlgDrop 3 }




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diffServRandomDropTable OBJECT-TYPE
    SYNTAX       SEQUENCE OF DiffServRandomDropEntry
    MAX-ACCESS   not-accessible
    STATUS       current
    DESCRIPTION
       "The random drop table contains entries describing a process that
       drops packets randomly. Entries in this table are pointed to by
       diffServAlgDropSpecific."
    ::= { diffServAlgDrop 4 }

diffServRandomDropEntry OBJECT-TYPE
    SYNTAX       DiffServRandomDropEntry
    MAX-ACCESS   not-accessible
    STATUS       current
    DESCRIPTION
       "An entry describes a process that drops packets according to a
       random algorithm."
    INDEX { diffServRandomDropId }
    ::= { diffServRandomDropTable 1 }

DiffServRandomDropEntry ::= SEQUENCE  {
    diffServRandomDropId               IndexInteger,
    diffServRandomDropMinThreshBytes   Unsigned32,
    diffServRandomDropMinThreshPkts    Unsigned32,
    diffServRandomDropMaxThreshBytes   Unsigned32,
    diffServRandomDropMaxThreshPkts    Unsigned32,
    diffServRandomDropProbMax          Unsigned32,
    diffServRandomDropWeight           Unsigned32,
    diffServRandomDropSamplingRate     Unsigned32,
    diffServRandomDropStorage          StorageType,
    diffServRandomDropStatus           RowStatus
}

diffServRandomDropId OBJECT-TYPE
    SYNTAX       IndexInteger
    MAX-ACCESS   not-accessible
    STATUS       current
    DESCRIPTION
       "An index that enumerates the Random Drop entries.  Managers
       obtain new values for row creation in this table by reading
       diffServRandomDropNextFree."
    ::= { diffServRandomDropEntry 1 }

diffServRandomDropMinThreshBytes OBJECT-TYPE
    SYNTAX       Unsigned32  (1..4294967295)
    UNITS        "bytes"
    MAX-ACCESS   read-create
    STATUS       current



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    DESCRIPTION
       "The average queue depth in bytes, beyond which traffic has a
       non-zero probability of being dropped. Changes in this variable
       may or may not be reflected in the reported value of
       diffServRandomDropMinThreshPkts."
    ::= { diffServRandomDropEntry 2 }

diffServRandomDropMinThreshPkts OBJECT-TYPE
    SYNTAX       Unsigned32  (1..4294967295)
    UNITS        "packets"
    MAX-ACCESS   read-create
    STATUS       current
    DESCRIPTION
       "The average queue depth in packets, beyond which traffic has a
       non-zero probability of being dropped. Changes in this variable
       may or may not be reflected in the reported value of
       diffServRandomDropMinThreshBytes."
    ::= { diffServRandomDropEntry 3 }

diffServRandomDropMaxThreshBytes OBJECT-TYPE
    SYNTAX       Unsigned32  (1..4294967295)
    UNITS        "bytes"
    MAX-ACCESS   read-create
    STATUS       current
    DESCRIPTION
       "The average queue depth beyond which traffic has a probability
       indicated by diffServRandomDropProbMax of being dropped or
       marked. Note that this differs from the physical queue limit,
       which is stored in diffServAlgDropQThreshold. Changes in this
       variable may or may not be reflected in the reported value of
       diffServRandomDropMaxThreshPkts."
    ::= { diffServRandomDropEntry 4 }

diffServRandomDropMaxThreshPkts OBJECT-TYPE
    SYNTAX       Unsigned32  (1..4294967295)
    UNITS        "packets"
    MAX-ACCESS   read-create
    STATUS       current
    DESCRIPTION
       "The average queue depth beyond which traffic has a probability
       indicated by diffServRandomDropProbMax of being dropped or
       marked. Note that this differs from the physical queue limit,
       which is stored in diffServAlgDropQThreshold. Changes in this
       variable may or may not be reflected in the reported value of
       diffServRandomDropMaxThreshBytes."
    ::= { diffServRandomDropEntry 5 }

diffServRandomDropProbMax OBJECT-TYPE



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    SYNTAX       Unsigned32 (0..1000)
    MAX-ACCESS   read-create
    STATUS       current
    DESCRIPTION
       "The worst case random drop probability, expressed in drops per
       thousand packets.

       For example, if in the worst case every arriving packet may be
       dropped (100%) for a period, this has the value 1000.
       Alternatively, if in the worst case only one percent (1%) of
       traffic may be dropped, it has the value 10."
   ::= { diffServRandomDropEntry 6 }

diffServRandomDropWeight OBJECT-TYPE
    SYNTAX       Unsigned32 (0..65536)
    MAX-ACCESS   read-create
    STATUS       current
    DESCRIPTION
       "The weighting of past history in affecting the Exponentially
       Weighted Moving Average function that calculates the current
       average queue depth.  The equation uses
       diffServRandomDropWeight/65536 as the coefficient for the new
       sample in the equation, and (65536 -
       diffServRandomDropWeight)/65536 as the coefficient of the old
       value.

       Implementations may limit the values of diffServRandomDropWeight
       to a subset of the possible range of values, such as powers of
       two. Doing this would facilitate implementation of the
       Exponentially Weighted Moving Average using shift instructions or
       registers."
    ::= { diffServRandomDropEntry 7 }

diffServRandomDropSamplingRate OBJECT-TYPE
    SYNTAX       Unsigned32 (0..1000000)
    MAX-ACCESS   read-create
    STATUS       current
    DESCRIPTION
       "The number of times per second the queue is sampled for queue
       average calculation.  A value of zero is used to mean that the
       queue is sampled approximately each time a packet is enqueued (or
       dequeued)."
    ::= { diffServRandomDropEntry 8 }

diffServRandomDropStorage OBJECT-TYPE
    SYNTAX       StorageType
    MAX-ACCESS   read-create
    STATUS       current



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    DESCRIPTION
       "The storage type for this conceptual row.  Conceptual rows
       having the value 'permanent' need not allow write-access to any
       columnar objects in the row."
    DEFVAL { nonVolatile }
    ::= { diffServRandomDropEntry 9 }

diffServRandomDropStatus OBJECT-TYPE
    SYNTAX       RowStatus
    MAX-ACCESS   read-create
    STATUS       current
    DESCRIPTION
       "The status of this conceptual row. All writable objects in this
       row may be modified at any time. Setting this variable to
       'destroy' when the MIB contains one or more RowPointers pointing
       to it results in destruction being delayed until the row is no
       longer used."
    ::= { diffServRandomDropEntry 10 }

--
-- Queue Table
--

diffServQueue          OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= { diffServMIBObjects 7 }

--
-- An entry of diffServQTable represents a FIFO queue Differentiated
-- Services Functional Data Path element as described in the Informal
-- Differentiated Services Model section 7.1.1. Note that the
-- specification of scheduling parameters for a queue as part of the
-- input to a scheduler functional data path element as described in
-- the Informal Differentiated Services Model section 7.1.2. This
-- allows building of hierarchical queuing/scheduling. A queue
-- therefore has these attributes:
--
-- 1. Which scheduler will service this queue, diffServQNext.
-- 2. How the scheduler will service this queue, with respect
--    to all the other queues the same scheduler needs to service,
--    diffServQMinRate.
--
-- Note that upstream Differentiated Services Functional Data Path
-- elements may point to a shared diffServQTable entry as described
-- in the Informal Differentiated Services Model section 7.1.1.
--

diffServQNextFree OBJECT-TYPE
    SYNTAX       IndexIntegerNextFree
    MAX-ACCESS   read-only



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    STATUS       current
    DESCRIPTION
       "This object contains an unused value for diffServQId, or a zero
       to indicate that none exist."
    ::= { diffServQueue 1 }

diffServQTable OBJECT-TYPE
    SYNTAX       SEQUENCE OF DiffServQEntry
    MAX-ACCESS   not-accessible
    STATUS       current
    DESCRIPTION
       "The Queue Table enumerates the individual queues.  Note that the
       MIB models queuing systems as composed of individual queues, one
       per class of traffic, even though they may in fact be structured
       as classes of traffic scheduled using a common calendar queue, or
       in other ways."
    ::= { diffServQueue 2 }

diffServQEntry OBJECT-TYPE
    SYNTAX       DiffServQEntry
    MAX-ACCESS   not-accessible
    STATUS       current
    DESCRIPTION
       "An entry in the Queue Table describes a single queue or class of
       traffic."
    INDEX { diffServQId }
    ::= { diffServQTable 1 }

DiffServQEntry ::= SEQUENCE  {
    diffServQId                      IndexInteger,
    diffServQNext                    RowPointer,
    diffServQMinRate                 RowPointer,
    diffServQMaxRate                 RowPointer,
    diffServQStorage                 StorageType,
    diffServQStatus                  RowStatus
}

diffServQId OBJECT-TYPE
    SYNTAX       IndexInteger
    MAX-ACCESS   not-accessible
    STATUS       current
    DESCRIPTION
       "An index that enumerates the Queue entries.  Managers obtain new
       values for row creation in this table by reading
       diffServQNextFree."
    ::= { diffServQEntry 1 }

diffServQNext OBJECT-TYPE



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    SYNTAX       RowPointer
    MAX-ACCESS   read-create
    STATUS       current
    DESCRIPTION
       "This selects the next Differentiated Services Scheduler.  The
       RowPointer must point to a diffServSchedulerEntry.

       A value of zeroDotZero in this attribute indicates an incomplete
       diffServQEntry instance. In such a case, the entry has no
       operational effect, since it has no parameters to give it
       meaning.

       Setting this to point to a target that does not exist results in
       an inconsistentValue error.  If the row pointed to is removed or
       becomes inactive by other means, the treatment is as if this
       attribute contains a value of zeroDotZero."
    ::= { diffServQEntry 2 }

diffServQMinRate OBJECT-TYPE
    SYNTAX       RowPointer
    MAX-ACCESS   read-create
    STATUS       current
    DESCRIPTION
       "This RowPointer indicates the diffServMinRateEntry that the
       scheduler, pointed to by diffServQNext, should use to service
       this queue.

       If the row pointed to is zeroDotZero, the minimum rate and
       priority is unspecified.

       Setting this to point to a target that does not exist results in
       an inconsistentValue error.  If the row pointed to is removed or
       becomes inactive by other means, the treatment is as if this
       attribute contains a value of zeroDotZero."
    ::= { diffServQEntry 3 }

diffServQMaxRate OBJECT-TYPE
    SYNTAX       RowPointer
    MAX-ACCESS   read-create
    STATUS       current
    DESCRIPTION
       "This RowPointer indicates the diffServMaxRateEntry that the
       scheduler, pointed to by diffServQNext, should use to service
       this queue.

       If the row pointed to is zeroDotZero, the maximum rate is the
       line speed of the interface.




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       Setting this to point to a target that does not exist results in
       an inconsistentValue error.  If the row pointed to is removed or
       becomes inactive by other means, the treatment is as if this
       attribute contains a value of zeroDotZero."
    ::= { diffServQEntry 4 }

diffServQStorage OBJECT-TYPE
    SYNTAX       StorageType
    MAX-ACCESS   read-create
    STATUS       current
    DESCRIPTION
       "The storage type for this conceptual row.  Conceptual rows
       having the value 'permanent' need not allow write-access to any
       columnar objects in the row."
    DEFVAL { nonVolatile }
    ::= { diffServQEntry 5 }

diffServQStatus OBJECT-TYPE
    SYNTAX       RowStatus
    MAX-ACCESS   read-create
    STATUS       current
    DESCRIPTION
       "The status of this conceptual row. All writable objects in this
       row may be modified at any time. Setting this variable to
       'destroy' when the MIB contains one or more RowPointers pointing
       to it results in destruction being delayed until the row is no
       longer used."
    ::= { diffServQEntry 6 }

--
-- Scheduler Table
--

diffServScheduler      OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= { diffServMIBObjects 8 }

--
-- A Scheduler Entry represents a packet scheduler, such as a priority
-- scheduler or a WFQ scheduler. It provides flexibility for multiple
-- scheduling algorithms, each servicing multiple queues, to be used on
-- the same logical/physical interface.
--
-- Note that upstream queues or schedulers specify several of the
-- scheduler's parameters. These must be properly specified if the
-- scheduler is to behave as expected.
--
-- The diffServSchedulerMaxRate attribute specifies the parameters when
-- a scheduler's output is sent to another scheduler. This is used in
-- building hierarchical queues or schedulers.



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--
-- More discussion of the scheduler functional data path element is in
-- the Informal Differentiated Services Model section 7.1.2.
--

diffServSchedulerNextFree OBJECT-TYPE
    SYNTAX       IndexIntegerNextFree
    MAX-ACCESS   read-only
    STATUS       current
    DESCRIPTION
       "This object contains an unused value for diffServSchedulerId, or
       a zero to indicate that none exist."
    ::= { diffServScheduler 1 }

diffServSchedulerTable OBJECT-TYPE
    SYNTAX       SEQUENCE OF DiffServSchedulerEntry
    MAX-ACCESS   not-accessible
    STATUS       current
    DESCRIPTION
       "The Scheduler Table enumerates packet schedulers. Multiple
       scheduling algorithms can be used on a given data path, with each
       algorithm described by one diffServSchedulerEntry."
    ::= { diffServScheduler 2 }

diffServSchedulerEntry OBJECT-TYPE
    SYNTAX       DiffServSchedulerEntry
    MAX-ACCESS   not-accessible
    STATUS       current
    DESCRIPTION
       "An entry in the Scheduler Table describing a single instance of
       a scheduling algorithm."
    INDEX { diffServSchedulerId }
    ::= { diffServSchedulerTable 1 }

DiffServSchedulerEntry ::= SEQUENCE  {
    diffServSchedulerId                   IndexInteger,
    diffServSchedulerNext                 RowPointer,
    diffServSchedulerMethod               AutonomousType,
    diffServSchedulerMinRate              RowPointer,
    diffServSchedulerMaxRate              RowPointer,
    diffServSchedulerStorage              StorageType,
    diffServSchedulerStatus               RowStatus
}

diffServSchedulerId OBJECT-TYPE
    SYNTAX       IndexInteger
    MAX-ACCESS   not-accessible
    STATUS       current



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    DESCRIPTION
       "An index that enumerates the Scheduler entries.  Managers obtain
       new values for row creation in this table by reading
       diffServSchedulerNextFree."
    ::= { diffServSchedulerEntry 1 }

diffServSchedulerNext OBJECT-TYPE
    SYNTAX       RowPointer
    MAX-ACCESS   read-create
    STATUS       current
    DESCRIPTION
       "This selects the next Differentiated Services Functional Data
       Path Element to handle traffic for this data path. This normally
       is null (zeroDotZero), or points to a diffServSchedulerEntry or a
       diffServQEntry.

       However, this RowPointer may also point to an instance of:
         diffServClfrEntry,
         diffServMeterEntry,
         diffServActionEntry,
         diffServAlgDropEntry.

       It would point another diffServSchedulerEntry when implementing
       multiple scheduler methods for the same data path, such as having
       one set of queues scheduled by WRR and that group participating
       in a priority scheduling system in which other queues compete
       with it in that way.  It might also point to a second scheduler
       in a hierarchical scheduling system.

       If the row pointed to is zeroDotZero, no further Differentiated
       Services treatment is performed on traffic of this data path.

       Setting this to point to a target that does not exist results in
       an inconsistentValue error.  If the row pointed to is removed or
       becomes inactive by other means, the treatment is as if this
       attribute contains a value of zeroDotZero."
    DEFVAL       { zeroDotZero }
    ::= { diffServSchedulerEntry 2 }

diffServSchedulerMethod OBJECT-TYPE
    SYNTAX       AutonomousType
    MAX-ACCESS   read-create
    STATUS       current
    DESCRIPTION
       "The scheduling algorithm used by this Scheduler. zeroDotZero
       indicates that this is unknown.  Standard values for generic
       algorithms: diffServSchedulerPriority, diffServSchedulerWRR, and
       diffServSchedulerWFQ are specified in this MIB; additional values



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       may be further specified in other MIBs."
    ::= { diffServSchedulerEntry 3 }

diffServSchedulerMinRate OBJECT-TYPE
    SYNTAX       RowPointer
    MAX-ACCESS   read-create
    STATUS       current
    DESCRIPTION
       "This RowPointer indicates the entry in diffServMinRateTable
       which indicates the priority or minimum output rate from this
       scheduler. This attribute is used only when there is more than
       one level of scheduler.

       When it has the value zeroDotZero, it indicates that no minimum
       rate or priority is imposed.

       Setting this to point to a target that does not exist results in
       an inconsistentValue error.  If the row pointed to is removed or
       becomes inactive by other means, the treatment is as if this
       attribute contains a value of zeroDotZero."
    DEFVAL      { zeroDotZero }
    ::= { diffServSchedulerEntry 4 }

diffServSchedulerMaxRate OBJECT-TYPE
    SYNTAX       RowPointer
    MAX-ACCESS   read-create
    STATUS       current
    DESCRIPTION
       "This RowPointer indicates the entry in diffServMaxRateTable
       which indicates the maximum output rate from this scheduler.
       When more than one maximum rate applies (eg, when a multi-rate
       shaper is in view), it points to the first of those rate entries.
       This attribute is used only when there is more than one level of
       scheduler.

       When it has the value zeroDotZero, it indicates that no maximum
       rate is imposed.

       Setting this to point to a target that does not exist results in
       an inconsistentValue error.  If the row pointed to is removed or
       becomes inactive by other means, the treatment is as if this
       attribute contains a value of zeroDotZero."
    DEFVAL      { zeroDotZero }
    ::= { diffServSchedulerEntry 5 }

diffServSchedulerStorage OBJECT-TYPE
    SYNTAX       StorageType
    MAX-ACCESS   read-create



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    STATUS       current
    DESCRIPTION
       "The storage type for this conceptual row.  Conceptual rows
       having the value 'permanent' need not allow write-access to any
       columnar objects in the row."
    DEFVAL { nonVolatile }
    ::= { diffServSchedulerEntry 6 }

diffServSchedulerStatus OBJECT-TYPE
    SYNTAX       RowStatus
    MAX-ACCESS   read-create
    STATUS       current
    DESCRIPTION
       "The status of this conceptual row. All writable objects in this
       row may be modified at any time. Setting this variable to
       'destroy' when the MIB contains one or more RowPointers pointing
       to it results in destruction being delayed until the row is no
       longer used."
    ::= { diffServSchedulerEntry 7 }

--
-- OIDs for diffServTBParamType definitions.
--

diffServSchedulers  OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= { diffServMIBAdmin 2 }

diffServSchedulerPriority OBJECT-IDENTITY
    STATUS       current
    DESCRIPTION
       "For use with diffServSchedulerMethod to indicate the Priority
       scheduling method.  This is defined as an algorithm in which the
       presence of data in a queue or set of queues absolutely precludes
       dequeue from another queue or set of queues of lower priority.
       Note that attributes from diffServMinRateEntry of the
       queues/schedulers feeding this scheduler are used when
       determining the next packet to schedule."
    ::= { diffServSchedulers 1 }

diffServSchedulerWRR OBJECT-IDENTITY
    STATUS       current
    DESCRIPTION
       "For use with diffServSchedulerMethod to indicate the Weighted
       Round Robin scheduling method, defined as any algorithm in which
       a set of queues are visited in a fixed order, and varying amounts
       of traffic are removed from each queue in turn to implement an
       average output rate by class. Notice attributes from
       diffServMinRateEntry of the queues/schedulers feeding this
       scheduler are used when determining the next packet to schedule."



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    ::= { diffServSchedulers 2 }

diffServSchedulerWFQ OBJECT-IDENTITY
    STATUS       current
    DESCRIPTION
       "For use with diffServSchedulerMethod to indicate the Weighted
       Fair Queuing scheduling method, defined as any algorithm in which
       a set of queues are conceptually visited in some order, to
       implement an average output rate by class. Notice attributes from
       diffServMinRateEntry of the queues/schedulers feeding this
       scheduler are used when determining the next packet to schedule."
    ::= { diffServSchedulers 3 }

--
-- Minimum Rate Parameters Table
--
-- The parameters used by a scheduler for its inputs or outputs are
-- maintained separately from the Queue or Scheduler table entries for
-- reusability reasons and so that they may be used by both queues and
-- schedulers.  This follows the approach for separation of data path
-- elements from parameterization that is used throughout this MIB.
-- Use of these Minimum Rate Parameter Table entries by Queues and
-- Schedulers allows the modeling of hierarchical scheduling systems.
--
-- Specifically, a Scheduler has one or more inputs and one output.
-- Any queue feeding a scheduler, or any scheduler which feeds a second
-- scheduler, might specify a minimum transfer rate by pointing to an
-- Minimum Rate Parameter Table entry.
--
-- The diffServMinRatePriority/Abs/Rel attributes are used as
-- parameters to the work-conserving portion of a scheduler:
-- "work-conserving" implies that the scheduler can continue to emit
-- data as long as there is data available at its input(s).  This has
-- the effect of guaranteeing a certain priority relative to other
-- scheduler inputs and/or a certain minimum proportion of the
-- available output bandwidth. Properly configured, this means a
-- certain minimum rate, which may be exceeded should traffic be
-- available should there be spare bandwidth after all other classes
-- have had opportunities to consume their own minimum rates.
--

diffServMinRateNextFree OBJECT-TYPE
    SYNTAX       IndexIntegerNextFree
    MAX-ACCESS   read-only
    STATUS       current
    DESCRIPTION
       "This object contains an unused value for diffServMinRateId, or a
       zero to indicate that none exist."



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    ::= { diffServScheduler 3 }

diffServMinRateTable OBJECT-TYPE
    SYNTAX       SEQUENCE OF DiffServMinRateEntry
    MAX-ACCESS   not-accessible
    STATUS       current
    DESCRIPTION
       "The Minimum Rate Parameters Table enumerates individual sets of
       scheduling parameter that can be used/reused by Queues and
       Schedulers."
    ::= { diffServScheduler 4 }

diffServMinRateEntry OBJECT-TYPE
    SYNTAX       DiffServMinRateEntry
    MAX-ACCESS   not-accessible
    STATUS       current
    DESCRIPTION
       "An entry in the Minimum Rate Parameters Table describes a single
       set of scheduling parameters for use by one or more queues or
       schedulers."
    INDEX { diffServMinRateId }
    ::= { diffServMinRateTable 1 }

DiffServMinRateEntry ::= SEQUENCE  {
    diffServMinRateId              IndexInteger,
    diffServMinRatePriority        Unsigned32,
    diffServMinRateAbsolute        Unsigned32,
    diffServMinRateRelative        Unsigned32,
    diffServMinRateStorage         StorageType,
    diffServMinRateStatus          RowStatus
}

diffServMinRateId OBJECT-TYPE
    SYNTAX       IndexInteger
    MAX-ACCESS   not-accessible
    STATUS       current
    DESCRIPTION
       "An index that enumerates the Scheduler Parameter entries.
       Managers obtain new values for row creation in this table by
       reading diffServMinRateNextFree."
    ::= { diffServMinRateEntry 1 }

diffServMinRatePriority OBJECT-TYPE
    SYNTAX       Unsigned32  (1..4294967295)
    MAX-ACCESS   read-create
    STATUS       current
    DESCRIPTION
       "The priority of this input to the associated scheduler, relative



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       to the scheduler's other inputs. A queue or scheduler with a
       larger numeric value will be served before another with a smaller
       numeric value."
    ::= { diffServMinRateEntry 2 }

diffServMinRateAbsolute OBJECT-TYPE
    SYNTAX       Unsigned32  (1..4294967295)
    UNITS        "kilobits per second"
    MAX-ACCESS   read-create
    STATUS       current
    DESCRIPTION
       "The minimum absolute rate, in kilobits/sec, that a downstream
       scheduler element should allocate to this queue. If the value is
       zero, then there is effectively no minimum rate guarantee. If the
       value is non-zero, the scheduler will assure the servicing of
       this queue to at least this rate.

       Note that this attribute value and that of
       diffServMinRateRelative are coupled: changes to one will affect
       the value of the other. They are linked by the following
       equation, in that setting one will change the other:

         diffServMinRateRelative =
                 (diffServMinRateAbsolute*1000000)/ifSpeed

       or, if appropriate:

         diffServMinRateRelative = diffServMinRateAbsolute/ifHighSpeed"
    REFERENCE
        "ifSpeed, ifHighSpeed, Interface MIB, RFC 2863"
    ::= { diffServMinRateEntry 3 }

diffServMinRateRelative OBJECT-TYPE
    SYNTAX       Unsigned32  (1..4294967295)
    MAX-ACCESS   read-create
    STATUS       current
    DESCRIPTION
       "The minimum rate that a downstream scheduler element should
       allocate to this queue, relative to the maximum rate of the
       interface as reported by ifSpeed or ifHighSpeed, in units of
       1/1000 of 1. If the value is zero, then there is effectively no
       minimum rate guarantee. If the value is non-zero, the scheduler
       will assure the servicing of this queue to at least this rate.

       Note that this attribute value and that of
       diffServMinRateAbsolute are coupled: changes to one will affect
       the value of the other. They are linked by the following
       equation, in that setting one will change the other:



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         diffServMinRateRelative =
                 (diffServMinRateAbsolute*1000000)/ifSpeed

       or, if appropriate:

         diffServMinRateRelative = diffServMinRateAbsolute/ifHighSpeed"
    REFERENCE
        "ifSpeed, ifHighSpeed, Interface MIB, RFC 2863"
    ::= { diffServMinRateEntry 4 }

diffServMinRateStorage OBJECT-TYPE
    SYNTAX       StorageType
    MAX-ACCESS   read-create
    STATUS       current
    DESCRIPTION
       "The storage type for this conceptual row.  Conceptual rows
       having the value 'permanent' need not allow write-access to any
       columnar objects in the row."
    DEFVAL { nonVolatile }
    ::= { diffServMinRateEntry 5 }

diffServMinRateStatus OBJECT-TYPE
    SYNTAX       RowStatus
    MAX-ACCESS   read-create
    STATUS       current
    DESCRIPTION
       "The status of this conceptual row. All writable objects in this
       row may be modified at any time. Setting this variable to
       'destroy' when the MIB contains one or more RowPointers pointing
       to it results in destruction being delayed until the row is no
       longer used."
    ::= { diffServMinRateEntry 6 }

--
-- Maximum Rate Parameter Table
--
-- The parameters used by a scheduler for its inputs or outputs are
-- maintained separately from the Queue or Scheduler table entries for
-- reusability reasons and so that they may be used by both queues and
-- schedulers.  This follows the approach for separation of data path
-- elements from parameterization that is used throughout this MIB.
-- Use of these Maximum Rate Parameter Table entries by Queues and
-- Schedulers allows the modeling of hierarchical scheduling systems.
--
-- Specifically, a Scheduler has one or more inputs and one output.
-- Any queue feeding a scheduler, or any scheduler which feeds a second
-- scheduler, might specify a maximum transfer rate by pointing to a
-- Maximum Rate Parameter Table entry. Multi-rate shapers, such as a



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-- Dual Leaky Bucket algorithm, specify their rates using multiple
-- Maximum Rate Parameter Entries with the same diffServMaxRateId but
-- different diffServMaxRateLevels.
--
-- The diffServMaxRateLevel/Abs/Rel attributes are used as
-- parameters to the non-work-conserving portion of a scheduler:
-- non-work-conserving implies that the scheduler may sometimes not
-- emit a packet, even if there is data available at its input(s).
-- This has the effect of limiting the servicing of the queue/scheduler
-- input or output, in effect performing shaping of the packet stream
-- passing through the queue/scheduler, as described in the Informal
-- Differentiated Services Model section 7.2.
--

diffServMaxRateNextFree OBJECT-TYPE
    SYNTAX       IndexIntegerNextFree
    MAX-ACCESS   read-only
    STATUS       current
    DESCRIPTION
       "This object contains an unused value for diffServMaxRateId, or a
       zero to indicate that none exist."
    ::= { diffServScheduler 5 }

diffServMaxRateTable OBJECT-TYPE
    SYNTAX       SEQUENCE OF DiffServMaxRateEntry
    MAX-ACCESS   not-accessible
    STATUS       current
    DESCRIPTION
       "The Maximum Rate Parameter Table enumerates individual sets of
       scheduling parameter that can be used/reused by Queues and
       Schedulers."
    ::= { diffServScheduler 6 }

diffServMaxRateEntry OBJECT-TYPE
    SYNTAX       DiffServMaxRateEntry
    MAX-ACCESS   not-accessible
    STATUS       current
    DESCRIPTION
       "An entry in the Maximum Rate Parameter Table describes a single
       set of scheduling parameters for use by one or more queues or
       schedulers."
    INDEX { diffServMaxRateId, diffServMaxRateLevel }
    ::= { diffServMaxRateTable 1 }

DiffServMaxRateEntry ::= SEQUENCE  {
    diffServMaxRateId              IndexInteger,
    diffServMaxRateLevel           Unsigned32,
    diffServMaxRateAbsolute        Unsigned32,



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    diffServMaxRateRelative        Unsigned32,
    diffServMaxRateThreshold       BurstSize,
    diffServMaxRateStorage         StorageType,
    diffServMaxRateStatus          RowStatus
}

diffServMaxRateId OBJECT-TYPE
    SYNTAX       IndexInteger
    MAX-ACCESS   not-accessible
    STATUS       current
    DESCRIPTION
       "An index that enumerates the Maximum Rate Parameter entries.
       Managers obtain new values for row creation in this table by
       reading diffServMaxRateNextFree."
    ::= { diffServMaxRateEntry 1 }

diffServMaxRateLevel OBJECT-TYPE
    SYNTAX       Unsigned32 (1..32)
    MAX-ACCESS   not-accessible
    STATUS       current
    DESCRIPTION
       "An index that indicates which level of a multi-rate shaper is
       being given its parameters. A multi-rate shaper has some number
       of rate levels. Frame Relay's dual rate specification refers to a
       'committed' and an 'excess' rate; ATM's dual rate specification
       refers to a 'mean' and a 'peak' rate. This table is generalized
       to support an arbitrary number of rates. The committed or mean
       rate is level 1, the peak rate (if any) is the highest level rate
       configured, and if there are other rates they are distributed in
       monotonically increasing order between them."
    ::= { diffServMaxRateEntry 2 }

diffServMaxRateAbsolute OBJECT-TYPE
    SYNTAX       Unsigned32  (1..4294967295)
    UNITS        "kilobits per second"
    MAX-ACCESS   read-create
    STATUS       current
    DESCRIPTION
       "The maximum rate in kilobits/sec that a downstream scheduler
       element should allocate to this queue. If the value is zero, then
       there is effectively no maximum rate limit and that the scheduler
       should attempt to be work conserving for this queue. If the value
       is non-zero, the scheduler will limit the servicing of this queue
       to, at most, this rate in a non-work-conserving manner.

       Note that this attribute value and that of
       diffServMaxRateRelative are coupled: changes to one will affect
       the value of the other. They are linked by the following



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       equation, in that setting one will change the other:

         diffServMaxRateRelative =
                 (diffServMaxRateAbsolute*1000000)/ifSpeed

       or, if appropriate:

         diffServMaxRateRelative = diffServMaxRateAbsolute/ifHighSpeed"
    REFERENCE
        "ifSpeed, ifHighSpeed, Interface MIB, RFC 2863"
    ::= { diffServMaxRateEntry 3 }

diffServMaxRateRelative OBJECT-TYPE
    SYNTAX       Unsigned32  (1..4294967295)
    MAX-ACCESS   read-create
    STATUS       current
    DESCRIPTION
       "The maximum rate that a downstream scheduler element should
       allocate to this queue, relative to the maximum rate of the
       interface as reported by ifSpeed or ifHighSpeed, in units of
       1/1000 of 1. If the value is zero, then there is effectively no
       maximum rate limit and the scheduler should attempt to be work
       conserving for this queue. If the value is non-zero, the
       scheduler will limit the servicing of this queue to, at most,
       this rate in a non-work-conserving manner.

       Note that this attribute value and that of
       diffServMaxRateAbsolute are coupled: changes to one will affect
       the value of the other. They are linked by the following
       equation, in that setting one will change the other:

         diffServMaxRateRelative =
                 (diffServMaxRateAbsolute*1000000)/ifSpeed

       or, if appropriate:

         diffServMaxRateRelative = diffServMaxRateAbsolute/ifHighSpeed"
    REFERENCE
        "ifSpeed, ifHighSpeed, Interface MIB, RFC 2863"
    ::= { diffServMaxRateEntry 4 }

diffServMaxRateThreshold OBJECT-TYPE
    SYNTAX       BurstSize
    UNITS        "Bytes"
    MAX-ACCESS   read-create
    STATUS       current
    DESCRIPTION
       "The number of bytes of queue depth at which the rate of a



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       multi-rate scheduler will increase to the next output rate. In
       the last conceptual row for such a shaper, this threshold is
       ignored and by convention is zero."
    REFERENCE
        "Adaptive rate Shaper, RFC 2963"
    ::= { diffServMaxRateEntry 5 }

diffServMaxRateStorage OBJECT-TYPE
    SYNTAX       StorageType
    MAX-ACCESS   read-create
    STATUS       current
    DESCRIPTION
       "The storage type for this conceptual row.  Conceptual rows
       having the value 'permanent' need not allow write-access to any
       columnar objects in the row."
    DEFVAL { nonVolatile }
    ::= { diffServMaxRateEntry 6 }

diffServMaxRateStatus OBJECT-TYPE
    SYNTAX       RowStatus
    MAX-ACCESS   read-create
    STATUS       current
    DESCRIPTION
       "The status of this conceptual row. All writable objects in this
       row may be modified at any time. Setting this variable to
       'destroy' when the MIB contains one or more RowPointers pointing
       to it results in destruction being delayed until the row is no
       longer used."
    ::= { diffServMaxRateEntry 7 }

--
-- MIB Compliance statements.
--

diffServMIBCompliances OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::=
                                     { diffServMIBConformance 1 }
diffServMIBGroups      OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::=
                                     { diffServMIBConformance 2 }

diffServMIBFullCompliance MODULE-COMPLIANCE
    STATUS current
    DESCRIPTION
       "When this MIB is implemented with support for read-create, then
       such an implementation can claim full compliance. Such devices
       can then be both monitored and configured with this MIB."

    MODULE IF-MIB -- The interfaces MIB, RFC2863
    MANDATORY-GROUPS {



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       ifCounterDiscontinuityGroup
    }

    MODULE -- This Module
    MANDATORY-GROUPS {
        diffServMIBDataPathGroup, diffServMIBClfrGroup,
        diffServMIBClfrElementGroup, diffServMIBMultiFieldClfrGroup,
        diffServMIBActionGroup, diffServMIBAlgDropGroup,
        diffServMIBQGroup, diffServMIBSchedulerGroup,
        diffServMIBMaxRateGroup, diffServMIBMinRateGroup,
        diffServMIBCounterGroup
    }

    GROUP diffServMIBMeterGroup
    DESCRIPTION
       "This group is mandatory for devices that implement metering
       functions."

    GROUP diffServMIBTBParamGroup
    DESCRIPTION
       "This group is mandatory for devices that implement token-bucket
       metering functions."

    GROUP diffServMIBDscpMarkActGroup
    DESCRIPTION
       "This group is mandatory for devices that implement DSCP-Marking
       functions."

    GROUP diffServMIBRandomDropGroup
    DESCRIPTION
       "This group is mandatory for devices that implement Random Drop
       functions."

    OBJECT diffServDataPathStatus
    SYNTAX RowStatus { active(1) }
    WRITE-SYNTAX RowStatus { createAndGo(4), destroy(6) }
    DESCRIPTION
       "Support for createAndWait and notInService is not required."

    OBJECT diffServClfrStatus
    SYNTAX RowStatus { active(1) }
    WRITE-SYNTAX RowStatus { createAndGo(4), destroy(6) }
    DESCRIPTION
       "Support for createAndWait and notInService is not required."

    OBJECT diffServClfrElementStatus
    SYNTAX RowStatus { active(1) }
    WRITE-SYNTAX RowStatus { createAndGo(4), destroy(6) }



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    DESCRIPTION
       "Support for createAndWait and notInService is not required."

    OBJECT diffServMultiFieldClfrAddrType
    SYNTAX  InetAddressType { unknown(0), ipv4(1), ipv6(2) }
    DESCRIPTION
       "An implementation is only required to support IPv4 and IPv6
       addresses."

    OBJECT diffServMultiFieldClfrDstAddr
    SYNTAX  InetAddress (SIZE(0|4|16))
    DESCRIPTION
       "An implementation is only required to support IPv4 and globally
       unique IPv6 addresses."

    OBJECT diffServAlgDropStatus
    SYNTAX RowStatus { active(1) }
    WRITE-SYNTAX RowStatus { createAndGo(4), destroy(6) }
    DESCRIPTION
       "Support for createAndWait and notInService is not required."

    OBJECT diffServRandomDropStatus
    SYNTAX RowStatus { active(1) }
    WRITE-SYNTAX RowStatus { createAndGo(4), destroy(6) }
    DESCRIPTION
       "Support for createAndWait and notInService is not required."

    OBJECT diffServQStatus
    SYNTAX RowStatus { active(1) }
    WRITE-SYNTAX RowStatus { createAndGo(4), destroy(6) }
    DESCRIPTION
       "Support for createAndWait and notInService is not required."

    OBJECT diffServSchedulerStatus
    SYNTAX RowStatus { active(1) }
    WRITE-SYNTAX RowStatus { createAndGo(4), destroy(6) }
    DESCRIPTION
       "Support for createAndWait and notInService is not required."

    OBJECT diffServMinRateStatus
    SYNTAX RowStatus { active(1) }
    WRITE-SYNTAX RowStatus { createAndGo(4), destroy(6) }
    DESCRIPTION
       "Support for createAndWait and notInService is not required."

    OBJECT diffServMaxRateStatus
    SYNTAX RowStatus { active(1) }
    WRITE-SYNTAX RowStatus { createAndGo(4), destroy(6) }



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    DESCRIPTION
       "Support for createAndWait and notInService is not required."

    ::= { diffServMIBCompliances 1 }

--
-- Read-Only Compliance
--

diffServMIBReadOnlyCompliance MODULE-COMPLIANCE
    STATUS current
    DESCRIPTION
       "When this MIB is implemented without support for read-create
       (i.e. in read-only mode), then such an implementation can claim
       read-only compliance. Such a device can then be monitored but can
       not be configured with this MIB."

    MODULE IF-MIB -- The interfaces MIB, RFC2863
    MANDATORY-GROUPS {
       ifCounterDiscontinuityGroup
    }

    MODULE -- This Module
    MANDATORY-GROUPS {
        diffServMIBDataPathGroup, diffServMIBClfrGroup,
        diffServMIBClfrElementGroup, diffServMIBMultiFieldClfrGroup,
        diffServMIBActionGroup, diffServMIBAlgDropGroup,
        diffServMIBQGroup, diffServMIBSchedulerGroup,
        diffServMIBMaxRateGroup, diffServMIBMinRateGroup,
        diffServMIBCounterGroup
    }

    GROUP diffServMIBMeterGroup
    DESCRIPTION
       "This group is mandatory for devices that implement metering
       functions."

    GROUP diffServMIBTBParamGroup
    DESCRIPTION
       "This group is mandatory for devices that implement token-bucket
       metering functions."

    GROUP        diffServMIBDscpMarkActGroup
    DESCRIPTION
       "This group is mandatory for devices that implement DSCP-Marking
       functions."

    GROUP        diffServMIBRandomDropGroup



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    DESCRIPTION
       "This group is mandatory for devices that implement Random Drop
       functions."

    OBJECT       diffServDataPathStart
    MIN-ACCESS   read-only
    DESCRIPTION
       "Write access is not required."

    OBJECT       diffServDataPathStorage
    MIN-ACCESS   read-only
    DESCRIPTION
       "Write access is not required."

    OBJECT       diffServDataPathStatus
    SYNTAX       RowStatus { active(1) }
    MIN-ACCESS   read-only
    DESCRIPTION
       "Write access is not required, and active is the only status that
       needs to be supported."

    OBJECT       diffServClfrNextFree
    MIN-ACCESS   not-accessible
    DESCRIPTION
       "Object not needed when diffServClfrTable is implemented read-
       only"

    OBJECT       diffServClfrStorage
    MIN-ACCESS   read-only
    DESCRIPTION
       "Write access is not required."

    OBJECT       diffServClfrStatus
    SYNTAX       RowStatus { active(1) }
    MIN-ACCESS   read-only
    DESCRIPTION
       "Write access is not required, and active is the only status that
       needs to be supported."

    OBJECT       diffServClfrElementNextFree
    MIN-ACCESS   not-accessible
    DESCRIPTION
       "Object not needed when diffServClfrelementTable is implemented
       read-only"

    OBJECT       diffServClfrElementPrecedence
    MIN-ACCESS   read-only
    DESCRIPTION



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       "Write access is not required."

    OBJECT       diffServClfrElementNext
    MIN-ACCESS   read-only
    DESCRIPTION
       "Write access is not required."

    OBJECT       diffServClfrElementSpecific
    MIN-ACCESS   read-only
    DESCRIPTION
       "Write access is not required."

    OBJECT       diffServClfrElementStorage
    MIN-ACCESS   read-only
    DESCRIPTION
       "Write access is not required."

    OBJECT       diffServClfrElementStatus
    SYNTAX       RowStatus { active(1) }
    MIN-ACCESS   read-only
    DESCRIPTION
       "Write access is not required, and active is the only status that
       needs to be supported."

    OBJECT       diffServMultiFieldClfrNextFree
    MIN-ACCESS   not-accessible
    DESCRIPTION
       "Object is not needed when diffServMultiFieldClfrTable is
       implemented in read-only mode."

    OBJECT       diffServMultiFieldClfrAddrType
    SYNTAX       InetAddressType { unknown(0), ipv4(1), ipv6(2) }
    MIN-ACCESS   read-only
    DESCRIPTION
       "Write access is not required. An implementation is only required
       to support IPv4 and IPv6 addresses."

    OBJECT       diffServMultiFieldClfrDstAddr
    SYNTAX       InetAddress (SIZE(0|4|16))
    MIN-ACCESS   read-only
    DESCRIPTION
       "Write access is not required. An implementation is only required
       to support IPv4 and globally unique IPv6 addresses."

    OBJECT       diffServMultiFieldClfrDstPrefixLength
    MIN-ACCESS   read-only
    DESCRIPTION
       "Write access is not required."



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    OBJECT       diffServMultiFieldClfrSrcAddr
    MIN-ACCESS   read-only
    DESCRIPTION
       "Write access is not required. An implementation is only required
       to support IPv4 and globally unique IPv6 addresses."

    OBJECT       diffServMultiFieldClfrSrcPrefixLength
    MIN-ACCESS   read-only
    DESCRIPTION
       "Write access is not required."

    OBJECT       diffServMultiFieldClfrDscp
    MIN-ACCESS   read-only
    DESCRIPTION
       "Write access is not required."

    OBJECT       diffServMultiFieldClfrFlowId
    MIN-ACCESS   read-only
    DESCRIPTION
       "Write access is not required."

    OBJECT       diffServMultiFieldClfrProtocol
    MIN-ACCESS   read-only
    DESCRIPTION
       "Write access is not required."

    OBJECT       diffServMultiFieldClfrDstL4PortMin
    MIN-ACCESS   read-only
    DESCRIPTION
       "Write access is not required."

    OBJECT       diffServMultiFieldClfrDstL4PortMax
    MIN-ACCESS   read-only
    DESCRIPTION
       "Write access is not required."

    OBJECT       diffServMultiFieldClfrSrcL4PortMin
    MIN-ACCESS   read-only
    DESCRIPTION
       "Write access is not required."

    OBJECT       diffServMultiFieldClfrSrcL4PortMax
    MIN-ACCESS   read-only
    DESCRIPTION
       "Write access is not required."

    OBJECT       diffServMultiFieldClfrStorage
    MIN-ACCESS   read-only



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    DESCRIPTION
       "Write access is not required."

    OBJECT       diffServMultiFieldClfrStatus
    MIN-ACCESS   read-only
    DESCRIPTION
       "Write access is not required, createAndWait and notInService
       support is not required."

    OBJECT       diffServMeterNextFree
    MIN-ACCESS   not-accessible
    DESCRIPTION
       "Object is not needed when diffServMultiFieldClfrTable is
       implemented in read-only mode."

    OBJECT       diffServMeterSucceedNext
    MIN-ACCESS   read-only
    DESCRIPTION
       "Write access is not required."

    OBJECT       diffServMeterFailNext
    MIN-ACCESS   read-only
    DESCRIPTION
       "Write access is not required."

    OBJECT       diffServMeterSpecific
    MIN-ACCESS   read-only
    DESCRIPTION
       "Write access is not required."

    OBJECT       diffServMeterStorage
    MIN-ACCESS   read-only
    DESCRIPTION
       "Write access is not required."

    OBJECT       diffServMeterStatus
    SYNTAX       RowStatus { active(1) }
    MIN-ACCESS   read-only
    DESCRIPTION
       "Write access is not required, and active is the only status that
       needs to be supported."

    OBJECT       diffServTBParamNextFree
    MIN-ACCESS   not-accessible
    DESCRIPTION
       "Object is not needed when diffServTBParamTable is implemented in
       read-only mode."




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    OBJECT       diffServTBParamType
    MIN-ACCESS   read-only
    DESCRIPTION
       "Write access is not required."

    OBJECT       diffServTBParamRate
    MIN-ACCESS   read-only
    DESCRIPTION
       "Write access is not required."

    OBJECT       diffServTBParamBurstSize
    MIN-ACCESS   read-only
    DESCRIPTION
       "Write access is not required."

    OBJECT       diffServTBParamInterval
    MIN-ACCESS   read-only
    DESCRIPTION
       "Write access is not required."

    OBJECT       diffServTBParamStorage
    MIN-ACCESS   read-only
    DESCRIPTION
       "Write access is not required."

    OBJECT       diffServTBParamStatus
    SYNTAX       RowStatus { active(1) }
    MIN-ACCESS   read-only
    DESCRIPTION
       "Write access is not required, and active is the only status that
       needs to be supported."

    OBJECT       diffServActionNextFree
    MIN-ACCESS   not-accessible
    DESCRIPTION
       "Object is not needed when diffServActionTable is implemented in
       read-only mode."

    OBJECT       diffServActionInterface
    MIN-ACCESS   read-only
    DESCRIPTION
       "Write access is not required."

    OBJECT       diffServActionNext
    MIN-ACCESS   read-only
    DESCRIPTION
       "Write access is not required."




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    OBJECT       diffServActionSpecific
    MIN-ACCESS   read-only
    DESCRIPTION
       "Write access is not required."

    OBJECT       diffServActionStorage
    MIN-ACCESS   read-only
    DESCRIPTION
       "Write access is not required."

    OBJECT       diffServActionStatus
    SYNTAX       RowStatus { active(1) }
    MIN-ACCESS   read-only
    DESCRIPTION
       "Write access is not required, and active is the only status that
       needs to be supported."

    OBJECT       diffServCountActNextFree
    MIN-ACCESS   not-accessible
    DESCRIPTION
       "Object is not needed when diffServCountActTable is implemented
       in read-only mode."

    OBJECT       diffServCountActStorage
    MIN-ACCESS   read-only
    DESCRIPTION
       "Write access is not required."

    OBJECT       diffServCountActStatus
    SYNTAX       RowStatus { active(1) }
    MIN-ACCESS   read-only
    DESCRIPTION
       "Write access is not required, and active is the only status that
       needs to be supported."

    OBJECT       diffServAlgDropNextFree
    MIN-ACCESS   not-accessible
    DESCRIPTION
       "Object is not needed when diffServAlgDropTable is implemented in
       read-only mode."

    OBJECT       diffServAlgDropType
    MIN-ACCESS   read-only
    DESCRIPTION
       "Write access is not required."

    OBJECT       diffServAlgDropNext
    MIN-ACCESS   read-only



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    DESCRIPTION
       "Write access is not required."

    OBJECT       diffServAlgDropQMeasure
    MIN-ACCESS   read-only
    DESCRIPTION
       "Write access is not required."

    OBJECT       diffServAlgDropQThreshold
    MIN-ACCESS   read-only
    DESCRIPTION
       "Write access is not required."

    OBJECT       diffServAlgDropSpecific
    MIN-ACCESS   read-only
    DESCRIPTION
       "Write access is not required."

    OBJECT       diffServAlgDropStorage
    MIN-ACCESS   read-only
    DESCRIPTION
       "Write access is not required."

    OBJECT       diffServAlgDropStatus
    SYNTAX       RowStatus { active(1) }
    MIN-ACCESS   read-only
    DESCRIPTION
       "Write access is not required, and active is the only status that
       needs to be supported."

    OBJECT       diffServRandomDropNextFree
    MIN-ACCESS   not-accessible
    DESCRIPTION
       "Object is not needed when diffServRandomDropTable is implemented
       in read-only mode."

    OBJECT       diffServRandomDropMinThreshBytes
    MIN-ACCESS   read-only
    DESCRIPTION
       "Write access is not required."

    OBJECT       diffServRandomDropMinThreshPkts
    MIN-ACCESS   read-only
    DESCRIPTION
       "Write access is not required."

    OBJECT       diffServRandomDropMaxThreshBytes
    MIN-ACCESS   read-only



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    DESCRIPTION
       "Write access is not required."

    OBJECT       diffServRandomDropMaxThreshPkts
    MIN-ACCESS   read-only
    DESCRIPTION
       "Write access is not required."

    OBJECT       diffServRandomDropProbMax
    MIN-ACCESS   read-only
    DESCRIPTION
       "Write access is not required."

    OBJECT       diffServRandomDropWeight
    MIN-ACCESS   read-only
    DESCRIPTION
       "Write access is not required."

    OBJECT       diffServRandomDropSamplingRate
    MIN-ACCESS   read-only
    DESCRIPTION
       "Write access is not required."

    OBJECT       diffServRandomDropStorage
    MIN-ACCESS   read-only
    DESCRIPTION
       "Write access is not required."

    OBJECT       diffServRandomDropStatus
    SYNTAX       RowStatus { active(1) }
    MIN-ACCESS   read-only
    DESCRIPTION
       "Write access is not required, and active is the only status that
       needs to be supported."

    OBJECT       diffServQNextFree
    MIN-ACCESS   not-accessible
    DESCRIPTION
       "Object is not needed when diffServQTable is implemented in
       read-only mode."

    OBJECT       diffServQNext
    MIN-ACCESS   read-only
    DESCRIPTION
       "Write access is not required."

    OBJECT       diffServQMinRate
    MIN-ACCESS   read-only



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    DESCRIPTION
       "Write access is not required."

    OBJECT       diffServQMaxRate
    MIN-ACCESS   read-only
    DESCRIPTION
       "Write access is not required."

    OBJECT       diffServQStorage
    MIN-ACCESS   read-only
    DESCRIPTION
       "Write access is not required."

    OBJECT       diffServQStatus
    SYNTAX       RowStatus { active(1) }
    MIN-ACCESS   read-only
    DESCRIPTION
       "Write access is not required, and active is the only status that
       needs to be supported."

    OBJECT       diffServSchedulerNextFree
    MIN-ACCESS   not-accessible
    DESCRIPTION
       "Object is not needed when diffServSchedulerTable is implemented
       in read-only mode."

    OBJECT       diffServSchedulerNext
    MIN-ACCESS   read-only
    DESCRIPTION
       "Write access is not required."

    OBJECT       diffServSchedulerMethod
    MIN-ACCESS   read-only
    DESCRIPTION
       "Write access is not required."

    OBJECT       diffServSchedulerMinRate
    MIN-ACCESS   read-only
    DESCRIPTION
       "Write access is not required."

    OBJECT       diffServSchedulerMaxRate
    MIN-ACCESS   read-only
    DESCRIPTION
       "Write access is not required."

    OBJECT       diffServSchedulerStorage
    MIN-ACCESS   read-only



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    DESCRIPTION
       "Write access is not required."

    OBJECT       diffServSchedulerStatus
    SYNTAX       RowStatus { active(1) }
    MIN-ACCESS   read-only
    DESCRIPTION
       "Write access is not required, and active is the only status that
       needs to be supported."

    OBJECT       diffServMinRateNextFree
    MIN-ACCESS   not-accessible
    DESCRIPTION
       "Object is not needed when diffServMinRateTable is implemented in
       read-only mode."

    OBJECT       diffServMinRatePriority
    MIN-ACCESS   read-only
    DESCRIPTION
       "Write access is not required."

    OBJECT       diffServMinRateAbsolute
    MIN-ACCESS   read-only
    DESCRIPTION
       "Write access is not required."

    OBJECT       diffServMinRateRelative
    MIN-ACCESS   read-only
    DESCRIPTION
       "Write access is not required."

    OBJECT       diffServMinRateStorage
    MIN-ACCESS   read-only
    DESCRIPTION
       "Write access is not required."

    OBJECT       diffServMinRateStatus
    SYNTAX       RowStatus { active(1) }
    MIN-ACCESS   read-only
    DESCRIPTION
       "Write access is not required, and active is the only status that
       needs to be supported."

    OBJECT       diffServMaxRateNextFree
    MIN-ACCESS   not-accessible
    DESCRIPTION
       "Object is not needed when diffServMaxrateTable is implemented in
       read-only mode."



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    OBJECT       diffServMaxRateAbsolute
    MIN-ACCESS   read-only
    DESCRIPTION
       "Write access is not required."

    OBJECT       diffServMaxRateRelative
    MIN-ACCESS   read-only
    DESCRIPTION
       "Write access is not required."

    OBJECT       diffServMaxRateThreshold
    MIN-ACCESS   read-only
    DESCRIPTION
       "Write access is not required."

    OBJECT       diffServMaxRateStorage
    MIN-ACCESS   read-only
    DESCRIPTION
       "Write access is not required."

    OBJECT       diffServMaxRateStatus
    SYNTAX       RowStatus { active(1) }
    MIN-ACCESS   read-only
    DESCRIPTION
       "Write access is not required, and active is the only status that
       needs to be supported."

    ::= { diffServMIBCompliances 2 }

diffServMIBDataPathGroup OBJECT-GROUP
    OBJECTS {
              diffServDataPathStart, diffServDataPathStorage,
              diffServDataPathStatus
    }
    STATUS       current
    DESCRIPTION
       "The Data Path Group defines the MIB Objects that describe a
       functional data path."
    ::= { diffServMIBGroups 1 }

diffServMIBClfrGroup OBJECT-GROUP
    OBJECTS {
              diffServClfrNextFree, diffServClfrStorage,
              diffServClfrStatus
    }
    STATUS       current
    DESCRIPTION
       "The Classifier Group defines the MIB Objects that describe the



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       list the starts of individual classifiers."
    ::= { diffServMIBGroups 2 }

diffServMIBClfrElementGroup OBJECT-GROUP
    OBJECTS {
              diffServClfrElementNextFree,
              diffServClfrElementPrecedence, diffServClfrElementNext,
              diffServClfrElementSpecific, diffServClfrElementStorage,
              diffServClfrElementStatus
    }
    STATUS       current
    DESCRIPTION
       "The Classifier Element Group defines the MIB Objects that
       describe the classifier elements that make up a generic
       classifier."
    ::= { diffServMIBGroups 3 }

diffServMIBMultiFieldClfrGroup OBJECT-GROUP
    OBJECTS {
              diffServMultiFieldClfrNextFree,
              diffServMultiFieldClfrAddrType,
              diffServMultiFieldClfrDstAddr,
              diffServMultiFieldClfrDstPrefixLength,
              diffServMultiFieldClfrFlowId,
              diffServMultiFieldClfrSrcAddr,
              diffServMultiFieldClfrSrcPrefixLength,
              diffServMultiFieldClfrDscp,
              diffServMultiFieldClfrProtocol,
              diffServMultiFieldClfrDstL4PortMin,
              diffServMultiFieldClfrDstL4PortMax,
              diffServMultiFieldClfrSrcL4PortMin,
              diffServMultiFieldClfrSrcL4PortMax,
              diffServMultiFieldClfrStorage,
              diffServMultiFieldClfrStatus
    }
    STATUS       current
    DESCRIPTION
       "The Multi-field Classifier Group defines the MIB Objects that
       describe a classifier element for matching on various fields of
       an IP and upper-layer protocol header."
    ::= { diffServMIBGroups 4 }

diffServMIBMeterGroup OBJECT-GROUP
    OBJECTS {
              diffServMeterNextFree, diffServMeterSucceedNext,
              diffServMeterFailNext, diffServMeterSpecific,
              diffServMeterStorage, diffServMeterStatus
    }



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    STATUS       current
    DESCRIPTION
       "The Meter Group defines the objects used in describing a generic
       meter element."
    ::= { diffServMIBGroups 5 }

diffServMIBTBParamGroup OBJECT-GROUP
    OBJECTS {
              diffServTBParamNextFree, diffServTBParamType,
              diffServTBParamRate, diffServTBParamBurstSize,
              diffServTBParamInterval, diffServTBParamStorage,
              diffServTBParamStatus
    }
    STATUS       current
    DESCRIPTION
       "The Token-Bucket Meter Group defines the objects used in
       describing a token bucket meter element."
    ::= { diffServMIBGroups 6 }

diffServMIBActionGroup OBJECT-GROUP
    OBJECTS {
              diffServActionNextFree, diffServActionNext,
              diffServActionSpecific, diffServActionStorage,
              diffServActionInterface, diffServActionStatus
    }
    STATUS       current
    DESCRIPTION
       "The Action Group defines the objects used in describing a
       generic action element."
    ::= { diffServMIBGroups 7 }

diffServMIBDscpMarkActGroup OBJECT-GROUP
    OBJECTS {
              diffServDscpMarkActDscp
    }
    STATUS       current
    DESCRIPTION
       "The DSCP Mark Action Group defines the objects used in
       describing a DSCP Marking Action element."
    ::= { diffServMIBGroups 8 }

diffServMIBCounterGroup OBJECT-GROUP
    OBJECTS {
              diffServCountActOctets, diffServCountActPkts,
              diffServAlgDropOctets, diffServAlgDropPkts,
              diffServAlgRandomDropOctets, diffServAlgRandomDropPkts,
              diffServCountActStorage, diffServCountActStatus,
              diffServCountActNextFree



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    }
    STATUS       current
    DESCRIPTION
       "A collection of objects providing information specific to
       packet-oriented network interfaces."
    ::= { diffServMIBGroups 9 }

diffServMIBAlgDropGroup OBJECT-GROUP
    OBJECTS {
              diffServAlgDropNextFree, diffServAlgDropType,
              diffServAlgDropNext, diffServAlgDropQMeasure,
              diffServAlgDropQThreshold, diffServAlgDropSpecific,
              diffServAlgDropStorage, diffServAlgDropStatus
    }
    STATUS       current
    DESCRIPTION
       "The Algorithmic Drop Group contains the objects that describe
       algorithmic dropper operation and configuration."
    ::= { diffServMIBGroups 10 }

diffServMIBRandomDropGroup OBJECT-GROUP
    OBJECTS {
              diffServRandomDropNextFree,
              diffServRandomDropMinThreshBytes,
              diffServRandomDropMinThreshPkts,
              diffServRandomDropMaxThreshBytes,
              diffServRandomDropMaxThreshPkts,
              diffServRandomDropProbMax,
              diffServRandomDropWeight,
              diffServRandomDropSamplingRate,
              diffServRandomDropStorage,
              diffServRandomDropStatus
    }
    STATUS       current
    DESCRIPTION
       "The Random Drop Group augments the Algorithmic Drop Group for
       random dropper operation and configuration."
    ::= { diffServMIBGroups 11 }

diffServMIBQGroup OBJECT-GROUP

    OBJECTS {
              diffServQNextFree, diffServQNext, diffServQMinRate,
              diffServQMaxRate, diffServQStorage, diffServQStatus
    }
    STATUS       current
    DESCRIPTION
       "The Queue Group contains the objects that describe an



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       interface's queues."
    ::= { diffServMIBGroups 12 }

diffServMIBSchedulerGroup OBJECT-GROUP
    OBJECTS {
              diffServSchedulerNextFree, diffServSchedulerNext,
              diffServSchedulerMethod, diffServSchedulerMinRate,
              diffServSchedulerMaxRate, diffServSchedulerStorage,
              diffServSchedulerStatus
    }
    STATUS       current
    DESCRIPTION
       "The Scheduler Group contains the objects that describe packet
       schedulers on interfaces."
    ::= { diffServMIBGroups 13 }

diffServMIBMinRateGroup OBJECT-GROUP
    OBJECTS {
              diffServMinRateNextFree, diffServMinRatePriority,
              diffServMinRateAbsolute, diffServMinRateRelative,
              diffServMinRateStorage, diffServMinRateStatus
    }
    STATUS       current
    DESCRIPTION
       "The Minimum Rate Parameter Group contains the objects that
       describe packet schedulers' minimum rate or priority guarantees."
    ::= { diffServMIBGroups 14 }

diffServMIBMaxRateGroup OBJECT-GROUP
    OBJECTS {
              diffServMaxRateNextFree, diffServMaxRateAbsolute,
              diffServMaxRateRelative, diffServMaxRateThreshold,
              diffServMaxRateStorage, diffServMaxRateStatus
    }
    STATUS       current
    DESCRIPTION
       "The Maximum Rate Parameter Group contains the objects that
       describe packet schedulers' maximum rate guarantees."
    ::= { diffServMIBGroups 15 }

END










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7.  Acknowledgments

   This MIB builds on all the work that has gone into the Informal
   Management Model for Differentiated Services Routers, Differentiated
   Services PIB, and Differentiated Services Policy MIB (SNMPCONF WG).

   It has been developed with the active involvement of many people, but
   most notably Yoram Bernet, Steve Blake, Brian Carpenter, Dave Durham,
   Michael Fine, Victor Firoiu, Jeremy Greene, Dan Grossman, Roch
   Guerin, Scott Hahn, Joel Halpern, Van Jacobsen, Keith McCloghrie, Bob
   Moore, Kathleen Nichols, Ping Pan, Nabil Seddigh, John Seligson, and
   Walter Weiss.

   Juergen Schoenwaelder, Dave Perkins, Frank Strauss, Harrie
   Hazewinkel, and Bert Wijnen are especially to be noted for review
   comments on the structure and usage of the MIB for network management
   purposes, and its compliance with SMIv2.

8.  Security Considerations

   It is clear that this MIB is potentially useful for configuration.
   Anything that can be configured can be misconfigured, with
   potentially disastrous effects.

   At this writing, no security holes have been identified beyond those
   that SNMP Security is itself intended to address.  These relate
   primarily to controlled access to sensitive information and the
   ability to configure a device - or which might result from operator
   error, which is beyond the scope of any security architecture.

   There are many read-write and read-create management objects defined
   in this MIB.  Such objects are often sensitive or vulnerable in some
   network environments.  The support for SET operations in a non-secure
   environment without proper protection can have a negative effect on
   network operations.  The use of SNMP Version 3 is recommended over
   prior versions for configuration control as its security model is
   improved.

   There are a number of managed objects in this MIB that may contain
   information that may be sensitive from a business perspective, in
   that they may represent a customer's service contract or the filters
   that the service provider chooses to apply to a customer's ingress or
   egress traffic.  There are no objects which are sensitive in their
   own right, such as passwords or monetary amounts.







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   It may be important to even control GET access to these objects and
   possibly to even encrypt the values of these objects when sending
   them over the network via SNMP.  Not all versions of SNMP provide
   features for such a secure environment.

   SNMPv1 by itself is not a secure environment.  Even if the network
   itself is secure (for example by using IPSec), even then, there is no
   control as to who on the secure network is allowed to access and
   GET/SET (read/change/create/delete) the objects in this MIB.

   It is recommended that the implementors consider the security
   features as provided by the SNMPv3 framework.  Specifically, the use
   of the User-based Security Model [RFC 2574] and the View-based Access
   Control Model [RFC 2575] is recommended.

   It is then a customer/user responsibility to ensure that the SNMP
   entity giving access to an instance of this MIB, is properly
   configured to give access to the objects only to those principals
   (users) that have legitimate rights to indeed GET or SET
   (change/create/delete) them.

9. Intellectual Property Rights

   The IETF takes no position regarding the validity or scope of any
   intellectual property or other rights that might be claimed to
   pertain to the implementation or use of the technology described in
   this document or the extent to which any license under such rights
   might or might not be available; neither does it represent that it
   has made any effort to identify any such rights.  Information on the
   IETF's procedures with respect to rights in standards-track and
   standards-related documentation can be found in BCP-11.  Copies of
   claims of rights made available for publication and any assurances of
   licenses to be made available, or the result of an attempt made to
   obtain a general license or permission for the use of such
   proprietary rights by implementors or users of this specification can
   be obtained from the IETF Secretariat.

   The IETF invites any interested party to bring to its attention any
   copyrights, patents or patent applications, or other proprietary
   rights which may cover technology that may be required to practice
   this standard.  Please address the information to the IETF Executive
   Director.









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10.  References

   [RFC 2571]    Harrington, D., Presuhn, R. and B. Wijnen, "An
                 Architecture for Describing SNMP Management
                 Frameworks", RFC 2571, April 1999.

   [RFC 1155]    Rose, M. and K. McCloghrie, "Structure and
                 Identification of Management Information for TCP/IP-
                 based Internets", STD 16, RFC 1155, May 1990.

   [RFC 1212]    Rose, M. and K. McCloghrie, "Concise MIB Definitions",
                 STD 16, RFC 1212, March 1991.

   [RFC 1215]    Rose, M., "A Convention for Defining Traps for use with
                 the SNMP", RFC 1215, March 1991.

   [RFC 2578]    McCloghrie, K., Perkins, D., Schoenwaelder, J., Case,
                 J., Rose, M. and S. Waldbusser, "Structure of
                 Management Information Version 2 (SMIv2)", STD 58, RFC
                 2578, April 1999.

   [RFC 2579]    McCloghrie, K., Perkins, D., Schoenwaelder, J., Case,
                 J., Rose, M. and S. Waldbusser, "Textual Conventions
                 for SMIv2", STD 58, RFC 2579, April 1999.

   [RFC 2580]    McCloghrie, K., Perkins, D., Schoenwaelder, J., Case,
                 J., Rose, M. and S. Waldbusser, "Conformance Statements
                 for SMIv2", STD 58, RFC 2580, April 1999.

   [RFC 1157]    Case, J., Fedor, M., Schoffstall, M. and J. Davin,
                 "Simple Network Management Protocol", STD 15, RFC 1157,
                 May 1990.

   [RFC 1901]    Case, J., McCloghrie, K., Rose, M. and S. Waldbusser,
                 "Introduction to Community-based SNMPv2", RFC 1901,
                 January 1996.

   [RFC 1906]    Case, J., McCloghrie, K., Rose, M. and S. Waldbusser,
                 "Transport Mappings for Version 2 of the Simple Network
                 Management Protocol (SNMPv2)", RFC 1906, January 1996.

   [RFC 2572]    Case, J., Harrington D., Presuhn R. and B. Wijnen,
                 "Message Processing and Dispatching for the Simple
                 Network Management Protocol (SNMP)", RFC 2572, April
                 1999.






Baker, et. al.              Standards Track                   [Page 112]

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   [RFC 2574]    Blumenthal, U. and B. Wijnen, "User-based Security
                 Model (USM) for version 3 of the Simple Network
                 Management Protocol (SNMPv3)", RFC 2574, April 1999.

   [RFC 1905]    Case, J., McCloghrie, K., Rose, M. and S. Waldbusser,
                 "Protocol Operations for Version 2 of the Simple
                 Network Management Protocol (SNMPv2)", RFC 1905,
                 January 1996.

   [RFC 2573]    Levi, D., Meyer, P. and B. Stewart, "SNMP
                 Applications", RFC 2573, April 1999.

   [RFC 2575]    Wijnen, B., Presuhn, R. and K. McCloghrie, "View-based
                 Access Control Model (VACM) for the Simple Network
                 Management Protocol (SNMP)", RFC 2575, April 1999.

   [RFC 2570]    Case, J., Mundy, R., Partain, D. and B. Stewart,
                 "Introduction to Version 3 of the Internet-standard
                 Network Management Framework", RFC 2570, April 1999.

   [RFC 2119]    Bradner, S., "Key words to use in the RFCs", BCP 14,
                 RFC 2119, March 1997.

   [ACTQMGMT]    V. Firoiu, M. Borden, "A Study of Active Queue
                 Management for Congestion Control", March 2000, In IEEE
                 Infocom 2000, http://www.ieee-
                 infocom.org/2000/papers/405.pdf

   [AQMROUTER]   V. Misra, W. Gong, D. Towsley, "Fluid-based analysis of
                 a network of AQM routers supporting TCP flows with an
                 application to RED", In SIGCOMM
                 2000,http://www.acm.org/sigcomm/sigcomm2000/conf/
                 paper/sigcomm2000-4-3.ps.gz

   [AF-PHB]      Heinanen, J., Baker, F., Weiss, W. and J. Wroclawski,
                 "Assured Forwarding PHB Group", RFC 2597, June 1999.

   [DSARCH]      Blake, S., Black, D., Carlson, M., Davies, E., Wang, Z.
                 and W. Weiss, "An Architecture for Differentiated
                 Service", RFC 2475, December 1998.

   [DSFIELD]     Nichols, K., Blake, S., Baker, F. and D. Black,
                 "Definition of the Differentiated Services Field (DS
                 Field) in the IPv4 and IPv6 Headers", RFC 2474,
                 December 1998.






Baker, et. al.              Standards Track                   [Page 113]

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   [DSPIB]       Fine, M., McCloghrie, K., Seligson, J., Chan, K., Hahn,
                 S. and A. Smith, "Differentiated Services Quality of
                 Service Policy Information Base", Work in Progress.

   [DSTERMS]     Grossman, D., "New Terminology for Differentiated
                 Services", RFC 3260, April 2002.

   [EF-PHB]      Jacobson, V., Nichols, K. and K. Poduri, "An Expedited
                 Forwarding PHB", RFC 3246, March 2002.

   [IF-MIB]      McCloghrie, K. and F. Kastenholz, "The Interfaces Group
                 MIB using SMIv2", RFC 2863, June 2000.

   [INETADDRESS] Daniele, M., Haberman, B., Routhier, S. and J.
                 Schoenwaelder, "Textual Conventions for Internet
                 Network Addresses.", RFC 3291, May 2002.

   [INTSERVMIB]  Baker, F., Krawczyk, J. and A. Sastry, "Integrated
                 Services Management Information Base using SMIv2", RFC
                 2213, September 1997.

   [MODEL]       Bernet, Y., Blake, S., Smith, A. and D. Grossman, "An
                 Informal Management Model for Differentiated Services
                 Routers", Work in Progress.

   [RED93]       "Random Early Detection", 1993.

   [srTCM]       Heinanen, J. and R. Guerin, "A Single Rate Three Color
                 Marker", RFC 2697, September 1999.

   [trTCM]       Heinanen, J. and R. Guerin, "A Two Rate Three Color
                 Marker", RFC 2698, September 1999.

   [TSWTCM]      Fang, W., Seddigh, N. and  B. Nandy, "A Time Sliding
                 Window Three Color Marker (TSWTCM)", RFC 2859, June
                 2000.

   [SHAPER]      Bonaventure, O. and S. De Cnodder, "A Rate Adaptive
                 Shaper for Differentiated Services", RFC 2963, October
                 2000.











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11.  Authors' Addresses

   Fred Baker
   Cisco Systems
   1121 Via Del Rey
   Santa Barbara, California 93117

   EMail: fred@cisco.com


   Kwok Ho Chan
   Nortel Networks
   600 Technology Park Drive
   Billerica, MA 01821

   EMail: khchan@nortelnetworks.com


   Andrew Smith
   Harbour Networks
   Jiuling Building
   21 North Xisanhuan Ave.
   Beijing, 100089, PRC

   EMail: ah_smith@acm.org


























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12.  Full Copyright Statement

   Copyright (C) The Internet Society (2002).  All Rights Reserved.

   This document and translations of it may be copied and furnished to
   others, and derivative works that comment on or otherwise explain it
   or assist in its implementation may be prepared, copied, published
   and distributed, in whole or in part, without restriction of any
   kind, provided that the above copyright notice and this paragraph are
   included on all such copies and derivative works.  However, this
   document itself may not be modified in any way, such as by removing
   the copyright notice or references to the Internet Society or other
   Internet organizations, except as needed for the purpose of
   developing Internet standards in which case the procedures for
   copyrights defined in the Internet Standards process must be
   followed, or as required to translate it into languages other than
   English.

   The limited permissions granted above are perpetual and will not be
   revoked by the Internet Society or its successors or assigns.

   This document and the information contained herein is provided on an
   "AS IS" basis and THE INTERNET SOCIETY AND THE INTERNET ENGINEERING
   TASK FORCE DISCLAIMS ALL WARRANTIES, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING
   BUT NOT LIMITED TO ANY WARRANTY THAT THE USE OF THE INFORMATION
   HEREIN WILL NOT INFRINGE ANY RIGHTS OR ANY IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF
   MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.

Acknowledgement

   Funding for the RFC Editor function is currently provided by the
   Internet Society.



















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