[Docs] [txt|pdf] [draft-bala-uni-ld...] [Diff1] [Diff2]

Updated by: 3468 INFORMATIONAL

Network Working Group                                     B. Rajagopalan
Request for Comments: 3476                                 Tellium, Inc.
Category: Informational                                       March 2003


   Documentation of IANA Assignments for Label Distribution Protocol
 (LDP), Resource ReSerVation Protocol (RSVP), and Resource ReSerVation
           Protocol-Traffic Engineering (RSVP-TE) Extensions
                      for Optical UNI Signaling

Status of this Memo

   This memo provides information for the Internet community.  It does
   not specify an Internet standard of any kind.  Distribution of this
   memo is unlimited.

Copyright Notice

   Copyright (C) The Internet Society (2003).  All Rights Reserved.

Abstract

   The Optical Interworking Forum (OIF) has defined extensions to the
   Label Distribution Protocol (LDP) and the Resource ReSerVation
   Protocol (RSVP) for optical User Network Interface (UNI) signaling.
   These extensions consist of a set of new data objects and error
   codes.  This document describes these extensions.

1. Introduction

   The OIF UNI signaling specification is described in [8].  This
   specification utilizes IETF protocol standards as well as IETF work
   in progress.  Specifically, the following IETF specifications are
   used:

   o  Label distribution protocol (LDP) [6]
   o  Resource reservation protocol (RSVP) [5]
   o  GMPLS signaling and GMPLS extensions for SONET/SDH [4]
   o  GMPLS RSVP-TE and CR-LDP extensions [2, 3]

   The aim of the OIF UNI specification is the maximal re-use of IETF
   protocol definitions.  A few extensions to IETF protocols, however,
   have been defined to serve UNI-specific needs.  These extensions are
   described in this document.







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2. LDP Extensions for UNI Signaling

   The LDP extensions for UNI signaling consist of new TLVs that capture
   UNI-specific parameters and new UNI-specific status codes.  The new
   TLVs are Source ID (3 TLVs), Destination ID (3 TLVs), Egress Label,
   Local Connection ID, Diversity, Contract ID, and UNI Service Level
   [8].  These are described below.  The new status codes are assigned
   from the private use space of LDP codes, as described in [8].  The
   UNI specification [8] also defines two new LDP messages, Status
   Enquiry and Status Response.  These messages have been obsoleted and
   hence no code points are requested in this document for them.

2.1  Source ID TLVs

   Three TLVs have been defined to encode the Source ID. The content and
   usage of these TLVs are described in [8].

2.1.1 IPv4 Source ID

    0                    1                         2            3
    0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
   +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
   |U|F|Source ID Type (0x0960)    |      Length                   |
   +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
   |                                                               |
   ~                      Contents                                 ~
   |                                                               |
   +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+

2.1.2 IPv6 Source ID

    0                    1                         2            3
    0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
   +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
   |U|F|Source ID Type (0x0961)    |      Length                   |
   +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
   |                                                               |
   ~                      Contents                                 ~
   |                                                               |
   +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+











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2.1.3 NSAP Source ID

    0                    1                         2            3
    0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
   +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
   |U|F|Source ID Type (0x0962)    |      Length                   |
   +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
   |                                                               |
   ~                      Contents                                 ~
   |                                                               |
   +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+

2.2  Destination ID TLVs

   Three TLVs have been defined to encode the Destination ID. The
   content and usage of these TLVs are described in [8].

2.2.1 IPv4 Destination ID

    0                    1                         2            3
    0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
   +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
   |U|F|Dest ID Type (0x0963)      |      Length                   |
   +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
   |                                                               |
   ~                      Contents                                 ~
   |                                                               |
   +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+

2.2.2 IPv6 Destination ID

    0                    1                         2            3
    0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
   +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
   |U|F|Dest ID Type (0x0964)      |      Length                   |
   +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
   |                                                               |
   ~                      Contents                                 ~
   |                                                               |
   +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+











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2.2.3 NSAP Destination ID

    0                    1                         2            3
    0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
   +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
   |U|F|Dest  ID Type (0x0965)     |      Length                   |
   +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
   |                                                               |
   ~                      Contents                                 ~
   |                                                               |
   +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+

2.3  Egress Label TLV

   The Egress Label TLV is encoded as:

       0                    1                         2            3
       0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
      +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
      |U|F|Egress Label (0x966)       |        Length                 |
      +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
      |                                                               |
      ~                      Contents                                 ~
      |                                                               |
      +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+

   The content and usage of this TLV are described in [8].

2.4  Local Connection ID TLV

   The Local Connection ID TLV is encoded as:

       0                    1                         2            3
       0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
      +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
      |U|F|Local Conn. ID (0x967)     |        Length                 |
      +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
      |                                                               |
      ~                      Contents                                 ~
      |                                                               |
      +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+

   The content and usage of this TLV are described in [8].








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2.5  Diversity TLV

   The Diversity TLV is encoded as:

       0                    1                         2            3
       0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
      +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
      |U|F|Diversity (0x968)          |        Length                 |
      +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
      |                                                               |
      ~                      Contents                                 ~
      |                                                               |
      +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+

   The content and usage of this TLV are described in [8].

2.6  Contract ID TLV

   The Contract ID TLV is encoded as:

       0                    1                         2            3
       0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
      +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
      |U|F|Contract ID (0x969)        |        Length                 |
      +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
      |                                                               |
      ~                      Contents                                 ~
      |                                                               |
      +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+

   The content and usage of this TLV are described in [8].

2.7  UNI Service Level TLV

   The UNI Service Level TLV is encoded as:

       0                    1                         2            3
       0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
      +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
      |U|F|Service Level (0x970)      |        Length                 |
      +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
      |                                                               |
      ~                      Contents                                 ~
      |                                                               |
      +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+

   The content and usage of this TLV are described in [8].




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3. RSVP Extensions for UNI Signaling

   A single new object class, called "Generalized_UNI" is defined.  In
   addition, extension to the RSVP session object and new UNI-specific
   error codes are defined.  These are described below.

3.1  Generalized_UNI Object

   The GENERALIZED_UNI object has the following format:

       0                   1                   2                   3
       0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
      +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
      |       Length (>8)             | CNum(229)     |  C-Type (1)   |
      +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
      //                        (Subobjects)                         //
      +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+

   Subobjects:

   The contents of a GENERALIZED_UNI object are a series of variable-
   length data items.  The common format of the sub-objects is shown
   below:

       0                   1                   2                   3
       0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
      +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
      |       Length                  |    Type       |  Sub-Type     |
      +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
      //                             Value                           //
      +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+

   The following sub-objects are defined.  The contents of these sub-
   objects are described in [8]:

   -  Source Transport Network Assigned (TNA) Address sub-object:
      Type = 1.  The following sub-types are defined:

               Ipv4 (Sub-type = 1);
               Ipv6 (Sub-type = 2);
               NSAP (Sub-type = 3).

      -  Destination TNA Address sub-object: Type = 2;
         The following sub-types are defined:

               Ipv4 (Sub-type = 1);
               Ipv6 (Sub-type = 2);
               NSAP (Sub-type = 3).



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      -  Diversity sub-object: Type = 3, Sub-type = 1.
      -  Egress label sub-object: Type = 4, Sub-type = 1.
      -  Service level sub-object: Type = 5, Sub-type = 1.

3.2  UNI_Ipv4_Session Object

   This object [7] has the following format:

   UNI_IPv4_SESSION object: Class = 1, C-Type = 11

       0                   1                   2                   3
       0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
      +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
      |       Length (16)             | Class-Num(1)  |C-Type (11)    |
      +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
      |                         IPv4 Address                          |
      +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
      |       MUST be zero            |      Tunnel ID                |
      +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
      |                   Extended IPv4 Address                       |
      +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+

   The C-Type value (11) will distinguish UNI-related RSVP Sessions
   from other RSVP sessions.  The usage of this object is described in
   [8].

3.3  Error Codes

   UNI-specific errors fall under the "Routing Problem" (error code =
   24) [7] and "Policy Control Failure" (error code = 2) [5] errors, and
   they require the assignment of sub-codes.  The following is the list
   of errors and proposed assignments of sub-codes:

   -  Routing Problem: Diversity not available (Error code = 24, sub-
      code = 100)
   -  Routing Problem: Service level not available (Error code = 24,
      sub-code = 101)
   -  Routing problem: Invalid/Unknown connection ID (Error code = 24,
      sub-code = 102)
   -  Policy control failure: Unauthorized sender (Error code = 2, sub-
      code = 100)
   -  Policy control failure: Unauthorized receiver (Error code = 2,
      sub-code = 101)








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4. IANA Considerations

   The OIF UNI 1.0 specification defines new objects and error codes
   under LDP and RSVP.  The majority of these extensions require code
   point assignments via IETF consensus action.  These are summarized
   below.

4.1 LDP Messages, TLVs and Status Codes

   TLV types 0x0960 - 0x0970 as described in Sections 2.1 - 2.7 above.

   UNI-specific status codes have been allocated out of the Private Use
   space, i.e., 0x3Fxxxxxx.  These do not require IANA administration.

4.2  RSVP Object Class and Error Codes

   Generalized_UNI object class (Section 3.1), Class Number 229, C-Type
   1.  Further sub-objects are defined, with Type numbers 1-5 and
   various Sub-Type numbers, as described in Section 3.1.  The code
   points for the Generalized_UNI object and the associated sub-objects
   require IANA administration.

   UNI_Ipv4_Session Object (Class-Num = 1, C-Type = 11), as described in
   Section 3.2.

   UNI-specific errors fall under the Routing Problem and Policy Control
   Failure errors (error codes 24 and 2).  Sub-codes under error code 24
   are 100, 101 and 102, as described in Section 3.3.  Sub-codes under
   error code 2 are 100 and 101, as described in Section 3.3.

5. Security Considerations

   Security considerations related to RSVP, RSVP-TE and LDP are
   described in Section 2.8, Section 6 and Section 5 of RFCs 2205 [5],
   3209 [9] and 3036 [6], respectively.  Security considerations
   pertaining to UNI signaling using the extensions described in this
   document and how these relate to the security aspects of RSVP, RSVP-
   TE and LDP are described in Section 13.4 of the UNI specification
   [8].

6. References

   [1] Berger, L., Editor, "Generalized Multi-Protocol Label Switching
       (MPLS) Signaling Functional Description", RFC 3471, January 2003.

   [2] Berger, L., Editor,  "Generalized Multi-Protocol Label Switching
       (MPLS) Signaling Resource ReserVation Protocol-Traffic
       Engineering (RSVP-TE) Extensions", RFC 3473, January 2003.



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   [3] Ashwood-Smith, P. and L. Berger, Editors, "Generalized Multi-
       Protocol Label Switching (MPLS) Signaling Constraint-based Routed
       Label Distribution Protocol (CR-LDP) Extensions", RFC 3472,
       January 2003.

   [4] E. Mannie, et al., "GMPLS Extensions for SONET and SDH Control",
       Work in Progress.

   [5] Braden, R., Editor, Zhang, L., Berson, S., Herzog, S. and S.
       Jamin, "RSVP Functional Specification", RFC 2205, September 1997.

   [6] Andersson, L., Doolan, P., Feldman, N., Fredette, A. and B.
       Thomas, "LDP Specification", RFC 3036, January 2001.

   [7] Awduche, D., Berger, L., Gan, D., Li, T., Srinivasan, V. and G.
       Swallow, "RSVP-TE: Extensions to RSVP for LSP Tunnels", RFC 3209,
       December 2001.

   [8] UNI 1.0 Signaling Specification, The Optical Internetworking
       Forum, http://www.oiforum.com/public/UNI_1.0_ia.html

7. Intellectual Property

   The IETF takes no position regarding the validity or scope of any
   intellectual property or other rights that might be claimed to
   pertain to the implementation or use of the technology described in
   this document or the extent to which any license under such rights
   might or might not be available; neither does it represent that it
   has made any effort to identify any such rights.  Information on the
   IETF's procedures with respect to rights in standards-track and
   standards-related documentation can be found in RFC 2028.

   Copies of claims of rights made available for publication and any
   assurances of licenses to be made available, or the result of an
   attempt made to obtain a general license or permission for the use of
   such proprietary rights by implementors or users of this
   specification can be obtained from the IETF Secretariat.

   The IETF invites any interested party to bring to its attention any
   copyrights, patents or patent applications, or other proprietary
   rights which may cover technology that may be required to practice
   this standard.  Please address the information to the IETF Executive
   Director.








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8. Author's Address

   Bala Rajagopalan
   Tellium, Inc.
   2 Crescent Place
   Ocean Port, NJ 07757

   Phone: +1-732-923-4237
   EMail: braja@tellium.com










































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RFC 3476    LDP & RSVP Extensions for Optical UNI Signaling   March 2003


8. Full Copyright Statement

   Copyright (C) The Internet Society (2003).  All Rights Reserved.

   This document and translations of it may be copied and furnished to
   others, and derivative works that comment on or otherwise explain it
   or assist in its implementation may be prepared, copied, published
   and distributed, in whole or in part, without restriction of any
   kind, provided that the above copyright notice and this paragraph are
   included on all such copies and derivative works.  However, this
   document itself may not be modified in any way, such as by removing
   the copyright notice or references to the Internet Society or other
   Internet organizations, except as needed for the purpose of
   developing Internet standards in which case the procedures for
   copyrights defined in the Internet Standards process must be
   followed, or as required to translate it into languages other than
   English.

   The limited permissions granted above are perpetual and will not be
   revoked by the Internet Society or its successors or assigns.

   This document and the information contained herein is provided on an
   "AS IS" basis and THE INTERNET SOCIETY AND THE INTERNET ENGINEERING
   TASK FORCE DISCLAIMS ALL WARRANTIES, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING
   BUT NOT LIMITED TO ANY WARRANTY THAT THE USE OF THE INFORMATION
   HEREIN WILL NOT INFRINGE ANY RIGHTS OR ANY IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF
   MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.

Acknowledgement

   Funding for the RFC Editor function is currently provided by the
   Internet Society.



















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