[Docs] [txt|pdf] [draft-gellens-qcp] [Diff1] [Diff2] [Errata]

INFORMATIONAL
Errata Exist
Network Working Group                                         R. Gellens
Request for Comments: 3625                                  H. Garudadri
Updates: 3555                                                   Qualcomm
Category: Informational                                   September 2003


          The QCP File Format and Media Types for Speech Data

Status of this Memo

   This memo provides information for the Internet community.  It does
   not specify an Internet standard of any kind.  Distribution of this
   memo is unlimited.

Copyright Notice

   Copyright (C) The Internet Society (2003).  All Rights Reserved.

Abstract

   RFC 2658 specifies the streaming format for 3GPP2 13K vocoder (High
   Rate Speech Service Option 17 for Wideband Spread Spectrum
   Communications Systems, also known as QCELP 13K vocoder) data, but
   does not specify a storage format.  Many implementations have been
   using the "QCP" file format (named for its file extension) for
   exchanging QCELP 13K data as well as Enhanced Variable Rate Coder
   (EVRC) and Selectable Mode Vocoders (SMV) data.  (For example,
   Eudora(r), QuickTime(r), and cmda2000(r) handsets).

   This document specifies the QCP file format and updates the
   audio/qcelp media registration to specify this format for storage,
   and registers the audio/evrc-qcp and audio/smv-qcp media types for
   EVRC and SMV (respectively) data stored in this format.


















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Table of Contents

   1.  Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  2
   2.  Conventions Used in this Document. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  2
   3.  QCP File Format. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  2
   4.  IANA Considerations. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
       4.1.  Update of Media Type Audio/qcelp . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
       4.2.  Update of Media Type Audio/vnd.qcelp . . . . . . . . . . 10
       4.3.  Registration of Audio/EVRC-QCP . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
       4.4.  Registration of Audio/SMV-QCP. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
   5.  Security Considerations. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
   6.  Acknowledgements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
   7.  References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
       7.1.  Normative References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
       7.2.  Informative References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
   8.  Intellectual Property Statement. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
   9.  Editors' Addresses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
   10. Full Copyright Statement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15

1.  Introduction

   This document specifies the QCP format for storage of [QCELP] 13K,
   [EVRC], and [SMV] vocoder frames in files which may reside on network
   elements (e.g., media servers, Multimedia Messaging System (MMS)
   centers, etc.) and third-generation cellular (3G) handsets, or be
   transmitted via email or other mechanisms.

   Vocoder frames read from a QCP file may be streamed using protocols
   and formats outside the scope of this document, delivered to an
   [EVRC], [SMV], or [QCELP] 13K decoder, or otherwise processed.

   The QCP format supports [QCELP] 13K as well as [EVRC] and [SMV] data.
   Note that this format is different from the EVRC and SMV storage
   format specified in [EVRC-SMV].

2.  Conventions Used in this Document

   The key words "REQUIRED", "MUST", "MUST NOT", "SHOULD", "SHOULD NOT",
   and "MAY" in this document are to be interpreted as described in BCP
   14, RFC 2119 [KEYWORDS].

3.  QCP File Format

   The following describes the QCP file format using [ABNF].

   A qcp file contains data frames generated by the [QCELP], [EVRC], or
   [SMV] vocoders.




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   qcp-file        = riff-qlcm fmt vrat [labl] [offs] data [cnfg]
                     [text]

   riff-qlcm       = RIFF riff-size QLCM

   fmt             = FMT chunk-size major minor codec-info
                     ; major and minor are set to the version of
                     ; the QCP file format used to generate the
                     ; file - currently, the following versions
                     ; are defined:
                     ;
                     ; major = 2, minor = 0
                     ;    used for SMV.
                     ; major = 1, minor = 0
                     ;    used for QCELP-13K and EVRC

   vrat            = VRAT chunk-size var-rate-flag size-in-packets

   labl            = LABL chunk-size label

   offs            = OFFS chunk-size step-size num-offsets *offset
                     ; number of repetitions of offset must equal
                     ; num-offsets

   data            = DATA chunk-size *packet [pad]
                     ; repetitions of packet contain the actual
                     ; packet data -- there should be as many
                     ; packets as indicated by the size-in-packets
                     ; element found elsewhere in this file format

   cnfg            = CNFG chunk-size config

   text            = TEXT chunk-size string [pad]
                     ; string contains any information defined
                     ; by the application

   riff-size       = UINT32
                     ; riff-size should equal total size of file
                     ; in bytes, excluding the size of RIFF and
                     ; riff-size

   chunk-size      = UINT32
                     ; chunk-size should equal the total size of
                     ; the chunk described by the rule containing
                     ; chunk-size, excluding the size of
                     ; chunk-size itself and any elements that
                     ; come before it in the rule, as well as
                     ; the pad element, if present



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   major           = OCTET
                     ; major version number of QCP format --
                     ; currently set as "2" -- however, "1" should
                     ; be used instead for QCELP-13K and EVRC, to
                     ; maintain compatibility with older software
                     ; platforms

   minor           = OCTET
                     ; minor version number: currently set to "0"

   codec-info      = codec-guid codec-version codec-name
                             average-bps packet-size
                             block-size sampling-rate
                             sample-size variable-rate 5*UINT32
                     ; this identifies the codec used to encode
                     ; the speech in this file, and any parameters
                     ; needed in order to decode the speech

                     ; the five UINT32 elements are reserved for
                     ; use in future versions of this format,
                     ; should be set to zero for now, and readers
                     ; should allow non-zero values when reading
                     ; files in this format

   var-rate-flag   = UINT32
                     ; if zero, sizes of packets in data chunk are
                     ; fixed at the value indicated by the
                     ; packet-size field, found elsewhere in this
                     ; file format

                     ; if var-rate-flag is greater than zero but
                     ; less than %xFFFF0000, packets are variable
                     ; rate, and rate is determined by rate octet
                     ; in each packet -- to determine the size of
                     ; a packet, map the first octet (the rate
                     ; octet) to the size of the rest of the
                     ; packet, according to the rate-map-table
                     ; information found elsewhere in this file

                     ; values %xFFFF0001 and higher are reserved
                     ; for use in future versions of this format

   size-in-packets = UINT32
                     ; this is the total number of packets in the
                     ; data chunk in the file






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   label           = 48OCTET
                     ; label is for generic storage for
                     ; application use

   step-size       = UINT32
                     ; difference in the times of sequential
                     ; application stored in this chunk, in
                     ; 100ms increments (step-size of 10 means
                     ; 1 second)

                     ; currently only a step-size of "10" is
                     ; guaranteed to be supported by software
                     ; capable of reading this file format

   num-offsets     = UINT32
                     ; number of offsets in offs chunk -- must
                     ; equal number of repetitions of offset
                     ; element

   offset          = UINT32
                     ; absolute octet offset in this QCP file
                     ; where the beginning of the packet that is
                     ; at a time index one step past the last
                     ; offset is located -- step size is given
                     ; in step-size

   packet          = [rate-octet] (1*OCTET)
                     ; the rate-octet element is present only if
                     ; the var-rate-flag found elsewhere in the file
                     ; indicates that the file contains
                     ; variable-rate packets - if it is present, the
                     ; octet is used to determine the size of the
                     ; remainder of the packet (the number of octets
                     ; which follow the rate-octet)

                     ; No rate-octet is present if the var-rate-flag
                     ; is set to zero, indicating a fixed size
                     ; packet file - in this case, the number of
                     ; octets in packet is equal to the value set
                     ; in packet-size, found elsewhere in this
                     ; file format

                     ; It should be noted that there is always a
                     ; codec rate octet in a packet, even if the
                     ; var-rate-flag is zero, indicating fixed size
                     ; packet files - in this case, although there
                     ; is no rate-octet element in this syntax, the
                     ; first octet in the packet is still considered



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                     ; the "rate" for the packet.

                     ; Two examples follow to illustrate this.

                     ; Example 1.  Variable-rate QCELP
                     ; var-rate-flag = %d1
                     ; variable-rate = %d5 %d34 %d4 %d16 %d3 %d7 %d2
                     ;                 %d3 %d1 %d0 %d0 3(%d0 %d0)
                     ; packet        = %d4 (34OCTET)
                     ; packet        = %d4 (34OCTET)
                     ; packet        = %d3 (16OCTET)
                     ; packet        = %d1 (3OCTET)

                     ; Example 2.  Fixed-rate, full-rate QCELP
                     ; var-rate-flag = %d0
                     ; packet-size   = %d35
                     ; packet        = (35OCTET)  ; first octet is %d4
                     ; packet        = (35OCTET)  ; first octet is %d4
                     ; packet        = (35OCTET)  ; first octet is %d4
                     ; packet        = (35OCTET)  ; first octet is %d4

   pad             = %x00
                     ; pad is present only if the number of bytes in
                     ; the chunk described by the rule containing
                     ; pad would otherwise be odd - if present, its
                     ; size should NOT be included in the
                     ; calculation for any chunk-size element also
                     ; present in the chunk

   config          = UINT16
                     ; config is a bitmapped configuration word,
                     ; for application use

   string          = *(%x01-FF) %x00
                     ; this is a zero-terminated string of octets --
                     ; although not limited to it, typically the
                     ; string consists of us-ascii characters

   codec-guid      = UINT32 UINT16 UINT16 8OCTET
                     ; this is the unique identifier for the codec
                     ; used to encode the packets in the data chunk

                     ; The elements of this rule match the structure
                     ; defined for a GUID in other specifications
                     ; and formats.  The first three elements are
                     ; stored in little-endian octet order.
                     ; When values for a GUID are expressed, the
                     ; first three elements are expressed as a



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                     ; sequence of hexadecimal digits in normal
                     ; network ordering (big-endian or most
                     ; significant digit first) while the eight
                     ; octet element is broken up into two groups,
                     ; the first having four hexadecimal digits,
                     ; and the second having twelve digits, all
                     ; expressed in network ordering.

                     ; For example, if the octets in a GUID as
                     ; stored in a file are:
                     ;   %12 %34 %56 %78 %9A %BC %DE %F0
                     ;   %0F %ED %CB %A9 %87 %65 %43 %21
                     ; then the GUID would have these values:
                     ;   UINT32 = %x78563412
                     ;   UINT16 = %xBC9A
                     ;   UINT16 = %xF0DE
                     ;   8OCTET = %x0F.ED.CB.A9.87.65.43.21
                     ; and the whole GUID would be expressed as:
                     ;   {78563412-BC9A-F0DE-0FED-CBA987654321}

                     ; The following codec GUIDs are currently
                     ; defined for QCP file format:
                     ;
                     ; QCELP-13K:
                     ;   {5E7F6D41-B115-11D0-BA91-00805FB4B97E}
                     ;   {5E7F6D42-B115-11D0-BA91-00805FB4B97E}
                     ; EVRC:
                     ;   {E689D48D-9076-46B5-91EF-736A5100CEB4}
                     ; SMV:
                     ;   {8D7C2B75-A797-ED49-985E-D53C8CC75F84}


   codec-version   = UINT16
                     ; version number of codec used to encode the
                     ; packets in the data chunk

                     ; This value depends on the particular codec
                     ; used to encode the packets.  The following
                     ; versions are currently defined:

                     ; QCELP-13K:
                     ;   1 or 2
                     ; EVRC, and SMV:
                     ;   1

   codec-name      = 80OCTET
                     ; the proper name of the codec, in us-ascii -
                     ; unused octets after the name are set to zero



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   average-bps     = UINT16
                     ; average data rate, in bits per second, of
                     ; the speech data represented in this file

   packet-size     = UINT16
                     ; the size in octets of the largest possible
                     ; packet in the data chunk

   block-size      = UINT16
                     ; the number of samples encoded in every packet
                     ; in the data chunk

   sampling-rate   = UINT16
                     ; number of speech samples per second
                     ; (typically 8000)

   sample-size     = UINT16
                     ; number of bits per speech sample
                     ; (typically 16)

   variable-rate   = num-rates rate-map-table
                     ; if num-rates is zero, and major version
                     ; number of the QCP file is 2, then the
                     ; rate-map-table is not used - instead,
                     ; it is up to the decoder to determine the
                     ; sizes of packets in the data chunk, even
                     ; if var-rate-flag indicates the file uses
                     ; variable rate packets

                     ; otherwise, num-rates specifies how many
                     ; different possible rate octets there are
                     ; for the packets in the data chunk, and
                     ; thus how many of the rate-map-entry elements
                     ; contain valid information

   num-rates       = UINT32
                     ; this is the number of possible rate octets
                     ; used in the packets in the data chunk

   rate-map-table  = 8rate-map-entry
                     ; any unused entries SHOULD be filled with
                     ; %d0 %d0

   rate-map-entry  = rate-size rate-octet
                     ; this maps a possible rate octet for a packet
                     ; to the size of the rest of the packet having
                     ; that value for the rate octet




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   rate-size       = OCTET
                     ; this is the size of a packet, excluding the
                     ; value for the rate octet

   rate-octet      = OCTET
                     ; this is the first octet of a packet in the
                     ; data chunk, when the var-rate-flag set for
                     ; the file indicates the file is variable rate

   UINT32          = 4OCTET
                     ; this field contains a 32-bit integer stored
                     ; as a sequence of four octets, in
                     ; little-endian order (least significant
                     ; octet first)

   UINT16          = 2OCTET
                     ; this field contains a 16-bit integer stored
                     ; as a sequence of two octets, in
                     ; little-endian order (least significant
                     ; octet first)

   OCTET           = %x00-FF
                     ; an octet, also called a byte - any possible
                     ; combination of eight bits, forming a single
                     ; integer or part of a larger integer having
                     ; more than eight bits

   RIFF            = %x52 %x49 %x46 %x46

   QLCM            = %x51 %x4C %x43 %x4D

   FMT             = %x66 %x6D %x74 %x20

   LABL            = %x6C %x61 %x62 %x6C

   OFFS            = %x6F %x66 %x66 %x73

   DATA            = %x64 %x61 %x74 %x61

   CNFG            = %x63 %x6E %x66 %x67

   TEXT            = %x74 %x65 %x78 %x74









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4.  IANA Considerations

   IANA has updated the audio/qcelp and audio/vnd.qcelp registrations
   and has added the audio/evrc-qcp and audio/smv-qcp registrations as
   specified here.

4.1.  Update of Media Type Audio/qcelp

   The audio/qcelp media registration has been updated to indicate that
   this specification is to be used for storage.

4.2.  Update of Media Type Audio/vnd.qcelp

   The audio/vnd.qcelp media registration has been updated to indicate
   that use of this media type is deprecated and to note that the media
   type audio/qcelp should be used instead.



































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4.3.  Registration of Audio/EVRC-QCP

   Media Type Name:           audio

   Media Subtype Name:        evrc-qcp

   Required Parameter:        none

   Optional parameters:       none

   Encoding considerations:
       The storage format specified in this document may be used with
       any transport mechanism.

   Security considerations:
       See Section 5 "Security Considerations" of this document.

   Public specification:       this document

   Additional information:     no

       Magic number: First four octets: RIFF
                     Octets 9-12: QLCM

       (Note: octets 5-8 constitute the riff-size field, which is the
       size of the file minus the RIFF header.  Since this could be
       anything, it is not fixed and thus can not be used as part of the
       magic number.)

       File extensions: qcp, QCP
       Macintosh file type code: none
       Object identifier or OID: none

   Intended usage:
       COMMON.  This file format is already in wide use in Internet
       email user agents, multimedia authoring and playing software,
       and cdma2000(r) handsets.

   Person & email address to contact for further information:
       Harinath Garudadri hgarudad@qualcomm.com

   Change controller:
       The IETF








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4.4.  Registration of Audio/SMV-QCP

   Media Type Name:           audio

   Media Subtype Name:        smv-qcp

   Required Parameter:        none

   Optional parameters:       none

   Encoding considerations:
       The storage format specified in this document may be used with
       any transport mechanism.

   Security considerations:
       See Section 5 "Security Considerations" of this document.

   Public specification:       this document

   Additional information:     no

       Magic number: First four octets: RIFF
                     Octets 9-12: QLCM

       (Note: octets 5-8 constitute the riff-size field, which is the
       size of the file minus the RIFF header.  Since this could be
       anything, it is not fixed and thus can not be used as part of the
       magic number.)

       File extensions: qcp, QCP
       Macintosh file type code: none
       Object identifier or OID: none

   Intended usage:
       COMMON.  This file format is already in wide use in Internet
       email user agents, multimedia authoring and playing software,
       and cdma2000(r) handsets.

   Person & email address to contact for further information:
       Harinath Garudadri hgarudad@qualcomm.com

   Change controller:
       The IETF








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5.  Security Considerations

   This document specifies a file format only, not a streaming protocol
   payload format, nor a transfer method.  As such, it introduces no
   security risks aside from those associated with any audio codec or
   media file format (for example, denial of service by transmitting a
   file larger than the receiver can handle).  Note that those security
   concerns should be understood before using the file format specified
   here.

6.  Acknowledgements

   Richard Walters created the ABNF notation for this specification and
   proof-read the text, among other helpful tasks.

   The qcp file format was originally developed by others within
   Qualcomm.  The editor would like to thank Chuck Han and Livingstone
   Song for their contributions leading to this specification.

7.  References

7.1.  Normative References

   [ABNF]      Crocker, D., Ed. and P. Overell, "Augmented BNF for
               Syntax Specifications: ABNF", RFC 2234, November 1997.

   [KEYWORDS]  Bradner, S., "Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate
               Requirement Levels", BCP 14, RFC 2119, March 1997.

   [QCELP]     3GPP2 C.S0020 "High Rate Speech Service Option 17 for
               Wideband Spread Spectrum Communications Systems".

   [EVRC]      3GPP2 C.S0014 "Enhanced Variable Rate Codec, Speech
               Service Option 3 for Wideband Spread Spectrum Digital
               Systems ". (Used to be TIA/EIA/IS-127)

   [PureVoice] McKay, K., "RTP Payload Format for PureVoice(tm) Audio",
               RFC 2658, August 1999.

   [SMV]       3GPP2 C.S0030 "Selectable Mode Vocoder, Service Option
               for Wideband Spread Spectrum Communication Systems".

7.2.  Informative References

   [EVRC-SMV]  Li, A., "RTP Payload Format for Enhanced Variable Rate
               Codecs (EVRC) and Selectable Mode Vocoders (SMV)", RFC
               3558, July 2003.




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8.  Intellectual Property Statement

   The IETF takes no position regarding the validity or scope of any
   intellectual property or other rights that might be claimed to
   pertain to the implementation or use of the technology described in
   this document or the extent to which any license under such rights
   might or might not be available; neither does it represent that it
   has made any effort to identify any such rights.  Information on the
   IETF's procedures with respect to rights in standards-track and
   standards-related documentation can be found in BCP-11.  Copies of
   claims of rights made available for publication and any assurances of
   licenses to be made available, or the result of an attempt made to
   obtain a general license or permission for the use of such
   proprietary rights by implementors or users of this specification can
   be obtained from the IETF Secretariat.

   The IETF invites any interested party to bring to its attention any
   copyrights, patents or patent applications, or other proprietary
   rights which may cover technology that may be required to practice
   this standard.  Please address the information to the IETF Executive
   Director.

9.  Editors' Addresses

   Randall Gellens
   QUALCOMM Incorporated
   5775 Morehouse Drive
   San Diego, CA  92121
   USA

   EMail: randy@qualcomm.com


   Harinath Garudadri
   QUALCOMM Incorporated
   5775 Morehouse Drive
   San Diego, CA  92121
   USA

   EMail: hgarudad@qualcomm.com











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10.  Full Copyright Statement

   Copyright (C) The Internet Society (2003).  All Rights Reserved.

   This document and translations of it may be copied and furnished to
   others, and derivative works that comment on or otherwise explain it
   or assist in its implementation may be prepared, copied, published
   and distributed, in whole or in part, without restriction of any
   kind, provided that the above copyright notice and this paragraph are
   included on all such copies and derivative works.  However, this
   document itself may not be modified in any way, such as by removing
   the copyright notice or references to the Internet Society or other
   Internet organizations, except as needed for the purpose of
   developing Internet standards in which case the procedures for
   copyrights defined in the Internet Standards process must be
   followed, or as required to translate it into languages other than
   English.

   The limited permissions granted above are perpetual and will not be
   revoked by the Internet Society or its successors or assignees.

   This document and the information contained herein is provided on an
   "AS IS" basis and THE INTERNET SOCIETY AND THE INTERNET ENGINEERING
   TASK FORCE DISCLAIMS ALL WARRANTIES, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING
   BUT NOT LIMITED TO ANY WARRANTY THAT THE USE OF THE INFORMATION
   HEREIN WILL NOT INFRINGE ANY RIGHTS OR ANY IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF
   MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.

Acknowledgement

   Funding for the RFC Editor function is currently provided by the
   Internet Society.



















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