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PROPOSED STANDARD
Errata Exist
Network Working Group                                        S. Chisholm
Request for Comments: 3877                               Nortel Networks
Category: Standards Track                                   D. Romascanu
                                                                   Avaya
                                                          September 2004


                Alarm Management Information Base (MIB)

Status of this Memo

   This document specifies an Internet standards track protocol for the
   Internet community, and requests discussion and suggestions for
   improvements.  Please refer to the current edition of the "Internet
   Official Protocol Standards" (STD 1) for the standardization state
   and status of this protocol.  Distribution of this memo is unlimited.

Copyright Notice

   Copyright (C) The Internet Society (2004).

Abstract

   This memo defines a portion of the Management Information Base (MIB)
   for use with network management protocols in the Internet community.
   In particular, it describes management objects used for modelling and
   storing alarms.
























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Table of Contents

   1.  The Internet-Standard Management Framework . . . . . . . . . .  3
   2.  Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  3
   3.  Alarm Management Framework . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  4
       3.1.  Terminology. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  4
       3.2.  Alarm Management Architecture. . . . . . . . . . . . . .  5
       3.3.  Features of this Architecture. . . . . . . . . . . . . .  5
       3.4.  Security . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  8
       3.5.  Relationship between Alarm and Notifications . . . . . .  9
       3.6.  Notification Varbind Storage and Reference . . . . . . .  9
       3.7.  Relation to Notification Log MIB . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
       3.8.  Relation to Event MIB. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
   4.  Generic Alarm MIB. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
       4.1.  Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
       4.2.  Definitions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
   5.  ITU Alarm. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38
       5.1.  Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38
       5.2.  IANA Considerations. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39
       5.3.  Textual Conventions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47
       5.4.  Definitions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49
   6.  Examples . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59
       6.1.  Alarms Based on linkUp/linkDown Notifications. . . . . . 59
       6.2.  Temperature Alarm using generic Notifications. . . . . . 62
       6.3.  Temperature Alarm without Notifications. . . . . . . . . 63
       6.4.  Printer MIB Alarm Example. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65
       6.5.  Rmon Alarm Example . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 66
       6.6.  The Lifetime of an Alarm . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67
   7.  Security Considerations. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70
   8.  Acknowledgements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72
   9.  References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72
       9.1.  Normative References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72
       9.2.  Informative References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73
   10. Authors' Addresses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74
   11. Full Copyright Statement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75
















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1.  The Internet-Standard Management Framework

   For a detailed overview of the documents that describe the current
   Internet-Standard Management Framework, please refer to section 7 of
   RFC 3410 [RFC3410].

   Managed objects are accessed via a virtual information store, termed
   the Management Information Base or MIB.  MIB objects are generally
   accessed through the Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP).
   Objects in the MIB are defined using the mechanisms defined in the
   Structure of Management Information (SMI).  This memo specifies a MIB
   module that is compliant to the SMIv2, which is described in STD 58,
   RFC 2578 [RFC2578], STD 58, RFC 2579 [RFC2579] and STD 58, RFC 2580
   [RFC2580].

2.  Introduction

   In traditional SNMP management, problems are detected on an entity
   either through polling interesting MIB variables, waiting for the
   entity to send a Notification for a problem, or some combination of
   the two.  This method is somewhat successful, but experience has
   shown some problems with this approach.  Managers monitoring large
   numbers of entities cannot afford to be polling large numbers of
   objects on each device.  Managers trying to ensure high reliability
   are unable to accurately determine whether any problems had occurred
   when they were not monitoring an entity.  Finally, it can be time
   consuming for managers to try to understand the relationships between
   the various objects they poll, the Notifications they receive and the
   problems occurring on the entity.  Even after detailed analysis they
   may still be left with an incomplete picture of what problems are
   occurring.  But, it is important for an operator to be able to
   determine current problems on a system, so they can be fixed.

   This memo describes a method of using alarm management in SNMP to
   address these problems.  It also provides the necessary MIB objects
   to support this method.

   Alarms and other terms related to alarm management are defined in the
   following sections.

   The key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", "SHALL", "SHALL NOT",
   "SHOULD", "SHOULD NOT", "RECOMMENDED", "MAY", and "OPTIONAL" in this
   document are to be interpreted as described in BCP 14, RFC 2119
   [RFC2119].







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3.  Alarm Management Framework

3.1.  Terminology

   Error
      A deviation of a system from normal operation.

   Fault
      Lasting error or warning condition.

   Event
      Something that happens which may be of interest.  A fault, a
      change in status, crossing a threshold, or an external input to
      the system, for example.

   Notification
      Unsolicited transmission of management information.

   Alarm
      Persistent indication of a fault.

   Alarm State
      A condition or stage in the existence of an alarm.  As a minimum,
      alarms states are raise and clear.  They could also include
      severity information such as defined by perceived severity in the
      International Telecommunications Union (ITU) model [M.3100] -
      cleared, indeterminate, critical, major, minor and warning.

   Alarm Raise
      The initial detection of the fault indicated by an alarm or any
      number of alarm states later entered, except clear.

   Alarm Clear
      The detection that the fault indicated by an alarm no longer
      exists.

   Active Alarm
      An alarm which has an alarm state that has been raised, but not
      cleared.

   Alarm Detection Point
      The entity that detected the alarm.

   Perceived Severity
      The severity of the alarm as determined by the alarm detection
      point using the information it has available.





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3.2.  Alarm Management Architecture

           +------------------------------------------------+
           |                                                |
           |  +------------------------------------+        |
           |  | Notification Management            |        |
           |  +------------------------------------+        |
           |          |                                     |
           +------------------------------------------------+
                      |
                      |
                      |
                      |<----------------------------------------------+
                      |                                               |
   +------------------V-------------+                                 |
   |  +---------------V-----------+ |                                 |
   |  |         RFC 3413          | |                                 |
   |  | SNMP-NOTIFICATION-MIB     | |                                 |
   |  +--------+--------------+-+-+ |                                 |
   |           |              | |   |                                 |
   |           |              | +------------------+                  |
   |           |              |     |              |                  |
   |           |              |     |   +----------V--------------+   |
   |           |              |     |   | +--------V---------+    |   |
   | +---------V------------+ |     |   | | Alarm Modelling  |    |   |
   | |       RFC 3014       | |     |   | | (descriptions)   |    |   |
   | | NOTIFICATION-LOG-MIB | |     |   | +--------+---------+    |   |
   | +----------------------+ |     |   |          |              |   |
   |                          |     |   | +--------V------------+ |   |
   | +------------------------V-+   |   | | Generic: Model-     | |   |
   | |         RFC 3413         |   |   | | Active : Specific   | |   |
   | | SNMP-TARGET-MIB          |   |   | | Alarms : Extensions | |   |
   | +----------+---------------+   |   | +--------+------------+ |   |
   |            |                   |   |          |              |   |
   +------------|-------------------+   +----------|--------------+   |
                |                                  |                  |
                |                                  +------------------+
                V
         Informs & Traps

3.3.  Features of this Architecture

3.3.1.  Modular Alarm Architecture

   The subject of alarm management can potentially cover a large number
   of topics including real-time alarms, historical alarms, alarm
   correlation, and alarm suppression, to name a few.  Within each of
   these topics, there are a number of established models that could be



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   supported.  This memo focuses on a subset of this problem space, but
   describes a modular SNMP alarm management framework.  Alarms SHOULD
   be modelled so Notifications are sent on alarm Clear.

   The framework defines a generic Alarm MIB that can be supported on
   its own, or with additional alarm modelling information such as the
   provided ITU Alarm MIB.  In addition, the active alarm tables could
   also be extended to support additional information about active alarm
   instances.  This framework can also be expanded in the future to
   support such features as alarm correlation and alarm suppression.
   This modular architecture means that the cost of supporting alarm
   management features is proportional to the number of features an
   implementation supports.

3.3.2.  Flexible Alarm Modelling

   Alarm models document an understanding between a manager and an agent
   as to what problems will be reported on a system, how these problems
   will be reported, and what might possibly happen over the lifetime of
   this problem.

   The alarm modelling method provided in this memo provides flexibility
   to support implementations with different modelling requirements.
   All alarms are modelled as a series of states that are related
   together using an alarm ID.  Alarm states can be modelled using
   traditional Notifications, generic alarm Notifications, or without
   the use of Notifications.

   Alarm states modelled using traditional Notifications would specify a
   Notification Object Identifier, and optionally an (offset, value)
   pair of one of the Notification varbinds to identify the state. This
   alarm state would be entered when the entity generated a Notification
   that matched this information and the alarm would be added to the
   active alarm table.  This Notification would also get sent on the
   wire to any destinations, as indicated in the SNMP-TARGET-MIB and
   SNMP-NOTIFICATION-MIB [RFC3413].

   Alarm states modelled using generic Notifications use the
   alarmActiveState or alarmClearState Notifications defined in this
   memo.  These alarm states would be entered after being triggered by a
   stimulus outside the scope of this memo, the alarm would be added to
   the active alarm table and these generic Notifications would then be
   sent on the wire to any destinations, as indicated in the SNMP-
   TARGET-MIB and SNMP-NOTIFICATION-MIB [RFC3413].







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   Alarm states modelled without any Notifications would be triggered by
   some stimulus outside the scope of this memo, the alarm would be
   added to the active alarm table, but no Notifications would be sent
   to interested managers.

3.3.3.  Problem Indication

   The Alarm MIB provides a means to determine whether a given
   notification is of interest to managers for purposes of alarm
   management by permitting inspection of the alarm models.  If no
   entries in the alarmModelTable could match a particular notification,
   then that notification is not relevant to the alarm models defined.
   In addition, information in the alarm model, such as the Notification
   ID and the description tell exactly what error or warning condition
   this alarm is indicating.  If the ITU-ALARM-MIB is also supported,
   additional information is provided via the probable cause.

3.3.5.  Identifying Resource under Alarm

   An important goal of alarm management is to ensure that any detected
   problems get fixed, so it is necessary to know exactly where this
   problem is occurring.  In addition, it is necessary to be able to
   tell when alarm instances are raised against the same component, as
   well as to be able to tell what instance of an alarm is cleared by an
   instance of an alarm clear.

   The Alarm MIB provides a generic method for identifying the resource
   by extracting and building a resource ID from the Notification
   varbinds.  It records the relevant information needed to locate the
   source of the alarm.

3.3.6.  Means of obtaining ITU alarm information

   Alarm Information, as defined in ITU alarm models [M.3100], is
   optionally available to implementations through the optional support
   of the ITU-ALARM-MIB.

3.3.7.  Configuration of Alarm Models

   An alarm model can be added and removed during runtime.  It can be
   modified assuming it is not being referenced by any active alarm
   instance.

3.3.8.  Active Alarm Management

   A list of currently active alarms and supporting statistics on the
   SNMP entity can be obtained.




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   This allows the network management station to find out about any
   problems that may have occurred before it started managing a
   particular network element, or while it was out of contact with it.

3.3.9.  Distributed Alarm Management

   All aspects of the Alarm MIB can be supported both on the device
   experiencing the alarms and on any mid-level managers that might be
   monitoring such devices.

3.3.10.  Historical Alarm Management

   Some systems may have a requirement that information on alarms that
   are no longer active is available.  This memo provides a clear table
   to support this requirement.

   This can also be achieved through the support of the Notification Log
   MIB [RFC3014] to store alarm state transitions.

3.4.  Security

   Given the nature of VACM, security for alarms is awkward since access
   control for the objects in the underlying Notifications can be
   checked only where the Notification is created.  Thus such checking
   is possible only for locally generated Notifications, and even then
   only when security credentials are available.

   For the purpose of this discussion, "security credentials" means the
   input values for the abstract service interface function
   isAccessAllowed [RFC3411] and using those credentials means
   conceptually using that function to see that those credentials allow
   access to the MIB objects in question, operating as for a
   Notification Originator in [RFC3413].

   The Alarm MIB has the notion of a named alarm list.  By using alarm
   list names and view-based access control [RFC3415] a network
   administrator can provide different access for different users.  When
   an application creates an alarm model (indexed in part by the alarm
   list name) the security credentials of the creator remain associated
   with that alarm model and constrain what information is allowed to be
   placed in the active alarm table, the active alarm variable table,
   the cleared alarm table, and the ITU alarm table.

   When processing locally-generated Notifications, the managed system
   MUST use the security credentials associated with each alarm model
   respectively, and MUST apply the same access control rules as
   described for a Notification Originator in [RFC3413].




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   The managed system SHOULD NOT apply access control when processing
   remotely-generated Notifications using the alarm models.  In those
   cases the security of the information in the alarm tables SHOULD be
   left to the normal, overall access control for those tables.

3.5.  Relationship between Alarm and Notifications

   It is important to understand the relationship between alarms and
   Notifications, as both are traditional fault management methods.
   This relationship is modelled using the alarmModelTable to define the
   alarmModelNotificationId for each alarm state.

   Not all Notifications signal an alarm state transition.  Some
   Notifications are simply informational in nature, such as those that
   indicate that a configuration operation has been performed on an
   entity.  These sorts of Notifications would not be represented in the
   Alarm MIB.

   The Alarm MIB allows the use of the Notification space as defined in
   [RFC2578] in order to identify the Notifications that are related
   with the specific alarm state transitions.  However there is no
   assumption that the respective Notifications must be sent for all or
   any of the alarm state transitions.  It is also possible to model
   alarms using no Notifications at all.  This architecture allows for
   both the efficient exploitation of the body of defined Notification
   and for the use of non-Notification based systems.

3.6.  Notification Varbind Storage and Reference

   In SNMPv1 [RFC1157], the varbinds in the Trap-PDU sent over the wire
   map one to one into those varbinds listed in the SMI of the trap in
   the MIB in which it was defined [RFC1215].  In the case of linkDown
   trap, the first varbind can unambiguously be identified as ifIndex.
   With the introduction of the InformRequest-PDU and SNMPv2-Trap-PDU
   types, which send sysUptime and snmpTrapOID as the first two
   varbinds, while the SMI in the MIB where the Notification is defined
   only lists additional varbinds, the meaning of "first varbind"
   becomes less clear.  In the case of the linkDown Notification,
   referring to the first varbind could potentially be interpreted as
   either the sysUptime or ifIndex.

   The varbind storage approach taken in the Alarm MIB is that sysUptime
   and snmpTrapOID SHALL always be stored in the active alarm variable
   table as entry 1 and 2 respectively, regardless of whether the
   transport was the Trap-PDU, the InformRequest-PDU or the SNMPv2-
   Trap-PDU.  If the incoming Notification is an SNMPv1 Trap-PDU then an
   appropriate value for sysUpTime.0 or snmpTrapOID.0 shall be
   determined by using the rules in section 3.1 of [RFC3584].



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   The varbind reference approach taken in the Alarm MIB is that, for
   variables such as the alarmModelVarbindIndex, the first two
   obligatory varbinds of the InformRequest-PDU and SNMPv2-Trap-PDU need
   to be considered so the index values of the Trap-PDU and the SMI need
   be adjusted by two.  In the case of linkDown, the third varbind would
   always be ifIndex.

3.7.  Relation to Notification Log MIB

   The Alarm MIB is intended to complement the Notification Log MIB
   [RFC3014], but can be used independently.  The alarmActiveTable is
   defined in manner similar to that of the nlmLogTable.  This format
   allows for the storage of any Trap or Notification type that can be
   defined using the SMI, or can be carried by SNMP.  Using the same
   format as the Notification Log MIB also simplifies operations for
   systems choosing to implement both MIBs.

   The object alarmActiveLogPointer points, for each entry in the
   alarmActiveLogTable, to the log index in the Notification Log MIB, if
   used.

   If the Notification Log MIB is supported, it can be monitored by a
   management system as a hedge against lost alarms.  The Notification
   Log can also be used to support historical alarm management.

3.8.  Relationship with the Event MIB

   During the work and discussions in the Working Group, the issue of
   the relationship between the MIB modules and the Event MIB [RFC2981]
   was raised.  There is no direct relation or dependency between the
   Alarm MIB and the Event MIB.  Some common terms (like 'event') are
   being used in both MIB modules, and the user is directed to the
   sections that define terminology in the two documents for
   clarification.

4.  Generic Alarm MIB

4.1.  Overview

   The ALARM-MIB consists of alarm models and lists of active and
   cleared alarms.

   The alarmModelTable contains information that is applicable to all
   instances of an alarm.  It can be populated at start-up with all
   alarms that could happen on a system or later configured by a
   management application.  It contains all the alarms for a given
   system.  If a Notification is not represented in the alarmModelTable,
   it is not an alarm state transition.  The alarmModelTable provides a



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   means of defining the raise/clear and other state transition
   relationships between alarm states.  The alarmModelIndex acts as a
   unique identifier for an alarm.  An alarm model consists of
   definitions of the possible states an alarm can assume as well as the
   Object Identifier (OID) of the Notification associated with this
   alarm state.  The object alarmModelState defines the states of an
   alarm.

   The alarmActiveTable contains a list of alarms that are currently
   occurring on a system.  It is intended that this table be queried
   upon device discovery and rediscovery to determine which alarms are
   currently active on the device.

   The alarmActiveVariableTable contains the Notification variable
   bindings associated with the alarms in the alarmActiveTable.

   The alarmActiveStatsTable contains current and total raised alarm
   counts as well as the time of the last alarm raise and alarm clears
   per named alarm list.

   The alarmClearTable contains recently cleared alarms.  It contains up
   to alarmClearMaximum cleared alarms.

   The MIB also defines generic alarm Notifications that can be used
   when there is not an existing applicable Notification to signal the
   alarm state transition - alarmActiveState and alarmClearState.

4.1.1.  Extensibility

   The relationship between the Alarm MIB and the other alarm model MIB
   modules is expressed by the following: The alarmModelTable has a
   corresponding table in the specific MIB.  For each row in the
   specific MIB alarm model table there is one row in the
   alarmModelTable.  The alarmActiveTable has a corresponding table in
   the specific MIBs.  For each row in the specific MIB active alarm
   table, there is one row in the alarmActiveTable.  The
   alarmModelSpecificPointer object in the alarmModelTable points to the
   specific model entry in an extended alarm model table corresponding
   to this particular alarm.  The alarmActiveSpecificPointer object in
   the alarmActiveTable points to the specific active alarm entry in an
   extended active alarm table corresponding to this particular alarm
   instance.

   Additional extensions can be defined by defining an AUGMENTATION of
   either the Alarm or ITU Alarm tables.  As the alarm model table only
   provides a mechanism to point at one specific alarm model, additional
   specific models SHOULD define another mechanism to map from the
   generic alarm model to the additional model.



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4.1.2.  Problem Indication

   The problem that each alarm indicates is identified through the
   Object Identifier of the NotificationId of the state transition, and,
   optionally, the ITU parameters.  alarmModelDescription provides a
   description of the alarm state suitable for displaying to an
   operator.

4.1.3.  Alarm State Transition Notification

   The SNMP-TARGET-MIB [RFC3413] provides the ability to specify which
   managers, if any, receive Notifications of problems.  Solutions can
   therefore use the features of this MIB to change the Notification
   behaviour of their implementations.  Specifying target hosts in this
   MIB along with specifying notifications in the
   alarmModelNotificationId would allow Notifications to be logged and
   sent out to management stations in an architecture as described in
   section 3.2.  Specifying no target hosts in this MIB along with
   specifying notifications in the alarmModelNotificationId would allow
   Notifications to be logged but not sent out to management stations in
   an architecture as described in section 3.2.  Regardless of what is
   defined in the SNMP-TARGET-MIB, specifying { 0 0 } in the
   alarmModelNotificationId would result in no notifications being
   logged or sent to management stations as a consequence of this
   particular alarm state transition.

   Alarms are modelled by defining all possible states in the
   alarmModelTable, as well as defining alarmModelNotificationId,
   alarmModelVarbindIndex, and alarmModelVarbindValue for each of the
   possible alarm states.  Optionally, ituAlarmPerceivedSeverity models
   the states in terms of ITU perceived severity.

4.1.4.  Active Alarm Resource Identifier

   Resources under alarm can be identified using the
   alarmActiveResourceId.  This OBJECT IDENTIFIER  points to an
   appropriate object to identify the given resource, depending on the
   type of the resource.

   The consumer of the alarmActiveResourceId does not necessarily need
   to know the type of the resource in the resource ID, but if they want
   to know this, examining the content of the resource ID can derive it
   - 1.3.6.1.2.1.2.2.1.1.something is an interface, for example.  It is
   therefore good practice to use resource IDs that can be consistently
   used across technologies, such as ifIndex, entPhysicalIndex or
   sysApplRunIndex, to minimize the number of resource prefixes a
   manager interested in a resource type needs to learn.




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   Resource ID can be calculated using the alarmModelResourcePrefix,
   alarmModelVarbindSubtree and the Notification varbinds.  This allows
   for both the managed element to be able to compute and populate the
   alarmActiveResourceId object and for the manager to be able to
   determine when two separate alarm instances are referring to the same
   resource.

   If alarmModelResourcePrefix has a value of 0.0, then
   alarmActiveResourceId is simply the variable identifier of the first
   Notification varbind that matches the prefix defined in
   alarmModelVarbindSubtree.  Otherwise, alarmActiveResourceId is
   calculated by appending the instance information from the first
   Notification varbind that matches alarmModelVarbindSubtree to the
   prefix defined in alarmModelResourcePrefix.  The instance information
   is the portion of the variable identifier following the part that
   matched alarmModelVarbindSubtree.  If no match is found, then
   alarmActiveResourceId is simply the value of
   alarmModelResourcePrefix.

   In addition to this, the variable bindings from the Notifications
   that signal the alarm state transitions are stored in the active
   alarm variable table.  This allows for implementations familiar with
   the particular Notifications to implement other forms of resource
   identification.

   For Example:

   A) Consider an alarm modelled using the authenticationFailure
   [RFC3418] Notification.

     authenticationFailure NOTIFICATION-TYPE
      STATUS  current
      DESCRIPTION
           "An authenticationFailure trap signifies that the SNMPv2
           entity, acting in an agent role, has received a protocol
           message that is not properly authenticated.  While all
           implementations of the SNMPv2 must be capable of generating
           this trap, the snmpEnableAuthenTraps object indicates
           whether this trap will be generated."
      ::= { snmpTraps 5 }

     To set the resource ID to be usmStats, 1.3.6.1.6.3.15.1.1,
     configure as follows:
          alarmModelVarbindSubtree = 0.0
          alarmModelResourcePrefix = usmStats (1.3.6.1.6.3.15.1.1)






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   B) Consider an alarm modelled using linkDown [RFC2863]

     linkDown NOTIFICATION-TYPE
             OBJECTS { ifIndex, ifAdminStatus, ifOperStatus }
             STATUS  current
             DESCRIPTION
                 ""
         ::= { snmpTraps 3 }

    To set the resource Id to be the ifIndex, configure as follows:
          alarmModelVarbindSubtree = ifIndex (1.3.6.1.2.1.2.2.1.1)
          alarmModelResourcePrefix = 0.0

    Alternatively, since ifIndex is the first varbind, the following
    would also work, but might be less meaningful to a human reader
    of the MIB table:
          alarmModelVarbindSubtree = 0.0
          alarmModelResourcePrefix = 0.0

   C) Consider an alarm modelled using the bgpBackwardTransition
   [RFC1657] Notification.

     bgpBackwardTransition NOTIFICATION-TYPE
             OBJECTS { bgpPeerLastError,
                          bgpPeerState      }
             STATUS  current
             DESCRIPTION
                   "The BGPBackwardTransition Event is generated
                   when the BGP FSM moves from a higher numbered
                   state to a lower numbered state."
             ::= { bgpTraps 2 }

     To set the resource Id to be the bgpPeerRemoteAddr, the index to
     the bgpTable, where bgpPeerState resides, configure as follows:
          alarmModelVarbindSubtree = bgpPeerState
                                                (1.3.6.1.2.1.15.3.1.2)
          alarmModelResourcePrefix = bgpPeerRemoteAddr
            (1.3.6.1.2.1.15.3.1.7)

4.1.5.  Configurable Alarm Models

   The alarm model table SHOULD be initially populated by the system.
   The objects in alarmModelTable and ituAlarmTable have a MAX-ACCESS of
   read-create, which allows managers to modify the alarm models to suit
   their requirements.






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4.1.6.  Active Alarm Management

   Lists of alarms currently active on an SNMP entity are stored in the
   alarmActiveTable and, optionally, a model specific alarmTable, e.g.,
   the ituAlarmActiveTable.

4.1.7.  Distributed Alarm Management

   Distributed alarm management can be achieved by support of the Alarm
   MIB on both the alarm detection point and on the mid-level manager.
   This is facilitated by the ability to be able to store different
   named alarm lists.  A mid-level manager could create an alarmListName
   for each of the devices it manages and therefore store separate lists
   for each device.  In addition, the context and IP addresses of the
   alarm detection point are stored in the alarmActiveTable.

4.2.  Definitions

ALARM-MIB DEFINITIONS ::= BEGIN

IMPORTS
   MODULE-IDENTITY, OBJECT-TYPE, NOTIFICATION-TYPE,
   Integer32, Unsigned32, Gauge32,
   TimeTicks, Counter32, Counter64,
   IpAddress, Opaque, mib-2,
   zeroDotZero
       FROM SNMPv2-SMI                 -- [RFC2578]
   DateAndTime,
   RowStatus, RowPointer,
   TEXTUAL-CONVENTION
       FROM SNMPv2-TC                  -- [RFC2579]
   SnmpAdminString
       FROM SNMP-FRAMEWORK-MIB         -- [RFC3411]
   InetAddressType, InetAddress
       FROM INET-ADDRESS-MIB           -- [RFC3291]
   MODULE-COMPLIANCE, OBJECT-GROUP,
   NOTIFICATION-GROUP
       FROM SNMPv2-CONF                -- [RFC2580]
   ZeroBasedCounter32
       FROM RMON2-MIB;                 -- [RFC2021]

  alarmMIB MODULE-IDENTITY
      LAST-UPDATED "200409090000Z"  -- September 09, 2004
      ORGANIZATION "IETF Distributed Management Working Group"
      CONTACT-INFO
           "WG EMail: disman@ietf.org
           Subscribe: disman-request@ietf.org
           http://www.ietf.org/html.charters/disman-charter.html



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           Chair:     Randy Presuhn
                      randy_presuhn@mindspring.com

           Editors:   Sharon Chisholm
                      Nortel Networks
                      PO Box 3511 Station C
                      Ottawa, Ont.  K1Y 4H7
                      Canada
                      schishol@nortelnetworks.com

                      Dan Romascanu
                      Avaya
                      Atidim Technology Park, Bldg. #3
                      Tel Aviv, 61131
                      Israel
                      Tel: +972-3-645-8414
                      Email: dromasca@avaya.com"
      DESCRIPTION
           "The MIB module describes a generic solution
           to model alarms and to store the current list
           of active alarms.

           Copyright (C) The Internet Society (2004).  The
           initial version of this MIB module was published
           in RFC 3877.  For full legal notices see the RFC
           itself.  Supplementary information may be available on:
           http://www.ietf.org/copyrights/ianamib.html"
      REVISION    "200409090000Z"  -- September 09, 2004
      DESCRIPTION
          "Initial version, published as RFC 3877."
      ::= { mib-2 118 }

alarmObjects OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= { alarmMIB 1 }

alarmNotifications OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= { alarmMIB 0 }

alarmModel OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= { alarmObjects 1 }

alarmActive  OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= { alarmObjects 2 }

alarmClear OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= { alarmObjects 3 }

-- Textual Conventions

 -- ResourceId is intended to be a general textual convention
 -- that can be used outside of the set of MIBs related to
 -- Alarm Management.




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ResourceId ::= TEXTUAL-CONVENTION
    STATUS current
    DESCRIPTION
            "A unique identifier for this resource.

            The type of the resource can be determined by looking
            at the OID that describes the resource.

            Resources must be identified in a consistent manner.
            For example, if this resource is an interface, this
            object MUST point to an ifIndex and if this resource
            is a physical entity [RFC2737], then this MUST point
            to an entPhysicalDescr, given that entPhysicalIndex
            is not accessible.  In general, the value is the
            name of the instance of the first accessible columnar
            object in the conceptual row of a table that is
            meaningful for this resource type, which SHOULD
            be defined in an IETF standard MIB."
    SYNTAX         OBJECT IDENTIFIER

 -- LocalSnmpEngineOrZeroLenStr is intended to be a general
 -- textual convention that can be used outside of the set of
 -- MIBs related to Alarm Management.

  LocalSnmpEngineOrZeroLenStr ::= TEXTUAL-CONVENTION
      STATUS current
      DESCRIPTION
          "An SNMP Engine ID or a zero-length string.  The
           instantiation of this textual convention will provide
           guidance on when this will be an SNMP Engine ID and
           when it will be a zero lengths string"
      SYNTAX         OCTET STRING (SIZE(0 | 5..32))

-- Alarm Model

alarmModelLastChanged  OBJECT-TYPE
      SYNTAX      TimeTicks
      MAX-ACCESS  read-only
      STATUS      current
      DESCRIPTION
         "The value of sysUpTime at the time of the last
         creation, deletion or modification of an entry in
         the alarmModelTable.

         If the number and content of entries has been unchanged
         since the last re-initialization of the local network
         management subsystem, then the value of this object
         MUST be zero."



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      ::= { alarmModel 1 }

alarmModelTable OBJECT-TYPE
   SYNTAX      SEQUENCE OF AlarmModelEntry
   MAX-ACCESS  not-accessible
   STATUS      current
   DESCRIPTION
       "A table of information about possible alarms on the system,
        and how they have been modelled."
   ::= { alarmModel 2 }

alarmModelEntry OBJECT-TYPE
   SYNTAX      AlarmModelEntry
   MAX-ACCESS  not-accessible
   STATUS      current
   DESCRIPTION
       "Entries appear in this table for each possible alarm state.
       This table MUST be persistent across system reboots."
   INDEX       { alarmListName, alarmModelIndex, alarmModelState }
   ::= { alarmModelTable 1 }

AlarmModelEntry ::= SEQUENCE {
   alarmModelIndex                 Unsigned32,
   alarmModelState                 Unsigned32,
   alarmModelNotificationId        OBJECT IDENTIFIER,
   alarmModelVarbindIndex          Unsigned32,
   alarmModelVarbindValue          Integer32,
   alarmModelDescription           SnmpAdminString,
   alarmModelSpecificPointer       RowPointer,
   alarmModelVarbindSubtree        OBJECT IDENTIFIER,
   alarmModelResourcePrefix        OBJECT IDENTIFIER,
   alarmModelRowStatus             RowStatus
   }

alarmModelIndex OBJECT-TYPE
   SYNTAX     Unsigned32 (1..4294967295)
   MAX-ACCESS not-accessible
   STATUS     current
   DESCRIPTION
       "An integer that acts as an alarm Id
       to uniquely identify each alarm
       within the named alarm list. "
   ::= { alarmModelEntry 1 }

alarmModelState OBJECT-TYPE
   SYNTAX  Unsigned32 (1..4294967295)
   MAX-ACCESS not-accessible
   STATUS       current



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   DESCRIPTION
        "A value of 1 MUST indicate a clear alarm state.
        The value of this object MUST be less than the
        alarmModelState of more severe alarm states for
        this alarm.  The value of this object MUST be more
        than the alarmModelState of less severe alarm states
        for this alarm."
    ::= { alarmModelEntry 2 }

alarmModelNotificationId OBJECT-TYPE
   SYNTAX      OBJECT IDENTIFIER
   MAX-ACCESS  read-create
   STATUS      current
   DESCRIPTION
       "The NOTIFICATION-TYPE object identifier of this alarm
       state transition.  If there is no notification associated
       with this alarm state, the value of this object MUST be
       '0.0'"
   DEFVAL { zeroDotZero }
   ::= { alarmModelEntry 3 }

alarmModelVarbindIndex  OBJECT-TYPE
   SYNTAX  Unsigned32
   MAX-ACCESS   read-create
   STATUS       current
   DESCRIPTION
     "The index into the varbind listing of the notification
     indicated by alarmModelNotificationId which helps
     signal that the given alarm has changed state.
     If there is no applicable varbind, the value of this
     object MUST be zero.

     Note that the value of alarmModelVarbindIndex acknowledges
     the existence of the first two obligatory varbinds in
     the InformRequest-PDU and SNMPv2-Trap-PDU (sysUpTime.0
     and snmpTrapOID.0).  That is, a value of 2 refers to
     the snmpTrapOID.0.

     If the incoming notification is instead an SNMPv1 Trap-PDU,
     then an appropriate value for sysUpTime.0 or snmpTrapOID.0
     shall be determined by using the rules in section 3.1 of
     [RFC3584]"
     DEFVAL { 0 }
    ::= { alarmModelEntry 4 }

alarmModelVarbindValue OBJECT-TYPE
   SYNTAX  Integer32
   MAX-ACCESS   read-create



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   STATUS       current
   DESCRIPTION
     "The value that the varbind indicated by
     alarmModelVarbindIndex takes to indicate
     that the alarm has entered this state.

     If alarmModelVarbindIndex has a value of 0, so
     MUST alarmModelVarbindValue.
     "
     DEFVAL { 0 }
    ::= { alarmModelEntry 5 }

alarmModelDescription OBJECT-TYPE
    SYNTAX SnmpAdminString
    MAX-ACCESS read-create
    STATUS current
    DESCRIPTION
      "A brief description of this alarm and state suitable
      to display to operators."
   DEFVAL { "" }
   ::= { alarmModelEntry 6 }

alarmModelSpecificPointer OBJECT-TYPE
   SYNTAX     RowPointer
   MAX-ACCESS read-create
   STATUS     current
   DESCRIPTION
     "If no additional, model-specific Alarm MIB is supported by
      the system the value of this object is `0.0'and attempts
      to set it to any other value MUST be rejected appropriately.

      When a model-specific Alarm MIB is supported, this object
      MUST refer to the first accessible object in a corresponding
      row of the model definition in one of these model-specific
      MIB and attempts to set this object to { 0 0 } or any other
      value MUST be rejected appropriately."
   DEFVAL { zeroDotZero }
   ::= { alarmModelEntry 7 }

  alarmModelVarbindSubtree  OBJECT-TYPE
     SYNTAX  OBJECT IDENTIFIER
     MAX-ACCESS   read-create
     STATUS       current
     DESCRIPTION
       "The name portion of each VarBind in the notification,
        in order, is compared to the value of this object.
        If the name is equal to or a subtree of the value
        of this object, for purposes of computing the value



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        of AlarmActiveResourceID the 'prefix' will be the
        matching portion, and the 'indexes' will be any
        remainder.  The examination of varbinds ends with
        the first match.  If the value of this object is 0.0,
        then the first varbind, or in the case of v2, the
        first varbind after the timestamp and the trap
        OID, will always be matched.
       "
      DEFVAL { zeroDotZero }
     ::= { alarmModelEntry 8 }

  alarmModelResourcePrefix  OBJECT-TYPE
     SYNTAX  OBJECT IDENTIFIER
     MAX-ACCESS   read-create
     STATUS       current
     DESCRIPTION
       "The value of AlarmActiveResourceId is computed
        by appending any indexes extracted in accordance
        with the description of alarmModelVarbindSubtree
        onto the value of this object.  If this object's
        value is 0.0, then the 'prefix' extracted is used
        instead.
       "
     DEFVAL { zeroDotZero }
     ::= { alarmModelEntry 9 }

alarmModelRowStatus OBJECT-TYPE
   SYNTAX     RowStatus
   MAX-ACCESS read-create
   STATUS     current
   DESCRIPTION
    "Control for creating and deleting entries.  Entries may be
    modified while active.  Alarms whose alarmModelRowStatus is
    not active will not appear in either the alarmActiveTable
    or the alarmClearTable.  Setting this object to notInService
    cannot be used as an alarm suppression mechanism.  Entries
    that are notInService will disappear as described in RFC2579.

    This row can not be modified while it is being
    referenced by a value of alarmActiveModelPointer.  In these
    cases, an error of `inconsistentValue' will be returned to
    the manager.

    This entry may be deleted while it is being
    referenced by a value of alarmActiveModelPointer.  This results
    in the deletion of this entry and entries in the active alarms
    referencing this entry via an alarmActiveModelPointer.




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    As all read-create objects in this table have a DEFVAL clause,
    there is no requirement that any object be explicitly set
    before this row can become active.  Note that a row consisting
    only of default values is not very meaningful."
   ::= { alarmModelEntry 10 }

-- Active Alarm Table --

alarmActiveLastChanged  OBJECT-TYPE
   SYNTAX      TimeTicks
   MAX-ACCESS  read-only
   STATUS      current
   DESCRIPTION
      "The value of sysUpTime at the time of the last
       creation or deletion of an entry in the alarmActiveTable.
       If the number of entries has been unchanged since the
       last re-initialization of the local network management
       subsystem, then this object contains a zero value."
   ::= { alarmActive 1 }

 alarmActiveOverflow  OBJECT-TYPE
     SYNTAX      Counter32
     UNITS       "active alarms"
     MAX-ACCESS  read-only
     STATUS      current
     DESCRIPTION
        "The number of active alarms that have not been put into
         the alarmActiveTable since system restart as a result
         of extreme resource constraints."
     ::= { alarmActive 5 }

alarmActiveTable OBJECT-TYPE
   SYNTAX      SEQUENCE OF AlarmActiveEntry
   MAX-ACCESS  not-accessible
   STATUS      current
   DESCRIPTION
       "A table of Active Alarms entries."
   ::= { alarmActive 2 }

alarmActiveEntry OBJECT-TYPE
   SYNTAX      AlarmActiveEntry
   MAX-ACCESS  not-accessible
   STATUS      current
   DESCRIPTION
       "Entries appear in this table when alarms are raised.  They
        are removed when the alarm is cleared.

        If under extreme resource constraint the system is unable to



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        add any more entries into this table, then the
        alarmActiveOverflow statistic will be increased by one."
   INDEX       { alarmListName, alarmActiveDateAndTime,
                 alarmActiveIndex }
   ::= { alarmActiveTable 1 }

AlarmActiveEntry ::= SEQUENCE {
   alarmListName                    SnmpAdminString,
   alarmActiveDateAndTime           DateAndTime,
   alarmActiveIndex                 Unsigned32,
   alarmActiveEngineID              LocalSnmpEngineOrZeroLenStr,
   alarmActiveEngineAddressType     InetAddressType,
   alarmActiveEngineAddress         InetAddress,
   alarmActiveContextName           SnmpAdminString,
   alarmActiveVariables             Unsigned32,
   alarmActiveNotificationID        OBJECT IDENTIFIER,
   alarmActiveResourceId            ResourceId,
   alarmActiveDescription           SnmpAdminString,
   alarmActiveLogPointer            RowPointer,
   alarmActiveModelPointer          RowPointer,
   alarmActiveSpecificPointer       RowPointer }

alarmListName OBJECT-TYPE
   SYNTAX     SnmpAdminString (SIZE(0..32))
   MAX-ACCESS not-accessible
   STATUS     current
   DESCRIPTION
    "The name of the list of alarms.  This SHOULD be the same as
    nlmLogName if the Notification Log MIB [RFC3014] is supported.
    This SHOULD be the same as, or contain as a prefix, the
    applicable snmpNotifyFilterProfileName if the
    SNMP-NOTIFICATION-MIB DEFINITIONS [RFC3413] is supported.

    An implementation may allow multiple named alarm lists, up to
    some implementation-specific limit (which may be none).  A
    zero-length list name is reserved for creation and deletion
    by the managed system, and MUST be used as the default log
    name by systems that do not support named alarm lists."
   ::= { alarmActiveEntry 1 }

alarmActiveDateAndTime OBJECT-TYPE
   SYNTAX      DateAndTime
   MAX-ACCESS  not-accessible
   STATUS      current
   DESCRIPTION
       "The local date and time when the error occurred.

       This object facilitates retrieving all instances of



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       alarms that have been raised or have changed state
       since a given point in time.

       Implementations MUST include the offset from UTC,
       if available.  Implementation in environments in which
       the UTC offset is not available is NOT RECOMMENDED."
   ::= { alarmActiveEntry 2 }

alarmActiveIndex OBJECT-TYPE
   SYNTAX     Unsigned32 (1..4294967295)
   MAX-ACCESS not-accessible
   STATUS     current
   DESCRIPTION
       "A strictly monotonically increasing integer which
       acts as the index of entries within the named alarm
       list.  It wraps back to 1 after it reaches its
       maximum value."
   ::= { alarmActiveEntry 3 }

alarmActiveEngineID OBJECT-TYPE
   SYNTAX      LocalSnmpEngineOrZeroLenStr
   MAX-ACCESS  read-only
   STATUS      current
   DESCRIPTION
       "The identification of the SNMP engine at which the alarm
        originated.  If the alarm is from an SNMPv1 system this
        object is a zero length string."
   ::= { alarmActiveEntry 4 }

alarmActiveEngineAddressType OBJECT-TYPE
   SYNTAX      InetAddressType
   MAX-ACCESS  read-only
   STATUS      current
   DESCRIPTION
    "This object indicates what type of address is stored in
    the alarmActiveEngineAddress object - IPv4, IPv6, DNS, etc."
   ::= { alarmActiveEntry 5 }

alarmActiveEngineAddress OBJECT-TYPE
   SYNTAX      InetAddress
   MAX-ACCESS  read-only
   STATUS      current
   DESCRIPTION
    "The address of the SNMP engine on which the alarm is
    occurring.

    This object MUST always be instantiated, even if the list
    can contain alarms from only one engine."



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   ::= { alarmActiveEntry 6 }

alarmActiveContextName OBJECT-TYPE
   SYNTAX      SnmpAdminString (SIZE(0..32))
   MAX-ACCESS  read-only
   STATUS      current
   DESCRIPTION
       "The name of the SNMP MIB context from which the alarm came.
        For SNMPv1 alarms this is the community string from the Trap.
        Note that care MUST be taken when selecting community
        strings to ensure that these can be represented as a
        well-formed SnmpAdminString.  Community or Context names
        that are not well-formed SnmpAdminStrings will be mapped
        to zero length strings.

        If the alarm's source SNMP engine is known not to support
        multiple contexts, this object is a zero length string."
   ::= { alarmActiveEntry 7 }

alarmActiveVariables OBJECT-TYPE
   SYNTAX      Unsigned32
   MAX-ACCESS  read-only
   STATUS      current
   DESCRIPTION
       "The number of variables in alarmActiveVariableTable for this
       alarm."
   ::= { alarmActiveEntry 8 }

alarmActiveNotificationID OBJECT-TYPE
   SYNTAX      OBJECT IDENTIFIER
   MAX-ACCESS  read-only
   STATUS      current
   DESCRIPTION
       "The NOTIFICATION-TYPE object identifier of the alarm
       state transition that is occurring."
   ::= { alarmActiveEntry 9 }

alarmActiveResourceId    OBJECT-TYPE
   SYNTAX      ResourceId
   MAX-ACCESS  read-only
   STATUS      current
   DESCRIPTION
      "This object identifies the resource under alarm.

      If there is no corresponding resource, then
      the value of this object MUST be 0.0."
   ::= { alarmActiveEntry 10 }




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alarmActiveDescription    OBJECT-TYPE
   SYNTAX      SnmpAdminString
   MAX-ACCESS  read-only
   STATUS      current
   DESCRIPTION
      "This object provides a textual description of the
      active alarm.  This text is generated dynamically by the
      notification generator to provide useful information
      to the human operator.  This information SHOULD
      provide information allowing the operator to locate
      the resource for which this alarm is being generated.
      This information is not intended for consumption by
      automated tools."
   ::= { alarmActiveEntry 11 }

alarmActiveLogPointer OBJECT-TYPE
   SYNTAX     RowPointer
   MAX-ACCESS read-only
   STATUS     current
   DESCRIPTION
       "A pointer to the corresponding row in a
       notification logging MIB where the state change
       notification for this active alarm is logged.
       If no log entry applies to this active alarm,
       then this object MUST have the value of 0.0"
   ::= { alarmActiveEntry 12 }

alarmActiveModelPointer OBJECT-TYPE
   SYNTAX     RowPointer
   MAX-ACCESS read-only
   STATUS     current
   DESCRIPTION
       "A pointer to the corresponding row in the
       alarmModelTable for this active alarm.  This
       points not only to the alarm model being
       instantiated, but also to the specific alarm
       state that is active."
   ::= { alarmActiveEntry 13 }

alarmActiveSpecificPointer OBJECT-TYPE
   SYNTAX     RowPointer
   MAX-ACCESS read-only
   STATUS     current
   DESCRIPTION
     "If no additional, model-specific, Alarm MIB is supported by
     the system this object is `0.0'.  When a model-specific Alarm
     MIB is supported, this object is the instance pointer to the
     specific model-specific active alarm list."



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   ::= { alarmActiveEntry 14 }

-- Active Alarm Variable Table --

alarmActiveVariableTable OBJECT-TYPE
   SYNTAX      SEQUENCE OF AlarmActiveVariableEntry
   MAX-ACCESS  not-accessible
   STATUS      current
   DESCRIPTION
       "A table of variables to go with active alarm entries."
   ::= { alarmActive 3 }

alarmActiveVariableEntry OBJECT-TYPE
   SYNTAX      AlarmActiveVariableEntry
   MAX-ACCESS  not-accessible
   STATUS      current
   DESCRIPTION
       "Entries appear in this table when there are variables in
       the varbind list of a corresponding alarm in
       alarmActiveTable.

       Entries appear in this table as though
       the trap/notification had been transported using a
       SNMPv2-Trap-PDU, as defined in [RFC3416] - i.e., the
       alarmActiveVariableIndex 1 will always be sysUpTime
       and alarmActiveVariableIndex 2 will always be
       snmpTrapOID.

       If the incoming notification is instead an SNMPv1 Trap-PDU and
       the value of alarmModelVarbindIndex is 1 or 2, an appropriate
       value for sysUpTime.0 or snmpTrapOID.0 shall be determined
       by using the rules in section 3.1 of [RFC3584]."
   INDEX   {  alarmListName, alarmActiveIndex,
              alarmActiveVariableIndex }
   ::= { alarmActiveVariableTable 1 }

AlarmActiveVariableEntry ::= SEQUENCE {
   alarmActiveVariableIndex                 Unsigned32,
   alarmActiveVariableID                    OBJECT IDENTIFIER,
   alarmActiveVariableValueType             INTEGER,
   alarmActiveVariableCounter32Val          Counter32,
   alarmActiveVariableUnsigned32Val         Unsigned32,
   alarmActiveVariableTimeTicksVal          TimeTicks,
   alarmActiveVariableInteger32Val          Integer32,
   alarmActiveVariableOctetStringVal        OCTET STRING,
   alarmActiveVariableIpAddressVal          IpAddress,
   alarmActiveVariableOidVal                OBJECT IDENTIFIER,
   alarmActiveVariableCounter64Val          Counter64,



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   alarmActiveVariableOpaqueVal             Opaque }

alarmActiveVariableIndex OBJECT-TYPE
   SYNTAX     Unsigned32 (1..4294967295)
   MAX-ACCESS not-accessible
   STATUS     current
   DESCRIPTION
       "A strictly monotonically increasing integer, starting at
       1 for a given alarmActiveIndex, for indexing variables
       within the active alarm variable list. "
   ::= { alarmActiveVariableEntry 1 }

alarmActiveVariableID OBJECT-TYPE
   SYNTAX     OBJECT IDENTIFIER
   MAX-ACCESS read-only
   STATUS     current
   DESCRIPTION
       "The alarm variable's object identifier."
   ::= { alarmActiveVariableEntry 2 }

alarmActiveVariableValueType OBJECT-TYPE
   SYNTAX      INTEGER {
         counter32(1),
         unsigned32(2),
         timeTicks(3),
         integer32(4),
         ipAddress(5),
         octetString(6),
         objectId(7),
         counter64(8),
         opaque(9)
         }
   MAX-ACCESS  read-only
   STATUS      current
   DESCRIPTION
       "The type of the value.  One and only one of the value
       objects that follow is used for a given row in this table,
       based on this type."
   ::= { alarmActiveVariableEntry 3 }

alarmActiveVariableCounter32Val OBJECT-TYPE
   SYNTAX      Counter32
   MAX-ACCESS  read-only
   STATUS      current
   DESCRIPTION
       "The value when alarmActiveVariableType is 'counter32'."
   ::= { alarmActiveVariableEntry 4 }




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alarmActiveVariableUnsigned32Val OBJECT-TYPE
   SYNTAX      Unsigned32
   MAX-ACCESS  read-only
   STATUS      current
   DESCRIPTION
       "The value when alarmActiveVariableType is 'unsigned32'."
   ::= { alarmActiveVariableEntry 5 }

alarmActiveVariableTimeTicksVal OBJECT-TYPE
   SYNTAX      TimeTicks
   MAX-ACCESS  read-only
   STATUS      current
   DESCRIPTION
       "The value when alarmActiveVariableType is 'timeTicks'."
   ::= { alarmActiveVariableEntry 6 }

alarmActiveVariableInteger32Val OBJECT-TYPE
   SYNTAX      Integer32
   MAX-ACCESS  read-only
   STATUS      current
   DESCRIPTION
       "The value when alarmActiveVariableType is 'integer32'."
   ::= { alarmActiveVariableEntry 7 }

alarmActiveVariableOctetStringVal OBJECT-TYPE
   SYNTAX      OCTET STRING (SIZE(0..65535))
   MAX-ACCESS  read-only
   STATUS      current
   DESCRIPTION
       "The value when alarmActiveVariableType is 'octetString'."
   ::= { alarmActiveVariableEntry 8 }

alarmActiveVariableIpAddressVal OBJECT-TYPE
   SYNTAX      IpAddress
   MAX-ACCESS  read-only
   STATUS      current
   DESCRIPTION
       "The value when alarmActiveVariableType is 'ipAddress'."
   ::= { alarmActiveVariableEntry 9 }

alarmActiveVariableOidVal OBJECT-TYPE
   SYNTAX      OBJECT IDENTIFIER
   MAX-ACCESS  read-only
   STATUS      current
   DESCRIPTION
       "The value when alarmActiveVariableType is 'objectId'."
   ::= { alarmActiveVariableEntry 10 }




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alarmActiveVariableCounter64Val OBJECT-TYPE
   SYNTAX      Counter64
   MAX-ACCESS  read-only
   STATUS      current
   DESCRIPTION
       "The value when alarmActiveVariableType is 'counter64'."
   ::= { alarmActiveVariableEntry 11 }

alarmActiveVariableOpaqueVal OBJECT-TYPE
   SYNTAX      Opaque (SIZE(0..65535))
   MAX-ACCESS  read-only
   STATUS      current
   DESCRIPTION
       "The value when alarmActiveVariableType is 'opaque'.

       Note that although RFC2578 [RFC2578] forbids the use
       of Opaque in 'standard' MIB modules, this particular
       usage is driven by the need to be able to accurately
       represent any well-formed notification, and justified
       by the need for backward compatibility."
   ::= { alarmActiveVariableEntry 12 }

-- Statistics --

alarmActiveStatsTable  OBJECT-TYPE
      SYNTAX  SEQUENCE OF AlarmActiveStatsEntry
      MAX-ACCESS  not-accessible
      STATUS  current
      DESCRIPTION
         "This table represents the alarm statistics
         information."
  ::= { alarmActive 4 }

alarmActiveStatsEntry OBJECT-TYPE
      SYNTAX  AlarmActiveStatsEntry
      MAX-ACCESS  not-accessible
      STATUS  current
      DESCRIPTION
         "Statistics on the current active alarms."
      INDEX   { alarmListName }

  ::= {  alarmActiveStatsTable 1 }

AlarmActiveStatsEntry ::=
      SEQUENCE {
           alarmActiveStatsActiveCurrent  Gauge32,
           alarmActiveStatsActives        ZeroBasedCounter32,
           alarmActiveStatsLastRaise      TimeTicks,



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           alarmActiveStatsLastClear      TimeTicks
                }

alarmActiveStatsActiveCurrent OBJECT-TYPE
      SYNTAX Gauge32
      MAX-ACCESS read-only
      STATUS  current
      DESCRIPTION
         "The total number of currently active alarms on the system."
       ::= { alarmActiveStatsEntry 1 }

alarmActiveStatsActives OBJECT-TYPE
      SYNTAX ZeroBasedCounter32
      MAX-ACCESS read-only
      STATUS  current
      DESCRIPTION
         "The total number of active alarms since system restarted."
       ::= { alarmActiveStatsEntry 2 }

alarmActiveStatsLastRaise  OBJECT-TYPE
   SYNTAX      TimeTicks
   MAX-ACCESS  read-only
   STATUS      current
   DESCRIPTION
      "The value of sysUpTime at the time of the last
       alarm raise for this alarm list.
       If no alarm raises have occurred since the
       last re-initialization of the local network management
       subsystem, then this object contains a zero value."
 ::= { alarmActiveStatsEntry 3 }

alarmActiveStatsLastClear  OBJECT-TYPE
   SYNTAX      TimeTicks
   MAX-ACCESS  read-only
   STATUS      current
   DESCRIPTION
      "The value of sysUpTime at the time of the last
       alarm clear for this alarm list.
       If no alarm clears have occurred since the
       last re-initialization of the local network management
       subsystem, then this object contains a zero value."
 ::= { alarmActiveStatsEntry 4 }

-- Alarm Clear

alarmClearMaximum OBJECT-TYPE
 SYNTAX Unsigned32
 MAX-ACCESS read-write



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 STATUS current
 DESCRIPTION
   "This object specifies the maximum number of cleared
   alarms to store in the alarmClearTable.  When this
   number is reached, the cleared alarms with the
   earliest clear time will be removed from the table."
 ::= { alarmClear 1 }

alarmClearTable  OBJECT-TYPE
      SYNTAX  SEQUENCE OF AlarmClearEntry
      MAX-ACCESS  not-accessible
      STATUS  current
      DESCRIPTION
         "This table contains information on
         cleared alarms."
  ::= { alarmClear 2 }

alarmClearEntry OBJECT-TYPE
      SYNTAX  AlarmClearEntry
      MAX-ACCESS  not-accessible
      STATUS  current
      DESCRIPTION
         "Information on a cleared alarm."
      INDEX   { alarmListName, alarmClearDateAndTime,
alarmClearIndex }

  ::= {  alarmClearTable 1 }

AlarmClearEntry ::=
      SEQUENCE {
   alarmClearIndex                 Unsigned32,
   alarmClearDateAndTime           DateAndTime,
   alarmClearEngineID              LocalSnmpEngineOrZeroLenStr,
   alarmClearEngineAddressType     InetAddressType,
   alarmClearEngineAddress         InetAddress,
   alarmClearContextName           SnmpAdminString,
   alarmClearNotificationID        OBJECT IDENTIFIER,
   alarmClearResourceId            ResourceId,
   alarmClearLogIndex              Unsigned32,
   alarmClearModelPointer          RowPointer
   }

alarmClearIndex OBJECT-TYPE
   SYNTAX     Unsigned32 (1..4294967295)
   MAX-ACCESS not-accessible
   STATUS     current
   DESCRIPTION
       "An integer which acts as the index of entries within



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       the named alarm list.  It wraps back to 1 after it
       reaches its maximum value.

       This object has the same value as the alarmActiveIndex that
       this alarm instance had when it was active."
   ::= { alarmClearEntry 1 }

alarmClearDateAndTime OBJECT-TYPE
   SYNTAX      DateAndTime
   MAX-ACCESS  not-accessible
   STATUS      current
   DESCRIPTION
       "The local date and time when the alarm cleared.

       This object facilitates retrieving all instances of
       alarms that have been cleared since a given point in time.

       Implementations MUST include the offset from UTC,
       if available.  Implementation in environments in which
       the UTC offset is not available is NOT RECOMMENDED."
   ::= { alarmClearEntry 2 }

alarmClearEngineID OBJECT-TYPE
   SYNTAX      LocalSnmpEngineOrZeroLenStr
   MAX-ACCESS  read-only
   STATUS      current
   DESCRIPTION
       "The identification of the SNMP engine at which the alarm
        originated.  If the alarm is from an SNMPv1 system this
        object is a zero length string."
   ::= { alarmClearEntry 3 }

alarmClearEngineAddressType OBJECT-TYPE
   SYNTAX      InetAddressType
   MAX-ACCESS  read-only
   STATUS      current
   DESCRIPTION
    "This object indicates what type of address is stored in
    the alarmActiveEngineAddress object - IPv4, IPv6, DNS, etc."
   ::= { alarmClearEntry 4 }

alarmClearEngineAddress OBJECT-TYPE
   SYNTAX      InetAddress
   MAX-ACCESS  read-only
   STATUS      current
   DESCRIPTION
    "The Address of the SNMP engine on which the alarm was
    occurring.  This is used to identify the source of an SNMPv1



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    trap, since an alarmActiveEngineId cannot be extracted from the
    SNMPv1 trap PDU.

    This object MUST always be instantiated, even if the list
    can contain alarms from only one engine."
   ::= { alarmClearEntry 5 }

alarmClearContextName OBJECT-TYPE
   SYNTAX      SnmpAdminString (SIZE(0..32))
   MAX-ACCESS  read-only
   STATUS      current
   DESCRIPTION
       "The name of the SNMP MIB context from which the alarm came.
       For SNMPv1 traps this is the community string from the Trap.
       Note that care needs to be taken when selecting community
       strings to ensure that these can be represented as a
       well-formed SnmpAdminString.  Community or Context names
       that are not well-formed SnmpAdminStrings will be mapped
       to zero length strings.

       If the alarm's source SNMP engine is known not to support
       multiple contexts, this object is a zero length string."
   ::= { alarmClearEntry 6 }

alarmClearNotificationID OBJECT-TYPE
   SYNTAX      OBJECT IDENTIFIER
   MAX-ACCESS  read-only
   STATUS      current
   DESCRIPTION
       "The NOTIFICATION-TYPE object identifier of the alarm
       clear."
   ::= { alarmClearEntry 7 }

alarmClearResourceId    OBJECT-TYPE
   SYNTAX      ResourceId
   MAX-ACCESS  read-only
   STATUS      current
   DESCRIPTION
      "This object identifies the resource that was under alarm.

      If there is no corresponding resource, then
      the value of this object MUST be 0.0."
   ::= { alarmClearEntry 8 }

alarmClearLogIndex OBJECT-TYPE
   SYNTAX     Unsigned32 (0..4294967295)
   MAX-ACCESS read-only
   STATUS     current



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   DESCRIPTION
       "This number MUST be the same as the log index of the
       applicable row in the notification log MIB, if it exists.
       If no log index applies to the trap, then this object
       MUST have the value of 0."
   ::= { alarmClearEntry 9 }

alarmClearModelPointer OBJECT-TYPE
   SYNTAX     RowPointer
   MAX-ACCESS read-only
   STATUS     current
   DESCRIPTION
       "A pointer to the corresponding row in the
       alarmModelTable for this cleared alarm."
   ::= { alarmClearEntry 10 }

-- Notifications

alarmActiveState NOTIFICATION-TYPE
 OBJECTS     { alarmActiveModelPointer,
               alarmActiveResourceId }
 STATUS      current
 DESCRIPTION
    "An instance of the alarm indicated by
    alarmActiveModelPointer has been raised
    against the entity indicated by
    alarmActiveResourceId.

    The agent must throttle the generation of
    consecutive alarmActiveState traps so that there is at
    least a two-second gap between traps of this
    type against the same alarmActiveModelPointer and
    alarmActiveResourceId.  When traps are throttled,
    they are dropped, not queued for sending at a future time.

    A management application should periodically check
    the value of alarmActiveLastChanged to detect any
    missed alarmActiveState notification-events, e.g.,
    due to throttling or transmission loss."
 ::= { alarmNotifications 2 }

alarmClearState NOTIFICATION-TYPE
   OBJECTS     { alarmActiveModelPointer,
                 alarmActiveResourceId }
   STATUS      current
   DESCRIPTION
     "An instance of the alarm indicated by
     alarmActiveModelPointer has been cleared against



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     the entity indicated by alarmActiveResourceId.

    The agent must throttle the generation of
    consecutive alarmActiveClear traps so that there is at
    least a two-second gap between traps of this
    type against the same alarmActiveModelPointer and
    alarmActiveResourceId.  When traps are throttled,
    they are dropped, not queued for sending at a future time.

    A management application should periodically check
    the value of alarmActiveLastChanged to detect any
    missed alarmClearState notification-events, e.g.,
    due to throttling or transmission loss."
   ::= { alarmNotifications 3 }

-- Conformance

alarmConformance OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= { alarmMIB 2 }

alarmCompliances OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= { alarmConformance 1 }

alarmCompliance MODULE-COMPLIANCE
      STATUS  current
      DESCRIPTION
          "The compliance statement for systems supporting
          the Alarm MIB."
      MODULE -- this module
          MANDATORY-GROUPS {
           alarmActiveGroup,
           alarmModelGroup
          }
      GROUP       alarmActiveStatsGroup
       DESCRIPTION
           "This group is optional."
      GROUP       alarmClearGroup
       DESCRIPTION
           "This group is optional."
      GROUP       alarmNotificationsGroup
       DESCRIPTION
           "This group is optional."
   ::= { alarmCompliances 1 }

alarmGroups OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= { alarmConformance 2 }

alarmModelGroup OBJECT-GROUP
   OBJECTS {
       alarmModelLastChanged,
       alarmModelNotificationId,



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       alarmModelVarbindIndex,
       alarmModelVarbindValue,
       alarmModelDescription,
       alarmModelSpecificPointer,
       alarmModelVarbindSubtree,
       alarmModelResourcePrefix,
       alarmModelRowStatus
      }
    STATUS   current
    DESCRIPTION
               "Alarm model group."
    ::= { alarmGroups 1}

alarmActiveGroup OBJECT-GROUP
        OBJECTS {
           alarmActiveLastChanged,
           alarmActiveOverflow,
           alarmActiveEngineID,
           alarmActiveEngineAddressType,
           alarmActiveEngineAddress,
           alarmActiveContextName,
           alarmActiveVariables,
           alarmActiveNotificationID,
           alarmActiveResourceId,
           alarmActiveDescription,
           alarmActiveLogPointer,
           alarmActiveModelPointer,
           alarmActiveSpecificPointer,
           alarmActiveVariableID,
           alarmActiveVariableValueType,
           alarmActiveVariableCounter32Val,
           alarmActiveVariableUnsigned32Val,
           alarmActiveVariableTimeTicksVal,
           alarmActiveVariableInteger32Val,
           alarmActiveVariableOctetStringVal,
           alarmActiveVariableIpAddressVal,
           alarmActiveVariableOidVal,
           alarmActiveVariableCounter64Val,
           alarmActiveVariableOpaqueVal
          }
          STATUS   current
          DESCRIPTION
               "Active Alarm list group."
          ::= { alarmGroups 2}

    alarmActiveStatsGroup  OBJECT-GROUP
          OBJECTS  {
                   alarmActiveStatsActives,



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                   alarmActiveStatsActiveCurrent,
                   alarmActiveStatsLastRaise,
                   alarmActiveStatsLastClear
                    }
          STATUS   current
          DESCRIPTION
               "Active alarm summary group."
          ::= { alarmGroups 3}

alarmClearGroup  OBJECT-GROUP
          OBJECTS  {
   alarmClearMaximum,
   alarmClearEngineID,
   alarmClearEngineAddressType,
   alarmClearEngineAddress,
   alarmClearContextName,
   alarmClearNotificationID,
   alarmClearResourceId,
   alarmClearLogIndex,
   alarmClearModelPointer
                    }
          STATUS   current
          DESCRIPTION
               "Cleared alarm group."
          ::= { alarmGroups 4}

alarmNotificationsGroup NOTIFICATION-GROUP
   NOTIFICATIONS { alarmActiveState, alarmClearState }
   STATUS        current
   DESCRIPTION
           "The collection of notifications that can be used to
           model alarms for faults lacking pre-existing
           notification definitions."
   ::= { alarmGroups 6 }

END

5.  ITU Alarm

5.1.  Overview

   This MIB module defines alarm information specific to the alarm model
   defined in ITU M.3100 [M.3100], X.733 [X.733], and X.736 [X.736].
   This MIB module follows the modular architecture defined by the Alarm
   MIB, in which the generic Alarm MIB can be augmented by other alarm
   information defined according to more specific models that define
   additional behaviour and characteristics.




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   The ituAlarmTable contains information from the ITU Alarm Model about
   possible alarms in the system.

   The ituAlarmActiveTable contains information from the ITU Alarm Model
   about alarms modelled using the ituAlarmTable that are currently
   occurring on the system.

   The ituAlarmActiveStatsTable provides statistics on current and total
   alarms.

5.2.  IANA Considerations

   Over time, there will be a need to add new IANAITUEventType and
   IANAItuProbableCause enumerated values.  The Internet Assigned Number
   Authority (IANA) is responsible for the assignment of the
   enumerations in these TCs.

   IANAItuProbableCause value of 0 is reserved for special purposes and
   MUST NOT be assigned.  Values of IANAItuProbableCause in the range 1
   to 1023 are reserved for causes that correspond to ITU-T probable
   cause.  All other requests for new causes will be handled on a
   first-come basis, with 1025.

   Request should  come in the form of well-formed SMI [RFC2578] for
   enumeration names that are unique and sufficiently descriptive.

   While some effort will be taken to ensure that new enumerations do
   not conceptually duplicate existing enumerations it is acknowledged
   that the existence of conceptual duplicates in the starting probable
   cause list is an known industry reality.

   To aid IANA in the administration of probable cause names and values,
   the OPS Area Director will appoint one or more experts to help review
   requests.

   See http://www.iana.org

   The following shall be used as the initial values, but the latest
   values for these textual conventions should be obtained from IANA:

IANA-ITU-ALARM-TC-MIB DEFINITIONS ::= BEGIN

IMPORTS
   MODULE-IDENTITY, mib-2
       FROM SNMPv2-SMI          -- [RFC2578]
   TEXTUAL-CONVENTION
       FROM SNMPv2-TC;          -- [RFC2579]




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 ianaItuAlarmNumbers MODULE-IDENTITY
     LAST-UPDATED "200409090000Z"  -- September 09, 2004
     ORGANIZATION "IANA"
     CONTACT-INFO
         "Postal:    Internet Assigned Numbers Authority
                     Internet Corporation for Assigned Names
                     and Numbers
                     4676 Admiralty Way, Suite 330
                     Marina del Rey, CA 90292-6601
                     USA

         Tel:    +1  310-823-9358
         E-Mail: iana@iana.org"
     DESCRIPTION
         "The MIB module defines the ITU Alarm
         textual convention for objects expected to require
         regular extension.

         Copyright (C) The Internet Society (2004).  The
         initial version of this MIB module was published
         in RFC 3877.  For full legal notices see the RFC
         itself.  Supplementary information may be available on:
         http://www.ietf.org/copyrights/ianamib.html"
      REVISION    "200409090000Z"  -- September 09, 2004
      DESCRIPTION
          "Initial version, published as RFC 3877."
     ::= { mib-2 119 }

IANAItuProbableCause ::= TEXTUAL-CONVENTION
    STATUS current
    DESCRIPTION
        "ITU-T probable cause values.  Duplicate values defined in
         X.733 are appended with X733 to ensure syntactic uniqueness.
         Probable cause value 0 is reserved for special purposes.

         The Internet Assigned Number Authority (IANA) is responsible
         for the assignment of the enumerations in this TC.
         IANAItuProbableCause value of 0 is reserved for special
         purposes and MUST NOT be assigned.

         Values of IANAItuProbableCause in the range 1 to 1023 are
         reserved for causes that correspond to ITU-T probable cause.

         All other requests for new causes will be handled on a
         first-come, first served basis and will be assigned
         enumeration values starting with 1025.

         Request should  come in the form of well-formed



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         SMI [RFC2578] for enumeration names that are unique and
         sufficiently descriptive.

         While some effort will be taken to ensure that new probable
         causes do not conceptually duplicate existing probable
         causes it is acknowledged that the existence of conceptual
         duplicates in the starting probable cause list is an known
         industry reality.

         To aid IANA in the administration of probable cause names
         and values, the OPS Area Director will appoint one or more
         experts to help review requests.

         See http://www.iana.org"
    REFERENCE
        "ITU Recommendation M.3100, 'Generic Network Information
            Model', 1995
         ITU Recommendation X.733, 'Information Technology - Open
            Systems Interconnection - System Management: Alarm
            Reporting Function', 1992
         ITU Recommendation X.736, 'Information Technology - Open
            Systems Interconnection - System Management: Security
            Alarm Reporting Function', 1992"

    SYNTAX         INTEGER
            {
            -- The following probable causes were defined in M.3100
             aIS  (1),
             callSetUpFailure  (2),
             degradedSignal  (3),
             farEndReceiverFailure  (4),
             framingError  (5),
             lossOfFrame (6),
             lossOfPointer  (7),
             lossOfSignal  (8),
             payloadTypeMismatch (9),
             transmissionError (10),
             remoteAlarmInterface (11),
             excessiveBER  (12),
             pathTraceMismatch  (13),
             unavailable  (14),
             signalLabelMismatch (15),
             lossOfMultiFrame (16),
             receiveFailure (17),
             transmitFailure (18),
             modulationFailure (19),
             demodulationFailure (20),
             broadcastChannelFailure (21),



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             connectionEstablishmentError (22),
             invalidMessageReceived (23),
             localNodeTransmissionError (24),
             remoteNodeTransmissionError (25),
             routingFailure (26),

 --Values 27-50 are reserved for communications alarm related
 --probable causes
 -- The following are used with equipment alarm.

             backplaneFailure (51),
             dataSetProblem  (52),
             equipmentIdentifierDuplication  (53),
             externalIFDeviceProblem  (54),
             lineCardProblem (55),
             multiplexerProblem  (56),
             nEIdentifierDuplication  (57),
             powerProblem  (58),
             processorProblem  (59),
             protectionPathFailure  (60),
             receiverFailure  (61),
             replaceableUnitMissing  (62),
             replaceableUnitTypeMismatch (63),
             synchronizationSourceMismatch  (64),
             terminalProblem   (65),
             timingProblem   (66),
             transmitterFailure  (67),
             trunkCardProblem  (68),
             replaceableUnitProblem  (69),
             realTimeClockFailure (70),
 --An equipment alarm to be issued if the system detects that the
 --real time clock has failed
             antennaFailure (71),
             batteryChargingFailure (72),
             diskFailure (73),
             frequencyHoppingFailure (74),
             iODeviceError (75),
             lossOfSynchronisation (76),
             lossOfRedundancy (77),
             powerSupplyFailure (78),
             signalQualityEvaluationFailure (79),
             tranceiverFailure (80),
             protectionMechanismFailure (81),
             protectingResourceFailure (82),
 -- Values 83-100 are reserved for equipment alarm related probable
 -- causes
 -- The following are used with environmental alarm.
             airCompressorFailure  (101),



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             airConditioningFailure  (102),
             airDryerFailure   (103),
             batteryDischarging  (104),
             batteryFailure   (105),
             commercialPowerFailure  (106),
             coolingFanFailure  (107),
             engineFailure  (108),
             fireDetectorFailure  (109),
             fuseFailure  (110),
             generatorFailure  (111),
             lowBatteryThreshold (112),
             pumpFailure  (113),
             rectifierFailure  (114),
             rectifierHighVoltage  (115),
             rectifierLowFVoltage  (116),
             ventilationsSystemFailure  (117),
             enclosureDoorOpen  (118),
             explosiveGas  (119),
             fire (120),
             flood   (121),
             highHumidity  (122),
             highTemperature  (123),
             highWind  (124),
             iceBuildUp  (125),
             intrusionDetection  (126),
             lowFuel  (127),
             lowHumidity  (128),
             lowCablePressure  (129),
             lowTemperatue  (130),
             lowWater  (131),
             smoke  (132),
             toxicGas  (133),
             coolingSystemFailure (134),
             externalEquipmentFailure (135),
             externalPointFailure (136),
 -- Values 137-150 are reserved for environmental alarm related
 -- probable causes
 -- The following are used with Processing error alarm.
             storageCapacityProblem (151),
             memoryMismatch  (152),
             corruptData  (153),
             outOfCPUCycles   (154),
             sfwrEnvironmentProblem  (155),
             sfwrDownloadFailure  (156),
             lossOfRealTimel (157),
 --A processing error alarm to be issued after the system has
 --reinitialised.  This will indicate
 --to the management systems that the view they have of the managed



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 --system may no longer
 --be valid.  Usage example: The managed
 --system issues this alarm after a reinitialization with severity
 --warning to inform the
 --management system about the event.  No clearing notification will
 --be sent.
             applicationSubsystemFailure (158),
             configurationOrCustomisationError (159),
             databaseInconsistency (160),
             fileError (161),
             outOfMemory (162),
             softwareError (163),
             timeoutExpired (164),
             underlayingResourceUnavailable (165),
             versionMismatch (166),
 --Values 168-200 are reserved for processing error alarm related
 -- probable causes.
             bandwidthReduced (201),
             congestion (202),
             excessiveErrorRate (203),
             excessiveResponseTime (204),
             excessiveRetransmissionRate (205),
             reducedLoggingCapability (206),
             systemResourcesOverload (207 ),
             -- The following were defined X.733
             adapterError (500),
             applicationSubsystemFailture (501),
             bandwidthReducedX733 (502),
             callEstablishmentError (503),
             communicationsProtocolError (504),
             communicationsSubsystemFailure (505),
             configurationOrCustomizationError (506),
             congestionX733 (507),
             coruptData (508),
             cpuCyclesLimitExceeded (509),
             dataSetOrModemError (510),
             degradedSignalX733 (511),
             dteDceInterfaceError (512),
             enclosureDoorOpenX733 (513),
             equipmentMalfunction (514),
             excessiveVibration (515),
             fileErrorX733 (516),
             fireDetected (517),
             framingErrorX733 (518),
             heatingVentCoolingSystemProblem (519),
             humidityUnacceptable (520),
             inputOutputDeviceError (521),
             inputDeviceError (522),



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             lanError (523),
             leakDetected (524),
             localNodeTransmissionErrorX733 (525),
             lossOfFrameX733 (526),
             lossOfSignalX733 (527),
             materialSupplyExhausted (528),
             multiplexerProblemX733 (529),
             outOfMemoryX733 (530),
             ouputDeviceError (531),
             performanceDegraded (532),
             powerProblems (533),
             pressureUnacceptable (534),
             processorProblems (535),
             pumpFailureX733 (536),
             queueSizeExceeded (537),
             receiveFailureX733 (538),
             receiverFailureX733 (539),
             remoteNodeTransmissionErrorX733 (540),
             resourceAtOrNearingCapacity (541),
             responseTimeExecessive (542),
             retransmissionRateExcessive (543),
             softwareErrorX733 (544),
             softwareProgramAbnormallyTerminated (545),
             softwareProgramError (546),
             storageCapacityProblemX733 (547),
             temperatureUnacceptable (548),
             thresholdCrossed (549),
             timingProblemX733 (550),
             toxicLeakDetected (551),
             transmitFailureX733 (552),
             transmiterFailure (553),
             underlyingResourceUnavailable (554),
             versionMismatchX733 (555),
             -- The following are defined in X.736
             authenticationFailure (600),
             breachOfConfidentiality (601),
             cableTamper (602),
             delayedInformation (603),
             denialOfService (604),
             duplicateInformation (605),
             informationMissing (606),
             informationModificationDetected (607),
             informationOutOfSequence (608),
             keyExpired (609),
             nonRepudiationFailure (610),
             outOfHoursActivity (611),
             outOfService (612),
             proceduralError (613),



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             unauthorizedAccessAttempt (614),
             unexpectedInformation (615),

             other (1024)
             }

IANAItuEventType ::= TEXTUAL-CONVENTION
    STATUS current
    DESCRIPTION
            "The ITU event Type values.

            The Internet Assigned Number Authority (IANA) is
            responsible for the assignment of the enumerations
            in this TC.

            Request should  come in the form of well-formed
            SMI [RFC2578] for enumeration names that are unique
            and sufficiently descriptive.

            See http://www.iana.org "
    REFERENCE
           "ITU Recommendation X.736, 'Information Technology - Open
            Systems Interconnection - System Management: Security
            Alarm Reporting Function', 1992"
    SYNTAX         INTEGER
           {
           other (1),
           communicationsAlarm (2),
           qualityOfServiceAlarm (3),
           processingErrorAlarm (4),
           equipmentAlarm (5),
           environmentalAlarm (6),
           integrityViolation (7),
           operationalViolation (8),
           physicalViolation (9),
           securityServiceOrMechanismViolation (10),
           timeDomainViolation (11)
           }

END











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RFC 3877                       Alarm MIB                  September 2004


5.3.  Textual Conventions

ITU-ALARM-TC-MIB DEFINITIONS ::= BEGIN

IMPORTS
   MODULE-IDENTITY, mib-2
       FROM SNMPv2-SMI         -- [RFC2578]
   TEXTUAL-CONVENTION
       FROM SNMPv2-TC;         -- [RFC2579]

  ituAlarmTc MODULE-IDENTITY
      LAST-UPDATED "200409090000Z"  -- September 09, 2004
      ORGANIZATION "IETF Distributed Management Working Group"
      CONTACT-INFO
         " WG EMail: disman@ietf.org
           Subscribe: disman-request@ietf.org
           http://www.ietf.org/html.charters/disman-charter.html

           Chair:     Randy Presuhn
                      randy_presuhn@mindspring.com

           Editors:   Sharon Chisholm
                      Nortel Networks
                      PO Box 3511 Station C
                      Ottawa, Ont.  K1Y 4H7
                      Canada
                      schishol@nortelnetworks.com

                      Dan Romascanu
                      Avaya
                      Atidim Technology Park, Bldg. #3
                      Tel Aviv, 61131
                      Israel
                      Tel: +972-3-645-8414
                      Email: dromasca@avaya.com"
      DESCRIPTION
         "This MIB module defines the ITU Alarm
         textual convention for objects not expected to require
         regular extension.

         Copyright (C) The Internet Society (2004).  The
         initial version of this MIB module was published
         in RFC 3877.  For full legal notices see the RFC
         itself.  Supplementary information may be available on:
         http://www.ietf.org/copyrights/ianamib.html"
      REVISION    "200409090000Z"  -- September 09, 2004
      DESCRIPTION
          "Initial version, published as RFC 3877."



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     ::= { mib-2 120 }

ItuPerceivedSeverity ::= TEXTUAL-CONVENTION
    STATUS current
    DESCRIPTION
            "ITU perceived severity values"
    REFERENCE
           "ITU Recommendation M.3100, 'Generic Network Information
            Model', 1995
            ITU Recommendation X.733, 'Information Technology - Open
            Systems Interconnection - System Management: Alarm
            Reporting Function', 1992"
    SYNTAX         INTEGER
           {
           cleared (1),
           indeterminate (2),
           critical (3),
           major (4),
           minor (5),
           warning (6)
           }

ItuTrendIndication ::= TEXTUAL-CONVENTION
    STATUS current
    DESCRIPTION
            "ITU trend indication values for alarms."
    REFERENCE
           "ITU Recommendation M.3100, 'Generic Network Information
            Model', 1995
            ITU Recommendation X.733, 'Information Technology - Open
            Systems Interconnection - System Management: Alarm
            Reporting Function', 1992"
    SYNTAX         INTEGER
      {
      moreSevere (1),
      noChange (2),
      lessSevere (3)
      }

END











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RFC 3877                       Alarm MIB                  September 2004


5.4.  Definitions

   ITU-ALARM-MIB DEFINITIONS ::= BEGIN

   IMPORTS
      MODULE-IDENTITY, OBJECT-TYPE,
      Gauge32, mib-2
          FROM SNMPv2-SMI                -- [RFC2578]
      AutonomousType, RowPointer
          FROM SNMPv2-TC                 -- [RFC2579]
      SnmpAdminString
          FROM SNMP-FRAMEWORK-MIB        -- [RFC3411]
      alarmListName, alarmModelIndex,
      alarmActiveDateAndTime, alarmActiveIndex
          FROM ALARM-MIB                 -- [RFC3877]
      ItuPerceivedSeverity,
      ItuTrendIndication
          FROM ITU-ALARM-TC-MIB          -- [RFC3877]
      IANAItuProbableCause,
      IANAItuEventType
          FROM IANA-ITU-ALARM-TC-MIB     -- [RFC3877]
      MODULE-COMPLIANCE, OBJECT-GROUP
          FROM SNMPv2-CONF               -- [RFC2580]
      ZeroBasedCounter32
          FROM RMON2-MIB;                -- [RFC2021]

     ituAlarmMIB MODULE-IDENTITY
         LAST-UPDATED "200409090000Z"  -- September 09, 2004
         ORGANIZATION "IETF Distributed Management Working Group"
         CONTACT-INFO
              "WG EMail: disman@ietf.org
              Subscribe: disman-request@ietf.org
              http://www.ietf.org/html.charters/disman-charter.html

              Chair:     Randy Presuhn
                         randy_presuhn@mindspring.com

              Editors:   Sharon Chisholm
                         Nortel Networks
                         PO Box 3511 Station C
                         Ottawa, Ont.  K1Y 4H7
                         Canada
                         schishol@nortelnetworks.com

                         Dan Romascanu
                         Avaya
                         Atidim Technology Park, Bldg. #3
                         Tel Aviv, 61131



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                         Israel
                         Tel: +972-3-645-8414
                         Email: dromasca@avaya.com"
         DESCRIPTION
                 "The MIB module describes ITU Alarm information
                 as defined in ITU Recommendation M.3100 [M.3100],
                 X.733 [X.733] and X.736 [X.736].

                 Copyright (C) The Internet Society (2004).  The
                 initial version of this MIB module was published
                 in RFC 3877.  For full legal notices see the RFC
                 itself.  Supplementary information may be available on:
                 http://www.ietf.org/copyrights/ianamib.html"
         REVISION    "200409090000Z"  -- September 09, 2004
         DESCRIPTION
             "Initial version, published as RFC 3877."
         ::= { mib-2 121 }

   ituAlarmObjects OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= { ituAlarmMIB 1 }

   ituAlarmModel OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= { ituAlarmObjects 1 }

   ituAlarmActive  OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= { ituAlarmObjects 2 }

   ituAlarmTable OBJECT-TYPE
      SYNTAX      SEQUENCE OF ItuAlarmEntry
      MAX-ACCESS  not-accessible
      STATUS      current
      DESCRIPTION
          "A table of ITU Alarm information for possible alarms
          on the system."
      ::= { ituAlarmModel 1 }

   ituAlarmEntry OBJECT-TYPE
      SYNTAX      ItuAlarmEntry
      MAX-ACCESS  not-accessible
      STATUS      current
      DESCRIPTION
          "Entries appear in this table whenever an entry is created
           in the alarmModelTable with a value of alarmModelState in
           the range from 1 to 6.  Entries disappear from this table
           whenever the corresponding entries are deleted from the
           alarmModelTable, including in cases where those entries
           have been deleted due to local system action.  The value of
           alarmModelSpecificPointer has no effect on the creation
           or deletion of entries in this table.  Values of
           alarmModelState map to values of ituAlarmPerceivedSeverity
           as follows:



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             alarmModelState -> ituAlarmPerceivedSeverity
                    1        ->         clear (1)
                    2        ->         indeterminate (2)
                    3        ->         warning (6)
                    4        ->         minor (5)
                    5        ->         major (4)
                    6        ->         critical (3)

           All other values of alarmModelState MUST NOT appear
           in this table.

           This table MUST be persistent across system reboots."
      INDEX       { alarmListName, alarmModelIndex,
                   ituAlarmPerceivedSeverity }
      ::= { ituAlarmTable 1 }

   ItuAlarmEntry ::= SEQUENCE {
      ituAlarmPerceivedSeverity     ItuPerceivedSeverity,
      ituAlarmEventType             IANAItuEventType,
      ituAlarmProbableCause         IANAItuProbableCause,
      ituAlarmAdditionalText        SnmpAdminString,
      ituAlarmGenericModel          RowPointer }

   ituAlarmPerceivedSeverity OBJECT-TYPE
      SYNTAX  ItuPerceivedSeverity
      MAX-ACCESS   not-accessible
      STATUS       current
      DESCRIPTION
               "ITU perceived severity values."
       REFERENCE
           "ITU Recommendation M.3100, 'Generic Network Information
               Model', 1995
            ITU Recommendation X.733, 'Information Technology - Open
               Systems Interconnection - System Management: Alarm
               Reporting Function', 1992"
       ::= { ituAlarmEntry 1 }

   ituAlarmEventType OBJECT-TYPE
      SYNTAX       IANAItuEventType
      MAX-ACCESS   read-write
      STATUS       current
      DESCRIPTION
               "Represents the event type values for the alarms"
       REFERENCE
           "ITU Recommendation M.3100, 'Generic Network Information
               Model', 1995
            ITU Recommendation X.733, 'Information Technology - Open
               Systems Interconnection - System Management: Alarm



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               Reporting Function', 1992
            ITU Recommendation X.736, 'Information Technology - Open
               Systems Interconnection - System Management: Security
               Alarm Reporting Function', 1992"
       ::= { ituAlarmEntry 2 }

   ituAlarmProbableCause OBJECT-TYPE
      SYNTAX      IANAItuProbableCause
      MAX-ACCESS  read-write
      STATUS       current
      DESCRIPTION
               "ITU probable cause values."
       REFERENCE
           "ITU Recommendation M.3100, 'Generic Network Information
               Model', 1995
            ITU Recommendation X.733, 'Information Technology - Open
               Systems Interconnection - System Management: Alarm
               Reporting Function', 1992
            ITU Recommendation X.736, 'Information Technology - Open
               Systems Interconnection - System Management: Security
               Alarm Reporting Function', 1992"
       ::= { ituAlarmEntry 3 }

   ituAlarmAdditionalText OBJECT-TYPE
      SYNTAX  SnmpAdminString
      MAX-ACCESS read-write
      STATUS     current
      DESCRIPTION
               "Represents the additional text field for the alarm."
       REFERENCE
           "ITU Recommendation M.3100, 'Generic Network Information
               Model', 1995
            ITU Recommendation X.733, 'Information Technology - Open
               Systems Interconnection - System Management: Alarm
               Reporting Function', 1992"
       ::= { ituAlarmEntry 4}

   ituAlarmGenericModel OBJECT-TYPE
      SYNTAX     RowPointer
      MAX-ACCESS read-write
      STATUS     current
      DESCRIPTION
      "This object points to the corresponding
       row in the alarmModelTable for this alarm severity.

       This corresponding entry to alarmModelTable could also
       be derived by performing the reverse of the mapping
       from alarmModelState to ituAlarmPerceivedSeverity defined



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       in the description of ituAlarmEntry to determine the
       appropriate { alarmListName, alarmModelIndex, alarmModelState }
       for this { alarmListName, alarmModelIndex,
       ituAlarmPerceivedSeverity }."
      ::= { ituAlarmEntry 5 }

   -- ITU Active Alarm Table --

   ituAlarmActiveTable OBJECT-TYPE
      SYNTAX      SEQUENCE OF ItuAlarmActiveEntry
      MAX-ACCESS  not-accessible
      STATUS      current
      DESCRIPTION
          "A table of ITU information for active alarms entries."
      ::= { ituAlarmActive 1 }

   ituAlarmActiveEntry OBJECT-TYPE
      SYNTAX      ItuAlarmActiveEntry
      MAX-ACCESS  not-accessible
      STATUS      current
      DESCRIPTION
          "Entries appear in this table when alarms are active.  They
          are removed when the alarm is no longer occurring."
      INDEX       { alarmListName, alarmActiveDateAndTime,
                   alarmActiveIndex }
      ::= { ituAlarmActiveTable 1 }

   ItuAlarmActiveEntry ::= SEQUENCE {
       ituAlarmActiveTrendIndication       ItuTrendIndication,
       ituAlarmActiveDetector              AutonomousType,
       ituAlarmActiveServiceProvider       AutonomousType,
       ituAlarmActiveServiceUser           AutonomousType
       }

   ituAlarmActiveTrendIndication OBJECT-TYPE
      SYNTAX      ItuTrendIndication
      MAX-ACCESS  read-only
      STATUS       current
      DESCRIPTION
               "Represents the trend indication values for the alarms."
       REFERENCE
           "ITU Recommendation M.3100, 'Generic Network Information
               Model', 1995
            ITU Recommendation X.733, 'Information Technology - Open
               Systems Interconnection - System Management: Alarm
               Reporting Function', 1992"
       ::= { ituAlarmActiveEntry 1 }




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   ituAlarmActiveDetector OBJECT-TYPE
      SYNTAX AutonomousType
      MAX-ACCESS read-only
      STATUS current
      DESCRIPTION
         "Represents the SecurityAlarmDetector object."
       REFERENCE
           "ITU Recommendation X.736, 'Information Technology - Open
               Systems Interconnection - System Management: Security
               Alarm Reporting Function', 1992"
      ::= { ituAlarmActiveEntry 2 }

   ituAlarmActiveServiceProvider OBJECT-TYPE
      SYNTAX AutonomousType
      MAX-ACCESS read-only
      STATUS current
      DESCRIPTION
         "Represents the ServiceProvider object."
       REFERENCE
           "ITU Recommendation X.736, 'Information Technology - Open
               Systems Interconnection - System Management: Security
               Alarm Reporting Function', 1992"
      ::= { ituAlarmActiveEntry 3 }

   ituAlarmActiveServiceUser OBJECT-TYPE
      SYNTAX AutonomousType
      MAX-ACCESS read-only
      STATUS current
      DESCRIPTION
         "Represents the ServiceUser object."
       REFERENCE
           "ITU Recommendation X.736, 'Information Technology - Open
               Systems Interconnection - System Management: Security
               Alarm Reporting Function', 1992"
      ::= { ituAlarmActiveEntry 4 }

   -- Statistics and Counters

   ituAlarmActiveStatsTable  OBJECT-TYPE
         SYNTAX  SEQUENCE OF ItuAlarmActiveStatsEntry
         MAX-ACCESS  not-accessible
         STATUS  current
         DESCRIPTION
            "This table represents the ITU alarm statistics
            information."
     ::= { ituAlarmActive 2 }





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   ituAlarmActiveStatsEntry OBJECT-TYPE
         SYNTAX  ItuAlarmActiveStatsEntry
         MAX-ACCESS  not-accessible
         STATUS  current
         DESCRIPTION
            "Statistics on the current active ITU alarms."
         INDEX   { alarmListName }

     ::= {  ituAlarmActiveStatsTable 1 }

   ItuAlarmActiveStatsEntry ::=
    SEQUENCE {
      ituAlarmActiveStatsIndeterminateCurrent Gauge32,
      ituAlarmActiveStatsCriticalCurrent      Gauge32,
      ituAlarmActiveStatsMajorCurrent         Gauge32,
      ituAlarmActiveStatsMinorCurrent         Gauge32,
      ituAlarmActiveStatsWarningCurrent       Gauge32,
      ituAlarmActiveStatsIndeterminates       ZeroBasedCounter32,
      ituAlarmActiveStatsCriticals            ZeroBasedCounter32,
      ituAlarmActiveStatsMajors               ZeroBasedCounter32,
      ituAlarmActiveStatsMinors               ZeroBasedCounter32,
      ituAlarmActiveStatsWarnings             ZeroBasedCounter32
    }

   ituAlarmActiveStatsIndeterminateCurrent OBJECT-TYPE
      SYNTAX      Gauge32
      MAX-ACCESS  read-only
      STATUS      current
      DESCRIPTION
          "A count of the current number of active alarms with a
           ituAlarmPerceivedSeverity of indeterminate."
      ::= { ituAlarmActiveStatsEntry 1 }

   ituAlarmActiveStatsCriticalCurrent OBJECT-TYPE
      SYNTAX      Gauge32
      MAX-ACCESS  read-only
      STATUS      current
      DESCRIPTION
          "A count of the current number of active alarms with a
           ituAlarmPerceivedSeverity of critical."
      ::= { ituAlarmActiveStatsEntry 2 }

   ituAlarmActiveStatsMajorCurrent OBJECT-TYPE
      SYNTAX      Gauge32
      MAX-ACCESS  read-only
      STATUS      current
      DESCRIPTION
          "A count of the current number of active alarms with a



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           ituAlarmPerceivedSeverity of major."
      ::= { ituAlarmActiveStatsEntry 3 }

   ituAlarmActiveStatsMinorCurrent OBJECT-TYPE
      SYNTAX      Gauge32
      MAX-ACCESS  read-only
      STATUS      current
      DESCRIPTION
          "A count of the current number of active alarms with a
           ituAlarmPerceivedSeverity of minor."
      ::= { ituAlarmActiveStatsEntry 4 }

   ituAlarmActiveStatsWarningCurrent OBJECT-TYPE
      SYNTAX      Gauge32
      MAX-ACCESS  read-only
      STATUS      current
      DESCRIPTION
          "A count of the current number of active alarms with a
           ituAlarmPerceivedSeverity of warning."
      ::= { ituAlarmActiveStatsEntry 5 }

   ituAlarmActiveStatsIndeterminates OBJECT-TYPE
      SYNTAX      ZeroBasedCounter32
      MAX-ACCESS  read-only
      STATUS      current
      DESCRIPTION
          "A count of the total number of active alarms with a
           ituAlarmPerceivedSeverity of indeterminate since system
           restart."
      ::= { ituAlarmActiveStatsEntry 6 }

   ituAlarmActiveStatsCriticals OBJECT-TYPE
      SYNTAX      ZeroBasedCounter32
      MAX-ACCESS  read-only
      STATUS      current
      DESCRIPTION
          "A count of the total number of active alarms with a
           ituAlarmPerceivedSeverity of critical since system restart."
      ::= { ituAlarmActiveStatsEntry 7 }

   ituAlarmActiveStatsMajors OBJECT-TYPE
      SYNTAX      ZeroBasedCounter32
      MAX-ACCESS  read-only
      STATUS      current
      DESCRIPTION
          "A count of the total number of active alarms with a
           ituAlarmPerceivedSeverity of major since system restart."
      ::= { ituAlarmActiveStatsEntry 8 }



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   ituAlarmActiveStatsMinors OBJECT-TYPE
      SYNTAX      ZeroBasedCounter32
      MAX-ACCESS  read-only
      STATUS      current
      DESCRIPTION
          "A count of the total number of active alarms with a
           ituAlarmPerceivedSeverity of minor since system restart."
      ::= { ituAlarmActiveStatsEntry 9 }

   ituAlarmActiveStatsWarnings OBJECT-TYPE
      SYNTAX      ZeroBasedCounter32
      MAX-ACCESS  read-only
      STATUS      current
      DESCRIPTION
          "A count of the total number of active alarms with a
           ituAlarmPerceivedSeverity of warning since system restart."
      ::= { ituAlarmActiveStatsEntry 10 }

   -- Conformance

   ituAlarmConformance OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= { ituAlarmMIB 2 }
   ituAlarmCompliances  OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= { ituAlarmConformance 1 }

   ituAlarmCompliance MODULE-COMPLIANCE
      STATUS  current
      DESCRIPTION
             "The compliance statement for systems supporting
             the ITU Alarm MIB."
      MODULE -- this module
          MANDATORY-GROUPS {
              ituAlarmGroup
              }
      GROUP       ituAlarmServiceUserGroup
          DESCRIPTION
              "This group is optional."
      GROUP       ituAlarmSecurityGroup
          DESCRIPTION
              "This group is optional."
      GROUP       ituAlarmStatisticsGroup
          DESCRIPTION
              "This group is optional."
     ::= { ituAlarmCompliances 1 }

   ituAlarmGroups OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= { ituAlarmConformance 2 }

   ituAlarmGroup OBJECT-GROUP
    OBJECTS {
              ituAlarmEventType,



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              ituAlarmProbableCause,
              ituAlarmGenericModel
            }
    STATUS   current
    DESCRIPTION
                  "ITU alarm details list group."
    ::= { ituAlarmGroups 1}

   ituAlarmServiceUserGroup OBJECT-GROUP
    OBJECTS {
              ituAlarmAdditionalText,
              ituAlarmActiveTrendIndication
            }
    STATUS current
    DESCRIPTION
            "The use of these parameters is a service-user option."
    ::= { ituAlarmGroups 2 }

   ituAlarmSecurityGroup OBJECT-GROUP
     OBJECTS {
             ituAlarmActiveDetector,
             ituAlarmActiveServiceProvider,
             ituAlarmActiveServiceUser
            }
     STATUS current
     DESCRIPTION
            "Security Alarm Reporting Function"
       REFERENCE
           "ITU Recommendation X.736, 'Information Technology - Open
               Systems Interconnection - System Management: Security
               Alarm Reporting Function', 1992"
     ::= { ituAlarmGroups 3 }

   ituAlarmStatisticsGroup OBJECT-GROUP
     OBJECTS {
            ituAlarmActiveStatsIndeterminateCurrent,
            ituAlarmActiveStatsCriticalCurrent,
            ituAlarmActiveStatsMajorCurrent,
            ituAlarmActiveStatsMinorCurrent,
            ituAlarmActiveStatsWarningCurrent,
            ituAlarmActiveStatsIndeterminates,
            ituAlarmActiveStatsCriticals,
            ituAlarmActiveStatsMajors,
            ituAlarmActiveStatsMinors,
            ituAlarmActiveStatsWarnings
             }
     STATUS current
     DESCRIPTION



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       "ITU Active Alarm Statistics."
     ::= { ituAlarmGroups 4 }

   END

6.  Examples

6.1.  Alarms Based on linkUp/linkDown Notifications

   This example demonstrates an interface-based alarm that goes into a
   state of "warning" when a linkDown Notification [RFC2863] occurs but
   the ifAdminStatus indicates the interface was taken down
   administratively.  If IfAdminStatus is "up" when the linkDown
   Notification occurs, then there is a problem, so the state of the
   alarm is critical.  A linkUp alarm clears the alarm.

linkDown NOTIFICATION-TYPE
        OBJECTS { ifIndex, ifAdminStatus, ifOperStatus }
        STATUS  current
        DESCRIPTION
            ""
    ::= { snmpTraps 3 }

linkUp NOTIFICATION-TYPE
        OBJECTS { ifIndex, ifAdminStatus, ifOperStatus }
        STATUS  current
        DESCRIPTION
            ""
    ::= { snmpTraps 4 }

 alarmModelIndex                  3
 alarmModelState                  1
 alarmModelNotificationId         linkUp
 alarmModelVarbindIndex           0
 alarmModelVarbindValue           0
 alarmModelDescription            "linkUp"
 alarmModelSpecificPointer        ituAlarmEntry.3.1
 alarmModelVarbindSubtree         ifIndex (1.3.6.1.2.1.2.2.1.1)
 alarmModelResourcePrefix         0.0
 alarmModelRowStatus              active (1)
 ituAlarmEventType                communicationsAlarm (2)
 ituAlarmPerceivedSeverity        cleared (1)
 ituAlarmGenericModel             alarmModelEntry.3.1

 alarmModelIndex                  3
 alarmModelState                  2
 alarmModelNotificationId         linkDown
 alarmModelVarbindIndex           2



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 alarmModelVarbindValue           down (2)
 alarmModelDescription            "linkDown administratively"
 alarmModelSpecificPointer        ituAlarmEntry.3.6
 alarmModelVarbindSubtree         ifIndex (1.3.6.1.2.1.2.2.1.1)
 alarmModelResourcePrefix         0.0
 alarmModelRowStatus              active (1)
 ituAlarmEventType                communicationsAlarm (2)
 ituAlarmPerceivedSeverity        warning (6)
 ituAlarmGenericModel             alarmModelEntry.3.2

 alarmModelIndex                  3
 alarmModelState                  3
 alarmModelNotificationId         linkDown
 alarmModelVarbindIndex           2
 alarmModelVarbindValue           up (1)
 alarmModelDescription            "linkDown - confirmed problem"
 alarmModelSpecificPointer        ituAlarmEntry.3.3
 alarmModelVarbindSubtree         ifIndex (1.3.6.1.2.1.2.2.1.1)
 alarmModelResourcePrefix         0.0
 alarmModelRowStatus              active (1)
 ituAlarmEventType                communicationsAlarm (2)
 ituAlarmPerceivedSeverity        critical (3)
 ituAlarmGenericModel             alarmModelEntry.3.3

 alarmActiveIndex                 1
 alarmActiveDateAndTime           2342464573
 alarmActiveDateAndTime           DateAndTime,
 alarmActiveEngineID              SnmpEngineID,
 alarmActiveEngineAddressType     ipV4
 alarmActiveEngineAddress         10.10.10.10
 alarmActiveContextName           SnmpAdminString,
 alarmActiveVariables             3
 alarmActiveNotificationID        1.3.6.1.6.3.1.1.5.3
 alarmActiveResourceId            1.3.6.1.2.1.2.2.1.1.346
 alarmActiveLogPointer            0.0
 alarmActiveModelPointer          alarmModelEntry.3.3
 alarmActiveSpecificPointer       ituAlarmActiveEntry.1.3
 ituAlarmActiveTrendIndication    moreSevere (1)
 ituAlarmDetector                   0.0
 ituAlarmServiceProvider            0.0
 ituAlarmServiceUser                0.0

 alarmActiveVariableIndex                 1
 alarmActiveVariableID                    sysUpTime.0
 alarmActiveVariableValueType             timeTicks(3)
 alarmActiveVariableCounter32Val          0
 alarmActiveVariableUnsigned32Val         0
 alarmActiveVariableTimeTicksVal          46754



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 alarmActiveVariableInteger32Val          0
 alarmActiveVariableOctetStringVal        ""
 alarmActiveVariableIpAddressVal          0
 alarmActiveVariableOidVal                0.0
 alarmActiveVariableCounter64Val          0
 alarmActiveVariableIndex                 2
 alarmActiveVariableID                    snmpTrapOID.0
 alarmActiveVariableValueType             objectId(7)
 alarmActiveVariableCounter32Val          0
 alarmActiveVariableUnsigned32Val         0
 alarmActiveVariableTimeTicksVal          0
 alarmActiveVariableInteger32Val          0
 alarmActiveVariableOctetStringVal        ""
 alarmActiveVariableIpAddressVal          0
 alarmActiveVariableOidVal                1.3.6.1.6.3.1.1.5.3
 alarmActiveVariableCounter64Val          0
 alarmActiveVariableIndex                 3
 alarmActiveVariableID                    ifIndex
 alarmActiveVariableValueType             integer32(4)
 alarmActiveVariableCounter32Val          0
 alarmActiveVariableUnsigned32Val         0
 alarmActiveVariableTimeTicksVal          0
 alarmActiveVariableInteger32Val          346
 alarmActiveVariableOctetStringVal        ""
 alarmActiveVariableIpAddressVal          0
 alarmActiveVariableOidVal                0.0
 alarmActiveVariableCounter64Val          0
 alarmActiveVariableIndex                 4
 alarmActiveVariableID                    ifAdminStatus
 alarmActiveVariableValueType             integer32(4)
 alarmActiveVariableCounter32Val          0
 alarmActiveVariableUnsigned32Val         0
 alarmActiveVariableTimeTicksVal          0
 alarmActiveVariableInteger32Val          up (1)
 alarmActiveVariableOctetStringVal        ""
 alarmActiveVariableIpAddressVal          0
 alarmActiveVariableOidVal                0.0
 alarmActiveVariableCounter64Val          0
 alarmActiveVariableIndex                 5
 alarmActiveVariableID                    ifOperStatus
 alarmActiveVariableValueType             integer32(4)
 alarmActiveVariableCounter32Val          0
 alarmActiveVariableUnsigned32Val         0
 alarmActiveVariableTimeTicksVal          0
 alarmActiveVariableInteger32Val          down(2)
 alarmActiveVariableOctetStringVal        ""
 alarmActiveVariableIpAddressVal          0
 alarmActiveVariableOidVal                0.0



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 alarmActiveVariableCounter64Val          0
 alarmActiveVariableOpaqueVal

6.2.  Temperature Alarms Using Generic Notifications

   Consider a system able to detect four different temperature states
   for a widget - normal, minor, major, critical.  The system does not
   have any Notification definitions for these alarm states.  A
   temperature alarm can be modelled using the generic alarm
   Notifications of alarmClearState and alarmActive.

alarmModelIndex                  5
alarmModelState                  1
alarmModelNotificationId         alarmClearState
alarmModelVarbindIndex           2
alarmModelVarbindValue           cleared (1)
alarmModelDescription            "Acme Widget Temperature Normal"
alarmModelSpecificPointer        ituAlarmEntry.5.1
alarmModelVarbindSubtree         alarmActiveResourceId
alarmModelResourcePrefix         0.0
alarmModelRowStatus              active (1)
ituAlarmEventType                environmentalAlarm (6)
ituPerceivedSeverity             cleared (1)
ituAlarmGenericModel             alarmModelEntry.5.1

alarmModelIndex                  5
alarmModelState                  2
alarmModelNotificationId         alarmActiveState
alarmModelVarbindIndex           2
alarmModelVarbindValue           minor (5)
alarmModelDescription            "Acme Widget Temperature Minor"
alarmModelSpecificPointer        ituAlarmEntry.5.5
alarmModelVarbindSubtree         alarmActiveResourceId
alarmModelResourcePrefix         0.0
alarmModelRowStatus              active (1)
ituAlarmEventState               environmentalAlarm (6)
ituPerceivedSeverity             minor (5)
ituAlarmGenericModel             alarmModelEntry.5.2

alarmModelIndex                  5
alarmModelState                  3
alarmModelNotificationId         alarmActiveState
alarmModelVarbindIndex           2
alarmModelVarbindValue           major (4)
alarmModelDescription            "Acme Widget Temperature Major"
alarmModelSpecificPointer        ituAlarmEntry.5.4
alarmModelVarbindSubtree         alarmActiveResourceId
alarmModelResourcePrefix         0.0



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alarmModelRowStatus              active (1)
ituAlarmEventType                environmentalAlarm (6)
ituPerceivedSeverity             major (4)
ituAlarmGenericModel             alarmModelEntry.5.3
alarmModelIndex                  5
alarmModelState                  4
alarmModelNotificationId         alarmActiveState
alarmModelVarbindIndex           2
alarmModelVarbindValue           critical (3)
alarmModelDescription            "Acme Widget Temperature Critical"
alarmModelSpecificPointer        ituAlarmEntry.5.3
alarmModelVarbindSubtree         alarmActiveResourceId
alarmModelResourcePrefix         0.0
alarmModelRowStatus              active (1)
ituAlarmEventType                environmentalAlarm (6)
ituPerceivedSeverity             critical (3)
ituAlarmGenericModel             alarmModelEntry.5.4

6.3.  Temperature Alarms Without Notifications

   Consider a system able to detect four different temperature states
   for a widget - normal, minor, major, critical.  The system does not
   have any Notification definitions for these alarm states.  A
   temperature alarm can be modelled without specifying any
   Notifications in the alarm model.  When a temperature state other
   than normal is detected, an instance of this alarm would be added to
   the active alarm table, but no Notifications would be sent out.

   This could alternatively be accomplished using the models from
   example 6.2 and by not specifying any target managers in the SNMP-
   TARGET-MIB, which would allow the alarm state Notifications to be
   logged in the Notification Log while still preventing Notifications
   from being transmitted on the wire.

alarmModelIndex                  6
alarmModelState                  1
alarmModelNotificationId         0.0
alarmModelVarbindIndex           0
alarmModelVarbindValue           0
alarmModelDescription            "Widget Temperature"
alarmModelSpecificPointer        ituAlarmEntry.6.1
alarmModelVarbindSubtree         0.0
alarmModelResourcePrefix         0.0
alarmModelRowStatus              active (1)
ituAlarmEventType                environmentalAlarm (6)
ituPerceivedSeverity             cleared (1)
ituAlarmGenericModel             alarmModelEntry.6.1




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alarmModelIndex                  6
alarmModelState                  2
alarmModelNotificationId         0.0
alarmModelVarbindIndex           0
alarmModelVarbindValue           0
alarmModelDescription            "Widget Temperature"
alarmModelSpecificPointer        ituAlarmEntry.6.5
alarmModelVarbindSubtree         0.0
alarmModelResourcePrefix         0.0
alarmModelRowStatus              active (1)
ituAlarmEventState               environmentalAlarm (6)
ituAlarmPerceivedSeverity        minor (5)
ituAlarmGenericModel             alarmModelEntry.6.2

alarmModelIndex                  6
alarmModelState                  3
alarmModelNotificationId         0.0
alarmModelVarbindIndex           0
alarmModelVarbindValue           0
alarmModelDescription            "Widget Temperature"
alarmModelSpecificPointer        ituAlarmEntry.6.4
alarmModelVarbindSubtree         0.0
alarmModelResourcePrefix         0.0
alarmModelRowStatus              active (1)
ituAlarmEventType                environmentalAlarm (6)
ituPerceivedSeverity             major (4)
ituAlarmGenericModel             alarmModelEntry.6.3

alarmModelIndex                  6
alarmModelState                  4
alarmModelNotificationId         0.0
alarmModelVarbindIndex           0
alarmModelVarbindValue           0
alarmModelDescription            "Widget Temperature Severe"
alarmModelSpecificPointer        ituAlarmEntry.6.3
alarmModelVarbindSubtree         0.0
alarmModelResourcePrefix         0.0
alarmModelRowStatus              active (1)
ituAlarmEventType                environmentalAlarm (6)
ituPerceivedSeverity             critical (3)
ituAlarmGenericModel             alarmModelEntry.6.4










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6.4.  Printer MIB Alarm Example

   Consider the following Notifications defined in the
   printer MIB [RFC3805]:

   prtAlertSeverityLevel OBJECT-TYPE
    -- This value is a type 1 enumeration
    SYNTAX     INTEGER {
                 other(1),
                 critical(3),
                 warning(4)
             }
    MAX-ACCESS read-only
    STATUS     current
    DESCRIPTION
      "The level of severity of this alert table entry.  The printer
      determines the severity level assigned to each entry into the
      table."
    ::= { prtAlertEntry 2 }

   printerV2Alert NOTIFICATION-TYPE
    OBJECTS { prtAlertIndex, prtAlertSeverityLevel, prtAlertGroup,
            prtAlertGroupIndex, prtAlertLocation, prtAlertCode }
    STATUS  current
    DESCRIPTION
      "This trap is sent whenever a critical event is added to the
      prtAlertTable."
    ::= { printerV2AlertPrefix 1 }

   These Notifications can be used to model a printer alarm as follows:

   alarmModelIndex                  9 alarmModelState                  1
   alarmModelNotificationId         alarmClearState
   alarmModelVarbindIndex           0 alarmModelVarbindValue           0
   alarmModelDescription            "Printer Alarm"
   alarmModelSpecificPointer        0.0 alarmModelVarbindSubtree
   prtAlertGroup alarmModelResourcePrefix         0.0
   alarmModelRowStatus              active (1)

   alarmModelIndex                  9 alarmModelState                  2
   alarmModelNotificationId         printerV2Alert
   alarmModelVarbindIndex           2 alarmModelVarbindValue
   warning (4) alarmModelDescription            "Printer Alarm"
   alarmModelSpecificPointer        0.0 alarmModelVarbindSubtree
   prtAlertGroup alarmModelResourcePrefix         0.0
   alarmModelRowStatus              active (1)

   alarmModelIndex                  9 alarmModelState                  3



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   alarmModelNotificationId         printerV2Alert
   alarmModelVarbindIndex           2 alarmModelVarbindValue
   other (1) alarmModelDescription            "Printer Alarm - unknown
   severity" alarmModelSpecificPointer        0.0
   alarmModelVarbindSubtree         prtAlertGroup
   alarmModelResourcePrefix         0.0 alarmModelRowStatus
   active (1)

   alarmModelIndex                  9 alarmModelState                  4
   alarmModelNotificationId         printerV2Alert
   alarmModelVarbindIndex           2 alarmModelVarbindValue
   critical (3) alarmModelDescription            "Printer Alarm"
   alarmModelSpecificPointer        0.0 alarmModelVarbindSubtree
   prtAlertGroup alarmModelResourcePrefix         0.0
   alarmModelRowStatus              active (1)

6.5.  RMON Alarm Example

   The RMON MIB [RFC2819] defines a mechanism for generating threshold
   alarms.  When the thresholds are crossed, RisingAlarm and
   FallingAlarm Notifications are generated as appropriate.  These
   Notifications can be used to model an upper threshold alarm as
   follows:

   alarmModelIndex                  6
   alarmModelState                  1
   alarmModelNotificationId         FallingAlarm
   alarmModelVarbindIndex           0
   alarmModelVarbindValue           0
   alarmModelDescription            "RMON Rising Clear Alarm"
   alarmModelSpecificPointer        0.0
   alarmModelVarbindSubtree         alarmIndex
   alarmModelResourcePrefix         0.0
   alarmModelRowStatus              active (1)

   alarmModelIndex                  6
   alarmModelState                  2
   alarmModelNotificationId         RisingAlarm
   alarmModelVarbindIndex           0
   alarmModelVarbindValue           0
   alarmModelDescription            "RMON Rising Alarm"
   alarmModelSpecificPointer        0.0
   alarmModelVarbindSubtree         alarmIndex
   alarmModelResourcePrefix         0.0
   alarmModelRowStatus              active (1)






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6.6.  The Lifetime of an Alarm

   The following example demonstrates the relationship between the
   active alarm table, the clear alarm table and the Notification Log
   MIB.

   Consider a system with alarms modelled as in example 1 and which also
   supports the informational Notification dsx3LineStatusChange.

dsx3LineStatusChange NOTIFICATION-TYPE
    OBJECTS { dsx3LineStatus,
              dsx3LineStatusLastChange }
    STATUS  current
    DESCRIPTION
            "A dsx3LineStatusChange trap is sent when the
            value of an instance of dsx3LineStatus changes.  It
            can be utilized by an NMS to trigger polls.  When
            the line status change results in a lower level
            line status change (i.e., ds1), then no traps for
            the lower level are sent."
               ::= { ds3Traps 0 1 }

0. At system start, the active alarm table, alarm clear table and
   the Notification Log are all empty.
         ___________________________     _______________________
        | alarmActiveTable          |   | nlmLogTable           |
        |---------------------------|   |-----------------------|
        | alarmActiveIndex |  alarm |   | nlmLogPointer | notif.|
        |---------------------------|   |-----------------------|
        |___________________________|   |_______________________|

         __________________________________________________
        | alarmClearTable                                  |
        |--------------------------------------------------|
        | alarmClear Index |  alarm                        |
        |--------------------------------------------------|
        |                  |                               |
        |__________________________________________________|













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1. Some time later, a link goes down generating a linkDown
   Notification, which is sent out and logged in the
   Notification Log.  As this Notification is modelled as
   an alarm state, an entry is added to the active alarm
   table.
         __________________________________________________
        | alarmActiveTable                                 |
        |--------------------------------------------------|
        | alarmActiveIndex |  alarm                        |
        |--------------------------------------------------|
        |        1         | link down - problem confirmed |
        |__________________________________________________|

         _______________________________________________
        | nlmLogTable                                   |
        |-----------------------------------------------|
        | nlmLogPointer |  Notification                 |
        |-----------------------------------------------|
        |      1        | linkdown                      |
        |_______________________________________________|

         __________________________________________________
        | alarmClearTable                                  |
        |--------------------------------------------------|
        | alarmClear Index |  alarm                        |
        |--------------------------------------------------|
        |                  |                               |
        |__________________________________________________|























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2. Some time later, the value of an instance of dsx3LineStatus
   changes.  This Notification is sent out and logged.  As this
   is not modelled into an alarm state, the active alarm table
   remains unchanged.
         __________________________________________________
        | alarmActiveTable                                 |
        |--------------------------------------------------|
        | alarmActiveIndex |  alarm                        |
        |--------------------------------------------------|
        |        1         | linkDown - problem confirmed  |
        |__________________________________________________|

         _____________________________________________
        | nlmLogTable                                 |
        |---------------------------------------------|
        | nlmLogPointer |  Notification               |
        |---------------------------------------------|
        |      1        | linkDown                    |
        |      2        | dsx3LineStatusChange        |
        |_____________________________________________|

         __________________________________________________
        | alarmClearTable                                  |
        |--------------------------------------------------|
        | alarmClear Index |  alarm                        |
        |--------------------------------------------------|
        |                  |                               |
        |__________________________________________________|























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RFC 3877                       Alarm MIB                  September 2004


3. Some time later, the link goes back up.  A linkUp Notification
   is sent out and logged.  As this Notification models
   the clear alarm for this alarm, the alarm entry is remove
   from the active alarm table.  An entry is added to the
   clear alarm table.
         __________________________________________________
        | alarmActiveTable                                 |
        |--------------------------------------------------|
        | alarmActiveIndex |  alarm                        |
        |--------------------------------------------------|
        |__________________________________________________|

         _____________________________________________
        | nlmLogTable                                 |
        |---------------------------------------------|
        | nlmLogPointer |  Notification               |
        |---------------------------------------------|
        |      1      | linkDown                      |
        |      2      | dsx3LineStatusChange          |
        |      3      | linkUp                        |
        |_____________________________________________|

         __________________________________________________
        | alarmClearTable                                  |
        |--------------------------------------------------|
        | alarmClear Index |  alarm                        |
        |--------------------------------------------------|
        |      1           | linkDown - confirmed problem  |
        |__________________________________________________|

7.  Security Considerations

   There are a number of management objects defined in this MIB module
   with a MAX-ACCESS clause of read-write and/or read-create.  Such
   objects may be considered sensitive or vulnerable in some network
   environments.  The support for SET operations in a non-secure
   environment without proper protection can have a negative effect on
   network operations.

   The following objects are defined with a MAX-ACCESS clause of read-
   write or read-create: alarmModelNotificationId,
   alarmModelVarbindIndex, alarmModelVarbindValue,
   alarmModelDescription, alarmModelSpecificPointer,
   alarmModelVarbindSubtree, alarmModelResourcePrefix,
   alarmModelRowStatus, alarmClearMaximum, ituAlarmEventType,
   ituAlarmProbableCause, ituAlarmAdditionalText, and
   ituAlarmGenericModel.




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   Note that setting the value of alarmClearMaximum too low may result
   in security related alarms history being prematurely lost.

   Changing values of alarmModelRowStatus as part of creating and
   deleting rows in the alarmModelTable result in adding new alarm
   models to the system or taking them out respectively.  These
   operations need to be carefully planned.  Adding a new model should
   be made in a consistent manner to avoid the system overflow with
   alarms.  Taking out a model should result in the deletion of all this
   model's related alarms in the system.

   SNMP versions prior to SNMPv3 did not include adequate security.
   Even if the network itself is secure (for example by using IPSec),
   even then, there is no control as to who on the secure network is
   allowed to access and GET/SET (read/change/create/delete) the objects
   in this MIB module.

   It is RECOMMENDED that implementers consider the security features as
   provided by the SNMPv3 framework (see [RFC3410], section 8),
   including full support for the SNMPv3 cryptographic mechanisms (for
   authentication and privacy).

   Further, deployment of SNMP versions prior to SNMPv3 is NOT
   RECOMMENDED.  Instead, it is RECOMMENDED to deploy SNMPv3 and to
   enable cryptographic security.  It is then a customer/operator
   responsibility to ensure that the SNMP entity giving access to an
   instance of this MIB module is properly configured to give access to
   the objects only to those principals (users) that have legitimate
   rights to indeed GET or SET (change/create/delete) them.

   Note that the alarm throttling mechanism associated with the
   alarmActiveState and alarmActiveClear notifications only applies to a
   given alarm.  Defining multiple alarms from the same internal
   stimulus may then still result in a flood of alarms into the network.

   Although the use of community strings in SNMPv1 is not considered an
   effective means of providing security, security administrators SHOULD
   consider whether the fact that alarmActiveContextName can reveal
   community string values would make this object sensitive in their
   environment.

   This MIB module can provide access to information that may also be
   accessed through manipulation of the SNMP-NOTIFICATION-MIB and the
   NOTIFICATION-LOG-MIB.  This is expressed in part through the common
   indexing structure of nlmLogName [RFC3014],
   snmpNotifyFilterProfileName [RFC3413], and alarmListName.
   Consequently, it is RECOMMENDED that security administrators take
   care to configure a coherent VACM security policy.  The objects



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   alarmActiveLogPointer, alarmActiveModelPointer,
   alarmActiveSpecificPointer,  and alarmClearModelPointer are object
   identifiers that reference information to which a particular user
   might not be given direct access.  The structure of these object
   identifiers does not permit the extraction of any sensitive
   information.  Two other objects, alarmClearResourceId, and
   alarmActiveResourceId, are also syntactically object identifiers, but
   their structure could provide a user with potentially useful
   information to which he or she might not otherwise be granted access,
   such as the existence of a particular resource.

   For further discussion of security, see section 3.4.

8.  Acknowledgements

   This document is a product of the DISMAN Working Group.

9. References

9.1.  Normative References

   [M.3100]    ITU Recommendation M.3100, "Generic Network Information
               Model", 1995

   [RFC1157]   Case, J., Fedor, M., Schoffstall, M. and J. Davin,
               "Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP)", STD 15, RFC
               1157, May 1990.

   [RFC1215]   Rose, M., "A Convention for defining traps for use with
               the SNMP", RFC 1215, March 1991.

   [RFC2021]   Waldbusser, S., "Remote Network Monitoring Management
               Information Base Version 2 using SMIv2", January 1997.

   [RFC2119]   Bradner, S., "Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate
               Requirement Levels", BCP 14, RFC 2119, March 1997.

   [RFC2578]   McCloghrie, K., Perkins, D. and J. Schoenwaelder,
               "Structure of Management Information Version 2 (SMIv2)",
               STD 58, RFC 2578, April 1999.

   [RFC2579]   McCloghrie, K., Perkins, D. and J. Schoenwaelder,
               "Textual Conventions for SMIv2", STD 58, RFC 2579, April
               1999.

   [RFC2580]   McCloghrie, K., Perkins, D. and J. Schoenwaelder,
               "Conformance Statements for SMIv2", STD 58, RFC 2580,
               April 1999.



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   [RFC3291]   Daniele, M., Haberman, B., Routhier, S. and J.
               Schoenwaelder, "Textual Conventions for Internet Network
               Addresses", RFC 3291, May 2002.

   [RFC3411]   Harrington, D., Presuhn, R. and B. Wijnen, "An
               Architecture for Describing Simple Network Management
               Protocol (SNMP) Management Frameworks", STD 62, RFC 3411,
               December 2002.

   [RFC3413]   Levi, D., Meyer, P. and B. Stewart, "Simple Network
               Management Protocol (SNMP) Applications", STD 62, RFC
               3414, December 2002.

   [RFC3415]   Wijnen, B., Presuhn, R. and K. McCloghrie, "View-based
               Access Control Model (VACM) for the Simple Network
               Management Protocol (SNMP)", STD 62, RFC 3415, December
               2002.

   [RFC3416]   Presuhn, R., Ed., "Version 2 of the Protocol Operations
               for the Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP)", STD
               62, RFC 3416, December 2002.

   [RFC3584]   Frye, R., Levi, D., Routhier, S. and B. Wijnen,
               "Coexistence between Version 1, Version 2, and Version 3
               of the Internet-standard Network Management Framework",
               BCP 74, RFC 3584, August 2003.

   [X.733]     ITU Recommendation X.733, "Information Technology - Open
               Systems Interconnection - System Management: Alarm
               Reporting Function", 1992.

   [X.736]     ITU Recommendation X.736, "Information Technology - Open
               Systems Interconnection - System Management: Security
               Alarm Reporting Function", 1992.

9.2 Informative References

   [RFC1657]   Willis, S., Burruss, J. and J. Chu, Ed., "Definitions of
               Managed Objects for the Fourth Version of the Border
               Gateway Protocol (BGP-4) using SMIv2", RFC 1657, July
               1994.

   [RFC2737]   McCloghrie, K. and A. Bierman, "Entity MIB (version 2)",
               RFC 2737, December 1999.

   [RFC2819]   Waldbusser, S. "Remote Network Monitoring Management
               Information Base", STD 59, RFC 2819, May 2000.




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   [RFC2863]   McCloghrie, K. and F. Kastenholz, "The Interfaces Group
               MIB using SMIv2", RFC 2863, June 2000.

   [RFC2981]   Kavasseri, R., Ed., "Event MIB", RFC 2981, October 2000.

   [RFC3014]   Kavasseri, R., "Notification Log MIB", RFC 3014, November
               2000.

   [RFC3410]   Case, J., Mundy, R., Partain, D. and B. Stewart,
               "Introduction and Applicability Statements for Internet-
               Standard Management Framework", RFC 3410, December 2002.

   [RFC3418]   Presuhn, R., Ed., "Management Information Base (MIB) for
               the Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP)", STD 62,
               RFC 3418, December 2002.

   [RFC3805]   Bergman, R., Lewis, H. and I. McDonald, "Printer MIB v2",
               RFC 3805, June 2004.

10.  Authors' Addresses

   Sharon Chisholm
   Nortel Networks
   PO Box 3511, Station C
   Ottawa, Ontario, K1Y 4H7
   Canada

   EMail: schishol@nortelnetworks.com


   Dan Romascanu
   Avaya
   Atidim Technology Park, Bldg. #3
   Tel Aviv, 61131
   Israel

   Phone: +972-3-645-8414
   EMail: dromasca@avaya.com













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11.  Full Copyright Statement

   Copyright (C) The Internet Society (2004).  This document is subject
   to the rights, licenses and restrictions contained in BCP 78, and
   except as set forth therein, the authors retain all their rights.

   This document and the information contained herein are provided on an
   "AS IS" basis and THE CONTRIBUTOR, THE ORGANIZATION HE/SHE REPRESENTS
   OR IS SPONSORED BY (IF ANY), THE INTERNET SOCIETY AND THE INTERNET
   ENGINEERING TASK FORCE DISCLAIM ALL WARRANTIES, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED,
   INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO ANY WARRANTY THAT THE USE OF THE
   INFORMATION HEREIN WILL NOT INFRINGE ANY RIGHTS OR ANY IMPLIED
   WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.

Intellectual Property

   The IETF takes no position regarding the validity or scope of any
   Intellectual Property Rights or other rights that might be claimed to
   pertain to the implementation or use of the technology described in
   this document or the extent to which any license under such rights
   might or might not be available; nor does it represent that it has
   made any independent effort to identify any such rights.  Information
   on the procedures with respect to rights in RFC documents can be
   found in BCP 78 and BCP 79.

   Copies of IPR disclosures made to the IETF Secretariat and any
   assurances of licenses to be made available, or the result of an
   attempt made to obtain a general license or permission for the use of
   such proprietary rights by implementers or users of this
   specification can be obtained from the IETF on-line IPR repository at
   http://www.ietf.org/ipr.

   The IETF invites any interested party to bring to its attention any
   copyrights, patents or patent applications, or other proprietary
   rights that may cover technology that may be required to implement
   this standard.  Please address the information to the IETF at ietf-
   ipr@ietf.org.

Acknowledgement

   Funding for the RFC Editor function is currently provided by the
   Internet Society.









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