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PROPOSED STANDARD
Errata Exist
Network Working Group                                        A. Melnikov
Request for Comments: 4314                                    Isode Ltd.
Obsoletes: 2086                                            December 2005
Category: Standards Track


               IMAP4 Access Control List (ACL) Extension

Status of this Memo

   This document specifies an Internet standards track protocol for the
   Internet community, and requests discussion and suggestions for
   improvements.  Please refer to the current edition of the "Internet
   Official Protocol Standards" (STD 1) for the standardization state
   and status of this protocol.  Distribution of this memo is unlimited.

Copyright Notice

   Copyright (C) The Internet Society (2005).

Abstract

   The Access Control List (ACL) extension (RFC 2086) of the Internet
   Message Access Protocol (IMAP) permits mailbox access control lists
   to be retrieved and manipulated through the IMAP protocol.

   This document is a revision of RFC 2086.  It defines several new
   access control rights and clarifies which rights are required for
   different IMAP commands.






















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Table of Contents

   1. Introduction and Overview .......................................3
      1.1. Conventions Used in This Document ..........................3
   2. Access Control ..................................................3
      2.1. Standard Rights ............................................5
           2.1.1. Obsolete Rights .....................................5
      2.2. Rights Defined in RFC 2086 .................................8
   3. Access control management commands and responses ................8
      3.1. SETACL Command .............................................8
      3.2. DELETEACL Command ..........................................9
      3.3. GETACL Command ............................................10
      3.4. LISTRIGHTS Command ........................................10
      3.5. MYRIGHTS Command ..........................................11
      3.6. ACL Response ..............................................11
      3.7. LISTRIGHTS Response .......................................12
      3.8. MYRIGHTS Response .........................................12
   4. Rights Required to Perform Different IMAP4rev1 Commands ........12
   5. Other Considerations ...........................................17
      5.1. Additional Requirements and Implementation Notes ..........17
           5.1.1. Servers ............................................17
           5.1.2. Clients ............................................18
      5.2. Mapping of ACL Rights to READ-WRITE and READ-ONLY
           Response Codes ............................................19
   6. Security Considerations ........................................20
   7. Formal Syntax ..................................................21
   8. IANA Considerations ............................................22
   9. Internationalization Considerations ............................22
   Appendix A. Changes since RFC 2086 ................................23
   Appendix B. Compatibility with RFC 2086 ...........................24
   Appendix C. Known Deficiencies ....................................24
   Appendix D. Acknowledgements ......................................25
   Normative References ..............................................25
   Informative References ............................................25

















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1.  Introduction and Overview

   The ACL (Access Control List) extension of the Internet Message
   Access Protocol [IMAP4] permits mailbox access control lists to be
   retrieved and manipulated through the IMAP protocol.

   This document is a revision of RFC 2086 [RFC2086].  It tries to
   clarify different ambiguities in RFC 2086, in particular, the use of
   UTF-8 [UTF-8] in access identifiers, which rights are required for
   different IMAP4 commands, and how READ-WRITE/READ-ONLY response codes
   are related to ACL.

1.1.  Conventions Used in This Document

   In examples, "C:" and "S:" indicate lines sent by the client and
   server respectively.

   In all examples "/" character is used as hierarchy separator.

   The key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", "SHALL", "SHALL NOT",
   "SHOULD", "SHOULD NOT", "RECOMMENDED", "MAY", and "OPTIONAL" in this
   document are to be interpreted as described in RFC 2119 [KEYWORDS].

   The phrase "ACL server" is just a shortcut for saying "IMAP server
   that supports ACL extension as defined in this document".

2.  Access Control

   The ACL extension is present in any IMAP4 implementation that returns
   "ACL" as one of the supported capabilities to the CAPABILITY command.

   A server implementation conformant to this document MUST also return
   rights (see below) not defined in Section 2.2 in the "RIGHTS="
   capability.

   An access control list is a set of <access identifier,rights> pairs.
   An ACL applies to a mailbox name.

   Access identifier (or just "identifier") is a UTF-8 [UTF-8] string.
   The identifier "anyone" is reserved to refer to the universal
   identity (all authentications, including anonymous).  All user name
   strings accepted by the LOGIN or AUTHENTICATE commands to
   authenticate to the IMAP server are reserved as identifiers for the
   corresponding users.  Identifiers starting with a dash ("-") are
   reserved for "negative rights", described below.  All other
   identifier strings are interpreted in an implementation-defined
   manner.




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   Rights is a string listing a (possibly empty) set of alphanumeric
   characters, each character listing a set of operations that is being
   controlled.  Lowercase letters are reserved for "standard" rights,
   listed in Section 2.1.  (Note that for compatibility with deployed
   clients and servers uppercase rights are not allowed.)  The set of
   standard rights can only be extended by a standards-track document.
   Digits are reserved for implementation- or site-defined rights.

   An implementation MAY tie rights together or MAY force rights to
   always or never be granted to particular identifiers.  For example,
   in an implementation that uses UNIX mode bits, the rights "swite" are
   tied, the "a" right is always granted to the owner of a mailbox and
   is never granted to another user.  If rights are tied in an
   implementation, the implementation must be conservative in granting
   rights in response to SETACL commands--unless all rights in a tied
   set are specified, none of that set should be included in the ACL
   entry for that identifier.  A client can discover the set of rights
   that may be granted to a given identifier in the ACL for a given
   mailbox name by using the LISTRIGHTS command.

   It is possible for multiple identifiers in an access control list to
   apply to a given user.  For example, an ACL may include rights to be
   granted to the identifier matching the user, one or more
   implementation-defined identifiers matching groups that include the
   user, and/or the identifier "anyone".  How these rights are combined
   to determine the user's access is implementation defined.  An
   implementation may choose, for example, to use the union of the
   rights granted to the applicable identifiers.  An implementation may
   instead choose, for example, to use only those rights granted to the
   most specific identifier present in the ACL.  A client can determine
   the set of rights granted to the logged-in user for a given mailbox
   name by using the MYRIGHTS command.

   When an identifier in an ACL starts with a dash ("-"), that indicates
   that associated rights are to be removed from the identifier prefixed
   by the dash.  This is referred to as a "negative right".  This
   differs from DELETEACL in that a negative right is added to the ACL
   and is a part of the calculation of the rights.

   Let's assume that an identifier "fred" refers to a user with login
   "fred".  If the identifier "-fred" is granted the "w" right, that
   indicates that the "w" right is to be removed from users matching the
   identifier "fred", even though the user "fred" might have the "w"
   right as a consequence of some other identifier in the ACL.  A
   DELETEACL of "fred" simply deletes the identifier "fred" from the
   ACL; it does not affect any rights that the user "fred" may get from
   another entry in the ACL, in particular it doesn't affect rights
   granted to the identifier "-fred".



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   Server implementations are not required to support "negative right"
   identifiers.

2.1.  Standard Rights

   The currently defined standard rights are (note that the list below
   doesn't list all commands that use a particular right):

   l - lookup (mailbox is visible to LIST/LSUB commands, SUBSCRIBE
       mailbox)
   r - read (SELECT the mailbox, perform STATUS)
   s - keep seen/unseen information across sessions (set or clear
       \SEEN flag via STORE, also set \SEEN during APPEND/COPY/
       FETCH BODY[...])
   w - write (set or clear flags other than \SEEN and \DELETED via
       STORE, also set them during APPEND/COPY)
   i - insert (perform APPEND, COPY into mailbox)
   p - post (send mail to submission address for mailbox,
       not enforced by IMAP4 itself)
   k - create mailboxes (CREATE new sub-mailboxes in any
       implementation-defined hierarchy, parent mailbox for the new
       mailbox name in RENAME)
   x - delete mailbox (DELETE mailbox, old mailbox name in RENAME)
   t - delete messages (set or clear \DELETED flag via STORE, set
       \DELETED flag during APPEND/COPY)
   e - perform EXPUNGE and expunge as a part of CLOSE
   a - administer (perform SETACL/DELETEACL/GETACL/LISTRIGHTS)

2.1.1.  Obsolete Rights

   Due to ambiguity in RFC 2086, some existing RFC 2086 server
   implementations use the "c" right to control the DELETE command.
   Others chose to use the "d" right to control the DELETE command.  For
   the former group, let's define the "create" right as union of the "k"
   and "x" rights, and the "delete" right as union of the "e" and "t"
   rights.  For the latter group, let's define the "create" rights as a
   synonym to the "k" right, and the "delete" right as union of the "e",
   "t", and "x" rights.

   For compatibility with RFC 2086, this section defines two virtual
   rights "d" and "c".

   If a client includes the "d" right in a rights list, then it MUST be
   treated as if the client had included every member of the "delete"
   right.  (It is not an error for a client to specify both the "d"
   right and one or more members of the "delete" right, but the effect
   is no different than if just the "d" right or all members of the
   "delete" right had been specified.)



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   When any of the "delete" member rights is set in a list of rights,
   the server MUST also include the "d" right when returning the list in
   a MYRIGHTS or ACL response.  This is to enable older clients
   conforming to RFC 2086 to work with newer servers. (*)

   Example:    C: A001 SeTacl INBOX/Drafts David lrswida
               S: A001 OK Setacl complete

   The client has specified the "d" right in the SETACL command above
   and it expands to "et" on the server:

               C: A002 getacl INBOX/Drafts
               S: * ACL INBOX Fred rwipslxcetda David lrswideta
               S: A002 OK Getacl complete

   If the identifier specified in the LISTRIGHTS command can be granted
   any of the "delete" member rights on a mailbox, then the server MUST
   include the "d" right in the corresponding LISTRIGHTS response. (*)
   If the member rights aren't tied to non-member rights, then the "d"
   right is returned by itself in the LISTRIGHTS response.  If any of
   the member rights needs to be tied to one (or more) non-member right,
   then the "d" right and all of the member rights need to be tied to
   the same non-member right(s) (**).

   If a client includes the "c" right in a rights list, then it MUST be
   treated as if the client had included every member of the "create"
   right.  (It is not an error for a client to specify both the "c"
   right and one or more members of the "create" right, but the effect
   is no different than if just the "c" right or all members of the
   "create" right had been specified.)

   When any of the "create" member rights is set in a list of rights,
   the server MUST also include the "c" right when returning the list in
   a MYRIGHTS or ACL response.  This is to enable older clients
   conforming to RFC 2086 to work with newer servers. (*)

   Example:    C: A003 Setacl INBOX/Drafts Byron lrswikda
               S: A001 OK Setacl complete
               C: A002 getAcl INBOX/Drafts
               S: * ACL INBOX Fred rwipslxcetda Byron lrswikcdeta
               S: A002 OK Getacl complete

   The client has specified the "d" right in the SETACL command above
   and it expands to "et" on the server: As the client has specified the
   "k" right (which is a member of the "c" right), the server also
   returns the "c" right.





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   If the identifier specified in the LISTRIGHTS command can be granted
   any of the "create" member rights on a mailbox, then the server MUST
   include the "c" right in the corresponding LISTRIGHTS response. (*)
   If the member rights aren't tied to non-member rights, then the "c"
   right is returned by itself in the LISTRIGHTS response.  If any of
   the member rights needs to be tied to one (or more) non-member right,
   then the "c" right and all of the member rights need to be tied to
   the same non-member right(s) (**).

   Example: The server that ties the rights as follows:

               lr s w i p k x t

            and c=k

            will return:

               S: * LISTRIGHTS archive/imap anyone ""
                  lr s w i p k x t c d

   Example: The server that ties the rights as follows:

               lr s w i p k xte

            and c=k

            will return:

               S: * LISTRIGHTS archive/imap anyone ""
                  lr s w i p k xte c d

   Example: The server that ties the rights as follows:

               lr s w i p k x te

            and c=k

            will return:

               S: * LISTRIGHTS archive/imap anyone ""
                  lr s w i p k c x te d

   Example: The server that ties the rights as follows:

               lr swte i p k x

            and c=kx




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            will return:

               S: * LISTRIGHTS archive/imap anyone ""
                  lr swted i p k x c

   (*)  Clients conforming to this document MUST ignore the virtual "d"
        and "c" rights in MYRIGHTS, ACL, and LISTRIGHTS responses.

   (**) The IMAPEXT Working Group has debated this issue in great length
        and after reviewing existing ACL implementations concluded that
        this is a reasonable restriction.

2.2.  Rights Defined in RFC 2086

   The "RIGHTS=" capability MUST NOT include any of the rights defined
   in RFC 2086: "l", "r", "s", "w", "i", "p", "a", "c", "d", and the
   digits ("0" .. "9").

3.  Access control management commands and responses

   Servers, when processing a command that has an identifier as a
   parameter (i.e., any of SETACL, DELETEACL, and LISTRIGHTS commands),
   SHOULD first prepare the received identifier using "SASLprep" profile
   [SASLprep] of the "stringprep" algorithm [Stringprep].  If the
   preparation of the identifier fails or results in an empty string,
   the server MUST refuse to perform the command with a BAD response.
   Note that Section 6 recommends additional identifier's verification
   steps.

3.1.  SETACL Command

   Arguments:  mailbox name
               identifier
               access right modification

   Data:       no specific data for this command

   Result:     OK - setacl completed
               NO - setacl failure: can't set acl
               BAD - arguments invalid

   The SETACL command changes the access control list on the specified
   mailbox so that the specified identifier is granted permissions as
   specified in the third argument.

   The third argument is a string containing an optional plus ("+") or
   minus ("-") prefix, followed by zero or more rights characters.  If
   the string starts with a plus, the following rights are added to any



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   existing rights for the identifier.  If the string starts with a
   minus, the following rights are removed from any existing rights for
   the identifier.  If the string does not start with a plus or minus,
   the rights replace any existing rights for the identifier.

   Note that an unrecognized right MUST cause the command to return the
   BAD response.  In particular, the server MUST NOT silently ignore
   unrecognized rights.

   Example:    C: A001 GETACL INBOX/Drafts
               S: * ACL INBOX/Drafts Fred rwipslxetad Chris lrswi
               S: A001 OK Getacl complete
               C: A002 SETACL INBOX/Drafts Chris +cda
               S: A002 OK Setacl complete
               C: A003 GETACL INBOX/Drafts
               S: * ACL INBOX/Drafts Fred rwipslxetad Chris lrswicdakxet
               S: A003 OK Getacl complete


               C: A035 SETACL INBOX/Drafts John lrQswicda
               S: A035 BAD Uppercase rights are not allowed


               C: A036 SETACL INBOX/Drafts John lrqswicda
               S: A036 BAD The q right is not supported

3.2.  DELETEACL Command

   Arguments:  mailbox name
               identifier

   Data:       no specific data for this command

   Result:     OK - deleteacl completed
               NO - deleteacl failure: can't delete acl
              BAD - arguments invalid

   The DELETEACL command removes any <identifier,rights> pair for the
   specified identifier from the access control list for the specified
   mailbox.

   Example:    C: B001 getacl INBOX
               S: * ACL INBOX Fred rwipslxetad -Fred wetd $team w
               S: B001 OK Getacl complete
               C: B002 DeleteAcl INBOX Fred
               S: B002 OK Deleteacl complete





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               C: B003 GETACL INBOX
               S: * ACL INBOX -Fred wetd $team w
               S: B003 OK Getacl complete

3.3.  GETACL Command

   Arguments:  mailbox name

   Data:       untagged responses: ACL

   Result:     OK - getacl completed
               NO - getacl failure: can't get acl
              BAD - arguments invalid

   The GETACL command returns the access control list for mailbox in an
   untagged ACL response.

   Some implementations MAY permit multiple forms of an identifier to
   reference the same IMAP account.  Usually, such implementations will
   have a canonical form that is stored internally.  An ACL response
   caused by a GETACL command MAY include a canonicalized form of the
   identifier that might be different from the one used in the
   corresponding SETACL command.

   Example:    C: A002 GETACL INBOX
               S: * ACL INBOX Fred rwipsldexta
               S: A002 OK Getacl complete

3.4.  LISTRIGHTS Command

   Arguments:  mailbox name
               identifier

   Data:       untagged responses: LISTRIGHTS

   Result:     OK - listrights completed
               NO - listrights failure: can't get rights list
               BAD - arguments invalid

   The LISTRIGHTS command takes a mailbox name and an identifier and
   returns information about what rights can be granted to the
   identifier in the ACL for the mailbox.

   Some implementations MAY permit multiple forms of an identifier to
   reference the same IMAP account.  Usually, such implementations will
   have a canonical form that is stored internally.  A LISTRIGHTS





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   response caused by a LISTRIGHTS command MUST always return the same
   form of an identifier as specified by the client.  This is to allow
   the client to correlate the response with the command.

   Example:    C: a001 LISTRIGHTS ~/Mail/saved smith
               S: * LISTRIGHTS ~/Mail/saved smith la r swicdkxte
               S: a001 OK Listrights completed

   Example:    C: a005 listrights archive/imap anyone
               S: * LISTRIGHTS archive.imap anyone ""
                  l r s w i p k x t e c d a 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
               S: a005 Listrights successful

3.5.  MYRIGHTS Command

   Arguments:  mailbox name

   Data:       untagged responses: MYRIGHTS

   Result:     OK - myrights completed
               NO - myrights failure: can't get rights
               BAD - arguments invalid

   The MYRIGHTS command returns the set of rights that the user has to
   mailbox in an untagged MYRIGHTS reply.

   Example:    C: A003 MYRIGHTS INBOX
               S: * MYRIGHTS INBOX rwiptsldaex
               S: A003 OK Myrights complete

3.6.  ACL Response

   Data:       mailbox name
               zero or more identifier rights pairs

   The ACL response occurs as a result of a GETACL command.  The first
   string is the mailbox name for which this ACL applies.  This is
   followed by zero or more pairs of strings; each pair contains the
   identifier for which the entry applies followed by the set of rights
   that the identifier has.

   Section 2.1.1 details additional server requirements related to
   handling of the virtual "d" and "c" rights.








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3.7.  LISTRIGHTS Response

   Data:       mailbox name
               identifier
               required rights
               list of optional rights

   The LISTRIGHTS response occurs as a result of a LISTRIGHTS command.
   The first two strings are the mailbox name and identifier for which
   this rights list applies.  Following the identifier is a string
   containing the (possibly empty) set of rights the identifier will
   always be granted in the mailbox.

   Following this are zero or more strings each containing a set of
   rights the identifier can be granted in the mailbox.  Rights
   mentioned in the same string are tied together.  The server MUST
   either grant all tied rights to the identifier in the mailbox or
   grant none.  Section 2.1.1 details additional server requirements
   related to handling of the virtual "d" and "c" rights.

   The same right MUST NOT be listed more than once in the LISTRIGHTS
   command.

3.8.  MYRIGHTS Response

   Data:       mailbox name
               rights

   The MYRIGHTS response occurs as a result of a MYRIGHTS command.  The
   first string is the mailbox name for which these rights apply.  The
   second string is the set of rights that the client has.

   Section 2.1.1 details additional server requirements related to
   handling of the virtual "d" and "c" rights.

4.  Rights Required to Perform Different IMAP4rev1 Commands

   Before executing a command, an ACL-compliant server MUST check which
   rights are required to perform it.  This section groups command by
   functions they perform and list the rights required.  It also gives
   the detailed description of any special processing required.

   For the purpose of this section the UID counterpart of a command is
   considered to be the same command, e.g., both UID COPY and COPY
   commands require the same set of rights.






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   The table below summarizes different rights or their combinations
   that are required in order to perform different IMAP operations.  As
   it is not always possible to express complex right checking and
   interactions, the description after the table should be used as the
   primary reference.

   +-------------------+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+
   |Operations\Rights  | l | r | s | w | i | k | x | t | e | a |Any|Non|
   +-------------------+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+
   |                  commands in authenticated state                  |
   +-------------------------------------------------------------------+
   |      LIST         | + |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |
   |   SUBSCRIBE       | * |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   | * |
   |  UNSUBSCRIBE      |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   | + |
   |      LSUB         | * |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   | * |
   |CREATE (for parent)|   |   |   |   |   | + |   |   |   |   |   |   |
   |     DELETE        |   | ? |   |   |   |   | + | ? | ? |   |   |   |
   |     RENAME        |   |   |   |   |   | + | + |   |   |   |   |   |
   |  SELECT/EXAMINE   |   | + |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |
   |      STATUS       |   | + |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |
   |  SETACL/DELETEACL |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   | + |   |   |
   | GETACL/LISTRIGHTS |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   | + |   |   |
   |     MYRIGHTS      |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   | + |   |
   |      APPEND       |   |   | ? | ? | + |   |   | ? |   |   |   |   |
   +-------------------------------------------------------------------+
   |                     commands in selected state                    |
   +-------------------------------------------------------------------+
   |       COPY        |   |   | ? | ? | + |   |   | ? |   |   |   |   |
   |     EXPUNGE       |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   | + |   |   |   |
   |      CLOSE        |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   | ? |   |   |   |
   |      FETCH        |   |   | ? |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |
   |   STORE flags     |   |   | ? | ? |   |   |   | ? |   |   |   |   |
   +-------------------+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+

   Note: for all commands in the selected state, the "r" is implied,
   because it is required to SELECT/EXAMINE a mailbox.  Servers are not
   required to check presence of the "r" right once a mailbox is
   successfully selected.

   Legend:
    +     - The right is required
    *     - Only one of the rights marked with * is required
            (see description below)
    ?     - The right is OPTIONAL (see description below)
    "Any" - at least one of the "l", "r", "i", "k", "x", "a" rights is
            required
    "Non" - No rights required to perform the command




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   Listing and subscribing/unsubscribing mailboxes:
      LIST - "l" right is required.  However, unlike other commands
      (e.g., SELECT) the server MUST NOT return a NO response if it
      can't list a mailbox.
      Note that if the user has "l" right to a mailbox "A/B", but not to
      its parent mailbox "A", the LIST command should behave as if the
      mailbox "A" doesn't exist, for example:

               C: A777 LIST "" *
               S: * LIST (\NoInferiors) "/" "A/B"
               S: * LIST () "/" "C"
               S: * LIST (\NoInferiors) "/" "C/D"
               S: A777 OK LIST completed


      SUBSCRIBE - "l" right is required only if the server checks for
      mailbox existence when performing SUBSCRIBE.

      UNSUBSCRIBE - no rights required to perform this operation.

      LSUB - "l" right is required only if the server checks for mailbox
      existence when performing SUBSCRIBE.  However, unlike other
      commands (e.g., SELECT) the server MUST NOT return a NO response
      if it can't list a subscribed mailbox.

   Mailbox management:
      CREATE - "k" right on a nearest existing parent mailbox.  When a
      new mailbox is created, it SHOULD inherit the ACL from the parent
      mailbox (if one exists) in the defined hierarchy.

      DELETE - "x" right on the mailbox.  Note that some servers don't
      allow to delete a non-empty mailbox.  If this is the case, the
      user would also need "r", "e", and "t" rights, in order to open
      the mailbox and empty it.

      The DELETE command MUST delete the ACL associated with the deleted
      mailbox.

      RENAME - Moving a mailbox from one parent to another requires the
      "x" right on the mailbox itself and the "k" right for the new
      parent.  For example, if the user wants to rename the mailbox
      named "A/B/C" to "D/E", the user must have the "x" right for the
      mailbox "A/B/C" and the "k" right for the mailbox "D".
      The RENAME command SHOULD NOT change the ACLs on the renamed
      mailbox and submailboxes.






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   Copying or appending messages:
      Before performing a COPY/APPEND command, the server MUST check if
      the user has "i" right for the target mailbox.  If the user
      doesn't have "i" right, the operation fails.  Otherwise for each
      copied/appended message the server MUST check if the user has
         "t" right - when the message has \Deleted flag set
         "s" right - when the message has \Seen flag set
         "w" right - for all other message flags.
      Only when the user has a particular right are the corresponding
      flags stored for the newly created message.  The server MUST NOT
      fail a COPY/APPEND if the user has no rights to set a particular
      flag.

   Example:    C: A003 MYRIGHTS TargetMailbox
               S: * MYRIGHTS TargetMailbox rwis
               S: A003 OK Myrights complete

               C: A004 FETCH 1:3 (FLAGS)
               S: * 1 FETCH (FLAGS (\Draft \Deleted)
               S: * 2 FETCH (FLAGS (\Answered)
               S: * 3 FETCH (FLAGS ($Forwarded \Seen)
               S: A004 OK Fetch Completed

               C: A005 COPY 1:3 TargetMailbox
               S: A005 OK Copy completed

               C: A006 SELECT TargetMailbox
                  ...
               S: A006 Select Completed

      Let's assume that the copied messages received message numbers
      77:79.

               C: A007 FETCH 77:79 (FLAGS)
               S: * 77 FETCH (FLAGS (\Draft))
               S: * 78 FETCH (FLAGS (\Answered))
               S: * 79 FETCH (FLAGS ($Forwarded \Seen))
               S: A007 OK Fetch Completed

      \Deleted flag was lost on COPY, as the user has no "t" right in
      the target mailbox.
      If the MYRIGHTS command with the tag A003 would have returned:

               S: * MYRIGHTS TargetMailbox rsti

      the response from the FETCH with the tag A007 would have been:

               C: A007 FETCH 77:79 (FLAGS)



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               S: * 77 FETCH (FLAGS (\Deleted))
               S: * 78 FETCH (FLAGS ())
               S: * 79 FETCH (FLAGS (\Seen))
               S: A007 OK Fetch Completed

      In the latter case, \Answered, $Forwarded, and \Draft flags were
      lost on COPY, as the user has no "w" right in the target mailbox.

   Expunging the selected mailbox:
      EXPUNGE - "e" right on the selected mailbox.

      CLOSE - "e" right on the selected mailbox.  If the server is
      unable to expunge the mailbox because the user doesn't have the
      "e" right, the server MUST ignore the expunge request, close the
      mailbox, and return the tagged OK response.

   Fetch information about a mailbox and its messages:
      SELECT/EXAMINE/STATUS - "r" right on the mailbox.

      FETCH - A FETCH request that implies setting \Seen flag MUST NOT
      set it, if the current user doesn't have "s" right.

   Changing flags:
      STORE - the server MUST check if the user has
         "t" right - when the user modifies \Deleted flag
         "s" right - when the user modifies \Seen flag
         "w" right - for all other message flags.
      STORE operation SHOULD NOT fail if the user has rights to modify
      at least one flag specified in the STORE, as the tagged NO
      response to a STORE command is not handled very well by deployed
      clients.

   Changing ACLs:
      SETACL/DELETEACL - "a" right on the mailbox.

   Reading ACLs:
      GETACL - "a" right on the mailbox.

      MYRIGHTS - any of the following rights is required to perform the
      operation: "l", "r", "i", "k", "x", "a".

      LISTRIGHTS - "a" right on the mailbox.









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5.  Other Considerations

5.1.  Additional Requirements and Implementation Notes

5.1.1.  Servers

   This document defines an additional capability that is used to
   announce the list of extra rights (excluding the ones defined in RFC
   2086) supported by the server.  The set of rights MUST include "t",
   "e", "x", and "k".  Note that the extra rights can appear in any
   order.

   Example:    C: 1 capability
               S: * CAPABILITY IMAP4REV1 STARTTLS LITERAL+
                  ACL RIGHTS=texk
               S: 1 OK completed

   Any server implementing an ACL extension MUST accurately reflect the
   current user's rights in FLAGS and PERMANENTFLAGS responses.

   Example:    C: A142 SELECT INBOX
               S: * 172 EXISTS
               S: * 1 RECENT
               S: * OK [UNSEEN 12] Message 12 is first unseen
               S: * OK [UIDVALIDITY 3857529045] UIDs valid
               S: * OK [UIDNEXT 4392] Predicted next UID
               S: * FLAGS (\Answered \Flagged \Deleted \Seen \Draft)
               S: * OK [PERMANENTFLAGS (\Seen \Answered \Flagged \*)] L
               S: A142 OK [READ-WRITE] SELECT completed
               C: A143 MYRIGHTS INBOX
               S: * MYRIGHTS INBOX lrwis
               S: A143 OK completed

   Note that in order to get better performance the client MAY pipeline
   SELECT and MYRIGHTS commands:

               C: A142 SELECT INBOX
               C: A143 MYRIGHTS INBOX
               S: * 172 EXISTS
               S: * 1 RECENT
               S: * OK [UNSEEN 12] Message 12 is first unseen
               S: * OK [UIDVALIDITY 3857529045] UIDs valid
               S: * OK [UIDNEXT 4392] Predicted next UID
               S: * FLAGS (\Answered \Flagged \Deleted \Seen \Draft)
               S: * OK [PERMANENTFLAGS (\Seen \Answered \Flagged \*)] L
               S: A142 OK [READ-WRITE] SELECT completed
               S: * MYRIGHTS INBOX lrwis
               S: A143 OK completed



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   Servers MAY cache the rights a user has on a mailbox when the mailbox
   is selected, so that if a client's rights on a mailbox are changed
   with SETACL or DELETEACL, commands specific to the selected state
   (e.g., STORE, EXPUNGE) might not reflect the changed rights until the
   mailbox is re-selected.  If the server checks the rights on each
   command, then it SHOULD send FLAGS and PERMANENTFLAGS responses if
   they have changed.  If such server detects that the user no longer
   has read access to the mailbox, it MAY send an untagged BYE response
   and close connection.  It MAY also refuse to execute all commands
   specific to the selected state until the mailbox is closed; however,
   server implementors should note that most clients don't handle NO
   responses very well.

   An ACL server MAY modify one or more ACLs for one or more identifiers
   as a side effect of modifying the ACL specified in a
   SETACL/DELETEACL.  If the server does that, it MUST send untagged ACL
   response(s) to notify the client about the changes made.

   An ACL server implementation MUST treat received ACL modification
   commands as a possible ambiguity with respect to subsequent commands
   affected by the ACL, as described in Section 5.5 of [IMAP4].  Hence a
   pipeline SETACL + MYRIGHTS is an ambiguity with respect to the
   server, meaning that the server must execute the SETACL command to
   completion before the MYRIGHTS.  However, clients are permitted to
   send such a pipeline.

5.1.2.  Clients

   The following requirement is put on clients in order to allow for
   future extensibility.  A client implementation that allows a user to
   read and update ACLs MUST preserve unrecognized rights that it
   doesn't allow the user to change.  That is, if the client

   1) can read ACLs
    and
   2) can update ACLs
    but
   3) doesn't allow the user to change the rights the client doesn't
   recognize, then it MUST preserve unrecognized rights.

   Otherwise the client could risk unintentionally removing permissions
   it doesn't understand.









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5.2.  Mapping of ACL Rights to READ-WRITE and READ-ONLY Response Codes

   A particular ACL server implementation MAY allow "shared multiuser
   access" to some mailboxes.  "Shared multiuser access" to a mailbox
   means that multiple different users are able to access the same
   mailbox, if they have proper access rights.  "Shared multiuser
   access" to the mailbox doesn't mean that the ACL for the mailbox is
   currently set to allow access by multiple users.  Let's denote a
   "shared multiuser write access" as a "shared multiuser access" when a
   user can be granted flag modification rights (any of "w", "s", or
   "t").

   Section 4 describes which rights are required for modifying different
   flags.

   If the ACL server implements some flags as shared for a mailbox
   (i.e., the ACL for the mailbox MAY be set up so that changes to those
   flags are visible to another user), let's call the set of rights
   associated with these flags (as described in Section 4) for that
   mailbox collectively as "shared flag rights".  Note that the "shared
   flag rights" set MAY be different for different mailboxes.

   If the server doesn't support "shared multiuser write access" to a
   mailbox or doesn't implement shared flags on the mailbox, "shared
   flag rights" for the mailbox is defined to be the empty set.

   Example 1: Mailbox "banan" allows "shared multiuser write access" and
              implements flags \Deleted, \Answered, and $MDNSent as
              shared flags. "Shared flag rights" for the mailbox "banan"
              is a set containing flags "t" (because system flag
              \Deleted requires "t" right) and "w" (because both
              \Answered and $MDNSent require "w" right).

   Example 2: Mailbox "apple" allows "shared multiuser write access" and
              implements \Seen system flag as shared flag. "Shared flag
              rights" for the mailbox "apple" contains "s" right
              because system flag \Seen requires "s" right.

   Example 3: Mailbox "pear" allows "shared multiuser write access" and
              implements flags \Seen, \Draft as shared flags. "Shared
              flag rights" for the mailbox "apple" is a set containing
              flags "s" (because system flag \Seen requires "s" right)
              and "w" (because system flag \Draft requires "w" right).

   The server MUST include a READ-ONLY response code in the tagged OK
   response to a SELECT command if none of the following rights is
   granted to the current user:




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    "i", "e", and "shared flag rights"(***).

   The server SHOULD include a READ-WRITE response code in the tagged OK
   response if at least one of the "i", "e", or "shared flag
   rights"(***) is granted to the current user.

   (***) Note that a future extension to this document can extend the
   list of rights that causes the server to return the READ-WRITE
   response code.

   Example 1 (continued): The user that has "lrs" rights for the mailbox
                          "banan".  The server returns READ-ONLY
                          response code on SELECT, as none of "iewt"
                          rights is granted to the user.

   Example 2 (continued): The user that has "rit" rights for the mailbox
                          "apple".  The server returns READ-WRITE
                          response code on SELECT, as the user has "i"
                          right.

   Example 3 (continued): The user that has "rset" rights for the
                          mailbox "pear".  The server returns READ-WRITE
                          response code on SELECT, as the user has "e"
                          and "s" rights.

6.  Security Considerations

   An implementation MUST make sure the ACL commands themselves do not
   give information about mailboxes with appropriately restricted ACLs.
   For example, when a user agent executes a GETACL command on a mailbox
   that the user has no permission to LIST, the server would respond to
   that request with the same error that would be used if the mailbox
   did not exist, thus revealing no existence information, much less the
   mailbox's ACL.

   IMAP clients implementing ACL that are able to modify ACLs SHOULD
   warn a user that wants to give full access (or even just the "a"
   right) to the special identifier "anyone".

   This document relies on [SASLprep] to describe steps required to
   perform identifier canonicalization (preparation).  The preparation
   algorithm in SASLprep was specifically designed such that its output
   is canonical, and it is well-formed.  However, due to an anomaly
   [PR29] in the specification of Unicode normalization, canonical
   equivalence is not guaranteed for a select few character sequences.
   Identifiers prepared with SASLprep can be stored and returned by an
   ACL server.  The anomaly affects ACL manipulation and evaluation of
   identifiers containing the selected character sequences.  These



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   sequences, however, do not appear in well-formed text.  In order to
   address this problem, an ACL server MAY reject identifiers containing
   sequences described in [PR29] by sending the tagged BAD response.
   This is in addition to the requirement to reject identifiers that
   fail SASLprep preparation as described in Section 3.

   Other security considerations described in [IMAP4] are relevant to
   this document.  In particular, ACL information is sent in the clear
   over the network unless confidentiality protection is negotiated.

   This can be accomplished either by the use of STARTTLS, negotiated
   privacy protection in the AUTHENTICATE command, or some other
   protection mechanism.

7.  Formal Syntax

   Formal syntax is defined using ABNF [ABNF], extending the ABNF rules
   in Section 9 of [IMAP4].  Elements not defined here can be found in
   [ABNF] and [IMAP4].

   Except as noted otherwise, all alphabetic characters are case
   insensitive.  The use of uppercase or lowercase characters to define
   token strings is for editorial clarity only.  Implementations MUST
   accept these strings in a case-insensitive fashion.

   LOWER-ALPHA     =  %x61-7A   ;; a-z

   acl-data        = "ACL" SP mailbox *(SP identifier SP
                       rights)

   capability      =/ rights-capa
                       ;;capability is defined in [IMAP4]

   command-auth    =/ setacl / deleteacl / getacl /
                       listrights / myrights
                       ;;command-auth is defined in [IMAP4]

   deleteacl       = "DELETEACL" SP mailbox SP identifier

   getacl          = "GETACL" SP mailbox

   identifier      = astring

   listrights      = "LISTRIGHTS" SP mailbox SP identifier

   listrights-data = "LISTRIGHTS" SP mailbox SP identifier
                           SP rights *(SP rights)




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   mailbox-data    =/ acl-data / listrights-data / myrights-data
                       ;;mailbox-data is defined in [IMAP4]

   mod-rights      = astring
                       ;; +rights to add, -rights to remove
                       ;; rights to replace

   myrights        = "MYRIGHTS" SP mailbox

   myrights-data   = "MYRIGHTS" SP mailbox SP rights

   new-rights      = 1*LOWER-ALPHA
                       ;; MUST include "t", "e", "x", and "k".
                       ;; MUST NOT include standard rights listed
                       ;; in section 2.2

   rights          = astring
                       ;; only lowercase ASCII letters and digits
                       ;; are allowed.

   rights-capa     = "RIGHTS=" new-rights
                       ;; RIGHTS=... capability

   setacl          = "SETACL" SP mailbox SP identifier
                       SP mod-rights

8.  IANA Considerations

   IMAP4 capabilities are registered by publishing a standards-track or
   IESG-approved experimental RFC.  The registry is currently located
   at:

      http://www.iana.org/assignments/imap4-capabilities

   This document defines the RIGHTS= IMAP capability.  IANA has added
   this capability to the registry.

9.  Internationalization Considerations

   Section 3 states requirements on servers regarding
   internationalization of identifiers.










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Appendix A.  Changes since RFC 2086

   1.   Changed the charset of "identifier" from US-ASCII to UTF-8.
   2.   Specified that mailbox deletion is controlled by the "x" right
        and EXPUNGE is controlled by the "e" right.
   3.   Added the "t" right that controls STORE \Deleted.  Redefined the
        "d" right to be a macro for "e", "t", and possibly "x".
   4.   Added the "k" right that controls CREATE.  Redefined the "c"
        right to be a macro for "k" and possibly "x".
   5.   Specified that the "a" right also controls DELETEACL.
   6.   Specified that the "r" right also controls STATUS.
   7.   Removed the requirement to check the "r" right for CHECK, SEARCH
        and FETCH, as this is required for SELECT/EXAMINE to be
        successful.
   8.   LISTRIGHTS requires the "a" right on the mailbox (same as
        SETACL).
   9.   Deleted "PARTIAL", this is a deprecated feature of RFC 1730.
   10.  Specified that the "w" right controls setting flags other than
        \Seen and \Deleted on APPEND.  Also specified that the "s" right
        controls the \Seen flag and that the "t" right controls the
        \Deleted flag.
   11.  Specified that SUBSCRIBE is NOT allowed with the "r" right.
   12.  Specified that the "l" right controls SUBSCRIBE.
   13.  GETACL is NOT allowed with the "r" right, even though there are
        several implementations that allows that.  If a user only has
        "r" right, GETACL can disclose information about identifiers
        existing on the mail system.
   14.  Clarified that RENAME requires the "k" right for the new parent
        and the "x" right for the old name.
   15.  Added new section that describes which rights are required
        and/or checked when performing various IMAP commands.
   16.  Added mail client security considerations when dealing with
        special identifier "anyone".
   17.  Clarified that negative rights are not the same as DELETEACL.
   18.  Added "Compatibility with RFC 2086" section.
   19.  Added section about mapping of ACL rights to READ-WRITE and
        READ-ONLY response codes.
   20.  Changed BNF to ABNF.
   21.  Added "Implementation Notes" section.
   22.  Updated "References" section.
   23.  Added more examples.
   24.  Clarified when the virtual "c" and "d" rights are returned in
        ACL, MYRIGHTS, and LISTRIGHTS responses.








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Appendix B.  Compatibility with RFC 2086

   This non-normative section gives guidelines as to how an existing RFC
   2086 server implementation may be updated to comply with this
   document.

   This document splits the "d" right into several new different rights:
   "t", "e", and possibly "x" (see Section 2.1.1 for more details).  The
   "d" right remains for backward-compatibility, but it is a virtual
   right.  There are two approaches for RFC 2086 server implementors to
   handle the "d" right and the new rights that have replaced it:

   a.  Tie "t", "e" (and possibly "x) together - almost no changes.
   b.  Implement separate "x", "t" and "e".  Return the "d" right in a
       MYRIGHTS response or an ACL response containing ACL information
       when any of the "t", "e" (and "x") is granted.

   In a similar manner this document splits the "c" right into several
   new different rights: "k" and possibly "x" (see Section 2.1.1 for
   more details).  The "c" right remains for backwards-compatibility but
   it is a virtual right.  Again, RFC 2086 server implementors can
   choose to tie rights or to implement separate rights, as described
   above.

   Also check Sections 5.1.1 and 5.1.2, as well as Appendix A, to see
   other changes required.  Server implementors should check which
   rights are required to invoke different IMAP4 commands as described
   in Section 4.

Appendix C.  Known Deficiencies

   This specification has some known deficiencies including:

   1.  This is inadequate to provide complete read-write access to
       mailboxes protected by Unix-style rights bits because there is no
       equivalent to "chown" and "chgrp" commands nor is there a good
       way to discover such limitations are present.
   2.  Because this extension leaves the specific semantics of how
       rights are combined by the server as implementation defined, the
       ability to build a user-friendly interface is limited.
   3.  Users, groups, and special identifiers (e.g., anyone) exist in
       the same namespace.

   The work-in-progress "ACL2" extension is intended to redesign this
   extension to address these deficiencies without the constraint of
   backward-compatibility and may eventually supercede this facility.





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   However, RFC 2086 is deployed in multiple implementations so this
   intermediate step, which fixes the straightforward deficiencies in a
   backward-compatible fashion, is considered worthwhile.

Appendix D.  Acknowledgements

   This document is a revision of RFC 2086 written by John G. Myers.

   Editor appreciates comments received from Mark Crispin, Chris Newman,
   Cyrus Daboo, John G. Myers, Dave Cridland, Ken Murchison, Steve Hole,
   Vladimir Butenko, Larry Greenfield, Robert Siemborski, Harrie
   Hazewinkel, Philip Guenther, Brian Candler, Curtis King, Lyndon
   Nerenberg, Lisa Dusseault, Arnt Gulbrandsen, and other participants
   of the IMAPEXT working group.

Normative References

   [KEYWORDS]   Bradner, S., "Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate
                Requirement Levels", BCP 14, RFC 2119, March 1997.

   [ABNF]       Crocker, D. and P. Overell, "Augmented BNF for Syntax
                Specifications: ABNF", RFC 4234, October 2005.

   [IMAP4]      Crispin, M., "INTERNET MESSAGE ACCESS PROTOCOL - VERSION
                4rev1", RFC 3501, March 2003.

   [UTF-8]      Yergeau, F., "UTF-8, a transformation format of ISO
                10646", STD 63, RFC 3629, November 2003.

   [Stringprep] Hoffman, P. and M. Blanchet, "Preparation of
                Internationalized Strings ("stringprep")", RFC 3454,
                December 2002.

   [SASLprep]   Zeilenga, K., "SASLprep: Stringprep Profile for User
                Names and Passwords", RFC 4013, February 2005.

Informative References

   [RFC2086]    Myers, J., "IMAP4 ACL extension", RFC 2086,
                January 1997.

   [PR29]       "Public Review Issue #29: Normalization Issue",
                February 2004,
                <http://www.unicode.org/review/pr-29.html>.







Melnikov                    Standards Track                    [Page 25]

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Author's Address

   Alexey Melnikov
   Isode Ltd.
   5 Castle Business Village
   36 Station Road
   Hampton, Middlesex  TW12 2BX
   GB

   EMail: alexey.melnikov@isode.com









































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Full Copyright Statement

   Copyright (C) The Internet Society (2005).

   This document is subject to the rights, licenses and restrictions
   contained in BCP 78, and except as set forth therein, the authors
   retain all their rights.

   This document and the information contained herein are provided on an
   "AS IS" basis and THE CONTRIBUTOR, THE ORGANIZATION HE/SHE REPRESENTS
   OR IS SPONSORED BY (IF ANY), THE INTERNET SOCIETY AND THE INTERNET
   ENGINEERING TASK FORCE DISCLAIM ALL WARRANTIES, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED,
   INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO ANY WARRANTY THAT THE USE OF THE
   INFORMATION HEREIN WILL NOT INFRINGE ANY RIGHTS OR ANY IMPLIED
   WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.

Intellectual Property

   The IETF takes no position regarding the validity or scope of any
   Intellectual Property Rights or other rights that might be claimed to
   pertain to the implementation or use of the technology described in
   this document or the extent to which any license under such rights
   might or might not be available; nor does it represent that it has
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   on the procedures with respect to rights in RFC documents can be
   found in BCP 78 and BCP 79.

   Copies of IPR disclosures made to the IETF Secretariat and any
   assurances of licenses to be made available, or the result of an
   attempt made to obtain a general license or permission for the use of
   such proprietary rights by implementers or users of this
   specification can be obtained from the IETF on-line IPR repository at
   http://www.ietf.org/ipr.

   The IETF invites any interested party to bring to its attention any
   copyrights, patents or patent applications, or other proprietary
   rights that may cover technology that may be required to implement
   this standard.  Please address the information to the IETF at ietf-
   ipr@ietf.org.

Acknowledgement

   Funding for the RFC Editor function is currently provided by the
   Internet Society.







Melnikov                    Standards Track                    [Page 27]


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