[Docs] [txt|pdf] [draft-ietf-simple...] [Diff1] [Diff2]

PROPOSED STANDARD

Network Working Group                                     H. Schulzrinne
Request for Comments: 4482                                   Columbia U.
Category: Standards Track                                      July 2006


  CIPID: Contact Information for the Presence Information Data Format

Status of This Memo

   This document specifies an Internet standards track protocol for the
   Internet community, and requests discussion and suggestions for
   improvements.  Please refer to the current edition of the "Internet
   Official Protocol Standards" (STD 1) for the standardization state
   and status of this protocol.  Distribution of this memo is unlimited.

Copyright Notice

   Copyright (C) The Internet Society (2006).

Abstract

   The Presence Information Data Format (PIDF) defines a basic XML
   format for presenting presence information for a presentity.  The
   Contact Information for the Presence Information Data format (CIPID)
   is an extension that adds elements to PIDF that provide additional
   contact information about a presentity and its contacts, including
   references to address book entries and icons.
























Schulzrinne                 Standards Track                     [Page 1]

RFC 4482                         CIPID                         July 2006


Table of Contents

   1. Introduction ....................................................2
   2. Terminology and Conventions .....................................3
   3. CIPID Elements ..................................................3
      3.1. Card Element ...............................................3
      3.2. Display-Name Element .......................................3
      3.3. Homepage Element ...........................................3
      3.4. Icon Element ...............................................4
      3.5. Map Element ................................................4
      3.6. Sound Element ..............................................4
   4. Example .........................................................4
   5. The XML Schema Definition .......................................6
   6. IANA Considerations .............................................7
      6.1. URN Sub-Namespace Registration for .........................7
           'urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:pidf:cipid'
      6.2. Schema Registration for Schema
           'urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:pidf:cipid' ........................7
   7. Internationalization Considerations .............................8
   8. Security Considerations .........................................8
   9. References ......................................................9
      9.1. Normative References .......................................9
      9.2. Informative References ....................................10

1.  Introduction

   Presence information facilitates communication; its usefulness can be
   enhanced by providing basic information about a presentity or
   contact.  This specification describes a basic set of information
   elements that allow a watcher to retrieve additional information
   about a presentity or contact.

   This specification defines extensions to the PIDF [9] Extensible
   Markup Language [7][8][10] (XML) document format.

   We describe elements for providing a "business card", references to
   the homepage, map, representative sound, display name, and an icon.
   This additional presence information can be used in PIDF [9]
   documents, together with Rich Presence Information Data format [11]
   (RPID), future-status [12], and other PIDF extensions.

   All elements extend the <person> or, less commonly, <tuple> element
   in the presence data model [13].  The <tuple> element is only
   extended with Contact Information for the Presence Information Data
   format (CIPID) elements if the information describes a service
   referring to another person that is marked by an RPID <relationship>
   element with a value other than 'self'.  All elements described in
   this document are optional.



Schulzrinne                 Standards Track                     [Page 2]

RFC 4482                         CIPID                         July 2006


   RPID and CIPID both provide "rich" presence that goes beyond the
   basic 'open' and 'closed' status information in PIDF.  The presence
   information described in these two documents can be supplied
   independently, although in practice, both will often appear in the
   same PIDF document.  CIPID elements describe the more static aspects
   of somebody's presence information, while RPID focuses on elements
   that will likely change throughout the day.  Thus, CIPID information
   can often be statically configured by the user through the graphical
   user interface of a presence client; this is less likely to be
   sufficient for RPID.

   The namespace URI for these elements defined by this specification is
   a URN [2], using the namespace identifier 'ietf' defined by [4] and
   extended by [6]:

      urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:pidf:cipid

2.  Terminology and Conventions

   The key words MUST, MUST NOT, REQUIRED, SHOULD, SHOULD NOT,
   RECOMMENDED, MAY, and OPTIONAL in this document are to be interpreted
   as described in BCP 14, RFC 2119 [1].

3.  CIPID Elements

   Unless otherwise noted below, each element may only appear at most
   once.

3.1.  Card Element

   The <card> element includes a URI pointing to a business card, e.g.,
   in LDAP Data Interchange Format [15] (LDIF) or vCard [14] format.

3.2.  Display-Name Element

   The <display-name> element includes the name identifying the tuple or
   person that the presentity suggests should be shown by the watcher
   user interface.  It is left to the watcher user interface design to
   choose whether to heed this suggestion or to use some other suitable
   string.  The CIPID information MAY contain multiple display names,
   but only if they are labeled with different 'xml:lang' attributes.
   This allows a Korean-speaking presentity to convey its display name
   in different languages, Latin and Hangul, for example.

3.3.  Homepage Element

   The <homepage> element provides a URI pointing to general information
   about the tuple or person, typically a web home page.



Schulzrinne                 Standards Track                     [Page 3]

RFC 4482                         CIPID                         July 2006


3.4.  Icon Element

   The <icon> element provides a URI pointing to an image (icon)
   representing the tuple or person.  The watcher can use this
   information to represent the tuple or person in a graphical user
   interface.  Presentities SHOULD provide images of sizes and aspect
   ratios that are appropriate for rendering as an icon.  Support for
   JPEG, PNG, and GIF formats is REQUIRED.

3.5.  Map Element

   The <map> element provides a URI pointing to a map related to the
   tuple or person.  The watcher can use this information to represent
   the tuple or person in a graphical user interface.  The map may be
   either an image, an HTML client-side image map, or a geographical
   information system (GIS) document, e.g., encoded as GML.  Support for
   images formatted as PNG and GIF is REQUIRED.

3.6.  Sound Element

   The <sound> element provides a URI pointing to a sound related to the
   tuple or person.  The watcher MAY use the sound object, such as a
   MIDI or MP3 file, referenced by the URL to inform the watcher that
   the presentity has assumed the status OPEN.  Implementors are advised
   to create user interfaces that provide the watcher with the
   opportunity to choose whether to play such sounds.  Support for
   sounds coded as MPEG-2 Layer 3 (MP3) is RECOMMENDED.  The sound
   object might also be used to indicate how to pronounce the
   presentity's name.

4.  Example

   An example using CIPID only is shown below:

   <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
   <presence xmlns="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:pidf"
        xmlns:dm="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:pidf:data-model"
        xmlns:c="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:pidf:cipid"
        entity="pres:someone@example.com">

     <tuple id="bs35r9">
       <status>
         <basic>open</basic>
       </status>
       <contact priority="0.8">im:alice@example.net</contact>
       <timestamp>2005-11-21T16:14:29Z</timestamp>
     </tuple>




Schulzrinne                 Standards Track                     [Page 4]

RFC 4482                         CIPID                         July 2006


     <dm:person id="p1">
       <c:card>http://example.com/~alice/card.vcd</c:card>
       <c:display-name>Alice Lewis</c:card>
       <c:homepage>http://example.com/~alice</c:homepage>
       <c:icon>http://example.com/~alice/me.png</c:icon>
       <c:map>http://example.com/~alice/gml-map.xml</c:map>
       <c:sound>http://example.com/~alice/hello.wav</c:sound>
       <dm:timestamp>2005-11-21T09:00:00+05:00</dm:timestamp>
     </dm:person>
   </presence>

   An example combining RPID and CIPID is shown below:

   <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
   <presence xmlns="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:pidf"
   xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
   xmlns:dm="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:pidf:data-model"
   xmlns:c="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:pidf:cipid"
   xmlns:r="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:pidf:rpid"
   xsi:schemaLocation="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:pidf pidf.xsd
   urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:pidf:data-model data-model.xsd
   urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:pidf:cipid cipid.xsd
   urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:pidf:rpid rpid.xsd"
   entity="pres:someone@example.com">

     <tuple id="bs35r9">
       <status>
         <basic>open</basic>
       </status>
       <contact priority="0.8">im:someone@mobile.example.net</contact>
       <timestamp>2005-05-30T22:00:29Z</timestamp>
     </tuple>

     <tuple id="bs78">
       <status>
          <basic>closed</basic>
       </status>
       <r:relationship><r:assistant/></r:relationship>
       <c:card>http://example.com/~assistant/card.vcd</c:card>
       <c:homepage>http://example.com/~assistant</c:homepage>
       <contact priority="0.1">im:assistant@example.com</contact>
       <timestamp>2005-05-30T22:00:29Z</timestamp>
     </tuple>

     <dm:person id="p1">
       <c:card>http://example.com/~someone/card.vcd</c:card>
       <c:homepage>http://example.com/~someone</c:homepage>
       <c:icon>http://example.com/~someone/icon.gif</c:icon>



Schulzrinne                 Standards Track                     [Page 5]

RFC 4482                         CIPID                         July 2006


       <c:map>http://example.com/~someone/gml-map.xml</c:map>
       <c:sound>http://example.com/~someone/whoosh.wav</c:sound>
       <dm:timestamp>2005-05-30T22:02:44+05:00</dm:timestamp>
     </dm:person>
   </presence>

5.  The XML Schema Definition

   The schema is shown below.

   <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
   <xs:schema targetNamespace="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:pidf:cipid"
       xmlns:cipid="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:pidf:cipid"
       xmlns:xs="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema"
       elementFormDefault="qualified"
       attributeFormDefault="unqualified">

     <xs:annotation>
       <xs:documentation>
         Describes CIPID tuple extensions for PIDF.
       </xs:documentation>
     </xs:annotation>

     <xs:element name="card" type="xs:anyURI"/>
     <xs:element name="display-name" type="xs:string"/>
     <xs:element name="homepage" type="xs:anyURI"/>
     <xs:element name="icon" type="xs:anyURI"/>
     <xs:element name="map" type="xs:anyURI"/>
     <xs:element name="sound" type="xs:anyURI"/>
   </xs:schema>

                          Figure 1: CIPID schema



















Schulzrinne                 Standards Track                     [Page 6]

RFC 4482                         CIPID                         July 2006


6.  IANA Considerations

   This document calls for IANA to register a new XML namespace URN and
   schema per [6].

6.1.  URN Sub-Namespace Registration for
      'urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:pidf:cipid'

   URI:  urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:pidf:cipid
   Description:  This is the XML namespace for XML elements defined by
      RFC 4482 to describe contact information presence information
      extensions for the status element in the PIDF presence document
      format in the application/pidf+xml content type.
   Registrant Contact:  IETF, SIMPLE working group, simple@ietf.org;
      Henning Schulzrinne, hgs@cs.columbia.edu
   XML:

    BEGIN
    <?xml version="1.0"?>
    <!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML Basic 1.0//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml-basic/xhtml-basic10.dtd">
    <html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml
    <head>
       <meta http-equiv="content-type"
       content="text/html;charset=iso-8859-1"/>
       <title>CIPID: Contact Information for the Presence Information
         Data Format</title>
    </head>
    <body>
      <h1>Namespace for contact information presence extension
          (status)</h1>
      <h2>urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:pidf:cipid</h2>
      <p>See <a href="http://www.rfc-editor.org/rfc/rfc4482.txt">
          RFC4482</a>.</p>
    </body>
    </html>
    END

6.2.  Schema Registration for Schema 'urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:pidf:cipid'

   URI:  urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:pidf:cipid
   Registrant Contact:  IESG
   XML:  See Figure 1








Schulzrinne                 Standards Track                     [Page 7]

RFC 4482                         CIPID                         July 2006


7.  Internationalization Considerations

   CIPID delivers only URLs, except for the <display-name> element.  The
   resolution of the URLs can negotiate appropriate language and
   character sets within the URL-designated protocol.

   For the display name and to handle Internationalized Resource
   Identifiers (IRIs) [16], since CIPID is represented in XML, it
   provides native support for encoding information using the Unicode
   character set and its more compact representations including UTF-8.
   Conformant XML processors recognize both UTF-8 and UTF-16.  Though
   XML includes provisions to identify and use other character encodings
   through use of an "encoding" attribute in an <?xml?> declaration, use
   of UTF-8 is RECOMMENDED in environments where parser encoding support
   incompatibility exists.

   The XML 'xml:lang' attribute can be used to identify the language and
   script for the <display-name> element.  The specification allows
   multiple occurrences of this element so that the presentity can
   convey display names in multiple scripts and languages.  If no 'xml:
   lang' attribute is provided, the default value is "i-default" [3].

8.  Security Considerations

   The security issues are similar to those for RPID [11].  Watchers
   need to restrict which content types of content pointed to by <icon>,
   <homepage>, <map>, <sound>, and <vcard> elements they render.

   Also, when a watcher accesses these URIs, the presentity may deduce
   that the watcher is currently using the presence application.  Thus,
   a presence application concerned about leaking this information may
   want to cache these objects for later use.  (A presentity could
   easily customize the URLs for each watcher, so that it can tell who
   is referencing the objects.)  This caching behavior may cause the
   information to become stale, out-of-sync with the current data until
   the cache is refreshed.  Fortunately, the elements in CIPID are
   expected to retain the same content for periods measured in days, so
   that privacy-conscious applications may well decide to perform
   caching over durations that reveal little current activity
   information.  Presentities need to keep in mind that clients may
   cache the content referenced by URIs for long periods as they use
   their presence system to construct presence documents using this
   extension.  If the referenced content needs to change frequently, the
   presentity could, for example, update the presence document with a
   new URI to encourage clients to notice.






Schulzrinne                 Standards Track                     [Page 8]

RFC 4482                         CIPID                         July 2006


   Icons and other URIs in this document could be used as a covert
   channel to convey messages to the watcher, outside the content
   monitoring that might be in place for instant messages or other
   communications channels.  Thus, entities that worry about such
   channels may want to prohibit the usage of URLs pointing to resources
   outside their domain, for example.

   Implementors must take care to adhere to the mechanisms for verifying
   the identity in the referenced server's certificate against the URI.
   For instance, if the URI scheme is https, the requirements of RFC
   2818 [5], section 3.1, must be met.  In particular, the domain
   represented in the URI must match the subjectAltName in the
   certificate presented by the referenced server.  If this identity
   check fails, the referenced content SHOULD NOT be retrieved and MUST
   NOT be used.

9.  References

9.1.  Normative References

   [1]  Bradner, S., "Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate Requirement
        Levels", BCP 14, RFC 2119, March 1997.

   [2]  Moats, R., "URN Syntax", RFC 2141, May 1997.

   [3]  Alvestrand, H., "IETF Policy on Character Sets and Languages",
        BCP 18, RFC 2277, January 1998.

   [4]  Moats, R., "A URN Namespace for IETF Documents", RFC 2648,
        August 1999.

   [5]  Rescorla, E., "HTTP Over TLS", RFC 2818, May 2000.

   [6]  Mealling, M., "The IETF XML Registry", BCP 81, RFC 3688, January
        2004.

   [7]  Maloney, M., Beech, D., Thompson, H., and N. Mendelsohn, "XML
        Schema Part 1: Structures Second Edition", W3C REC REC-
        xmlschema-1-20041028, October 2004.

   [8]  Malhotra, A. and P. Biron, "XML Schema Part 2: Datatypes Second
        Edition", W3C REC REC-xmlschema-2-20041028, October 2004.

   [9]  Sugano, H., Fujimoto, S., Klyne, G., Bateman, A., Carr, W., and
        J. Peterson, "Presence Information Data Format (PIDF)", RFC
        3863, August 2004.





Schulzrinne                 Standards Track                     [Page 9]

RFC 4482                         CIPID                         July 2006


   [10] Yergeau, F., Paoli, J., Sperberg-McQueen, C., Bray, T., and E.
        Maler, "Extensible Markup Language (XML) 1.0 (Third Edition)",
        W3C REC REC-xml-20040204, February 2004.

9.2.  Informative References

   [11] Schulzrinne, H., Gurbani, V., Kyzivat, P., and J. Rosenberg,
        "RPID: Rich Presence Extensions to the Presence Information Data
        Format (PIDF)", RFC 4480, July 2006.

   [12] Schulzrinne, H., "Timed Presence Extensions to the Presence
        Information Data Format (PIDF) to Indicate Status Information
        for Past and Future Time Intervals", RFC 4481, July 2006.

   [13] Rosenberg, J., "A Data Model for Presence", RFC 4479, July 2006.

   [14] Dawson, F. and T. Howes, "vCard MIME Directory Profile", RFC
        2426, September 1998.

   [15] Good, G., "The LDAP Data Interchange Format (LDIF) - Technical
        Specification", RFC 2849, June 2000.

   [16] Duerst, M. and M. Suignard, "Internationalized Resource
        Identifiers (IRIs)", RFC 3987, January 2005.

Acknowledgements

   This document is based on discussions within the IETF SIMPLE working
   group.  Spencer Dawkins, Vijay Gurbani, Avshalom Houri, Hisham
   Khartabil, Paul Kyzivat, Eva Leppanen, Mikko Lonnfors, Aki Niemi, Jon
   Peterson, Jonathan Rosenberg, and Robert Sparks provided helpful
   comments.

Author's Address

   Henning Schulzrinne
   Columbia University
   Department of Computer Science
   450 Computer Science Building
   New York, NY  10027
   US

   Phone: +1 212 939 7004
   EMail: hgs+simple@cs.columbia.edu
   URI:   http://www.cs.columbia.edu






Schulzrinne                 Standards Track                    [Page 10]

RFC 4482                         CIPID                         July 2006


Full Copyright Statement

   Copyright (C) The Internet Society (2006).

   This document is subject to the rights, licenses and restrictions
   contained in BCP 78, and except as set forth therein, the authors
   retain all their rights.

   This document and the information contained herein are provided on an
   "AS IS" basis and THE CONTRIBUTOR, THE ORGANIZATION HE/SHE REPRESENTS
   OR IS SPONSORED BY (IF ANY), THE INTERNET SOCIETY AND THE INTERNET
   ENGINEERING TASK FORCE DISCLAIM ALL WARRANTIES, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED,
   INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO ANY WARRANTY THAT THE USE OF THE
   INFORMATION HEREIN WILL NOT INFRINGE ANY RIGHTS OR ANY IMPLIED
   WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.

Intellectual Property

   The IETF takes no position regarding the validity or scope of any
   Intellectual Property Rights or other rights that might be claimed to
   pertain to the implementation or use of the technology described in
   this document or the extent to which any license under such rights
   might or might not be available; nor does it represent that it has
   made any independent effort to identify any such rights.  Information
   on the procedures with respect to rights in RFC documents can be
   found in BCP 78 and BCP 79.

   Copies of IPR disclosures made to the IETF Secretariat and any
   assurances of licenses to be made available, or the result of an
   attempt made to obtain a general license or permission for the use of
   such proprietary rights by implementers or users of this
   specification can be obtained from the IETF on-line IPR repository at
   http://www.ietf.org/ipr.

   The IETF invites any interested party to bring to its attention any
   copyrights, patents or patent applications, or other proprietary
   rights that may cover technology that may be required to implement
   this standard.  Please address the information to the IETF at
   ietf-ipr@ietf.org.

Acknowledgement

   Funding for the RFC Editor function is provided by the IETF
   Administrative Support Activity (IASA).







Schulzrinne                 Standards Track                    [Page 11]


Html markup produced by rfcmarkup 1.109, available from https://tools.ietf.org/tools/rfcmarkup/