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INFORMATIONAL

Network Working Group                                        K. Zeilenga
Request for Comments: 4525                           OpenLDAP Foundation
Category: Informational                                        June 2006


              Lightweight Directory Access Protocol (LDAP)
                       Modify-Increment Extension


Status of This Memo

   This memo provides information for the Internet community.  It does
   not specify an Internet standard of any kind.  Distribution of this
   memo is unlimited.

Copyright Notice

   Copyright (C) The Internet Society (2006).

Abstract

   This document describes an extension to the Lightweight Directory
   Access Protocol (LDAP) Modify operation to support an increment
   capability.  This extension is useful in provisioning applications,
   especially when combined with the assertion control and/or the pre-
   read or post-read control extension.

Table of Contents

   1. Background and Intended Use .....................................1
   2. The Modify-Increment Extension ..................................2
   3. LDIF Support ....................................................2
   4. Security Considerations .........................................3
   5. IANA Considerations .............................................3
      5.1. Object Identifier ..........................................3
      5.2. LDAP Protocol Mechanism ....................................3
      5.3. LDAP Protocol Mechanism ....................................4
   6. References ......................................................4
      6.1. Normative References .......................................4
      6.2. Informative References .....................................5

1.  Background and Intended Use

   The Lightweight Directory Access Protocol (LDAP) [RFC4510] does not
   currently provide an operation to increment values of an attribute.
   A client must read the values of the attribute and then modify those
   values to increment them by the desired amount.  As the values may be
   updated by other clients between this add and modify, the client must



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RFC 4525            LDAP Modify-Increment Extension            June 2006


   be careful to construct the modify request so that it fails in this
   case, and upon failure, to re-read the values and construct a new
   modify request.

   This document extends the LDAP Modify Operation [RFC4511] to support
   an increment values capability.  This feature is intended to be used
   with either the LDAP pre-read or post-read control extensions
   [RFC4527].  This feature may also be used with the LDAP assertion
   control extension [RFC4528] to provide test-and-increment
   functionality.

   In this document key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", "SHALL",
   "SHALL NOT", "SHOULD", "SHOULD NOT", "RECOMMENDED", "MAY", and
   "OPTIONAL" are to be interpreted as described in BCP 14 [RFC2119].

2.  The Modify-Increment Extension

   This document extends the LDAP Modify request to support a increment
   values capability.  Implementations of this extension SHALL support
   an additional ModifyRequest operation enumeration value increment
   (3), as described herein.  Implementations not supporting this
   extension will treat this value as they would an unlisted value,
   e.g., as a protocol error.

   The increment (3) operation value specifies that an increment values
   modification is requested.  All existing values of the modification
   attribute are to be incremented by the listed value.  The
   modification attribute must be appropriate for the request (e.g., it
   must have INTEGER or other increment-able values), and the
   modification must provide one and only one value.  If the attribute
   is not appropriate for the request, a constraintViolation or other
   appropriate error is to be returned.  If multiple values are
   provided, a protocolError is to be returned.

   Servers supporting this feature SHOULD publish the object identifier
   (OID) 1.3.6.1.1.14  as a value of the 'supportedFeatures' [RFC4512]
   attribute in the root DSE.  Clients supporting this feature SHOULD
   NOT use the feature unless they know the server supports it.

3. LDIF Support

   To represent Modify-Increment requests in LDAP Data Interchange
   Format [RFC2849], the ABNF [RFC4234] production <mod-spec> is
   extended as follows:

       mod-spec =/ "increment:" FILL AttributeDescription SEP
            attrval-spec "-" SEP




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RFC 4525            LDAP Modify-Increment Extension            June 2006


   For example,

       # Increment uidNumber
       dn: cn=max-assigned uidNumber,dc=example,dc=com
       changetype: modify
       increment: uidNumber
       uidNumber: 1
       -

   This LDIF fragment represents a Modify request to increment the
   value(s) of uidNumber by 1.

4.  Security Considerations

   General LDAP security considerations [RFC4510], as well as those
   specific to the LDAP Modify [RFC4511], apply to this Modify-Increment
   extension.  Beyond these considerations, it is noted that
   introduction of this extension should reduce application complexity
   (by providing one operation for what presently requires multiple
   operations) and, hence, it may aid in the production of correct and
   secure implementations.

5.  IANA Considerations

   Registration of the following values [RFC4520] have been completed.

5.1.  Object Identifier

   The IANA has assigned an LDAP Object Identifier to identify the LDAP
   Modify-Increment feature, as defined in this document.

       Subject: Request for LDAP Object Identifier Registration
       Person & email address to contact for further information:
           Kurt Zeilenga <kurt@OpenLDAP.org>
       Specification: RFC 4525
       Author/Change Controller: Author
       Comments:
           Identifies the LDAP Modify-Increment feature

5.2.  LDAP Protocol Mechanism

   The following LDAP Protocol Mechanism has been registered.

       Subject: Request for LDAP Protocol Mechanism Registration
       Object Identifier: 1.3.6.1.1.14
       Description: Modify-Increment
       Person & email address to contact for further information:
           Kurt Zeilenga <kurt@openldap.org>



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RFC 4525            LDAP Modify-Increment Extension            June 2006


       Usage: Feature
       Specification: RFC 4525
       Author/Change Controller: Kurt Zeilenga <kurt@openldap.org>
       Comments: none

5.3.  LDAP Protocol Mechanism

   The IANA has assigned an LDAP ModifyRequest Operation Type (3)
   [RFC4520] for use in this document.

       Subject: Request for LDAP Protocol Mechanism Registration
       ModifyRequest Operation Name: increment
       Description: Modify-Increment
       Person & email address to contact for further information:
           Kurt Zeilenga <kurt@openldap.org>
       Usage: Feature
       Specification: RFC 4525
       Author/Change Controller: Kurt Zeilenga <kurt@openldap.org>
       Comments: none

6.  References

6.1.  Normative References

   [RFC2119]     Bradner, S., "Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate
                 Requirement Levels", BCP 14, RFC 2119, March 1997.

   [RFC4234]     Crocker, D. and P. Overell, "Augmented BNF for Syntax
                 Specifications: ABNF", RFC 4234, October 2005.

   [RFC2849]     Good, G., "The LDAP Data Interchange Format (LDIF) -
                 Technical Specification", RFC 2849, June 2000.

   [RFC4510]     Zeilenga, K., Ed., "Lightweight Directory Access
                 Protocol (LDAP): Technical Specification Road Map", RFC
                 4510, June 2006.

   [RFC4511]     Sermersheim, J., Ed., "Lightweight Directory Access
                 Protocol (LDAP): The Protocol", RFC 4511, June 2006.

   [RFC4512]     Zeilenga, K., "Lightweight Directory Access Protocol
                 (LDAP): Directory Information Models", RFC 4512, June
                 2006.








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RFC 4525            LDAP Modify-Increment Extension            June 2006


6.2.  Informative References

   [RFC4520]     Zeilenga, K., "Internet Assigned Numbers Authority
                 (IANA) Considerations for the Lightweight Directory
                 Access Protocol (LDAP)", BCP 64, RFC 4520, June 2006.

   [RFC4527]     Zeilenga, K., "Lightweight Directory Access Protocol
                 (LDAP) Read Entry Controls", RFC 4527, June 2006.

   [RFC4528]     Zeilenga, K., "Lightweight Directory Access Protocol
                 (LDAP) Assertion Control", RFC 4528, June 2006.

Author's Address

   Kurt D. Zeilenga
   OpenLDAP Foundation

   EMail: Kurt@OpenLDAP.org

































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Full Copyright Statement

   Copyright (C) The Internet Society (2006).

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Acknowledgement

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