[Docs] [txt|pdf] [draft-schoenw-snm...] [Diff1] [Diff2]

PROPOSED STANDARD

Network Working Group                                   J. Schoenwaelder
Request for Comments: 4789               International University Bremen
Obsoletes: 1089                                               T. Jeffree
Updates: 3417                                                 Consultant
Category: Standards Track                                  November 2006



    Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP) over IEEE 802 Networks

Status of This Memo

   This document specifies an Internet standards track protocol for the
   Internet community, and requests discussion and suggestions for
   improvements.  Please refer to the current edition of the "Internet
   Official Protocol Standards" (STD 1) for the standardization state
   and status of this protocol.  Distribution of this memo is unlimited.

Copyright Notice

   Copyright (C) The IETF Trust (2006).

Abstract

   This document specifies how Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP)
   messages can be transmitted directly over IEEE 802 networks.

   This document obsoletes RFC 1089.

Table of Contents

   1. Introduction ....................................................2
      1.1. Key Words ..................................................2
   2. Definitions .....................................................3
   3. SNMP over IEEE 802 Networks .....................................4
      3.1. Serialization ..............................................4
      3.2. Well-known Values ..........................................4
      3.3. IEEE 802.3 Frame Format ....................................5
   4. Relationship to Other MIB Modules ...............................5
   5. IANA Considerations .............................................6
   6. Security Considerations .........................................6
   7. Acknowledgments .................................................7
   8. References ......................................................7
      8.1. Normative References .......................................7
      8.2. Informative References .....................................7






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RFC 4789                   SNMP over IEEE 802              November 2006


1.  Introduction

   This document specifies how Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP)
   messages can be transmitted directly over IEEE 802 networks.  For a
   detailed overview of the documents that describe the Internet-
   Standard management framework, please refer to section 7 of RFC 3410
   [RFC3410].  This document supplements the standard SNMP transport
   mappings defined in RFC 3417 [RFC3417].

   This document obsoletes RFC 1089.

   Managed objects are accessed via a virtual information store, termed
   the Management Information Base or MIB.  MIB objects are generally
   accessed through the Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP).
   Objects in the MIB are defined using the mechanisms defined in the
   Structure of Management Information (SMI).  This memo specifies a MIB
   module that is compliant to the SMIv2, which is described in STD 58,
   RFC 2578 [RFC2578], STD 58, RFC 2579 [RFC2579] and STD 58, RFC 2580
   [RFC2580].

1.1.  Key Words

   The key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", "SHALL", "SHALL NOT",
   "SHOULD", "SHOULD NOT", "RECOMMENDED", "MAY", and "OPTIONAL" in this
   document are to be interpreted as described in RFC 2119 [RFC2119].


























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RFC 4789                   SNMP over IEEE 802              November 2006


2.  Definitions

   SNMP-IEEE802-TM-MIB DEFINITIONS ::= BEGIN

   IMPORTS
       MODULE-IDENTITY, OBJECT-IDENTITY, snmpModules, snmpDomains
           FROM SNMPv2-SMI;

       snmpIeee802TmMib MODULE-IDENTITY
           LAST-UPDATED "200611210000Z"
           ORGANIZATION "IETF Operations and Management Area"
           CONTACT-INFO
               "Juergen Schoenwaelder (Editor)
                International University Bremen
                P.O. Box 750 561
                28725 Bremen, Germany

                Phone: +49 421 200-3587
                EMail: j.schoenwaelder@iu-bremen.de

                Send comments to <ietfmibs@ops.ietf.org>."
           DESCRIPTION
               "This MIB module defines the SNMP over IEEE 802
                transport mapping.

                Copyright (C) The IETF Trust (2006).  This version
                of this MIB module is part of RFC 4789; see the RFC
                itself for full legal notices."
           REVISION "200611210000Z"
           DESCRIPTION
               "The initial version, published as RFC 4789."
           ::= { snmpModules 21 }

       snmpIeee802Domain OBJECT-IDENTITY
           STATUS  current
           DESCRIPTION
               "The SNMP over IEEE 802 networks transport domain.  The
                corresponding transport address is of type MacAddress
                as defined in the SNMPv2-TC module (RFC 2579)."
           REFERENCE "RFC 2579"
           ::= { snmpDomains 6 }
   END









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RFC 4789                   SNMP over IEEE 802              November 2006


3.  SNMP over IEEE 802 Networks

   This is an optional transport mapping.  The need to carry SNMP
   directly over an 802 LAN transport in order to allow for the
   management of simple devices was identified in applications like the
   Two-Port Media Access Control (MAC) Relay, which is being developed
   in IEEE 802.1 as project P802.1aj [802.1aj].

   SNMP over IEEE 802 networks has some inherent restrictions.  Using
   the SNMP over IEEE 802 transport mapping restricts messages to a
   single logical IEEE 802 LAN, bridged LAN or VLAN.  Furthermore, only
   a single SNMP engine can be addressed on a given IEEE 802 network
   interface.  In particular, command generators and notification
   receivers, as well as command responders and notification
   originators, must share a single transport endpoint.

3.1.  Serialization

   SNMP messages are serialized, as described in Section 8 of RFC 3417
   [RFC3417].  The resulting serialized message is shipped in the data
   portion of an IEEE LAN MAC frame.

3.2.  Well-known Values

   Serialized SNMP messages are sent in IEEE 802.3 frames with an
   Ethernet type field of 33100 (hexadecimal 814C).

   When serialized SNMP messages are sent in IEEE 802.3 frames (and in
   other IEEE 802 MAC frame types that can natively represent Ethernet
   type values), an Ethernet type field value of 33100 (hexadecimal
   814C) MUST be used as the link layer protocol identifier.  In IEEE
   802 LANs that use LLC as the means of link layer protocol
   identification, such as IEEE 802.11 Wireless LANs, the SNAP
   encapsulation method described in subclause 10.5 "Encapsulation of
   Ethernet frames over LLC" in [IEEE802] MUST be used.

   When an SNMP entity uses this transport mapping, it MUST be capable
   of accepting SNMP messages up to and including 484 octets in size.
   It is RECOMMENDED that implementations be capable of accepting
   messages of up to 1472 octets in size.  Implementation of larger
   values is encouraged whenever possible.










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RFC 4789                   SNMP over IEEE 802              November 2006


3.3.  IEEE 802.3 Frame Format

                0                   1
                0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5
               +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
               |          Destination          |
               +-                             -+
               |            Ethernet           |
               +-                             -+
               |            Address            |
               +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
               |             Source            |
               +-                             -+
               |            Ethernet           |
               +-                             -+
               |            Address            |
               +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
               |1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 1 1 0 0|
               +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
               |             SNMP              |
               +-                             -+
               /            message ...        /
               +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+

               (Each tic mark represents one bit.)

4.  Relationship to Other MIB Modules

   Several core SNMP MIB modules use TDomain/TAddress pairs to identify
   SNMP transport endpoints.  The SNMP-TARGET-MIB [RFC3413] uses
   TDomain/TAddress pairs to identify targets that can be used as
   notification receivers.  TDomain/TAddress pairs are used by the
   NOTIFICATION-LOG-MIB [RFC3014] to record the source from which a
   notification was received.  The ENTITY-MIB [RFC4133] uses TDomain/
   TAddress pairs to provide the transport endpoint of logical entities.

   The MIB module contained in this document introduces the object
   identifier constant snmpIeee802Domain.  This constant can be assigned
   to an object of type TDomain to identify an SNMP over IEEE 802
   endpoint, in which case the corresponding TAddress will have a value
   that conforms to the MacAddress textual convention.  By providing
   these definitions, it is possible to use the generic MIB modules to
   refer to SNMP over IEEE 802 endpoints.








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RFC 4789                   SNMP over IEEE 802              November 2006


5.  IANA Considerations

   IANA made a MIB OID assignment under the snmpModules branch for the
   SNMP-IEEE802-TM-MIB module.

   IANA assigned an OID value below snmpDomains for the transport
   domain.  This first required the setup of a registry for OIDs under
   snmpDomains.  At the point of this writing, the following assignments
   already exist:

     Prefix: iso.org.dod.internet.snmpv2.snmpDomains (1.3.6.1.6.1)

     Decimal   Name                Description          References
     -------   ----                -----------          ----------
          1    snmpUDPDomain       SNMP over UDP         [RFC3417]
          2    snmpCLNSDomain      SNMP over CLNS        [RFC3417]
          3    snmpCONSDomain      SNMP over CONS        [RFC3417]
          4    snmpDDPDomain       SNMP over DDP         [RFC3417]
          5    snmpIPXDomain       SNMP over IPX         [RFC3417]

   The following assigment has been made:

     Decimal   Name                Description          References
     -------   ----                -----------          ----------
          6    snmpIeee802Domain   SNMP over IEEE 802    RFC 4789

   For new assignments, a specification is required as per [RFC2434].

6.  Security Considerations

   This module does not define any management objects.  Instead, it
   defines an OBJECT-IDENTIFIER which may be used by other MIB modules
   to identify an SNMP transport mapping.  Meaningful security
   considerations can only be written in the MIB modules that define
   management objects.  The MIB module in this document has therefore no
   impact on the security of the Internet.

   SNMPv1 and SNMPv2c messages are not considered secure.  It is
   recommended that the implementors consider the use of SNMPv3 messages
   and the security features as provided by the SNMPv3 framework.
   Specifically, the use of the User-based Security Model STD 62, RFC
   3414 [RFC3414] and the View-based Access Control Model STD 62, RFC
   3415 [RFC3415] is recommended.

   It is then a customer/user responsibility to ensure that the SNMP
   entity giving access to a MIB is properly configured to give access
   to the objects only to those principals (users) that have legitimate
   rights to indeed GET or SET (change) them.



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RFC 4789                   SNMP over IEEE 802              November 2006


7.  Acknowledgments

   The original SNMP over Ethernet definition was written by Marty
   Schoffstall, Chuck Davin, Mark Fedor, and Jeff Case, and published as
   RFC 1089 [RFC1089].

   Bert Wijnen and Dan Romascanu provided guidance on many aspects of
   this revised specification.  David Harrington provided useful
   comments that improved the presentation.

8.  References

8.1.  Normative References

   [RFC2119]  Bradner, S., "Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate
              Requirement Levels", BCP 14, RFC 2119, March 1997.

   [RFC2578]  McCloghrie, K., Perkins, D., and J. Schoenwaelder,
              "Structure of Management Information Version 2 (SMIv2)",
              STD 58, RFC 2578, April 1999.

   [RFC2579]  McCloghrie, K., Perkins, D., and J. Schoenwaelder,
              "Textual Conventions for SMIv2", STD 58, RFC 2579, April
              1999.

   [RFC2580]  McCloghrie, K., Perkins, D., and J. Schoenwaelder,
              "Conformance Statements for SMIv2", STD 58, RFC 2580,
              April 1999.

   [RFC3417]  Presuhn, R., Ed., "Transport Mappings for the Simple
              Network Management Protocol (SNMP)", STD 62, RFC 3417,
              December 2002.

   [IEEE802]  "IEEE Standard for Local Area Networks: Overview and
              Architecture", IEEE Std. 802-2001.

   [RFC2434]  Narten, T. and H. Alvestrand, "Guidelines for Writing an
              IANA Considerations Section in RFCs", BCP 26, RFC 2434,
              October 1998.

8.2.  Informative References

   [RFC3410]  Case, J., Mundy, R., Partain, D., and B. Stewart,
              "Introduction and Applicability Statements for Internet-
              Standard Management Framework", RFC 3410, December 2002.






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RFC 4789                   SNMP over IEEE 802              November 2006


   [RFC3413]  Levi, D., Meyer, P., and B. Stewart, "Simple Network
              Management Protocol (SNMP) Applications", STD 62, RFC
              3413, December 2002.

   [RFC3414]  Blumenthal, U. and B. Wijnen, "User-based Security Model
              (USM) for version 3 of the Simple Network Management
              Protocol (SNMPv3)", STD 62, RFC 3414, December 2002.

   [RFC3415]  Wijnen, B., Presuhn, R., and K. McCloghrie, "View-based
              Access Control Model (VACM) for the Simple Network
              Management Protocol (SNMP)", STD 62, RFC 3415, December
              2002.

   [RFC3014]  Kavasseri, R., "Notification Log MIB", RFC 3014, November
              2000.

   [RFC4133]  Bierman, A. and K. McCloghrie, "Entity MIB (Version 3)",
              RFC 4133, August 2005.

   [RFC1089]  Schoffstall, M., Davin, C., Fedor, M., and J. Case, "SNMP
              over Ethernet", RFC 1089, February 1989.

   [802.1aj]  P802.1aj/D1.4 Draft Standard for Local and Metropolitan
              Area Networks - Virtual Bridged Local Area Networks -
              Amendment 08:  Two-Port Media Access Control (MAC) Relay,
              IEEE 802.1 Working Group, June 2006, Work in Progress.

Authors' Addresses

   Juergen Schoenwaelder
   International University Bremen
   Campus Ring 1
   28725 Bremen
   Germany

   Phone: +49 421 200-3587
   EMail: j.schoenwaelder@iu-bremen.de


   Tony Jeffree
   Consultant
   11a Poplar Grove
   Sale, Cheshire, M33 3AX
   United Kingdom

   Phone: +44-161-973-4278
   EMail: tony@jeffree.co.uk




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RFC 4789                   SNMP over IEEE 802              November 2006


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