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PROPOSED STANDARD

Network Working Group                                   M. Garcia-Martin
Request for Comments: 5364                                  G. Camarillo
Category: Standards Track                                       Ericsson
                                                            October 2008


  Extensible Markup Language (XML) Format Extension for Representing
               Copy Control Attributes in Resource Lists

Status of This Memo

   This document specifies an Internet standards track protocol for the
   Internet community, and requests discussion and suggestions for
   improvements.  Please refer to the current edition of the "Internet
   Official Protocol Standards" (STD 1) for the standardization state
   and status of this protocol.  Distribution of this memo is unlimited.

Abstract

   In certain types of multimedia communications, a Session Initiation
   Protocol (SIP) request is distributed to a group of SIP User Agents
   (UAs).  The sender sends a single SIP request to a server which
   further distributes the request to the group.  This SIP request
   contains a list of Uniform Resource Identifiers (URIs), which
   identify the recipients of the SIP request.  This URI list is
   expressed as a resource list XML document.  This specification
   defines an XML extension to the XML resource list format that allows
   the sender of the request to qualify a recipient with a copy control
   level similar to the copy control level of existing email systems.

Table of Contents

   1.  Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  2
   2.  Terminology  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  3
   3.  Overview of Operation  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  3
   4.  Extension to the Resource List Data Format . . . . . . . . . .  6
   5.  XML Schema . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  8
   6.  Examples . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  9
   7.  Carrying URI Lists in SIP  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
   8.  Security Considerations  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
   9.  IANA Considerations  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
     9.1.  Disposition Type Registration  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
     9.2.  XML Namespace Registration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
     9.3.  XML Schema Registration  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
   10. Acknowledgments  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
   11. References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
     11.1. Normative References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
     11.2. Informative References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15



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1.  Introduction

   RFC 5363 [RFC5363] describes a generic framework for carrying Uniform
   Resource Identifier (URI) lists in SIP [RFC3261] messages.
   Specifically, the document provides a common framework for specific
   implementations of URI-list services, such as conferences initiated
   with INVITE requests [RFC5366] or Multiple-recipient MESSAGE requests
   [RFC5365].

   Common to all URI-list services is the presence of a SIP request that
   contains a collection of resources, typically expressed as an XML
   resource list [RFC4826].  SIP requests carrying resource lists can
   appear either in requests received by the URI-list server, indicating
   the list of intended recipients, or in each of the requests that the
   URI-list server sends to recipients, indicating the list of
   recipients of the same SIP request.

   Although the XML resource list [RFC4826] provides a powerful
   mechanism for describing a list of resources, there is a need for a
   copy control attribute to determine whether a resource is receiving a
   SIP request as a primary recipient, a carbon copy, or a blind carbon
   copy.  This is similar to common email systems, where the sender can
   categorize each recipient as a "to", "cc", or "bcc" recipient.

   This document addresses this problem by providing an extension to the
   XML resource list [RFC4826] that enables the sender to supply a copy
   control attribute that labels each recipient as a "to", "cc", or
   "bcc" recipient.  This attribute indicates whether the recipient is
   receiving a primary copy of the SIP request, a carbon copy, or a
   blind carbon copy.  Additionally, we provide the sender with the
   capability of indicating in the URI list that one or more resources
   should be anonymized, so that some recipients' URIs are not disclosed
   to the other recipients.  Instead, these URIs are replaced with
   anonymous URIs.

   The remainder of this document is organized as follows: Section 2
   introduces the terminology used throughout this specification.
   Section 3 gives an overview of operation.  Section 4 formally defines
   an extension to URI lists.  The XML schema definition is provided in
   Section 5.  Section 6 shows examples of the URI lists with the
   extensions defined in this document.  Section 7 discusses the
   implications of carrying URI lists in SIP messages.









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2.  Terminology

   The key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", "SHALL", "SHALL NOT",
   "SHOULD", "SHOULD NOT", "RECOMMENDED", "MAY", and "OPTIONAL" in this
   document are to be interpreted as described in BCP 14, RFC 2119
   [RFC2119] and indicate requirement levels for compliant
   implementations.

   URI-list service:  SIP application service that receives a SIP
      request containing a URI list and sends a similar SIP request to
      each URI in the list.

   Intended recipient:  The intended final recipient of the request to
      be generated by URI-list service.

   Copy control:   An attribute assigned by the sender to a URI in an
      XML resource list.  Its purpose is to indicate to the recipient
      whether he is getting a primary, carbon, or blind carbon copy of
      the SIP request.

   Recipient list or recipient XML resource list:   An XML resource list
      containing the list of intended recipients.  The sender sets this
      list in the SIP request he sends to the URI-list server.

   Recipient-history list or recipient-history XML resource list:   An
      XML resource list containing the visible list of recipients (i.e.,
      those non-anonymous non-bcc).  The URI-list server creates this
      list, based on the recipient list, and includes it in each of the
      SIP requests it sends to each recipient.

3.  Overview of Operation

   Figure 1 depicts a general overview of the operation of a URI-list
   server.  A SIP User Agent Client (UAC) issuer sends a SIP request
   (F1) to a URI-list server containing a recipient list.  The URI-list
   server generates a SIP request to each recipient, according to the
   specific SIP method.  Each of these SIP requests contains a
   recipient-history list that indicates the visible list of recipients
   of the SIP request.












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   +--------+        +---------+        +--------+ +--------+ +--------+
   |SIP UAC |        | URI-list|        |intended| |intended| |intended|
   | issuer |        |  server |        | recip. | | recip. | | recip. |
   |        |        |         |        |   1    | |   2    | |   3    |
   +--------+        +---------+        +--------+ +--------+ +--------+
       |                  |                 |          |          |
       | F1 SIP request   |                 |          |          |
       |  (recipt. list)  |                 |          |          |
       | ---------------->|                 |          |          |
       | F2 2xx response  |                 |          |          |
       |<---------------- | F3 SIP request  |          |          |
       |                  | (recp-hist.list)|          |          |
       |                  | --------------->|          |          |
       |                  | F4 SIP request  |          |          |
       |                  | (recp-hist.list)|          |          |
       |                  | -------------------------->|          |
       |                  | F5 SIP request  |          |          |
       |                  | (recp-hist.list)|          |          |
       |                  | ------------------------------------->|
       |                  |  F6 200 OK      |          |          |
       |                  |<--------------- |          |          |
       |                  |  F7 200 OK      |          |          |
       |                  |<-------------------------- |          |
       |                  |  F8 200 OK      |          |          |
       |                  |<------------------------------------- |
       |                  |                 |          |          |
       |                  |                 |          |          |
       |                  |                 |          |          |

                      Figure 1: Example of operation

   The URI-list mechanism allows a sender to specify multiple targets
   for a SIP request by including a recipient XML resource list
   [RFC4826] in the body of the SIP request.  This recipient list
   includes the target URIs of the SIP request (the actual procedures
   are method specific and outside the scope of this document).  Each
   target URI may also be marked with a copy control attribute to
   indicate the copy level in which the recipient is receiving the SIP
   request.  This is achieved by the sender qualifying each URI in the
   URI list with a 'copyControl' attribute.  The available values of the
   'copyControl' attribute include "to", "cc", and "bcc" (analogous to
   email).  This is discussed in greater detail in Section 4.  When the
   URI-list server expands the request to each recipient, the URI-list
   server includes a recipient-history XML resource list built upon the
   recipient list received from the sender.  The recipient-history XML
   resource list replaces the recipient list in the SIP requests
   generated by the URI-list server towards each recipient.  The URI-
   list server copies from the recipient list those targets that are



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   marked with the "to" and "cc" copy control level, and pastes them in
   the recipient-history list.  The URI-list server explicitly excludes
   from the recipient-history list those URIs marked with a "bcc" copy
   control, although it is able to preserve the address of a "bcc"
   tagged URI when it matches the URI of the recipient of the SIP
   request (this is described later in Section 4).  When a recipient
   receives the SIP request containing the recipient-history XML
   resource list, he is able to determine which other visible recipients
   are getting a copy of the SIP request, and whether they are marked
   with the "to" or "cc" copy control level.  Later, if needed, the
   recipient can generate a reply to those visible recipients.

   In addition to the 'copyControl' attribute for a URI in an XML
   resource list, we define a second boolean attribute called
   'anonymize'.  The sender of a SIP request can mark a URI in a
   recipient XML resource list with the 'anonymize' attribute to
   indicate the URI-list server that the URI marked with that attribute
   is to be replaced with an anonymous URI in the recipient-history XML
   resource list.  This provides knowledge to the recipients of a SIP
   request of the number of additional visible recipients whose URIs
   have not been disclosed.

   There are cases when the sender marks several URIs with the
   'anonymize' attribute.  The URI-list server can group the anonymized
   URIs in a single anonymized URI within its copy control level, and
   provide a count of the number of anonymized URIs.  To support this
   scenario, we define a new 'count' attribute to a URI in the
   recipient-history XML resource list.  It is expected that the 'count'
   attribute is only used with anonymous URIs, although syntactically it
   is possible to add a 'count' attribute to any URI in any XML resource
   list.

   Initially, it may be thought that the 'anonymize' attribute overlaps
   with the "bcc" value of the 'copyControl' attribute.  However, there
   are differences between them.  If the sender qualifies a URI with a
   'copyControl' attribute of "bcc" in the recipient XML resource list,
   the URI-list server will typically remove that URI from the
   recipient-history XML resource list (unless the URI-list server
   decides to preserve a "bcc" marked URI when that URI is itself the
   recipient of the SIP request).  Recipients of the SIP request will
   not notice that one or more extra "bcc" URIs also received the
   request.  However, if the sender qualifies a URI with the 'anonymize'
   attribute in the recipient XML resource list, the URI-list server
   will replace the URI with an anonymous one in the recipient-history
   list.  Recipients of the SIP request will notice that there have been
   one or more additional recipients of the same request, but their URIs
   are not disclosed.




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4.  Extension to the Resource List Data Format

   This document defines an extension to the XML resource list data
   format [RFC4826] that allows the sender to indicate a copy control
   attribute that qualifies a recipient with a copy control level.  We
   define a new 'copyControl' attribute to the <entry> element of the
   resource list document format [RFC4826].  The 'copyControl' attribute
   has similar semantics to the type of destination address in email
   systems.  It can take the values "to", "cc", and "bcc".  A "to" value
   of the 'copyControl' attribute indicates that the resource is
   considered a primary recipient of the SIP request.  A "cc" value
   indicates that the resource receives a carbon copy of the SIP
   request.  A "bcc" value indicates that the resource receives a blind
   carbon copy of the SIP request (i.e., this URI is not disclosed to
   other recipients of the SIP request).  The default 'copyControl'
   value is "bcc".  That is, the absence of a 'copyControl' attribute
   MUST be treated as if the 'copyControl' was set to "bcc".

   When creating a recipient-history list, URI-list servers use "bcc"
   'copyControl' attributes to route SIP requests.  In addition, URI-
   list servers behave similarly to email systems [RFC2822] with respect
   to the treatment of these URIs marked with a "bcc" copy control,
   because they have two ways of treating "bcc" marked URIs.  URI-list
   servers MUST treat these "bcc" marked URIs in either of the following
   two ways:

   o  URI-list servers MUST remove all URIs marked with a "bcc" copy
      control in recipient-history lists.  This mechanism allows URI-
      list servers to send the same recipient-history list to each
      recipient of the SIP request.  However, recipients who are tagged
      with "bcc" values are not explicitly informed about it.

   o  URI-list servers MUST preserve with a "bcc" copy control in the
      recipient-history list the URI that identifies the recipient (if
      any) and MUST remove the remaining URIs marked with a "bcc" copy
      control.  Consequently, each recipient receives a different
      recipient-history list.  However, recipients who have been marked
      with a "bcc" copy control are explicitly informed about it.

   Implementations that are able to receive recipient-history lists must
   pay attention to the contents of the list.  If the recipient's URI is
   not included in the recipient-history list or if it is included but
   tagged with a "bcc" copy control, then implementations SHOULD prevent
   the user from replying to all the recipients of the SIP request.
   This would allow the non-blind recipients to notice the existence of
   blind recipients of the SIP request.





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   A new 'anonymize' attribute can be included in a <entry> element of
   the resource list document format [RFC4826].  If set to a "true"
   value, it provides an indication to the URI-list server for not
   disclosing the URI itself in a URI list sent to the recipient, but
   instead to anonymize the URI (i.e., making it bogus in the recipient-
   history XML resource list).  URI-list servers can use URIs tagged
   with the 'anonymize' attribute for routing SIP requests, but MUST
   convert them to the SIP URI "sip:anonymous@anonymous.invalid" in
   recipient-history lists.  The default value of the 'anonymize'
   attribute is "false".

   There are occasions where the URI-list server encounters the same URI
   entry duplicated in a resource list, where duplicated URI entries are
   tagged with the same or different values of the 'copyControl'
   attribute.  There are no reasonable usages that justify duplicated
   URIs in resource lists; thus, this is considered an error.  URI-list
   servers should not send duplicated copies of the same SIP request to
   the same intended recipient.  In case the URI-list server encounters
   the same URI entry duplicated in a resource list, it should send at
   most a single copy of the request to that intended recipient.  For
   each set of duplicated URI entries, the URI-list server MUST select
   the highest precedence value of the 'copyControl' attribute for the
   same intended recipient.  The order of precedence of the values of
   the 'copyControl' attribute is: "to", "cc", and "bcc".  Once the URI-
   list server has selected a value for the 'copyControl' attribute of
   an intended recipient, the URI-list server can continue processing
   the request.

   Processing of URIs tagged with a 'copyControl' attribute set to a
   "bcc" value has higher precedence over the 'anonymize' attribute.
   Thus, if the 'copyControl' of a URI is set to "bcc", the URI-list
   server MUST remove that URI from the recipient-history list, and the
   'anonymize' attribute will be ignored.  Therefore, the 'anonymize'
   attribute is only useful for those URIs tagged with a 'copyControl'
   of "to" or "cc".

   A new 'count' attribute can be also included in an <entry> element of
   the resource list document format [RFC4826].  It provides the number
   of equal URIs.  Typically, recipient lists created by UACs will not
   have equal (or duplicate) URI entries; thus, it is not expected to
   contain URIs tagged with 'count' attributes.  However, recipient-
   history lists can contain duplicated anonymized URIs; therefore, it
   is expected that recipient-history lists will contain 'count'
   attributes.  The default value of the 'count' attribute is "1".







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   The 'copyControl', 'anonymize', and 'count' attributes SHOULD be
   included as modifiers of any of the child elements included in the
   <list> element of a resource list (e.g., attribute of the <entry> or
   <external> elements).

   Section 5 describes the format of the 'copyControl', 'anonymize', and
   'count' attributes.  Implementations according to this specification
   MUST support this XML schema.

   Implementations that receive recipient-history lists must pay
   attention to the contents of the list.  If the recipient's URI is not
   included in recipient-history list or if it is included but tagged
   with a "bcc" copy control, then they SHOULD prevent the user from
   replying to all the recipients of the SIP request.  This would allow
   the non-blind recipients to notice the existence of blind recipients
   in the original SIP request.

5.  XML Schema

   <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
   <xs:schema targetNamespace="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:copycontrol"
       xmlns="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:copycontrol"
       xmlns:rls="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:resource-lists"
       xmlns:xs="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema"
       elementFormDefault="qualified"
       attributeFormDefault="unqualified">

       <xs:annotation>
         <xs:documentation xml:lang="en">
            Adds the copyControl, anonymize, and count attributes
            to URIs included in a resource list.
         </xs:documentation>
       </xs:annotation>

      <xs:import namespace="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:resource-lists"
            schemaLocation="urn:ietf:params:xml:schema:resource-lists"/>

       <xs:attribute name="copyControl">
          <xs:simpleType>
             <xs:restriction base="xs:string">
                <xs:enumeration value="to"/>
                <xs:enumeration value="cc"/>
                <xs:enumeration value="bcc"/>
             </xs:restriction>
          </xs:simpleType>
       </xs:attribute>





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      <xs:attribute name="anonymize" type="xs:boolean" default="false"/>
      <xs:attribute name="count" type="xs:nonNegativeInteger"
                                 default="1"/>

   </xs:schema>

     Figure 2: XML schema of the extension to the resource list format

6.  Examples

   This section shows two examples of URI lists that can be included in
   SIP requests.  The first example in Figure 3 shows a recipient list
   that the UAC sends to the URI-list server.  This corresponds to a
   list that will be included in the flow F2 in Figure 1.  The recipient
   list contains a flat list according to the resource list data format
   specified in RFC 4826 [RFC4826].  Each resource indicates the copy
   control of a resource with a 'copyControl' attribute.  Some of the
   resources are also marked with the 'anonymize' attribute.  This
   provides an indication to the URI-list service for not disclosing
   their URIs in a recipient-history list.  The last two <entry>
   elements are marked with a 'copyControl' attribute of "bcc".  This
   provides an indication to the URI-list server for removing these URIs
   in the recipient-history list.

   <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
   <resource-lists xmlns="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:resource-lists"
             xmlns:cp="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:copycontrol">
     <list>
       <entry uri="sip:bill@example.com" cp:copyControl="to" />
       <entry uri="sip:randy@example.net" cp:copyControl="to"
                                          cp:anonymize="true"/>
       <entry uri="sip:eddy@example.com" cp:copyControl="to"
                                         cp:anonymize="true"/>
       <entry uri="sip:joe@example.org" cp:copyControl="cc" />
       <entry uri="sip:carol@example.net" cp:copyControl="cc"
                                          cp:anonymize="true"/>
       <entry uri="sip:ted@example.net" cp:copyControl="bcc" />
       <entry uri="sip:andy@example.com" cp:copyControl="bcc" />
     </list>
   </resource-lists>

     Figure 3: Recipient list sent from the UAC to the URI-list server

   Upon receipt of the SIP request containing the recipient list of
   Figure 3, the URI-list server creates a SIP request to each of the
   URIs listed in the recipient list (so, in our example, it creates 7
   SIP requests).  The URI-list server processes the recipient list and
   creates a recipient-history list that is included in each of the



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   outgoing SIP requests.  The process is as follows: the URI-list
   server creates a new recipient-history list, based on the recipient
   list, but with changes.  First, it copies all the URIs (<entry>
   elements) marked with the "to" or "cc" 'copyControl' attributes,
   which do not contain an 'anonymize' attribute (or when the
   'anonymize' attribute is set to "false").  Then all the URIs marked
   with a 'copyControl' attribute set to "to" and 'anonymize' attribute
   set to "true" are replaced with the SIP anonymous URI
   "sip:anonymous@anonymous.invalid".  In this entry, the URI-list
   server also adds the original value of the 'copyControl' attribute
   ("to" in our example), and it adds a 'count' attribute containing the
   number of anonymous entries in this group ("2" in our example).  Then
   the URI-list server does the same operation to the URIs tagged with
   the 'copyControl' attribute set to "cc" and 'anonymize' attribute set
   to "true", adding also the 'count' attribute containing the number of
   anonymous attributes in this group ("1" in the example).  Last, the
   URI-list server removes all URIs marked with the "bcc" 'copyControl'
   attribute.  The resulting recipient-history list is shown in
   Figure 4.

   <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
   <resource-lists xmlns="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:resource-lists"
             xmlns:cp="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:copycontrol">
     <list>
       <entry uri="sip:bill@example.com" cp:copyControl="to" />
       <entry uri="sip:anonymous@anonymous.invalid" cp:copyControl="to"
                                                    cp:count="2"/>
       <entry uri="sip:joe@example.org" cp:copyControl="cc" />
       <entry uri="sip:anonymous@anonymous.invalid" cp:copyControl="cc"
                                                    cp:count="1"/>
     </list>
   </resource-lists>

     Figure 4: Recipient-history list sent from the URI-list server to
                              each recipient

7.  Carrying URI Lists in SIP

   A SIP UAC (User Agent Client) that composes a SIP request can include
   a URI list with the extensions specified in this document to indicate
   the list of intended recipients.  On doing so, as specified in RFC
   5363 [RFC5363], the UAC adds a Content-Disposition [RFC2183] header
   field set to the value 'recipient-list'.  Typically UACs send these
   'recipient-list' bodies to URI-list services (this corresponds to
   flow F1 in Figure 1).  A body whose Content-Disposition type is
   'recipient-list' contains a URI list that includes the intended
   recipients of the SIP request, something known throughout this




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   document as a recipient list.  The <entry> element in the URI list
   MAY also include a 'copyControl' and 'anonymize' attributes, as
   specified in Section 4.

   To be able to inform intended recipients of who else is receiving a
   copy of the SIP request, we define a new mail disposition type to be
   included in a Content-Disposition [RFC2183] header field of a SIP
   request.  The value of this new disposition type is 'recipient-list-
   history' and its purpose is to indicate a list of recipients that a
   SIP request was sent to, something known throughout this document as
   a recipient-history list.  A body whose Content-Disposition type is
   'recipient-list-history' contains a URI list with the visible
   (including anonymized) recipients of the SIP request.  The <entry>
   element in the URI list MAY also include a 'copyControl' and 'count'
   attributes, as specified in Section 4.

   On sending a SIP request that contains a recipient-history list, if
   the intended recipient does not support this specification, the SIP
   request should not fail.  In order to ensure successful receipt of
   the SIP requests that include 'recipient-list-history' bodies, User
   Agents (such as URI-list servers) that build SIP requests with the
   Content-Disposition header field set to 'recipient-list-history'
   SHOULD add a "handling" parameter [RFC3204] set to "optional".
   Otherwise, the SIP request could fail and never be received by the
   intended recipient.

   Even though "Message Body Handling in SIP" [SIP_BODY] mandates
   support for multipart bodies, legacy recipients may not support them.
   In such a case, if the request sent by the relay to the recipient
   needs to contain another body (e.g., a MESSAGE request carrying a
   message in its body), the relay will not be able to use this
   extension because the recipient would not be able to process a
   multipart body with the original body plus the 'recipient-list-
   history' body.

8.  Security Considerations

   RFC 5363 [RFC5363] discusses issues related to SIP URI-list services.
   Implementations of this specification MUST follow the security-
   related rules in RFC 5363 [RFC5363].  These rules include opt-in
   lists and mandatory authentication and authorization of clients.

   User Agent Clients SHOULD NOT hand SIP requests containing URI-list
   services to unauthenticated and untrusted parties.  This is to avoid
   man-in-the-middle attacks or acquiring URI lists for performing spam
   attacks.





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   URI lists may contain private information, such as SIP URIs.  It is
   therefore not desirable that these URI lists are known by third
   parties.  Eavesdroppers are able to watch URI lists contained in SIP
   requests unless the SIP message is sent over a secured channel, by
   using any of the available SIP mechanisms, such as Transport Layer
   Security (TLS) [RFC4346], or unless the URI-list body itself is
   encrypted with, e.g., S/MIME [RFC3851].  Therefore, it is RECOMMENDED
   that URI-list bodies are encrypted with S/MIME [RFC3851] or that the
   SIP request is encrypted with TLS [RFC4346] or any other suitable
   encryption mechanism.

   Note that this URI list does not indicate the actual participants in
   the session.  It indicates only the URIs invited and that might
   accept the request.  It does not assert that these parties actually
   exist, that they are reachable at the given URI, or that they have
   accepted the invitation.  No inferences about billing should be made
   from this information.  It is subject to spoofing by loading the list
   with falsified content.

   Issuers of SIP request use the "bcc" copy control attribute described
   in Section 4 to facilitate sending SIP requests to recipients without
   revealing the URIs of one or more of the other recipients.
   Mishandling this use of "bcc" copy control has implications for
   confidential information that might be revealed, which could
   eventually lead to security problems through knowledge of even the
   existence of a particular URI.  For example, if using the first
   method described in Section 4, where the "bcc" tagged URIs are
   removed from the recipient-history list, blind recipients have no
   explicit indication that they have been sent a blind copy of the SIP
   request, except insofar as their URI does not appear in the
   recipient-history list.  Because of this, one of the blind URIs could
   potentially send a reply to all of the shown recipients and
   accidentally reveal that the message went to the blind recipient.
   When the second method from Section 4 is used, the blind recipient's
   address appears in the recipient-history list of a separate copy of
   the list.  If the "bcc" tagged URI sent contains all of the "bcc"
   tagged URIs, all of the "bcc" recipients will be seen by each "bcc"
   recipient.  Even if a separate message is sent to each "bcc"
   recipient with only the individual's URI, implementations still need
   to be careful to process replies to the message as per Section 4 so
   as not to accidentally reveal the blind recipient to other
   recipients.









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9.  IANA Considerations

   IANA has made registrations according to the following subsections: a
   new disposition type, a new XML namespace, and a new XML schema.

9.1.  Disposition Type Registration

   Section 7 defines a new 'recipient-list-history' value of the Mail
   Content Disposition Values registry.  This value has been registered
   in the IANA registry of Mail Content Disposition Values with the
   following registration data:

   +------------------------+------------------------------+-----------+
   | Name                   | Description                  | Reference |
   +------------------------+------------------------------+-----------+
   | recipient-list-history | the body contains a list of  | [RFC5364] |
   |                        | URIs that indicates the      |           |
   |                        | recipients of the request    |           |
   +------------------------+------------------------------+-----------+

    Table 1: Registration of the 'recipient-list-history' Mail Content
                             Disposition Value

9.2.  XML Namespace Registration

   This section registers a new XML namespace in the IANA XML registry,
   as per the guidelines in RFC 3688 [RFC3688].

   URI: The URI for this namespace is urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:copycontrol

   Registrant Contact: IETF SIPPING working group (sipping@ietf.org),
   Miguel Garcia-Martin (miguel.a.garcia@ericsson.com).

   XML:

         BEGIN
         <?xml version="1.0"?>
         <!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML Basic 1.0//EN"
           "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml-basic/xhtml-basic10.dtd">
         <html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">
         <head>
           <meta http-equiv="content-type"
              content="text/html;charset=iso-8859-1"/>
           <title>Copy Control Namespace</title>
         </head>
         <body>
           <h1>Namespace for the Copy Control Attribute Extension
           in Resource Lists</h1>



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           <h2>urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:copycontrol</h2>
           <p>See <a href="http://www.rfc-editor.org/rfc/rfc5364.txt">
               RFC5364</a>.</p>
         </body>
         </html>
         END

9.3.  XML Schema Registration

   This section registers a new XML schema in the IANA XML registry per
   the procedures in RFC 3688 [RFC3688].

   URI: urn:ietf:params:xml:schema:copycontrol

   Registrant Contact: IETF SIPPING working group (sipping@ietf.org),
   Miguel Garcia-Martin (miguel.a.garcia@ericsson.com).

   The XML for this schema can be found as the sole content of
   Section 5.

10.  Acknowledgments

   Thanks to Dean Willis, Jari Urpalainen, Pekka Kuure, Atsushi Sato,
   Brian Rosen, Mary Barnes, James Polk, Brian E. Carpenter, and Chris
   Newman for reviewing this document and providing helpful comments.

11.  References

11.1.  Normative References

   [RFC2119]   Bradner, S., "Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate
               Requirement Levels", BCP 14, RFC 2119, March 1997.

   [RFC2183]   Troost, R., Dorner, S., and K. Moore, "Communicating
               Presentation Information in Internet Messages: The
               Content-Disposition Header Field", RFC 2183, August 1997.

   [RFC3204]   Zimmerer, E., Peterson, J., Vemuri, A., Ong, L., Audet,
               F., Watson, M., and M. Zonoun, "MIME media types for ISUP
               and QSIG Objects", RFC 3204, December 2001.

   [RFC3261]   Rosenberg, J., Schulzrinne, H., Camarillo, G., Johnston,
               A., Peterson, J., Sparks, R., Handley, M., and E.
               Schooler, "SIP: Session Initiation Protocol", RFC 3261,
               June 2002.

   [RFC3688]   Mealling, M., "The IETF XML Registry", BCP 81, RFC 3688,
               January 2004.



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   [RFC3851]   Ramsdell, B., "Secure/Multipurpose Internet Mail
               Extensions (S/MIME) Version 3.1 Message Specification",
               RFC 3851, July 2004.

   [RFC4346]   Dierks, T. and E. Rescorla, "The Transport Layer Security
               (TLS) Protocol Version 1.1", RFC 4346, April 2006.

   [RFC4826]   Rosenberg, J., "Extensible Markup Language (XML) Formats
               for Representing Resource Lists", RFC 4826, May 2007.

   [RFC5363]   Camarillo, G. and A.B. Roach, "Framework and Security
               Considerations for Session Initiation Protocol (SIP) URI-
               List Services", RFC 5363, October 2008.

11.2.  Informative References

   [RFC2822]   Resnick, P., "Internet Message Format", RFC 2822,
               April 2001.

   [RFC5366]   Camarillo, G. and A. Johnston, "Conference Establishment
               Using Request-Contained Lists in the Session Initiation
               Protocol (SIP)", RFC 5366, October 2008.

   [RFC5365]   Garcia-Martin, M. and G. Camarillo, "Multiple-Recipient
               MESSAGE Requests in the Session Initiation Protocol
               (SIP)", RFC 5365, October 2008.

   [SIP_BODY]  Camarillo, G., "Message Body Handling in the Session
               Initiation Protocol (SIP)", Work in Progress,
               August 2008.





















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Authors' Addresses

   Miguel A. Garcia-Martin
   Ericsson
   Via de los Poblados 13
   Madrid  28033
   Spain

   EMail: miguel.a.garcia@ericsson.com


   Gonzalo Camarillo
   Ericsson
   Hirsalantie 11
   Jorvas  02420
   Finland

   EMail: Gonzalo.Camarillo@ericsson.com

































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Full Copyright Statement

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   contained in BCP 78, and except as set forth therein, the authors
   retain all their rights.

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   "AS IS" basis and THE CONTRIBUTOR, THE ORGANIZATION HE/SHE REPRESENTS
   OR IS SPONSORED BY (IF ANY), THE INTERNET SOCIETY, THE IETF TRUST AND
   THE INTERNET ENGINEERING TASK FORCE DISCLAIM ALL WARRANTIES, EXPRESS
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   The IETF invites any interested party to bring to its attention any
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