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PROPOSED STANDARD

Network Working Group                                   M. Garcia-Martin
Request for Comments: 5365                                  G. Camarillo
Category: Standards Track                                       Ericsson
                                                            October 2008


                 Multiple-Recipient MESSAGE Requests in
                 the Session Initiation Protocol (SIP)

Status of This Memo

   This document specifies an Internet standards track protocol for the
   Internet community, and requests discussion and suggestions for
   improvements.  Please refer to the current edition of the "Internet
   Official Protocol Standards" (STD 1) for the standardization state
   and status of this protocol.  Distribution of this memo is unlimited.

Abstract

   This document specifies a mechanism that allows a SIP User Agent
   Client (UAC) to send a SIP MESSAGE request to a set of destinations,
   by using a SIP URI-list (Uniform Resource Identifier list) service.
   The UAC sends a SIP MESSAGE request that includes the payload along
   with the URI list to the MESSAGE URI-list service, which sends a
   MESSAGE request including the payload to each of the URIs included in
   the list.

Table of Contents

   1.  Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  2
   2.  Terminology  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  3
   3.  Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  4
   4.  URI-List Document  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  5
   5.  Option-Tag . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  6
   6.  Procedures at the User Agent Client  . . . . . . . . . . . . .  6
   7.  Procedures at the MESSAGE URI-List Service . . . . . . . . . .  7
     7.1.  Determining the Intended Recipient . . . . . . . . . . . .  8
     7.2.  Creating an Outgoing MESSAGE Request . . . . . . . . . . .  8
     7.3.  Composing Bodies in the Outgoing MESSAGE Request . . . . . 10
   8.  Procedures at the UAS  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
   9.  Examples . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
   10. Security Considerations  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
   11. IANA Considerations  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
   12. Acknowledgements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
   13. References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
     13.1. Normative References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
     13.2. Informative References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17




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1.  Introduction

   RFC 3261 (SIP) [RFC3261] is extended by RFC 3248 [RFC3428] to carry
   instant messages in MESSAGE requests.  SIP-based messaging, as
   described in RFC 3428 [RFC3428], does not provide a mechanism to send
   the same request to multiple recipients or replying to all recipients
   of a SIP MESSAGE request.  This memo addresses these functions.

   A first requirement can be expressed as:

      REQ-1: It must be possible for a user to send an instant message
      request to an ad hoc group, where the identities of the recipients
      are carried in the message itself.

   One possibility to fulfill the above requirement is to establish a
   session of instant messages with an instant messaging conference
   server, and exchange the messages, for example, using MSRP (Message
   Session Relay Protocol) [RFC4975].  While this option seems to be
   reasonable in many cases, in other situations the sending user just
   wants to send a small pager-mode instant message to an ad hoc group
   without the burden of setting up a session.  This document focuses on
   sending a pager-mode instant message to a number of intended
   recipients.

   To meet the requirement with a pager-mode instant message, we allow
   SIP MESSAGE requests carry recipient-list bodies, i.e., URI lists in
   body parts whose Content-Disposition (RFC 2183) [RFC2183] is
   'recipient-list', as specified in RFC 5363 [RFC5363].  A SIP MESSAGE
   URI-list service, which is a specialized application service,
   receives the request and sends a MESSAGE request including the
   received payload to each of the URIs in the list.  Each of these
   MESSAGE requests contains a copy of the body included in the original
   MESSAGE request.

   A second requirement addresses the "Reply-To-All" functionality:

      REQ-2: It MUST be possible for the recipient of a group instant
      message to send a message to all other participants that received
      the same group instant message (i.e., Reply-To-All).

   To meet this requirement, we provide a mechanism whereby the MESSAGE
   URI-list service also includes a URI list in body parts whose
   Content-Disposition (RFC 2183) [RFC2183] is 'recipient-list-history',
   as specified in RFC 5364 [RFC5364].  The 'recipient-list-history'
   body is sent along with the instant message payload in each of the
   instant messages sent to the recipients.





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   The User Agent Client (UAC) that sends a MESSAGE request to a MESSAGE
   URI-list service needs to be configured with the SIP URI of the
   service that provides the functionality.  Discovering and
   provisioning of this URI to the UAC is outside the scope of this
   document.

2.  Terminology

   The key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", "SHALL", "SHALL NOT",
   "SHOULD", "SHOULD NOT", "RECOMMENDED", "MAY", and "OPTIONAL" in this
   document are to be interpreted as described in BCP 14, RFC 2119
   [RFC2119] and indicate requirement levels for compliant
   implementations.

   This document reuses the following terminology defined in RFC 3261
   [RFC3261]:

   o  Address-of-Record (AOR)

   o  User Agent (UA)

   o  User Agent Client (UAC)

   o  User Agent Server (UAS)

   This document defines the following new terms:

   MESSAGE URI-list service:  A specialized URI-list service that
      receives a MESSAGE request with a URI list and sends a similar
      MESSAGE request to each URI in the list.  In this context, similar
      indicates that some SIP header fields can change, but the MESSAGE
      URI-list service will not change the instant message payload.
      MESSAGE URI-list services behave effectively as specialized B2BUAs
      (Back-to-Back-User-Agents).  A server providing MESSAGE URI-list
      services can also offer URI-list services for other methods,
      although this functionality is outside the scope of this document.
      In this document, we only discuss MESSAGE URI-list services.

   Incoming MESSAGE request:  A SIP MESSAGE request that a UAC creates
      and addresses to a MESSAGE URI-list service.  Besides the regular
      instant message payload, an incoming MESSAGE request contains a
      URI list.

   Outgoing MESSAGE request:  A SIP MESSAGE request that a MESSAGE URI-
      list service creates and addresses to a UAS (User Agent Server).
      It contains the regular instant message payload.





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   Intended recipient:  The intended final recipient of the request to
      be generated by MESSAGE URI-list service.

   Reply-To-All:  The ability of an intended recipient to receive a
      MESSAGE request that includes the payload and the list of
      recipients, and compose and send a MESSAGE request to the sender
      and the rest of the recipients.  The replying entity can use a
      MESSAGE URI-list service if one is at its disposal or can create a
      sequence of regular single-recipient MESSAGE requests to each SIP
      AOR.

3.  Overview

   A UAC creates a MESSAGE request that contains a multipart body
   including a list of URIs (intended recipients) and an instant
   message.  The list of URIs is formatted according to the resource
   list document format specified in RFC 4826 [RFC4826] and extended
   with the attributes defined in RFC 5364 [RFC5364].  The UAC sends
   this MESSAGE request to the MESSAGE URI-list service.  On reception
   of this incoming MESSAGE request, the MESSAGE URI-list service
   creates a MESSAGE request per intended recipient (listed in the URI
   list) and copies the instant message payload to each of those
   MESSAGES.  The MESSAGE URI-list service also manipulates the XML
   resource list according to the procedures indicated in RFC 5364
   [RFC5364], and attaches the result to each of the MESSAGE requests,
   along with the instant message payload.  Then the MESSAGE URI-list
   service sends each of the created outgoing MESSAGE request to the
   respective receiver.

   The MESSAGE URI-list mechanism allows a sender to specify multiple
   targets for a MESSAGE request by including an XML resource list
   document according to RFC 4826 [RFC4826] in the body of the MESSAGE
   request extended with the attributes defined in RFC 5364 [RFC5364].
   This resource list, whose Content-Disposition (RFC 2183) [RFC2183] is
   'recipient-list', as specified in RFC 5363 [RFC5363], includes the
   URIs of the targets.  Each target URI may also be marked to indicate
   in what role the URI-list service will place the target (e.g., "to",
   "cc", or "bcc"), and whether the target URI is expected to be
   anonymized or not, according to the procedures described in RFC 5364
   [RFC5364].  When the MESSAGE URI-list server expands the MESSAGE
   request to each recipient, it includes (along with the instant
   message payload) a new URI list (based on the received one), whose
   Content-Disposition (RFC 2183) [RFC2183] is 'recipient-list-history',
   as specified in RFC 5364 [RFC5364].  This new URI list includes the
   list of non-anonymous "to" and "cc" targets, allowing recipients both
   to get knowledge of other recipients and to reply to them.





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4.  URI-List Document

   As described in RFC 5363 [RFC5363], specifications of individual URI-
   list services, like the MESSAGE URI-list service described here, need
   to specify a default format for 'recipient-list' bodies used within
   the particular service.

   The default format for 'recipient-list' bodies for MESSAGE URI-list
   services is the resource list document specified in RFC 4826
   [RFC4826] extended with the copy control attributes [RFC5364].  UACs
   and MESSAGE URI-list services handling 'recipient-list' bodies MUST
   support both of these formats and MAY support other formats.

   As described in RFC 5364 [RFC5364], each URI can be tagged with a
   'copyControl' attribute set to either "to", "cc", or "bcc",
   indicating the role in which the recipient will get the MESSAGE
   request.  Additionally, URIs can be tagged with the 'anonymize'
   attribute to prevent that the MESSAGE URI-list server discloses the
   target URI in a URI list.

   Additionally, RFC 5364 [RFC5364] defines a 'recipient-list-history'
   body that contains the list of intended recipients.  The default
   format for 'recipient-list-history' bodies for MESSAGE URI-list
   services is also the resource list document specified in RFC 4826
   [RFC4826] extended with the copy control attributes [RFC5364].
   MESSAGE URI-list services MUST support both of these formats; UASs
   MAY support these formats.  MESSAGE URI-list servers and UASs MAY
   support other formats.

   The resource list document specified in RFC 4826 [RFC4826] provides a
   number of features that are not needed by the MESSAGE URI-list
   service defined in this document.  The MESSAGE URI-list service needs
   to transfer a simple flat list of URIs between a UAC and the MESSAGE
   URI-list server and between the MESSAGE URI-list server and the UAS.
   The service does not need hierarchical lists or the ability to
   include entries by reference relative to the Extensible Configuration
   Access Protocol (XCAP) [RFC4825] root URI.  Therefore, the MESSAGE
   URI-list service specified herein only uses flat resource lists
   documents that do not contain relative references.












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5.  Option-Tag

   This document defines the 'recipient-list-message' option-tag for use
   in the Require and Supported SIP header fields.

      This option-tag is used to ensure that a server can process the
      'recipient-list' body used in a MESSAGE request.  It also provides
      a mechanism to discover the capability of the server in responses
      to OPTIONS requests.

   Section 6 provides normative procedures for the usage of this option
   tag.

6.  Procedures at the User Agent Client

   A UAC that wants to create a multiple-recipient MESSAGE request
   creates a MESSAGE request that MUST be formatted according to RFC
   3428 [RFC3428] Section 4.  The UAC populates the Request-URI with the
   SIP or SIPS URI of the MESSAGE URI-list service.  In addition to the
   regular instant message body, the UAC adds a recipient-list body
   whose Content-Disposition type is 'recipient-list', specified in RFC
   5363 [RFC5363].  This body contains a URI list with the recipients of
   the MESSAGE.  Target URIs in this body MAY also be tagged with the
   'copyControl' and 'anonymize' attributes specified in RFC 5364
   [RFC5364].  The UAC MUST also include the 'recipient-list-message'
   option-tag, defined in Section 5, in a Require header field.

   UACs generating MESSAGE requests that carry recipient-list bodies, as
   described in previous sections, MUST include this option-tag in a
   Require header field.  UAs that are able to receive and process
   MESSAGEs with a recipient-list body, as described in previous
   sections, SHOULD include this option-tag in a Supported header field
   when responding to OPTIONS requests.

   Multiple-recipient MESSAGE requests contain a multipart body that
   contains the body carrying the list and the actual instant message
   payload.  In some cases, the MESSAGE request can contain bodies other
   than the text and the list bodies (e.g., when the request is
   protected with S/MIME as per RFC 3851 [RFC3851]).

   Typically, the MESSAGE URI-list service will copy all the significant
   header fields in the outgoing MESSAGE request.  However, there might
   be cases where the SIP UA wants the MESSAGE URI-list service to add a
   particular header field with a particular value, even if the header
   field wasn't present in the MESSAGE request sent by the UAC.  In this
   case, the UAC MAY use the "?" mechanism described in Section 19.1.1
   of RFC 3261 [RFC3261] to encode extra information in any URI in the




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   list.  However, the UAC MUST NOT use the special "body" hname (see
   Section 19.1.1 of RFC 3261 [RFC3261]) to encode a body, since the
   body is present in the MESSAGE request itself.

   The following is an example of a URI that uses the "?" mechanism:

   sip:bob@example.com?Accept-Contact=*%3bmobility%3d%22mobile%22

   The previous URI requests the MESSAGE URI-list service to add the
   following header field to a MESSAGE request to be sent to
   bob@example.com:

   Accept-Contact: *;mobility="mobile"

   The resource list document format specified in RFC 4826 [RFC4826]
   provides features, such as hierarchical lists and the ability to
   include entries by reference relative to the XCAP root URI.  However,
   these features are not needed by the multiple MESSAGE URI-list
   service defined in this document.  Therefore, when using the default
   resource list document, UAs SHOULD use flat lists (i.e., no
   hierarchical lists) and SHOULD NOT use <entry-ref> elements.

7.  Procedures at the MESSAGE URI-List Service

   On reception of a MESSAGE request containing a URI list, the MESSAGE
   URI-list service answers to the UAC with a 202 (Accepted) response.

      Note that the status code in the response to the MESSAGE does not
      provide any information about whether or not the MESSAGEs
      generated by the URI-list service were successfully delivered to
      the URIs in the list.  That is, a 202 (Accepted) response means
      that the MESSAGE URI-list service has received the MESSAGE and
      that it will try to send a similar MESSAGE to the URIs in the
      list.  Designing a mechanism to inform a client about the delivery
      status of an instant message is outside the scope of this
      document.

   Since the MESSAGE URI-list service does not use hierarchical lists
   nor lists that include entries by reference to the XCAP root URI, a
   MESSAGE URI-list server receiving a URI list with more information
   than what has just been described MAY discard all the extra
   information.

   If a MESSAGE request contains a Request-URI containing a URI that
   uses the "?" mechanism (see Section 19.1.1 of RFC 3261 [RFC3261]) and
   such URI contains the special "body" hname to include an additional
   body, the MESSAGE URI-list server MAY discard the contents of the
   "body" parameter.



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7.1.  Determining the Intended Recipient

   On reception of a MESSAGE request containing a URI list, a MESSAGE
   URI-list service determines the list of intended recipients by
   inspecting the URI list contained in the body.

   Section 4.1 of RFC 5363 [RFC5363] discusses cases when duplicated
   URIs are found in a URI list.  In order to avoid duplicated requests,
   MESSAGE URI-list services MUST take those actions specified in RFC
   5363 [RFC5363] into account to avoid sending duplicated requests to
   the same recipient.

7.2.  Creating an Outgoing MESSAGE Request

   Since the MESSAGE URI-list service behaves as a UAC for outgoing
   MESSAGE requests, for each of the intended recipients, the MESSAGE
   URI-list service creates a new MESSAGE request according to the
   procedures described in Section 4 of RFC 3428 [RFC3428].
   Additionally, Section 5.3 of RFC 5363 [RFC5363] provides additional
   general guidance in creating outgoing requests.  This document also
   specifies the following procedures:

   o  A MESSAGE URI-list service MUST include a From header field whose
      value is the same as the From header field included in the
      incoming MESSAGE request, subject to the privacy requirements (see
      RFC 3323 [RFC3323] and RFC 3325 [RFC3325]) expressed in the
      incoming MESSAGE request.

         Note that this does not apply to the "tag" parameter.

         Failure to copy the From header field of the sender results in
         unacceptable security and privacy failures.  Note also that
         this requirement does not intend to contradict requirements for
         additional services running on the same physical node.
         Specifically, a privacy service (see RFC 3323 [RFC3323]) can be
         co-located with the MESSAGE URI-list service, in which case,
         the privacy service has precedence over the MESSAGE URI-list
         service.

   o  A MESSAGE URI-list service SHOULD generate a new To header field
      value set to the intended recipient's URI.  According to the
      procedures of RFC 3261 [RFC3261] Section 8.1.1.1, this value is
      also expected to be equal to the Request-URI of the outgoing
      MESSAGE request.

         The MESSAGE URI-list service behaves as a User Agent Client;
         thus, the To header field should be populated with the
         recipient's URI.



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   o  A MESSAGE URI-list service SHOULD create a new Call-ID header
      field value.

         A Call-ID header field might contain addressing information
         that the sender wants to remain private.  Since there is no
         need to keep the same Call-ID on both sides of the MESSAGE URI-
         list service, and since the MESSAGE URI-list service behaves as
         a User Agent Client, it is recommended to create a new Call-ID
         header field value according to the regular SIP procedures.

   o  If a P-Asserted-Identity header field was present in the incoming
      MESSAGE request and the request was received from a trusted
      source, as specified in RFC 3325 [RFC3325], and the first hop of
      the outgoing MESSAGE request is also trusted, a MESSAGE URI-list
      service MUST include a P-Asserted-Identity header field in the
      outgoing MESSAGE request with the same received value.  However,
      if the first hop of the outgoing MESSAGE request is not trusted
      and the incoming MESSAGE request included a Privacy header field
      with a value different than 'none', the MESSAGE URI-list service
      MUST NOT include a P-Asserted-Identity header field in the
      outgoing MESSAGE request.

   o  If a MESSAGE URI-list service is able to assert the identity of a
      user (e.g., using HTTP Digest authentication scheme as per RFC
      2617 [RFC2617], S/MIME as per RFC 3851 [RFC3851], etc.) and the
      service implements a mechanism where it can map that
      authentication scheme to a user's SIP or SIPS URI, and subject to
      the privacy requirements expressed in the incoming MESSAGE request
      (see RFC 3323 [RFC3323]), the MESSAGE URI-list service MAY insert
      a P-Asserted-Identity header with the value of the user's asserted
      URI.

   o  If the incoming MESSAGE request contains an Authorization or
      Proxy-Authorization header field whose realm is set to the MESSAGE
      URI-list server's realm, then the MESSAGE URI-list service SHOULD
      NOT copy it to the outgoing MESSAGE request; otherwise (i.e., if
      the Authorization or Proxy-Authorization header field of incoming
      MESSAGE request contains a different realm), the MESSAGE URI-list
      service MUST copy the value to the respective header field of the
      outgoing MESSAGE request.

   o  A MESSAGE URI-list service SHOULD create a separate count for the
      CSeq header field [RFC3261] of the outgoing MESSAGE request.

   o  A MESSAGE URI-list service SHOULD initialize the value of the Max-
      Forward header field of the outgoing MESSAGE request.





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   o  A MESSAGE URI-list service MUST include its own value in the Via
      header field.

7.3.  Composing Bodies in the Outgoing MESSAGE Request

   When creating the body of each of the outgoing MESSAGE requests, the
   MESSAGE URI-list service keeps the relevant bodies of the incoming
   MESSAGE request and copies them to the outgoing MESSAGE request.  The
   following guidelines constitute exceptions to the general body
   handling:

   o  A MESSAGE request received at a MESSAGE URI-list service can
      contain one or more security bodies (e.g., S/MIME, RFC 3851
      [RFC3851]) encrypted with the public key of the MESSAGE URI-list
      service.  These bodies are deemed to be read by the URI-list
      service rather than the recipient of the outgoing MESSAGE request
      (which will not be able to decrypt them).  Therefore, a MESSAGE
      URI-list service MUST NOT copy any security body (such as an
      S/MIME as per RFC 3851 [RFC3851] encrypted body) addressed to the
      MESSAGE URI-list service to the outgoing MESSAGE request.  This
      includes bodies encrypted with the public key of the URI-list
      service.

   o  The incoming MESSAGE request typically contains a recipient-list
      body or reference, as indicated in RFC 5363 [RFC5363] with the
      actual list of recipients.  If this URI list includes resources
      tagged with the 'copyControl' attribute set to a value of "to" or
      "cc", the URI-list service SHOULD include a URI list in each of
      the outgoing MESSAGE requests.  This list SHOULD be formatted
      according to the resource list document format specified in RFC
      4826 [RFC4826] and the copyControl extension specified in RFC 5364
      [RFC5364].  The MESSAGE URI-list service MUST follow the
      procedures specified in RFC 5364 [RFC5364] with respect to
      handling of the 'anonymize', 'count', and 'copyControl'
      attributes.

   o  If the MESSAGE URI-list service includes a URI list in an outgoing
      MESSAGE request, it MUST include a Content-Disposition header
      field as per RFC 2183 [RFC2183] with the value set to 'recipient-
      list-history' and a "handling" parameter as per RFC 3204 [RFC3204]
      set to "optional".

   o  If a MESSAGE URI-list service includes a URI list in an outgoing
      MESSAGE request, it SHOULD use S/MIME (RFC 3851) [RFC3851] to
      encrypt the URI list with the public key of the receiver.






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   o  The MESSAGE URI-list service SHOULD copy all the remaining message
      bodies (e.g., text messages, images, etc.) of the incoming MESSAGE
      request to the outgoing MESSAGE request.

   o  If there is only one body left, the MESSAGE URI-list service MUST
      remove the multipart/mixed wrapper in the outgoing MESSAGE
      request.

   The rest of the MESSAGE request corresponding to a given URI in the
   URI list MUST be created following the rules in Section 19.1.5,
   "Forming Requests from a URI", of RFC 3261 [RFC3261].  In particular,
   Section 19.1.5 of RFC 3261 [RFC3261] states:

      "An implementation SHOULD treat the presence of any headers or
      body parts in the URI as a desire to include them in the message,
      and choose to honor the request on a per-component basis."

   SIP allows to append a "method" parameter to a URI.  Therefore, it is
   legitimate that the 'uri' attribute of the <entry> element in the XML
   resource list contains a "method" parameter.  MESSAGE URI-list
   services MUST generate only MESSAGE requests, regardless of the
   "method" parameter that the URIs in the list indicate.  Effectively,
   MESSAGE URI-list services MUST ignore the "method" parameter in each
   of the URIs present in the URI list.

8.  Procedures at the UAS

   A UAS (in this specification, also known as intended recipient UAS)
   that receives a MESSAGE request from the MESSAGE URI-list service
   behaves as specified in RFC 3428 [RFC3428] Section 7.

   If the UAS supports this specification and the MESSAGE request
   contains a body with a Content-Disposition header field as per RFC
   2183 [RFC2183] set to 'recipient-list-history', then the UAS will be
   able to determine the SIP Address-of-Record (AOR) of the other
   intended recipients of the MESSAGE request.  This allows the user to
   create a reply request (e.g., MESSAGE, INVITE) to the sender and the
   rest of the recipients included in the URI list.













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9.  Examples

   Figure 1 shows an example of operation.  A SIP UAC issuer sends a
   MESSAGE request.  The MESSAGE URI-list service answers with a 202
   (Accepted) response and sends a MESSAGE request to each of the
   intended recipients.

   +--------+        +---------+      +--------+ +--------+ +--------+
   |SIP UAC |        | MESSAGE |      |intended| |intended| |intended|
   | issuer |        | URI-list|      | recip. | | recip. | | recip. |
   |        |        | service |      |   1    | |   2    | |   n    |
   +--------+        +---------+      +--------+ +--------+ +--------+
       |                  |               |          |          |
       | F1 MESSAGE       |               |          |          |
       | ---------------->|               |          |          |
       | F2 202 Accepted  |               |          |          |
       |<---------------- |  F3 MESSAGE   |          |          |
       |                  | ------------->|          |          |
       |                  |  F4 MESSAGE   |          |          |
       |                  | ------------------------>|          |
       |                  |  F5 MESSAGE   |          |          |
       |                  | ----------------------------------->|
       |                  |  F6 200 OK    |          |          |
       |                  |<------------- |          |          |
       |                  |  F7 200 OK    |          |          |
       |                  |<------------------------ |          |
       |                  |  F8 200 OK    |          |          |
       |                  |<----------------------------------- |
       |                  |               |          |          |
       |                  |               |          |          |
       |                  |               |          |          |

                      Figure 1: Example of operation

   The MESSAGE request F1 (shown in Figure 2) contains a multipart/mixed
   body that is composed of two bodies: a text/plain body containing the
   instant message payload and an application/resource-lists+xml body
   containing the list of recipients.













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   MESSAGE sip:list-service.example.com SIP/2.0
   Via: SIP/2.0/TCP uac.example.com
       ;branch=z9hG4bKhjhs8ass83
   Max-Forwards: 70
   To: MESSAGE URI-list service <sip:list-service.example.com>
   From: Alice <sip:alice@example.com>;tag=32331
   Call-ID: d432fa84b4c76e66710
   CSeq: 1 MESSAGE
   Require: recipient-list-message
   Content-Type: multipart/mixed;boundary="boundary1"
   Content-Length: 501

   --boundary1
   Content-Type: text/plain

   Hello World!

   --boundary1
   Content-Type: application/resource-lists+xml
   Content-Disposition: recipient-list

   <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
   <resource-lists xmlns="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:resource-lists"
             xmlns:cp="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:copycontrol">
     <list>
       <entry uri="sip:bill@example.com" cp:copyControl="to" />
       <entry uri="sip:randy@example.net" cp:copyControl="to"
                                          cp:anonymize="true"/>
       <entry uri="sip:eddy@example.com" cp:copyControl="to"
                                         cp:anonymize="true"/>
       <entry uri="sip:joe@example.org" cp:copyControl="cc" />
       <entry uri="sip:carol@example.net" cp:copyControl="cc"
                                          cp:anonymize="true"/>
       <entry uri="sip:ted@example.net" cp:copyControl="bcc" />
       <entry uri="sip:andy@example.com" cp:copyControl="bcc" />
     </list>
   </resource-lists>
   --boundary1--

     Figure 2: MESSAGE request received at the MESSAGE URI-list server

   The MESSAGE requests F3, F4, and F5 are similar in nature.  All those
   MESSAGE requests contain a multipart/mixed body that is composed of
   two other bodies: a text/plain body containing the instant message
   payload and an application/resource-lists+xml containing the list of
   recipients.  Unlike the text/plain body, the application/
   resource-lists+xml bodies of MESSAGE requests F3, F4, and F5 are not
   equal to the application/resource-lists+xml body included in the



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   incoming MESSAGE request F1.  This is because the URI-list service
   has anonymized those URIs tagged with the 'anonymize' attribute and
   has removed those URIs tagged with a "bcc" 'copyControl' attribute;
   besides, the content disposition of these bodies is different.
   Figure 3 shows an example of the MESSAGE request F3.

   MESSAGE sip:bill@example.com SIP/2.0
   Via: SIP/2.0/TCP list-service.example.com
       ;branch=z9hG4bKhjhs8as34sc
   Max-Forwards: 70
   To: <sip:bill@example.com>
   From: Alice <sip:alice@example.com>;tag=210342
   Call-ID: 39s02sdsl20d9sj2l
   CSeq: 1 MESSAGE
   Content-Type: multipart/mixed;boundary="boundary1"
   Content-Length: 501

   --boundary1
   Content-Type: text/plain

   Hello World!

   --boundary1
   Content-Type: application/resource-lists+xml
   Content-Disposition: recipient-list-history; handling=optional

   <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
   <resource-lists xmlns="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:resource-lists"
             xmlns:cp="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:copycontrol">
     <list>
       <entry uri="sip:bill@example.com" cp:copyControl="to" />
       <entry uri="sip:anonymous@anonymous.invalid" cp:copyControl="to"
                                                    cp:count="2"/>
       <entry uri="sip:joe@example.org" cp:copyControl="cc" />
       <entry uri="sip:anonymous@anonymous.invalid" cp:copyControl="cc"
                                                    cp:count="1"/>
     </list>
   </resource-lists>
   --boundary1--

       Figure 3: MESSAGE request sent by the MESSAGE URI-list server










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10.  Security Considerations

   RFC 5363 [RFC5363] discusses issues related to SIP URI-list services.
   Implementations of MESSAGE URI-list services MUST follow the
   security-related rules in RFC 5363 [RFC5363].  These rules include
   opt-in lists and mandatory authentication and authorization of
   clients.

   If the contents of the instant message needs to be kept private, the
   User Agent Client SHOULD use S/MIME as per RFC 3851 [RFC3851] to
   prevent a third party from viewing this information.  In this case,
   the user agent client SHOULD encrypt the instant message body with a
   content encryption key.  Then, for each receiver in the list, the UAC
   SHOULD encrypt the content encryption key with the public key of the
   receiver, and attach it to the MESSAGE request.

11.  IANA Considerations

   This document defines the SIP option tag 'recipient-list-message'

   The following row has been added to the "Option Tags" section of the
   SIP Parameter Registry:

   +------------------------+------------------------------+-----------+
   | Name                   | Description                  | Reference |
   +------------------------+------------------------------+-----------+
   | recipient-list-message | The body contains a list of  | [RFC5365] |
   |                        | URIs that indicates the      |           |
   |                        | recipients of the SIP        |           |
   |                        | MESSAGE request              |           |
   +------------------------+------------------------------+-----------+

     Table 1: Registration of the 'recipient-list-message' Option-Tag
                                  in SIP

12.  Acknowledgements

   Duncan Mills supported the idea of having 1 to n MESSAGEs.  Ben
   Campbell, Paul Kyzivat, Cullen Jennings, Jonathan Rosenberg, Dean
   Willis, and Keith Drage provided helpful comments.











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13.  References

13.1.  Normative References

   [RFC2119]  Bradner, S., "Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate
              Requirement Levels", BCP 14, RFC 2119, March 1997.

   [RFC2183]  Troost, R., Dorner, S., and K. Moore, "Communicating
              Presentation Information in Internet Messages: The
              Content-Disposition Header Field", RFC 2183, August 1997.

   [RFC2617]  Franks, J., Hallam-Baker, P., Hostetler, J., Lawrence, S.,
              Leach, P., Luotonen, A., and L. Stewart, "HTTP
              Authentication: Basic and Digest Access Authentication",
              RFC 2617, June 1999.

   [RFC3204]  Zimmerer, E., Peterson, J., Vemuri, A., Ong, L., Audet,
              F., Watson, M., and M. Zonoun, "MIME media types for ISUP
              and QSIG Objects", RFC 3204, December 2001.

   [RFC3261]  Rosenberg, J., Schulzrinne, H., Camarillo, G., Johnston,
              A., Peterson, J., Sparks, R., Handley, M., and E.
              Schooler, "SIP: Session Initiation Protocol", RFC 3261,
              June 2002.

   [RFC3323]  Peterson, J., "A Privacy Mechanism for the Session
              Initiation Protocol (SIP)", RFC 3323, November 2002.

   [RFC3325]  Jennings, C., Peterson, J., and M. Watson, "Private
              Extensions to the Session Initiation Protocol (SIP) for
              Asserted Identity within Trusted Networks", RFC 3325,
              November 2002.

   [RFC3428]  Campbell, B., Rosenberg, J., Schulzrinne, H., Huitema, C.,
              and D. Gurle, "Session Initiation Protocol (SIP) Extension
              for Instant Messaging", RFC 3428, December 2002.

   [RFC3851]  Ramsdell, B., "Secure/Multipurpose Internet Mail
              Extensions (S/MIME) Version 3.1 Message Specification",
              RFC 3851, July 2004.

   [RFC4826]  Rosenberg, J., "Extensible Markup Language (XML) Formats
              for Representing Resource Lists", RFC 4826, May 2007.

   [RFC5363]  Camarillo, G. and A.B. Roach, "Framework and Security
              Considerations for Session Initiation Protocol (SIP) URI-
              List Services", RFC 5363, October 2008.




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RFC 5365        SIP Multiple-Recipient MESSAGE Requests     October 2008


   [RFC5364]  Garcia-Martin, M. and G. Camarillo, "Extensible Markup
              Language (XML) Format Extension for Representing Copy
              Control Attributes in Resource Lists", RFC 5364,
              October 2008.

13.2.  Informative References

   [RFC4825]  Rosenberg, J., "The Extensible Markup Language (XML)
              Configuration Access Protocol (XCAP)", RFC 4825, May 2007.

   [RFC4975]  Campbell, B., Mahy, R., and C. Jennings, "The Message
              Session Relay Protocol (MSRP)", RFC 4975, September 2007.

Authors' Addresses

   Miguel A. Garcia-Martin
   Ericsson
   Via de los Poblados 13
   Madrid  28033
   Spain

   EMail: miguel.a.garcia@ericsson.com


   Gonzalo Camarillo
   Ericsson
   Hirsalantie 11
   Jorvas  02420
   Finland

   EMail: Gonzalo.Camarillo@ericsson.com




















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Full Copyright Statement

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