[Docs] [txt|pdf] [draft-ietf-pana-s...] [Diff1] [Diff2]

INFORMATIONAL

Network Working Group                                    V. Fajardo, Ed.
Request for Comments: 5609                        Telcordia Technologies
Category: Informational                                          Y. Ohba
                                                                 Toshiba
                                                          R. Marin-Lopez
                                                         Univ. of Murcia
                                                             August 2009


                           State Machines for
   the Protocol for Carrying Authentication for Network Access (PANA)

Abstract

   This document defines the conceptual state machines for the Protocol
   for Carrying Authentication for Network Access (PANA).  The state
   machines consist of the PANA Client (PaC) state machine and the PANA
   Authentication Agent (PAA) state machine.  The two state machines
   show how PANA can interface with the Extensible Authentication
   Protocol (EAP) state machines.  The state machines and associated
   models are informative only.  Implementations may achieve the same
   results using different methods.

Status of This Memo

   This memo provides information for the Internet community.  It does
   not specify an Internet standard of any kind.  Distribution of this
   memo is unlimited.

Copyright Notice

   Copyright (c) 2009 IETF Trust and the persons identified as the
   document authors.  All rights reserved.

   This document is subject to BCP 78 and the IETF Trust's Legal
   Provisions Relating to IETF Documents in effect on the date of
   publication of this document (http://trustee.ietf.org/license-info).
   Please review these documents carefully, as they describe your rights
   and restrictions with respect to this document.












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Table of Contents

   1. Introduction ....................................................3
   2. Terminology .....................................................3
   3. Interface between PANA and EAP ..................................3
   4. Document Authority ..............................................5
   5. Notations .......................................................5
   6. Common Rules ....................................................6
      6.1. Common Procedures ..........................................6
      6.2. Common Variables ...........................................9
      6.3. Configurable Values .......................................10
      6.4. Common Message Initialization Rules .......................10
      6.5. Common Retransmission Rules ...............................10
      6.6. Common State Transitions ..................................11
   7. PaC State Machine ..............................................12
      7.1. Interface between PaC and EAP Peer ........................12
           7.1.1. Delivering EAP Messages from PaC to EAP Peer .......12
           7.1.2. Delivering EAP Messages from EAP Peer to PaC .......12
           7.1.3. EAP Restart Notification from PaC to EAP Peer ......13
           7.1.4. EAP Authentication Result Notification from
                  EAP Peer to PaC ....................................13
           7.1.5. Alternate Failure Notification from PaC to
                  EAP Peer ...........................................13
      7.2. Configurable Values .......................................13
      7.3. Variables .................................................14
      7.4. Procedures ................................................15
      7.5. PaC State Transition Table ................................15
   8. PAA State Machine ..............................................21
      8.1. Interface between PAA and EAP Authenticator ...............21
           8.1.1. EAP Restart Notification from PAA to EAP
                  Authenticator ......................................21
           8.1.2. Delivering EAP Responses from PAA to EAP
                  Authenticator ......................................22
           8.1.3. Delivering EAP Messages from EAP
                  Authenticator to PAA ...............................22
           8.1.4. EAP Authentication Result Notification from
                  EAP Authenticator to PAA ...........................22
      8.2. Variables .................................................23
      8.3. Procedures ................................................24
      8.4. PAA State Transition Table ................................24
   9. Implementation Considerations ..................................29
      9.1. PAA and PaC Interface to Service Management Entity ........29
   10. Security Considerations .......................................29
   11. Acknowledgments ...............................................29
   12. References ....................................................29
      12.1. Normative References .....................................29
      12.2. Informative References ...................................30




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1.  Introduction

   This document defines the state machines for the Protocol for
   Carrying Authentication for Network Access (PANA) [RFC5191].  There
   are state machines for the PANA Client (PaC) and for the PANA
   Authentication Agent (PAA).  Each state machine is specified through
   a set of variables, procedures, and a state transition table.  The
   state machines and associated models described in this document are
   informative only.  Implementations may achieve similar results using
   different models and/or methods.

   A PANA protocol execution consists of several exchanges to carry
   authentication information.  Specifically, EAP PDUs are transported
   inside PANA PDUs between PaC and PAA; that is, PANA represents a
   lower layer for EAP.  Thus, a PANA state machine bases its execution
   on an EAP state machine execution and vice versa.  Thus, this
   document also shows for each of PaC and PAA an interface between an
   EAP state machine and a PANA state machine and how this interface
   allows to exchange information between them.  Thanks to this
   interface, a PANA state machine can be informed about several events
   generated in an EAP state machine and make its execution conditional
   to its events.

   The details of EAP state machines are out of the scope of this
   document.  Additional information can be found in [RFC4137].
   Nevertheless, PANA state machines presented here have been
   coordinated with state machines shown by [RFC4137].

   This document, apart from defining PaC and PAA state machines and
   their interfaces to EAP state machines (running on top of PANA),
   provides some implementation considerations, taking into account that
   it is not a specification but an implementation guideline.

2.  Terminology

   This document reuses the terminology used in [RFC5191].

3.  Interface between PANA and EAP

   PANA carries EAP messages exchanged between an EAP peer and an EAP
   authenticator (see Figure 1).  Thus, a PANA state machine interacts
   with an EAP state machine.

   Two state machines are defined in this document: the PaC state
   machine (see Section 7) and the PAA state machine (see Section 8).
   The definition of each state machine consists of a set of variables,
   procedures, and a state transition table.  A subset of these
   variables and procedures defines the interface between a PANA state



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   machine and an EAP state machine, and the state transition table
   defines the PANA state machine behavior based on results obtained
   through them.

   On the one hand, the PaC state machine interacts with an EAP peer
   state machine in order to carry out the PANA protocol on the PaC
   side.  On the other hand, the PAA state machine interacts with an EAP
   authenticator state machine to run the PANA protocol on the PAA side.

                     Peer             |EAP            Auth
                     EAP    <---------|------------>  EAP
                    ^ |               |              ^ |
                    | |               | EAP-Message  | |  EAP-Message
       EAP-Message    | |EAP-Message  |                | |
                      | v             |PANA            | v
                     PaC    <---------|------------>  PAA

                 Figure 1: Interface between PANA and EAP

   Thus, two interfaces are needed between PANA state machines and EAP
   state machines, namely:

   o  Interface between the PaC state machine and the EAP peer state
      machine

   o  Interface between the PAA state machine and the EAP authenticator
      state machine

   In general, the PaC and PAA state machines present EAP messages to
   the EAP peer and authenticator state machines through the interface,
   respectively.  The EAP peer and authenticator state machines process
   these messages and send EAP messages through the PaC and PAA state
   machines that are responsible for actually transmitting this message,
   respectively.

   For example, [RFC4137] specifies four interfaces to lower layers: (i)
   an interface between the EAP peer state machine and a lower layer,
   (ii) an interface between the EAP standalone authenticator state
   machine and a lower layer, (iii) an interface between the EAP full
   authenticator state machine and a lower layer, and (iv) an interface
   between the EAP backend authenticator state machine and a lower
   layer.  In this document, the PANA protocol is the lower layer of EAP
   and only the first three interfaces are of interest to PANA.  The
   second and third interfaces are the same.  In this regard, the EAP
   standalone authenticator or the EAP full authenticator and its state
   machine in [RFC4137] are referred to as the EAP authenticator and the
   EAP authenticator state machine, respectively, in this document.  If
   an EAP peer and an EAP authenticator follow the state machines



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   defined in [RFC4137], the interfaces between PANA and EAP could be
   based on that document.  Detailed definition of interfaces between
   PANA and EAP are described in the subsequent sections.

4.  Document Authority

   This document is intended to comply with the technical contents of
   any of the related documents ([RFC5191] and [RFC4137]).  When there
   is a discrepancy, the related documents are considered authoritative
   and they take precedence over this document.

5.  Notations

   The following state transition tables are completed mostly based on
   the conventions specified in [RFC4137].  The complete text is
   described below.

   State transition tables are used to represent the operation of the
   protocol by a number of cooperating state machines each comprising a
   group of connected, mutually exclusive states.  Only one state of
   each machine can be active at any given time.

   All permissible transitions from a given state to other states and
   associated actions performed when the transitions occur are
   represented by using triplets of (exit condition, exit action, exit
   state).  All conditions are expressions that evaluate to TRUE or
   FALSE; if a condition evaluates to TRUE, then the condition is met.
   A state "ANY" is a wildcard state that matches any state in each
   state machine except those explicitly enumerated as exception states.
   The exit conditions of a wildcard state are evaluated after all other
   exit conditions specific to the current state are met.

   On exit from a state, the exit actions defined for the state and the
   exit condition are executed exactly once, in the order that they
   appear.  (Note that the procedures defined in [RFC4137] are executed
   on entry to a state, which is one major difference from this
   document.)  Each exit action is deemed to be atomic; i.e., execution
   of an exit action completes before the next sequential exit action
   starts to execute.  No exit action executes outside of a state block.
   The exit actions in only one state block execute at a time even if
   the conditions for execution of state blocks in different state
   machines are satisfied.  All exit actions in an executing state block
   complete execution before the transition to and execution of any
   other state blocks.  The execution of any state block appears to be
   atomic with respect to the execution of any other state block, and
   the transition condition to that state from the previous state is
   TRUE when execution commences.  The order of execution of state
   blocks in different state machines is undefined except as constrained



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   by their transition conditions.  A variable that is set to a
   particular value in a state block retains this value until a
   subsequent state block executes an exit action that modifies the
   value.

   On completion of the transition from the previous state to the
   current state, all exit conditions occurring during the current state
   (including exit conditions defined for the wildcard state) are
   evaluated until an exit condition for that state is met.

   Any event variable is set to TRUE when the corresponding event occurs
   and set to FALSE immediately after completion of the action
   associated with the current state and the event.

   The interpretation of the special symbols and operators used is
   defined in [RFC4137].

6.  Common Rules

   There are following procedures, variables, message initializing
   rules, and state transitions that are common to both the PaC and PAA
   state machines.

   Throughout this document, the character string "PANA_MESSAGE_NAME"
   matches any one of the abbreviated PANA message names, i.e., "PCI",
   "PAR", "PAN", "PTR", "PTA", "PNR", "PNA".

6.1.  Common Procedures

   void None()

      A null procedure, i.e., nothing is done.

   void Disconnect()

      A procedure to delete the PANA session as well as the
      corresponding EAP session and authorization state.

   boolean Authorize()

      A procedure to create or modify authorization state.  It returns
      TRUE if authorization is successful.  Otherwise, it returns FALSE.
      It is assumed that Authorize() procedure of PaC state machine
      always returns TRUE.  In the case that a non-key-generating EAP
      method is used but a PANA SA is required after successful
      authentication (generate_pana_sa() returns TRUE), Authorize()
      procedure must return FALSE.




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   void Tx:PANA_MESSAGE_NAME[flag](AVPs)

      A procedure to send a PANA message to its peering PANA entity.
      The "flag" argument contains one or more flags (e.g., Tx:PAR[C])
      to be set to the message, except for 'R' (Request) flag.  The
      "AVPs" contains a list of names of optional AVPs to be inserted in
      the message, except for AUTH AVP.

      This procedure includes the following action before actual
      transmission:

             if (flag==S)
               PANA_MESSAGE_NAME.S_flag=Set;
             if (flag==C)
               PANA_MESSAGE_NAME.C_flag=Set;
             if (flag==A)
               PANA_MESSAGE_NAME.A_flag=Set;
             if (flag==P)
               PANA_MESSAGE_NAME.P_flag=Set;
             PANA_MESSAGE_NAME.insert_avp(AVPs);
             if (key_available())
               PANA_MESSAGE_NANE.insert_avp("AUTH");

   void TxEAP()

      A procedure to send an EAP message to the EAP state machine to
      which it interfaces.

   void RtxTimerStart()

      A procedure to start the retransmission timer, reset RTX_COUNTER
      variable to zero, and set an appropriate value to RTX_MAX_NUM
      variable.  Note that RTX_MAX_NUM is assumed to be set to the same
      default value for all messages.  However, implementations may also
      reset RTX_MAX_NUM in this procedure and its value may vary
      depending on the message that was sent.

   void RtxTimerStop()

      A procedure to stop the retransmission timer.

   void SessionTimerReStart(TIMEOUT)

      A procedure to (re)start the PANA session timer.  TIMEOUT
      specifies the expiration time associated with the session timer.
      Expiration of TIMEOUT will trigger a SESS_TIMEOUT event.





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   void SessionTimerStop()

      A procedure to stop the current PANA session timer.

   void Retransmit()

      A procedure to retransmit a PANA message and increment RTX_COUNTER
      by one(1).

   void EAP_Restart()

      A procedure to (re)start an EAP conversation resulting in the re-
      initialization of an existing EAP session.

   void PANA_MESSAGE_NAME.insert_avp("AVP_NAME1", "AVP_NAME2",...)

      A procedure to insert AVPs for each specified AVP name in the list
      of AVP names in the PANA message.  When an AVP name ends with "*",
      zero, one, or more AVPs are inserted; otherwise, one AVP is
      inserted.

   boolean PANA_MESSAGE_NAME.exist_avp("AVP_NAME")

      A procedure that checks whether an AVP of the specified AVP name
      exists in the specified PANA message and returns TRUE if the
      specified AVP is found, otherwise returns FALSE.

   boolean generate_pana_sa()

      A procedure to check whether the EAP method being used generates
      keys and that a PANA SA will be established on successful
      authentication.  For the PaC, the procedure is also used to check
      and match the PRF and Integrity algorithm AVPs advertised by the
      PAA in PAR[S] message.  For the PAA, it is used to indicate
      whether a PRF and Integrity algorithm AVPs will be sent in the
      PAR[S].  This procedure will return TRUE if a PANA SA will be
      generated.  Otherwise, it returns FALSE.

   boolean key_available()

      A procedure to check whether the PANA session has a PANA_AUTH_KEY.
      If the state machine already has a PANA_AUTH_KEY, it returns TRUE.
      If the state machine does not have a PANA_AUTH_KEY, it tries to
      retrieve a Master Session Key (MSK) from the EAP entity.  If an
      MSK is retrieved, it computes a PANA_AUTH_KEY from the MSK and
      returns TRUE.  Otherwise, it returns FALSE.





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6.2.  Common Variables

   PAR.RESULT_CODE

      This variable contains the Result-Code AVP value in the PANA-Auth-
      Request message in process.  When this variable carries
      PANA_SUCCESS, it is assumed that the PAR message always contains
      an EAP-Payload AVP that carries an EAP-Success message.

   NONCE_SENT

      This variable is set to TRUE to indicate that a Nonce-AVP has
      already been sent.  Otherwise, it is set to FALSE.

   RTX_COUNTER

      This variable contains the current number of retransmissions of
      the outstanding PANA message.

   Rx:PANA_MESSAGE_NAME[flag]

      This event variable is set to TRUE when the specified PANA message
      is received from its peering PANA entity.  The "flag" contains a
      flag (e.g., Rx:PAR[C]), except for 'R' (Request) flag.

   RTX_TIMEOUT

      This event variable is set to TRUE when the retransmission timer
      is expired.

   REAUTH

      This event variable is set to TRUE when an initiation of re-
      authentication phase is triggered.  This event variable can only
      be set while in the OPEN state.

   TERMINATE

      This event variable is set to TRUE when initiation of PANA session
      termination is triggered.  This event variable can only be set
      while in the OPEN state.

   PANA_PING

      This event variable is set to TRUE when initiation of liveness
      test based on PANA-Notification exchange is triggered.  This event
      variable can only be set while in the OPEN state.




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   SESS_TIMEOUT

      This event is variable is set to TRUE when the session timer has
      expired.

   LIFETIME_SESS_TIMEOUT

      Configurable value used by the PaC and PAA to close or disconnect
      an established session in the access phase.  This variable
      indicates the expiration of the session and is set to the value of
      Session-Lifetime AVP if present in the last PANA-Auth-Request
      message in the case of the PaC.  Otherwise, it is assumed that the
      value is infinite and therefore has no expiration.  Expiration of
      LIFETIME_SESS_TIMEOUT will cause the event variable SESS_TIMEOUT
      to be set.

   ANY

      This event variable is set to TRUE when any event occurs.

6.3.  Configurable Values

   RTX_MAX_NUM

      Configurable maximum for how many retransmissions should be
      attempted before aborting.

6.4.  Common Message Initialization Rules

   When a message is prepared for sending, it is initialized as follows:

   o  For a request message, R-flag of the header is set.  Otherwise,
      R-flag is not set.

   o  Other message header flags are not set.  They are set explicitly
      by specific state machine actions.

   o  AVPs that are mandatory to be included in a message are inserted
      with appropriate values set.

6.5.  Common Retransmission Rules

   The state machines defined in this document assume that the PaC and
   the PAA cache the last transmitted answer message.  This scheme is
   described in Section 5.2 of [RFC5191].  When the PaC or PAA receives
   a retransmitted or duplicate request, it would be able to resend the
   corresponding answer without any aid from the EAP layer.  However, to
   simplify the state machine description, this caching scheme is



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   omitted in the state machines below.  In the case that there is not a
   corresponding answer to a retransmitted request, the request will be
   handled by the corresponding state machine.

6.6.  Common State Transitions

   The following transitions can occur at any state with exemptions
   explicitly noted.

   ----------
   State: ANY
   ----------

   Exit Condition           Exit Action                Exit State
   ------------------------+--------------------------+------------
   - - - - - - - - - - - - - (Re-transmissions)- - - - - - - - - -
   RTX_TIMEOUT &&           Retransmit();              (no change)
   RTX_COUNTER<
   RTX_MAX_NUM
   - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
   - - - - - - - (Reach maximum number of transmissions)- - - - - -
   (RTX_TIMEOUT &&          Disconnect();              CLOSED
    RTX_COUNTER>=
    RTX_MAX_NUM) ||
   SESS_TIMEOUT
   - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

   -------------------------
   State: ANY except INITIAL
   -------------------------

   Exit Condition           Exit Action                Exit State
   ------------------------+--------------------------+------------
   - - - - - - - - - - (liveness test initiated by peer)- - - - - -
   Rx:PNR[P]                Tx:PNA[P]();               (no change)


   -------------------------------
   State: ANY except WAIT_PNA_PING
   -------------------------------

   Exit Condition           Exit Action                Exit State
   ------------------------+--------------------------+------------
   - - - - - - - - - - - - (liveness test response) - - - - - - - -
   Rx:PNA[P]                None();                    (no change)

   The following transitions can occur on any exit condition within the
   specified state.



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   -------------
   State: CLOSED
   -------------

   Exit Condition           Exit Action                Exit State
   ------------------------+--------------------------+------------
   - - - - - - - -(Catch all event on closed state) - - - - - - - -
   ANY                      None();                    CLOSED
   - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

7.  PaC State Machine

7.1.  Interface between PaC and EAP Peer

   This interface defines the interactions between a PaC and an EAP
   peer.  The interface serves as a mechanism to deliver EAP messages
   for the EAP peer.  It allows the EAP peer to receive EAP requests and
   send EAP responses via the PaC.  It also provides a mechanism to
   notify the EAP peer of PaC events and a mechanism to receive
   notification of EAP peer events.  The EAP message delivery mechanism
   as well as the event notification mechanism in this interface have
   direct correlation with the PaC state transition table entries.
   These message delivery and event notifications mechanisms occur only
   within the context of their associated states or exit actions.

7.1.1.  Delivering EAP Messages from PaC to EAP Peer

   TxEAP() procedure in the PaC state machine serves as the mechanism to
   deliver EAP messages contained in PANA-Auth-Request messages to the
   EAP peer.  This procedure is enabled only after an EAP restart event
   is notified to the EAP peer and before any event resulting in a
   termination of the EAP peer session.  In the case where the EAP peer
   follows the EAP peer state machine defined in [RFC4137], TxEAP()
   procedure sets eapReq variable of the EAP peer state machine and puts
   the EAP request in eapReqData variable of the EAP peer state machine.

7.1.2.  Delivering EAP Messages from EAP Peer to PaC

   An EAP message is delivered from the EAP peer to the PaC via
   EAP_RESPONSE event variable.  The event variable is set when the EAP
   peer passes the EAP message to its lower layer.  In the case where
   the EAP peer follows the EAP peer state machine defined in [RFC4137],
   EAP_RESPONSE event variable refers to eapResp variable of the EAP
   peer state machine and the EAP message is contained in eapRespData
   variable of the EAP peer state machine.






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7.1.3.  EAP Restart Notification from PaC to EAP Peer

   The EAP peer state machine defined in [RFC4137] has an initialization
   procedure before receiving an EAP message.  To initialize the EAP
   state machine, the PaC state machine defines an event notification
   mechanism to send an EAP (re)start event to the EAP peer.  The event
   notification is done via EAP_Restart() procedure in the
   initialization action of the PaC state machine.

7.1.4.  EAP Authentication Result Notification from EAP Peer to PaC

   In order for the EAP peer to notify the PaC of an EAP authentication
   result, EAP_SUCCESS and EAP_FAILURE event variables are defined.  In
   the case where the EAP peer follows the EAP peer state machine
   defined in [RFC4137], EAP_SUCCESS and EAP_FAILURE event variables
   refer to eapSuccess and eapFail variables of the EAP peer state
   machine, respectively.  In this case, if EAP_SUCCESS event variable
   is set to TRUE and an MSK is generated by the EAP authentication
   method in use, eapKeyAvailable variable is set to TRUE and eapKeyData
   variable contains the MSK.  Note that EAP_SUCCESS and EAP_FAILURE
   event variables may be set to TRUE even before the PaC receives a PAR
   with a 'Complete' flag set from the PAA.

7.1.5.  Alternate Failure Notification from PaC to EAP Peer

   alt_reject() procedure in the PaC state machine serves as the
   mechanism to deliver an authentication failure event to the EAP peer
   without accompanying an EAP message.  In the case where the EAP peer
   follows the EAP peer state machine defined in [RFC4137], alt_reject()
   procedure sets altReject variable of the EAP peer state machine.
   Note that the EAP peer state machine in [RFC4137] also defines
   altAccept variable; however, it is never used in PANA in which EAP-
   Success messages are reliably delivered by the last PANA-Auth
   exchange.

7.2.  Configurable Values

   FAILED_SESS_TIMEOUT

      This is a configurable value that allows the PaC to determine
      whether a PaC authentication and authorization phase has stalled
      without an explicit EAP success or failure notification.









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7.3.  Variables

   AUTH_USER

      This event variable is set to TRUE when initiation of EAP-based
      (re-)authentication is triggered by the application.

   EAP_SUCCESS

      This event variable is set to TRUE when the EAP peer determines
      that an EAP conversation completes with success.

   EAP_FAILURE

      This event variable is set to TRUE when the EAP peer determines
      that an EAP conversation completes with failure.

   EAP_RESPONSE

      This event variable is set to TRUE when the EAP peer delivers an
      EAP message to the PaC.  This event accompanies an EAP message
      received from the EAP peer.

   EAP_RESP_TIMEOUT

      This event variable is set to TRUE when the PaC that has passed an
      EAP message to the EAP layer does not receive a subsequent EAP
      message from the EAP layer in a given period.  This provides a
      time limit for certain EAP methods where user interaction may be
      required.

   EAP_DISCARD

      This event variable is set to TRUE when the EAP peer indicates
      that it has silently discarded the last received EAP-Request.
      This event does not accompany any EAP message.  In the case where
      the EAP peer follows the EAP peer state machine defined in
      [RFC4137], this event variable refers to eapNoResp.  Note that
      this specification does not support silently discarding EAP
      messages.  They are treated as fatal errors instead.  This may
      have an impact on denial-of-service resistance.










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7.4.  Procedures

   boolean eap_piggyback()

      This procedure returns TRUE to indicate whether the next EAP
      response will be carried in the pending PAN message for
      optimization.

   void alt_reject()

      This procedure informs the EAP peer of an authentication failure
      event without accompanying an EAP message.

   void EAP_RespTimerStart()

      This is a procedure to start a timer to receive an EAP-Response
      from the EAP peer.

   void EAP_RespTimerStop()

      This is a procedure to stop a timer to receive an EAP-Response
      from the EAP peer.

7.5.  PaC State Transition Table

   ------------------------------
   State: INITIAL (Initial State)
   ------------------------------

   Initialization Action:

     NONCE_SENT=Unset;
     RTX_COUNTER=0;
     RtxTimerStop();

   Exit Condition           Exit Action                Exit State
   ------------------------+--------------------------+-----------
   - - - - - - - - - - (PaC-initiated Handshake) - - - - - - - - -
   AUTH_USER                Tx:PCI[]();                INITIAL
                            RtxTimerStart();
                            SessionTimerReStart
                              (FAILED_SESS_TIMEOUT);
   - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -








Fajardo, et al.              Informational                     [Page 15]

RFC 5609                  PANA State Machines                August 2009


   - - - - - - -(PAA-initiated Handshake, not optimized) - - - - -
   Rx:PAR[S] &&             EAP_Restart();             WAIT_PAA
   !PAR.exist_avp           SessionTimerReStart
   ("EAP-Payload")              (FAILED_SESS_TIMEOUT);
                            if (generate_pana_sa())
                                Tx:PAN[S]("PRF-Algorithm",
                                   "Integrity-Algorithm");
                            else
                                Tx:PAN[S]();
   - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

   - - - - - - - -(PAA-initiated Handshake, optimized) - - - - - -
   Rx:PAR[S] &&             EAP_Restart();             INITIAL
   PAR.exist_avp            TxEAP();
   ("EAP-Payload") &&       SessionTimerReStart
   eap_piggyback()            (FAILED_SESS_TIMEOUT);

   Rx:PAR[S] &&             EAP_Restart();             WAIT_EAP_MSG
   PAR.exist_avp            TxEAP();
   ("EAP-Payload") &&       SessionTimerReStart
   !eap_piggyback()           (FAILED_SESS_TIMEOUT);
                            if (generate_pana_sa())
                                Tx:PAN[S]("PRF-Algorithm",
                                  "Integrity-Algorithm");
                            else
                                Tx:PAN[S]();

   EAP_RESPONSE             if (generate_pana_sa())    WAIT_PAA
                                Tx:PAN[S]("EAP-Payload",
                                  "PRF-Algorithm",
                                  "Integrity-Algorithm");
                            else
                                Tx:PAN[S]("EAP-Payload");
   - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

















Fajardo, et al.              Informational                     [Page 16]

RFC 5609                  PANA State Machines                August 2009


   ---------------
   State: WAIT_PAA
   ---------------

   Exit Condition           Exit Action                Exit State
   ------------------------+--------------------------+------------
   - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -(PAR-PAN exchange) - - - - - - - -
   Rx:PAR[] &&              RtxTimerStop();            WAIT_EAP_MSG
   !eap_piggyback()         TxEAP();
                            EAP_RespTimerStart();
                            if (NONCE_SENT==Unset) {
                              NONCE_SENT=Set;
                              Tx:PAN[]("Nonce");
                            }
                            else
                              Tx:PAN[]();

   Rx:PAR[] &&              RtxTimerStop();            WAIT_EAP_MSG
   eap_piggyback()          TxEAP();
                            EAP_RespTimerStart();

   Rx:PAN[]                 RtxTimerStop();            WAIT_PAA

   - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

   - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -(PANA result) - - - - - - - - - -
   Rx:PAR[C] &&             TxEAP();                   WAIT_EAP_RESULT
   PAR.RESULT_CODE==
     PANA_SUCCESS

   Rx:PAR[C] &&             if (PAR.exist_avp          WAIT_EAP_RESULT_
   PAR.RESULT_CODE!=          ("EAP-Payload"))         CLOSE
     PANA_SUCCESS             TxEAP();
                            else
                               alt_reject();
   - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -















Fajardo, et al.              Informational                     [Page 17]

RFC 5609                  PANA State Machines                August 2009


   -------------------
   State: WAIT_EAP_MSG
   -------------------

   Exit Condition           Exit Action                Exit State
   ------------------------+--------------------------+------------
   - - - - - - - - - - (Return PAN/PAR from EAP) - - - - - - - - -
   EAP_RESPONSE &&          EAP_RespTimerStop()        WAIT_PAA
   eap_piggyback()          if (NONCE_SENT==Unset) {
                              Tx:PAN[]("EAP-Payload",
                                       "Nonce");
                              NONCE_SENT=Set;
                            }
                            else
                              Tx:PAN[]("EAP-Payload");

   EAP_RESPONSE &&          EAP_RespTimerStop()        WAIT_PAA
   !eap_piggyback()         Tx:PAR[]("EAP-Payload");
                            RtxTimerStart();

   EAP_RESP_TIMEOUT &&      Tx:PAN[]();                WAIT_PAA
   eap_piggyback()

   EAP_DISCARD &&           Tx:PAN[]();                CLOSED
   eap_piggyback()          SessionTimerStop();
                            Disconnect();

   EAP_FAILURE ||           SessionTimerStop();        CLOSED
   (EAP_DISCARD &&          Disconnect();
   !eap_piggyback())
   - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

   ----------------------
   State: WAIT_EAP_RESULT
   ----------------------

   Exit Condition           Exit Action                Exit State
   ------------------------+--------------------------+------------
   - - - - - - - - - - - - - (EAP Result) - - - - - - - - - - - - -
   EAP_SUCCESS             if (PAR.exist_avp           OPEN
                              ("Key-Id"))
                             Tx:PAN[C]("Key-Id");
                           else
                             Tx:PAN[C]();
                           Authorize();
                           SessionTimerReStart
                             (LIFETIME_SESS_TIMEOUT);




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RFC 5609                  PANA State Machines                August 2009


   EAP_FAILURE             Tx:PAN[C]();                CLOSED
                           SessionTimerStop();
                           Disconnect();
   - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

   ----------------------------
   State: WAIT_EAP_RESULT_CLOSE
   ----------------------------

   Exit Condition           Exit Action                Exit State
   ------------------------+--------------------------+------------
   - - - - - - - - - - - - - (EAP Result) - - - - - - - - - - - - -
   EAP_SUCCESS ||          if (EAP_SUCCESS &&         CLOSED
   EAP_FAILURE               PAR.exist_avp("Key-Id"))
                             Tx:PAN[C]("Key-Id");
                           else
                             Tx:PAN[C]();
                           SessionTimerStop();
                           Disconnect();
   - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

   -----------
   State: OPEN
   -----------

   Exit Condition           Exit Action                Exit State
   ------------------------+--------------------------+------------
   - - - - - - - - - - (liveness test initiated by PaC)- - - - - -
   PANA_PING                Tx:PNR[P]();               WAIT_PNA_PING
                            RtxTimerStart();
   - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
   - - - - - - - - - (re-authentication initiated by PaC)- - - - - -
   REAUTH                   NONCE_SENT=Unset;          WAIT_PNA_REAUTH
                            Tx:PNR[A]();
                            RtxTimerStart();
   - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -















Fajardo, et al.              Informational                     [Page 19]

RFC 5609                  PANA State Machines                August 2009


   - - - - - - - - - (re-authentication initiated by PAA)- - - - - -
   Rx:PAR[]                 EAP_RespTimerStart();      WAIT_EAP_MSG
                            TxEAP();
                            if (!eap_piggyback())
                              Tx:PAN[]("Nonce");
                            else
                              NONCE_SENT=Unset;
                            SessionTimerReStart
                              (FAILED_SESS_TIMEOUT);
   - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
   - - - - - - - -(Session termination initiated by PAA) - - - - - -
   Rx:PTR[]                 Tx:PTA[]();                CLOSED
                            SessionTimerStop();
                            Disconnect();
   - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
   - - - - - - - -(Session termination initiated by PaC) - - - - - -
   TERMINATE                Tx:PTR[]();                SESS_TERM
                            RtxTimerStart();
                            SessionTimerStop();
   - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

   ----------------------
   State: WAIT_PNA_REAUTH
   ----------------------

   Exit Condition           Exit Action                Exit State
   ------------------------+--------------------------+------------
   - - - - - - - - -(re-authentication initiated by PaC) - - - - -
   Rx:PNA[A]                RtxTimerStop();            WAIT_PAA
                            SessionTimerReStart
                              (FAILED_SESS_TIMEOUT);
   - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
   - - - - - - - -(Session termination initiated by PAA) - - - - - -
   Rx:PTR[]                 RtxTimerStop();            CLOSED
                            Tx:PTA[]();
                            SessionTimerStop();
                            Disconnect();
   - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

   --------------------
   State: WAIT_PNA_PING
   --------------------

   Exit Condition           Exit Action                Exit State
   ------------------------+--------------------------+------------
   - - - - - - - - -(liveness test initiated by PaC) - - - - - - -
   Rx:PNA[P]                RtxTimerStop();            OPEN
   - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -



Fajardo, et al.              Informational                     [Page 20]

RFC 5609                  PANA State Machines                August 2009


   - - - - - - - - - (re-authentication initiated by PAA)- - - - -
   Rx:PAR[]                 RtxTimerStop();            WAIT_EAP_MSG
                            EAP_RespTimerStart();
                            TxEAP();
                            if (!eap_piggyback())
                              Tx:PAN[]("Nonce");
                            else
                              NONCE_SENT=Unset;
                            SessionTimerReStart
                              (FAILED_SESS_TIMEOUT);
   - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
   - - - - - - - -(Session termination initiated by PAA) - - - - - -
   Rx:PTR[]                 RtxTimerStop();            CLOSED
                            Tx:PTA[]();
                            SessionTimerStop();
                            Disconnect();
   - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

   ----------------
   State: SESS_TERM
   ----------------

   Exit Condition           Exit Action                Exit State
   ------------------------+--------------------------+------------
   - - - - - - - -(Session termination initiated by PaC) - - - - -
   Rx:PTA[]                 Disconnect();              CLOSED
   - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

8.  PAA State Machine

8.1.  Interface between PAA and EAP Authenticator

   The interface between a PAA and an EAP authenticator provides a
   mechanism to deliver EAP messages for the EAP authenticator as well
   as a mechanism to notify the EAP authenticator of PAA events and to
   receive notification of EAP authenticator events.  These message
   delivery and event notification mechanisms occur only within context
   of their associated states or exit actions.

8.1.1.  EAP Restart Notification from PAA to EAP Authenticator

   An EAP authenticator state machine defined in [RFC4137] has an
   initialization procedure before sending the first EAP request.  To
   initialize the EAP state machine, the PAA state machine defines an
   event notification mechanism to send an EAP (re)start event to the
   EAP authenticator.  The event notification is done via EAP_Restart()
   procedure in the initialization action of the PAA state machine.




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RFC 5609                  PANA State Machines                August 2009


8.1.2.  Delivering EAP Responses from PAA to EAP Authenticator

   TxEAP() procedure in the PAA state machine serves as the mechanism to
   deliver EAP-Responses contained in PANA-Auth-Answer messages to the
   EAP authenticator.  This procedure is enabled only after an EAP
   restart event is notified to the EAP authenticator and before any
   event resulting in a termination of the EAP authenticator session.
   In the case where the EAP authenticator follows the EAP authenticator
   state machines defined in [RFC4137], TxEAP() procedure sets eapResp
   variable of the EAP authenticator state machine and puts the EAP
   response in eapRespData variable of the EAP authenticator state
   machine.

8.1.3.  Delivering EAP Messages from EAP Authenticator to PAA

   An EAP request is delivered from the EAP authenticator to the PAA via
   EAP_REQUEST event variable.  The event variable is set when the EAP
   authenticator passes the EAP request to its lower layer.  In the case
   where the EAP authenticator follows the EAP authenticator state
   machines defined in [RFC4137], EAP_REQUEST event variable refers to
   eapReq variable of the EAP authenticator state machine and the EAP
   request is contained in eapReqData variable of the EAP authenticator
   state machine.

8.1.4.  EAP Authentication Result Notification from EAP Authenticator to
        PAA

   In order for the EAP authenticator to notify the PAA of the EAP
   authentication result, EAP_SUCCESS, EAP_FAILURE, and EAP_TIMEOUT
   event variables are defined.  In the case where the EAP authenticator
   follows the EAP authenticator state machines defined in [RFC4137],
   EAP_SUCCESS, EAP_FAILURE, and EAP_TIMEOUT event variables refer to
   eapSuccess, eapFail, and eapTimeout variables of the EAP
   authenticator state machine, respectively.  In this case, if
   EAP_SUCCESS event variable is set to TRUE, an EAP-Success message is
   contained in eapReqData variable of the EAP authenticator state
   machine, and additionally, eapKeyAvailable variable is set to TRUE
   and eapKeyData variable contains an MSK if the MSK is generated as a
   result of successful authentication by the EAP authentication method
   in use.  Similarly, if EAP_FAILURE event variable is set to TRUE, an
   EAP-Failure message is contained in eapReqData variable of the EAP
   authenticator state machine.  The PAA uses EAP_SUCCESS and
   EAP_FAILURE event variables as a trigger to send a PAR message to the
   PaC.







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RFC 5609                  PANA State Machines                August 2009


8.2.  Variables

   OPTIMIZED_INIT

      This variable indicates whether the PAA is able to piggyback an
      EAP-Request in the initial PANA-Auth-Request.  Otherwise, it is
      set to FALSE.

   PAC_FOUND

      This variable is set to TRUE as a result of a PAA-initiated
      handshake.

   REAUTH_TIMEOUT

      This event variable is set to TRUE to indicate that the PAA
      initiates a re-authentication with the PaC.  The re-authentication
      timeout should be set to a value less than the session timeout
      carried in the Session-Lifetime AVP if present.

   EAP_SUCCESS

      This event variable is set to TRUE when an EAP conversation
      completes with success.  This event accompanies an EAP-Success
      message passed from the EAP authenticator.

   EAP_FAILURE

      This event variable is set to TRUE when an EAP conversation
      completes with failure.  This event accompanies an EAP-Failure
      message passed from the EAP authenticator.

   EAP_REQUEST

      This event variable is set to TRUE when the EAP authenticator
      delivers an EAP Request to the PAA.  This event accompanies an
      EAP-Request message received from the EAP authenticator.

   EAP_TIMEOUT

      This event variable is set to TRUE when an EAP conversation times
      out without generating an EAP-Success or an EAP-Failure message.
      This event does not accompany any EAP message.








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RFC 5609                  PANA State Machines                August 2009


   EAP_DISCARD

      This event variable is set to TRUE when the EAP authenticator
      indicates that it has silently discarded the last received EAP-
      Response message.  This event does not accompany any EAP message.
      In the case where the EAP authenticator follows the EAP
      authenticator state machines defined in [RFC4137], this event
      variable refers to eapNoReq.

8.3.  Procedures

   boolean new_key_available()

      This is a procedure to check whether the PANA session has a new
      PANA_AUTH_KEY.  If the state machine already has a PANA_AUTH_KEY,
      it returns FALSE.  If the state machine does not have a
      PANA_AUTH_KEY, it tries to retrieve an MSK from the EAP entity.
      If an MSK has been retrieved, it computes a PANA_AUTH_KEY from the
      MSK and returns TRUE.  Otherwise, it returns FALSE.

8.4.  PAA State Transition Table

   ------------------------------
   State: INITIAL (Initial State)
   ------------------------------

   Initialization Action:

     OPTIMIZED_INIT=Set|Unset;
     NONCE_SENT=Unset;
     RTX_COUNTER=0;
     RtxTimerStop();

   Exit Condition           Exit Action                Exit State
   ------------------------+--------------------------+------------
    - - - - - - - - (PCI and PAA initiated PANA) - - - - - - - - -
   (Rx:PCI[] ||             if (OPTIMIZED_INIT ==      INITIAL
    PAC_FOUND)                  Set) {
                              EAP_Restart();
                              SessionTimerReStart
                               (FAILED_SESS_TIMEOUT);
                            }
                            else {
                              if (generate_pana_sa())
                                   Tx:PAR[S]("PRF-Algorithm",
                                      "Integrity-Algorithm");
                              else
                                   Tx:PAR[S]();



Fajardo, et al.              Informational                     [Page 24]

RFC 5609                  PANA State Machines                August 2009


                            }

   EAP_REQUEST              if (generate_pana_sa())    INITIAL
                                Tx:PAR[S]("EAP-Payload",
                                   "PRF-Algorithm",
                                   "Integrity-Algorithm");
                            else
                                Tx:PAR[S]("EAP-Payload");
                            RtxTimerStart();
   - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

   - - - - - - - - - - - - - - (PAN Handling)  - - - - - - - - - -
   Rx:PAN[S] &&             if (PAN.exist_avp          WAIT_EAP_MSG
   ((OPTIMIZED_INIT ==         ("EAP-Payload"))
     Unset) ||                TxEAP();
   PAN.exist_avp            else {
     ("EAP-Payload"))         EAP_Restart();
                              SessionTimerReStart
                               (FAILED_SESS_TIMEOUT);
                            }

   Rx:PAN[S] &&             None();                    WAIT_PAN_OR_PAR
   (OPTIMIZED_INIT ==
     Set) &&
   ! PAN.exist_avp
    ("EAP-Payload")

   - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

   -------------------
   State: WAIT_EAP_MSG
   -------------------

   Exit Condition           Exit Action                Exit State
   ------------------------+--------------------------+------------
   - - - - - - - - - - - -(Receiving EAP-Request)- - - - - - - - -
   EAP_REQUEST              if (NONCE_SENT==Unset) {   WAIT_PAN_OR_PAR
                              Tx:PAR[]("Nonce",
                                       "EAP-Payload");
                              NONCE_SENT=Set;
                            }
                            else
                              Tx:PAR[]("EAP-Payload");
                            RtxTimerStart();
   - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
   - - - - - - - - - - -(Receiving EAP-Success/Failure) - - - - -
   EAP_FAILURE              PAR.RESULT_CODE =          WAIT_FAIL_PAN
                              PANA_AUTHENTICATION_



Fajardo, et al.              Informational                     [Page 25]

RFC 5609                  PANA State Machines                August 2009


                                  REJECTED;
                            Tx:PAR[C]("EAP-Payload");
                            RtxTimerStart();
                            SessionTimerStop();

   EAP_SUCCESS &&           PAR.RESULT_CODE =          WAIT_SUCC_PAN
   Authorize()                PANA_SUCCESS;
                            if (new_key_available())
                              Tx:PAR[C]("EAP-Payload",
                                   "Key-Id");
                            else
                              Tx:PAR[C]("EAP-Payload");
                            RtxTimerStart();

   EAP_SUCCESS &&           PAR.RESULT_CODE =          WAIT_FAIL_PAN
   !Authorize()               PANA_AUTHORIZATION_
                                REJECTED;
                            if (new_key_available())
                              Tx:PAR[C]("EAP-Payload",
                                   "Key-Id");
                            else
                              Tx:PAR[C]("EAP-Payload");
                            RtxTimerStart();
   - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
    - - - - - (Receiving EAP-Timeout or invalid message) - - - - -
   EAP_TIMEOUT ||           SessionTimerStop();        CLOSED
   EAP_DISCARD              Disconnect();
   - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

   --------------------
   State: WAIT_SUCC_PAN
   --------------------

   Event/Condition          Action                     Exit State
   ------------------------+--------------------------+------------
   - - - - - - - - - - - - - (PAN Processing)- - - - - - - - - - -
   Rx:PAN[C]                RtxTimerStop();            OPEN
                            SessionTimerReStart
                              (LIFETIME_SESS_TIMEOUT);
   - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

   --------------------
   State: WAIT_FAIL_PAN
   --------------------

   Exit Condition           Exit Action                Exit State
   ------------------------+--------------------------+------------
   - - - - - - - - - - - - - - (PAN Processing)- - - - - - - - - -



Fajardo, et al.              Informational                     [Page 26]

RFC 5609                  PANA State Machines                August 2009


   Rx:PAN[C]                RtxTimerStop();            CLOSED
                            Disconnect();
   - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

   -----------

   State: OPEN
   -----------

   Event/Condition          Action                     Exit State
   ------------------------+--------------------------+------------
   - - - - - - - - (re-authentication initiated by PaC) - - - - - -
   Rx:PNR[A]                NONCE_SENT=Unset;          WAIT_EAP_MSG
                            EAP_Restart();
                            Tx:PNA[A]();
   - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
   - - - - - - - - (re-authentication initiated by PAA)- - - - - -
   REAUTH ||                NONCE_SENT=Unset;          WAIT_EAP_MSG
   REAUTH_TIMEOUT           EAP_Restart();

   - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
   - - (liveness test based on PNR-PNA exchange initiated by PAA)-
   PANA_PING                Tx:PNR[P]();               WAIT_PNA_PING
                            RtxTimerStart();
   - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
   - - - - - - - - (Session termination initiated from PAA)- - - -
   TERMINATE                Tx:PTR[]();                SESS_TERM
                            SessionTimerStop();
                            RtxTimerStart();
   - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
   - - - - - - - - (Session termination initiated from PaC)- - - -
   Rx:PTR[]                 Tx:PTA[]();                CLOSED
                            SessionTimerStop();
                            Disconnect();
   - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

   --------------------
   State: WAIT_PNA_PING
   --------------------

   Exit Condition           Exit Action                Exit State
   ------------------------+--------------------------+------------
   - - - - - - - - - - - - - -(PNA processing) - - - - - - - - - -
   Rx:PNA[P]                RtxTimerStop();            OPEN
   - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
   - - - - - - - - (re-authentication initiated by PaC) - - - - - -
   Rx:PNR[A]                RtxTimerStop();            WAIT_EAP_MSG
                            NONCE_SENT=Unset;



Fajardo, et al.              Informational                     [Page 27]

RFC 5609                  PANA State Machines                August 2009


                            EAP_Restart();
                            Tx:PNA[A]();
   - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
   - - - - - - - - (Session termination initiated from PaC)- - - -
   Rx:PTR[]                 RtxTimerStop();            CLOSED
                            Tx:PTA[]();
                            SessionTimerStop();
                            Disconnect();
   - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

   ----------------------
   State: WAIT_PAN_OR_PAR
   ----------------------

   Exit Condition           Exit Action                Exit State
   ------------------------+--------------------------+------------
   - - - - - - - - - - - - - (PAR Processing)- - - - - - - - - - -
   Rx:PAR[]                 TxEAP();                   WAIT_EAP_MSG
                            RtxTimerStop();
                            Tx:PAN[]();
   - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
   - - - - - - (Pass EAP Response to the EAP authenticator)- - - -
   Rx:PAN[] &&              TxEAP();                   WAIT_EAP_MSG
   PAN.exist_avp            RtxTimerStop();
   ("EAP-Payload")
   - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
   - - - - - - - - - - (PAN without an EAP response) - - - - - - -
   Rx:PAN[] &&              RtxTimerStop();            WAIT_PAN_OR_PAR
   !PAN.exist_avp
   ("EAP-Payload")
   - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
   - - - - - - - - - - - -(EAP retransmission) - - - - - - - - - -
   EAP_REQUEST              RtxTimerStop();            WAIT_PAN_OR_PAR
                            Tx:PAR[]("EAP-Payload");
                            RtxTimerStart();
   - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
   - - - - - - - (EAP authentication timeout or failure)- - - - -
   EAP_FAILURE ||           RtxTimerStop();            CLOSED
   EAP_TIMEOUT ||           SessionTimerStop();
   EAP_DISCARD              Disconnect();
   - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

   ----------------
   State: SESS_TERM
   ----------------

   Exit Condition           Exit Action                Exit State
   ------------------------+--------------------------+------------



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RFC 5609                  PANA State Machines                August 2009


   - - - - - - - - - - - - - -(PTA processing) - - - - - - - - - -
   Rx:PTA[]                 RtxTimerStop();            CLOSED
                            Disconnect();
   - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

9.  Implementation Considerations

9.1.  PAA and PaC Interface to Service Management Entity

   In general, it is assumed that each device or network equipment has a
   PANA protocol stack available for use by other modules within the
   device or network equipment.  One such module is the Service
   Management Entity (SME).  The SME is a generic term for modules that
   manage different services (including network protocols) that are
   installed on a device or equipment.  To integrate the PANA protocol
   with the SME, it is recommended that a generic interface (i.e., the
   SME-PANA interface) between the SME and the PANA protocol stack be
   provided by the implementation.  This interface should include common
   procedures such as startup, shutdown, and re-authenticate signals.
   It should also provide for extracting keying material.  For the PAA,
   the SME-PANA interface should also provide a method for communicating
   filtering parameters to the Enforcement Point(s) when cryptographic
   filtering is used.  The filtering parameters include keying material
   used for bootstrapping secured transport such as IPsec.  When a PAA
   device interacts with the backend authentication server using a AAA
   protocol, its SME may also provide an interface to the AAA protocol
   to obtain authorization parameters such as the authorization lifetime
   and additional filtering parameters.

10.  Security Considerations

   This document's intent is to describe the PANA state machines fully.
   To this end, any security concerns with this document are likely a
   reflection of security concerns with PANA itself.

11.  Acknowledgments

   This work was started from state machines originally made by Dan
   Forsberg.

12.  References

12.1.  Normative References

   [RFC5191]  Forsberg, D., Ohba, Y., Patil, B., Tschofenig, H., and A.
              Yegin, "Protocol for Carrying Authentication for Network
              Access (PANA)", RFC 5191, May 2008.




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RFC 5609                  PANA State Machines                August 2009


12.2.  Informative References

   [RFC4137]  Vollbrecht, J., Eronen, P., Petroni, N., and Y. Ohba,
              "State Machines for Extensible Authentication Protocol
              (EAP) Peer and Authenticator", RFC 4137, August 2005.

Authors' Addresses

   Victor Fajardo (editor)
   Telcordia Technologies
   1 Telcordia Drive
   Piscataway, NJ  08854
   USA

   Phone: +1 732 699 5368
   EMail: vfajardo@research.telcordia.com


   Yoshihiro Ohba
   Toshiba Corporate Research and Development Center
   1 Komukai-Toshiba-cho, Saiwai-ku
   Kawasaki, Kanagawa  212-8582
   Japan

   Phone: +81 44 549 2230
   EMail: yoshihiro.ohba@toshiba.co.jp


   Rafa Marin-Lopez
   University of Murcia
   Campus de Espinardo S/N, Facultad de Informatica
   Murcia  30100
   Spain

   Phone: +34 868 888 501
   EMail: rafa@um.es















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