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INFORMATIONAL

Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF)                 R. Denis-Courmont
Request for Comments: 5769                                         Nokia
Category: Informational                                       April 2010
ISSN: 2070-1721


      Test Vectors for Session Traversal Utilities for NAT (STUN)

Abstract

   The Session Traversal Utilities for NAT (STUN) protocol defines
   several STUN attributes.  The content of some of these --
   FINGERPRINT, MESSAGE-INTEGRITY, and XOR-MAPPED-ADDRESS -- involve
   binary-logical operations (hashing, xor).  This document provides
   test vectors for those attributes.

Status of This Memo

   This document is not an Internet Standards Track specification; it is
   published for informational purposes.

   This document is a product of the Internet Engineering Task Force
   (IETF).  It represents the consensus of the IETF community.  It has
   received public review and has been approved for publication by the
   Internet Engineering Steering Group (IESG).  Not all documents
   approved by the IESG are a candidate for any level of Internet
   Standard; see Section 2 of RFC 5741.

   Information about the current status of this document, any errata,
   and how to provide feedback on it may be obtained at
   http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc5769.

Copyright Notice

   Copyright (c) 2010 IETF Trust and the persons identified as the
   document authors.  All rights reserved.

   This document is subject to BCP 78 and the IETF Trust's Legal
   Provisions Relating to IETF Documents
   (http://trustee.ietf.org/license-info) in effect on the date of
   publication of this document.  Please review these documents
   carefully, as they describe your rights and restrictions with respect
   to this document.  Code Components extracted from this document must
   include Simplified BSD License text as described in Section 4.e of
   the Trust Legal Provisions and are provided without warranty as
   described in the Simplified BSD License.





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RFC 5769                    STUN Test Vectors                 April 2010


   This document may contain material from IETF Documents or IETF
   Contributions published or made publicly available before November
   10, 2008.  The person(s) controlling the copyright in some of this
   material may not have granted the IETF Trust the right to allow
   modifications of such material outside the IETF Standards Process.
   Without obtaining an adequate license from the person(s) controlling
   the copyright in such materials, this document may not be modified
   outside the IETF Standards Process, and derivative works of it may
   not be created outside the IETF Standards Process, except to format
   it for publication as an RFC or to translate it into languages other
   than English.

Table of Contents

   1.  Introduction  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
   2.  Test Vectors  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
     2.1.  Sample Request  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
     2.2.  Sample IPv4 Response  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
     2.3.  Sample IPv6 Response  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
     2.4.  Sample Request with Long-Term Authentication  . . . . . . . 8
   3.  Security Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
   4.  Acknowledgments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
   5.  References  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
     5.1.  Normative References  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
     5.2.  Informative References  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
   Appendix A.  Source Code for Test Vectors . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9

























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1.  Introduction

   The Session Traversal Utilities for NAT (STUN)[RFC5389] protocol
   defines two different hashes that may be included in messages
   exchanged by peers implementing that protocol:

   FINGERPRINT attribute:  a 32-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check.

   MESSAGE-INTEGRITY attribute:  an HMAC-SHA1 [RFC2104] authentication
      code.

   This document provides samples of properly formatted STUN messages
   including these hashes, for the sake of testing implementations of
   the STUN protocol.

2.  Test Vectors

   All included vectors are represented as a series of hexadecimal
   values in network byte order.  Each pair of hexadecimal digits
   represents one byte.

   Messages follow the Interactive Connectivity Establishment (ICE)
   Connectivity Checks use case of STUN (see [RFC5245]).  These messages
   include FINGERPRINT, MESSAGE-INTEGRITY, and XOR-MAPPED-ADDRESS STUN
   attributes.  These attributes are considered to be most prone to
   implementation errors.  An additional message is provided to test
   STUN authentication with long-term credentials (which is not used by
   ICE).

   In the following sample messages, two types of plain UTF-8 text
   attributes are included.  The values of certain of these attributes
   were purposely sized to require padding.  Non-ASCII characters are
   represented as <U+xxxx> where xxxx is the hexadecimal number of their
   Unicode code point.

   In this document, ASCII white spaces (U+0020) are used for padding
   within the first three messages - this is arbitrary.  Similarly, the
   last message uses nul bytes for padding.  As per [RFC5389], padding
   bytes may take any value.












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RFC 5769                    STUN Test Vectors                 April 2010


2.1.  Sample Request

   This request uses the following parameters:

   Software name:  "STUN test client" (without quotes)

   Username:  "evtj:h6vY" (without quotes)

   Password:  "VOkJxbRl1RmTxUk/WvJxBt" (without quotes)

          00 01 00 58     Request type and message length
          21 12 a4 42     Magic cookie
          b7 e7 a7 01  }
          bc 34 d6 86  }  Transaction ID
          fa 87 df ae  }
          80 22 00 10     SOFTWARE attribute header
          53 54 55 4e  }
          20 74 65 73  }  User-agent...
          74 20 63 6c  }  ...name
          69 65 6e 74  }
          00 24 00 04     PRIORITY attribute header
          6e 00 01 ff     ICE priority value
          80 29 00 08     ICE-CONTROLLED attribute header
          93 2f f9 b1  }  Pseudo-random tie breaker...
          51 26 3b 36  }   ...for ICE control
          00 06 00 09     USERNAME attribute header
          65 76 74 6a  }
          3a 68 36 76  }  Username (9 bytes) and padding (3 bytes)
          59 20 20 20  }
          00 08 00 14     MESSAGE-INTEGRITY attribute header
          9a ea a7 0c  }
          bf d8 cb 56  }
          78 1e f2 b5  }  HMAC-SHA1 fingerprint
          b2 d3 f2 49  }
          c1 b5 71 a2  }
          80 28 00 04     FINGERPRINT attribute header
          e5 7a 3b cf     CRC32 fingerprint














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2.2.  Sample IPv4 Response

   This response uses the following parameter:

   Password:  "VOkJxbRl1RmTxUk/WvJxBt" (without quotes)

   Software name:  "test vector" (without quotes)

   Mapped address:  192.0.2.1 port 32853

     01 01 00 3c     Response type and message length
     21 12 a4 42     Magic cookie
     b7 e7 a7 01  }
     bc 34 d6 86  }  Transaction ID
     fa 87 df ae  }
     80 22 00 0b     SOFTWARE attribute header
     74 65 73 74  }
     20 76 65 63  }  UTF-8 server name
     74 6f 72 20  }
     00 20 00 08     XOR-MAPPED-ADDRESS attribute header
     00 01 a1 47     Address family (IPv4) and xor'd mapped port number
     e1 12 a6 43     Xor'd mapped IPv4 address
     00 08 00 14     MESSAGE-INTEGRITY attribute header
     2b 91 f5 99  }
     fd 9e 90 c3  }
     8c 74 89 f9  }  HMAC-SHA1 fingerprint
     2a f9 ba 53  }
     f0 6b e7 d7  }
     80 28 00 04     FINGERPRINT attribute header
     c0 7d 4c 96     CRC32 fingerprint





















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RFC 5769                    STUN Test Vectors                 April 2010


2.3.  Sample IPv6 Response

   This response uses the following parameter:

   Password:  "VOkJxbRl1RmTxUk/WvJxBt" (without quotes)

   Software name:  "test vector" (without quotes)

   Mapped address:  2001:db8:1234:5678:11:2233:4455:6677 port 32853

     01 01 00 48     Response type and message length
     21 12 a4 42     Magic cookie
     b7 e7 a7 01  }
     bc 34 d6 86  }  Transaction ID
     fa 87 df ae  }
     80 22 00 0b     SOFTWARE attribute header
     74 65 73 74  }
     20 76 65 63  }  UTF-8 server name
     74 6f 72 20  }
     00 20 00 14     XOR-MAPPED-ADDRESS attribute header
     00 02 a1 47     Address family (IPv6) and xor'd mapped port number
     01 13 a9 fa  }
     a5 d3 f1 79  }  Xor'd mapped IPv6 address
     bc 25 f4 b5  }
     be d2 b9 d9  }
     00 08 00 14     MESSAGE-INTEGRITY attribute header
     a3 82 95 4e  }
     4b e6 7b f1  }
     17 84 c9 7c  }  HMAC-SHA1 fingerprint
     82 92 c2 75  }
     bf e3 ed 41  }
     80 28 00 04     FINGERPRINT attribute header
     c8 fb 0b 4c     CRC32 fingerprint


















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2.4.  Sample Request with Long-Term Authentication

   This request uses the following parameters:

   Username:  "<U+30DE><U+30C8><U+30EA><U+30C3><U+30AF><U+30B9>"
      (without quotes) unaffected by SASLprep [RFC4013] processing

   Password:  "The<U+00AD>M<U+00AA>tr<U+2168>" and "TheMatrIX" (without
      quotes) respectively before and after SASLprep processing

   Nonce:  "f//499k954d6OL34oL9FSTvy64sA" (without quotes)

   Realm:  "example.org" (without quotes)

      00 01 00 60     Request type and message length
      21 12 a4 42     Magic cookie
      78 ad 34 33  }
      c6 ad 72 c0  }  Transaction ID
      29 da 41 2e  }
      00 06 00 12     USERNAME attribute header
      e3 83 9e e3  }
      83 88 e3 83  }
      aa e3 83 83  }  Username value (18 bytes) and padding (2 bytes)
      e3 82 af e3  }
      82 b9 00 00  }
      00 15 00 1c     NONCE attribute header
      66 2f 2f 34  }
      39 39 6b 39  }
      35 34 64 36  }
      4f 4c 33 34  }  Nonce value
      6f 4c 39 46  }
      53 54 76 79  }
      36 34 73 41  }
      00 14 00 0b     REALM attribute header
      65 78 61 6d  }
      70 6c 65 2e  }  Realm value (11 bytes) and padding (1 byte)
      6f 72 67 00  }
      00 08 00 14     MESSAGE-INTEGRITY attribute header
      f6 70 24 65  }
      6d d6 4a 3e  }
      02 b8 e0 71  }  HMAC-SHA1 fingerprint
      2e 85 c9 a2  }
      8c a8 96 66  }








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RFC 5769                    STUN Test Vectors                 April 2010


3.  Security Considerations

   There are no security considerations.

4.  Acknowledgments

   The author would like to thank Marc Petit-Huguenin, Philip Matthews
   and Dan Wing for their inputs, and Brian Korver, Alfred E. Heggestad
   and Gustavo Garcia for their reviews.

5.  References

5.1.  Normative References

   [RFC5389]  Rosenberg, J., Mahy, R., Matthews, P., and D. Wing,
              "Session Traversal Utilities for NAT (STUN)", RFC 5389,
              October 2008.

   [RFC5245]  Rosenberg, J., "Interactive Connectivity Establishment
              (ICE): A Protocol for Network Address Translator (NAT)
              Traversal for Offer/Answer Protocols", RFC 5245, April
              2010.

5.2.  Informative References

   [RFC2104]  Krawczyk, H., Bellare, M., and R. Canetti, "HMAC: Keyed-
              Hashing for Message Authentication", RFC 2104,
              February 1997.

   [RFC4013]  Zeilenga, K., "SASLprep: Stringprep Profile for User Names
              and Passwords", RFC 4013, February 2005.




















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RFC 5769                    STUN Test Vectors                 April 2010


Appendix A.  Source Code for Test Vectors

   const unsigned char req[] =
     "\x00\x01\x00\x58"
     "\x21\x12\xa4\x42"
     "\xb7\xe7\xa7\x01\xbc\x34\xd6\x86\xfa\x87\xdf\xae"
     "\x80\x22\x00\x10"
       "STUN test client"
     "\x00\x24\x00\x04"
       "\x6e\x00\x01\xff"
     "\x80\x29\x00\x08"
       "\x93\x2f\xf9\xb1\x51\x26\x3b\x36"
     "\x00\x06\x00\x09"
       "\x65\x76\x74\x6a\x3a\x68\x36\x76\x59\x20\x20\x20"
     "\x00\x08\x00\x14"
       "\x9a\xea\xa7\x0c\xbf\xd8\xcb\x56\x78\x1e\xf2\xb5"
       "\xb2\xd3\xf2\x49\xc1\xb5\x71\xa2"
     "\x80\x28\x00\x04"
       "\xe5\x7a\x3b\xcf";

                              Request message






























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RFC 5769                    STUN Test Vectors                 April 2010


   const unsigned char respv4[] =
     "\x01\x01\x00\x3c"
     "\x21\x12\xa4\x42"
     "\xb7\xe7\xa7\x01\xbc\x34\xd6\x86\xfa\x87\xdf\xae"
     "\x80\x22\x00\x0b"
       "\x74\x65\x73\x74\x20\x76\x65\x63\x74\x6f\x72\x20"
     "\x00\x20\x00\x08"
       "\x00\x01\xa1\x47\xe1\x12\xa6\x43"
     "\x00\x08\x00\x14"
       "\x2b\x91\xf5\x99\xfd\x9e\x90\xc3\x8c\x74\x89\xf9"
       "\x2a\xf9\xba\x53\xf0\x6b\xe7\xd7"
     "\x80\x28\x00\x04"
       "\xc0\x7d\x4c\x96";

                           IPv4 response message


   const unsigned char respv6[] =
     "\x01\x01\x00\x48"
     "\x21\x12\xa4\x42"
     "\xb7\xe7\xa7\x01\xbc\x34\xd6\x86\xfa\x87\xdf\xae"
     "\x80\x22\x00\x0b"
       "\x74\x65\x73\x74\x20\x76\x65\x63\x74\x6f\x72\x20"
     "\x00\x20\x00\x14"
       "\x00\x02\xa1\x47"
       "\x01\x13\xa9\xfa\xa5\xd3\xf1\x79"
       "\xbc\x25\xf4\xb5\xbe\xd2\xb9\xd9"
     "\x00\x08\x00\x14"
       "\xa3\x82\x95\x4e\x4b\xe6\x7b\xf1\x17\x84\xc9\x7c"
       "\x82\x92\xc2\x75\xbf\xe3\xed\x41"
     "\x80\x28\x00\x04"
       "\xc8\xfb\x0b\x4c";

                           IPv6 response message

















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RFC 5769                    STUN Test Vectors                 April 2010


   const unsigned char reqltc[] =
     "\x00\x01\x00\x60"
     "\x21\x12\xa4\x42"
     "\x78\xad\x34\x33\xc6\xad\x72\xc0\x29\xda\x41\x2e"
     "\x00\x06\x00\x12"
       "\xe3\x83\x9e\xe3\x83\x88\xe3\x83\xaa\xe3\x83\x83"
       "\xe3\x82\xaf\xe3\x82\xb9\x00\x00"
     "\x00\x15\x00\x1c"
       "\x66\x2f\x2f\x34\x39\x39\x6b\x39\x35\x34\x64\x36"
       "\x4f\x4c\x33\x34\x6f\x4c\x39\x46\x53\x54\x76\x79"
       "\x36\x34\x73\x41"
     "\x00\x14\x00\x0b"
       "\x65\x78\x61\x6d\x70\x6c\x65\x2e\x6f\x72\x67\x00"
     "\x00\x08\x00\x14"
       "\xf6\x70\x24\x65\x6d\xd6\x4a\x3e\x02\xb8\xe0\x71"
       "\x2e\x85\xc9\xa2\x8c\xa8\x96\x66";

                    Request with long-term credentials

Author's Address

   Remi Denis-Courmont
   Nokia Corporation
   P.O. Box 407
   NOKIA GROUP  00045
   FI

   Phone: +358 50 487 6315
   EMail: remi.denis-courmont@nokia.com






















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