[Docs] [txt|pdf] [draft-ietf-dime-p...] [Diff1] [Diff2]

PROPOSED STANDARD

Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF)                  J. Korhonen, Ed.
Request for Comments: 5779                         Nokia Siemens Network
Category: Standards Track                                   J. Bournelle
ISSN: 2070-1721                                              Orange Labs
                                                            K. Chowdhury
                                                           Cisco Systems
                                                              A. Muhanna
                                                                Ericsson
                                                                U. Meyer
                                                             RWTH Aachen
                                                           February 2010


         Diameter Proxy Mobile IPv6: Mobile Access Gateway and
         Local Mobility Anchor Interaction with Diameter Server

Abstract

   This specification defines Authentication, Authorization, and
   Accounting (AAA) interactions between Proxy Mobile IPv6 entities
   (both Mobile Access Gateway and Local Mobility Anchor) and a AAA
   server within a Proxy Mobile IPv6 Domain.  These AAA interactions are
   primarily used to download and update mobile node specific policy
   profile information between Proxy Mobile IPv6 entities and a remote
   policy store.

Status of This Memo

   This is an Internet Standards Track document.

   This document is a product of the Internet Engineering Task Force
   (IETF).  It represents the consensus of the IETF community.  It has
   received public review and has been approved for publication by the
   Internet Engineering Steering Group (IESG).  Further information on
   Internet Standards is available in Section 2 of RFC 5741.

   Information about the current status of this document, any errata,
   and how to provide feedback on it may be obtained at
   http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc5779.












Korhonen, et al.             Standards Track                    [Page 1]

RFC 5779         Diameter Support for Proxy Mobile IPv6    February 2010


Copyright Notice

   Copyright (c) 2010 IETF Trust and the persons identified as the
   document authors.  All rights reserved.

   This document is subject to BCP 78 and the IETF Trust's Legal
   Provisions Relating to IETF Documents
   (http://trustee.ietf.org/license-info) in effect on the date of
   publication of this document.  Please review these documents
   carefully, as they describe your rights and restrictions with respect
   to this document.  Code Components extracted from this document must
   include Simplified BSD License text as described in Section 4.e of
   the Trust Legal Provisions and are provided without warranty as
   described in the Simplified BSD License.





































Korhonen, et al.             Standards Track                    [Page 2]

RFC 5779         Diameter Support for Proxy Mobile IPv6    February 2010


Table of Contents

   1. Introduction ....................................................4
   2. Terminology and Abbreviations ...................................4
   3. Solution Overview ...............................................5
   4. Generic Application Support and Command Codes ...................6
      4.1. MAG-to-HAAA Interface ......................................6
      4.2. LMA-to-HAAA Interface ......................................7
           4.2.1. General Operation and Authorization of PBU ..........7
           4.2.2. Updating LMA Address to HAAA ........................8
           4.2.3. Mobile Node Address Update and Assignment ...........8
   5. Attribute Value Pair Definitions ................................9
      5.1. MIP6-Agent-Info AVP ........................................9
      5.2. PMIP6-IPv4-Home-Address AVP ...............................10
      5.3. MIP6-Home-Link-Prefix AVP .................................10
      5.4. PMIP6-DHCP-Server-Address AVP .............................10
      5.5. MIP6-Feature-Vector AVP ...................................10
      5.6. Mobile-Node-Identifier AVP ................................11
      5.7. Calling-Station-Id AVP ....................................12
      5.8. Service-Selection AVP .....................................12
      5.9. Service-Configuration AVP .................................13
   6. Proxy Mobile IPv6 Session Management ...........................13
      6.1. Session-Termination-Request ...............................14
      6.2. Session-Termination-Answer ................................14
      6.3. Abort-Session-Request .....................................14
      6.4. Abort-Session-Answer ......................................14
   7. Attribute Value Pair Occurrence Tables .........................14
      7.1. MAG-to-HAAA Interface .....................................15
      7.2. LMA-to-HAAA Interface .....................................15
   8. Example Signaling Flows ........................................15
   9. IANA Considerations ............................................17
      9.1. Attribute Value Pair Codes ................................17
      9.2. Namespaces ................................................17
   10. Security Considerations .......................................17
   11. Acknowledgements ..............................................17
   12. References ....................................................18
      12.1. Normative References .....................................18
      12.2. Informative References ...................................18













Korhonen, et al.             Standards Track                    [Page 3]

RFC 5779         Diameter Support for Proxy Mobile IPv6    February 2010


1.  Introduction

   This specification defines Authentication, Authorization, and
   Accounting (AAA) interactions between a Mobile Access Gateway (MAG)
   and a AAA server, and between a Local Mobility Anchor (LMA) and a AAA
   server within a Proxy Mobile IPv6 (PMIPv6) Domain [RFC5213].  These
   AAA interactions are primarily used to download and update mobile
   node (MN) specific policy profile information between PMIPv6 entities
   (a MAG and an LMA) and a remote policy store.

   Dynamic assignment and downloading of an MN's policy profile
   information to a MAG from a remote policy store is a desirable
   feature to ease the deployment and network maintenance of larger
   PMIPv6 domains.  For this purpose, the same AAA infrastructure that
   is used for authenticating and authorizing the MN for a network
   access can be leveraged to download some or all of the necessary
   policy profile information to the MAG.

   Once the network has authenticated the MN, the MAG sends a Proxy
   Binding Update (PBU) to the LMA in order to set up a mobility session
   on behalf of the MN.  When the LMA receives the PBU, the LMA may need
   to authorize the received PBU against the AAA infrastructure.  The
   same AAA infrastructure that can be used for the authorization of the
   PBU, is also used to update the remote policy store with the LMA-
   provided MN specific mobility session-related information.

   In the context of this specification, the home AAA (HAAA) server
   functionality is co-located with the remote policy store.  The NAS
   functionality may be co-located with the MAG function in the network
   access router.  Diameter [RFC3588] is the used AAA protocol.

2.  Terminology and Abbreviations

   The key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", "SHALL", "SHALL NOT",
   "SHOULD", "SHOULD NOT", "RECOMMENDED", "MAY", and "OPTIONAL" in this
   document are to be interpreted as described in RFC 2119 [RFC2119].

   The general terminology used in this document can be found in
   [RFC5213] and [NETLMM-PMIP6].  The following additional or clarified
   terms are also used in this document:

   Network Access Server (NAS):

      A device that provides an access service for a user to a network.
      In the context of this document, the NAS may be integrated into or
      co-located to a MAG.  The NAS contains a Diameter client function.





Korhonen, et al.             Standards Track                    [Page 4]

RFC 5779         Diameter Support for Proxy Mobile IPv6    February 2010


   Home AAA (HAAA):

      An Authentication, Authorization, and Accounting (AAA) server
      located in user's home network.  A HAAA is essentially a Diameter
      server.

3.  Solution Overview

   This document addresses the AAA interactions and AAA-based session
   management functionality needed in the PMIPv6 Domain.  This document
   defines Diameter-based AAA interactions between the MAG and the HAAA,
   and between the LMA and the HAAA.

   The policy profile is downloaded from the HAAA to the MAG during the
   MN attachment to the PMIPv6 Domain.  Figure 1 shows the participating
   network entities.  This document, however, concentrates on the MAG,
   LMA, and the HAAA (the home Diameter server).

    +--------+
    | HAAA & | Diameter +-----+
    | Policy |<---(2)-->| LMA |
    | Store  |          +-----+
    +--------+             | <--- LMA-Address
         ^                 |
         |               // \\
     +---|------------- //---\\----------------+
    (    |  IPv4/IPv6  //     \\                )
    (    |   Network  //       \\               )
     +---|-----------//---------\\-------------+
         |          //           \\
     Diameter      // <- Tunnel1  \\ <- Tunnel2
        (1)       //               \\
         |        |- MAG1-Address   |- MAG2-Address
         |     +----+             +----+
         +---->|MAG1|             |MAG2|
               +----+             +----+
                  |                 |
                  |                 |
                [MN1]             [MN2]

   Legend:

     (1): MAG-to-HAAA interaction is described in Section 7.1
     (2): LMA-to-HAAA interaction is described in Section 7.2

              Figure 1: Proxy Mobile IPv6 Domain Interaction
                         with Diameter HAAA Server




Korhonen, et al.             Standards Track                    [Page 5]

RFC 5779         Diameter Support for Proxy Mobile IPv6    February 2010


   When an MN attaches to a PMIPv6 Domain, a network access
   authentication procedure is usually started.  The choice of the
   authentication mechanism is specific to the access network
   deployment, but could be based on the Extensible Authentication
   Protocol (EAP) [RFC3748].  During the network access authentication
   procedure, the MAG acting as a NAS queries the HAAA through the AAA
   infrastructure using the Diameter protocol.  If the HAAA detects that
   the subscriber is also authorized for the PMIPv6 service, PMIPv6
   specific information is returned along with the successful network
   access authentication answer to the MAG.

   After the MN has been successfully authenticated, the MAG sends a PBU
   to the LMA based on the MN's policy profile information.  Upon
   receiving the PBU, the LMA interacts with the HAAA and fetches the
   relevant parts of the subscriber policy profile and authorization
   information related to the mobility service session.  In this
   specification, the HAAA has the role of the PMIPv6 remote policy
   store.

4.  Generic Application Support and Command Codes

   This specification does not define new Application-IDs or Command
   Codes for the MAG-to-HAAA or for the LMA-to-HAAA Diameter
   connections.  Rather, this specification is generic to any Diameter
   application (and their commands) that is suitable for a network
   access authentication and authorization.  Example applications
   include NASREQ [RFC4005] and EAP [RFC4072].

4.1.  MAG-to-HAAA Interface

   The MAG-to-HAAA interactions are primarily used for bootstrapping
   PMIPv6 mobility service session when an MN attaches and authenticates
   to a PMIPv6 Domain.  This includes the bootstrapping of PMIPv6
   session-related information.  The same interface may also be used for
   accounting.  The MAG acts as a Diameter client.

   Whenever the MAG sends a Diameter request message to the HAAA, the
   User-Name AVP SHOULD contain the MN's identity unless the identity is
   being suppressed for policy reasons -- for example, when identity
   hiding is in effect.  The MN identity, if available, MUST be in
   Network Access Identifier (NAI) [RFC4282] format.  At minimum, the
   home realm of the MN MUST be available at the MAG when the network
   access authentication takes place.  Otherwise, the MAG is not able to
   route the Diameter request messages towards the correct HAAA.  The MN
   identity used on the MAG-to-HAAA interface and in the User-Name AVP
   MAY entirely be related to the network access authentication, and





Korhonen, et al.             Standards Track                    [Page 6]

RFC 5779         Diameter Support for Proxy Mobile IPv6    February 2010


   therefore not suitable to be used as the MN-ID mobility option value
   in the subsequent PBU / Proxy Binding Acknowledgement (PBA) messages.
   See the related discussion on MN identities in Sections 4.2 and 5.6.

   For the session management and service authorization purposes,
   session state SHOULD be maintained on the MAG-to-HAAA interface.  See
   the discussion in Section 5.8.

4.2.  LMA-to-HAAA Interface

   The LMA-to-HAAA interface may be used for multiple purposes.  These
   include the authorization of the incoming PBU, updating the LMA
   address to the HAAA, delegating the assignment of the MN-HNP (home
   network prefix) or the IPv4-HoA (home address) to the HAAA, and for
   accounting and PMIPv6 session management.  The primary purpose of
   this interface is to update the HAAA with the LMA address information
   in case of dynamically assigned LMA, and exchange the MN address
   assignment information between the LMA and the HAAA.

   The LMA-to-HAAA interface description is intended for different types
   of deployments and architectures.  Therefore, this specification only
   outlines AVPs and considerations that the deployment specific
   Diameter applications need to take into account from the PMIPv6 and
   LMA's point of view.

4.2.1.  General Operation and Authorization of PBU

   Whenever the LMA sends a Diameter request message to the HAAA, the
   User-Name AVP SHOULD contain the MN's identity.  The LMA-provided
   identity in the User-Name AVP is strongly RECOMMENDED to be the same
   as the MN's identity information in the PBU MN-ID [RFC4283] [RFC5213]
   mobility option.  The identity SHOULD also be the same as used on the
   MAG-to-HAAA interface, but in case those identities differ the HAAA
   MUST have a mechanism of mapping the MN identity used on the MAG-to-
   HAAA interface to the identity used on the LMA-to-HAAA interface.

   If the PBU contains the MN Link-Layer Identifier option, the Calling-
   Station-Id AVP SHOULD be included in the request message containing
   the received link-layer identifier.  Furthermore, if the PBU contains
   the Service Selection mobility option [RFC5149], the Service-
   Selection AVP SHOULD be included in the request message containing
   the received service identifier.  Both the MN link-layer identifier
   and the service selection can be used to provide more information for
   the PBU authorization step in the HAAA.

   The Auth-Request-Type AVP MUST be set to the value AUTHORIZE_ONLY.
   The Diameter session-related aspects discussed in Section 6 need to
   be taken into consideration when designing the Diameter application



Korhonen, et al.             Standards Track                    [Page 7]

RFC 5779         Diameter Support for Proxy Mobile IPv6    February 2010


   for the LMA-to-HAAA interface.  If the HAAA is not able to authorize
   the subscriber's mobility service session, then the reply message to
   the LMA MUST have the Result-Code AVP set to value
   DIAMETER_AUTHORIZATION_REJECTED (5003) indicating a permanent
   failure.  A failed authorization obviously results in a rejection of
   the PBU, and a PBA with an appropriate error Status Value MUST be
   sent back to the MAG.

   The authorization step MUST be performed at least for the initial PBU
   session up to a mobility session, when the LMA-to-HAAA interface is
   deployed.  For the subsequent re-registration and handover PBUs, the
   authorization step MAY be repeated (in this case, the LMA-to-HAAA
   interface should also maintain an authorization session state).

4.2.2.  Updating LMA Address to HAAA

   In case of a dynamic LMA discovery and assignment [NETLMM-LMA], the
   HAAA and the remote policy store may need to be updated with the
   selected LMA address information.  The update can be done during the
   PBU authorization step using the LMA-to-HAAA interface.  This
   specification uses the MIP6-Agent-Info AVP and its MIP-Home-Agent-
   Address and MIP-Home-Agent-Host sub-AVPs for carrying the LMA's
   address information from the LMA to the HAAA.  The LMA address
   information in the request message MUST contain the IP address of the
   LMA or the Fully Qualified Domain Name (FQDN) identifying uniquely
   the LMA, or both.  The LMA address information refers to the PMIPv6
   part of the LMA, not necessarily the LMA part interfacing with the
   AAA infrastructure.

   This specification does not define any HAAA-initiated LMA relocation
   functionality.  Therefore, when the MIP6-Agent-Info AVP is included
   in Diameter answer messages sent from the HAAA to the LMA, the HAAA
   indicates this by setting the MIP-Home-Agent-Address AVP to all
   zeroes address (e.g., 0::0) and not including the MIP-Home-Agent-Host
   AVP.

4.2.3.  Mobile Node Address Update and Assignment

   The LMA and the HAAA use the MIP6-Home-Link-Prefix AVP to exchange
   the MN-HNP when appropriate.  Similarly, the LMA and the HAAA use the
   PMIP6-IPv4-Home-Address AVP to exchange the IPv4-MN-HoA when
   appropriate.  These AVPs are encapsulated inside the MIP6-Agent-Info
   AVP.  The MN address information exchange is again done during the
   PBU authorization step.  The HAAA MAY also use the LMA-provided MN
   address information as a part of the information used to authorize
   the PBU.





Korhonen, et al.             Standards Track                    [Page 8]

RFC 5779         Diameter Support for Proxy Mobile IPv6    February 2010


   Which entity is actually responsible for the address management is
   deployment specific within the PMIPv6 Domain and MUST be pre-agreed
   on per deployment basis.  When the LMA is responsible for the address
   management, the MIP6-Agent-Info AVP is used to inform the HAAA and
   the remote policy store of the MN-HNP/IPv4-MN-HoA assigned to the MN.

   It is also possible that the LMA delegates the address management to
   the HAAA.  In this case, the MN-HNP/IPv4-MN-HoA are set to undefined
   addresses (as described in Section 5.1) in the Diameter request
   message sent from the LMA to the HAAA.  The LMA expects to receive
   the HAAA assigned HNP/IPv4-MN-HoA in the corresponding Diameter
   answer message.

5.  Attribute Value Pair Definitions

   This section describes Attribute Value Pairs (AVPs) defined by this
   specification or re-used from existing specifications in a PMIPv6
   specific way.  Derived Diameter AVP Data Formats such as Address and
   UTF8String are defined in Section 4.3 of [RFC3588].  Grouped AVP
   values are defined in Section 4.4 of [RFC3588].

5.1.  MIP6-Agent-Info AVP

   The MIP6-Agent-Info grouped AVP (AVP Code 486) is defined in
   [RFC5447].  The AVP is used to carry LMA addressing-related
   information and an MN-HNP.  This specification extends the MIP6-
   Agent-Info with the PMIP6-IPv4-Home-Address AVP using the Diameter
   extensibility rules defined in [RFC3588].  The PMIP6-IPv4-Home-
   Address AVP contains the IPv4-MN-HoA.

   The extended MIP6-Agent-Info AVP results in the following grouped
   AVP.  The grouped AVP has the following modified ABNF (as defined in
   [RFC3588]):

       MIP6-Agent-Info ::= < AVP-Header: 486 >
                         *2[ MIP-Home-Agent-Address ]
                           [ MIP-Home-Agent-Host ]
                           [ MIP6-Home-Link-Prefix ]
                           [ PMIP6-IPv4-Home-Address ]
                         * [ AVP ]

   If the MIP-Home-Agent-Address is set to all zeroes address (e.g.,
   0::0), the receiver of the MIP6-Agent-Info AVP MUST ignore the MIP-
   Home-Agent-Address AVP.







Korhonen, et al.             Standards Track                    [Page 9]

RFC 5779         Diameter Support for Proxy Mobile IPv6    February 2010


5.2.  PMIP6-IPv4-Home-Address AVP

   The PMIP6-IPv4-Home-Address AVP (AVP Code 505) is of type Address and
   contains an IPv4 address.  This AVP is used to carry the IPv4-MN-HoA,
   if available, from the HAAA to the MAG.  This AVP SHOULD only be
   present when the MN is statically provisioned with the IPv4-MN-HoA.
   Note that proactive dynamic assignment of the IPv4-MN-HoA by the HAAA
   may result in unnecessary reservation of IPv4 address resources,
   because the MN may considerably delay or completely bypass its IPv4
   address configuration.

   The PMIP6-IPv4-Home-Address AVP is also used on the LMA-to-HAAA
   interface.  The AVP contains the IPv4-MN-HoA assigned to the MN.  If
   the LMA delegates the assignment of the IPv4-MN-HoA to the HAAA, the
   AVP MUST contain all zeroes IPv4 address (i.e., 0.0.0.0) in the
   request message.  If the LMA delegated the IPv4-MN-HoA assignment to
   the HAAA, then the AVP contains the HAAA assigned IPv4-MN-HoA in the
   response message.

5.3.  MIP6-Home-Link-Prefix AVP

   The MIP6-Home-Link-Prefix AVP (AVP Code 125) is defined in [RFC5447].
   This AVP is used to carry the MN-HNP, if available, from the HAAA to
   the MAG.  The low 64 bits of the prefix MUST be all zeroes.

   The MIP6-Home-Link-Prefix AVP is also used on the LMA-to-HAAA
   interface.  The AVP contains the prefix assigned to the MN.  If the
   LMA delegates the assignment of the MN-HNP to the HAAA, the AVP MUST
   contain all zeroes address (i.e., 0::0) in the request message.  If
   the LMA delegated the MN-HNP assignment to the HAAA, then the AVP
   contains the HAAA-assigned MN-HNP in the response message.

5.4.  PMIP6-DHCP-Server-Address AVP

   The PMIP6-DHCP-Server-Address AVP (AVP Code 504) is of type Address
   and contains the IP address of the Dynamic Host Configuration
   Protocol (DHCP) server assigned to the MAG serving the newly attached
   MN.  If the AVP contains a DHCPv4 [RFC2131] server address, then the
   Address type MUST be IPv4.  If the AVP contains a DHCPv6 [RFC3315]
   server address, then the Address type MUST be IPv6.  The HAAA MAY
   assign a DHCP server to the MAG in deployments where the MAG acts as
   a DHCP Relay [NETLMM-PMIP6].

5.5.  MIP6-Feature-Vector AVP

   The MIP6-Feature-Vector AVP is originally defined in [RFC5447].  This
   document defines new capability flag bits according to the IANA rules
   in RFC 5447.



Korhonen, et al.             Standards Track                   [Page 10]

RFC 5779         Diameter Support for Proxy Mobile IPv6    February 2010


   PMIP6_SUPPORTED (0x0000010000000000)

      When the MAG/NAS sets this bit in the MIP6-Feature-Vector AVP, it
      is an indication to the HAAA that the NAS supports PMIPv6.  When
      the HAAA sets this bit in the response MIP6-Feature-Vector AVP, it
      indicates that the HAAA also has PMIPv6 support.  This capability
      bit can also be used to allow PMIPv6 mobility support in a
      subscription granularity.

   IP4_HOA_SUPPORTED (0x0000020000000000)

      Assignment of the IPv4-MN-HoA is supported.  When the MAG sets
      this bit in the MIP6-Feature-Vector AVP, it indicates that the MAG
      implements a minimal functionality of a DHCP server (and a relay)
      and is able to deliver IPv4-MN-HoA to the MN.  When the HAAA sets
      this bit in the response MIP6-Feature-Vector AVP, it indicates
      that the HAAA has authorized the use of IPv4-MN-HoA for the MN.
      If this bit is unset in the returned MIP6-Feature-Vector AVP, the
      HAAA does not authorize the configuration of IPv4 address.

   LOCAL_MAG_ROUTING_SUPPORTED (0x0000040000000000)

      Direct routing of IP packets between MNs anchored to the same MAG
      is supported as described in Sections 6.10.3 and 9.2 of [RFC5213].
      When a MAG sets this bit in the MIP6-Feature-Vector, it indicates
      that routing IP packets between MNs anchored to the same MAG is
      supported, without reverse tunneling packets via the LMA or
      requiring any Route Optimization-related signaling (e.g., the
      Return Routability Procedure in [RFC3775]) prior direct routing.
      If this bit is cleared in the returned MIP6-Feature-Vector AVP,
      the HAAA does not authorize direct routing of packets between MNs
      anchored to the same MAG.  The MAG SHOULD support this policy
      feature on a per-MN and per-subscription basis.

   The MIP6-Feature-Vector AVP is also used on the LMA-to-HAAA
   interface.  Using the capability announcement AVP it is possible to
   perform a simple capability negotiation between the LMA and the HAAA.
   Those capabilities that are announced by both parties are also known
   to be mutually supported.  The capabilities listed in earlier are
   also supported in the LMA-to-HAAA interface.  The LMA-to-HAAA
   interface does not define any new capability values.

5.6.  Mobile-Node-Identifier AVP

   The Mobile-Node-Identifier AVP (AVP Code 506) is of type UTF8String
   and contains the mobile node identifier (MN-Identifier; see
   [RFC5213]) in the NAI [RFC4282] format.  This AVP is used on the MAG-
   to-HAAA interface.  The Mobile-Node-Identifier AVP is designed for



Korhonen, et al.             Standards Track                   [Page 11]

RFC 5779         Diameter Support for Proxy Mobile IPv6    February 2010


   deployments where the MAG does not have a way to find out such MN
   identity that could be used in subsequent PBU/PBA exchanges (e.g.,
   due to identity hiding during the network access authentication) or
   the HAAA wants to assign periodically changing identities to the MN.

   The Mobile-Node-Identifier AVP is returned in the answer message that
   ends a successful authentication (and possibly an authorization)
   exchange between the MAG and the HAAA, assuming the HAAA is also able
   to provide the MAG with the MN-Identifier in the first place.  The
   MAG MUST use the received MN-Identifier, if it has not been able to
   get the mobile node identifier through other means.  If the MAG
   already has a valid mobile node identifier, then the MAG MUST
   silently discard the received MN-Identifier.

5.7.  Calling-Station-Id AVP

   The Calling-Station-Id AVP (AVP Code 31) is of type UTF8String and
   contains a link-layer identifier of the MN.  This identifier
   corresponds to the link-layer identifier as defined in RFC 5213,
   Sections 2.2 and 8.6.  The Link-Layer Identifier is encoded in ASCII
   format (upper case only), with octet values separated by a "-".
   Example: "00-23-32-C9-79-38".  The encoding is actually the same as
   the MAC address encoding in Section 3.21 of RFC 3580.

5.8.  Service-Selection AVP

   The Service-Selection AVP (AVP Code 493) is of type UTF8String and
   contains an LMA-provided service identifier on the LMA-to-HAAA
   interface.  This AVP is re-used from [RFC5778].  The service
   identifier may be used to assist the PBU authorization and the
   assignment of the MN-HNP and the IPv4-MN-HoA as described in RFC 5149
   [RFC5149].  The identifier MUST be unique within the PMIPv6 Domain.
   In the absence of the Service-Selection AVP in the request message,
   the HAAA may want to inform the LMA of the default service
   provisioned to the MN and include the Service-Selection AVP in the
   response message.

   It is also possible that the MAG receives the service selection
   information from the MN, for example, via some lower layer mechanism.
   In this case, the MAG MUST include the Service-Selection AVP also in
   the MAG-to-HAAA request messages.  In the absence of the Service-
   Selection AVP in the MAG-to-HAAA request messages, the HAAA may want
   to inform the MAG of the default service provisioned to the MN and
   include the Service-Selection AVP in the response message.







Korhonen, et al.             Standards Track                   [Page 12]

RFC 5779         Diameter Support for Proxy Mobile IPv6    February 2010


   Whenever the Service-Selection AVP is included either in a request
   message or in a response message, and the AAA interaction with HAAA
   completes successfully, it is an indication that the HAAA also
   authorized the MN to some service.  This should be taken into account
   when considering what to include in the Auth-Request-Type AVP.

   The service selection concept supports signaling one service at time.
   However, the MN policy profile MAY support multiple services being
   used simultaneously.  For this purpose, the HAAA MAY return multiple
   LMA and service pairs (see Section 5.9) to the MAG in a response
   message that ends a successful authentication (and possibly an
   authorization) exchange between the MAG and the HAAA.  Whenever the
   MN initiates an additional mobility session to another service (using
   a link layer or deployment specific method), the provisioned service
   information is already contained in the MAG.  Therefore, there is no
   need for additional AAA signaling between the MAG and the HAAA.

5.9.  Service-Configuration AVP

   The Service-Configuration AVP (AVP Code 507) is of type Grouped and
   contains a service and an LMA pair.  The HAAA can use this AVP to
   inform the MAG of the MN's subscribed services and LMAs where those
   services are hosted in.

       Service-Configuration ::= < AVP-Header: 507 >
                                 [ MIP6-Agent-Info ]
                                 [ Service-Selection ]
                               * [ AVP ]

6.  Proxy Mobile IPv6 Session Management

   Concerning a PMIPv6 mobility session, the HAAA, the MAG, and the LMA
   Diameter entities SHOULD be stateful and maintain the corresponding
   Authorization Session State Machine defined in [RFC3588].  If a state
   is maintained, then a PMIPv6 mobility session that can be identified
   by any of the Binding Cache Entry (BCE) Lookup Keys described in RFC
   5213 (see Sections 5.4.1.1, 5.4.1.2, and 5.4.1.3) MUST map to a
   single Diameter Session-Id.  If the PMIPv6 Domain allows further
   separation of sessions, for example, identified by the RFC 5213 BCE
   Lookup Keys and the service selection combination (see Section 5.8
   and [RFC5149]), then a single Diameter Session-Id MUST map to a
   PMIPv6 mobility session identified by the RFC 5213 BCE Lookup Keys
   and the selected service.

   If both the MAG-to-HAAA and the LMA-to-HAAA interfaces are deployed
   in a PMIPv6 Domain, and a state is maintained on both interfaces,
   then one PMIPv6 mobility session would have two distinct Diameter




Korhonen, et al.             Standards Track                   [Page 13]

RFC 5779         Diameter Support for Proxy Mobile IPv6    February 2010


   sessions on the HAAA.  The HAAA needs to be aware of this deployment
   possibility and SHOULD allow multiple Diameter sessions for the same
   PMIPv6 mobility session.

   Diameter session termination-related commands described in the
   following sections may be exchanged between the LMA and the HAAA, or
   between the MAG and the HAAA.  The actual PMIPv6 session termination
   procedures take place at the PMIPv6 protocol level and are described
   in more detail in RFC 5213 and [MEXT-BINDING].

6.1.  Session-Termination-Request

   The LMA or the MAG MAY send the Session-Termination-Request (STR)
   command [RFC3588] to inform the HAAA that the termination of an
   ongoing PMIPv6 session is in progress.

6.2.  Session-Termination-Answer

   The Session-Termination-Answer (STA) [RFC3588] is sent by the HAAA to
   acknowledge the termination of a PMIPv6 session.

6.3.  Abort-Session-Request

   The HAAA MAY send the Abort-Session-Request (ASR) command [RFC3588]
   to the LMA or to the MAG and request termination of a PMIPv6 session.

6.4.  Abort-Session-Answer

   The Abort-Session-Answer (ASA) command [RFC3588] is sent by the LMA
   or the MAG to acknowledge the termination of a PMIPv6 session.

7.  Attribute Value Pair Occurrence Tables

   The following tables list the PMIPv6 MAG-to-HAAA interface and LMA-
   to-HAAA interface AVPs including those that are defined in [RFC5447].

   Figure 2 contains the AVPs and their occurrences on the MAG-to-HAAA
   interface.  The AVPs that are part of grouped AVP are not listed in
   the table; rather, only the grouped AVP is listed.












Korhonen, et al.             Standards Track                   [Page 14]

RFC 5779         Diameter Support for Proxy Mobile IPv6    February 2010


7.1.  MAG-to-HAAA Interface

                                     +---------------+
                                     |  Command-Code |
                                     |-------+-------+
      Attribute Name                 |  REQ  |  ANS  |
      -------------------------------+-------+-------+
      PMIP6-DHCP-Server-Address      |   0   |  0+   |
      MIP6-Agent-Info                |  0+   |  0+   |
      MIP6-Feature-Vector            |  0-1  |  0-1  |
      Mobile-Node-Identifier         |  0-1  |  0-1  |
      Calling-Station-Id             |  0-1  |   0   |
      Service-Selection              |  0-1  |   0   |
      Service-Configuration          |   0   |  0+   |
                                     +-------+-------+

         Figure 2: MAG-to-HAAA Interface Generic Diameter Request
                         and Answer Commands AVPs

7.2.  LMA-to-HAAA Interface

                                     +---------------+
                                     |  Command-Code |
                                     |-------+-------+
      Attribute Name                 |  REQ  |  ANS  |
      -------------------------------+-------+-------+
      MIP6-Agent-Info                |  0-1  |  0-1  |
      MIP6-Feature-Vector            |  0-1  |  0-1  |
      Calling-Station-Id             |  0-1  |   0   |
      Service-Selection              |  0-1  |  0-1  |
      User-Name                      |  0-1  |  0-1  |
                                     +-------+-------+

         Figure 3: LMA-to-HAAA Interface Generic Diameter Request
                         and Answer Commands AVPs

8.  Example Signaling Flows

   Figure 4 shows a signaling flow example during PMIPv6 bootstrapping
   using the AAA interactions defined in this specification.  In step
   (1) of this example, the MN is authenticated to the PMIPv6 Domain
   using EAP-based authentication.  The MAG to the HAAA signaling uses
   the Diameter EAP Application.  During step (2), the LMA uses the
   Diameter NASREQ application to authorize the MN with the HAAA server.







Korhonen, et al.             Standards Track                   [Page 15]

RFC 5779         Diameter Support for Proxy Mobile IPv6    February 2010


   The MAG-to-HAAA AVPs, as listed in Section 7.1, are used during step
   (1).  These AVPs are included only in the Diameter EAP Request (DER)
   message which starts the EAP exchange and in the corresponding
   Diameter EAP Answer (DEA) message which successfully completes this
   EAP exchange.  The LMA-to-HAAA AVPs, as listed in Section 7.2, are
   used during step (2).  Step (2) is used to authorize the MN request
   for the mobility service and update the HAAA server with the assigned
   LMA information.  In addition, this step may be used to dynamically
   assist in the assignment of the MN-HNP.

   MN                 MAG/NAS                LMA                  HAAA
   |                     |                    |                    |
   | L2 attach           |                    |                    |
   |-------------------->|                    |                    |
   | EAP/req-identity    |                    |                    |
   |<--------------------|                    |                    |
   | EAP/res-identity    | DER + MAG-to-HAAA AVPs                  | s
   |-------------------->|---------------------------------------->| t
   | EAP/req #1          | DEA (EAP request #1)                    | e
   |<--------------------|<----------------------------------------| p
   | EAP/res #2          | DER (EAP response #2)                   |
   |-------------------->|---------------------------------------->| 1
   :                     :                    :                    :
   :                     :                    :                    :
   | EAP/res #N          | DER (EAP response #N)                   |
   |-------------------->|---------------------------------------->|
   | EAP/success         | DEA (EAP success) + MAG-to-HAAA AVPs    |
   |<--------------------|<----------------------------------------|
   :                     :                    :                    :
   :                     :                    :                    :
   |                     | PMIPv6 PBU         | AAR +              | s
   |                     |------------------->| LMA-to-HAAA AVPs   | t
   |                     |                    |------------------->| e
   |                     |                    | AAA +              | p
   |                     |                    | LMA-to-HAAA AVPs   |
   |                     | PMIPv6 PBA         |<-------------------| 2
   | RA                  |<-------------------|                    |
   |<--------------------|                    |                    |
   :                     :                    :                    :
   :                     :                    :                    :
   | IP connectivity     | PMIPv6 tunnel up   |                    |
   |---------------------|====================|                    |
   |                     |                    |                    |

        Figure 4: MAG and LMA Signaling Interaction with AAA Server
                        during PMIPv6 Bootstrapping





Korhonen, et al.             Standards Track                   [Page 16]

RFC 5779         Diameter Support for Proxy Mobile IPv6    February 2010


9.  IANA Considerations

9.1.  Attribute Value Pair Codes

   This specification defines the following new AVPs:

     PMIP6-DHCP-Server-Address   504
     PMIP6-IPv4-Home-Address     505
     Mobile-Node-Identifier      506
     Service-Configuration       507

9.2.  Namespaces

   This specification defines new values to the Mobility Capability
   registry (see [RFC5447]) for use with the MIP6-Feature-Vector AVP:

   Token                            | Value                | Description
   ---------------------------------+----------------------+------------
   PMIP6_SUPPORTED                  | 0x0000010000000000   | [RFC5779]
   IP4_HOA_SUPPORTED                | 0x0000020000000000   | [RFC5779]
   LOCAL_MAG_ROUTING_SUPPORTED      | 0x0000040000000000   | [RFC5779]

10.  Security Considerations

   The security considerations of the Diameter Base protocol [RFC3588],
   Diameter EAP application [RFC4072], Diameter NASREQ application
   [RFC4005], and Diameter Mobile IPv6 integrated scenario bootstrapping
   [RFC5447] are applicable to this document.

   In general, the Diameter messages may be transported between the LMA
   and the Diameter server via one or more AAA brokers or Diameter
   agents.  In this case, the LMA to the Diameter server AAA
   communication rely on the security properties of the intermediate AAA
   brokers and Diameter agents (such as proxies).

11.  Acknowledgements

   Jouni Korhonen would like to thank the TEKES GIGA program MERCoNe-
   project for providing funding to work on this document while he was
   with TeliaSonera.  The authors also thank Pasi Eronen, Peter McCann,
   Spencer Dawkins, and Marco Liebsch for their detailed reviews of this
   document.









Korhonen, et al.             Standards Track                   [Page 17]

RFC 5779         Diameter Support for Proxy Mobile IPv6    February 2010


12.  References

12.1.  Normative References

   [RFC2119]       Bradner, S., "Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate
                   Requirement Levels", BCP 14, RFC 2119, March 1997.

   [RFC3588]       Calhoun, P., Loughney, J., Guttman, E., Zorn, G., and
                   J. Arkko, "Diameter Base Protocol", RFC 3588,
                   September 2003.

   [RFC4005]       Calhoun, P., Zorn, G., Spence, D., and D. Mitton,
                   "Diameter Network Access Server Application",
                   RFC 4005, August 2005.

   [RFC4072]       Eronen, P., Hiller, T., and G. Zorn, "Diameter
                   Extensible Authentication Protocol (EAP)
                   Application", RFC 4072, August 2005.

   [RFC4282]       Aboba, B., Beadles, M., Arkko, J., and P. Eronen,
                   "The Network Access Identifier", RFC 4282,
                   December 2005.

   [RFC5213]       Gundavelli, S., Leung, K., Devarapalli, V.,
                   Chowdhury, K., and B. Patil, "Proxy Mobile IPv6",
                   RFC 5213, August 2008.

   [RFC5447]       Korhonen, J., Bournelle, J., Tschofenig, H., Perkins,
                   C., and K. Chowdhury, "Diameter Mobile IPv6: Support
                   for Network Access Server to Diameter Server
                   Interaction", RFC 5447, February 2009.

   [RFC5778]       Korhonen, J., Ed., Tschofenig, H., Bournelle, J.,
                   Giaretta, G., and M. Nakhjiri, "Diameter Mobile IPv6:
                   Support for Home Agent to Diameter Server
                   Interaction", RFC 5778, February 2010.

12.2.  Informative References

   [MEXT-BINDING]  Muhanna, A., Khalil, M., Gundavelli, S., Chowdhury,
                   K., and P. Yegani, "Binding Revocation for IPv6
                   Mobility", Work in Progress, October 2009.

   [NETLMM-LMA]    Korhonen, J. and V. Devarapalli, "LMA Discovery for
                   Proxy Mobile IPv6", Work in Progress, September 2009.

   [NETLMM-PMIP6]  Wakikawa, R. and S. Gundavelli, "IPv4 Support for
                   Proxy Mobile IPv6", Work in Progress, September 2009.



Korhonen, et al.             Standards Track                   [Page 18]

RFC 5779         Diameter Support for Proxy Mobile IPv6    February 2010


   [RFC2131]       Droms, R., "Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol",
                   RFC 2131, March 1997.

   [RFC3315]       Droms, R., Bound, J., Volz, B., Lemon, T., Perkins,
                   C., and M. Carney, "Dynamic Host Configuration
                   Protocol for IPv6 (DHCPv6)", RFC 3315, July 2003.

   [RFC3748]       Aboba, B., Blunk, L., Vollbrecht, J., Carlson, J.,
                   and H. Levkowetz, "Extensible Authentication Protocol
                   (EAP)", RFC 3748, June 2004.

   [RFC3775]       Johnson, D., Perkins, C., and J. Arkko, "Mobility
                   Support in IPv6", RFC 3775, June 2004.

   [RFC4283]       Patel, A., Leung, K., Khalil, M., Akhtar, H., and K.
                   Chowdhury, "Mobile Node Identifier Option for Mobile
                   IPv6 (MIPv6)", RFC 4283, November 2005.

   [RFC5149]       Korhonen, J., Nilsson, U., and V. Devarapalli,
                   "Service Selection for Mobile IPv6", RFC 5149,
                   February 2008.






























Korhonen, et al.             Standards Track                   [Page 19]

RFC 5779         Diameter Support for Proxy Mobile IPv6    February 2010


Authors' Addresses

   Jouni Korhonen (editor)
   Nokia Siemens Network
   Linnoitustie 6
   Espoo  FI-02600
   Finland

   EMail: jouni.nospam@gmail.com


   Julien Bournelle
   Orange Labs
   38-4O rue du general Leclerc
   Issy-Les-Moulineaux  92794
   France

   EMail: julien.bournelle@orange-ftgroup.com


   Kuntal Chowdhury
   Cisco Systems
   30 International Place
   Tewksbury, MA  01876
   USA

   EMail: kchowdhury@cisco.com


   Ahmad Muhanna
   Ericsson, Inc.
   2201 Lakeside Blvd.
   Richardson, TX  75082
   USA

   EMail: Ahmad.muhanna@ericsson.com


   Ulrike Meyer
   RWTH Aachen

   EMail: meyer@umic.rwth-aachen.de









Korhonen, et al.             Standards Track                   [Page 20]


Html markup produced by rfcmarkup 1.108, available from http://tools.ietf.org/tools/rfcmarkup/