[Docs] [txt|pdf] [draft-ietf-mpls-l...] [Diff1] [Diff2] [IPR] [Errata]

PROPOSED STANDARD
Errata Exist
Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF)                          R. Asati
Request for Comments: 5919                                  P. Mohapatra
Category: Standards Track                                  Cisco Systems
ISSN: 2070-1721                                                  E. Chen
                                                     Huawei Technologies
                                                               B. Thomas
                                                             August 2010


              Signaling LDP Label Advertisement Completion

Abstract

   There are situations following Label Distribution Protocol (LDP)
   session establishment where it would be useful for an LDP speaker to
   know when its peer has advertised all of its labels.  The LDP
   specification provides no mechanism for an LDP speaker to notify a
   peer when it has completed its initial label advertisements to that
   peer.  This document specifies means for an LDP speaker to signal
   completion of its initial label advertisements following session
   establishment.

Status of This Memo

   This is an Internet Standards Track document.

   This document is a product of the Internet Engineering Task Force
   (IETF).  It represents the consensus of the IETF community.  It has
   received public review and has been approved for publication by the
   Internet Engineering Steering Group (IESG).  Further information on
   Internet Standards is available in Section 2 of RFC 5741.

   Information about the current status of this document, any errata,
   and how to provide feedback on it may be obtained at
   http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc5919.
















Asati, et al.                Standards Track                    [Page 1]

RFC 5919      Signaling LDP Label Advertisement Completion   August 2010


Copyright Notice

   Copyright (c) 2010 IETF Trust and the persons identified as the
   document authors.  All rights reserved.

   This document is subject to BCP 78 and the IETF Trust's Legal
   Provisions Relating to IETF Documents
   (http://trustee.ietf.org/license-info) in effect on the date of
   publication of this document.  Please review these documents
   carefully, as they describe your rights and restrictions with respect
   to this document.  Code Components extracted from this document must
   include Simplified BSD License text as described in Section 4.e of
   the Trust Legal Provisions and are provided without warranty as
   described in the Simplified BSD License.

   This document may contain material from IETF Documents or IETF
   Contributions published or made publicly available before November
   10, 2008.  The person(s) controlling the copyright in some of this
   material may not have granted the IETF Trust the right to allow
   modifications of such material outside the IETF Standards Process.
   Without obtaining an adequate license from the person(s) controlling
   the copyright in such materials, this document may not be modified
   outside the IETF Standards Process, and derivative works of it may
   not be created outside the IETF Standards Process, except to format
   it for publication as an RFC or to translate it into languages other
   than English.

Table of Contents

   1. Introduction ....................................................3
      1.1. Applicability - Label Advertisement Mode ...................3
   2. Specification Language ..........................................3
   3. Unrecognized Notification Capability ............................4
   4. Signaling Completion of Label Advertisement .....................4
      4.1. Missing Expected End-of-LIB Notifications ..................5
   5. Usage Guidelines ................................................6
      5.1. LDP-IGP Sync ...............................................6
      5.2. LDP Graceful Restart .......................................7
      5.3. Wildcard Label Request .....................................7
   6. Security Considerations .........................................8
   7. IANA Considerations .............................................8
   8. Acknowledgments .................................................8
   9. References ......................................................8
      9.1. Normative References .......................................8
      9.2. Informative References .....................................9






Asati, et al.                Standards Track                    [Page 2]

RFC 5919      Signaling LDP Label Advertisement Completion   August 2010


1.  Introduction

   There are situations following LDP session establishment where it
   would be useful for an LDP speaker to know when its peer has
   advertised all of the labels from its Label Information Base (LIB).
   For example, when an LDP speaker is using LDP-IGP synchronization
   procedures [RFC5443], it would be useful for the speaker to know when
   its peer has completed advertisement of its IP label bindings.
   Similarly, after an LDP session is re-established when LDP Graceful
   Restart [RFC3478] is in effect, it would be helpful for each peer to
   signal the other after it has advertised all its label bindings.

   The LDP specification [RFC5036] provides no mechanism for an LDP
   speaker to notify a peer when it has completed its initial label
   advertisements to that peer.

   This document specifies use of a Notification message with the End-
   of-LIB Status Code for an LDP speaker to signal completion of its
   label advertisements following session establishment.

   RFC 5036 implicitly assumes that new Status Codes will be defined
   over the course of time.  However, it does not explicitly define the
   behavior of an LDP speaker that does not understand the Status Code
   in a Notification message.  To avoid backward compatibility issues,
   this document specifies use of the LDP capability mechanism [RFC5561]
   at session establishment time for informing a peer that an LDP
   speaker is capable of handling a Notification message that carries an
   unrecognized Status Code.

1.1.  Applicability - Label Advertisement Mode

   The mechanisms specified in this document are deemed useful to LDP
   peering using the 'Downstream Unsolicited' label advertisement mode
   [RFC5036].  They are not deemed useful to any LDP peering using the
   'Downstream on Demand' label advertisement mode since the LDP speaker
   would request particular label binding(s) from the peer anyway and
   know when it has received them.

2.  Specification Language

   The key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", "SHALL", "SHALL NOT",
   "SHOULD", "SHOULD NOT", "RECOMMENDED", "MAY", and "OPTIONAL" in this
   document are to be interpreted as described in [RFC2119].








Asati, et al.                Standards Track                    [Page 3]

RFC 5919      Signaling LDP Label Advertisement Completion   August 2010


3.  Unrecognized Notification Capability

   An LDP speaker MAY include a Capability Parameter [RFC5561] in the
   Initialization message to inform a peer that it ignores Notification
   Messages that carry a Status Type-Length-Value (TLV) with a non-fatal
   Status Code unknown to it.

   The Capability Parameter for the Unrecognized Notification capability
   is a TLV with the following format:

   0                   1                   2                   3
   0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
   +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
   |U|F| Unrecognized Noti (0x0603)|            Length             |
   +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
   |S| Reserved    |
   +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+

         Figure 1: Unrecognized Notification Capability Format

   Where:

      U- and F-bits: MUST be 1 and 0, respectively, as per Section 3 of
         LDP Capabilities [RFC5561].

      Unrecognized Notif: 0x0603

      S-bit: MUST be 1 (indicates that capability is being advertised).

   Upon receiving a Notification with an unrecognized Status Code, an
   LDP speaker MAY generate a console or system log message for trouble
   shooting purposes.

4.  Signaling Completion of Label Advertisement

   An LDP speaker that conforms to this specification SHOULD signal
   completion of its label advertisements to a peer by means of a
   Notification message, if its peer has advertised the Unrecognized
   Notification capability during session establishment.  The LDP
   speaker SHOULD send the Notification message (per Forwarding
   Equivalence Class (FEC) Type) to a peer even if the LDP speaker has
   zero Label bindings to advertise to that peer.

   Such a Notification message MUST carry:

      - A status TLV (with TLV E- and F-bits set to zero) that carries
        an End-of-LIB Status Code (0x0000002F).




Asati, et al.                Standards Track                    [Page 4]

RFC 5919      Signaling LDP Label Advertisement Completion   August 2010


      - A FEC TLV with the Typed Wildcard FEC Element [RFC5918] that
        identifies the FEC type for which initial label advertisements
        have been completed.  In terms of Section 3.5.1 of RFC 5036,
        this TLV is an "Optional Parameter" of the Notification message.

   An LDP speaker MUST NOT send a Notification that carries a Status TLV
   with the End-of-LIB Status Code to a peer unless the peer has
   advertised the Unrecognized Notification capability during session
   establishment.

   This applies to any LDP peers discovered via either basic discovery
   or extended discovery mechanisms (per Section 2.4 of [RFC5036]).

4.1.  Missing Expected End-of-LIB Notifications

   There is no guarantee that an LDP speaker will receive (or send) an
   End-of-LIB Notification from (or to) a peer even if the LDP speaker
   has signaled the Unrecognized Notification capability (Section 3).

   Although it is expected that an LDP speaker supporting the
   Unrecognized Notification capability would support sending and
   receiving an End-of-LIB Notification, it is not mandatory by
   definition.

   Please note that this is not a concern since the LDP speaker would
   simply ignore the received Notification with an End-of-LIB status
   code (or any status code) that is not recognized or supported, by
   definition.

   To deal with the possibility of missing End-of-LIB Notifications
   after the LDP session establishment, an LDP speaker MAY time out
   receipt of an expected End-of-LIB Notification.  An LDP speaker
   SHOULD start a per-peer internal timer, called 'EOL Notification'
   timer (the default value of 60 seconds is RECOMMENDED, though the
   value of this timer SHOULD be configurable) immediately following the
   LDP session establishment.

   This timer is reset by the subsequent label advertisement, and
   stopped by the End-of-LIB Notification message.  Lacking any label
   advertisement from the peer, the timer would expire, causing the LDP
   speaker to behave as if it had received the End-of-LIB notification
   from the peer.

   If the End-of-LIB Notification message is received after the timer
   expires, then the message SHOULD be ignored.






Asati, et al.                Standards Track                    [Page 5]

RFC 5919      Signaling LDP Label Advertisement Completion   August 2010


5.  Usage Guidelines

   The FECs known to an LDP speaker and the labels the speaker has bound
   to those FECs may change over the course of time.  This makes it
   difficult to determine when an LDP speaker has advertised "all" of
   its label bindings for a given FEC type.  Ultimately, this
   determination is a judgment call the LDP speaker makes.  The
   following guidelines may be useful.

   An LDP speaker is assumed to "know" a set of FECs.  Depending on a
   variety of criteria, such as:

      - the label distribution control mode in use (Independent or
        Ordered);

      - the set of FECs to which the speaker has bound local labels;

      - configuration settings that may constrain which label bindings
        the speaker may advertise to peers.

   The speaker can determine the set of bindings for a given FEC type
   that it is permitted to advertise to a given peer.

   LDP-IGP Sync, LDP Graceful Restart, and the response to a Wildcard
   Label Request [RFC5918] are situations that would benefit from End-
   of-LIB Notification.  In these situations, after an LDP speaker
   completes its label binding advertisements to a peer, sending an End-
   of-LIB Notification to the peer makes their outcome deterministic.
   The following subsections further explain each of these situations
   one by one.

5.1.  LDP-IGP Sync

   The LDP-IGP Synchronization [RFC5443] specifies a mechanism by which
   directly connected LDP speakers may delay the use of the link
   (between them) for transit IP traffic forwarding until the labels
   required to support IP-over-MPLS traffic forwarding have been
   distributed and installed.

   Without an End-of-LIB Notification, the speaker must rely on some
   heuristic to determine when it has received all of its peer's label
   bindings.  The heuristic chosen could cause LDP to signal the IGP too
   soon (in which case, the likelihood that traffic will be dropped
   increases) or too late (in which case, traffic is kept on sub-optimal
   paths longer than necessary).






Asati, et al.                Standards Track                    [Page 6]

RFC 5919      Signaling LDP Label Advertisement Completion   August 2010


   Following session establishment, with a directly connected peer that
   has advertised the Unrecognized Notification capability, an LDP
   speaker using LDP-IGP Sync may send the peer an End-of-LIB
   Notification after it completes advertisement of its IP label
   bindings to the peer.  Similarly, the LDP speaker may use the End-of-
   LIB Notification received from a directly connected peer to determine
   when the peer has completed advertisement of its label bindings for
   IP prefixes.  After receiving the notification, the LDP speaker
   should consider LDP to be fully operational for the link and should
   signal the IGP to start advertising the link with normal cost.

5.2.  LDP Graceful Restart

   LDP Graceful Restart [RFC3478] helps to reduce the loss of MPLS
   traffic caused by the restart of a router's LDP component.  It
   defines procedures that allow routers capable of preserving MPLS
   forwarding state across the restart to continue forwarding MPLS
   traffic using forwarding state installed prior to the restart for a
   configured time period.

   The current behavior without End-of-LIB Notification is as follows:
   the restarting router and its peers consider the preserved forwarding
   state to be usable but stale until it is refreshed by receipt of new
   label advertisements following re-establishment of new LDP sessions
   or until the time period expires.  When the time period expires, any
   remaining stale forwarding state is removed by the router.

   Receiving End-of-LIB Notification from a peer in an LDP Graceful
   Restart scenario enables an LDP speaker to stop using stale
   forwarding information learned from that peer and to recover the
   resources it requires without having to wait until the time period
   expiry.  The time period expiry can still be used if the End-of-LIB
   Notification message is not received.

5.3.  Wildcard Label Request

   When an LDP speaker receives a Label Request message for a Typed
   Wildcard FEC (e.g., a particular FEC Element Type) from a peer, the
   LDP speaker determines the set of bindings (as per any local
   filtering policy) to advertise to the peer for the FEC type specified
   by the request.  Assuming the peer had advertised the Unrecognized
   Notification capability at session initialization time, the speaker
   should send the peer an End-of-LIB Notification for the FEC type when
   it completes advertisement of the permitted bindings.







Asati, et al.                Standards Track                    [Page 7]

RFC 5919      Signaling LDP Label Advertisement Completion   August 2010


   As in the previous applications, receipt of the Notification
   eliminates uncertainty as to when the peer has completed its
   advertisements of label bindings for the requested Wildcard FEC
   Element Type.

6.  Security Considerations

   No security considerations beyond those that apply to the base LDP
   specification [RFC5036] and that are further described in [RFC5920]
   apply to signaling the End-of-LIB condition as described in this
   document.

7.  IANA Considerations

   This document introduces a new LDP Status Code and a new LDP
   Capability.

      IANA has assigned the 'End-of-LIB' status code (0x0000002F) from
      the Status Code Name Space.  [RFC5036] partitions the Status Code
      Name Space into 3 regions: IETF Consensus region, First Come First
      Served region, and Private Use region.  The code point 0x0000002F
      is from the IETF Consensus range.

      IANA has assigned the 'Unrecognized Notification' capability
      (0x0603) from the TLV Type name space.  [RFC5036] partitions the
      TLV Type name space into 3 regions: IETF Consensus region, Vendor
      Private Use region, and Experimental Use region.  The code point
      0x0603 is from the IETF Consensus range.

8.  Acknowledgments

      The authors would like to recognize Kamran Raza, who helped to
      formulate this draft.

      The authors would like to thank Ina Minei, Alia Atlas, Yakov
      Rekhter, Loa Andersson, and Luyuan Fang for their valuable
      feedback and contributions.

9.  References

9.1.  Normative References

   [RFC2119]  Bradner, S., "Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate
              Requirement Levels", BCP 14, RFC 2119, March 1997.

   [RFC5036]  Andersson, L., Ed., Minei, I., Ed., and B. Thomas, Ed.,
              "LDP Specification", RFC 5036, October 2007.




Asati, et al.                Standards Track                    [Page 8]

RFC 5919      Signaling LDP Label Advertisement Completion   August 2010


   [RFC5561]  Thomas, B., Raza, K., Aggarwal, S., Aggarwal, R., and JL.
              Le Roux, "LDP Capabilities", RFC 5561, July 2009.

   [RFC5918]  Asati, R., Minei, I., and B. Thomas, "Label Distribution
              Protocol (LDP) 'Typed Wildcard' Forward Equivalence Class
              (FEC)", RFC 5918, August 2010.

9.2.  Informative References

   [RFC3478]  Leelanivas, M., Rekhter, Y., and R. Aggarwal, "Graceful
              Restart Mechanism for Label Distribution Protocol", RFC
              3478, February 2003.

   [RFC5443]  Jork, M., Atlas, A., and L. Fang, "LDP IGP
              Synchronization", RFC 5443, March 2009.

   [RFC5920]  Fang, L., Ed., "Security Framework for MPLS and GMPLS
              Networks", RFC 5920, July 2010.

Authors' Addresses

   Rajiv Asati
   Cisco Systems
   7025-6 Kit Creek Rd.
   Research Triangle Park, NC  27709-4987
   EMail: rajiva@cisco.com


   Pradosh Mohapatra
   Cisco Systems
   3750 Cisco Way
   San Jose, CA  95134
   EMail: pmohapat@cisco.com


   Emily Chen
   Huawei Technologies
   No. 5 Street, Shangdi Information, Haidian
   Beijing, China
   EMail: chenying220@huawei.com


   Bob Thomas
   EMail: bobthomas@alum.mit.edu







Asati, et al.                Standards Track                    [Page 9]


Html markup produced by rfcmarkup 1.109, available from https://tools.ietf.org/tools/rfcmarkup/