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INFORMATIONAL

Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF)                            E. Guy
Request for Comments: 6315                                   CleverSpoke
Category: Informational                                      K. Darilion
ISSN: 2070-1721                                                   nic.at
                                                               July 2011


                IANA Registration for Enumservice 'iax'

Abstract

   This document registers an Enumservice for the Inter-Asterisk
   eXchange (IAX) protocol according to the guidelines given in RFC
   6117.

Status of This Memo

   This document is not an Internet Standards Track specification; it is
   published for informational purposes.

   This document is a product of the Internet Engineering Task Force
   (IETF).  It represents the consensus of the IETF community.  It has
   received public review and has been approved for publication by the
   Internet Engineering Steering Group (IESG).  Not all documents
   approved by the IESG are a candidate for any level of Internet
   Standard; see Section 2 of RFC 5741.

   Information about the current status of this document, any errata,
   and how to provide feedback on it may be obtained at
   http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc6315.

Copyright Notice

   Copyright (c) 2011 IETF Trust and the persons identified as the
   document authors.  All rights reserved.

   This document is subject to BCP 78 and the IETF Trust's Legal
   Provisions Relating to IETF Documents
   (http://trustee.ietf.org/license-info) in effect on the date of
   publication of this document.  Please review these documents
   carefully, as they describe your rights and restrictions with respect
   to this document.  Code Components extracted from this document must
   include Simplified BSD License text as described in Section 4.e of
   the Trust Legal Provisions and are provided without warranty as
   described in the Simplified BSD License.






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   This document may contain material from IETF Documents or IETF
   Contributions published or made publicly available before November
   10, 2008.  The person(s) controlling the copyright in some of this
   material may not have granted the IETF Trust the right to allow
   modifications of such material outside the IETF Standards Process.
   Without obtaining an adequate license from the person(s) controlling
   the copyright in such materials, this document may not be modified
   outside the IETF Standards Process, and derivative works of it may
   not be created outside the IETF Standards Process, except to format
   it for publication as an RFC or to translate it into languages other
   than English.

Table of Contents

   1. Introduction ....................................................2
   2. IANA Registration ...............................................3
   3. Examples ........................................................4
      3.1. Simple IAX URI .............................................4
      3.2. IAX URI with a Context .....................................4
   4. Security Considerations .........................................4
   5. IANA Considerations .............................................5
   6. DNS Considerations ..............................................5
   7. Acknowledgments .................................................5
   8. References ......................................................5
      8.1. Normative References .......................................5
      8.2. Informative References .....................................6

1.  Introduction

   The E.164 to Uniform Resource Identifiers (URIs) [RFC3986] Dynamic
   Delegation Discovery System (DDDS) Application (ENUM) [RFC6116]
   transforms E.164 [E164] numbers into URIs using the Domain Name
   System (DNS) [RFC1035].

   IAX (Inter-Asterisk eXchange) [RFC5456] is an "all-in-one" protocol
   for handling multimedia in IP networks.  It combines both control and
   media services in the same protocol.

   This document registers an Enumservice for the IAX [RFC5456] protocol
   according to the guidelines given in [RFC6117].











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2.  IANA Registration

         <record>
          <!-- iax -->
          <class>Protocol-Based</class>
          <type>iax</type>
          <!-- No subtype -->
          <urischeme>iax</urischeme>
          <functionalspec>
            <paragraph>
              The 'iax' Enumservice is used to map E.164 numbers to
              IAX URIs.  Such URIs identify resources capable of being
              contacted to provide a communication session using the
              IAX protocol <xref target="RFC5456"/>.
            </paragraph>
            <paragraph>
              A client selecting this NAPTR needs to be able to support
              communication utilizing the IAX protocol.
            </paragraph>
          </functionalspec>
          <security>
            See <xref type="rfc" data="6315"/>, Section 4.
          </security>
          <usage>COMMON</usage>
          <registrationdocs>
            <xref type="rfc" data="6315"/>
          </registrationdocs>
          <requesters>
            <xref type="person" data="Ed_Guy"/>
            <xref type="person" data="Klaus_Darilion"/>
          </requesters>
        </record>

        <people>
          <person id="Ed_Guy">
            <name>Ed Guy</name>
            <org>CleverSpoke, Inc</org>
            <uri>mailto:edguy@CleverSpoke.com</uri>
            <updated>2010-11-01</updated>
          </person>
          <person id="Klaus_Darilion">
            <name>Klaus Darilion</name>
            <org>nic.at</org>
            <uri>mailto:klaus.darilion@nic.at</uri>
            <updated>2011-03-24</updated>
          </person>
        </people>




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3.  Examples

   The following examples are just for illustrative purposes and will in
   no way limit the usage of the 'iax' Enumservice to other usage
   scenarios.

3.1.  Simple IAX URI

   The following Naming Authority Pointer (NAPTR) resource record is an
   example of the 'iax' Enumservice.

     $ORIGIN 8.4.1.0.6.4.9.7.0.2.4.4.e164.arpa.

     @     IN NAPTR ( 10 100 "u" "E2U+iax"
                "!^.*$!iax:example.com/alice!" . )

   This contact information indicates that the party addressed by the
   E.164 number +442079460148 can be contacted using the IAX protocol to
   domain 'example.com'.  The called party, service, or program on that
   domain is identified by 'alice'.

3.2.  IAX URI with a Context

   The following is an example of the 'iax' Enumservice using an IPv6
   destination address and a destination 'context'.

     $ORIGIN 9.4.1.0.6.4.9.7.0.2.4.4.e164.arpa.

     @     IN NAPTR ( 10 100 "u" "E2U+iax"
                "!^.*$!iax:[2001:db8::1]:4569/alice?friends!" . )

   This NAPTR resource record indicates that +442079460149 may be
   contacted by using the IAX protocol at IPv6 address 2001:db8::1,
   port 4569 with the called party 'alice' in the context (or user
   partition) 'friends'.  For further usage of IAX URIs, see Section 5
   of [RFC5456].

4.  Security Considerations

   The 'iax' Enumservice does not introduce any new security issues
   beyond any already present in the ENUM, DNS, and IAX protocols,
   except that this Enumservice provides for disclosure of information
   that may facilitate an attack or a violation of user privacy in some
   way.  The primary result of these exploits is unwanted
   communications.  These issues are discussed in further detail in
   [RFC3833].





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   The use of DNS Security (DNSSEC) [RFC4033] is recommended to improve
   operational security.

   For security considerations that apply to all Enumservices, please
   refer to RFC 6116, Section 7.

5.  IANA Considerations

   This document registers the 'iax' Enumservice according to the
   guidelines and specifications in [RFC6117] and the definitions in
   Section 2 in this document.

6.  DNS Considerations

   Misconfiguration or delays in zone changes can result in call loops,
   perhaps with different protocols or networks.  Implementations should
   take care to ensure such loops can be detected without interrupting
   other services, including SIP-based, IAX-based, and DNS itself.

7.  Acknowledgments

   This work was supported by Internet Foundation Austria.  In addition,
   thanks to Michael Haberler, Bernie Hoeneisen, and Richard Stastny for
   their support and guidance in writing this document.

8.  References

8.1.  Normative References

   [RFC3986]  Berners-Lee, T., Fielding, R., and L. Masinter, "Uniform
              Resource Identifier (URI): Generic Syntax", STD 66,
              RFC 3986, January 2005.

   [RFC5456]  Spencer, M., Capouch, B., Guy, E., Ed., Miller, F., and K.
              Shumard, "IAX: Inter-Asterisk eXchange Version 2",
              RFC 5456, February 2010.

   [RFC6116]  Bradner, S., Conroy, L., and K. Fujiwara, "The E.164 to
              Uniform Resource Identifiers (URI) Dynamic Delegation
              Discovery System (DDDS) Application (ENUM)", RFC 6116,
              March 2011.

   [RFC6117]  Hoeneisen, B., Mayrhofer, A., and J. Livingood, "IANA
              Registration of Enumservices: Guide, Template, and IANA
              Considerations", RFC 6117, March 2011.






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8.2.  Informative References

   [E164]     ITU-T, "The International Public Telecommunication
              Numbering Plan", Recommendation E.164, May 1997.

   [RFC1035]  Mockapetris, P., "Domain names - implementation and
              specification", STD 13, RFC 1035, November 1987.

   [RFC3833]  Atkins, D. and R. Austein, "Threat Analysis of the Domain
              Name System (DNS)", RFC 3833, August 2004.

   [RFC4033]  Arends, R., Austein, R., Larson, M., Massey, D., and S.
              Rose, "DNS Security Introduction and Requirements",
              RFC 4033, March 2005.

Authors' Addresses

   Ed Guy
   CleverSpoke
   12 Williams Road
   Chatham, NJ  07928
   US

   Phone: +1 973 437 4519
   EMail: edguy@CleverSpoke.com
   URI:   http://www.cleverspoke.com/


   Klaus Darilion
   nic.at
   Karlsplatz 1/2/9
   1010 Wien
   Austria

   Phone: +43 1 5056416 36
   EMail: klaus.darilion@nic.at
   URI:   http://www.nic.at/














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