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PROPOSED STANDARD

Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF)                         R. Jesske
Request for Comments: 6432                                      L. Liess
Category: Standards Track                               Deutsche Telekom
ISSN: 2070-1721                                            November 2011


              Carrying Q.850 Codes in Reason Header Fields
             in SIP (Session Initiation Protocol) Responses

Abstract

   Although the use of the SIP (Session Initiation Protocol) Reason
   header field in responses is considered in general in RFC 3326, its
   use is not specified for any particular response code.  Nonetheless,
   existing deployments have been using Reason header fields to carry
   failure-related Q.850 cause codes in SIP responses to INVITE requests
   that have been gatewayed to Public Switched Telephone Network (PSTN)
   systems.  This document normatively describes the use of the Reason
   header field in carrying Q.850 cause codes in SIP responses.

Status of This Memo

   This is an Internet Standards Track document.

   This document is a product of the Internet Engineering Task Force
   (IETF).  It represents the consensus of the IETF community.  It has
   received public review and has been approved for publication by the
   Internet Engineering Steering Group (IESG).  Further information on
   Internet Standards is available in Section 2 of RFC 5741.

   Information about the current status of this document, any errata,
   and how to provide feedback on it may be obtained at
   http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc6432.

Copyright Notice

   Copyright (c) 2011 IETF Trust and the persons identified as the
   document authors.  All rights reserved.

   This document is subject to BCP 78 and the IETF Trust's Legal
   Provisions Relating to IETF Documents
   (http://trustee.ietf.org/license-info) in effect on the date of
   publication of this document.  Please review these documents
   carefully, as they describe your rights and restrictions with respect
   to this document.  Code Components extracted from this document must
   include Simplified BSD License text as described in Section 4.e of
   the Trust Legal Provisions and are provided without warranty as
   described in the Simplified BSD License.



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RFC 6432                   Reason Header Field             November 2011


   This document may contain material from IETF Documents or IETF
   Contributions published or made publicly available before November
   10, 2008.  The person(s) controlling the copyright in some of this
   material may not have granted the IETF Trust the right to allow
   modifications of such material outside the IETF Standards Process.
   Without obtaining an adequate license from the person(s) controlling
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   not be created outside the IETF Standards Process, except to format
   it for publication as an RFC or to translate it into languages other
   than English.

Table of Contents

   1. Overview ........................................................2
   2. Terminology .....................................................2
   3. Applicability ...................................................3
   4. Security Considerations .........................................3
   5. Acknowledgments .................................................3
   6. Normative References ............................................3

1.  Overview

   Although the use of the SIP (Session Initiation Protocol) Reason
   header field in responses is considered in general in RFC 3326
   [RFC3326], its use is not specified for any particular response code.
   Nonetheless, existing deployments have been using Reason header
   fields to carry failure-related Q.850 [Q.850] cause codes in SIP
   responses to INVITE requests that have been gatewayed to PSTN
   systems.  This document normatively describes the use of the Reason
   header field in SIP responses to carry Q.850 [Q.850] cause codes.

2.  Terminology

   The key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", "SHALL", "SHALL NOT",
   "SHOULD", "SHOULD NOT", "RECOMMENDED", "MAY", and "OPTIONAL" in this
   document are to be interpreted as described in [RFC2119].

   This document uses terms from [RFC3261].












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RFC 6432                   Reason Header Field             November 2011


3.  Applicability

   This document allows SIP responses to carry Reason header fields as
   follows:

      Any SIP Response message, with the exception of a 100 (Trying),
      MAY contain a Reason header field with a Q.850 [Q.850] cause code.

      The Reason header field is not needed in the 100 (Trying)
      responses, since they are transmitted hop by hop, not end to end.
      SIP responses with Reason header fields carrying values other than
      Q.850 [Q.850] cause codes are outside of the scope of this
      document.

4.  Security Considerations

   This specification allows the presence of the Reason header field
   containing Q.850 [Q.850] cause codes in responses.  The presence of
   the Reason header field in a response does not affect the treatment
   of the response.  Nevertheless, there could be situations where a
   wrong Q.850 [Q.850] cause code could, for example, cause an
   announcement system to play the wrong information.  To avoid such
   situations, it is RECOMMENDED that this header field be protected by
   a suitable integrity mechanism.  The use of transport- or network-
   layer hop-by-hop security mechanisms, such as Transport Layer
   Security (TLS) or IPsec with appropriate cipher suites, can satisfy
   this requirement.

5.  Acknowledgments

   Thanks to Gonzalo Camarillo and Mary Barnes for the detailed review
   of this document.

   Thanks to Paul Kyzivat, Mary Barnes, John Elwell, Keith Drage, and
   Thomas Belling, who provided helpful comments, feedback, and
   suggestions.

6.  Normative References

   [Q.850]    "Usage of cause and location in the Digital Subscriber
              Signalling System No. 1 and the Signalling System No. 7
              ISDN User Part", ITU Recommendation Q.850, May 1998.

   [RFC2119]  Bradner, S., "Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate
              Requirement Levels", BCP 14, RFC 2119, March 1997.






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RFC 6432                   Reason Header Field             November 2011


   [RFC3261]  Rosenberg, J., Schulzrinne, H., Camarillo, G., Johnston,
              A., Peterson, J., Sparks, R., Handley, M., and E.
              Schooler, "SIP: Session Initiation Protocol", RFC 3261,
              June 2002.

   [RFC3326]  Schulzrinne, H., Oran, D., and G. Camarillo, "The Reason
              Header Field for the Session Initiation Protocol (SIP)",
              RFC 3326, December 2002.

Authors' Addresses

   Roland Jesske
   Deutsche Telekom
   Heinrich-Hertz-Strasse 3-7
   Darmstadt  64307
   Germany

   Phone: +4961515812766
   EMail: r.jesske@telekom.de


   Laura Liess
   Deutsche Telekom
   Heinrich-Hertz-Strasse 3-7
   Darmstadt  64307
   Germany

   Phone: +4961515812761
   EMail: L.Liess@telekom.de






















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