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PROPOSED STANDARD
Errata Exist
Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF)                           R. Bush
Request for Comments: 6493                     Internet Initiative Japan
Category: Standards Track                                  February 2012
ISSN: 2070-1721


   The Resource Public Key Infrastructure (RPKI) Ghostbusters Record

Abstract

   In the Resource Public Key Infrastructure (RPKI), resource
   certificates completely obscure names or any other information that
   might be useful for contacting responsible parties to deal with
   issues of certificate expiration, maintenance, roll-overs,
   compromises, etc.  This document describes the RPKI Ghostbusters
   Record containing human contact information that may be verified
   (indirectly) by a Certification Authority (CA) certificate.  The data
   in the record are those of a severely profiled vCard.

Status of This Memo

   This is an Internet Standards Track document.

   This document is a product of the Internet Engineering Task Force
   (IETF).  It represents the consensus of the IETF community.  It has
   received public review and has been approved for publication by the
   Internet Engineering Steering Group (IESG).  Further information on
   Internet Standards is available in Section 2 of RFC 5741.

   Information about the current status of this document, any errata,
   and how to provide feedback on it may be obtained at
   http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc6493.

Copyright Notice

   Copyright (c) 2012 IETF Trust and the persons identified as the
   document authors.  All rights reserved.

   This document is subject to BCP 78 and the IETF Trust's Legal
   Provisions Relating to IETF Documents
   (http://trustee.ietf.org/license-info) in effect on the date of
   publication of this document.  Please review these documents
   carefully, as they describe your rights and restrictions with respect
   to this document.  Code Components extracted from this document must
   include Simplified BSD License text as described in Section 4.e of
   the Trust Legal Provisions and are provided without warranty as
   described in the Simplified BSD License.




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RFC 6493                RPKI Ghostbusters Record           February 2012


Table of Contents

   1.  Introduction  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
   2.  Requirements Language . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
   3.  Suggested Reading . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
   4.  RPKI Ghostbusters Record Payload Example  . . . . . . . . . . . 4
   5.  vCard Profile . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
   6.  CMS Packaging . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
   7.  Validation  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
   8.  Security Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
   9.  IANA Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
     9.1.  OID . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
     9.2.  File Extension  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
     9.3.  Media Type  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
   10. Acknowledgments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
   11. References  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
     11.1. Normative References  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
     11.2. Informative References  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8

1.  Introduction

   In the operational use of the RPKI, it can become necessary to
   contact, human to human, the party responsible for a resource-holding
   CA certificate, AKA the certificate's maintainer, be it the holder of
   the certificate's private key or an administrative person in the
   organization, a NOC, etc.  An important example is when the operator
   of a prefix described by a Route Origin Authorization (ROA) sees a
   problem, or an impending problem, with a certificate or Certificate
   Revocation List (CRL) in the path between the ROA and a trust anchor.
   For example, a certificate along that path has expired, is soon to
   expire, or a CRL associated with a CA along the path is stale, thus
   placing the quality of the routing of the address space described by
   the ROA in jeopardy.

   As the names in RPKI certificates are not meaningful to humans, see
   [RFC6484], there is no way to use a certificate itself to lead to the
   worrisome certificate's or CRL's maintainer.  So, "Who you gonna
   call?"

   This document specifies the RPKI Ghostbusters Record, an object
   verified via an end-entity (EE) certificate, issued under a CA
   certificate, the maintainer of which may be contacted using the
   payload information in the Ghostbusters Record.

   The Ghostbusters Record conforms to the syntax defined in [RFC6488].
   The payload of this signed object is a severely profiled vCard.





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   Note that the Ghostbusters Record is not an identity certificate, but
   rather an attestation to the contact data made by the maintainer of
   the CA certificate issuing the EE certificate whose corresponding
   private key signs the Ghostbusters Record.

   This record is not meant to supplant or be used as resource registry
   whois data.  It gives information about an RPKI CA certificate
   maintainer, not a resource holder.

   The Ghostbusters Record is optional; CA certificates in the RPKI can
   have zero or more associated Ghostbuster Records.

   Given a certificate, to find the closest Ghostbuster Record, go up
   until a CA certificate is reached, which may be the object itself of
   course.  That CA certificate will have Subject Information Access
   (SIA) to the publication point where all subsidiary objects (until
   you hit a down-chain CA certificate's signed objects) are published.
   The publication point will contain zero or more Ghostbuster Records.

   This specification has three main sections.  The first, Section 5, is
   the format of the contact payload information, a severely profiled
   vCard.  The second, Section 6, profiles the packaging of the payload
   as a profile of the RPKI Signed Object Template specification
   [RFC6488].  The third, Section 7, describes the proper validation of
   the signed Ghostbusters Record.

2.  Requirements Language

   The key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", "SHALL", "SHALL NOT",
   "SHOULD", "SHOULD NOT", "RECOMMENDED", "MAY", and "OPTIONAL" in this
   document are to be interpreted as described in [RFC2119].

3.  Suggested Reading

   It is assumed that the reader understands the RPKI [RFC6480], the
   RPKI Repository Structure [RFC6481], Signed RPKI Objects [RFC6488],
   and vCards [RFC6350].














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4.  RPKI Ghostbusters Record Payload Example

   An example of an RPKI Ghostbusters Record payload with all properties
   populated is as follows:

     BEGIN:VCARD
     VERSION:4.0
     FN:Human's Name
     ORG:Organizational Entity
     ADR;TYPE=WORK:;;42 Twisty Passage;Deep Cavern;WA;98666;U.S.A.
     TEL;TYPE=VOICE,TEXT,WORK;VALUE=uri:tel:+1-666-555-1212
     TEL;TYPE=FAX,WORK;VALUE=uri:tel:+1-666-555-1213
     EMAIL:human@example.com
     END:VCARD

5.  vCard Profile

   The goal in profiling the vCard is not to include as much information
   as possible, but rather to include as few properties as possible
   while providing the minimal necessary data to enable one to contact
   the maintainer of the RPKI data that threatens the ROA[s] of concern.

   The Ghostbusters vCard payload is a minimalist subset of the vCard as
   described in [RFC6350].

   BEGIN -  pro forma packaging that MUST be the first line in the vCard
      and MUST have the value "BEGIN:VCARD" as described in [RFC6350].

   VERSION -  pro forma packaging that MUST be the second line in the
      vCard and MUST have the value "VERSION:4.0" as described in
      Section 3.7.9 of [RFC6350].

   FN -  the name, as described in Section 6.2.1 of [RFC6350], of a
      contactable person or role who is responsible for the CA
      certificate.

   ORG -  an organization as described in Section 6.6.4 of [RFC6350].

   ADR -  a postal address as described in Section 6.3 of [RFC6350].

   TEL -  a voice and/or fax phone as described in Section 6.4.1 of
      [RFC6350].

   EMAIL -  an Email address as described in Section 6.4.2 of [RFC6350]

   END -  pro forma packaging that MUST be the last line in the vCard
      and MUST have the value "END:VCARD" as described in [RFC6350].




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   Per [RFC6350], the BEGIN, VERSION, FN, and END properties MUST be
   included in a record.  To be useful, at least one of ADR, TEL, and
   EMAIL MUST be included.  Other properties MUST NOT be included.

6.  CMS Packaging

   The Ghostbusters Record is a CMS signed-data object conforming to the
   "Signed Object Template for the Resource Public Key Infrastructure
   (RPKI)", [RFC6488].

   The content-type of a Ghostbusters Record is defined as id-ct-
   rpkiGhostbusters, and has the numerical value of
   1.2.840.113549.1.9.16.1.35.  This OID MUST appear both within the
   eContentType in the encapContentInfo object as well as the content-
   type signed attribute in the signerInfo object.  See [RFC6488].

   eContent: The content of a Ghostbusters Record is described in
   Section 5.

   Similarly to a ROA, a Ghostbusters Record is verified using an EE
   certificate issued by the resource-holding CA certificate whose
   maintainer is described in the vCard.

   The EE certificate used to verify the Ghostbusters Record is the one
   that appears in the CMS data structure that contains the payload
   defined above.

   This EE certificate MUST describe its Internet Number Resources using
   the "inherit" attribute, rather than explicit description of a
   resource set; see [RFC3779].

7.  Validation

   The validation procedure defined in Section 3 of [RFC6488] is applied
   to a Ghostbusters Record.  After this procedure has been performed,
   the Version number type within the payload is checked, and the OCTET
   STRING containing the vCard data is extracted.  These data are
   checked against the profile defined in Section 5 of this document.
   Only if all of these checks pass is the Ghostbusters payload deemed
   valid and made available to the application that requested the
   payload.










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8.  Security Considerations

   Though there is no on-the-wire protocol in this specification, there
   are attacks that could abuse the data described.  As the data, to be
   useful, need to be public, little can be done to avoid this exposure.

   Phone Numbers:  The vCards may contain real world telephone numbers,
      which could be abused for telemarketing, abusive calls, etc.

   Email Addresses:  The vCards may contain Email addresses, which could
      be abused for purposes of spam.

   Relying parties are hereby warned that the data in a Ghostbusters
   Record are self-asserted.  These data have not been verified by the
   CA that issued the CA certificate to the entity that issued the EE
   certificate used to validate the Ghostbusters Record.

9.  IANA Considerations

9.1.  OID

   The IANA has registered the OID for the Ghostbusters Record in the
   registry created by [RFC6488] as follows:

   Name          OID                         Specification
   -----------------------------------------------------------
   Ghostbusters  1.2.840.113549.1.9.16.1.35  [RFC6493]

9.2.  File Extension

   Realizing the deep issues raised by [RFC5513], the IANA has added an
   item for the Ghostbusters Record file extension to the "RPKI
   Repository Name Scheme" created by [RFC6481] as follows:

   Filename Extension  RPKI Object           Reference
   -----------------------------------------------------------
      .gbr             Ghostbusters Record   [RFC6493]














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9.3.  Media Type

   The IANA has registered the media type application/rpki-ghostbusters
   as follows:

   Type name: application
   Subtype name: rpki-ghostbusters
   Required parameters: None
   Optional parameters: None
   Encoding considerations: binary
   Security considerations: Carries an RPKI Ghostbusters Record
                            [RFC6493].
   Interoperability considerations: None
   Published specification: This document.
   Applications that use this media type: RPKI administrators.
   Additional information:
     Content: This media type is a signed object, as defined
         in [RFC6488], which contains a payload
         of a profiled vCard as defined above in this document.
     Magic number(s): None
     File extension(s): .gbr
     Macintosh file type code(s):
   Person & email address to contact for further information:
     Randy Bush <randy@psg.com>
   Intended usage: COMMON
   Restrictions on usage: None
   Author: Randy Bush <randy@psg.com>
   Change controller: Randy Bush <randy@psg.com>

10.  Acknowledgments

   The author wishes to thank Russ Housley, the authors of [RFC6481],
   Stephen Kent, Sandy Murphy, Rob Austein, Michael Elkins, and Barry
   Leiba for their contributions.

11.  References

11.1.  Normative References

   [RFC2119]  Bradner, S., "Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate
              Requirement Levels", BCP 14, RFC 2119, March 1997.

   [RFC3779]  Lynn, C., Kent, S., and K. Seo, "X.509 Extensions for IP
              Addresses and AS Identifiers", RFC 3779, June 2004.

   [RFC6350]  Perreault, S., "vCard Format Specification", RFC 6350,
              August 2011.




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   [RFC6481]  Huston, G., Loomans, R., and G. Michaelson, "A Profile for
              Resource Certificate Repository Structure", RFC 6481,
              February 2012.

   [RFC6488]  Lepinski, M., Chi, A., and S. Kent, "Signed Object
              Template for the Resource Public Key Infrastructure
              (RPKI)", RFC 6488, February 2012.

11.2.  Informative References

   [RFC5513]  Farrel, A., "IANA Considerations for Three Letter
              Acronyms", RFC 5513, April 1 2009.

   [RFC6480]  Lepinski, M. and S. Kent, "An Infrastructure to Support
              Secure Internet Routing", RFC 6480, February 2012.

   [RFC6484]  Kent, S., Kong, D., Seo, K., and R. Watro, "Certificate
              Policy (CP) for the Resource Public Key Infrastructure
              (RPKI)"", RFC 6484, February 2012.

Author's Address

   Randy Bush
   Internet Initiative Japan
   5147 Crystal Springs
   Bainbridge Island, Washington  98110
   US

   Phone: +1 206 780 0431 x1
   EMail: randy@psg.com





















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