[Docs] [txt|pdf] [draft-ietf-netmod...] [Diff1] [Diff2]

PROPOSED STANDARD

Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF)                  J. Schoenwaelder
Request for Comments: 6643                             Jacobs University
Category: Standards Track                                      July 2012
ISSN: 2070-1721


  Translation of Structure of Management Information Version 2 (SMIv2)
                      MIB Modules to YANG Modules

Abstract

   YANG is a data modeling language used to model configuration and
   state data manipulated by the Network Configuration Protocol
   (NETCONF), NETCONF remote procedure calls, and NETCONF notifications.
   The Structure of Management Information (SMIv2) defines fundamental
   data types, an object model, and the rules for writing and revising
   MIB modules for use with the Simple Network Management Protocol
   (SNMP).  This document defines a translation of SMIv2 MIB modules
   into YANG modules, enabling read-only (config false) access to data
   objects defined in SMIv2 MIB modules via NETCONF.

Status of This Memo

   This is an Internet Standards Track document.

   This document is a product of the Internet Engineering Task Force
   (IETF).  It represents the consensus of the IETF community.  It has
   received public review and has been approved for publication by the
   Internet Engineering Steering Group (IESG).  Further information on
   Internet Standards is available in Section 2 of RFC 5741.

   Information about the current status of this document, any errata,
   and how to provide feedback on it may be obtained at
   http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc6643.

















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Copyright Notice

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   document authors.  All rights reserved.

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   This document may contain material from IETF Documents or IETF
   Contributions published or made publicly available before November
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   Without obtaining an adequate license from the person(s) controlling
   the copyright in such materials, this document may not be modified
   outside the IETF Standards Process, and derivative works of it may
   not be created outside the IETF Standards Process, except to format
   it for publication as an RFC or to translate it into languages other
   than English.

























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Table of Contents

   1.  Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  4
   2.  Mapping of Well-Known Types  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  4
   3.  Translation of SMIv2 Modules and SMIv2 IMPORT Clauses  . . . .  5
     3.1.  Example: IMPORTS of IF-MIB . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  6
   4.  Translation of the MODULE-IDENTITY Macro . . . . . . . . . . .  7
     4.1.  MODULE-IDENTITY Translation Rules  . . . . . . . . . . . .  7
     4.2.  Example: MODULE-IDENTITY of IF-MIB . . . . . . . . . . . .  8
   5.  Translation of the TEXTUAL-CONVENTION Macro  . . . . . . . . .  9
     5.1.  TEXTUAL-CONVENTION Translation Rules . . . . . . . . . . .  9
     5.2.  Example: OwnerString and InterfaceIndex of IF-MIB  . . . . 10
     5.3.  Example: IfDirection of the DIFFSERV-MIB . . . . . . . . . 11
   6.  Translation of OBJECT IDENTIFIER Assignments . . . . . . . . . 11
   7.  Translation of the OBJECT-TYPE Macro . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
     7.1.  Scalar and Columnar Object Translation Rules . . . . . . . 11
     7.2.  Example: ifNumber and ifIndex of the IF-MIB  . . . . . . . 13
     7.3.  Non-Augmenting Conceptual Table Translation Rules  . . . . 13
     7.4.  Example: ifTable of the IF-MIB . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
     7.5.  Example: ifRcvAddressTable of the IF-MIB . . . . . . . . . 16
     7.6.  Example: alHostTable of the RMON2-MIB  . . . . . . . . . . 17
     7.7.  Augmenting Conceptual Tables Translation Rules . . . . . . 18
     7.8.  Example: ifXTable of the IF-MIB  . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
   8.  Translation of the OBJECT-IDENTITY Macro . . . . . . . . . . . 21
     8.1.  OBJECT-IDENTITY Translation Rules  . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
     8.2.  Example: diffServTBParamSimpleTokenBucket of the
           DIFFSERV-MIB . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
   9.  Translation of the NOTIFICATION-TYPE Macro . . . . . . . . . . 22
     9.1.  NOTIFICATION-TYPE Translation Rules  . . . . . . . . . . . 22
     9.2.  Example: linkDown NOTIFICATION-TYPE of IF-MIB  . . . . . . 23
   10. YANG Language Extension Definition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
   11. Implementing Configuration Data Nodes  . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
     11.1. Example: addressMapControlTable of RMON2-MIB . . . . . . . 28
   12. IANA Considerations  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30
   13. Security Considerations  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30
   14. Acknowledgements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
   15. References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
     15.1. Normative References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
     15.2. Informative References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
   Appendix A.  Mapping of Well-Known Types (Normative) . . . . . . . 33
   Appendix B.  Module Prefix Generation (Informative)  . . . . . . . 35










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1.  Introduction

   This document describes a translation of SMIv2 [RFC2578], [RFC2579],
   [RFC2580] MIB modules into YANG [RFC6020] modules, enabling read-only
   (config false, as defined in Section 7.19.1 of RFC 6020) access to
   SMIv2 objects defined in SMIv2 MIB modules via NETCONF [RFC6241].
   For a discussion why SMIv2 read-write or read-create objects are
   translated to read-only (config false) YANG objects, see Section 11.

   YANG modules generated from SMIv2 modules should not be modified.
   Any necessary changes should be made by modifying the original SMIv2
   modules (with proper updates of the SMIv2 LAST-UPDATED and REVISION
   clauses) and then running the translation defined in this memo again.
   Note that this does not affect the usage of YANG augments and or YANG
   deviations: YANG modules generated from SMIv2 modules can be
   augmented like any other YANG module, and YANG deviations can be used
   to document how an implementation deviates from the generated YANG
   module.

   SMIv1 modules can be converted to YANG by first following the rules
   in [RFC3584] to convert the SMIv1 module to SMIv2 and then following
   the rules in this document to convert the obtained SMIv2 module to
   YANG.

   The SMIv2-to-YANG mapping is illustrated by examples showing the
   translation of parts of the IF-MIB [RFC2863], the DIFFSERV-MIB
   [RFC3289], and the RMON2-MIB [RFC4502] SMIv2 modules.

   The key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", "SHALL", "SHALL NOT",
   "SHOULD", "SHOULD NOT", "RECOMMENDED", "NOT RECOMMENDED", "MAY", and
   "OPTIONAL" in this document are to be interpreted as described in BCP
   14 [RFC2119].

2.  Mapping of Well-Known Types

   The SMIv2 base types and some well-known derived textual conventions
   are mapped to YANG types according to Appendix A.  The mapping of the
   OCTET STRING depends on the context.  If an OCTET STRING type has an
   associated DISPLAY-HINT, then the corresponding YANG base type is the
   string type.  An implementation MUST format an OCTET STRING value
   according to the DISPLAY-HINT, as described in RFC 2579.  If an
   OCTECT STRING type does not have an associated DISPLAY-HINT, the
   binary type is used.  Similarly, the mapping of the INTEGER type
   depends on its usage as an enumeration or a 32-bit integral type.
   Implementations should provide implementation-specific options to
   handle situations where DISPLAY- HINTs are added during a revision of
   a module and backwards compatibility must be preserved, i.e., an
   added DISPLAY-HINT needs to be ignored.



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   The mappings shown in Appendix A may require to import the ietf-yang-
   types, ietf-inet-types, or ietf-yang-smiv2 YANG modules since some
   SMIv2 types and textual conventions map to YANG types defined in the
   ietf-yang-types and ietf-inet-types YANG modules defined in [RFC6021]
   and the ietf-yang-smiv2 YANG module defined in this document.
   Implementations MUST add any additional imports required by the type
   mapping.

3.  Translation of SMIv2 Modules and SMIv2 IMPORT Clauses

   SMIv2 modules are mapped to corresponding YANG modules.  The
   generated YANG module name MUST be the same as the SMIv2 module name.

   The YANG namespace MUST be constructed out of the IANA-registered
   prefix urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:yang:smiv2: (see Section 12) followed
   by the SMIv2 module name.  Since SMIv2 module names can be assumed to
   be unique (see Section 3 in [RFC2578]), the resulting YANG namespace
   is unique.

   The YANG prefix MAY be derived from the SMIv2 module name using the
   module prefix generation algorithm described in Appendix B.  The YANG
   prefix is supposed to be short, and it must be unique within the set
   of all prefixes used by a YANG module.  The algorithm described in
   Appendix B generates such prefixes.

   SMIv2 IMPORT clauses are translated to YANG import statements.  One
   major difference between the SMIv2 import mechanism and the YANG
   import mechanism is that SMIv2 IMPORT clauses import specific symbols
   from an SMIv2 module, while the YANG import statement imports all
   symbols of the referenced YANG module.

   In order to produce correct and complete YANG import statements, the
   following rules MUST be used:

   o  Process each item in each SMIv2 IMPORT clause as follows:

      1.  If an import statement for this SMIv2 module has already been
          generated, then ignore this item.

      2.  Otherwise, if the SMIv2 module name is SNMPv2-SMI or SNMPv2-
          CONF, then ignore this item.  Note that these two modules can
          be completely ignored since all definitions in these modules
          are translated by translation rules.

      3.  Otherwise, if this item is a textual convention matching one
          of the textual conventions in the SMIv2 types column of
          Appendix A (e.g., MacAddress, PhysAddress, or TimeStamp) then
          ignore this item.



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      4.  Otherwise, if the item is used in a SYNTAX clause of an
          OBJECT-TYPE whose MAX-ACCESS is not accessible-for-notify,
          then generate an import statement as described below.

      5.  Otherwise, if the item is used in an OBJECTS clause of a
          NOTIFICATION-TYPE, then generate an import statement as
          described below.

      6.  Otherwise, if the item is used in an INDEX or AUGMENTS clause,
          then generate an import statement as described below.

      7.  Otherwise, ignore this item.  Some examples of this case are
          OBJECT IDENTIFIER assignments and objects that are only
          referenced in MODULE-COMPLIANCE, OBJECT-GROUP, or
          NOTIFICATION-GROUP clauses.

   o  Generate any additional import statements as required by the type
      translations according to the type mapping table Appendix A.  This
      requires the translator to consider all the types used in the
      SMIv2 module in order to produce the imports.

   o  Generate an import statement for the YANG module ietf-yang-smiv2
      with the prefix smiv2.

   The generated import statements use the untranslated SMIv2 module
   names or the names of well-known YANG modules as their argument.  The
   import statement must contain a prefix statement.  The prefixes MAY
   be generated by applying the module prefix generation algorithm
   described in Appendix B.

3.1.  Example: IMPORTS of IF-MIB

   The translation of the IF-MIB [RFC2863] leads to the YANG module and
   namespace/prefix statement and the import statements shown below.
   The prefix is the translation of the SMIv2 module name IF-MIB to
   lowercase (consisting of two tokens and thus no further
   abbreviation).

     module IF-MIB {

       namespace "urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:yang:smiv2:IF-MIB";
       prefix "if-mib";

       import IANAifType-MIB      { prefix "ianaiftype-mib"; }
       import SNMPv2-TC           { prefix "snmpv2-tc"; }
       import ietf-yang-types     { prefix "yang"; }
       import ietf-yang-smiv2     { prefix "smiv2"; }
     }



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4.  Translation of the MODULE-IDENTITY Macro

   SMIv2 requires an invocation of the MODULE-IDENTITY macro to provide
   contact and revision history for a MIB module.  The clauses of the
   SMIv2 MODULE-IDENTITY macro MUST be translated into YANG statements
   as detailed below.

4.1.  MODULE-IDENTITY Translation Rules

   o  The SMIv2 ORGANIZATION clause is mapped to the YANG organization
      statement.

   o  The SMIv2 CONTACT-INFO clause is mapped to the YANG contact
      statement.

   o  The SMIv2 DESCRIPTION clause is mapped to the YANG description
      statement.

   o  Each SMIv2 REVISION clause is mapped to a YANG revision statement.
      The revision is identified by the date argument of the SMIv2
      REVISION clause.  DESCRIPTION sub-clauses of REVISION clauses are
      mapped to corresponding description statement nested in revision
      clauses.

   o  The SMIv2 LAST-UPDATED clause is ignored if the associated date
      matches a REVISION clause.  Otherwise, an additional revision
      statement is generated.

   o  A top-level YANG container is generated.  The container's name is
      the SMIv2 module name, and the container MUST be config false.
      The generation of the top-level container MAY be skipped if the
      SMIv2 module does not define any objects that go into the top-
      level container (e.g., an SMIv2 module only defining textual
      conventions).

   o  The object identifier value of the invocation of the SMIv2 MODULE-
      IDENTITY is translated into an smiv2:oid statement contained in an
      smiv2:alias statement representing the MODULE-IDENTITY macro
      invocation.  Refer to the YANG extension defined in Section 10.

   While all proper SMIv2 modules must have exactly one MODULE-IDENTITY
   macro invocation, there are a few notable exceptions.  The modules
   defining the SMIv2 language (i.e., the SNMPv2-SMI, SNMPv2-TC, and
   SNMPv2-CONF modules) do not invoke the MODULE-IDENTITY macro.
   Furthermore, SMIv2 modules generated from SMIv1 modules may miss an
   invocation of the MODULE-IDENTITY macro as well.  In such cases, it
   is preferable to not generate organization, contact, description, or
   revision statements.



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4.2.  Example: MODULE-IDENTITY of IF-MIB

   The translation of the MODULE-IDENTITY of the IF-MIB [RFC2863] leads
   to the following YANG statements:

     organization
      "IETF Interfaces MIB Working Group";

     contact
      "Keith McCloghrie
       Cisco Systems, Inc.
       170 West Tasman Drive
       San Jose, CA  95134-1706
       US

       408-526-5260
       kzm@cisco.com";

     description
      "The MIB module to describe generic objects for network
       interface sub-layers.  This MIB is an updated version of
       MIB-II's ifTable, and incorporates the extensions defined in
       RFC 1229.";

     revision "2000-06-14" {
       description
        "Clarifications agreed upon by the Interfaces MIB WG, and
         published as RFC 2863.";
     }
     revision "1996-02-28" {
       description
        "Revisions made by the Interfaces MIB WG, and published in
         RFC 2233.";
     }
     revision "1993-11-08" {
       description
        "Initial revision, published as part of RFC 1573.";
     }

     container IF-MIB {
       config false;
     }









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5.  Translation of the TEXTUAL-CONVENTION Macro

   The SMIv2 uses invocations of the TEXTUAL-CONVENTION macro to define
   new types derived from the SMIv2 base types.  Invocations of the
   TEXTUAL-CONVENTION macro MUST be translated into YANG typedef
   statements as detailed below.

5.1.  TEXTUAL-CONVENTION Translation Rules

   The name of the TEXTUAL-CONVENTION macro invocation is used as the
   name of the generated typedef statement.  The clauses of the SMIv2
   TEXTUAL-CONVENTION macro are mapped to YANG statements embedded in
   the typedef statement as follows:

   o  The SMIv2 DISPLAY-HINT clause is used to determine the type
      mapping of types derived form the OCTET STRING type as explained
      in Section 2.  Furthermore, the DISPLAY-HINT value MAY be used to
      generate a regular expression for the YANG pattern statement
      within the type statement.

   o  The SMIv2 DISPLAY-HINT is translated into an smiv2:display-hint
      statement.  Refer to the YANG extension defined in Section 10.

   o  The SMIv2 STATUS clause is mapped to the YANG status statement.
      The generation of the YANG status statement is skipped if the
      value of the STATUS clause is current.

   o  The SMIv2 DESCRIPTION clause is mapped to the YANG description
      statement.

   o  The SMIv2 REFERENCE clause is mapped to the YANG reference
      statement.

   o  The SMIv2 SYNTAX clause is mapped to the YANG type statement.
      SMIv2 range restrictions are mapped to YANG range statements,
      while SMIv2 length restrictions are mapped to YANG length
      statements.  SMIv2 INTEGER enumerations are mapped to YANG enum/
      value statements.  SMIv2 BITS are mapped to YANG bit/position
      statements.  For OCTET STRING types that are mapped to a YANG
      string base type (see Section 2), the length specified in the YANG
      length statement must be consistent with the stringified
      representation of values.  If an implementation is unable to
      derive a proper length restrictions, then the YANG length
      statement MUST be omitted.







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   This translation assumes that labels of named numbers and named bits
   do not change when an SMIv2 module is revised.  This is consistent
   with the clarification of the SMIv2 module revision rules in Section
   4.9 of [RFC4181].

5.2.  Example: OwnerString and InterfaceIndex of IF-MIB

   The translations of the OwnerString and InterfaceIndex textual
   conventions of the IF-MIB [RFC2863] are shown below.

     typedef OwnerString {
       type string {
         length "0..255";
         pattern '\p{IsBasicLatin}{0,255}';
       }
       status deprecated;
       description
        "This data type is used to model an administratively
         assigned name of the owner of a resource.  This information
         is taken from the NVT ASCII character set.  It is suggested
         that this name contain one or more of the following: ASCII
         form of the manager station's transport address, management
         station name (e.g., domain name), network management
         personnel's name, location, or phone number.  In some cases
         the agent itself will be the owner of an entry.  In these
         cases, this string shall be set to a string starting with
         'agent'.";
       smiv2:display-hint "255a";
     }

     typedef InterfaceIndex {
       type int32 {
         range "1..2147483647";
       }
       description
        "A unique value, greater than zero, for each interface or
         interface sub-layer in the managed system.  It is
         recommended that values are assigned contiguously starting
         from 1.  The value for each interface sub-layer must remain
         constant at least from one re-initialization of the entity's
         network management system to the next re-initialization.";
       smiv2:display-hint "d";
     }








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5.3.  Example: IfDirection of the DIFFSERV-MIB

   The translation of the IfDirection textual convention of the
   DIFFSERV-MIB [RFC3289] is shown below.

     typedef IfDirection {
       type enumeration {
         enum inbound  { value 1; }
         enum outbound { value 2; }
       }
       description
        "IfDirection specifies a direction of data travel on an
         interface. 'inbound' traffic is operated on during reception
         from the interface, while 'outbound' traffic is operated on
         prior to transmission on the interface.";
     }

6.  Translation of OBJECT IDENTIFIER Assignments

   The SMIv2 uses OBJECT IDENTIFIER assignments to introduce names for
   intermediate nodes in the OBJECT IDENTIFIER tree.  OBJECT IDENTIFIER
   assignments are translated into smiv2:alias statements.  Refer to the
   YANG extension defined in Section 10.

7.  Translation of the OBJECT-TYPE Macro

   The SMIv2 uses the OBJECT-TYPE macro to define objects and the
   structure of conceptual tables.  Objects exist either as scalars
   (exactly one instance within an SNMP context) or columnar objects
   within conceptual tables (zero or multiple instances within an SNMP
   context).  A number of auxiliary objects define the index (key) of a
   conceptual table.  Furthermore, conceptual tables can be augmented by
   other conceptual tables.  All these differences must be taken into
   account when translating SMIv2 OBJECT-TYPE macro invocations to YANG.
   Invocations of the OBJECT-TYPE macro MUST be translated into YANG
   statements as detailed below.

7.1.  Scalar and Columnar Object Translation Rules

   SMIv2 OBJECT-TYPE macro invocations defining scalars or columnar
   objects with a MAX-ACCESS of "not-accessible", "read-only",
   "read-write", and "read-create" are translated to YANG leaf
   statements.  Additionally, columnar objects with a MAX-ACCESS of
   "accessible-for-notify" are translated to YANG leaf statements if
   that columnar object is part of the INDEX clause of the table
   containing that columnar object.  The name of the leaf is the name
   associated with the SMIv2 OBJECT-TYPE macro invocation.  SMIv2
   OBJECT-TYPE macro invocations with a MAX-ACCESS of



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   "accessible-for-notify" are not translated to YANG data tree leafs
   but instead are translated into YANG notification leafs.

   Leaf statements for scalar objects are created in a container
   representing the scalar's parent node in the OID tree.  This
   container is named after the scalar's parent node in the OID tree and
   placed in the top-level container representing the SMIv2 module; see
   Section 4.1.  In the rare case that the scalar's parent node has
   multiple names, the automatic translation MUST fail with an error,
   and the name clash needs to be investigated and fixed manually.  In
   case a previous revision of the SMIv2 module did not have an
   ambiguity, then the name used by the previous revision MUST be used.
   The leaf statements representing columnar objects are created in the
   list representing a conceptual row; see Section 7.3.

   o  The SMIv2 SYNTAX clause is mapped to the YANG type statement.
      SMIv2 range restrictions are mapped to YANG range statements,
      while SMIv2 length restrictions are mapped to YANG length
      statements.  SMIv2 INTEGER enumerations are mapped to YANG enum/
      value statements.  SMIv2 BITS are mapped to YANG bit/position
      statements.  For OCTET STRING types that are mapped to a YANG
      string base type (see Section 2), the length specified in the YANG
      length statement must be consistent with the stringified
      representation of values.  If an implementation is unable to
      derive proper length restrictions, then the YANG length statement
      MUST be omitted.

   o  The SMIv2 UNITS clause is mapped to the YANG units statement.

   o  The SMIv2 MAX-ACCESS is translated into an smiv2:max-access
      statement.  Refer to the YANG extension defined in Section 10.

   o  The SMIv2 STATUS clause is mapped to the YANG status statement.
      The generation of the YANG status statement is skipped if the
      value of the STATUS clause is current.

   o  The SMIv2 DESCRIPTION clause is mapped to the YANG description
      statement.

   o  The SMIv2 REFERENCE clause is mapped to the YANG reference
      statement.

   o  The SMIv2 DEFVAL clause is mapped to an smiv2:defval statement.
      Refer to the YANG extension defined in Section 10.

   o  The value of the SMIv2 OBJECT-TYPE macro invocation is translated
      into an smiv2:oid statement.  Refer to the YANG extension defined
      in Section 10.



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   This translation assumes that labels of named numbers and named bits
   do not change when an SMIv2 module is revised.  This is consistent
   with the clarification of the SMIv2 module revision rules in Section
   4.9 of [RFC4181].

7.2.  Example: ifNumber and ifIndex of the IF-MIB

   The translations of the ifNumber scalar object and the ifIndex
   columnar object of the IF-MIB [RFC2863] are shown below.  Since
   ifNumber is a scalar object in the interfaces branch of the IF-MIB,
   the YANG leaf ifNumber will be placed in a YANG container called
   interfaces, which is registered in the top-level container IF-MIB.

     leaf ifNumber {
       type int32;
       description
        "The number of network interfaces (regardless of their
         current state) present on this system.";
       smiv2:max-access "read-only";
       smiv2:oid "1.3.6.1.2.1.2.1";
     }

     leaf ifIndex {
       type if-mib:InterfaceIndex;
       description
        "A unique value, greater than zero, for each interface.  It
         is recommended that values are assigned contiguously
         starting from 1.  The value for each interface sub-layer
         must remain constant at least from one re-initialization of
         the entity's network management system to the next re-
         initialization.";
       smiv2:max-access "read-only";
       smiv2:oid "1.3.6.1.2.1.2.2.1.1";
     }

7.3.  Non-Augmenting Conceptual Table Translation Rules

   An OBJECT-TYPE macro invocation defining a non-augmenting conceptual
   table is translated to a YANG container statement using the name of
   the OBJECT-TYPE macro invocation.  This container is created in the
   top-level container representing the SMIv2 module.  The clauses of
   the macro are translated as follows:

   o  The SMIv2 SYNTAX clause is ignored

   o  The SMIv2 UNITS clause is ignored.

   o  The SMIv2 MAX-ACCESS clause is ignored.



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   o  The SMIv2 STATUS clause is mapped to the YANG status statement.
      The generation of the YANG status statement is skipped if the
      value of the STATUS clause is current.

   o  The SMIv2 DESCRIPTION clause is mapped to the YANG description
      statement.

   o  The SMIv2 REFERENCE clause is mapped to the YANG reference
      statement.

   o  The value of the SMIv2 OBJECT-TYPE macro invocation is translated
      into an smiv2:oid statement.  Refer to the YANG extension defined
      in Section 10.

   An OBJECT-TYPE macro invocation defining a conceptual row is
   translated to a YANG list statement.  It is contained in the YANG
   container representing the conceptual table.  The generated list uses
   the name of the row OBJECT-TYPE macro invocation.  The clauses of the
   OBJECT-TYPE macro are translated as follows:

   o  The SMIv2 SYNTAX clause is ignored.

   o  The SMIv2 UNITS clause is ignored.

   o  The SMIv2 MAX-ACCESS clause is ignored.

   o  The SMIv2 STATUS clause is mapped to the YANG status statement.
      The generation of the YANG status statement is skipped if the
      value of the STATUS clause is current.

   o  The SMIv2 DESCRIPTION clause is mapped to the YANG description
      statement.

   o  The SMIv2 REFERENCE clause is mapped to the YANG reference
      statement.

   o  The SMIv2 INDEX clause is mapped to the YANG key clause listing
      the columnar objects forming the key of the YANG list.  If the
      same object appears more than once in the INDEX clause, append
      '_<n>' to the duplicate object name(s) where '<n>' counts the
      occurrences of the object in the INDEX clause, starting from 2.
      Additional leaf statements must be created to define the leafs
      introduced.

   o  If the SMIv2 INDEX clause contains the IMPLIED keyword, then an
      smiv2:implied statement is generated to record the name of the
      object preceded by the IMPLIED keyword.  Refer to the YANG
      extension defined in Section 10.



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   o  The value of the SMIv2 OBJECT-TYPE macro invocation is translated
      into an smiv2:oid statement.  Refer to the YANG extension defined
      in Section 10.

   Within the list statement, YANG leaf statements are created for
   columnar objects as described in Section 7.1.  For objects listed in
   the SMIv2 INDEX clause that are not part of the conceptual table
   itself, YANG leaf statements of type leafref pointing to the
   referenced definition are created.

7.4.  Example: ifTable of the IF-MIB

   The translation of the definition of the ifTable of the IF-MIB
   [RFC2863] is shown below.

     container ifTable {
       description
        "A list of interface entries.  The number of entries is
         given by the value of ifNumber.";
       smiv2:oid "1.3.6.1.2.1.2.2";

       list ifEntry {
         key "ifIndex";
         description
          "An entry containing management information applicable to a
           particular interface.";
         smiv2:oid "1.3.6.1.2.1.2.2.1";

         leaf ifIndex {
           type if-mib:InterfaceIndex;
           description
            "A unique value, greater than zero, for each interface.  It
             is recommended that values are assigned contiguously
             starting from 1.  The value for each interface sub-layer
             must remain constant at least from one re-initialization of
             the entity's network management system to the next re-
             initialization.";
           smiv2:max-access "read-only";
           smiv2:oid "1.3.6.1.2.1.2.2.1.1";
         }

         // ...
       }
     }







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7.5.  Example: ifRcvAddressTable of the IF-MIB

   The translation of the definition of the ifRcvAddressTable of the
   IF-MIB [RFC2863] is shown below.

     container ifRcvAddressTable {
       description
        "This table contains an entry for each address (broadcast,
         multicast, or uni-cast) for which the system will receive
         packets/frames on a particular interface, except as follows:

         - for an interface operating in promiscuous mode, entries are
           only required for those addresses for which the system would
           receive frames were it not operating in promiscuous mode.

         - for 802.5 functional addresses, only one entry is required,
           for the address which has the functional address bit ANDed
           with the bit mask of all functional addresses for which the
           interface will accept frames.

         A system is normally able to use any unicast address which
         corresponds to an entry in this table as a source address.";
       smiv2:oid "1.3.6.1.2.1.31.1.4";

       list ifRcvAddressEntry {
         key "ifIndex ifRcvAddressAddress";
         description
          "A list of objects identifying an address for which the
           system will accept packets/frames on the particular
           interface identified by the index value ifIndex.";
         smiv2:oid "1.3.6.1.2.1.31.1.4.1";

         leaf ifIndex {
           type leafref {
             path "/if-mib:IF-MIB/if-mib:ifTable" +
                  "/if-mib:ifEntry/if-mib:ifIndex";
           }
         }

         leaf ifRcvAddressAddress {
           type yang:phys-address;
           description
            "An address for which the system will accept packets/frames
             on this entry's interface.";
           smiv2:max-access "not-accessible";
           smiv2:oid "1.3.6.1.2.1.31.1.4.1.1";
         }




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         // ...
       }
     }

7.6.  Example: alHostTable of the RMON2-MIB

   The translation of the definition of the alHostTable of the RMON2-MIB
   [RFC4502] is shown below.

   container alHostTable {
     description
      "A collection of statistics for a particular protocol from a
       particular network address that has been discovered on an
       interface of this device.

       The probe will populate this table for all protocols in the
       protocol directory table whose value of
       protocolDirHostConfig is equal to supportedOn(3), and
       will delete any entries whose protocolDirEntry is deleted or
       has a protocolDirHostConfig value of supportedOff(2).

       The probe will add to this table all addresses
       seen as the source or destination address in all packets with
       no MAC errors and will increment octet and packet counts in
       the table for all packets with no MAC errors.  Further,
       entries will only be added to this table if their address
       exists in the nlHostTable and will be deleted from this table
       if their address is deleted from the nlHostTable.";
     smiv2:oid "1.3.6.1.2.1.16.16.1";

     list alHostEntry {
       key "hlHostControlIndex alHostTimeMark protocolDirLocalIndex "
         + "nlHostAddress protocolDirLocalIndex_2";
       description
        "A conceptual row in the alHostTable.

         The hlHostControlIndex value in the index identifies the
         hlHostControlEntry on whose behalf this entry was created.
         The first protocolDirLocalIndex value in the index identifies
         the network-layer protocol of the address.
         The nlHostAddress value in the index identifies the network-
         layer address of this entry.
         The second protocolDirLocalIndex value in the index identifies
         the protocol that is counted by this entry.

         An example of the indexing in this entry is
         alHostOutPkts.1.783495.18.4.128.2.6.6.34.




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         Note that some combinations of index values may result in an
         index that exceeds 128 sub-identifiers in length, which exceeds
         the maximum for the SNMP protocol.  Implementations should take
         care to avoid such combinations.";
       smiv2:oid "1.3.6.1.2.1.16.16.1.1";

       // ...

       leaf protocolDirLocalIndex {
         type leafref {
           path "/rmon2-mib:RMON2-MIB/"
              + "rmon2-mib:protocolDirTable/"
              + "rmon2-mib:protocolDirEntry/"
              + "rmon2-mib:protocolDirLocalIndex";
         }
       }

       // ...

       leaf protocolDirLocalIndex_2 {
         type leafref {
           path "/rmon2-mib:RMON2-MIB/"
              + "rmon2-mib:protocolDirTable/"
              + "rmon2-mib:protocolDirEntry/"
              + "rmon2-mib:protocolDirLocalIndex";
         }
       }

       // ...
     }
   }

7.7.  Augmenting Conceptual Tables Translation Rules

   An OBJECT-TYPE macro invocation defining an augmenting conceptual
   table is translated to a YANG smiv2:alias statement.  Refer to the
   YANG extension defined in Section 10.  The clauses of the macro are
   translated as follows:

   o  The SMIv2 SYNTAX clause is ignored.

   o  The SMIv2 UNITS clause is ignored.

   o  The SMIv2 MAX-ACCESS clause is ignored.

   o  The SMIv2 STATUS clause is mapped to the YANG status statement.
      The generation of the YANG status statement is skipped if the
      value of the STATUS clause is current.



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   o  The SMIv2 DESCRIPTION clause is mapped to the YANG description
      statement.

   o  The SMIv2 REFERENCE clause is mapped to the YANG reference
      statement.

   o  The value of the SMIv2 OBJECT-TYPE macro invocation is translated
      into an smiv2:oid statement.  Refer to the YANG extension defined
      in Section 10.

   An OBJECT-TYPE macro invocation defining a conceptual row
   augmentation is translated to a YANG smiv2:alias statement and a YANG
   augment statement using the path to the augmented table as its
   argument.  The clauses of the OBJECT-TYPE macro are translated as
   follows:

   o  The SMIv2 SYNTAX clause is ignored.

   o  The SMIv2 UNITS clause is ignored.

   o  The SMIv2 MAX-ACCESS clause is ignored.

   o  The SMIv2 STATUS clause is mapped to the YANG status statement.
      The generation of the YANG status statement is skipped if the
      value of the STATUS clause is current.

   o  The SMIv2 DESCRIPTION clause is mapped to the YANG description
      statement.

   o  The SMIv2 REFERENCE clause is mapped to the YANG reference
      statement.

   o  The value of the SMIv2 OBJECT-TYPE macro invocation is translated
      into an smiv2:oid statement.  Refer to the YANG extension defined
      in Section 10.

   Within the augment statement, YANG leaf statements are created as
   described in Section 7.1.













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7.8.  Example: ifXTable of the IF-MIB

   The translation of the definition of the ifXTable of the IF-MIB
   [RFC2863] is shown below.

     smiv2:alias "ifXTable" {
       description
        "A list of interface entries.  The number of entries is
         given by the value of ifNumber.  This table contains
         additional objects for the interface table.";
       smiv2:oid "1.3.6.1.2.1.31.1.1";
     }

     smiv2:alias "ifXEntry" {
       description
        "An entry containing additional management information
         applicable to a particular interface.";
       smiv2:oid "1.3.6.1.2.1.31.1.1.1";
     }

     augment "/if-mib:IF-MIB/if-mib:ifTable/if-mib:ifEntry" {
       description
        "An entry containing additional management information
         applicable to a particular interface.";
       smiv2:oid "1.3.6.1.2.1.31.1.1.1";

       leaf ifName {
         type snmpv2-tc:DisplayString;
         description
          "The textual name of the interface.  The value of this
           object should be the name of the interface as assigned by
           the local device and should be suitable for use in commands
           entered at the device's `console'.  This might be a text
           name, such as `le0' or a simple port number, such as `1',
           depending on the interface naming syntax of the device.  If
           several entries in the ifTable together represent a single
           interface as named by the device, then each will have the
           same value of ifName.  Note that for an agent which responds
           to SNMP queries concerning an interface on some other
           (proxied) device, then the value of ifName for such an
           interface is the proxied device's local name for it.

           If there is no local name, or this object is otherwise not
           applicable, then this object contains a zero-length string.";
         smiv2:max-access "read-only";
         smiv2:oid "1.3.6.1.2.1.31.1.1.1.1";
       }




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       // ...
     }

8.  Translation of the OBJECT-IDENTITY Macro

   The SMIv2 uses invocations of the OBJECT-IDENTITY macro to define
   information about an OBJECT IDENTIFIER assignment.  Invocations of
   the OBJECT-IDENTITY macro MUST be translated into YANG identity
   statements as detailed below.

8.1.  OBJECT-IDENTITY Translation Rules

   The name of the OBJECT-IDENTITY macro invocation is used as the name
   of the generated identity statement.  The generated identity
   statement uses the smiv2:object-identity defined in Section 10 as its
   base.  The clauses of the SMIv2 OBJECT-IDENTITY macro are mapped to
   YANG statements as follows:

   o  The SMIv2 STATUS clause is mapped to the YANG status statement.
      The generation of the YANG status statement is skipped if the
      value of the STATUS clause is current.

   o  The SMIv2 DESCRIPTION clause is mapped to the YANG description
      statement.

   o  The SMIv2 REFERENCE clause is mapped to the YANG reference
      statement.

   o  The value of the SMIv2 OBJECT-IDENTITY macro invocation is
      translated into an smiv2:oid statement.  Refer to the YANG
      extension defined in Section 10.

8.2.  Example: diffServTBParamSimpleTokenBucket of the DIFFSERV-MIB

   The translation of the diffServTBParamSimpleTokenBucket of the
   DIFFSERV-MIB [RFC3289] is shown below.  (Please note that the
   description should refer to RFC 3290, Section 5.1.3.)

     identity diffServTBParamSimpleTokenBucket {
       base "smiv2:object-identity";
       description
        "Two Parameter Token Bucket Meter as described in the Informal
         Differentiated Services Model section 5.2.3.";
       smiv2:oid "1.3.6.1.2.1.97.3.1.1";
     }






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9.  Translation of the NOTIFICATION-TYPE Macro

   SMIv2 provides the NOTIFICATION-TYPE macro to define event
   notifications.  YANG provides the notification statement for the same
   purpose.  Invocations of the NOTIFICATION-TYPE macro MUST be
   translated into YANG notification statements as detailed below.

9.1.  NOTIFICATION-TYPE Translation Rules

   The name of the NOTIFICATION-TYPE macro invocation is used as the
   name of the generated notification statement.  The clauses of the
   NOTIFICATION-TYPE macro are mapped to YANG statements embedded in the
   notification statement as follows.

   o  The SMIv2 OBJECTS clause is mapped to a sequence of YANG
      containers.  For each object listed in the OBJECTS clause value, a
      YANG container statement is generated.  The name of this container
      is the string "object-<n>", where <n> is the position of the
      object in the value of the OBJECTS clause (first element has
      position 1).  If the current object belongs to a conceptual table,
      then a sequence of leaf statements is generated for each INDEX
      object of the conceptual table.  These leafs are named after the
      INDEX objects and of type leafref.  Finally, a leaf statement is
      generated named after the current object.  If the current object
      has a MAX-ACCESS of "read-only", "read-write", or "read-create",
      then the generated leaf is of type leafref.  Otherwise, if the
      current object has a MAX-ACCESS of "accessible-for-notify", then a
      leaf is generated, following the steps in Section 7.1.

   o  The SMIv2 STATUS clause is mapped to the YANG status statement.
      The generation of the YANG status statement is skipped if the
      value of the STATUS clause is current.

   o  The SMIv2 DESCRIPTION clause is mapped to the YANG description
      statement.

   o  The SMIv2 REFERENCE clause is mapped to the YANG reference
      statement.

   o  The value of the SMIv2 NOTIFICATION-TYPE macro invocation is
      translated into an smiv2:oid statement.  Refer to the YANG
      extension defined in Section 10.









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9.2.  Example: linkDown NOTIFICATION-TYPE of IF-MIB

   The translation of the linkDown notification of the IF-MIB [RFC2863]
   is shown below.

     notification linkDown {
       description
        "A linkDown trap signifies that the SNMP entity, acting in
         an agent role, has detected that the ifOperStatus object for
         one of its communication links is about to enter the down
         state from some other state (but not from the notPresent
         state).  This other state is indicated by the included value
         of ifOperStatus.";
       smiv2:oid "1.3.6.1.6.3.1.1.5.3";

       container object-1 {
         leaf ifIndex {
           type leafref {
             path "/if-mib:IF-MIB/if-mib:ifTable" +
                  "/if-mib:ifEntry/if-mib:ifIndex";
           }
         }
       }

       container object-2 {
         leaf ifIndex {
           type leafref {
             path "/if-mib:IF-MIB/if-mib:ifTable" +
                  "/if-mib:ifEntry/if-mib:ifIndex";
           }
         }
         leaf ifAdminStatus {
           type leafref {
             path "/if-mib:IF-MIB/if-mib:ifTable" +
                  "/if-mib:ifEntry/if-mib:ifAdminStatus";
           }
         }
       }

       container object-3 {
         leaf ifIndex {
           type leafref {
             path "/if-mib:IF-MIB/if-mib:ifTable" +
                  "/if-mib:ifEntry/if-mib:ifIndex";
           }
         }
         leaf ifOperStatus {
           type leafref {



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             path "/if-mib:IF-MIB/if-mib:ifTable" +
                  "/if-mib:ifEntry/if-mib:ifOperStatus";
           }
         }
       }
     }

10.  YANG Language Extension Definition

   This section defines some YANG extension statements that can be used
   to capture some information present in SMIv2 modules that is not
   translated into core YANG statements.  The YANG module references
   [RFC2578] and [RFC2579].

   <CODE BEGINS> file "ietf-yang-smiv2@2012-06-22.yang"

 module ietf-yang-smiv2 {

   namespace "urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:yang:ietf-yang-smiv2";
   prefix "smiv2";

   organization
    "IETF NETMOD (NETCONF Data Modeling Language) Working Group";

   contact
    "WG Web:   <http://tools.ietf.org/wg/netmod/>
     WG List:  <mailto:netmod@ietf.org>

     WG Chair: David Kessens
               <mailto:david.kessens@nsn.com>

     WG Chair: Juergen Schoenwaelder
               <mailto:j.schoenwaelder@jacobs-university.de>

     Editor:   Juergen Schoenwaelder
               <mailto:j.schoenwaelder@jacobs-university.de>";

   description
    "This module defines YANG extensions that are used to translate
     SMIv2 concepts into YANG.

     Copyright (c) 2012 IETF Trust and the persons identified as
     authors of the code.  All rights reserved.

     Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or
     without modification, is permitted pursuant to, and subject
     to the license terms contained in, the Simplified BSD License
     set forth in Section 4.c of the IETF Trust's Legal Provisions



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     Relating to IETF Documents
     (http://trustee.ietf.org/license-info).

     This version of this YANG module is part of RFC 6643; see
     the RFC itself for full legal notices.";

   revision 2012-06-22 {
     description
      "Initial revision.";
     reference
      "RFC 6643: Translation of Structure of Management Information
       Version 2 (SMIv2) MIB Modules to YANG Modules";
   }

   identity object-identity {
     description
      "Base identity for all SMIv2 OBJECT-IDENTITYs.";
   }

   typedef opaque {
     type binary;
     description
      "The Opaque type supports the capability to pass arbitrary ASN.1
       syntax.  A value is encoded using the ASN.1 Basic Encoding Rules
       into a string of octets.  This, in turn, is encoded as an OCTET
       STRING, in effect 'double-wrapping' the original ASN.1 value.

       In the value set and its semantics, this type is equivalent to
       the Opaque type of the SMIv2.  This type exists in the SMIv2
       solely for backward-compatibility reasons and this is also
       true for this YANG data type.";
     reference
      "RFC 2578: Structure of Management Information Version 2 (SMIv2)";
   }

   extension display-hint {
     argument "format";
     description
      "The display-hint statement takes as an argument the DISPLAY-HINT
       assigned to an SMIv2 textual convention.";
     reference
      "RFC 2579: Textual Conventions for SMIv2";
   }








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   extension max-access {
     argument "access";
     description
      "The max-access statement takes as an argument the MAX-ACCESS
       assigned to an SMIv2 object definition.

       The MAX-ACCESS value is SMIv2 specific and has no impact on
       the access provided to YANG objects through protocols such
       as NETCONF.";
     reference
      "RFC 2578: Structure of Management Information Version 2 (SMIv2)";
   }

   extension defval {
     argument "value";
     description
      "The defval statement takes as an argument a default value
       defined by an SMIv2 DEFVAL clause.  Note that the value is in
       the SMIv2 value space defined by the SMIv2 syntax of the
       corresponding object and not in the YANG value space
       defined by the corresponding YANG data type.";
     reference
      "RFC 2578: Structure of Management Information Version 2 (SMIv2)";
   }

   extension implied {
     argument "index";
     description
      "If an SMIv2 INDEX object is preceded by the IMPLIED keyword, then
       the implied statement is present in the YANG module and takes as
       an argument the name of the IMPLIED index object.";
     reference
      "RFC 2578: Structure of Management Information Version 2 (SMIv2)";
    }

   extension alias {
     argument "descriptor";
     description
      "The alias statement introduces an SMIv2 descriptor.  The body of
       the alias statement is expected to contain an oid statement that
       provides the numeric OID associated with the descriptor.";
     reference
      "RFC 2578: Structure of Management Information Version 2 (SMIv2)";
   }







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   extension oid {
     argument "value";
     description
      "The oid statement takes as an argument the object identifier
       assigned to an SMIv2 definition.  The object identifier value
       is written in decimal dotted notation.";
     reference
      "RFC 2578: Structure of Management Information Version 2 (SMIv2)";
   }

   extension subid {
     argument "value";
     description
      "The subid statement takes as an argument the last sub-identifier
       of the object identifier assigned to an SMIv2 definition.  The
       sub-identifier value is a single positive decimal natural number.
       The subid statement may not be used as a substatement to any
       top-level node in a YANG document.  The subid substatement may
       be used only as a substatement to a node having a parent node
       defined with either an smiv2:oid or smiv2:subid substatement.";
     reference
      "RFC 2578: Structure of Management Information Version 2 (SMIv2)";
   }

 }

   <CODE ENDS>

11.  Implementing Configuration Data Nodes

   The result of the translation of SMIv2 MIB modules into YANG modules,
   even if SMIv2 objects are read-write or read-create, consists of
   read-only (config false) YANG objects.  One reason is that the
   persistency models of the underlying protocols, SNMP and NETCONF, are
   quite different.  With SNMP, the persistency of a writable object
   depends either on the object definition itself (i.e., the text in the
   DESCRIPTION clause) or the persistency properties of the conceptual
   row it is part of, sometimes controlled via a columnar object using
   the StorageType textual convention.  With NETCONF, the persistency of
   configuration objects is determined by the properties of the
   underlying datastore.  Furthermore, NETCONF as defined in [RFC6241]
   does not provide a standard operation to modify operational state.
   The <edit-config> and <copy-config> operations only manipulate
   configuration data.  As a consequence of these considerations, it is
   not possible to generate YANG configuration data nodes from SMIv2
   definitions in an automated way.





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   However, for selected SMIv2 objects where the SNMP and NETCONF
   persistency semantics are consistent, implementations may choose to
   implement some YANG data nodes generated from SMIv2 definitions as
   configuration data nodes.  Such a deviation from the generated read-
   only YANG module should be formally documented in the form of a
   separate YANG module that uses YANG deviation statements to change
   the config property of the data nodes implemented as configuration
   data nodes from false to true.  Deviations that change the config
   false property to true without any other changes to the semantics of
   the data node do not affect the compliance with the YANG module
   generated from an SMIv2 module.

11.1.  Example: addressMapControlTable of RMON2-MIB

   The following example demonstrates how certain columnar objects of
   the addressMapControlTable of the RMON2-MIB [RFC4502] can be turned
   into YANG configuration data nodes.  Note that YANG deviations affect
   the property of the target node only and are not inherited downwards.

     module acme-RMON2-MIB-deviations {

       namespace "http://acme.example.com/RMON2-MIB-deviations";
       prefix "acme-rmon2-devs";

       import RMON2-MIB {
         prefix "rmon2-mib";
         revision-date 2006-05-02;
       }

       revision 2012-01-11 {
         description
           "First version.";
       }

       deviation "/rmon2-mib:RMON2-MIB" {
         deviate replace {
           config true;
         }
       }

       deviation "/rmon2-mib:RMON2-MIB/"
               + "rmon2-mib:addressMapControlTable" {
         deviate replace {
           config true;
         }
       }





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       deviation "/rmon2-mib:RMON2-MIB/"
               + "rmon2-mib:addressMapControlTable/"
               + "rmon2-mib:addressMapControlEntry" {
         deviate replace {
           config true;
         }
       }

       deviation "/rmon2-mib:RMON2-MIB/"
               + "rmon2-mib:addressMapControlTable/"
               + "rmon2-mib:addressMapControlEntry/"
               + "rmon2-mib:addressMapControlIndex" {
         deviate replace {
           config true;
         }
       }

       deviation "/rmon2-mib:RMON2-MIB/"
               + "rmon2-mib:addressMapControlTable/"
               + "rmon2-mib:addressMapControlEntry/"
               + "rmon2-mib:addressMapControlDataSource" {
         deviate replace {
           config true;
         }
       }

       deviation "/rmon2-mib:RMON2-MIB/"
               + "rmon2-mib:addressMapControlTable/"
               + "rmon2-mib:addressMapControlEntry/"
               + "rmon2-mib:addressMapControlOwner" {
         deviate replace {
           config true;
         }
       }
     }

   A NETCONF server that implements the RMON2-MIB module with these
   deviations would advertise the following capabilities in its <hello>
   message (where whitespace has been added for readability):












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     <capability>
       urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:yang:smiv2:RMON2-MIB?
         module=RMON2-MIB&amp;
         revision=2006-05-02&amp;
         deviations=acme-RMON2-MIB-deviations
     </capability>
     <capability>
       http://acme.example.com/RMON2-MIB-deviations?
         module=acme-RMON2-MIB-deviations&amp;
         revision=2012-01-11
     </capability>

12.  IANA Considerations

   This document registers two URIs in the IETF XML registry [RFC3688].
   Following the format in RFC 3688, the following registrations have
   been made.

     URI: urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:yang:ietf-yang-smiv2

     Registrant Contact: The NETMOD WG of the IETF.

     XML: N/A, the requested URI is an XML namespace.


     URI: urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:yang:smiv2

     Registrant Contact: The NETMOD WG of the IETF.

     XML: N/A, the requested URI is an XML namespace.

   This document registers a YANG module in the YANG Module Names
   registry [RFC6020].

     Name:         ietf-yang-smiv2
     Namespace:    urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:yang:ietf-yang-smiv2
     Prefix:       smiv2
     Reference:    RFC 6643

13.  Security Considerations

   This document defines a translation of SMIv2 MIB modules into YANG
   modules, enabling read-only (config false) access to data objects
   defined in SMIv2 MIB modules via NETCONF.  The translation itself has
   no security impact on the Internet.






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   Users of YANG data models generated from SMIv2 data models that have
   been published in the RFC series are advised to consult the security
   considerations of the respective RFCs.  The security considerations
   of RFCs containing SMIv2 data models explain which objects are
   sensitive and important to protect.  NETCONF users are encouraged to
   make use of the NETCONF access control model [RFC6536], which allows
   the specification of access control rules to protect potentially
   sensitive information.

14.  Acknowledgements

   The author wishes to thank the following individuals for providing
   helpful comments on various draft versions of this document: Andy
   Bierman, Benoit Claise, Martin Bjorklund, Leif Johansson, David Reid,
   Dan Romascanu, and David Spakes.

15.  References

15.1.  Normative References

   [RFC2119]  Bradner, S., "Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate
              Requirement Levels", BCP 14, RFC 2119, March 1997.

   [RFC2578]  McCloghrie, K., Ed., Perkins, D., Ed., and J.
              Schoenwaelder, Ed., "Structure of Management Information
              Version 2 (SMIv2)", STD 58, RFC 2578, April 1999.

   [RFC2579]  McCloghrie, K., Ed., Perkins, D., Ed., and J.
              Schoenwaelder, Ed., "Textual Conventions for SMIv2",
              STD 58, RFC 2579, April 1999.

   [RFC2580]  McCloghrie, K., Perkins, D., and J. Schoenwaelder,
              "Conformance Statements for SMIv2", STD 58, RFC 2580,
              April 1999.

   [RFC6020]  Bjorklund, M., Ed., "YANG - A Data Modeling Language for
              the Network Configuration Protocol (NETCONF)", RFC 6020,
              October 2010.

   [RFC6021]  Schoenwaelder, J., "Common YANG Data Types", RFC 6021,
              October 2010.

15.2.  Informative References

   [RFC2863]  McCloghrie, K. and F. Kastenholz, "The Interfaces Group
              MIB", RFC 2863, June 2000.





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   [RFC3289]  Baker, F., Chan, K., and A. Smith, "Management Information
              Base for the Differentiated Services Architecture",
              RFC 3289, May 2002.

   [RFC3584]  Frye, R., Levi, D., Routhier, S., and B. Wijnen,
              "Coexistence between Version 1, Version 2, and Version 3
              of the Internet-standard Network Management Framework",
              RFC 3584, August 2003.

   [RFC3688]  Mealling, M., "The IETF XML Registry", BCP 81, RFC 3688,
              January 2004.

   [RFC4181]  Heard, C., "Guidelines for Authors and Reviewers of MIB
              Documents", BCP 111, RFC 4181, September 2005.

   [RFC4502]  Waldbusser, S., "Remote Network Monitoring Management
              Information  Base Version 2", RFC 4502, May 2006.

   [RFC6241]  Enns, R., Ed., Bjorklund, M., Ed., Schoenwaelder, J., Ed.,
              and A. Bierman, Ed., "Network Configuration Protocol
              (NETCONF)", RFC 6241, June 2011.

   [RFC6536]  Bierman, A., Ed. and M. Bjorklund, Ed., "Network
              Configuration Protocol (NETCONF) Access Control Model",
              RFC 6536, March 2012.


























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Appendix A.  Mapping of Well-Known Types (Normative)

   This normative appendix describes the mapping of SMIv2 types to YANG
   types.  The mapping is fully consistent with Tables 1 and 2 of
   [RFC6021].

   SMIv2 Module: SNMPv2-SMI
   SMIv2 Type:   INTEGER       (used as an enumeration)
   YANG Type:    enumeration

   SMIv2 Module: SNMPv2-SMI
   SMIv2 Type:   INTEGER       (used as a numeric type)
   YANG Type:    int32

   SMIv2 Module: SNMPv2-SMI
   SMIv2 Type:   Integer32
   YANG Type:    int32

   SMIv2 Module: SNMPv2-SMI
   SMIv2 Type:   OCTET STRING  (used as a binary string)
   YANG Type:    binary

   SMIv2 Module: SNMPv2-SMI
   SMIv2 Type:   OCTET STRING  (used to hold UTF-8 or ASCII characters)
   YANG Type:    string

   SMIv2 Module: SNMPv2-SMI
   SMIv2 Type:   OBJECT IDENTIFIER
   YANG Module:  ietf-yang-types
   YANG Type:    object-identifier-128

   SMIv2 Module: SNMPv2-SMI
   SMIv2 Type:   BITS
   YANG Type:    bits

   SMIv2 Module: SNMPv2-SMI
   SMIv2 Type:   IpAddress
   YANG Module:  ietf-inet-types
   YANG Type:    ipv4-address

   SMIv2 Module: SNMPv2-SMI
   SMIv2 Type:   Counter32
   YANG Module:  ietf-yang-types
   YANG Type:    counter32







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   SMIv2 Module: SNMPv2-SMI
   SMIv2 Type:   Gauge32
   YANG Module:  ietf-yang-types
   YANG Type:    gauge32

   SMIv2 Module: SNMPv2-SMI
   SMIv2 Type:   TimeTicks
   YANG Module:  ietf-yang-types
   YANG Type:    timeticks

   SMIv2 Module: SNMPv2-SMI
   SMIv2 Type:   Counter64
   YANG Module:  ietf-yang-types
   YANG Type:    counter64

   SMIv2 Module: SNMPv2-SMI
   SMIv2 Type:   Unsigned32
   YANG Type:    uint32

   SMIv2 Module: SNMPv2-SMI
   SMIv2 Type:   Opaque
   YANG Module:  ietf-yang-smiv2
   YANG Type:    opaque

   SMIv2 Module: SNMPv2-TC
   SMIv2 Type:   PhysAddress
   YANG Module:  ietf-yang-types
   YANG Type:    phys-address

   SMIv2 Module: SNMPv2-TC
   SMIv2 Type:   MacAddress
   YANG Module:  ietf-yang-types
   YANG Type:    mac-address

   SMIv2 Module: SNMPv2-TC
   SMIv2 Type:   TruthValue
   YANG Type:    boolean

   SMIv2 Module: SNMPv2-TC
   SMIv2 Type:   TimeStamp
   YANG Module:  ietf-yang-types
   YANG Type:    timestamp

   SMIv2 Module: RMON2-MIB
   SMIv2 Type:   ZeroBasedCounter32
   YANG Module:  ietf-yang-types
   YANG Type:    zero-based-counter32




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   SMIv2 Module: HCNUM-TC
   SMIv2 Type:   ZeroBasedCounter64
   YANG Module:  ietf-yang-types
   YANG Type:    zero-based-counter64

   SMIv2 Module: HCNUM-TC
   SMIv2 Type:   CounterBasedGauge64
   YANG Module:  ietf-yang-types
   YANG Type:    gauge64

   SMIv2 Module: INET-ADDRESS-MIB
   SMIv2 Type:   InetAutonomousSystemNumber
   YANG Module:  ietf-inet-types
   YANG Type:    as-number

   SMIv2 Module: INET-ADDRESS-MIB
   SMIv2 Type:   InetVersion
   YANG Module:  ietf-inet-types
   YANG Type:    ip-version

   SMIv2 Module: INET-ADDRESS-MIB
   SMIv2 Type:   InetPortNumber
   YANG Module:  ietf-inet-types
   YANG Type:    port-number

   SMIv2 Module: DIFFSERV-DSCP-TC
   SMIv2 Type:   Dscp
   YANG Module:  ietf-inet-types
   YANG Type:    dscp

   SMIv2 Module: IPV6-FLOW-LABEL-MIB
   SMIv2 Type:   IPv6FlowLabel
   YANG Module:  ietf-inet-types
   YANG Type:    ipv6-flow-label

   SMIv2 Module: URI-TC-MIB
   SMIv2 Type:   Uri
   YANG Module:  ietf-inet-types
   YANG Type:    uri

Appendix B.  Module Prefix Generation (Informative)

   This section describes an algorithm to generate module prefixes to be
   used in the import statements.  The input of the prefix generation
   algorithm is a set of prefixes (usually derived from imported module
   names) and a specific module name to be converted into a prefix.  The
   algorithm described below produces a prefix for the given module name
   that is unique within the set of prefixes.



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                       +-----------------+--------+
                       | YANG Module     | Prefix |
                       +-----------------+--------+
                       | ietf-yang-types | yang   |
                       | ietf-inet-types | inet   |
                       | ietf-yang-smiv2 | smiv2  |
                       +-----------------+--------+

           Table 1: Special Prefixes For Well-Known YANG Modules

   o  First, some predefined translations mapping well-known YANG
      modules to short prefixes are tried (see Table 1).  If a fixed
      translation rule exists and leads to a conflict-free prefix, then
      the fixed translation is used.

   o  Otherwise, prefixes are generated by tokenizing a YANG module
      name, using hyphens as token separators.  The tokens derived from
      the module name are converted to lowercase characters.  The prefix
      then becomes the shortest sequence of tokens concatenated using
      hyphens as separators, which includes at least two tokens and
      which is unique among all prefixes used in the YANG module.

   In the worst case, the prefix derived from an SMIv2 module name
   becomes the SMIv2 module name translated to lowercase.  But on
   average, much shorter prefixes are generated.

Author's Address

   Juergen Schoenwaelder
   Jacobs University

   EMail: j.schoenwaelder@jacobs-university.de



















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