[Docs] [txt|pdf]



Network Working Group                                          J. Postel
NWG / Request for Comments: 694                                  SRI-ARC
                                                           June 18, 1975


                          Protocol Information

Introduction

   This file contains information on the various protocols in the ARPA
   Network.  An effort will be made to keep the information current, but
   his depends on the cooperation of the users of this file to convey
   any information about protocol developments, or corrections to this
   information to Jon Postel at SRI-ARC.

      Online address is POSTEL@BBNB; Phone is (415) 326-6200 x 3718;
      U.S. Mail address is Stanford Research Institute, Augmentation
      Research Center, 222 Ravenswood, Menlo park, California 94025.

   This is a compendium of all the protocol related activity and most of
   this activity and most of this activity is with experimental
   protocols, for those protocols, which are official standards the
   designation "[Official]" will be appended to the name.

   This protocol information file is online as:

      Pathname: [OFFICE-1] <NETINFO.PROTOCOL-INFORMATION.TXT

      and also [BBNB] <POSTEL.PROTCOL-INFORMATION.NLS

   Much of the documentation of protocols appears as Requests for
   Comments (RFCs) and many of these are available online.  When a
   document is accessible online a pointer to that source will be given.
   Also note that recent RFCs are online at Office-1 in directory
   <NETINFO> with names of the form RFCnnn.TXT where nnn is replaced by
   the RFC number.  There is also an index of recent RFCs as an online
   file:

      [Office-1] <NETINFOR>RFC-INDEX.TXT

   There are three other online files that are relevant to protocols:

      There is a file that lists Official Host Names and associated
      information as described in RFC 608, the pathname of this file is:

         [Office-1] <NETOINFO>HOSTS.TXT





Postel                                                          [Page 1]

RFC 694                   Protocol Information             June 18, 1975


      There are two files that list the addresses of the Network
      Liaisons, one file lists the online message address, and the other
      the US Mail address and phone number.  A network liaison is a
      person designated by a host organization as the contact and
      coordinator for network technical information fro that
      organization.

         [Office-1] <NETINFO>LIAISON-SNDMSG.TXT

         [Office-1] <NETINFO>LIAISON.TXT

      These files are prepared by Jake Feinler of the Network
      Information Center (NIC).  Indeed the NIC has been very helpful in
      providing the online file space for the recent Request for
      Comments, and other protocol related files.  The NIC also
      maintains the hardcopy reference library of all RFCs.

   The NIC has assembled and filed with the National Technical
   information Service the collection of documents known as "ARPA
   Network Current Network Protocols".  This collection represents the
   more or less "official" protocols as of 1-December-74.  The accession
   number is ADA003890.

   IMP-IMP

      surface

         Contact:

            Alex McKenzie (MCKENZIE@BBN)

         Documents:

            Heart, F. et. al. "the Interface Message Processor for the
            ARPA Computer Network," AFIPS Conference Proceedings,
            36:551-567, SJCC 1970.

            McQuillan, J.M. et. al. "Improvements in the Design and
            Performance of the ARPA Network," AFIPs Conference
            Proceedings, 41:741-754 RFCC, 1972.

            McQuillan, J.M. "Throughput in the ARPA network - Analysis
            and Measurement," BBN Report 2491, the text is also
            contained in BBN Quarterly Technical Report 16, available
            from the National Technical Information Service [NTIS]
            accession number AD7544441.





Postel                                                          [Page 2]

RFC 694                   Protocol Information             June 18, 1975


         People:

            John McQuillan (MCQUILLAN@BBN)

            Schedule:

            Comments:

            Recent developments:

         Satellite

            Contact:

               Randy Rettberg (RETTBERG@BBN)

            Documents:

            People:

               Robert Kahn (KAHN@ISI)

            Schedule:

            Comments:

            Recent developments:

   IMP-HOST

      IMP-HOST [Official]

         Contact:

            Alex McKenzie (MCKENZIE@BBN)

         Documents:

               "Specification for the Interconnection of a HOST and an
               IMP," BBN Report 1822, Revised December 1974.  NTIS:
               ADA002751.

            People:

               Alex McKenzie (MCKENZIE@BBN)

               Dave Walden (WALDEN@BBN)




Postel                                                          [Page 3]

RFC 694                   Protocol Information             June 18, 1975


               Jon Postel (POSTEL@BBNB)

               Jerry Burchfiel (BURCHFIEL@BBN)

               John McQuillan (MCQUILLAN@BBN)

            Schedule:

            Comments:

               The "link number" field has been extended from 8 to 12
               bits and renamed the "message identification" field.
               Message type 6 now is used to indicate a reason for at
               type 7 (destination dead) message. (See BBN1822).

               There has been some recent changes to the Ready line
               interpretation by the IMP for deciding the alive/dead
               status of a host.

               Important changes to the IMP and IMP/HOST Interface
               announced in RFC 660 23-Oct-74.

               (31-DEC-74) The change to allow up to eight messages to
               be in transit between a source host and destination host
               should be made very soon.  This should not effect the
               hosts at all except to provide better thruput and fewer
               inter-message delays.

               (6-JAN-75) BBN Report 1822 updated.

                  Sections 1, 2, 4, and 5, and Appendix C now include
                  data on the Pluribus IMP.  The Pluribus IMP is based
                  on a modular mutliprocessor hardware design; it should
                  be capable of much higher bandwidth and greater
                  reliability than other IMP models.

                  Section 3.1 contains additional information, which may
                  be helpful to Host programmers.

                  Section 3.3 and 3.4 add a new type of Host to Host
                  data message, the uncontrolled packet.  Section 3.7
                  has been added to describe the use of this new message
                  type.

                  Section 3.4 describes changes to the sub-types of IMP
                  to host message types 6 and 7.

                  Appendix A has been updated.



Postel                                                          [Page 4]

RFC 694                   Protocol Information             June 18, 1975


                  Appendix B has been expanded to provide specific
                  recommendations for Host implementation of the
                  Host/IMP Interface.

                  Minor clarifications have been made in Appendix F. (No
                  changes have been made to Figure F - (or F-9.)

            Recent developments:

               (18-June-75) Very important changes to the Host to IMP
               and IMP to Host interface protocol are proposed
               (specified?) in a recent note.  The areas changed
               include: expanded leader size, expanded address field,
               new message length field, expanded handling type field,
               source host control of packets per message, change in the
               handling of unordered messages (current type 3 messages),
               change in the addressing of fake hosts, including an
               address field in the IMP/Host hop message, (best of all)
               backward compatibility, and a possible change in the
               maximum message length.

                 Walden, D. "IMP/Host and Host/IMP Protocol Change,"
                 RFC 687, NIC 32654, 2-Jun-75.

                         [OPfficed-1] <NETINFOR>RFC687.TXT

               (18-Jun-75) Comments on the changes proposed by Walden in
               RFC 687:

                 Postel, J. "Comments on the proposed Host/IMP Protocol
                 Changes," RFC 690, NIC 32699, 6-Jun-75.

   HOST-HOST

      ncp - standard host-to-host [Official]

         Contact:

            Jon Postel (POSTEL@BBN)

         Documents:

            McKenzie, A. "Host/Host Protocol for the ARPA Network," NIC
            8246, NTIS: AD757680, Jan 1972.

            Postel, J. "Assigned Link Numbers," RFC 604, NIC 21186, 26-
            Dec-73.




Postel                                                          [Page 5]

RFC 694                   Protocol Information             June 18, 1975


         People:

            Jon Postel (POSTEL@BBNB)

            Alex McKenzie (MCKENZIE@BBN)

         Schedule:

         Comments:

         Recent developments:

   ncp - host-to-host [Experimental]

      Contact:

         Jon Postel (POSTEL@BBNB)

      Documents:

         McKenzie, A. "host/Host Protocol for the ARPA Network," NIC
         8246, NTIS: AD757680, Jan 1972.

         Postel, J. "Assigned link Numbers," RFC 604, NIC 21186,
         26-Dec-73.

         Burchfiel, et. al. "Tip-Tenex Reliability Improvements" RFC 636
         NIC 30490 June 1974.

      People:

         Jon Postel (POSTEL@BBNB)

         Alex McKenzie (MCKENZIE@BBN)

         Jerry Burchfiel (BURCHFIEL@BBN)

         Dave Walden (WALDEN@BBN)

      Schedule:

      Comments:

         The BBN TIP and TENEX groups have specified and are
         implementing additional protocol commands with the intention of
         providing better reliability and survivability over system





Postel                                                          [Page 6]

RFC 694                   Protocol Information             June 18, 1975


         malfunctions.  The additional protocol commands are for
         cleaning up partly closed connections and resynchronizing the
         allocation values on open connections (see RFC 636).

         (31-DEC-74) Tenex 1.32 and the Tips are now running this
         protocol.

      Recent developments:

   ncp - host-to-host [Experimental]

      Contact:

         Jon Postel (POSTEL@BBNB)

      Documents:

         McKenzie, A. "Host/Host Protocol for the ARPA Network," NIC
         8246, [NTIS # AD-757 680], Jan 1972

         Postel, J. "Assigned Link Numbers," RFC604, NIC211685, 26-Dec-
         73.

         Kanodia, R. "A Lost Message Detection and Recovery Protocol,"
         RFC 663, NIC 31387, 29-Nov-74.

                 [OFFICE-1] <NETINFO>RFC663.TXT

      People:

         Jon Postel (POSTEL@BBNB)

         Alex McKenzie (MCKENZIE@BBN)

         Raj Kanodia (Kanodia.CompNet@MIT-Multics)

      Schedule:

      Comments:

         (31-DEC-74) This recent proposal is interesting in several
         features, but some have suggested that is aimed at a non-
         problem.

      Recent developments:

   msp - Message Switching Protocol




Postel                                                          [Page 7]

RFC 694                   Protocol Information             June 18, 1975


      Contact:

         Dave Walden (WALDEN@BBN)

      Documents:

         Walden, D. "A System for Interprocess Communication in a
         Resource Sharing Computer Network, " RFC 62, NIC 4962, 3-Aug-
         70. Also published in Communications of the ACM volume 15,
         number 4, April 1972.

         Bressler, B. "A Proposed Experiment with a Message Switching
         Protocol, " RFC 333, NIC 9926, 15-May-72.

      People:

         Dave Walden (WALDEN@BBN)

         Bob Bressler  (BRESSLER@BBN)

      Schedule:

      Comments:

      Recent developments:

   tcp - Transmission Control Protocol

      Contact:

         Vint Cert (CERF@ISI)

      Documents:

         Cert, V. and R,. Kahn. "A Protocol for Packet Network
         Intercommunication," IEEE Transactions on Communication Vol
         COM- 22 No 5, May 1974.

         Mader, E. "A Protocol Experiment," RFC 700, NIC 31020.

                 [OFFICE-1] <NETINFO> RFC700.TXT

         Cerf, V. Y. Dalal, and C. Sunshine. "Specification of Internet
         Transmission Control Program," RFC 675, INWG 72, NIC 31505,
         December 1974 Revision.

      People:




Postel                                                          [Page 8]

RFC 694                   Protocol Information             June 18, 1975


         Vint Cerf (CERF@ISI)

         Ray Tomilnson (TOMLINSON@BBN)

         Peter Kirstein (KIRSTEIN@ISI)

         Jon Postel (POSTEL@BBN)

      Schedule:

         Some experiments now running.  Implementation of full protocol
         to begin by 1-Jan-75.

      Comments:

         Specification completed August 4th, but some work still in
         progress on handling of single message conversations.  A new
         sequencing scheme (proposed by Tomlinson) may be utilized.  The
         addressing field is now used as 4 bit format, 4 bit network, 16
         bit TCP, and 24 bit process&port.

         Crocker has suggested a 64 bit path address to be parsed and
         reformatted by the gateways along the route.  There is
         reluctance to experiment with too many things at once though.

         (28-Oct-74) A file indicating some of the changes in the
         specifications since the 4-Aug-74 document is now available as
         [ISI] <CRF> TCP- CHANGES.  The areas of change are "Initial
         Sequence Number", "Socket definition", "Additional User System
         Calls", "Packet Format", and "Discussion of opening and closing
         (SYN, REL)".

         (23-NOV-74) Specifications for test implementation are now said
         to be ready on 1-DEC-74, and an implementation completed by 1-
         FEB-74.

         (31-DEC-74) New specification document available:

            Cerf, V. Y. Dalal, and C. Sunshine. "Specification of
            Internet Transmission Control Program," RFC 675, INWG 72,
            NIC 31505, December 1974 Revision.










Postel                                                          [Page 9]

RFC 694                   Protocol Information             June 18, 1975


      Recent developments:

         (30-May-75)

            Status of TCP development.  The BBN version is running at
            BBN-TENEXA, but simulates a lot of JSYS calls which will be
            cast into the tenex operating system during the summer.  The
            SU-DSL version for the PDP-11/20 is in the debugging stage.
            The UCL (London) version for a PDP-9 is in the coding stage.
            We are continuing with the "three-way handshake" version
            which is highly reliable in environments which permit
            packets to be delivered on the order of hours later than
            they were injected into the connected networks.  A simple
            TCP is being designed for the packet radio network and does
            not use three-way handshake since waiting a second or so to
            clear out old packets in not serious.

            A test plan for packet radio net, arpanet, and atlantic
            satellite networks is in preparation (delivery date 1 August
            1975).

            Recent international agreements indicate that a form of TCP
            with a simpler header (144 bits instead of 256 bits) and no
            three-way handshake is the most likely international
            standard.  An IFIP WG 6.1 Recommendation to CCITT stated
            that the maximum packet delay through all concatenated
            networks should not exceed 30 seconds.

   nvp -  Network Voice Protocol

      Contact:

         Danny Cohen (COHEN@ISIB)

      Documents:

         "Specifications for the Network Voice Protocol (NVP)" NSC Note
            43.

      People:

      Schedule:

      Comments:

         Specification document available (10-Oct-74).





Postel                                                         [Page 10]

RFC 694                   Protocol Information             June 18, 1975


         (20-JAN-75) An initial version of NVP was implemented for
         real-time voice experiments between ISI and Lincoln Laboratory
         in August 1974.  An expanded version has been in operation
         since December 1974 for real-time voice communication between
         Lincoln and CHI.  NVP uses both type 0 and type 3 IMP-Host
         messages, and allows increased bandwidth and decreased delays
         at the cost of reliability.

      Recent developments:

   packet radio

      Contact:

         Robert Kahn (KAHN@ISI)

      Documents:

      People:

      Schedule:

      Comments:

      Recent developments:

   Network Debugging Protocol

      Contact:

         Eric Mader (MADER@BBN)

      Documents:

         Mader, E. "Network Debugging Protocol," RFC 643, NIC 30873,
         July-74.

         Beeler, M. "Response Time in Cross-network Debugging," RFC 685,
         NIC 32298, 16-April-75.

                 [Office-1] <NETINFO> RFC685.TXT

      People:

         Michael Beeler (BEELER@BBN)

         Eric Mader (MADER@BBN)




Postel                                                         [Page 11]

RFC 694                   Protocol Information             June 18, 1975


         Dave Retz (RETZ@ISI)

         Ken Victor (VICTOR@BBNB)

      Schedule:

      Comments:

         This is a protocol for a PDP-11 cross-network debugger.

      Recent Developments:

         (15-May-75) A measure of the responsiveness of cross-network
         debugging has been reported in:

            Beeler, M. "Response Time in Cross-network Debugging," RFC
            685, NIC 32298, 16-April-75.

         [Office-1] <NETINFO>RFC685.TXT

   pup - PARC Universal Protocol

      Contact:

         Ed Taft (TAF@PARC)

      Documents:

      People:

         Ed Taft (TAFT@PARC)

         Bob Metcalfe (METCALFE@PARC)

      Schedule:

      Comments:

      Recent developments

         (15-May-75) Link 151 (decimal) assigned.

HOST-FRONTED

   Host-Front End

      Contact:




Postel                                                         [Page 12]

RFC 694                   Protocol Information             June 18, 1975


         Michael Padlipsky (Padlipsky@MIT-Multics)

      Documents:

         Padlipsky, M. "A Proposed Protocol for Connecting Host
         Computers to ARPA-Like Networks via Front-End Processors," RFC
         647, NIC 31117, 12-Nov-74.

                 [Office-1] <NETINFO>RFC647.TXT

      People:

         Michael Padlipsky (Padlipsky@MIT-Multics)

         Jon Postel (POSTEL@BBNB)

      Schedule:

      Comments:

         This is a suggested simple protocol for connecting host to
         front end computers, which are in turn connected to the
         network.

      Recent developments:

PROCESS-PROCESS

   ICP - Initial Connection Protocol [Official]

      Contact:

         Jon Postel (POSTEL@BBNB)

      Documents:

         Postel, J. "Official Initial Connection Protocol," NIC 7101,
         11-June-71.

         Wolfe, S. [no title] RFC 202, NIC 7155, 26-July-71.

         Postel, J. "Official Telnet-Logger Initial Connection
         Protocol," NIC 7103, 15-June-71.

      People:

         Jon Postel (POSTEL@BBNB)




Postel                                                         [Page 13]

RFC 694                   Protocol Information             June 18, 1975


      Schedule:

      Comments:

      Recent developments:

Telnet

   Old Telnet

      Contact:

         Jon Postel: (POSTEL@BBNB)

      Documents:

         Postel, J. "Telnet Protocol," RFC 318 3-April-72.

      People:

      Schedule:

      Comments:

      Recent developments:

   New Telnet [Official]

      Contact:

         Jon Postel (POSTEL@BBNB)

      Documents:

         NIC 18639 "TELNET Protocol Specifications" AUG 73

         NIC 18640 "Telnet Option Specification" Aug 73

            Telnet Options

              0     Transmit Binary

                    "Binary Transmission," NIC 15389

              1     Echo

                    "Echo," NIC 15390




Postel                                                         [Page 14]

RFC 694                   Protocol Information             June 18, 1975


              2     Reconnection

                    "Reconnection," NIC 15391

              3     Suppress Go Ahead

                    "Suppress Go Ahead Option," NIC 15392.

              4     Negotiate Approximate Message Size

                    "Approximate Message Size Negotiation," NIC

              5     Status

                    Crocker, D. "Status," RFC 651, NIC 31154, 25-Oct-74.

                         [Office-1] <NETINFO>RFC651.TXT

              6     Timing Mark

                    "Timing Mark," NIC 16238.

              7     Remote Controlled Transmission and Echoing

                    Crocker, D. "Remote Controlled Transmission and
                    Echoing," NIC 19859, 1-Nov-73.

              8     Negotiate About Output Line Width

                    Walden, D. "Output Line Width," NIC 20196,
                    13-Nov-73.

              9     Negotiate About Output Page Size

                    Walden, D. "Output Page Size," NIC 20197, 13-Nov-73.

              10    Output Carriage Return Disposition

                    Crocker, D. "Output Carriage Return Disposition,"
                    RFC 652, NIC 31155, 25-Oct-74.

                         [Office-1] <NETINFO>RFC652.TXT

              11    Output Horizontal Tab Stops

                    Crocker, D. "Output Horizontal Tab Stops," RFC 653,
                    NIC 31156, 25-Oct-74.




Postel                                                         [Page 15]

RFC 694                   Protocol Information             June 18, 1975


                         [Office-1] <NETINFO>RFC653.TXT

              12    Output Horizontal Tab Disposition

                    Crocker, D. "Output Horizontal Tab Disposition,"
                    RFC 654, NIC 31157, 25-Oct-74.

              13    Output Formfeed Disposition

                    Crocker, D. "Output Form Feed Disposition," RFC 655,
                    NIC 31158, 25-Oct-74.

                         [Office-1] <NETINFO>RFC655.TXT

              14    Output Vertical Tab Stops

                    Crocker, D. "Output Vertical Tab Stops," RFC 656,
                    NIC 31159, 25-Oct-74.

              15    Output Vertical Tab Disposition

                    Crocker, D. "Output Vertical Tab Disposition," RFC
                    657, NIC 31160, 25-Oct-74.

                         [Office-1] <NETINFO>RFC657.TXT

              16    Output Linefeed Disposition

                    Crocker, D. "Output Line Feed Disposition," RFC 658,
                    NIC 31161, 25-Oct-74.

                         [Office -1] <NETINFO>RFC658.TXT

              255  Extended Options List

                   "Extended Options List," NIC 16239.

      People:

         Jon Postel (POSTEL@BBN)

         Alex McKenzie (MCKENZIE@BBN)

         Doug Dodds (DODDS@BBN)

         Dave Crocker (DCROCKER@ISI)

      Schedule:



Postel                                                         [Page 16]

RFC 694                   Protocol Information             June 18, 1975


         All Hosts were to have been running the new Telnet (both user
         and server) by 1 January 1974.

      Comments:

         Note: the server program is to be available on socket 23
         decimal (27 octal).

         The Status Option has been revised to take advantage of the
         subcommand feature and to reduce the amount of data transmitted
         to report the option status.

         Seven new options have been defined to allow control of the
         format effectors Carriage Return, Line Feed, Form Feed,
         Horizontal Tab, and Vertical Tab.

         (31-DEC-74) Rick Schantz has made some suggestions regarding
         the Reconnection Option in:

            Schantz, R. "A Note on Reconnection Protocol," RFC 671, NIC
            31439, 6-Dec-74.

                 [Office-1] <NETINFO>RFC671.TXT

      Recent developments:

         (15-May-75) The latest survey of Telnet Server status by Doug
         Dodds is:

            Dodds, D. "February, 1975, Survey of New-Protocol Telnet
            Servers," RFC 679, NIC 31890, 21-Feb-75.

                    [Office-1] <NETINFO>RFC669.TXT

         (18-Jun-75) A schedule for implementation of New Telnet in the
         TIP has been published:

            Walden, D. "Tentative Schedule for the New Telnet
            Implementation for the TIP," RFC 688, NIC 32655, 4-Jun-75.

                    [Office-1] <NETINFO>RFC688.TXT

FTP

   Old File Transfer

      Contact:




Postel                                                         [Page 17]

RFC 694                   Protocol Information             June 18, 1975


                 Jon Postel (POSTEL@BBNB)

      Documents:

         McKenzie, A. "File Transfer Protocol," NIC 14333, RFC 454, 16-
         Feb-73.

         Clements, R. "FTPSRV - Extensions for Tenex Paged Files, "RFC
         683, NIC 32251, 3-April-75.

                 [Office-1] <NETINFO>RFC683.TXT

         Harvey, B. "One More Try on the FTP," RFC 691, NIC 32700, 6-
         Jun-75.

                 [Office-1] <NETINFO>RFC691.TXT

      People:

         Nancy Neigus (NEIGUS@BBN)

         Jon Postel (POSTEL@BBN)

         Alex McKenzie (MCKENZIE@BBN)

         Robert Clements (CLEMENTS@BBN)

         Brian Harvey (BH@SU-AI)

      Schedule:

      Comments:

         (31-DEC-74) Kanodia has published an RFC on performance
         measurements of FTP at Multics, which shows the important
         effect of Host buffering in constraining thruput.

            Kanodia, R. "Performance Improvement in ARPANET File
            Transfers From Multics," RFC662, NIC 31386, 26-Nov-74.

                    [Office-1] <NETINFO>RFC662.TXT

      Recent developments:

         (15-May-75) The Tenex FTP implementation has been extended to
         transfer paged files as described in:





Postel                                                         [Page 18]

RFC 694                   Protocol Information             June 18, 1975


            Clements, R. "FTPSRV - Extensions for Tenex Pages Files,"
            RFC 683, NIC 32251, 3-April-75.

                    [Office-1] <NETINFO>RFC683.TXT

         (18-Jun-75) Brian Harvey has suggested that old FTP is good
         enough, that it is in wide use, so lets just fix the bugs
         instead of implementing new FTP.  His suggested bug fixes are
         also included in his RFC:

            Harvey, B. "One More Try on the FTP," RFC 691, NIC 32700, 6-
            Jun-75.

                    [Office-1] <NETINFO>RFC691.TXT

   New File Transfer

      Contact:

         Jon Postel (POSTEL@BBNB)

      Documents:

         Neigus, N. "File Transfer Protocol," NIC 17759 RFC 542 12-
         July-73.

         Postel, J. "Revised FTP Reply Codes," NIC 30843 RFC 640 5-
         June-74.

      People:

         Jon Postel (POSTEL@BBNB)

         Nancy Neigus (NEIGUS@BBN)

         Ken Pogran (Pogran.CompNet@MIT-Multics)

         Wayne Hathaway (Hathaway@AMES-67)

      Schedule:

      Comments:

      Recent developments:

   Pathnames

      Contact:



Postel                                                         [Page 19]

RFC 694                   Protocol Information             June 18, 1975


      Jon Postel (POSTEL@BBNB)

      Documents:

         Crocker, D. "Network Standard Data Specification Syntax," RFC
         645, NIC 30899, Jul-74.

      People:

         Dave Crocker (DCROCKER@ISI)

      Schedule:

      Comments:

      Recent developments:

   File Access Protocol

      Contact:

         Jon Day (Day.CAC@MIT-Multics)

      Documents:

         Day, J. "Memo to FTP Group: File Access Protocol," RFC 520, NIC
         16819, 25-Jun-73.

      People:

         Ken Pogran (Pogran.CompNet@MIT-Multics)

      Schedule:

      Comments:

      Recent developments:

   File formats

      Contact:

         Jon Postel (POSTEL@BBNB)

      Documents:

         Postel, J. "Standard File Formats," RFC 678, NIC 31524, 19-
         Dec-74.



Postel                                                         [Page 20]

RFC 694                   Protocol Information             June 18, 1975


                 [Office-1] <NETINFO>RFC678.TXT

      People:

         Jon Postel (POSTEL@BBNB)

      Schedule:

      Comments:

         (31-DEC-74) This new format standard for document file was
         published:

            Postel, J. "Standard File Formats," RFC678, NIC 31524, 19-
            Dec-74.

                    [Office-1] <NETINFO>RFC678.TXT

      Recent developments:

Mail

   Current Mail

      Contact:

                 Jon Postel (POSTEL@BBNB)

      Documents:

         Page 26 of RFC 454 (see old file transfer).

         Myer, T. "Message Transmission Protocol," RFC 680, NIC 32116,
         30-April-75.

                 [Office-1] <NETINFO>RFC680.TXT

         Sussman, J. "FTP Error Code Usage for More Reliable Mail
         Service," RFC 630, NIC 30237, 10-Apr-74.

         Thomas, B. "On the problem of Signature Authentication for
         Network Mail," RFC 644, NIC 30874, 22-July-74.

      People:

         Ted Meyer (MYER@BBN)

         Austin Henderson (HENDERSON@BBN)



Postel                                                         [Page 21]

RFC 694                   Protocol Information             June 18, 1975


         Julie Sussman (SUSSMAN@BBN)

         Bob Thomas (THOMAS@BBN)

         Jon Postel (POSTEL@BBNB)

      Schedule:

      Comments:

         Concern over the authentication of the author of network
         messages has lead to the concept of an authorized mail sending
         process (see RFC 644).

      Recent developments:

         (15-May-75) The standard formats for mail header information
         fields have been extended as documented in:

            Myer, T. "Message Transmission Protocol," RFC 680, NIC
            32116, 30-April-75.

   Proposed Mail

      Contact:

         Jon Postel (POSTEL@BBNB)

      Documents:

         White, J. "A Proposed Mail Protocol," RFC 524, NIC 17140, 13-
         Jun-73.

         Crocker, D. "Thoughts on the Mail Protocol Proposed in RFC
         524," RFC 539, NIC 17644, 7-JULY-73.

         White, J. "Response to Critiques of the Proposed Mail
         Protocol," RFC 555, NIC 17993, 27-July-73.

         Crocker, D. "Mail Priority," RFC 577, NIC 19356, 18-Oct-73.

      People:

         Jim White (JWHITE@BBNB)

         Postel (POSTEL@BBNB)

         Dave Crocker at UCLA-NMC (DCROCKER@ISI)



Postel                                                         [Page 22]

RFC 694                   Protocol Information             June 18, 1975


      Schedule:

      Comments:

      Recent developments:

   RJE - Remote Job Entry

      Contact:

                 Jon Postel (POSTEL@BBNB)

      Documents:

         Bressler, B. "Remote Job Entry Protocol," RFC 407, NIC 12112,
         16-Oct- 72.

         Krilanovich, M. "Announcement of RJS at UCSB," RFC 436, NIC
         13700, 10-Jan-73.

      People:

      Schedule:

      Comments:

      Recent developments:

   RJS - CCNs Remote Job Service

      Contact:

         Robert Braden (BRADEN@UCLA-CCN)

      Documents:

         Braden, R. "Interim NETRJS Specification," RFC 189, NIC 7133,
         15- July-71.

         Harslem, E. "Using Network Remote Job Entry," RFC 307, NIC
         9258, 24- Feb-72.

         Braden, R. "Update on NETRJS," RFC 599, NIC 20854, 13-Dec-73.

         Crocker, D. "CCNRJS: Remote Job Entry between Tenex and UCLA-
         CCN," NUTS Note 22, 5-Mar-75.

                 [ISI] <DOCUMENTATION>CCNRJS.DOC



Postel                                                         [Page 23]

RFC 694                   Protocol Information             June 18, 1975


      People:

         Robert Braden (BRADEN@UCLA-CCN)

         Steve Wolfe (WOLFE@UCLA-CCN)

         Dave Crocker (DCROCKER@ISI)

      Schedule:

      Comments:

      Recent developments:

   Graphics

      Contact:

         Robert Spoull (SPROULL@PARC-MAXC)

      Documents:

         Sproull, R. and E. Thomas. "A Networks Graphics Protocol," NIC
         24308, 16-Aug-74.

      People:

         Robert Sproull (SPROULL@PARC-MAXC)

         Elaine Thomas (Thomas@MIT-Multics)

         James Michener (JCM@MIT-DMS)

      Schedule:

      Comments:

         Document available from Robert Sproull.

      Recent developments:

   Data Reconfiguration Service

      Contact:

         Jon Postel (POSTEL@BBNB)

      Documents:



Postel                                                         [Page 24]

RFC 694                   Protocol Information             June 18, 1975


         Anderson, B. "Status Report on Proposed Data Reconfiguration
         Service," RFC 138, NIC 6715, 28-April-71.

         Feah, "Data Reconfiguration Service at UCSB," RFC 437, NIC
         13701, 30- June-74.

      People:

      Schedule:

      Comments:

      Recent developments:

   RSEXEC - The Resource Sharing Executive

      Contact:

         Robert Thomas (THOMAS@BBN)

      Documents:

         Thomas, R. "A Resource Sharing Executive For the ARPANET,"
         AFIPS Conference Proceedings, 42;155-163, NCC, 1973.

      People:

         Robert Thomas (THOMAS@BBN)

      Schedule:

      Comments:

         The TIPs and some RSEXEC servers now are cooperating to perform
         TIP user authentication and accounting functions.

      Recent developments:

   Line Processor Protocol

      Contact:

         Don Andrews (ANDREWS@BBNB)

      Documents:

         [BBNB] <LP>MCS4.NLS




Postel                                                         [Page 25]

RFC 694                   Protocol Information             June 18, 1975


         Andrews, D. "Line Processor - A Device for Amplification of
         Display Terminal Capabilities for Text Manipulation," AFIPS
         Conference Proceedings, 43:257-265, NCC, 1974.

      People:

         Martin Hardy (HARDY@BBNB)

         Don Andrews (ANDREWS@BBNB)

      Schedule:

      Comments:

      Recent developments:

PROGRAMS

   Neted - Network Standard Editor [Official]

      Contact:

         Michael Padlipsky (Padlipsky@MIT-Mulitics)

      Documents:

         Padlipsky, M. "NETED: A Common Editor for the ARPA Network,"
         RFC 569, NIC 18972, 15-Oct-73.

      People:

         Michale Padlipsky (Padlipsky@MIT-Multics)

         Jon Postel (POSTEL@BBNB)

         Wayne Hathaway (HATHAWAY@AMES-67)

      Schedule:

      Comments:

      Recent developments:

   UULP - Unified User-Level Protocol

      Contact:

                 Michael Padlipsky (Padlipsky@MIT-Multics)



Postel                                                         [Page 26]

RFC 694                   Protocol Information             June 18, 1975


      Documents:

         Padlipsky, M. "Specification of a Unified User-Level Protocol,"
         RFC 666, NIC 31396, 26-Nov-73.

                 [Office-1] <NETINFO>RFC666.TXT

      People:

         Michael Padlipsky (Padlispksy@MIT-Multics)

         Jon Postel (POSTEL@BBNB)

      Schedule:

      Comments:

         Also know as Common Command Language (CCL).

      Recent developments:

NATIONAL SOFTWARE WORKS

   The national Software Works (NSW) is developing a set of protocols
   for its use of the ARPA Network, other uses of these protocols is
   encouraged.

   The Distributed Programming System (DPS) is intended to facilitate
   the sharing of resources in the network at the subroutine level.  The
   Distributed Programming System will be used to split NLS into a front
   end and back end components.  Distributed Programming system is also
   to be used in the NSW and the basis for communication between the
   Works Manager, the Tool Bearing Hosts, and Front End procedure
   packages.

   The documents cited below give a view of the Distributed Programming
   System and its use.

   Contact:

      Jim White (JWHITE@BBNB)

      Jon Postel (POSTEL@BBNB)








Postel                                                         [Page 27]

RFC 694                   Protocol Information             June 18, 1975


   Documents:

      The documents cited here represent the state of the protocol in
      January-75, much as changed since that time that has not been
      adequately documented, therefore, these documents should be viewed
      as generally descriptive not specifically definitive.

      Each is available online in two forms: as an NLS file and as a
      formatted text file.  The Journal number (e.g., 24459) refers to
      the former, of course and the pathname (e.g., [BBNB] <NLS>PCP.TXT)
      to the latter, accessible via FTP using username=ANONYMOUS and
      password=GUEST (no account required).

      In addition, these documents are available from Jon Postel in
      hardcopy.

                 PCP (24459,) "The Procedure Call Protocol"

            This document describes the virtual programming environment
            provided by PCP, and the inter-process exchanges that
            implement it.

                    Pathname: [BBNB] <NLS>PCP.TXT

         PIP (24460,) "The Procedure Interface Package"

            This document describes a package that runs in the setting
            provided by PCP and that serves as procedure-call-level
            interface to PCP proper.  It includes procedures for
            calling, resuming, interrupting, and aborting remote
            procedures.

                    Pathname: [BBNB] <NLS>PIP.TXT

         PSP (24461,) "The PCP Support Package"

            This document describes a package that runs in the setting
            provided by PCP and that augments PCP proper, largely in the
            area of data store manipulation.  It includes procedures for
            obtaining access to groups of remote procedures and data
            stores, manipulating remote data stores, and creating
            temporary ones.

                    Pathname: [BBNB] <NLS>PSP.TXT







Postel                                                         [Page 28]

RFC 694                   Protocol Information             June 18, 1975


         PMP (24462,) "The Process Management Package"

            This document describes a package that runs in the setting
            provided by PCP and that provides the necessary tools for
            interconnecting two or more processes to form a multi-
            process system (e.g., NSW).  It includes procedures for
            creating, deleting, logically and physically interconnecting
            processes, and for allocating and releasing processors.

                    Pathname: [BBNB] <NLS>PMP.TXT

         PCPFMT (24576,) "PCP Data Structure Formats"

            This document defines formats for PCP data structures, each
            of which is appropriate for one or more physical channel
            types.

                    Pathname: [BBNB] <NLS>PCPFMT.TXT

         PCPHST (24577,) "PCP ARPANET Inter-Host IPC Implementation"

            This document defines an implementation, appropriate for
            mediating communication between Tenex forks, of the IPC
            primitives required by PCP.

                    Pathname: [BBNB] <NLS>PCPHST.TXT

         PCPFRK (24578,) "PCP Tenex Inter-Fork IPC Implementation"

            This document defines an implementation, appropriate for
            mediating communication between processes on different hosts
            within the ARPANET, of the IPC primitives required by PCP.

                    Pathname: [BBNB] <NLS>PCPFRK.TXT

         PCPTNXINT (24792,) "Tenex PCP Process internal Structure"

            This document defines the internal structure of a PCP
            process implemented to run on Tenex, and as such serves as a
            process implementer's guide.  It describes the process' fork
            structure, the role and composition of each fork, and the
            manner in which the various forks interact with one another;
            indicates which components are supplied with PCP and which
            are the responsibility of the process implementer; and
            describes the manner in which the components are assembled
            at load time.

                    Pathname: [BBNB] <NLS>PCPTNXINT.TXT



Postel                                                         [Page 29]

RFC 694                   Protocol Information             June 18, 1975


         HOST (24581,) "NSW Host Protocol"

            This document describes the host level protocol used in the
            NSW.  The protocol is a slightly constrained version of the
            standard ARPANET host to host protocol.  The constraints
            affect the allocation, RFNM wait, and retransmission
            policies.

                    Pathname: [BBNB] <NLS>HOST.TXT

         EXEC (24580,) "The Executive Package"

            This document describes a package that runs in the setting
            provided by PCP.  It includes procedures and data stores for
            user identification, accounting, and usage information.

                    Pathname: [BBNB] <NLS>EXEC.TXT

         FILE (24582,) "The File Package"

            This document describes a package that runs in the setting
            provided by PCP.  It includes procedures and data stores for
            opening, closing, and listing directories, for creating,
            deleting, and renaming files, and for transferring the files
            and file elements between processes.

                    Pathname: [BBNB] <NLS>FILE.TXT

         FILE-APP (24813,) "The File Package Appendix"

            This appendix contains some comments on implementation
            strategy.  The thrust is to argue that the file package as
            specified is near minimal and that the conversion between
            the PCP format and the internal storage format can be
            encapsulated into a few subroutines.

                    Pathname: [BBNB] <NLS>FILE-APP.TXT

         BATCH (24583,) "The Batch Job Package"

            This document describes a package that urns in the setting
            provided by PCP.  It includes procedures for creating and
            deleting batch jobs, obtaining the status of a batch job,
            and communicating with the operator of a batch processing
            host.  This package is implemented at the host that provides
            the batch processing facility.

                    Pathname: [BBNB] <NLS>BATCH.TXT



Postel                                                         [Page 30]

RFC 694                   Protocol Information             June 18, 1975


         LLDBUG (24579,) "The Low-Level Debug Package"

            This document describes a package that runs in the setting
            provided by PCP.  It includes procedures for a remote
            process to debug at the assembly-language level, any
            processes known to the local process.  The package contains
            procedures for manipulating and searching the process'
            address space, for manipulating and searching its symbol
            tables, and for setting and removing breakpoints from its
            address space.  Its data stores hold process characteristics
            and state information, and the contents of program symbol
            tables.

                    Pathname: [BBNB] <NLS.LLDBUG.TXT

         RJE-MODEL (24655,) "The NSW Remote Job Entry Model"

            This document discusses the process of utilizing a batch
            processing facility to complete a programming task in the
            NSW environment.  This same activity in another environment
            might utilize a remote job entry system.

                    Pathname: [BBNB] <NLS>RJE-MODEL.TXT

         TBH (24656,) "NSW Requirements on Tool Rearing Hosts"

            This document discusses the environment needed in the tool
            bearing host and the interfaces to the operating system
            components by various PCP packages.

                    Pathname: [BBNB] <NLS>TBH.TXT

         NVTP (24827,) "The Network Virtual Terminal Package"

            The Network Virtual Terminal Package (package name = NVTP)
            contains the procedures interfacing PCP procedure calls to
            terminal oriented input and output character streams as
            defined by the ARPANET Telnet protocol.

                    Pathname: [BBNB] <NLS>NVTP.TXT

         NTP (25008,) "The NSW Tool Package"

            This document describes the procedures and data stores
            required of a process for use as a tool within the NSW.

                    Pathname: [BBNB] <NLS>NTP.TXT




Postel                                                         [Page 31]

RFC 694                   Protocol Information             June 18, 1975


         NSWSTRUC (25009,) "NSW Process Structure"

            This document describes the structure of the PCP process
            tree used in the NSW.

                    Pathname: [BBNB] <NLS>NSWSTRUC.TXT

         PCPV2CHANGES (25062,) "PCP Inter-Version (2-3) Documentation"

            This document describes the divergence from the Version 2
            documentation in the implementation and current thinking.

                    Pathname: [BBNB] <NLS>PCPV2CHANGES.TXT

      People:

         Jim White (JWHITE@BBNB)

         Jon Postel (POSTEL@BBNB)

         Steve Warshall (WARSHALL@BBNB)

         Robert Millstein (MILLSTEIN@BBNB)

         Dick Mandell (MANDELL@ISIB)

         Elizabeth Michael (MICHAEL@BBNB)

         Dave Maynard (MAYNARD@BBNB)

         Charles Irby (IRBY@BBNB)

         Ken Victor (VICTOR@BBNB)

      Schedule:

         A demonstration of the National Software Works is to be
         performed in summer 1975.

      Comments:

         (31-DEC-74) The following are the latest documents:

            PCPFRK (24578,) "PCP Tenex Inter-Fork IPC Implementation"

            FILE-APP (24813,) "The File Package Appendix"

            RJE-MODEL (24655,) "The NSW Remote Job Entry Model"



Postel                                                         [Page 32]

RFC 694                   Protocol Information             June 18, 1975


            TBH (24656,) "NSW Requirements on Tool Bearing Hosts"

            NVTP (24827,) "The Network Virtual Terminal Package"

         (21-JAN-75) The following are the latest documents:

            NTP (25008,) "The NSW Tool Package"

            NSWSTRUC (25009,) "NSW Process Structure"

            PCPV2CHANGES (25062,) "PCP Inter-Version (2-3)
            Documentation"

      Recent developments:

         (15-May-75) Significant changes in design and initial scope
         have altered the implementation of the Distributed Programming
         System from the design presented in these documents, the
         documents still serve to give the flavor of the intended
         system, but no longer are a reliable guide to the details of
         the actual implementation.

         (18-Jun-75) The L10 source code of the Tenex implementation is
         available online as:

                 [BBNB] <NLS>C2DPS.TXT

         (18-Jun-75) A description of the user interface to DPS in Tenex
         is available online as:

                 [BBNB] <JWHITE>DPSJSYS.TXT

         (18-Jun-75) A description of the Works Manager procedures is
         available online as:

                 [BBNB] <MILLSTEIN>WM-PROCEDURES.TXT

         (18-Jun-75) A set of memos describing the interface to the
         B4700 batch system is available online as:

                 [BBNB] <MUNTZ>BMEMO.n

                         where n is in the range 1 thru 12.

         (18-Jun-75) A description of the file package is available
         online as:

                 [BBNB] <NLS>25850.TXT



Postel                                                         [Page 33]

RFC 694                   Protocol Information             June 18, 1975


         (18-Jun-75) A description of the 8 bit binary communication
         format is available online as:

                 [BBNB]25966.TXT

ADDRESS ASSIGNMENTS

   Assigned Links

      Contact:

         Jon Postel (POSTEL@BBNB)

      Documents:

         Link Assignments:

            Decimal         Octal           Use
            0               0               Control Messages
            1               1               Reserved
            2-71            2-107           Regular Messages
            72-151          110-227         Reserved
            152             230             PARC Universal Protocol
            153             231             TIP Status Reporting
            154             232             TIP Accounting
            155-158         233-236         Internet Protocol
            159-191         237-277         Measurements
            192-195         300-303         Message Switching Protocol
            196-255         304-255         Experimental Protocols


      People:

         Jon Postel (POSTEL@BBNB)

      Schedule:

      Comments:

         Numbers issued by Jon Postel (POSTEL@BBNB).

      Recent developments:

         (15-May-75) Link 151 (decimal) assigned for the PARC Universal
         Protocol.

   Assigned Sockets:




Postel                                                         [Page 34]

RFC 694                   Protocol Information             June 18, 1975


      Contact:

         Jon Postel (POSTEL@BBNB)

      Documents:

         Socket Assignments:

            General Assignments:

               Decimal         Octal     Use
               0-63            0-77      Network Wide Standard Function
               64-127          100-177   Hosts Specific Functions
               128-223         200-337   Reserved for Future Use
               224-255         340-377   Any Experimental Function

            Specific Assignments:

               Decimal        Octal    Use
               1               1       Old Telnet
               3               3       Old File Transfer
               5               5       Remote Job Entry
               7               7       Echo
               9               11      Discard
               11              13      Who is on or SYSTAT
               13              15      Date and Time
               15              17      Who is up or NETSTAT
               17              21      Short Text Message
               19              23      Character generator TTYTST
               21              25      New File Transfer
               23              27      New Telnet
               25              31      Distributed Programming System
               65              101     Speech Data Base at LL-TX-2
               67              103     Datacomputer at CCA
               69              105     CPYTNET
               71              107     NETRJS (EBCDIC) at UCLA-CCN
               73              111     NETRJS (ASCII) at UCLA-CCN
               75              113     NETRJS (TTY) at UCLA-CCN
               77              115     any private RJE server
               232-237       350-355   Authorized Mailer at BBN
               239             357     Graphics
               241             361     NCP Measurement
               243             363     Survey Measurement
               245             365     LINK
               247             367     TIPSRV
               249-255       371-377   RSEXEC

      People:



Postel                                                         [Page 35]

RFC 694                   Protocol Information             June 18, 1975


         Jon Postel (POSTEL@BBNB)

         Nancy Neigus (NEIGUS@BBN)

      Schedule:

      Comments:

         Numbers issued by Jon Postel (POSTEL@BBNB)

         (31-DEC-74) Socket 25 (31 octal) assigned to Distributed
         Programming System.

      Recent developments:





































Postel                                                         [Page 36]


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