[Docs] [txt|pdf] [draft-ietf-xrbloc...] [Diff1] [Diff2]

PROPOSED STANDARD

Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF)                          R. Huang
Request for Comments: 6990                                         Q. Wu
Category: Standards Track                                         Huawei
ISSN: 2070-1721                                                H. Asaeda
                                                                    NICT
                                                                 G. Zorn
                                                             Network Zen
                                                             August 2013


   RTP Control Protocol (RTCP) Extended Report (XR) Block for MPEG-2
  Transport Stream (TS) Program Specific Information (PSI) Independent
               Decodability Statistics Metrics Reporting

Abstract

   An MPEG-2 Transport Stream (TS) is a standard container format used
   in the transmission and storage of multimedia data.  Unicast/
   multicast MPEG-2 TS over RTP is widely deployed in IPTV systems.
   This document defines an RTP Control Protocol (RTCP) Extended Report
   (XR) block that allows the reporting of MPEG-2 TS decodability
   statistics metrics related to transmissions of MPEG-2 TS over RTP.
   The metrics specified in the RTCP XR block are not dependent on
   Program Specific Information (PSI) carried in MPEG-2 TS.

Status of This Memo

   This is an Internet Standards Track document.

   This document is a product of the Internet Engineering Task Force
   (IETF).  It represents the consensus of the IETF community.  It has
   received public review and has been approved for publication by the
   Internet Engineering Steering Group (IESG).  Further information on
   Internet Standards is available in Section 2 of RFC 5741.

   Information about the current status of this document, any errata,
   and how to provide feedback on it may be obtained at
   http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc6990.













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Copyright Notice

   Copyright (c) 2013 IETF Trust and the persons identified as the
   document authors.  All rights reserved.

   This document is subject to BCP 78 and the IETF Trust's Legal
   Provisions Relating to IETF Documents
   (http://trustee.ietf.org/license-info) in effect on the date of
   publication of this document.  Please review these documents
   carefully, as they describe your rights and restrictions with respect
   to this document.  Code Components extracted from this document must
   include Simplified BSD License text as described in Section 4.e of
   the Trust Legal Provisions and are provided without warranty as
   described in the Simplified BSD License.

Table of Contents

   1.  Introduction  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   3
     1.1.  MPEG-2 Transport Stream Decodability Metrics  . . . . . .   3
     1.2.  RTCP and RTCP Extended Reports  . . . . . . . . . . . . .   3
     1.3.  Performance Metrics Framework . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   3
     1.4.  Applicability . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   4
   2.  Standards Language  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   4
   3.  MPEG-2 TS PSI-Independent Decodability Statistics Metrics
       Block . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   4
   4.  SDP Signaling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   8
     4.1.  SDP rtcp-xr Attribute Extension . . . . . . . . . . . . .   8
     4.2.  Offer/Answer Usage  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   8
   5.  IANA Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   8
     5.1.  New RTCP XR Block Type Value  . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   8
     5.2.  New RTCP XR SDP Parameter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   9
     5.3.  Contact Information for Registrations . . . . . . . . . .   9
   6.  Security Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   9
   7.  Acknowledgements  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   9
   8.  References  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   9
     8.1.  Normative References  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   9
     8.2.  Informative References  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  10














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1.  Introduction

1.1.  MPEG-2 Transport Stream Decodability Metrics

   The European Telecommunications Standards Institute (ETSI) has
   defined a set of syntax and information consistency tests and
   corresponding indicators [ETSI] that are recommended for the
   monitoring of MPEG-2 Transport Streams [ISO-IEC.13818-1.2013].  The
   tests and corresponding indicators are grouped according to priority:

   o  First priority - Necessary for decodability (basic monitoring)

   o  Second priority - Recommended for continuous or periodic
      monitoring

   o  Third priority - Recommended for application-dependent monitoring

   This memo is based on information consistency tests and resulting
   indicators defined by ETSI [ETSI] and defines a new block type to
   augment those defined in [RFC3611] for use with MPEG-2 Transport
   Stream (TS) [ISO-IEC.13818-1.2013].  The new block type supports
   reporting of the number of occurrences of each PSI-independent
   indicator in the first and second priorities; third priority
   indicators are not supported.

1.2.  RTCP and RTCP Extended Reports

   The use of RTCP for reporting is defined in [RFC3550].  [RFC3611]
   defined an extensible structure for reporting using an RTCP Extended
   Report (XR).  This document defines a new Extended Report block for
   use with [RFC3550] and [RFC3611].

1.3.  Performance Metrics Framework

   "Guidelines for Considering New Performance Metric Development"
   [RFC6390] provides guidance on the definition and specification of
   performance metrics.  "Guidelines for Use of the RTP Monitoring
   Framework" [RFC6792] provides guidance on the reporting block format
   using RTCP XR.  The new report block described in this memo is in
   compliance with the monitoring architecture specified in [RFC6792]
   and the performance metrics framework [RFC6390].










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1.4.  Applicability

   This block type allows a count of MPEG-2 Transport Stream quality
   metrics that are measured in accordance with ETSI TR 101290 [ETSI] to
   be reported by an endpoint.  These metrics are useful for identifying
   bitstream packetization and transport stream encoding problems that
   may affect the user's perception of a video service delivered over
   RTP.

2.  Standards Language

   The key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", "SHALL", "SHALL NOT",
   "SHOULD", "SHOULD NOT", "RECOMMENDED", "MAY", and "OPTIONAL" in this
   document are to be interpreted as described in RFC 2119 [RFC2119].

3.  MPEG-2 TS PSI-Independent Decodability Statistics Metrics Block

   ETSI TR 101290 [ETSI] generally defines metrics related to error
   events while this document contains counts of those metrics defined
   in [ETSI].  The block defined in this document reports MPEG-2 TS PSI-
   independent decodability statistics metrics beyond the information
   carried in the standard RTCP packet format, which are measured at the
   receiving end of the RTP stream.  It contains counts of eight metrics
   defined in ETSI TR 101290 [ETSI].  Information is reported about
   basic monitoring parameters necessary to ensure that the TS can be
   decoded, including:

   o  Transport Stream Synchronization Losses

   o  Sync byte errors

   o  Continuity count errors

   and continuous monitoring parameters necessary to ensure the
   continuous decoding, including:

   o  Transport errors

   o  Program Clock Reference (PCR) errors

   o  PCR repetition errors

   o  PCR discontinuity indicator errors

   o  PCR accuracy errors

   o  Presentation Time Stamp (PTS) errors




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   The other parameters are ignored since they do not apply to all
   MPEG-2 implementations.  For further information on these parameters,
   see [ETSI].  Note that when the report of this block spans across
   more than one measurement interval [RFC6776], the count of the
   metrics (e.g., Sync byte errors and PCR errors) defined in [ETSI] may
   reflect a problem in the current or previous measurement interval.

   The MPEG-2 TS PSI-Independent Decodability Statistics Metrics Block
   has the following format:

    0                   1                   2                   3
    0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
   +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
   |     BT=22     |    Reserved   |         Block Length          |
   +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
   |                     SSRC of Source                            |
   +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
   |          begin_seq            |             end_seq           |
   +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
   |                      TS_sync_loss_count                       |
   +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
   |                      Sync_byte_error_count                    |
   +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
   |                  Continuity_count_error_count                 |
   +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
   |                      Transport_error_count                    |
   +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
   |                        PCR_error_count                        |
   +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
   |                   PCR_repetition_error_count                  |
   +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
   |            PCR_discontinuity_indicator_error_count            |
   +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
   |                     PCR_accuracy_error_count                  |
   +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
   |                       PTS_error_count                         |
   +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+

   Block Type (BT): 8 bits

      The MPEG-2 TS PSI-Independent Decodability Statistics Metrics
      Block is identified by the constant 22.


   Reserved: 8 bits

      These bits are reserved.  They MUST be set to zero by senders and
      ignored by receivers (see [RFC6709] Section 4.2).



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   Block Length: 16 bits

      The constant 11, in accordance with the definition of this field
      in Section 3 of RFC 3611.  The block MUST be discarded if the
      block length is set to a different value.


   Synchronization source (SSRC) of Source: 32 bits

      As defined in Section 4.1 of RFC 3611.


   begin_seq: 16 bits

      The RTP sequence number corresponding to the start of the
      measurement period, as defined in Section 4.1 of RFC 3611.


   end_seq: 16 bits

      The RTP sequence number corresponding to the end of the
      measurement period, as defined in Section 4.1 of RFC 3611.


   TS_sync_loss_count: 32 bits

      A count of the number of TS_sync_loss errors that occurred in the
      above sequence number interval.  A TS_sync_loss error occurs when
      there are two or more consecutive incorrect sync bytes within the
      MPEG-2 TS, as defined in Section 5.2.1 of [ETSI].


   Sync_byte_error_count: 32 bits

      A count of the number of Sync_byte_errors that occurred in the
      above sequence number interval.  A sync byte error occurs when the
      sync byte is not equal to 0x47 in any TS packet contained in the
      MPEG-2 TS, as defined in Section 5.2.1 of [ETSI].


   Continuity_count_error_count: 32 bits

      A count of the number of Continuity_count_errors that occurred in
      the above sequence number interval.  A Continuity_count_error
      occurs when any of the following faults happen within the MPEG-2
      TS -- incorrect packet order, a packet occurs more than twice, or
      a packet is lost, as defined in Section 5.2.1 of [ETSI].




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   Transport_error_count: 32 bits

      A count of the number of Transport_errors that occurred in the
      above sequence number interval.  A Transport_error occurs when an
      erroneous TS packet cannot be corrected within the MPEG-2 TS, as
      defined in Section 5.2.2 of [ETSI].


   PCR_error_count: 32 bits

      A count of the number of PCR_errors that occurred in the above
      sequence number interval.  A PCR_error occurs if the primary clock
      reference (PCR) is not seen for more than 100 ms within the MPEG-2
      TS, as defined in Section 5.2.2 of [ETSI].  The time interval
      between two consecutive PCR values should be no more than 40 ms.


   PCR_repetition_error_count: 32 bits

      A count of the number of PCR_repetition_errors that occurred in
      the above sequence number interval.  A PCR_repetition_error occurs
      when the time interval between two consecutive PCR values is more
      than 40 ms within the MPEG-2 TS, as defined in Section 5.2.2 of
      [ETSI].


   PCR_discontinuity_indicator_error_count: 32 bits

      A count of the number of PCR_discontinuity_indicator_errors that
      occurred in the above sequence number interval.  A
      PCR_discontinuity_indicator_error occurs if the time interval
      between two consecutive PCR values is more than 100 ms within the
      MPEG-2 TS, as defined in Section 5.2.2 of [ETSI].


   PCR_accuracy_error_count: 32 bits

      A count of the number of PCR_accuracy_errors that occurred in the
      above sequence number interval.  A PCR_accuracy_error occurs when
      the PCR accuracy of the selected program is outside the range of
      +/-500 ns within the MPEG-2 TS, as defined in Section 5.2.2 of
      [ETSI].









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   PTS_error_count: 32 bits

      A count of the number of PTS_errors that occurred in the above
      sequence number interval.  A PTS_error occurs when the PTS
      repetition is more than 700 ms within the MPEG-2 TS, as defined in
      Section 5.2.2 of [ETSI].  Note that the PTS is contained in the
      MPEG-2 TS and is used to aid the decoder in presenting the program
      on time, at the correct speed, and synchronized.

4.  SDP Signaling

   RFC 3611 defines the use of the Session Description Protocol (SDP)
   [RFC4566] for signaling the use of RTCP XR blocks.  However, XR
   blocks MAY be used without prior signaling (see Section 5 of RFC
   3611).

4.1.  SDP rtcp-xr Attribute Extension

   This session augments the SDP attribute "rtcp-xr" defined in
   Section 5.1 of RFC 3611 by providing an additional value of
   "xr-format" to signal the use of the report block defined in this
   document.  The ABNF [RFC5234] syntax is as follows.

   xr-format =/  xr-tpid-block

   xr-tpid-block = "ts-psi-indep-decodability"

4.2.  Offer/Answer Usage

   When SDP is used in Offer/Answer context, the SDP Offer/Answer usage
   defined in [RFC3611] for unilateral "rtcp-xr" attribute parameters
   applies.  For detailed usage of Offer/Answer for unilateral
   parameters, refer to Section 5.2 of [RFC3611].

5.  IANA Considerations

   New report block types for RTCP XR are subject to IANA registration.
   For general guidelines on IANA allocations for RTCP XR, refer to
   Section 6.2 of RFC 3611.

5.1.  New RTCP XR Block Type Value

   This document assigns the block type value 22 in the IANA "RTP
   Control Protocol Extended Reports (RTCP XR) Block Type Registry" to
   the "MPEG-2 Transport Stream PSI-Independent Decodability Statistics
   Metrics Block".





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5.2.  New RTCP XR SDP Parameter

   This document also registers the new parameter "ts-psi-
   indep-decodability" in the "RTP Control Protocol Extended Reports
   (RTCP XR) Session Description Protocol (SDP) Parameters Registry".

5.3.  Contact Information for Registrations

   The contact information for registrations is:

   Qin Wu (sunseawq@huawei.com)
   101 Software Avenue, Yuhua District
   Nanjing, Jiangsu  210012
   China

6.  Security Considerations

   There might be some relationship between reported error counters and
   contractual Service Level Agreements (SLAs); hence, an attack (e.g.,
   RTP endpoints reporting false data, or an attacker in the path
   modifying the data being reported) might deliberately corrupt these
   error counters, resulting in financial implications for the network
   operator (either as a result of unneeded performance metrics, or
   penalty charges for SLA failure).

   A solution to prevent such an attack is to apply an authentication
   and integrity protection framework for the RTCP XR block.  This can
   be accomplished using the RTP profile that combines Secure RTP
   [RFC3711] and the Audio-Visual Profile with Feedback (AVPF) into
   Secure AVPF (SAVPF) [RFC5124].

   Besides this, the RTCP XR block in this document introduces no new
   security considerations beyond those described in [RFC3611].

7.  Acknowledgements

   Thanks to Ray van Brandenburg, Claire Bi, Colin Perkins, Roni Even,
   Dan Romascanu, Ali Begen, Alexey Melnikov, Bert Wijnen, Gonzalo
   Camarillo, Benoit Claise, and Alan Clark for useful reviews and
   suggestions.

8.  References

8.1.  Normative References

   [ETSI]     ETSI, "Digital Video Broadcasting (DVB); Measurement
              guidelines for DVB systems", Technical Report TR 101 290,
              2001.



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   [RFC2119]  Bradner, S., "Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate
              Requirement Levels", BCP 14, RFC 2119, March 1997.

   [RFC3550]  Schulzrinne, H., Casner, S., Frederick, R., and V.
              Jacobson, "RTP: A Transport Protocol for Real-Time
              Applications", STD 64, RFC 3550, July 2003.

   [RFC3611]  Friedman, T., Caceres, R., and A. Clark, "RTP Control
              Protocol Extended Reports (RTCP XR)", RFC 3611, November
              2003.

   [RFC3711]  Baugher, M., McGrew, D., Naslund, M., Carrara, E., and K.
              Norrman, "The Secure Real-time Transport Protocol (SRTP)",
              RFC 3711, March 2004.

   [RFC4566]  Handley, M., Jacobson, V., and C. Perkins, "SDP: Session
              Description Protocol", RFC 4566, July 2006.

   [RFC5124]  Ott, J. and E. Carrara, "Extended Secure RTP Profile for
              Real-time Transport Control Protocol (RTCP)-Based Feedback
              (RTP/SAVPF)", RFC 5124, February 2008.

   [RFC5234]  Crocker, D. and P. Overell, "Augmented BNF for Syntax
              Specifications: ABNF", STD 68, RFC 5234, January 2008.

8.2.  Informative References

   [ISO-IEC.13818-1.2013]
              International Organization for Standardization,
              "Information technology - Generic coding of moving
              pictures and associated audio information: Systems", ISO
              International Standard 13818-1, May 2013.

   [RFC6390]  Clark, A. and B. Claise, "Guidelines for Considering New
              Performance Metric Development", BCP 170, RFC 6390,
              October 2011.

   [RFC6709]  Carpenter, B., Aboba, B., and S. Cheshire, "Design
              Considerations for Protocol Extensions", RFC 6709,
              September 2012.

   [RFC6776]  Clark, A. and Q. Wu, "Measurement Identity and Information
              Reporting Using a Source Description (SDES) Item and an
              RTCP Extended Report (XR) Block", RFC 6776, October 2012.

   [RFC6792]  Wu, Q., Hunt, G., and P. Arden, "Guidelines for Use of the
              RTP Monitoring Framework", RFC 6792, November 2012.




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Authors' Addresses

   Rachel Huang
   Huawei
   101 Software Avenue, Yuhua District
   Nanjing  210012
   China

   EMail: rachel.huang@huawei.com


   Qin Wu
   Huawei
   101 Software Avenue, Yuhua District
   Nanjing, Jiangsu  210012
   China

   EMail: bill.wu@huawei.com


   Hitoshi Asaeda
   National Institute of Information and Communications Technology
   4-2-1 Nukui-Kitamachi
   Koganei, Tokyo  184-8795
   Japan

   EMail: asaeda@nict.go.jp


   Glen Zorn
   Network Zen
   227/358 Thanon Sanphawut
   Bang Na, Bangkok  10260
   Thailand

   Phone: +66 (0) 8-1000-4155
   EMail: glenzorn@gmail.com














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