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Network Working Group                                        D. Abraitis
Internet-Draft                                                 Hostinger
Intended status: Informational                          December 1, 2019
Expires: June 3, 2020


                       Version Capability for BGP
                draft-abraitis-bgp-version-capability-03

Abstract

   In this document, we introduce a new BGP capability that allows the
   advertisement of a BGP speaker's version.

Status of This Memo

   This Internet-Draft is submitted in full conformance with the
   provisions of BCP 78 and BCP 79.

   Internet-Drafts are working documents of the Internet Engineering
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   This Internet-Draft will expire on June 3, 2020.

Copyright Notice

   Copyright (c) 2019 IETF Trust and the persons identified as the
   document authors.  All rights reserved.

   This document is subject to BCP 78 and the IETF Trust's Legal
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   described in the Simplified BSD License.






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Table of Contents

   1.  Introduction  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   2
   2.  Specification of Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   2
   3.  Version Capability  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   2
   4.  Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   3
   5.  IANA Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   3
   6.  Security Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   3
   7.  References  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   4
     7.1.  Normative References  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   4
     7.2.  Informative References  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   4
   Author's Address  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   5

1.  Introduction

   In modern data center designs, we tend to have conventional hosts
   participating in the routing process.  And the fleet of hosts has
   different versions of routing daemon.  This means that
   troubleshooting is a crucial part to quickly identify the root cause.
   This document introduces new BGP capability to advertise the version
   of routing daemon.

2.  Specification of Requirements

   The key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", "SHALL", "SHALL NOT",
   "SHOULD", "SHOULD NOT", "RECOMMENDED", "NOT RECOMMENDED", "MAY", and
   "OPTIONAL" in this document are to be interpreted as described in BCP
   14 [RFC2119] [RFC8174] when, and only when, they appear in all
   capitals, as shown here.

3.  Version Capability

   The Version Capability is a new BGP capability [RFC5492].  The
   implementation is specific to the vendor.  The version is
   unstructured and can be defined in any format the vendor decides.

                   +--------------------------------+
                   |    Version Length (1 octet)    |
                   +--------------------------------+
                   |      Version (variable)        |
                   +--------------------------------+

                                 Figure 1

   Version Length:

      The number of characters in the Version




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   Version:

      The Version encoded via UTF-8

4.  Operation

   The Version capability MUST only be used for displaying the version
   of a speaker in order to make troubleshooting easier.  You have a
   bunch of routers with a number of upstreams each.  All of them are
   with a different operating system and routing daemon installed.
   Assuming that a specific feature is not working or a bug which is not
   fixed in an appropriate version, would allow us to quickly identify
   the pattern which versions are affected.  Below is an example of
   implementation in [FRRouting] how it looks like with version
   advertised by a BGP sender:

   :~# vtysh -c 'show ip bgp neighbors 198.51.100.1 json' \
   > | jq '."198.51.100.1".neighborCapabilities.versions'
   {
     "advertisedVersion": "FRRouting 7.2-dev-MyOwnFRRVersion",
     "receivedVersion": "FRRouting 7.2-dev-MyOwnFRRVersion-gc68bb14"
   }

                                 Figure 2

5.  IANA Considerations

   IANA maintains the "Border Gateway Protocol (BGP) Parameters"
   registry with a subregistry called "Capabilities Codes".  IANA is
   requested to assign a capability number from the First Come First
   Served range for the Version Capability in this document as follows:

   +-------+-----------------+-----------------------------------------+
   | Value |   Description   |                Reference                |
   +-------+-----------------+-----------------------------------------+
   |  TBD  |     Version     | [draft-abraitis-bgp-version-capability] |
   |       |    Capability   |                                         |
   +-------+-----------------+-----------------------------------------+

                        Table 1: Version Capability

6.  Security Considerations

   The Version Capability can be treated as sensitive information, thus
   it would be easier for an attacker to exploit by knowing the specific
   version of the BGP speaker.  This information can be gathered in BGP
   OPEN messages.




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   The Version Capability MUST be configurable with a vendor-specific
   knob to be able to enable or disable the capability.  The vendor
   might implement to disable this capability per neighbor.

   It would be safe to enable this for iBGP or inside the same tenant
   where you have full control and the BGP speaker is behind exit
   points.

   The Version Capability information can be gathered in BGP OPEN
   messages.

   Modifying the information advertised by a router might lead to
   attacks including bogus software upgrades and also might mask the
   causes of faults in the network.

   Advertising which versions of code and from which vendor it comes may
   facilitate a number of social-engineering attacks.

   Sensitive information leaks can be minimized by using the [RFC5082]
   mechanism or firewalls to filter out TCP 179 port from untrusted
   networks.  This capability can be disabled per neighbor, thus the
   sensitive information can't be disclosed to untrusted neighbors.

7.  References

7.1.  Normative References

   [FRRouting]
              Abraitis, D., "FRRouting - BGP Version Capability", 2019,
              <https://github.com/ton31337/frr/
              commit/5fe85a25eb78b02639dbe4dba4c3d4eb7d90851b>.

   [RFC2119]  Bradner, S., "Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate
              Requirement Levels", BCP 14, RFC 2119,
              DOI 10.17487/RFC2119, March 1997,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc2119>.

7.2.  Informative References

   [RFC3552]  Rescorla, E. and B. Korver, "Guidelines for Writing RFC
              Text on Security Considerations", BCP 72, RFC 3552,
              DOI 10.17487/RFC3552, July 2003,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc3552>.








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Author's Address

   Donatas Abraitis
   Hostinger
   Jonavos g. 60C
   Kaunas  44192
   LT

   Phone: +370 614 18958
   Email: donatas.abraitis@hostinger.com









































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