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Network Working Group                                         C. Boulton
Internet-Draft                                                     Avaya
Intended status: Standards Track                            T. Melanchuk
Expires: August 26, 2008                      Rain Willow Communications
                                                            S. McGlashan
                                                         Hewlett-Packard
                                                       February 23, 2008


 A Basic Interactive Voice Response (IVR) Control Package for the Media
                       Control Channel Framework
                  draft-boulton-ivr-control-package-06

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Copyright Notice

   Copyright (C) The IETF Trust (2008).










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Abstract

   This document defines a Media Control Channel Framework Package for
   basic Interactive Voice Response (IVR) interaction.


Table of Contents

   1.  Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  4
   2.  Conventions and Terminology  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  7
   3.  Control Package Definition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  8
     3.1.  Control Package Name . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  8
     3.2.  Framework Message Usage  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  8
     3.3.  Common XML Support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  9
     3.4.  CONTROL Message Body . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  9
     3.5.  REPORT Message Body  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  9
   4.  Dialog Management Element Definitions  . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
     4.1.  Requests . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
       4.1.1.  <dialogprepare>  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
       4.1.2.  <dialogstart>  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
       4.1.3.  <dialogterminate>  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
     4.2.  Responses  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
       4.2.1.  <response> . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
     4.3.  Notifications  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
       4.3.1.  <event>  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
       4.3.2.  <dialogexit> . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
   5.  Basic IVR Dialog Element Definitions . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
     5.1.  <basicivr> . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
     5.2.  <prompt> . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
       5.2.1.  <media>  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
       5.2.2.  <variable> . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
       5.2.3.  <dtmf> . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
     5.3.  <collect>  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
       5.3.1.  <grammar>  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
     5.4.  <record> . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34
     5.5.  Exit Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36
       5.5.1.  <promptinfo> . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37
       5.5.2.  <collectinfo>  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37
       5.5.3.  <recordinfo> . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37
   6.  AS-MS Dialog Interaction Examples  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39
     6.1.  Starting an IVR dialog . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39
     6.2.  IVR dialog fails to start  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39
     6.3.  Preparing and starting an IVR dialog . . . . . . . . . . . 40
     6.4.  Terminating a dialog . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41
   7.  Basic IVR Dialog Examples  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43
     7.1.  Playing announcements  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43
     7.2.  Prompt and collect . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44
     7.3.  Prompt and record  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45



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   8.  Type Definitions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46
   9.  Formal Syntax  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48
     9.1.  msc-ivr-common.xsd . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48
     9.2.  msc-ivr-basic.xsd  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55
   10. Security Considerations  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67
   11. IANA Considerations  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68
     11.1. Control Package Registration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68
     11.2. URN Sub-Namespace Registration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68
     11.3. Mime Type Registration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68
   12. Change Summary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69
   13. Contributors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72
   14. Acknowledgments  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73
   15. References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74
     15.1. Normative References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74
     15.2. Informative References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74
   Authors' Addresses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76
   Intellectual Property and Copyright Statements . . . . . . . . . . 77


































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1.  Introduction

   The Media Control Channel Framework [MCCF] provides a generic
   approach for establishment and reporting capabilities of remotely
   initiated commands.  The Framework utilizes many functions provided
   by the Session Initiation Protocol [RFC3261] (SIP) for the rendezvous
   and establishment of a reliable channel for control interactions.
   The Control Framework also introduces the concept of a Control
   Package.  A Control Package is an explicit usage of the Control
   Framework for a particular interaction set.  This document defines a
   Control Package for basic IVR dialogs.

   This package has been designed to satisfy the IETF MediaCtrl
   requirements ([I-D.ietf-mediactrl-requirements]) by building upon two
   major approaches to IVR dialog design.  These approaches address a
   wide range of IVR use cases and are used in many applications which
   are extensively deployed today.

   First, the package is designed to provide the major IVR functionality
   of SIP Media Server languages such as netann ([RFC4240]), MSCML
   ([RFC5022]) and MSML ([MSML]) which themselves build upon more
   traditional non-SIP languages ([H.248.9], [RFC2897]).  A key
   differentiator is that this package provides the functionality using
   the Media Control Channel Framework.

   Second, its design is aligned with key concepts in W3C Voice Browser
   languages.  The key dialog management mechanism is closely aligned
   with CCXML ([CCXML10]).  The basic dialog functionality in this
   package can be seen as a subset of VoiceXML ([VXML20], [VXML21]):
   where possible, basic prompting, DTMF collection and media recording
   features are incorporated, but not any advanced VoiceXML constructs
   (such as <form>, its interpretation algorithm, or a dynamic data
   model).  As W3C develops VoiceXML 3.0, we expect to see further
   alignment, especially in providing a set of basic independent
   primitive elements (such as prompt, collect and record) which can be
   re-used in different dialog languages.

   By reusing and building upon design patterns from these approaches to
   IVR languages, this package is intended to provide a foundation which
   is familiar to current IVR developers and sufficient for 'basic' IVR
   applications, as well as a path to other languages - including
   control packages which extend this package - which address more
   advanced applications.

   The scope of this package is 'basic' IVR functionality of a media
   server which includes:





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   o  playing one or more media resources as a prompt to the user

   o  collecting DTMF input from the user according to a grammar

   o  recording user media input

   Out of scope of this package are more advanced functions including
   ASR (Automatic Speech Recognition), TTS (Text-to-Speech), VoiceXML,
   fax and media transformation.  Such functionality may be addressed by
   extension packages.

   This functionality of this package is defined by messages, containing
   XML [XML] elements, transported using the Media Control Channel
   Framework.  The XML elements can be divided into two types: dialog
   management elements; and carried within those, elements which define
   the specific IVR operations for the dialog.

   Dialog management elements are designed to manage the general
   lifecycle of a dialog.  Elements are provided for preparing a dialog,
   starting the dialog on a conference or connection, and terminating
   execution of a dialog.  Each of these elements is contained in a
   Media Control Channel Framework CONTROL message sent to the media
   server.  When the appropriate action has been executed, the media
   server sends a REPORT message (or a 200 if it can execute in time)
   with a response element indicating whether the operation was
   successful or not (e.g. if the dialog cannot be started, then the
   error is reported in this response).  Once a dialog has been
   successfully started, the media server may send further event
   notifications in a framework CONTROL message.  This package defines
   one event notification, namely a dialogexit event indicating that the
   dialog has exited.  If the dialog has executed successful, the
   dialogexit event includes information collected during the dialog.
   If an error occurs during execution (e.g. a media resource failed to
   play, no recording resource available, etc), then error information
   is reported in the dialogexit event.  Once a dialogexit event is
   sent, the dialog lifecycle is terminated.

   Specific dialog types are referenced or contained within dialog
   management elements for preparing and starting dialogs.  This package
   defines a basic IVR dialog type which contains child elements for
   playing prompts to the user, collects DTMF input from the user and
   recording media input from the user.  The child elements can co-occur
   in the basic IVR dialog type so as to provide 'play announcement',
   'prompt and collect' as well as 'prompt and record' functionality.

   Implementation of this control package MUST adhere to the syntax and
   semantics of XML elements described in this document.  In cases where
   there is a difference in constraints between the XML schema and the



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   textual description of elements, the textual definition takes
   priority.

   Other control packages MAY extend this package.  Two extension points
   are RECOMMENDED:

   1.  Retaining the dialog management capability but extending the
       basic IVR dialog type by adding new capabilities.  For example,
       adding speech recognition capability.

   2.  Extending the dialog management capability with alternative
       dialog types.  For example, using the VoiceXML dialog type rather
       than the basic IVR dialog type ([VXMLCP]).

   Otherwise, extension control packages MUST respect the syntax and
   semantics of this control package.

   This document specifies how the basic IVR control package fulfills
   the requirements of the Media Control Channel Framework control
   packages (Section 3), the dialog management elements defined by the
   package (Section 4), the basic IVR dialog type definitions
   (Section 5) as well as providing examples (Section 6, Section 7),
   type definitions (Section 8) and XML schema (Section 9).




























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2.  Conventions and Terminology

   In this document, BCP 14/RFC 2119 [RFC2119] defines the key words
   "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", "SHALL", "SHALL NOT", "SHOULD",
   "SHOULD NOT", "RECOMMENDED", "NOT RECOMMENDED", "MAY", and
   "OPTIONAL".  In addition, BCP 15 indicates requirement levels for
   compliant implementations.

   The following additional terms are defined for use in this document:

   Dialog:  A dialog performs media interaction with a user.  A dialog
      is specified as inline XML, or via a URI reference to an external
      XML document type.  Dialogs typically feature basic capabilities
      such as playing audio prompts, collecting DTMF input and recording
      audio input from the user.  More advanced dialogs may also feature
      synthesized speech, recording and playback of video, recognition
      of spoken input, and mixed initiative conversations.

   Application server:  A SIP [RFC3261] application server (AS) hosts
      and executes services such as interactive media and conferencing
      in an operator's network.  An AS influences and impacts the SIP
      session, in particular by terminating SIP sessions on a media
      server, which is under its control.

   Media Server:  A media server (MS) processes media streams on behalf
      of an AS by offering functionality such as interactive media,
      conferencing, and transcoding to the end user.  Interactive media
      functionality is realized by way of dialogs which are initiated by
      the application server.






















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3.  Control Package Definition

   This section fulfills the mandatory requirement for information that
   MUST be specified during the definition of a Control Framework
   Package, as detailed in Section 8 of [MCCF].

3.1.  Control Package Name

   The Control Framework requires a Control Package to specify and
   register a unique name and version.

   The name and version of this Control Package is "msc-ivr-basic/1.0"
   (Media Server Control - Interactive Voice Response - Basic - version
   1.0).  Its IANA registration is specified in Section 11.1.

3.2.  Framework Message Usage

   The Control Framework requires a Control Package to explicitly detail
   the control messages that can be used as well as provide an
   indication of directionality between entities.  This will include
   which role type is allowed to initiate a request type.

   This package defines XML elements for dialog management in Section 4;
   these elements specify dialog requests, responses and event
   notifications.  The package also defined elements for the basic IVR
   dialog type in Section 5.  The basic IVR dialog elements are
   contained inside dialog management elements.  XML Schema for all XML
   elements defined in this package are specified in Section 9.

   In this package, the MS operates as a Control Framework Server in
   receiving requests from, and sending responses to, the AS (operating
   as Control Framework Client).  These requests are carried in CONTROL
   message bodies from AS to MS; <dialogprepare>, <dialogstart> and
   <dialogterminate> elements are defined as package requests.
   Responses to these requests are carried either in REPORT messages or
   Control Framework 200 response bodies with <response> element
   payload.

   Note that package responses are different from framework response
   codes.  Framework error response codes (see Section 8 of [MCCF]) are
   used when the request or event notification is invalid; for example,
   a request is invalid XML (400), or not understood (500).  Package
   responses are carried in 200 response or REPORT message bodies.  This
   package's response codes are defined in Section 4.2.1.

   The MS also operates as a Control Framework Client in sending event
   notifications to the AS (Control Framework Server).  Event
   notifications are carried in CONTROL message bodies; the <event>



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   element is defined for package event notifications.  AS responses are
   carried in Control Framework responses or, if the transaction is
   extended, in REPORT messages.

3.3.  Common XML Support

   The Control Framework requires a Control Package definition to
   specify if the attributes for media dialog or conference references
   are required.

   This package requires that the XML Schema in Section 16.1 of [MCCF]
   MUST be supported for media dialogs and conferences.

   The package schema uses "connectionid" and "conferenceid" attributes
   which are imported from the XML schema.

3.4.  CONTROL Message Body

   The Control Framework requires a Control Package to define the
   control body that can be contained within a CONTROL command request
   and to indicate the location of detailed syntax definitions and
   semantics for the appropriate body types.

   When operating as Control Framework Server, the MS receives CONTROL
   messages with a body containing a valid <dialogprepare>,
   <dialogstart> or <dialogterminate> request element.  The syntax and
   semantics of these elements are defined in Section 4.1.

   When operating as Control Framework Client, the MS sends CONTROL
   messages with a body containing a valid notification <event> element.
   The syntax and semantics of this element is defined in Section 4.3.

3.5.  REPORT Message Body

   The Control Framework requires a control package definition to define
   the REPORT body that can be contained within a REPORT command
   request, or that no report package body is required.  This section
   should indicate the location of detailed syntax definitions and
   semantics for the appropriate body types.

   When operating as Control Framework Server, the MS sends REPORT
   bodies containing a valid <response> element.  The syntax and
   semantics of this element is specified in Section 4.2.

   When operating as Control Framework Client, the MS receives REPORT
   messages which SHOULD NOT contain a body.

   [Editors Note:IVR01 need to clarify the behavior when the MS receives



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   a REPORT in response to sending an event notification CONTROL.]


















































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4.  Dialog Management Element Definitions

   This section defines the dialog management XML messages for this
   control package.  These messages are divided into requests
   (Section 4.1), responses (Section 4.2) and notifications
   (Section 4.3).

4.1.  Requests

   Requests are send to the MS (operating as a Control Framework Server)
   in the body of CONTROL messages.

   The following request elements are defined:

   <dialogprepare>:  prepare an IVR dialog for later execution

   <dialogstart>:  start an IVR dialog on a connection or conference

   <dialogterminate>:  terminate an IVR dialog

   These elements control the life cycle of a dialog.  Each dialog has
   the following states:

   IDLE:  the dialog is uninitialized.

   PREPARING:  the dialog is being prepared.  If an error occurs the
      dialog transitions to the TERMINATED state.

   PREPARED:  the dialog has been successfully prepared and has a valid
      dialog identifier.

   STARTING:  the dialog is being started.  If an error occurs the
      dialog transitions to the TERMINATED state.

   STARTED:  the dialog has been successfully started and is now active.
      When the dialog exits (normally or terminated), or due to an
      error, a dialogexit notification event is sent and the dialog
      transitions to the TERMINATED state.

   TERMINATED:  the dialog is terminated and its dialogid is no longer
      valid.  No further dialog notifications are sent for this dialog.

   As a consequence, it is an error if the same dialog is prepared or
   started more than once.







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4.1.1.  <dialogprepare>

   The <dialogprepare> request is sent to the MS to request preparation
   of an IVR dialog.  Dialog preparation consists of (a) retrieving an
   external dialog document (if specified), and (b) validating the
   document both syntactically and semantically.

   A prepared dialog is executed when the AS sends a <dialogstart>
   request referencing the prepared dialog (see Section 4.1.2).

   A <dialogprepare> element has the following attributes:

   src:  specifies the location of an external dialog document to
      prepare.  A valid value is a URI (see Section 8.9).  It is an
      error if the document cannot be retrieved or processed (e.g.  URI
      protocol not supported).  The attribute is optional.

   type:  specifies the type of the external dialog document indicated
      in the 'src' attribute.  A valid value is a MIME type (see
      Section 8.10).  The attribute is optional.

   dialogid:  string indicating a unique name for the dialog.  If this
      attribute is not specified, the MS creates a unique name for the
      dialog.  The value is used in subsequent references to the dialog
      (e.g. as dialogid in a <response>).  It is an error if a dialog
      with the same name already exists on the MS.  The attribute is
      optional.

   The <dialogprepare> element in this package is extended with the the
   child element <basicivr> for inline Basic IVR dialog (see
   Section 5.1).  Other packages which extend this package MAY use
   alternative dialog types.

   The dialog to prepare can either be specified inline as a child
   element or externally using the src attribute (but not both).  It is
   an error if both an inline dialog element and a src attribute are
   specified.

   When an MS receives a <dialogprepare> request, the dialog is in a
   PREPARING state.  If dialog preparation was successful, the dialog is
   in a PREPARED state; otherwise the dialog is in a TERMINATED state.
   The MS MUST reply to <dialogprepare> request with a <response>
   element (Section 4.2), reporting whether dialog preparation was
   successful or not.

   Example: in CONTROL message from AS to MS, the following request
   prepares a basic IVR dialog where a single prompt is played once:




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   <dialogprepare>
     <basicivr>
        <prompt>
         <media src="http://www.example.com/prompt1.wav"/>
        </prompt>
     </basicivr>
   </dialogprepare>

   Alternatively, the same dialog could be referenced:

   <dialogprepare type="application/msc-ivr-basic+xml"
      src="http://example.org/basic1.xml"/>

   if the dialog is prepared successful, then a Control Framework 200 or
   a REPORT message for the same transaction would contain a response
   such as:

   <response status="200" dialogid="d100"/>

   The Control Framework transaction is then complete.

   See Section 6 and Section 7 for further examples.

4.1.2.  <dialogstart>

   The <dialogstart> element is sent by the AS to start a dialog.  The
   dialog may be specified in the <dialogstart> request itself, or
   reference a previously prepared dialog.

   Starting a dialog consists of (a) retrieving any resources (e.g.
   media, grammar, etc) associated with the dialog, and (b) activating
   these resources according to the dialog type.  For example, with
   <basicivr>, retrieving media resources and playing them to the user.

   The <dialogstart> element has the following attributes:

   src:  specifies the location of an external dialog document to start.
      A valid value is a URI (see Section 8.9).  It is an error if the
      document cannot be retrieved or processed (e.g.  URI protocol not
      supported).  The attribute is optional.

   type:  specifies the type of the external dialog document indicated
      in the 'src' attribute.  A valid value is a MIME type (see
      Section 8.10).  The attribute is optional.







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   dialogid:  string indicating a unique name for the dialog.  If this
      attribute is not specified, the MS creates a unique name for the
      dialog.  The value is used in subsequent references to the dialog
      (e.g. as dialogid in a <response>).  It is an error if a dialog
      with the same name already exists on the MS.  The attribute is
      optional.

   prepareddialogid:  string identifying a dialog previously prepared
      using a dialogprepare request.  The attribute is optional.

   connectionid:  string identifying the SIP dialog connection on which
      this dialog is to be started (see Section 16.1 of [MCCF]).  The
      attribute is optional.

   conferenceid:  string identifying the conference on which this dialog
      is to be started (see Section 16.1 of [MCCF]).  The attribute is
      optional.

   Exactly one of the connectionid or conferenceid attributes MUST be
   specified.  It is an error to specify both connectionid and
   conferenceid attributes or neither.

   The <dialogstart> element has the following child elements defined:

   <stream>:  contains the following attributes:

      media:  a string indicating the type of media associated with the
         stream.  It is strongly RECOMMENDED that the following values
         are used for common types of media: "audio" for audio media,
         and "video" for video media.  The attribute is mandatory.

      label:  a string indicating the SDP label associated with a media
         stream ([RFC4574]).  The attribute is optional.

      direction:  a string indicating the direction of the media flow
         between a dialog and its end point conference or connection.
         Defined values are: "sendrecv" (media can be sent and
         received), "sendonly" (media can only be sent), and "recvonly"
         (media can only be received).  The default value is "sendrecv".
         The attribute is optional.

      One or more <stream> elements may be specified so that individual
      media streams can be controlled independently; for example, audio
      only for transmission, but video only for reception.  The <stream>
      element is optional.  If no <stream> elements are specified, then
      the default is the media configuration of the connection or
      conference.  It is an error if a <stream> element is in conflict
      with (a) another <stream> element, (b) with dialog, connection or



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      conference media capabilities, or (c) with a SDP label value as
      part of the connectionid (see Section 16.1 of [MCCF]).

   The <dialogstart> element in this package is extended with the the
   child element <basicivr> for inline Basic IVR dialog (see
   Section 5.1).  Other packages which extend this package MAY use
   alternative dialog types.

   The dialog to start can be specified either inline, or externally, or
   reference a previously prepared dialog.  Exactly one of the src
   attribute, the prepareddialogid or a dialog type child element MUST
   be specified.  If the prepareddialogid is specified, it is an error
   to specify the src attribute, the dialogid attribute or a dialog type
   child element.  If the src attribute is specified, it is an error to
   specify the prepareddialogid attribute, or a dialog type child
   element.  If a dialog type child element is specified, it is an error
   to specify the src attribute or the prepareddialogid attribute.

   When an MS receives a <dialogstart> request, the dialog is either in
   an IDLE or PREPARED state (if a previously prepared dialog is being
   started).  If in the IDLE state, then the dialog is first prepared
   and if successful, transitions to the PREPARED state.  When the
   prepared dialog is started it transitions to the STARTING state and,
   if the dialog is started successfully, the dialog then transition to
   the STARTED state.  If a error occurs during dialog preparation or
   starting, then the error MUST be reported, and the dialog transitions
   to a TERMINATED state.  The MS MUST reply to <dialogstart> request
   with a <response> element (Section 4.2), reporting whether the dialog
   was started successful or not.

   [Editors Note:IVR02 This specification does not defined the behavior
   when more than one dialog is started on the same connection or
   conference.  Various models could be applied:

   reject:  only one dialog per connection or conference

   replace:  the current dialog is stopped and the new one started

   queue:  the new dialog is queued for starting after current dialog
      exits.

   mix:  multiple dialogs are permitted with the same connection or
      conference: input is passed to both dialog; and dialog output is
      mixed.

   We also need to take into account that the <stream> element can be
   used to specify that different dialogs affect different media streams
   of the same connection or conference.  For example, one dialog that



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   only generates output, and another dialog on the same connection only
   receives input.  Workgroup input on this issue is required. ]

   Example: in CONTROL message from AS to MS, the following request
   starts a basic ivr recording dialog on a conference:

    <dialogstart conferenceid="conference11">
       <basicivr>
         <record maxtime="384000s"/>
       </basicivr>
    </dialogstart>

   Alternatively, the same dialog could be referenced:

    <dialogstart conferenceid="conference11"
          type="application/msc-ivr-basic+xml"
          src="http://example.org/basic2.xml"/>

   if the dialog is started successfully, then a Control Framework 200
   or a REPORT message for the same transaction would contain a response
   such as:

   <response status="200" dialogid="d101" conferenceid="conference11"/>

   The Control Framework transaction is then complete.

   See Section 6 and Section 7 for further examples.

4.1.3.  <dialogterminate>

   A dialog that has been successfully prepared or started can be
   terminated by sending a <dialogterminate> request element to the MS.

   The <dialogterminate> element has the following attributes:

   dialogid:  string identifying the dialog to terminate.  The attribute
      is mandatory.

   immediate:  indicates whether the dialog is to be terminated
      immediately or not.  A valid value is a boolean (see Section 8.1).
      A value of true indicates that the dialog is terminated and a
      dialogexit <event> notification MUST be sent immediately.  A value
      of false indicates that the dialog terminates normally, sending a
      dialogexit <event> notification is sent when the dialog has
      exited.  The attribute is optional.  The default value is false.

   It is an error if the dialogid is invalid.




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   When an MS receives a <dialogterminate> request, the dialog MUST be
   in a PREPARED, STARTING or STARTED states.  If it is in a PREPARED
   state, then it transitions immediately to the TERMINATED state.  If
   it is in STARTING state, then any further starting (or preparation)
   of the dialog is canceled, the response of the dialogstart command
   reporting that the dialog is terminated, and the dialog transitions
   to the TERMINATED state.  If the dialog is in a STARTED state, then
   the dialog is terminated according to the value of the immediate
   attribute, and when the dialogexit notification is sent, the dialog
   moves into the TERMINATED state.

   The MS MUST reply to <dialogterminate> request with a <response>
   element (Section 4.2), reporting whether the dialog was stopped
   successful or not.

   Example: in CONTROL message from AS to MS, the following request
   terminate a dialog with dialogid "vxi1":

   <dialogterminate dialogid="vxi1" immediate="true"/>

   if the dialog is terminated successfully, then a Control Framework
   200 or a REPORT message for the same transaction would contain a
   response such as:

   <response status="200" dialogid="d100"/>

   The Control Framework transaction is then complete.

   See Section 6 and Section 7 for further examples.

4.2.  Responses

   Responses are generated in response to <dialogprepare>, <dialogstart>
   and <dialogterminate> requests.  Responses are specified in a
   <response> element.

4.2.1.  <response>

   Responses to requests are indicated by a <response> element.

   The <response> element has following attributes:

   status:  numeric code indicating the response status.  The attribute
      is mandatory.







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   reason:  string specifying a reason for the response status.  The
      attribute is optional.

   dialogid:  string identifying the dialog.  The attribute is optional.

   connectionid:  string identifying the SIP dialog connection
      associated with the dialog (see Section 16.1 of [MCCF]).  The
      attribute is optional.

   conferenceid:  string identifying the conference associated with the
      dialog (see Section 16.1 of [MCCF]).  The attribute is optional.

   The following status codes are defined:

   +-----------+-------------------------------------------------------+
   | code      | description                                           |
   +-----------+-------------------------------------------------------+
   | 200       | OK                                                    |
   |           |                                                       |
   | 401       | dialogid already exists                               |
   |           |                                                       |
   | 402       | dialogid does not exist                               |
   |           |                                                       |
   | 403       | connectionid does not exist                           |
   |           |                                                       |
   | 404       | conferenceid does not exist                           |
   |           |                                                       |
   | 405       | Unknown or unsupported element                        |
   |           |                                                       |
   | 406       | Element required                                      |
   |           |                                                       |
   | 407       | Unknown or unsupported attribute                      |
   |           |                                                       |
   | 408       | Attribute required                                    |
   |           |                                                       |
   | 409       | dialog type not supported                             |
   |           |                                                       |
   | 410       | Retrieving document resource failed                   |
   |           |                                                       |
   | 411       | Invalid attribute value                               |
   |           |                                                       |
   | 499       | other error                                           |
   +-----------+-------------------------------------------------------+

                     Table 1: <response> status codes

   [Editors Note:IVR03 more status codes may need to be defined.]




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   For example, a response when a dialog was prepared successfully:

   <response status="200" dialogid="vxi1"/>

   The response if dialog preparation failed due to an unsupported
   dialog type:

    <response status="409" dialogid="vxi1"
       reason="Unsupported dialog type: application/basicirv+xml"/>

   For example, a response when the dialog was started successfully.

    <response status="200" dialogid="vxi1"
                 connectionid="7HDY839~HJKSkyHS"/>

   See Section 6 and Section 7 for further examples.

4.3.  Notifications

   Event notifications are specified in an <event> element.

   Event notifications MUST NOT be sent unless the dialog is in a
   STARTED state.

4.3.1.  <event>

   When a dialog generates a notification event, the MS sends the event
   to the AS using an <event> element.

   The <event> element has the following attributes:

   dialogid:  string identifying the dialog which generated the event.
      The attribute is mandatory.

   The <event> element has the following child elements:

   <dialogexit>:  indicates that the dialog has exited.  The element is
      optional.

   Extension packages may define other child elements for notifications
   which they support.

   See Section 6 and Section 7 for examples.

4.3.2.  <dialogexit>

   The <dialogexit> event indicates that an active dialog has exited
   because it is complete, has been terminated, or because an error



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   occurred during execution (for example, a media resource cannot be
   played).  This event MUST be sent by the MS when the dialog exits.
   Once the dialogexit event is sent, the dialog transitions from the
   STARTED state to the TERMINATED state.  The MS MUST NOT send any
   further notifications for a dialog in the TERMINATED state.

   The <dialogexit> element has the following attributes:

   status:  a status code indicating success or failure of the dialog.
      A valid value is a non-negative integer (see Section 8.4).  A
      value of 0 indicates that the dialog has been terminated
      externally.  A value of 1 indicates success.  Any other value
      indicate an error.  The attribute is mandatory.

   reason:  a textual description providing a reason for the status
      code; e.g. details about an error.  A valid value is a string (see
      Section 8.6).  The attribute is optional.  There is no default
      value.

   [Editors Note:IVR04 do we need to specify specific error codes?]

   The <dialogexit> element in this package is extended with child
   elements for reporting prompt, collect and record information (see
   Section 5.5) of the basic IVR dialog type.  Other packages which
   extend this package MAY use alternative child elements.

   Example: when a STARTED <basicivr> dialog exits normally the MS sends
   a dialogexit <event>:

   <event dialogid="vxi1"/>
    <dialogexit status="1">
      <collectinfo dtmf="1234"  termmode="match"/>
    </dialogexit>

   See Section 6 and Section 7 for further examples.
















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5.  Basic IVR Dialog Element Definitions

   The basic IVR dialog is an instance of a dialog described in
   Section 4.1.  The MS MUST support the Basic IVR dialog type in this
   package.

   A basic IVR dialog is specified inline or by reference in
   <dialogprepare> (Section 4.1.1) or <dialogstart> (Section 4.1.2)
   elements.  Inline basic ivr dialogs are specified in a <basicivr>
   child of these elements.

   The basic IVR dialog is a simple XML container - <basicivr> - for
   executing basic IVR operations of playing prompts (<prompt> - see
   Section 5.2), collecting DTMF (<collect> - see Section 5.3),and
   recording user input (<record> - see Section 5.4.  Results of the
   dialog execution are reported in a dialogexit notification event.

   Three execution models are defined:

   playannouncements:  only a <prompt> element is specified in the
      container.  The prompt media resources are played in sequence.

   promptandcollect:  a <collect> element is specified and, optionally,
      a <prompt> element.  If a <prompt> element is specified and
      bargein is enabled, playing of the prompt is terminated when
      bargein occurs, and DTMF collection is initiated; otherwise, the
      prompt is played to completion before DTMF collection is
      initiated.  If no prompt element is specified, DTMF collection is
      initiated immediately.

   promptandrecord:  a <record> element is specified and, optionally, a
      <prompt> element.  If a <prompt> element is specified and bargein
      is enabled, playing of the prompt is terminated when bargein
      occurs, and recording is initiated; otherwise, the prompt is
      played to completion before recording is initiated.  If no prompt
      element is specified, recording is initiated immediately.

   Each of the core elements - <prompt>, <collect> and <record> - are
   specified so that their execution and reporting is largely self-
   contained.  This facilitates their re-use in other dialog container
   elements.

   Execution results are reported in the <dialogexit> notification event
   whose definition is extended with the elements defined in
   Section 5.5.  If the dialog terminated normally (i.e. not due to an
   error or to a <dialogterminate> request), then the MS MUST report the
   results for at least the core operation:




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   <prompt> only:  <promptinfo> (see Section 5.5.1) with at least the
      termmode attribute specified.

   <collect>:  <collectinfo> (see Section 5.5.2) with the dtmf and
      termmode attributes specified.

   <record>:  <recordinfo> (see Section 5.5.3) with at least the
      recording, type and termmode attributes specified.

   The media format requirements for basic IVR dialogs are undefined.
   This package is agnostic to the media types and codecs for media
   resources and recording which need to be supported by an
   implementation.  For example, a MS implementation may choose to
   support only audio and in particular the 'audio/basic' codec for
   media playback and recording.  However, if an MS encounters when
   executing a dialog a media type or codec which it cannot process, the
   MS MUST stop further processing and report an error to the AS using
   the dialogexit notification.

   The implementation of basic IVR dialogs MUST adhere to the syntax and
   semantics described in this section.  Implementations MAY support
   additional (non-basicivr namespace) attributes and elements of these
   dialogs.  If an implementation encounters additional (non-basicivr
   namespace) elements or attributes which it cannot process, it MUST
   ignore them and continue processing.

   [Editors Note:IVR05 One use case which is not covered by this
   specification is that of attaching a dialog to a connection, which
   itself is attached to a conference, and allowing that dialog to
   repeatedly collect and return matching DTMF without terminating.  The
   current specification requires that the dialog exits at the end of
   its DTMF collection.  For the next collection cycle, a new dialog
   would need to be started.  If the use case is in scope for this
   package, then the definition of <basicivr> could be modified as
   follows:

   1.  A signalmode attribute/element is added to <basicivr> indicating
       the conditions under which the dialog sends a (non-terminating)
       notification event (TBD).  If any of its child elements completes
       with a termmode value matching a condition (e.g. a 'match' from
       <collect>), then information collected by the children is
       returned to the AS in a notification event.  The dialog is always
       restarted and it needs to be terminated by the AS (unless an
       error occurs).

   2.  If the signalmode attribute/element is not specified, then the
       behavior is as currently defined.




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   3.  Note that if media prompts were specified, the same prompts would
       play repeatedly - a more sophisticated approach would be required
       to play different prompts on different termmodes like nomatch,
       noinput, etc

   Working Group input is needed to determined if this use case is in
   scope for this package and whether this type of solution is
   adequate.]

5.1.  <basicivr>

   A dialog to play prompts to the user, collect DTMF or record input.
   The dialog is specified using a <basicivr> element with the namespace
   defined in Section 11.2.

   A <basicivr> element has the following attributes:

   version:  a string specifying the version of the basicivr package.
      The attribute is optional.  The default value is '1.0'.

   The <basicivr> element has the following child elements:

   <prompt>:  defines media resources to play in sequence (see
      Section 5.2).  The element is optional.

   <collect>:  defines how DTMF is collected (see Section 5.3).  The
      element is optional.

   <record>:  defines how recording takes place (see Section 5.4).  The
      element is optional.

   It is an error if no child element is specified.  The behavior is not
   defined if both <collect> and <record> are specified.

5.2.  <prompt>

   The <prompt> element specifies a sequence of media resources to play.

   A <prompt> element has the following attributes:

   xml:base:  A string declaring the base URI from which relative URIs
      in child elements are resolved.  A valid value is a URI (see
      Section 8.9).  The attribute is optional.

   bargein:  Indicates whether user input stops prompt playback.  A
      valid value is a boolean (see Section 8.1).  A value of true
      indicates that bargein is permitted and prompt playback is
      stopped.  A value of false indicates that bargein is not



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      permitted: user input does not terminate prompt playback.  The
      attribute is optional.  The default value is true.

   iterations:  number of times the prompt is to be played.  A valid
      value is a non-negative integer (see Section 8.4).  A value of 0
      indicates that the prompt is repeated until halted by other means.
      The attribute is optional.  The default value is 1.

   duration:  maximum duration for the prompt playback.  A valid value
      is a Time Designation (see Section 8.7).  If no value is
      specified, then there is no limit on the duration of the prompt.
      The attribute is optional.  There is no default value.

   volume:  playback volume for the prompt.  A valid value is a
      percentage (see Section 8.4).  The value indicates increase or
      decrease relative to the original recorded volume of the media.  A
      value of 100% (the default) plays the media at its recorded
      volume, a value of 200% will play the media twice recorded volume,
      50% at half its recorded volume, and so on.  The attribute is
      optional.  The default value is 100%.

   offset:  offset to begin playing the prompt.  A valid value is a Time
      Designation (see Section 8.7).  The offset is measured in normal
      media playback time from the beginning of the media resource.  The
      attribute is optional.  The default value is 0s.

   The duration attribute takes priority over the iterations attribute
   in determining maximum duration of the prompt.

   [Editors Note:IVR06 iterations could be replaced with 'repeatCount',
   duration with 'repeatDur', volume could be replaced with 'soundLevel'
   and offset with 'clipBegin' for better alignment with SMIL and
   possibly VoiceXML.]

   [Editors Note:IVR07 should volume use a linear or logarithmic
   scaling?]

   The <prompt> element has the following child elements:

   <media>:  media resource (see Section 5.2.1) to play.  Multiple
      instances of this element are permitted.  The element is optional.

   <variable>:  specifies a variable media announcement (see
      Section 5.2.2) to play.  Multiple instances of this element are
      permitted.  The element is optional.






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   <dtmf>:  generates one or more DTMF tones (see Section 5.2.3) to
      play.  Multiple instances of this element are permitted.  The
      element is optional.

   It is an error if no child element is specified.

   Prompt playing has the following execution model upon initialization:

   1.  If an error occurs during execution, then playback terminates and
       the error is reported in the status attribute (see Section 5.5)
       of the <dialogexit> event.

   2.  A iterations counter is initialized to 0.

   3.  A timer is started for the value of the duration attribute.  If
       the timer expires before playback is complete, then playback
       terminates and the dialogexit result contains the <promptinfo>
       termmode attribute set to maxduration (see Section 5.5.1).

   4.  A playback cycle is initiated playing each <media>, <variable>
       and <dtmf> in document order.  The value of the volume attribute
       is applied to each <media> and <variable> if they are rendered as
       audio media.  If the offset attribute is specified, playback
       begins at that offset.  If the offset is greater than the
       cumulative duration of the child elements, then no prompts are
       played in the cycle.

   5.  If the value of the bargein attribute is true, then user input
       causes playback to terminate and the dialogexit result contains
       the <promptinfo> termmode attribute is set to bargein (see
       Section 5.5.1).

   6.  If the playback cycle completes successfully, then the iterations
       counter is updated.  If the counter reaches the value of the
       iterations attribute, then playback is terminated and the
       dialogexit result contains a <promptinfo> termmode attribute set
       to completed (see Section 5.5.1).  Otherwise, another playback
       cycle is initiated.

   [Editors Note:IVR08 Need to clarify that DTMF used for VCR controls
   does not cause playback to be stopped, but causes the appropriate
   operation to be applied to the playing prompts. ]

5.2.1.  <media>

   The <media> element specifies a media resource to play.

   A <media> element has the following attributes:



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   src:  specifies the location of the media resource.  A valid value is
      a URI (see Section 8.9).  The attribute is mandatory.

   type:  specifies the type of the media resource indicated in the
      'src' attribute.  The type value may include additional parameters
      for guiding playback; for example, [RFC4281] defines a 'codec'
      parameter for 'bucket' media types like video/3gpp.  A valid value
      is a MIME type (see Section 8.10).  The attribute is optional.
      There is no default value.

   The <media> element has no children.

   It is an error if the media resource cannot be retrieved or played.

5.2.2.  <variable>

   The <variable> element specifies variable announcements using
   predefined media resources.  Each variable has at least a type (e.g.
   date) and a value (e.g. 2008-02-25).  The value is rendered according
   to the variable type (e.g. 25th February 2008) as well as other
   defined attributes.

   A <variable> element has the following attributes:

   value:  specifies the string to be rendered.  A valid value is a
      string (see Section 8.6).  The attribute is mandatory.

   type:  specifies the type to use for rendering.  A valid value is a
      string (see Section 8.6).  The attribute is mandatory.

   format:  specifies format information to use in conjunction with the
      type for the rendering.  A valid value is a string (see
      Section 8.6).  The attribute is optional.  There is no default
      value.

   xml:lang:  specifies the language to use when rendering the variable.
      A valid value is a language identifier (see Section 8.11).  The
      attribute is optional.  The default value is platform-specific.

   [Editors Note:IVR09 do we need a gender attribute for variable
   announcements? ]

   The <variable> element has no children.

   This package is agnostic to which <variable> values, types and
   formats are supported by an implementation.  However it is
   RECOMMENDED that an implementation support the following type/format
   combinations:



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   type=date  Supported formats: "mdy", "ymd", "dym"

   type=time  Supported formats: "t12", "t24"

   type=digits  Supported formats: "gen", "ndn", "crn", "ord"

   [Editors Note:IVR10 Further work needed on these definitions.  Which
   other types and formats need to, or can, be specified? ]

   This specification is agnostic to the type and codec of media
   resources into which variable are rendered.  For example, an MS
   choosing to support audio may render the <variable> into one or more
   audio media resources.

   It is an error if a <variable> element cannot be rendered
   successfully.

   Execution of this element can seen, at least logically, as conversion
   of a <variable> into a list of <media> elements.  For example,

     <variable value="2008-02-25" type="date" format="dmy"
     xml:lang="en"/>

   could be transformed into audio saying "twenty-fifth of February two
   thousand and eight" using a list of <media> resources:

   <media src="voicebase/en/25th.wav"/>
   <media src="voicebase/en/of.wav"/>
   <media src="voicebase/en/february.wav"/>
   <media src="voicebase/en/2000.wav"/>
   <media src="voicebase/en/and.wav"/>
   <media src="voicebase/en/8.wav"/>

5.2.3.  <dtmf>

   The <dtmf> element specifies a sequence of DTMF tones for output.

   DTMF tones could be generated using <media> resources where the
   output is transported as RTP audio packets.  However, <media>
   resources are not sufficient for cases where DTMF tones are to be
   transported as DTMF RTP ([RFC2833]) or in event packages.

   A <dtmf> element has the following attributes:

   digits:  specifies the DTMF sequence to output.  A valid value is a
      DTMF string (see Section 8.3).  The attribute is mandatory.





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   level:  used to define the power level for which the DTMF tones will
      be generated.  Values are expressed in dBm0.  A valid value is an
      integer in the range of 0 to -96 (dBm0).  Larger negative values
      express lower power levels.  Note that values lower than -55 dBm0
      will be rejected by most receivers (TR-TSY-000181, ITU-T Q.24A).
      The attribute is optional.  The default value is -6 (dBm0).

   duration:  specifies the duration for which each DTMF tone is
      generated.  A valid value is a time designation (see Section 8.7).
      Implementations may round the value if they only support discrete
      durations.  The attribute is optional.  The default value is
      100ms.

   interval:  specifies the duration of a silence interval following
      each generated DTMF tone.  A valid value is a time designation
      (see Section 8.7).  Implementations may round the value if they
      only support discrete durations.  The attribute is optional.  The
      default value is 100ms.

   The <dtmf> element has no children.

   It is an error if a <dtmf> element cannot be processed successfully.

5.3.  <collect>

   The <collect> element defines how DTMF input is collected.

   The <collect> element has the following attributes:

   cleardigitbuffer:  indicates whether the digit buffer is to be
      cleared.  A valid value is a boolean (see Section 8.1).  A value
      of true indicates that the digit buffer is to be cleared.  A value
      of false indicates that the digit buffer is not to be cleared.
      The attribute is optional.  The default value is true.

   timeout:  indicates the time to wait for user input.  A valid value
      is a Time Designation (see Section 8.7).  The attribute is
      optional.  The default value is 5s.

   interdigittimeout:  indicates inter-digit timeout value to use when
      recognizing DTMF input.  A valid value is a Time Designation (see
      Section 8.7).  The attribute is optional.  The default value is
      2s.

   termtimeout:  indicates the terminating timeout value to use when
      recognizing DTMF input.  A valid value is a Time Designation (see
      Section 8.7).  The attribute is optional.  The default value is
      0s.



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   escapekey:  specifies a DTMF key that indicates the DTMF collection
      is to be re-initiated.  A valid value is a DTMF Character (see
      Section 8.2).  The attribute is optional.  There is no default
      value.

   termchar:  specifies a DTMF character for terminating DTMF input
      collection using the internal grammar.  A valid value is a DTMF
      character (see Section 8.2).  To disable termination by a
      conventional DTMF character, set the parameter to an
      unconventional character like 'A'.  The attribute is optional.
      The default value is '#'.

   maxdigits:  The maximum number of digits to collect using an internal
      digits (0-9 only) grammar.  A valid value is a positive integer
      (see Section 8.5).  The attribute is optional.  The default value
      is 5.

   skipinterval:  indicates how far a MS should skip backwards or
      forwards through prompt playback when the rewind (rwkey) of fast
      forward key (ffkey) is pressed.  A valid value is a Time
      Designation (see Section 8.7).  The attribute is optional.  The
      default value is 6s.

   ffkey:  maps a DTMF key to a fast forward operation equal to the
      value of 'skipinterval'.  A valid value is a DTMF Character (see
      Section 8.2).  The attribute is optional.  There is no default
      value.

   rwkey:  maps a DTMF key to a rewind operation equal to the value of
      'skipinterval'.  A valid value is a DTMF Character (see
      Section 8.2).  The attribute is optional.  There is no default
      value.

   pauseinterval:  indicates how long a MS should pause prompt playback
      when the pausekey is pressed.  A valid value is a Time Designation
      (see Section 8.7).  The attribute is optional.  The default value
      is 10s.

   pausekey:  maps a DTMF key to a pause operation equal to the value of
      'pauseinterval'.  A valid value is a DTMF Character (see
      Section 8.2).  The attribute is optional.  There is no default
      value.

   resumekey:  maps a DTMF key to a resume operation.  A valid value is
      a DTMF Character (see Section 8.2).  The attribute is optional.
      There is no default value.





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   volumeinterval:  indicates the increase or decrease in playback
      volume (relative to the current volume) when the volupkey or
      voldnkey is pressed.  A valid value is a percentage (see
      Section 8.8).  The attribute is optional.  The default value is
      10%.

   volupkey:  maps a DTMF key to a volume increase operation equal to
      the value of 'volumeinterval'.  A valid value is a DTMF Character
      (see Section 8.2).  The attribute is optional.  There is no
      default value.

   voldnkey:  maps a DTMF key to a volume decrease operation equal to
      the value of 'volumeinterval'.A valid value is a DTMF Character
      (see Section 8.2).  The attribute is optional.  There is no
      default value.

   It is an error if any VCR key (ffkey, rwkey, pausekey, resumekey,
   volupkey, voldnkey) is specified with the same value except that the
   pausekey and resumekey may have the same value.

   [Editors Note:IVR11 Do we need a speed VCR control as well? ]

   [Editors Note:IVR12 it has been proposed that termchar should be
   replaced by termkeys (DTMF string value) to allow termination by
   multiple characters (e.g. '**').  An additional attribute would
   probably also be need to control interdigit timing within this
   string.  Is this functionality required for this package?]

   The <collect> element has the following child elements:

   <grammar>:  indicates a custom grammar format (see Section 5.3.1).
      The element is optional.

   The custom grammar takes priority over the internal grammar.  If a
   <grammar> element is specified, it MUST be used for DTMF collection.

   DTMF collection has the following execution model upon
   initialization:

   1.  If an error occurs during execution, then collection terminates
       and the error is reported in the status attribute (see
       Section 5.5) of the <dialogexit> event.

   2.  The digit buffer is cleared if the value of the cleardigitbuffer
       attribute is true.

   3.  A timer with the duration of the value of the timeout attribute
       is activated.  If the timer expires before DTMF input collection



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       has completed, then collection execution terminates and the
       dialogexit result contains a <collectinfo> (see Section 5.5.2)
       with the termmode attribute set to noinput.

   4.  If DTMF input matches any VCR keys (for example the ffkey), then
       the appropriate operation is applied to the active prompts; this
       is a no-op if a prompt is not specified, or there are no active
       prompts.  If a seek operation (ffkey, rwkey) attempts to go
       beyond the beginning or end of the prompt queue, then it is
       automatically truncated to the prompt beginning or end
       respectively.  If the pause operation attempts to pause output
       when it is already paused, then the operation is ignored.  If the
       resume operation attempts to resume when the prompts are not
       paused, then the operation is ignored.  If a volume operations
       attempts to go beyond the minimum or maximum volume supported by
       the platform, then the operation is ignored.  DTMF input matching
       VCR controls is ignored for grammar matching.

   5.  If DTMF input matches the value of the escapekey attribute, then
       the timer is canceled and DTMF collection is re-initialized.

   6.  Other DTMF input is matched to the grammar.  Valid DTMF patterns
       are either a simple digit string where the maximum length is
       determined by the maxdigits attribute and may be terminated by
       the character in the termchar attribute; or a custom DTMF grammar
       specified with the <grammar> element.  The attributes
       interdigittimeout and termtimeout control interdigit timeout and
       the terminating timeout respectively.

   7.  If the input completely matches the grammar, the timer is
       canceled, collection execution terminates and the dialogexit
       result contains a <collectinfo> (see Section 5.5.2) with the
       termmode attribute set to match.

   8.  If the input does not match the grammar, the timer is canceled,
       collection execution terminates and the dialogexit result
       contains a <collectinfo> (see Section 5.5.2) with the termmode
       attribute set to nomatch.

5.3.1.  <grammar>

   The <grammar> element allows a custom grammar, inline or external, to
   be specified.  Custom grammars permit the full range of DTMF
   characters including '*' and '#' to be specified for DTMF pattern
   matching.

   The <grammar> element has the following attributes:




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   src:  specifies the location of an external grammar.  A valid value
      is a URI (see Section 8.9).  The attribute is optional.  There is
      no default value.

   type:  identifies the preferred type of the grammar document
      identified by the src attribute.  A valid value is a MIME type
      (see Section 8.10).  The attribute is optional.  There is no
      default value.

   The <grammar> element allows inline grammars to be specified.  XML
   grammar formats MUST use a namespace other than the one used in this
   specification.  Non-XML grammar formats MAY use a CDATA section.

   The MS MUST support the [SRGS] grammar format and MS MAY support KPML
   ([RFC4730]) or other grammar formats.

   It is an error if a grammar format is specified which is not
   supported by the MS.

   [Editors Note:IVR13 One drawback of using <grammar> with an inline
   custom grammar is that nested <grammar> elements are needed for SRGS:
   i.e. custom <grammar> element and inside that a <grammar> element in
   the SRGS namespace.  The alternative would be (a) <grammar> element
   is only for external grammars, and (b) inline grammars are specified
   as children of <collect> (with suitable co-occurrence restrictions).
   Feedback is required to determined if the nesting is confusing or
   not. ]

   Example: in CONTROL message from AS to MS, the following request
   starts a dialog where DTMF collection is determined by an inline SRGS
   grammar:




















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   <dialogstart connectionid="con1">
     <basicivr>
      <collect cleardigitbuffer="false" timeout="20s"
           interdigittimeout="1s" skipinterval="10s"
       rwkey="4" ffkey="6">
           <grammar>
                   <grammar xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2001/06/grammar"
                                   version="1.0" mode="dtmf">
                     <rule id="digit">
                      <one-of>
                           <item>0</item>
                           <item>1</item>
                           <item>2</item>
                           <item>3</item>
                           <item>4</item>
                           <item>5</item>
                           <item>6</item>
                           <item>7</item>
                           <item>8</item>
                           <item>9</item>
                      </one-of>
                   </rule>

                   <rule id="pin" scope="public">
                    <one-of>
                           <item>
                            <item repeat="4">
                             <ruleref uri="#digit"/>
                                   </item>#</item>
                                   <item>* 9</item>
                    </one-of>
                   </rule>

          </grammar>
            </grammar>
           </collect>
      </basicivr>
   </dialogstart>

   The same grammar could also be referenced externally (and take
   advantage of HTTP caching):










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    <dialogstart connectionid="con1">
       <basicivr>
                   <collect cleardigitbuffer="false" timeout="20s"
                           interdigittimeout="1s" skipinterval="10s"
               rwkey="4" ffkey="6">
                           <grammar type=""application/srgs+xml"
                        src="http://example.org/pin.grxml/>
                   </collect>
       </basicivr>
    </dialogstart>

   See Section 6 and Section 7 for further examples.

5.4.  <record>

   The <record> element defines how media input is recorded.

   The <record> element has the following attributes:

   timeout:  indicates the time to wait for user input.  A valid value
      is a Time Designation (see Section 8.7).  The attribute is
      optional.  The default value is 5s.

   type:  specifies the type of the resulting recording format.  The
      type value may include additional parameters for guiding
      recording; for example, [RFC4281] defines a 'codec' parameter for
      'bucket' media types like video/3gpp.  A valid value is a MIME
      type (see Section 8.10).  The attribute is optional.  There is no
      default value (recording format is MS-specific).

   dest:  specifies the location of the resulting recording.  The MS MAY
      stream the recorded data to the location as recording occurs.  A
      valid value is a URI (see Section 8.9).  The attribute is
      optional.  If not specified, the MS MUST provide a recording
      location URI; this recording is available until the connection or
      conference associated with the dialog is destroyed.

   vadinitial:  Control whether voice activity detection can be used to
      initiate the recording operation.  A valid value is a boolean (see
      Section 8.1).  A value of true indicates recording may be
      initiated using voice activity detection.  A value of false
      indicates that recording must not be initiated using voice
      activity detection.  The attribute is optional.  The default value
      is true.







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   vadfinal:  Control whether voice activity detection can be used to
      terminate the recording operation.  A valid value is a boolean
      (see Section 8.1).  A value of true indicates recording may be
      terminated using voice activity detection.  A value of false
      indicates that recording must not be terminated using voice
      activity detection.  The attribute is optional.  The default value
      is true.

   dtmfterm:  Indicates whether the recording operation is terminated by
      DTMF input.  A valid value is a boolean (see Section 8.1).  A
      value of true indicates that recording is terminated by DTMF
      input.  A value of false indicates that recording is not
      terminated by DTMF input.  The attribute is optional.  The default
      value is true.

   maxtime:  indicates The maximum duration of the recording.  A valid
      value is a Time Designation (see Section 8.7).  The attribute is
      optional.  The default value is 15s.

   beep:  indicates whether a 'beep' should be played immediately prior
      to initiation of the recording operation.  A valid value is a
      boolean (see Section 8.1).  The attribute is optional.  The
      default value is false.

   finalsilence:  indicates the interval of silence that indicates end
      of speech.  This parameter is ignored if vadfinal (vadfinal) has
      the value false.  A valid value is a Time Designation (see
      Section 8.7).  The attribute is optional.  The default value is
      5s.

   It is an error if a dest attribute is specified and the MS does not
   understand the URI protocol, cannot locate the URI, or cannot send
   recorded data successfully to the location.

   The <record> element has no child elements.

   Recording has the following execution model upon initialization:

   1.  If an error occurs during execution, then recording terminates
       and the error is reported in the status attribute (see
       Section 5.5) of the <dialogexit> event.

   2.  If a beep attribute with the value of true is specified, then a
       beep tone is played.

   3.  A timer with the duration of the value of the timeout attribute
       is activated.  If the timer expires before the recording
       operation is completed, then recording execution terminates and



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       the dialogexit result contains a <recordinfo> (see Section 5.5.3)
       with the termmode attribute set to noinput.

   4.  Initiation of the recording operation depends on the value of the
       vadinitial attribute.  If vadinitial has the value false, then
       the recording operation is initiated immediately.  Otherwise, the
       recording operations is initiated when voice activity is
       detected.

   5.  When the recording operation is initiated, a timer is started for
       the value of the maxtime attribute.  If the timer expires before
       the recording operation is complete, then recording execution
       terminates and the dialogexit result contains a <recordinfo> (see
       Section 5.5.3) with the termmode attribute set to maxtime.

   6.  During the record operation user media input is recording in the
       format specified by the value of the type attribute.  If the dest
       attribute is specified, then recorded input is sent to that
       location.  Otherwise, MS uses an internal location.

   7.  If the dtmfterm attribute has the value true and DTMF input is
       detected during the record operation, then the recording
       terminates and and the dialogexit result contains a <recordinfo>
       (see Section 5.5.3) with the termmode attribute set to dtmf.

   8.  If vadfinal attribute has the value true, then the recording
       operation is terminated when a period of silence, with the
       duration specified by the value of the finalsilence attribute, is
       detected.  The dialogexit result contains a <recordinfo> (see
       Section 5.5.3) with the termmode attribute set to finalsilence.

5.5.  Exit Information

   When a basic ivr dialog exits, information is reported in a
   <dialogexit> notification event.

   The content model of the <dialogexit> element defined in
   Section 4.3.2 is extended with the following child elements:

   <promptinfo>:  reports information about the prompt execution (see
      Section 5.5.1).  The element is optional.

   <collectinfo>:  reports information about the collect execution (see
      Section 5.5.2).  The element is optional.







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   <recordinfo>:  reports information about the record execution (see
      Section 5.5.3).  The element is optional.

5.5.1.  <promptinfo>

   The <promptinfo> element reports the information about prompt
   execution.  It has the following attributes:

   duration:  indicates the cumulative duration of prompt playing in
      milliseconds.  A valid value is a non-negative integer (see
      Section 8.4).  The attribute is optional.  There is no default
      value.

   iterations:  indicates the number of iterations played completely.  A
      valid value is a positive integer (see Section 8.5).  The
      attribute is optional.  There is no default value.

   termmode:  indicates how playback was terminated.  Valid values are:
      'completed', 'maxduration' or 'bargein'.  The attribute is
      mandatory.

   The <promptinfo> element has no child elements.

5.5.2.  <collectinfo>

   The <collectinfo> element reports the information about collect
   execution.  It has the following attributes:

   dtmf:  DTMF input collected from the user.  A valid value is a DTMF
      string (see Section 8.3 with no space between characters.  The
      attribute is optional.  There is no default value.

   termmode:  indicates how collection was terminated.  Valid values
      are: 'match', 'noinput' or 'nomatch'.  The attribute is mandatory.

   The <collectinfo> element has no child elements.

5.5.3.  <recordinfo>

   The <recordinfo> element reports the information about record
   execution.  It has the following attributes:

   recording:  references the location to which media is recorded.  A
      valid value is a URI (see Section 8.9).  The attribute is
      optional.  There is no default value.






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   type:  indicates the format of the recording.  A valid value is a
      MIME type (see Section 8.10).  The attribute is optional.  There
      is no default value.

   duration:  indicates the duration of the recording in milliseconds.
      A valid value is a non-negative integer (see Section 8.4).  The
      attribute is optional.  There is no default value.

   size:  indicates the size of the recording in bytes.  A valid value
      is a non-negative integer (see Section 8.4).  The attribute is
      optional.  There is no default value.

   termmode:  indicates how recording was terminated.  Valid values are:
      'noinput', 'dtmf', 'maxtime', and 'finalsilence'.  The attribute
      is mandatory.

   The <recordinfo> element has no child elements.


































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6.  AS-MS Dialog Interaction Examples

   The following example assume a control channel has been established
   as described in the Media Control Channel Framework ([MCCF]).

   The XML messages are in angled brackets; the REPORT status is in
   round brackets.  Other aspects of the protocol are omitted for
   readability.

6.1.  Starting an IVR dialog

   An IVR dialog is started successfully, and dialogexit notification
   <event> is sent from the MS to the AS when the dialog exits normally.


             Application Server (AS)                   Media Server (MS)
                |                                             |
                |       (1) CONTROL: <dialogstart>            |
                |  ---------------------------------------->  |
                |                                             |
                |       (2) 202                               |
                |  <---------------------------------------   |
                |                                             |
                |                                             |
                |       (3) REPORT: <response status="200"/>  |
                |                   (terminate)               |
                |  <----------------------------------------  |
                |                                             |
                |       (4) 200                               |
                |  ---------------------------------------->  |
                |                                             |
                |       (5) CONTROL: <event ... />            |
                |                                             |
                |  <----------------------------------------  |
                |                                             |
                |       (6) 200                               |
                |  ---------------------------------------->  |
                |                                             |

6.2.  IVR dialog fails to start

   An IVR dialog fails to start due to an unknown dialog type.









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             Application Server (AS)                   Media Server (MS)
                |                                             |
                |       (1) CONTROL: <dialogstart>            |
                |  ---------------------------------------->  |
                |                                             |
                |       (2) 202                               |
                |  <---------------------------------------   |
                |                                             |
                |       (3) REPORT: <response status="409"/>  |
                |                   (terminate)               |
                |  <----------------------------------------  |
                |                                             |
                |       (4) 200                               |
                |  ---------------------------------------->  |
                |                                             |

6.3.  Preparing and starting an IVR dialog

   An IVR dialog is prepared and started successfully, and then the
   dialog exits normally.































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             Application Server (AS)                   Media Server (MS)
                |                                             |
                |       (1) CONTROL: <dialogprepare>          |
                |  ---------------------------------------->  |
                |                                             |
                |       (2) 202                               |
                |  <---------------------------------------   |
                |                                             |
                |       (3) REPORT: <response status="200"/>  |
                |                   (terminate)               |
                |  <----------------------------------------  |
                |                                             |
                |       (4) 200                               |
                |  ---------------------------------------->  |
                |                                             |
                |       (5) CONTROL: <dialogstart>            |
                |  ---------------------------------------->  |
                |                                             |
                |       (6) 202                               |
                |  <---------------------------------------   |
                |                                             |
                |       (7) REPORT: <response status="200"/>  |
                |                   (terminate)               |
                |  <----------------------------------------  |
                |                                             |
                |       (8) 200                               |
                |  ---------------------------------------->  |
                |                                             |
                |       (9) CONTROL: <event .../>             |
                |  <----------------------------------------  |
                |                                             |
                |       (10) 200                              |
                |  ---------------------------------------->  |
                |                                             |

6.4.  Terminating a dialog

   An IVR dialog is started successfully, and then terminated by the AS.
   The dialogexit event is sent by to the AS when the dialog exits.












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             Application Server (AS)                   Media Server (MS)
                |                                             |
                |       (1) CONTROL: <dialogstart>            |
                |  ---------------------------------------->  |
                |                                             |
                |       (2) 202                               |
                |  <---------------------------------------   |
                |                                             |
                |       (3) REPORT: <response status="200"/>  |
                |                   (terminate)               |
                |  <----------------------------------------  |
                |                                             |
                |       (4) 200                               |
                |  ---------------------------------------->  |
                |                                             |
                |       (5) CONTROL: <dialogterminate>        |
                |  ---------------------------------------->  |
                |                                             |
                |       (6) 200: <response status="200"/>     |
                |  <----------------------------------------  |
                |                                             |
                |       (7) CONTROL: <event .../>             |
                |  <----------------------------------------  |
                |                                             |
                |       (8) 200                               |
                |  ---------------------------------------->  |
                |                                             |



   Note that in (6) the <response> payload to the <dialogterminate/>
   request is carried on a framework 200 response since it could
   complete the requested operation before the transaction timeout.


















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7.  Basic IVR Dialog Examples

   The following examples show how <basicivr> is used with
   <dialogprepare>, <dialogstart> and <event> elements to play prompts,
   collect DTMF input and record user input.

   The examples do not specify all messages between the AS and MS.

7.1.  Playing announcements

   This example prepares an announcement composed of two prompts.



   <dialogprepare>
      <basicivr>
       <prompt>
         <media src="http://www.example.com/media/Number_09.wav"/>
         <media src="http://www.example.com/media/Number_11.wav"/>
       </prompt>
      </basicivr>
   </dialogprepare>



   If the dialog is prepared successfully, a <response> with status 200
   is returned:


   <response status="200" dialogid="vxi78"/>


   The prepared dialog is then started on a conference playing the
   prompts twice:


   <dialogstart prepareddialogid="vxi78" conferenceid="conference11"/>


   In the case of a successful dialog, the output is provided in
   <event>; for example

   <event dialogid="vxi78">
       <dialogexit status="1">
          <promptinfo termmode="completed"/>
       </dialogexit>
   </event>




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7.2.  Prompt and collect

   This example plays no prompts and just waits for DTMF input from the
   user:


   <dialogstart connectionid="7HDY839~HJKSkyHS~HUwkuh7ns">
    <basicivr>
     <collect/>
    </basicivr>
   </dialogstart>


   If the dialog is successful, then "dialogexit" <event> contains the
   dtmf collected in its result parameter:


   <event dialogid="vxi80">
       <dialogexit status="1">
          <collectinfo dtmf="12345" termmode="match"/>
       </dialogexit>
   </event>


   In this example, a prompt is played and then we wait for 3 hours for
   a two digit sequence:


   <dialogstart connectionid="7HDY839~HJKSkyHS~HUwkuh7ns">
    <basicivr>
     <prompt>
      <media src="http://www.example.com/prompt1.wav"/>
     </prompt>
     <collect timeout="1080s" maxdigits="2"/>
    </basicivr>
   </dialogstart>


   If no user input is collected within 3 hours, then following would be
   returned:

   <event dialogid="vxi81">
       <dialogexit status="1" >
          <collectinfo termmode="noinput"/>
       </dialogexit>
   </event>

   And finally in this example, one of the input parameters is invalid:



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   <dialogstart connectionid="7HDY839~HJKSkyHS~HUwkuh7ns">
    <basicivr>
      <prompt iterations="two">
        <media src="http://www.example.com/prompt1.wav"/>
      </prompt>
      <collect cleardigitbuffer="true" bargein="true"
      timeout="4s" interdigittimeout="2s"
      termtimeout="0s maxdigits="2"/>
    </basicivr>
   </dialogstart>


   The error is reported in a the response:


   <response status="411" dialogid="vxi82"
     reason="iterations value invalid: two"/>


7.3.  Prompt and record

   In this example, the user is prompted, then their input is recorded
   for a maximum of 30 seconds.


   <dialogstart connectionid="7HDY839~HJKSkyHS~HUwkuh7ns">
       <basicivr>
         <prompt>
          <media src="http://www.example.com/media/sayname.wav"/>
         </prompt>
         <record dtmfterm="false" maxtime="30s" beep="true"/>
       </basicivr>
   </dialogstart>


   If successful, the following is returned in a dialogexit <event>:


   <event dialogid="vxi83">
    <dialogexit status="1">
     <recordinfo recording="http://www.example.com/recording1.wav"
                 termmode="dtmf"/>
    </dialogexit>
   </event>







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8.  Type Definitions

   This section defines types referenced in attribute definitions.

8.1.  Boolean

   The value space of boolean is the set {true, false}.

8.2.  DTMFChar

   A DTMF character.  The value space is the set {0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6,
   7, 8, 9, #, *, A, B, C, D}.

8.3.  DTMFString

   A String composed of one or more DTMFChars.

8.4.  Non-Negative Integer

   The value space of non-negative integer is the infinite set
   {0,1,2,...}.

8.5.  Positive Integer

   The value space of positive integer is the infinite set {1,2,...}.

8.6.  String

   A string in the character encoding associated with the XML element.

8.7.  Time Designation

   A time designation consists of a non-negative real number followed by
   a time unit identifier.

   The time unit identifiers are: "ms" (milliseconds) and "s" (seconds).

   Examples include: "3s", "850ms", "0.7s", ".5s" and "+1.5s".

8.8.  Percentage

   A percentage consists of a Positive Integer followed by "%".

   Examples include: "100%", "500%" and "10%".







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8.9.  URI

   Uniform Resource Indicator as defined in [RFC3986].

8.10.  mimetype

   A string formated as a IANA mimetype.

8.11.  Language Identifier

   A language identifier labels information content as being of a
   particular human language variant.  Following the XML specification
   for language identification [XML], a legal language identifier is
   identified by a RFC3066 ([RFC3066]) code where the language code is
   required and a country code or other subtag identifier is optional.




































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9.  Formal Syntax

   This package defines two XML schema:

   1.  msc-ivr-common.xsd: defines the common datatypes, attributes and
       dialog management elements.  It does not use a namespace.

   2.  msc-ivr-basic.xsd: defines the basic ivr elements and uses schema
       redefinition to extend dialog management elements.  All elements
       in this schema, including the imported dialog management
       elements, are in the urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:msc-ivr-basic
       namespace.

   The schema are dependent upon the schema (framework.xsd) defined in
   Section 16.1 of the Control Framework [MCCF]

   Both schema are fully extensible: attributes and elements from other
   namespaces are permitted, and extensions can be specified using the
   <redefine> mechanism.

   The schema of extension control packages MUST imported one of these
   schema and specify how they extend the elements.  Extensions to the
   <basicivr> element use msc-ivr-basic.xsd.  Extensions to the dialog
   management elements use msc-ivr-common.xsd.

   [Editors Note:IVR14 A later version of this document may provide a
   RelaxNG schema which provides better support for co-occurrence
   constraints than XML schema.  Does anyone want/need such a schema?]

9.1.  msc-ivr-common.xsd

 <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
 <xsd:schema elementFormDefault="qualified"
  xmlns:fw="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:control:framework-attributes"
  xmlns:xsd="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema">
  <xsd:annotation>
   <xsd:documentation>
    IETF MediaCtrl IVR Common 1.0 (20080225)

    This is the common core schema of the IVR packages defined
    as part of the Basic IVR Control Package. It specifies common
    datatypes, attributes and dialog control element definitions.

   </xsd:documentation>
  </xsd:annotation>
  <!--
   ###################################################




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   SCHEMA IMPORTS

   ###################################################
  -->
  <xsd:import
   namespace="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:control:framework-attributes"
   schemaLocation="framework.xsd">
   <xsd:annotation>
    <xsd:documentation>
     This import brings in the framework attributes for conferenceid
     and connectionid.
    </xsd:documentation>
   </xsd:annotation>
  </xsd:import>
  <xsd:import namespace="http://www.w3.org/XML/1998/namespace"
   schemaLocation="http://www.w3.org/2001/xml.xsd">
   <xsd:annotation>
    <xsd:documentation>
     This import brings in the XML attributes for xml:base, xml:lang,
     etc

     See http://www.w3.org/2001/xml.xsd for latest version
    </xsd:documentation>
   </xsd:annotation>
  </xsd:import>
  <!--
   #####################################################

   COMMON ELEMENTS

   #####################################################
  -->
  <!--  dialogprepare -->
  <xsd:attributeGroup name="msc.ivr.common.dialogprepare.attlist">
   <xsd:attribute name="src" type="xsd:anyURI" />
   <xsd:attribute name="type" type="mime.datatype" />
   <xsd:attribute name="dialogid" type="dialogid.datatype" />
   <xsd:attributeGroup ref="msc.common.attribs" />
  </xsd:attributeGroup>
  <xsd:group name="msc.ivr.common.dialogprepare.mix">
   <xsd:choice>
    <xsd:group ref="msc.common.content" minOccurs="0"
     maxOccurs="unbounded" />
   </xsd:choice>
  </xsd:group>
  <xsd:group name="msc.ivr.common.dialogprepare.content">
   <xsd:sequence>
    <xsd:group ref="msc.ivr.common.dialogprepare.mix" minOccurs="0"



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     maxOccurs="unbounded" />
   </xsd:sequence>
  </xsd:group>
  <xsd:complexType name="msc.ivr.common.dialogprepare.type">
   <xsd:group ref="msc.ivr.common.dialogprepare.content" />
   <xsd:attributeGroup ref="msc.ivr.common.dialogprepare.attlist" />
  </xsd:complexType>
  <xsd:element name="dialogprepare"
   type="msc.ivr.common.dialogprepare.type" />
  <!--  dialogstart -->
  <xsd:attributeGroup name="msc.ivr.common.dialogstart.attlist">
   <xsd:attribute name="src" type="xsd:anyURI" />
   <xsd:attribute name="type" type="mime.datatype" />
   <xsd:attribute name="dialogid" type="dialogid.datatype" />
   <xsd:attribute name="prepareddialogid" type="dialogid.datatype" />
   <xsd:attributeGroup ref="fw:framework-attributes" />
   <xsd:attributeGroup ref="msc.common.attribs" />
  </xsd:attributeGroup>
  <xsd:group name="msc.ivr.common.dialogstart.mix">
   <xsd:choice>
    <xsd:element ref="stream" minOccurs="0" maxOccurs="unbounded" />
    <xsd:group ref="msc.common.content" minOccurs="0"
     maxOccurs="unbounded" />
   </xsd:choice>
  </xsd:group>
  <xsd:group name="msc.ivr.common.dialogstart.content">
   <xsd:sequence>
    <xsd:group ref="msc.ivr.common.dialogstart.mix" minOccurs="0"
     maxOccurs="unbounded" />
   </xsd:sequence>
  </xsd:group>
  <xsd:complexType name="msc.ivr.common.dialogstart.type">
   <xsd:group ref="msc.ivr.common.dialogstart.content" />
   <xsd:attributeGroup ref="msc.ivr.common.dialogstart.attlist" />
  </xsd:complexType>
  <xsd:element name="dialogstart"
   type="msc.ivr.common.dialogstart.type" />
  <!--  dialogterminate -->
  <xsd:attributeGroup name="msc.ivr.common.dialogterminate.attlist">
   <xsd:attribute name="dialogid" type="dialogid.datatype"
    use="required" />
   <xsd:attribute name="immediate" type="boolean.datatype"
    default="false" />
   <xsd:attributeGroup ref="msc.common.attribs" />
  </xsd:attributeGroup>
  <xsd:group name="msc.ivr.common.dialogterminate.mix">
   <xsd:choice>
    <xsd:group ref="msc.common.content" minOccurs="0"



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     maxOccurs="unbounded" />
   </xsd:choice>
  </xsd:group>
  <xsd:group name="msc.ivr.common.dialogterminate.content">
   <xsd:sequence>
    <xsd:group ref="msc.ivr.common.dialogterminate.mix" minOccurs="0"
     maxOccurs="unbounded" />
   </xsd:sequence>
  </xsd:group>
  <xsd:complexType name="msc.ivr.common.dialogterminate.type">
   <xsd:group ref="msc.ivr.common.dialogterminate.content" />
   <xsd:attributeGroup ref="msc.ivr.common.dialogterminate.attlist" />
  </xsd:complexType>
  <xsd:element name="dialogterminate"
   type="msc.ivr.common.dialogterminate.type" />
  <!--  response -->
  <xsd:attributeGroup name="msc.ivr.common.response.attlist">
   <xsd:attribute name="status" type="status.datatype" use="required" />
   <xsd:attribute name="reason" type="xsd:string" />
   <xsd:attribute name="dialogid" type="dialogid.datatype" />
   <xsd:attributeGroup ref="fw:framework-attributes" />
   <xsd:attributeGroup ref="msc.common.attribs" />
  </xsd:attributeGroup>
  <xsd:group name="msc.ivr.common.response.mix">
   <xsd:choice>
    <xsd:group ref="msc.common.content" minOccurs="0"
     maxOccurs="unbounded" />
   </xsd:choice>
  </xsd:group>
  <xsd:group name="msc.ivr.common.response.content">
   <xsd:sequence>
    <xsd:group ref="msc.ivr.common.response.mix" minOccurs="0"
     maxOccurs="unbounded" />
   </xsd:sequence>
  </xsd:group>
  <xsd:complexType name="msc.ivr.common.response.type">
   <xsd:group ref="msc.ivr.common.response.content" />
   <xsd:attributeGroup ref="msc.ivr.common.response.attlist" />
  </xsd:complexType>
  <xsd:element name="response" type="msc.ivr.common.response.type" />
  <!--  event -->
  <xsd:attributeGroup name="msc.ivr.common.event.attlist">
   <xsd:attribute name="dialogid" type="dialogid.datatype"
    use="required" />
   <xsd:attributeGroup ref="msc.common.attribs" />
  </xsd:attributeGroup>
  <xsd:group name="msc.ivr.common.event.mix">
   <xsd:choice>



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    <xsd:element ref="dialogexit" />
    <xsd:group ref="msc.common.content" minOccurs="0"
     maxOccurs="unbounded" />
   </xsd:choice>
  </xsd:group>
  <xsd:group name="msc.ivr.common.event.content">
   <xsd:choice>
    <xsd:group ref="msc.ivr.common.event.mix" minOccurs="0"
     maxOccurs="unbounded" />
   </xsd:choice>
  </xsd:group>
  <xsd:complexType name="msc.ivr.common.event.type">
   <xsd:group ref="msc.ivr.common.event.content" />
   <xsd:attributeGroup ref="msc.ivr.common.event.attlist" />
  </xsd:complexType>
  <xsd:element name="event" type="msc.ivr.common.event.type" />
  <!--  dialogexit-->
  <xsd:attributeGroup name="msc.ivr.common.dialogexit.attlist">
   <xsd:attribute name="status" type="xsd:positiveInteger"
    use="required" />
   <xsd:attribute name="reason" type="xsd:string" />
   <xsd:attributeGroup ref="msc.common.attribs" />
  </xsd:attributeGroup>
  <xsd:group name="msc.ivr.common.dialogexit.mix">
   <xsd:choice>
    <xsd:group ref="msc.common.content" minOccurs="0"
     maxOccurs="unbounded" />
   </xsd:choice>
  </xsd:group>
  <xsd:group name="msc.ivr.common.dialogexit.content">
   <xsd:sequence>
    <xsd:group ref="msc.ivr.common.dialogexit.mix"
     maxOccurs="unbounded" />
   </xsd:sequence>
  </xsd:group>
  <xsd:complexType name="msc.ivr.common.dialogexit.type">
   <xsd:group ref="msc.ivr.common.dialogexit.content" />
   <xsd:attributeGroup ref="msc.ivr.common.dialogexit.attlist" />
  </xsd:complexType>
  <xsd:element name="dialogexit"
   type="msc.ivr.common.dialogexit.type" />
  <!--  stream -->
  <xsd:attributeGroup name="msc.ivr.common.stream.attlist">
   <xsd:attribute name="media" type="media.datatype" use="required" />
   <xsd:attribute name="label" type="label.datatype" />
   <xsd:attribute name="direction" type="direction.datatype"
    default="sendrecv" />
   <xsd:attributeGroup ref="msc.common.attribs" />



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  </xsd:attributeGroup>
  <xsd:group name="msc.ivr.common.stream.mix">
   <xsd:choice>
    <xsd:group ref="msc.common.content" minOccurs="0"
     maxOccurs="unbounded" />
   </xsd:choice>
  </xsd:group>
  <xsd:group name="msc.ivr.common.stream.content">
   <xsd:sequence>
    <xsd:group ref="msc.ivr.common.stream.mix" minOccurs="0"
     maxOccurs="unbounded" />
   </xsd:sequence>
  </xsd:group>
  <xsd:complexType name="msc.ivr.common.stream.type">
   <xsd:group ref="msc.ivr.common.stream.content" />
   <xsd:attributeGroup ref="msc.ivr.common.stream.attlist" />
  </xsd:complexType>
  <xsd:element name="stream" type="msc.ivr.common.stream.type" />
  <!--
   #####################################################

   COMMON ATTRIBUTES AND ELEMENTS

   #####################################################
  -->
  <xsd:attributeGroup name="msc.common.attribs">
   <xsd:annotation>
    <xsd:documentation>
     group allowing attributes from other namespaces
    </xsd:documentation>
   </xsd:annotation>
   <xsd:anyAttribute namespace="##other" processContents="lax" />
  </xsd:attributeGroup>
  <xsd:group name="msc.common.content">
   <xsd:annotation>
    <xsd:documentation>
     group allowing elements from other namespaces
    </xsd:documentation>
   </xsd:annotation>
   <xsd:sequence>
    <xsd:any namespace="##other" processContents="lax" minOccurs="0"
     maxOccurs="unbounded" />
   </xsd:sequence>
  </xsd:group>
  <!--
   ####################################################

   COMMON DATATYPES



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   ####################################################
  -->
  <xsd:simpleType name="mime.datatype">
   <xsd:restriction base="xsd:string" />
  </xsd:simpleType>
  <xsd:simpleType name="dialogid.datatype">
   <xsd:restriction base="xsd:string" />
  </xsd:simpleType>
  <xsd:simpleType name="boolean.datatype">
   <xsd:restriction base="xsd:NMTOKEN">
    <xsd:enumeration value="true" />
    <xsd:enumeration value="false" />
   </xsd:restriction>
  </xsd:simpleType>
  <xsd:simpleType name="status.datatype">
   <xsd:restriction base="xsd:NMTOKEN">
    <xsd:pattern value="[0-9][0-9][0-9]" />
   </xsd:restriction>
  </xsd:simpleType>
  <xsd:simpleType name="media.datatype">
   <xsd:restriction base="xsd:string" />
  </xsd:simpleType>
  <xsd:simpleType name="label.datatype">
   <xsd:restriction base="xsd:string" />
  </xsd:simpleType>
  <xsd:simpleType name="direction.datatype">
   <xsd:restriction base="xsd:NMTOKEN">
    <xsd:enumeration value="sendrecv" />
    <xsd:enumeration value="sendonly" />
    <xsd:enumeration value="recvonly" />
   </xsd:restriction>
  </xsd:simpleType>
  <xsd:simpleType name="timedesignation.datatype">
   <xsd:annotation>
    <xsd:documentation>
     Time designation following Time in CSS2
    </xsd:documentation>
   </xsd:annotation>
   <xsd:restriction base="xsd:string">
    <xsd:pattern value="(\+)?([0-9]*\.)?[0-9]+(ms|s)" />
   </xsd:restriction>
  </xsd:simpleType>
  <xsd:simpleType name="dtmfchar.datatype">
   <xsd:annotation>
    <xsd:documentation>DTMF character [0-9#*A-D]</xsd:documentation>
   </xsd:annotation>
   <xsd:restriction base="xsd:string">
    <xsd:pattern value="[0-9#*A-D]" />



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   </xsd:restriction>
  </xsd:simpleType>
  <xsd:simpleType name="dtmfstring.datatype">
   <xsd:annotation>
    <xsd:documentation>DTMF sequence [0-9#*A-D]</xsd:documentation>
   </xsd:annotation>
   <xsd:restriction base="xsd:string">
    <xsd:pattern value="([0-9#*A-D])+" />
   </xsd:restriction>
  </xsd:simpleType>
  <xsd:simpleType name="percentage.datatype">
   <xsd:annotation>
    <xsd:documentation>
     whole integer followed by '%'
    </xsd:documentation>
   </xsd:annotation>
   <xsd:restriction base="xsd:string">
    <xsd:pattern value="([0-9])+%" />
   </xsd:restriction>
  </xsd:simpleType>
 </xsd:schema>

9.2.  msc-ivr-basic.xsd

 <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
 <xsd:schema targetNamespace="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:msc-ivr-basic"
  elementFormDefault="qualified"
  xmlns="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:msc-ivr-basic"
  xmlns:xsd="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema">

  <xsd:annotation>
   <xsd:documentation>
    IETF MediaCtrl IVR Basic 1.0 (20080225)

    This is the schema of the Basic IVR control package. It imports
    the msc-ivr-common schema (dialogprepare, etc) and specifies
    basicivr, prompt, collect and record elements.

    The schema namespace is urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:msc-ivr-basic

   </xsd:documentation>
  </xsd:annotation>


  <!--
   #############################################################

   SCHEMA IMPORTS



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   #############################################################
  -->

  <xsd:import namespace="http://www.w3.org/XML/1998/namespace"
   schemaLocation="http://www.w3.org/2001/xml.xsd">
   <xsd:annotation>
    <xsd:documentation>
     This import brings in the XML attributes for xml:base, xml:lang,
     etc

     See http://www.w3.org/2001/xml.xsd for latest version
    </xsd:documentation>
   </xsd:annotation>
  </xsd:import>




  <xsd:redefine schemaLocation="msc-ivr-common.xsd">
   <xsd:annotation>
    <xsd:documentation>
     This import brings in the IVR common package and redefines some
     elements as follows: [1] adds basicivr element to dialogprepare
     [2] adds basicivr element to dialogstart [3] adds promptinfo,
     collectinfo and recordinfo as children of dialogexit element
    </xsd:documentation>
   </xsd:annotation>


   <xsd:group name="msc.ivr.common.dialogprepare.mix">
    <xsd:choice>
     <xsd:group ref="msc.ivr.common.dialogprepare.mix" />
     <xsd:element ref="basicivr" minOccurs="0" maxOccurs="1" />
    </xsd:choice>
   </xsd:group>

   <xsd:group name="msc.ivr.common.dialogstart.mix">
    <xsd:choice>
     <xsd:group ref="msc.ivr.common.dialogstart.mix" />
     <xsd:element ref="basicivr" minOccurs="0" maxOccurs="1" />
    </xsd:choice>
   </xsd:group>

   <xsd:group name="msc.ivr.common.dialogexit.mix">
    <xsd:choice>
     <xsd:group ref="msc.ivr.common.dialogexit.mix" />
     <xsd:element ref="promptinfo" minOccurs="0" maxOccurs="1" />
     <xsd:element ref="collectinfo" minOccurs="0" maxOccurs="1" />



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     <xsd:element ref="recordinfo" minOccurs="0" maxOccurs="1" />
    </xsd:choice>
   </xsd:group>

  </xsd:redefine>



  <!--
   #############################################################

   BASIC IVR ELEMENTS

   #############################################################
  -->


  <!-- basicivr -->

  <xsd:attributeGroup name="msc.ivr.basicivr.basicivr.attlist">
   <xsd:attribute name="version" type="xsd:string" default="1.0" />
   <xsd:attributeGroup ref="msc.common.attribs" />
  </xsd:attributeGroup>

  <xsd:group name="msc.ivr.basicivr.basicivr.mix">
   <xsd:choice>
    <xsd:element ref="prompt" minOccurs="0" maxOccurs="1" />
    <xsd:element ref="collect" minOccurs="0" maxOccurs="1" />
    <xsd:element ref="record" minOccurs="0" maxOccurs="1" />
    <xsd:group ref="msc.common.content" minOccurs="0"
     maxOccurs="unbounded" />
   </xsd:choice>
  </xsd:group>

  <xsd:group name="msc.ivr.basicivr.basicivr.content">
   <xsd:sequence>
    <xsd:group ref="msc.ivr.basicivr.basicivr.mix" minOccurs="1"
     maxOccurs="unbounded" />
   </xsd:sequence>
  </xsd:group>


  <xsd:complexType name="msc.ivr.basicivr.basicivr.type">
   <xsd:group ref="msc.ivr.basicivr.basicivr.content" />
   <xsd:attributeGroup ref="msc.ivr.basicivr.basicivr.attlist" />
  </xsd:complexType>

  <xsd:element name="basicivr" type="msc.ivr.basicivr.basicivr.type" />



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  <!--  prompt  -->

  <xsd:attributeGroup name="msc.ivr.basicivr.prompt.attlist">
   <xsd:attribute ref="xml:base" />
   <xsd:attribute name="bargein" type="boolean.datatype"
    default="true" />
   <xsd:attribute name="iterations" type="xsd:nonNegativeInteger"
    default="1" />
   <xsd:attribute name="duration" type="timedesignation.datatype" />
   <xsd:attribute name="volume" type="percentage.datatype"
    default="100%" />
   <xsd:attribute name="offset" type="timedesignation.datatype"
    default="0s" />
   <xsd:attributeGroup ref="msc.common.attribs" />
  </xsd:attributeGroup>

  <xsd:group name="msc.ivr.basicivr.prompt.mix">
   <xsd:choice>
    <xsd:element ref="media" minOccurs="0" maxOccurs="unbounded" />
    <xsd:element ref="variable" minOccurs="0" maxOccurs="unbounded" />
    <xsd:element ref="dtmf" minOccurs="0" maxOccurs="unbounded" />
    <xsd:group ref="msc.common.content" minOccurs="0"
     maxOccurs="unbounded" />
   </xsd:choice>
  </xsd:group>

  <xsd:group name="msc.ivr.basicivr.prompt.content">
   <xsd:choice>
    <xsd:group ref="msc.ivr.basicivr.prompt.mix"
     maxOccurs="unbounded" />
   </xsd:choice>
  </xsd:group>

  <xsd:complexType name="msc.ivr.basicivr.prompt.type">
   <xsd:group ref="msc.ivr.basicivr.prompt.content" />
   <xsd:attributeGroup ref="msc.ivr.basicivr.prompt.attlist" />
  </xsd:complexType>

  <xsd:element name="prompt" type="msc.ivr.basicivr.prompt.type" />

  <!--  media -->

  <xsd:attributeGroup name="msc.ivr.basicivr.media.attlist">
   <xsd:attribute name="src" type="xsd:anyURI" use="required" />
   <xsd:attribute name="type" type="mime.datatype" />
   <xsd:attributeGroup ref="msc.common.attribs" />
  </xsd:attributeGroup>




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  <xsd:group name="msc.ivr.basicivr.media.mix">
   <xsd:choice>
    <xsd:group ref="msc.common.content" minOccurs="0"
     maxOccurs="unbounded" />
   </xsd:choice>
  </xsd:group>

  <xsd:group name="msc.ivr.basicivr.media.content">
   <xsd:sequence>
    <xsd:group ref="msc.ivr.basicivr.media.mix" minOccurs="0"
     maxOccurs="unbounded" />
   </xsd:sequence>
  </xsd:group>

  <xsd:complexType name="msc.ivr.basicivr.media.type">
   <xsd:group ref="msc.ivr.basicivr.media.content" />
   <xsd:attributeGroup ref="msc.ivr.basicivr.media.attlist" />
  </xsd:complexType>

  <xsd:element name="media" type="msc.ivr.basicivr.media.type" />


  <!--  variable -->

  <xsd:attributeGroup name="msc.ivr.basicivr.variable.attlist">
   <xsd:attribute name="value" type="xsd:string" use="required" />
   <xsd:attribute name="type" type="xsd:string" use="required" />
   <xsd:attribute name="format" type="xsd:string" />
   <xsd:attribute ref="xml:lang" />
   <xsd:attributeGroup ref="msc.common.attribs" />
  </xsd:attributeGroup>

  <xsd:group name="msc.ivr.basicivr.variable.mix">
   <xsd:choice>
    <xsd:group ref="msc.common.content" minOccurs="0"
     maxOccurs="unbounded" />
   </xsd:choice>
  </xsd:group>

  <xsd:group name="msc.ivr.basicivr.variable.content">
   <xsd:sequence>
    <xsd:group ref="msc.ivr.basicivr.variable.mix" minOccurs="0"
     maxOccurs="unbounded" />
   </xsd:sequence>
  </xsd:group>

  <xsd:complexType name="msc.ivr.basicivr.variable.type">
   <xsd:group ref="msc.ivr.basicivr.variable.content" />



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   <xsd:attributeGroup ref="msc.ivr.basicivr.variable.attlist" />
  </xsd:complexType>

  <xsd:element name="variable" type="msc.ivr.basicivr.variable.type" />

  <!-- dtmf -->

  <xsd:attributeGroup name="msc.ivr.basicivr.dtmf.attlist">
   <xsd:attribute name="digits" type="dtmfstring.datatype"
    use="required" />
   <xsd:attribute name="level" type="xsd:integer" default="-6" />
   <xsd:attribute name="duration" type="timedesignation.datatype"
    default="100ms" />
   <xsd:attribute name="interval" type="timedesignation.datatype"
    default="100ms" />
   <xsd:attributeGroup ref="msc.common.attribs" />
  </xsd:attributeGroup>

  <xsd:group name="msc.ivr.basicivr.dtmf.mix">
   <xsd:choice>
    <xsd:group ref="msc.common.content" minOccurs="0"
     maxOccurs="unbounded" />
   </xsd:choice>
  </xsd:group>

  <xsd:group name="msc.ivr.basicivr.dtmf.content">
   <xsd:sequence>
    <xsd:group ref="msc.ivr.basicivr.dtmf.mix" minOccurs="0"
     maxOccurs="unbounded" />
   </xsd:sequence>
  </xsd:group>

  <xsd:complexType name="msc.ivr.basicivr.dtmf.type">
   <xsd:group ref="msc.ivr.basicivr.dtmf.content" />
   <xsd:attributeGroup ref="msc.ivr.basicivr.dtmf.attlist" />
  </xsd:complexType>

  <xsd:element name="dtmf" type="msc.ivr.basicivr.dtmf.type" />



  <!-- collect -->

  <xsd:attributeGroup name="msc.ivr.basicivr.collect.attlist">
   <xsd:attribute name="cleardigitbuffer" type="boolean.datatype"
    default="true" />
   <xsd:attribute name="timeout" type="timedesignation.datatype"
    default="5s" />



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   <xsd:attribute name="interdigittimeout"
    type="timedesignation.datatype" default="2s" />
   <xsd:attribute name="termtimeout" type="timedesignation.datatype"
    default="0s" />
   <xsd:attribute name="escapekey" type="dtmfchar.datatype" />
   <xsd:attribute name="termchar" type="dtmfchar.datatype"
    default="#" />
   <xsd:attribute name="maxdigits" type="xsd:positiveInteger"
    default="5" />
   <xsd:attribute name="skipinterval" type="timedesignation.datatype"
    default="6s" />
   <xsd:attribute name="ffkey" type="dtmfchar.datatype" />
   <xsd:attribute name="rwkey" type="dtmfchar.datatype" />
   <xsd:attribute name="pauseinterval" type="timedesignation.datatype"
    default="10s" />
   <xsd:attribute name="pausekey" type="dtmfchar.datatype" />
   <xsd:attribute name="resumekey" type="dtmfchar.datatype" />
   <xsd:attribute name="volumeinterval" type="percentage.datatype"
    default="10%" />
   <xsd:attribute name="volupkey" type="dtmfchar.datatype" />
   <xsd:attribute name="voldnkey" type="dtmfchar.datatype" />
   <xsd:attributeGroup ref="msc.common.attribs" />
  </xsd:attributeGroup>

  <xsd:group name="msc.ivr.basicivr.collect.mix">
   <xsd:choice>
    <xsd:element ref="grammar" minOccurs="0" maxOccurs="1" />
    <xsd:group ref="msc.common.content" minOccurs="0"
     maxOccurs="unbounded" />
   </xsd:choice>
  </xsd:group>

  <xsd:group name="msc.ivr.basicivr.collect.content">
   <xsd:sequence>
    <xsd:group ref="msc.ivr.basicivr.collect.mix" minOccurs="0"
     maxOccurs="unbounded" />
   </xsd:sequence>
  </xsd:group>

  <xsd:complexType name="msc.ivr.basicivr.collect.type">
   <xsd:group ref="msc.ivr.basicivr.collect.content" />
   <xsd:attributeGroup ref="msc.ivr.basicivr.collect.attlist" />
  </xsd:complexType>

  <xsd:element name="collect" type="msc.ivr.basicivr.collect.type" />


  <!--  grammar -->



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  <xsd:attributeGroup name="msc.ivr.basicivr.grammar.attlist">
   <xsd:attribute name="src" type="xsd:anyURI" />
   <xsd:attribute name="type" type="mime.datatype" />
   <xsd:attributeGroup ref="msc.common.attribs" />
  </xsd:attributeGroup>

  <xsd:group name="msc.ivr.basicivr.grammar.mix">
   <xsd:choice>
    <xsd:group ref="msc.common.content" minOccurs="0"
     maxOccurs="unbounded" />
   </xsd:choice>
  </xsd:group>

  <xsd:group name="msc.ivr.basicivr.grammar.content">
   <xsd:sequence>
    <xsd:group ref="msc.ivr.basicivr.grammar.mix" minOccurs="0"
     maxOccurs="unbounded" />
   </xsd:sequence>
  </xsd:group>

  <xsd:complexType name="msc.ivr.basicivr.grammar.type"
   mixed="true">
   <xsd:group ref="msc.ivr.basicivr.grammar.content" />
   <xsd:attributeGroup ref="msc.ivr.basicivr.grammar.attlist" />
  </xsd:complexType>

  <xsd:element name="grammar" type="msc.ivr.basicivr.grammar.type" />

  <!-- record -->

  <xsd:attributeGroup name="msc.ivr.basicivr.record.attlist">
   <xsd:attribute name="timeout" type="timedesignation.datatype"
    default="5s" />
   <xsd:attribute name="type" type="mime.datatype" />
   <xsd:attribute name="dest" type="xsd:anyURI" />
   <xsd:attribute name="beep" type="boolean.datatype" default="false" />
   <xsd:attribute name="vadinitial" type="boolean.datatype"
    default="true" />
   <xsd:attribute name="vadfinal" type="boolean.datatype"
    default="true" />
   <xsd:attribute name="dtmfterm" type="boolean.datatype"
    default="true" />
   <xsd:attribute name="maxtime" type="timedesignation.datatype"
    default="15s" />
   <xsd:attribute name="finalsilence" type="timedesignation.datatype"
    default="5s" />
   <xsd:attributeGroup ref="msc.common.attribs" />
  </xsd:attributeGroup>



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  <xsd:group name="msc.ivr.basicivr.record.mix">
   <xsd:choice>
    <xsd:group ref="msc.common.content" minOccurs="0"
     maxOccurs="unbounded" />
   </xsd:choice>
  </xsd:group>

  <xsd:group name="msc.ivr.basicivr.record.content">
   <xsd:sequence>
    <xsd:group ref="msc.ivr.basicivr.record.mix" minOccurs="0"
     maxOccurs="unbounded" />
   </xsd:sequence>
  </xsd:group>

  <xsd:complexType name="msc.ivr.basicivr.record.type">
   <xsd:group ref="msc.ivr.basicivr.record.content" />
   <xsd:attributeGroup ref="msc.ivr.basicivr.record.attlist" />
  </xsd:complexType>

  <xsd:element name="record" type="msc.ivr.basicivr.record.type" />

  <!-- promptinfo -->

  <xsd:attributeGroup name="msc.ivr.basicivr.promptinfo.attlist">
   <xsd:attribute name="duration" type="xsd:nonNegativeInteger" />
   <xsd:attribute name="iterations" type="xsd:positiveInteger" />
   <xsd:attribute name="termmode" type="prompt_termmode.datatype"
    use="required" />
   <xsd:attributeGroup ref="msc.common.attribs" />
  </xsd:attributeGroup>

  <xsd:group name="msc.ivr.basicivr.promptinfo.mix">
   <xsd:choice>
    <xsd:group ref="msc.common.content" minOccurs="0"
     maxOccurs="unbounded" />
   </xsd:choice>
  </xsd:group>

  <xsd:group name="msc.ivr.basicivr.promptinfo.content">
   <xsd:sequence>
    <xsd:group ref="msc.ivr.basicivr.promptinfo.mix" minOccurs="0"
     maxOccurs="unbounded" />
   </xsd:sequence>
  </xsd:group>


  <xsd:complexType name="msc.ivr.basicivr.promptinfo.type">
   <xsd:group ref="msc.ivr.basicivr.promptinfo.content" />



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   <xsd:attributeGroup ref="msc.ivr.basicivr.promptinfo.attlist" />
  </xsd:complexType>

  <xsd:element name="promptinfo"
   type="msc.ivr.basicivr.promptinfo.type" />


  <!--  collectinfo -->

  <xsd:attributeGroup name="msc.ivr.basicivr.collectinfo.attlist">
   <xsd:attribute name="dtmf" type="dtmfstring.datatype" />
   <xsd:attribute name="termmode" type="collect_termmode.datatype"
    use="required" />
   <xsd:attributeGroup ref="msc.common.attribs" />
  </xsd:attributeGroup>

  <xsd:group name="msc.ivr.basicivr.collectinfo.mix">
   <xsd:choice>
    <xsd:group ref="msc.common.content" minOccurs="0"
     maxOccurs="unbounded" />
   </xsd:choice>
  </xsd:group>

  <xsd:group name="msc.ivr.basicivr.collectinfo.content">
   <xsd:sequence>
    <xsd:group ref="msc.ivr.basicivr.collectinfo.mix" minOccurs="0"
     maxOccurs="unbounded" />
   </xsd:sequence>
  </xsd:group>

  <xsd:complexType name="msc.ivr.basicivr.collectinfo.type">
   <xsd:group ref="msc.ivr.basicivr.collectinfo.content" />
   <xsd:attributeGroup ref="msc.ivr.basicivr.collectinfo.attlist" />
  </xsd:complexType>

  <xsd:element name="collectinfo"
   type="msc.ivr.basicivr.collectinfo.type" />


  <!-- recordinfo -->

  <xsd:attributeGroup name="msc.ivr.basicivr.recordinfo.attlist">
   <xsd:attribute name="recording" type="xsd:anyURI" />
   <xsd:attribute name="type" type="mime.datatype" />
   <xsd:attribute name="duration" type="xsd:nonNegativeInteger" />
   <xsd:attribute name="size" type="xsd:nonNegativeInteger" />
   <xsd:attribute name="termmode" type="record_termmode.datatype"
    use="required" />



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   <xsd:attributeGroup ref="msc.common.attribs" />
  </xsd:attributeGroup>

  <xsd:group name="msc.ivr.basicivr.recordinfo.mix">
   <xsd:choice>
    <xsd:group ref="msc.common.content" minOccurs="0"
     maxOccurs="unbounded" />
   </xsd:choice>
  </xsd:group>

  <xsd:group name="msc.ivr.basicivr.recordinfo.content">
   <xsd:sequence>
    <xsd:group ref="msc.ivr.basicivr.recordinfo.mix" minOccurs="0"
     maxOccurs="unbounded" />
   </xsd:sequence>
  </xsd:group>

  <xsd:complexType name="msc.ivr.basicivr.recordinfo.type">
   <xsd:group ref="msc.ivr.basicivr.recordinfo.content" />
   <xsd:attributeGroup ref="msc.ivr.basicivr.recordinfo.attlist" />
  </xsd:complexType>

  <xsd:element name="recordinfo"
   type="msc.ivr.basicivr.recordinfo.type" />



  <!--
   #############################################################

   BASIC IVR DATATYPES

   #############################################################
  -->



  <xsd:simpleType name="prompt_termmode.datatype">
   <xsd:restriction base="xsd:NMTOKEN">
    <xsd:enumeration value="completed" />
    <xsd:enumeration value="maxduration" />
    <xsd:enumeration value="bargein" />
   </xsd:restriction>
  </xsd:simpleType>

  <xsd:simpleType name="collect_termmode.datatype">
   <xsd:restriction base="xsd:NMTOKEN">
    <xsd:enumeration value="match" />



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    <xsd:enumeration value="noinput" />
    <xsd:enumeration value="nomatch" />
   </xsd:restriction>
  </xsd:simpleType>

  <xsd:simpleType name="record_termmode.datatype">
   <xsd:restriction base="xsd:NMTOKEN">
    <xsd:enumeration value="noinput" />
    <xsd:enumeration value="dtmf" />
    <xsd:enumeration value="maxtime" />
    <xsd:enumeration value="finalsilence" />
   </xsd:restriction>
  </xsd:simpleType>

 </xsd:schema>




































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10.  Security Considerations

   As this control package uses XML markup, implementation MUST address
   the security considerations of [RFC3023].















































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11.  IANA Considerations

   This specification instructs IANA to register a new Media Control
   Channel Framework Package, a new XML namespace and a new mime type.

11.1.  Control Package Registration

   Control Package name: msc-ivr-basic/1.0

11.2.  URN Sub-Namespace Registration

   XML namespace: urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:msc-ivr-basic

11.3.  Mime Type Registration

   MIME type: application/msc-ivr-basic+xml



































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12.  Change Summary

   Note to RFC Editor: Please remove this whole section.

   The following are the major changes between the -06 of the draft and
   the -05 version.

   o  Event notifications are sent in CONTROL messages with the MS
      acting as Control Framework Client.  Compared with the previous
      approach, this means that a <dialogstart> transaction is now
      complete when the MS sends a <response>.  A new transaction is
      initiated by the MS each time the MS sends a notification <event>
      to the AS.

   o  Changed conf-id to conferenceid and connection-id to connectionid.

   o  Clarification of the state model for dialogs

   o  <dialogprepare>: modified definition of src attribute to allow
      reference to external dialog documents; added (MIME) type
      attribute; removed <data> child element.

   o  <dialogstart>: modified definition of src attribute to allow
      reference to external dialog documents; added (MIME) type
      attribute; removed <data> child element;

   o  <dialogterminate>: modified so that a dialogexit event is always
      sent for active dialogs (i.e. the dialogexit event is a
      terminating notification)

   o  <event> notification simplified and make more extensible.  Manual
      notifications (via <subscribe> element) are removed from the basic
      package.  A <dialogexit> event is defined as <event> child and it
      can be extended with additional child elements

   o  <data> element is removed.

   o  <subscribe> element removed.

   o  Replaced dialog templates with a general <basicivr> element.  It
      has child elements for playing media resource (<prompt>),
      collecting DTMF (<collect>) and recording (<record>).  The
      functionality is largely unchanged.

   o  <dialogprepare> and <dialogstart> are extended with <basicivr>
      child element.





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   o  <event> is extended with a <dialogexit> element which contains
      status and reported information (replacement for output parameters
      in template dialogs)

   o  Prompts: now structured as a <prompt> element with <media>,
      <variable> and <dtmf> children.  The <prompt> element has xml:base
      attribute, bargein, iterations, duration, volume and offset
      attributes.  The speed attribute is removed.  A <media> element
      has src and type attributes.  The maxage and maxstale attributes
      are removed.

   o  DTMF input: parameters now specified as attributes of a <collect>
      element.  Custom grammar specified with a <grammar> element as
      child of <collect> element.  Added 'escapekey' to allow the dialog
      to be retried.  Added 'pauseinterval', 'pausekey' and 'resumekey'
      to allow the prompts to paused/resumed.  Added 'volumeinterval',
      'volupkey' and voldnkey' to add prompt volume to be increased/
      decreased.  Moved 'bargein' attribute to prompt.

   o  Recording: parameters now specified as attributes of <record>
      element.  Added 'dest' and 'beep' attributes.

   The following are the major changes between the -05 of the draft and
   the -04 version.

   o  Mainly an alignment/evaluation exercise with requirements produced
      by MEDIACTRL IVR design team.

   o  playannouncement parameters from Table 7 of '04' version are now
      reflected in text - schema to be updated.

   o  Added VCR commands based on MSCML.

   The following are the major changes between the -04 of the draft and
   the -03 version.

   o  None.

   The following are the major changes between the -03 of the draft and
   the -02 version.

   o  added "basicivr:" protocol to template dialog types which must be
      supported as values of the "src" attribute in <dialogprepare> and
      <dialogstart>.  Note alternative: "/basicivr/playannouncement"
      offered in [RFC4240].

   o  added "basicivr:" URI schema to IANA considerations




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   o  Added mimetype, vadinitial and vadfinal parameters to
      'promptandrecord' dialog type

   o  updated references

   The following are the major changes between the -02 of the draft and
   the -01 version.

   o  added version 1.0 to package name

   o  separate section for element definitions

   o  dialogterminate treated as request rather than notification

   o  simplified responses: single element <response>

   o  removed response elements: <dialogprepared>, <dialogstarted>,
      <errordialognotprepared>, <errordialognotstarted>

   o  simplified event notifications to single <event> element carried
      in a REPORT

   o  <dialogexit> element replaced with <event name="dialogexit">

   o  removed <dialoguser> element

   o  added <stream> element as child of <dialogstart>

   o  removed 'type' attribute from <dialogprepare> and <dialogstart>

   o  added dialogid attribute to <dialogprepare> and <dialogstart>

   o  removed template "Sample Implementation" section

   o  renamed <namelist> to <data>

   o  re-organized so that template details after general package
      framework and element description.

   The following are the primary changes between the -01 of the draft
   and the -00 version.

   o  Removed requirement for VoiceXML dialog support

   o  Added requirement for template dialog support






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13.  Contributors

   Asher Shiratzky from Radvision provided valuable support and
   contributions to the early versions of this document.

   The authors would like to thank the IVR design team consisting of
   Roni Even, Lorenzo Miniero, Adnan Saleem and Diego Besprosvan who
   provided valuable feedback, input and text to this document.











































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14.  Acknowledgments

   The authors would like to thank Adnan Saleem of Radisys, Gene
   Shtirmer of Intel, Dave Burke of Google and Dan York of Voxeo for
   useful reviews of this work.














































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15.  References

15.1.  Normative References

   [RFC2119]  Bradner, S., "Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate
              Requirement Levels", BCP 14, RFC 2119, March 1997.

15.2.  Informative References

   [CCXML10]  Auburn, R J., "Voice Browser Call Control: CCXML Version
              1.0", W3C Working Draft (work in progress), January 2007.

   [H.248.1]  "Gateway control protocol: Version 3", ITU-T
              Recommendation H.248.1.

   [H.248.9]  "Gateway control protocol: Advanced media server
              packages", ITU-T Recommendation H.248.9.

   [I-D.ietf-mediactrl-requirements]
              Dolly, M. and R. Even, "Media Server Control Protocol
              Requirements", draft-ietf-mediactrl-requirements-03 (work
              in progress), December 2007.

   [MCCF]     Boulton, C., Melanchuk, T., McGlashan, S., and A.
              Shiratzky, "Media Control Channel Framework",
              draft-ietf-mediactrl-sip-control-framework-01 (work in
              progress), February 2008.

   [MSML]     Saleem, A., Xin, Y., and G. Sharratt, "Media Session
              Markup Language (MSML)", draft-saleem-msml-06 (work in
              progress), February 2008.

   [RFC2833]  Schulzrinne, H. and S. Petrack, "RTP Payload for DTMF
              Digits, Telephony Tones and Telephony Signals", RFC 2833,
              May 2000.

   [RFC2897]  Cromwell, D., "Proposal for an MGCP Advanced Audio
              Package", RFC 2897, August 2000.

   [RFC3023]  Murata, M., St. Laurent, S., and D. Kohn, "XML Media
              Types", RFC 3023, January 2001.

   [RFC3066]  Alvestrand, H., "Tags for the Identification of
              Languages", RFC 3066, January 2001.

   [RFC3261]  Rosenberg, J., Schulzrinne, H., Camarillo, G., Johnston,
              A., Peterson, J., Sparks, R., Handley, M., and E.
              Schooler, "SIP: Session Initiation Protocol", RFC 3261,



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              June 2002.

   [RFC3986]  Berners-Lee, T., Fielding, R., and L. Masinter, "Uniform
              Resource Identifier (URI): Generic Syntax", STD 66,
              RFC 3986, January 2005.

   [RFC4240]  Burger, E., Van Dyke, J., and A. Spitzer, "Basic Network
              Media Services with SIP", RFC 4240, December 2005.

   [RFC4281]  Gellens, R., Singer, D., and P. Frojdh, "The Codecs
              Parameter for "Bucket" Media Types", RFC 4281,
              November 2005.

   [RFC4574]  Levin, O. and G. Camarillo, "The Session Description
              Protocol (SDP) Label Attribute", RFC 4574, August 2006.

   [RFC4730]  Burger, E. and M. Dolly, "A Session Initiation Protocol
              (SIP) Event Package for Key Press Stimulus (KPML)",
              RFC 4730, November 2006.

   [RFC5022]  Van Dyke, J., Burger, E., and A. Spitzer, "Media Server
              Control Markup Language (MSCML) and Protocol", RFC 5022,
              September 2007.

   [SRGS]     Hunt, A. and S. McGlashan, "Speech Recognition Grammar
              Specification Version 1.0", W3C Recommendation,
              March 2004.

   [VXML20]   McGlashan, S., Burnett, D., Carter, J., Danielsen, P.,
              Ferrans, J., Hunt, A., Lucas, B., Porter, B., Rehor, K.,
              and S. Tryphonas, "Voice Extensible Markup Language
              (VoiceXML) Version 2.0", W3C Recommendation, March 2004.

   [VXML21]   Oshry, M., Auburn, RJ., Baggia, P., Bodell, M., Burke, D.,
              Burnett, D., Candell, E., Carter, J., McGlashan, S., Lee,
              A., Porter, B., and K. Rehor, "Voice Extensible Markup
              Language (VoiceXML) Version 2.1", W3C Recommendation,
              June 2007.

   [VXMLCP]   Boulton, C., Melanchuk, T., and S. McGlashan, "A VoiceXML
              Interactive Voice Response (IVR) Control Package for the
              Media Control Channel Framework",
              draft-boulton-ivr-vxml-control-package-04 (work in
              progress), February 2008.

   [XML]      Bray, T., Paoli, J., Sperberg-McQueen, C M., Maler, E.,
              and F. Yergeau, "Extensible Markup Language (XML) 1.0
              (Third Edition)", W3C Recommendation, February 2004.



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Authors' Addresses

   Chris Boulton
   Avaya
   Building 3
   Wern Fawr Lane
   St Mellons
   Cardiff, South Wales  CF3 5EA

   Email: cboulton@avaya.com


   Tim Melanchuk
   Rain Willow Communications

   Email: tim.melanchuk@gmail.com


   Scott McGlashan
   Hewlett-Packard
   Gustav III:s boulevard 36
   SE-16985 Stockholm, Sweden

   Email: scott.mcglashan@hp.com



























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Full Copyright Statement

   Copyright (C) The IETF Trust (2008).

   This document is subject to the rights, licenses and restrictions
   contained in BCP 78, and except as set forth therein, the authors
   retain all their rights.

   This document and the information contained herein are provided on an
   "AS IS" basis and THE CONTRIBUTOR, THE ORGANIZATION HE/SHE REPRESENTS
   OR IS SPONSORED BY (IF ANY), THE INTERNET SOCIETY, THE IETF TRUST AND
   THE INTERNET ENGINEERING TASK FORCE DISCLAIM ALL WARRANTIES, EXPRESS
   OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO ANY WARRANTY THAT THE USE OF
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   The IETF invites any interested party to bring to its attention any
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   this standard.  Please address the information to the IETF at
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Acknowledgment

   Funding for the RFC Editor function is provided by the IETF
   Administrative Support Activity (IASA).





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