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Versions: 00 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 draft-ietf-mpls-rsvp-egress-protection

Internet Engineering Task Force                                  H. Chen
Internet-Draft                                       Huawei Technologies
Intended status: Standards Track                                   N. So
Expires: August 14, 2014                             Tata Communications
                                                                  A. Liu
                                                                Ericsson
                                                                   F. Xu
                                                                 Verizon
                                                                  M. Toy
                                                                 Comcast
                                                                L. Huang
                                                            China Mobile
                                                                  L. Liu
                                                                UC Davis
                                                       February 10, 2014


         Extensions to RSVP-TE for LSP Egress Local Protection
             draft-chen-mpls-p2mp-egress-protection-11.txt

Abstract

   This document describes extensions to Resource Reservation Protocol -
   Traffic Engineering (RSVP-TE) for locally protecting egress nodes of
   a Traffic Engineered (TE) Label Switched Path (LSP) in a Multi-
   Protocol Label Switching (MPLS) and Generalized MPLS (GMPLS) network.

Status of this Memo

   This Internet-Draft is submitted to IETF in full conformance with the
   provisions of BCP 78 and BCP 79.

   Internet-Drafts are working documents of the Internet Engineering
   Task Force (IETF).  Note that other groups may also distribute
   working documents as Internet-Drafts.  The list of current Internet-
   Drafts is at http://datatracker.ietf.org/drafts/current/.

   Internet-Drafts are draft documents valid for a maximum of six months
   and may be updated, replaced, or obsoleted by other documents at any
   time.  It is inappropriate to use Internet-Drafts as reference
   material or to cite them other than as "work in progress."

   This Internet-Draft will expire on August 14, 2014.

Copyright Notice

   Copyright (c) 2014 IETF Trust and the persons identified as the
   document authors.  All rights reserved.



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   This document is subject to BCP 78 and the IETF Trust's Legal
   Provisions Relating to IETF Documents
   (http://trustee.ietf.org/license-info) in effect on the date of
   publication of this document.  Please review these documents
   carefully, as they describe your rights and restrictions with respect
   to this document.  Code Components extracted from this document must
   include Simplified BSD License text as described in Section 4.e of
   the Trust Legal Provisions and are provided without warranty as
   described in the Simplified BSD License.


Table of Contents

   1.  Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  3
     1.1.  An Example of Egress Local Protection  . . . . . . . . . .  3
     1.2.  Egress Local Protection with FRR . . . . . . . . . . . . .  4
   2.  Conventions Used in This Document  . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  4
   3.  Terminology  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  4
   4.  Protocol Extensions  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  4
     4.1.  EGRESS_BACKUP Object . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  4
     4.2.  Flags in FAST_REROUTE  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  6
     4.3.  Path Message . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  6
   5.  Egress Protection Behaviors  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  6
     5.1.  Ingress Behavior . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  6
     5.2.  Intermediate Node and PLR Behavior . . . . . . . . . . . .  7
       5.2.1.  Signaling for One-to-One Protection  . . . . . . . . .  8
       5.2.2.  Signaling for Facility Protection  . . . . . . . . . .  8
       5.2.3.  Signaling for S2L Sub LSP Protection . . . . . . . . .  9
       5.2.4.  PLR Procedures during Local Repair . . . . . . . . . . 10
   6.  Considering Application Traffic  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
     6.1.  A Typical Application  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
     6.2.  PLR Procedure for Applications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
     6.3.  Egress Procedures for Applications . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
   7.  Security Considerations  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
   8.  IANA Considerations  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
   9.  Contributors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
   10. Acknowledgement  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
   11. References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
     11.1. Normative References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
     11.2. Informative References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
   Authors' Addresses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14










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1.  Introduction

   RFC 4090 describes two methods for protecting the transit nodes of a
   P2P LSP: one-to-one and facility protection.  RFC 4875 specifies how
   to use them to protect the transit nodes of a P2MP LSP.  However,
   they do not mention any local protection for an egress of an LSP.

   To protect the egresses of an LSP (P2P or P2MP), an existing approach
   sets up a backup LSP from a backup ingress (or the ingress of the
   LSP) to the backup egresses, where each egress is paired with a
   backup egress and protected by the backup egress.

   This approach may use more resources and provide slow fault recovery.
   This document specifies extensions to RSVP-TE for local protection of
   an egress of an LSP, which overcomes these disadvantages.

1.1.  An Example of Egress Local Protection

   Figure 1 shows an example of using backup LSPs to locally protect
   egresses of a primary P2MP LSP from ingress R1 to two egresses: L1
   and L2.  The primary LSP is represented by star(*) lines and backup
   LSPs by hyphen(-) lines.

   La and Lb are the designated backup egresses for egresses L1 and L2
   respectively.  To distinguish an egress (e.g., L1) from a backup
   egress (e.g., La), an egress is called a primary egress if needed.

   The backup LSP for protecting L1 is from its upstream node R3 to
   backup egress La.  The one for protecting L2 is from R5 to Lb.

                     [R2]*****[R3]*****[L1]
                    *          \ :.....:   $            **** Primary LSP
                   *            \           $           ---- Backup LSP
                  *               \          [CE1]      .... BFD Session
                 *                  \       $              $ Link
                *                     \    $              $
               *                       [La]              $
              *
          [R1]******[R4]*******[R5]*****[L2]
         $                      \ :.....:   $
        $                        \           $
     [S]                           \          [CE2]
                                     \       $
                                       \    $
                                        [Lb]


            Figure 1: Backup LSP for Locally Protecting Egress



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   During normal operations, the traffic carried by the P2MP LSP is sent
   through R3 to L1, which delivers the traffic to its destination CE1.
   When R3 detects the failure of L1, R3 switches the traffic to the
   backup LSP to backup egress La, which delivers the traffic to CE1.
   The time for switching the traffic is within tens of milliseconds.

   The failure of a primary egress (e.g., L1 in the figure) MAY be
   detected by its upstream node (e.g., R3 in the figure) through a BFD
   between the upstream node and the egress in MPLS networks.  Exactly
   how the failure is detected is out of scope for this document.

1.2.  Egress Local Protection with FRR

   Using the egress local protection and the FRR, we can locally protect
   the egresses, the links and the intermediate nodes of an LSP.  The
   traffic switchover time is within tens of milliseconds whenever an
   egress, any of the links and the intermediate nodes of the LSP fails.

   The egress nodes of the LSP can be locally protected via the egress
   local protection.  All the links and the intermediate nodes of the
   LSP can be locally protected through using the FRR.


2.  Conventions Used in This Document

   The key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", "SHALL", "SHALL NOT",
   "SHOULD", "SHOULD NOT", "RECOMMENDED", "MAY", and "OPTIONAL" in this
   document are to be interpreted as described in RFC 2119.


3.  Terminology

   This document uses terminologies defined in RFC 2205, RFC 3031, RFC
   3209, RFC 3473, RFC 4090, RFC 4461, and RFC 4875.


4.  Protocol Extensions

   A new object EGRESS_BACKUP is defined for egress local protection.
   It contains a backup egress for a primary egress.

4.1.  EGRESS_BACKUP Object

   The class of the EGRESS_BACKUP object is TBD-1 to be assigned by
   IANA.  The C-Type of the EGRESS_BACKUP IPv4/IPv6 object is TBD-2/
   TBD-3 to be assigned by IANA.





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      EGRESS_BACKUP Class Num = TBD-1, IPv4/IPv6 C-Type = TBD-2/TBD-3

      0                   1                   2                   3
      0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
     +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
     ~          Egress Backup destination IPv4/IPv6 address          ~
     +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
     ~          Egress Primary destination IPv4/IPv6 address         ~
     +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
     ~                         (Subobjects)                          ~
     +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+


      o Egress Backup destination IPv4/IPv6 address:
         IPv4/IPv6 address of the backup egress node
      o Egress Primary destination IPv4/IPv6 address:
         IPv4/IPv6 address of the primary egress node

   The Subobjects are optional.  One of them is P2P LSP ID IPv4/IPv6
   subobject, whose body has the following format and Type is TBD-4/
   TBD-5.  It may be used to identify a backup LSP.

      0                   1                   2                   3
      0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
     +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
     ~     P2P LSP Tunnel Egress IPv4/IPv6 Address (4/16 bytes)      ~
     +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
     |         Reserved              |            Tunnel ID          |
     +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
     ~               Extended Tunnel ID (4/16 bytes)                 ~
     +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+


   o P2P LSP Tunnel Egress IPv4/IPv6 Address:
       IPv4/IPv6 address of the egress of the tunnel
   o Tunnel ID:
       A 16-bit identifier that is constant over the life of the tunnel
   o Extended Tunnel ID:
       A 4/16-byte identifier being constant over the life of the tunnel

   Another one is Label subobject, whose body has the format below and
   Type is TBD-6 to be assigned by IANA.

      0                   1                   2                   3
      0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
     +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
     |                              Label                            |
     +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+



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4.2.  Flags in FAST_REROUTE

   A bit of the flags in the FAST_REROUTE object may be used to indicate
   whether S2L Sub LSP is desired for protecting an egress of a P2MP LSP
   or One-to-One Backup is preferred for protecting an egress of a P2P
   LSP when the "Facility Backup Desired" flag is set.  This bit is
   called "S2L Sub LSP Backup Desired" or "One-to-One Backup Preferred".

4.3.  Path Message

   A Path message is enhanced to carry the information about a backup
   egress for a primary egress of an LSP through including an egress
   backup descriptor list.  The format of the enhanced Path message is
   illustrated below.

  <Path Message> ::= <Common Header> [ <INTEGRITY> ]
                     [ [<MESSAGE_ID_ACK> | <MESSAGE_ID_NACK>] ...]
                     [ <MESSAGE_ID> ]<SESSION> <RSVP_HOP> <TIME_VALUES>
                     [ <EXPLICIT_ROUTE> ]
                     <LABEL_REQUEST> [ <PROTECTION> ] [ <LABEL_SET> ...]
                     [ <SESSION_ATTRIBUTE> ] [ <NOTIFY_REQUEST> ]
                     [ <ADMIN_STATUS> ] [ <POLICY_DATA> ... ]
                     <sender descriptor> [<S2L sub-LSP descriptor list>]
                     [<egress backup descriptor list>]


   The egress backup descriptor list in the message is defined below.
   It is a sequence of EGRESS_BACKUP objects, each of which describes a
   pair of a primary egress and a backup egress.

      <egress backup descriptor list> ::=
                        <egress backup descriptor>
                        [ <egress backup descriptor list> ]

      <egress backup descriptor> ::= <EGRESS_BACKUP>



5.  Egress Protection Behaviors

5.1.  Ingress Behavior

   To protect a primary egress of an LSP, the ingress MUST set the
   "label recording desired" flag and the "node protection desired" flag
   in the SESSION_ATTRIBUTE object.

   If one-to-one backup or facility backup method is desired to protect
   a primary egress of an LSP, the ingress SHOULD include a FAST_REROUTE



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   object and set the "One-to-One Backup Desired" or "Facility Backup
   Desired" flag.

   If S2L Sub LSP backup method is desired to protect a primary egress
   of a P2MP LSP, the ingress SHOULD include a FAST_REROUTE object and
   set the "S2L Sub LSP Backup Desired" flag.

   Note that if "Facility Backup Desired" flag is set for protecting the
   intermediate nodes of a primary P2P LSP, but we want to use "One-to-
   One Backup" for protecting the egress of the LSP, then the ingress
   SHOULD set "One-to-One Backup Preferred" flag.

   Optionally, a backup egress may be configured on the ingress of an
   LSP to protect a primary egress of the LSP.

   The ingress sends a Path message for the LSP with the objects above
   and an optional egress backup descriptor list.  For each primary
   egress of the LSP to be protected, the ingress adds an EGRESS_BACKUP
   object into the list if the backup egress is given.  The object
   contains the primary egress and the backup egress for protecting the
   primary egress.

5.2.  Intermediate Node and PLR Behavior

   If an intermediate node of an LSP receives the Path message with an
   egress backup descriptor list and it is not an upstream node of any
   primary egress of the LSP, it forwards the list unchanged.

   If the intermediate node is the upstream node of a primary egress to
   be protected, it determines the backup egress, obtains a path for the
   backup LSP and sets up the backup LSP along the path.

   The PLR (upstream node of the primary egress) tries to get the backup
   egress from EGRESS_BACKUP in the egress backup descriptor list if the
   Path message contains the list.  If the PLR can not get it, the PLR
   tries to find the backup egress, which is not the primary egress but
   has the same IP address as the destination IP address of the LSP.

   Note that the primary egress and the backup egress SHOULD have a same
   local address configured, and the cost to the local address on the
   backup egress SHOULD be much bigger than the cost to the local
   address on the primary egress.  Thus another name such as virtual
   node based egress protection may be used for egress local protection.

   After obtaining the backup egress, the PLR tries to compute a path
   from itself to the backup egress.

   The PLR then sets up the backup LSP along the path obtained.  It



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   provides one-to-one backup protection for the primary egress if the
   "One-to-One Backup Desired" or "One-to-One Backup Preferred" flag is
   set in the message; otherwise, it provides facility backup protection
   if the "Facility Backup Desired flag" is set.

   The PLR sets the protection flags in the RRO Sub-object for the
   primary egress in the Resv message according to the status of the
   primary egress and the backup LSP protecting the primary egress.  For
   example, it will set the "local protection available" and the "node
   protection" flag indicating that the primary egress is protected when
   the backup LSP is up and ready for protecting the primary egress.

5.2.1.  Signaling for One-to-One Protection

   The behavior of the upstream node of a primary egress of an LSP as a
   PLR is the same as that of a PLR for one-to-one backup method
   described in RFC 4090 except for that the upstream node creates a
   backup LSP from itself to a backup egress.

   If the LSP is a P2MP LSP and a primary egress of the LSP is a transit
   node (i.e., bud node), the upstream node of the primary egress as a
   PLR also creates a backup LSP from itself to each of the next hops of
   the primary egress.

   When the PLR detects the failure of the primary egress, it MUST
   switch the packets from the primary LSP to the backup LSP to the
   backup egress.  For the failure of the bud node of a P2MP LSP, the
   PLR MUST also switch the packets to the backup LSPs to the bud node's
   next hops, where the packets are merged into the primary LSP.

5.2.2.  Signaling for Facility Protection

   Except for backup LSP and downstream label, the behavior of the
   upstream node of the primary egress of a primary LSP as a PLR follows
   the PLR behavior for facility backup method described in RFC 4090.

   For a number of primary P2P LSPs going through the same PLR to the
   same primary egress, the primary egress of these LSPs may be
   protected by one backup LSP from the PLR to the backup egress
   designated for protecting the primary egress.

   The PLR selects or creates a backup LSP from itself to the backup
   egress.  If there is a backup LSP that satisfies the constraints
   given in the Path message, then this one is selected; otherwise, a
   new backup LSP to the backup egress will be created.

   After getting the backup LSP, the PLR associates the backup LSP with
   a primary LSP for protecting its primary egress.  The PLR records



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   that the backup LSP is used to protect the primary LSP against its
   primary egress failure and includes an EGRESS_BACKUP object in the
   Path message to the primary egress.  The object contains the backup
   egress and the backup LSP ID.  It indicates that the primary egress
   SHOULD send the backup egress the primary LSP label as UA label.

   After receiving the Path message with the EGRESS_BACKUP, the primary
   egress includes the information about the primary LSP label in the
   Resv message with an EGRESS_BACKUP object as UA label.  When the PLR
   receives the Resv message with the information about the UA label, it
   includes the information in the Path message for the backup LSP to
   the backup egress.  Thus the primary LSP label as UA label is sent to
   the backup egress from the primary egress.

   When the PLR detects the failure of the primary egress, it redirects
   the packets from the primary LSP into the backup LSP to backup egress
   using the primary LSP label from the primary egress as an inner
   label.  The backup egress delivers the packets to the same
   destinations as the primary egress using the backup LSP label as
   context label and the inner label as UA label.

5.2.3.  Signaling for S2L Sub LSP Protection

   The S2L Sub LSP Protection is used to protect a primary egress of a
   P2MP LSP.  Its major advantage is that the application traffic
   carried by the LSP is easily protected against the egress failure.

   The PLR determines to protect a primary egress of a P2MP LSP via S2L
   sub LSP protection when it receives a Path message with flag "S2L Sub
   LSP Backup Desired" set.

   The PLR sets up the backup S2L sub LSP to the backup egress, creates
   and maintains its state in the same way as of setting up a source to
   leaf (S2L) sub LSP defined in RFC 4875 from the signaling's point of
   view.  It computes a path for the backup LSP from itself to the
   backup egress, constructs and sends a Path message along the path,
   receives and processes a Resv message responding to the Path message.

   After receiving the Resv message for the backup LSP, the PLR creates
   a forwarding entry with an inactive state or flag called inactive
   forwarding entry.  This inactive forwarding entry is not used to
   forward any data traffic during normal operations.

   When the PLR detects the failure of the primary egress, it changes
   the forwarding entry for the backup LSP to active.  Thus, the PLR
   forwards the traffic to the backup egress through the backup LSP,
   which sends the traffic to its destination.




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5.2.4.  PLR Procedures during Local Repair

   When the upstream node of a primary egress of an LSP as a PLR detects
   the failure of the primary egress, it follows the procedures defined
   in section 6.5 of RFC 4090.  It SHOULD notify the ingress about the
   failure of the primary egress in the same way as a PLR notifies the
   ingress about the failure of an intermediate node.

   In the local revertive mode, the PLR re-signals each of the primary
   LSPs that were routed over the restored resource once it detects that
   the resource is restored.  Every primary LSP successfully re-signaled
   along the restored resource is switched back.

   Moreover, the PLR lets the upstream part of the primary LSP stay
   after the primary egress fails.  The downstream part of the primary
   LSP from the PLR to the primary egress SHOULD be removed.


6.  Considering Application Traffic

   This section focuses on the application traffic carried by P2P LSPs.
   When a primary egress of a P2MP LSP fails, the application traffic
   carried by the P2MP LSP may be delivered to the same destination by
   the backup egress since the inner label if any for the traffic is a
   upstream assigned label for every egress of the P2MP LSP.

6.1.  A Typical Application

   L3VPN is a typical application.  An existing solution (refer to
   Figure 2) for protecting L3VPN traffic against egress failure
   includes: 1) A multi-hop BFD session between ingress R1 and egress L1
   of primary LSP; 2) A backup LSP from ingress R1 to backup egress La;
   3) La sends R1 VPN backup label and related information via BGP; 4)
   R1 has a VRF with two sets of routes: one uses primary LSP and L1 as
   next hop; the other uses backup LSP and La as next hop.

     CE1,CE2 in    [R2]*****[R3]*****[L1]             **** Primary LSP
     one VPN      *                  :   $            ---- Backup LSP
                 *  .................:    $           .... BFD Session
             [R1] ..:                      [CE2]         $ Link
            $    \                        $             $
           $      \                      $
      [CE1]        [R4]-----[R5]-----[La](BGP sends R1 VPN backup label)


                Figure 2: Protect Egress for L3VPN Traffic

   In normal operations, R1 sends the traffic from CE1 through primary



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   LSP with VPN label received from L1 as inner label to L1, which
   delivers the traffic to CE2 using VPN label.

   When R1 detects the failure of L1, R1 sends the traffic from CE1 via
   backup LSP with VPN backup label received from La as inner label to
   La, which delivers the traffic to CE2 using VPN backup label.

   A new solution (refer to Figure 3) with egress local protection for
   protecting L3VPN traffic includes: 1) A BFD session between R3 and
   egress L1 of primary LSP; 2) A backup LSP from R3 to backup egress
   La; 3) L1 sends La VPN label as UA label and related information; 4)
   L1 and La is virtualized as one.  This can be achieved by configuring
   a same local address on L1 and La, using the address as a destination
   of the LSP and BGP next hop for VPN traffic.

     CE1,CE2 in    [R2]*****[R3]*****[L1]             **** Primary LSP
     one VPN      *          \ :.....:   $            ---- Backup LSP
                 *            \           $           .... BFD Session
             [R1]               \          [CE2]         $ Link
            $                     \       $             $
           $                        \    $
      [CE1]                          [La](VPN label from L1 as UA label)


            Figure 3: Locally Protect Egress for L3VPN Traffic

   When R3 detects L1's failure, R3 sends the traffic from primary LSP
   via backup LSP to La, which delivers the traffic to CE2 using VPN
   label as UA label under the backup LSP label as a context label.

6.2.  PLR Procedure for Applications

   When the PLR gets a backup LSP from itself to a backup egress for
   protecting a primary egress of a primary LSP, it includes an
   EGRESS_BACKUP object in the Path message for the primary LSP.  The
   object contains the ID information of the backup LSP and indicates
   that the primary egress SHOULD send the backup egress the application
   traffic label (e.g., VPN label) as UA label when needed.

6.3.  Egress Procedures for Applications

   When a primary egress of an LSP sends the ingress of the LSP a label
   for an application such as a VPN, it SHOULD send the backup egress
   for protecting the primary egress the label as a UA label via BGP or
   another protocol.  Exactly how the label is sent is out of scope for
   this document.

   When the backup egress receives a UA label from the primary egress,



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   it adds a forwarding entry with the label into the LFIB for the
   primary egress.  When the backup egress receives a packet from the
   backup LSP, it uses the top label as a context label to find the LFIB
   for the primary egress and the inner label to deliver the packet to
   the same destination as the primary egress according to the LFIB.


7.  Security Considerations

   In principle this document does not introduce new security issues.
   The security considerations pertaining to RFC 4090, RFC 4875 and
   other RSVP protocols remain relevant.


8.  IANA Considerations

   IANA considerations for new objects will be specified after the
   objects used are decided upon.


9.  Contributors

      Boris Zhang
      Telus Communications
      200 Consilium Pl Floor 15
      Toronto, ON  M1H 3J3
      Canada
      Email: Boris.Zhang@telus.com

      Zhenbin Li
      Huawei Technologies
      Huawei Bld., No.156 Beiqing Rd.
      Beijing  100095
      China
      Email: lizhenbin@huawei.com

      Nan Meng
      Huawei Technologies
      Huawei Bld., No.156 Beiqing Rd.
      Beijing  100095
      China
      Email: mengnan@huawei.com

      Vic Liu
      China Mobile
      No.32 Xuanwumen West Street, Xicheng District
      Beijing, 100053
      China



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      Email: liuzhiheng@chinamobile.com


10.  Acknowledgement

   The authors would like to thank Richard Li, Tarek Saad, Lizhong Jin,
   Ravi Torvi, Eric Gray, Olufemi Komolafe, Michael Yue, Rob Rennison,
   Neil Harrison, Kannan Sampath, Yimin Shen, Ronhazli Adam and Quintin
   Zhao for their valuable comments and suggestions on this draft.


11.  References

11.1.  Normative References

   [RFC2119]  Bradner, S., "Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate
              Requirement Levels", BCP 14, RFC 2119, March 1997.

   [RFC3692]  Narten, T., "Assigning Experimental and Testing Numbers
              Considered Useful", BCP 82, RFC 3692, January 2004.

   [RFC2205]  Braden, B., Zhang, L., Berson, S., Herzog, S., and S.
              Jamin, "Resource ReSerVation Protocol (RSVP) -- Version 1
              Functional Specification", RFC 2205, September 1997.

   [RFC3031]  Rosen, E., Viswanathan, A., and R. Callon, "Multiprotocol
              Label Switching Architecture", RFC 3031, January 2001.

   [RFC3209]  Awduche, D., Berger, L., Gan, D., Li, T., Srinivasan, V.,
              and G. Swallow, "RSVP-TE: Extensions to RSVP for LSP
              Tunnels", RFC 3209, December 2001.

   [RFC3473]  Berger, L., "Generalized Multi-Protocol Label Switching
              (GMPLS) Signaling Resource ReserVation Protocol-Traffic
              Engineering (RSVP-TE) Extensions", RFC 3473, January 2003.

   [RFC4090]  Pan, P., Swallow, G., and A. Atlas, "Fast Reroute
              Extensions to RSVP-TE for LSP Tunnels", RFC 4090,
              May 2005.

   [RFC4875]  Aggarwal, R., Papadimitriou, D., and S. Yasukawa,
              "Extensions to Resource Reservation Protocol - Traffic
              Engineering (RSVP-TE) for Point-to-Multipoint TE Label
              Switched Paths (LSPs)", RFC 4875, May 2007.

   [RFC5331]  Aggarwal, R., Rekhter, Y., and E. Rosen, "MPLS Upstream
              Label Assignment and Context-Specific Label Space",
              RFC 5331, August 2008.



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   [RFC5786]  Aggarwal, R. and K. Kompella, "Advertising a Router's
              Local Addresses in OSPF Traffic Engineering (TE)
              Extensions", RFC 5786, March 2010.

   [P2MP FRR]
              Le Roux, J., Aggarwal, R., Vasseur, J., and M. Vigoureux,
              "P2MP MPLS-TE Fast Reroute with P2MP Bypass Tunnels",
              draft-leroux-mpls-p2mp-te-bypass , March 1997.

11.2.  Informative References

   [RFC4461]  Yasukawa, S., "Signaling Requirements for Point-to-
              Multipoint Traffic-Engineered MPLS Label Switched Paths
              (LSPs)", RFC 4461, April 2006.


Authors' Addresses

   Huaimo Chen
   Huawei Technologies
   Boston, MA
   USA

   Email: huaimo.chen@huawei.com


   Ning So
   Tata Communications
   2613 Fairbourne Cir.
   Plano, TX  75082
   USA

   Email: ning.so@tatacommunications.com


   Autumn Liu
   Ericsson
   CA
   USA

   Email: autumn.liu@ericsson.com










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   Fengman Xu
   Verizon
   2400 N. Glenville Dr
   Richardson, TX  75082
   USA

   Email: fengman.xu@verizon.com


   Mehmet Toy
   Comcast
   1800 Bishops Gate Blvd.
   Mount Laurel, NJ  08054
   USA

   Email: mehmet_toy@cable.comcast.com


   Lu Huang
   China Mobile
   No.32 Xuanwumen West Street, Xicheng District
   Beijing,   100053
   China

   Email: huanglu@chinamobile.com


   Lei Liu
   UC Davis
   USA

   Email: liulei.kddi@gmail.com



















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