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Versions: 00

Network Working Group                                         Y. Chen
Internet Draft                                                   J. Wang
Intended status: Informational                                  B. Zhang
Expires: May 2021                                                 Z. Fan
                                                                   X. Ma
                                                                 Z. Li
                                                                  J. Xie
                                                      November 30, 2020
             China Academy of Information and Communications Technology

             Use of the SM2 and SM3 Algorithms in Handle System
                     draft-chen-sm2-sm3-algorithms-00


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Internet-Draft SM2 and SM3 Algorithm in Handle System    November 2020
  Abstract

   The Handle System is a global name service that allows secured handle
   resolution and administration over the public Internet according to
   [1][5][3]. Handle System protocol [3] is designed to be transmitted
   as a byte stream via a TCP connection. In this document, SM2 and SM3
   algorithms [4][5]are introduced into the handle system to enhance the
   security and compactivity. Trusted resolution and message credential
   are extended to support SM2 and SM3 algorithms.

Table of Contents

   1. Introduction...................................................2
   2. SM2 and SM3 Algorithms Overview................................2
      2.1. SM2 Algorithm.............................................3
      2.2. SM3 Algorithm.............................................3
   3. Trusted Resolution with SM2 and SM3 Algorithms.................3
      3.1. HS_CERT Extension.........................................3
         3.1.1. Header using SM2 and SM3.............................4
         3.1.2. Payload using SM2 and SM3............................4
         3.1.3. Signatrue of the Header and Payload..................5
      3.2. HS_SIGNATRUE Extension....................................5
         3.2.1. Header using SM2 and SM3.............................6
         3.2.2. Payload using SM2 and SM3............................6
         3.2.3. Signatrue of the Header and Payload..................8
   4. Message Credential with SM2 and SM3 Algorithms.................8
      4.1. Message Credential........................................8
      4.2. Data Signing with SM2 Algorithm...........................8
      4.3. SM3 Digest Algorithm in Message Credential................9
   5. Security Considerations........................................9
   6. IANA Considerations............................................9
   7. References.....................................................9
      7.1. Normative References......................................9
   8. Acknowledgments...............................................10

1. Introduction

    RFC 3650-RFC 3652[1],[5][3] provide an open protocol, a general-
   purpose global name service, and a reference implementation of the
   protocol. RSA and DSA algorithms are commonly used when generating
   data signatures. With the development of cryptography and computer
   technology, the currently commonly used 1024-bit RSA algorithm faces
   security threats. In order to enhance data integrity protection based
   on digital signature and message verification, SM2 and SM3 algorithms
   are introduced to the Handle System.

2. SM2 and SM3 Algorithms Overview

   Digital signature means that a signer generates a digital signature
   on data, and verification are performed to verify the authenticity of
   the signature. Each signer has a unique pair of public key and
   private key, where the private key is used to generate the signature,
   and the verifier uses the signer's public key to verify the signature.
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   Verification of signature can be performed to confirm that the sender
   holds the corresponding private key through the public key and
   signature information without revealing the sender's private key. The
   signature can also bind the sender's identity and information to
   prevent imitation.

   Both SM2 and SM3 are encryption algorithms approved by the Chinese
   National Cryptographic Bureau. The key length and the packet length
   are both 128 bits.

2.1. SM2 Algorithm

   SM2 is an asymmetric cryptographic algorithm published by the Chinese
   State Cryptography Administration[4]. Its calculation speed and
   secret key generation speed are faster than RSA since the it is based
   on ECC. Currently, only SM3 can be used for data digest processing in
   the SM2 digital signature algorithm.

2.2. SM3 Algorithm

   SM3 is a cryptographic hash algorithm independently designed by
   Chinese State Cryptography Administration[5]. The SM3 algorithm is
   normally used in data digest with a higher level of security than the
   MD5 algorithm and the SHA-1 algorithm.

3. Trusted Resolution with SM2 and SM3 Algorithms

   Trusted resolution system is developed to achieve credibility and
   verification through data signing and issuing certificates based on
   the handle system proposed by [2]RFC3651.SM2 and SM3 algorithms could
   be used to generate signature and data digest during trusted
   resolution.

3.1. HS_CERT Extension

   According to Handle System reference implementation, HS_CERT value is
   a handle value with a data field that consists of a JWT (json web
   token) structure[6] that are encoded with base64 respectively and
   concatenated with period. <Data> field of HS_CERT consists of the
   following entries:

   <Header>

   A JSON object with an "alg" member which suggests algorithms used in
   the HS_CERT value.

   <Payload>

    <Payload> is a JSON object with member "perms" objects ,"publicKey"
    objects, "iss" , "sub","exp","nbf" and "iat".

   <Signature>

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   The <Signature> entry refers to signature information of the <Header>

   and <Payload> entries.

   In this document, examples of HS_CERT data are illustrated
   considering the situation where SM2 and SM3 algorithms are used.

3.1.1. Header using SM2 and SM3

   Example of the JWT Header in HS_CERT:

     {

     "alg":"SM2SM3"

     }

   The Header declares that the algorithms used in the certificate are
   SM2 and SM3 algorithms.

3.1.2. Payload using SM2 and SM3

   The payload is where the valid information is stored. The payload is
   made up of two types of data: predefined claims and data extended by
   user according to the RFC7519[6]. After encrypted with base64,
   payload is stored in claim sets of JWT.

   The following is an example of JWT Claims Set in HS_CERT data:

   {

     "perms": [

       {

         "perm": "everything"

       }

     ],

     "publicKey": {

       "kty": "SM2",

       "x": "uwNiWxWtqh6TYfooxpxSpF3VEdOF0_NFrpMZu03nTVM",

       "y": "ODb6JqNLB8suvZtmccCJaTv0EpVcLGOuqPxMAM8faUw"

     },

     "iss": "100:88",

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     "sub": "100:88.2045",

     "exp": 1632381987,

     "nbf": 1569309387,

     "iat": 1569309987

   The "perms" (permission) claim indicates the user authority of the
   certificate.

    There are four authority types defined:

    "everything" means that issuer of the certificate can issue
    certificate to any handle in the system.

   "thisHandle" means the issuer of the certificate can only issue
   certificate to itself.

    "derivedPrefixes" indicates that the issuer can only issue
    certificates to its sub-naming authority.

    "handlesUnderThisPrefix" means the issuer can only issue handle all
    the handles under this prefix.

    The "publicKey" (public key) claim specifies algorithm of the public
key, which is set to SM2 in this example.

3.1.3. Signatrue of the Header and Payload

   The third part of <data> field in handle HS_CERT is a signature
   information, in which SM2 private key of the issuer is used to sign
   <Header> and <Payload>.

   Generation of SM2 signature refers to the process of using the result
   of SM3 digest and the signer's private key to obtain the signature
   result.

3.2. HS_SIGNATRUE Extension

   HS_SIGNATURE is a handle data structure where issuer signs the handle
   values to ensure authenticity of the information. HS_SIGNATRUE
   contains a data field that is a JWT (json web token) structure[6]
   RFC7519.

   <Data> field of HS_SIGNATURE consists of the following entries:

   <Header>

   A JSON object with an "alg" member which suggests algorithms used in
   the HS_SIGNATURE value.

   <Payload>
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    <Payload> is a JSON object with member objects "digests","iss" ,
    "sub","exp","nbf","iat".

   <Signature>

   The <Signature> entry refers to signature information of the <Header>

   and <Payload> entries.

   Examples of HS_SIGNATRUE data using SM2 and SM3 algorithms are
   showing in following sections.

3.2.1. Header using SM2 and SM3

   Example of the JWT Header in HS_SIGNATRUE:

     {

     "alg":"SM2SM3"

     }

   The Header declares that the algorithms used in the certificate
   structure are SM2 and SM3 algorithms.

3.2.2. Payload using SM2 and SM3

   The following is an example of JWT Claims Set in HS_SIGNATURE data:

   {

   "digests": {

             "alg": "SM3",

     "digests": [{

                 "index": 100,

                 "digest": "/7HpWmicaPFaMSePkbn+f/jcfAawEnieytM3qyJOha0="

               },

               {

                 "index": 1,

                 "digest": "300Bm9dCucz3vk+X71UWGuMe2FV62dEthRdb4iQvZzU="

               },

               {

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                 "index": 301,

                 "digest": "aaV/sW/Eau00jtcDUzG7vqKVAc4mENJ2oZ+U4virnig="

               },

               {

                 "index": 401,

                 "digest": "XevUCYQfS+pucLkJA+vhVpC1lN4OVQzQugwfthpiaHk="

               }

             ]

    },

    "iss": "301:0.CR/20",

    "sub": "301:0.NA/20",

    "exp": 1640995200,

    "nbf": 1459815236,

    "iat": 1459815836

   }

   The "digests" claim contains digests of handle values where SM3
   algorithm is used to generate the digests.

   The "iss" (issuer) claim identifies the handle that issued the

   JWT.

   The "sub" (subject) claim identifies the handle that is the

   subject of the certificate.

   The "exp" (expiration time) claim identifies the expiration time on

   or after which the JWT MUST NOT be accepted for processing.

   The "nbf" (not before) claim identifies the time before which the JWT
   MUST NOT be accepted for processing.

   The "iat" (issued at) claim identifies the time at which the JWT was
   issued.



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3.2.3. Signatrue of the Header and Payload

   The third part of HS_SIGNATURE <data> field is a signature
   information, in which SM2 private key of the issuer is used to sign <
   Header> and <Payload> entries after base64 encoded and concatenated
   with period.

4. Message Credential with SM2 and SM3 Algorithms

4.1. Message Credential

   The Handle system protocol provides support for the security
   protection of analytical data, including support for confidentiality
   protection based on symmetric encryption mechanism, and data
   integrity protection based on digital signature or message
   verification.

   The Handle system protocol stipulates that the Handle message is made
   up of the following parts: message envelope, message header, message
   body, and message credential.

   The client can request the Handle server to digitally sign the
   operation response message or generate a message authentication code
   by setting the authentication bit (CT) in the operation flag field
   (OpFlag) of the message header, and use the message credential field
   for delivery.

   The message credential includes the following fields, according to
   RFC3652 [3]: Credential Length, Version, Reserved, Options, Signer,
   Type, <SignedInfo>.

4.2. Data Signing with SM2 Algorithm

   <Type field> in the message credential is used to specify the type of
   algorithm used in the <SignedInfo> field, <SignedInfo> consists of
   the following fields:

   SignedInfo: <Length>: 4-byte unsigned integer

               DigestAlgorithm: <UTF8-String>

               SignedData: <Length, Signature>

   The following table lists the key type, and corresponding algorithm:

      Type Name      Key Type             Algorithm

      ---------      ------------         --------

      HS_SIGNED      DSA_PUB_KEY          DSA

      HS_SIGNED      RSA_PUB_KEY          RSA-PSS

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      HS_SIGNED      SM2_PUB_KEY          SM2

4.3. SM3 Digest Algorithm in Message Credential

   Where the <DigestAlgorithm> refers to the digest algorithm used to
   generate the digital signature and the <SignedData> contains digital
   signature over the Message Header and Message Body.

   In this document, value of <DigestAlgorithm> could be set to "SM3"
    which means that SM3 algorithm is used to generate the data digest.

    The following table lists the < DigestAlgorithm >s that could be
    supported:

      Digest Algorithm Name         Algorithm

      ---------------------         --------

         SHA-1                      SHA-1

         SHA-256/SHA256             SHA-256

         SM3                        SM3



5. Security Considerations

   Data integrity under the protocol is achieved via the server's
   digital signature. Care must be taken to protect the server's private
   key from any impersonation attack.

6. IANA Considerations

7. References

7.1. Normative References

   [1]     Sun, S. and L. Lannom, "Handle System Overview", RFC 3650
         November 2003.

   [2]     Sun, S., Reilly, S. and L. Lannom, "Handle System Namespace
         and Service Definition", RFC 3651, November 2003.

   [3]     Sun, S. and L. Lannom, "Handle System Overview", RFC 3652
         November 2003.

   [4]     National Cryptography Administration, " Public Key
         Cryptographic Algorithm SM2 Based on Elliptic Curves", December
         2010.

   [5]     National Cryptography Administration, "SM3 Cryptographic
         Hash Algorithm", December 2010.
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   [6]     Jones, et al., "JSON Web Token (JWT)", RFC 7519, May 2015.

 8. Acknowledgments

   This document was prepared using 2-Word-v2.0.template.dot.The Trusted
   Resolution System described in this document relies on works and
   protocols put forward by RFC 3650, RFC 3651,and RFC 3652[1][5][3].




Author's Address



   Yuying Chen
   CAICT
   No.52 Huayuan North Road, Haidian District
   Beijing, Beijing, 100191
   China

   Phone: +86 188 1008 2358
   Email: chenyuying@caict.ac.cn



   Jiahui Wang
   CAICT
   No.52 Huayuan North Road, Haidian District
   Beijing, Beijing, 100191
   China

   Phone: +86 186 0156 0021
   Email: wangjiahui@caict.ac.cn



   Bo Zhang
   CAICT
   No.52 Huayuan North Road, Haidian District
   Beijing, Beijing, 100191
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Internet-Draft SM2 and SM3 Algorithm in Handle System    November 2020
   China

   Phone: +86 159 1112 3285
   Email: zhangbo3@caict.ac.cn



   Zhipeng Fan
   CAICT

   No.52 Huayuan North Road, Haidian District
   Beijing, Beijing, 100191
   China

   Phone: +86 159 1112 3285
   Email: fanzhipeng@caict.ac.cn



   Xufeng Ma
   CAICT
   No.52 Huayuan North Road, Haidian District
   Beijing, Beijing, 100191
   China

   Phone: +86 188 1143 3140
   Email: maxufeng@caict.ac.cn





   Zhiping Li
   CAICT
   No.52 Huayuan North Road, Haidian District
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Internet-Draft SM2 and SM3 Algorithm in Handle System    November 2020
   Beijing, Beijing, 100191
   China

   Phone: +86 185 1107 1386
   Email: lizhiping@caict.ac.cn



   Jiagui Xie
   CAICT
   No.52 Huayuan North Road, Haidian District
   Beijing, Beijing, 100191
   China

   Phone: +86 150 0138 5070
   Email: xiejiagui@caict.ac.cn

























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